Newspaper Page Text
-Well do I recolhtL tho Wime," said
my13' grI'anildmiaL to ile, one cold winter
venting.a s we were seated by the bright
hiikory fire whose ruddy tltes loapod
cheif% ul the wide-m(ithed chimnoy,
shedding a cheer...fu! light upon the
old-fatshioned furniture of my grand
mother's room, and easting liekoring
shadow.. Upon the ceiling. "when crazy
Nell was young and fair as alny girl In
ill WVe'tlield. Yes, young and beauti
fill yotu would hardly believe It now,
woul1 you, clil d ? 13ut, deary In,
time and sorrow make sad changes!"
A ni my grandmother passedI her hand
slow .\er her forehead, an(d absently
let fail her knitting, and I knew by the
kindling of her faded eye that hot
thoughts were wandering back to that
past when lie own youth was fair and
It was snowing fast without-a wild
stormii--atid tbe d iving w id sifted the
white flakes against the w indow panes,
into e%12'V Ce'evice of the shinged,
gabled roof -iand soitiiies a sudden
gust, whirled d jwi the chimney and
sent IL shower of sparks out all over the
Iicely swept liearthi.
I had coic down to g'Iriandia's to
spend my short, witcr vacation, with
1mly 'eveituell-year-old head filled with
hoard inig schoo romanc: atnd the pros
pect of i story, where the heroine I
proml1ised to be "youig and beautiful," I
seemleI very delightful. Grazy Nell I
seemed at once invested with anl in
terest whieb, an hou before, I hLd not
thought it possible the poor' villago
wander could have inspired. Al- I
ready imagination had con1verted r 110.
Iatted hair, wild eyes and bent figure I
into aL Vision of youth -hu' faded gown i
anid crooked bonnet, which b fore I had I
re'gar'ded as antiquities worthy of a 1
Imnaseum, into relics of better days and I
( )h, tell me the story, grand1ma!" 1 -
exclaimed eagorly, drawing my ehtit'
nearer0! her own], Ino distiurhing her
favorite tabby CaataLL he' feet, who
purred a decided I negativo to such ad
VIICes. " W1hat: Did you know hur
Crazy Nell ?-anid is that the reason t
you are so kind to her, and always set (
apart food for h'er' Por' I had notiticed I
%e' since I had been it grILndIaI'ts, I t
nicely tilled basket set out, at dusk oiln f
the platform of the old well at the 8
back door, which tile Strange womW anl c
catte and took away, ereepinig hack in I
the Wilter' iIoIrning'ts twiligh t to re- t
place the basket, wherhe h had found ; e
it. And gr'andma1 had told me in an- 1
swer' to my queries regarding her, that 1
she had never cro5sed aly threshold,
save he" own tumble-down hut, by the (I
rivet's side, for many years. S
'"ell inc tile story---do, graild ill ?"'q
"Well, Isabel, chi II, "Com) mellced my
graiidmna. "it is near, to thirty year:s 1
now sinc Crazy Nell ir'st came to our I
t1own. Then Ite boy. would follow her
tibrough the st'ets. Cal iing ILfterI' heI t
and vexitng hot', for sneh I straggl.t c
was~ before untknowtn int ott' village. I
wa\ .wailkIc ig ver' fro ! .h ile storie onie
day when I iir-t saw~ lier. A rowdl of,
boyis werie sltnin byi i the) wa'll Iwhr 1'tI
she had .'at downt to test. 1 stopped l
and looked aut her' too, fot' there wats a
famniliari look ini her lace; but it was a
lotng time befot'e I could1( bring myself
to) helieve the pout' creature wats one
w homeI - ii nwn1 in my3 youithkfulI days
lage. Andl when I had~i liooked1 lat, an
Old faded miillialtture wIchol she behul,
gazinlg 14tead1ily3 on it,, while theu boys
1tooid by3 in woinder , thent I rememi'trbere'~d
sonein irg whli ch I h*ad heard si cec l
waLs mairried anld left home -that, Nelly
Simlipson had gone erazy 1and( been shu tt
u p ill aL mad-htoute. The plieturte she
hield in heriI harid 1 rLiet embred too. It
wats the face of li tard Carey,'~' a hanfu
someli yunttg mantt who hadl colle to ouri
vilIlge one1 wit et' to keep s igingt
schooiil in the old schiool house at tle
"Lv.ward Car'ey Itad tiot heeri in town i
aL week before lie waLS a favorite w ilh
the old( school house51 w'as cro-de wVlOl~ it hi
y'ouing folks fromi farl and11 nea', th 1*.
sleigh-hell- jintglinig, and by-andl1-by~ the
good old -fas hion ed tnes ri ingintg outi
from tihe old selho ol ho 'use.
''At 1ivt's the new singinig-schouol
iiaister 1'eeniied 1* b atial hash fl-L tlong I
all itong thuere was a wicked, hiddent
look abiout imi which I tnevet' liked1,
tirist blegant seein me h tt iome, uised to) ny
that iward Cary3 was at 'tlood sinlgir,'
but I could nie ver gI t im illLo say~ any1
Lthing betLter in hiis favot'. I declart',
chiild,. it maiikes Ill12 yountg agin to th L~ink
of it'.'" And1( my griandmnother''s cli '-ek
kindled wvith~ th erimson tl u->hi of
"\Vell, all the winterti l''d ward Carey
wVent rounird with Ni11y' Simipsont-- and
one ev'ieninig she came11 toi a uaty3 with
hiis pic~tre arioundl~ her1 ntek--thei same~l
which I sa1N her lookinig iat that dayi3,
sittin~g by the wall. \Vell, b~y-and~~h
the; were' maiet''id by old Parson,1 Ab
bott, andii Carey toiok Nelly oft Lu al dis.
tant city, whet'e lie said hils fatther' tand
mother lived, and(1 whete she should
have a beautiful home of hter' own.
''About that time 3'our1 gran~fdfamthor
ovoi' to Greenwfl~ood, where wej haLve
lived togetheir for so manytt3 years.
A bout aL year~ atfter,' the stran~tgest stoty
came ount about Cartey'. Someblllody read
(comol fr'otm the~ Situth~ and1. arr'tebted himi
fern bigamy3! Nobody couild bhte~ iAtf
till One day 110or Nolly catme back with~
hut' baby)3 i her' armis, pain and)1 br'oken
y'eat', andil lFairmeg Simpson wa ai
changed mean, andit hiis hlnthl was fail
ing fast, when Nelly came11 hom)eil a poor,
bietrayed woman. Site wit a iout the
the n' Iighi bor1s w hii cametii itn to -4e( hot',
tndh ia smile wast neivert suon tipon hor
face. The doctors' Olaid she was In ai
hopeless stato of des pair-andri~ dl ys and
weeks went by yet she wa~s no hotter.
"'Thon the baby, a little wan crolt
tureo who lay anid moatinedl ll day long,
died. T1hen poor Null wenteroiatzy-thie
blow was too much fot' hut' falling mid,
arnd D)r. Williams said it would be no'
ecessary to seind her' tv r to the asy3lumfl
F'ive yoar's palssed before 1 again heaird
fromi Nel, whten someobody from West'
field told me that she had como1 home
to live-with her' old father; that the
doctors said hici mind was gone forevor
but as she was harmless it was cr'uo
to keep her' sbhut upi thero.
"I heard no more until i road Farmior
SlmpsonI's death in tile country necws
paper-and a few months afteir saw
Crrtx Nnll sittInv theore b~y the roaid'
side. I took her by the hanid, and
"'Nolly, don't you remember m1 ' ?
You are tired after your long walk
won't you go hom11e w ith Ille '
"She looked up with at stange look
in her black eyes, and smiled in a way
that made ily heart, ache, and said,
"'Go away! Go away! I will not go
in to the ball tonight- Wlward i not
herec to go with mle-they have carried
hhiliar oi) to prison! They have got mily
baby, too. They killed it! This is all
I alive left ine--you shall not, have it:'
Ai she hid the picture inl her bosom.
"I cauld not get her to go home with
mie; but I persuaded the boys to go
away, arid then followed Nell to the
old house by the river's side, from
which I could not coax her away. Tle
next (dly your grandfather sent word
over and took her back, for Larmer
Simpson left enough to maintain her.
They hired a woman to take care of
her at the old farm house, but she
l i pped a way arnd CItnIe again over here.
They carried her back, but it was of
no use, she camrle here again, when
they concluded to let her a'rmain, as
3he Was laarmaless.
"They hitted her uap a few rooms,
IvIare she has ever since lived her
orrely Ii fe -aid she has never crossed
L threshold or entered any door-yard
ult Iine all these long years. .1 always
set out her basket of food, which shte
,otnes and takes, as you saw her last
light. 'ol.or Nell! Iers has been a
1ad lot, but she is getting old now,
Lad will soon go to tie land where sor
'ows rever come, and 'the weary ar'e
it rest.' Well, father," looking up, as
rny grarndfatelr entered the door, lean
nig o)n his cane, "I have been telling
sabel ahaout poor Nelly Simpson."
". 1u1L w hat became of Nelly's husband
w'dvard Car'ey '" I asked. "What
lid tlbey do with him '
"\ell, lie was sentenced to State's
>risor for ten year," answered amy
r'ranldfather: "out, his fr'ienrds were rieb
Lmd power'ful, some think they bribed
lie jailea' and other author'ities, for onle
lay his cell was emrpty anrd the bird
il flown. I Su1ppose they got him oif
o for'eign ail ts, as he was never heard
V0111 sin thraLt daty. 1'hoew, how tih
now blowE- i hope old Nell will keep
lose till t Ihis stormi' 's over, or sIe'll he
ikely to suatier. I'll go over there ina
hre rmorninr, m other, arid see if all's
olifortable. 'Tain't right for her to
I left there alone to hrer-Self, to amy
It inust have been an hour later, and
randmria's knitting-needles and tie
torm w ithout haid lulled me into a
uliet do/c, when suddenly the staip
ng (f fIet VLs Ih ar'd onl tire door'ste p.
nl 1 awoke to behold grandpa hasten
ng to tihe (oor. with a Candle, and Mr.
;au nders Itaid John Armstrong, two of
lhe neighbOrs, lifting a form1 ailI covera'
d wvith anow into the entry.
"'I h'lieve, N eighr boa' liutledge, we've
rot, Jrazvy Ne'li ere starIk anfd still:
- tarmbIed over her on thre turanpik1(,'
-ighit ini the r'oad. anrd the snow draift
rig all over her. My haoi'se stoppied
atock still, arnd .Iiohn arnd I got out to
see w hat the maattear was, for it's so
.h:'rk you catn't see your hand hefore ye
lest binag someii camraphire, .'liss [(ut
(;rantlrnia ati I ran i th ,e closet, on.
a'estor'ati ves, whlileI they barourghat poor
Nell to the tir'e.
Iletter go after Dr. Niitta'cedge,
ineig habor," said tray g r'and father, look
inig into old Neil's white face, froma
whiebr grandmna hrad jiast puat iaway t~re
Lanrgleud gray hair all dr'ippirrg with
Iluat a he meaassitge wasL ina vainr. All
ar rrubbting anid lakeas, andii hot
uN ter whIiebd g r'andal b r'ought, couldI
mt, br'inag poar Ne'll back toa life. Anid
.vhen' r old IDr. K itt red ge care, lhe onl 13
,lhook his gray headu, anrd saidI, solemn-r
"I t is all over: I 'oor Nell--she's goat
Th'leni thre rneig hbors cameia ini and thre
ad avent (If t i' venirrg wasL talketi
aver. ( )re haad .a.eni her walkinrg slow
y alIon g the tarinnpike at ni hatfa IiL la
>aranlly towa:r'd Iier hiorme, the lhurt lby
Ire rivyera. II t, atlas for poor Nell
aerh-'rips blindled by the drifting snow.
he' lad hecomae hew ildered and sank
lownr w here it had wvoven its soft,
wh ite arnanitle airound hil er-th at soft,,
wivite iruntrali uandea 'reath whInich she
2lally wenrt La) sleepI. l''or a simile wvas
a her age'd, wr'inkled face; and when
t~he wonraen loousenaed her tattered gownZ
thray foun d a ladaedl niiniatuare upon01 lhr
breais t- -h~e beauat i fril,1bult false, face of
L~ae beatrayver of her yoth !
Perha~i~ ps ona the thrterol of thle una
knoiwn1 land they araet algalin----thle beo
1raver arnd ithe beha'i'yedl --anrd Kdw ard
C'arey's guilty soual shrank hack wvith
hitter sel f-accuasation, as lie turnred
aLway to hris oawni worabi of dlarkniaess',
w hile aip to the' whlite coura ats if h terre
the lI nleemraar lead, ''clothed arid ina hera
right maindi,'' onae whiom we' knew oin
eaa'th ias Crazy Necii.
- arriomn .l.ilhrf, who 2laimedcr to Ihe
ra liussiana counataa, wats arr'ested in New
York ion boartid thre ste'amiiirp New
\ orcj nat as the vesselI was~ aout to
sail ar iar 10ourop. A wata'init haid hbeen
issueiul chaag inag him w i th failuare La
s tie his bill at 11o001Cambrhiidge. ie
w~as comm inIttedl to dleli ersornh raiket
pr'isoli anrd a hatlf horr after' wae found
hanirging to the door of the cell, uasingi a
hiatnukmerhief ira ania tlrt Li) kill lhim
sel a. 1111 died shaorLy after b.'inrg cart
downi. Since the airriv'aliaf /Zuiof in
th Is counitr'y last y'ar, Ire has purar'sued
a career of swindrlinag lan New Y'ork arid
lhrstn, w her e he used v'arloaas aissuamed
unamoas, his own being Lipmian.
Geni-. l thdeighI ( 'ol'-ton alied alasti-week
ati the Camrip I. i Shi rr I brme atL
IH~ichmionid, aa h age 'f I yerrs.
li' eniter'ed Lih' Conrfederate service at
the ouatb'rak of the war rand wias in corm
maand oIf the IDepairtmaent of L ynach burig
at thec conchlusion af hrosti ities. l''or
several year's thereafr 'Gen. Clstonl
was in the service iaf the Khled ive oh
logypt rand made an ex pedition into the2
Soirtan. lHe held a depar'tmaenat p)osi
tion Ina WashaIirgton duriing rcent
years. until i nenri 'tated for wiork.
---Two wi'ufn were aleelop onf a
feathe'rhed In their horme at llonne
Torrie, Md., whein lig htinrg struack the
houase, anid set hi i' tar the shuack rmaL
tr'ess tunder thre beid, brat the womenci
wer'e unahiarmeid. TheIi feathers r'opell
od the inltr'ilitv.
His liair, as 'wintry snow, is white;
Her trembli'ng stops are slow :
His eyes have lost their merry light,
Her checks their rosy glow ;
Her hair has lost its tints of gold,
I is voice no joyous thrill ;
And yet, though feeble, gray, and Old,
They're faithful lovers still.
Since they were wed, on lawn and lea,
Oft did the daisies blow,
And oft across the trackless sea
Did swallows como and go.
Oft were the forest branches bare,
And oft in gold arrayed;
Oft did the lilies scont the air
The roses bloom aid fado.
They'yo had their share of hopes and
Their slire of bliss and bale
Sinee first lie whispered in her ears
A lover's tender tile.
Full mii ally a tlorn amid the flowers
lIns laini upont their wy ;
They've had thei' dull November hours
As well as (lays of May.
But, firm ind true, through weal and woe
Iirough change of time and scene.
Through winter's gloom, through sum
imer s glow,
Tieir faith anl love have been.
Together hand in luind they pass
Bereniely down life's hill,
In hopes one grave in clurch-vrd
May hold themi lovers still.
iCICH AND PIlOSIElOUS.
A Negro From York County Who
lint Gaincd Itfuics an11d Postioll
Twenty-fivo years ago a poor laborer
In the cotton lields of York County;
today a mieorchant pi'nco1 and one of the
leading citizens of a flourishing little
republic. Such in brief is a romantie
history of .1uno Moore, a negro, who,
In 1871, left this State on account of the
Ku Klux, went to Liberia, and last
week caimo back for the lirst time to
the scenes of his early life. I1e called
at the ollce of tLe Yorkville PlnIquirer,
which was the first paper lie ever read.
113 proved to be a very intelligent
talker, and it was not very many min
utes before the reporter caine to the
conclusion tlat le coul tell som
stories that would be of considerable
interest to the people of this section.
"There were 1ii; Ien, women and
children in our party, when we left
Clay I I ill," he said. "We sailed on the
l-i itli I tome. Two or three (I ied oil the
voyage, aid tlhii'ty-Six or moen becoIII
Ing disatislied after we got there, re
turned loieli. Of the Iblalnce, nearly
all Care do in g well, and not one of themou
would he willing to colmle back to this
colIuntry to Iive under any considera
"Well, you scem to have been quite
prosprmus. Tell I us how you got your
silart. Did you have any money whein
yol got there ?"
"Yes. sir. bless the Lord, I am 1 doing
well. No, sir: I did not have miucli
money. Me and Soloion Hill Solomon1
is my partnier L -had Only a few dolia's
between us. The government gave us
aeah twenty-five acres of land--it still
gives twenty-live acres to the heads of
t family and ten acres to a man who is
iot marriod-and we wont to work.
l'he first thing we (lid was to plant
0inger and collt.e. It takes cohfce live
y'ears to hear after pllanting, and then
it conti nues to bear oii for a lifetime.
U inger comes quiciker. But we had to
dlo somn'Athing while our crop~s wvere
'ominiig on and we wvent, to wvork with a
whipsaw, sawing out, lumber for 51)
cents a (lay ai)cOC. We kept at this
for two or three yearA, until wve be
gn to realize from our ginger crops,.
and then later, wheii our coffee began
to yield, we did inot, have any more
trouble. Now, between us we have
3,000) acres of laud and our i'ohfee crop
amounts to1 a little over 50t,000i pouinds
aL y'ear. I''or thiis we get Ii fteen cents a
pound, andi~ realize about teni cents a
po11und net profit.
"Hlere is a sample of our co)ffee," con)
tiiined Mlooreo, prod uciing a box of that
alrticle. The1( reporter- waIs struck wiVth
the unusually3 large size of the grin s
andio suiggested that ithe sam pie was
especiailly selected. "No, sir," said
Moore, "that is wvhat they Cal I ele1lipan t
colffee. [ sold1 200( bags of it ini iv e r
pool , and it, was all just like this. Th'l is
waLs taken out of aL hag that, I broight,
hiome to' my peop1le, It is fast, becomi
in' kn'"-- - th li inest Ilavored coffee
in ' I.., my principal busi
n- - - J1 is to) estalblish an
Amriuii tea Lei for it. I leretofore
weO halve beent selling it in Germany
lull iuglanud, at d we' wat to sell it in
America al1o."' Hie went oii to exphli in
thbat in alddition to their farming ope
raltionis, lie andt~ 1I1 tilalso conduected a
tercanitile buisinessat A rthinugton,
NIiillsburg and Mlonrovia. The country
is dliv ided iinto acttlemtents or eight
squar~ie mniles cach. Heo lives in Artt,h
inigtoni, which was settledl in 18tit. At
that tim no1 (( colice waIs raisedl there:
bult niow the settlemienit, p)roduci(es about1
i300,000I pounids annuilally, and lie and
Hi ill handle about half of it.
Next, 11 lore )( pouecd ph1 otographs
If twVo reOsidone(' s whih h~ le Sid~ were
those of him iselif and iii11I. l'ach resi
dece is two stories hiigh, and though
onltstrted~C of boards thait alhppear to
Ihalve been' sawn i rather ven 1 etly, they
are nea'itly'g~ paited antd pres5Onit a very
cred itable iippeairancee. IlilIis house
c'ontainis sixteen rooms aind that of
.\loore seventeen, lie aliso hiad photo
graphtls of Ihis own wi'Ife and cli lidrev,
and II ill's wife and children, along
ithL evyerid (If the ir grneil iid ren.
"Whiat albouit your governmnut,
.11une0," the reporter asked: 'is it cf
"Yes, sir' we havL~e aL goodi govern
mnent. Outr l 'resident, .1 . .1. Cheese
mn t, is aL son ofi an Ameican slave;
hilt a natdive liheriau,. lie is an able,
just andl paktriotic executive. Th'le leg
islalti ve depa~rttiment consists (If 11011s(
and1( Scnate, julst as in this country.
Cr1ine is pu nishied suirehy and1 swiftlyv,
and mulrders are generally hanged. 'It
is not often that they get off on the
plea1 (If self-dlefence unless they have
a ig"hty' cl11ea se, and it, is not often
thaLt a jury w1'ill say3 mani~slaughiter' when
it is real1ly imurder. Iimoral ity Is
punlihshed m1ore strictly thian in thIs
counitry. A mani is illlowed only one
wIVIfe, and( ii lhe lives in a single room
house wvithi more tiban onue wVoman, he
will lbe priosecuted foir lewdness. I have
been on the grand jury tine and agaIn
and i know just whiat I am talking
about. 0111 educeational system is not
so good. It is under the control (If the
golvernmlent; hut we have not been able
to get ellicient teachers. All of ouri
busIness and all (of our education is in
the En~glish hlaguage. TVherec are other
tongues spoken; but Enuglish is good
"f low abhout labor ? Is there still
oIpportunityj lor' intelligent mfenl with
out mieans. but w.1 ,llinug to weork, to make
he~ad waiy Y"
"TPhe labor is good anid reOlbLb.e. It
is botter than the niegr'o labo~r in this
COun ttrv. We nav13 the naaliem2 en-t.
a day and Americans 50 cents a day.
The discrlmination i for the reasowr
that the Americans are more inteill
gent, and, thi erefore, irto valuable.
Our country furnishes a fine oppor
tunity for educated negroes who are
willing to work. They have advan
tages that they never will- be able to
securo in this country: but those who
are only tit for laborers had better stay
here. They cannot do any botter in
"Any white mon among you ?"
"Only a low Englishmen and Ger
mans, sir. We do not want white men
oxcept as traders, and we don't al
low them to own real estate. They
are too smart for the poor negro, and
if wo should throw down the bars they
would soon own the whole country.
We know that we aro the infurior race.
We havo been in bondago for hundreds
of years. We have all thought it was
hard; but just as the good Lord kept
the children of Israel wandering about
the desert for forty years, ho has had
us in bondage for our own good. We
are coming slowly, butsurely, and after
awhile we will tell the white man to
come in if he wants to, and if he can
make anything oil of us he will be
welcoie to it."
Speaking of farming, lie says that all
that is nuesary is to plant the seeds
of whatevercrop and leave them in the
ground. If rice, tihe next th inrg is to
cut it: if potatoes, the next thing is to
(ig tilem1. Colfee bears all the year
iou nd, but the ma in clop is gathered
in January aild February. TwiieO a
year laborers are sent ailoig the trees
to cut down the grass and drag it up
to the roots. and when the trees gt
six or eight feet high they are topped.
Th' is Is about, all the work that is re
")o you have any idea of comi"
back to th is country to live ?"
"No, sir: Liberia is my home. God
iale Africa for the negro and tie
negro for A frica. I am a son of the
tropies. Nowhere else can the negro
thrive as there. Why, don't I remem
ber whieni 1 us 4ed to go out in cold, frosty
weather to pick cotton with Mr.
Stewart's boys. My skin would turn
wh ite and rougheni up w'hilile theirs
would get red and smooth. ''ley coul Id
pick the fater, and I* could only slalce
anI d siiver. IHit put us under the
tropical sui of Libercia, aInd those broil
ing rays that, will rob them of every
energy will invigorate ine with that
baieic snap and vi in that they got in the
old cotton lieid from tihe frost. "Now,
good-bye." concluded Moore, warmly
extendinlmg his had. " first snow
have seenm silnco I left, here was from
the deck of the ship away olf oU the
Tencri Ife mnountains. That was as I
was coming away from home. It has
been twenty-five yeoirs since I have
-;Ccc any more."
The plrincmipal ,object of Moore's trip
down in tIis section was to visit his
father, J1une Halnna, who still lives in
tIhis counmmty. i1e was accomipanied on
the trip by a daughter of his ILatner,
Soloion iHill, whom he inti'oduced as
tihe wifo of V. 1L. M iller, of Monrovia.
- -- -a
A -TI. It TI Iii I \ m.h-N . I 'hme Loidon
Telegraph tells of a curious olecting
that occurred recently in a hotel there.
A number of Americans wcre'dining at
the same table, although they were un
acquainted with each other. One was
being entertained by an English friend
and was relating incidents that occur'
ed during the war of the rebellion.
The speaker, who had been a mem
ber of the Union army, said that once
previous to a battle he had traded a
pocket of quinine to a Confederate sol
dier for a ipe of tobacco and a curious
ly carved pipe. These exchanges, he
said, were frequently made. The
Northern solhliers often traded tea and
colfee for tobacco. As he told about
the quinine and pipe episode another
of the Americans, a tall, graywhisker
ed man wvearing a slouched hat, seem
ed deeply interested.
"That pipe and tobacco saved my
life," said the formcr U~nion soldier.
'"My commanding ollicer learned
that I had it and ordered me to report
for an explanation. While I was gone
there was a sharp skirmish and thme
man who had taken my plae was
I fore the gray-whIiiskered gentleman
I"Did not the mian wvith wiivhom you
tradedi tell von that lie had aeblild tbat
was sick andc did you riot tell him tha
you alIso had a udaughter ill at home?
And did you not ollfer to let him have
the qu ini ne w ithout, taking the tobac
co?" he inu ii edl.
"Yes, but how (lid you know?' wrs
the astoniishled ans w er.
"'I was that Confederate." was the
Thenm the two nien shook handstl and
their mh,.ughmters, now~ g iowni to w~oman
hood, were introduced to each other.
Tuxl Di 'i-:RANci.-The late lcord
chief justice (If l'~ngland used to tell hiis
friends this anecdote at his own ex
Dri vinug in his cupe toward his court
one morning an accident happened to
it at Grosavenor Squcare. iecarinug lie
would be belated he calledi a nea rby cab
from the street ran k and bade the Jehui
dIrivye himii as rapidly as possi1blo to the
courts of justice.
"And( where lie they?"'
"\Vhat, a Lonudon cabby, and dor.'t
know wvhere thle law courts are at old
"'Oh, the law courts, is ity lut you
said courts of justice."
On his way to hiis judicial seat the
elhief justiec sawv at once that aLi line
was drawni in the cornmuon minrd be
tween law and justice. As if, for i n
ltance, while one was dispenmsed, the
other was dlispensed with.
1uee CJream Nowi Made In a MInule.
I have an Ice Cream IFreeozor that
will freezeo cream plerfectly in one
muinuite; as it is such a wonder a crowd
will always be around, so anyone can
ncciko from live to six dollars a day
ung creanm, and from ten to twenty
dlol lars a dlay selling IFreeze~urs, as people1
will always buy an article when it is
dlemonistrated that they can make
money by so doIng. Tholu cream is
froz'en instantly and is smooth and free
fromi hium In. I have done so well my
self andl havo friends succeeding so
well that I felt it my duty to lot others
know of this oppotunity, (as 1 feel eon
hident that any p)erson In any locality
can make umoney, as any person can sell
creami and the freezer' sells itself. .J.
I"- Casey & Co., I14.3 St. Charles St.
I an(is, Mo., will mail you complete in-.
struetions and will employ you on
scuty if you can give them your whole
-It looked like it: "Why did Solo
mon marry a thousand wives?" asked
the Sunday school teacher. "Perhaps
he wanted to be the father of hIs
country," replied one of the older
--t is a misdemeanor to throw upon
ai.: noad In New York State glass,
tacks or any sharp substance likely to
THE YORK A[LANCE ENCAMPMENT,
A Is iUIM GATIi'tING OF FAltM
The Alliance Doctin- l tis a Achilove
monts are Upheld and ICxaIlCd.
TIIZAH, YoltK COUNTY, July 30.
It has been said for a year or two that
the Allinnce was decreasing in mom
bership and that it was rapidly falling
into decay. That may or may not be
so as to numbers, but the fact appears
to be that as great interest is taken in
organization now as ever before, iIdg
ing from the outpouring of the fai'hful
at the third annual encampment of the
York Alliance at this place today. The
most conservativo estimate places thO
number of people in attendance at 2,000
and some even put the number larger.
There were about 900 ladies among
tlemn and in an equal number so many
handsome ones cannot be found else
where in the State. The wotds this
time were literally full of them. Of
course with such a number of the fair
sex present the assemblage was a most
quiet, attentive and ordeirly one, for it
could not be otlierw ise inder such cir
cuistaneeb. These annual encamp
ilInts were beguni three years ago by
the York Alliance for the puI)osC of
keeping up the interest of the members
in the order and for the further and
great'ver )urpol)O of educating the peo
ple on the great .econieOlio questions
tl at have ariseni for solution in the mist
few years. With this idea in view, at
each encampment prominent speakers
of nation;l reItation I:ave been invi
ted to address the people.
Seniator 'Tillixan ogan Ihis political
ca'eer by his CelebratCd seUech at 13en
nettsvillo, hut tie next one lie iade on
his tour which finally landed him
wheeC lie is, was ilade at thih placo 'be
fore ani immense concourse of fariers.
Tirzah is a railway station Onl the Ohio
Ntiver '\- Clmleston iailroad, and is
very near the geogrtapi ical centre of
.\en from York, ILancaster, Union
and blorde-ing counties annually make
a pilgrimniage to this place and hrin g
with themii their wifes, their sols and
daughters. Ilid sweethearts no doubt.
Many cono jusat for the day, heing
those who live in convenient distance
of the town, wihile others further off
bring their covered wvagons, their tents,
bedding and cooking utensels.and camp)
out durinig the encampment in the
splendid grove just nlear- w here the
orators speak. Tie encamtipimiet usual
ly lasts two days. The morning and
afternoon scssiions are-0 devoted to speech
making and a picnic din ner, ,while the
evenings are )Spent inl amuillsemxents of
various kinds, such as dancing, card
p~arties, etc. T'he people of Tirzath andi
vicinity atc the most kind-he-rted and
hospitable in the State. and noo tratger
who comeiCs among themn niecd laeK for
anythilg. lIl-.is lar .I1ly allowed to ask
for nVtIh:ig for the people an ticiphate
even his smallest wants.
The encampments then are not only
occasions of great social enjoyment.
but, they bring people of various see
tions together to become better ae
quainted and are in addition political,
economic and agricultural instructoris.
The third encampment which was
held to-day was fully up to former ones
in point of attendance, and interest
displayed by the people.
A most elabolratC lrograInne of
speeches had been arranged for, but
for various reason it could not be car
All candidates for State ohices were
invited, but the tacit understataing
wa~s that they would let up blowing
their own horns and "ecussing " out
their opponents for one day at least
and give the people solid Alliance doc
trine from first to last.
Only Governor lEvans, expectant
Governor WVhitman, Attorney General
Harbor and Messrs. M ayhicld ano I lob
inson neccepted the invitrations. Mir.
W bitman iZot sick and hadto take to hiis
bied, and conseqtuenitI lidi not speatk.
Governor E~vans wvas the orator or the
day, and while Messrs. Mayhiold and
JRobiiinsoni did notecxp1ect to speak when
they went to T1irzah, stidI they were
cal led on and resp)ondled because the
encaminpment was ru nninag short on era
tory owing to so many specakers being
abisenit. lEach was introduced as a
candid(1ate for a particular ollico, hut
the sp~eakors only in the most inci
dental way referred to that fact and
made straight l16 to 1 0or bust i-peeches,
and glori lied ov er the prospect oif the
principIles for whIiich thes Allilance had
so ileng land faith full', fought bei ng
adlopted as the, latw of thxis niation
through the success of the De~mocratic
Th'le stand for' thme speatkers was
eceted in a shady grove just outside
the town Ilimits. On either side were
seats for two crnet bands, both of
which are as goodl as any in the State.
They are brulmsomely unifomod and
have good instiruments. They alte
natedo in furnish ing music between the
iutween the two band standls was
the sp~eakerW rostrum. The posts were
dlecoratedl w ith ever-grens, sunhiowers
and othr cx lowers. Acr-oss the centre
was a banner. on either side of which
was incribed "'Nebraska and Bryan"
andi " - aine andl SewallI." In the conl
tre was "' South Car-olina and Tillma~n,"
and underneath it all was "' Si xteen) to
At. the entrance to the pairk gate
wias i nscribed " The TIowvn of T1irzah
T[he mieetinlg was called to order by
P resident, WV. N. Eiler, and pratyer wats
oihfered by' e.1 J. M. McClatin, after
wvhichm Capt. WN. iI. Ed wards welcomed
the audioneoc andl speakers to TJ.irzah.
Secretary JI. W. I leid miadl an appro
Governor1th Evans made the first
speech, speaking on the AllIlianco deC
mantids and show i ng how they repres
ente'l the tirue pri nciples of l)omo
cracy. lIn the couirso :>f hiis speech ho
said thait the only opposition theorn wais
now to Br-yan and free silver came
from the News andl Courier, which was
llopping around without knowing
where to go. Maybe they had bettor
put up) Cahli Hemphill for- President,
but it Is doubtful if he could car-ry his
own vote in South Care: Ina. (Laughitlir.)
Gover-nor Evans made an exceedingly
strong and able speech on financial
issues, conhining himself s',rictly to
that,, refraining from any referenee to
local politics. The Governor spoke of
the growing menace to the lIberties of
the 1)e01)1 in usumrpation of authority,
and painted out Judge dimonton's in
jumnction against, i-ailroads emtting
rates, saying that the courts wer-e
prmotetng corporationis against the
peoploC even when they didn't ask for
it. Hie was loudly cheered.
Mr. Barbor followed and spoke on
South Carol ina's educational record
and the accompl~ishmnts of the Re
form miovemen t. HeI concluded with
anf ablel discussion of economical issues,
shoilng how the South especially hamd
sulered. ils irmark on this subject
were coiehhd In lowery language and
warA i-nnt nin(nuently dellvi rad. As
has been the case esewhere, Mr. Bar
ber made a splendid imp ression. Mr.
Barber said that be had been an Al
liancoman until he became a lawyer,
but that was the only reason he was
not still one. These wore the only
two speeches of the morning hour, and
President Eldeft announced ad Inter
mission of an hour and a half for din
nor. 'Ihere was no regular spread, but
each family or group had combined
and had dinner to themselves.
Afer dinner Mr. Wilborn made i
short but earnest apIpeal to farm
ers to light the cotton tie trust
which has put up the price arbitrarily
from 72 centa a bundle to $1.30. He
announceed that such a rise in prices
meant the extortiou from the cotton
farmers of about $6,000,000, an amount
which if put in paper money and
stretched end to end would reach near
ly to the mloon. lie said that Col. D.
P. Dluncan. of the Allianco Exchange,
would be present today with sam pies
of wire tires which were perfectly sat
Isfactory, and which could be bought
for much iess than the trust tie. - HC
appealed to farioers to buy this and
thus down the trust, as had been the
case with the bagging trust.
in connection with that it was learned
that the farmers of York generally
have been using the sugar sack bag
ging which costs one-half what jute
bagging does and vihich is obtained
from Now York. York County cotton
mills consume nearly all the cotton
raised in the coIoty, n( the fartmers
have been buying the second-hand bag
ging from the fautories and thus it is
used over and Over at a very smnal I cost.
'Phose who have plursued tlis plan say
it hits proven eutirely satisfactory.
NI r. llder then inotroduaced 'Nl.. May
field, who spoke for about half an liour
on national issues. li0 has given the
su)ject of money a careful study and
consequently was in a position to clear
ly point out the evils of th( present
systeu which he did and the only
romedy is sight--the free and unlimiled
coinage of silver.
Mr. Rtobiuson spoke next and got off
several good jokos which kept the
crowd in a gZood humor. He s)oke of
the necessity of good roads and what
a great saving they would he to the
people. le touched lightly on nation
al issues, saying that subject had al
ready been fully discussed.
Thlm is concluded tihe regular speeches
of the day, but Mr. W. J. Gaines, agent
for the Cotton I 'lantand the Rxchange.
inade an impotant addre-s of forty
live minutes in length. Mr. Gaine:
started olf by asking Allianceonen to
give their 8011d support to the Cotton
Plant and the Exehange, and getting
enthusiastic, lie gave a good, common
sense Alliance talk, perhaps the only
genuine one of the day, because it was
a practical one as to how the order
should go about to accomplish its pri
mary object. lie cautioned members
to pay attention to business hir:t. and
be very suspicious ofroi ly-tongued poli
ticians. He scored the bagging and
other trusts and showed how the mnonve
mongers were trying to got )ossession
of all lands by loaning money on them.
ilis advice to them to beware of all
such schemes was very appropriate and
was convincingly put. 110 madeO a good
impression and natur-ally took in a
lar-go number of orders for the Cotto,
IPiant, the ollicial organ of the Alli
We would like to look into the
pleasant face of seome one who 1a
never had any derangement of tfhe
digestive organs. We see the dra w,:
and unhappy faces of dysxpepics in;
every walk of life. It is our nationa
disease, and nearly all complaints
spring from this source. Remxove the
stomach dilliculty and the work is done.
Dyspertics iand Pale thin peopl)1 are
l iterally star'vihe, because they dIon'tI
digest their food. Consumption ncc
develops in neopl)o0of robust and normal
dligestion. Correct the wasting and
loss of flesh and we curie the disea~s.
D~o this with food.
The Shaker Digestive Co-dial con
tains already digested food and is a
digester of food at the sanme time. I ts
effects are felt at once. Get a pamph
let of your dIruggist and learn about, it.
-It1 is again ruimorced in WVash ing tonc
that Secretary H oke Smith will in a
few days be requ estedl or en forced to
resignf from the Initerior D)o artment
on account of his attitude in suppl~orti ng
lHryan and ScwallI, which is soupposed
to be at variance with the views of the
l'resident and the othier mnembc-s of
the Cabinet. It is understood that NI r.
Smith proposes to go to G ra~y Gables
and cx plain h xis attitude to the Pries i
denti, but the Secretary himself declines
to miake any statuent for p~ulication
regarding the matter.
-There is one small village in the
south of Ireland, I1(00 inhabi tan ,s, in
wvhich there ar-c 52 licensed public
houses for the sale of strong drin ak. Ht
requres 32 p)olico to keep the inhabi
tants of thbat village in order.
--MicKiniey stands as the rich man's
candidate, and the charge that Bryan
has nover- made more than $1.501) a
year, will not hurt, him with the mass
es, who mean to elect him.
8 A $25 COOKIG STOVE
wr-nr A O0OSuPLWrE OUTF 1OR
T Dellvoredl to 'omir railroad depot, all
y ,rgh.charges 'aid. Itic llad thi ldscrip
I lti carefuilly. Thlis splendlid Cooking
p a Iv 1 No. 8 ; ha., four 8 inch pot holes;
1 6.% ii inch Oven ; 1 s inich lire box, 24 Inches
h~I igh ;21x' Inch to l ; nice sanooth casting.
'* I have had this a tove mtade for my trade
afte myownIdea combining all t1 0 good(
ontofall mod ii, u priced stoves, and
Sle.iv ing out (lie ohj ectioniable features.
t* I.yondii all doub'c thie best No. 8 Cooking
strI mdfor th o price. Fitted with
pts,2 potncvers 2 skIllets,2 grIddles'3
bakin pans,1~ 3 jolin ts of pipe, I elbow, I col
ta et te, e ca r, I cake polIsh I iron
y ta kt iei hovl.We want to mlalce Cuis
icomiorg andl frIend s in overy part of the
* uth , for the purl m(ae of Introducing our1
Sbusiniess to niew po (1ple, and to renew our
acqunaintance with old frionds.
We wIll filip thIs splendId cook lng .ctove
anid the above deso: ribed~t ware to aniy deplot,
alfogtcharges piaid,for only I12.OO
whe the~ cash comn es wIth (lie ordetr. TFhis~
*I give entiro satisfa ition. Oar ilhuistrated
bcatogue of Furi ture, Stoves and dnaby ~
): L. F. PA DG ET T
6g 40 Broad Stree t, Augusta, Ga.
Looi mN MUTTON IN THE MOUT
-A laub has eigh t teeth in i ts tip
jaw. At one year old the two ni
die teeth are shed and two unde
ones take their place. At two year
old the next two dsappear and tw
more brood teeth come in, thsi
place. At three years there are si
brood teeth. When four years old
we shall find ig bt brood teeth,
which we call t fill mouth. Not.
infrequently a sheep at one year old'
will not shed its two front teeth for
solue reason, and again we have
known a three-year-old to show a
four-year-old moith. When1 the
growth and development varies Lese
variations ustally appear. As a
rule, at five years old t1e two front
teeth sow some shrinkage and at
six the nex t two and the two front
teeth drop out, aIid continue in this
routine. 'J'hey are then said to ave
ragged mlouths. A strong, vigorous
constitution Will often change this
rule, and vice ve w.-Anerican
-lw~il bOst from the date of its
admission, las ben called the "'liawk
eye Statto." Hiawkrye wus the name
of a noted Indin chie .
Condensed taldhedule in Etfoct
JUNB 14, 1890.
T. n ol ston .......... t.............* 7 10 a JS
V. iolumb s ........................ 11 00a6
' ros ........ .......... 12 11 pm
. owberr..................... 12 22 pm
. lety- ....................... 126 p2 a
" reenwood....................1 46 p
" Rodiges . .,...... .... 2 25 p va
r.~""itd o n .... . ......'---'r.--..-.t
R.revl.............. ..4 20 rq
-r. A tlanta ... .. .................... 9 8 V3
LY. Grennvile ....................... 10 a n
Piediount .......... ......... 10 55a as
" Williamsto4 .................. 11 18 a n
. Ander ......................... 1169 a m
L . eltn .............. -1 85 a ts
r. tjonnald ... .... ......... 12 02 p
V. Ab eville.............. . .... 11 46 m
7.11odges .. ......................... -12 W 20 p In
Greenwood ......................1 p
Ninety-Six....................... 1 20
Ly. lewberry .......................2 26 p xa
" Prosperity ....................... 2 87 p ? n
Ar. Oolumnbia ............. 850
IN..',I STATIONS. N I Na
80 7 10a L .. .Charlest n..i 8 11004a
01135; .:... Cohimbia ..... "1 T "V1p
9076 1159a ......Alston....... 2 50p8 e
10 04a 1253p ......Santuo...... "I1 84 p
0206 1 85 " . Union....... "12
089a I 55i " .... Joovle..-.. " 12 p 58
i4a 205P " ...... Pacolet ...... " 1216
2 pa 2 Ar.. partanburg...Lv 11
45a 8 10p Lv.. parit anburg... r 11 28a
0p 046 .Ar.... Asheville. 8
"P," P. m. "A," a. m.
Trains 9 and 10 carry elegant Pullmaa
sleeping care otween Columbia and Asheville,
eurout6 daily etween Jacksonville and Cinein
Trains leave >partanbur g, A. & 0. division,a
northbound (l:I a. mn., 8:22 p. mn., 6:18 p.in,,
Vestibule Lmited); uthbound 1:00 a. in.,
Tr nsleveGronilA.and C. divi sion
estibu . J.te) sothornd 150a.m.
~Pulant Seric ig
Washn on D. . Wahir.ton,. Oa
WA.TUJR , B. H. H ARLdV10K,
Ge.Pass. '. As't, Gen. Pass. Ag't.
?IEDXONT AIR I1Nfl
Condensed lohedule of lFasenger Traten
Northbound. No. 8 No. 80 No. 13 Er.
June14,_89_ Daily. Daily. Daily Sun.
v; Atlanzta, (1.T. 120 11 16 P 760 4 i p
AtloraET.10 pl2 16 & 850. a 5 85p
N uordr -... 12680 a 088 a 8 26lp
" aufodi ..... 201'' -. 10 18 a 7 8
"0ansil... '~ p#'yn6 a 10 42 748 p
CLula -.- .----. 48s p 225 al1105a 8 12p
'Cornelia-..... .......2 48 al1127a 8 83g
UMt. Atry.-... ........ 20 a 1180a 887 p
UToccoa...-- b5 8 17 a1158 a--..
" Weostmaisgter........8 48 a 1220 p -..
Seec .... 418 4 06 al1241 p ...
" Cenral----. 445 4 88 a 1 20 p...
"Groonville.. - f5 p 525 a 2 16 p...
"par ranburg. 6 ip 8 18 a 822 p ...
,, fn s-..-.... 0658 a 'li1p ...
,, aelab ~g. - 74p 7 08 a 400p...
. lingslt..--........ 781 a 500 p...4
(Gastonia----.... 7658 a 5 28 p...
4r. Charrlot t.... 8~ $$ 8 88 a 6 20 p ...
Danville..12 00 a 1800 p11 25p ...
Ar. Riohmrond -.. 00 a 8 40 p 600a.
Ar.Washiington.. 8 42 a 9 40 p.....
" Baltmi'e PRR. 8 06 a 11 26 p. ....
"Philadelphia. 10 26 a 8 00 a.....
UNgw York ... 12 58i 8 .20 a .... ..
Yes. Fst.MI No.17*
Southbound. No. 87 No. 85 -2 Er.
Daily. Daily. Daily Suna.
1v. N. Y.,P.TR. R. 4 80 p 12 16 a......
*:Ph.iladrel phia . 0665 p 8650 a ....... .....
", laltinrore .... 9 20 p8622 a ....... ......
" ashington.. 10 48 p 11 16 a ....... .....
Lw. Rlichmnd ... 2 00 a 12 6 p 200 a...
Lv. Danville. 6 0 a 86 5p 640a...
"Charlotte .... 9 86 a 10 5 p 1220 p ...
"(Gastonia ..... .......11 80 p 1 10 p ...
" K...n.'............... .. .......15 p ...
": Ul aur .. 10 a 12 00 a 208 p ..
Ga(Inomys ..... .......12 24 a 220 p ...
Spa~irtanburg. 11 87 a 1 00 a 805 p ...
G (r&envill .... 12 28 p 1650 a 4 40 p ...
" Central..116 p 286 a 640 p ...
U Bee..186 p 258 a 608 p...
SWestmninster. ........ ...... 2 ...
"Toccoa..... 218 p 850 a 658p ...
Mit.Airy-.... ........ .......7 40 p 25
aCornolia...... .......4 21 a 7 45p 86.
"Lula.-........8 p 4 89 a 812 p 67.a
"(ainesville... 881 p 4 57 a 888 p 720 *
" No rdo............. ........ 907 p 7 48 a
Ar. Atlanta.ET 4.2'0'p'2'1 al J
pv~a.mna.C'1'.8_55_ p520'a 980p 80
"A" a. m. "'P" p. mn. "M" noon. "N" night.
Nos. 87 and 88-Washitngton and So thwes*.
ern Vestibulo Limited. Thron h i'~lmaa
slon ior's botiween New York and JWOrleane
via Washing i on Aitlanta and Montomnery, an
~o betweon ?ew York and 3 emphi via
Wash!in gton, Atlanta and Birmingham. Ths
traini alo carrieg Rlichmond-Au usta slin
cars between Danville and Charlotte. ra
class thoeroazghfare coach betwoen Washington
rod tAtlanta. Dining oars serve all meals en
Nos. 85 and 06-United States Fast Mail, Pull.
nian sleepin g e'ars between New York, Atlante
a nd New Or leans.
Nos. 1! andl l2--Pullmnan sleeping ars betwe
Richmnondl and Danvillo.
The Aitr Line Belle train Nos. 17 and 18, wiI
~jrom, Junte let to Oot ber ist,180 beoperat
otweonr Atl anta and Mt. Airy, ca., d ein
W. Hi. G ltl., I. M. CULP1
Gon'l Supt. Traffo N '',
Washinagton, D. 0. Washington, DG,
W, A. TURK, B. H. HIARDWICKt
G~on'l Pess. Ag'$,, As't Goal Pass. A*'.
Washintigon D. .Aln