Newspaper Page Text
VTol. 5, - C., )APRL2,185
wnere is a stream or gray in mno east
The commander in chief of the men it
gray listens for the sound of guns in th
hands of those he has ordered to begi
the attack at daylight and which are t
be signal for others. The streak broad
ens; day comes; the sun rises; it is(
o'clock. Still all is silent along the line
It is only a mistake, only an order no
received or understood by the genera
who was to lead off, but in that mis
take is involved possible failure. Wit]
all the vaunted generalship on the fiel
of battle what is it, after all, that turn
the tide except the mistakes?
Mark Maynard on that Sunday morn
Ing was lying with his body in the dir
and his head on the root of a tree. Hi
dreamed that he had just come in fror
smaking a charge at the head of his bri
gade and wAs approaching his com
mander to report a glorious success
that the general said to him after thank
Ing him for his achievement, "Colo
nel, it will give me pleasure to recom
mend you for promotion to the rank o
He awoke and saw Jakey Slack look
ing down on him. It was he who had
spoken the word "Genorall"
"General, " said Jakey as he saw hit
friend's eyes open, "it's ben a d
"For heaven's sake, my boy, wher
have you boen, and what are you doin
here? The battle will open soon agaii
this morning.. I wonder it hasn't open
ed already. You must get back."
"I thort I war a sojer. "
"Well, Jakey, you are a soldier
that's a fact, and I'm not."
"Reckon I'll git cashyored. I bei
away 'thout any furlough."
"Waal, I thort I'd go 'n see Sour
afore th' fight cos I imoughtn't hev I,
chance after it. I mought git killed, '
then I wouldn't be no good nohow."
"Have you seen her?"
"And Laura?" he started up.
" Yas. "
"And you told her"-.
Maynard paused in his questions. H
dreaded to kniow how his wife had rt
coived the news. Did she condemn hiii
with the rest?
Jakoy put his hand in the pocket c
his coat and took out a card on whic
was a picture of Laura holding he
child. Maynard seized it, and in a mt
ment his eyos were riveted on it to th
exclusion of all other objects. His min
drank in thirstily all it snggested.
"Mark, " he exolaimed suddenly
"for theso you must win back you
"Rockon she uns ud like fo' ter hon
y' talk thet away," put in Jakoy syni
"Jakey, I'm a changed man. I fc
that I am to have a chance to vindicat
myself on the field today. For two day
I have been fighting in the ranks.
have had only a private's opportunity
and that is to furnish material for th
sacrifie demanded by the god of wai
while the god only smiles on those wh
lead the victim. Today-today''
"Somep'n'hl turn up she', y' bet. "
"Come, we must get some breakfasi
We'll noed it soon. This (day will di
ode the fate of the Army of the Cun
Going to a group of soldiers near b)
from whose campfire emanated tL
pleasing odor of boiling coffee, the tw
asked and received a breakfast.
A fog hung over the valley of t
Chickamnauga which screened the tw
armies from each other. Maynard an
Jakey were ignorant of their surrounu
ings a hundred yards distant, so the
munched their ''hard tack'' and swa
lowed their coffee, quito willing to I;
hidden from Confederate fire while the
were doing so. Meanwhilo Jakoy gav
his friend an account of his trip an
how ho had arrived on the field at nec
the day before.
"How did you find me, Jakey?" asi
ed the hearer.
"Waal, I ast a good many sojors,'
none of 'em knew whar y' wvar. 'Bot
dark I hoard one o' th' cavalry of ti
old brigade, our brigade, thet knew y
f10 was a-tollin how y' went with 'ci
in a charge. They all liked ter hey y<
do thet away. I ast him whar I mougi
find y', 'n hoe reckoned ho sor y' gel
up this way. So I keom 'ni found y
Thet's all. "
As ho finished Maynard exclaimed:
The fog had suddenly lifted. The
were on a ridge which had been fort
fled during the night, the works roseni
. bhing a horseshoe. Their position wva
on the left side of the slhoe and coni
manded a view up the Chatt. nooga roan
which ran directly north from whe:~
they were. There a short distance en
of the road and overlapping the Unka
left the lifting mist revealed a line
Confederate gray. As Maynard spok
with a shout they rushed forward ai
took possession of the prize they hii
been trying to grasp for two days. The
wore between the Union army and Chn
Leaving Jakey whore they were at
instructing him to stay there till I
shouldl return, Maynard~ went down
take a hand in the fight. Ho foundi
dead soldier, whose musket and c
tridge box he seized, and Pushing on
the line of firing took Position with
infantry regiment. The enemy, misu
ported, were driven from the Chattano
ga road to a ridge near by, where th
halted and gave their pursuers a despe
ate fight. Then the regiment to whb
Maynard had allied himself was ordo
ad to another part of the field. and I
T i A.
r, e94 BY hMtRICAN PRESS ASsOCLATI0N.
NN't i.. -
thick firo of Int , wh
;with the larger isiles * f
eniootntorod a i;;t ti . ,
been seen on 1t o field of r h
ing under it log wsil' a I
years Old, who, IVin
among the disputoils,
midst of a battictieId.
forgot the cuntiarw!t hei
child and the t:winc
rondiig her. i in;
was under nio int 's- t;
chose to obry theinl. 1
ranks, ho w .:1 t tho cL
in his arms, and wM I''
about them and IEt1
them carried her to Inl
ho had left .Jahky.
"Hero, Jakey, " I o t
dowl by the boy , "i t '
swootheart, so I've I
She comes to you frtin
tle anld y wonl't ;
sense. Soyou must tr . r . -
"G ly! xclnh .,-: I .o l y. in
lug hin-elf liuforo ti avoeping gir
with his hands in his pt' lp.
"Tako her to tiat hou e o dolwn th
and wait till I coie-that, is, if .v
come, and if I don't toll iy wil 1
look out for this littlo one, and if nece
sary provide for her. I must go. Thei
is hard fighting at the front."
Jakey took the little girl by the han
and led her away, whilo Maynar(d wet
over to the south slopo of I'lho ridg) I
see what was going on at t ie rigr11
Standing on an oninoneco, h o
down on the contendiI.r lines towar
The sun was now sum'lini midwa
between the horizon andt he it
The day had thus far io h
especial advantago on eit 1.r
iug the left strong, th C: if* -
mauder was anising ir,,;
of the line of bilue. h ;.
thom marching into itn
There wis a momnt' -
firing on theright, aini
that from a distsA' w
faintest sounod of a ehi '
have been fancy, for c -i.
not be likely to mer ni i.a b
and tho continued iro.t inli he ct
loft would likely lmve I- vt~ a
being heard. At any r -,
occurred to him that t
Sunday morning! W: . -
botwecn that midI oth 'ivi
ings li had pa.ssed. 1: i i
o'clook, tho hourJ whn -'4
somibling for -wor:-hip, tioi Jo' nt
the neatly dresset(l.h
ohuroh whilo bells N rih
belfries. All over the 1 c
. grogations were acc:h!
of the struggle tiht w nt
The onomiy wero miovi 1
As Mhayniard glanedt to, n 1
line to seo if it wvas ini (a a l' :
a division face to then lI, :'. bh n
march inl roar of anot her '.. hH, hw
Sing its place in the Iin itn da -le-ii
'"Great heavens4! Kon.. one hII bhu
are you doiing''"
Who could hear him at :. ' istwcn
Who would obey hit ii ,y r :
agoiiy of a sight 1!: - h T.> Iv
nmarobiingnot oiily to thr own a:
Stion, but thu dt truet. isi
rados, doubt less of th I
owithout thpor ap-.
for a battery with which to
over that deathtrap-to< t''ce
0 fo ycooto blwduJ i 7h-'ys
ths Confederates ( a nn-ihe
tagoe. Myheii to blinddid! ('i , eti
. '"Therol T Ihey sio it.I Tin: arei
aparing to march thbrough ii Thr ih
.go. Hear theo. cheirs- : I , b iy
IThoy'ro near it. Theyo'n: it. (>uro n
Sare breaking on iho in a' uth g
iThere goes a reginn it, :~ whol Ib .
non the loft. 11 -avte ., :.o i -
fcoats leap forward ! It - hi I :i''
If they aro Confedcrat I Tho kn
jit's all up with uA. Tit who,; I
d the army is giing wa It'a.
y toring poilhnell ovr t > Ii', c
. by the southernoers ponr. N v y up1;
volley after them.
d "Sto and( ralhly I N;! Nor. <0 0 tot
rally troops oun the brie. t of ha-a
But thore's a crumbi of omniiot' -I hit
monei nearest. t his way am -t hndinog b:U
-like wrought iron. TJhtt' ir' nt ii real
;o ing. Good. Thierot's a fa I hp fo lii Ii
n left. Bunt, O L~ord, whi a it et ft wi
. the right andt c'ent-er gonI
.And nowv comes a pa : :(It, a t;'in i'rt
y which must alw~ays stand ont at . pInd
ri, RUOznment of herolo mit o i ni'ti'* I )
h great comiotory of war-: '. s '~'
t. an army, 0one half rotiti I, ,. it, ''iN
~ in- dry .ey eootu.,~'id ~t
tlu. hS ' ja I 1 ihr< IiC:1,v a 3-i
hih whlo ih:il I n tm t n
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tO ORIGIN OF THE AZTECS.
Of A Recent Explorer Thinke They
Camne ftom Scandinavia.
Great Iarm Done by the Wanton Do
structlon of llstorio Records of the
Itae--ol-ntsta11ve Not Im
-d. "I aim glad to note that scientists,
h and particulariy philologists, are at
last making good headway in decipher
?'' Ing the hieroglyphics of the Aztecs,"
a said Dr. Wendall Mees, of Ithaca, N
nId Y., to a writer of the St. Louis Globe
rd Democrat. "I have just returned from
iz- an extended visit to our sister republic,
ur during which I made the most careful
researches, with results which are high
ly gratifying to me. There remains no
doubt in my tuind that the warlike and
highly civilized tribes which Cortes
found in Mexico were of Scandinavian
origin and very closely allied to our a
own Saxon forefathers. I believe we
co shall soon be able to establish this fact t
i beyond a question of doubt. Indica- I
tion point to the Scandinavians having
como over from the great northern
t peninsula as early as the fourth cen
I tury 11. C.
t- 'Spealciug of Cortes and the Spanish
conquerors raises a perfect storm of
peut-up indignation within m every
e time I hear the name, for the world
ur will never be able to fully realize the
harm they have done by their wanton
ad destruction of the records they found
and the stumbling blocks they have put
!Or in the way of scientifio researchers.
I There are not enough of the hieroglyh
I to records of the Aztecs remaining to
ed ever complete our knowledge of their
to civilization, but, in my opinion, the
n- worst barriers have been successfully
h- passed. Many of our scientists have
Vo befogged a very plain question concern
g. ing Mexican hieroglyphics. There never
iu was a uniform system of written or
printed records anywhere. They all
as contained the principles of several dis
tinct systems. This is true of Egypt as
well as Mexico. A majority of the
a hieroglyphics of nomenclaiture in
Egypt were based on the rebus, )r aym
phonograph, where the pictures give
the sound, but not the senso. This im
plies the existence of two laugunges in
to that country, one which gave the
to ineaning and the other to which the
do picture belonged.
"The same system was used in Mex
ico. The hicoroglyph Hvadte,
Spronoullncd \Vashyc;s a twig of tue
4maso fruit comin o1ut of the nose 4)r
1e yne, of a humaiaco.
"T')he m11eaiingt however, is in1ite
he digerent. '11511 \a Wnshu II have
been the ne11 of he god t, 1nd.
of as- i1(ak, or CIC, fLenn1 , and Ihe
rd .1uhras were ret. me11 Hu1asoy'nene
must have meant t. d (u Godl of Var.
mal The pecuhiiarity of the word is that it
presents what wo may call the Scandi
at navian dialectic forinula of ia namo of
of great anitquity found ill many coul
wt, tries a d not origlimlly belonging to
ii, the reP'nen of Eufopo and northern
Africa. InOe gjpeoples, who can be
rid- directly traceTIo the mingling of the
i(l three prinitive savago races with the
getl; prehistoric whito racom of northern Eu
Onm rope, the Azes, or Asar, we have the
on. root Wash, as in Wushington, Washoe
ely and liko words. The older form was
Bas, as in Basinghall, Bashinstoke, Bass,
ry- Basqueses, etc., in actual nomencla
ture, and Bes, Bessaria, Bosna, in
ill- ancient times. Huitzilipoctli was a
mn title and not a Aame, and the lolling
tongue is hicoroglyphic for the wvord
. ,, Lap, showing that Ilnitzilipochtli was
'utedmon Lap, or the god of war, as
lu- viewed by the red races. This hiero
glyphic is based upon the Saxon word
ofLap, to take up water with the tongue,
Sand is proof positive of the Scandina
vin origin of the Aztecs.
"Going further into this we have
.?" found that the hieroglyph for [sap was
,the rabbit, because Lepus rebuses
&i with Lap, and we infer from that that
the rabbit god of the Algonquins is a
proof that the Aztecs must have had in
att tercour-ae by seome meansfl with the civ
ilized races from whom the Romans got
their word lepus. In every nation that
--refused to eat the hare there must have
idsa been similar intercourso, no matter
under what pretext it was dleclined as
ust an article of food."
md|( THE MIKADO NO GOD TO HER.
e.Empress of Japan l~a, a Mind and Will
rv- of l~er Own.
el Although Empress Hlaruko of Japan,
se npbi tany rate, manifests the
got samet degree of religious vener-ation for
the sacred person of the mikado that
Ldat is exacted from the reomainder of his
et' subjects, yet ahe is credited with dis
ICo playing In private somnething very much
the akin to contemlpt for his semi-divine at
tr-ibutes. WVhereas he is distinctly dull
1- and heavy, both physically and men
to tally, his wife, on the contrary, is re
Hoc nowned for her cleverness, her enlight
110 cned idleas, and for her str-ength of
m7- charnactor In Japan, as elsewhere In
oir, the orient, women am-c expeted to ro
mI- main obsequiously in the background
alndl to follow meekly in the wake of
,t, their husbands, but Emnpress Haruko
rol takoes the lead, and, as the decidedly
aN better half of the two, makes her hus
meI band yield to her su~perior- intelligence
iko a~nd influence.
are To hemr more than~l any13one else belongs
g.the cr-edit for the extraordinarily rapiidI
on aidvanfce of Jaipanf in the paithl of wvest-1
ernm civil ization, and i her e ffor-ts i
.)behailf of hers pictulresqueO coun~try sihe
is greatly ais~ited by3 theC aidvice of 10m
t to.- pr.-s i'rederic-h of (;er-Ina 1y, with
who 111)sih is ill regublliIr week ly c-or
re- -sponIdenceI('. Indtceed, omny of the neCw
diepa11rtures( ill .1:n pane1 se life of N hie pr-es
end ct daiy msay he traced to tihe recoml
))mendaions01 of thi~eldhest.-and ic by fur
up-( the mtost alccomp11lished- --d1augh1ter of
no0 iN nrutish Salmon.
say The larigest Sahnmon calughut in British
31n1 wasters5 dur-ing the last twenty-five
yesars, accor-ding to Mr. H. Ffucnell,
fuil was one caught in the 'Tay which
ho weighe~d seventy-one pounds. There
l's arc plenty of instances of fish between
ter fifty and sixty pounds, and a few above
nig sixty. In Youell's "British Fishes" is
[hi- the state ment that a salmon weighing
Ieighty-three pounds was for sale hI
London in 1821. It seems to be a fact
that British salmon do not r-un as big
was the geiorat's tavorito'scout. I
i nieil-riug 1115 disgraco, lno'Was alloul
go away, not oaring, in his altered ei
dition, to meot the man for whoi
I all tho army ho felt the greatest rov
- nee lit the genoral turned beforo
o'(0 ( dt so awd looked int his dirootit
to. late to go away unobse:
dl, ; '. .;ynard folt a desiro to disc<
er iI thi re v.tro nut. something, after ii
in this great soldier so great that
could azfor- to give him a kind woe
1o walbud toward he spot whero I
I What, aro you doing here, my mai
.airl th commandor of all thoro v
left. (f the Army of the %,humberla
sternly, soing the begriol Maynr
in privato's uniform and not rooogn
ing himk. "Why are you not with y<
I have no regiment, general."
'Your troop, then?"
"I havo no troop. I am not a a
Who are you?"
The sternness on the genoral's fa
lightly relaxed. "Ah, Colonel li
nard. Pardoni o. I did not rocogn
"No, general. I was Colonel Mi
unard. I am now a privato citizen.
would be glad to.assumto my old sco
ing namo, Nlark Malono."
"I heard of your-inisfortuno. I
grotted it doubly, remomboring y<
servico. when you were scouting. '
"Yes, geuoral. Thou my services h
some0 value. I was fitted for i sco-al
a spy. You thought I was fitted
something botter and advanced me.
was vain onough to think you right.
did not know myself. As a spy I noed
no consoienoo. I was not subservient
any principlo. When as a brigade ooi
imar.der I was obliged to choose on hi9
or ground, I failed in the choice. I ha
proved myself unworthy of your con
denco. I have sunk to the levol fr<
which I started.,"
Tho general did not reply. He w
watching the newly arrived divisi
getting into position.
"You connived at the escape of
spy, I think?'' li said presently.
"Worso. I assisted in that oscape.
"A woman, was sho not?"
"She was, general.'"
"'Wm. It isJ't a pleasant task
shoot a wonan. Yet a soldier must
iYnard lid not reply.
"Clonie, t hero is going to bo a we
11' t h 1. I would liko you to go a
Io i1 bt 1hat; gap iF elored. My siaff
. II . 1. as , you se ', on Some duty. P
oxr 1:nd. Thl7y aro Illarcling by I
I e. Now it's all right.
L w so inltnt u1poll tilt) forminp
II. hat for a mm(1 t Mayl1
thoa he it had fo."ttci his presone
" ,was this wollal?" the gene
I .0inher wvhen I Went to ('h
I l l la inog you infollation
ov i.nitst it to Nt.uoky. I r
- t r-ato ()hileer-a Captain 1
ho t wice gavo mt my life?'
V', I remember. Thed*jo sta
; well down.-thero in the ctlor I
wit h o little ammunition. They'll
i m1 y 111!%v eartridges presently fi
tho :e brought by the reservo divisi
Thel VI anununiition comes as opportui
s0 lo 11111."
*They'ro making a good fight ev<
where, " observed Maynird.
"Lot milt see. You say you woro ci
ed upo)fn to sioot a woman. She '
.(1)1 raohrativo to tils Captain'"
.'"Now, Colonel Fitz Hugh. A sistoi
'"That mado it pretty hard for yi
.(colone1. But a soilier must (10 his
"Hlauv the Coniferates possession
that ridge, general?''
'Thoy have. "'
''And aire our men01 going to retake il
t''They're going to try.''
Maynard swept his eye over tile pc
- "Theym sot ia.
The teea t iht.a quick glance
thme~ deradeid oflicer.
"'You think it important?''
'"'I'he lfa ' of this~ part of anl arm'
- ' ecale a whole one-dopei
" You arie right, colonel. We mi
take t hat ridge or before nightfall
flying over this field liko the right
(center, or, what is worse, be captur
TPhis is not the first time I have obs(
ed t hat your eye is muado for wvar."'
Maynard had become so engros
- thmat 1h0 dlid not hear. He almost for
- is chief's presence.
"'I haven't a command to lead up t
hill. but I have arms to carry a mhusil
I'll go in tihe ranks where I've been si:
ithe fighlt begtan, '' and lhe started in
idirection of tihe reservo.
''"Stay, colon10,'' called tihe genmorni
Maynard tulrned and walked backl
I wvhiero tihe genmerahl wast standing.
waited for imi to spoakt further, but
I (did not. Minutes passed, while M
iiard watched the1( absorbed connnandhm~
I who in turnt was watching the lino for
''"Colonel Maynard, '' he said at It
"d(1. you s00 thait regiment down the
It seems to b)e short of ofilcors. So fi~t
1.c:ml -judtg from its mlovemenclts, no 0
n5il 'ommilan.d. I shai~ll haive to mn:
ull inlfantrymlani of you, though you
ofthe caIvalry. Go and11( lead t hat rn
ii' 'inI t ho attaick about to be made
ThSo (is ino liie for Imts, s-ir."
a (iviliani, wvi~h no righ
81ro ini flh' srvice till thmo fi
Ii u.i. court. tha111 combh mned0
w 1 e ui.P p at t hat nunnenllt: "'
with Col("ionel Mayntard
h 1 im ini comman11111d of tha~t r<
iii ouinting. "'And Jot the~ro 1be
Il . II tile order1 i qustioniod,
I, ha il hex igencies of a critical mom11
denumd'l~ t hat It bo obeyed."
Maynardiimi trlied to speak tile grate
words 5t ihat ros0 to hiis lips, but oithier
coul not or 1)o 'saw that thio genoern
eye hadc cauight a no0w point of dani
. I1' adwas absorbed inl it. Mounti
Madgo, hie r'odo away with the staff o
[TO ng OuerwrUn 1
-IAD PAST TRAINS EVEN THEN.
11hg Speed at Which tthe Expresnus Trav
eled Fift.y Years Ago.
If anybody were asked what compar
son exists between the speed of rail
'oad trains now an( fifty years a-ro ho
vould probably titay that hardly ainy
man be made.
The difference, however, is far. less
tian is generally supposed. In .May,
[848, the Great Western railway eineiie
3reat Britain was driven by lb;iiy 4
iniond fron Paddin>'on to Didtot,
Ifty-threc miles, in forty-seven min1
ites, starting and stoppinig. Wileni wo
:onsider that the brak1ces in hos 8 ays
vere very crude tils is pretty fast trav
Nor was this done once, but repeat
The broad-gaugo, expresses are frc
tuently timed at the rate of a mile in
orty-eight soconds, or seventy-fivo
alles an hour, and Oven a higher max
mum was attained for short distances.
The Bradshaw for 1848 shows that
he morning express was timed to leave
laddington at 9:50 o'clock and start
,gain froi Dideot at 10:47. Allowing
our minutes for the stop at Dideot the
rain must have been officially timed at
mile a mllinulite.
The railway records shlow that the
raiu often arrived under time.
These facts should silence a great
nany persons wio prato about the phe
xomnenal progressrecently malde in rail
-oad matters in general and rapid trai
it in particular.
THE "OROWNER'S 'QUEST."
La Absurd Old Law Which Has some
Very Undesirable Iesults.
Dickens, who so often studied with
lelighted interest the application of
@nglish law to particular eases, would
isave found a subject worthy of his
rimnmest humor in the fact, cabled
recently fron London, talit when the
naster of a fishing smack, cruising near
6vhere the Elbe went, down, saw flo:at
ng in the water at dead body, which
vas doubtless that of ia vict !im of the
freat disaster, he iade no effort to res
ue it from the wlves a carry it
tshore for ideutifieat ion 1nd burial.
Instead lie sailed past. i nd a wa froi
,he doleful bit of lotsam its quietly as
:ircuinstances would permit, not, as
M0 Might suppose, hceaulse he waS IL
martlilarly hard-hevartedI and cold
llOded ilariner, but heovnse "recenlt
y, after ilnding a he0. lit hIad hen
. 'Celd to pay the fiuii-ral exses."
f''urioin:4 iis thlit, expecrieml-e ha11d beil
ild d light ui ly illui stra ii ee:: it, w ts
)f "ervowneor's '<Is. wi ]wm -:hIe p-,
nin1 had nit inlhmliltion to repoeal it.
:)nt( l~ssonl hadl beenl venon rh 14o 1ech
11h1 the grevat, primilde that etumnonl
iense cant ealoe oitrer
evith consi:,teley in t1h en foristveii-i of
t parliamentary iwf. anti vIiat, hi i
?1arisonl with that1, is the ontn
LIgonized unver-tainity (of 'ome t iermlan
6vife or mother?
One of Llnuoln's Aisswers.
Speaking In a recent spet'.h of cer
tain Washington experiences in in
coln's time, Mr. Depew said: "Whilte I
was there Mr. John tihmsoii, of iifiialo,
was a imember of congress. iis face
and his head were hairli-is and polished
lice a billiard ball. lie was a demo
crat, but supported the president.. Tl'hc
conditions of tIhei army were very blue
in the east and inl Ile west. (;ansonl
caine in one day and said: 'Mr. P'resi
dent, I am risking my reviettion in, sup
porting your wvar masres. Te en m -
paigni seems very unisaitisfactor'y. Of
course I wvili niot give out alnyt hing you
tell me. WVhat is the situ~ation at the
front?' Mr'. Lincohn, ini his searching
and sad way, looked at himn for' aL mo
ment as if h1e were atbout to r'eveial the
Becret of tile whole armmy, atnd then
tumbled Ganson out of the reception
room by saying: 'Ganson, howv clean1
The First Me'tai.
Gold, because it was found pure and
fairly tractable, was probably the first
metal used by man. Copper, it is true,
is found as a metal, but only in one
comparatively restricted locality. Oc
casionally gold fish hooks( have been
discovered in graves in New Granada.
In milling a tunnel in Caneca a gold
hook was found in 188i fifty feet under
the surface of the groumnd anti beneath
what must have the bed of a river.
Copper fish hiookcs have beien found in
many of the ancient burial mtouinds of
SURNAMES IN IRELAND.
Muiaphy the Commnonent, hut, Smith Hlolde
One of the curiosities of recent
philological literature Is the alpendix to
the 1898 report of the liritishi registrar
general, whioh bears the suggestive
title: "Surnames in Ireland." Fromn
that compilation one who has an eye
for' the curious miay glean facts and
figures for a most interesting article.
FIor instance, it is shown that tile most
common name on thle Emerald Isle is
Murphy, the numberci of peLrsonls, great
and small, wvho bear that cognomen
being 632,600. The following come next
in frequency: Kelly, 55,000; Sullivaln,
48,00; Walsh, 41,700); Hmiith, ,70
O'lirien, 33,400; lByrne, V;,;t00; Iityan,
82,000; Connor, 31,2001; O)'Neil, :V,.110,
and Reilly, 29,000.
The c:ompjilers of thle ::rtile under
considleration, says I lie AbI aniiy Argus,
hlave vr'y acconnuiiiiodain gly mxade at
iompanirison of the abov1 e wvithm I he tomn
wh'iiebi shiowse the folhlowvinr intere'st inig
figure'as: Commonii,'i,0 miones1 ini Great
itainm, e'xcliusive of Ntol land ami
'Tauylor', Davies and Irowni, in thet order
itobertsonI, Stewairt, andii Campbljlell.
Th1e( tables shmow that ini I relanad manny
of the 01(1 Celtic names appear~~~ I both
with and1( withmout prelixes "5)' and
"'Mae." F'or tihe benelltI of I hose iof our
readers who may never' have seen the
explatnation I will say I hat as a rule,
"'Mac" or "Me imean '"son of," and
that "0" stands for' "descendant of."
As far as locail distibuiitiom is con
cerned, the Murphys are most nimlieri
ous in Carlowv anti Wexfor'd, IByrne In
DublinI andi Wicklow, I(ally in Kildare,
aind Snullvan In (kl nd ery...
POOR BOB WHITE.
A Plea for the Sby Game Bird When Cho
Weather go Had.
When snow covers the ground and
sleet envolops trees and slirubs many
birds of various kinds seec the farms
,house and its vicinity. .Tley :seeu to
know thait in their extremity ian is
their friond. Thoir'conilklence is not
misplaced; they are liherally fed by dif
firent liemllbers df I lIt m:.ehold until
the ciWuergeivy I t- - "'; z'1d Ii Iey ire
again able to , ' ir o-..n living.
These birds 1on: ' ,: :n abode for
protection a. well t- fail. aid tl'er
the crav'ings of h'--, :-- per ed -
they stay tIroun.1 I.. fla;l . feei'
that the prediatory ha 1v fox. owl and
the leatless, bm 'ous ''er of this
SeaRO will not r' -kle.v venture to
assail themi l1-'r Il the e tbirds
roturn season a f er s :. n' t I hsami'1
homnesteads. . n, t'4Cir appeal
toiinkind birds ,,r i, .
die fron the efm. f I winters,
says the Baltimore 8un
That the great gan s' bir. the part
ridge, excessively wild aid aiimd, does
not, when privation come.. ,--I mana's
homestead like the bird., mentioied
above, though itn extrems or weittlier
a covey of partridges aanmy be seep.
about the strawy ords where cat tl dre
housed and fed. T'ei'rpresene alrait
such places is proof of theilr su1ll'erings,
for they only leave t'heir accistoined
haunts and faritniesses when sorely
pressed for want of food The'e birds
have been found dead ti severe wm'ath
er, poisoned from eating laureL to sat
lity their hungor. Clotied in beaut
ful plumtage of hues iI necord with the
ground, they escaple fairly well fr'omi
the hawk in ordinary times, buat they
stand out in bold relief on the snow
and fall an easy prey to the tireless, in
satiate hawk, as well ua the fox anl
owl. It is against, the law to eitler
shoot or trap this noble3 bir iat. this -
6eason, and farmers and otlaers should
see that no marauding in tit!, line is
done. In addition to preserivin'ia: this
gallinaccous bi rd the agnri-iclultut'ist
knows that the partridge is the fin-m
er's fri-d, and that lie destroy s myri
ads of injurioui Insects, thus prat-et
ig the graiin crops antd the friuit frlom'ta
maueh injaury INveryone. wehaet her resi
dlnt of the city or outary, loves to
iear the call lih Whoi ite,"on brlaigit
suiaaminer danys hrouh arve*t t hnae 1 tad
araly la I lie fall. whena t lat yon oanes
at r! lei 1*y grown ia. aid to wit t ;:h
t h a1m Iu, 1ar1 ridiige aelperi-helI oan t lo
fI'ei'n ai lie ik'ives ()It Ihe ot1. I L
i , hip.assible to I a lt atl.1uthim tIen witih
iut, feealing love a tad 11 amirati a sit th
l a rt. lie is inl I it .%u km I t.t,
41i-v IOne who ..Ila n h el p ItiIn. 1hait, I lo
hliits the pa r a id e inl y u, at r vivitn
ity daily w ith ar corna- aml a whIa.. U,
Y"1ur, gun1 On te hlI aawl0 and owls iand
puit you.r pacC of hounad:, on thie foxes.
A BRAVE GIRL.
3Heroiaa of a Watirae-a lin a iurting
It does not requicio either manture
yeairs or an exalted posAtion Ii life to
develop tho qpualities that mtake a
hero or heroline. Oi of the bravest,
ant most resolutu deeds thiat we havo
ever read of wats performed only reent
ly by a girl of Mi:xtecen whot WaS SC'r'vitg
ian a dinig-room girl in . hoiel at liar
per, Kan., Salys Youith's Colmanionl.
At four o'clock ol f h(- moni ng of the
16t of Novebter ai fire brokto oilt at
this hotel. Inl its ro"ms slapt thirty
sevena gatests. A st \-g wind was
blowing, andI~ thIe lIre -;p.v';ald' rpidly.
In one of the rooit t wo dlining-r'oom
girls were asleep. On o~iaf themj, whose
nae Is M~auad Scholermerh ornaa, wvaelce hal f
aufiocated bay smtoke. I N-r'copanxion wvas
inseansiblo; and Mitaud, thu igh hierself
half-suffonted, helped the ot heri out of
the wind(ow, and her'iself Ieatped out,
cutting hot' flesh badly oin thle glaiss as
she did so. She dlragged he c(omipanfioni
to a place where she woauld be safe.
Then she sawv that the flames woero
enveloping the house, and1( that the
guests had not been alarmaaed.
Thes task of dloinig thais sheo took upon
herself. . Breaking tharouatgh a fastenedl
lower window, andI agalia iutting lier
self severely, shmo er'ept back into thle
hotel, the halls of whtieh werie thieck
wvitha choking smnoke. ;he couhi( not
walkc upright againist the samoke; but
Igetting dowvn on hier handas aind knees,
her face to the floor, she. crept thrioaugh
the corr'idors, from roomala to room,
alarmning all in the house.
Everywhiero she left a trail of blood
behaind her from ll'herleediang flesh.
Whien the last guest Intid opeined the
door of hIs roomt in respons;) to her
call, lhe found her lying helpless in a
pool1 of her owvn blood.
Thuhoh himsaael f was htalf-smnoth
groping lisa way, reaehed tu street
Iwith hor in safety. No lire was lost ini
Ithe fire; but is is said thant several p~eo
p)1e would undoubtedly hiave lperishedl
but for this heroic girl's eff'orts.
L eft His aFortunaaa to science.
Count Victor lioworowskcy, an eccen
tric Polish nobleman, hasn left his en
tire estate to be admninistratedh by
trusntecs in the interaest of tscienee, art
tandi literatura. The estate is deCscribed
tis amnouting at prese!;nt to "several mil.
lioni Ilorins," baut as it is to atccumaulhato
util t hei totail amou~t~ls to twenutjy mril
lionts, thte 'oun tt hiad evidently sonmo
feartt that te gaove'rnmaient of lailicia
wuld retfutse to act ; in whlcha eause tho~
tmuaseam. TIhe' counut had~ bteen atfilicleted
w.it~ihm bldness for manny year-, and a
fo rtoatght aigo commliittedl suaicidq at
(4atuamaa of thha 'ipaalapi
Thea wveailthaier Sp)anis~h 'vomecn dress
very platinly, few wear'ing L..emets in
he street, ador'ning their heatds with
lace aistead, a'.though thiost who draess
for state occasionls followv the latest
l'arisian~ styles. The mnt ar.o dlark
eyed and usually wenta a sort, of .cape in
winter, wrhich throwvn overa their shoul
'ler's gives thom a mlitiany rapp;;ar'nce
Ilatfaroomas Twvo Th'iouanitam'Yeakr (ici4
A villa has been uanarthed aft lis
corealo, on the slopes .of. Vesuvius,
wvhero the decor'ated bathraooms ate In
such a good state of preservatio'9. that
even the pipes and taps are In their
original places, and the toptdarium
could alnost be uased to-day iNit~hout
any assistance from the plumber.