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OONS'J TUTIONAL 00NVENTION
[CONTINUlt FltOM IRST PAW E.|
other one In the next one hundret]
I demand for these illiterate peopil
the same protection to exercise the
right of the eletive franchiso, as fai
as thjs constitution is concerned,' as Ws
given to the educated. It is not right
and you ought not to discrIminato iin
this way against them. I you are go
ing to protect thom and give ther tiU
right, lot It be a constitutional right
or none at all.
it is that class of people who alwayE
do their duty to their State, and never,
never, demand pay in war or in poli.
tics. They are satisfied with the priv
elege of going to the field or the ballot
box and fighting or voting for sone
horo or ideal.
Your educational and property qual
itication of 1898 is tixed. The doors are
forever closed against the best and
most patriotic class of ieople in South
Again, Mr. Presidont. I object to this
plan because It is a discrimination in
favor of the educated and at against the
uneducated or illiterate. It is wrong
in prilcipl to judge or test the love of
country by educatioh or property. It
has been said that he who lights for his
country has the right to vote. I say,
and any Democrat ought to say, that
however poor and illiterate the man
who offers his life for his country ought
not to be subject to even the huili ja
tion of a discrimination against him.
In truth, sir, you exact of the uneduea
ted something harder to he performed
than of the educated. I never thought.,
after all that we have gone throug h,
that I would ever he cailed up on to vote
against a property and an educit,iontal
Now, Mr. l'rediet, there are at
least .1,000 of these people in this State.
In war or in pence they have always re
sponded and can always be relied LoIn
to do their dtity to their contry. Inl
1860, sir, this State furnished n h111.1hers
of that class in bIttle. Many of l.hOm
were killed. They have left sons who
are poor and are now u1 nedlucated and
will be politically destroyed int der' tLhis
olauso. ,As the chairman of the 1k' 11mo
cratic party of South Carolina, I say
they have always come to the front
when )emocracy was chal lengted . It
was that class that I have always re
lied uponi. They have never Iai 1(ld.
They have never voted ant i ndepndntht. II
ticket and I protest now that it is uIn
kind, ungrateful and liundemocratic to
strike them this olow.
1. for one. amll not. afraid lo bear tlhe
word " i)emagogue." it. ha" been
showered on some of us during tbhrei
catiupaigns until I lave come to take.
it as a badge of service in the (dute of
the people, and thciefore to lhe desirted
and t-onored. I, lot' lne, ali 1141
ashamed of the people wh haive wtved
and followed and mwde te id otihes.
If I did not honor', love atd dvefe nd
these people, I woult be un1Iworthy tI
name of mian. They hLve my atmir-11
tion and my gratit.ude. I k now them
well, and, God bein \ mi helper., I will
stand with them and silik or, sw itm w ii,
There is a ehtss of out citian- ti
whom the State las heent I LI h mtar iuth
er. She has dellied tem the er-le,
tunities of education, showered
lavishly on mnore invotel Sonis ; she i ha!
yielded them only senlty sub listatII'.
irom) her soil. With no property a
stake, with less in the State daem ia I
ing their love atnd loyalty than amti
other class of people, Litey have al wa'IV:
gone to the front. All 1.heir le Iarti i
has been that they are ment anatl I) 'ini
crats and Sou th Catrol inian'Ls, aindI his
have had not motive to inuspitre ti11-1
butt the'ir tmanhilootd, their thitelity inl
their inllu~hi instinetivye pai~tial. i 'm
TIhey were firt in timue (f iu- ion ti
battle line, antd there he re t he bret
lt the raniks of the red i. slrt haluia lt
they wer'e the hard t,(~ idters, t h
foremost in facinig datmec , ahvarI's I,
lie dlependod on fotr LIhe roughIe'si aml'
motst perilous serv~'ice.
Nowv it is propoliLsed to' thrust then~t
int1.0 the only place tof danger't' 11tlaei
whlich their. leaders and11 othcer titiz.en
wVill not he0 ri'liredt( toi sharn. Ti
tientLins lotr the edulicated andtt propehui
ty ow ning class, and makes thiem saf
and11 snug forever, whlile it, leaves tht
and enudur'e the tests of a hostile cor'
l"urthermtore, it leaves thlat, dhmss5
(lurt people dependent oni the grace ani
favor of supervti'Isor's wIho tmaty be lit)
tile to theml froni personlI reasmns<
in the course of local poelities mayu det
sire their d isftranchisetmient. Hon ''liS
andi naturtal li, wouldl be lot' aL siunervisc
to favor aL canmdidatte tto whom he wa
friendly, by killing aL few ill iterat
whitu votes known to be uni friendl ; .
hiim, even by workiung itn with tns
clauses a few negt'oes known to lbe 'I
r'ight"' In this connetc~'ien. let, mt
wat'n my friends, the Ctoniserv'ativye:
manyfl of them tmy warm lita..;oiu
friends. many of t hem dlemaml inhg m
admfiratlti for' L~heirI itel leet and ceba
ictLer', that the'.y are, it. seetms itim
about to conttinuet. the erreo's whit
havo cost them 5o deat' in thte past1.
I say to thtemi thait tno tcomlbinatito
they may matuke, no allinces they t'i
br'ing thom thle 1 iluieneo in the StaL
ano the confidence of the people wh it
mtany of them deserve to have, tun
they prove by their acLts andL thib'
tiulilties, and their trecogn itiotn tof tI
elaimas and rights of tho people, I
sincerity of theit' love atnd resp~et ft
the sovereigns who have establishtt
theit' power' in Souith Carolitna, anl
will hold it, from no(w, henceforth.
I would pre'fer', sitr, and I know tht
they would priefer', to r'ely upon)L Lii
eignt-box law and whatever legishi
tion miiight be necessar'y andit light, I.
(lut with the negro r'ather than tn
diergo the humniliation of an)~X~i xaiIna
tion that would be Gt'ook to thenm
lut for thlis illiterate class wher'
would your R~eforml movemntt havti
been itn this State ? if in 18irl the
had gone to Mi'. Shoppard'c our loade
would have been defeated fotr thme Gov
'3rnoralhip. If you take these vote
away, with their frIends 'whio woLuh
follow themn, ftrom Senatotr Tillman amn
give them to Blutler's side he. woub
have boon elected to the United State
In conclusioni, Mr. President, the
members of this convention seem t'
think that thub report, howevetr wr'oni
and unjust it 'nay be, must go through
unless 'so'methting that the comm tntte<
thinks bofter is presetnted. That 1I
-not the queoloen. The real questloi
In this-flght 16, is this plan better that
the present law Y I boldliy announce
8ir, that, -t. is far worse, because undo'
the preseat 'aws, even if the Supt'em<
Court sholi@J set aside our registratfot
laws, that~ rie oight-box la i 1a
will main rain whites upremacy. With
.this committee report, It will be impos
- ible for thle Democratic party in Soutti
Uarolina toQ continue in' control, Ther<
is to use to disguitpr dyit. -Thier<
are two factions tr Sa tato &t
they ae here, t5a&' you adUO.GO
this rt pendi quor degrade ani
huwnil t 'he. hoest :bt iliterat
white man below the negro vho hap
pens to be able to road andi write, h<
will forsake the purty he belongs tu
and seek protection in the primary and
go to the faction that. stands to him.
eor causes that I need not mention,
the factions are closer together than
miany of you imagine. SoeD14 say thai
this plan will qualify 25.000 or 50,00(
negroes. I frankly tell you that if it
does not enfranclhisc 20,000 or 10,00C
the chances are good that theso 10,000
may hold the balance of power in It
very short time.
Now, Mr. President, I warn both
factions in this convention. If you
striko down, huniliate or degrade
these iuttle but genuine h(-roes you
will not only do an ungrateful act, but
something you will regret as long as
I am no coat, tail swinger, thank
God! I never hung oi to any iatin's
coat tail aind sneezed every Liime he
took snuff. I would rather be a iman
than an ollice holder. Tle people of
Laurens County thought enough of ine
to send tue to the ILegislaturo in 1886,
when Mr. Tillmnt's highest ambition
Wits only to be a trustee of Clemsol
College, and there remaied until
the people Of SOutl CaIrol lina, sent
ie to the United States Solnate, I
have alwiays tried to be honest and
sincere. I could not "wing to the
coat tail of any mau to be Pr'esident
of the United SLIttes. When those
people, it home, took ie I toni tihe
pIlant ation and elected tme a gaillst Imly
will, (the newspaper mle ILI report
tILL if they w ish ) I ad mi t~ted u pon the
sutilp that i didn't thin k I could hbe
elected, but, that I would muake the
light. There are dlogate hore who
know that that is tihe truth. I went tv
the Leg4'11 iture anI l myIll record wats
conIsistelit, thbroughout. I amti a NI*
form.er. Ltid I believe that timy, record
as a1 lIefortlert will size u) wiLh tat (d
any mtani ill South 'aloiila as IL It e
There are 1ian11y reasons why an11 enlort
to speak on tLhi occtsioi is inpleasanit
to lilt . I honiestly atid conscieuntiousl*
behe6rve that this repo-t sutbmitted by
the st IuIg' coinmit-tte' is ill viohliion
of tile htsic priiciple., that ha1ive gIiti
L the people of this StaLte sinct I1 0,
''or sotile Linto it halts seemhed ito Imei
ttLL the revolulitionl thiat swept, Lt hi.
Stiate froin l'ickens to '-'rLetown mil
froiln ol k to Heitfort had beII n ilis
I ICl ze, .l. l'r.sidetit, that this is
uot inl it. .. tritem sense La -it political
gathering althollgh it, ha1S Icillindeo
ile ofteti of a polit e I litti ig noie
ty. I woLiI not. il a high sen.e of
(dut~y didtil i tilil.'Il ilt-, inij.ct ill t'lbjt
ONdy alytilinig oike a po'lit-i(al speech.
'hiet'e llt: ir'lt'Son, howeve~ r, LIntt, dce
1iialid sol e ,kich tr-i-t' illlt of the Sill
ject. atid I will nlot, ,hrilk fio'om tho re
Tiibi~ility whicOh (It illatiis that plaiti,
Ir4n aini holiest, itV.ttnes be adt
l'trom 1 I '1ti! V91) tlhis Wt,te was
govert V thilt Vhite peOple. I1, wILS
clatilli .) it) 1 till to 1S90 thajt, it wa-t.
not lemo LiCIraLtiC gove I'n mile t- thabl
tihe poople re not1contrilling it anu
the rule of it Iminority was g Ove Ing it)
tilis Stitte. The first, coltaest wIs n11u1lt
by the peuo'p in 1Si; LgaList the e'n
tinlanIce. l' this uIlo'irIty rule. (I.'
the wanit. 'of org anlIizat~ion, prtoper d is
cipline and t o1I tical euilctliol tlbe
peoplelic fai . This coltest. ws renc ed
n l 'and th people falled again,
but thuh t It $ uth exihibitecd in their
struggLe showedi that success wotih
I -Colle iii hs!ii. With still gretter vi'or
nu need t an'LIe~w in tbe sprinhg of 1 89n and11(
eubnlit Ielt ill tihe SLIucess, from coto
necr to UnIit ttes.Lc Senator. oif toeL
majorit o~ V f the pleople of Motiiihl Caro
lina~ ini Ilhii' Jicris tLo eotrtol this gov
'hiIs. t ini 'lfet cCIwas t.haILt isti 1au
of thte nolotile'. tif I-ib' party blei r
thbey shIoutIdhl b ' eleeted ly pri Ina~ry
..Ltion in wieb'.I every whliite tman
biit ntin'iis vocite sholui couti fotr as
ulthl aLs aLny it ime. ToX be ILtuor tx
hpiit it that at pow boylI W hether edIneated
or iittrate shIoulu halve tbeile l 'ge
oft a D~emocrta batL~L o~ dep~Iositjng htis
vah' iln aL blloLt boxi andi tlhat, it-s hpower~
- ballot, perIfe'cLt Liltu t iIt.hout u is.
- er im inaI11 Pt i o accut. of ' LIueneticin
k I y an opverw'.hein11ung LIu tprecdeted ~l
lit tajoityvL te I llmocrat.s of the Sat
>f tahltled to Lthe suppo~t 'of tis piropoi-i
LI tioni which huai nleen deied biy aL fIue
e- ilun of thle pI)tyS w htoill ehfect. chliline:
r that, an inttelligenit. prtoperty-ownlii
--l miority hadihel, r*ig i, to) rulh andc gov
y ciri as' they hadtt dlone lleretopfor'e. Th'i:~
rfactiont wa is detfeated~ ill L.II St.'.o Itu
e atnd St-Iate 'illieirs, andli whetn iun n'iea
o to) t~bm getteral eleetiont was nl'a. 1i
y cruishinlg defeat was againt their lot.
I 'lhey were. noLt sattishlitd. :.l itu ile~-It
.I 1509. li this cieetionl tilte litn's welt
V- was the Iir1st Iin li tt te histor o1~'(f l1.h.
, DLmoctxi Lart-y of 1,hi-, ~State that
h evety Iitirat/s vote should htv iti ul
poweV~r of wieh I havt spolkell
nl systeini gaive voIicL to Ibe will oPr tun
II I )emIoeurats, andIL LIhe Ito m mo ~ILvemLent
te of wic iL~ htave Lihe. honor~ tif bdtin I
h mlemb er. I impIhasi zutd its v ictory of Lwa
'II yeatrs heforte. Again in I 'u0 . te t
ii andI tllhe ili-moCratte IIejoricv tif ti
e StLate locked blayonects litni ts 15s1,
'iThie pLoople won aLgain andit oIrd,-c.
d thlrou~lghi I-heirI repiresen taiLve;S iln emp
d venitin aissembledl a dliretct p-mtiia
for all the electiv iculliecs of the Stait.
t, ThIiIs wasi tirle, gent~uine I)L;Loiernec)
o 'lT' h pole werel' 5 Isitied ithl it an
t- the fir st ev'idence of thle dcinC1 IllY t~h
t, r ight 'f a majority of the peopie t
I- con ttol -amlo~ in the sprin g of Lt his yeit
-wheii a -tmr (If gentiemen-ab--hi
.hoenotalIe antI inllIIuientia tIu pon botl
I slidOS--came 'ILogethert atnd underc a writ
ii ten cotrtet A'reed thai itn the setec
y ti(on of delegatess 4~ ' wasutituLtionil
r convenition, as - far Its pralctieable, th
- two factioins ini caLh couinty shiotiI'
s have equaml represetaltionI. P erthap~j
I It is known to every tmember in tlhi
I con vention that I watS opp)Iosed to til
I act, which was tanttamloutitt to the
i repud iation (If all thbe peoplo hau
fought for and1( accomlplisihed Sinei
.have novet been able to undelrstamn
matny things cotneted with ths i gree
mninn. I could utnderstatd wvny Mr
liarawoll and M~Ir. iiuimphillI, thet leadi
I era of a hopeless mtinority it: '-le Silate
should agree to an ettualI di vib iin 'I
the power of tis coniventLion, but, I re
,spectfully bus hutmbly sulbmit, that It
-passeth my cotmpre hension why th<(
leader, Senator Tillman, of ono of the
greatest mIovemnents Oote known in
ISouth Carol Ina. 1f not in 1iho wvhob
South, could have agr'Jed, withoui
qualms of conscienco, to a propositior
of polItics so reckless, so violative o:
every priinciple of Domoo'acy, of whll
b e stood pre-eminoinly the champIon,
1 h truqted champion of thie people ir
tiay be that hetigured the illit.
B er4~, of the fjpg iovetnient to bc
15,000' the voting strength of the Con
servatives to be 40,000, and the num,.
hers of the R7eforners at 55,000 less th)
15,000 illiterates who would be o
off-which would mako the two side,
40.000 and 40,000. If that was tile cas
the that explains the idea of an equua
division. L- l)
I uiaiumed at that time by lotter, and
subsequent events conflemed it, that If
that Contract was carried out it would
moan tle political destructiou, by di.
franchlsemunt, of the poor and unedu
cated white man of South Carolina
After a few months. when it had been
thoroughly disoussed in every couIt3
and township and neighbothood in the
Stat, with a few exceptions, thh
equal division idea was repudiated by
the Reformers in the selection of del(
gates--not only repudiated but ovei -
whelmingly so, for we find 110 Itoforn -
ors and fifty Conservatives and JAepul -
licans in the convention.
TILLMAN'S ANSWER TO IRBY.
T1I H' G 11l14A T 1S'PAi OF 1}11S
lie lReview1 I tlie If istlory of' ItepulI
va lii Rle ilt soith Cir'olila is ait
8thows tie Neuessity i' Wiite
Inl re(iply to Seniator' 1yhy's attack e
utiln the report of theC suill'riage Col'
nu ittee.'. Senator Till'lii ma1i1de the 0
greitetst teffort of his puiblic catreer. b
li k totk 111) he Iilst pprl, of hit I
speelcl with anl exhiustive roview of
I &tdiCal CoTuiLption and Ioll igacy. aild
used this datia of frtid aid coI-riptjii tl,
as 1I j1stiicationl of the suppress.ion m
policy towards ti he ntgro evel' sinCe, U
llis expk-itiol Of hut' Comilliti-ee's plan
of mitifrage wits a st'Irolig a ri lilnt, and
,it SU- it e wa-s as follows '
Now. .\l e 'treident. I have at lr'ad3 y A
at tided to tt.' fact th at it 1t i 'olig h
tite fiegroe.'s ill the eeise of their
riight of sulifrage that all tiis villainy.
corruIiptiol, ii i~lule and t'obbery cate
about. iati I ctauiot tind wordN itn which
'p:drtit. N manl en 1 r .: .
rt- d.4 to itu VU. 1., I 1t ' vikeu WI OUt
tI Itl ht wL v bc it he I t ti t.ied he wouild
Iind sO:1t haMli t his fati i t.fl(I lie
dart'd not Lt) o I l rtil wiitout 1110
41,1t' tti. An
It is tIthis negro igoVer'inlIent wh'iich
furtn'shetl Lbe itaot, t~h at, we ar'e ueat
tin lit . 'l'b i t ro v ut his little
iecet 0| paper. 11 i , .- box and -.1t-e tilbe
com i,.1ore to ilboste w hi te scound re .
witO WIre thei' Iteder atnld Who Ie
hMauc!itl thto:, and this must le Our
julstailntiol alnd oul. viditlicat.ion ant.
0111 exet'st. to the world that we at
mect Ilu convenltion opt 11.y, boldly. wit- 1
out any'preti ise to sececy,-to at noun
thiiat it is outi' I'I)Os'. as far as we n'ar
without, e 'in ing in cotlliiet with th
United St.at -N 'onstittatt n. t putlL such
safegutI'(rds atoutnd tie ballot in futurt
as to rcst.'itet t-it sutfrage andA circumi
scribe it tiha', t.hs infaimy cal nvel
c mic about. naain. The- necgroes Wer<(
tilte t0ol,, I acknowledge, tools ano
par'ticitots. t willing tools. the
poor, :gniorantl Cottoan tield iunds, wi.
tIneveUI' saw anyt-hing exe'tI a tpistol.
tnd we htoi LIt LIS UIm linIit dly fo.
'OWed iike sh:ep wriver' their white.
aid llack tatders told them to go:
voted IttiOuI lliit . ly every t.itile for Lt
ktlLipblicaln ticket aid thbese result
Were Itc iLeved zsolely Ititd wliily in %
retsotn of the ballot beilig inl hanitds (; L
tutch eattle. a he L anrtinefnm' ,ont.- No.
Ill)%w did We recover. Our liberty 1
fraud at1nd violence. We tried to over
inigiill'fo eight . ar.. life.heenmeltli I
wotthtless andi nd t hettt'Ili leader~tshiI S
antd inlspirIation ol f NIhatiztl'y, because
sit'raL~i~igh tt I lii, tuo e ie t f 'in iln ShitL
of tile low .'otty', fiihting on tiir
Iloor' againist, Ltiste wh o wer Ie desirlouts t
of puttta;og3li C ha tirain fort'ward as a
conirolase undiate Und.'r hiis
earni and ilt~brturb! Itis tiagni ii- e
I ent roin-age wq won 1-:thrl~iteld atlonet V
gave us thlt l'.tetuze tt timl we hadc at y
legal r'ight, by3 het' matjority. Granttt's
lllt fiot hia ur attlid weL twee i3'ncsua- a
As-setihiy t il IlIiayes's title hiad been u
svtu.ited by lo 1.b .-hetur'al Veltunssin inl '
Marceh. 'P'e a hobli Stat'' swor'e to n!
nave'. It,, linhelisat it die. I low didl we c
brt'ing It aout. ' l-:s ey w hite nan satnk ni
toget her its tone. \\' iiad t o rt. sor't, L.i t.
LIt' 1..' lrai attil I vio lnc ani C i 1101
.t si.nt was tevolved, fr'um thte sulpieritor p
Ieli'gnet' tof tihe whi ite manr to , 'tll- ti
ittIsli 'ng tat tio t'a I jti ii ~j.il
lltete tl'titwe hlaei care ttllt
- 140110sitholi, lei I-t t n i - tip V
it.iwolloti sttillz be de inh.
I I iIs t lit iti tllit I lie itrec iiitl i
- ii1 t~t hte Iserhe: lic tii, isad e pilo it l tt o 1
tsplatl so itretw n i t' Vil It, a t'i et or
n'~el , et 'lltg. i W e jo 'tid s, Littm'iihI
patlrilts tland'IVl Lia s it lsn ; i tt o taket' f
. lt l'n itom ever t alo at witite ttl t cifan s
itt idrtu ll li| tis Luelllo l
men t.. 'I retad ai moluen o fromttft te t
rela1't oV1)5f the ommitil, ta . iodii aov- it
ernmnt ean~ nly rest', ott inalis.:, t
lind tiot. I tuoi ls,4 ttiiisfis td tl
ih itgo firt her andIt Lay,~ tha good nkC'
Ilrnmenltt ~~ andii l tepbis.I t re.n
I ,uid , ati ta'st i t)an Iieligen1 e.1 li
biit lie amongLszt ihe ~tn-e tis it gi- hoy
-tgece. it' h~atbeen id and it, muist ic
apeall apparent..010 Liev~ent thatwere'strict
.that irat ge t ai weiu tro)pofse t lba t, with p
ii ers 'Ian tl'., It wh1igte ' of diisfra 's
t2t Wni' tiatii4' I t the ts r Ist i Lir (:
'l Athee ottsot.teI tt st o gtfulI a~m' e
, htiivlio u ofi th eculo r whic toav a
(ia tlilS f atm thyall hvea h t
blaeisine no-o~eSaxison i'tin- 'l
I ier itersL in this gloriou Flo adtia i
l cat en have te ta t te pioint I
a whitio ann ptoty unite. as brontho t
ott'uwit t igti..and gloriou biur- t
inw, and Isallimo a~is rita, posibve vi
een broughtt touc in tilst matt er, a
Sand Ithe aloretaill torso unbi- s
akdle uornted any wird inn- t'
,ki rvd o , stn ta ewl
swer to what was said this morning
-mid leave it to tho patrilotism and wit.
lom of this body to Mnove forward au
'lot le.itat. We woro told somethin
ibout Ierf'cti, eiality1 Of the whit<
non, that tbo poor, tentant, who hait
,othing but his wife and children
vho labors for his daily bread fron
vear's end, gathlering it) property, I,
qual to the highest man In the'State
It has been mry vardinal doctrine at
i public man that all white mon. as fat
Is the enjoymntib of the pilvilogos 01
rovernminit ui the enoluionts o
.ilice is concos 1eW. should ie equal It
his State ainld thi. tt majority aloni
1hould governk, bI .hat, doctrino car
lot be hrougiht in here' Is tho reasol.
hy we must, stop. paust and ftiltor in
t) r purpost; to seu to our posterity
oo: gom trnmeiwn 0, unles ou carr ii
urther andl if You are going to brini.
n1 universal blrthVlerhIoo a 11a. n argua
tient lRit(!, then art 'lot tile blacks t
i1uch1 entitlid to that considerationi a
ny ibody ? On this quJestiol of sul
rage it is said that sone mn10 will be
Loladiztd it) their votes. If thor.
reel any w- tnder high haavon b
'hclh weo cot d d(o mltove than we hav,
one, iII (;d's name I would glcoriy it
he man, ). %w down and worship hlimi if
o wollId sho'w us. W l),hat do they oltor
*? A eoitint,inton of the x bwn,ii,
uiditions and perlprtration of fraud.
I' fratidiltent tiethoIs and the swori
r atmooies s$1spenLds Overi 01ur, head,
V it single hair, and swings and
vin.gs antid swingms, and all that is ne
vssary to b) rig aoout chaos is for at
illieent numiiber of white men ac
tlated by hate and ambitioun and from
alPatr-iotic liotivUs to elii iu)p and
it loose, tiobil ize ani iegisteri' them,
ve them at Votq1 and a far coI nt un
2r- the aian hood suilf rage. lie went
I tlo ay, after elaborating this point :
I sion has bieen liadI. to the fact
lat severaligentll men met in this city
> See if Ltere coul Id be any terms o,
Luty. a'] 1,i.I: I.' nei M:mle betwoon
ie warring inut .ni .i theI &ae anuo
Ic wor I intrt :nd traitor have
1. U'honillat it. to nection with my
lniie as a pa)1rtici pant. \WhIlat was the
inlition ? The minority faCtion hat
P'Ised almost to a Imian the calling of
us ConvelLtion, dealligogucs of a cor
kinl stri 1' had used the iewspaprl)s ol
I- State, threatening to terrify thi
Our wlites with tihe possible and pio
antie loss of their ballot if the conven*
(A Wis eal let. Spartanliburg whie)
ad never sutfered Irom negro domina
oil, and which Cal never sulf'er in its
iCal 1 Utfir from i gro domination
oted oiver'w'1el in i Ig against the con
When the iliht seemed almost h st
til those of us hvlo had strutgagled fer
01n. yea)rs ti mo, in season and oun
f sea-on, whenever' an clpportun it3
t 1ered toI uge on the peoplc: the w is
urm and necess ity for calling a con
erition and taklcinag care of oui1ir )os
rity by limitirg 'the sufae wher
e Iit t.hat the li ilt wars (desp rate,
n Aobr a meeting was called a
tidgeway. The Gover'nori and mysci
no Ithe Claittmai of the Demtoerati.
xecutive coitl 111 tee, who hoas I lot hi
inugue run so it. t V, w -o ;uy; d
ruin I t I1 I to rI ti d ibeuiss it.
her.e atid z.imket tic as tuel. I wI,
here and talked ivom the shtilder a.
akwalys talk. Where was the chair
1an of the Do-lnocratic partyle
Mr. I rby: Will the gentleman allow
ic ' I dt not remember. It ha, hiee
ti litni ago. b't I dIid expiet t.o spe.ak
lire. I accept1 ted t~ne iniitation of Mir
ohn tsonr. 10 wasL my itetio~cn to go,
utSfitt tug (oe; m-ri athit hIomel, either
inekntess or somehincarg li kc that kept
le tromt ging. I woubtli like tio ast
lii one iquestionr. I Iirn't, I comec here,
Lan, ait Ii il t, as hitrd ats anty mim
(ss iblly co~ud itio carrmy thiis conven,
A\Irn. Tillminan: 'tm d~ iid, but youii alter.
-ards iltargedl that. 'vhen t~e riattie
'a. tn invan~rs ran out of thie State,
nhereas I'vans waIs at his polst andic
Out at home sick, so you say.
Alr. Irey: Ii iti ttsay I was sick.
L, comes15 with ill gtrce froim im after
11 bthat, has happenI)' ted inii te unst, that
e shortld( charge med for (one moinment
iih sinirkiLng any ', rtespotnsibliity or
trinning? fromt any1 thu ing. I didi say that
hena te light was liuircest , that Gov
trr i lvans lied the Stte and could
ait het forund by tLvieg raim or letter, and
assert li for the retasont that, I asked
y telegrati, or probhably in persion, of
ic brother til tine Go.vernfor, why it
its that 110 did not come11 andI help me
r his iiwnr electio, aind iln th1is des
rnte stntuggle in callirng the conven
til.. lII ctold not teli ime where the
tended G overnor wtas and on tihe
ighit of thue election at 2 oi''lck, after
le light had bieeni won, before thbe
io smotke iof thotle battnSiL cleared
way~,. 1)ur1 younrg Governor cattme itot
ly roomti and I reprnoachued him anid
sked im wh i iy it was that he hadti lcft
le ini such tan extremity and hia riot
une1 to imy assistance, lie said: " Weij,
ihavt bieen olf toi see iiy girl."' (Linughr
riiubetllcomit, tme to somtie pledige that
eott nout isarry out."'
Now, sir, I say that, wheni I was here
teiin! all thle danngersof defeatatnd the
.1ittml of defeat that he had Ilitthle to
1 and11 lit imighit have sparedC( the time
>tilome ier antld hlp Pcarrty oil Iiis
wn chiet.ion as well as carryling the
.\lr. Tillhnan : XWith that I have
0th in toIi dc. I only mention this in
dtliiially ans I myself hald b~etn accused
fcertami iinii'gs anid the gentlemian
mahl rememberlil)5 tnat thouse whlo live
hilss htou~ses shldI ntt throw'.
'diles,11( ani inamauch as hie ha~s steen
ltver tl iAwit, tmo wVith tlht, it comeiis
itih ihi graece for me to eveni insiinutot
ich in ings rL2ainst him. I take tIs
reatson~ oi lit, yout and the State of
iith Ca~ti r.u i<nowu" thait the apphar
rati quarra betweenr thre geltlemn
iid mil'I 1: istal of his oiwn miake and
atI a: mai ini n ise responasib1)1.
\VitW bthe I i'rnwell-flomtiph Ill- L'.vans
'i ilua conferencett wais held I wvent
Iti it relta ntly becaurse it brtoughit
1mtt intiiiotnet. wiithi a1 man~, the editor
fThe Nuwis arid Courier, wvho hats
een mltst, implilaeable and1( infamousn in
is tabuse oif trn. ini the nlewspar~ andil
tih Blarn wtell, the rcealeitrant l,'ador,
holt Hatskellite. whto sidi oin this
oni " Io kT .'illman~ r shall never be
ovenort tof Souitlh (Carol ina."
Htt as I saiw at that timie tho tenti'on
etweenl tilbe factions was such that
veryi, tittspett was that, wen woulId
avt' thre (cnra tives mob11iizing
li:heneurOts int tn (effort to conltrli
hiis S'lnvenI IOn to keep us ats they
lai ild from1 dlinrg wron'~lg to thoitr
luiper'Vy, thieir rigchts and thilr lIbor
les, I sunk mry personauIl feeling and
rent to that conference. Wo had it In
tie Gor~itnor's 'iilce. It began at 8
'cloek. We talked. We jarre~d anfd
Fr'angledl untilI 2, arid 1 tave it to thre
lombl~ers of that conference oin this
oor', that after' having tallked over
he qutestion as to how we could comie.
igeihiir anid come to atgreemxent, if I
Id not say, " Gentlemnar, do anything
rnd we had jrut as well retire." There
re men on this floor who wore present
nid they will boar me out. If not lot
hoem risnen m a a .,.u . I dic.at
at's all right, We .welcome any
rthern man who comes here to stay. t
oy are most always good oitizens. E
u ruoan ones don't come. They bad m
her stay np there and abuso us. A h
n told me that about half of the G. b
R.'s who came to the Lousville an- e
opment the other day were foreign. e
, who didn't speak EInglish and e
le with one shirt and *2 and didn't 0
migo either till they got back home. :
wo are hia'O rmonizing at last and we p
,t everybody from up there to come c
in to our show. There are a good v
ny signs of coming peace and godd a
I betwoon the sections. ' A North- p
Democrat sont my wife a photo- a
ph of Lincoln as he was away back w
the littios-Lincoln in the woods, n
coln the rail splitter-and says he h
had it thirty-three years. It Is a 1(
Larkable picture- -the most earnest w
serious and the ugliest white man h
ver saw on a cardboard. It Is
ngoly attractive, and you never g
tired looking at it. No wonder lie hi
Ivated the common people. Mr.
ilenan writes that he wants us to a
ieconciled to old Abe. Well, we b(
Tle South admired hin and re- o)
s his mo'enory. lie was the best b(
tic nman the North had. He was
3st. sincere and big hearted. But
I all the Sh,.,-nans may the good -
1 deliver us.
id now [ think I feel better.
ural Palmer made me mnad in his
id Army speech at Louisville. He
brag and lemagoguo and I'm
id to get even with him and his
G(overnor Waints to h .IO'A'
hether or Not Liuior 1)risiking
I ireas ig,
Il the State will be interested to .(
x hiat part the i)ispensa'y is tak- t-k
011 the tem11peranciee line and to see (t
ther it is a step in that direjtion. h
general inpti'ression is that the
>(,Isary system is a great tuove to
ds teiperance anId lxiiieved frot
start that iL wotild be a great
I for the whole StaLt. It. it cat
ly be said that less whiskey i.
ig used when the Stitao [iquot
R11issiOnler's books shIow1% that over
[Ity-sevenm thousaund dollars wat
m in during the week closing witi
Saturday. The good price whicl
.ing paid for coLton has a grea
to do with the amount of whiske3
l and bold. The StateO ilpet,
' is working Ilight and (lay an( i
i not able to stl)ply t.iie demand.
ers for the " inlliically pure'
C in I isttr than they (all Ie lillod
is hard to tell j list what elfeet. al
liqui l' is having on the peopl
ernor l. Evans is anxious to Uind ou
ther drunkenness is on the in
tse or decrease, and to that end hta
,he folloving letter to the mayo
itenidant of each town in the State
)lie of State Bloard of Control,
jolhuin hia, S. C., Oct. 29. 189,.
0ar Sir ': You w ill treatly oblig,
by answering the following qiteO
S .t, your earliest (Onvenienet.
s is iimiport.nt:
rst. Has drnmikenn1ss and crim(
ast or dlreaed In your -ow
cuunty dnnce Aigust ist, 1894, to
.'eseit I i1o. and if so by what Per
16dI . ia-, ithe 11n1111nber of Ilai
,s of drunkiniiess tijied before you
-1 incrtea-.ed or deerentsed sinl'
tsf, 1st. and if so by what p)er
hiiirdl. flias the consit mptior, 0'
~key int~cealt'i or1 d3crLeed sinrce
estalishn~mtentL of the l)ispensary.
b Wh-i hat. beeni the dede
Dis'-punsary la v upeon the generl
or .1er and pece otf .y'our town~f or
me :lie aLgO wo h ad repl1ies to
q it es fromit your IHoazd of Con
but thet lettets ha~ve been d is
d o: atnd it is imptantit that we
'fIron .you. I 'lense nu in'Aoi .your'
.ers to con formc Lto the niumber o
-.01I N (.\uy YIv A NS,
-\ in . it who wansted to leara what
- - toa would have his s in eniter
. ... in a roomi with a I ible, an
o, and a dol latr bill. I f he found
whlen hte retuIrnled roadinug the it.
he would IiakeC a clergyman o1 __
if eating thbe apple, aL fariner' ; L,
if tuterestked 'in the dollt bill, a
<tr. Whnlim he r'oturned he fonn d I :
boy sitting on h.e Bieble, with thu
.tm bill in his poe kot., and the anple.
.)st (levret co. -le t1111de3 a politi
ST. ViTUS IDINCE~
mhysician Prescribes Dr. Miles'
Mlilles Meeulie-'el (',., Elkharti 1 i.
t dauicghter Maol hI', aede 1-, wIs delted
spiring w ith Si. Vie eu. daree-e cuE mie
sneess, her ent iro a i.ri- sie nac iemenh Ar
nlearly J:ea rlyzced. We~ conesuilted aL phIy
- ~ Lv
.1 ad heI pres'cr ~ie lit. Miles' IRt'stor'a
N~et v ine. Shle took i be ho Icles beeforo
a1w anty cerc tuie clh'ns of itiep~o v4i'een.,
iandc I nothinkiie she, Is 'et Irely eneds. ye
has ta(keenii nice hco, thl's of thIe Nervinte, be
tof lther meieiC i of an ity kIcnd. lng
x, Ined.,.kian. 5, 'It. I. WV. Ils'rt.:'rrna. A
ySl(elan s pescrb!e Dr. Mih l e eies 2
usei thle'y ce'I enowna to be Ihte ran It, eef 8ll
4non pirachiitil nd xp~eince of ne of Ne
terightestOi., refbtier of the i profes'iom ?
aret caefel ly ('cmceiceended by exI.r. e l
ci chlemi st'; c. :i .nie~n e ldace we'iit hi 1'e
prtescripjt lins, :e' uis(ed in hiis pret(t ee. 81,
Safe' at, all dIrnegilsts. Write for lir. -0
' iok ott th leoIlearct, antd Nereves. hir.is
Medeial Co,., Elkhaort, Ined. 'WI
Miles4' Remedies Re to ealtea. ad
OUT LUMBER. w.
Vative Georgia pince lumber Is a product of I
trent .importanece. It sases are mairnifoid.
securmge ouer snepply frome the best tImber
,elt hae the .Statec we stucceed Ihe mnufac
uering strictly lIigh G;rade Doors Sshe
~lndsa, FlooringCelin~ug, &c..andu all kineds
>f Ornamnental WVoodwork;-2equa1l to the
>roduct of thce best Norte factorieq.
AUCIUSTA I.UI1BER Co. V.
* fth M~ aker. mAmeur A
AN RA6PjftATXD L&NpDnOy.-A.
le comes from.tbe. Nutiieg State of
Man Who. treled much and was
roll known *rherevea. he Went by
otel men. and Others e as b yrover
id kicker." Nothing as ever ood
nough or bad enoligh hdt enoug or
old enough," rich enough or poor
nough for him. One. day he went to
no of the best hotela in the State and
ut up for the lght. His fame had
receded blin, and the landlord gave
rders to high and low to serve him
1ith the best. and to wait on him with
lacrity. His wishes were all antici.
atod that night, and he went to bed
9 happy as a muan like him could be
ith nothing to growl about. In the
iorning extra pains were taken with
is breakfast,. after which the land
>rd wont and inquired if everythin
as all right, adding that he truste5
is broakfast has been satisfaotor..
Well, it was fai-,' admliitted the
uest, ".but I like a breakfiat to be
A. This wasn't hot enough "
"Very well, sir," responded the ex
iporated landlord. "we have done our
3st for you. Thero is, however, only
1e place 4o hot your breakfast would
3 aurie to please you. You'd better
> there." And'walked oig.
!nstant Killorof Pain.
Internal and External.
!WrAs itl-MATISMI NEURAL.
(hA, ,ailinck Iprains Bruites
swellings, 8(11ifet ohLiu anu1
1RAM lPs ista;itly. era M
m, Uroupdipt heria, Sore Throat
I TEAD AC1, tit by magio.
IE HORSE BRANDo, s 'oyo for
I n1o8t Powerful and Penctratin'gIAnimentfor May;
Behatin existence. Largo $1 size 7f., 60o. sized4e
dOHNSON'S ORIENTAL SOAP.
aoicatod and Toilet. The Great Skin Our. ant
ice BOLutifier. Ladies will flnd It the most
loate and highly perfumed Toilet Soap on
inarket. Itll absolutely pure. Makes the
zn soft and velvety and restores the lost com.
exIon; is n luxury for the Bath for Infants,
alays itohiTIg, cleanses the scalp, and yroimotes
wrowth of hair. rico25, For sale by
To introduce 0i , furnit tiro busiiness
Into every coinlatunity in thle South
ern states, itilI in orer to do so in
the Q uick1'est Ilme, hakvo concluded to
mark11e some( very lbrloffers inl bed
room tnte to secure at( least one(
custoiller it every Iost-oflice I
tle next, 60 daysC. I e lis read tih
adver tiseent carefuly a ndsend at
once for on1e of our sp'ecial offers.
Our great otTer No. I consists of oue
Solid Oak ilieirwon Suite with largt
dlresser with 20x24 bevel mirror, 011
large Washistandl, witi double door
<ud dritwe r. on1e t-foot Iledsteal full
-Vidth. This sItite of furniture i
vort i inl inly IlI'frittre'store not les
than $35:. Do lot. t hink for once that
it is a little heap suite, for we assurt
you it 1 n1ot. but a large full-sizt
iu it e eluil to anythilig oil the market
Iin order to start the sale of t hest
it*es andl(] to keep our men busy amll(
it roduee our b ruinems inl your neigh
tlorhool. we agre0 to 4h1 ii o11 stuiti
.mly3 to ealch shipingil point inl thll
iouti for 315, when tho 4Cash come?
.vith the order. This aivertimeimen
will pOssibIly alppeatr twice in, this lil
per. therefore if you aire interested
ut ths out ad sd with i r $15 and thi
ilte will be shipped to you. If it :
lot js.t its represented yol nimy re
turn the s1uito it our oxpen0se amH
your $15 will bo refui1led *to you. O)hu
,-ntalogue containinlA imin11y illustral
tions of litre largtlls anl house t-ur
ilshilg goods will ie se t to you up
Thuie su ht llboveo descriiod is it pec
il] bargai iland does not Itppeair ill th1e
Ctlltlogueo, therefore it is useless t<
write for ilistrat ions of this suite
mr11 ~Ii hleou)11 al-eletyling wnraitn
41om11 11ne else ma1y1 get I he baiirgin.
Wie assum11 you tat we witl n ot eip
til on 00suiite ini your1 ne0igh1b0iooo
.at this price. A fieronesulte11 hitsbeen
shipped1111 in i th neighbiorhoodl the
prliev will gt' o tat least. 5:0.
L. F. PA DG ETT
8143 lIit1)A 1) ST., Al U( LSTA, GA.
PiEDMONT AiR LINE,.
CONDE~na RCniP.nULE OF PA.BaENGKa TRAUI
Nobrhbn 6. 181.'4*i No.12 No.18 Ne.83
er 6. . lst>- Daily E~un Daily
.A tlanta C'. T. . iai Ip7 50a 48p40
A tlanitii . TI 11 15a 8, 50a(i 65p 6 0p
Norros..-..........2 564r 9 38a 6 28p.
iiord -i-...--..------....... 0 16a 7 08p'
Jalnesville... 2 2:f. 2 011a10 44a '148p 5 2p
ul..--..... ....... 2 -.ta|1i t4a 808p.
.....c............ ........ ;:, 8 32p.0
Westminsteri.'....3 uttdt2 27p .8p
Seneen -............... . 07'2 -'!p ......44p
Cen tral1--.-- -lp '5 t3il i 20p ...... 1p
Greenilule ... :: '59 2 Ii!,9 .... 4p
btpa rita nibirg . , is~ p Ii. a ;2p ....0 48p
anneys. .... ........ ml:s 4 10p......
lilackaibuirg .. 7 t:pp -; 1. 4u .:;;0p.'..'''." i'Op'
kIng's Mt... .... :; 0p................ . '
.(Catriotte........ .....Ia3:a 209 .........00
.lDan vllbe... 1(0,is ;; y' I I 25j1......4 40a
.1Richm oni d... titl 401 .......t 8 55a
Washingltoni - I iii 9 109l...............11 45a
llaPmi'e P' Rt R 1.1a I I 25p ............. 7p
Philaeliphlan 10 ia Oui................ 47p
N e w \ ork...... 1 5: ta 0...............62 p
outhbond. N.ei NoUl No.il No.17 No.31
N. Y. P It... .I.,:10 lou59.............. 10a
P'hlilel phm in .umu , '0 .... ......1 12p
Wash ingtoni . to 43; II ' 1.................4 9p
RIc~~lhm.... 200tn 1 le 2 00n......2p
D~anville......... ll~ 3Ua1 0
Chlarlotte ..... I ~'u 2211 .S 2
GIastia 1.......l it I1p........
K ing's Mt..
Blacksbur Ig ... ;*j, .*.. I:2 . .
.Spartanlbu rg .I3u 2:!~ln1 .'2i
Central .........Sop .7 10
Seneca...........1 0u )tj. .
Westminst er .....I;2!......
Mt. A Iry..... ~ 3a 12
Gainesvlle ... 33, i
Buford.............V3 1 2s94
Norecross . ......13
Atlanta E. T1. 4lj.I 1 t ~ 1a1 .a
roe. 37 slidi8-Ww37agti - d o.t'eser
|tbtle JIte, 'lrti llnal lqpr
101 Y r hl lnp is v.ia ......... n
anta nd flrmuigh 2 00ipn C...
Os. 3I~*11(1 11 flittod M _ic F 4t'p ........ ma
epin Car brt cciiA 111115 40w .........
05. 1 an 32 Exptit 11 Fl 0pr 6riotg Pull
a7leeshtwclN Yr apn6 Atlant
Aperatad bewc. mI T. ntindAlnt.
11aasad .sn~iycneto 40p At
ta t Rlhninil iththrtighslepin 2a
WABHI4GTN, 1. C.A'FLT9 04a
'A .m "" m." M" J no. "N"P niht
stiule EaLmiedThoug fPlma 8Meqper
,wenNwork anP. wOlanva.ah
tonAtlata mi Mntgmery an als be
the toi.*'me on which we agreed, and the Th
basic principle was thut no white man No
should bb disfranchised except for Th
crime, becau tbat- was the guiding Th
star which tt uateo my entire pur- rat
pose and action. I would suffer the mna
loss of both of my arms before I would A.
do anything knowingly to jeopardize cat
those rights and not- re deom my pledge ere
to those men. Suppose we had .not cat
had any con forence, no one knows what ehi
might have happened. Bu
- ~ Wa
BILL AltP WANTS NO WAlR, do%
Knows Wlhen 110 kias Had EUougla-- wit
The People are So Diterent. lk-om ern
Old Time. ra
All is peace and harmony about Fir
Atlanta now, but I haven't forgotton Lin
when Sherman was throwing his tin- has
feeling shells over the city. Such a ron
panic, such a stampedo, such helpless and
terror ationg women and children I I C
never witnessed. I had gotten my1v strii
wife and little children away, but 'I get
had to stay, and the scene was as aw- CapR
ful as the picture of death on a pale ul
horse. Everybody and evor3 thing that be
could move was moving. Shetes are are.
not so ter'ribly destructive, but as Big ver<
John said that day, they are the "most pub
>rilyzing thing " in the world. I not hon
rimi on Deaitur"- street. making tracks fron01
toward Stone mountain, carrying his Lorl
three hundred pounds of liesh-mnost of A
it in front. Big beads of porspiration Gen
were oil his forehead and he was car- Gra
rying his wig in one hand and an old is a
ctrpct bag in the other. " Where boui
now, my friend ?" said 1. " Anywhere sort,
in this direcolon," said he, with a dis
tressing smile. " lam bound to keel) I'
ahead of 'emn, the infernal devils.
They don't travel fast, thank the rlwe
Lord." " Where is your cart and W
steei s" said 1. " Sold 'em- sold 'em is
to a free nigger for two hundred dol- colti
tars Con federate money. about etough A
to keop mue in vittlee and whiskey for kno
a week." " And ithen what?" said 1. ing
" Jine the conscript camp at Decatur." w
said he. and he tiopped the sweat olf rThe
his head and face with his big ban- i
dana handkerchief. Another shell wa.
sang through the air and Big John tjhe
moved on With alacrity, never ever thii
said goodby. bIt hallooed back, " Pray iari
for me Bill." The next week I och
got him a place in the orainance de- Conl
partment at Macon under General ,(%
(lowell Cobb and left him sitting on a Lmk,
oox full of guns. He placed two boxes last
close together for a bud and said he is b
should 8,eep on ioIs a4rms. dea
The shells kept coming on making t
their parabolas and singing and siz- 1.1
zing in the circumambiosit air. I had .:
sorter gottien used to shells in ola Vir- 1.(
ginia and so ventured to walk ( own
amif ia milo on Walton street to sue It
vhat had become of an old uncle and hi,
lis family who lived tuere. His fou j0v
wiys were all in the war, but. 11y unet. ,.),
and aunt and their only daughte -
lived there. . I found the in I uddled uljie
in the ba-enent, for a shell had a. a
ready torn part of the roof away an
they had mnoved--noved lower down
and were waiting, waiting, he said, i )
see what the Lord or the devil woutk i
do. They esenpe I unuatrned. One o no
t i'ir absent buo s was k it.ed and an
,ther was trimmed up, but that wa I
te coiion lot. Bitt now everybod'
is happy except some--everybody Cx
cept the very rich and the very poor, ud
That is why old Augur didn't want to
do either. .)list the extression of the
people you meet-mcet on the trains
or at the (Cpots or the fair grounds or Oa"
on tue streets or in the churches, Hlow lt
inuch morie pleasant it is than a few A
mintths ago. Hlow happy are the wo
U *n and~ children. Hiow cordiail the ,
greetings betweon the. Not Lh amnd the wM' "
South-the blue andh t~me gray. The i
fact is, when ourii Nor'thern brethren
comec down herei' anid eat ouri barbe
Cuted( mtet, andu receivye our' hiospit~ality
and took at 'our beattifutl women thcy .'
are nearly ready to apologir~o for ~
ev'erythin u t.hecy have done to us or
saidl about us. I've been waitins for
year's, biut they say they can't 'do it
coinsistently until Lhey begin to p~en- ni-a
strtn ouri soml ier's atnd our widows and ts
orphans. I believe they will pass a (3 "e
penision law for 'iur soldietrs aboutt the
time they ate all dead, fotr it is a fact
that unpensioned1 soldiers d1o die.
"' Time cuts down all, pr," '
Hloth great and small, pt
Excep)t a pensioned soldile." ipp
An insurance man told mte that a hii
mani whoi was drawing a pension could bilei
get, hiis li fe isutred for hal f price. n im
It is curious how short sighted are .md
the wyisost andi the greatest men~i. Cal. batn
houn and D~avis atnd Stephens and~ the
Ileoniy Clay and 'Johni HLundol ph tall (loll
said that no r'acs of lpeopte coutd ove alma
live togotheir int pee uin le one was eiar
itt sitbjection and( under1W the~ civil do- -""
minion (of the other. That has proved
a mistake. We aire living together
new on tetrms of civil equality and get- A I
ting along fairly well. Giddings and
I 'hill ip au nd all the abolition leaders
said mUnat, just, ais soon as a war br'oke Dr.
out, the negroes would rise up) and kill M
and btuirn .and destr'oy all ever the lasI
Sout~t. 'I'hey did nothing of the kind. vot
Nathaniel flawthorne said :'" I am ttit
for' the wari, but I don't under'stand
what we aie lighting about or wbat
good iresults can come from it. I r'e
jeice that the old union is smashed.
We never wora one people and never
will be. I f we pummel the South
ever so htard( they will love us none the
But, the union is not smashed. It is
stronger tihan ever' and Dana says the
nation will have to look to the South
for Its p rosirvation-pr'eseirvation freom
anar'dhy and ismts that seem to breed
and fester and flourish in the North.
\nd Chauncey D~opow says tihe South
is fuller than ever of the old spirit.
the 01(1 flag anti the old desiire for an -'
appropriiation. Yes, confound him, I
like Chauncoy, butt why didn't he mon
tion that the North got 95 por1 cent, of ''
till the auipropri'ations,' all the money 4i
tht is spont en the army and1 navy a'
and~ pl~hic pint'ting and sutpplies of
over'y kindl, w hile till we get is a little
cuttoml house aind p)ostoilllco hero and .ii
thore and for those we have to take a
Northern aurchitect and build It with1tv
Northern stonie or brick and fill it with 1t
Northern fi'nrn'tture. Con found 'em,
dogon. Thbey tiarow a s01p to its once in
a whie. just UkL tttirowing a hone) to a bt
dog. N(10nn- fthyd get uip Ki
a wa wih sme oregn outntrv they p3
w iill wvant its to do the fighting and wec
Iex pet to have it to do, bit thbey will th
have t(1 apologize anmd heal uip the old1 m,
sor'e fir'st. Now mnark my praediction. umm
If a wair doos becomt imm inenit be- tn
tween this Joutriy and any one of time ~
great powers, some follow fr'om Massa- o,
chusetts or Tom iteed frmom Maine will Mtie
introducte a bill to give pensionsa and M1
back pay to the Southbern soldiers.
Up to date there has been paid1( *:L000,- 1r.
000,00)0 in pensions since the war' antd
the Grand Ar'my is howling for mnor'e A
and Mtr. Cloelandl mind Carlisle have
to keep issuing bonds to keep up) with
But lot the procession proceed. Mtr.
Lochren says be thinks that some of
the pensioners will begin to die off
next year. Some of them are muovin g
down to Georgia and buying land and 'a
building towns in the piny woods.