Newspaper Page Text
" WHEN GREEK METS GREk."
THE TILLMANS GORH IO t
Unolo George Says Olemson is a Ilum"
bug'-Brave Hen Strikes a Heavy
In the debate on the section to Pro
vide fur the maintenance of Clemson
College and the State University, the
Tillman brothers again locked horns
and the contest betweon them excited
much interest. The following synopsis
of their speeches will prove inter
esting : -I
Mr. George D. Tillman then began
an hour and a half's speech which com-I
mnanded close attention. He0 was
afraid South Carolina was about to at
tompt too much for hor means. South
Carolina, though a little patch of the
world, about the size of throo Texas
cattle counties, had all the aspirations
of an empire. It was " dum spiro
sporo, spes." He gave a liberal trans
lation of this motto, and said nobody
but a Hluguonot could ever have con
coived it. He referred to the late Al
liance craze which had swept over the
country. He said that as the promise
of 40 acres and a mule had drawn all
the negroes into the Republican secret
union league, the rural population in
South Carolina undertook to stem the
tido. He cited the trouble Georgia
had had. Georgia had gono along
smoothly after she took Northon for
governor. It had not been so here.
All this, he said, was merely Introduc
tory to a long-winded talk.
We are attemptdiu too much. We
are trying to provldo an elaborate
system for a divided, impoverished
and small State. When the 2 mili tax
went into operation it took several
years to get the system organized at
all. Our old Stato hadn't had a show
ing when the system was started. We
have boon too impatient. We should
have roformed the motto on the coat
of arm instead of the picture. We
are att3impting too much. Why in
crease this tax from 2 to 3 mills ? A
good deal of perjury had already boon
committed in this State in the matter
of the under valuation of property.
If this tax was increased then there
would be more of it. Under this thing
we can let a white man fail to pay his
poll and yet let him vote. Anti there's
that eternal fraud we have been
practicing and will still practice wish
this scheme. If our white men divide,
as they are certain to do, all advant
age will be taken of the prosperous
This was a supreme effort on the
part of the State for education, be
cause it was a qualiilcation for suif
frage now. Such a qualiiication for suf
frage jain't worth a snap of my finger.
In lngland, whence we came, there
was never such a thing known. Though
I may be a little bit "old fogy " in my
old age, I say now I believe the
English government to be today the
best ever existed On the face of the
earth. They base their sulfrago on
An educational qualification was
never heard of in this country until
Connecticut and Massachusetts adout
ed it to include men from the poils in
stead of admitting them thoroto.
Let us discriminate if we dare
against the negro and it vill cause a
high school for them to be erected by
the Northern 1peopl1 on every 10 miles
square of this State.
The negroes have ten times more in
terest in learning to read and write
than our white children. 1'russia had
not shouted for~ education to qualify
her voters ; but it was to make her
soldiers better. 13esides we can't dis
criminate against the negro in higher~
education. The gentleman from Bieau
fort need not have one muomnent's fear
of South Carolina daring to fail to
take care of Clailin University. in
1862 an act was p~assed by the United
States government to give 30,000 acres
of land to each State to erect institu
tions upon. Scott sold it, and Moses
stole the money. Mr. Tillmnan told
how the matter was brought about.
Hlalf of this fund went to Clallin ; the
other half goes to Clemson college.
Then in 1892 congress gave each State
the 1-atch fund to establish an educa
tional agricultural station. Five
thousund of this was given to Clamn;
the rest went to Clemson or the South
Carolina college, I don't know which.
Then camue the Morrill fund ap~pro
priated in 1890, a large portion being
required to be applied to colored
education. The intention of Mr.
Merrill was that the colored col
leges should have the bulk of it. He
(Tillman ) had tried hard to get the
fund from the government and the
trouble was that South Carolina didn't
want to give the negroes more than
half of the money. -He had to get a
bill through both Houses in order to
get the fund. He had had to show
how generous South Carolina had been
with the school funds towards the
negroes, when she was not compelled
to be so. There' was a provision in
both the Hatch and Morill1 bills which
allowed congress to recall the appro
p ri ations. Now lot us dare not to be
liberal with Claflin and see what will
Now i~r, I for one, am not in favor
of having in the Constitution any of
the State colleges. It might be wis
dom to always give Claflin half of this
.1890 fund, and put it In the constitu
tion. lBut that college is provided for
and no power in this country can take
it away. Some action ought to be
taken either by the general assembly
or by this body for our higher institu
tions. Think for a moment how much
money has been spent for our higher
institutions I What comes in in the
way.-of tuetion funds ? Is the State to
furnish all this for nothing? Three
hundred students there are at Clem
son. How many of them pay tuition
and how much ? I am told that it is
$30 or $40 a year. What about " equal
rights to all and special privileges to
none ?" It is the same at the State
college. The amount of tuition paid
could be published tomorrow it would
cause an earthquake of indignation.
The Citadel academy was doing a
good work. The boys are taken there
and furnished board and all. There
they get a superb education and are
taught the knowledge of the soldier
the art of war. In case a great emner
gency should arise, we would have
trained officers to command our troops
and not green horns. It was originally
established to train officers for the ex
pected war. South Carolina may nee.l
some more of those officers. South
Carolina was ambitious Indeed. Dildn't
'they remember that she commenced
this very building to make It the capi
tal of the Southern Confederacy ? The
citadel deserved earnest support. No
more so though in Its sphere than
Clemson does in its. Bunt Clemson1
won't stay within its sphere I Thei
citadel's graduates p~aid the State back
'When Clemson was first established
600 boys marticulated. The State <
emptied her wealth into the lap of1
Clemson, and yet it was the strangest
pound mixture of alf kinds of
ducation on the faoo of God's green
orth. I know nothing tobo compared
4) it in the way of failure and humbug
>xcopt the dispbnsary and the sub
ireasury. (Laughtor.) An agrioultur
61 and mechanical collogo and indus
,rial college they called ita' If it wais
o the term meant experimentation
md industry. The two bobt inatitu
ions of this kind were the govern
nent Indian colleges. This was the
mily stop that the United States govern
nent hus ever taken that has civilized
iho Indians at all. They work with
ihoir hands one-half the time and study
ooks the balance of the day.
Mr. Buist-Havo you over beon to
Mr. Tillinan-No, sir, I don't need to
go there to know it is a failure.
Mr. Tillman, continuing, said agri
cultural education was a phantom if
disconnected from labor. The soiences
could be taught anywhere. But what
d1oes Clomson try to do? Yale or
Harvard could not have put out a more
iambitious curriculum than did Clemson
when it started UP.
They tacked on the sciences and art
af war and onginooring. It couldn't
Leach this great branch and have time
for experinicutation. Its an impossi
bility. He could understand how the
South Carolina college could teach
ill the sciences of the mind, so as to
Lot a man say: "I'm an educated
Clemson violates her very founda.
Lion principles when she tries to teach
The only thing to do in oxperimonta
Lion is to study piges, their kinds and
pecularities, and such things. Yet
Clemson was going ahoad try Ing to
make soidiors. Take a boy in thi6
unique institution-for it is most uni
que-ho is studying philisophy or
rhetoric, absorbed, trying to under
stand, and here comes the bell and
tells him it is time to food the hogs,
(Laughter.) Clemson in its place would
do great good. If it dont have tot
much " anlinus paratic and so on, dum,
spiro, etc.," it would be all right. H
had thought sometimOs that the mac
who invented this State motto mus
have come from Gascony In Plrance.
By 1900 South Carolina will be got
ting $50,000 school money from th
Pederal government. The State should
divide this money among heor collogi
ato institutions. These funds could bo
utilized. Tho State should be morL
liberal with the Clalin University.
He was in favor of the United Statet
government system of industrial educa
tion. What business has Clemson wiRl
the privilege tax fund, i'd like t(
know ; when she has those other funds'
Money wvas poured out up there likC
we had it by the wagon loads. What
does this word "1 scholarship " mean
The alliance with its motto from Jef
forson " equal rights to all, specia
1)rivileges to nono " had a good deal L<
(10 with the establishment Of Clemiisony
Will the State cmiio forward atid ad
to the disparity by laying a tax to givt
free board and clothes ? Is thai
special privileges to none? But t<
return to Clemson !--suppose those
wise trustees carry out their theory
suppose every boy sent there can ho
maIde a scientitic chemist or bot-anist
What then ? The al lianemon thoughi
they would come hoime and plow. Clvt
a boy a smattering of higher educa
tion arad he'll never do another lici
of manual labor if lie can help it
(Laughtor.) All liked to live by thi
sweat of somebody else's brow. Hi,
ventured to predict that the mnajority
of the students would turn out- lawvyen
or something else instead of farmers
ie thought it unconstitutional to worl
too much in the hot sun. (Laughter.
H~e thought the 2 mill tax and the $1
1)01l tax was eniough. T1hie liqunor fut
could go to nothing more appropr'iato,
The phosphateo royalty should be ap
lii to it. If the people will takt
my advice, I. would say to the schoolh
to let the nioney go. lie said thi
name thing about cotton factories
There was no danger of the colt
market ever being glutteod beause
the world would never cease to need
skirts and chemises also. (Laugh
ter.) Let's-try to find seome means not
to tax our landowners to:) heavily so a:
to found this great common school sys.
tom in 48 hours.
You say we must get ready for 1898
I am sorry to~sa~y anything about thhi
sull'rage miattter but I must do so. 11
is my duty. Theli sul~rage plan adopted
is not "' the entertainment to whmiel:
South Carolina was invited," to uso
Mr. Webster's form of expression
They were told that no white mcr
would be disfranchised and that 11
wvouki be done by honest constitutiona
methods. How does that sound along
side the understanding clause ? it bi
adding hypocrisy to fraud and lying
to hyprocrisy. The only way to hav<
(lone It honestly was by qualilied we
nman's suff'rago. I only mean to saa
that the peopic have been deceived
The admissions of the leadecrs on thi.
floor and the thing con its face adver
tise to the world that a Republican ad
ministration can lay it out if it wishe;
One of the most dilstiniguished Char
lesten gentlemen on the floor hndl in
timinatedl in parliamentary languag<
that he was in his dlotago.
Mr. Brnyan-Did I understand tho
gentleiman to refer to me ?
Mm'..'Tillman--Couild all the ad jective:
I used apply to anyone else ? (Lout
Mr. Blryan disclaimed any intentior
of saying aniything of that character.
Mr. Tillman was glad to hear thi:
from his Charleston friendl. In con.
eluding he said :" I have been try
ing to find out whether i really was ir
my dotage em' not, and I thank the goni
tinman for' assisting mnc.
Mr. Blryani-I'mn glad to assist you
Ti',l'4 RIPY 01' lIEN TiILLtMAN.
Sonator' Tillman then took the l1001
and said he wished to answei' some oj
the severoe ci'iticisms of his distin.
guished relative and colleague. lb
wouldl not attempt, to follow him in all
his ramblings, for' such lhe might torim
them. Hei wiant'ed to speak of the eel
loges. The section wanted to supp~orl
them all. The State University in
ciolded the South Carolina College and
Clallin as well. Clemson wassopai'ate.
This criticism to-night i'eiminds mec o1
the articles that teemed in the newe
paper's seome yearn ago when the mat
ter of educating the farmers was being
agitated. I might say it is all stale,
but I don't like to use that tei'm.
The farmers had been liIber'al tc
themsaelves aid to Clemson. Who p~aid1
the privilege tax ? The farmers.
Thait's why they are allowed to take
it. We demanded ouri ownY imoniey
sack to build our college. it conmes
,vithi bad gi'aco for' any man any whe
ao say we have no right to It.
Mi'. George Tillman-Let me inter
'upit you. Haven't you the fund from
,be goveirnment ? You don't need It.
Senator Tilimnan, continuing, said.
['ho gentleman only shows how low an
istimate the lawyers place on the kind
>f education the farmers need. I say
re won't, submit to the In dictation.
Mr. Gnerg Tiliman reagaIn amd
asked him to tell hew they were ed.
uIating the.bov at Clomson In accord
ance with the objeot of the institution.
Senator 'hIllman asked him to keep
his beat and let him talk and ho would
toll him all about the matter. He
would try to do so, too, in a way that
would not "wound his feelings, because
he knew- that was the l"t thing he
Senator Tillman went on to say that
the free tuition at Clemson was allow
ed by Mr. Clemson's will and by the
Legislature. If the gentleman had
been to Clemson he would not have
uttered some of the unjust criticisms
he has indulged in to-night, for his
heart is always truo when his eyes are
not blinded by prejudice.
Mr. George Tillman said he know
all about such institutions and explain
od what he meant, citing several
alleged agricultural and experimontal
colleges on the same order that he
had inspected. .
Senator Tillman replied, saying that
the board had wrestled with the prob
lom. If the students did manual labor
all the time their brains would nood
slee). Those boys were..not afraid to
work. And yot we are twitted by a
man who has never soon it, yet who
says that It Is a humbug and a farce
because we don't make thom work like
I toll you now it is not what it should
be. There are divisions in the board,
prejudices existing. I have been on
the eve several times of asking the
Legislaturo to send there and investi
gato it, but I've waited, becauso I
wanted to keep its dirty linen from
being wushed in public.
The students at Clemson know as
much about the science of war as the
Citadel boys. Tho Citadel boys he
wanted to see maintained. The farm
ors had pledged their support to the
old colleges. Because we want to put
In our industrial schools out of re -ih
of political storms, they come and 1H
you we must not. This reform con' -
tion -for it is a Reform convention, d
you can't deny it-will disgraco itsulf
if it don't put the-n In the orgnic 1!lw.
Wo can't b educational iconoulast
either and break down old institutions.
" Dum spiro spero, spos." Yes, that
is a splendid motto. Why should we
be ridiculed because we are keeping
up with the march of progress ? ils
choek would redden with the blush of
shame if he thought any member of
that convention would refuse to sup
port all the educational institutions.
All ['ve got to say about the criticisms
on the suffrage matter is that it is nlow
past. I want to say, however, that
nobody has over pledged that wo would
do what has been said on this loor to
night we would do. That was never
said in the public pross. No Reform
leader has ever uttered such words as
have boon attributed to them. The
people had been told that the -Missis
bippi plan would 1e taken if something
better could not be devised.
TRiE HOMESCEAD QU STION.
Governor Evans Maikes a strong
Plea 1or the Womn W01 an1111d Clil
The homestond exemption came up
for consideration, und Mr. Sligh
offered an amendment, which provided
that " no waiver, mortgago or other
lion shall bc pormitted to defeat the
exemption in lands after the home
stead has boon claimed." This created
an interesting debate, in which a nui
ber of la1wyers to~o.t part. Presidenit
Evans took the flor and addressed the
convention as follows:
Mr. Presidlent and gentlemen, I
feel dleeply interested in this subject
for the reason that it is the most im
portant question that we have had to
deal witu, Lni all governments, in a
despotism or a monarchy, the lands
are held from the sovereign ; the tile
to all lands ij a monarchy comes from
the king, and to perpetuateo a mon
archy the feudal system of tenure was
adopted. To poerpetuate a repli) c
the underlying p)rinlciplO of a republi
can form of government, the founda
tion stone I may say, is the patriotism
of the people. Now patriotism is
virtue. In a repuLblic the pe(ole are
sovereign, and the perpetuation of a
repu blicani form of govern me'n t rests
upon their p~atriotism. In South Care
lina the people are sovereign, and thbe
title to all lands must bI traced back
to the State. Trhat being the case,
what is the theory of homestead. \Vhy
does a rep~ublican form of government,
furnisp a homestead to the citizen ?
Congress passed a hoanestead act
giving to each man who would settle
upon it 160 acres of land. 'rhoecoun'try
was a vast plain-a wilderness-and it
was the intention of the government
to attach him to the soil. Our State
gives to the citizen a homestead in
lands for the purpose of lanititng there
the seeds of patriotism. Now, gentle
men, the false theory of those who
opposo5 this ls this :They hold that
a homestead Is given to a poor1 man. I
am not going to speak for the poor mian.
I am speaking for the young citizen
who has not reached maturity. I am
speaking for the wife and the mothers
of the citizens, for that principle with
out which patriotism cannot be en
gendered upon01 our soil. Who does
not know that the homeless man-the
husband-the tenant who has be
raised on a place that cannot be call
home has not the love in his heart i.
his country as he who lives under hia
own vine and fig tree. Don't you know
that the man who owns his home is
the bravest soldier in war ? Don't
you know that hireling will always
run at the point of the bayonet, when
the man who fights for his own home
will light with the courage of the man
who loves his country ?,
Those gentlemen would have yeo'
believe that homestead was intended
for a poor man. It is not true. If the
homiestead was intended for the poor1
man why don't you allow the old bacho
lordand widower a homestead In his
A Voico-A widower Is entitled to a
Goy. IEvans-Yes, if he has anybody
dependent upon him.
Mr. \V. D). 10vans--And so Is a bache
lorn under' the same circumstances.
%aov. 10vans-Yos, if he hais a sister
or a niece or a nephew dependent upon01
him. Th'is Is for the benefit of those
whom the State has guaranteed a
home for the p)urposo of raising
patriots. The su1promoe curt has
practically nullified thIs constitution
and construed it against its Cxp)ress
words. TIhils constitution says that aL
man wilo is aL head of a family sha''
have so much property exempt from
attachmrent, levy and sale. TIhe
supromo court has docilded that the
homnesteaid is foir the benefit of a man's
wife and family. 10vory lawyomr will
admit that a man who holds p~roperty
for' the boeiullt of another is a trustee.
Y.et the supri'mfe courit got aroumndl It.
TIhey say, "'Oh, well ; thait's very tiue.
lIe is aL trustee for' those people1, bumt
the title is in him." 'That is true.
Yet they saLy while It Is for your
benefit In thIs caso0 because the CJon
stitution does not say that the title
(lees not change ; that for that reason
you ear net rob that man of his ,.bght
to dispose of it. Isn't that splitting
hairs F The man is given exemption
for the beneft of others, and yet ho is
.allowed to destroy it in aniy way he
sees ft. Where does the benefit come?
Where Is the wife and minor child
benefitted ? Where is the person for
whom you appropriate three mills to
educate benefitted when a profligate
father can come in and mortgage that
homestead which he has wasted in
debauohery ? He is a fine hoad of a
family I Don't you know that the con
stitution never was intended simply to
give that man exemption? Tho
supremO court Says it is simply a right
of pxomption. What is a right of .x
emption ? It Is a right that a man
has to come into court and say to his
creditors. " You shall not tako that
fromn my wife and children." tor
whose benefit ? For h is own ? Not at
all I le must come into court and
say that thero are people dependent
upon him whom it is the duty of the
State to maintain and support and
give a home within her borders. Then
why should they say that that husband
can destroy that right of exemption by
giving a mortgage to thh property ?
Whatt's the right of exemption then ?
Why, it is a farce.
Mr. Hutson-W here the party solls
that property what becomes of the
Gov. Evans-No man has a right to
mortgage that property which is set
aside for th benefit of those dopon
dent upon him. Give then a real
homestead of which the husband can
not rob his wife and children. I would
allow him to sell, but he would have tc
make them parties to the contract.
If you hold property as a trustee you
know you can'tisell it. The homestead
Is not hold in his right. You cannot
soll property and defeat a wife's right
of. dower. When a inan marries he
has a title absolute, and yet the law
says if you have got a wife dependent
upon you she shall have one-third ol
that estato for life. It is Ia right, ad
an inchoato right, it is true, and h(
cannot sell it without her consent,
That is the only thing we want to dc
for the widows and wives and orphatr
children, and you can't got around it,
if it is for a man's benefit, lot it be fo
Mr. Hlutson-Will you have it sc
that, a man can hold all of his property
subject to the rhliht of homestead ?
Gov. Evans--Yes, sir, I would havc
that constitution to say that his pro
pirty should always be subject to hii
wife and children to homestead,
Whatever he may show that lie lia
wanted his home I would have thc
ari of the law to come in and say wc
will protect these pe)1opl and nutur(
patriotism in them, and say to th(
creditors 'hands oif;' this is for the
young citizen of South Carolina.
Mr. Hutson -That would be porpetua
t'ng by feudal tenuro ?
Gov. 1tvans-No. sir ; where does the
fNodal system come in there ?
Mr. Hlutson-You would perpetuatc
land holding for all timo.
(ov. I'vans-Doesn't the State own
all the land ? Doesn't she reserve the
right to eminent domain ? I would
piosorve for the States' citizens to koel
it out of the hands of the capitallste
and millionaires who are coming to it
now. Look at Barnwell and lidge
field. Thousands and thousands of
acres of land being sold for nort
gages held by Scotchinon and 10nglish
Mmr. Hagsdale-lDu you mean to say
that the State owns th1e handd ?
Goev. I'dvans--Oh, you know whlat
NMr. LAtagsal--No, I (do no't.
Goev. IVLtas-Then I am sorr~y for
you. WVhat's the u or you lawyers
getting~ upl her'e and trying to bats
boozie the peopie when you know what
Mr. Itagsdalo---Has the State any
longer any title to it?
Gov. Ev ass-S he al ways reserves
her right of eminent domain. Yu
have to trace the title bac1k to the~
M r. IiAgsdale- Wvhen you have shown
that the State has partedl with the title,
how can) you state that the State is
the owner ?
Gov. l'0vans-I dion't stato that the
State Is the owner ; I said that she
reserved this right.
Now, i f you art. going to given ahome
stead, give it, to the wife and children
aind donf't 1place it at the mercy of
credit~ors who may be0 untjust. Hero's
a manl wh~o goes into bankruptcy ; hte
has the right Lo mortgage thait prop)
erty asd defeat the rights of his wife
and children by that mortgage.
NMr. Patton--What amnendlmont arc
Gov. 1Evans said that lie couldn't
agree to the amendment for th~e recason
that it opoeratedl to take awvay from
the person for whiom the hiomeostead
was created1 th'eir right aind. vest it in
those persons whoii aru fortunate
ough to be of ago, leaving the minor
children and other doponefdents entirely
at the mercy of those from the law in
tendled to protect them, thereby do
feating time purposes of the framers of
the constitution andi dIestroying the
patriotism of the citizan.
You have said to that man that he
did not 1hold the0 title, and yet you
wish to destroy yourm purpose by saying
that w hile it s for the benefit of do
pendenit persons that ho has the right
to use it as he sees fit and their right
amounts to~ nothing. Our supreme
court held "The right to homestead
dlepends upon two conditions. There
must be a head of a famnily and there
mnust be a dwelling house where lie
resides." Those conditions imust ob
tain hefore he can secure the right to
homestead. The object, of the constitu
ties is to to secure the homestead to
Mr'. Ragsdalo--That 1s the 01(1 con
stitution you ar~e quoting.
Gov. Elvanj---Whien the old~ constitu
ties was framed they gave that rIght,
and when the constiitu,iodi was amend
0(1 thoso v ords woero not tmatcrially
chaingod. The supreme iouirt has de
stroyed the inten tion of them.
Is timoi being extended at this
point lie comntinued:
I simply want to say that there is no
constituition in the United States
where homestead is ptrovided for, wvit~h
one excep)tioni, can a man destroy that
right by morit~gage. Yoii have hoard
Georiga brought upl here as an ex
atmplle, and, while I think South Gare
una is an exaimle to Georgia in eovery
rwifect a t Georgia allows a muan's
wioahomestead which cannmot be
toucdhed wvithoiut, her' consont. All
of these prtovisions are for the benefit
of the wVi fo and clildren and not for'
the honoiIt of the humsband. Th'l a con
stitution saiys that, this exomptionom was
for the benefit of cer taimi dependent,
persons-a par't of the famIly. Don'h,
you give them somethin1g that really
does3 not exist, ,heni you! allow the
hmsband' to mortgage without the
consent, of the parties whlo are to be
protectedl ? I saw a pa1inting at the
world's fair t~hat stmruck moe mom'e
forcibly than ainything. It depleted
the int~erior' of ai eottago In which a
mani was proppedL'( ump on a pillowv, hold
ing hIs head, and his little ones wool).
ing arumd him, anid, gentlemon of the
cotivention. at the foot of the bei there
stood an*lofflcer of the law holding In wl
his hand a writ of ejectment to turn fa
theUt out of house and home, and uu-. H4
derneath was written, "The Mortg- a
ago." That is the pleture that would su
be thle picture In south Carolina if
t"is thing were to go on. That is the I'
condition you would perpetuate to. oc
South Carolina. Was that the inten- th
tion of our fathers ? Was that the in- th
tontion of Thomas Jefferson -in pro- ca
moting .a republican form of govern- au
mont? Wasn't it the Intentior that
the homos should be in the hands of pc
the people so that those little ones U
when they grow up might go back to
the old homestead and return in mom- u
ory to childhood days, when the
drank out of the " old oaken buoket,' '
climbed up the old trees, swung on the tv
old garden gate, and bo happy again ti
at their old hone and make pat:' otic C
A STORY OF LINCOLN. P
An lucident ofiis Unselfishness and III
The following story of Abraham' n
Lincoln's gentle, generous conduct Is 11
narrated by Gen. Schuyler Hamilton, 13
and is worthy of preservation: w
it was ablistering day in the hot mid- o
summer of 1861, a fortnight before the o
first shock of arms at Bull Run.
Tie Washington streets, ankle doep d
with dust, resounded with the tramp a
of arriving regiments and batteries a
hurried forward by tho loyal governors
for the coming conflict, and over all k
hung a p1alatablo, ominous fornboding, fi
felt nowhere more kneely than at the 11
headquarters of the army, where I f
then hold the position of military see- t
rotary to Gen. Seott with the rank of
liou tonant-colonel. A bout throo o'clock k
in the afternoon of the day in question %
the doorway was darkened by the o
shadow of a tall, gaunt form, and i
President Lincoln onterod the oflice of L
the general-in-chlef. lie wore a long i
linen A dptr boiled by dust and stained
with -.cvat, his vest was unbuttoned,
his pniltaloonis hung limp about his
I long, angular legs, and a thick coating -
of dust covered nis slioes. All in all. ,
he looked the very picturo of weari
ness and disgut. Without writing 0
for Gen. Scott to rise to woicono him,
he sank wearily into the first chair to
which he came, and, taking off his
battered slouch hat, began wiping bit
face witdh a huge bandanna handker
chief. Gen. Scott meanwhile had
gained his feet and bowed courteously V
to the Chief Magistrate, but his line I
old f-te showed plainly his surprise if
not dismay at the president's un-x- b)
i peted appearance.
"Sit down. general. sit down," said a
President Lincoln, kindly, as he wiped a
the dust and moisture frotm his faco.
." It is too hot to stand on ceremony. o
I havo Only 11dropped in to toll you that -
I have learned something now to-day."
"What is ,that, Mr. Pressdont?"
asked Gen. Scott, his composure grad
"That it is ai great thing to be an
olicoliolder," President Lincoln went
on. "1 Sinco nine o'clock this morning
I bkave been trying my best to gut an
audience witui some clerk in the Pen
sion ofilco,hut without success. I have
been up stairs and down stairs, from
the ground loor to the attic half a
doza~i times, and I am fagged out."
"Pardon me, Mr. President," Gen.
Scott broke in, with a gaentle wave of
the hand, " but it is rather an uncom
mon thing for the President of the
UJnited States to become a solicitor of
p~ensionis. When you '.n.- any busi
tness of that kind demtan I ing attetioni
send it to me, and Col. Hamiilton wvill
!ttenid to it without, delay."
"I am sure that the claim is a just
noticiny the gener'al's initcirruption,
"for' I have gone over~ the papers in ,
the case with came." H-ore lhe drew a
blk~lIy p~ackage~ of p)apers fr'om one( of
his pocket4, and adjusting his steel
rimmed spectaceos, went over themt ,
on10 by one. " You see, general, thte
aplIic'ant, is the3 widow of a corporail of
infantry who wats killed by the i ndians
some twenlyy iivc years ago. She would
have had her money long ago, but nlo
hody seems to have taken any interest
ini the care. She has neen haunting '
the \Vhite H-ouse almost daily for
wooeks, until betweon you and mc, I
am afraid that Mrs. Lincoln is getting
a trile jealous. I am resolved to wind
the matter up one way or another to-S
day, and I have prmomised the poor
wvomnan an answer at 41 o'clock. She is
waiting over at the White ilouse now.
Between tihe two of them, I am afraid
to go home without having finished
the job," and the pr'esident's eyes
twinkled merrily. I
I had been an interested listener to
this conversation, and wvhen Gon.
Scott called, "Col. Hamilton," I was
instantly at his elbow.
" How long do you think it would
take you, colonel, to get this through I
the pension oclico, asked the prcsident. _
"It should be done in half an hour,
Mr'. L''esident," .I replied, as I glanced
over' the papers to see if they were in
prop)er form. "' Wait here,'' I addled,
"and I will return in twenty minutes,
or, if youi wish it, I will take the cer'
tificate to you at the White House
andI save you that muchi time."
"No, no, my son," Mr. Lincoln brioko
in. "Bring them back here and I will
wait for you."
At that time the pension o1lico wvas lo
cated in Seventeenth street, a little way
from war' the depar'tmnent, and in five
minutes after leaving tihe precsidenlt I
was in the oclico of the commissioner. I
(dad not arrived a moment tee soon, fot'
the ollicials anud clerks woroe cleaninlg
their dlesks and1( pr'epar~ing toq9ult wor'k
for' the daiy. T1he commtitssioner po0
litelyausked what he could (10 for mie.
"Did youi see a tall, dark complex
ioned genttleman here to-dlay ?"" I an
swor'od. '"lHe wore a i nein d uster and
sluchb hat, and wias interested in the
penisin of a wormn wh~o lost 1her hus
band in the Senmi nob wari.'"
"Oh, yes, I remember the muan," the
commisfiloner reli ed carelessly. " [1(o
said lhe was a lawyer from thme WVest,
and has been bother'ing us alil day."
"' Well," said I dryly, you have got
yourself in a pretty fix. That man is.
President Lincoln, anid I have just
prmomfised hin thamit I would bring him
an answer fr'om you inside1 of hal f an
hour,. Hfe is waiting for it now in Gen.
Th'le change wvorked in thle pension
Olico by this brief announcement was
nothing loss than marvelous. ilis
were rung, heads of dliv isions sent for:
and desks hastily unlocked, wh ile
cler'ks and messengers i'an boro' aund
ther'e at the pet'iI or li fe and limtb. A
dozen times, wile, giving orerts to
his subor'dinaltts, tihe commhissionecr
pn uisedl to apologize fotr the shialby
ti catmfent thle pro'sidlent had re'ceived, '
and to bog tme to (3xplainl to him1 that
It was all a mistake. Within twenty
minutes all the statomtents and aflida
vits hmad been voridied nnd1( tihe case
certi lied for' paymnent. lloforo tihe
pit'tisedl hal f hour11 hatd cxpi)1red over'y
tin g had b~een lr->pely sginod and~
execuited, ando I hlad placed the final
papo~rs int the haindls of the president.
zio locoked thlemi over' carefully to make
ile a quizzioal smile spread over his
oe, asked : "Can you tell me, Col. u1
imilton, how it is talit I was so long sa
d failed and you were so short, and to
" To speak frankly, IM) r. Proildent," w
iaid, "I very promptly informed the
mmitssiouor Of pension that it was -
opresidont wbo had made limself
a champion of this poor woman's
se. You could not do that, of cou rse,
d they did not know you there, sir."
Thu proAident laughed, put the pa
irs in his pocket, and, turning to
3n. Scott, said :
"1I mi told, general, that it is one of 4
ur standing rules that when tle
osident or a moonbor of the cabiniet.
mos to seo yout a' 11nomlber of yoar
if shall koop hin company on his re
rn home. I should be glad to have
1. Hamilton go back~with ine to-day."
Accordingly I walked with the pr(- t
ont to the White House, and on the i
>rtico wo found an old Irish wotman
alting. iHe went up to hor, and, t
iding her the papers, said-: ..
" Hero you are, my good woman.
our pension is all right, and all you
,od do now is to go to-inorlrlow mnorn
ig at- 9 o'clock and go't youir monioy.
it, from iny own OxVaorienec to-dity I
ould advise you not to go )Jfore p0
clock. If you (10 you won't find the
Tho poor ci'cattirc cauight the pr.si
ont's hand and coveredi it with kisses,
b the saino tiltio showring a tious
nd blessings on her bencfactoi''s head.
" Don't thank me," he Lnjswet-cd
indly, as le getity f'eed hiiseli
OIn her grasjp. "T1'nis young iinti
cro is the one who (iid thbe buin es,
)r you, and who deserves all tlhe
And ho stepped asi(l aid scerned
conly to enjoy the ferveney with
'hich the old Woman poIi:'etl her store
f henelictions riipon me. Then r-I.
mi-king that ho must go and tell .is.
.incoln that it was all right, he bat
it3 good-day inl hurriel away.
-That which is pop)ularly known I
10 ' funny bneC, " just at, th0 poi nit o
ae elbow, is in reality not a bone at
11, but a nerve which lies neiar the
1aface, and which, on gotting a knock
I' blow, catses the nullI.-known ting
ng senUsation in the atins and lingers.
-A t, a hugging bee for th ulit
Sa church, a man while bliid-folded
ugged his wife fol- several minutes
itriout knowing who lie wAs 1.ugging.
WThen he did. find out he wanted his
--It is always best to water ht)rs6es
ofore feeding thu. If they arC
,atered soon after thboy havu eateun,
uch 01 tihe grain will be wIshied out
the stomach and do thei no good.
-Contr-ol your tempier, if it does not
boy yoll, it will governiD you.
ST. VITUS DANCE.
k Physician Prescribes Dr. Miles'
)r. lles MedIcal Co., Elkchart, Ind.:
My daughter Matt.eaged 14, Was8 iafiicted
3st sr-lig With St. Vitus danco and nter
uisness, her entiro right, skI was nmb
id nearly paralyzed. We conisultod a phy
01-1.1 affe thr Zh6 bea o 7mrvovr
sAn n n y
it noof he mediine o a "nykin 5)
noxInd, Ja . 5 '!1. 1. W.Ilo-rrrrER
'hyiln prsrb r ie' etede
cl'tar carul ly 'ecompouml~'.Sle' byexpor'
yed chemists, ihno txac acc oanes wihor.e
,les'twzt cresri ins, 'aiguseint his utpriat
Onitf sae t ,1 drgist,s.o IWroe foryr
ites lo ot ther ia iIneat andy Nervs. Dr
lies Meial Co. Elkhar"1 IndW. lsrTP
li-iliisJtettit))r. Miklis' RedisRsreLliielth.
Ti-o ntei roou fntrii trhobusliesl of
0 bto jevry aomtyin therleue Soufh ono
to taltes, and in~r ofe tohdo r Iin 'l~
thiaie i'ckfst Il 'tie, aveuinled toX~e -
Oak sale t very ibera ils Wit bor- Dr
lies Mediales. ktoeuat lestd oe.
elltomer' aoltiutnveryli pothe-oilt - in
the next i0 days. Pl ease r'eiad thIs
advor'tisemenut. enrefully an md send at
ontce for1 tite of ttr special otl'ers.
Out- rent oit~ir Noa. I onists of 0110 -
Sold i( Ink lit-eoim Suito withI lar-ge -
driesser wit-h 2tlxsIi hve-l mirroroi, oine
hirge Waishistandit, wIth dolel (hoor =
andt dawer, one il-Coot. lledsteatd full
wi'ith~. 'ithis sitie (of furini Itiur- is
,ithi int anyi furit-tlri o stoic nlot less L
thttan $35. D~o not, thuink fort ontce, t hat '
It, Is a lit tle cheap suiite, fot- we aussuri'
yoiu It. is nt, hbut, a large fuill-.siz-ic
lIn ordier- to starit the sale of theso
suites itndt to keep outr men'i busy iand A
ini trod un-c tui ribusiniess ini y'ou r- ai igh- L
(o1113 to ch'l shiippling pinlt in t.he
SihII forn$15, whient iho cash comeits
wit hIi heii oir.lr-. 'l'his adverat Isen t. -
wtilIlitossiblyt3 ajip'ari twice in this liat
cit. IhIiis ot I.ud sendi withI $15 imtti h i
suite will lie shlippied .4 to o. If It Is
notii .1 iist its iretaeted you~t may3 irc.- A
Itinrn thle stuite itt. our t'expetnse itndi
yourii $15 will tie refun deid t o you.- (Our a -
cattalogiit coantailning many vIllutstrai
t ionis of Crar e btt'gninis atiitti llouse liiur
uishuing goods will he son, to1 youi up1
'lhe suta ab iiove. desbedu Is a spec
hl Ibartgai tn ai dlot's niott aiiea' in Iihe
ciataltotgiue, therefor-e It Is utsele-ss to
write for- illuistiraitionis o1 thIs suite,
somte one4 elsc tilny gtt the bartgin.
We assiurn ~etu hiat we will not sh Ilp
ippedml'u mt t- neigluihborhood the
L. F-. PADGIETT
-8 -h IthitOAl) S'., AtJ(GtS'h'A,(IA. 6
Y ALL MIEANS
'ot, tour pri-es b efore palacin1g youtr orders
for lor,it " ashl, litiads, &c.
in aull yourn Ilirchasosw. We cain help )Out
.Cvon are a iiiye r oif mnatteral In ouar I noi.
(aiiilsee tiu, or write for estimate,
AU(IUSTA LUMBER CO.,1
nly of t~he Maktr., ' UU. A A
ataeo ized for words
ytwht he i' bt , d not mean to
y whnt hos di bUt I've had the mis.
etwords Be 8olu Of 1ny teeth, and
Wi 'lo goin i u vr ,nOw and then
10hout, Iy knowledgo.hl
MACN ET IC O I.I
Instant Killer of Paln.
Internal and gaternal
Cures RllEU AT18M ERA
GA, I.auue )lick lirulse,,
swelliul ta Stiftfoi Bruises
o7 t A ll U 0 instan i n
M14 ufitly. ojjlerabi1
bus, Urou ) thera, No SThtha
, Ltbyxmagie, I
IE HORSE BRAND, :ss yg d for
.n)ont Vc-"rful andl'enehftratinigtLinontfor an
liwist in existence. Large $1 sizo f., 0o. size U.
JOHNSON'S ORIENTAL SOAP.
Dindicated and Tollet. The Great Skin Our. and
ace Beautifier. Lndlos will finl it the iost
ollcnte nod highly perfumed Toilet Soap on
o markot. Itis absoiutely pure Stakes the
in soft and volvoty and rostores tile lost com.
lexion, In a luxury for the Bath for Infants.
, alays itchIng cleauses the scalp and jorumote
to trowth of hal.. P1rice'5t, For sale by
PIEDMONT AIR LINI,
CONDENSED IUHUDUL OF PA&U*Xt TRAM%
s 1 1 ~- --l
Iorthbound. No.8 No.86 No.12 No.16 No.81
tober 0, 1896. Daily Daily Daily Egun Daily
IV. A tlanta C. T. 1200m 11 15p 7 50a 4 85p 400p
I Atlanta E. T. 100p 1215a 860a 5 8p 1OOP
i Norcros........ . 12 a 9 88a 6 28p .........
Buford -......... ......... ......... 1016a 7 08p .
1 Gainesville ... 226p 2 01a 10 44a 7 48p 482p
SLula--............... 2 28a 11 04 8 08p .........
o Cornela...,.... ........ ......... 11 26a 8 82p .......
bit. Airy.. .........2 50a 1180 a 88p 7 85p
Toccoa.......... . .. 8 15a 1158a 9 00p .........
Westminster. ......,.. 8 50a 12 27p ... 8 28P
Seneca............. 4 07a 12 42p ..844p
Central...... 4 45p 4 88a 120p .. 9 lop
Greenville. 580p 5 19a 216p .. 9 541p
Bpartanburg. 6 18p 6 18a 8 22p .. 10 48p
fniey.. ......... 6 58a 4 10p.
Blacksurg ...76p7 09a 4 80p. .10 80p
Ring's a t.... ...... 7 82a 6 00p ........ ........
Gastonia....... ......... 7 O6a 5 28p ......... ....... -
Lr. Charlotte..... 8 201) 8 33a 6 20p ....1 0a
kr. Danville....... 12 00a 1 80p 11 25p ......... 4 40a
kr.Richmond.... 6 00a 640p 600a .,....... 865a
kr. Washington. 6 42a 9 40p ........ ......... 11 45a
I-Bal'm'ePRR 8 05a 11 25p ......... ......... I I p
Philadelphia 10 5lb 8 00a ......... ...... 8 47p
Now Yor ...... 1263n 6 20a ........... 623p
Routhbound. No.87 No.86 No.11 No.17 No.81
Daily Dally l)aily Esun Diaily
.vN.Y.PRR ... 4 80p 12 15n ...... ...... 11 00a
PbIladelphia 65p 7 20a ...... ..... 1 12p
" Baltimore..... 9 20p 9 42a ... . 8 15p
" Washington. 10 43p 11 l5a ......... 4 3i9p
" Richmond.... 2 00a 12 5p 2 00a ......... 7 25p
" Danville.......5 a 605p 600a. Vp
" Charlotte......9 8a 10 12 20p..8 20
" Gastonia.........11 SOP 1 06p.........
" King's Mt...... . . 321.
o* Blacksburg ... 10 i9 21 2 00p
"s Gaffioys.........12 23a 2 l~p.
" Spartanburg. 11 87a 12 59a 8O0p..25a
" Greenville.12 28p I a 4 40p.. 21
e Central .......Ip 2.a 54..7.
" Seneca........... 00a 601O .........
*' Westminster...........622p ........
6 Toccoa............860 658 6O0a
" Mt. Airy..............740p 680 912a
" Cornelia..............745p 88..
U Lula......4 .........441a 812p 657.
* Gainesville ...81 4 9a 8 3p 7 20 9O6
Buford................op 98a 1.1 20k
Lr AtlantaE. T. 5p 8
9 Atlant5 C.1T. 1 5 2p 5 0p .8 810 20.
"A"P a. m. "F"I P. m. I'M" noon. 'IN,, night.
No1. 87 and 87-Washinton and Southwetern
len........ ........d Memhip v6 8Waa9n12on
w. 6....88...te ........ 7as Mall Pu88an,..
No.. Bl........ 4 4os tion Fler Thr7g P....
Stleeper b.Twee N55 York0and Atla80a 0i2a
No.8 a8-ashington Tedy and Tuthwstern
estband nimis teTro Pullman lingperwil
oerte ewokend New Orlan, Avlata. O
!gon.ant and Mntgomery anditI alo be
Lata and imndgham. iun eing o
ileel r be tw la e Atlanta tanNo. 8rea2. n
No., and thseda Pullman Sleeping Car wes
.ichmond, Danville and Uzeensboro,
!. A. TURK, 8. HI. HIARDWICK,
Gen'1lPass. Ag't, Ais't Gen'l Pass. A g't,
WAsEINToNl, D. C. ATLA NTA, GA.
W, R. RYDER, Su perin tendlent, 'hra at~o'ra
P. 3. GREEN, J. Si. CULP',
Wasaxm, D.CO. wasziewwros VN f
(OUTIlERN RAILWAY Co.
Clondenised sIclioedasIe In EU~be
NVOVENIHER 3, 1895.
Trains run by 75th Meridian Time.
STA TION8' Dail
V Charleston.............. ........... 7.20 a m
" Columbia..................... 11.10 a m
".Po.er.y......... ................ 12.21 p m
r Newberry . ................12.82P pi
r Clinton.(Er Snn)................ 2.35 p mn
' Laurens...(Ex Suni) ............... 3.10 p mn
Ninety-8ii ........................... 1.26 p in
Greenwood .......................... 1. p m
' Hodges................................ 2.26 mn
' Abbevillo. .g .l~. ....... t~'.~ 3~)1ii
' Belton ...................... 3.1 p_ m
' Ainderson................ .........1 3. p mi
* GArenT.e..............~ ... -~~ 1
v Greenvillo ..
' willianmton..........I . l0
' Anderson .,"
* Beltwin..........-~ .....i
r Donnald's '-i
V A bbevilT. ~
* Clinton...(Kx lun iIo
r.Columbhia............. .. -.
NDail ST.,T 0.@.~
.20 a m lv........ ,... -
.25 a im " .~' ~? ,~ iin bI.a
1.10 p ma " ............\
.10 p mi " ............ . o n
.80 p mn" ....... i: , . i ,
I.58 pr m '...Joe- b.,
1.07 p mn " ........ e I t . i
.40 p mn Ar...pn r I . o . -
.10 p mi hv...... . ,pa r H b , - -i
~.45 p m' Ar......A h n:-.
Trains leave Synoob. ::: . .1. : . . i
orthbound 6:38 a. mn.. I'.-1: 1. m - ..
mn., 8:0O p. mi., 5:-.'5a. mn. 1 i:37 a m, . :~ n a b :e
Trains leave Greeniville, A. andi C. Pi ' jsi ..
orthbound, 5:06 a. m., 4.1 3'. . mi.. .:, I p. m. n .i
80 p. mi., (Vestibnled Id unt;.1): s inthb .. I,
50 a. m., 4:52 p. in., 6:23 a. mn.. l12:28 p. mI., (\' a.
( Pailsanns 4ervice.
Pullman Palace Sleeip hg (ar< nntI i T ins:., ,,...I
8, 81 and 32. 87 and 38, on A' i.I rtl. Oh'ih.n
V. A. TURK, S. ii,-. i .,l, Pi g
Qen. Superintendent, 'l raitli \;)gr.
Washington, D). C. #
P. L WELLESA Sunit Ct win..i... U n