Newspaper Page Text
The People's Journal.
T. C, ROBINSON, Editor.
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY.
Subscription One Dollar a Year
Eutered at the Post ofilco at Pickens as
A VI V R11TISING , ATES.
01e dollatr per iicl for first inertion, fif
ty coit for <-nl, sithseqIrient insertion.
Lilbcral <disvouint for ulvertisemerints oili ai
mtial cont ract -. Terims cash. Annual con
tracets, ipi%:0he tlittarterly.
No lIvo'rite<. one price to ail. No spe
cia l posit ion or specil rates to foreign il
vertiset's. All slih mitst. take the ruln of
tile pa.r andl ahide b y sutch rates.
Loc:al lot ic'cs, ill loc:al coltt1l111, lo (T-ilts
per linle for- first, insert.iola :ndl 11ive cet.t for
e,14,1 silligegnent! inserltionl.
In-rl ismnits f r coin g issite sitoild
bo lialiti' l ill iot litti' I la ti tll Monlay illorl
'The eilitar wNill not he responsible for the
ivews in l inions of correspontiti t s, tit
less tihe sa tie are eli torially' endiorserd.
Til'III).YM.\lCll, 2G 1890i. I
oNE T GING AT A 'TIME.
Politicians are always oil thle
watch for anl Oortunity to ad
vance thelir own intrests and
nothing pleases th1om1 better than
to divert the atiention of the
voters froim their owI record, by
assailing stome other public of
ficial. An illustration of this oc
curs in tho call of Chairman Irhy
for a moeting of the Stato Domo
cratic Exocutive Connnitteo,
wherein bo covertly attacks Senator
Tillman. The conservative papers
easily caIu tit ol to the ausi i1 onI an1d
made th miot out o it pssible.
This tumult. about a bolt i pre.
mature anl i( will ho tinme enough
to discuss I. hoth at )r, whln the
question r)ally confronts the peo
plo. From t'h, presenlt inidienationsi
it appea.r'. that the. goltd hugs will
be forced to dcido that que.'stion
for thet!vt , and, inde'd, it
seells thI v ar alreadv considt ring,
it. They ar 1 CC accu.t' ilm(d to
having hig their ( ow way that
they wilt nt ~likely suit. to the,
nurity, ' shob thoir m1iorV fai I
to captireO th le rveni t it oIn. Lot
themi do (&- Zalkinlg about a bilt,
the sily rm. ;I an calry flte c)n
venition.l i f 111hy stamd t ogether anid
make thw i;.j ini.de the l)omo
cratic jary. If tley' are not
srnen jo do() thai 4 t,, theuy
searcefv 4;MaChaneo underim a
new nd bl enent rganlization,
as litctle h lp n ht expueted inl
the waY i WCVSsionll; from the
Repudican ,m'y Its memllbers
are' too1 loa Vand1. 1 1 hrewdl to give
upa i rit f o ''' 111 r anl uncertainty,
as will l' the caso1 in thO t'vent of
at split int toi 1)4mocratic party.
The I !formers cannot afford to
imiperil1 t heir1 prospef)(cts ini State
polities by. dilvisionls among
them iln nationaluia matters. The
consarvat ives care little for nation
al potlit ics, andl would rejoice to
360 an~ efort mado(1 by thlo loaders
to carry off then people into an mn
deponden t movement, for then
they would have ant excuse to in
stitute a similar proceeding in
State politics. Some of thomi
have already shown an inclination
that way and would be too wecll
pleased to justifp their conduct in
the past by such a course on the
part of Reformors. They are
watching for and encouraging di
visions, and the JOUnNAL is dlis.
posed -to suspect that some of thos<
would be Ref'orm leaders are work,
ing mn their interest. It is botto:
to let these ambitious and reckl"e
poeliticianis go~ to pirivate life thai
follow them to certain defeat.
TILL.M AN'S LJETTERI.
As TruE JounINAL goos to p~rosl
the press dispatches bring th
news that Senator Tillman ha
written a letter to the Columbi
Register, defiin g 1his positijoi
Senator Tillmian has always be
equal to any emergency, and h.
friends are p)lease~d that lho come
to the front at this state of the p)c
litical game, iln which his enemnit.
are boasting and attemptingt
place hun in a false light beforn
Hi-s advice at this timo will b
i'cep~table andi~ will bring consteri
natL, t~o some of thoe self ap:
pointed 1tenaers inl tile Reforn
ranks, who are evidbntly trying t<
break upl thlt Reform miovemn
and reinstate the old rinig crowd
Along with the above now:
comes thoe tidings that Sonatoi
Irby left Washington for Lauroi
for a bitter fIght in his county, at
afforts will be made thoera to pre
rent hLie lection as delegate to the
state Convention. If he should
ill in his own own county, thlel
is political prospects are blighite
Senator Irby has done some
od work for the Reform move
ent, but unfortunately for him
has been in bad humor for
de i0 no ad has done nothing
but complain and- qast oustaclel
in the way of its succoss, when h
had the opportunity of coming t
the front and making the Reform
ere fool proud that they had honor
od him. le has disappointed thon
at a timo when they expocted hin
to rollect credit on the Reforn
Itailway Biatned by Acldents.
One of the most popular of tiht
alburban railroads carrying pits
songers out of Now York during
the summer season went into tile
hand1s of a receiver a few days
ago becauso tlert wore ponding
against it damiago suits to tle
amount of $1,000,000 arising from
an accident oni Labor day-an ac
cidont in wh icl a nimbor of poo
plo were killled. Not one of the
su1its hails yet come to trial, but
suchl1 is tile closeness With which
railroad oarnings and oxpenses are
computed that the not earnings for
mniny years to como would ho
Iololssly engulfed if only a part
of th suits cat1m to trial an1d if
oIly a fraction of tihe damInages
chtimilod wis recovere( inl court.
Who'nl on1o roads of a "torriblo
rail rol ad accident."on sm(Ae railrotid
Ihuoe, ain accident entailing loss of
life and eirhaps serious injiry to
man11y, thle circvumlstanceTs is lost
sight of tlatafter th (loctOrs aind
nursiis have begun their work of
skill or p1hilaithropy, ihmO Come
the Iawyers wh ose clints are to he
settled with either (a1sh1 com1pro
Illis' or as I le r''silit ot a *ijry s (I!
alsitill, '1l1d lrsit,.1 i- v-l hnown-,
11o liardIIl ever P till to railrtia(
companNwn privaltv individl
rel~t iv s. .t is ifor t iis r ison Ihi at
a-4 t ryS ilt ll rte id li SI1 In itin -l
m.1 lis] : u r n'l-i~l ' lf l / fil all
ef's (., a I ili i( '(tiljlil1l . A few
lilil t S li'gl wt, t-'ekh ssi less or
Ii)pll-let ' l!V * ev'lst, ill SubSm0
.ilit, tina lil dola ll~ige, years of
A ni i 1 ilrond ill Iit llo ease of
tA' TlIedol, .rl'(I I'nd IIR Western is
a fmiliar onm. In August, 1887,
thero was anli aciident at Chats
worth, .11., on the line, in which
100 Jprson were killed, and the
lit a I li ill resill t ing ilerefrom hus
klt the c~omiipany ini thte courts
'VOr ileo. The "Moiton road, run
uing from fli Chicago to Lousvillo, is
inot her suiTor inl its finances from
mi aecioent along tho line, and the
Ashtabula,accident along the Lak
Sior0 railroad somo years ago ill
rtlved [hat railroad in many
tihousand dollars of loss. Rlail
r)Ids havo no roservo fund t<
mevet the losses sustained tlirougl:
damago suits from accidents. A
contrary opi nion provails, Ospo
cily among litiganlts and jurPon;
w ho seem to act on the genera
proposition that railroad corpora
tins keelp Oin hand a large sun1
for such contingencies as an occa
ional accidlent costing anywheri
from $50,000 to $500,000.
T1ho amlount of' money paid il
settIflonent~ of damalgo suits b;
A merican rail road1s canmot be coim
puttedl with any p)ositiveneCss he
causo it varies considerably froi
year to year, whlile the cond itio
accideuts involving loss of life
serious b.odiy inj1]u ry aro' ratro
when~t r'oads ario in poor coniimo
such accidents are frequent. Th
large systenms of the0 country, sue
as the New York Central, tho Ch
engo, li ilumukeo aind St. Paul, til
IIllois Central and thie Soulthor
Pacific,spond on an average in t1
settlomiont of dlanmage smits ab~ol
$150,000 each, and the smnali<
railway compamilos bring up pro
ably, the total amlounit paid1
about $3,000,000 in all.
Although thle A mrican railroa:
Icarry co liectively in a year 630(
. 000,000 p)assengers, the number
.fatal accidenit ave3ragos blut aboi0
3,000, and of injur1 ios0 to passenge
Sabou t 3,000, or ono killed for evo.
' 2000,000 caariedl,iil and10n injun
for every 200,000. One of t
amendlmonts to thle ipesenit No
York Stato Const i iution0 mioppj
~in 1 894 (soction .18 of' arit iel
didI withl the staituary power fl il
SLegislature to linmit a verd it't I
"damages for injuries resulting
Sdeath "to $5,000.-Ntew York Su
nThe Paii n w 11 its arei rex vvi
an ll story about ii (Il the wondoerf
.8 cure* from (leatIness of the patijet
s~ who w as reconlnnen do to go 1
-1 hr "'Loh engrill,'' andto to sit 110
a the orchlest ra, by ty hi I irombione
Th'le doctor accompilaitd his p:
tieo't and~ silt 1bes ide him . All
a sulddon, wvhilhe the' noiso of ih
instrumenolts was at its loudest ,th
e doaft manl found1( ho could lhea
I oct.or,"' 11 almost, shiriehed,
C'all JlOali." 'T''e dloctor took i
~inotico. "'I toll you, dotor,"' r
1 pteated the man, ill ecstalty, "yt(
1 have saved me. I[ have recovert~
t my hlearinig. " StIllI thle doct<
was silent, ieo had become ole.
Send ues lihe News.
It is earnestly reque~lstod( thl.
(till friends all over' the counit
wil send us5 in any anod every itoi
of neOws, poersonals, otc. It is tI:
odesiro of the managomont to makl
[this paper emphatically 'ulE now,
paper of the county, and( with th
co-operationl of our frionods we ar
sure to succeed. Pleaso en us1( i:
any item of intorest.
The JOURNAL is publishing th
list of subscribers, as they pay, an
will take it as a favor if any onie i
omnitted that it be rported to thi
Among the resolutions adopted
D by the American Cotton Growers
Protoctivo Association is a follow.
- ing: "NWo invite the attention of
- the plantors and farmors of the
I South, to tho groat importance of
adopting improved methods in
handling the cotton crop, so that
it may be placed in the markets of
the world to the bust advantage.
And, in this connection, we call
attention to a possible saving in
ocoan and other freight rates, by
the adoption of a standard bale of
cotton, 28 inches wido, by 58 inch
es long, and it is the opinion of
this association that all press box
or throughout the country ho mado
to conform to th is size." The
chango of the press box will cost
only a few dollars, aid will in
creaso tlo valune of the cotton at
%ast fifty cents pcr balo.
Washiigton Irvingsaid: "The
lovo of mother is nover exhitistod;
it nover cliaiigos , it never tires.
A father may turn his back upon
his child, brothers and sisters may
become invotorato eimios, b11us
han(s may (esert, their wivos, wivos
their husbanls, but a mother's
love enduros through all-ini good
repuito, inl bad rop)uto, inl tile face
of tho world's condemnation, a1
motier still love s on and still
hopes that her chil( may turn|
froI his ovil ways and repent.
Still sho romembers the infant
smilos that filod her heart with
rapture, tho imerry laugh, the joy
fil shoutiof his childhood, opening
promlise of his youth, and Mho can|
never be brought to think him un
Enloavor so to livo that whent
you come to (lio oven the under
taker will ie sorry.
'Truth i im ighty and will provail
unless superior jinducoionts are
offerod tho other way.
tlaniy a man who is waiting for
a chance ha beeLn standing oi the
Waits can be easily and quickly
removed by ap))lyinlg castor oil to
them two or three times a day.
This is the simplost remedy known,
and it scarcely ever fails.
Most men se where they could
mak*, fortuoe.-.f they only had
more nmoAoy to loso.
It is not propor to tr-i tlhe hair
that grows ii the car of a harso.
Natur int-idcled it io protoct the
orifico from iou. in : ets, ote., an1(d
sld(lell atmlosl'erie ci':' eres.
"MAN knid,'' says tin obhsorming
philoIloplwr, ' is (iv.d''d irao two
gicilt clalssas-tse wlm want to
!". i.ito ilm paperIS, md thos'e wh-o
at only al1"Niolsl to be kept out.
T'le cottoin ilIls of Norlth Car . -
lit usk ilt Imeo if the raw ma
terial ll'an the Sitt medu(ilces.
1 ir 4'c it */en's hiav VStoer $1i,000.000)(
-nvest d ila the mnan uf actin g of
Ih Is staple connnmodity.
ller'o :'re mn3 in thie wior'd wiiho,
ifte dsplagd~'c one-br f' the on..
in~ loa ft 'i, wc~id sto lbecomle in
- The .Rusumi soildi is moio)0
1 he CvI y, iii udeneitd t hanl anyI' other.
a A lOot,) soliter in the arm y of' thle
ir Czar c:arries cv er sixty-eighit
;1 pounds, ~ s S ~'miE
.h la ani addrets filli Iof facts niid
0 fte Sou1Iith'x-8tona~tor Wlsh~l, of
nU G-eorgia, ma1:kes thiis suprsi
10 sI ttieen "'AlIan'ana alone has
r a much sain d liniber as tho
o0 'l'hioji pi-os( oi (I tis illus'~traPtion
wias to show i e fuuro mianufac
s~ tui'iing de)ve'l nt of thu Sout~h
,- - Nowi ilhstemb;n. the Soulth's
>f dlist i 'fmt. lii 1vnt g's ini inexha Isti
it b le supply ofr fuel and rr'i'w huatoriaj
r's thte o0ie Sinio of' Petnnsylvai~la hai
.' *8t0:t000,000) miore inivested it
10 i' tut hierni States.
'd crealstd pioplal'tion1 ftSonth mnut
e) vtinilly wreyst. iiiuch of flit
w0 manufior'itiirmig buisiniess from thi
r Ea:mst. This : favor'ied sio (1nn
Ii for the 1;rst in' since thle forma
ii. tin o tilhe l'n ion becomoi egg ress
ive ini its butsies meitfhods. .It i
iW draw'nhg pope)i!ati on from t
ilNorthw iest. andit facttries from thie
0 H! avig gone far en ough to dem
ironst rate its oib ~ielities, ft South
Ifs ceb;t'l fortiuno is the appreci
at ion of' its own streaogthi.--St.
1 On'e of the mit Uwelndorful
clock in the world is being texhib
'ited in St. Potersburg, Itwa
or'i g inal y ma1u'.eti ltured for the
I ato .Duhke Chaiirles, of I rouswick,
who hequeadted if to Ite Swiss
'oint.lfedrtionl. There' are no fow'
or thian ineitty- live faces to this
colossal timilopiece. It inldientose
sinmultaneously the time of the
d.tay at thirty dil'ieren'it spotts of thie
eomrth's surface, besi ' es the move
0 mnt of the earth ai roui'd thle sun,
e the phases of the moon, the signs
- of the zodiac, thle pa~sage over' th
e mridian of moro Ithan fif ty stars
Sof the northoro hemiisphere, anid
a the date, accor(ldg to thit Grgo
rian, Greek, Mussulman and I e
brow calendiar's. So comli cated
o aro tho works that it took two
1 years to p)ut them together after
s the clock had been sondo in do.
tached pieces from Switzerland to
To tho voters of Pickens coin Y I here
by annoico mI)uyself it canxdidat or the of.
flico of County Superintoedelt of Educa
tion , subject to the voters in ti pritliary
eotion. J. ALoNzo BnOWN.
Mnfiv such flood the markt. Jotanlic
Blood 'lm31 Is it consiento compotlid
ed 'teliine, the re-sult of forty years
plractico by% an enineit I t
thi best blood puiriller ever oliered to the
PIlic, annd Is gnlaalinted to eura If given
I fir t rhl. ity . for ill Skin amiii iilood
diselses, ilel(Iing e:iI tarrat h 111(1 a d he1un11 .
I Isn iII its worst forin. Onue bott t0 of. IL
Contains iinore enirative a11(1 bnildinnr-tip
vi ru lln ( dozen( of niy oter kiad.
T .1'ry the "O! iabl.tI1he." See advertise
iiionit elsewheroe. For~ sale by3 dirnggists.
D' I. .J. P. CAIISLE, Dentist Green.
.'ville, 6. C. 0111ce over Addison &
McGee's Diu, Store.
It. J. W. NOiWOOI, Dentist. Dr.
W . N wooi) , Assistant. Olice,
884 Main Street, Ureenville, S. U.
.'Inn. 9, '92 v
Di. EOlti'( KIlIKSICY,
Physician and Surgeon,
Office t his residonee 1aunin Street.
March 8, 1894
I>R. T. D. LICO0NXAll ,_)
All work guiaranteed.
Wouhl he pleased to serve yon.
Greenville, S. C.
Ollico over Biruce & Doster's )rug Store.
F. S. PORTER, M. D.,
PuYrs4 iAN AND SuulcwON
Dan be found at his residence
When1 not professionally engag
. Pickons S. C.
March 2, 1890 tf
and One-Half Time.
I inive' several gootd work mnles
and horses for sale on teris to
C. L. Hollingsworth.
Dec. 5, 1895.
Final Settlement Notice.
I will appl'y to .l. IL Newhery, Judge of
Probit f4o1r P"icke44s 4o1unty, S. U., oil the
26th dy of 3l91ar l896, for leave to make
at fial s tt.c lemnit, 4f thte tstate of W . A.
Perry, deensted , and take41 to be disinissed
II adinnstrator. .1. T. ])A It W I N,
Fe b. 22, 186m. A dministr ator.
Notice of Final settlement.
I will apply ti) .1. B. Newlmrry, .idge of
Probao fuir PIiikins. tcouniity, S. C., for
laVe to ina:ke ai 1 i niial settlIlnt ()f tle
estate of ". W. 1ir4k, deceased, on the
27th iy of qkarbl, 1896, a-11 ask to be
disinitssed as ad 11iin[listrat .kr.
J. W. 1"IlocKc,
F~eb. 27, 4w
HUGH ES' TANNERY!
I have a finie lot of
oil han11d which I ami11 selling at
"Rock Bottom" Figures.
" IIlides .11141 H swax will h takel
inl lont%1ql forl. leather .II alasem
well eu11 wie 1,1nn14.1y. an se, 1
Just Recived !
A hirge lot of men tul~ o's
1 keep~ a full line of
l07-1 pay2i cashi fori hidles, wax amiil tajl
Sute4essor to (ower & (;oodilett.
12 Alin St r4t, Grenill eI, 8. C.
This Space is Reserved for
. A J J(IN S
Wholi will open' a irst-class
About, April the 1st at
No. '305 illainl Street,
N\ext dloori to L. 1HoI hschild's, C'leve
lie will 1be Ut the o1ld stanid of Jonites
& (Garriison for thle niextI ten or(4'; l'ie
A (Ur load of niew goods on; the
way that wdul not lhe openied upi un
til the niew store is openeid.
A. J. JONES.
B BB BOTANIC
U...J. BLOOD BALM
THE GREAT REMEDY
FOR ALL BLOOD AND SKIN DISEASES
It, ;'en borou n tCfo by em.
SCROFULA, ULCERS, EC2EMA,
RNEUMATISM, CAIARRH, ERUPTIONS,
blood utrle r er fco to th world. rie00 s1per
SENT FR EE WOND L IURES.
BL OOD BA LM CO., Atlanta, Ga.
I wasH b'orn niear EdIgefield, S. C.
I haivo inlvenlted the bost an1 d
ch1onp1ost stock hitcher that wasB
evor Inlven ted. Agonts wan ted.
A ddross W. P. HIll y, Groonville,
OUR SPRINC GOODS
Have arrived and we will be able to show you
the best line of
OTI-II]S TG- T
Ever brought to Greenville. Our competitors must bow to
ui. Wleil it comes to a question of PRICE. Why?
This is easily explained.
These two words meani a mountain of things.
No loss, no had accounts, and a thousand other things that
mean a loss to any business where credit is given.
Ponder over this, and if you find that we are correct in our
calculations, you vill give us a ehance to sell you
P I)VtGA A\D S U,4-_EZ"".
Clothing to fit any size and pocket,
Iat s and Gents' Furnishing Good at the samc fgures.
Come in and look through our stock,
which is second to nono
THE NEW CLOTHIERS
113 and 115 31ain Street, Greenville, S. C,
DAILY ARIRIVING !
The very newest and latest creations
mn Spring Dress Goods and Trimmnings
All the newest weaves and
combinations of colors to be found are
open1 for inspection daily,
Tfhe Jargest and best towels on earth for '25 cents, worth 35 cents.
Our entire Spinig Stock will soon be all in and
we cordially invite the ladies of GIreenville
and vicinity to come and inlspct then~
Ft I-a R "31Bi\ Tit
TIIAN EVER PRODUCED,
(NCLOTHES, HATS AND FiNISHINGS&
WE'RE TALKING ABOUT.
Look over thc stock; it's complete now,
and see if you don't agree with us. One of
twvo things we always mean to do: ' sell.
you better goods than you get elsewhere for
the same price ; to sell you the same goods
at a lowver price than you get them else
l.EENVit.LE, 8. 0.
Ohio Tlnlproved Chester
I have FIVE MALES of tho above brod
of hogs that I now offer for sale. Were
live weeks old on tIto 14th. Call and see
them whilo iu Ensl.y. Apply to
T11Os. K. MU)GENS,
Marchl9t. Eisley, S. C.
PHUN and PHAX
FOR THE PHOLKS.
Right now is a good time to
begin a garden. We have all
Ahe seeds you want and also
Irish potatoes and tools to work
lem with. Don't forgot these
Potato Hooks, Rakes, Spades,
3hovels, Forks, and Wheelbar
New Hats and Shoes.
New Spring Dress Goods.
Nice and bright.
Go in our furniture rooms and
ook all about.
See th, nice beds and bureaus
ind pretty rockers.
Sit down and rest that tired
Come everybody, but don't all
-oine at once.
W. T. 1M'FaU.
Pickens & Easley R. I.
To be finished, provi(ded we
can raise the money. Now, in
order to do that, save your
dimes and they will make dol
lars. Walker & Owings have
bought out the cheap "Wreck
Store," 117 Main srcct., Green
ville, S. C.
They are close cash buyers.
Buy bargains and sell bargains
is their motto. When you visit
Greenville and want to find the
cheapest store in town, look us
up, and we will sool colvince
you that we have the cheapest
goods in the city.
G'ive us a call and see for
yourself. We guarantee to
save you money.
Walker & Owings,
117 Main St., Greenville, S. 0.
Feb. 27, 1896, tf
We were first in the market. Got
IIirst pick and have the First Choice.
N ovelties in Dress Goods.
Our Easter Sinits are no0w in store,
are p~erftE( ly lovely--and1( ready for
you. Never has a prettier line of
diress patterns beeni shiown in Gi eeni
yille. Let us5 shOW y'ou the goods
andi if you don't say "they are beau
tif~ul" Wi 'will not1 ask yo)u to b)uy.
Our Silks for Waists--We arc
willing to show with any ever
bsroughit to this market. We have a
big lot of these goods, all new and of
thme latest styles and designs. Prices
from 25 cents to $1 a yard.
On wvash goods we surrender to no
Linon wdil he largely worn for
dresses this Sping; wve have thiemi
in the latest wecaves.
Wc have the new Trimmings for
all the new goods.
Laces and Embroideries in abunm
tenmember. She who waits gets
the last pick.
P'. S.-A pril 1st, we will move to
the Garrison stor~e, next to It. E.
Allen & lsro. To avoid having so
mianyv goods to move we will give
spec (ial bar1gains on all goods.
Main Street, GR EENVIL4LE, S. C.
Have now ready for sale all the
Latest Sityles in
DAIS, BONNETIS AN1D CAPS,
For Ladles, Misses and Children.
f'-/* [hey keep constantly on hand all the
Novelties at lowest prIiece.
Your patronage solitedl.
Main Stree, Greenv ille, S. (.
With careful rotation of
crops and Jiberal fertilizations,
cottoni lands wvill imnprovc. Thc
application of a proper ferti
lizer containing sufficient Pot
ash often mnakes the difference
bctwveen a profitable crop and
failure. Use fertilizers contain
ing not less than 3 to 4%
Kainit is a complete specific
against " Rust."
.our pamphlets are not aavertising cirentlars boom
mng spcecial fertilizers but are practical works,<onntain.
ivery cotto fttarmer should have acpy 'fy t
sent frce for the asking.
GERMAN KAT.! Wolggs