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It thnore was ono thing in all her ox
perince that Susaunna Morton wa
hrearitily tired of it was the evidon
aid continuous purpose of mankind t
prmit her to romain a spinster.
True, @he had been one so long V
would! seem that sho should have be
come accustomed to it; but by som
strUngo fatality women, that is the
iijority of women, never accept thoit
lot in this form with that calm resigna
tion and beautiful Christiau spiri
which has won for thom the endearing
title of the gentler sex.
And Susana Norton had put up
with it just as long as 1ho was going
Four leap years had passed hor' by,
and she had submitted gracefully, bit
eich year- less gr'acefully than she h ad
done the year previously, and there
were iromnilts inl the last, of the four
whelrn shei ht"'ame almost, desper'ato.
Now that a fifth had comne, ler mind
was riuale u). Sihe would tako the
reins of tupidi inl I-r own hands and
drive thatt harum-seltarim little rascal
in a m11anrri' to suit hers'elf. Sh1e had
-what mien seldomri (isiegarid-a coli
fortable for t-une.
It was this fortneic that had been the
real stumbling-bloek in the iatri
innrial path of Suisiannt, and not any
lack of attrativii q ua litics in ler pos
5eesionl. for she twas not hol(ely, 1101
was- she inythin but charming. The
fortune, however, wiich was hers
from her sixteelth birtlhidty, had
developel inl her a fear that men
soight her for her money and not, for
herself, ail. never having fatllei in
love with any of her courtierl, she lid
not finrd it dillicult to resist advanecs,
believing, as she did, that some day
the oe inaiu in all the world for her
would appear and cltim her aw his
However, he did not appear, and he
continued not to typear', until Suisanna
had reached an age arid a firmness of
charaeter. to put it mildly, when her
fortlune would hatVo to he at Ieaht
doubled to imake he as attractivo as
she was at twenty.
This knoxiedge hail comle to her
gradually, but was nonie the less fr rCe
ful on that account and she was de
termined not to let this lea p Year pass
witholit results of It lasti n.g chaiaete'r.
Of the men in her train ther' were
perhaps half a dozen wilt) were eligilble,
and airy one of whomn woull have
made a hushand any wotmnan could ie
proud of. But the' wer'e mierely
friends not a ma-jack iof thea aldl
ever suggested such at thiig a matri
Mllny to her and, porihly, this was
wiy she liked them. So perverse k
the nature of womriani.
Aurirg this half do zern was one vho
found tire gr'eatet, favor' in Susannat's
eyes, the others takinr their positiorns
after lhim in regilar grailation, arid
this one Surarnna lected as her v. ictim
for leap year. rewived to try all the
others an case of failutr'e in tbo irst
T'ruy, Susanna nis a desperate
Arnd no .pry, for in thr coursO of
his lirst cal n the new yenze sire began
her opieraonetiris. But it was a dreadful
task. and tire eveninrg passed wv ithout
a singl biep taken hoi'ward'l. The
elfo't had beenI miado, however, and
courage al1ways coies witl effort.
When ie carie again sire wats so)
wrourght tip ox r thre work before her
that her' geyes wrrkled n'd her cheeks
glowed ini rouy coilir.
"WV~hy, bless my soul, Mx as Susanna,
he said, " how pretty you look thji
lHe was ten years older than sho,
and always assumed that~ bless-my
torl style atfferted by eldlerly mren.
"Ohr, than k you, Me. Culver,'" shem
twxittecrid. " l'im aur you oiily thinkI
1o. 1 iook just as I always look."
"Of course, Miss Suisannau, only
sl ighrtl y inure so,'" he si~n iled, ii but the't
wans that in the tone wvhlich hadl Lhc
rinrg of inusineet ity, or at least sunperl
tiehdl anid u-ociety binaeeritiy, whii is
iery neiaryv thre samre~ tin g, arid xwhiebcl
made Susanina denpiise thre 11 attery al
men thait so tar had mieanit to her nie
dissolution of the continuity of hei
everi, arid let Mr. Culver' go oni witl
wharteve'u lie had to say, for if thtere
was ati'nyian wxho could mrake tlattor
any miore pailatablle to tier than ai
othir manr, that man was Mir. Culvor
But it xxrs soon) overs and11 wheni he hai
Ax edi himstelf cormfor'tabuly in air eas
chatir with wh Iichr lie wits famiiliari, Ih
seernedl to hrave for'gitLten whrethe
Sursannra looked like a fr'ight ori
fairy, arid beganr talk inrg aboutt allI sort
of thi ngs. ats pooio di) whor talk fo
the mrer'L 5iake (Cf taltiking.
At all Ievenits, thiat's Lthe way it pre
sented itself to Sursiaria, atnd shre fei
thre spririt of dIesperauttion slowly er'epj
lag over her. She took a long br'eati
for enucourragemen t, and tenativxels
turned t lie stuhj ect of converitisattioni upoi0
thu most recenrt weidding wih hari im
occurr'ed in t hir cir'cle.
"xx liat a lair of fools tihoy' wxer'e an.
are,'' saidl Mr . Cui x vr', antenrtioursly,
*toii nirry on til.hinig bat, iris rial aiy
anid t hat riot big ernturghr for tlo.
" tit thety aro'i happrly," ar'gued
"I su pp osux so,"N Mr'. C ulvx'r un
wvilliing.rly admnitt~eJ ; ' it takie's fiooh
to ihe hiappy ; wise peoplo~ know tot
"A r'c your xisc ?" qiut'tionedt S~i.
anna, rnervxoutsly, for trhe felt thiat shre
was1 launehinlg her'solf itt this pour
upon an unkroxwn sear.
" 'iis)1 Ch enotugh to be,''" Mr. Culver
"Isn't theire nomethring onhexwhere
abot the nul fools being tire biggest ?'
laurg lhed Susannuia.
" Hit I 'mr not so old as thart yet.''
" Ah '" andi her iyes twinik led. " Ii
your's ia carse of
51aildig xwithb reoluetan't feet,
Whe the silly seasons mreet ?"
Mir'. GuiIveir'tfumed ia miore seriomi
air and thourc xxas no smrile on hris fact
xa ihn hi' ieplied ; there was rather
shadow of reg ret.
"Yes, Miss Susanna," he said, "]
doe stud r'eluctiat. for 1 think if I hai
boen imoro of a fool in uno regardJ
would have bern Iess of a fool in anoth
or. T1hat is to sray, a man is a fool t<
wati hris life selfiihily as I have done.
ThIs was the the auspicious mornen
Susanna had been seeking. She woul
noa lead rIght up to the matter ant
And a listener to her proposal.
"I Why don't yotu marry, Mr. Cu]
ver ?" she asked with directness
"C You are riot too wise to consider the
question, I hope."
"Certainly net, Miss Susanna," h<
smied. '.' I've been considering 'it foi
~Then you ought to stop consider
Ing it and pop it,", Susanna laughed
and Mr. Culver also.
CI hrardly think ill over do that,
hre said serIously. " I wouldn't knot
Jiow to go about it to make my cas
half presentable. I've given mysel
up, y'ou know, as a bad job."
Bome of these new women will be
peharging down on you one of thegr
e -and amount, a considerable amount o
y then discredited coin is diven out o
a circulation, and If such debts becorn4
r goneral the gr(atOr part of its eutiro
0 volume is rcetired. It Is no answer tt
say that, evory one make his contraci
A for hiuself, and if he makos it payable
I- In gold it is his own concerti. It mighi
t bo replied that everyone makos his
I own ic-ntract with the usurer, and yot
the law prohibits such contracts. But
r thoro Is a better and tuore conclusive
reply; the reply is that It is not ox
clusivoly the concern of him who
I Makes the gold contract.
The public Interost is involved In
I the consequences of these contracts,
If they should become general. Tho
public is interested in aiytIing that
destroya the volumo of money upon
which the peoplo rely for exchange.
Yol may use your own property, or
your liberty, in any waiy you choose so
long as the use you make of it does not
injuriously affect the i ights of others,
but when thc rights of the public are
touched. you must pause. So, when
the right to make contracts as one
chooses is used to make contracts
whvich, if they becole genoral, would
drivo out of circulation a nedium of
Oxchange that is not only convenient
but necessary for the business of this
State, the public initerest re-quireks that
such contracts should no longer be
allowed. It is not my pUrposc or do
siro to elaborato this view of the sub
ject, but to suggest it for your con
sideration, and if you reach tho con
clusion thatt an ovii is threatened, I
briefly suggest to you that iI framing
the constitution of t11o United States,
the States before that tinao having
power to manke anything legal t-uderv,
rostricted tboir power over the sub
jfect, in the follo -Vilag languangd in
.deLion 10 of Article I : " No Stito
shall mako anything but gold and
silver coin a legal teildor in paoyment
Tiho power to maio the coini had pec
viouly in section 8 been delegated to
conigr-e1s. But, when congress ex
e-cised its power and made and coined
and 1-giliated its value, the power to
mako that coin a legal tender tho
States have reserved. If the Legisla
ture shall enact a law that the gold
and silver coin of tho United States
shall Ie a legal tonder in payment of
Ili debts hor-eafter contracted and that
shall apply to all debts, (heroafter
contracted), when the process of law
or of the courts, State 01r lFederal, may
bo involked for their eollection in this
Sta-te, all will bo done that is in the
power of tho Stato to avoid an evil
thait. in my judgemont, threatens
A. J. MULAURIN, Governor.
WASHINGTON NEWS AND GOSSIP.
Ihominent Domocrats Will Not Attend thc
Ciiici C.yonioun-Rej and Crivp ar
Personal Frinwi-Proiijntai Aspirants
Wfaar I:rck Coate.
Spaeecial L. the News and Courier.
Senator Calvin S. Brice has decidet
that ho wiI not attend the next Demo
ceratic Naitional Convention. He hai
not Inado this annuuncemeunt to hit
politri frienids in Ohio, but if an
movement is mado in the Buckoy
State to select delegates to tho CQn
veCntion S-enaItor Brico will forual:
state his reasons for r-tiring f rom th
national orgatnization of th" party ii
whichc he has long been diu active ant
. intiuential memuber. This bit of polit
u al in for mcation leaked out at the Capi
- LI tu-d :c y, acid (ocasioned iconsiderabl
'conncuent, amocing Decmocr'atic C->ngrcs.
"What, does this mean ?" inqluirei
a wvell kncown Southern Sonator- whe
Cues honi inc several national conveni
ilonls witih Seniator- Br-ic. "Why," h
Sonind,"it vwill noteem like a c-cc
Doernocratic Convcntioen without, Got
ecimnc anid iIkiee thecre. Somec of us man
"Cgj ier w ith Gorumanc and Be-ice on tic
tai~ili qu testioujs, butt the par-ty (Jcnn
Swell ailford' to lose the 4ctive seryicoe
isuch leve-l-hceadedl mien and such gifte
5politicians in a gr-eat, national coutest.
OueC of Brice's fe-iend spoke up an<
said that Sonator Bcrice proposes t
Sgive way to somne othecr Ohio Democra
v' who mnay desire to go to the Convee
tion as a delegate. Ho has served il
0 mcany conlvetcions and has worke
0 hard In t-Iho last threo nationial canr
Spaigus, and ho foo~s that lie has earno
Sa rest frocm the trial acid vexations<
0 a nautioncal contest.
Sit is saiid that a number of Dnmc
Iecrats who have hcrctofor-o boon cor:
a spicious ligures In the councils of th
Demhocrecatico par-ty have determined 1
cccrenwin asway fcomu the Chicago Cor
Svenctionc. Their determination in then
diiirectionc Is not due to their disloyalt
to the party, but they contend thi
they hcave given their t.4mo andI mone
Lto praomcoto the best inter-ests of tht
piarty oni all occasions, acnd they ac
4 notw per-fectly willing that some of tht
,.. other aspirants foe' national hionoi
a shall have a frece field for- the comin
Convention. The absence of such loat
ucrs as Gor-man, Birice, Wattersoa an
e Utant.om fe-em a Democratic Convet
~. Lien will be a novelty, for- that qua
e tetto hcas bccon among the pr-incep:
,s attr-aetionis at such gatherings for ti.
paust, tn or fiften years. .i'here ac
s.)io pleasanilt fr-uits in connectioni wit
a the rendition of such par-ty soc-vice, hi
there ac-e many disagreeable circunr
t. stances of a per-soncal as well as a polhit
u cal enat-tir) w hcich cause mon to hesita'
e about enduring them for-an indefini'
y pod.atr In the House gallerIes te
i day' saw Speaker licedl and ox-Speakc
o Cr-isp ,be rivai loador-s of the Luw
y- political partlois in that body, haughin
y. and talking t ogethei in the emo
y- irmnidly mannorft imaginabie. Tia
af im~pr-esin hans pievatiled in the mlind
to of t'o canuacl visitor- to the Capit<
to thcat Spoer R.Icud and h'~eSpeake
is Cc-ispC are imorital eniiei. Theis en
ar' press51in proaly arlises fromc the fatl
Id that, ini thei dtbatLes Ex S3peake.- :Cris
1( never loses anx oppo.ua ity to 1 punc
of hcoleus in .-cilno of Lice i-a uingst of SpeLa.
o~ RLed, and~u w benc Lihe lst-ar wias loade
Ie of tiche cci nori c L d Mrcj~I. Crip wav
a. Spa i rcof the II iiu 'n M% c. 1'ttJ tou
sy greiat del ;:i. iniai ruen'lueg deeisiont
a nmdt b~y ,Judige Ccrisp.
t To-dlay t.Ic 11 'u ei-. engage~d I,
L cotnsidingac~. a hai C rome thec juicciar;
ly comiti.t,' aleh~ir Li toie svLaries 4.
-e juldi cal o'lieys of the Gover-nmiont
a- Sp' akec-r id cacll-.d 'arenttiv
r- l.ayi nc, oif Nov Y.ork, to) thu cbalrc wih
o lhe wonct down i lidi upo ihloor to cmigi
[, with mi~lebes bi.tuk of the (loeks
1- Strolling alorag Ic Domuocr-atic sich
e of the chic ub-. Specakor- liced cactm
xi uponc Jucdge Cresp ias tho httter- t'merg
n ed f.-omi the eC ink roomi. They stojped
k g re t ed ca'.ac otherc famciliarely, aic
toSi swap:d ae:ories to the dehighit of
e groupe oif D) -mucat~S whoal ytltered
o nedr. Ini debato M :ssrs~. R'ed an
, C2ria-p enjoy ai- "routgh andiiCI iumlIe
s. discussion, aa. they giive an( id take' some
t ver-y sharpi iilhowr, bat . p):reneaiy t3-hicy
a ae very go-)d fr-a.inds,
d tt nec Se'n:uater Q icy iccmally lauueh
,s cd hi s P're-ideni Lal buonii he apears4C
j ually ini c ho Soccate chcamibar atticred In
days, teaohing you the newer dootrin
that women have the right to sa
whether you have the right to do a
you please with yoursel . In othe
worde, some one of them will captur
' you In spite of youriolf."
" Not muoh they won't," asserte
Mr. Culver with a great show of coul
age. "If there is anything I don
want to marry, it's a woman with fot
notions of that kind."
Susanna's heart went down to he
shoes on the instant. Here was an i
surmountable obstacle in hur piath
and with Mr. Culver hold ing to suoi
an oj)inlon, what good would a pro
posal be from her even if she shouli
muster up courage enough to Make it
The thought made her mute for a min
ute, and in that minutei a now thiot.gh
"'1 think mysolf thbey are horried,'
sho said with an elort to swallom
something thbat would not go down vert
easily. " But there is thu leal)-yeal
privilego. All wonon, now and oud
can claim that, and you m. usttI for gel
that this is leap year."
"I had forgotten it," he said, movinh
his chair Over into Ohe far corlner o
tihe fireplace, but still not so far awa)
that he was out of tiI pleasant in
flueico of Susanna's ileartess. He sal
thero for an instant making hiinul.
shiver with terror, and then ho inove
back, possibly a little ncaror that;
"Forewarned is foroarmned," shi
said, "and now that I have told you o1
the dangers aheud, I hope you will
profit by my advice."
"Oh, I'm not afraid," ho asserted.
in a good voice, " i'm just ' waiti!g fo
that sort of thing. TeL' custom, or
tradition or whatever you may call it,
is an old-fashioned one, and only an
old-fashioned woman would think ol
it, at( that is the kind I wau'. Se
none of thorm had bettCr try it, unless
sh ineans business."
Surely no liner opcning coild be iic
sented to a young wNotan inl her mwol
than this, and Suanna gave hierself a
little shako and took another lung
breath. The time bad conic, and sio
was not the woman to lose so glorious
" Mr. Culver," sho begani in a hiem
voice and with great earnestness, " L
have for a long time been thinking
that you ought to mairry, and I havo
eVen gone so far as to select just such
a woman as I think would suit you.
I have had two or three consultations
witlh her, and she is willing that I
shiould present, the matter to you, be
CtauSe I know you so well, and you will
unterstand it uuttcr fron in thau if
; he should present it hersolf.'
".\ a Susiutna," he exclaimed,
"don't say another word, R.cally, 1.
eauiot liten to it.''
But L must say it to you," sho in
slvted, because, as it see med to her,
that was tile proper way 1to conduct ti
succes. R4d courtLship, and now that she
had h-um it, sho most decidedly
w ihed it to be successful.
I tell you I won't hIIr it. This it
mttirely unexpected, aud I amt suit
nothing in miy conduct has ever war
ratted you in broaching this bubjgct tt
Mr. Culver was very evidently ir
earnest, and Susatuia alinotit ehucu lot
to herself, for this was the very wa3
young womnun acted under the circ:um
stances in which Mr. Cuiver wa
placed. All it needed now WAs a litth
more coaxing, and SusaMna nuevCd hut
aelf for the final 1)01).
" Perhaps you have not thought so,
she said in her softest voice, "but t
imc there has ever' been a desire to sa
to) you what I am now saying. Mi
' Culver--John,'" and Su.sanna cam
very close to him, notw ithistanding sh
was so nermvous sue hardly knew wv hi
"11lo(d on, Susanna, hold oni,"' h
exclaimed. " Cotnfoun d it " (th
thocd her', for alte know no girl uvi
tLuked that way under such circunt
stances, however nmuchi smhe imigi
have thought it] j " don't wnntt 3you 1
be talk intg in any other wvoman's ii
ter'est. There is only one wonmani
the world that 1 want,, atndl-and-an
--- " [Mr. CulIver was gutting ner'vou
himself now, and Suisanna gasped
"anid-oh, Suisanl nal,' Ie id k desperuata
13', "don~i't you know tat, womuan
yu? You, Susanna. D)on't, you kno
it is you ?"
-iMr. Culver caught Sue-anna's tw
hands ini his, and looked itto her tw
3eyes withb such a jplein g, pateoi
~intense sincerity that all her plain
,were consumed ats straw in a homre
. blaze*, and sihe simuply tu..bled into hi
Ld armuts anid let himt tiishb the proposm
y' she thought ehe had begun in such
0 mtasterly in anner.
r And Mir. Culver lintishied it wit
a glittiern g success, tmutch to the iciii
s 'of Miss Susanna Morton, apind~ er.
WHT SHAll BE A [[GAL TENDER ?
The Sta.tes H ao theI lt to Des;j a
Ga 'ian $.er as Dt -Pay iu j
reno,--Goa C,."t~octs Oan N .t to t
Th'ie following is a speocial miessag
fromt G overnior McLuinl, of M issi;
sippIi, in i wh ib hoecontendsl that. puibli
intLerest, requi res that gold conttraci
shoul not he allowed:
J AChSoN, Miss., March 3, 1896.
To~ the Senate and House of Rteproes
i respetctfully rcotmmendl for you
conisidetration the suggestion that yo
enact such law as will prohibit th~
mauking contracts payable exclusivel
in gold. Money is the blood of tras
anid commerce, and any thing thi
tends to destroy the money of ti
1p0o1)1 is in derogation of theit' il
terests and wvelfaro and of the pro
per'ity of tha~ State. By the constit
tion of the United Stateos (section 3
article 1), the powOLr is delegateu
Congress to coin money and recguta
Its value. Prococdlng under th
authority and exercIsing this pow
Congress has coined a quantity oh go
and silver and rogulated its value, am
the people ought to have the right,
the circulation of this coin as t
money of the Stato. I say the peop1
ought to have the right to the circul
Ition of this coin because ali the mnont
tius coined is needed In the busine
of the country and I may add a gre
-deal more could be prolituably utlizeh
I do not supp)ose it will be serious
tasserted by any one that thore is moi
coin in the United States than is neuce
ear'y to servo the use of money in orde
to scouro'& the greattcst prtosperity
- all the peopl)e of this country. Nort'
I suppoco It will be seriously conteni
e d that the voluino of money can 1
matrially fccreased without hurtf'
Sresults. If I am correct in thIs, the
Sanything that is calculated to phf in
the votume of money in use, should I
,prevented. When dlebts are mad
payable in coin of one of these tw~
metals instead of coin of both of then
,' It is t9 the extent of such debts dm
r creasing the volume of monecy.]
, also puts a priemiunm upon the ooin i
f wvhich the debts5 are made p~ayable an
discr-edits tbe other coin. .i( the debt,
Smnado payable in omne of these coin
Ialane become nnnaldeaahi in numbhm
f that eventful period In his political
career he wa8 not o.o particular in his
personal appearance, and it was not
unusual to see him in mixed suits of
varioUs colors and texture. Now, ho
looks well groomend and spruce, as if he
intended to go directr from the Sen
ato chamber to an "afternoon tea."
H1e walks with a more sprightly step,
and his general nature appears to
havo undergone a decided change since
he declared hilnself to be "Penunsyl
vania's favorite son." It appears to
14o the style for Senatorial favorite
sons to affoeot black frock coats as soon
as thrir boom is announced. Senator 1
Allison seldom appears in the Senate I
chamber now In any other attire.
Senator Cullom, Davis and even Sen.
ator Tillman recognize the demands of
the occassion, and wear frock coats
just the samoav the other Presidential
SOLD BY HIS OWN SLAVE,
A Strange Tale of Ante-Beilum Days Down
Now York Sun.
The patriarchal idea was, as all the
world remembers, at once the moral i
foundation and justillcation of the (
slavery system in the South under the 1
old r.egimo. But in none of the slave I
States was this idea carried into the
practical overy-day life of the people I
so fully and consistently as Virginia. I
And this again, was particularly true .
of Eastern, or Tidewater, Virginia. I
The condition of affairs, both moral <
and material, growing out of the situa
Lion thus creatod had already become I
critical when the Civil War solved the
Among the slave owners of eastern
Virginia especially it was hold to be a <
point of honor to protect and maintain i
their human chattels at whatever cost.
The man who sold a slave, except
under absolute compulsion or neces
sity. was disgraced. The present gon
oration will never realize the heavi- i
ness of the burden thus imposed upon I
and accepted by the Virginia slave- I
holder. The owners of estates which a
would have yielded a handsome rove- t
nue with, lot us say, 100 slaves, foand I
their substance consumed and their I
profits destroyed by the lincrease of a 4
dependent population which their own i
principles and the moral sense of the I
community would not allow them to t
disposu of "down South."
It was this overplus of the negro
population which made slavessocheap
in Virginia and the business of the 1
slave speculator so profitable. For 1
when ruin overtook an old estate, then I
was the harvest time of the despised 1
" nigger dealer." Slaves which would
sell for $400 or $500 in Virginia readily
I brought $1,000 on more in New Or
leans, an'd hence the a eculato? a were 1
always on the alert for such oppor
tunities, which were all too few to
satisfy tWeir trado. It was the custom
in Virginia for the friends of an em
barrassed man to purchase, so far as
their buuans allowed, the best of his
slaves, to uavo them from being " sold
One of the most successful negro
)speculetors who operated on the Pen
insula in the forties was a man named
Hubbard. He lived upon his own
3 estate at Yorktown, and was accounted
- one of the wealthiest men in those
parts. The nature of hio b)siness,
however, debarred him and his family
1 from all social Intercourse with the
j better class o.f whites, and his whole|
. nergy was concentrated upon the ac
- cumnilatlon of wealth, in whiah ho was
o eminently successful. He loft, at his
deatl a very considerable fortune for
these days tQ each of his two gons, who
j were both gallant soldiers in the Con
o fedorato army, the eliest dying in one
- of the battles of the Wilderness.
3, A bout the year 1845 Jamues Mureder,
,1 a young man, last In the male line of
.one of the old colonial families died
y suddenly, leaving his large estate
o completely involved. It was necessary
t to sell off evoerything to satisfy his
f creditors. Amoug his slaves was a
d body seryarit called " Mack," whbo was
Sa remparkmablo character. M~ack was
1 nearly the same ago as his deceased
n master. The two boys had boon allow
,t ed to enjoy all the educational advan
- tages of his master, of which, as was
sometimes the case, lhe made far butter
d use. Ho had lived for some years
~. abroad with young Murder, and
ml through constant and close association
f~ with good society in many countries
had acquired an ease and grace of
- manner and~ luuey of speech which,
-comnbined with his handsome person,
e would have zmade him an ornament to
o any society. There was very little
~- pure negro bior.d in his veins and he
,t would have passed as a white man1
y anywhere. 13etween Mack and his
at former master thbere had been an inti
y macy and alf.etion which had well
o nigh obliterated the social gulf between
,e them, and the faithful sorvant and
e friend of tmio unfortunate Murder was
-s hold in high etum by all the latter's
l- It was therefore determined that
d Mack shomtik b'e saved fr'om the hands
1. of theo speculateor and find( a p)urchasor
-among his mattar's friends. Accord
,1 ingly, upon the firsnt day of the year,
o whkich wats the dlate established by
e custom for th~o sae andl hire o.d negr-oes,
h a number of gentlemni attended at the
It Court llou:,, in \V iillhtms.hurg' prep~ared
1- to pay a log prico for titbo accompl1)1ish
i- ed younmg Jaegro). J1ames 1. n board wats
,e also tlire. HeI was fail iar~ with
,e Mack's history and talents, lie knew,
too, tha.t tihe \Villiamsburigh peoplo0
)- were de tem incti to pre ven t, MIack from
ri going to the, New Orlans omarket,.
o Thcrefo're he swor-e an oath that, he
g " would have that, nigger, if it, cost
t him his fortune.' "(,or hiubbardl hadr
c a two-fold i: rutige to gratify. Many a
is Li imo before te Wi liamsbn~urgh mnn
4 had provented himt from occuiring a
r "bargain'' ie eudh <cens a~is LIhis'
i- and he was vetry tbitter aga-nat, thbom
t, bsca uu- oif ti . s' eii~ s t.rusm w hich
p his bmusiness had broughlt, upo~in lis
1 family. So that, in the end Mack was
r. kniockou dlown to liiibbardl for a price
r seldom paid for a slave in Virginia.
s A few days later liubbar.l started
2 south with hIis band of negroes, taking
a Mack with him a-i a body servant,.
Hubbard was a moan of powerful
I physhiu and coarise iannors. ils
' tuai' antd eyes wor'o intecnsely black
itiand his complexion so swar'thy that
.ho wonuld have s ulferod by comnpar'ison
> with nmany of the hunmanm chattels ho
(a dt, in. Ou their iwrival at, New
Or'lcans, H-u bbard soon disposed of his
. negroes to~ good advantage, but retain
> ed Mack ini his personal service, either
because lhe could not, fnd a buyer for
- himi at the high figure he had paid, or
because ho had become vain at having
so accomplished a valet. At any rate,
IM ack was still In his possession after a
coupJle of weeks In th(e Gulf metropolis.
M\'ack had sotae mnon'ey of his own, and
as a imatter ('f pride as well as busi-)
neCSS Hubbaird dressed him like a gen-1
tlemnan. A great deal of liberty was
allowedl him, and lie took advantage
'.> it to perp jetigate one of the most au
(laciius ana i uccessful schemes In the
amnals of t~he amtelolluta rJ ye..
Keenhar nearefuilly ou t'i his master'.|
Wa Maok frequented the various
fas honable saloons and gaming houses
of the 0iy, where he easily passed as
a Virginfia, planter and contrived to
form considerable acquaintance
among the fast se aof th nty. While
walking on the streetone evening with
oe Of these acqu'aintances h is master
passed by on the opposite side.
"See that boy over there ?" maid
Mlack carelessly indicating Hubbard.
"I brought him down here with me,
but he's got so develish Indopendent
bat I've got to sell him. Think's he's
6s good as a white man, and talks back
o me. He's got to go. Mighty smart
>oy, too. If you know anyone who
wants a good boy to look after accounts
Ir run a place ho's a bargain. I'llsell
AM cheap ift can get rid of him with
mut any fuss."
" What will you take for him ?"
" Why, he ought to bring m- fifteen
iundred quick, but I'll take a thousand
f it can bo arranged quietly."
Mack was well aware that his Now
)rleans acquaintance wanted just such
, " boy"' and in less than twenty-four
lours they had come to terms, and
lubbard was sold by his own slave.
L'he papers were regularly made out
md transferred and the money paid
aver, Mack only stipulating that the
muyer should take his property quiet
y, " because he didn't want any fuss."
I his sort of arrangement was unhap
jily, all too common at that time and
)lace to excite either comments or
uspicion. So that Mack was ebxabled
o gain a long start before the thun
lerbolt foil on Hubbard.
When Hubbard was se!zad of course
-hero was trouble. He fought like a
wildcat, but was finally overpowered
kud taken from the fashionable hotel
0hore he was staying amid the jeers
>f his quondam friends. le then re
iorted to the.law, and under the statute
wovided for such cases institutod a
' freedom suit." His signature was
.dentified, accepted at the bank which
lid his business, but bankors refused
o vouch for his person. It was there
ore necessary to send to Williams
)urgh for aid. Accordingly three
voll-known residents of that city prop
irly fortified with papers of Identilica
ion from the authorities, made the
ong trip to Naw Oeleans at Hubbard's
ixpense, and upon their positive identi
ication he was released and restored
o citizenship. The trial had cost hiu
liousands Qf dollars and consumed a
reat deal of time, and meanwhile
dack, well supplied with funds by the
ale of his master's body, was beyond
)ursuit. Large rowards were every
here offered for his apprehension,
md the best detective talent was em
>loyed absolutely without avail. He
was never traced beyond the wharf
hero he took passage for the North,
and is supposed to have gone straight
ko Franco, where he had lived during
his former master's student days and
where his antecedeats would never be
iuspected, and an honorable eareer
would be within his reach.
It may be imagined that Hubbard
met with little sympathy on his return
to Virginia, and it is said that he never
made another trip to New Orleans,
but soon gave up the business and died
a few years later on his plantation.
THE CALHOUN ESTATE.
Sale of the Vast L.anded Property of tho Late
James Edward Calhoun.
Abbeville Press and Banner.
The vast landed estate of the late
James Edward Calhoun will be sold
by the executor on March 31st, 1896
The sale will take place in the town ol
Calhoun Falls at twelve o'clock. The
estate consists of sixteen thousand
acres-twelve thousand in Abbevilki
County and four thousand in Georgi
--the Savannah river running through
it. The tract, it seems from the a'd
vertisemecnt, will be sold as a whole
sixteen thousand acres, including the
linest water powecr in the State.
Taking no consideration of the water
power, the land itself is a fortune, and
unless some one, or some syndicate,
looks after this sale, the land and wa
ter power will go for a song. The vas'
stretches of unimproved land could
rot possibly bo worth less than, say,
four, live or six dollars an acre for
farming purposes, and, with the facil
ity for transmitting electric power.
the waterfalls of the Savannah river
would be an inexhaustible and ever
increasing source of wealth to those
who may improve it. if the water
power should be improvedl, and the
lands should be occupied by thrifty
immigrants this estate may yet be
worth an amount (ar in excess of our
wildest dreams. it was wise in our
constitutIon and laws to provent aliens
from buying such land for hunting
grounds and doer parks. The opening
of those lands and the improvement of
the water power has been the diream
of the people of this county for half a
century, and now it seems po-osible
that these dreams may be realized.
To the younger generation it may
seem strange that any one man could
buy and own so much land in on0 bo'dy,
but these large estates wore secured
by purchase from adjoining landlown
er.- Mr. Calhoun commenced life with
a fortune anid he was economical, and
all his savings in a long life he invea, -
ed In the lands which are now inclu
0(1 in his estate. lHe always bought,
but never sold land. The presenet of
a great number of slaves mi'do -heun
mediate vicinity an undes'rabo cnm
munity for white men, and Mr. Cal
hzoun's neighbors became fewer andl
fewer. People moved away. Their
settlements were dismantled. Trheh,
churches and their school houses were
allowed to go to destruction.
Under conditions of this sort the
white men who had smail holiuiugs ci
lands, one after anoth'-r, sold their
farmus and went to the West. Is those
years Mississippl, Alabama, and
Louislana afforded the most invitinr
fields for our non-slave-holdIng farm,
ers. These sturdy and well-to-do far
mers could not stand the potty annoy
ances to whIch they were subjeted l.
the multit~ude of slaves, and, ascopting
liberal pricos for their lands, they left
the homeus of thoe nativity to populate
and build up tho wasteo places, where-.
the slave holder had not or could not
crowd them out.
It was thus that the linost portion o.
Abbeville Goanuty was depopulated of
white men. It was thu~s that theiz
improvements wont to wastec. ft was
thbus that their mills, their fino d weli
Ing houses, their school houses. thni'
churches, and all the e!viiences of a
thrifty civilizat ion were ab,,-rbcd be
the neighboring slave- holder-s, and!
nothing but slaves, dlecimnated forcst'
and cultivated tields8 wore loft. After
the war these fields were either al
towed to remain idle, or were culti
vated by negroes, who had not th.
intolligence nor the capital w ith whicht
to preserve the finest of the famrrming
lands of this county. A few slav'e
rolders. on the Savannah side bcam.
~he owners of many thmousand aur,'.s of
and. Tne frece whito man wa. crowd
ad out to give platce to the negro slave.
The Press andi lanner is not, it form
ud as to the capital that may possibly
in inwanted in tha Vaihm.q st.t -a
we are equally Ignorant aP. to the
policy which may govern the possible
buyors, but we tilink that If onwy tie
spare lands from the water power were
opened u ) to desirable settlers and the
proper oitort was made to brin; Initul
grants from the West, or elsewl,ero,
that a vast fortune would reward the
effort. If intelligent energy and a
sullicient capital is put into tlhis enter
prise no man could estiinate the possi
bilities that await the endeavor. But
on the other hand : If the whole wat
ter power and laud should be sold for
sevent -live cr. its or a dollar an acro,
It mig t be held by soine rich capital
ist as a pleasure ground, and thus clog
and retard our progress in the march
of imiaterlal prosperity for another half
ELLERBE FOR GOVERNOR.
The Announcement of His Candidacy Re
garded as a Doolaration that Governor
Evans will Seok Senatorial Honors.
Gen. William H. Ellerbo, of Marion,
is a candidate for Governor. This an
n uncement was made yesterday by a
member of the Colleton delegation in
the General Assembly, who said he
was authorized to speak for General
Thiu announcement was not unex
pected, for the legister several weeks
ago contained an interview with a log
islator, in which he stated that if Gov
ornor Evans became a candidate to
su iceed Hon. John L. M. Irby in the
United States Sonato, General Ellerbe
would seek to succeed him as the ton
ant of the Exocutive Mansion.
While there has been no authorita
Live declaration from Governor Evans
or any of his friends as to his inton
tions, the announcoment of Ellerbe's
gubernatorial aspirations, coining
roin the source whence it Issues, is
almost tantamount to a declaration of
iEvans'b Senatorial caudidt,cy, as it
would be a wvaste of timo and money
for Ellerho to run for Governor if
ilvans were seeking re-election.
General 1lierbe wits one of the orig
inal Reformers and (lid much to bring
about t.he triumph of the movement in
1890, when he became Coiptroller
General, v hich ofice he held fou r years,
tilling it -to the entire satisfaction of
the taxpaying public, of whose inter
ests he was always a vigilant guardian.
In 189-4 General Ellerbo was a candi
date for Governor, canvassing the
Stato and making vigorous speeches
from the stump in every county. When
John Gary Evans descated him for
the Reform "suggestion" in the Coll
ton )rima-y, he giTeCfully submitted
and turned in and helped i'vann defeat
Dr. Samp-; Pope. the I nrle penlent can
didate. This conduct mate him niy
friend-;, especeial13 iamong the sUP)or t
ers and admiurers of ivans, who vowed
Heart Disease Cured
By Dr. Miles' Heart Cure.
Fainting, Weak or Iungry Spells, Irregu
lar or Tnteritl tent Pulse, Flattering or Pal
pitation, Cludimg St IsationI, Sihortness of
Breath, Swelling of Fet-t and Ankles, aro
symptoins of a diseased or Weak Iloart.
MRS. N. C. MILLER.
Of Fort Wayne, Ind., writes on Nov.29,1IAM~:
"Iwas aflhicted for forty ye:.rs wli heart
;t biloand sulforud untoid agony. I had
weak, hungry spellis, and miy heart would
ptalpit ate so hard, the pan twou1(le bso acto
anid tort nring, thati . I becamn so weak and
nervous I coulId not sleep. I was treated by
several phlysicianis withbout rclilef and gave
upoeverb1eing well aginm. About, two years
ago I comlmeniced usig Dr. Milet' Roinedles.
One boettle of the Ihcart Cure stoppetd all
beart troubles anid t he Restorative Nervimno
did the restand no0w I sleep soundly and at
tend to nmy household and social dutieos with
out any trouble.
Sold by druggists, Book sont free. A ddress
Dr. Milos Medical Co., Elkhart, Ind.
Dr. Miles' Rtemedies Restore Ihealth.
A $25 Cooking Stove
WME A mOMPLUTU OUT3TI 1om
Delihered to your railroad dept
all freIgh bhe g paid. Read ti
descrIption oar. i This splendid
Oookng Stove is o.has four 8
inch ho oles; 18x16 nc oven; 18
insh b ox, 24 Inches high; 21x25
inch to'iaco smooth easting. I
have hdthis stove made for my
-trade, after my own Idea, combining
all the good points of all medium
SPriced stoves, and leaving out the
-Beyontd all doubt the best No. 8
-Cooking btove made, for the price.
.Fittod with 2pots, 2pot covers, 2
skeilets, 2 griddes, 8 baking pn
3 joInts of Pipe, 1 elbow, 1 cola,
,lifter, I scraper 1 cake plIsh, 1 Ir'on
tea kettle, 1 sksovel. We want to
-make customers and friends In every
part of the South, for the purpose
of Introducing our business to newa
People, and to renew our acquaint-E
anee with old friends.
We will ship this splendid Cooking
Stove and the above described ware
to any depot, all freight charges
paid, for only $12.00 when the
cash comes with the order. This
stove Is a good one, well made, and
will give entire satisfactIon. Our
illustrated catalogue of Futrnture
Stoves and Baby Carriages mailed r
fr. Address .
844 BaoAD flianuur, AUGUS'rA, GA.
then that if the chan.
theyy would mat' satd b-- te
in i1tm for (Tovu'tnor. . -
only o:hor oPentlV
cratic tuberoutorial ca'didltt.. ot pl'c
ont Is 61. I B. Wt -..us
Edgefield, whose l)latfo
tion to Stato Bup .- or n i .t tjol
for higher education. f
It may be that other cangiqi tike will
enter the Deniooz),atlepr ay
has boon some talk of lmary. Thewe
of General MoLaur0 h ltiossility
gubernatoral race, but ering the
consensus Of opinuion wa li e lWraU'l
go back to Cong art8 in vh e oug
made a Particularly good rcoh h ha
Whoever the Donocritte ni .
Iheir candidate he will have to beat
that chronic ollco-seeker Save pt ope
who is reported to be dotomi P< to
play a lone hand once more.
-Chauncey M. Depew gives the re
alpe for success in these words: "The
[nain elements of success in this world
ire good senso, good temper and twind.
Eng your own business."
-If you wish success in life, make
rseverance your bosomu it-loid, ex.
porienco your wise counsellor, caution
your elder brother, aid lopj3 your
-George Bancroft to-d a' bovy of
roung girls that theo iigpr- I. (,; wo . f,
asy in never losing ono's Ut,. I. fe.
you will never get anr y,' ''1 ti.
istorian, "you will livo to be 9)."
PIEDMONT AIR UN11.
Condensed Schedule of Passeug- Tm"a,
Northbound. No.38 No 3 No. 12 N9. I8
Jan. 8, 1896. Daily I)ally Daily z8un
Lv. Atlanta, C. T. 12 00iIp T0a 485
Atlanta,.E.T. 100p 1215a C a
" Norcross..... ......12W& 948a
13iuford .....,........ .....1 6a T0
G Gainosviuo.. 823p Bola 0 T 4
' Lula.................. 23 l 14a a 4j
Cornolia ..... . ........... l a .
" Mlt. Airy..... .......26 11 0 a.
" Toccoa..............l10a 113a.
W Wostminster ........8 6) a 1227 ).
" Beneca ...............407 12421)
SContral....... 445p 433a 1201)
a Greenville... 680p (19a 2Itp ..
S partanburg. 618 p W a 822p ..
" fne .... ....... ......
tlacksurg.. 7P 7a Asop ..
" King's Alt..........732a O0p
" (astonia .... ........7 63 a 21
Ar. Charlott .... '8 0 p 833a 6 .
i Danvillo ..... 1200 a 130 1) :::
&r. tichmond.... 600a 640 p 00 a ..
Ar. Washington . 6 42 a 940 ..........
0 llaltmn'e. 11 IM 605 a 11 1I) .
"' P'ia lel',lhla. 10 25 a 300 K............
a New Yori.... 1231 620a.........
Southbound. No.37 N No.tl No.t7
iai Dally Daily mEouu
.. ........ .......
120P a 1 72 4
L.Itiumod... 200I1 1255 a 1 a.
8v )nil. 0a05 p 127 a.
(ls~i~oto... 95a4076 1242p.
'4 I~r.iLs'~a.......J pa 10 Gp.
'4 Ilacksurg. W4D 18 0a 2 cp.
'4 Uatney 1253a 2 ip
" Spil~ahnrg 11 7 os' a 3 1) p .
'4 ironilo...12 833ISa 60p.
Centrl.1.i~p 30a ..4'
hv Nn.lP oR ........p...2.15 n~
" 'Vio ha.....6 p a 50 a :.
": altir.......2.......622a )
h. la...m..nd.....4 a 55 2 00 a
bY.iDanvill....50 Sli 0 p 20a
'4 KDnf'sdM.... ........ ....... p 8.4 p
' Spearsnl. 1187 a 1 60a 3.45 p '4a
4 C ntrl.... 1.5p 235 501 9
"A Sona..-- ......-.. '800a non. " " ip t
"V estm intr. --.-........ Pula u op o
b o o a. -o - or ....1........ l8 a , 18 p nh
log t . Airy...n ..... ........go ey a tou y lo
Lwe Gane-wvilr. a81d 450~is a 830 p 720on
rAtlanta, C.I' l 4r 55hai p inito ars. 3
"As ' a m.6"U'"tp. m.tates noon. "N'l Poghl.
eNos. ani 8Nwasintuonrk.h.wtr
es iund Limte.Thg Pullman sleli(goar b~Wra
Loton, lanal and onmeandlsob.
lWaengwtornd M mpis. Wasington,~~
Atlnt and Birmingham. Dinne Cart.
Nos. 85 and'80 United Sat.Fs al ol
W. 1 an 12. Pulma sleepADinCr eto
Gen'l sp., Ag AsT raffl M's
Washington, J. Q.Ata
M1r~ ed lahedulo in Ef'ool
G1J~lRUAILV 23ord, 18010.
* TATfIONS, o.1
I. 1.osionA. ... ...:....._aa
, n oCA ..... .. ...... .. . A p
- o os...... ,.,.............. no
- bovilie .... .. ....,.... ~ hp),
. - to-... . .......... - g (W , i
SBR &TIONS, J
dmont...................l 1 00 a 2
- lumbiad .'t
oa , ., Julno-JTAilloN ..." 2 33~iYj i 1
sai 40jj > Ar... B oatanur.12..1 5
Bi 2OI >.L.. paieb.t..r 11 o 10 25
904u. > Ar A4j hottiliii...Lv 1'1 75 I))a
"P," p. mo. "A," a. mn.
Trabna 15 nad 16 carry alegant, Pallm'an
lo(?plnin r ho.t weecn (.odumia~~n aund Ashovllo,
a'lua loave Bprtaxnr g, A. & 0. dlivision
orlthbound i:18 a. mn., I1:? p. m)., 5:I19 p. t.
Vestibulo 14nmited) ; 6(uthblound I :0( n. mt
:05 p. mi., 1i1:37 a. mn., (Vostibulo I Aumii,-l.)
orthbounq ,6:2b a. mn., '2:16 p. mn. sad 5:34) p. 3
Vest.ibukea Limited) son hhound' 1:50 at. it
|40) p. mn., 12:28 p. m5. ( H ot iled Limited).
Pullman palace alooping enr on T..anu351 I
.1'7 and :~ ,onI A. and (.. dIvialo.
Gull. SupeilntendOent, '.t1 alho Mt'g r.
W~n'.hin Iton0, 1). (. WVrnhh','9n 1
A. 'Tntc 8- 11- If. -zl)W. -''.,
n a. .Ag't. Ai't Len. Pa,.. Ag'
tehing(UthD 0) . ._._Atlantaf