Newspaper Page Text
4 THEPS JO RNAL. "o
VOL. 6.---NO. 29 PICKENS S C THURSDAY, AUG 9,6. ONE DOLLAR A
PICKENS S. C.
DUNCAN ON THE QHISKEY REBATES,
HE MAKS'. GRAVE CHARGES
Voilmiissioner Mixsoi Does Not Sub
stantiato the Charges, Although He
is Duncnu's Uhler wit-nessay;
At the cAmpaign meeting in Barn
wells, Mr. John T. Duncan made quite
a sensational statement in regard to
whiskey rebates, charging that Gov
ernor Evans was cognizant of such re
bates being received, and that Tillman
lined his pockets with them. The re
- porter of the State gave his remarks
as follow : .
Mr. Duncan then caused a sensation.
As he proceeded the meu gathered
closer around the stand. Col. Mixson,
who was concerned in what he was
saying, sat near by but said nothing;
neither did Governor Evans. Mr.
Duncan, after refering to the facts that
Commissioner Mixson had given about
the dispensary insurance, said that
Col. Mixeon was present. lie regretted
to pull these fellows out a little, but
did not waste the opportunity when
he had them on the stump. He then
made the point blank assertion that
Mr. Hubbell, the representative of the
Mill Creek Distilling company, had
offered Col. Mixson a rebate of $562.50
a carload on 100 carloads of rye, which
would be a snug total of $26,260. Col.
Mixson had refused it, and had told
Governor Evans of it. The Governor
had said, " You were r'ght,, Mick."
Shortly afterwards the Governor had
sent for Col. Mixson and ordered him
to buy whiskey from Mr. Hubbell's
concern. Col. Mixson had said to Gov
ernor Evans : " You may have the
right to drop my head in the waste
basket, but I'll be damned if I will ever
buy a gallon of this man's whiskey."
(" Hurrah for Mixson.")
Mr. Duncan said this cry of rebates
was the old cry of stop thief. He said
that when Col. Mixson had refused to
take the rebates offered, and Governor
lVens was visited by that oflicial, the
Governor had said :"By God, Mick,
I know you are not getting a dollar
of this money, but you know that Ben
Tillman filled his pockets out of it."
At the meeting in Aiken, Duncan
repeated his story it regard to the
whiskey rebates, and is reported as
.Mr. Duncan again made his state
ment as to conversations between Col.
Mixson and Governor Evans on rebates.
Col. Mixson was absent and Governor
Evans mildly pronounced the declara
tions false. Mr. Mayfield publicly re
peated a message sent Governor Evans
y Mr. Mixson, saying Mr. Duncan's
statements were unauthorized. Gov
ernor Evans seemed satisfied with such
refutation of Duafan's statements.
Tompkins and Norton, said Duncan,
when put upon the stand had contra
dicted Evans' statement that they had
delegated him to carry out a policy as
to the dispensary. Yesterday at Barn
well, without previous notice to any
one, he had brought out a matter
when Col. Mixson was on the stand.
Neither Evans nor Mixson had a word
to say. He had asserted, giving Mix
son as his authority, that Evans had
ordered liquor purchased from Hubbell
after the latter had offered Mixson big
rebates and Mixson treated him Nith
Evans, in an undertone-It is false.
Duncan-Oh, yes, Mixson has gone
now and you say it's false. Why didn't
you deny it yesterday ? The people
should thank Col. Mixson for being an
honest man and standing between them
When Evans had insinuated Mixson
.kuad taken rebates, and Mixson~ was an
gry, Evans had said that Tillman lined
his pockets with rebates.
The other side of the story is told
by the Columbia Register, and puts
the muatter in an entirely different
aspect. H-ere Is the statement au
thorized by Commissioner Mixson :
Commissioner Mixson attended the
Barnwell meeting. Yesterday he was
at the State Dispensary as usual.
When seen by a Register reporter yes
terday, Commissioner Mixson said that
Mr. Duncan's statements at Baurnwell
were wholly unauthorized by him and
were a great surp~rise to him.
Colonel Mixson said there had been
only one purchase of liquor from the
Mill Creek Distillery since he was
elected Commissioner. The second
day after his election as Commissioner
he wired the Mill Creek Distlilery to
'ship the Dispensary two carloads of
liquor. At first that company refused
to allow' any rebate upon this shipment,
but when he wired that he would not
.aocept it unless the usual rebate was
.allowed, the company backed down
.and gave a rebate of five per cent.,
'which will be found duly credited upon
the books of the Dispensary. A fter
that ho made no more purchases from
thme Mill Creok Distillery and all talk
of big rebates from that company hav
ing., been received and pocketed by
those in charge of the Dispensary is
the veriest bosh. During the year
$21,000) was received in rebates upon
purchases for the Dlspensary. All of
the rebates are duly credited upon the
books and specified in Colonel Mixson's
The Register reporter also heard
' 1tat Colonel Mixson had said he would
swear before any judge in the land that
Governor Evans had not received a
single cent of rebates upon any pur
chases by the Dispensary.
-Lincoln was the first occup~ant of
the White House to wear a beard and
Grant was the first to wear a incus
.tache. Cleveland has a moderate
nteoustache, and is the only one of the
preLgldents to yvear a moustache with.
out a, beard.
--The .Broad river in South Carolina
was so caled by the whites. The In
dian name was Eswan Huppeday, or
"Dividing Line river," because it was
the boundary betweon the Cherokees
and the Cataw bas.
-A bride in Montreal appeared at
the altar with her pet canary fastened
* tolher shoulder by a golden chain.
D~uring the marriage ceremony th~e
bird broke into song.
NICKNAMES IN POLITICS.
The Origin and Meaning or Names
Given to Certain Factions.
New York Tribune.
When the followers of " Sockloss"
Jerry. Simpson and the bewhiskered
Peffer began singing the old negro
song " Keep in the Middle of the Road,"
as a gentle protest against any fusion
of their now-born Populist party with
the old Kansas Democracy, they proba
bly little thought that they were help
ing to make history. But such seems
to have been the result of their unpre
meditated action. They had broken
loose froin old party ties, and joincd
their fortunes with those of the "Sage
of Medicine Lodge " and his senior col
league. They objected to tho idea of
being absorbed into one of the old par
ties, and they gave voice to their senti
ments in song. That was four or live
years ago. Last week they awoke to
fInd themselves famous. very dis
patch sent out from St. Louis contained
some reference to the " Middle of the
Road " faction in the populist conven
tion. It was the faction which still
wanted to " keep in the middle of the
road. " It declined to "turn to the
right " or " turn to the loft, " but insist
ed on the Populists maintaining their
own identity and individuality as a par
ty, putting candidates of their own into
the field and running their own cam
paign regardless of the old parties.
What they achieved in the convention
does not matter. The interesting fact
remains that they have made a pecu
liar and suggestive addition to the long
list of original factional names with
which the history of American politics
Some of these names have been at
tached to factions in derision by their
opponents, and explain themselves;
others have been adopted deliberately,
almobt as trademarks ; and there are a
few whose origin it would bo hard to
trace. The first real faction known to
American politics under the Constitu
tion escaped being labelled by any de
risivo appellation which has been
handed down, though if such a faction
were to crop out now it doubtless would
be fittingly characterized. These were
the people who lent aid and comfort to
"Citizen " Genet, who came here in
Washington's second administration as
the representative of the French Ie
public. His followers were animated
by an intense hatred of England, and
organized clubs after the manner of the
Jacobin clubs of Paris. They address
ed each other as " Citizen " and "Cit
ers, " and did all in their power to stir
up trouble for the administration and
the government. As it happened they
adopted a name which was afterward
taken up by the anti-Federalists, then
known as republicans. They called
their clubs Democratic clubs, and the
name, if not the principles, has become
When the lederalist party wos in
its decline during Jefferson's second
administration there arose a Republi
can faction known as the " Quids, " the
adherents of John Randolph, whose ex
ertions gave fresh life to the Federal
ist cause in congress, and who made
themselves for a time an active and
useful opposition party. Their exist
ence was brief. By the time of Jack
son's ascendency the -anti-Federalists
or Republicans had become gouerally
known as the Democrats, and the
Whigs had succeeded the Federalists.
But it was not long before the Whigs
were. calling their opponents "Loco
Focos. " This term, like many others
of its kind, grew out of factional dis
sentions in New York State. A loco
foco was a self-ignighting match. At
a Democratic meeting in Tammany
hail, in 1835, one faction, fearing that
the other faction had control of the
gathering, put out all of the lights.
Matches were produced, the laiups
were relighted, and within a short
time the whole party was known as
"' Loco- Fecos, " a name whIiich cliung to
them for ycar's.
It was not many years before another
split in the same party added two more
choice terms to the political vocabula
ry. Silas Wright was the leader of
the party in the State. He was a friend
of Van Buren, and was not always on
the best of terms with President F~olk.
I n 1846 he was defeated for rc-election
as governor, and his friends attributed
his downfall to the secret opposition of
the administration faction, whom they
dubbed "Hunkers," because of their
persistent " hunkering " for o00lee. The
''hunkers" were pro-slavery in their
symp~athies. Thue Wright faction were
such radical anti-slavery men that
they became known its the " Barn burn
ers " in allusion to the story of the
Dutchman who burned his barn to
clear it of rats and imicc. The "Barn
burners" were practically identical
with the " Free-Sellers," who, as every
one knows, were merely the iFree Soil
Democrats who opposed the extension
of slavery into the territories.
Politics for some year-s before the war
was in a veiry mixed condition, and a
revival on a national scale of what was
known as the " Native A merican "
movement ( again originally a New
York nmovement ) resulted In the formi
ation of thme " American" party. An
elaborate code of signals and pass words
was adopted, and all operations of the
" Americans " weire wrapp~ed In pro
found secrecy. If a member of time or
der- was asked about Its practices and
purposes, he answered thath he know
nothing about them, and the " Ameri
cans " for that reason soon came to be
called " Know Nothings."
The "Copperhead " faction of the
Democracy during the war fnrnishes
anotheir well known example of a name
applied in derision by oppionents. The
"Copperheads" were the Souther-n
sympathizers in the north, and weiro,
naturally, named after the venomous
serpent common in many sections of the
The origin of the name Greenbackers,
as applied to a party, is of course obvi
ous. The men who formed it wvero ad
vocates of unlimited issues of United
States notes which early in their cai
rerm were characterized as greenbacks
from the color of their back,,.
" Stalwarts " andl " Half-Breeds "
were the outcome of the Blaino-Conk
lhng strife as It foumnd x pressionm in this
State. Mr. ilaine invented the formom
term as applied to itepuIblicans, but
Conkling's adherents appropriated it.
Trhey "p~ointed with prido" to their
stalwart Roepublicanism, and the name
was. in their eyes, a badge of d istino
tion, until Guiteau, after the assassina
tioni of Garfi'eld, proclaimed himself a
" Stalwart of the Stalwarts. " Tho
"Stalwarts" called their opponents
" Half-Beeeds " in derision, that being
the term which best expressed the con
tempt they affected to fool for them
and their political attitude.
Two Virginia factions which not
many years ago attracted national at
tention wore the " Fundore " and " Re
adjusters." Their differonces wore
over the settlement of Virginia's recon
struction debt, and with the disposition
of that matter they faded from view.
The "Snappers" and " Anti-Snappers "
In this State are too vividly impressed
on the public mind to require more
than a mere mention. The origin of
the term everyone knows.
Finally, there are the " Mugwumps."
This genus, as it is known today, ap
ponied on the stage during the Blaine
campaign of 844. The word had boon
uied in politlcs bofore, however. chiony
during the days of the " Loco-F'ocos, "
when the newspapers occasionally in
dulgod In some facetious romark as
this: "The great Mugwump was de
livered of a speech, which the faithful
loudly applauded. " The word is or In
dian origin, and meant with the red
mer a big chief. Locally, along the
New 1ngland coast, it came to mean a
nan of consequenco ; when its second
ary meaning, a man who thinks him
Belf of consequonce, or, as he was de
fined in 188.1, a man educated beyond
THIE STATE FARMEIRS' ALLIANCE.
A Strong Fight. Will be Waged oii
the Cotton-Tio Trust-Every Farm
er Ought to Joini i the Fight.
The State l'armers' Alliance held its
annual session in Columbia last week.
Pres. Jos. L. Keitt submitted a report
for the past year, showing an increase
of interest in the Alliance. The an
nual election of ollicers resulted as fol
lows: Hon. .1. L. Keitt was unanimous
ly re-elected president. Hon. J. C.
Wilborn was re-elected vice president
and State lecture.. J. W. Iteid was
unailnimously re-elected secretary and
treasurer. Dr. J. L. Shuler, of Lex
ington, was elected a member of the
executive committee to succeed E. R.t.
Walter, of Orangeburg, who declined
re-election on account of his health.
President Keitt was elected delegate
to the National Alliance.
The committe on cotton-ties made
Its report, which was unanimously
adopted and is as follows:
Whereas, the manufacturers and
wholesale dealers in cotton-ties have
advanced prices of ties about 95 per
cent. over last season's while the
market price of steel only justifies
an advance of ten per cent., thus
furnishing us with another evidence
that this is a day of trusts and com
bines against all producers; and whero
as suitable wire can be had at a cost of
12 cents per bale against 28 cents a
bale for ties, thus offecting a saving of
16 cents per bale on the crop, which
amounts to a saving of $128,000 on one
year's crop, therefore be it
Itesolved, That we ask all Alliance
men and farmers interested in the
baling of cotton in this State and the
Cotton States to co-operate with us in
breaking down this new formed- trust
by placing their orders at onceifor wire
to be used instead of ties in baling the
present crop of cotton.
And your committee further rccomt
mond that our State business agent bO
requested to at once obtain.all infor
mation as to the supply and cost of
using this wire as a substitute for iron
ties and report to all sub-all'iances, and
that our agent also be directed to
corres;onid with the agencies of the
(SIgned) J1. 1B. D~onnrrur',
T. W. StIANNON,
C. A. P'ivist.,
Thhe committee in charge made a
replor't onl the condition of the Cotton
IPlant, the organ of the State-Alliance,
whic-h was unanimously adopted, and
includes the follow ing : "'1The coin
miittee in publishing the paper in this
city on their- own account did it at a
cost of about $50 p)er week. This ex
penlso they found they could not con
tinue to bear- and they made a contract
with Mmr. J. 'T. Gantt, of Spartanburg,
a~ practical pr1inter, beginning March
I, 189)6, to prinmt the pap~er for- *50 per
month for the pr1esenit year. This
arriangetnent h as proven very satisfac
tory to y our- committee. The sub
scrip~tion list has about doubled In the
past two years. Your- committee
desires to call your- special -atten
tion to the State organ and bespeak
the hearty and cormdial -suppor-t of all
All iancemen for Its advancement and
usefulness. We think Mrii. Gantt is to
be commended for- the car-nest zeal
with which he has entetrod into this
work and the itmptrovement he has
made in the paper-, and we feel assut-ed
the paper wvill conttinuo to Improve and
only needs thoe hearty co-operation of
thme order to make it one of the best
Alliancee and agr-icul tural papers in
The committoo on State 10xchmange
made a v'erhal r-eport, stating that the
Institution wa~s in the best of shape and
that it was doing a liurishing business.
1t was decided that the next meeting
of the State Alliance be held in Colum
bia on the fo-urth Wednesday in July,
189)7. Columbia was chosen on accounat
of being in the centr-al p~ortion of the
Trhe thanks of the Alliance were ex
tendled its oflicer-s for their faith fuil and
etl'cient seervices. A rosolution was
adopted endorsing the sentiments of
P resident Keitt's addr-ess.
A'UnRonmN WIDow.-The Charles
ton Sun has the following adver-tise
"Fox SArLE-A horse owned by a
widow 15 hands high, broken double
It Is riot remarkable that the widow
should be 15 :hands high, for that is
only 5 foot. Theore at-c plenty of
Spar-tanburg girls not 16 years old
that ar-e 15 hands high. But the
strange thing about the Charleston
widow is that she seems to be "broken,
doU blean single." Thtatis ver~y much
Elvery mother hates to make her
children take Castor Oil. Laxol is
sweet. (atom. t il .
TILLMAN AND COBB AT ORANGEBURG,
THE BOY ORATOIR Ol' GlEoltU11l
ON FI010I0 SILVE.IR.
The War Horse of Carolina aml till
Young Racer from Georgia Ornan
iso a Mutual Adimiration Society.
The anniversary of the Tillman Vol
unteers, a crack military company o1
Orangoburg, was the occasion las1
week of a semi-political meeting, al
which Senator Tillimau and M r. Thos.
R. R. Cobb, of Atlanta, Ga., wore tlu
orators of the day. Mr. Cobb is 011
28 years old, and is a very tine speaker
He began by saying thatoho felt thai
he was no stranger to South Carolina
because he had learned from his texi
books when a boy that Georgia lia
been fobuded as an outpost between th(
settlements in this State- and those ir
Plorida. The coimittoo had kindl3
allowed him to select the subject (on1
which lie would speak. There was )ut1
one subject to speak' on ,today, but be
fore starting into It he had something
elso to say. Some yoars beforo hIo ha1w
learned to look deepor into men than:
the characters which woro'given thenm
by tJhe newspapers he had thought that
if there was one flannel-mouthed, black
hearted Anarchist in the country thait
man was 13. R. Tillman. But since ht
had learned to look deeper than the
tempbrary flash of the daily press ht
had learn to know him as a true mnar
battling for the common people. (Ap
plause.) They could be pretty sure thai
when in these days the entire press o0
the East was pecking at any man thai
it was his Democracy and not his an
archy which was feared. (Applauso.
He referred to Tillman's fights in th<
Senate with Hill, and then he went oi
to talk of the recentgrowth of political
sentiment. It, wi moiure like TrLiIInan
scattered here and there'over the coun
try which had brought about i plat
form and a candidate which they could
sul)port. Some time ago they had scei
man after man refusing to be a candi
date for the nomination, because, nHone
thought the ticket could possibly win.
But look at it now. It was when it )e
came apparent that the party was
making great strides forward in thc
race, even before the convention had
assembled, that the first squeal hiad
been brought from our elephantino ex
ecutive. Now the country was rising
for Bryan and sewall.
A Voice: "Watson ! How about Wat
son ? You can't leave out Tom Wat
son, of Georgia !"
Cobb: "My friend, I don't know
whether you are a )emocrat or a Pop
The other fellow: "im a 1)emocrat,
but I am a Southern man. They have
given us a Southerner, and yot shall
not leave out 'Vom. Watson."
Cobb: "Well, my friend, my feelings
on that subject are like yours. Porsat,
ally I have all the pride of my section.
Tom Watson is a dear friend of mino.
I admito and love him, butI regard my
party higher than my personal prefer
ences, and I stick to Bryan and Sowall.'
(Great cheering for Cobb.)
l He watited to speak of the Suprecn
Court of the United States. The plat
forth did not mention it. He stood witli
Bryati, )oweyer, and If they wanted
criticisms of that body they should g(
to the dissenting opinions. He gre%%
3ibl-oal atul made a comparison, th<
point bf wpilch was thmwt. evob the des.
diples', it -they did wrong, 'should b(
criticised. It was a question of whal
was tight, and be did not care if hit
views were those of a Populist or a Ro.
publican. If they were right he wouk
hold them. It was true that the Su.
premeo Uourt:w'aka tuost sacred buiwarli
of our liberties arid should be criticisec
slowly, but he believed there wor<
cases on record that showved, at leaist,
suspicious conduct on the p~art of
memb~er or members of the court. iler(
the Demnocrats had been lighting 1"ed
eralism for a century, and what hat
they conmo to ? Cleveland had dom
more towards upholding the lFederal is1
idea than any manm since Lincoln. If
would name the act. Lie did it whcs
he sent soldiers into a State of the
U nion to quell a local disturhanet
Cleveland struck at the very heart c
our dual system of government wheni
supreme self confidence and contempa
for the Constitution he sent soldiers t,
Illinois to shoot down the citizens c
that State. And now rumblings ar
heard in the East, rumblings thgt ir
dicate that Cleveland will be the noni
ne of the gold democrats for the Pro'e
idoncy. Ho did not believe it, he hopei
it was not so, but if Cleveland would dI
such a thing after what he had r'eceiv
ed from the party he was the basest o
W hat was the govern ment coming to
any how ? It was only a short time ag
that 1peop1)1, free born citizens8, ha
gone to Washington to exercise th
sacredi right of petition, and they ha(
been prosecuted for descraation of th<
sacredi grase about the caplitol. We.
see riots in t'he l'ast, rits in the Wes
and debts and desperation in thc
South, anid we are asked, "'What is th<(
matter '' I , reinminded hi m of tha
little boy out, West who was holding 3
sick baby and lookinug very dIisconso
late. Somebody came by and asket
him what was the matter. T1ho littl<
fellow had roplied that there was mate
ter enough. ~llis father had stolen ant
got caught, his mother was drunk, hit
sister wats flirting with a total stranger
the baby had the colic and he didn'I
give a--whethber jhe (old expeditionl
ever got to Califor:hia or not. Thi b
joke was plroductive of much laughtm
andi app~lause. T1he spleaker said that
wvhen an American boy felt that way,
wvhen there wore 70,0010,000 oif thbem
feeling that way, that he himellfd
began to fool that if satisfaction could
not be gotten from the ballot box that
it would come from the bullet box.
(Cheers.) ie was sorry to say it, but
that was his conviction. (More cheers.
A Voico. "'You are right this time,
for that's what it is comning to."
Mr. C;obb saidl hi hoped niot. Tihe
p~eolo could settle their diffecrences by'
aL pcacetful revolotion just such as wan
now in progress.
ILe hald been in New York when
lI ryan was non'nted, an' lbe wanted
to say Ihat lhe h ad nmever. hearzd miore
good'tilngs said about a man than he
had heaird said about TIIh nami, and he
had never ardni mforo har-d th ingt
said about One thani was raid there ol
him also. (Cheers for Tillhnian.) 11
they got tired of himl In South Caroli
(,, for' God's sake send hin over to
Georgia. (Cheers for Tillman.) But
Mr. Cobb was not lending himself just
then to the Idea. lie Woul not agree
with him. 110 holieved The News and
Courier wouIld print his speech and do
it fairly. !ic waas only saying what Ie
conscientiously believed ; he was not
asltmed of it, and he was ready to
stand lby it.
AI r. Cobb then tried to close his
speech, but tfhe crowd insisted that he
should go on, and Tillman called out
that he was doing far too well to stop.
So he went on speaking. 1It touched
upon a variety of things In a fragincex
tairy mannor, and was frequontly ap
plauded. le tried once more to stop,
but the crowd would not havc it, and
he had to go on again. Somebody
wanted him to talk about McKinley.
le did not intend to talk about him,
he saiLd. McKinley had been hartping
on a dead issue. lie (AicK inley) looked
like a man astrido or a (ead jackass in
a storm. The speaker then insisted on
stopping,al though the crow agailn tried
to make imi go on. After lie sat down
the crowd cheered him for nicarly a
Dr. Stokos tried to introduce Sh-n
atr Tillman, but the crowd started
to cheering antid wouIld not Aisten to
him. Mien cal led out, "(Oh, we all
know old 33n " " Come on, Ben, dn't
wait for him '" and other minilar
things. So Drm. Stokes stopped aside and
Senator Pillinan Caime to the front.
lie began with a reference to the op
proi-sive weather, quoting S I dney
Smith's famous desire to take oil his
liesh and sit in his hones. Ile was, he
said, at a disadvantage-tlhero was no
body in sight to light. lie comn pl1imeont
0d Cobb h ighly' onl his speech. It was
asking too much to expect them to sit
there while ho told theimi over agaiii
what everyone of them believed. He
d.id inot think there was a gold hug in
the audionce, and if there were any in
the Stato they were very fow. The
country had at last come down to some
genuine Democr-acy. They :ow Saw
that. light in the West they had heard
about. He thought lie had had smoine
thing to (10 with bringing about tihe
conditions which pievai led. lie had
been out among the people, and lie had
yet to mot an audience that did not
give him the courtesy and the enthus
iasm that lie had received there.
lie said lie did not propose to mniko
a regular speech. L1e was only going
to touch on two or throo points, and lie
would detain them but a few minuiites.
le referred to the occasion whieh
brought him there-celebrating the
birth of the Tillman Volunteers. Ho
complimented the company highly,
and referrod to the part it had taken
in the )arl ington war. Ie urged
them to look well to their liberties ; no
one would do it if thev did not.
He referred to the first visit, lie had
ever iaid to Orangohurg. lie made
his-second speech 1,hre, aid ie drew
a humorous picture of how he had felt.
OrangCburg had always stuck by him.
It was the banner county of Ruform.
Tie people had sometimes shown a
confidence in him which lie did not
have in himself. This had sustained
him in his light.
When lie made 4is speech in the
Senate it aippoared to him that, the
country was in a critical condition.
Put see the effect that had been pro
ducod by pressing that issue by himn
self antd others, amiong whom was
Bryan. See the elfeet of declaring
that they %yould no longer cling to a
party that betrayed the people. They
had gone back to true Deloct-acy of
Jeferson. The victory at Chicago was
the greatebt achieved since Jackson
whipped the banks. The Democracy
had been on trial ;it had b'een carried
back to first principles and taken out
of the hands of the buceanecrs who
had taken possession of it.
'rThe speaker then reviewed the for
mation of the party and tne issues that
have separated tile two great national
I parties since the beginning Cloveland
had been a hietter Repuiblica~n thar
, arrison. See what he with now con
spiring to do-nominate a ticet the
XI exressed oibject of w hich would be
3 the (defeat of the Demuocracy. lie hop.
. (d they would dio it. Thoure wvas n
fsuch thxing as a gold bug I )cmocrat
1 the name wvas a misnomer.
t Hie toldi of how Whitney, Hussellam
. Belmont had gone to Chicago. tatkiny.
iSenator 11ill with them, and then he(
a told of how the silIvor men had caucusa
- etd there and won the fighit.
- Bryan was not afraidl to come to 1thex
-commifon people iandt tell them what lha
i felt and~ believed, bCcaudse hiis hearti
) wias puiro. T1hat was the di Iference he
twoeon hi m iand Ml inloy. .1lis young
friend had paid his respets to the
U~nitedi States Courts. Thoy would see
,I in the platform that government,
by iniju nction had to cease. 'JlTh p)eo
I pic knew what this meant ;they had
soo hOoII1w a man right here amnonig
thoii had tried to overth row the law
and bi ndl down the dispensary. These
usu ri.ti onj of the c iederal jumd ici ary
were a mlenace to the country. T1hie
Courts had crept from one pioin t to
another until now nothing was sacured
from them. Tihey had seen inu the pa
pers of tile (liy before what one( lFederal
Judge had dione.
ile read here the (dispatch announc
ing that Judge Simonton had issued an
injunction prmoh ibiting the cuitti ng of
rates. Hie went over thme history of the
rate war, tellin~g how the tight caime
upJ. Tihe Seaboard hlad cut itts rates to
protect itself and~ its territory and( then
the Souitherin and( tile Associttionm had
made a still larger cut. These are coi
plorattions runn~ ing through mnauyStates.
They have thiri charters in the various
States and h ad Lbciir righIits und--r them.
\Voeuld any one deny that they had time
righ t to cut rates i f they wanted to ?~
W hom did they hurt? Thiir stock
hohders ? 11lad not the stock holders
control of tlieir plroperty, andit if they
w ishe~d to stop) the war- coul d thbey not
(1o so without, outsidle aId ? it, was a
pri vate bumsi ness allair.' imut, inusteoad of
letting timem light it out here comesC a
federal judge, who steps forward, as
sumues iali power and stops them. Th e
eriar says you shall do so and so; lhere
is uanotheri cz.ar, who says you shatll not
do) ( oln ho. lEach i tyrannxy, amid
thme one is no imore oppress~5ive thanm the
WA~here does- this main got, hiis author
ity to control solvent comporations ? If
lhe had' the powver to say that they sh~allI
unot cut the rate then he has
power to say that they shall cut.
Then whose proporty is safe fi'om
his intorforeico? iHe can imitate
Judge Woods, who) Il1mrisoned Dobs
because h stopped work. To what
point haiive wo tcomoi, when suich things
are0 possible ? It Is time11 that thoro
wias soime one to step forwtard and say
to thise judges: "You infernal tcoun-'
drels, if you go any further wo w'ill not,
only chokO you. but, we will hang you."
'T his m1anl In South Carolina has gone
further than any of them. lH0 directly
interferes with tle liberteios of corpor
ations and people. He know ho wias
safe, decause lie know they could not
got a Congress to impeach him.
This was the point antd featuro of
Senator Tillinan's spooch. lin conclu
sion lho urged upon the people to main-.
t1ain the interrity of whatt had been
done by the Reforii movement. IIe
did not Wailt, to see them pulling down
the house that hiad boon completed.
$top tinkering with it. There wats no
use stirring Ip now strifo. lluch had
boeen accomplished, and if tile peopl
wbuld send godd iuenl to ollie tih whole
thing woild work out right. Tle peo
ple wantcd to got togothor and stop
lighting. le waS pot making refer
0)(10oto any particular tnan, h1e was
addressing himiiself to the Condition
confr'onting the State. Let the people
stand by the work that. reform had ac
ompl13 P1ished.(i, but lot thoim stop lighting
ani1d work inl harilony and aecord.
.lhre was long, co31ntnued cheoerlng
wIorn Selttor 'Iilhn'an sat, down, aLId
smelI one stepped forward tland pre
sented him wit-h i iloral pitchfork from
the ladies of IUimtstone section.
SLElTING LaA N)IAlls 191.
Anl i.nperienleeti 1,'arn-114er Given Good
Itensins l'or Occupy ing Land All the
Time With Growing Crops.
IParlnlrs lre beg itinning to NCe the ai
vantage of occutpying their grain ilids
with somlio gre wv ing orop after the grain
is halveste(I. Land in ia stato of nature
Is occupiel Lite season through. There
is no " rest, " as is held necessary by
some, With Cliultivated soil, for the rea
sonl that 10 elforL is rlequired for grow thb.
'ractico has demaonstratod this long
ago, where land hats been Oiled annual
ly for generations, bearing as good crops
now as it flrbt, and better where the
land has been propr-ly taken ca:.o of.
Pii practice of keeping tihe ground un
occupied the latter part of the season
from the timle the grain crop Is rImov
od, hais nothing at all to recommond It,
aid much to oppose. Tle land is not,
only idle, but there is a chance for
weeds an31d coarse grasses to grow anIld
ripuln ,tiheir eds, oupocially in moist
WCLther3, Which UomtU1 mils oC us inthie
latter part of the season. This, in a
large proportion of laud, is a great,
sourcoe of evil, as our litids abundantly
attLest. To iave the ground exposed
duin g L.hi heat and d ronutlh of August,
a nd Be i'temhoi:', Is not Ii koly to boneti t
it. On tho otlher hand, to culItivat and10
har-ow it is a belnelit. no dolit m1ore
tll ing for tile trilling expenSe of
the wori, which is Soon11 aLclomplishied.
I f the plow is n doded on accollit of
grass and weeds, all tho greater will
be the blnelit.
imm 13edfliatOly after the groIIid 1s
workedl when yet moist, sow it to soime
crop '40 a1S Lo get it started in CasO of
dro th. thu-ing the rest of the season1
the growth will he i-awing fertility
froi the aLLItosphlero, and shadiing the
groind Io doubt, furthers fort ility.
'1h1is cr'op rLnllied down in the fall Iiatiu
er' Iig ligly, ' ill alord an excel lent stied
bed ill the spring, With the cortainty
of an increased yield inl the Cr01), atid
the land will be cleaner and in better
conditLion. This practice continued
yearly wviil be aL constant benefit, re
qu1iring less mnuLlre anid the vegetable
mineral thus a~dded wvill further favor
fertility bly relntioni anid chemical ef
feet upion the mineral maiitter of the
soil. 'lay soil will also be loss Lenaci
0ous11( indead. The elfect is sonmowhia
like yearly turning down sod, with tho
ad vantage of mior'e speedy decomposi
tion, anid bonelit to the crop that, fol
The advantage here over green ma
nluring properi~ is thait, it (1001 not intr
fore wVith, theo reguilar crop~pinog of Lh<
season. l'ii elerlie 10'cr'op, like wh len
arid r'ye, beinrg removed, a larg ruas.
of vegetable m3ater-ial many bo growi
and(LI turned dlolwn1 ini Limoi for the fal
SOwVIing of wVinrter grini. 1"or Lihis pur13
pose0 the rc is probhably nothing hottei
thani the pmea, wich o will -radly l
and ailford paltbilum3 for ai good gr-ow L
of the grin bly wint~er, the ground bo
ig sulhieiently compact b~y sp3rig fo1
Liibis grin , esp~ecilly in clay soils.
Ono of my neigh bors raised 22 burshels
p)3erc oIf whoamt (In sodi tulrned r':wn
aL few weeks befor-e sowving. Th~le sea1
son wais favorale for whiea~t. TVhe next
yearV wheat, on the 8sam3 grournd, well
worked wi'Ithouit, mahlnurei', waIs a failur13..
I have knlowni sti bbie ground3( beaing
coarsxo grass arid weecds Lturned clown
w ih sucesS for whieat,, and thiis wvith
(1u3t nimn1ure, the soll not ver-y rich , arid
for years cJr'opped and1( rodclod5.
Thle point of imlportance to b)0 al ways
kept in view Is the amiountof vegetable
malltter in the soilI. In old worn (out
land it is al ways more- omr less wanting,
arid hicre It has the greatest, eliect, and
a comparatively 5311al1 amount doing
much to Inr'ease thbe gr-ow thl. I have
seen Lthis don in riot a few calses, 3and it
hias alw~ays been satisfaet~ory. ityonnd0
0aH are tbe plants mostly usidan
illet.V lherie the gron d is not poor', is
reicommiiended. Any qjuick growinig
rlich pla1nt, wVill do. WA ii~ rye and1( p0ens
nio rmistako Can 00 made, as they ar'e of
qJ uieck growthi arid rich In fer-ti lizilng
mailterial. Th'ie pea is best, adaphtedl to
summer gr-owthi, to follow afteor whIoIat
or' rye. As it, Is a fast'ur gr'ower a lar'ger
amoun31t (If mallterili is s(0iecre to be0
tulirned dIown in the fall 01' ipriig, An
other th Ing w ith Lh Is g raIn Is of spUci
al value ; it is adapted to poor or' run
downv oil ; wV ih the aId of plaster
which, where' it has Its full (elect, mfore
than doubles10 the gr-owth, andil hence
shiould a1 lys be used for' this purpose.
In su1ch calsos nothinilg appr~ioachles It for'
fertilIzingj land cheaply i na short time,
and,1 no imo is better than~l afterI the
grin crop, to fill the idle gny.
Where the LIm ro Ogr'opoth is sho(r'ter
118 afteor & 'D I., ice iaint,
grw ~ ., ou wVi. .r, arnd arily arid
rapiid ly in tie 8pr'rig, a tfordig a r'ich
an~d Labundant mai1ss of m1altteri to tium
dlown on land nlot, Ltoo much01 3 iOu or
and~ It, is a1 palyinig (loperat1o0 where the
time will allo1(w of its annpJaion ; h
manure instead of being fritterddaay,
is retainod in the soil, I should' tie
study of the farmer how best he iaf
fill tip this gap of the season-a great
advantago long neglected. Muoh can
be (lone. and in various ways and it
should be made a rogular wdrk on the
farm. Thore is a wide renge of treat
ment, from simple harrowing the 1ind.
and sow ing the seod, is on sandy soil to
moro olr borate working and manuring
which clay requires. For experimep
tako light soil, harrow well, weighting
the harrow if necessary; sow peas, us
ing gypsum for manuro. This is soon
dono wi th little cost. Omit the expe
riment on part of the field so as to sed
the differenco in the effct if any. Let
the oxperi mont cover severalseasons in.
1J10K LY CROP BUI Eli.
The Weathor wan Favorable For All
Cropmt and Notamy Cotton.
This bulletin covers the weather and
crop conditions for the week ending
Saturday,J uly 25, and in its preparation
woro used reportws from onek or more
correspondents in each county of the
The ti est of the wook the temperature
was considerably bolow the normal
with a steady rise throoghout the
wook. The condition of the air was
humid and sultiry, and the nights very
warm. The maxinmum temperature
was 100 at Boaufort, Allendale and
Gillisonvillo on the 24th and 25th ; the
-minimum. 64, at Liberty and Loopere
onl the 19th. The moan temperature
for the week was 80, and the approxi-.
mato normal is 81.
Thiorio woro s'nattored showers, gon
orall ' light, over the entiro State, as
.0( of th rainfall stations reported.
somie rain during the week, the aver
ago amount for the Stato having been
0. 17 and the normal for the samo pe
riod is approximately 1.4]. The fol
lowing places reported heavy rains:
Augusta, Ga., 1.75; tlorenco, 1.79
Kingstree, l.9o ; Yomassee, 2.20
Loopers, 1.50: Longshoro, 1.29; Chos
torliold, 1.30 ; Mtllingha'n, 1.84 : Liber
.v, 1.00; Andorson, 2.06; Darlington,
1.00; Colum bia, 2.47 ; Hagood, 1.30.
The percontage of sunshine for the
State was 17 por cent. of the possible
which was nearly normal, but in por
tions of tho.Stato there was very little
sunshine while in the northeastrn
counties there was hlmost an entire
absence of clouds.
The week wias a favorablo one for all
crops and for some, notably cotton,
exactly tihe weather nood for its best
Corn fired in a few localities under
the itnih nence of the hot sun on wet
giround, and in such places fodder pull
1ig was hurried. Saving fodder is
geneCrii in the eusturn 'portion of the
S-tato ani well hogun elsewhere. Late
(or.n- looks very promising OV0or the en
, iro Stat.c.
Iteporlts on cotton indicate a rapid
(ovelopmuent of the plant, and. from a
mumbr of places como reports of
growth having titoppod, but blooming
and fruiting frcely. Itust and shedding
aro reported fron nino counties, as
cribod to the wet condition of the soil.
In the wCstern counties, an OxcessivO
growth of wood Is reported, and at the
sanme time the cr.op is characterized as
".as int a crop as over known." Tle
identical words being used by corros
Ioidents from four counties. Sea
Island cotton made marked improve
Tobaccoo curing well under way,
but not curing woll. In 1'lorence the
0irop3 is doing well, olstwlieore it is not
Peas, turnips, forage crops and
sweet potatoes are doing well, except
that the latter are running very much
Correspondents report fruit generally
to have been more or less a failure.
Peaches bloomed freely and the
young fruit set well, exeplt for some
varieties that were injured by frost it
March, but the hot weather of May
caused the young peaches to drop
freely, which continued to maturity.
Peaches also suffered from insect
enemies, so that of the frimit that
ripened but a small portion was perfect
or marketable. There were reports of
t peacheOs rottling on the trees. Taking
g quantity and quality into consideration,
thme peach elrop was about one-fourth of
an average ono.
Apples are qiulto lentitul in certain
counties or parts of counties, and very
scar'ce elsewhere. Some trees that
bore no fruit last year are loaded this
year. Apples blossomed freely and -
generally the fruit set well, but duringI
the extreme heat of May it began to
drop freely and the condition of apples
acetorior'atod steadily. Wuhile aplos
are plentiful in places, all correspond
ents speak of the fruit as of very in
ferior quality, due it seems to insect
bites and worms. Thus reducing its
conimmtercial value to considerable less
than half of an average crop.
i'oars wore excellent in a few places
onily, and generally suffered the same
injury with likeoiresults as apples and
peaches d11(. Blight affected fruit
trees seriously. and In places where
never before known.
I'lums, apricots and cherries were
H~ico continues to grow well, and
mutchi of it. is heading. As far as
known no damage resulted from the
high water' on the Santee, Cooper,
Eidist() orI other rivers in the main rice'
'rThe reports on grapes indicate a "
uniform excellence of condition
thiroughot, the State, with local ex~
ccl)Lons wvhero they are rotting more
or loss, and on1e eCport from Lexing
ton, where they are pronounced a
failure, b)ut this condition will not
apply to the whole county. T1he quality
of grapes is pronounced excellent
evor'ywhere, and sttmmning up all re
piorts., grapes are a full average both as
toqlity and qantity. The bullace
Cultivated berries did fairly wol$,
and wild berries were exceedingly
plentiful and of fine quality.
On the whole the season was a poor
one for fruit, and tho' main 'reason
ass ig ned by correspondent# was the
exessive heat during May, co-exipt.
ing with severe diroughty conditions,
and after the heat moderatod and the
drought was relieved, insects damaged
the remaining fruit, or the rains caused
it to rot so that there was a steady
decline In condition from tihe tine
fruit blossomeduni ,mm tri