THE PEOPLE RNAL.
Vol. 5. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1895. N 7.
AUT OR I
"Coz I haiu't lko any other lilessoll
gor, " rotorted Jakoy. "D'y' reckon a
man what carries thU colonol's privat
correspondon' air a common orderly?"
As there was no gaisaying his argu
mont without a seming detrimont of
the personal dignity of tho brigado com
mander, Jakoy held the field.
It was about a week after the arrival
of Colonel Maynard at the Fain planta
tion. He had returned to his headquar.
tors. Laura was sitting at work on soie
part of the "recruit's" uniform, while
the rain from a Septomber storm beat
against the window panes. Souri was
with her, and as Colonel Maynard was
expecting orders to cross the river with
his brigade the two had secured Sou
ri's promise to remain at the plantation
till the close of the campaign which
was about to open. Souri was up stairs
administering to the wants of the
younger Maynard, to whom she was do
voted. 1o dropped to sleep, and leaving
the chamber on tiptoo she desconded to
the sitting room. As sho entered she
glanced out of the window.
"Good gracious! If there isn't Miss
They saw through the rain a horse
and buggy making a rapid turn through
"Who's Miss Baggs?" asked Laura
"I met her when coming from the
north. She got through the Union
lines by playing the part of a country
girl. I met her again on this sido, and
she was a lady. She's coming up to tho
Bobby Loe came up the drivoway at
such a rapid gait as to astonish the two
women looking out of the window. The
horso had scarcely stopped in front of
the house when Miss Baggs, throwing
down the reins, rushed up the steps and
knocked loudly at the door.
"Go and see What she wants, Souri.
You've mot her before. "
Souri went quickly to the door.
When she qponed it and Miss Baggs
saw the girl-bho had mot between the
lines, for a moment bor countonance
brightened. Then suddenly her expres
sion changed on remembering that Sou
ri was a Union girl.
"I've no time to explain anything.
Call some one, quick, to drive my bug
gy to the barn and hide me. ''
Now, Souri know well enough that
Miss Baggs was working in the cause
of tie Confederacy. But sho saw a
Woman in trouble, and this in her eyes
obscured all else. She ushored Miss
Baggs into the room where Laura sat.
"This girl wishes to rest with us
awhile. I'm going to take her horso to
Without waiting for a reply sho went
out, and jumping into the bu~ggy drove
it around to the barn. Thero ihoe direct
ed Unclo Daniel, who ruled thu stables
of the plantation, to put both horse and
buggy inside and1 shut the dloors. H-av
ing soen this attended to, she went back
to the house.
Meanwhile Miss Baggs stood face to
face with Laura~Mayniard.
''This is a Confedorate household, I
believe, " said the fugitive.
"'Thank God, you aro one of ours."
'"What, Federal?'' She turned pale.
"Te for hoaven'n sake tell me what
"I am a CX::fode:rato married to a
The wero quick successive flashes
of hope and fear on Miss Baggs' counte
"And you will not give me up?"
"'Give you upl? What do you mean?''
"'I am ini the Confederate scret serv
ice. I have just beon recognized by ai
Union soldir-a cavalryman. He was
not mflunited, while I wvas in my buggy.
I heard him cry halt. I gave my horse
the whip, and before the manm could
mount I was awa.iy and soon turned boe.
hindl a wood. There i a fork in the
road. I took the left road, leading hero.
Hie must havo takenm theo other, which
lends nowhere. ?.lo will discover his
mistake, turn back and take the right
road. This is the first, house ho will
pmus, and ho will surely come in to amsk
if you have seon me."'
"'Youi will not betray me?''
Laura thought of the coming of her
husband one night months ago, flying
as this woman was flying, for his life.
"No, rest easy on that score. I will
do all I can for yen."
There was but little time for netoin
for the words wore scareely spokon~ be
fore a cavalryman dashed past on the
roadt. H~e was throwing mud and water
behind him, his boots heavy with~ moist
Tennessee clay. Noticing the house,
as Miss Bagga predioted,-hoe drew reini
and ontered the gateway. Riding up to
the veranda, ho shouted:
"'Got in thore, quickc,"' said Laura,
pushing the hunted woman into a closet.
Trheni going out eonto the veranda she
stornily demanded of the man what lie
"Did you see a woman go by here
just now ini an old farnt buggy?"
"No such person has passed."
".Are you people hero Unhion or Con
"You must excuse me, ma'am, but
I think I'll look about for myself a
094 BY MrCAm PRES ASSOCiAT0Io..
"Becauso .his house is proteoted by
"That doesn't include rebel omissi
ries. I shall make a search. "
"If you do, you vill regret it."
"I shall report you to Colonel Ma
nard, commanding the -th brigade."
"You have some influenco with t1:
colonel, I suppose," said the soldie
"I should have. I'm his wife."
"The dovil you are," in an undo
tono. Thon aloud: "Well, ma'am, :
you aro Colonel Maynard's wife, tht
ends it. I don't seo how a Union cob
nel's wife can give aid and comfort I
a robel telegraph worker, for that
what the woman is," and lifting h
hat he rode away.
Returning to the parlor, Laura foun
Souri there, just from the barn. TIU
closet door was opened, and Miss Dagi
"Is he gone?"
Taking Laura's hand, Miss Baggs col
ered It with kisses; then turning to Sox
ri she throw her arms about her nook.
Mrs. Fain came into the room, an
seeing a stranger drew back.
"Mamma," said Laura, "this lad
comes to us much as Mark once oam
from the other side. She is chased fc
her life. "
"A Confederate?" asked Mrs. Fain.
"A Confederate, heart and haut
body and soul, " exclaimed Miss Baggi
"Ono sympathizing with our causeo J
welcome here. Unfortunately mny fan
ily is broken by diverso sy-mpathies. M
husband is exiled on account of hi
sympathies with the FedWoral causo. N
son is fighting for the Ccnfederacy. M
daughter hero is the wife of a Federi
officer. My own sympatbdes are all wil
thu south. "
"And now, " said Laura, "if you wi
come with me I will got you some d
"I will, but first lot me know
whom I am indebted for all this kin
mess. The family name s"
Miss Baggs controlled an ejaculati<
"And you are Laura Fain?"
"I was. I am now Laura Maynari
You seem to at least have heard of me.
"I have heard of you. I am a Vi
ginian. You once visited in Virgini
I was then in -Italy studying art."
"And you are"
There was a brief silence before t]
guest replied. She seemed deliberathi
whether to make .hersolf known or no
"Betay Baggs,"' she sadd at last, a1
it was evident that if she had anoth
name she would not reveal it.
Supper wan anonneed, after whit
Miss Baggs asked to be,sahown to a roe
where she could rest. A servant w
summoned, who led heor to the gue
chamber, and setting the lamp on a I
ble left her to herself.
When the servant disappeared, Ml
Baggs turned the key- in the lock ai
then carefully examinedl the walls, wi
a view to dliovering if there we
openings through w ;t ich any eye cou
peer into the room. Iller narrow escap
the last of a nonber of such episodE
had partly umierved her, and she a
down in a cair to rest, languidly olosih
her eyes. But not for long. Rising, s:
drew from the pooko. of her dress
overy one knows that there is no bott
lace of coniconuont than a wvomar
pocket--a small bundle of papem
Spreading thenm out on the table, el
drew her chair near it,. and after on
more casting her eye about the room b
gant to study thomn.
Miss Baggsahadl beorneendeavoring toe
cure the informatiomn roequired as to t1
methods of the general commanding ii
Army of tho Cumnborlamd in followir
the retreating Confodnrates ever sin,
the request had been made of her:
Junoe previous. Here it was Septembe
and she had effected nothing. Tru
she had taken a number of dispatch
im cipher fronm tho wirca, lhat they we
vIery long, anid the longor the mnoinaj
the more dificoult she had found the
to decipher. Within a few days Io h
intorcepited two very sh ort (ones. atkh1
thenm from those before her, she boge
to study one consisting of only a fo
It read as follows:
WAsnNorON, Aug. 5, ISee.
Blanka hetre armoy the Benjamn cat to fi
your report, ihinnmey daily are advance the ca
orders of peremiptory applaune.
Hero is the other, a little longer:
WkseToON, Sept. 8, 1889.
Congress long with as adviso applmuse mas
blo your possiblo your ago to party was eo
unct soon to miovemnents spot his ordered as
Burton pin of anid left ordered Blenjamin.
Taking up the dispatch she had i1
teropted wvhon the Army (if the Cn
borland began to advance and some p
pe showing that she had been tryir
to deeiphor it, she began to look the
over. This is the dispatch:
MUZU'naSDOnO, Junoe 28, 1800.
Volunteers Garfteld with circling botwo
you POSOsneon turn an he cob Bumble at to p
that possible by move Benjamin pony oh
rapdity around that put of the houra rea
nh~~ otic0 Snemiy's Tullahomia ye
desire and hope forward atahh wove
right I command and miountain order staff.
Miss Baggs had bad this diepatehb
her since the latter part of Jun as
had puzzled over it fo man hnbr
She had never suoceeded in Edn
key, but had at last drawn somethis
of its meaning from the jumble
words. After much study she apaum
that the words, when laid down in thi
proper order, wonld give the ---s
watoh either 410. not mean anything or
stood perhaps for some place or general
She began by taking out a number of
such words as "polliwog," "haha,"
"shingle" and "pony." The dispatoh
was doubtless from Rosocrans, as the
word Garfiold (h8 chief of staff) ap.
poared, and the words "chiof of staff"
woro scattered through it. Therefore
either Bonjamin or Bumblo or Niggard
meant Rosecorans. Subsequent dispatch
os which fell into her hands had con
vinced her that Rosoorans was desig
nated as Benjamin. Then she began to
try to fit words together in this wise:
between Tullahoma and Niggard
a Circling around the mountain plateau
I desire that you got possession if possiblo
a point botweon Tullahoinm and Niggard
Move with rapidity
By order of Benjamin (Rosecrans) Garfield
chief of staff.
Other groupings gave her better re
suits till she obtained the following:
To Bumblo (probably a cavalry general on
0 the left flank)-Bo ready to movo at an hour's
notice. I dcsiro that you turn the enemy's
', right. love your command if possiblo by cir
cling around the nountain plateau. Get pos
ss.ion of a point between Tullahoma and Nig
gard (probably some point in rear of the
southern army) with rapidity. By order of
. Rosocrans, Garfield, chief of staff.
t The deciphering, so far as it went,
was of no avail, sinco it did not come
0 in time, but it helped her with the
a shorter and easier dispatches, which
a she now attacked. She began with this
11 Banks here army the Benjamin cat to for
o your report shinnoy daily are advance the cart
4 orders of peremptory applause.
Miss Daggs had learned that a proper
namo preceded all these oipher dis- I
patches, possibly having something to
do with the key. At any rate, she threw
out the first word (Banks) and the
words "cat," "shinney" and "cart" as
check words. "Benjamin, " she assum
ed, meant Roseorans. "Applause" must
be the signaturo of the sender, and as
0 the dispatch was from Washington it
r was probably either Lincoln, Stanton
or Hallook. The word "to" taken with
"Benjamin" must mean "To Rose
crans, " and "peremptory" and "or
ders" evidently must go together. The
word "advance" doubtless explained
tho two other words. This only left
''roport" and "daily" as words of in
portawco. These combinations did not
come it onco, but after getting them
she inferred that Rosecrans had per
1 emptory orders to advance and report
h daily to Washington.
"I have got something at last, sho
1 exclaimed, getting up from her chair
and walking back and forth excitedly.
"This is indeed important. "
to Then she took up the second dispatch:
Congress long with as advise applause mar
blo you possiblo your ago to party was oon
nect soon to movenienta spot his ordered as to
Burton pin of and left ordered Benjamin.
n Again the words "to" and "Benja
min" were pub together, and the words
''congress," "marble," "party" and
"spot" stricken out as checks. The dis
patch, being longer than the other, was
. more difflonilt of intorpretation. It was I
some time before the student was satis- 1
- fled with her efforts. She inferred from
- it that some one was ordered to connect
with some one else. She knew that the
Confederate generals feared that Burn
10 side might connect with Rosecrans. So
ig it was probable that Burton meant
t. Burnside, who was .at Knoxville, and
d that he had been orderod to connoot
)r with Rosecrans' left "as soon as possi
ble." The remaining words evidently
uh meant, "'Burniside also directed to re
m pert his movemonts to you. "
as "This Is 110 less imuportanlt than the
st e ther, " mused Miss Baggs. "It is clear
a. from both that Rosecrans has perompto
10 Then 8he tookA Iip the second d i>putchi.
10 ry orders to advanc, and lBurnsido is
Ig ordered to joinu himi. I must got this
o0 through the linos at once. F~romi hcro I
n must find a way aorosa thoeTennosseo, jnst
r, above Chattanooga, if possible, and per
L0, haps I may strike their line connecting
s with Rosocrans;' hleadquartersI at tho
l'o front and gather in tile latest nuews. 'It
fo never rainis but it pours, ' and I'll get
'1 In all I canl got while I'm in luck."
d Collecting her pa:poriI, she oarefully
.gtied thomi together ad put thomn ill her
la pookot. Then, turning dlowni the light,
W Isho malocked the doer and woent dlownl
rA PI:oMISE SOON nRhO1luCN.
't IColonel Maynard was inI the habit of
making frequent visits to his wife anud -
without waurning. Laura understood
rperfectly tile embarrassing position in
. wich hie would bo plaeed at surprising
ae a Confederato spy under the same roof1
with hersehilf nd rotected by her. She
I had no mind to place 1him1 in any such
eposition. When Miss Baggs went up)
i- stairs, Laura posted a senltry ini tihe per
g son of Uncle Daniel to keep a sharp
si lookout and give notice of the colonel's
approachl in order that Miss Blaggs mnight
inbe got out of the way before his arrival.
SDaniol sat down oni a bench on tihe vO
ofranda and lit his pipe. He was all old
myiman and prone to dose. It was not long
ar before Lookout mlountainl across tile
if river began to sway among th~e clouds,
the nearer trees began to rock, tile old I
negro'sihead fell upon his breast, and
r. It was nearly 10 o'clock when Laura,
a having given up the coming of heor hu~s
band that night and for onc00 in heor life
tlg 1ejoicing thereat, was about to dismiss
dDaniel from his. responsIble position
'ir Iwhen she heard B stop on thle veranda.
or Thinking it was Daniel walking back
, naij forth to kaoa ltlril a....e, .she
pialt no attention to It. *rnoro was a
urning of the knob to the front door,
md in another moment Colonel May
iard stood on the threahold of the sit- V
Jug room looking in upon Mrs. Fain,
[iaura, 1:uri and Miss Baggs. Io was
%bout to ter when, observing a strango
perso:. .i hesitated. Laura advanced,
%nd td - : im by the hand led him to
thLler i.wxi. le had only onco before
iou Mis; Baggs and then in disguiso
md did not recognize her.
"Why, sweetheart," ho said to his
wifo, "you're trembling. "
"You onmo in so hurriedly. "
"I anm hurried. We cross the river Q
;omorrow morning. )
"Tomorrow morning! Oh, Mark, why
.ouldn't they wait a few days?"
"If wives and sweethearts had the di
giving of orders, Uncle Sam would f,
iavo his armies always in winter quar- t
ers. "1 %
"Why couldn't this happiness have C0
asted just a little longer?"
"And then still a little longer. Como,
have but a short time to stay. Let me d
ay goodby to the baby."
Laura led the way up stairs and drew p
ho curtains from the cradle, exposing c
ho slooping infant. ar
There was something in the inno- It
onco, the absence of force in the little ik
lumberer, so different from the scenes Uh
n which ho was wont to mingle, to sot fo
n motion a train of feelings in Mark sa
Uaynard to which he had thus far been di
stranger. On the one side was tho TI
,ife he loved and the sleeping child; co
)n the other, what now appeared toil- ell
iomo marches, nights spent on wet ea
rround, sickness, mangling by sholl and di
)mllets and saber outs. A year before lie bi
tad loved these hardships, those dan- th
ors. Now a new element had entered di
uto his life, and at least while lie gaz- re
id on the little stranger (the only life sa
;hat had come to him among the many ef
;one since the war began) lie felt a P'
itrango repugnance to entering upon "
tho comning campaign. to
"My boy, my boy," he said huskily. P'
the thought suddenly coming to him
that he might never see wife or child
igain, "how can I now risk leaving you
to struggle on to manhood unprotoct
,d?" Then, recognizing his weakness,
io said, with a quick born smile, "But
otu have your mother, and I must win
Jho star of a brigadier for you to play I
But war's quick and imperativo do- .
nands gave him littlo time for ti in- h
lulgenceo of such feelings. Ho tried to si
urn away. Again and again ho drew su
the curtains of the cradlo, only to draw jt
them back for one more look. il
"Laura," lie said suddonly, all is is
changed. Bofore you and he oamo I did i1
my duty as a soldier because it was not ir
hard to do and because it pleased me. o
Now it will be hard, and I shall do it c
that you and he may not be disgraced c
in me. How can I ever leave a blot on f<
my name and have that child grow up si
to know it?" p
Laura, seeing how hard it was for n
iim to draw himself from the cradle, "
ook his hand and led him away. t
Going down stairs, they found the "
touso silent. All the family wero in
)ed. Maynard know that it was time tr
mo had departed. It was very late, and en
ie nust ride eight miles to camp and
bo on the march with his brigade before
claylight. But ho could hardly tear him- p
ielf away from the house. The sleeping S(
child up stairs seemied to have brought e
from the unknown whence lie caine a
maze of gentler emotions, which were
drifting like smoke wreaths about his P
father, obscuring the way front their .
There wvas one more emibrace, then ci
another last one, thenm another final one,
then a stirrup kiss, and Colonel Mark
Maynard redo back through the night
Not long after his arrival bugles
Bounded the reveille. It was 2 o'clock ~
in the merining, and the meon were
aroused to begin their advance to the :
front. Setndinig for Jakoy Slack, the cole
neol gave himt a note to take back to a,
Laura at the plantation. Hie had repeat- ,,
0(d his adious so often in person that onea
would hardly thiink it necessary to send n
any imoroeon cold1 Paper, but Maynaird's
heart strings wore pulling him as strong- f<
ly away from wvar as his duty was forc- r:
lng hinm toward it. Besides lhe know b~
that Laura would treasure every word ji
Jakey mounted Tom and rode in thme q
gray of thme morning to deliver the ntoto. n
WVhen hto realced the plantation, lie in
was obliged to do a good deal of pound- a'
lng and( ringing before ho could( got Into o1
the house. Finially Mrs. Maynard's C:
maid, Alice, lot him in, and considlering h:
the fact that Mrs. Maynard was in bed C(
imd Alice stood In very close confidonm- si:
tial relations with her, JTakoy con~sentedl ti
to de liver the niote to the maid anid wvait- Pi
ed1 to see if thore was any reply. Alico 1(o
r~oturnmed andm~ said that her mirrss of
would I;o dlown ini a mnomentt. Presently Li
the etred, droessed in a moerninig wrnap- bi
"'Jakoy, '' she said, taking the boy by
tho htand~ and r:moothinig thoe hair out ofb
bis eyes, "can I rely ont you to (do some
Shuing for mo1?''
"CGould the colonel?''
"'You are going to the front, and no b
me can toll what may happen. You'll
robably have to mecet your enemiies o
;omo ti mec amid the colontel says that a t
attho may comoi at any (lay. I want you py
o pronmiso mte that if anything should sa,
iappeni to the coloinel you will cmoe hore sj
is fast as you cani andl lot me knmow of ht
t. Do you undorstanid?"' te
'''mean of th' colone~l gits hilt Onl dit
hi' for'cad with a cannon ball?"' | it,
"Oh, Jakoy, don't talk so! I men if sn
me gets sick or wounded or in any other ac
rouble, will you come and toll me at "I
Laura knoew that this was Jakoy's o
way of making a promise, and she was
antisfied. She told him to wait a few ai
ninutes and wont out of the room.
When ahe returned, she brought two
parcels with her. t
"This one is for you, Jakey, " she said, o
banding him one of them. "It's a lunoh
son. Put it in your haversack and give l(
the other to the colonel. And hand him
this note. "
[TO DE CONTINURKD.]
ankton Indisins Who Are Well
he Tribo Recelves Largi Suis of
Money from the Govornment for
Lands Surrendered-Comtt ion*
of the 1Purchase.
The treaty negotiated by the gov
'nlent with the Yankton tribe of
oux Indians renders this tribe one of
Lo most wealthy in the country if
tey exercise ordinary judgient, says
writer In the Minneapolis Tribuno.
he treaty was completed ilecemnber
, 1892, and by its provisions the In
ans will receivo $000,000 as paymen
r the 1-0,000 acres relinquished to
o government, and to be opened to
hite settlement whenever Proalden t
eveland issues a proclaiiation to that
icet, which will probably not be un
iiext spring. Fifty-one Yanktou In
uns acted as scouts for len. Alfred
Mly in 18641, and for additional con
onsation were by the treaty granted
25 each, or a total of $11,475. This
nouat has already been dist rihuted
nong themti. The difliculty now ex
iug is over tho payment of (100,000,
o first payment by the govertnient
r the land surrendered. 'I'i treaty
y-i the amount is to be paid and
vided among the Indians p.er capita.
to disbursing officer at the ageney
imienced paying the Indians with
ecks, as is customary, and this
used a protest on the part of the In
ams. It was understood among the
nkers in the adjoining towns that
o checks would be cashed without
scount, but the Indians appear not to
lish the trip which would be neces
ry in going from the agoncy to any
the towns. They want the amount
Ad in cash at the agency. As the
hima of Indians are usually acceded
it is likely that they will win their
The remaining $500,000, pluced to the
edit of the tribe, will be payable to
0o Indians at the pleasuro of the
nited States after the expiration of
venty-five years. But during the trust
!riod of twenty-five years, if the no
ssitics of the Indians shall require it,
e United States may pay such part of
.0 principal sum as the secretary of
c interior may recommend, but not
:ceding $20,000 in any ono year. Upon
e payment of such sum the amount
all be deducted froni the principal
in in the treasury, and the United
ates shall thereafter pay interest on
o remainder. Not to exceed 66,000
to be expended each year for the
aintenance of orplins, the aged and
Ai'rm, or such other helpless minembers
r the tribe as may be unable to tace
tre of themselves; and for schools and
lucational purposes for the tribe; also
Pr courts of justice. Ea.ch person who
gned the brair.,cy jto receive a $20 gold
ece, struck in the ye'- 189W, al; a ma
orial of the year in which the ir6aty
as negotiated. These Indians have
.Icei their allotments of land in
veralty, and It is the surplus which
to be opened to settlement. The
caty provides that where any Indian
Inuot cultivato his land or otherwise
;e it advantageously it may be leased
r one or imore years at a tie. To
'event the possibility of land sharks
curing possession of the land, all
ases must be approved by the Indiatn
font, by and with the consent of the
nnniitssioncr of Indian affairs. This
ovisioni applies alike t~o both sexes
tod to all ages, parents acting for their
ildlren wvhoc are andelr their control,
1(d tile Indlian agenlt acting for- minor
ulidren who have no guardians.
MVASSAGE FOR BLACK EYES.
ot tor 'than P'alnI and Dleefsteak for Ob
literatinug Evidenice of Flaticu Encounter.
Thlose wVho make a business of oblit
rat ing etvidence of fistic enelouniters inl
lje shaipe of blaick eyes by painting the
amageCd optie no 1( loniger enjoy a mionl
ply of nu'chI businetn'. T1his I was
ild by a pugilistic nequinitanceU whlosLe
cpeiee en titles him to be re'gardled
s an authority on the subject, Lays aL
ri oer in the New Yorkc I eral d.
"'blassnige t reatitent of the region a
tctedt," hei sidI, "w Il beat pintL and
i t0 bleak all hollow. 14ut it sihtould
e applied immitediamtely after tile in
Iry is receivedo in ordler to) prove
toronhgbly efiencioun. It dos not re
nire an excnert to (10 it. Alli that is
eeessalry 1s tol move the fingers rapidlly
aid fi rmtly ov'er the bruised suirface,
-(d to keep 't. up unmtil the last vestige
di discolorat101ionil s isapeared. The
sp)lanata ion is easy. Whie~re thle biow
1s been received the blood boeor~nes
mtgesteod. It Is tihe clots of blood
owing through the transparent skin
at prodclxes~ tihe bla~ck oefect. The
essumre of the Iingers graduallihy
OSenls the clottedl blood, which passes
F into the general currenOft of circuila
mi, and fresh andi properly colored
ood takes its lacne."
ilowevor, asi a rule, tile pr'ofesionatl
mg" does not bother himself about
clerating the disappearance of a
aeik eye. It Is a sign whiech proclims
et fact that its proprietor hats recenithy
led an enigagesaent, ando as sneh lhe is
object of envy to his less fortunato
ethren. 1i. is the train about towni,
hose overtitindulence occeaslonally
uses him to forget that discretioni Is
e better plart of valor, who is apt to
ofit most iby the knmowvledge that mans
eo, promnptly' a pplied, wvill remtove thle
na~ of mnouinig from~ ain ('ye thathatts
ena In violent conita~ct wvith somec other
llow's flst, and thusit obviate the neces
.y of Inventing a story to account for
which, however ingenious, wvill be
eeredl at by skeptical and incredulous
quaintanices, some of whom may have
een there themnselves."
A Decorated Flower Seller.
A well-known character in Paris Is an
d woman, wht~se breast is literally
vered with crosses and decorations,
id who isq hnow peacefully engaged as
iwer seller. 11er name Is Jean Mon
ore, and her honors were gained In
ae Crimea, at Rome, GIravelotte and at
rlcans. On one occasion she rendered
xluable service to her country by swal
wing a military dispatch of great in
artance, and so prevented its falling
ito tehe hands of the enemy. A woman
ho has swallowed so much for her
uMwy with dispatch should not be al
wqatoman ar..w.An ume ol -go
The Question of flank as Settled In the
Early Days of the Republie.
Thirty nations are represented at
Washington by four ambassadors and
twety-six ministers, each of whom has
any whero from one to sixteen secretaries
and attaches to earry on the necessary
business. So fur as work is concerned,
the duties of the foreign represontativo
are not onerous, andt are largely social,
says tho New York Tribune. lie sends
dilspatcles to his own government and
occasionally addresses communications
to the secretary of state. Whether
these commuications be on matters of
iuternational interest or tire simply a
request to be allowed to 1. nd a few
Cast of wine, household fiTects, or a
trunic full of finery for hi. wife, they
Iaro Igilownu as "lotesi." lie isunot per
ntitted to transact any business with
auy, oiker of the gevern.t ex..cpt
thrugh i he secretary of state or other
Lhigh otllee.'rs of that depart-ment, and It
would he a great breach of etiquette
for i1in to address the prerddent per
sonally upon any oilcial matter. The
code of diplomatie ett'-etto is strictly
The forer;-inrpreentative makes the
first cull upon the muembers of (lie cabi
not, but is called upon by the senators.
The only members of congress ofll.ialy
recognI:Qd re the m<-mb<1 rs of 1 he lous.'
Conlu:%itt ce on foreign nsfairs, in wxhaue
good graces he iltulrally like.; to keep.
A private citizen calling without, all in
t-rouill'ciio at tiny of the legations
promptly re'elv~e a enrd in retllurn, rnid
the laitest. addition to the corps nalces
the fir-t call upon the reident mncin
brs. No.e of the wives of the diplo
m1ats holds publie receptiols, except
Mle. Romero, who began the custom
Soilac dozfn years ago, when Washing
Lon was not so large as it is to-day, and
hins never discontinued it, but even her
house is open but four times a season
to the general publie.
Until two years ago, when Great Brit
ain raised her representative to the
runk of anbassador, and France, Italy
and Germany quiakly followed, the
dean of the corps was always tho inn
inter who had seen the longest term of
servico here. and the dean now is the
English ambassador, Sir Julilan Paunee
fote. As dean he takes thl lead at all
ofileial functions; fort Ign ministera call
upon him first, and li matters in which
t he whole corps is intercsted i he is con
silted first. Whci the maimasa:Idor first
ippeard inl Wa,11shiigton soiety there
wens a gii(od deal (J tu rmnising about the
mat'er of preedenme at dinnacers. aind
for soime tiic it was ia mh-dien:med
iu'> tion, but I, ith: settlvd it:mif with
ont unh difliculty, and iothing is ever
heard hout it now. In tlie early day.
of the republi the <;ucstion of etiuet te
b-.'-':n: i of Imilleien t imwj rt ane for t he
sec:etary of state, .iMr. A damns, to ad
drei i lei ter upon the r.ubject to the
presiden t, but it was never settled.
Years of preecedent hve, however,
givin a certain fix i ty to the etiquette
he-re, which is much1 more rigid than is
, by t hose' who have
not lIve 'lin W\'ii gtol lonllg e1ou11;h to
SOUTH CAhOLINA h-4 ERIlf.
The Cutawba Rifles, of Rock Hill, will
not enlist under the new regulations.
Four new dispenlsraies will be opened
in Charleston very soon. The dispen
rers have been appointed.
Mr, G. C. Young, of Clinton, has an
inexhaustible quarry of ais fine gray
granite as the eye of muan ever beheld.
The Reform Advocate will lbe pub
lished again, commencing this week,
with its old editor, Mr. WV. F. Clayton,
Mrs. M. A. Thames, the widow of the
late Captain A. W. TIhamems, hlas been
appointed postmistress of the Silver
post oflice, in Marion county.
lletsey Thomas and Frankc Craig, two
inmates of the county pnoor house at
Winnsboro, died there this week. lfetsy
was -10 years old and Frank was 70.
A negro woman known by the name
of Alice, living with her three children
in a yard on lower King street, Charles
ton, was frozen to death, she and her
children, in their bed, on Frmidlay night.
A new disposition of tile portaita at
the state house Is being made. A life
size portrait of ex-Governor HI. RI. Till
mann wvili hang over the speaker's desk
in the hall of the house of representa
Thelm secretary of of state bas issued a
charter to the Newbery Manufacturing
company, of Newherry; capital stockc
-2.000; par value of shares $10, paid inl
installments of fifty cents rer month.
Corporators, E. Hi. Auli, D). B. Wheeler,
ii. G. Hoof, A. E. Eddy anid M. J. Scott.
D~r. Millwee, president of the Green
woodl Oil company, the only company
that has paid phenominally large dlvi
dlegds sin1ce the organization of oil
anills, has received a letter from Mr. D).
i1. Shehan, of Cole Spring, Mass., on
the subject of "press clothe," and io
dlentally nmentioned the posibility of his
comning south and erecting a plant of
Lawrence Edwards was relerasedl Fri
day from Columbia's jail on111 hiQwn
reocogn izance. Solicitor Nelson agreed
in view of all the circumstances to let
him out on co)nditioni thlat lie leave the
state, and upon his return to South Car
olinla lhe forfeit any freedom lie might
have gained. It seemed to lie the gen
eral desire of thtose interested in the
case that this course be pursued. Ed
wards was charged with signing a mini
ister's name to a check and getting
money on It.
A war correspondent, writing after
familiar association with Japan's lead
ing soldier., says: "The Japanese of
ficers are a mixture of the Fireneh offi
cers and the German sous officers.
They live right among their men, sleep
near them, eat the same food in ight
of all, expose themselves to all kinds of
danger and hardship. No wonder the
soldier. hav9 the greatest confidence in
themni I found every Japanese general
I met to be bra~ve, generous, kind, po
lit., ready to give his life for his men
and for his Sag. When the detailed
history of the life of some of these mer
is w iiten no t~w~ it will undoubtedly e~Ufort
Reoont Uses of the Invontion in
the Study of Disease.
Ed1son's Part In tho 'orrection of tho Wone
derful lachine-w ait May le Ace
complished by ils Othor
The invention of the kinetopcope,
which is at present attracting a large
amount of popular interest, resembles
some of Mr. E dison's invontions in being
really an Improvement on or an adapta
ion of discoveries of other men. This
In no way implies that the fame of the
American Inventor is undosorved. On
the contrary, it is due to his genius
that mere experimntats of scieatidfo
have been converted into thigs of real
and lasting bonefit to civilization. 6ir
Humphrey Divy discove-cd tha cal
hon could be rcndered ineaude:,eent in
a current of electricity, und that oxyge'n
conained the carbon; but it romained
for Edison to exclude oxygen and to
give the electric light to civili'zatic.:.
The main essentials of the phonograph
were in use before laison conceived
the Idea of nakciln:; a nrt ia use of
the machine. The Mu bridge plioto
graphs were the fororunners of tho
It has been proclaimed, tnya the lo:;
ton Advertiser, that the tinLu is now'.v at
hand when books and thent era will beo
come rarities, and t he aveg ol;l.
vill be content to une the phono-raph
and the kinetoseope for his ple(tmmre.
Such a prediction hI over-r ;omguine, asla
yet,, for the reason that these inven
tions are not yet perfect. The beauty
of concerted muaic or of rare uinging i3
still marred by the oloctric whir and
the false sounds that issue from the
phonograph's diaphragin. The splen
did color and dazzling luster of t ho
opera's stage are yet beyond the grasp
of the kinetoscope. Perhaps thieso
things may come Aome day, hut they
have not come yet, and in tihe meantimo
the present generation i coerned
chiefly with the thin.la oi to-dhy. The
telephone, for instance, is of more Ini
mediate use to civilizat'ion than uro
the honograph and kinotoscope coi
Science has already found certain
uses for Mr. Edison' later inventions,
however. The phionogra-ph counter
feits perimaently many sounds that
are useful to th1eraputies; tChe normal
ad unsound healrtiIbeaats, "rates" iln th
lungs, certain vocal sormda deelndinll
upon special conditionts of thie throat
and tonslis. It is ozi decided benefit to
science to have perinnient recorda tlt
caln alwIIys be of cusy aicces:l witlholut
recourse to a special patient. In the
saie way the kinetoscope promisei.s: to
be of great utility to medical science by
reproducing physical action that can
be studied in detiail or comprehensively
as the student desires. In this city
somo effort in that direction halts already
been undertaken, and moro will be dc
veloped from time to timle, especially in
norvous disorders that briig oi certain
physical action that is ofLen no violent
and vigorous as to baile any aapt at
close study by m11ean1s of tCe unahLidel
.Tho Muybridge phoiographs i.no) w
somO -ar ago that. the eye was 1nre
liable for the"dOC t.iol of the absoluto
details of rapid aliiitW.-Ju o
stantaneous photographmy alone ves a
correot representatioi of 1,bo <iailere-nt
attitudos taken by niv or unL.A.Lh In
rapid action, and it is quite pos:Abli
that mnedlcal scieco maUy acehieve fres..
discoveries by the help of the kuieto
scope. Thus, in studying the nuscunlar
action that results from cortain nerve
disorders, it may be possible to trace
the nerves which are affected. lInven Ian
less complicated easea, like lameness, a
surgeon may be able to reach conclus
Ions with great quickness and certainty
by securing the details of muscular
action of the all'eeted limb, nai the speed
of the kinetoscopo may be regulatedl at
will. Altogether, then, while the repro
duction of grand opera for the multi
tude may be a matter of the remoto
future, the kinotoscope is some4thing of
more use to civlizatoion than a mere
SE.NSES OF THE4 BLIND.
The Slmauiar Aenteness of Ones who is
Throughout my whole life, saZys aI
blind person in the Argosy, mny blind1(
ness has had this remarkable featuaro ini
It, I always have before my eyes aL bril
liant light, so that the wholeair aroundl
mie scems, as it were, inandescent. I
appear to be walking ini ligjht. In thmis
light I can call upj at will all sorts of
beautiful ceolors, whlich I see mingled
with the radiance and forming part of
it. Thus my blindness has always
b)een1 for me In a certain way bright
As I grew older there came to me
other abnormal poeculiarities, which
have been mercifully sent as compen
sations. I can always tell whenn others
are looking at me, and I can generally
tell whether they are looking at me li
kindness or the reverse. My sense of
hearing is extremely sensitive, and
tones of the voices of men and wvomen
I can also discern eharactor accurate
ly in the touch of the hand. I have
certain instincts for which I have no
exact name, which sometimes make me
foresee future events. My senses of
touch and smell are excessively del
DEATH tN A MINE EXPL.OSION.
A Naked Lamp Ignites a Large Blody .et
Gas in a Pennsylvania Colliery,
PonvuLxt, Pa., February 19.--By
an explosion of mine gas at ten o'clockc
yesterday the West Bar Ridge colliery~
of the Reading Coal and Iron company,
at Mahanoy Plane, six miners were
killed and Ave wor6 burned, four of
them probably fatally.
Rubbers for dogs are the newest
products of civilIzatIon. The street car
companies strew sei~t to melt the snow
Iand this makes the feet of dlogs sore.
B futthese canine rubbof's are high priced
and each dog needs two pair. In tho
Arctic zone the toes of dogs that are
Iused to pull sleds are protected by a
of la~ I Ktastned withl
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