Newspaper Page Text
THE PEOPLE'S .OURNAL._
OL. 7.---NO. 5. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 897 ONE DOLLAR A YIAR
I A I I I to Aive the college all It deserved and] if f.L( a ml.l i 4.0
11m Uel[fl ASSOMlY.
TIhe Colee Appropriiions in the House.
FIRST ONE WAY AND THEN AN
A Majority Outs Down the South
Carolinia Collego to $21,000---This
Action is Virtually Rescinded the
Mr. Ildorton moved to out the South t
Carolina College appropriation from 0
$25,000 to $21,000. Mr. Ilderton said 0
this was to bring it down to the figures 4
of last year. He argued that all these t1
State institutions should be out down; (j
the professors should not be paid so j
much. He could not see how it took ,
so much to run the college. He wanted
all the colleges reduced. He wanted 4
to do what was right. The professors L
should not be paid more than any other N
hard-worked nien. lo
Mr. Kennedy moved to amend the 8
amendment so as to reduce the appro- 8
priation to $17,000. He presented a V
schedule of ideal salaries that should be %
Mr. DeL'ach then spoke earnestly E
and vigorously against these proposed T
reductions. It was a shame to vote M
mero pittances to the.e institutions. N
To vote for such reductions meant the Si
crippling of these colleges. They could P.
not run the colleges with cheap pro
fessional men. If you want to starve
them out, do not give them one cent.
As he concluded, there was a wave T
of applauso from the students and
ladies in the galleries. The speaker A
at once rapped for order and announc
ed that if such a demonstration was re
peated he would have the ,galleries
Mr. Toole was opposed to the amend
ment to the amendment, but thought 81
that in viev of the State's financial
condition $21,000 was enough ; he rep- pi
resented tne taxpayora. p]
Mr. Simkins wanted the $25,000 ap- le
propn-iation made. To cut it meant "
the dealing of a severe blow to the en- w
tire educational sy-tem of the State. tc
Make this reduction, and how much st
money will you savo ? The $25,000 ap- m
propriation cost each citizen about 2 ti
cents. You would save less than a ti
cent apiece by the reduction. The r
South Carolina College had fewer pro- T
fessors than any higi grade college in al
the country. ti
Mr. Mauldin said he did not wish to ti
injuti or er,),ile tie higher institu- t!
tions of learning. Wnenever the g,
Legislatura began to practice econo- et
my the cry of stan ving them was at si
once raised. The ioor man felt the si
burden of th sspe .al privileges. He c
want. d to d. a out equal rights to all. 11,
Mr. Bacot wielly -tated his observa- al
tions and cxperienc as a trustee.
He vent there ign rant of the inner n
work ings of the college. He found s<
there a body of ment than whom none oi
stand higher in thi-, conntry. He re- ti
ferred to tl.ir ca) nest work, giving
up their holidays to work in summer is
schodls. A d all ;,his upon reduedm b,
salaries. If they did anything, It ti
should be to increa e and put this col- C
loge on a ame with the other leading
institutions .f this jand. i
MIr. Spoer did not wish to antagonize hi
the South Carolin College, but it co
should be rin ecoiomically. A man'
should pay for h ig her education. le se
t ok Erskine College, which ran on ano e
income of $9,000 aid graduated about
17 students. He cited other State in- ti
stitutions and then saii that tvitn $25,- n
000 the South Carolina college had si
graduated only "' two and two halves " i
students Tntese would not be worth et
such a sum to the htats, no matter who ei
they miszht be. y
Mr-. Rogers was a friend of the eel- a
lege, and would be willing to cut to
$21,000, but not below. He favor-ed b
tuItion fees and thought that they a
should be paid by every student- a
Mr. Biacot said that many of the tl
students there now paId tuition fees of t,
$40 a year. Over $2,000 was paid in p
fees last year-.
Mr. Biy the thought that $2i,000 was
suflcient to meet all the expenses for fi
the proper maintenance of the college. w
He quoted some figures to sustain his 11
Mir. Patton said he hardly knew I
where to begin, the arguments had a
been twisted about so much. His b
friend from Abbeville had concluded b
that big her public education was use- a
less. The half civilized nations even a
provided for higher education. The n
history of the world showed that such
education was beneficial to the State. et
He denied the force of the argument, ce
that the appropriation was too) large. p
If the committee had said $30,000 he a
had a little suspicion that some would
have been satisiled with $25,000. There lI
was a desire to make a show of i-ed uc- t,
tion. Senator Tillman had recomn- 14
mended that a perpetual a ppropria
V'Ion of $30,000 be given the college and S
that it be taken out of the annual dis- e
cussion. Tillmnan had car-cfunlly looked I
into the matter and he was a friend of b
higher education by the State. He in- 1
cidentally called attention to the (10- e
lightful economy practiced by the I
house a few days ago in voting to ac-\
Cept pay when they would be doing I
nothing but enjoying themselves in C
Char-leston. He then cited the figures f,
of 3:1 States :howing that the only two t
making a smaller appropriation than
South Ga'- lina wore Montana and e
New Mexico. If we go down to the a
figures sugoesteid, South Carolina will e
be at the very tai'. If the members
woultd not hatrry t he old South Caro- a
lisa College oevery year and thus teach t
the young I mt then college was a fraud I
upon the state t tcy would1 11ind ther
studenut ho ty dould!ed. As their ster-v
ling young Glovet i)or had told thorm,
the future 4f the btate depended upon
the h'gher iducati m of the youth.
Nv r. Pattan wvent on to say that it wa
a wonder that the college lived under
such annual at tack 5. Give the college c
all you uai for iive yeara an1I stop
pul ing at D. If it does not redound toi
the beo ft 4f the itate I will assist in
pul ing it ( in.
N e. Pobl ik said he was one of those
friends of the institution who wasted
iot one cent more. He had more I;
erost in the South Carolina Colle
ban any other. He was willing to r,
luco all the college approprilatioi
rhen shown that one cent of the pei
olo's money could be saved withot
Mr. Rogers had not intended to mak
hDy remarks, but the remarkab
pecech of the gentleman from RIel
and had brought him to his feet. H
'ferred to Mr. Patton's remarks as t
aving the college from its " but,
riendsi-those who were its friend
The roll call was then demanded o
he mut'ou to reduce to $17,000. Th
louse voted as follows, tabling th
mendment: Yes, 15; Nays, 87.
The roll call was demanded then o
he Ilderton amendment to cut to $21
00. The House agreed to the amend
ient by the following vote:
Yea-Hon. 1. 11. Gary, speaker; Al
rnstroing, Asbill, Ashley, Austell, lit
iune, Blythe, Burn, Caraway, Caughnat
rum, Uushmnan, Davis, U. NI.; IDavii
coge W.; Dukes, Edwards, Eppsa, Fairec
ox, Glenu, Goodwin. 1H. P.; Goodwin. C
.; Graham, J. 8.; Hamilton, Hollis, luir
brey, ilderton, Johnson, Kennedy
ibler, Kinard, Henry J.; Kinard, .1. D
aiienster LIeyton, Lester, L1imeloust
lauldin, Joel 11. Miller, M oore, MlcKeow'
[cLaurin, MioWhite, Phillips. Plyler, Pol
,ck, Prince, Robinson. Rogers Rtissell
kinne'r, Smith, J. .A Smith, E. N,; Speer
turkie, Sullivan, imnmernan, Toole
erner, Welch, Westmoereland, Whisonan'
Nav-A nderson, Bacot, Barkley, Bedon
reeland, Colcock, Davis W. N . ;. DeLo .ch
fird, Gadsden, Gage, Gasque, Graham
liomnas A.; liiott, Livingston, Loftonr
cares, Mehrtens, Mitchell, McDaniel
ettles, Patton, Pyatt, Reynolds, Seabro >k
nkler, Simkmns, Stevenson, Thomas, Johli
,,Jr.; Thomas, W. H.; Townsend, Vin
mit, WVolling, Wilson, Williams, Wyche
HE HOUSE CIANGES ITS MINI)
Liberal Bestowal of Scholarship
Gives a Majority to tbe South Caro
lina Colit-ge--The Appropriation ii
Likely to be Raised.
>ecial to News and Courier.
When the discussion on the appro
'iation bill was'resumed at the sectior
'oviding for the South Carolina Col.
ge Mr. Smith of Sumter moved to add
Provided, young ladies are admitted
ho are qualified to enter." He wished
strike out the provision to admil
mo young men in the normal depart
ent free of tuition. He objected to
to idea of having this sort of fret
Lition, and said that it was schooh
ore than teachers that were wanted
axes are pald to educate the teachei
rid then to tax the parent to teact
ie children. He wanted an obliga
on signed by these beneficiaries thu
icy wilt return the $50 or $40 the
at. Everything should be free an
juai. Teaching is a profession an
iould be paid for as any other profes
on. Taking two young men fron
tch county is to give seventy bone
Aiaries and he contended that ther
'e now more teachers than schools.
Mr. Cushinan opposed the amend
ent on the ground that these two
Aholarships in each county wae thi
ily good the poor peoplo got out o
Mr. Kibler, of Newberry, said ther<
a great need for normal training an<
3 wished every teacher had such i
aining as is provided at the Souti
Mr. Ilderton, of Florence, opposet
to amendment and thought it was t<
tve these two scholarships for cact
Mr. Thomas moved to confine th<
holarsnips to students in the norma
Mr. Smith, of Samter, opposed thi
bstitute and said the demand wai
t for teachers, bu, totr schools, and in
sted that there was a eur'plus o
iachers, and these young men who ac
3pt these scholarships arc bette1
lucated than the other ninety-eigh
Dung men out of a hundred In th<
Dr. Price, of Orangeburg, did no
elleve the State had arrived at sue)
stage that it could deny scholarship
the State colteges. If the doors o
ese colleges were not opened to frei
uition, he would not vote for these ap
ropriations at all. The demand fo
machers is greater to-day than~ ever.
Mr. Kinard, of A bbevillo, said th<
'so tuition was to add students, and I
as an admission that the South Carc
na College could not get student
iceept by offering free scholarshi
here was no lack of teachers. Bleing
friend of denominational colleges
e could not see the State's mone,
cing used to Injure the denomination
icolleges. The friends of the colleg<
re simply tryinag to get students ti
take a show for an appropriation.
Mr. Kinard said there were no frei
sholarships at the denominationa
lleges, but they accepted notes 1F
ayment, and that was what he wantei
t the South Carolina College.
Mr. Patton said there was no collogi
1 America that confined its course
r post-graduate work, such as Mr
Mr. Kinard said young men left thi
tate because the standard of thb
outh Carolina College was too low
[o said the State colleges would nov
e closed if the denomInational col
3ges did not keep up the desire fo
ducation. The South Carolina Col
ago, ho held, was a drag on the State
Vofford graduated tw n ty-seven boy
ast year with $13,000), and the Soutl
larolina Coll'ege sp~ent s$30,000 for:
riw boys. It looked to hIm like 0)
ravagance. Free tuition would p)
sore boy s In the college and give
hance for a demand for nmoro mone)
nd thorobycrlpple the donomnin itlont
Dr. Wyche, of New berry, proteste
gainst the statement that there wet
00 many teachers. What is needed
eotter teachers. The normal depar
font should be encouraged in ever
ay possible as it is the best feature<
Mr. Smith said he was not protestin
~gainst normal education, but spech
Drt.a~Wyche belIeved that any mac
ir woman who wanted to teach ougl
~o heoeducated by the State, and wil
nl y. t oo.
.\lv. Smith wanted to kco'v how p)0t
rbilileen were ever to get to the Soul
)J trolina Colleg.. ?
Mr. Wyvehe said tho arg-ument man
- - - uvuLum uuurses
a- none should be allowed to do so.
'0 Mr. Patton offerod this substitute for
2- the section:
18 " Providod, that suitable courses of
)- study are provided without foes for as
it many students from each county, who
may be unable to pay tuition, as may
o be equal to the number of representa
e tivos in both branches of the General i
i- Assembly as such county nay be on- I
" titled to; such students to be selected L
o from deserving youths of either sex by
the said representatives."
6 Mr. Patton said that, disguise the t
argument as Mr. Smith would, he I
n sought to deprive from attendance at
o the collego those unable to pay tuition. f
3 I f the Stato has no right to give tuition
free It had no right to give albed room c
a freo or tj give the use of the college v
- library. The tuition fees would not
. pay half the expenses if wrun from
every btudent, as some wish. 'Ihe col
, l.ge knows that as soon as $40 was 0
charged to every student it would do- U
privo poor boys of an education there.
6 There are young men now at the col- C
logo doing their o.vn cooking and liv- 11
ing at seventy-five cents a week, and a
yet thes young men are to be saddled 8
with $10 apiee by the State that owes E
, them an education. There was no t,
harm done, and no additional cost, to P
let the poor boys listen to the learned P
lectures. It costs no more for poor
students to attend lectures than if they t
did not go there. t
Mr. Kinard said he did not want the !
State college to hurt his college, Wof
ford, which he helps to support. C
Mr. Patton said to taach the people
that State edt.cation was not to be de- t
sh ed would certainly operate against u
denominat:onal colleges. h
Mr. Patton went into an elaborate
explanation of the claims of the col- c
lege. The delegation can adopt, such It
regulations as it sees fit, and the mem- 1
bers can select deserving and indigent ft
young peole). If evil exists the mem- P
bers can remedy it. He did not provide
for competitive examinations, because C
deserving youths did not always enter b
such contests. The college can easily $
accommodate 200 or 300 students.
Mr. Gage, of Chester, preferred that $
the question should come up on all w
Stato colleges. The bald proposition is c
whether one hundred and sixty boys 0
and girls should enter this college free g
of all charges. The South Carolina c
College, Winthrop and all belong to P
the people, and no one man or set of 0
men, and it is the right of the Assem
bly ta see where the money goes. He 1
was not one of the " but " friends. The
college is here and the question is what t'
to do under present conditions. le b
supported the college and voted for a c
$25,000 appnropriation. To admit stu- i
dents free is another question. He was 9
willing to compromise on these mat- c
ters, although his predilectlns were I
against free tuition. JusticO in to be
done and he favored Mr. Thomas's
plan of two free scholarships, although
. he may not favor it as a matter of
principle, but the desires of others, as
. wise as himself, had to be consulted.
PiFull justice would be done by allowing
two benefielary students.
. Mr. Graham, as an alumnus of Wof
y ford, said the denominational colleges
all say they are weeding out free tui
tion, and now with this statement from
the college presidents themselves it Is
the duty of the State to look to these
poor students and he would support
the amendment of Mr. Patton. As a
Methodist, as an alumnus of Wolford
and one of its supporters, he was not
jealous of Wolford andl he could not
agree with Mr. Kinard or Mr. Gage. 6
Mr. Graham's speech was one of the
best of the daiy.
Mr. Stevenson said he was a gradu
ate of a denominational college and a
t.rustco of a Presbyterian college of
North Carolina and South Carolina.
When Mr. Kinard raised his banner of
the denominational colleges against
the South Carolina College he wanted
-it understood that he was not lighting
under that banner. Hie said that Mr.
Kinard's position was that the South
SCarolina College did not graduate
enough boys and yet he object~s to the
poo)00 boys going to college. The logi
cal conclusion was that Mir. K inard was
opposed in to to the existence of the
South Carolina College. Mr. Steven
son said he knew and felt the necessity
-of giving free tuition as he could speak
Swith personal experience.
Mr. Kinard arose to a question of
personal privilege and defended his
- Theax Mr. Smith had another qjues
Stion of personal privilego and denied
he wvas a piartisan of denominational
There were three propositions before <
the House: Mr. Smith's and Mr-. I
. Thomas's amendments and Mr. Pat
a ton's substitute. The yeas and nays
y were called on Mr. Patton's substitute,
whieh resulted as follows:1
3 Yeas--Speaker Glary, All, Anderson,
I A rmstrong, Ashley, Bacot, Bailey, liarkley,
Bedon, Bethiune, Bilythe, lirceland, hunt,
Colcock, (Cushman, C. M. I 'avis, W. (2. IDa
vis, Dei.>ach, D~ukes, Edwards, Epps,
Uadsdeni, GJasque, Glenun Tlhomas A. (Gra
3 ham, liiott, llumphlrey, IlIderton, .Johnso,
s Lemmon, Limehouse, Lofton, Magill,i
.Meares, Mehirtents, Misho~e, Mitchell, Mc
D)aniel, McWhite, Owen, P'atto", Phillips,
Poliock, Prmnce, Pyatt, itainsford, Rtev
noldis, ltobinson, Seabrook, Sinklier, J. ft.
8 mith, WP.8.8Smith, Stevenson, Sullivan,
- Jolin P'. Thionmas, J1r.., W. HI. Th~lomas, Tfim
7 merman, TIooie Towvnsend, Vinicent, WVol
- hng, Welch, Whisonant, Winkler, WVil
r. hams, WI thterspoon, Yeldell-67.
. Nays--AustellI. Banks, Carraway, Caughi
.man,, Crnm, (Geo. WV. D~av s, Elird, F'airey,
(lage, IiI P(oodwin, .J. S. Giraham, H am
n iedy,' Kibler, henry J. Kinard, .J. I). Ki
L nard , Lay:,ton. Lester, Joel IH Miller, Net
- ties, ilogers, Russell, Sanders, Skinner,
t, Himkins, K 1). Sra itha,Speer Sturkie, V'er
ner, Westnmoreland, Wiflson, Wingo.
Thlie College had won a decisive vic
tory, and many members said that with
ml the l'atton substitute the College
e ought to have more than $21,000, and
,a they would so vote if they had the
3' (tlIS LS'ATE C~OFLLEGE WINS.
>f Then camuc the WVointrop appropria
tion. Mr. Tn'omas said it took $38,000
g to maintain the college, and of this
LI $5,000 was received from tuition fees,
and some fronm the l'eabody fund, and
nt it required $30,000 of State funds.
t Mr. Ilderton said lhe thought $25,000
1- was sulicient wit ht the $5,200 for the
scholarships. TIhe colleges, he staidl,
>r' always asked for more tihan they need
Mr.RIobinson,of Anderson,said when
mt ever the female colenge were attad
LiO Came to the rescil. If he did r
lefond Winthrop he would almost
ifraid to go hote.
Mr. Cushman favorod the $30,000 v
Mir. Ilderton said he simply wish
o test the voice of the House and i:
out what was really neoded.
Mr. Blythe did not want any een
nent. Ho contended that accounti
or every item of oxpenso $25,000 wou
Mr. Ashley said all the education
ad was through his good wife, ai
he House should not waste time ti
og to cut down the appropriation.
Mr. Verner said there was no rcasi
Dr the reduction.
Mr. Ilderton withdrew the motion
ut the appropriation to $25,000. l
oto was taken.
THE CITADEL HOLDS ITS OWN.
Mr. Ilderton moved to cut the Oit
el appropriation from $20,000 to $1R
Mr. Thomas, of Richland, said
ost $34,000 to maintain the Citadc
nd last year there was a deficiency <
bout $3,000. The actual amount I
upport a cadet is $293. If the Stal
i to support the bonoficiaries it wi
iko $20,000. The snlary list Is but
ittance, and the money received froi
ay cadets defrays much of the e:
ense. Two boys It, v, - .:ou..j i
iken up and .duCa,ed. It takes $'
) clothe each cadet; $103 maintonance
ashiug $14, and s0 on. M
homas pre-'nted the claims of tli
itadel in a forcible manner.
Mr. Ilderton said if it was a fact tha
ao beneficiaries would have to mak
p the deficiencies he would withdra
Mr. Kinard said that the lboys shoul
lothe themselves, and did not bolios
right for the State to buy clothe
2oes and all for the beneficiaries. E
mared it was accustoming boys to e
ecting too much of the State.
Mr. W. C. Davis, a graduate of ti
itadel, was satisfied that nocut wou
o iade if it could be shown that ti
20,000 was needed. The money at tl
itadel was economically spent.
293 is too much for beneficiary cadet
hy is it that until last year the I
idets, who pay $300, outnumnbert
io beneficiaries. It is because tli
et a superior education to what th<
in get elsewhere. Last year ti:
oor boys were assesecd to buy sont
their clothing or do without it.
Mr. Limehouse, of Summervilli
Mr. Crum said that the Citadel w
io only institution at which a pot
oy coul got an education without
ent of cost. It is an institution f<
be people and where p..or boys ct
o and be as well dressed and thoug1
f as the richest. Smaller salaries a
aid at the Citadel than elsewhere.
Mr. Cushman thought the Citad
he best inst'tution in the State al
he institution should be supportc
>ut he favored retrenchment.
The House rejected the propositi
o reduce the appropriation to $19,0(
6nd then the yeas and nays wore ca
id on the proposed cut to $18,01
hose voting for the cut to $18,000 am
dessrs. Austell, Ashley, Caughmi
Jushman, Edwards, Bethune, Fairc
1. P. Goodwin, J. ). Graham, Got
vin, Glenn, Hamilton, llendorsc
ohnson, H. J. Kinard, J. D. Kinat
layton, Lester, Lominon, Mauldi
oel I. Miller, Plyler, Pollock, Print
tussell. Spoor, Sullivan, Ti mmcrma
'oole, Wingo, Westmoreland.
The Citadel got $20,000 by a vote
8 to 32, which is the amount the tri
es asked for.
WINTIIROP DORMITORY WAITS.
Mr. DeLoach ellfred to amend t
ill so as to provide $5.000 to beg
rork on the new dormitory at Wj
Mr. Winkler thought it well to wi
n mnaki ng the appropriation. Thc
sas no institution he favors more th
WInthrop, but thought It best to wi
Mr. Stur'kic thought It wvell to
ho matter rest.
A BUSY D)AY IN THE SECNATEC
Phoi Anti-Free Pass Bill Knocked
the Head-The Road Taxes A
.JustedI-The Oigarette Bill Kille
The Senate proceedings which fclk
.eil with interesting features of I.1
COUNTY ROAD TAXES
Mr. Moses objected to the bill1 requl
ng the commutation tax to be expten
d in the towniships5 wher'e collecte
'coplo didi net travel over their ov
eads exclusively, and the effect
uch an act. would be to comnplicate ti
nachinery of the county governmc
aiv and wouild be unsAtIsfactory.
Mr. Decan urged that In the case
york on the roads, it was 11l1 done(
he worker's own township, and
nonoy was paid Instcad of wor'k
mutht to be used In the same way.
Mr. Scarborough said that the col
nutaItion tax law was net ant act,
'aise revenue, it was a privilegc alio
ad a citIzen in lieu of r'oad work, a,
ho 01(1 law made the provision i
jiuired by this bill, it was left out
,hc general county government, law.
Mr. Dum Fose urged thtat, the hill w
Snecessity In many sections whi
uluored from roads that had enjoy
me working for' mtany years. becat
he commutation tax wvas p~aid1 inste
>f work being done on them.
Mr. Dean moved to lay the unfavy
Lble report of the committeeo on I
able, which was carried.
Mr. Henderson moved to strike<
he section which provided for t
Irawing of the money from the TPro
trot' by township commissioners at
,thich provided that any warrant
sxccss of fund in the Treasurer's har
rhould b)0 void. It was useless ai
shounded in causes of litigation ai
grouble form the TIreasuror. The sect
wvas stricken out anid the bill passt~d
Mr. Moses moved toindofinitel~y pi
potne the un favor'able report on the 1
rteeling the anti-free pass law.
Mr. Ragst'ale said thmat the Seni
had nothing to do with the circur
stances under which the law v
passed. The fee pass matter mcu
a good deal to the people. Trhey
stinctively regarded the holdinug (I
pass by their public servamts with
trust. le did niot think it would atf
an honest man to use a fre puss
0 1 FOR
We are now in our
Brick Store near the dep(
dispensing Bargains to <
to make a Racket "slo 1
high prices up the back w
his old carcass before a h
Visit Our Bargain
We have soni bargains our R1omi
ter you only have to visit to be cons
we give you your choice for 24c.
Wo havo a lot of good Cream Ch<
Time to Plow. - We have what yo
as the cheapest.
Comc and soo us and find out for y
NEW YORK R
En1sley, ". C.
ir. Connor said he was not a detec
The voto was called on Mr. Moses's
notion t.) strike out tho enacting
vords. Tho ayes and nays woro called
Yeas-Messrs. Alexanlor, Brown,
iaist, Dean, )ennis, Doughss, DuIloso,
Irilith, llatv, Ilendoirsonl, Iatuldin,
daylield, Nillor, Moses, Nowor, Nor
'is, 0 1)el. Iagin, ijtaIgsdailo, Scar
mrough, Sloan, Suddath, Talbird,
Nixker and Willims -25.
Nays- Messirs. A rehur, Connor,
jaines, Love, MeDaniel, I'ettigrew,
3taclchouse antd Waliace-8.
rhe 111 to Coiilscato Abandonied
M r. W illius' bill providing for the
orfeituro to the Stite of abaniloned
'ailroaid property was thou taken up.
rho committoo amend mnts were
.igrend to and then the bill was ordered
to a final reading in this shape:
Section 1. That any person, company
Or corporation owning, operating c1
controlling any line of rail road in thh
State wlich sha1 tea' up1) or rem1ovC
its track, or attempt I o tear up Or t<
discontinue a regular freight 11ad pas
senge r service thereon for the periot
of livO dlays, exceC)t when prevoted b
the aet of God or the public enemy
shall he deemed to have abandoned th<
same, and because of such abandonmen
shall forfeit to the Stato its ehairte
and all the t aaCks, cars, rights of way
lands, depots and ill othir propert
connected wit h or belonging to th
Sec. 2. Whenever it shall appoar tc
the Attorney General that any suel
pelrson, company or corporation ha
abandoned its line of railroad, he shal
proceed to forfeit the same as afore
sain by rule against such person, con
pany or corporattion in a court of com
potent jurisdiction, requiring them t
show cause why the same should no
ho forfeited : l'irovidc(d, That the pro
visions of this ae', hall not apply I
-t -out, ra I vaS.
Sc. 3. T'his atI I ball tako etfec t ,
1 >pIrova~l andic shll apply to anty andit ail
ra il Iroads thaat may hierxeaf t.rj ho rt
ceived by the Sto raeilroad comiaus
sion and opened for op~eration.
Mr. Mc~ui lough made an eiort, t<
have the House r'econsider' the vot
wher-ohy it, had passed Mr. Williams
hill providling for' the forfeitur'e to th<
State of abandoned rail road property,
tie feared that this bill was aimed at
a roadi in his county known as the
"Swvamp RtabbitI."' To pass this bill
would amuount to a dishonest act on the
part of the State. Hie gave a history
)f the road downi to its purchaso by xx
alitizen of Greenville. It was wrong tc
rob him of his property as this act
would do. ieo olfor'ed an amendment
to provent the propoerty from revert'
ing to the State if the purc'hasor could
not operate It at once.
Mr. Williams said this bill did afrect
this roadl, hut It was not intended to
il ct it alone. The peCople of the State
riad butil t this r'oad and were en titled
o the convenioees of travel. Trho man
iad refused to run the road anda had
taid that, the people could( ho damned.
lie was even tearing up thme track. i~e
hen cited the caso of the Chestor and
Jheraw r'oad. i f the ollicials wished
to, uander the pr~esenit law, they could
Lear up the road and depr'ivo the po
plo of his county, who had paid thou
4ands of dollars for it, of thec pri'viloges
Mr. John l'. Thomas held that uandexr
the constituation they couldl not rob any
one main of h is personal propertyv ''with
out, diua process of law.'' They could
not coniisctato property by a logislative
MIr. liythxe supposed that Lhxe pur-"
chascr hought the road as a sp'c'ulIa
tion. The pu1irchasore stoppe~td thme r'un
ning of trains. I Ie was now enjoained1
fx'oxm tearing the track u p. Ile cotuld
not tell what the court was going t(J
dlo. The people had comxo to him ask
ing him to do all lbe could to see that
they obtained thmeir-r ighits. Hie had
agreed fox' MIr. WVillims to Introduce
the bill, as lie hand a simiixux case in hit
part of the Stato.
MI r. I 'atton then xmtdo a legal prt'Osi
atgalist suchi a hili. It wats ciearly,- ab.
solu tely uinJonmsti tuxtional.
Mr. Livingston wanted the mattoi
considorxed without r'efer'ence to specia
cases. I itai Iilras were publIIc eoa'pora
tions. lie took issue with Mr. Patton
ieo said this bill was not alone to curi
presenxt ills, but also to control railroat
proporty in the future,
Mr. McCullough Bald this was noth
ing more or les than an attempt t
blackmail tho purchaser of this rca
into 10operatin g it. Tisi was the pulr
1p0s0 of the b)1l1.
Mr. liythe thought this languag
impmroner. Thn ntieman who mo
new quarters in the Big
)t, and are still engaged in
ur* customers. We mean
lf." We mean to rip old
ith i bload ax, and roast
ot fire of low prices.
Counters. - -
iant Counter. Thon our Shoe Goun
iuced of their value. lint Counter
eso to go at 10c. por pound.
Li need in Plow Goar, and as dhoap
ourself that these things are so.
CLY1)E & NALLY, Proprietors.
the attor noy for the road s1hould ro
membeal)rt' that he wts not, in court.
Mir. McCullough said lhe was not the
attorney of tho road, but he did repro
sent the purchaser of the road. All
he asked was that tho hill be made to
apply to railroads yet to be built.
The gentleman from Greenville, Mr.
Williams said, had used language, that
to say the icast, kvas unkind.
Mr. McCullough, interrupting, said
ho had not intended to say anything
unkind, but if he had, he apologized.
Mr. Goodwin, of Greenvillo, thought
the bill should be passed.
Mr. McCullough's motion to recon
sidor was then tabled.
WAYSIDE GATHI RINGS.
Bits oi Humor and Nuggets of Truth
for the IMultit-ude.
-Any delayed duty, be it over so
sial 1, becomes irksome and disagreca
-Jlanuary I was made the begin
ning of the legal year in 10ngland in
-There are in France 2,150 female
authors and journalists, and about 700
--Let him who regrets the loss of
htime make proper use of that which is
to come in the future.
L -No one is so poor as the man who
W'awrrios over the fact that ho has noth
ing to grumble about.
-It is estimated that about 10,000
horses were exported in 1816, a much
larger total than ever before.
-Trying to be happy is like trying
to go to sleep. You will not succeed
unless you forget that you aro trying.
-Louisiana now remains the only
. State which confers the sulfrago upon
foreigners in advance of naturaliza
-.iziness will cover your garden
with weeds. Hard drinking, if you
keep it up, will cove:r your wife with
-Thear(3 are holanO thiin g. sutcht as
I th(e aeg'utiit~in of kn:owledges undJ the
- gr'ow L~t of chmaractem', th at, cannot, he
-Th'ie small things of life are often
of more importance titan the great;
the slow than the qluick ; the sti LI than
- -JiTo can) b) no greater folly in
mant, than by much labor to increase
his goods, and with vain leasutre to
lose his soul.
--whten the queen of Italy enters a
store to (do her shopp)ing, the (loors are
closed andl the0 publio excluded until
she has left.
-ift is a singular fact, that buzzards
de not frequent a far':m whet'e a good
corn crop Is raised.
-VTho demand for frogs has t'oached
Colloton county, S. C., and the county
prtess9 thtink it would be a profitable
business to engage in.
-Minnesota and South Dakota are
tito only two States of the Union that
haivo htal f of thoir population make up
of fot'oign-born residents.
-''he public lands still vacant in
thtis country amount to over 600,000
t000 acre's, without including Alaska
with its 3609,000,000 acres.
-i1 it wcere not for the salt of the
ocean the whole sea would soon become
a mass of corruption, owing to the or
ganic matter it contains.
--There are 5,609 distilleries in the
Ujnitod States. North Carolina loads
with i,824, and Virginia is next with
I ,352. Pennsylvania has 139.
-Within the last 150 years the rate
of speed of Ocean steamers has trebled,
a'1id the usual horse power increased
fromn 700 to 10,000.
-One reason why more women do
not got their lives Insured may be that
the applicant for life insurance is al
ways requtired to make a statement of
--If the time we spend in wishing
we h ad other people's advantages were
spent in using our own, we would soon
have as many advantages as we could
-While many ministers are con
sidering how they may fill up their
ohurches, Mr. Moody th inks "the great
est need of the Christian church is
--". Yoh kain't set down no fixed
rule o' conduct in disher life," said
Ur-cld Eben. " samson got inter trou
ble 'case he dono got his h'ah out, an'
Absalom got Inter trouble 'cause he
; did-" y~2 boy," said old Drywater,
.1 "In all creation you won't find any ant
- mal except man who makes a habit of
smoking. 'aO"Yoe, sir. Butineither do
a I know any other animal that cooks
a his meals."
ot legislators should be not only virtuous,
be but also abovo suspicion. If a legislator
had a free pass he could not be abovo
p- suspicion, no matter how good a man
he was. lie should be froo not ory
-d from a conscious, but an unconscious
,id bias. A free pass waS , iven as a favor,
and the members of the General As
Li- sombly had no right to accept favors
ig from anybody. " If you do not think,"
id ho said, "that this pass is given to you
for som other purposo than that you
.o are a good fellow, see how far you can
id ride when your term of oflice is over,
y- and yet you aire just as good a fellow."
Mr. Searborough thought that to be
yn consistent Mr. itagsdalo should have
urged this same argument against au
to cepting the free transportation to
o Charleston, which was a favor given
by tho railroads. Hle took the act as
people of the State when the Legisla
turo found It necessary, for the pur
rose of preventing contamiration, to
pass this law. It was a bad law and
it should b wiped off of thostatuto books
for its imputation onl the character of
f every State oflicer. He also opposed it
because of the subterfuges resorted to
'0 in getting around the law. If a free
pass disqualified a man from holding
public ollico by the efact it would have
a in subverting his judgment, we should
. go a stop further and declare that no
Who is under any obligation as an
aLt1rnov or stockholder of a corpora
tion should be entitled to his seat here.
Mr. Mayfleld thought it better that
a man should take a frue pass than
resort to such tricks as had boon
charged, that some paid 10 cents for a
$25 ticket. He (lid not like the spirit
that hadl enacted the law.
iv Mr. Ilay cont3nded that passes w6re
d certainly meant to influOncO legislative
o policy amid should not be accepted,
therefore ho thought it good public
poicy to declare against them. Hie
(id not consider the acceptance, of tihe
~ trips to Winthrop and to Charleston
against, the spirit of the law. It was
dt, the railroads that invit d the
Sena to Charleston, but the city coun
Mr. Buist made a ringing spechb
against the repoal bill. "Lead us not
s, into temptation" was Ils text. 10
said: '"The position which South Caro
lina has occupied during the last six
years is being gradually adopted as
a necessity by nearly overy State in tile
e Union, and if it was true that a judge
n the bench paid 10 cents for a mile
ago book, every member of the General
Assembly should spend the whole re
cess in socking tile truth and bringing
that individual before this body with
1the 3open charges against him."
a Mr. Archer said that no christian
man could accept a froo pass without,
in undertaking the obligation of a chris
it tian to return the favor.
re Mr. Scarborough denied Mr. Buist.'s
righ to comparo South Carolina morals
c with New York morals. If the Legis
1, Iiture was not to live free passos, then
hedge us in on all sides and deliver us
also from the contamination of lob
Mr. Henderson said the object of tile
0 bill was not to make the railroads
ive or the ollicers of the State
accept passes, but to give a man
the inborn right, tile divine right of
exorcising his own free will. The po
ple would not judge a man by whether
he t'ok a fro pass or not, but by the
way he acted. The repeal of this law
would b the removal of a stigma. The
01 act was passed a1s a taunt in the midst
n, of turmoil and excitement, and now
of the Sonate in its dignity and quiet
should repeal it.
~ Mr. Maylield thought the act Oil the
statut hooks was a wholesome one.
True, it was presented as a tatiunt, but.
ic lt us turn the taunt against the hand
in that direct d it and show that we are
. willing to keep our skirts clear.
The aye and nay vet) was citllod on
tit Mr. Moses' motion to indelinitely post
Sponlo tile tin favorable recpom t of tile comn
anl mittee andi the following wats the vote.
utYeas-Messr's. Conner, D~ennis, D)u
13ose, Gaines, Grilicih, Henderson,
eot Alauldiin, Moses, O'Dell, Pottigrew,
Ragin, Scarborough, Sloan, Suddathl,
Walker andl Williams-1ti.
Nays-Messrs. Alexander, Archer-,
B3rown, Buist, D)oan, D)ouglass, Hay,
Love, Mayfield, MeDaniel, Miller,
ii Mower, Norris, Ragsdale, Stackhouso,
T1alblrd and Wallace-I7.
SThe vote was then takon on tile di
d. rect qjuestion withlout chatigo.
iw 1(iIliIND Ti1IN TAX ON C1GA~IFC'TJS.
ie The cigarette bill was taken up as a
Mr. Moses moyed to indefiteoly post
r- 1)one thle whlole bill, and said on the
d- part (of tihe committee it was tbought
d thle law wvouldi ho a dead lett -r.
Mr. Connor moved to lay the motion
ofn1 thle tiallo. This was lost.
0 Mr. Moses thenl movedi to table tile
h ill, but withdrew it for Mr. Archer
to say a few days in' favor (If the bill.
cof Mr. Mos~es opposed the il i because
nit would be Inoffectuaul, and wvould plile
if d (oad acts oni the statute blooks. if
it would accomplish any good he
wudvote in favor of it. Thlere is no
Il.imachinery to enforce it as the l iquior
toatw is enforcedl.
v-iMr. Conanor said that there was a
ii rent demnand for the law from tall parts
oIf tihe country, andl if the present law
ofwas doing no( goodl, let us make thle
rog uliations ior o str in gent,.
ofMIr. Mower sent a communication
from Jasper IH. Montgomer'y, presidentt
ofthe society for tihe suppression of
so he use of tobacco am~fong tile youth of
the (Jnited States, to show that the
dpro(hi bition and high l icense had been
nechectuail in every case, and urged
the enforcement. of the law against the
sale( to mfhiora aLs tihe host stope toward
corr'ecting the cv ii.
l M r. Pettigroew, (If Florence, said that
his consciencco had reproachoed him for
the part 1he took In killing thin bill
in last, year. lie made a long and earnest.
usappeal for the passage of the law, He
111contenldedl thatt it would not huart tile
on rh. Manylield read the existing law
magainlst selling cigarettes to minors.
it has bcon On the books since 1885, and
thereo has never boen an indiictmnent
ete under it. '"Let us5," he said, "enforce
uill tile laws we now have before we load
down tile statute hooks." lie referreud
ito to the tobacco industry in tile Staa
m- and the effect of this law, whlich, he0
ras thou ghlt, would be inoperative and yet
mnt would prejudice the 1nterests of the
ia He put Mr. Conner in a hole by ask
is- ing him why he did not indict the monf
'31t whom lhe referrect to In his county who
but .vionaed tho pr.--n la.