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Tilinan Pitchforks Hill,
HILL ATIMPIS TO ANSW[R HIM.
John Shermal Treats the South Car
ollmi Setllor With Silut. Con
fem1 penstimonal Debate in the
,Nl3y D)a3' witlnesscJ a debate in the
Lnited States SenatO of a dramatic and
sensational character. recalling the
famou$ Iugalls-'Voorhees contest of
somo yeairs ago.
Senator Tillman of South Carolina
again brought his unique personality
into the debate, his speech being the
tirst of any length since his Immora
blo maiden speech attacking public
olticials high and low.
Whille he was speiking, the silver
pitchfork recently preseIted to him in
the West was conspicuously displayed
oi his scarf.
The Senator used the blunt words
characteristic of his utterances, art
raigning the President and Cabinet
officers with uinspairing criticism and
ersoial invective. lie also addressed
himself persolaly to Mi. 1 ill and Mr.
Sherinan, Und dreow from the former
several l1har-p rcjoinder.. while Mir.
Sh..,rmnan deClineo to be brouight Into
coitlrovery n" ith the Soith Carohina
Mr. il followed rl. Tillunian, an
swering the latter point, by point. The
New York Senator referred to the com
ing Dlemocratic national convention,
(leclaring that there would be no split,
but tlit trute Democracy would recog
nizo the rule of the majority and keep
the party intact, despite the threatz of
the SoAith Carolina Senator to leave
Mr. Hill spoko freely and frankly of
his dilierences with the oflicers of the
administration and. in parbieuilar, re
feried to the grievous inistake, as he
called it, of Secretary Ctrlisle inl not
sipporting Senator i3laexburn. when
the hatter wits tile loltince of a )emo
The Senator Liscissel international
party affairs, r ing harmony and the
termi natiltn of vetionous azSatilts by
iDcmocr'at!s on a Democratic l'resident.
le spoke for two hoirs and was ac
cor(Cd the closest attention. The de
hate attracted a great crowd to the
Senate wing of the Capitol --the great
est since Congi'rcss assetu bled, illing the
Senate gallaries and overilowing Into
corridors, where long lihes of peop)le
struggled for admissionl.
Alr. Chandler had Offered an amend
ment to the naval appropriation bill
plroposi ng tle constriuetioin of thir'ty
fa torpedo boats, whe .\l r. Tillman
took the floor in opposition. lie stid
he had found (luring niis brief experi
enee here I hat there wer'e some strange
things happening in the Navy Depart
ment and all other departments. " It
seems to be uifering from too much
red tape, too much bureaucracy." He
qpoke of the great, number of bureaus
ani divisiotis in tihe Navy Departument,
which c-awed and divided responsi
bilit.y. The Senator had concluded
that the main) Putpose Was to make as
much money as possible out of the
The Senator saidl he Followed the bad
examplle of other Senator's, by branch
iuig elI' ont finance a nd ether public ques
tions. lie said ho denied the r'lgnt of
the President to issue bonds for' meet
ing current expecnses. There was
no law allowitng the President " to
hoeus-pocus and bamboozie the peopie
by doing by indirection wvhat he would
not do by direction. The President
overr'tides all decency, overrides the
wiill of his lOrty, to accont plish indi
i'eetly what he dared not do dir'ectly.
t'r. 11ii1I entered the chamnbor and
took a1 sea)t in front of Mi'. Tillman.
Theii lat ter' went on to re.for to Mr'.
ii ill's desigtation of him iilman) as
a l 'opultist, "' one of the tailors of Trooley'
"I denty the right of the Senator f rom
New Yor'k to catalogue tmy pliltics,"
said Mtr. Tillmnan.
Alr. iHill rose to state that bo had
never clasd Mr. Trillmatn as a P~opu
list. 11e had relerr'cd to others.
Mr. Tilbuian insisted that Mr. 1Hill's
remarks as to a "eoter'ie " included
him, and exclaimed :" I would rather
be in such a coterie thati with certain
men on this side, who go ar'ountd
labeled 'Ilemocrats,' but who are not
i)emocrats, and I will prov'o it before
1 get through.'
T1he South Cartolina Senator sid hei
eamie fromt a State thatt supported and
followed him, and that lhe could place
Its vote whe'r lhe de~sired. "' And can
you say as much ?" he asked or Mr.
Mi'. Hill blandly lfnquireCd if Mr'. Till-'
man meant to say that he could carry
the great State (of South Carolina into
Mr. Tillmnan relied that he meant
to say he representedl his State and
could tell where it was goinig and how
it would vote, andI, turnling~to Mr. U ill,
said savagely, ''and that is more than
you can do. Trhe p~eople of South Caro
lia have not yet been bamboozled and
'rhen, again addressing Mr'. HJill, ho
declaredl sarcastically, "You represent
the peoplo ~"yes, you do. Y ou r'e
piresent the honmtholdlers anid the bank
,Aftr criticising bond issues, Mr.
'i'ilhnani exclaimed. "If you force this
thing much further, there will be a ire
pudiation of bonds and interest too."
" Anl if you can't have that," cooliy
suggestedi Mr. 11ill, "'I suppos)e you'll
have bloodshed ?"
"Yes, and the blood wvill be on your'
hands,'- responded Mi'. Tfillman, his
wor'ds ringing through the ehamnber'.
" Yes, anJl the liood will bo on your
hands,". responidod Mir. Tillmnan, his
words ringing through the chamber.
" I tell you we are desperate," Mr.
l'illmnan wont otn. "1 have been through
te Vest and I know how tho peoplo1
Thue Senator drew a compar'ispn beo
tween Andrew Jackson and Grover
Cleveland. "One was tihe man of the
people, but Cleveland stands as the
tool of the classes," lie declared, add
ing that the President represented
only money, the almIghty dolla,'. The
P resIdent had no p~olicy, he went on,
ex~cept th policy of the Senator from
" If Grover Cleveland," hie shouted
with an emphasis that fairly made the
chamber' ring, "over goes before the
.oeople again ho can bear on his brow
the eulogy of pihe Senator from Ohio
(Shermnan), who declared on the floor
of this chambher .that the President has
simply donie his duty. They are link
e d together. Orover' Cleveland, John
Sherman and Jobn (Jarlisle are affini
ties. The qutestion is will the people
hso dmnaly foolish as to trust them
.. Pr'oceeding, he argued with vehe
meonce that the taxes to pay for the
bOndse wonl be wruntg from the hands
of the toili mastes, -Nothing would
bec paid by te Phtuocawho aM v
the ofices and cl ippied Goupons.
Mr. Tillman referred to the Ohio
Senator (Sberman) and his associates
"in their contemptible work." Mr.
Sherman sat across the aislo, appar
" Perhaps you can bamboozle the
people," he said, adtdressing Mr. Shler
man. " The fools are not all dead yet,
but they are getting mighty restless."
At one point. Mr. Tillman addressed
a direct question to M r. Sherman con
cerning the interests of the laboring
" Will tihe Senator answer in that."
asked Mr. Tillman. pausing in antici
pation of a response by Mr. Sherman.
But Sherman looked directly at the
South Carolina Senator and romained
in his seat without answer.
Mr. Tillman next took up Air. ler
bert. and said the Secretary had boon
making a speech at Cleveland to somo
bond owners and coupon-clippers. and
mado running comnents while ho read
the Sece'ta"y's speech. If the people
wanted this Clcyclanid-Cariisle-Sher
man rule, all right : let them baye it:
let theim fry.
"But I tell you I cat see the end
coining," said, 3Mr. Till tan. " One
thing I know, there is a God in heaven
and a reckoning must coio. We need
a plurilication of Public life; we need a
new constitution to declare the peo
ple's rights and to tie the hands of the
thieves who are robbing then. You
are damming up the waters. lBut wait
till there is a full head on. You peo.
plo are going to see somixe line grind
ing this year, or within the next four
Then, turning again to Mr. 11111. N1.
Tillman spid : " And now, for the
benefit of the Senator from New Yoric
-whom I love-the Senator whose
motto is 'I am a Democrat'-I will say,
"I am a Democrat too,' a I)emocr'at
after Jefferson and Jackson. He
lates of 'sound money'; I ery 'hard
money': he is a Democrat for natiunal
banks, for the national government."
The Senator added that the Demo.
cracy could not win in the oming
election. If the farmers could be fool
ed into voting that ticket any longer,.
lot them do it.
" And what will I do ?" the Senator
asked of himself, and then answered :
" I expect to go to Chicago as a dele
gate. I except to try to get my party
to throw ofT its rottenness. If we have
to bid good-bye to New York and Tam
many, I may shed a few tears. But if
they succeed in buying a few more
delegates-as 1 understood they did in
Michigan the other day-so as to be
able to endorse Grover Cleveland and
'sound money,' then I am going to take
my hat and bid the Senator' from New
York and those like him a long fare
well. Where I will go I don't know,
I can't go to Populism. 'opulism im
only an explosion of wraiph. The opu
lists tried too much and spattered1
themselves on the wall."
The Senator declardd that the Diuo.
cracy was on its final trial. If it ( iI
not pronounco for silver at Chicago, ii
was gone forever.
" We may not boat you this years.'
he concluded drauatically ' " it would
be marvelous if a disorganized mas
held together by an idea could defeal
at the polls a well disciplined. compaci
organization backed by money. But
so help me God, we will serve notic<
on you that our slogan is 'Americat
for Americans; to hell with 1ita
and her Tories.' If we don't defial
you this year, wve w ill serve notice thal
we will interest you In 1900."
With these words, Mi'. Tillmat
throw his arms up Into the aIr with a
gesture as if to say : " I amn(lone,'
walked over and took his seat. Whet
the Sonate had regained its breath
Mr. Hill, who had been taking ntotes
took the floor'. At the outset. Mr
Hill characterized Mr. 'Tillmnan'
speech as a 'remarkable per formance
and expressed doubt as to whether he
did not err in making any response a
at all to anything that had been said
He, however, assurred the Senato tha
he should confine himself to some o1
the "'gratuitous, uncalled-for' and unt
dignified remarks " of hi~ friend whl
"The Senator has denied hor-e to-da,
that he was a Populist," M r. Hill thel
proceeded : " Let me say to him tha
what he has said leads on the straigh
road to Populism, or," after a p)ause
"to some wvorse place." (Laughter.
Mr. Hill congratulated Mr. Tillman
however, on his assurance that hi
would not join the Populist party.
As to what the Demnocratic part,
would do at Chicago Mr. Hill declines
to make a prediction in view of thi
rapidity with which events were a
present marching. " But I say to t1h
Senator' from South Car'olina that If h
loves Jeforson and Jackson and stil
represents his people, he wIll have n
reason to leave the party he has servel
so well in the past.'
As to Mr. 'Till man's statement tha
he (Hill) no longer spoke for New York
he admitted smilingly that that mnigh
be true. Hie recalled the fact that pre
vious to 19)93 New York had remaine<
in the D)emocratic column for eigh
years. " But in 1892," se id he, " Stati
af ter State instructed for Grover Cleve
land and free silver ever the pr'otest c
the regular Democracy of New York.
"You did not get free silver'," ha
added sarcastIcally, " but you go
Grover Clevelan d. Are you satisfied?
D~espite the serious reverses the De
mocracy had since sustained, he an
nounced that in sunshine or in shadow
in weal or woe, he would be for thi
lDomocratic party and would suppor'
the nominee, no matter what the pilat
form might be.
T his annuncemfent was greeted witl
a marked demonstration of approvas
frotm the galleries.
Prioceding, he said that it was t<
the "eover'lasting credit and renown
of Mrt. Shierman tha', he had acknowl
edged that the present Democratic ad
mlinistr'ation In the distressing eir'cum
stances confronting it had done its
" Do you contend that while Cem
gress is in session, chargod with thi
duty of raising revenue, that the Presi
dent ha-s the right to take matter
Into his own hands ?" inquired Mr. Till
"1I don't come from a State where th<
executive believes in taking the lawl
into his own hand," returned Mr. Hill
Trhis seemted a hard one for Mr
Tillmnan arid lie sat down, but Mr.
Stewart of Nevada rushed to his res
cue and asked permission' to propound
" No, no," sadMr. Hill, waving hiin
off, "1I draw the line at the Senator
Mr. lill agreedu with him, contend
ig however, that the President had a
perfect right to issue bonds to protect
the gold reserve.
Mr. -Tillman interrupted to say that
when " a private citizen usted another's
funds it was called stealing. Now~
what right had the President to take
money raised for one purpose and use
it for aniother purpose ? Perhaps the
New Yor'k Senator -can undlerstamnd it,
but yout can't get it into the head of
Swonld despair, after the Senator'.
exhilbtion here," replied Mr. i, "c.(
vetting anything into his head."
Mr. Hill went on to show that M
Tillman and Mr. Shot man "occupy the
same platform " as to greenback,. add
lig that ho would leave it to tht two j
Senators to fight it out between thom
Mr. Tillnan again interrupted to re
mark: " Prom yum view, She rian is
a better Democrat than Cleveland or a
better Democrat than yourself."
"The Senator is defending the De
mocracy of Mr. Sherman ?" tsked M r.
"That's about it," said Mr. Tillman.
"That Is where I wanted to get you."
res >onded Mr. Hill. I
N v. 11111 turned his attention t o Mr.
Tillman's statement as to riu itt.ing tin
Democratic party. Tlt) New York
Senator said the es.,entlal principle of
the Democratic party wa its r. ecogni
tion of the rule of tlt iaijirit.y Tine
South Carolina Senator di'eearei h will
go to thle chicago Collvenltionl. Mrt .
11111 supposed, ho said, that the Son
i ator like a true Demperat would abide
by the decrees of the convention.
" If he gocs there with ary other
idea," exclaimed 3Mr. Hill. wito ring
ing vehemenee. - no kuhlit not. to bo
admitted ard he wi nl ot he admiiitted."
Nir. Tillilinm inertupled. tIhis time
securing the permiiss-ion of tihe chair.
I Lie said pirties were voluntary associa
tions of individ uals who thoug lit alike.
They lasted only while thie individuals
thought in oon T'A11 he ) D:mocratic
party had split once before. anid In his
judgment ;' was goring to Split again.
lajorities did! not rule herve. or in the
House of I esentatives, or in tihe
Kentucky .cg isiaturo. 'The New York
senator war ted the majority to taKe a
goldbug peikey. Biut thev w0otd not
have it. If it was forced' lponi tteiu
they would get out.
\ir. Iill z hook his head at this re
sponse. "No." ail he, it will not
do for my1V frieud to give that as the
sentiment of the South. The i)emo0
racy of the South is not going to hat
convention withm one idea. The 1):,muoe
racy has more thani one idea. It
would be hind f o' iy for that great
party to plit. to divde On the Ii nan
Cil qluestion. Ilrle is more in li2moe
racy thatO in tine "ingle questior of
\Ir. Tillmnan asked "D)cs not the
Now York Senator know that now-a
days tle Psinllt IS the party : that a
Sonator like himself has no morec' con
sideration as to patronage since that.
man went into the White House than
any hootblack ?"
Mr. [till replied that the Dmocratie
party was not contined to patronage.
Mi-. Hill went on to say that Is
" Democratic linen is being washed, we
had better have it out," and lie spoke
of his association with the admlin
izztration. I t was not true that ho
was its defender. Ie had said little
as to the admtration except to re
ply to attacks as to bonds, anid that
was without conferring with adminis
tration leaders. While admiring the
ability of Mr. Carlisle, the Senator be
lieved Mr. Carlisle had midei a mis
take, a very serious mistake, when he
failed to aid Snator IWackburn. who
was the Democratic caucus nominee
before the Kentucky Lugislaturo.
pl'.)ying to a remark of Mr. Allen
(Pop. of Nebraska), Mr. Hill asserted
that the 'opulists of Kentucky could
have elected Litackbur-n, but there, as
here, they peddled out their v'ote first
to one p~arty,. then to the other.
Mr. Allen resented this insinuation.
In answer to Mlr. Hill's interr-ogatory
ato what would keept him In the De
mocratic party. Mlr. Tillmnan said
tersely : ". Six teen to one or bus t."
"ITnun you will bust." returned Mr.
In the course of another passage at
arms, I. Tillman announed~ that thc
,people needed a bill1ion dollars. "We
aro going to have It," said he.
"A mere trilio," sneered Mr. 11111.
" What would you do with it''"
"Bluild haittles3hips and~ coast de.
~fenses," replied Mir. Tillman. "' Pul
the tramp) at work, sot every wheel it
motion and make the country agair
prosperous and happy."
Mr. Hill us'ed this answer to nhow thu
depth to which the Domnocracy of Soutt
.Carolina has fallen. M r.,H1-111 protestoe
against the reckless attacks on thi
P1-esident, the dragging In of minoi
pensions, vetoos merely to oxpress por'
"In my judlgment ho 18 not a candi
date for renmominimaton," continuedl Mr
11111. "' T1he national convention wvil
iassemble In a few weeks. 1Let us pre
pare otirselves against the commlonl
Ienemy, instead of quarr'elling amony
.\lri. Hill1 closed with an apt quota.
tion, "1 eissentials uniity, in nion-essen
tals ibryandi in all things charaity.'
H1't 1AS 1EFiN WiTH T1ILLiMAN
G (oyernor E'vanis on thle Connmg Sitamtt
- Con ventlon-Hie Th inks Tk'illnian
Should he0 Nomtinined for Praesl.
Gover'nor- Ivans has returned to thet
city fi-om Now York and Wasihington,
where he has beon for the past, week
en official husiness. Hie was in good
health and p)irilts and talked plensant
-ly to a representative of Th'le State on
p jolitics, State and national. O n thme
table In his library lay a handsome
SIgold-headed walking caine, wIth '.1lihn
Gary luvans, April 24l, Isiti,"' enagraved
thereon. It, wmas presented by an ad
mirer of the governor.
When asked how he wa'ms leasekd
Iwith tho actions of the d itferemnt, couin
ty 0onycrations, wih uwere held
onCi MondayI3, he. answeredl that he was
mrno than satiblied with the result.
When the State ~on1venItionI met on the
20th inst., lhe said, T1ilhnaman wvoul d be
present with a strong Ilmjority of the
delegates thinaking a, hao does, and
ready to act with lim. 'Thero wvas no
doutbt in bis mind about Tilhnan being
sent at the head of the dologamtion from
this State to Chicago. The delogates
would probabiy go uninstructed, hiut
with a fir m determination to nominate
a man as caindlidatit for Pideni~it, who
stood for- siiver at, its to I.
As to bolti ng, lie hard ly thought the
delegationi would i ndl it necessary, for'
ther'o would be a Imajority mat the Cihi
cago convention holdmint time sanmo
views as8 thiey did on the mnonetarny
'The governor was~ particularly g rati
fied with the results in Charleston,
Greenville antid Laurer.s. One-halif of
the Charleston delegation, he bald,
woro stalwart admiinisti'atoinmen, whoi
could be re'ib dI on. In La~urens Irby
barely got in by chhe 14 Anti delegates
in the convention suplpor'ting him. He
would come to Columlbla, bitt as a ,nemi
ber of tbe Statec convntion, would, to
uso a slang expression, "' not, eit any
'.rby's Inconsistency Is being brought
out forcibly, he thinks, fomr mast year'
the Senator wvould not hear of a divis
ion of delegates with tine A ntis, while
now it looks a-a If hit Is trying hmard to
get Abhoir support since he is about to
rose his seat, If the Senate.
Z ,. *.rr 'r* .
The overnor la of tbo opiiont thi
lie Is the mnuti who la abo to un.
Ieby in the Suato, Kveirything t
inin)lug' smoothly to ttat enltt, bo ht
sayS, aind ti eUtortains no Vars o the
Whole Greeinville wvas umnine
tovernor l:anls Could not repress S
smile. " Yrs." ho Said. '" Gray aund
Donaldson hiuave bon given back stats.'
lie thought that the light in Green
ville had been made on vet y iuuuh the
same line as it will be for th Senate,
and if it ends the same way he will
carry the county.
Whlie in Washington,. the Governot
said lie bd talked with many louding
ilon from all over the United States
Almost every man thought, Tilinat
the logical candidate to nominate on v
free silymr platform. To win the lighi
for the i)omocratic party and silver,
against MeKinley, it will take a mar
who ecn at ouse the enthusiasn of thc
people in the West. No half-hcartei
man wvould stand any showing, ti
times requiring a inan of Tillman'
It is marvolous, ho says, to note the
number of letters Tillman receivei
from all over the country, telling hinm
how much ho is admired. They art
not conined to the West, but Com(
frim New York and other E'asterr
Tillman wias not a candidate for th
P'residcntcial nomination, but if th(
party demanded hIiis services lie would
of course make the fight for silver.
Tillman's natm would, almost, with.
out doubt, the G'ove'nor said, ho pre
setled to the Chicago convention, an'
if it were lie would piobaAly receivt
As for Tillman not ranking well It
Waslington. that was all nonsense
lie was regarded by other Senators a:
a very able main, and was listened t(
with great attention whenever hI
In conclusion, the Governor said
"Tillman's pitchfork will be the om
blem of the victorious farmers of til
South and West and there is promuist
of lively times ahead. Tillman stani
before the nation now as he stood ih
South Carolina in 1800 and 1 look to]
t to samte result."
ALL SORITS OP PARAGRtAPIHS.
Culled 1ioni Various Sources and Re
lating to Nun.rous Sult-c,
-Deep and rapid breathing is recom
mended as a n.caus of stopping hii
-There is a saltpeter cave in liar
tow County, Georgia, literally aliv
*-1nglish convicts are to have lee
tures o;1 "sienti.ic and interesltin
-Somo people never realizse hio
well off they are until they try to rid,
-Mrs. Cleveland s favorite pots ari
a pair of mociing birds, of which sh<
is partienfiZ arly proud.
-The first watch ever made by ina
chitiery ;i tho United States was mtad
at LRoxbury, Mass., in 1850.
-Two troes 125 feot from each othie
at Gainesvillo, Ga., wero r'ceitl
struok and shattered by a single bol
-The smalest tree in the worldi
the Greenland birch. Its heighti
less than three inches. yet it cover's
radius of two or three feet..
-The Sh1ah of Persia's assassi natlo:
is notable simply for the long time i
has been dleferred~. H-I aeccended th
throne nearly litfty years ago.
--Judge Albion WV. Tlourgeo ha
undertaken a crusado against book
with uncut loavao wh ichi he prioniounce
" a senseless and snobbish fadi."
-Halfmi the diamonds known to ex is
in the whole world cme frotm Sout
Africa. The value of ailt thod iiamontiud
know n is estimated at $1 ,tIo1j0iogO.
-Thie city of Sydn)ey, Austrlia hat
!mposed a 1lineo .i. i5 upon any perso:
convicted of spitti ng upon)1 the lior U
Ipuiblici buildings or iup~on the btreel.
-It is repotrted from Prane tha
the fi-esh ju.ice of theo poppy pilant ap
pilied to recent bee -stings r iv un mme
diate relief and1( prevents inl ll:LunmatioL
- -The excaatLioni made oni the site o
Ninevehl prove itat the city was burn
ed and deserted by its inhiabitnts. wh<
wvore priobabtly3 deportted after the las
--N inn thouisedi mapIle trees ill b<h
cut upi ti siiaunier onl the ilupper IKon
nebec lI iver. Mat ine, to fiurninsh mate
rial for tillbng an ordera for I.0,0
bl)cks. for' shoe insts.*;oO
In l'ran~ce hospitals for infectiou:
d iseuases are fuirn ished with~ telephones
so tniat the sick may converse witl
thmeitr friends wiIthout dangeir of comn
-A mattstodom tooth twelve inchei
long, nine inchtes wide and three indce
thick was foundl in Oklahoma rcent
by A. \'. Stewvart. wh li)was digging
wvellI on his tarmn.
!--Two men intoxlenated1 and dIrivinsg a
large gray horse hxitched to ia wigor
leaded with dytna miito were arrested ir
WNillmantie, ( lonn., the other da)
whlilo driving at a gallop1.
-Unlike his predecessor, the young
Czariof fluissir. waulks almost tdaily it
the streets of *St. l'etersburg. Somne
times hie Is atte ndted by no one but hhm
w ire. On other occasionis lie goes atlono
-Mrus. Fannie It. AllJen, of Athol
Mass., who is 75 y'ar-s old, recentl3
took itot hersetf a tnew husband. Thih
is somtewhtat remarkab~thle in view of the.
fact that the bride is a great-grand
-Col. J. HI. Bonton has learner
thr'ough recent discoveries In the 11
brairy of the lieitishi M'uscumn. thbat thn
first book ptinted on the Animeiar
cointinlent were made in the City ci
--Miss Antnio Scott, a studont at Con
tial Normal College, Kansas, has beer
appointed cler~k of the Venezuolar
commission. She is a niece of Justict
Brower, of the Supreme Court, chair,
man of the comm iIssioni.
--Liberia Is the only more our lost
clviiz~(etcuntry where clocks are al
most entirely dispensed with. Tho sur
rises exactly at (I a. in. and sets at (6 p
mi. t.htroughout, the year', and is verti
cally overhead at nocon.
-Dr. St. George Bridgos, a young
ph'ysician of Rtichmnond, Va., who had
matdo a particulair itudy of appendi
citis and was rogarded as an authiority~
on the disease, died frotm it four daya
af ter' he was attacked by It.
There is nothing now under thet
sun. In a stained glass windolw, plac
ed in an IEngli sh cathedral over' 1002
years ago, is depicted a bicyclist ridi
lng through a town, with. the admeir
ing populace watching hh..
- Orange groves in Central Florida
that wore cut down to the ground by
the cold waves are no0W showing a new
grow th eight to ten feet hign. Trho
shtoots hiivo buon badded wvith choice
fruit, and by next year the troos will
be nearly as large as they woro hofore
FVTI ANL _JHK PILSMH,
AtAAtAp) vA i h1'AJX .A" ' W ii
Ol~d b'at,hw er ').'t is & hov-lbielook01
lug ervuture with his soi3thet In his
haud aUd u tbiug t.u but his honios,
but he is a gcod dotor. ILong hefore
he etitts dOwn ho beg iIi tn4 to (ten and
soothu the Pussions am tIsperitlos of
li fe and to teparo. our better nature
(01r tl3 onlYli silutiOni of lifti's problem,
whloh Is lovo to God and to our fellow
moo, but very few old non carry bit
torneoh to the grave. One day I ob
served an old mnan for whose talents
the community had great respot
talking to a friend. Hiis eyes lIashed
and every linaient of his face betoken
ed anger. As he struck the end of his
cane to the pavement he said : " I
ought to have killed the scoundrel."
Cautiously .1 approaedl1 and inquired :
"11ad a difliculty with somebouy, col
onel ? " "Oh," said he, " I was just
telling Brown abot', a little atfair tnat
happened about-lut me seo-yes, just
forty-five years ago-" But oven he
mellowed down stime years before he
died. Now, if we liveu as ling as No
ah or Methusalem,- or even as long as
Abraham, we might feed and cherish
bitterness fo- a hundred years, but
three scure years and ten is too brief a
timo to be wasted in passions.
Thirt-y-ono years have passed sine
the war, and I was ruminating ov'er
the dilf'.urence between now and then.
We vaeterans remember when we were
all aVci.sed of treason and many of our
leaders had to leu the country for fear
of arrest, and trial and condemnation
and death. When to possess or exhi
bit a Confederate il %g provoked un
prisonient.; Wihn we had to defend
tihe lost cause or lament its fallure in
whiopers, and when every man who
was worth $20.0001 had his property
confiscated unless lie petitioned for
pardlon and paid well for it. The
pardon brokets at, Washington iade
millions out, of our wealthy eih~ns.
.But Time has dilhi ted the bi tLerness
of those Who were out most mialignant
enemies. Ii .'leetton has tempered the
prejudices of our Nortlern brethren,
and now wo seo Gcnera Gordon ani
General Longstreet given glad ano
willing welcomo as they diecourse
' emperately and trut'hfully of the war,
its causes and its rekuhs. Nowhere
the carpet,-bagger who figured in
- reconstruction timies m11or1 denuinced
3 .nd despised than at tim North. More
tihia all this, a monument has been
- built on Northern ground in memory
if the Confederate (lead. Brothorly
imions of the blue and the gray have
been held at Various times and places,
am nd thousands of the grand army are
iiving somiihward and fraternizing
with oir people. There is only one
sore that, does not hea!, and that, i.
the hard fact that while w pay our
own pensions we have to hel p)
to pay theirs and got notlhiag back.
The estimato is that it takes half a
million annually for Georgia to pen
sion her Confederate widows and dis
abled soldiers, and ten times as much
to pay her part of the Union pensions.
This live millions goes into their hop
peri andl we get no tell. But even this
wvill pass5 away. Old Father TIimoe is
slow up there, but he is sure. Unpen
sioned soldiers don't live us long as
those who feed on government pap,
and there are not near as many of
them. We sco it stated that there are
inow less than one hundred thousand
Confederate survivor~s. I told that to
s a Federal general in lorida not, long
S ago, andl he ruminated over it some
a time and said :"You reb~els fought
so hard and endured so much you
t broke dlown your constittions. Stone
wall .Jackson's fool cavalry, I kno,,
mu)0st have worn their legs o1)f up to
their k hees, like Munehausen's famous
B ut, after so long a time the heroism
of the Smth is iooinug utp and the lost
cause shine iis ibefore the wvorld in a
clearer and more lustrous l ight,. No
sane man speaks of us as traitors now.,
and woe are p~eritted with a kindly
gra~ce to honor our dead and build
monuments to our heroes. P'atriotistu
andl cou rage3 are honored evo~y where.
- Thome ar~e, of course, a few heartless
souls in every community who care
nothing for the sacred memories of
the war. and with pious unction ox
claim, "' Oh, lot the dead bury its
dead. Look not hack, but forwvard.
W'e have no time for sentiment,." Such
imen will never defend their count.ry
nor1 help save a State. A people with
out sentiment will never have any
heroes. Dr. J1ohnson, the greatest,
phi losophier that ever lived, said:
"That man is little to he envied
whose patriotism would not gain force
u >on the plain of Marathon. Even
ril igion, which Is animated only by
faith and hope) will glide by degreen
out of the mind unless it he invigor
aited by calls to worship and the salu
tary inflluence of example." Never wvas
anything more truthfully said. The
good citizecn must keep his patriotism
alive by cherishing the memories of
the wvars in which they or their fathers
wor~o engaged. Over two thousand
year~s have pasd since the Athenians
dlefeatedi the great army of Darius,
but Marathon is still memorable In
song and story. It is the wvatchwvord
of p)atriotism. A generation has passed
slice the battle of Gettysbumrg, but the
valor of the American soldiers of both
aries, asi displayed in that bloody
tight, wvill shine In history as long as
there are peole to write, or people1 to
r'ead. We are glad that Colonel Gai -
nett has como South to work for the
memories of theo lost cause, and to tell
uis about Gettysburg. Did not our
hearts burn within us as he described
the thrilling scenes that absorbed his
vi.41n andl matgnetzed every lber' of
his being ? Who can ever forget.
the exalteod emotions that a gruat
Ibattle inspires ? Then, let every vet,
cran go to hear this elcquent Viigin
[ in and for a time qjuiver with unasup
pr'essed emotions. Let every youtng
man, yes, every lad and laissl go to
hear hhm and have their patritium
q uickened and made stronger. Henry
Grady won the applause of New 10>I9.
land and the mighty Norti wvhen he
dared to say in his great spe oh, "Theu
South has nothing for whichi to upolo
gize. The hitoe struggle betwveen t he
States was. war and not rebel lion
revolution, and not conspiracv. Not
for all the glories of New igland
would I exchange thbe heritage. imy
father left, nio in lils soldier deathi."
But vwho 's this Charles Broadway
Rouse, who hits so recent y electriflod
the South with his munilicent, andl
patriotic proiOltion ? Colonel Gar
nett has toldl us. We haive seen his
earnest, genial face in the patpers, but
that Is not enough. lie nmust come
South aund mingle with our people.
Colonel G. W. Scott gave *100,000 to
found a college for girls at D~ecatur,
andl Dr. Candnlnre, whent deliveringv his
beautiful oration at its de Il'eution said.
"Where Is h' ? Where is th~e [man wvho
In this sollish ago has don ' this thing ?
Uan his modesty hIddn in from te
publie gaze ? Colonel Scott$ stand u
and lot the people look upon you an
800 wbat manner of man you'are."
Just st we would say to Mr. nous .
"Coine down here an dlet t South
14oo you faco to fao. Stand Up before
Iu and lot ,us See what manner of nan
you two." 'Thousands of waiting hearts
will ('oo the sentiment that IIsE
IrtonItd him to do tils thing. At
ast the South will havo a Mecca to
which her pilgrims can go and fool
that the cause, though lost, Is rocog
nized, and its memory lives without a
taint of treason. IIILL Am%>.
- -- - -Ga.
Tim COUNTRiY E)I'rOI.-Verily th0
life of - country editor is a path of
ills tread is promise and his meat
His creditors chaso 1hm by day and
the devil grinneth at him in his dreams
He s.n doth the paper to a subscri
ber on credit and the subscriber pay
eth him not.
Then *he stoppeth the delinquent's
paper und then the delinguent sing
eth tra la ! and borroweth it of a
One subseriber pieth his sub
scription in wood, and boliold it is
rotten and soggy and of short Incas
H-e whoepoth up the townshi) pol
itician and the politician gets elected
and knwemth him no more.
He plkfeth the church fair gratis
and then attendeth it, and payeth his
quarter and receiveth two 'ysters.
He boomoth his town and all things
therein, and yet receiveth no support
and is a man without honor in his own
Two young people marry and he
giveth them a pIll', and they go to
housekt eping and taketh. not his pa
Yea, hto Is bowed down with W03 and
his days are full of griief and trouble
and Vex :ttioI of spirit.
Bht sorrow only endureth for a night
and joy comes in the morniag.
Hle ploddoth along and endureth in
patience, and it is written that lie will
receive his reward at the judgment.
R'IIouIiss O JAPAN.-There is no
precedent in the history of nations for
the wonderful progress made by the
'Japianeso. The country is becomin*
less and less dependent on other coun
tries for its supplies.
It is only forty years since the ports
of Japau have been opened to coin
merco. It is but twenty-eight years
since the first labor-saving machine
was set Ip in the empire. The ex
ports and imports now exceed $115,
The industrial revolution now going
on is in its way quite as intert sting as
the politiuaal revolution of thirty
years ago. Until recently all the manu.
facturing done in Japan was carried
on in the househohls and even now 95
per cent. of the skilled labor still is
oecupie( inl the homes of the people.
This does away with the conditions
which surround the wage-earners in
all other countries.
Tie cui-ton is for the son to continue
the occupation of the father. The
finest brocados and silks, the most
artistic porcelain and cloisonno are
made under the roofs of the cottages.
and the p&ytnent is in pr~opotion to
the quality of the piece prod uced.
The younger generation is being con
vinced of the value of macehinery and
factories ar beingv built ini all parts
of the empire1.
.it is said that the qiickest wvay to)
instruct the .Jap)anese in any handicraft
is to lot them go through the works
and look on. Almost instantly they
are able to repeat. the process. T1he
best nat ve watchmakers get, only :20
cents a (lay.
--A fewv years ago the engineers em
ployed on the railway at flagan, in
Germany', were puz/.led by accidents
which always occurred at the~ same
place. Th'le Government sent at com
mission to the spot. It wns not, how
ever, until six months had elasped,
that the surface of the rails appeared
to be corroded, as if by acid, to the
extent of ruore than 100) yards. The
rail was taken up and broken, when it
was found to be literally honey-comnbed
by aL thin, thread-like gray wormif. Theli
worm was about two centimeters in
length and about the size of a small
knitting needle. On the head are two
littlo saes or gland, filed with a most
power-ful scretion -which is (ejected
every ten minutes when the insect is
lying undIsturbed.' This liquid, w hen
squirted up~on iron, renders that metal
soft and spongy, and it is greedily
eaten by the littlo Irnsect-London
--The Athens Banner takes issue in
verse with a well known adage as fol
lows :"'1The lark was Up) to meet the
sun, and carol for his lay ;the farmer's
son took down his aun and at him
blazed away. T1he busy beu arose at
live and burned the meadows o'er ;the
farrr r's wife wont for his hive, and
robbed himi of his store. The alit rose
early, his labors to begin ; the greedy
swallows flew that, way and took his
lordship in. Oh, bee, birds and arts
be wise in proverbs take no stock;
Ilke me refuse to rise until hmalf-paist 8
SA $25 COOKING STOVE
.' w!r.A00ffT OTI O
f i:' . <a. 1r .. fe box. 1 ic
Ia ofi, a, (" -nr 'i.o rit d wovot, ad I
* , a i al .oue tIhe ba No il t'iI( l' u g U
-.1 e- Nu l, f--r t0 !I *,, 4 -0.~ Vil ed it h on
j ii. *m. 2 . v. r . ki be I t ,44 2 1 ridles I
*.tin la-ee Jr. s ofi, i44 0,. elw, 1 col.
ar. I li . er III 4ur.vp-.. 1i :nkI poli h na trone 4
y tenr u,,ti, i ,ho. l. W. n lot to iako cus.
l ilne.( and lier4..n ~in 4ver par ofV48 the
'i so th fo i, . he purg C ;--uj n in.4t.4reditoirca, our
I allfr I!-ht "l . I iit 'ica o . n t aokg 44
M wh.- 4'..-1n. " .. I! - p I or. iiT i
5 to.o -, -. .i. o~a . Mel.litna, agl~ldc Bi
b 'hgiv ..4 s .nn cr.i~ n. our~l~0, ntlistrated
ea c.ta n of Fun' i.t u ,4, toe'sad Haby .
L 424, . udI .i~IF. P DGi ETT~ ,fr. Lul
84 Brnlaoad StreetV 403 . A ugusta, ro a ou
-A recent Incident in the war in
Cuba illustrates tbo uovel posib.it~ies
of modorn applicances. A L u ( -
eral, Pablo Olivili, urr-ivul iat Iul iu
Skirts of a towj defopal i' at spa
igar'ileon. HIf() n ((,1ji, 1,0 111 (11., .1m
Ocuring Coun ution WiLi tic- frt,
6utnion11ed t[b4 CortinfannllLllt,) LU bil'
r nder. When bL
lused ho 4i4ed bapk fnvean 'o wi
that unlue 4hed Ck over tb it-e
his Inin d t Onlnndanto chartgI ,
burn th it! i In hou' le (Io)l
hoiit' ho tow. ,t th1 0id of ti
ou th 1Clld the foi-t agin, nd
found tho garrin j rdy t
uIo0n whioll 0le heT the to-n with.,
out firing a shot.
cans o I iitoi~1htvo ll 1,11 Itc-publi
OUndiILt for GoveI't.., -A 1kii itorato
POliticia, who 's aooketo Upoll Witi
coltclp by the Ilov ilIteigent
peopoJ t of iii. own Pttiy, hMt Who Into
won his w3 1% his bktli il lJ,1L1)uIat
Ing tho Illn:hititie.
A Gran alnathelmatiolan has
ligtt'< 1 that if all tib1 iaLbii1ants of
t lhe .vorl-, 1,460,0(,,00 , vol. l ,
bt'Otght, togethter uaml p101-1('4.6
as they coulu statIl, a 11 d r
co11d I'ide l'tound h.t) n ill .ut- h.fiti
'ill. .I de of M z-m woulj~ Ibt h.-;- N
ough to hold tlen.
-Al i,11s*(uilyr1 011en1i wli haj
held n!, Spekaue, Wsh , on MI t,
Condowed Sheoidule in iffoot
FEu-U tUARY 23rd, 1896.
_ ..n ............... ..... 1110 a
)011. Oo t n ........... .......- ..~ 0
"r l'o >or y ....................... 12 2 p i
. N Sow .o - . -.............. 12 32 p 14
O re -1.w ovi.1 .. ..... ... ... ...
Nisi Iv .. . . . .....- . ~.~~~. -'-30
A d . - 7 - - . 4 p . .
l:m:i - -- - - -- - - -- . . 11 0
._.. . . . . 11 W _a I
...-..d....n... --- ---..... 1 I'llau
L V.l;16lton - -. --- .. .............. ..-.... a
pkr. I)o nalds......... ... ..... 07
L ____lA Il ~~ ~~ .~..~. 0 a
. ...Hod.... .I ..i .
" .wood. . . ..p........ ;
" Ninoty-six 1 W p il
y .. ............ . ..9 p its
S r s ty .................... W 1) y n,
Ao.Il o.1nb .TtO .~...... 1.0 y
r'. 7 'halestov. ' ~-~~ P.I SiJ-iii
Tf v.,t " I rh lin.. Ar . x~ .iI
Wi 1NO% )I . . .... ... :
00a 1-!: 9 1 " ......:. :e. .. .. :L:'y'll42p
t ,55p " . v .... "i
11%a V00p' . . Plwo!lt . .. ... " 1l 17p) 10 F4p
45a 2 -lup Ar.. parmluinug. .Lvi II .13a 10 2)p
44"at itBlup Aa. . .A r I IXll a10p ?,
00 t AI:.. A rl . A . i... . .. Lv 8 -A 7 1P3
"P," p. mn. "A,"' aI. mn.
Traio. 15 and44 b) carry nilgant Pullman
sleeping~ en ri bo: wetn Columi-il:jud Ashovillo,
Cxnronto daily bu~t wu4,n Jackonvillto and( Ulnetm
Tran. leavo Sp4art anhurr,~ A. & 0. di visti,
porthihoundl, 4i:18 a. mn., :.. p. mi., (1:10 p. m.,
(Vesibule ~iilted) ; southbo~tundl 1:00 a. m.,
Trins leave G reenville, A. l4tad 4). diiig
~ rthtbotmid. 1:27 a. mn., 2:1'1 p. mn. and 5:3)0 p. m.,
Vest ibukel LimitedI) '01 suthboud 1:.0 a. m.,
:40 p. mn., i2:2s p. i. (\ostinbuled Limnited).
Pnilman lUn titen.~ sohiiiar on Traini. a o
W. H.t-:limN, J. Mi. <'l't.P,
\u.hineton, D. U. W:ij .n'. 1). 0.
G10m. Paiss. Ag't. A Gen. Pa.-i A (..t
PIEDMONT AIR LINU.
Condensed Schedule of Passenger Tras.
Yes. Fat lr
Northbound. No.38 No 36iNo. 12 N.. ig
Jlan. 5, 1895. Daily IDaily Daily E Buu
LV. Atlanta, J. T. 12 00m 11a 15P 5 a4
"' Atlanta,E.T. loop 1215a1 850a 5$
'4 Norcross............ 0120 U3iia 62t8
'4 Buford.-.----.--- .- . ----10.1..7
"4 (ainosvio 225 p 2 01 a 10 41 a 78 4
"~ Lula................. 223a 1104 a 7412
" M. Aitry..... .......2 0 a 11l 30 a
" Tocco... .....,......3 15 a il 53 a.
" Wstinster .......,. 35.0 a 122 p
'4 Contral..4...45 p 4 33a 120 p.
" Greenville .. 5 30 p a 19) a 2 it p.
" Spartanblurg. 6 18 p 6 18 a 3 22 p
" Gaffnecys............ 63a 4103)
' Iliacksburg 706P 700Ja 3>
'4 King's Mt,.......... 72a 50
*' Gastonia .... ..... ... 7 3 a 5 8
Ar. Charlotte ...820 p 8 83 a 6 20 p
"Danvitlo ....1100 a 1 .p 11 25p.
A r. 11cicod ..O 00a 6 40p 00 a.
Ar. Washingtonl . t9 42 a 0 40 pi
'4 Baltim'e, P IL 8 05a 11 25p.
'4 Philadliphia. 10 25 a 3 00 a
" New York.... 12 53in 20 a....
Ven. Fat MI 1
Southbound. No. 37 No. J5 No.hNoi
Lv. N. Y., Pj R IL. 483 12 15 n.
"Philade phia. 6 a5 P a 60 a
" Haliore.... 9 20 pi 6 22 a.
"Washingtni. 10 43 p 11 15 a"
LY. heiohmond ... 2 00a 12 55 po3 a
Lv. Danvfilo......t 5 50 05 p1 n
"Charlotte .... 9 85 a j10 34 pip
" G sto'.a. . .. .. 3u po y -
" hIatusburg .. 10 49 a 1'2'l'0a -. Lo
"* GaiThnys.--.---.....1 2?3 a 2 1l p
SSpartuanburg. 11 87 a 32 52 a 3 05 P
" Greonvillo.... 1228P 150a 4lp
'Contral.. 115p 235a 5401~
80u.100c.......------ 30a 6
" Westmainster **..
" T4ccoa........,...., 3~ tp
...... ...A..r..... ........ -. ...
'4ornel...........a a 1p --.
" r., ET..'''-89-- 416125p7
Iori " P 459la 83p70a
...... ..'.! ' I - 3 5p a 10.30 p 8 30a
".s . m..'0"p. .1 " noon1. "N'' nlighit.
N.a 1,4 ariS-.Washibngton and flouthwester~
Vesubulw o Limnited. Through Pullman sleepo
betwcin New York and New Orloara, via Wasb
lgcun, A 1*lanta and Montigomory, and also bo
iweenl .\-7 York and Memphis, via Washington,
atlainta .and4 Hlrmningham. Dinuing oars.
Ne. 35 andl 38--Unlited States Fast Mail. Pll.
nahishojiing cars between Atlarita, Now Or.
eans ald Now York.
Nos. 1t and 12. Pullman sleeping oar between
Uichmn:d; D~anville and Greensbo no.
Washlington, D. C. Washain'gtoh, D. l
Wi. In rtVI7R, Superintendent, Charlotte
V. A. TI O K, S. H. H AltD WICK,
Q on' J as. Ag't, Ass'S Ge'i Pass. Aet
Was' lgton, D. 0. Atlanta,