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A POSTPONE rILGRIMAGE.
11Y CLA14A E. HIAMILTON.
Dr. Rutledge hitched his horse in
front of his gate and looked out over
the roofs of the village with an ex
presslon that no one in El Campo had
ever seen him wear before. His eyes
were bright, his tiguro erect, the very
brim of his soft felt hat, which usually
drooped so desponldently, had straigh
toned itself out. le looked ten years
younger than before, and ho felt like
a boy. As he walked up the gravelly
path to the house he stooped, as he
would have done years ago, to pick a
rosobud for his buttonhole before he
entered the house where his Mary
awaited him. Sho had bon his wife
for forty years ; but sho was still his
swootheart, and this morning he
thought the rose . especially appro
"Mary !" he said, as he thrust h is
head in at the sitting room door. But
Mary was in the kitchen, mending a
Inuchworn coat and making the most
of the yellow March sunshino which,
in her provident eyes, ought to servo
for firewood in California. She was a
wonan of the Now England type,
sparo and sallow, with gray eyes and
thin, soft hair, brushed carefully back
from P. broad forcheltd. Years ago she
had been pretty, hut timo and care
and many disappointmenilts had lon1g
sinco witlherod* her girlish grace, and
had left in its stead the marks of
patient strength, sweet and gentle, yet
almost stern. She had lived for hert
husband and, through him, for her
children; but, with the self-suppres
sion of which Now England women
are often capable, she had hidden from
them the depths of her tenderness
for to' much loving is a weakness
which Puritanism puts akin to sin.
As she looked up now from the gar.
ment on which she was putting the last
patient stitches, she caught the glow
of tihe crimson rose on her husband's
faded coat, saw the now light in his
face, and dropped her hands instinc
tively Into her lap.
" Henry !" she cred, wondoringly.
Henry walke: straight up to her,
took her face in his hands, and, look
ing down into the clear gray eyes, he
said : " We're going on out wedding
Thoi' wedding journey ! Too poor
to take one when they were married,
it had been the will-o'-the-wisp deuglgt
to which they had looked forn.% ard ever
Suddenly turning fr'omii his wi fe, the
doctorl stretched out his long, thin
arIs and began slowly cavorting
around the table w itlh a quter. ros
que sort of prance wihic was the
nearest approach to a dance step 'f
which his early education had madh
him capable, humming all the while
a curious mcdlecy of " WVe'rc going
home to-morrow," and 4 Oh that Vi Il
ho joyful, joyful," in want of anything
more secular to expre.'ss his feelings.
"Oh, what a song," cried his ~wife.
1-lave you forgotten you were sixty
eight years old last Decemb her )?"
I know it," answered lleuivy, still
continuing his evolutions. " A nt1d I
should be as well satistied if it had
been a hund red anid si xty-ighmt
piovided we could have spent all thoi:se
years together " antl lie gave her a
how of schooloy awk wardiness.
" lienry ! Those are sacred hynsits
thit you are singimg ; and you look like
a windmill !Sit kown and tell mlle what
Tihe withiered cheek had hlushed andI
the gray eyes looked expectantly
happy. Slowly llenry drew in htis
sails, doubled up his long legs and
dropped himself on the carpte.d box
which served as an ottoman at her
"Nothing to tell,"' he amnswovred,
with a pr'ovok inKg cool ness that he hadl
not shown forl years-"' nothing, only
that wo arc going. Whlere shall it.
"It will be niowhero', unless youI tell
ine what you mean,'" she said, putting
her hands (in hiis shoulders andt,( look
ing at him ster'nly.
"Whiy, haven't you guessed? Where
arc your fem in ic intuition's Thle
lDuarte estate is settled upl, andi I have
their check for two hiund red dolliars
right her'e," and he tapped his breast
pocket with an im portanit air. "' Now.
where shall it be ? T1o the beach--a
few days at the Coronado, say-or up
to San Francisco-or w here ?"
"We couldn't go hiomi ?'' whispered
Mar'y, wvith a wistful look.
Tj ht (doctor' sobered instantly.
"' H-omo " had never been in California
to Mar'y, although during the twenty
years of life there she hadn utteredl no
wvord of compllai nt. Oftecn, ats site sat,
in the dloorway, looking out thrmough
the twilight toward the l'ast, her
husband had caught the longing look
in her eyes and had known, with a
bitter and helpl)ess palin, that his
health was being bought at a high
"Go home ?" he repeated, relapsing
into his usual grave manner and old
fashioned phraseology. "' We cor'
taiinly could return to Massachusetts,
wife, and T have no doubt that it is
the best and most expedlient th lng t)
do. Trour'ist tickets can be had for'
ninety eight dollars, I believe, and we
can save up money to take us an'ound.
when we get there."
"Oh yes, we can save," she mur
And so it happened that the "' wed
ding trip'" was (decided u pon, and that
the weeks of preparation andi of
simple, happy antIcipation comimer.eed.
There were nmany long and serious d is.
cussions as to the route they should1( take
and the places and peopile the~y shul d
visit. IEach famn iliar name broughit
up scores of recollections, anzd the two
old peoople talked and laughled over
their early days with bright. faces and
light hearts. Sometimes thieir hiappi -
niess seemed too gi-eat, to be spokeun,
and1 they would sit andl look into each
other's faded eyes wvitlh a smile that
wias glad and yet weigh ted with a
pi tiful memiory of the sorr'ows they
had shared togethier: somnoti mes tho'ey
wvouli break into (quiet laughter with
out having any visible reason for such
a demonstration ; and al together, as
Mary saidl, they "' acted very child
isha." Aud yet, to stand oncoe more in
the old, ItamDil iar plaee4, to lift their
eye's again to the wellI-known hiIlhs, to
talk with the friends of other dlays
oldl family friendis whom tiecir fathers
had knowni andI honored-to worship
again m the little wyhiito-palniited
chapel, whoe they hiad been baptized
and w heo they had been married,i
even to dIrink at the old sperlng and to 1
taste the apples from the old trees-was<
not the thought oif all this enought to
act as a mild intoxicant
'rho day befor'e their departure ar
rived, cold and threatening. It had
been raining heavily the night before.
and the clouds still hung low over the
" I must go to the Azusa," said the
doctor, gravely, as hoeontered the
kItchen where his wife was putting -
away the break fast things.
o0 up to the Azusa ! Why, Henry
that's an awful ride for such a day as 1
morrow. Toll 'them you can't go
toll them you aro going to start East
to-morrow and you're too busy. They
muist get some one 0ee."
" But it is John Alvord's baby," an
3wersid the doctor, gently.
Mary paused with the quick tears in
hor eyos, for John Alvord had been
the dearost friend of their own John,
and sho loved him for her dead boy's
sake. Without a word she brought
out her husband's great coat, brushed
it carefully, as she had brushed it every
day for seven years, helped him put it
on, and then stood waiting for her
" ThoLord watch betwoon thoo and
me," said Dr. Rutlodge, as he took
her hanls in his. Perhaps it was the
thought of the long and happy journey
they were to commence together oi
the iioirroiw; perhaps it was the
memory of their bright, oarlier days,
which mado that handclasp long and
closo and never to be forgotten. Then
the doctor turned, and his wife watch
ed the tall, thin tiguro as he wont
(own the path and through the gate.
Just as Io was climibing into the old
phoiton, sho wias seized with a bright
idea, and suatching up the warm
afghan which sho had knitted for him.
she ran out, cal ling: " Henry, Henry,
take tills, it Is so cold."
luenry pulled up the old whito horse
and waited for hor, the stormy winId
blowing his lang gray locks about
under his hat.
"Thank you," Io said, with indul
gent, negligent thank that ion give
when they think a woman has takou
Mary stood watching him as lie
drove away, until the mists that were
trailing down from the nmountails in
thick clouds wrapped hin round and
seemed to sweep him Out of sight.
She had iany things to do thatt morn
ing, and she went alout them busily,
singing now a anatch of one old tune
and then of another. First, of courso,
there was the housowork ; then the
last stitches in hIenry's black coat
that she had beein now lining and
briushing up with proud thoughts o1
how lie would look as he wore it in
the old church ; then there wias iL hand
some black silk necktio to be henmned,
w I ich she had saved nld scrimId :( for,
and had Ilnally bought with whal
seemed to her a really daring dis
regard of expense, ilasiliulhi as a les
stylishl kind of'silk would have dono a
well. The neektie was to be a sur
prise : and Mrs. Ituntledge hemm11ed oil
it with pleased and( trembling fingrers,
a happy olghit in tihe old eyes as she
bent close to see the stitches. Aftei
the necktie, there was a dress to "1ix
up,'' a little, and then the final pack
ing and straihitening up; for they
Were to start, in the ioniin g.
Almost before she knew it, the day
had gone, and four o'clock struck. A
sliddel for-ebodling seized Mrs. Iot
ledve-he was so seldom later than
the hour fixed : She went to the win
dow and loolked out. It had eein rain
ihg steldily since ten o'clock, and a
gray wIall of mist, heavy and imonae
ilng, shifting but never retreating,
made a desolte island of the little
house aid yard. Look any way she
wold. still that blank barrier shut
oit ier vision. The ceaseless l.intter
on the roof, which she had not noticed
b fuore, bgan to make itself audible
a du11ili aid I isiient murmur that Would
not be ignored.
It's all .hht there is no usc in
worrying ;he'll be here soon,'" thought
MZar-y, seiting heri'self resoluIitcly' to the
task of gettig llupe. " 'll have
just about time to make some hot bil
onuit, and lie likes thenm parti('ul arly
well after IL lo'ng drive. I'll have to
h urry, or hie'l b e heire be fore they're
She pui~t oni the teakottle, stir'red
the tire, and then plunged into the
bisculit maitk ing w ithi a feveribh haste.
glancing ever'y now and then at thme
(3 ess I mlst, be uncommon spry,"
she thought, as she shoved the tin
into the oven, andi comnmened pulttinig
(oit, thic plates and cups) witih a clatter
thIiat miatte a pa~thleti attemp ht to be
ceerful. She was Iltening all the
ime for the rattle of the 01(1 phwton
as it camie up) the r'oad ; hut thiere wias
ino souir.d save.' the suillen sough of t.he
wind, and~ the ceaseless, irritatinmg
p atter oin the roof--no sou nd excclpt
one other, g'rowinig minui~te by miiinuto
morlie loud and~ 01 orious-the roar of
the river. TIhe San Gabriel has
tremiiendous 1poss iiities of destru1c
mion. It has been silent and harmless
fo'- months, hut to-day, fed by swollenm
miountaini torr'ents, It had spiroud itself
ut to twice its uisual width, and was
Ilowinug pu;st the hiouse, imutddy and
thmick, w ith a suillen, slowlhy-incas
ing roar. It showed no waves, it
scceeme no~t uhinurually swi ft, o:' (deep,
but huge mouintin logs wer'e swirlimig
past, helpless in its grasp. Itlent
less, treacheanus, its power wais all
thbe meore terrible for its seeminug inno
M~lwy~ It ok Nh at in (dismnay.
" Thie Az'usa bridge is safri," she
thoug ht ; "bat the north fork '"'The
north lork, where the ford had to be
Wouild lhe v'entm-le ! And thewn she
thiought, wi th IL .'inking hecart, of that
othber Iiime when, fearlesi Icost she~
should be frig htenied by hiis delay, lie
in the face of a terrmi lie istorm, risk ig
Ihis Ii fe. Ce rtainly lie wvouhIi vturitt
She cou'ld do~ notlhing hut wait,.
Darkness settled downi, and the imuii
muir of the rain increased, while cut
5i(de the taw ny, edldy ig w id th of thme
iver' couhi( be seen dIimHly thirough th~e
gloom. An ulnutterabhle lounoiiness tceut
overi lier. Goinhg to the wood-shed for
aniother armful of sticks, the gusty
wind blew out lier light anid spattered
unigr-y ra ish iops into lien faco fromll
bt,weenCl th O.ehrack, and s he i rtourned
ouit, of brea!Ith.
"lie will not, come1 to-nighit,'" she
thogh t ho but her lheart, was oppressed
with1 a heavy dhread.
The ticking of the chock uriew louder'
and more insistent. T1h~e hands1(1 poinut
ud to tein. She had1( lend two ebatpters
,f the "' imiltation,'" and( then had
l ooked thonuighi thir local paper iith -
)iit com11prehendIlt ig a word of citheri.
It waus tilmi for priayers, and she openn
xl thbe Bible, his Bib Ile-andl readl thme
asalmi wvhich lie wVOLd have read that
"I will lift upI mine11 (yes unlto the
tilhs, fromu 'v: hence comneth my holyh p
nay h lp comteth fi om tbe b ord, whIibcl
nadeht heaven and1( (earlth."
D rop'pinug on hemr kness, she buried
mer face inl her armos. " O G)( od , pro
cet him i!"' she sobbedh, piteouisly. Thme
)ltter oIf the raii oni thme roof hadL~
rownu dlea2fening, and the howl of the
a Ind anid the roar' of the ivei' gave
uggestio~ns of uinlversal dissolution.
\ fter a momenmnt shue aded, w ith Now
':nglanid firmnoss, " Nevcerthiless. not
ny will, hbut Th Ino, lhe done.'' ut the
vords wvoro sp'oken with the hips, antd
lot with the hieart. Swiftly heri
hioughts wont back over' the year~s
hoy had spont togothor'; the doeop
oys, thme blttor' sorrows of whIch none)
'Lt they two had knowna.
"0O God, forgive me that I havo
eaned on.an armi of flesh I" she cried,
raining through the slender old fingers.
But a wave of recollection was swoop.
Ing over her. She felt once more the
soft touch of baby flugors,. and looked
again into the little face with the amno
deep happiness that she had felt be
cause It wore its father's look and
smile ; the bitter desolation of the
empty cradlc and their joy in the
8ecdnd little guest; their daily anxie
ties, the poverty that they had faced,
their petty privations and their simple
joys; the way they used to road to
gether, the way they used to talk to
getier, the happy plans that they had
laid for this " wodding trip" when
they should be rich-it all caie back
to her with a feeling of utter, torrible
lonoliness in the prosent. Sho could
not pray ; she co ld not think clearly.
Going hastily to the fire, she stirred
the coals and put the teakettle on
again, with a pathetic instinct for his
comfort, and then, throwing a shawl
over her head, she plunged out into
the night. She dared not go far, lost
ho should como and Ilnd her away.
"Houry, Henry I" she called, wildly;
but no answer camo. The tears rolled
down her cheeks, and she wrung hotr
" 0 God," she gasped, " solnd him to
mo ! 0, Cond him to me soon !"
She ran down the road to the river,
but sho head no sound savo the rush
of the sullen waters.
" Oh, where is he-whoro is he ?"
she moaned helplessly ; and then,
turning with an instinct of terror, she
ran back to the gato and stood watch
Ing for him there, with the rain beat
ing down mercilessly on hor gray head.
Tho dawn of day brought to light
the wide desolation for which the
spring of '91 is well remembered.
Trees had been to,'n up, cottages swept
away, many lives lost. On the east
bank of the river a rescuing party
from 1I Campo camo upon an old
pho1ton, partly wrecked and turned
upsido down, with a carefully-knitted
afghan caught in one of its braces.
They dared not toll her: but she know
it from the talk of some passing school
children, and all day she sat alone, not
speaking, not thinking, her head
bowed in her hands. The clock struck
" Ile said he would cooif at three,"
she thought, in a dazed way, lifting
her eyes to the clock.
There was a sto) on the gravelly
walk outsido that made her heart
stand still. The latch lifted, the door
opene(l, and Ir. LRutledgo stood there,
tall, gaiunt and gray as ever, but imore
b-autiful in her eyes than an angelic
"Kit ran away and left me," said
lie, laconically, with a grin smile over
the absurdity of such a proceeding on
the part of hiis well-regulated and re
spectable old steed.
But his wife could only bury her
faco in her trem)bling hands ; and then
she felt the samo protecting arms
about her that had shielded hot- from
troubles for forty years, and the same
gentle voice that had so often com
forted her in days gone by was whisp
ering a deep prayer of thankfulness
that, in their old age, they whose lives
had been so long united, wore not
separated the one from the other.
It was evening before their trip was
even thought of, and then Mary, wise
an1d provident as evU, sai i
" Ilenry, dear, the horse is lost atid
the buggy ruined. We shall need all
ouri motley to get us started again,
and to help others thait are wo ers ol
than we are. We can't go yet. You
will not eure very much, will you, now
that we have each other ?"
And good old Dr. Rutledge came
nearer using violent language than
ever before in forty years.
"1The wedding trip b)o- hanged !"
And so that journey is still in the
ATTICUJS G. HIAYGIOOD.
The We'll1-spet lail' ol'Georgin's Great
Met hiotlisi tI ihop)-" liust riou)ts as a
umouis as an Author antil oyaibio as a
T1he Atlanta .Journal gives a loug and
aippreciaitive sketch of the late Bishop
Attieus G. Hiaygood, from which the
follo)wing extracts arec taken :
Hi .hop Ilaygood was horn in WVat
k insvi lie, GIa., Novem ber 1 9, I 1), bit
when ai mere youth his father moved
to Atlanta. Green B. Hlaygood was
one f the pionetrs of this city, ama
of sterling character, a lawyer of line
ability mind ant etith usiastic mtissionairy
Methodist. T1he son inherited his
father's religious fervor and some of
hiis mentalIcharacteristics, but he also
ow ed an inestimable debt to h is nmothe r,
one of the miost remarkable women
Georgia h as ever seen. She was a M iss
Askew, andl from her, her il luistrious
son received many of his character
Young Hlaygood etntered 1imory Col
lege when he was 16 years o1(1, and had
aircadly dtetrmined that, he would give
his, life to the service of the Methodist
10piscopal Ch urch, South. He was a
tmore boy w hen he left college, crowned
by the brigh test honors which could
be wion on its curricutlumn. Hie was a
boy chapjlai n itn the army and the -old
citizen2is of Atlanta, especially the old
Method its, rtemhmber what splendid
services this younig soldier of the cross
rendered here during the stormy
lie was the litst pastor- of Trinity
Clhurich after the war, and helped to
lay the broad founidation on which that.
splend~idl organization rests tnow. His
ability was so great anid his versatility
so) pronounced that he was sooni cal led
fromt tL. sregu lar pastorate to the gon
eral wor'k of the clhuirch.
As editor of Al ethodist puiblications
he probably' actiuired one of the best.
titles to disti nction. lie would have
been one of the great editor-s of the
coun ttry ha~d lhe 50 indeauvoredl.
l0rotm 187;> to 1884 lhe was president
of I'imtOry College andl through his
efforts that 1insti tutiotn seculred the
favor of Ge'orgo Cheney, who had beet)
the lbeefactor' already of other' South
Orni eolleges and whIo lifted 10inor'y out
of the sloughI of Ii nancial desp~ond. lie
foun td ttmotry College 1)011ni less aitii
proc~u red for it donations atmounting to
IHl i magni lleent ability as atn orgaini
zet- and his great ypower as a preachier
wetro recogtnized by the general con
ference of 1882 in hiis olection as Iliishop.
lie declined the cllico because ho fel ,
that lie had a pledge to 1tmor'y whtich
was his sturemoe command.
I n 18832 lhe was made gonotral agoni 1
of the "Slateur lund," a trust which
lhe heldl for eight years and wh~iich lie
executtedl with a ldelity and a patience
that, was truly aidmirable. l20.- a while:
ho was agent, both of the Slator fund
and L'eabody funid.
in 1891) Drm. liaygood wvas again
eleeted Bishop. lie did not feel that
lhe could( dhecli ne this second call of his
church to its episcopacy. lie accept.
0(d it, as the cr-ownintg honor' of his life
andi only those wiho have known of his
service in that o1l1co can estImate it~s
value to'the church and how splendidly
it portrayed the man's dhevotion .andl
A most hi it-n t serviceas Bkho
was ombraced in his voluutary mnission
to- far California. where he inspired
and strongtoned a feuble organization,
and where the effects of his great
efforts are still felt. Wherover he
wont he was honored and loved.
A few years later he returned to
Georgia and has since roesided at Ox
ford, a place wich10 he loved possibly
moro than any other locality. His
health has not beon good for ton years,
but this fact did not deter him from
arduous labor. He literally worked
himself to death. Not only was he
ready to go anywhere at any time at
the bidding of his church, but he was
busy with his pen in the work of re
ligious literature. His mission book,
" Go, or Send," has boon pronounced
the best appeal of the kind in modern
times, and is used largely in Europe
as well as in this country. Among his
other books " Jack-knife and Bram
bles," may b0 mentionod as creating
a very deep and wide impression.
" Our Brother in Black " attracted the
attention of the whole country, and is
probably the strongest presentation
that has been made of the race ques
tion in the South. The last work
which cano from him was "The Monk
and the P'rince," a splendid story of
Savanarolo. It is ditlcult to say
whethor he was more forceful as a
writer or a proacher. Certainly he
had few peers in either field.
The funoral of Bishop Haygood took
placo in Oxford, on Tuesday after
noon. The exercises were very i
pressive and were attended by a largo
gathering including some of the most
prominent men of Georgia. Bishop W.
W. Duncan, of South Carolina, preach
od the sormon aftdr which the romains
woro laid in the Oxford comotory.
COTTON GitOWERS' ASSOCIATION
An Appeal to (lie Seif-Initerests of' t"le
Flariners-Must Make the Cotton
States nitirely Self-Slnpportiing.
The second annual convention of
Southern Cotton Growers and others
directly concerned with the cotton
crop, convened in Memphis, Jan. 21.,
upop a call from President Hector D.
Lane, of Alabama. Evory one of the
cotton growing States were represent
ed, Mississippi and Arkansas having
conspiciously large and intelligent
delegations. Prosident Lane, who was
chosen permanont clita1rman, delivered
his address immediately after the con
vontion was called to order, dealing
extensively with statistics to dlemon
strate the necessity for holding the
cotton acreage within bounds. He
pointed out that tho annual surplus is
the clYectivo instrument used by the
cotton " boars " to depress values and
that over-piroduction fosters manipula
At the conclusion of the address, the
var ious com1imlittees woer appointod,
and tho lion. Charles Scott, of Mis
sissippi, was introduced. He dwelt
chielly upon the method of SouthorrA
cotton growers, which carried him
away from diversiflcation and to the
all-cotton crop, which 'n turn carried
him to the supply men who predicatec
their advances upon that crop. The
closo of M r. Scott's address aroused
enthusiasm, becauso lie took up the
certain consequences of a war in which
this country should figure as a urinci
pal. He insisted that so long as war
could be honorably averted lot it be
(one but when the time arrived, it
would be found that the agriculturists
of the South would be found among
the foremost of the country's soldiers.
At the close of this speech the com
mittee on resolutions announced its
readiness to report and did so. Tihe
preamble recites the evil conseguonces
of over production and unsystecmatic
tmarketinig of the cotton crop, andl re
solves, " That we call the attention of
the Southern cotton growers to the
fact that they arc masters of the situa
tion. The crop of 18915 being less than
sev'en miihion bales, renders it entirely
feasible, by a further reasonable re
diuction of acrecago (luring the present
year, to materially advance the value
of cotton and thus insure a safe and
substantial prolit that cannot fail tc
bring increaseod profit, but the enhanc
ing the value of our lands, and turniug
hither the tide of immIgration, much
needed for the development of thc
great natural resources of this favored
"We earnestly ur-ge all producers of
cotton to take advantageoof this golden
opportunit3 , and continue the wise
pol1icy adopted (luring the past season
of making the South self-supporting
by Iirist producing an abundant, supply
of corn, hay, mos~t and other like con
sumfption ; decreating the cotton acre
age still further fur the imattor ol
prime iimpiortanico, thus guarding
angainst the dangers of overpirod uction
and leaving the cotton as a surplus
Other resolutions *woro reported and
adopted, making the American Cotton
Growcrs' A ssociation permanent, in
structinug the president and executive
committees to move energetically
against, every disposition to increase
acereaige, andl prov iding for- permianent
olheeris from each cotton grow ing State.
A conmmitte, to formulate an address
to agriculItu rists was also app~oinuted,
to prepare andl promuilgate it, after
which the conivention adjouirned sine
The comminittee onl address 01 soon
pleted its work aftcir getting togother'
tonight. Calling attention to- the
g reateri retu rns from the decreased
cr ops and thq catuse thercfor, the com
"We appieal to your self-intcirosts
aeid your' patriotism to do all in your
power- to keep) down the production of
the staple. I)o not (dosert the groeu nd
yout have wvon. ["ight upon the liines
laid diowni, make the cotton States self
sumpporting ; Put more land in clover
an~d grasses for your hogs to rumn on;
d iveri fy your crops, and w henm you
have done all this, the area devoted
to cotton will yield moure prolitablo re
turns than if you sought to increase
the number- of yourm hales, it is felt, by
thbe nost thmoughtfulI men that we are
onlteri 1g upon a year- of grciat uncer
tainties, and that oven~ a smnall cotton
erop~ may fail to give adequate returns
for. its produictioni. The inmtterings of
aL stormi arc d isturbini g the couniitry
and unsottling all businuess calculations.
The prudent men will trimi his .sailIs to
meet it. With tihe commerce tof
the colutry initer-rupitedI by war-and1
warl mayL~ comue-cotton wVouldl1 bei u
saleable Oxcept at nominal prices.
Ilvory consideration then of patr iotism,
er sel f interest, and omf prudence, die
tales that, you ad here sti-ict' y t o thbe
irule of thie diminisheid acreage."'
Th~e di loerenco between Il'ills and
Smm n lfl1 IAiver lI tgulater, is jutst thlis:
Il'ills don't, go dlown very eausy with
Imost peoplei, andt ytmu feel tibmn afte
Ivard-os. Wh1 ilo Simmons011 I iv-er l'hegula
Lor ini lqulid or powder is very pllonsant
to Luake, andmo thme feeling that, you'm have
tfterwamrds Is theo groat relief that It
r ives fiom Consti pation. HI l iousness,
alck Headacho and Dyspepsaa it1 is a
nild laxative and a tmuin.
Two Mlore ProposeI-The easons I
COIIUMBIA, January 21.-The advo
catos of the proposition to creato two
additional circuit courts have distrib
uted the following circular among the
members of the General Assembly: t
Somie figures by way of comparison.
Present cost of courts : Eight eieCults, I
averaging now 4.37 counties each : Six t
Judges, $3,500 each, $21,000; two
Judges, $3,000 each, $,000-oight
Judges, total, $27 000. Seven solicitors,
$1,350 each $9 456: ono solicitor, $1,600
-eight solicitors, total $11,050. El ght 1
stenographers, $1,250 each, $10,000.
Total for State, $18,050. Average cost
per county, $1,372.85; average cost Por
circuit, $6,006.25; 105 rogular courts
pr . yar-averago cost per court,
Cost with ten circuits; ton circuts.
averaging 3.6 counties, (with Saluda)
each; ton Judges, each $3,000, $30,000;
ten solicitors, each averaging $1,250,
$12,500; ten stenographers, each aver
aging $1,100, $11,000. Total for Stato,
$53600. Average cost por county.
$1,186.10; average cost per circuit,
$5.350; 105 courts, as now hold, plus
32 a-dditional courts in sixteen counties,
a total of 137 courts per year-averago
por court, $300.58.
Comparison : Cost, ten circuits,
$53,500; cost, Sight circuits, $18,050.
Total increase for State, $5,450.
Averago cost of increase por county,
Total tnxablo property of the State,
say, $174,000,010 ; Increase hlvy less
than 32-100 of a mill, or about 3 cents
oi every $1,000 worth of property.
There are sixteon counties in the
State of over :10,000 inhabitants, in
which it is proposed to hold four courts
for criminal trials annually, instead of
three, as now-i. c., au average of one
court nvery three months. This will
save the dieting of prisoners for about
throo months in each year. If each
county averages only ten prisoners
awaiting trial, their cost Ouch per
month Is $9, or $110 per month, or $27u
for threo mont',s for each county, or
fotr thu s!xteen counties $4,320. Ii
twenty counties adopt four cot-th
$5,100 (if thirty conutics adopt four
courts $8,100) will be saved on account
of dieting prisoners alone, more thant
suflicient to moet the increase of $5,40U
for the State.
1'des, it will increase the nuuber
and lengths of terms of the hands Oh
the chain-gang, and speedy trials will
The saving to the Stato In the fees
of witnesses for the State, and for the
defendlants in felonies, in cas.s necos
varily continued on account (if want of
time to try them, is beyond catlculu
tion, bit it may bo safely estimated a-i
at least 25 por jcnt. In mileago and
This does not 'aCe into consido-a
tion the relief wi!ic! will be expe
rienced by litigants in civil cases,
whose cases ar-o continued from toerm
to term through no fault of theirs nor
of their attorneys. They pay an one
rous tax in the formu of loss of timt
and witness fees, simply because the
Stato does not afford them the necos
sary machinery for the trial of their
In addition to the cost of the present
circuit court, a county court would
cOst for- each county not !Css than f-omt
$1,500 to $2,000. Should the General
Assembly see lit to reduce the salaries
of .udges to $2,700 each, there will bo
a ferther saving of $3,000, leaving only
*2,450 to tie made up in the way before
Jutdge Trownisond, who is a mombet
of the General Assembly, has resigned
as assistant Attorney General in view
of his membership in the Assembly,
ills resignation is in the hands of At
tor-ney General Barber.
JOHN BULA, 4ND JONATHAN.
Various Theoriles as to the Oigin of
These Two Mlythiceal Peorsoniages.
From the Baltimore Suit.
" John Bull," the mythical personage
supplosed to represent the 1English peo
1)1e and~ now figuring largely in our
edlitorial wrilting and in cartoons, was
the invention of Dr-. Arbuthnot, in one
of his satirical sketches ridiculing the
great D)uke of Marlbor-ough. In the
opinion of Dr. Johnson Arbuthnot was
"' the first man among the eminent
writers in Queen Anne's time." He
dre-w Johna Bull as the typical 10aglish
man-a stout, ieu--faced old far-meor,
far too corpiulcnt for comfort, choleric,
but withal an honest and well-meaning
fellow. H~e clothed him in lolither
broecchos and top boots, put a ;ttout
oaken cudgel in his hand and a baill
dlog at his noees, and set him up for- all
time to serve as aL represenitative 10ag
Ilihman. l1e may have been not Sc)
bad a caricature in the days of Queen
Anne. But today certainly therec .is
much for-ce in L.ostii Stephen's remarak
that "' he completely hides tho'English
man of real life." The average En
glish men of 189 :~ts p l ysically no stouter
thban, priobabuly not, so stout as, the
avr-age A mcican, and the' stout,
cudgel and tlibo bull1 dog artc flo l'ongor'
aipt, symbolsi)1 of the moder-n Britisher-'s
dlisposition. Il has lost the oGxuossive
puignac~ity of htis fomefathers, anid1 as
we have lately seen, is abovo all Lanx
ious to) koeop the peace wiLh htis Uncle
Sp~eakl ing of "' IJ nle Sam "~ and " ro
thor Jlonathan," wihose names are being
fr-ecly used, too, ini tibe passing intr
ntionaEl Ilur-ry, thet'e is no doubt about
their origin. When Gen. Washington
wvent into Alassachuseets to take comn
muand of the revolutionar-y army, lie
found aL greatt lack of ammitunition attu
other' supplies, lie turtned fo~r aid to~
Governo~r Jlonathan TVrumbitll of Coni
necticut, atnd got, it,. andi ini'inay eum'r
gencs tof that period he used the
ph1rase', "We tiust, consult lBrother
~JonaEthan~ on the subjec0t."' Tihe ox
pro-ssio~n h) cam~io national ly currn
and it, stanlds as the Amer-icain paralleci
"Johin iHil ." U cle Sam was not, In
vented until t'o war oif 1812. Two In
mlpector's of war sitp'.ies at, Tro'iy, N. Y.,
A wortkmanit in thirt employ was
mairking aL lot of (Jasks r'eoived froam
tone libei'rt A nderson0t, IL Now York con
tr-actor, and whIic abwer tlihus stam~iped-:
"i 1. A.-- U. S.'' A bystandor' asked
tlhc work manL~ whait these mar-ks mocant,
and lie replied that, they prtobabily
mteant " 1'01hert Andelrsonm and iUncle
Sam.'l." Lu id in1g to inspector Samuel
Wilsonwhio wits locally* catted Unc0io
Sam. Thus the initah., of the UnIteod
Stat<s 5were transfoirmedl by EL local joko
into a natIonal sobrkdlt, which will
docubtless last as$ long as5 outr reptublie.
Bitt who irst undertook to give the
pottrait oif Untilo Sa:n or Brotherm .Jon.
tha asl a1 Ithmig, ln, s il)b-sided 1m tae
jaLwed imilivlidual is not known. Who
vr lhe wals he Ibheled tus. T.hietro Is
strong reasons for blielving that, the
avern~go Aniemleani of todaiy Is heavier
itn the scales, broader- btwewoon th
shoutlder, ld-por- in the chest, and1( moroe
g'enerouts waist gir'th than a of h's
civ i lizedn JOetm ,....a u ise
T11E DIVOROE OANUEIt.
t Is Eating Into Society Everywivero
Except in Sout h Carolina%.
Orom the Indlanapolis Journal.
Abuses somethnes b.ing about their
wn remedies, and' there are indica
ions that the growth of the divorce
Ivil is attracting a degree of public
ttention that will eventually lead
4 a reform in the laws, or, better
till, in public opinion on the subject.
L'ho Detriot ministers have boon dis
!ussing the subject. A paper read be
oro the association showed that while
iho increase of population in the United
3tates during the decade from 1880 to
l800 was 30 por cont, the increase in
livorces was 80 por cont. Comparing
lilforont States, it appears that In
)hio the inordaso of population was
10 per cent and of divorces 59 por
3ent ; in Indiana, population 17 por
3ent. divorces 21 per cent; in Michigan,
population 38 por cont, divorcos 108,
or cent; in Illinois, population 21,
Ivorces 81 por cont; in Delaware,
population 17, dIvorces 100 por cent
in New York, population 15, divorces
14; in Arizona, population :118, di
vorces 2,200 por cent; in Wyoming,
population 127, divorces 61 por cent.
A Chicago pap)11r recently had a sensa
tional article concerning the alarming
increase of divorces in Indiana. The
caso is bad enough, but the figures
show that the )ercentage of increase
has been much greater in Illinois thanl
in this State. The extraordi'dInary in
crease in som11e of the new Western
States, notably in Arizona, beoars wit
ness to the.disgarcufui laws which on
courage non-resi kits to go there for
the solo purpose of getting divorces.
Some of the reasons given at thlle
Detroit meeting for the increase of di
vorcos were: A seelingly growing
sentiment that mar-riage. is 8110 ply It
matter of contract, to be dissolved at
the pleasure of either pLi-ty - inl all
over-cmphasis of idividual liberty ; in
the easier acc.-sibility in these modern
days to the benefits of the law ()n the
part of the less wealthy classes ; the
emancipation of womni, and lihe grow
ing recognition in the courts, enabling
her to use the law wi th g reater f reedo
in her own defence ; her indpendence
as a wage earner, and hasty marriages.
Those causes are general in their op
Oration, though see are worse in
their social and moral tendencies than
That the evil is a real one and It!
effects upon society insidiously demor
alizing none cain doubt. The remedy
lies In better laws where they are
lax, a stricter construction and a bettei
dmnistration of thei by courts, and
t reformation of public opinion thait
4hall make uaterial obligations more
HOOD'S 1)l LLS are the best aite
linnor pill, assist digestion, Cure head
Heart Disease Cured
By Dr. Miles' Heart Cure.
Fa ninting, Weak or llungry Spells, Irregu
tar or Intermit tent, Pnilse, Flattering or Pal-i
pit at ion, Chok ing Sensat.ion, Short ness of
Breath, Swelling of Feet and Ankles, are
symI)toms of a discased or Weak Heart.
/ ugr s , a
Ofpi aoto soVar, h. writn wonl bNo acut 1R
and torturing, that, I becam~liO so wea .k and
nervous I could niot sleep. I wais treated biy
several physicianis without relief and gave
up ever being well again. A bout t.woyen rs
ago I commenced using D~r. Miles' Remedies.
One bottle of the hleart Cure stoipped all
boart troubles and the Restorative Nervino
did the rest~and now I sleep soundlhy andi at
tend to my househohi andl social dutieos with
out any trouble.
Soldh by druggists. Book sent fie. Address
Dr. Miles Medical Co., F.lkhart, Ind.
Dr. Miles' Remecdios Restoreo Realth,.
A $25 Cooking Stove
WITH A COMPLETE OUTFIT F0OR
Delivered to your railroad depot,
all freight charges paid. Road this
description carefully. Thlis splendid
Cooking Stove is No. 8; has four 8
inch pot holes; 16x16 inch oven; 18
inch fire box, 24 inches high; 21x25
inoh top' nico smooth casting. I
have had this stove made for my
trade, after my owvn idea, combinlig
all the good points of all medium
priced stoves, and leaving out the
Beyond all doubt tho b~est No. 8
Cooking Stove made, for tho price.
Fitted with 2 pots, 2 pot covers, 2
skollets, 2 griddles, 3 baking pans
8 joints of p)1po, 1 elbow, 1 collar, I
lifter, 1 scraper, 1 cake polish, 1 iron
tena lkttle, 1 shovel. We want to
make custoniers and friends in every
part of the 8outh, for' the purpose
of introducing our business to new
people, and to renew our acquaint
anco wIth old1 friends.
We will ship1 this splendlid Cooking
Stovo and the above described ware
to any depot, all froi ght charges
paid, for only $12. 00 when the
cash comes wvith the order. This
stove Is a good one, well muade, and
will give entire satisfaction. Our
Illustrated catalogue of Furniture,
Stoves and Baby Carriages mailed
free. Address ..
84 RnOAD 8TRET. AUnanTA .GfA.
PI)MONT AIR LINE.
Condensed Schedule Of Passener Trains.
Northbound. No.48 No a No. 12 N is
.an. 5, 1896. Daily glually lDaty N Bu
LV. Atlanta, U. T. 12 00m I1 15 70 45
" Atlanta,1.T. 100p 12. ,a 50a 456
" Norers--........... 120 a 10 a3 on
ufora............. ... 1010 a 708
4 tisvilo'.. '25p ''4.201a 1 a 4
- 11a:::::::::::.223f 1104& 812p
4. Centra. ..... ....... . .445 .a ''-+a.
" it iryvi ... ..... 0 p 11u3j216
" TScan. . 6 3 16 1a 3
" istinstor......... 3 4 --.
"Kneca ............... 4 07 a 12 0..0
61 ('eural.4.. 4451) 4 Mt1 20,...
" GatnVia- ... -30-. 7 113 a 21 .
ASp.ranburg. 8 20 p 6 8 a 6 202
" OaRvoV ............ 0 31 40 .
A.itckburg. .7 001) 7 0 a 4m0
*' lnglH Mt.....732a ol
(.11stsnla .... ......... 7 63 a~ 2 .1
Ar. Chasrlotto ...$201 8 3j a 6201)....
46DauIvIllo.:12 00 a 1 1s 3o 11251)
Ar. 1Itiuiond.... 6 00a[ 0401 (;00 .......
Ar. Washlngton . 042 a 9401 p ...
11al,'ss. P Il.1 800 a 1125 . p ''-*
" I'hliladeI phia. 10 25 a 3 00 a
I" hw York.... 123 i 6 20 a ........ ....
Vos. Fat M I
Southbound. No. 37 Nu. 35 No. I I No. 17
Daily IDaily M.ly Iuf
Lv. N Y., i'Ilt It . 430p 12 10 i
" Piladueiphia. 665p 30a.
Jlails~s ~,. 20 p 0 22 a...........
lVashington . 10 43P 11 16 a.............
Lv. Itichinond... 200 a 1265 P 2 00 a.
Ly. Danville...... 5 50 a 606) 7 00 a
Charlotto .... 35 a 10 55 1; 12 20 p
Ki' Si.. ) 01 1300P .
i" G t2. .. .... ..... .... i
" tilau isburg .. 10 49 a 12 10 a 200p.
" all'neys..... .-.---.. 12 23 a 2 18 p
" Spartusburg. 1137 a 12 9 a 306 P.
Grees illo.... 12281) 160 at 4 40 p.
Central...... 115p 235a 640L .
.. -. - --..........-......300a 05p .
........... -..-............. 62 p.
Vwepa ...... ...---830 a 8p1'.
" Ai .... ''''. ' ' 40 po -......
"...u..a.''''''''.---......? 45p .
Gahil Ul'. 441a 812P 65?a
" lItrd. 113 .. ' ) 44a 3 p '20a
Nurerost:... ' ' p 827a
Ar. A; lantI:a, E.'. 455 6 Ia , 730 a
1.v \. -1'.T .' 35 ae e p
I' . -'-'". p. it. "M'' nion. "N" night.
No.s. 37 atild .18 -it-4Wasiblsgtn and Siuthwestern
Vestihule 1. Lni ted. Through pulhn1iian sloopers
letwuun Now York and New O leans, via a-lI.
itigt.on, Atlanta and Montgmor*,, and also be.
tweens New York and MCemphs si. y a Washington,
Atlnta and iirmingihant. Dliing cars.
Nos. 35 ait 36 --I itLed %ta' mi Fast Mail Pull.
man sleeping cars betweei Atlanta, New Or.
leans aid New Yorki.
Nos. 11 and 12. Pullnani sloeping car between
ticoliniid, Ih1avill and G reensbosfo.
W. it. lENJ. 5M. cuL.,
G0n'1 Sipt., Trafnlc MI'g'r,
Wasiington, D. C. Washington, 1D. 0.
W. It. RYD)R, Su peorintendent, Charlotte,
W. A. ilK, 8.. HARl)WICK,
Geni'I Iiss. Ag't, Ass't Gen'l 1'ass Ag't.
Washington, D. 0. Atlanta, Ga.
SOUTHERN 1A Y.1,,j CO
Conden.;: hdu e in Effect
" dolni... .. . .
~rNvl;i.-.................. 12 21 p ni
.A.r.Nwtser.v ....................... 12 3:1 g i
Ar.linon (x. Minii.)........ 2 3)p
. .. urLens (E. SUSI.)... ....31
Ar.Ntiety-~Si.~.... ... -op U
" (iIeenwooi~d...................... 1 50) p U
"' Jlsdys................ .......... 2 30 p
&I A beyon'.. ........... .......30 3~iti
sir. Asdoridr .... ~ 41 p~1i
" Pidmo t ............. ... 11 tQ) a i7
"..W.....a.u..t.n......................11 2.4 a iv
L......... ...................... 12 V~pil
" (Grch wood................ 1 05 p ni
4Ninoty-8ix......,......,......... 1 30 p ii
EfLa1zens.... tXx. Suin.).......~O40 a 11
"' Clintou... x.snn.)......... . 1 r a
Ar.I; Omb .J .................... 50 p sg
"Charlesteon............. $ 00 g
4 a 12 0 p "... Aston ... " 26 p512 50
00a 0 Sp4...autuo.."143 p11 435
$8 1 45 p. 4 ..Union.." 1 05 !112!. 3
8 0 a 02 P1 " ...Jonsvlle.. "12 4) '11013
9 13 a 1i8 p,' ..acolet,. ... " 12 .28 110 5s4
S45 a .403p Ar..Bplartanhsurg Lv.~ I1 43 ra10
9 45 a .310 P Lv. .Spartan bsurg Ar. 11 28 a 10 255
1003p t 45 p Ar. ...Asbeville .Lv. 8 20 al 15J
"P," p. in. "A," a. mi.
Trains loave Spartanburg, A. aned C. dilvision,
oorthb~ound, 0:18 a. in., 3:22 p). mi., 6: 18 p. mi
(Vestibeulod Limited); southbound, 12:50 a. m.
8:05 p. mf., 11:37 a. mi., (Vest~li uku LimaitedI.)
Trains leave Orsonvllle, A. andi C. divisIon,
northbounid, 5:19 a. mn., 2:10 p. mn. ad 5:30 p. mn
(Vostibulod Limited);I southboundl 1: 60 a. m,.
4*40 p. m.L, 12:28 p. mn. (Vest ibsaled Limaiud'.
rllmflan palace sloopinig cars on Trrains &
i ad 83, .37 and 38, oni A. and C. dIvision.
Gen. Superinutendont, Trafilo M'g'r,
Waesington, D. o. Wanshington, p. 0
WeA. TURKI, S. HI. H A RIDWICK,
Geon. P'ass. Ag't. Ast G3en. P'ass. Ag't,
- ,. ~ JOH hSON'S3
Instant Killer of Pain.
~~ Internal and Externali.
Cusr,.s liIEUMIATIq3M NEIlsAI.
~1A', Lam .,snck.Sp trane, urul-.
- . Slings, n t.~iff Josint 00r,1 nr~i
__ II 1 SAC 31., aos if by inngic.
rHE HORSE BRAN4O, Miamfi"
,nemost44 Powerful sad IPeneitrait In'g .liiet for Macso
-I Mone t n oxlst enco. Largo #1 Lizo 75c., SOc. asizo 40e.
JIOHNSON'S ORIENTAL SOAP.
amedliatedl and Tolleto. Thle Orenst Skin Cure an '
' o Beaiutifier. Lnd ion will f1:si It thseni ml
3olica'te and highly porfumed Tot(5! Hiony~ 'sn
thei nmssrket. It Is absoiutely puid. Maskes tis
khin soft nad velvety ats restot~resi the lst COm
plexion; in' n Isuxutyrav r theo Oath for infanta
Inas ihing cientf. is iho senly nmii proamolte.
tih. arowth of hl.'. I'rico..n.. For salo by
Were long ago aniticipiated whern We
planned to perfect our mesthouds of busi
now Is roady: Improved) and increased
machine facllItIes, with theo empiloymennt
of skIlled labsor, insuro flIgh (Orade pro
ducts and efilienet service at lowest 0ost
Doors Sash illinds, Mouldings, &o.,
"nns of te Ma." nAGUeST A. nA.