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NR. ANSEN AND THE NORTH POLE
Bill Arp Thinks it is Good to Discuss Some
twng Besjdes Pontics-He to Much Interest.
ed in Scientific Discoveries.
Everybody is thinking about the
north pole and Dr. Nausea now. It i
glorious to have something to distract
our attention from politics. And there
are the cathode' rays that have come
just in time to help out. It is awful to
have to read politicb day after day and
to ponder over the ways of parties and
partisans. A quail a day for thirty
days is nothing to be compared to It.
L-t us have any sort of a recess now.
We wouldn't mind a big fire or a small
earthquake-a quake that would shake
the windows in the big house at Wash
ington and upset a few desks and
tables and roll the drunken member
from Alabama otf the sofa. I wish
some Guy 1Fawkes would come along
and scare thlem all so bad that they
would go home and never go back any
morh. The pe-oplo are tired and d is
heartened. There are a few good public
servants there, but they are lost and
.helpless. The majority would see the
country go to the devil beforo they
would get out of the line of their party.
The currency and the tariff are not
party questions, but the parties have
made them so. This has been said
before, but it is worth saying again.
There is no moral principle that gov
erns a professional politician. Look
at Blackburn and Hunter-what an
expense to the State will the taxpay
ers have to meet just to gratify the
greed or the sellish ambition of two
men. Kentueky has hundreds of men
just as able and well qualified as they
are. Then why don't they withdraw
and stop all their wrangle. Why don't
the members make them withdraw.
The answer is that this is polities-im
pure and complex politics. Surely the
cor mon people are fools or they would
send better men to Congress and to the
But I was thinking about Dr. Nansen
and the north pole. Can it be possible
that he has found it-found the ena of
the earth -the very tip end of the
spindle that the earth turns on, and
was there a linch pin in it and was the
axle greased or was the journal hot
and did the sparks ily and so forth. If
the doctor hasn't found anything but
an open plolar sea andt a few walruses
and setals and no big, awful suck-hole
at the center that had liked to have
pulled his vessel in them, he may go
back and try it again. The world
won't be satistled with that andt It
won't believe him. Why, J -Ahn Cleves
SymIues found a theoretical hole up
there that was 2,000 miles in diameter
and a vessel could sail in and around
just as easy as sailing on the ocean.
Symmnes's hole was talked about when
I was a boy and it has had believers ever
since. Th.leni Jules Verne came along and
made a journey up there and found the
identical pole and put a fRag on it, and
the one he raised is flying there yet.
And last, but not least, Mr. Fairman
has found a manucript left by one of
Sir John Franklin's men in an Eskimo
hut and it tells the whole story, how
he and an Eskimo and six dogs were
cut lT from the vessel and took shel
ter in a cave of ice and lived on wal
rIus and bear meat, and after some
days determined Lo explore the cave
and kept on and on and on, by the light
of their blubber-laimp, until they had
traveled 150 miles, and at last cane to
the opining on the other side, which
is to say thu inside of Symmes's hole,
and found a land and a peo)le and tine
cities and fruits and flowers, and lakes
and river's, and the whole was lightedl
up by the aurora borealis. Mir. Fai r
man callis it the third world andl makes
a very fascinating story of it. If it
was true I would believe it., and I ami
inelined to believe it, any1~how. I I hus
a charming love story mixedt up with
it, and I am not yet too old( to enjoy
themx. I'veJ always had an idea that
the Creator puit the aurora boreailis up
there for' somie other purpose besides
an occasional 11llumilnation or our
northern horrizon. Maybhe it. is a big
electric arch light for those people in)
the hole, w ho never see the siun.
Verily, we are onI the eve of great
things, but we don't know w ha .t the v
are. Dr. Nansen can't put us olf w i th
lce anmd water--our own 10~lisha Ke-nt
Kane clone better than that and s1 (lid
Greely, for. they saw floeks of acquatic
birdls coming troml that way. Neverthe
less we will wait and see. Mlaybe lie
has found a hole-au open funnel-and
will go through and come out at the
And now we read that D~r. Plongeon,
who has been nine years in Yucatan,
has at last unr'aveled all the mysteries
of the hieroglyphics that are chiseled
onl the ancient ruins in that country
and declares the ruins to be at least
ten thousand years old, and these
temples were built long hefore the
flood and the letters that make up the
alphabet are of Egyptian origin, lie
and his wife have been photographing
them and have writtc'n a volume that
will soon be published in' Paris, a
volume that he says will enlighten the
scientitic and religIous worldi and rec
move all doubts about the origin of man
and his progress dlown the corridors of
time. We read some of his comnmu ni
cation. In The lueview of iteviews last
summer and wonderful---thait is all we
can do nowadays-just wait and won
der. Not long ago I had a nice letter
from Mr. Oliver, the American consul
at Merada asking me to come over
there andI examine these wonderful
ruins and write them up and offering
his assistance, and I have a mindl to go'.
Merid, Is a city of 60,000 inhabitants,
and it -ia only ashort sail from Hlavana.
The only thing that makes me hesi
tate is what Dr. Plongeon writes about
the snakes and centipedes and other
noxious reptiles and insets that haunt
the ruing. Alfter livIng seventy years
and escaping the dangers of war and
pestilence, I don't want to be bitten by
a snake and die in a strange landl. I
am like the old man of ninety years
who took the measles and said he
never was so ashamed of anything in
his life, and it would disgrace the
family if he died of the measles.
And now come the cathode rays that
are t' throw light upon all hl'dden
things and reveal the anatomical mys
teries of the human body. The dic
tionary says they are the rays that go
to laun-down when the electrIc current
is flowing from east to west, and the
word means sun-down. Edisoa is at
work on the discovery day and night,
and will tell us more e'bout it before
long. The doctors will be able to
look right through a man and diagnose
his disease. If he has appendicitis
they will see it and know where to
cut. I he has a pistol ball in him
they can find it. If his heart or his lungs
are diseased,, the rays will tell how
mch. Poor Glartfield's life might have
been saved, for the doctors would not
have ht a to out himt all to pieces hunt
ing for the ball. The digestIve organs
*an be kept in a healthy condition, fo
the rays will tell what a man c, or
and digest and what he caa'6. Rut
.fool man will *)methaes cat thoug
there is death in tihe pot. 1 ate sm
toate chee lnt igt i siomy
wife's warning, and I had the night
mare. I cried out. "There's robber.,
plice," and my wife called we and
awoko me and comforted me so kindly,
for she said, "1 told yo'u so, but you
would eat that toasted cheeso! 'kile
next ti me you eat choose for supper
and go to bed, you had better put a
pistol under your pillow and shoot the
thievos and robbers when they ret
after you." She Is my comforter and
regulator, but sometimes I am right
hard to manage. BILrL Am-P.
Three Classmates Who Fought and Fell on
In correcting a etatement made by
another gentleman with reference to
the career of the late Col. Lewis E.
Williams, of the famous First. Virginia,
Dr. J. C. Hiden tells a most remarka
Ole story about three of his classmates
at the Virginia Military Institute as
I was intimately acquainted with
Colonel Williams from his boyhood.
lis father, for whom he was named,
was the Commonwealth attorney of
Orange County, and for more than an
averago generation practiced in the
court of which my father was a justice.
Lewis and myself attended the same
local academies. In 1854 1 was appoint
ed a cadet at the Virginia Military In
stitute at Loxington. During that ses
sion I rooied in No 13-a "tower"
room on the second "stoop," and just
west of the "arcl. My roommates
were Lewis B. Williams, Tazewell
Patton, a son of the noted lawyer and
politician, Hon. John M. Patton, of
this city; Peyton Slaughter and I. C.
The coincidences were really more
extraordinary than those stated In the
Dispatch. Williams, Allen and Patton
,A ere all of the same class, all in the
same room, all graduated July 4, 1855,
all became lawyers, all volunteered in
the Confederate army, all rose to the
rank of colonel, all commanded Vir
ginia regiments, were all in Pickott's
Diviion, all (I believe) in Kompor's
Brigade, and all fell at Gettysburg.
I once related this series of coinci
dences to a distinguished graduate of
Brown University, and he said he saw
nothing very remarkable in them. I
know at once that he had never master
ed the "theory of probabilities " In
mathematics. I afterwards related
this to that famouseducator Joian Hart,
a real mathematician, and he express.
td his wonder thus : " The chances
for such a series to occur again are, I
should say, about as one to infinity."
Mr. U &rt took his degree at the Uni
versity of Virginia.
Lewis Williams and myself belonged
to the same literary society and he was
one of the finestspeakers in the corpse
of cadets. As a student he distinguish
ed himself, and graduated high in a
class which was remarkable for talents.
Stapleton Crutchileld, one of the most
brilliant students I ever knew, took
the first honor in that class. lHe was
a son of the old Democratic Speaker of
the House of Delgateb, who wept in
the chair when the House refused to
elect William J. Hivos to the United
At Gettysburg, Colonel Williams,
who was quite ill with malarial fOver.
was lying in .in ambulance. When the
charge was ordered ho left the ambul
at ce and prepared to lead his regiment
-the First Virginia. The field ollicers
were all afoot, as it was reckoned al
most certain death to he mounted in
that charge. Klemper, who practiced
at our Orange bar, and had known
Willilaws as a boy, said :'" Lew is, you
cannot go; you a 'e too weak to walk.
and it is certain death' to ride," "' Gon
eral, I can sit on my horse, and I must
Igo," was the gallant colonel's reply.
The major of the old1 iirst thben remnon
strted : "~ Colonel, go buck to the
ambulance. If you mount that horse,
you will be a dead man beftore you go
three hundred y'ards. i will take the
regimwent ini. Do go back." "No."
saidl Williams, "'1 will lead mmy men,'"
and lbe mtoutedC( his horse and moved
up)on ths d readful, can non-crow ned
heights. He had rididen but a few rods
when lbe tell.
What lheroes hg st thou bo'rne
31 olher ti nne eve is weepinag,.
liut still thy~ brightest jewel
Th ine honoer thou d idst save;
TIhv sons will wear it prm.dlly
I'n freedom or the grave.'
The Mount Lebanon Shakers recent
ly performed a great decd of charity,
althou g it was not designed as a char'
ity, being nothing more nor less than
an advertising scheme. It however re
sulted in great good just the same.
They gave away 1,000 bottles of their
Digestive Cordial to those suffering
from stomach derangements.
It was so offective in curing those
who used the remedy that they were
loud in their praises of it and In con
mequence a large demand for the cor
:lal was at once created.
The druggists of this town have lit
tle books that tell all about it. Diges
bive Cordial creates an appetite, ald~s
lgestion and brings about a rapid in
3rease in flesh and strengthb.
L~axol is the name of a palatable Castor
D)il. Just the thing for children
--The recent sale of the Port R~oyal
and Western Carolina Railroad has
been confirmed by Judge Simnonton in
the United Wtates Circuit Court. The
signing of the conlrmiatory order was
not in the naturs of a surprise to the
railroads or the attorneys, as Judge
Sim~nton statedl in court several weeks
ago that he would confirm the sale.
Toe order is quit. brief, and simply
confirm, the sale and makes no men
tion of the fees for the attorneys. The
lawyers 'were instructed at the hearing
of the case to forward their arguments
for fees by the 1t2th instant, which it Is
understood was done. It is said that
the fees to the interested lawyers will
not be made public.
-Judge Benet, sitting in the Circuit
.ourt at Charleston, has issued an or
her against E. H. Sparkman, of the
eur ity SavIn ge Bank ; A. F. 6. Cram
sr, of the Coal Consumers Comnp any,
and PresIdent J. H. Dosher, of the
Pal motto Brewery, to show cause why
they should net be ruled for contempt
for hating gone before the United
States Court and asked for a receiver
of the br ewery, after he had issued a
temporary '.njunction against that
property. The case is a notorious one
already and Judge Blenet's order adds
another sensational feature to is.
-The conviction of Dra. Sutton Bald
win, of Alabama, for the murder of
Wade E'lson, his rival for the hand
of a young woman, wIll no doubt hate
a wholesomeo effect. The murder was
committed only a month ago, and the
parties are promine~nt people. SPrompt
trials and convictions by due process
of law are the surest cure for lynch
THE SILVER SLOGAN SOUNDERU
TO ORGANIZE SOUTH CAROLINA.
Coarmafl 3owdlen Calls for the Formation
of a Siaer 'arty-Ho Wants this State to
Lino Up for the Fight.
ro the People of South Carolina:
With the presidential campaign of
1896 the time has again como in the
Iistory of civilization when mno are
compelled to take a determined stand I
-with a courage and firmness that
knows no defeat-for the rights of 4
human against the' grood of anl in
trenched money power. This year
may prove the last opportuniLy to; the
cause of the peopl to win peacefully
by the ballot.
Bondholders and their cohorts of '
centralized wealth are rapidly rivet- I
Ing the shackles of a degraded sorfdom
on the producers of tho whole world.
Men of all classes of busint s,-in pro
duct-lon, manufacture and distribution
-are feeling mu-ore heavily every day
the burden of tributo they aro paying
of banking and bondholding classes
the plutocratic socialists. The intelli
gence of the citizen of this republic
renders it necessary for our people to
lead the nations in the tight for cur
roncy reform. Throu&rh the discus
sions of the last few years the intelli
gent voter -has come to understand,
much better than formerly, how the
profits of all Industry are absorbed by
the drones of the creditors classes, by
controlling the dssue and volume of all
money and continually increasing its
The period of educational agitation
and theoretical discussion Is rapidly
passing. The timo for action has
come. The united action of the people
on the financial issue is the only means
of success for the reforms necessary.
All patriotic citizens-especially the
producers of the raw ink.terial, the
farmer and mio ; t ho producer of the
tinished articlo--tho manufacturer
and the distributors -the ruerchant
and the conllercial men--should
equally bear the responsibilities of
this grand tight for humanity against
the Shylocks of Esngland and Wall
We cannot dally with the danger
nor longer be deceived by the dilatory
tactics of party politicans. That both
parties in charge of our government
now are servile tools of the money
power is a notorious fact known of all
men. Shylock has already led oat the
llepublican party as the winner this
year. The Demnocratic leaders theim
selves confess that there is no hope
for their party in the coming elections.
Its national convention will only be
held to give the loaders-protended
friends of silver, but really tile slaves
of Wall street goldolators-a chance to
try their hands at keeping some of the
Southern States in line with another
platform straddle and a milk-and-cider
candidato. Going into tile national
conventiol of either one of the old
parties only means deception and di
vision of the silver forces and final d0
feat to the cause of curroncy reform.
The peoplo must take charge of this
fight themselves from the beginning
make it open, honest and straight, and
resign none of their vital interests L
into the hands of party leaders, who F
only work for party success. 1 (
A con forence of silver men of al 1
Iarties was held in Washington, ). t
C., on January 22-23 ultitmo. It was
tile unan1LIliIIOus o)in1ion1 of that confer- r,
ence that the frien'ls of silver coinage 8
must at once prepare for independent al
action. A national convention was p
calledl to meet at St. Louis onl July 22d.
In adopting a pllatformi and nominat
inlg candidates, thlis convention is to h
co-opecrateo with the l'eople's patrty and v
all other friencds of currency refor-m. A S
national commniittceo was selected and v
headquarters establishled at Washing- h
ton and the work of organization will S
be r-apidly pushled. b
After consultation with friends of m
the causte in this State, and feeling It t
my dluty as a member of the national c
commlittee of tile American Silver c
Party from South Carolina, I have de- u
cidled to issue this ad dress-appealing I
to all patriotic citizens, who realize the t
supreme importance of the money(
issue, witlhout regard to party aflilia-I
tions or views on other questions, to I
unite at once in an organization with1
the following propositions as a basis. ]
1st. Tile free and unlimited coinage
of goldl and silver, at the legal ratio of
1 to 16, by the United States govern
mnent, independent of the actilon of any1
21. Thie power to control and regu
late a paper currency is inseparable.
from the power to coinm money ; hencel
bank issues should be abolished and all
currency intended tol creulate as money
sh~ould be issued, and its volume con
trolled, by the the general government
only and It should be a full legal ten
der. Trho volume of currency-gold,
silver and papr-to be suftlcienlt to do
the business of tile country on a cash
Unalterable opposition to the issue
of interest-bearing bonds by the
United States in time of peace. The
payment of coin obli gatioens of the
United States. as provided by existing
law, in either silver or silver coin, at
the option of the government and not
at the option of the ct-editor.
To faciliato tile organization of the
silver- forces In this State I will make
the following practical suggestions :
F'irst. Organizo3 a silver league, I
with a pledge to stand by tile above 1
platform, at every voting precinct
in the State-and more If necos
sary. As soon as organized send me I
at Denver, Anderson County, S. C.,
the nlame, postoflico and county of the
o-eretary of each icaguo, so that I can
have sent him literature for distribu
ion. Tihe only oIler8 needled are:t
president, v ice-president, secretary
and executive committee.
Sew-ound. A county convention should t
be held not later than May 1st, to I
elect, a county chairman, a county exo
entive commlnittce and a member oft the
State executive committee.
Third. As soon as possible after 1
May 1st a meeting of the State e xecu- 1
tivo commtitte should be held to elect E
a Stato chairman, determine how dole- (
gates to the national convention
uhall be chosen andl such other matters I
as may be nleessary.
A simple orgapniz..tion is all that is
neces-ia'y to give macthinerv for the s
camipaign. This gottng i gather of1
ourW forces is a businessH proporamtion to]
men who mean business and I hope<
that every reader of tis address wlli
at once conlsider this his duty and
oromptl y proceed to organIze a silver
league In his neighborhood and send
me the proper noti fleation.4
J. W. BOW DEN
Member National Committee bor<
South Carolina A merican Silver Party.1
-A mother started [to tell the story 1
of a~ mlisej toi her1 children, and, up-ini
nikinig if they knew what a milser was. I
her seven-year-old replied, "0Oyes, I
kc now, eco~nmser-somebody wno al
ways saves,-and nover spends a cent. *
CUBA WILL YET OE FREE.
JIoqun*t Appea! of Senator Vest for Recog.
niten of the Cuban Patriots,
In the United States Senate, the
,esolution on Cuba was taken, and an
kgreemoent was made itu to concluding
hle debate. Mr. White (Dem.) o
3alifornia continued the speech begun
y him tho day beforo, contending
hia the question of the recognition of
Auban belligoroncy or of Cuban Indo
undonee was one solely within the
unctions of the excutive department
)f the government,, and that Congress
ind no right to impose its will upon
ho P resdent in such a matter. As to
,he recognition of Cuban indepondenc,
IQ said that the indopondence of a new
fovernuent could not be recognized
autit the real vital distulrbanceus woro
ractically closed, and until the cause
if the parent country was desperato.
,nder prevailing conditions, the ro
,ogIitioni of the indepeudeneo of Cuba
Nould be not only contrary to all pre
x-deuts. but contrary to the actual
ustice of the case.
Mr. Vest asked what would have be
on of the struggle for American
independence if France had acted on
the principle advocated by the Sena
tor froin California. The American
people, Mr. Vest said, would have
today been English subjects, instead
Af being free citizens of a froo country.
Prance, during the struggle, had re
cognized the indepondouce of te
United States and had gone farther
than any other country had ever gone
in a like case-except fron self-inter
est. She had sent her armies and
Ileets and had put upon the people of
the United States a debt of undying
" If we mean to stand by these peo
ple in Cuba, who are imitating us and
are endeavoring to make a government
for themselves, we must help them in
their hour of need. I do not go so far
%8 to say that we should do so by arms.
That is not advocated by any one in
this chamber or out of it. We can at
least do It by stating to the world that
we believe the attempt of this mon
archy of Spain to suppress the insur
rection-to crush the attempt to form
a republic in the island of Cuba-is
absolutoy hopolosts and helpless, as I
believe, under God, it is today.
"I say thero will never come an
hour when Spain can reassert her
itominion over the island Cuba. It is
impossible for ior to do it. I speak
from the gre teachings of history
and oxperieni . The course of Spain
on this cont nont is marked with
blood. Ther(. was a time when Span
ish dominion extended from the south.
urn limits of the United States to the
most southerly point of South Ameri
ca. No American can over forgot
those burning pages of Prescott, which
describe the conquest of Mexico and
Poru when the Spaniards, with the
lust of gold and the lust of blood,
marked their terrible pathway across
thoso countries. Of all that dominion,
won by blood, won through -torture
ind fire, there remains today to that
ootlless old wolf the single island
)f Cuba, and Spain today, like Giant
Jospair in that wonderful picture of
3unyan, sits almost helpless at the
loor of the dark cavo of despotism and
-rine with Impotent rage it the pro
ossion of splendid republics that
murch on in the progress of civiliza
on and the future.
"Mr. President, that wolf can never
stain that single cub. Never can
pain hold the island of Cuba after
ie has lost all these South American
"'1This question,'' Mr. Vest went on,
is not whether Cuba has achieved
en independence. The question is
-hether Spain can conquer Cuba. Can
pain continue to hold Cuba as a pro
ince ? I deny it. I say that the 10
mng years of sttccessfui resistance to
pain by Cuba shows that Cuba today
as the power to maintain and will
i aintain successful resistance. This
hing a year ago was what the French
all an emeate--a mere handful of men
ailed ' brigands ' on the east coast,
ome of whom were hung as pirates
oestes humani-today it is an I nsurrec
Ion. E~very Cuban is a patriot. The
2ubans have given up h omes, fami
les, everyjthing, through the hope of
iberty. Tell me that a peeople like
hat can be conquered ! Never I Never!
lever!1 Will they be again willing
ubjects to the throne of Spain ?
" No instance can be found in which
i million and a half of people, om
inud and confederated so unan imously
is they are, have ever been subjugated
ixcept by extermination. What
A~merican boy does net remember the
:urning oration of Henry Clay, when
se spoke for Greece in 1824, and when
se predicted that so long as Thermo
pylae and Marathon were remembered
nio Greek would lay downs his arme
before the Turkish power ? We are
told that the Cuban insurrectionists
a~re negrons, mulattoes 'and Inmlians. So
much the more reason why we should
ympathize with them and s ay, ' God
relp them in thoir dire extremity.'
" Liberty lives with the poor and op.
2ressed ; not with the wealthy and
:>owerful. It throbs in the breast of
he imprisoned bird ; it has gone with
nartyr to the stake, and has taken its
light with his soul to God. Liberty
!annot be extinguisheod wh'9n a people
ire unanImous in defense of the rights
vhich God had given thorm. And If
hoso people, ignerant and poor, s'ug
fling again~t dopotismn, have Imritatod
as, why should we content ourselves
vith a bare expression of sympjathy
vith the caus-i' 1t is a mere fare~o
or tas to do anything else than to d.1
tare our belief to the world that the
aahcause is hopo~ess In the Island
" I deny and repudIate the doctrine
hat all vestigate of SpanIsh power
nust be climainated from Cuba before
ye can recogtnizo the indcopondencei of
hat people. Are we to nait. until the
stand Is made desolate by the tire and
word ? Are we to stand ellent, and
lumb while a Spanish governor (called
general) declares his intontion t~o
>ayone't the people of Cuba and to
mutcher them into subjection to the
',panish quleen ? 1 say that if we do,
iod will curse us. I say that if we do,
hnd sit hero idlo until a desert has
)eD made of that s plenadid Island, we
nay be sure that the time will come
then there will come retribution upon
as as a peole, because we have not
>con true to the task assignedl us by
'rovidence-- because we have not
>horished the legacy of self-govern
neat l:equeated us by our fautheurs."
Mr. Vests's splenadid rhotoic was
istened to with rapt attention and
froat admiration by a full Senate and
>rowded gahoerios, and bis peroration
vas applauded on all sides.
Ho was followed by Mr. Gray who
~ompllimented him with the remark
hat if the independence of Cuba could
>o achieved by eloquence It had hoee
schieved by the burning words that
iand fallen from the lips of the Sena
or from Missouri. No one could have
ueard thoem, ho said, without sym
>athlsing with the feelIng with which
be Senator's heart was throbbing,
btn iuthout giving favorable respnsa
itO every aspiration whioh he had
uttered for that unhappy Island. Mr.
G V went on to argue the futility of
doolarIng Cuban independenco when
ovet Senat know that the struggle
for 6was notyet suooosful.
FACTS ABOUT SILVER COINAGE.
A Explanation of What Has Boon Done by
the Government in tho Past.
A cuiroue misunderstanding appears
to be prevalent regarding the quantity
of silver coined for general use prior
to 1873, to which attention is called by
a letter from a subsoribor, who says:
"I holevo that the number of standard
i silver dollars coined in the United
States from 1793 to 1873 was between
$7,000,000 and $8,000,000. But on turn
ing to the Tribuno Almanao under
gold and silver coinage we found, in
the column undor tho word silver,
ovor $110.000.000 fron 1793." The
trouble with thid inquirer is that he
overlooks the .ery large colnago of a
subsidiary sort; namely, the half and
quartor dollars, dimos and ha]!f-dimos,
of which th actual circulation was
formerly much greater in proportion
to population than it Is now. The
idea is right that of bilver dollars,
properiy io called, the total coinago
prior to 1873 was only $7,733,988, of
which $1,439,517 were co'ned in the
years 1793 to 1805, inclusive. There
was then a period of over thirty years
in which no dollars wore coined.
Beginning again In 1837 with only
$1,000, and in 1839 with only $300, thi
colpage continued from time to time
to 1872, but did not at any time become
considerable uatil tlie year 1871. The
total coinage porior to that year from
the organization of the Mint was about
$5,500,000. In 1871 and 1872 $2,235,736
were coined, mainly in auswer to a
demand for export. It was on this ne
count that in 1873 it was provided that
a new coin, called the trade dollar,
expressly for export uso only, should
be minted, and in six yoars about $35,
965,924 of those were coined and sent
abroad. As is well knowvn, a large
part of them returned to this country,
and the operation was not found ad
vautageous, so that the coinage of tho
trade dollar was aftt-rward discon
But while the correspondent is right
in the idea that the number of silver
dollars coined prior to 1873 was lens
than $8,000,000, as above stated, the
Tribune Almanac is also right in its
statement that the total coinage of
silver was very large. The Mint
reuort shows that the coinage or hdlf
dollars up to June 30, 1894, had been
$130,512,383.50, of quarter dollars $47,
198,044, of twenty-cent pieces, $271,
000, of dimes $28.480,117.20, of half
dimes $4,880,219.40, and of three-cent
$1,282,087.20. The coinage of this sort
was large during all the earlier years
and increased still further after the
discoreries of the important silver
mines at the West. At length it came
to pass that the supply of such coins
was Inconveniently great, so that the
banks and the Treasury Itself became
clogged with the undesirable surplus,
and in 1878 the coinage of that sort
was materially diminished, nor did it
again become large until 1891.-New
A VERDICT OF NOT GUILTY.
The Colleton Lynchers are Exonerated in One
Case-Will be Tried Next Court for the
Murder of leham Kearne.
W ALTERnORO, S. C., Feb. 25.-The
murder of Hannah Walker will hiovor
be avenged. Twelve juroro have de
cided on the case, and they have re
turned a verdict of not guilt-y. It was
no surprise, for the opinion of every
one see~med to be that the jury wculd
bring in just such a verdict. At 11:45
last night the foreman sent word that
they had agreed on their verdict. The
news spread quickly and soon the cour-t
house was filled. Judge Aldrich ar
rived at 12 o'clock, when the jury filed
slowly in. The prisoners showed little
signs of uneasiness, but some of the
women were shedd ing tears.
Wuen the verdict of not guilty wa.
read, there was a tendency among the
crowd to make some demnonstriation,
but the Judge had warned them to do
nothing of this kind. The prisoners
received the congraulations of their
friend., who hung around for some
The newspaper men went to the
home of Mr. Morrell, the telegraph
operator, and asked him to open the
office and send out the news. He re
fused to do this. The reporters told
him how anxious the world was to get
the verdict, but this had no effect on
him ; and as there was no other altern
ative, the stuff had to remain over a
day longer than it should have done.
The seven men indicted will be tried
at the next term of court for the mur
der of Isham Kearse. A motion was
made today for ball for tho defend
ants. The Judge ruled that the motion
could not be considered. This means
that they must r-omahn in jail.
The case has attracted widonspread
interest in all parts of the world, and
those who have watched it as it went
on from day to day cannot but admire
the work of Solicitor Bellinger, who
hstodsingle-handed and alone to
make the fight. He had great odds
against him, but he did hIs duty to the
State like a man. Would Ihat South
CarolIna had a few more such men as
G. Duncan Blellinger.
Some trouble is feared before the
week Is over. Cordry Mimma, a tnegro,
will be tried for the murder of W. I?
Mlxson, in Hampton County, some
timo ago. A change of venue 'va.s se
cured, and he was convicted In 1895, at
the February term, but a now trial was
granted. A desperate effort was made
to lynch him then, though it was
averted by Sheriff Black's good work.
Mimits has since been in the peniten
tiary for safe-keeping. When lie was
brought hero last week a locsal militar y
comupany was called out to provent any
I -The Connecticut State prison
dIrectors have docided to detain
George A. Minor, a convict, for twenty
lyve years after his pr--sent terria of
four years expires in March. This is
the first enforcement of the Incorrigi
ble law, which permit. the directors
to detain any prIsoner who has served
t hree terms of not less than two years
e ach in the Stato prison. Minor hogan
Ihis cruiinal career thirty-sIx yours
ago. lie has served eight sentences
in the State prison, three since the
passage of thme law.
-Rlobert J. Burdette does not seem
to thInk that our modern world 18 "go
ing to the bad." He sees rays of hope
in several direction. "The ocean gray
hounds have broken the record sev
eral times since the ark rested on
Ararat. Our preachers don't write soI
many, nor wise proverbs as did solo
mon; but they have fewer wives and
.better children." That last p'oint is
sharp and well take.
-The only bust of Gen. obert .1
1.Jo that was takotn f-olu life was mA
by [Irvderilik YVok, thel scullktra
uaout tho timio of the battle (if Chau
oAllorvlille. A cop of tis sit has
buena purchainsod by o soclot, of the
Army and Navy Of the Coifodorato
itatos in Miryeand, and will be seUt,
to the tioutital hall of the onfoderate
States in W hnond, to ho depodited in
the Maryland room ponding the selec
tion of the locat ion of the "Southern
battle abbey," whero it will finally rest
as the contribution of the soootey to
-Whett a person is i nab to socture
from Peven to tniti1 1 hour or (iet !-jtp,
Something Is wI'ong. If he inds hi S
0yes w'ide open, h;s brain in a whirl,
and his nervos tenuso after' striving for
%while to woo the drowsy god in a
jomfortablo bod his condition is a
wholesotno warning that he is work
ing too hard, worrying too iuch, Is
eating something which dlieagrees
with him, or Is oi the way to being at
tacked by some disease.
'-A Westeru newspapor tell of a
man who, every time ho gets drunk,
Ins!1t3 on paying it year''s subsoripion
to his town paper. H1e bs aiready
Iald up to the year 1904. Some of the
South Carolina editors are trying to
Ind out what brand of liquor ho Itses
%nd if they succeed will have it placed
an salo at the disponsarle throught ut
F. A. Jinkins, Roxbury, Mras., writo:
Will you please send me two samples
)f your Ja anose Pile Cure at, I l.;,ve
.wo friands who ale troubled w!th
Piles. It cured me, but they Pay It
an't cure them. Please send tlii on
*.'eem pt of th is as I wish to couvinc0
hem that It will cure them. Samples
--The longest wagon bridge in the
Worid is %it-11%ted at Galveston, Texas.
it i.4 moro than three miles long, and
-panS Galveston bay from no-th to
south. t is built mnatinly of wood, and
l as one d raw.
-''My dearw," ::ti aL d(I ngT ha11bande,
do ;I thi ink yOn W ill mnarry again
"e.hni tam gonew ?" "I don't know,
John," replie d tton lad y, w i:,h a burst (If
tears. "I haven't givn the mIlattc
very nuch tIougiht as yet."
Johnson's Orie'ntit Soap) is theI mot
delicatO facial soap in Cxistence. leave'i
the vskill soft and(1 voivty. AbsolL)toiy
pure and highly mCdieatued. Two
largo eakes in a package, 25 ets.
-phiry-ninc of the M O mon wih
sign'l the Deearation of Indepn
dence were college :raduates.
Epilepsy 20 Years.
Cured by Dr. Miles' Nervinc.
A few years ago, Mr. L. W. Gallaher, wt
an extensive, successful expert m1a1n
facturer of lmober prodets. Attacked with.
epilepsy, he wits obliged to give up his bou
ness. The attacks camo uIlin pon imost in
opportunely. One time fallin. from a CeNa
ago, at anLotler down stairs, and oftte'In tih
street. Onco 11e fell down a shaft Iln th,
mill, his injuries nearly lroving fatal. Mr
Gallaher writes from Milwaukeo, Feb. Ilk T!
"Thero are nono more miserable thlan opi
leptics. For 20years I suflfered with ilep
tic fits, having as high asq fro in (on1 night.
tried any number of physicians, pay ing ti
01n0 atlone, a fee of t500.00 anid havo do~n,
little for years but sca rch for somelthling to
help mue, andl have taken aill the leading
remodies, but recolvedl no honenit. A ytear ago
my son, Chas. 8. Galiaher, drulgglst at 101
Rood 8t.. Milwau~kce, gave 111 l~r. Miles'
Restorative Nervino, anti I tried it with
gratifyinug results. Have hatd but two fita
since I began taking it. I am hetter now in
every way thtan I have been n 2) years."
Dr. Miles' Remedies are sold by druggi:ate
on a posit Live guaranltee that the first bottle
will benoit or price refunded. Book on the
Heart and Nerves, free. Address,
Dr. Miles Medical Co., Elkhart, Ind.
Dr. Jiles' Remdies Restore IReakb.
A $25 Cooking Stove
YETH 4 COMPL.TR OU'rIIT 3OR
Delivered to your railroad dept
al freigh o hre paid. Road tis
desouip os care al. This splendid
Cooklag stove is 8 .Shas four 8
Inch p holes; l816 in6 oven; 18
Inch Aeborn 24 inches high' 2lz
nne ace smooth casting.. I
have this stove maade for any
trade, after may own idea eomnbiping
all the good points of al mediuta
priced stoves, and leaving out tha
yodall doubt the best No
Cooking Stove made, for the prica,
Fitted with Spots,g p ot overs, *
skellets, 2 griddles, a a8 ga~
3 joints of pipe, 1 elbow, I olar,
lifter, 1 scraper 1 cake polish, 1 Ira
tea kettle, Isiovel. We want tO,
make customers and friends in every
Part of the South, for the puirpoe
of introducing our business to new.
People, and to renew our acquaintu
ane with old friends.
We will ship this splendid Cookin
Stove and the above descr~bed waze
to any depot, all freight chare
paid, for only $X:1.O. whente
cash comes with the order. Thi
stove is a good one, well made, ad
will give entire satisfaction. Orw
illustrated astalogue of F'urnituir.
Stoves and Baby Carriages maile a
844 BEOADi SRmnr, ADSSAnm GA.a
ALWAYS CHERFUL. - 1lor1en(e
Nightinigale is a tail wolian, rathller
tout, With gray hai :uid line, open
tace. Although a gIeat. stiffer-r, she
oes not allow a 0race of i. She
las nlot known what it is to he with
ut1 prain for imaly velu's. 11- fer -
ures are finely iodled, wiile her
hatads Ialid feet are very small. 11er
voice is low and imusical. She of
teu reads taloul, and sonaetjiie she
u111118 a Song or hymn. She is very
levout and an oiniivorou s reader.
D, Howard's description of his life
It West Point should be an illeentive
'o every young man. Ile te118 how
Ie braved thr, ridicule of the cadets
by going to religious services and
loillg work in the Stinday school.
[Ie said it cost him more to take his
ltand and run the gauntlet of their
voffs and sneers than it (lid later to
race the musketry of the battlefield.
'But I gripped my Bible, shut my
o1 thanld went, for iy mother's
PIEDMONT AIR LINE.
Condensed Schedule of Passenger Tralas.
Ves. Fat A
Northbound. No.38 No36 No.12 No. IS
Jan. 5, 1896. Daily (Emily Daily IC sun
Lv. Atlanta, C. T. 12 00mI 15p 7ta435
" Atluti E. T. 1900 l21y a a
" Norcross............260a 93 8
1 Buford ............... ... 10 a 708
u aineaville.. 25p 4010 44a 743
" Lula..................223a 10 1"
" Cornoya ...................1
Mt. Airy..... .......20a 11Sa.
" Toccoa. ...... .......15a 1163a.
" wettminster .........60 a 1227 ).
" en.ec.a ...............407a 124211.
4 Central ..... 4 45 p 433a 20 ..
" Greenvillo... 680P y 9a 21 )....
" tipalrtatburg. 0 18 p 0 18 a 3221) .
"4 0aIneyS ......... .... . . . .
ai lackalturg.. 100 p 70ja 40p
" King's 7A0.. .. ... ......
" (;tslonia .... ........7 W a & ..
Lr.Oharlotto.... ~82011 33a 6 . _
"4 Danivillo ..,.. 12 00 a 10p i 5p....
kr. 11ichmond.... 0 00 a 640 600 .
Tr. Washington . 6 42 a940 ...........
mlialt iI'. ' it 8 06 a 11 26 P.
I'l hiLttleLI ija. 10 2956 3 00 a.
Now York.... 12531 620a.............
Southbound. No. 37 No.35 NoII No. 17
Daily DaIly DLlyI ESun
la. . y 4 3( 1)) R Isn. .....1......
i1. 1 5 p 7 a.............
llaltililwro.. 62 a ..........
-.- ........ .....1a 8
W. liiinoud... 200&1256p 2 ....
....... 3 a 11 0a a ........
CIrlotto .... 935A ...6- 12 20 P.
Ua8~n~..2ll 0p a 1 .
InSMS.... 15.a.11 .....a .
" iilakzburg. 10 3 520 a 12o 27 p
so Oafyys........... 1223 a 2181p
" Sparanbui. 11 7 3~ 2 a - 00~ p.
Orenvilo... 24 1 iS0 4u1 5p.
Conral Li~ 26a 840 a
Senec...........0b a .. ...
" Toeoa.......6..2.t a .. .;
' MI Air........F.....M.
hv.nY. ....RR...43p11 4 p
" Phula...e..ph ...a.465p15a 1pO
"' luaftior..........20 .....6 22 a8
" w.Mainga lonT. 1045p 11 1a .(0p90
[,v . leichmond. .. 2n 00Ma noon. p 2N0 aih
Ns. 37)andl....55 8- angnad oteo
ietCharl otor. an 3 e5 r aa, va ah
S ato nia ... ...h. ... ors
"a sK ing os .. .... .... Nc Or
an tcs .....o or....
Non 8parandur. 11llma a leigoa ewe
ftoioaianlG ad(reenvilo... 2 8.
"Gsn l ...... Tr16 pM''r
ashe n to.. . . ....... D.~?
". WLestmnstr ........ s.Chrlt
W . Tccoa...............
" Conla..... ........ G.'1Pas.A
SGaingsvill . . Atlnt1 pg
a ifr. ...... ........00
" Nruoro.... .... ...
1065p 2 0 p
rto130 P 16 p
v. v150 a 4 40 pn
,. ss..... -.. --..-- . 7 0 . .......
~reporty................2114 p ..
Ar.Joliniia................. 07 p 4,
r. Carlston.................4.p P2 'I
"A' . . ." . m~nl.." " o n. "Nrig t
Nos. 3 .a-asinn ad othwItern
06ee N1 w York a9a tn.Ioars viap Waeb
d.tant Ad Birm unghm.nng.. I c'a10.
lOs S and 6---Uned State Fastl Afal Pull.
4eam ad Now.. Yi~ok o. y
rns 16 and 1 Palrman -sleping car betwee
ichondil Danvwlle ad Gre~en an a'u.
W.ln bayGRREN, J. A. CU. LPl~n
Ge' rutTaieM 11r,.
Wash.ington, DV . . Vsiil Waiten .
Wrllx.1 :YDER. Bnr:iote ndnt. Chatette
TURE. , 2 . H a.ud LARDWIC),
'. A. . A't. S.H Ass' GW as.
~p.ashingon D AO.'(2mItx At