Newspaper Page Text
-rH No. 12. S
Vl50PICKENS, S. C., TH URSDAY, APRIL 4,18.No12
"Corporal," said the colonel, "let m<
. explain what I am about to do. I knou
something of the blood that flows in
the veins of Caroline Fitz Hugh. Sh<
will never accept her life at the price I
intend to pay for it. She must not knom
that I intend to save her by violating v
trust, by inourring my own downfall,
or she will not leave her jail. Do yo
"I do, colonel. She would chide m(
if she knew I was doing the same."
"While you have been away I hav<
placed three horses In the wood yonder.
"I see, colonel. "
"Corporal Ratigan, every man hai
his own part in life to perform. The
distinctivo feature in mine seems to b
to decide quickly between conflioting
duties. I am going to violate a trust, t<
perform a sacred obligation. If you wil:
aid me, follow me."
Taking up a slip of paper lying or
his camp cot, on which lie had writter
an order, the two left the tent. The3
were challenged by the sentry on post,
but giving the countersign proceecdo
till they were again ohallenged by thi
guard at the temporary prison. Thor<
the colonel advanced and gave the coun
tersign and passed into the house.
The sergeant in chargo met them ani
asked what they wanted. The colone:
handed him the paper he had brought
with him. It was an order for the per.
son of the prisoner. The place was on13
lighte'd by a candle, and the colonel tool
care to stand with )fs back -to it. Bn
this was not necessary, for his disguis
was complete. Corporal Ratigan re
mained without the door, on the porch.
The sorgeant looked from the paper t
the man who stood before him inquir.
"This is very strange, " he said.
Maynard mado no reply.
"Hero is Colonel Maynard's order,'
the sergeant added, reading it ove
again. "Do you know what he wanti
"Do you suppose I don't know an:
better than to ask questions when I ge
an order?" replied the spurious privati
The sorgeant went into the roon
where Miss Fitz Hugh was confined ani
.A r out, pale and wondering.
"It Isn't sunriso, " she said in a voic
which it was difficult for her to kee:
"Come," said the colonel. She fol
lowed him to the porch, and Corpora
Ratigan joined them, but it was toi
dark for the prisoner to see who lie was
an4 he did not daZe to make bimsel
known. As soon ae' they had got to j
safe distance he whispered:
'"Not a word till we got furthei
They walked on at an ordinary pace
though all desired to hasten. After pass
Ing some distance from the house May
nard turned and glanced back. He say
the sergeant watching.
"We must go to the tent, " ho mut
tored, and the three walked on. Befort
ent'oring he looked again. The sorgean
was still watching. He evidently wish
ed to make sure that all wvas right. Al
entered the tent, while the colonel
standing at the front and peering be
tween the tent flaps, watcd for thi
sergeant to go back into the house. Pros
ently he did so nd left the way clear.
"Now come on. "
Leaving the tent, they walked a shor1
distance down the road. Not a wor(
was spoken. Presently they turned asid<
and entered the wood. There they fount
"Mount," said~the colonel to th<
Putting a foot in his hand, she sprang
up on to a horse's back. There was n'
sidesaddle for her, but tihe high front of
a "McClellan" served very well, and
u)a was so good a horsewoman that shc
o Id have ridden sideways on the ant
mal's bare back. The stirrup was fitted,
the colonel and Ratigan mounted, and
*the three rode rapidly away.
"We must dodge the picket, " said the
colonel. "Even the countersign might
not avail us with a woman In thc
"What does It all meian, Rats?" ask
ed Miss Fitz Hugh. "I thought you
were going to do your duty at all han
"'Well, thero's.dlffoent kinds of du
ties, and sometimes they won't wvork4
together. If savin a woman's life isn't
* a duty, then mie mother didn't bring mne
'"Who's the other?'' she asiked whik
Nlaynard was riding a little in advaune.
"One who this,,night makes me hib
"'And I from this night will he in
debted for my life to both of you if yoi
0ucceed In saving it. But I can't ben
to have you sacrifice yourselves for nio
You may be committing an unpardon
able sin toward your comrades, but:
cannot believe you are committing a sih
toward our Father. And 0on0 day It wil
* be all ended, Rate, and then who' wil
'01 know those who will rejoice. "
Rtatigan now took 'the load, havinj
passed ever the route before sovera
times and being familiar with the bos
way to got between the vedettos. Cole
nol Maynard dropped back beside the
* "Who are you?" she asked.
"One who serves you."
* The voice sounded familia', but was
dlisguised, and she did not recognize il
as Colonel Maynard's.
"Were you sent by Colonel May,
y-"Why should .wou try to save me?'?
IT, 094 SY AMWCA Pw aSSoc4neV4
"Ask me rather why I should)
It was plain the man, whoe
might be, desired to remain uni
and she desisted from further qu
"After all, my death would no
the Federal cause, " she said. "I
will be sealed to any information
"Your information would be t
in any event. Had it been otl
this plan would not have been at
"Your commander in chief of I
my of Tennessee has delayed t(
already. He will attack us alm<
mediately. Your information woi
now hasten that attack."
"How do you know?"
"We have captured prisoners
Ing that your men have been re-et
from Knoxville and Virginia. G
Bragg has ceased to retreat and i
to fall upon us with a conoentra
"You are right in assuming th
ther yon nor I can have influen
or. against either side now. These
have been coming from Virginia
month. They are nearly all ai
You may expect to hear the openir
I of a groat battle at any moment.I
The corporal, who was in front
ed in his horso and held up his h
warning. They woro on the edg
wood and within a few hundred
of the creek and could see to th(
and to the left.
"My God!" exclaimed the coi
"there are vedettes there, and v(
there, " pointing north and south.
they are both comin this 'way
must go back."
Colonel Maynard rodo forward
He glanced at both parties of ve
then in front of him. From thai
at that moment there came a I
neigh. It was answerd by a neig
behind the three on the edge
"Your people are where that
neighod. Can you koop your seat
saddle for a dash?"
"We are surrounded. It is ti
chance. Are you preparodi Ready
The two men dug their spu:
their horses' flanks, and all thr
out toward the creek. They li
gone a hundred yards before they
1 "Halt there!" immediately folloi
a shot. They paid no attention to
but dashed on over the uneven g
the two mon riding close on eith
k the prisoner for fear she would 1<
balance. Her horse stumbled, but
"On, on" h said.
-ored. A volley came from the ve
riding from the south, but no on
hit. .in crossing a gully Miss Fitz
tottered sideways, but .Maynard c
her and righted her.
"On, on!" lie said. "A few hu
yards, and you are saved. "
Then came another volley, this
from the party advancing fror
north. Corporal Ratigan swayed
saddle, but recovered himself.
"They are advancing to moc
Quick I Down the bank! Through
It is not knee deep I"
A third volley came, but it d
harm. It was too late to stop the
tivos now. They rode right into a
of Confederate officers.
Friends gathered about Miss
Hugh. Her brother, beinig in pre
of others, restrained his desire to
his arms about her neck. Ho lifti
hat to her as politely as if she wi
nearly related to the rest as to hii
then took her hand and kissed it.
donily, in the midst of a shower o
gratulIations-a wild(, irrepressible
that hurst spontanonsly from th,
ty-Carolino Fitz Hugh gave a al
Corporal Ratigan had fallen fro
horse and laiy wvhito and bleeding
ground. Springing from her own
she bent over him and raised his I
''0 God, lhe's dead!"''
The cheer, the shriek, Miss
Hugh's words, sounded in Colonel
nard's ears as ho put spurs to his
and dashed away up the stream iit
rection parallel with the Union
The cheer was the announcement
Icompletion of an not by which 1
parted with what he held most C
the confidence of lis superiors, his
and the rank and file of the army
had given to Caroline Fitz Hugh
the rising of the sun whose lig!
now broadening in the cast. HI
called down upon himself what I
was the bitterest of all degradatio1
Ihaps to meet the fate that had b<
tended for her. Riding up the or
the bank nearest the Confederate
he approached a wood. This he cr
crossed the crook unobserved and i
e d to see the men by whom the os
party had been chased returning I
the ridge. Not caring to be quos
by them, lie rode back into the we
til they wero* in a nasiain no
ifm. Then hetiotted slowly to the ri
and over it, making his way back
It was now broad daylight. As
dismounted he noticed a detachnio
cavalry marching on foot, under the
reotion of an officer, toward the ho
whoro Miss Fitz Hugh bad boon o
l fined. On arriving there they halt
and the officer went inside. In a I
minutes he came out and strodo ovei
Colonel Maynard's tont. The colo
had gone in. He had thrown off
cavalry jacket and was waiting for w.
was to follow. The offloor entered
tent, and not recognizing Mayna
shorn of hig board, asked for the colo
ver ho "I am Colonel Maynard."
:nown, "AhI I did not recognize you, c(
ostion- nol. I have just called for the spy in
house where I expected to find her v
profit was told by the sergeant that he had
1y lips livered her soon after midnight to t
I may men bearing an order from you."
Do lato "I suspoo something must bo wroi
erwiso Was tho order at forgery?"
tempt- "No. "
"Then the prisonor is in your ke
he Ar- "No. "
o long "Escaped?"
)at im- "Yes. "
ild not The officer was too astonished to i
any more questions at onco.
"Who is responsible?" ho asked pi
forced "I am."
about "Yes, I. You will march your u
bed ar- back to camp. You nood not make v
. official repor6 of the matter unless 3
At n ci- ohooso. I will report tho escape myseli
3o for The officer bowed, and with the sa
troops astonishment on his face that had bf
for a there throughout turned from the to
Tived. and going to the men standing in I
1g shot road marched them back to camp.
Colonel Maynard came out of his te
, rein- and mounting his horse rode to I
and in headquarters of his division comma
a of a or. He rode slowly, his head bowed
yards most to his saddlebow. Reining up 1
i right fore the general's tont, he sent in 1
name by an orderly, and was soon I
dottos "General, " he said, "I have come
"And prefer charges. "
We "Indeed, " said the general. "W
not forward thom in writing in the ri
tO sco. ular way?"
lottos, "It is because of the person agaii
i front whom I am going to prefer tho."
ieros "And that is?"
[1 from "Myself. "
f the The general looked at him with
horse "Colonel, are you ill?"
in the "No, general. "
"I suppose it would be ridiculouE
ask a man if he is all right here?" i
o only he tapped his forehead with his fing(
I Go!" "I am sound of mind and body. "
.8 into "Well, well, colonel, what does
)0 shot all mean? It's too early in the morn
d not for joking, " and the general yawnee
board, "I have to report that the spy lof
ved by my charge has escaped and through
round, "Good Lord I" exclaimed the gonei
3r sido "That is a serious matter. "
so her Maynard romained silent.
recov- "And the explanation?"
"There is none. "
The general looked into the melh
oholy eye of Colonel Maynard and f
a cold chill creep over him. He kni
there was some reason for the act whi
would explain if not excuse it.
"Colonel, you are a dashing fello
Swith a tinge of romance in your natu:
I trust you have not yielded to an i
surd notion as to taking the life of
"No. I have not. "
"Then give me some explanation.
fear it wvill go hard with you, but I w
4. do all I can for you if you can giva
satisfactory reason. "
"'I have no reason to give."
dettos "Of course I must report the matte
o was better speak now. It may be too le
Hugh hereaftor. "
aught "I have reported the fact. That is
the report I have to make."
ndred ''Then, colonel, it is my duty to a
dor you to your tent under arrest. Y,
time may leave your sword here with me,
ri the you please. An order will be issu
In his placing Colonel ---, next in rank,
ehargo of your brigade."
't us I Colonel Maynard unhooked his swo
here! from his bolt and handed it to the ge
eral. Then ho reo back to his tent, a
id no as he entered it he felt that he had l<
fugi- his former self outside; that, as in tl
party case of a fallen comrade, he would ue
or ee this being of the past again.
Fitz for is present self, that, if suffered
sence live, could only live a life In death.
hrow A court martial was convened to ti
ad his Colonel Maynard with as much dispat<
re as as had attended the trial of the eseap
nself, woman. The charge was "giving a:
Sud- and comfort to the enemy, " the spoco:
l' con- cation ''himself aiding in the escape
choer a sp~y in the serv'ico of said enemy."
par- The court met on the afternoon of til
iriek. dlay oni which Maynard had reported h~
mn his act. Moni of his owvn grade, or naear i
mn the sat about a pine table in a wall tent a!
orso, proccoedc with the formalities aitten
ead. Ing the case. As Maynard pleaded gui
ty to bo0th charge and specification the
was little to do except to conmo to a ve
diet. Before doing so the president asl
ed the accuscd if he had anything
Fitz say in his behalf, any explanation
horse "No, " was his reply.
a di- "Colonel Maynard, " said the pres
line,. dent, "'you have served thuis army wvi
of the distinct ion. You have been respecto
e had trusted, beloved as few other men in i
oar-. You have confussod to having commi
to se 9
o him \~
m, per-.. I i
cin i- )
to aa~ a Cotonecl May~nard unhooked his~ aword
dgo tod one of 'tlie most atrocious crimes
to that can come under the jurisdiction of
a military court. Nothing can excuse
he it. There may be something to palliato
of it. I conjure you to speak bofore the
di- court brings in a verdict and names
use your punishment. "
on- "Mr. President, " replied Maynard,
ed, "for my act toward this army I am no
'w countablo Io you as a court martial con
to voned to try me; for my act as one of
nol right or wrong, of honor or dishonor, I
his am accountablo only to,a tribunal vith
hat which you have nothing to do. Do not
the waste valuable time. Before the sun
rd, sets twice, if I mistake not, you will
nel have a more important work to do in
the reception of the enomy. Do your
duty as a court, and do it with dis
the There was not an offiler present but
id lookod'at Maynard with a curious ad
do- miration. It was plain that he had sac
wo rificod himself, though it was not en
tiroly plaiL why. Even those who conl
doinod him most bitterly somod to
ig. hesitate to bring in a verdict which
would naturally carry with it the pun
ishmont of death.
op- "You are mistaken, colonel, " said
one of them, referring to Maynard's
predictions. "The enemy have been in
- full retreat ever since we left Murfrees
boro. I only fear he's going to give us
%sk the slip again. "
"I regret your confidence, sir, " re
es- plied Maynard. "I am aware that oth
ore feel as you do, and it is a miistako
which will cost this army doar."
"Nonseonso. Haven't we"
on "This is not the plane to discutss prob
ny lois for which only our comiamaling
ou general is responsible, " interrupteA the
." president. "Lot the prisoner leavo the
meo court. "
)en Maynard was led away, and tho eourt
at, proceeded to consider a verdict. Thero
ihe was littlo time spent on it, for there
was but one thing to do, and that was
ut, to make it "guilty of the charge and
;he guilty of the specifloation." Then be
id- gan a discussion of the punishment.
al- One of the members stated that it was
be- personally known to him for a fact that
bis the accused had one year before visited
%d- Chattanooga as a spy, when the place
was hold by the Confederates, had been
to captured, tried, condemned and son
tenced to be hanged; that Jacob Slack,
by a boy who was now serving as his o.
3g- derly, had been with him; that lie had
contrivod to get news of Maynard's con
ast dition to Missouri Slack, his sister, at
Jasper, Tenn.; that she had gono to
Chattanooga, had entered his jail, had
exchanged clothes with the prisoner and
a thus offected his escape; that lie had
been concealed and afterward helped
through the lines by a Miss Fain, whom
lie had married on reaching the Union
ud 'I put it to you, gentlemen, " lie con -
r. eluded, "could one whose life had been
saved by women carry out a sentence
it of death upon a woman for the saind
tug offense for which it was intended he
1. should suffer?"
in The speaker knew nothing of the re
my latioun existing between Maynard and
Fitz Hugh. It Is impossible to know
al. what might have been the offect had ho
possessed this knowledge. The court
noted only on the information commu
nicated by the officer who told the story
of Maynard's experience as a spy, and
m- the main facts in this were known
alt throughout the army. The oircum
3W stances of the accused's sentonco by
oh Confederates to be hanged for a spy and
his escape. the valuable service ho had
w, rendered the Union cause, the reasons
ro. lie had for not wishing to shoot a womi
-:an, saved his life. The sentence of the
a court was that he be dismissed the serv
ice, with forfeiture of all pay and cimol
I When this sentence was comniunicat
ill ed to Colonel Maynard, he was in his
a tent, waiting to knew his fate. Ho had
expected to be shot. Ho hardly knew
whether lie was more moved by the loni
ir. ency shown him or more disappointed
to at being obliged to live a disgraced
man. But one reason gave him comifort
di that he was not to die-his wife. Ho
knew that, although all others looked
ir- upon him with horror, she would love
su him all the more that ho suffered.
in A MILITARY PROBLEM..
The events attending the capturo and
rd escape of Caroline Fitz Hugh anid the
n- dismissal of Colonel Maynard fronm the
id servico all happened in such quick ge-.
ft cession that Jakey Slack was not aware
1o of what was taking place until after it
v- was all over. It must be confessed that
i Maynard had not treated his most do
to voted adherent with the considerat ion
lie merited. But it is the way of peop1lo
7 y who are rising to eminence to gradual.
h ly leave off familiarity with those for
id merly most intimate with them.
Ld Maynard had treated Jakey with
S- mock deforence, but had not thought of
of loaiiing upon himi for advice or strength,
munch less comfort, and( (during the rag
10 ing of t he firo through which lho had
is passedl Jakey Slackc had bcon as far from
t, his mliind as if ho had not existed.
dOne evening as ''retreat'' was sound.
1- ing--it was ihe evenlinig oif tho coilonil's
1- deos)4 iutn fromt his rankc and conninand~
ro --Jakey walked into his tent. M\ay
r- ntard's head was bowed (downi on his
k- camp cot. Hearing some ono enter, lie
to looked up and saw his old1 friend. Ihnd
to JTakey heen another boy, w;hien ho saw
the haggard look, the strongly miarked
l inesci of suffering in tho face before himi,
I- lie would have shown 50ome( mark of the
ht effct such a sight hind upon him. Not
1, so .Jatky. Tholiro wats no oxpre'ssioni ci
t. thor of surprise or grief upon his unox
t- prossivo countcenanco. But the sight of
Jakoy standing there to remind himi
that, though a whole army condemned
him, there wats one( In it who unevor
could bo brought to think him guilty of
any crimno had a different effect oni the
lato commiiandolr, Ile reached out his
hand, took that of JTakey, and, dr:1ving
the boy towvardl him, folded himi in his
arms. Thus do those who have been (10
p~rived of their greatness go back for
sympathy to those from whom they have
[To nE C:ONTINUJED.]
Nihloi's Gairdoni, thme eioldes play
house in Now York, has closed its
. dooer for good1. 'rho building will
!Sn nser fn-' othae 1mrp'n"n
AMERICAN FOOD AND COOKING,
holue Remarkable Statements in a Recent
French Review, Not storne Out by Faots.
The Ignorance of French writers who
treat of matters relating to the United
States Is generally very much In evi,
dee. One of them In a recent issue
of the Revue Sciontifique, writing upon
the subject of our edible turtles and
Incidentally of cookery in this country,
nmkes the statement that green turtles
are taken in the neighborhood of New
York-from there to Florida. He also
asserts that it is only in aliments of
* aquatic oright that our food products
are superior to those of Europe, that
our fishes are abundant and generally
good, but that our culinary treatment
of them is inferior. As regards our
meats, poultry and game, the French
man dismisses them as little worthy of
attention. Of the first two it may be
conceded, says the New York Sun, that
the average quality is not so high as in
France. His estimate of our game Is
probably based upon the condition in
which it reaches European markets,
where it is sold in large quantities in
the close season here. This estimate is
not a fair one, inasinuch as almost all
of our game which goes abroad has,
previous to shipment, been held for
moittlis in cold-storage warehouses, to
its deterioration both in quality and
fla vor. As regards our native cookery,
the French writer asserts that there Is
not much in it to teptit a Europiean
particularly, and especially a 1rencli
man. While this may he true concern
ing the country at large, an exception
must be made in fa vor of the native
cookery of Maryland and eastern Vir
ginia and that of the creole population
of Louisiana, which, within its con
pass, is second to none. The fact must
not be lost sight of that in the last
decade culinary skill with us has made
great advances, the results of which
would not be apparent to a superficial
foreign observer. A case in point ilus
trative of our progress in this direction
is offered in the alimentary department
of our exchanges for woman's work.
Within the restrictions which it Im
poses, the edibles there on sale, the
work of native feminine bread winners,
are promptly bought by discriminating
purchasers, so far are they superior
to foreign preparations of a similar
Chinese mandarins of the second
class wear a button of coral red, sug
gested by a cock's comb, since the cock
is the -bird that adorns their breast.
The third clans. are gorgeous, with a
robe on which a peacock is emblaz
oned, while from the center of the red
fringe of silk upon the hat rises a sap
phire button. The button of the fourth
class Is an opaque dark puIpla stone,
and the bird depicted on the robe is
the piican. A silver pheasant on the
robe and a clear crystal button on the
hat are the rank of the fifth class.
The sixth olass are entitled to
wear an embroidered stork and a jade
stone button; the seventh a partridg<
and an embossed gold button. lu
the eighth the partridge is reduced t<
a quail, and the gold button becomes
plain, while the ninth-class mandarin
has to be content with a sparrow for
his emblem, and with silver for hi
Forty years since, "Porte Crayon"
was down on Albemarle sound, and
told a native that there were men with
months eight inches wide. The native
dechlrd that was a fsh story; Porte re
pr'oved huni for his incredulity, and
point ed ou t that. deductions from knaown
facts proved this statement. "We
know," he said, "'that oysters must be
eaten whole; we know that thmerei are
oysters eight inches10 across thme minor
dIimlensionl; therefore, there must be0
mouth~s eight inches wide to take them
in, or the beautiful chain of harmony In
thme universe is broken."
How an Amnerlean woman nebuked a
An American woman returned to
New England after living for a season
in London, and wvearied her friends
wvit h her affectations andl mannaerismns,
says Youth's Companion. She wvas
ashamed of her own country and did
nlot hesitate .to sany so. She not only
initated English customns, dress, ex
pre1ssionms spelling and pronumnciation,
but off'eed otl'ensive ('vidlence of her
ucut e at tack of Anuglonmania in con
temlptuous referenaces to everthing
One of her friends mulercmtook to adl
minister social. discipline in a unique
way. She senmt oumt invitations to a
lunch party in hm'oor of the returned
traveler andl collect ed a large company
in her dlrawing-roomr. A fter the guest
had been cordially welcomned, thme dloors
in the d ining-roomi were ope nedl.
The r'(om hald been1 dlcorated with
buinting and the flowers wvere mssedi
in2 effects of red, white aind luel. The're
wvere flags everywhere, in thein chande
lier, on the mantel and on every hit of
plate or china displayed onf th'e talek.
The table reserved for the guest was
dra pod wvith the national colors.
Never, perhaps, was a broadler hint
conveyed at a social reception that it Is
ill bred andl bad form to be ashamed of
An Unmlucky' Number.
lhoy-T1he number 13 is awful un
lucky, isn't it?
Mother--Why (do you think so?
lioy-Tihere's just 13 in .our' spelling
class, and I've heen) at the foot of it
ever since it starmted. -Good News.
A D~elleato Dist~Inction.
"Did you say you wuan ted Shakce
spea's1'' works?"' askedl the book store
"'No," replied( the haughty girl, "'I
want his plays."-Washaington Star.
-The Church Missionary society of
Lheo Chlurch of England has the largest
neome of any amissionary organizationx
n the world, amounting to more than
$1,250.000 annually. For tihe last year
t reports 423 stations, 339 .ordained
nlissionmarics; and over 500 uordained
wvorkers, and nearly 600 native preach
ars, teachers andl helpers. Th'lere wer'e
nearly four thousand conversions for
-Macaulay said that no man need
ask for better food than plain roast
beef and baked notatoes
Awful Effect of the Beautiful to '*1l'co
ple Way Down Soutil. NI
Any person who has lived in countrie4
where snow is an ordinary circumstanco
and condition of the winter season
must, if he had witnessed the extraordi.
nary behavior of the people of New Or
leans in the snowstorm, have been F
thoroughly astonished, says the New t
Orleans Picayune. I '
The falling of the feathery flakes .
seemed to have operated on the people '
like wine, and from the highest to the g
lowest, young and old, grave and gay, t
the dignifled and the comical, reveled* 1
in the unwonted conditions and fell to' a
pelting each other with snowballs as if v
they had been a gang of schoolboys. p
The result of this midwinter mad
ness was that every person who passed d
along the streets was unmercifully a
pelted, and in tany cases no considera- a
tion was shown to ago, sex or condition. ai
There were men who were posted at A
street corners with nmagazinets of snow- ,
balls ready to fall upon the unwary p
passenger, whether on foot or in vehi- w
Many of those balls had been dipped a
in water and compressed until they is
were solid lumps of ice, and when they r<
strucki a victim about the head and faco s
inflicted severe injury. One gentleman a
who was passing on Gravier street, t
near the Citizens' bank, got a blow in a
the eye which may cost his sight, and it
many others wero knocked down and t
otherwise injured. Glasses in windows 11
of houses, of street cars and of private a
carriages were broken by the volleys of p
balls and nobody was safe from attack. d
The peoplo afilicted with this snow f
madness, although many were respect- r
able citizens, did not seem to realize r
that they were violating privat o rights a
or disturbing the pece, or, if they did, 1
they were too intent on maling the
most of an opportunity which occurs 1:
only at long intervals to pelt all com- 1
ers without fear of punishment, to .1
In countries where snow is common t
every winter there are ethics of snow- P
balling, just as well as of any other n,
sport or business. There tho fun is c4
only indulged in between friends and o
acquaintances who consent to liberties i
taken, while to strike astranger or an 0
unwilling perpon with a snowball is as 0
much an assault as would be striking I
with a stone. Of course some allow- t
n4ice must be mudo here for tho ox
traordinary excitement caused by so
rare an occurrence as a snowfall, but
even the maddest of the revelers ought V
to understand that a ball of ice or one
mixed with mud, lumps of coal and
oyster shells is capable of inflicting a
serious wound upon the head and face, t,
and the deliberate uso of such missiles
is more liko an act of malice than sport. 1
BANANAS IN A BLIZZARD. t
Comibination1 WhlehL EXcIted the4 JRInibill-d
ties of Rome street. iaIIuway Men.
Two Italians were trudging down the
street-car tracks under the Houth tide
elevated road In Chicago during the
blizzard the other day. Great clouds of
snow were swept by them by the wind,
so that half the time they were invisible
or only dimly outlined two blocks
away. The tracks were covered fastor
than the sweepers could clear then
and the cars had a time of it in getting ,
along. Each Italian had a hugo basket v
of bananas on his head, protected from a
the unfriendly elements by a pieeo of a
oiloloth, and trudged along in the teeth
of the blast as serenely as if ho wvere un- b
der the skies of Italy, and the howling f
northwester was a summer zephyr from w
An employe of the street ear compa- tI
ny, a strapping big fellowv with seven- |tli
league boots on, faced about for a mo- :as
ment to lot his back stand the brunt of |si
the storm for awhile, and in doeing so
caught sight of the two banana mer
chants. Immediately his half-frozen
features relaxed into a broad grin, and,
turning to the other men who were
at work with him, he shouted:
"say, boys! lo at them Eyetalians
with their banans. I guess we ain't
got no kick comin'. "
All-the men joined in the laugh, and
after a few moments returned to their ty
workc much relieved b~y this little di- o
Would lie Morc Lnnici Tan Water. Ic
If old ocean's water-s were lowered c
three miles more than half its groat gi
depth would be taken atvay. All the ar
great seas5, sutch as tihe Medit.erranean, ar
the Caribbean, and thrse of the China 10
coast, wvould vanish or be railuiced to isi
small baisins inelotsedi withi a rim th
separating them from the shrtmken al
field of wvaters. The lands, aifter~ a sub- a~
sidence of two miles, would rather ox- i
ceed the occean ini area; wvith at subsid.
decetl of three they woeuld occupy mnor-e I
than two-thirds of the earth's surface. o
The seas whlfehl would remini wouldii
formn, not a connected ocean of consid- ca
crable size, but separate basins, the
largest gathered a round tihe south polo0.
Exipnrimnenta b~y WhVlehl TheIr (trowth May (
ii. hoth Seen, ani IearuI. b
There are several ways of rendering
the gr'owthi of plants both and iblo and( fo
visible, but the mnodus Opera nd~ i ini the th
"latest imnprovcd"experimnts is as fol- Pa1
ilows: In order to make thme growth ca
of a very vigorous plant vis'ble, a flno l
platinum wire should be0 enre'fully at- go
tached to theogrowing part. 'iThe other IIe
end of this wire shouldi be attached to w
a p~encil p)ressing gently against at drumi ba
which is being driven by clockcwork. If ill
the growth be uniform a str-a ight line tht
is marke~d on the paper, bult the very J h
slightest increaso is sh'own' by inlclined I fl
A slight modification of this arrange- W'
ment renders the growth aiudible. In api
this experiment the drum must be
coverecd with platinum foils of :r. certain wil
width, andl separated from eaech other cat
by spaceti about one-eighth of an Inch. WO
These strips of platinum sh~ould be tic
mado to complete the circuit of a gal- my
vanic battery, to 'which an electrie fev
bell hats beeni attached. In this ease th<t
the hell is kept continually ringin inf
while the plant is growing the hmeighl ph'
of the width of the strip~s used, and api
is silent while the pointer is passing w~
over the spaces between the strips ofth
metal. The growing of corn may be
heard diret by means of the micro
phone, and there are those who declare
they have heard it without any arM. th
fleial asaintano wvhatemo.m
WOOD Pt)LP MOSAJO.
L 'looring Said to be Superior to Stone is
Now Made of Paper.
In the latest reports of the local
adustrial Union, mention is made of
rodess claimed to be entirely newv; fo7
xanufacturing floor mosaics from wood
ulp. an innovation which is expected
D producb Important results. It is
laimed that this process is distin
'ulshed from the known processes of
ianufacturing .'ectional or inosato
eoors, by reason o! the fact that see
Ions made accordin.; to it are not
able to any change of temperature,
nd are not like stone, b)ut similar to
rood in all essential qealities. The
rocess is as follows:
Small particles of wood, such as saw
ust, wood flour, fine shavings, etc.,
re soaked in a mixture of shellac and
lcohol, so that the pores of the wood
ve penetrated and thoroughly dried,
cement, consicting ot fresh cheeso
hey (curd) and slacked limo, is then
opared. The cement is thinned with
ater and then mixed thoroughly with
to already dry wood particles in such
way that the consistency of the mass
uniform. Particular care is taken to
mder the cement as thin as possible,
> that it will distributo it-elf easily
ad uniformly, and inclose each par
,ole of wood as perfectly as the shllao
Aution. The mixture thus produced
i allowed to dry until it is moist-not
liroughly dry, as before, for in the
Ator case the curxi would lose its colhe
ivo power. The moist, pulp is then
ut into heated mosaie molds, of the
esired shapo and size, and, in theso
LIrmis, placed unilder tihe press. As a
esult of the heat, the, shellae softens
egaining its adhesivoL) powers, and the
urd cenont hardens rapidly. so tIhat,
oth of the substances, the sh:'lhae us
'ell as the cement, unite under thu
Vressure so perfectly with the wool
articles that the wood imaiss resultin
lay, withiln a few iminutes, he taken
ut of the molds vitihoist losinr
e0 form receivod. After the cooling
recess and complete hardening tiese
osaics, it is claimed, are fir loss sus
!ptible to any chango of telpellraturo
e moisture than any alitural wlood. [it
absoluttely necessary that the uso
r every other ingredient, especially if
f an oily or fatty charaeter, should be
voided in this Irocess, as otlerwiso
lie close 1111ion of the shellaC with the
urd ceeilont would be retarded or even
Wood pulp for the mianufactulre of
ari-colored mosaics is prepalred in the
yllowing mannell r:
The particles of diffe reut va'ieties of
0ood are put tiroughm th lrocesa
qparately, so that the ntunii color of
10 wood Itself is brought ilto plromi
nce. Dyes, dissolved in alcohol, are
ixed witil the siellac soltition before
10 wood plartiches ire coated. The
'ood particles are fIrst colored with
yes, dissolved In water, and allowed
o dry well before the colting with the
hellac solution. for sillple iloor it
uftlices to nalllfacture 1mosailes of dif.
erent colors, changing them at peleaS-.
ire so as to forn a variety of )atterns.
i'he manufacture of palt tern or faney
vood mosaics Isploce(ededi w it its ro
ows: Pattern imolds, of tho required
Lcsign (divided into Holds anI'd figures),
,ro fitted Into the plain mold: each
ectioni of the (lesign is filled with tle
rood pulp, (yed a is before described,
nd the patterin mold reimoved, aftter
hich tile whole, thuis freely outlined,
subjected to hIeat- 11141 pressniro, A-4
afore mentioned, the result being perV
et varn-colored fancy m (osaiIc. 'lThis
ood mosaic, in spite of its hlardnifes
id resisting qualitiles, still retaIins all
e essential properties of wood, beiin'r
us partieularly wvell adapitedl for us5(
floor covers in living rooms and1(
nilar purposes-N. Y. 0nglineer'.
EDIBLE WORMS OF SAMOA.
2e of the Rematrkcable Table D~ollcacee
of the Nattives.
The Samoan Islands, otr rather the
alors surrounding r iem, are the nt
ral habitat of the I):dolo, ani edible
oerm, wvhich is recckoned by tihe writ
s en food curiosities as being one of
mc most remarkable table dlelicacies
ait ever tickled the palato of an
icuro. Thle pailolo is a m ay-join ted
eature, about live to eight inches in
ugth, and is founid Inl a vaiety of
lors, but genlerally ini y'olowy, blue or'
een1. The(( worml is of about the di
ioter of ai commlon daL'rig needlec,
d is, as far ns the write'r kniows,
and only in the waters bordering the
ands of tile Souith P'acilic. 11. is not1
a matterof color, length andl nativity
onfe, hlowever, that miakes thle palolo1
oddity, nor even ini the facet that it,
used ats an article of food, but miore
pecially because its motions arie con
olled by the mflon. There'( is only
e daIy --or rathetr on1el10' mornig --
g the entire year that te Samtoans
ni (a1tc1 thel pal ole, and1( tha t onihe
st (1ay3 of the last of thme Novembher'
00on. Very oarl~y on the morning of
e "palolo1~ (1ay" toe~ wters of al
muVh Pacifle islands are alive with
>ais filled wvith natives ainedl with
ort-handedi scoop nts, andl( eve'n be(
roe it is light enough to se(e pl1ainmly
ey are continually crying ''Palolo,
loo!'' and tusinig their inlstr'uments of
pture with wonderfulI dox teri ty,
enf the~ wvom n d chliilren work ill
thoring tiG. annua lil crop, thte hartlvest
ng of such short duration, those
Ileh a1re uniprovided with nets using
kcets, sieves, ieces of thin cloth
att, aniythling that wvill strain out
wormts andl let the water pass
oughi. All work with tremend1ous
,rgy, for each flully realizes that tho
>earance of the 5sun above tile waters
1 he the signal for thle palolo to dis
>ear' as if by magic.
Ls we said in the Opening, this -lueer,
fgly creature is r'egarded as a deli
e article of food, but that fact alone
uld not entitle it to credible men
n among the world's wonders. Tihe
story of its appearance for only a~
'hours on one certain morning of
year, and the fact that thlat mlorn.
invariably corresponds to a certain
se of tihe moon, and its magical dis
pearance at the momnent of sunrise,
re Darwin's reasbns for speaking of
palolo as "the oddest creature o(
creation."-Chicago Inter Ocean.
-Who dares to think th at these few
nusand years hlave exhausted this
t.jestio and mysterious being that we
41 man?-Phillips Brookcs, -