Newspaper Page Text
111--7T 7 .
~J1he ropitb ourni
T. . RODINSON, Editor.
PUBLXsHED EVBRY THURSDAY.
Subscription One Dollar a Yea
Entered at the Post Offico at Pokenav
Oio dollar por inch for first insertion, fli
ty emts for each subsequent insertion
Liberal discount for advertiseronnts on an
mal contracts. Terms cash. Annual con
tracts payable qu1arterly.
No Invorites. Ono price to all. No spe
cial position or special rates to foreign ad
vortfisrs. All siuch must take the run o
th palper and abido by such rates.
Local notices, in local column, 10 cent
por lino for first insertion and live cents fo:
each subseqnIelit ins1ertlon.
Ativertisllonts for coning isato shouh
bo haudod in not later than Monday morn
le editor will not bo responsiblo for tbi
views aId opinions of correspondents, un
less the same are elitoriallv endorsed.
TIURSDAY, FEB. 6, 1896.
As will bo sen by the resolu.
tions pubhslied in this issuo of tit
JOURNAL, a meeting Of the SchooL
Commissioners was held in Colm-n
bia Wednesday of last weck. It
was our pleasuro to bo prosent and
to meet Fehool Conmissionorh
from oighteen counties. Thoso wc
mot will comparo favorably with
a proportionate numbor of any
body of pulblic sorvants it has ber
our privilege of boholding mn thiE
Stato, the prosent logislaturo of
South Carolina nlot excoptod. If
thero are any in the State thai
moots the (oescrilption given ir
public docuiin ts or (obatos it
tho Constit [-ut ioial Convention
they did not attend the ioetint
last wook in Columbia.
We were aligreer ly surprisod tc
observo such dov. ion and enthus
insm in the c: uso of Coillol
school education as was manifost
ed by theso men, whose work is lit
fle understood and hardly over ap
The success of, lho public schoo
system has not in the rocent pas
been1 retartded so much by inoffic:
enlev in Sclool Commissioners V
by the lack of encouragonit froi
)romineit men. It is an it
disputablo fact that a cortain ot
ment of South Carolina citizoi
would be gld if the public schoo
were forover closod, an1d ha'
t1hrown every obstaclo in tho W1
of education for tho masses.
Th( merciless war thitt has bo
waged against Conunissioners ca
not be accounted for on the groun
of just cause and [an honeost dosi
to promote the Oduicationail int
est of the masses, but wvas one
tihe moans to injuro the systt
and a step) ini the direction of
A want of doefinito and dir<
legislation has h)uon at sorious hi
drance to Comnmissioners iln bumi
* ing up) tihe puliic schools, progr
sivo and fithfutil comml~issionI
often being consignod to privi
life for carrying out the true sp
it of the school law and worki
conscientiously fo.r the doeveh
muont of a prop~er intorest in 1po1
But the 1most1 ab sulrd propositii
is contained in the bills, w~hi
are intended to abolish the dli
of school coummissioner, just
the time when tile constitutiom
coniventionm has made it possil
for the friends of public educ
Lion to realize their hopes.
Thoro must be a head to ovt
enterprise for its successful opeOJ
tion and nowhere (does this appt
more imperatively than in a s:
tern of public education in f
oounties of State.
In this issue of the Jouliml
published a piartial synlopsis
Senator Tillmnan 's speech whi
was delivered in the United Sta
* Senato Wednesday of last we
We regret that the whole spe
could not be printed for our rei
ers. It has met wvith consideral
unfavorable comments from t
Washington correspondents a
press, but tis was to be expecti
We have road a full report of t
speech and can find nothing
sustain the objections made to
by these writers of sound mfonl
theories. It is a masterly and ui
ansiverable argument for f ree s
ver and a complete and conci
statement of tihe financial que
It is substantially the same vie
of the question, which the allian<
leaders have been presentingi
the people for several years. TI
voice of .the people has at lai
been sounded in the United Stat<
Senate, and tile world knows the:
yretched condition, and the injui
tice done them by the men wh
were entrusted with the protectio.
>fjthe lives, liberties and fortunei
Notice has been served upon th
reprosontivos of this nation,.a-nd
if" the'rolief does not come, a rev
olution seems inevitable, and the
responsibility will rest whore it
should, upon tho shoulders of
those who have betrayed thoir
The steamer Hawkins, which
startod from Now York on Sunday
night with a lot of arms and am
munition for the revolutionists in
Cuba went to tho bottom of the
soa Monday morning off Long Is
land. Most of the party were
It is rumored that the Soaboard
Air Lino will build a branch of
their road from Ruthorfordton, N.
C., to Ashevillo. Tho distanco is
forty miles. Asheville , is on the
tiptoo of 'expectanicy.
The Convontion of County
School Comm issioners convenod
Wednesday morning at 9 o'clock.
Nineteen Commissioners. woro
prosent. The report of tho coi
mittoo was road and adopted. In
the afternoon a committoo of the
commissioners mot with tho com
mittee on education and public
schools from the Senato and
House and adopted the following
resolutions, urging that they bo
To the Honorable Spoaker and
Gontlomen of the House of
Reprosc-ntativos of the Stato of
Gentlemnen: As tho Logislaturo
is now discussing tho educational
bill, wo, tho School Commissioneors
of tho Stato in conveationi assom
bled, rocognizing tho fact that
thoro is much misunderstanding
and misconstruction in regard to
the intelligenco roquired in a
school commissionor and the
amount of work nocessary in the
dischargo of his dutios, respoect
fully prosent, tho following for
The minimum amount of work
t necessary to dischargo tho duties of
school commissioner in one of the
- smallost countios of tho Stato is
5 as follows, to wit:
n Writing and copying '245 lottorm
and cards, 7 days; approving and
entoring on book, 408 'cliins, 1
days; adding and balancing booki
ono [I imioith, 12 days; every Sat
is urday in ollico, 52 days; oxaliina'
o0 tions, 4 days; issuing teacher
certificates and minutes, 4 days
meetings of Board of ExiniIiers
5 days; ordoring, romitting foi
and delivering books, 52 days: re
n- ports to Judges, and( State Humper.
as indlont of Educatjin, 15 days
re onforonce0( with trus! eos andii p' o
p)1o.24 days; visitIinig .(00 schools
, 75 days; Total, 259 days.
ol' In reality this oflice was opi;!
ml every (lay ('xcept whien the 50choo
is comm11issioner was sick or v isitii
schiools and1( thore is a larg<
ac.rmiount. of business which canno
n- days correctly ascer'tainod. Thor
d(- is thorof'eore ai goodl yjour's work foi
s- any inmtelheigenit anid induhlst riou
rs11man. T113hi fac is, the m0lore int 01
ri- will find( tod(o.
ng Weo there foro respec t ful 1ly sug.
p.~ gest that the otlice of schiool com.1
missioner or supj erinttendenlt ho ro.
(Iamed0(. In everyv biness105 thor(
o1n espOciallly necessa:1ry in a b~usine1ss
chi mi whjieh the duities aro. s0 varied,
eo in whicho there is so mucho monox
to ho disbured and acounited for
iin which the t rustees often dlisa.
alt groc i among thiemselvyes anid thi
peope1)1 wi thio trustees and1( i1
a- whlich thie school3 conino ssioner P
lhe bookkooper for thio tru'steos.
ry'.t'h at. the salaries (of thoise' olici
-be inicreasedl so that it will not bt
a- ineessary for thomi to divido thliu
ar~ timoe b~y onigaginmg ini other~l~ buiess
rs- to make a suplpor't ; and1( call youi
lie atteoutioni to the fact that in nmny
counties the sailary is so smnall an
pr'actically to Oxcludo monl of in.~
tel ligonco and thrift from hold ing
is tils ollico.
of That the school commiissionol
be elected as horotefore by thic
chi peolo, the appoeintive system
;os tending to the concentration' p)ow.
>k. or of (311 p)orsoni
ch That the clause making thirty
Sdays the basis of the enrollment
be amended to not less than 01n0
>le (lay or more thani ton (lays. If
he thirty (lays were the basis the
aid teacher could niot filo his report at
id. the 01nd of the month, as provided
efor in the bill, or draw any pay at
the 01nd of that mionithl, as5 the
to school month is coiimosed of
it twenty days and1( would lose pay1)
DV umnt for pupils who had attenld
da'.s wen ty-cight or twenty-nine
' \Ve are fully aware that many
50 will say that self interest is th'e
s- main spring of our action but we
resp)ectfully submit that in ordoer
to understand any business it is
necessary to consult with those
e who have charge of tihe details.
oG. W. HEAJsEY, Chairman.
0 T. C. Romx1soN, Secretary.
Boy: "Say, monm, I biustod my
a~ ball." Mother: "You shlouldn 't
r say bust, John; you should say
. burst." "That's what teacher said,
Sbut when the principal asked me
wo tha.t was, I said it was a burst
oGn.Washington and he Jleked
me, so I thought I would stick to
'Tho" investigation committoe
from the board of trustoos of
Clemson College has made the fol
lowing report, which was adopt
od by the trustees at the mooting
Friday morning. This committee
oxamined into the working order
some months ago. The re
port was submitted to the board
at a meeting shortly afterwards,
but it was not adopted at that
The report is as follows:
Clemson Collego, S. C.,
December 12, 1895.
To the Board of Trustous of the
Clemson Agricultural -College.
Gentlemen- We your commit
too appoited to investigate tho
management of the collogo re
spoectfully submit the following
rocommendations: We consider
the academic dopartment unduly
prominent, thore being in this do
partmont three full professors and
two associates, the latter paid
$1,500 each, while in the Agricul
tural Department there is no full
professor and in the mechanical
department only one. In order,
thereforo to reduce this depart
mont to its proper proportion and
to show our dotermination to give
special promilmince to practical
and scientific subjects, we recom
mond that salaries of literary pro
fosbor rangofrom $1,000 to $1,500.
Believing the succoss of the
Mathomatical Dopartment to be
greatly impoded becauso of the in
ofliciency of Professor Strode, we
recommend that he bo required to
resign at such a time as may sem
proper to tho board. This and
similar recommendations causes
us much pain but wo cannot per
mit our sympathy for any individ
ual to outweigh our interost in the
welfare of students whose prepar
ation for the rosponsiblo dities of
life would bo irrovocably impaired
by inoeliciont instructions.
We beliovo that all of our in
structors should be mon of at
least respectable education and
we., thcrolore, reconimond that MIr.
Litton, whoso education is lament
ably deficient, be requosted to ro
signl, and that his place be filled by
ll Oxport of lihoral oducation.
We do not. recommend any im
mediato increase inl the salaries of
tho instructors in the Mechanical
Dopartimint, but recognizing tho
importance Of ha lving thoroughly
traind men her-e, %% re(commend~ll~
that ()url prosnlt instructttorsH be
urge(l t.(> make use ofI every oppor
tInity l.)rI I Ip Poventiie it, and tha t
they I ho permitted(, whonever prac
tienblo, to spid thiei. vacation at
Specia l sch8oolS Or liniverSities of
serinlg aIlvntlcedA instruction in Ie
Weo thiink thait the snalaris of
istru'tctors ini t his dep)art mont
should h( e not less than $1l,20)0,
and we recoinmmend that these sal
aries be increatsed from time to
Itim nin proport ion to tihe zeal and
ellicionmey displayed b~y the mstruc
t OrS ini charlgo.
I iiasmiuchm as the D~epartmnent of
Physics was at thie last meeting of
the lI oardl. maiude a~ branchi of the
-I lechnmical D epart~mett we recomi
mond( ltat thle ChairP of Physics
he' abol ishied and that the instruc
for ini tIs subIjoet be paid from
S00 to $1 ,200, thereby ranking
withI oilier inistrutctors ini theo~ Me
chaniicaIl Depa rtmon t.
Mr'. J. W. Hart, our dairyman,
lhas shown himsoi~lf to he an expert
mi Ihis work anid we therefore, ire.
commend that his salary be in
creased to at least $1,200.
FITT INo 5C'iooL.
We roeommondl that Professor
Morrison conitiinue in charge of the
Fitting School at a salary of $1,
500. As thorough preparatory
trainiing is indispensiblo1 to suc
cessful wvork in the college, fail..
uro~ in higher classes often being
(1uo to shoddy wvork in thio rudi
mnentary branches, weO re'commiiond
ihat heoreateri'i oly expert and ex
periencedl tealcher's be employod
f'or the Fittiog School and that
thme young muon now assisting Pro
fessor Morrison be urged to fit
thoemselv'es ats sotn as possible, by
special uiniversity training, for the
vocation of teaching. Since it is
now easy t~o securo the services of
men who, after completing college
cou rsos, have made special prepar
ation at thoe uniiversitios for the
work of' teaching, we (10 not think
it wise to employ here young men
who have receiv'od only a general
college education. Experienced
teachers of established rOpltationi
woulId of cour mso form inoxceptions
to this rule.
in conclusion, we consider it the
duty of the edtucator not simp)ly
to hear lessons, but to strive both
mn and out of the class room by
almeans at his command to do
~volop his puplils in mind and1( mor
als. We want no hirelings at
Clemson, and we recommenid that
the Board retain only those pro
fessors who manifest, by their acts,
a genuine love for their work and
a hearty interest in all their pu
pils, especially in dli, backwvard
boys wh~o most need the encour
agement of symp)athetic teachers.
A thor'oughily docile animal,
whether colt or calf, savos one
much trouble in the care of it, and
is a more satisfactory p~ossession.
Neither is a well-broken cc It an
enigma to the buyer when lieo
::omes. Let it be handled early
mind frequnon thy, and (domesticated
To provont failures on the farm
diversify your crops.
The ancient Groeks and Egyp
tians wore tho simple sandal.
The Bible, or portions of it, has
been translatod into 354 languages
The Mississippi at the point
whero it flows out of Lake Itaska
is tOn foot wido and eighteen in
This is the tinio of year when
the machinory left in the fields
worries everybody that se0s it, ex
cept the careless ownor.
A father usually worries as much
from foar that his daughter will
marry the wrong man as hor
mother worries from fear that she
will not marry at all.-Atchison
The Michigan Presbyterian says:
If a nowspapor has not positive
views no one caros to road its opin
ions. If it has positive views
some one will be sure to feel ag
A Missouri farmer figured it
out one rainy day that he had
walkod 300 milcs in cultivating
ono acro of corn. He thereupon
sold his farm and moved to town,
where ho walked 600 miles to find
a job.-Arkansas Traveler.
If a growing young animal is
fed only suflicient food to sustain
life, thero is not only the loss of
food, but the animal is stunted,
and often to the extent that no
amount of fooding afterward will
entirely eradicate the bad offects.
This "land of the free" is a
country where only ono voter out
of six "owns a home. This "land
of the bravo" is a country where
four voters out of five are oither
political cowards, afraid to ad
vance an opinion, or too imbecile
to form an opinioll.-Chicago Ex
Pasture lands are very often
badly managod; lato and early
pasturing injuros the grass plants
so that they never do their bost;
insuflicien t soeding allows the
grasse3 to run out and dogenerate
and wood growths to take their
nlace. Heavy pasturing domands
top dressing. Spending neithor
onorgy nor mony upon those fields
is false econoiny.
It ready money is not available,
the store account can often be
aVoi(led by growing somethiag
wlich can be exchanged through
the season for such things as must
be bought. A little timo devotod
to fruit, vogotables, chickens, or
boos will ofton prove of much
more valuo than the more amount
of monoy derivod from the sale of
the products by enabling one to
avoid a caebt.
It is very common on some
farms to keep the grindstone out
of doors, sheltered only by the
foliage of seime tree in summer,
but in winter exposed to all kinds
of' storms. These stones are al
ways more or less porous. If they
wvero not they would not make
good matorial to sharpen metal
cuttmng tools. When a grindstone
gets wet and the moisture in it
freezes, pieces of the stone clip
off and tile stono wears away un
o)venily, thuis soon1 becoming of very
A Spartan burg despatch under
date January 27th says: The~
Evening Star, a new paper under
the sulpervisioin of Editor Gantt of
thle Headligh t and a Philadelphian
by the name of Knmght, wvill make
its aipearance iln a few weeks. Mr.
Knight has visited Spartanburg
several times recently, wvith a viewv
of engaging in the newspaper bus
imess, and succeeded last Friday in
coming to an agreement with Mr.
Gantt by which they become part
ners in the neow venture. Mr.
Knight is an experienced nowsp~a
p)or man and has been connected
Iwith a paper at Roanoke, Va., and
in California. He is a man of
considlerahio means and will make
extensive investments in tis see
tion. Immediately after closing
the tradoe, he loft for the North to
purchase printing material, and
expects to return anld have the
paper started in a month.
The South Carolina friends of
Capt. V. E. McBee will hail wvith
delight the announcement that lie
has heoln appointed General Su
perintendont of tho Seaboard Air
Line, a considerable promotion,
but onewlihi~ was worthily wvon.
Ho will probably have charge of
the operating department and will1
have his hoadquartor's at Ports
mouth. Captain McBeo has been
division superintendent of the
Seaboard ever since he left the
Southern. Ho gave the greatest
satisfaction to the road, and lhe is
considered one of tihe best railroad
men in the South. Capt. McBoe
is well known thlroughlout the en
'Wanted everybody to know that
the JOURINAL now has one of the
best equipped job departments in
upper South Carolina. Tile fact
thlat it is uder tile managemeont
of that wvell known job printer, J.
E. Kinch, is a suflicienlt guarante
that the work turned out from the
J'oURNAL will be first-class in every
partIcular. Our prices will alwvay
be as bdas the lowest. Orders
by mail promlptly attended to.
The first steam engine ill Amer
ica came from England in 1758.
The first telegraphic instrument
was operated by Morse in 18RR.
He AdverUied. --
"Once, when I was publishing a
?aper in Seattle, I convinced a
nan in a most emphatic way that
It paid to advertise," said an old
journalist. "He was a fairly pros
porous merchant, and I had tried
for a long time to get him to in
3ert an advertisement in my pa
" 'Oh its no use,' he would say.
'I never read the advertisements
in a paper, and no one else does. I
believe in advertising, but in a
way that will force itself on the
public. Then it pays. But in a
aewspapr-pshaw I Everybody
who reads a newspaper dodges the
advertising pages as if they were
" 'Well,' said I, 'if I can con
vince you that people do read the
advertising pages of my paper,
will you advertise?
" 'Of course I will. I advertise
wherever I think it will do any
The next day I ran the follow.
ing line in the lighthest face agate
in the office and stuck it in the
most obscure corner of the pa
per between a couple of patent
"'What is Cohen going to do
"The next day so many people
annoyed him by asking what that
line meant that he begged me to
explain the matter in my next is
suo. I promised to do it if he
would let me write the explana
tion and stand to it.: He agreed
and I wrote:
"'Ho is going'to advertise, of
course.' And ho did."-San Fran
The first almanac was printed
.Modern noedles came into use
The first iron steamship was
built in 1830.
Newspapers were first printed in
the year 1494.
The first English newspaper was
published in 1688.
Omnibusses were introduced in
New York City in 1830.
Tho first copper cont was coined
in New Havon in 1687.
George Washington was first in
war and first in poace.
The first railroad in the United
States was oponod in 1820.
The first watch was made at
Nureniburg, Germany, in 1477.
The first printing press is claim
d for Copenhagen, in 1493.
THE PRESENT COLD
BL AN K ETS
I have 10 pairs wool Blankets
which have been reduced to $3 and
$4. These aro certainly bargains.
Woolen Underwear for men and
women. Must be sold, our prices
KEEP YOUR CHIILDREN
A big lot of children's Wool
Drawers. These goods wvill be sold
for loss than cost.
A full stock of Shoes always en
DRY GOODS AND SHOES I
15 Pendleton St., Grenville, S. C.
Main Street, GR EENVILLE, S. C.
Hlave now ready for sale all the
Latest Styles in
HATS, BONNETS AND OAPS,
For Ladies, Missos and Children.
o7 'They keep~constantly on hand all the
Neolties at lowest prices.
Your patronage selited..
Main Street, Greenville, S. 0.
If you want the finest PICTURES3 made
in the State, go to
113 Mcflee Aveune Greenville, 8. C
*&- Crayon Portraits a specialty.
A pril 7--y.
is a vigorous feeder and re-~
sponds well to liberal fertiliza
tion. On corn lands the yield
increases and the soil improves
if properly treated with fer
tilizers containing not under
A trial of this plan costs but
Little and is sure 'to lead to
ng special rtiiizeea, but are practical orscontain
ng latest researches on the subject of fertilira'tion, and
elpf k ul to farmers. They are sent free for
o GEORMAN AIORKs,
Now that the Fall and Winter Season is again at hand, and
Cotton has again proved itself King, we wish to call
your attention to the Stock of Goods we
have to sell you. Our line of
Consists of every Style, and is made of every fabric. *The
Prices are such as to enable every one to
buy a New Suit..
Trousers and Suits to fit the Boys and Children.
HATS IN ABUNDANCE!
At all Prices, and Cheaper and Better than you can get in any
other store in the State.
From 50 cents a Suit up to $5-oo.
In all the Latest Styles; made by the best houses in the world.
UNIVERSAL SHIRTS !
Ask to see our UNIVERSAL SHIRTS; Laundried and Un
landried. They are said to be the best shirts in
the market for the money.
In fact, we have EVERYTHING that is carried .by a Clothing,
Hat and Gents' Furnishing House.
EVERtYTHIN " EW!
NO OLD GOODS, and all we ask is a call from you.
Thanking you for past patronage we are
reifus & Co.,
THE NEW CLOTHIERS
113 and 115 Main Street, Creenville, S. C.
A Word to the Wise,
I do not mean to bother the readers of TrE JOURNAL with any high
flown advertisement. I mean only to state a few facts and I am sure you all
are wise enough to profit by it. When you come to Greenville if you are
wise you will drive straight to the Mammoth Dry Goods Store of R. L. R.
BENTZ and he will give you bargains that will make you hAppy.
I Vill give you
Heavy Canton Flannels for 4c. yd. 25c. grade Red twilled Flan
Shirting Calicoes 4 nel 16?
Indigo Calicoes 4 11-4 Blankets 50
8oz. Wool filled School Boy 10-4 White Bed Spreads 50
Jeans 16? All wool Jackets, latest style $1.75
8&oz. Wool filled School Boy 38 inch Imported all wool
Jeans 20 Serge, all colors 25
10oz. Wool filled School Boy 46 inch Imported all wvool
Jeans 25 Serge, all colors 39
Yard wide Bleaching (no Best quality apron Ginghams 5
starch) 5 Best quality Cotton Checks 5@6c
Medicated all wool twilled |BastCanton Flannel on earth, 83@10c
Red Flannel 12i Feather Ticking 10c.
Lack of space prevents my mentioning thousands of other bargains~ I
have to offer. Come and see for yourselves- All my Goods were bought in
June and July when cotton was 5c., so as long as they last will give you the
benefit of my early purchases.
Our salesmen, Eugene H-unter, C. R. Jordan, J. Milton King, J. C.
Campbell, Allen Parkins and Franl: Walker, will take pleasure in showing
you through my immense stock, which you arc cordially invited to inspect.
. THAN EVER PRODUCED..
. (LOTHES, HATS AND FUNISlijinGS
WE'RtE TALKING ABOUT.
Look over the stock; it's complete now,
and see if you don't agree wvith us. One of
twvo things we always mean to do: To sell
you better goods than you get elsewhere for
the same price ; to sell you the same goods
at a lower price than you get then' else
GREENVILLE, S. C.
For the next Thirty Days we will ofeSpca
We have gone through our stock and marked them clown
at prices that will make them go. Give us a call before buy
ing, and save your money.
Don't fail to see our 25 cents Felt Hlats.
We carry a beautiful line of Stamped Linen, and Xmas
* Misses Rogers,e
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL,
aprtmO 10O0fcofrceot,n..nOpa ..o.e,rn-vl .C.a