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YOL 7. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, MARCH 5, 896. ONE DOLLAR A YEAR
The Geneml Assembly.
THE COLL[GE AND CITADEL.
A Narrow Escapo frjm Roduotion In the
In the House, Mr, L. J. Williams
moved to make the South Carolina
College appropriation '$20,000 instead
of $25,000. The ayes and 1100 wore
demanded on a motion to table this
amendtnent, which was lost by a vote
of 68 to 27.
Mr. Patton said it was- unfortunato
that these fights were renewed year
after year. He was only prodding the
gentleman from Edgeflold a little with
his own pitchfork when boi referred to
the continued fights.
Mr. Patton said the only thing was
that the appropriation bill was to cov
er a period of 14 months. That was
why $25,000 was in there. To cut this
to $20,000 was to take the institution
from the plane on which the Governor
and other State oftleers and all other
State concerns wore placed. At the
South Carolina College over one-half
of the students were farmers' sons.
Clemson was given $100,000 to do as
she pleased with. Thero were 300 stu
dents there. At the South Carolina
College there were 183 studonts, and
only $245,000 was asked. Clemson was
given $114,000 this your. When sho
got on her feet they would begin to
pull her down. He hoped Clemson and
all these colleges would be given every
cent they needed for current expenses.
The professors had taught two months
for nothing so far. The cqntract was
there. Were they going to repudiate
their contract ? Hadn't they just do
nated to the Governor $6,000 without
any contract ? EHe did not care to en
ter into the merits of the college. Be
head It, but do not starve it to death.
Mr. Sturkie said he had votod to cut
the appropriation down, but since
learning that the amount was for 14
months, he was willing to give the col
Mr. L. J. Williams contrasted the
expenses of the maintenance of the
denominational colleges with those of
the South Carolina College. The South
Carolina College professors were being
paid about four times as much as the
professors of the denominational col
leges for the amount of work done.
Mr. Thomas explained the position
of the committee. The committee
first thought it best to take last year's
figuree which would have given $20,
000. '?he committee had finally, how
ever, rade a cut of 30 pcr. cent. against,
the protest of a number of the mem
bers. He then proceeded to make an
earnest plea for the collego.
Mr. Pollock said It seemed to him
that ,there were some members there
determined to cut everything that
came up. -1c spoko very earnestly in
behalf of the college.
Mr. Ellerbe said that It was simply
absolutely Impossible to run the South
Carolina College on $20,000. They had
to pay the South Carolina College pro
fessors decent salaries or they would
A direct vote was then taken on Mr.
Williams' amendment, and it was kill
ed by the folloWing vote .
Yeas-Ashley, Blackwell, Bowman,
Braunlett, Brown, Caughman, Connor,
J. B., Finklea, Fowler, Goodwin, Ham
mett, Harvey, Holloway, Hough, Ilder
ton, Leverett, Miles, Mlshoe, Moore,
Murray, McIntosh, Nunnery, Prince,
Rowland, Tatum, Thompson, Todd,
Thurmond, Warr, Watson, Whitmire,
Williams, L. J., Williams, Fred, Wolff
Nays-Adams, Bacot, Barkley, Broa
zeale, Breeland, Burns, Carroll, Car
rothers, Cooper, Crum, Deveroux, Do
thage, Eadens, Earle, Elder, Ellerbe,
Gadsden, Garris,' Gregory, Hardy, Har
per, lllott, Hollis, Hunter, Humphrey,
Johnston, Kennedy, Lesesne, Love,
Magill, Manning, Mehrtens, Mellard,'
Mel lett, Mitchell, J. W., McKeown,
McLaurin, J. F., Patton, Phillips.
Pickens, Pollock, Price, Pyatt, Rains
ford, Robertson, Saunders, J. G., Shu
man, Skinner, Sturkie, Thomas, Town
send, Tyler, Wallace, Welch, Weston,
Williams, T.1. S., Williamson, Wilson,
Mr. L. J. Williams moved to make
the appropriation for the Citadel
Academy $ 15,000 Instead of $21,000.
The State, he said, had sixty-eight
beneficiaries there, makiug $285 each.
If denominational educational Institu
tions can educate a boy by an amount
31 times less, why should the State pay
Mr. Otts moved to strIke out $15,000
and insort $18,000.
Mr. Williams moved to table this,
which was rejncted by a large major
Mr. Trhomnas, in speaking on the mat
ter', alluded to the fact that there were
two extra months to be considered and
that most of the money had been spent
in the subsistence of the cadets. If
the appropriation is not p~ut at $21,000,
it would( simply result ini the closing of
the Institution two months earlier than
usual. Only $5,4I00 of the ap~propria
tion went to salarlos,- the rest going to
the support of the beneficiaries and
other necessary expenses. He spoke
of the glorious record of the institu
tion, and appealed to members not to
crip~ple the institution.
Mr. Williams said that ho found that
sentiment governed the House-that
is sentiment and women-they always
win. Ho did not think the members
could justify themselves in the course
they had adopted.
Mr. Ilderton said that if the House
ref used to cut the South Carolina Col
lege, why should the House cut down
the Citadel?2 He proposed to vote for
the Citadel appropriation as a matter
of justice to kee >it on the same plane
as other institutions. H~e did not pro0
pose to slamn into the teeth of the peo
ple of Charloston' that one institution
should be supported andl the other cut
Mr. Crum said the friends of the
poor man seemed to ho cutting his
throat. This institution was the only
one in the State where a p)oor boy
could go absolutely without a cent and
get an education, and its graduates
were doing a grand work. It was run
on the monst economical pilan, and he
would be comnpelledl to vote for the ap
Mr. Warr said he couldn't under
W. A. Clark, of the financo committac
stating that the exhibit was worth tht
$6 000 asked.
Mr. Blackwell wanted to know wha
the cost of the exhibit was. He wante(
to kuow if it was not stated in Mr
Clark's letter that a large number o
the exhibits were contributed.
Mr. Thurmond answered that th<
contributions were given to the Gov
ernor, and not to the State. He said
there could be no constitutional ques
Mr. Tatum was heretofofe agains
the appropriation, but was now in
favor of it.
Mr. Blackwell was opposed to paying
the money, not because he was opposro
to the Governor, or because of any con
stitutional question, but he did noi
want the precedent established of mak
ing any executive appropriations. II
was not right and nothing could make
it right. The Governor he did not wisl
to see suffer, but the Governor must
take the consequences of his own act.
If it was the sentiment of the people
why didn't the peoplo send him the
money to pay the bills ? The repro.
sontatives of the people had rofused to
give the money,
Mr. Patton said that he could not
vote for this appropriation. He had
not changed his opinion as to the un
constitutionality of the appropriation.
He regarded himself as oath-bound not
to vote for this appropriation. It was
simply this : That they could not ap
propri ate to pay any back claim'not
authorized by law ; the) were the
judges of tho way the people's money
should be spent. Mr. Patton, when he
heard Mr. Ilderton's amendment read,
said that it was perfectly constitution
al. He wanted to know how much of
the exhibit was the Stato's property
Mr. Townsend then accepted Mr. It
dortor.s amendment and the previous
question was thereupon called. The
amendment was then adopted.
Mr. Hammett offered an amendment
that hereafter no claim should be paid
unless specially authorized by law.
This was ruled out of order.
The $,000 appropriation was then
THE DISPENS/RY AMENDMENT.
The House Refusoo to Pass the Law to Ro
strict tho Salo of Liquor.
The bill to amend the Diepensary
law by restricting the sale of liquor
only for mechanical, scientific, medici
nal or sacramental purposes, was next
read. The bill is that introduced by
Mr. Whitmire by request of the Gospel
Temperance Union. Mr. Tatum moved
to strike out the enacting words.
Mr. Whitmiro said the bill did not
antagonize the Dispensary law, but
simply wanted to take out the prolit
and beverage features. A great many
members of this House were elected
on a strict prohibition platform. At
the time the law was enacted it was
understood that its purpose was to les
sen the evils of drink. We don't need
Dispensary money for schools. We
don't want any blood money. We wer<
told it was but a step towards prohibi
tion and it was now the time to take
that step. The Liquor Commissioner'i
report all through calls for more facili,
ties for selling liquor. That isn't wbal
we want. Every citizen is a partner
in this business and he for one didn't
want to be in it. He had been inform.
ed too that the law was not being en
Mr. Hough said that he would sus
tain the bill to the best of his ability.
It was simply a question of right or
wrong as far as the sale of whiskey is
concerned. He had voted against the
Dispensary, was against it now, and
intended to die against it. They say
it is an improvement on the barroom,
but you can't improve whiskey or whis
key selling whatever you do with it.
If there w as no profit in the Dispensary
would you keep it up ? If you take
the profit out it wouldn't last three
months. With the same strength and
same force the Dis pensary has prohibi
tion could be enforced much better
than the Dispensary system is. It is
not right from a moral stand p)oint. Whc
do you bleed to get your revenue ? The
poor unfortunate women and children
of South Carolina. This was the last
speech he would ever make and he
wanted the last words he uttered here
be for prohibition. We had passed a
prohibition law but it went out of thh
House a white cat and camne back a
Mr. Johnson of Pickens said ho fell
that he would be untrue to " his God
and conscience" did not he raise hit
voice in defense of this measure. Our
people by a large majority in 1892 de
clared for prohibition and represonta
tivos wvere sent here to carry that will
into effect, but instead they enacted
the Dispensary law. Ho thon belijeved
thait it was but a step towards probibi
tion. Since coining to Columbia and
seeing what he has seen he has come
to the conclusion that the law was not
what the people believed it would be.
lie saw crowds drinking, drunk and
cursing on the streets. . The .law has
been so) lax in its enforcement that
soon it will be little better than the
barroom system. What is the differ
ence between a blind tiger and a Dis
pensary backed up by the State whes
-a man can walk in, buy whiskey with
out signing any pledge or being asked
any questions ?' Another alarming
feature is the responsibility thr-own
around the Dispensaries. M en go in
now and buy whiskey who never did sc
before, because it was a disgrace to gc
into a barroom and buy whiskey. We
have a question before us that not only
endangers the lives and welfare of our
people, but threatens the damnnatiot
of their eternal souls. Governor Evani
and all the other bright lights have
failed to solve this cu ucation ;thorefort
turn it over to the Ghristian people of
Mr. Blackwell said that he did noi
believe that the people had voted fom
prohibition in 1892, as it has been con
strued on this floor. He did not be
lle that today the sentiment of th<
State favored the total abolition o
wh iskey, because prohibition or no pro
hibition four-fifths of the people ar<
going to have whiskey. IHe asked Mr
Johnson if hie had done his duty in no
reporting the violation of the law he
had seen in Columbia.
Mr. JTohnson said he had reported I
to the Governor.
Mr. Black well went on to say tha
the Dispensary law had been a groa
sucess. It. iu a. amening teto prom
hibition, but that will not come until
tihe present, generation arrives at min
hood. It was the best whiskey law wo
over had, and he wanted to lot good
Mr. L. J. Williams said the prohibi
tionists took no heed of oxpediency but
wanted to take the peopl by the
throat and make them stop. The bar
keeper joins him because he knowa
success means either open barrooms
or open blind tigers. If you pull a
green watsrmolon and cat it you will
Mr. Pickono said that enough had
been said to show the expediency of
passing this bill. He spoko in favor
of straight prohibition, holding that it
was the only correct solution of the
question. It is said prohibition does
not prohibit, but neither does the law
against, murder, or arson or burglary
prevent these crimes being commit
Mr. Watson said he had been watch
ing this question for a number of
years. In 1884 the Legislature had en
acted prohibition in several counties
and almost the invariable result was
that there was not actually any prohi
bItion in them. He had watched the
Dispensary law also, and he could tes
tify that never has there been so little
drunkenness in the State. It is the
best law we ever had and it Is the duty
of every Christian to see that all vio
lators of it arc brought to justice. No
honest man can deny that it is an
improvement on the old barroom law.
.Mr. Warr started off by asking
whether the Dispensary law had not
Judge Townsend said he had prob
ably had more to do with the law than
any other man, and he would say that
It isn't abused.
Mr. Warr. " Then my eyes fool me
mighty bad. Last Sunday I saw Dis
pensary No. 10, in Charleston, open."
lHe went on to argue that the bill
should be amended and these abuses
remedied. The whole thing is being
run for profit and it's horrible to think
The ayes and noes were demanded on
the motion to strike out the enacting
words of the bill, which resulted in the
rejection of the bill by a vote of 63 to
Those who voted for the bill are:
Ashley, Bacot, Bramlett, Dothago,
Gadsden, Hollis, Hough, Johnson, Lov
erett, Lofton, Manning, Mehrtens,
Mellott, McIntosh, Pickens, Prince,
Pyatt, Sanders, Saunders, Warr,
Whitmire, Williamson, Wilson.
LEGISLATIVE NEWS AND NOTES,
Various Matters in the Progress of Events
Likely to Go Through.
The following summary of legisla
tion on various topics, as the session
Is drawing to a close, will give an Idea
of what is likely to become laws:
REDUCING PASSENGER RATES.
In the Senate Mr. Mayfield moved
to take up the bill fixing railroad rates
for transportation of passengers, which
was done. The bill makes first class
fare 3 cents per mile, and 2 1-2 cents
for second class.
Mr. Buist moved the adoption of the
Mr. Norris moved to table this mo
Mr. Buist said he had taken some
pains to look into this matter and he
was convinced this measure would
work a hardship to many railroads.
He did not re'present the roads, but
he wanted to do his whole duty as a
citizen and as a representative of the
people. He read a number of figures
which ho said were absolutely correct
and only confirmed his belief that this
is not the time to reduce the fare.
Mr. Norris appreciated very full the
excellent service the railroads are
giving the people. He said some of
these roads charge 3 * in North Caro
lina and 3 in Georgia and yet in South
Carolina we must pay 31 cents a mile.
He said it was an open question wheth
er the increased travel, when cheap
rates prevailed, would not bring more
moniey to the roads than the present
Mr. Sloan said the committee at first
reported favorably on the bill but after
the railroads had been heard, the
committee were convinced that the
roads were losing money, therefore
they rescinded their former action andl
made an unfavorable rep~ort.
He had become convinced we should
let this thing alone and let the com
missioners settle the question.
Mr. Mayfleld said he hoped the un
favorable report would not be adopted.
He answered the argument that
North Carolina gives cheaper fare be
cause the sections are more densely
settled. He said the roads went
through no better sections in Georgia
and North Carolina than in South
Carolina. He favored making it a
uniform rate of 3 cents a mile..
Mr. Watson agreed with the senior
Senator in this matter. He was fully
convinced after hearing tho ropr-eson
tatives of tho roads, that we could not
fully reduce the rates.
Mr. Finley had heard these argu
ments for six years, but had never
been convinced that the railroads
were too poor to stand the reduction.
He said the roads are already carrying
passengers for 2 1 cents a mile, as
shown by the issuance of 1,000 mile
Mr. lFinloy said it is argued that the
rail road commissioners can manage
this question-but they have not boen
doing it. Hie moved to lay Mr. LUuist's
motion on the table. This was with
drawn and the vote taken directly on
the adoption of the un favorable report.
The vote reulted as follows:
Yoas-Barnwell, liricu, Uuist, Den
nis, Douglass, Moses, McDaniel, Itagin,
Sloan, Vordier, WValker, Watson,
Nays--Archer, Barton, Derh am,
D~uloso, Finley, Fuller, Harrison, May
field, Miller, McCalla, Norris, O'Dell,
Having refused to adop~t the unfa
vorable report, the Senate then passed
When the penision bill was reached
in the House, Mr. Foewler mfoved to
reconsider the amendmient requiring
the payment of pensioins on the first
t. Monday in A pril. lie said that under
LI this aL numtber (of widows who will be
- Antitled to unisn would haven tn wit
4stand how one institution could get
$1V4,000 (Dlemnson) and another couldn't
Mr. GarrIs said the ways and means
committee had 'sought to reach the
lowest possiblO figure to run the insti
tution, and he believed the institution
would receive magnanimous treatment
in view of the fact that every other
institution in the State was north of
Columbia. The battle for this institu
tion was mado several days ago and it
was bu8talned, and he could not con
sent to see it cut down by a meagro
appropriation. It is run on less than
Mr. Harpor hoped that $21,000 would
bo voted, and he called for the pre
Mr. Williams accepted Mr. Otto'
amendment and the ayes and noes
were demanded on the question, re
sulting in the rejection of the amind
mont by a vote of 67 to 32.
BUYING THE STATE EXHIBIT.
Governor Evans Wili Not Havo to Pay for the
Stato's Display at the Atlanta Exposition.
The House had under consideration
the appropriation bill, and one of the
greateut questions of interest was in
reference to the $0,000 for reimbursing
the outlay for the Atlanta Exposition.
Judge Townsend moved to amend as
"That the sum of $6,000 be appropri
ated to pay J. G. Evans for certain
exhibits for the use of the State, the
same having boon placed on exhibition
at the late exposition at Atlanta."
Mr. Ildorton offered the following
"For the purchase of the exhibit of
the resources of South Carolina, made
at Atlanta and to be forwarded to the
Cotton States Exposition to be held in
tho city of Chicago, Ill., $6,000, if so
much be necessary."
Mr. Townsend spoke at length on the
matter. tio pictured the beauties of
the Atlanta Exposition, told of the no
cessity for a State exhibit which caused
Governor Evans to got it up, and said
that the exposition at Atlanta marked
an epoch in the history of South Caro
lina. le said that the Attorney Gnn
eral had rendered an opinion that the
aplropriation would be constitutional.
They should take the Attorney Genor
He then donied that the Governor's
action was in usurpation of the func
tions of the General Assembly. He said
that, having refused to give the State
Fair an appropriation, th.sy would not
be inconsistent in doing this. To give
it to tho fair would be a donation to a
private purpose. This was expending
money for a purpose other than a pri
vate purpose. Mr. Clark, the chairman
of the finance committee, had written
a letter saying it was worth $6,000.
They should look at this matter in a
broad statesmanlike manner.
Mr. L. J. Williams did not expect to
make any speech, but he felt that he
should make his position plain. The
constitution of 1868 forbade the mixing
of the three branches of the govern
mont. This body alone was given
power to make appropriations. in 1894
this body refused to make this appro
priation-upon a preliminary canvass.
Now they were under the nnw consti
tation, and it forbade the validation of
a contract invalid under the old consti
tution. We aro now asked to pay out
money not authorized by law. Mr.
Williams said that all his sentiments
in this matter were in favor of giving
this money, but he could not vote for
an executive appropriation-for twist
it as they may that was all there was
in it. There had now been about $80,
000 of this kind of appropriations. He
wanted to have this money paid. He
wanted to pay an individual to buy this
matter. He wanted to have such meas
ures introduced, but no committee
would do it. He understood that they
wouldn't because they said it would be
a slap in the face of the administration.
The house had been slapped in the
face ; had been taken by the seat of the
p~ants and set over their fence against
their will. The Attorney General had
filed an opinion ; he would refrain from
discussing that opinion.
Mr. Ilderton had given the matter
considere ble thought. It was a doubt
in his mind whether they could do this
or not. There was no authority for the
executive appropriation. They could
only buy the exhibit for its cash value.
He thought it wise that the State
should have such an exhibit. But the
thing had been done-rightly or
wrongly ; he thought that they should
make the purchase for its actual value.
The only way to get out of the muddle
was to purchase it. He wanted to do
justice to both parties.
Mr. Skinner was in favor of the ap
propriation. There was no misunder
standing between Governor Evans and
the Lcgislature. Last year money was
slack and times hard ; hence the ap
propriation was not- made. There were
no legal or constitutional questions in
Mr. Williams-Why, then, was a
joint resolution passed to purchase the
'Wallacc property before the appropri
tion was madoe?
Mr. Skinner-That was to purchase
Mr. Wlliams-Well, isn't this a pur
chase of property you are now trying
to make ? (Laughlter.)
Mr'. Skinner continued to urge the
necessity which routed upon the Gov
ernor in the matter, and of his having
to como to the rescue of the State at a
most critical juncture. HeI made a his
torical reference to Napoeon~ at the
battle of Wa'terloo.
Mr. Watson said thin was simply a
proosiionto pa~y for the State's ex
hii tthe Exposition-something
that the peollo got the benefit of. It
was niot an appropriation to benefit
.John Gary Evans at all. The honor of
the State was at stake. In the past
few weeksi men were coming to the
State as aL result of the exhibit at At
lanta. lb wanted the appropriation
madoe if there was only $100 worth of
exhibits returned to the State. Mr.
Watson said: "We arc the law-mak
ing power of South Carolina, and we
have a right to make this appropria
Mr. Thurmond said that the proposi
tioni was clearly constitutional. Tf they
had passed a prelimhinary resolution
that would have made no difference, as
they sould not give themselves more
power Lhan they alrecady had. Uie read
a whole year before they received any
Mr. Thomas suggested that the dif
ficulty could be obviated by saying
"first Mondayin April or as soon there
aftor as poss ibl.' Judge Townsend
moved to make it road "on the first
Monday in April after the year N89.'
This was agreed to and the otToet is
to allow all pensioners to obtain the
benefits of the appropriation this year.
Mr. Frod Williams offered an amend
ment to strike out all requirements as
to income. If any soldier had an in
come he worked for It.
Mr. Thomas Interrupting Mr. L. J.
Williams, asked whether it was the
speaker's idea that even if a man had
$20,000 or $100,000 he should also re
ceivo a pension.
Mr. McSweeny moved to amend so
as to allow the widow who is 55 years
old to receive a pension, instead of 60
years as the bill provided. This was
voted down by a largo majority.
The bill provides for pensions of $4,
$0 and $8 a month each.
All soldiors, and widows of soldiers,
over 60 years of age, who are not en
joying an annual gross income of $100
from any source got $4 a month.
All old soldiers and sailors who have
lost one arm or one leg, or who receiv
5d other bo lily injury whereby they
have becomo disabled, will got $6 a
All old soldiers and sailors who have
lost both arms or both legs or sight, or
who are physically helpless, and child
ron of deceased soldiers and sailors
under 12 years of age and destitute,
will receive $8 a month.
And all old soldiers and sailors shall
be exempt from road duty and the pay
net of any commutation tax. The
act become effective on July 30, 1896.
TRE STATE FAIR AGAIN.
Mr. Patton then offered a substitute
[or the paragraph making the appro
priation of $2,500 for the State fair,
which was the same as that introduced
a few days ago except that it changed
the amount to $2,400.
Mr. Ashley moved to table it. He
hoped it would be done, too, without
Mr. Patton explained the broad scope
of the amendment, which was simply
to give the money for prenmis.
Mr. Ilderton was against the amend
ment, speaking vigorously against it.
The House should not undo its action
Mr. Blackwell made an earnest ap
peal to the House to make this appro
priation. lo took the House to task
pretty severely for reversing its action
and paying the $6,000 for the Atlanta
exposition in the morning. Where
was the conBistency ?
The roll call was demanded, and on
a direct vote the House agreed to the
amendment by a vote of 51 to 41.
Mr. Otts moved to adjourn.
Mr. Sturkle said the object of this
motion to adjourn was to defeat the
appropriation thus made.
A division was demanded on the mo
tion to adjourn. The House refused to
adjourn by a vote of 43 to 51.
Mr. Patton moved to put on the
clincher. The ayos and noes woro de
manded and the House clinched thb
appropriation by a vote of 52 to .15.
THE INSURANCE HILL.
The insuranco bill then camo up and
Mr. McCalla moved concurrence in
the House amendments.
Mr. Barnwoll asked that the Senate
insist upon its amendments, urging
that it could not damago or weaken
the bill, and was due to the Senators
from Richland and Charleston that
their citica be exceptod if they de
sired. It would only affect those
places and he hoped they would be
allowed to be excepted if they desired
Mr. Finley did not think the large
cities should be exempted from a
Mr. Sloan agreed with Mr. Barn
well and argued that the cities be
allowed to exemption if they thought
it best for them.
Mr. McCalla urged that the in
surance men would reduce tile rates In
the cities and used that as an argu
ment against the law In the State at
large. He was opposed to exomplting
certain sections from the provisions of
a general law and insisted upon his
motion to concur in the House amend
mnonts. The roll thlen being called the
amendlments were concurred In by a
vote of 15 to 14, as follows.
Yeas-Archer, Barton, lioer, D~u
Bose, Finley, Fuller, Harrison, Jordan,
Mayfleid, McCalla, McLaniel, Norris,
O'Doell, Ragin, Staickhiouse,-i5.
Nays-B~arnwellI, Bluist, Dennis, Dorm
hami, Douglass, ird, Mauldin, Miller,
Moses, Mowomr, Sloan, Stribling, Vor
P'AS'SED IJY '1'IIE IIOUSE.
Trho following bills were read the
third time and -ordered to be sent to
the Senate :
Joint resolution to provide for the
payment of the expenses of the peni
tentiary Investigation. A bill to pro
vide for the incorporation of towns of
less than one thousand nor more than
A bill to authorize all cities and
towns to build, equip and operate a
sy steml of water works and electric
lights, and to Issue bonds to meet tile
cost of same.
A bill to authorize and empower the
city of Laurons to issue bonds to the
amount of three thoeusand live hundred
dollars for the purpse of taking up
bonds of said city whichl will become
due I n 1896.
A joint resolution to authorize and
reqjuire tihe State Treasurer to repay
money borrowed under a Convention
A bill to render 'It p)unishlable under
certain conditions in certain localities
to fail to have a lawful fence.
A bill to amend Sections 939, 910,
950 and 951 of tihe Revised Statutes of
1893, relating to pensions.
A bill relating to the adoption of
A bill to Incorporate the Epworth
Thebil toamend the law providing
for the selection of a public printer
and to regulate the awar dIng of con
tracts for public printing.
The bill Ito require manufacturers
and dealers in tobacco, cigars andi
cigarettes to obtain a sp(ciabl permiit.
The Senate bill to regulatel the issue
of policies b~y fire insuranco comp~anies
THE DEATH OF BILL NYE,
The Great Humorist is Lad to Rest in the
Mountains of Woutern North Caroina.
The death of Bill Nye, the colebrated
humorist, which occured on the 22nd
of February, is lamented throughout
tho country. The physicians states
that his patient had boon in failing
health for three years, and he was not
surprised at the fatal termination of
the malady. He was buried twelvo
miles south of Ashovillo, N. C., near
About fifteen years ago there bogan
to appear in ditioront news papors ox-.
tracts which were said to have been
copied from a paper published at
Laramie, Wyoming, the namo of
whi.-h was alleged to be The Boom
erang. The sketches were unique and
most amusing, but for a long timo
many of those who enjoyed the humor
of them were very doubtful about the
existence of a now upaper with such a
scomingly absurd name. However, it
bogan to be understood that a now
humorist had arison and was located
on the windy uplands of the northwest,
and that his newspaper. The Blooiu
orang, as well as his humor, was
Of courso it was asked who this
genius of humor of the Wyoming up
lands was, and the papors began to
circulato a rumor that his name was
1111 Nyc, and that he was a relative
of a man who had won groat ropute,
not only as a statesman, but as a fun
lover and maker, the late United
States Senator. " Jim" Nye. Of
course every one wondered whether
the Bill Nyo who was writing, with
that spontaneity which is the basis of
all genuine humor, the Boomorang
sketches was also the Bill Nyo whom
Brot Harto had Immortalized in his
" Heathen Chineo." Harte's celebrity
had before this been supposed to be a
myth, a creature of his fancy ; but
there were many persons in the cast
who felt suro that Bill Nye of the poem
and the Bill Nye of The Boomorang
could be no other than one and the
It was not many months boeforo the
public know that Bill Nyo was a nom
de plunie, and that this genius of
humor was baptized Edgar Wilson
The Boomerang was quoted all over
the country, and Nye began to got his
reputation as a humorist of note at
that time. The paper was not a
financial success, but it was the founda
tion for the fortune which Nyo after
ward mado as humorist.
Like many humorists, Mr. Nye was
a man of almost womanly gentleness
of disposition. His amiability was
never clouded, and his good humor
was as spontaneous as it was good
natured. He never forgot a friend.
In later years his writings and lectur
ing brought an income of over $20,000
a year, and he leaves a moderate for
tune to his widow and children.
Some of the experiences of his life
on his famous "Buck Snioal" farm are
among his quaintest and best eforts,
Of his appearance all that is necessary
to say is that lie "looked like his
pictures," and there Ii hardly a man,
woman or child who reads newspapers
who does not know themi. Perhaps
the most famous of his humorous
writings was the letter to the president
of the United States accepting the
postmastership at Laramio City. That
etter wats commented upon in serious
ness by the London Times, and the
comment was perhaps as funny as the
original letter, when all the circum
stances are taken in consideration.
Mr. Nyc, unlike most writers of his
kind, had excellent business qualifica
tions. He uas a " thrifty humorist,"
as one of his friends expressed it.
When he began to write his sketches
for the Boomerang ho had no idea that
they would be of more than local in
terest, nor in fact did ho realize the
humor that was in them or its market
value. He simply reported things in
Laramie as ho saw them, not under
standing that his montal vision and
his cap~acity to reproduce it onD paper
was of such pescu liar nature as would
gain for him fame, would creato in the
p~opular mind a demand for a constant
supply of It, and would therefore hnve
Mr. Nyc personally was a most
lovable man, Ilo was genial anid
kind-hearted, with not the slightest
suggestion of conceit or "' upipishneiss"
in his manner. IFew men have had
more or better friends than ho had.
No man was over mnore modest and
unassuming. It is nso inj.sstico to him
to say that much of lisa success as a
writer was due to the ambitilon and1
encouragemnent of his wife. Long
before the world knew hmimi she had
told him of his p5owers' and applaudedl
his early elforts. Shoe did not with
hold her praise until the flood of his
success cameii, b~ut in the dark days
whlen there was an actual struggle for
existence she stood b~y h im, a tower of
strength andl an inspiration, her faith
in him noevor faltering.
--A Washington special says : "lPoo
plo who know Frances F'olsomn as a
slight young schoolgirl and have not
enjoyed the privilogo of seeing her
since, are altogether not prepared for
the development which hanis taken
place sinice her marriage. Mrs. Clove
lan dhas acqiuired additional weight
al most imperceptibly, but none the
less surely. It, does not, detract In the
slightest deogroo f reom her charming
presence, and many of her friends
believo that, with her carriage, the
adlded weight was almost necessary.
Some of Mrs. Cleveland's most intimate
friends have been particularly curious
of late to know how much sihe actually
weighed, but they were not altogether
prepared for the statement sh~ maiide
the other 'lay to one of her friondi
that she now tll pped the scales at exacte
ly 1961 pounds."'
-The engineer corps of the Ohic
River and Charleston Rlailroad, undot
the direction of Chief Engineer Moles
worth, are now making a survey of then
p rop~osed route Ifor' a branch voad frons
Ilacksburg to Spartanburg, by thi
large cotton mills of Cherokee F'alle
Gaffney's, Glendale, Clifton, etc. It i
thought, that, owing to the feasibilit
and cheapness of the route and th
immense amount of freight which
promises to the ,O. RL. & C. Road, th
owner8 of the latter wili have the rots
built and work will he hegun on it i
noon as the line is located.
LOOK OUT FOR THE COMET.
Per 's Discovery Soems to be Comiing..
Straight Towards the Earth.
l'orrino's Comet is advancing toward
the earth at the prodigious pace of
1,000,000 miles a day and unless it
changes it courso it may hit the earth
soine time during. Saturday, 'March
14. Profossor Lenschuer, of the State
University of California, has just com'
pleted his calculations of the orbit of
the new comet, which was discovered
by Astronomer 1orrine, of the Lick
Vniversity. lils calculation convince
him that the comet will take a now
course on March 1 and sheor away from
the carth. If, however, the profOssor
has mado a mistake of a millionth part
of a unit in his figures the comet may
Professor Pickering, of the Harvard
Observatory, was soon by a Sun re
porter and asked if it were possible for
the comot and the earth to meet in
collision. His reply was that such a
thing was cortainly possible. "Co
mets," he said, " have no special rela
tion to the earth, and if the earth hap
pened to be in the path of one it would
of courso be struck. I am not prepared
to say what would happen. No one
knows. You see we have no record of
any such experience. The only man
who dares to say much on the subject
is Professor C. A. Young, of Princeton,
and I'll give you his opinion on the
subject, because lie has given that line
more attention than I havo.
" Professor Young's opinion Is that a
comet is nothing but a 'sand bank;'
that is, it Iu a swarm of solid particles
of unknown size and widely separate,
say pin heads, several hundred feet
apart, each particle carrying with it
an onvolope of gas largely hydrocarbon,
in which gaslight is produced, either
by electrical discharges between the
particles or by some other light, the
evolving action due to tho sun's In
fluenco. This hypothesis derives its
chief plausibility from the modern dis
covery of the close relationship bo
tween motoors and comets.
" Professor' Young says that comets
may hurt us in two ways, either by
actually striking the earth, or by fall
ing into tho sun, and thus producing
much an increase of solar heat as to
burn us up."
in regard to the possibility of a col
lision with a conet., Professor Picker
ing said that it was to be admitted
that such an event was possible. "In
fact," ho continued, " if thocarth lasts
long enough such a thing is practically
suro to happen, for thetro are several
comets' orbits which pass near to the
carth's orbitI than the semi-diameter
of the comet s head, and at some timo
the carth and comet will certainly
coio together. Such encounters will,
however, b rare. If we accept the
ostimato of Babinot they will occur
once in lifteon millions of years in the
As to the consequence of such a col
lision, Professor Pickoring said it was
imlpossible to estimate for want of
sure knowledge of the state of aggre
gation of the matter composing a
comet. " If wo accept the modern the
ory," he said, "and if this theory be
true, everything depends on the size
of the separate solid particles which
form the main part of the comet's mass.
If they weigh tons the bombardment
would ho very serious, but If, as sooms
moro likely, the particles are smaller
than pin honds, the result would bo
simply a grand meteoric shower.
"ow," continued the professor,
"although tho l)ossibility of 'that comet
striking the earth is real, still the
probability is not so great. So far as
wo know the probibility is not much
groater than that of soni other coneth
striking us. At the Harvard Observa
tory here we have not yet had the three
good observations which are required
befor we can make any computation.
"T Tis Is for the reason that so many
other observatories are watching
comets that we devote our time to
things which they cannot do so well as
we can. Of course, If the time comes
;when we are in a position where our
observa~tions will count for much we
shall devote our energies to them. "
Now York Sun.
SERIOUS FIRE AT FLORENCE.
Heavy Les,k in Guijun0-, an. Go(odg-One
Man, Burnt to Death.
Speccial to the Statec.
i"LAllmNCEI, Feb. 27 .-Florenco pre
sents a gloomy appearimance today. The
very heart, of thc business portion of
the city is in ashes and men, women
and children have all day been silent
ly viewing what yesterday was a group
of handsome brick buildings, now a
mass of black and charred ruins.
The fire alarm nounded about, 4:10,
fllmes having been seen comning from
the rear of the Ellis block of buildings
on the north side of Evans street, im
medilately adjoining the Central hotel.
This block, the property of Mr. 0. 8.
Ellis, is two stories in height, the first
floor used as stores, the uppor as
ollices and private ircoms. Though
the tire department resp~onded promnpt
ly and the citizens turned out en
masse, the flamos spread rapidly to
wards the cast, taking in two smaller
brick stores and the large 3-story
buildIng on the corner ; thence up
Dargan street, taking in two other
brick huildings, the last five all the
property of Dr. F. LU. Lake. The fIre
did not cross the street and the Cen
tral hotel, by heroicoetforts, was saved.
Water ruined the plastering in the
western half of this building, the
timbers supporting the tin roof wore
charred by the heat and furniture in
somne of the rooms was blistered.
Masses of brick and ashes show where
the other buildings stood.
The total actual less is variously esti
mated at from $50,000 to $100,000 and
total amoua.t of insurance involved, in
cluding Central hotel, is about $70,000.
;There was but one fatality, but it is
a sad onme. George Williams of Dar
lington, a printer, who was visiting
here at the time and occupying a room
in the Ellis buIlding, was overtaken -
by the llames and, later in the day, his
c harred body was dr'agged from the
a ruins-head, hands, and feet burned off
,and body ,burned to a crisp. The
a coronor's jury returned a verdict of
y death by mischance.
e The origin of the fire is not known.
e -The naked are light is oae of the
d most deadly enemics of bacteria, and
to on that account is being largely used