Newspaper Page Text
By MARY HART LL GATHERWOOD,
[copyrIshto; t by tho Author.]
"Oh, if I only had som paper!"
whispered larietta Brittles, rising
from besido the old hair trunk in her
grandfither's garret. Once upon a timo
sho had found a 3 cent piece in a craok
of that trunk. But half i Saturday's
probing with ia knitting needlo failed to
find such treasure again. It is hard to
be II years old and tin orpihan and the
genius of your town all at once, for
w'hen you are 11. lrticularly if you are
an orphan, peopl)e have ceased to call
you a dlear little thing. Only your fa
ther and mother know what you need
muit1ch 11101 than food and clothes.
To be praised at school and be called
a poetess by ladies with albums may bo
i ile thing, but t genius eveni at 11 is
a lonesome Oniiial, with crying wants
which the people around him do not
The attic echoed that cry, of which
it was perhaps as tired as Marietta's
folks down stairs, "Oh, I do wish I had
One goldlen dily, when the Schoolinas
tar praised her compotsitions, irandfa
ther Brittles had plit his hand ill his
pocket and bought her five foolseap
sheets. They were an oily, blue kind,
which took ink reluctantly, bu1ot she
made a book out of them, "Tho Ier
mitess (if Marston Moor. " It lay now
in the old trunk by the sido of a tan
colored epic writen oni wrapping paper
an(] called "The Indian Poetess." Ier
coffer (if I reatsures also held a number of
poems and short stories, vainig in
length fromt an i nch to a qulartir of a
yard. Biesides, her father's leat her note
books were there, his medical leetures
all afloat in the stories his daughter had
writtei around them. Marietta could
not. aff1ord paraigrilphs. She wrote inl onto
thick block, ptu11teimat-ing nitcly, buut
miaking no breaks for conversaitn. She
could only mdim iro11 the spaming 1)f tales
inl print aini nmse ott tl' wealth of
writers. Peoplo who wrote like that
mustave loads of paiwr. To this littlo
girl riches took tho foirm-I of creamy,
silooith slacks of foolseap.
Otce her Cousina fom et collego mado
her im heiress withl all Itis scrlps (of
pink, bue, green, buff and ivory whito
not piper. Such goldin days cmoe sOl
doimi int a lifetiie. She ought to have
hid So(n1e of (his windfall and dentied
herself the lavish uts() Of it, so "Tho
Kntight anld the Lady" Would not have
1o ride aroul'd atll around ini her head
ill repreatd stanizas withiout t blank
page to receivo them.
The poetry about Mrs. Rope's haby
WaR written on the very 1at pink scrap.
Marit- ta wiih(l ink coud1( j wipued off.
But. while she was ruing she recollected
that Mrs. Bipo had hinted at. somec pity
ment for anly pie(e of wrifiig which
Marietta Inight brintg her. It wts not
Pleasiat to do poeltry to order, yet. shei
hmd enjoyed writing about, 1that, doar,
dead baby, only uthe did not want t(
read it to the mother.
The for ce of her promiso amid tle
chantce o Pd irs. Hople's htavintg writing
parw~tr to1 us0 ats cuirrency t ook sutddent
Sihe (opened the trunk andic took out
the pintk habyV poenm, andt hb~ it. int her
poitket wi hi to lovintg sham~te of out thtrs,
and wenot down itiairs tom ask if she mtighit
go~ to1 3rs. 114ope's.
Gratilimoth1er Bri ttles and1( thle twmo
yountg aunts were sitting straight itt
lie ir chinirs, mask inug over mnuslint gowns
which hado to hco hanttdled cariefuilly.
Somietimtes Marietta really wvishedl she
wals not1 a Brittles. It secece so hardc to
live in thIe Ilargest house itn town on c t ho
sunilest inctomne. If sihe wre (ine (If the
Smnith or IHturdion girls, she -ould lie
hcert'ully ('arninag 11uoney to buy~ papet
withI. I lut the IBr ittle's were cld stotck
ai grea01)t lpt' 1 i thiir nteighboitrhooci.
A I riitthI's wrounld bet ta palttder- of geti i
sty if he Stare ai~c t it.
'Thec graid ittorter said Maret ta miiight t
- go to Pctrs. 13op1u's, amid hter tautnts (ldh
hter ntil to ruin her shtoes overt inti cit
Sthe upperus. Shet 'oul d walk inls!tcad
oIf rtin--wh icht strained le'athcer andh
utarted I tt ieg5-and c she( it Sniot take
hert suiuhonnet ef teo11 slap lay schtool..
itnate withI it. She could play tag withI
her ttake~d hain. A child's hiands ate
toughetcr thant much washed calico.
.Ilarwtta wVent to Mirs. Hope's withocu.
anyt <husire toc rim1. Shte uisually liked to
p1hcy tha :t slht was ani Indi lanI prim-cts
rus i, ing' (Il fleet increadsins thriouitgh her
m12tive wo4ods, anid thiere wias no t a giril
it schooll wh~o wa'is swifter- >n foot. Bet
she st cd at Mrs. Bope's gat', smell iig
thIt sweet brier whtich cli mb ed thle
hioitu, hilIled withi ach inrg dread that shte
could (1 ot hei-relf untderstan~d.
MIIaritatta ntever asked anybody to listoin
to what she had1( written. She thought
of hIIrst'lf as two little girls, one wit hit
the othier. The outside girl was a romp
ing, htearty creature, very well statistled
with life on the playground. Thue isido
girl was (eager for sonic world of libra
ries and gentle spoken men and women,
ai world in which she might moet amd
shyly gaze upon Nathaniel Ilawvthorno
and Wuashiington Irving andit the great
poet, Longfellow, The inside girl hated
to write mt ladles' ailbumns and1( only did
so because, Grandmother Birittlos said it
wo'uld be impolite to refuse. She did
not expcot anybody else to be interested
in what so delighted her, It now semed
to be tho inside girl who hesitated at
Mrs. Bope's gate, half minded to go
back and stuff thte baby poem in some
ooak of the old trunk.
But Mrs. Bopo saw her and called
her itto the cool, dark house, pushed the
auburn hair off her warm forehead atnd
eat I r down in a horsehair parlor chair,
'I -ro was always a smell of dried
flow :s and leaf mold in1 Mrs. Bope's
hose and the engravings on the walls
had a stamned look like a high water
mark. Mrs. Bope played on a dulcimer
with a small hammer and wasg in the
habit of singing many shrill, ad song.
to the peeking of tis instrument, She
was a pale young woman and usually
wore sashes wvith her dresses,
She asked about the Brittlos family,
* and Marietta answvered In the polite
phrases of the village, looking a bout tlie
darkened promises in vain for any traoes
'Il bromught the piece you asked me to
wrj te, Mrs. Dope," said Marietta, toel
nug her face'scorch.
* Oh,31d you?" responded her hostess
-,with th 'indtigent patience of growni
40en, t'Theu gou a~ res t to e,'
"No, ma'am, I can't, " said the littlo
girl, standing up. "At school we have
to road our compositions. But whon we
don't have to I don't like to."
"Then I ought to say that you will
have to," smiled Mrs. Dopo.
"I'll just give it to you, and I'll go
out and sit in the oulvert while you
road it. You can oall no back, if you
want it changod.''
Mrs. Dope smiled unusually. She did
not oppose the small author's exit, and
presently smiled more through the win
It ()'ot seemed to be the inside girl who
dow at Marietta's h isad pantalots
danigl ing (lowil t ho culvert ' stono side.
Yet in a quarter of i hoiur she called
the e'hibi and sobid in tho hall over
the auhurn head iat had incstintively
turned its face away from it iotwther's
"Oh, you know just how I felt-it is
so Strang' e f'i youl to kiow just how I
felt!" exclailiedl Mrs. 1ope, trying to
control heerstlf. "I an going to p1ut tho
pice in hahly's box of lotilles witi his
playitlings aind ill.
"I wish I hal brotught it he'oe,"
tholight aIrie'tta, acweed Iy steelh triblito.
"''laiik yolso 11111ch fur writoing it,"
conflitued I Mis. 15(0pe, dry inlg her1 eyes.
"Yfou're weleonine ntirely, Mrs. fiopol.
1i1t eien't vol wanit it ehli1niiged any?"
No. I celleil vou back to have soeio
of ilny sponge caloe aid peaches. I initeid
to buy seiethling pretty for you. What
shall it lie?"
AMarietta had inade up her imind dur
ing the noienlts5 sho Stood inl thle hall
that sl' c(oIld ot. tako pay for this lit.
(rary weork-evei leaper, for which she
was fain ishiiig. Spongo cake and peaches
wero rarely seen at, (Graidfat her ifirit
ties', yet he in sido girl uiade her d:
cline even thecnl. Wlen slithe hd a rari
penny, she ieve'r speit it for candy.
\Vleo coutld do so whiein it, would buy a
w hole sieet, (if writiig pape1r?
"I don't want anything, Mrs. Dope,
said lariettu1, looking up abashed aid
pink frein tier deep suihonnet.
lit, with I inother's blessing oin her,
Oih, agieiti stepped paperle'ss iito the
"But how aim I gui ig to get any pa
per to write 'le Kn igiht and the Lady
on?" sh e wIispereld to the flat, woOe
horizon, Ohe villago Ntreets aid suiniine
One hand sought in th1) dept hs of le
p(e(lO't her last bit. (if stibby lead peiniil
Mariet ia knuow how to miake inik last. in
dhef'iitely' bey dtocring if w.eithi rainiwa
ter' andil lsOt. (Of 'oturso its bilaceknles
faed ouit to 11nud( color, bunt birowii itil
is neel. bad when y'ou aro used to it. iei
fathler's gold pe'n was hers to Use as she
pleahsede , theoutgh hier granitether of'tei3
delsired elrl tol reiernberi 111'hait. if waIs tc
last heer a lifletijan'.
'I be'liev'e I wvill havie (to write out 'Tlhe~
Kneight and thlie Lady'' on thio sie (if our
barn.'' she began to reolve. "Whien I
get Slline pcaper, I ennl copy it and scratch
the place. Bfut if any of the boys saw
mu doing it they imighct learni it andec
shout tho linies ait ino lon the street."
"W hieir are you goinig, Mlariettai?'
spoke ai pipi icg y'oieo beid etliy, iing
shie knhew bef'oro turmining that Lucy 'T'r
rene was runlceing to ceatch utp w ith
he'r. Lucey wasl1 a weak ('yell little crea
cuee, with whitfe skinc, whieb never fook
wihtolesoie tacni. Mariettai was a striong
yeokentte c, whoil1)1 plled Lni'ey through~
wen thiee hiack iiuani ebacseed thernior
kepet her'i froini bejig flng off into) spaco
wyhen the wihole sechool pilay'ed ('rac~k tho
'"1 ain1't going atnywhero, '" aniswred
.Maiettc fa, putt ing ean arnii around( Luacey
as Lutcy3 piut ani airrc aroeunde her'. It was
so naeturael for' two Jittle girls to fall
inito a ski pp1ing step thlaf she forget at
first abut saving her shoe lent heret. She
could the hacppy with ai phrilyinate in spito
of til'heiper f'anc tic'. She said noething
to Lucy abouct. that, foir noboidy under
standcs how neceessary writing jpper 1s
(ecpt thie persn who is hungry for it.
"My euothier ido I niiighit go to your
heousi' aund spenld the afternioon, "' revceal
"Th'ien let's play with (lock letaf
(dol1," 'rei(sponided Mariett fiwith intor
est., thloughi the inaside girl sighed about
the st ill wanedering " Kncighit ando Liady'
ando that 51moo1th barn bioarid oni which
thecy coulId niot inow he set dlown.
A greetn, wide space openiced in that
street, w~lihi no child c'ouldh pas~s with
Out lOitering, for in the ce'nter of the
sp~ace stood ai giant walinut tree with a
hiouse in its brciaches. A spirail stair
waiy aiscd'edl aroundi the tr'unk to Mr.
Waggle's front door, te'n feet above the
ground.et The' house w~as built of light
tiinhlers boltedl together wvith ironi, but
it had an eh'gant finish, anid hade been
skethed aned writ tein about by strange'rs
aioind gaed at by3 nceighbeors until its
ownerc re'sentedI'l th ap tproaeih of ainy
body13. Trhe folks cell airoutiel were willicng
to sty away frocn Mn. Waiggle, but
they w~ouldI tulk cabout hcim. T1hough he
wats called rich and ai greait trcavler anud
lear'nedl ii hooks, they conidcered it un-.
social of any manu to build his house up
But Macrietta secretly delighted icn
Mr'. Waggle, with his air of foroignc
landsl ando his Hepacraetoniess fronm people
liing on the grojind.
He had a browiinmaci to wait otn him
about whiomi thero wvas conist ant dispute
inc t ho towni. Somie salid this maun was a
straighit haired imulatto, others thait ho
weas ai Spanhrdl and yet others that he
Was, accordling to Mr. Wcaggie's own
testinony' a Sandwjch lanicder. He
ada broad, mild faece, hits hair was cut
~algh around lis head, atnd though ho
Weetrk American olothes oven it
tumrh he wa always wrething hiis
Settled people0 who had never been
used to such eights oculd hardly believo
to guntle Banidwich" Islander harm
loss, and they felt they ought to wato
h~im whoen hn i om adls r.xdi
the garden beyond the tree.
Marietta and Lucy stopped without a
word and gazed at Mr. Waggle's house.
The door was shut, though all the
windows appeared open. Far back in
the garden the brown man's shoulders
bobbed up and down as he hood.
The walnut treo seemed as full of
music as if each one of its leaves breath
ed a song.
Stop by stop Marietta and Lucy ap
proached the tree. They knew they were
not wanted there, but. other children
had dared to go up that spiral stairway
leading to so exclusive a world. If they
had tumbled down again in a hurry,
Marietta was sure it was because they
woro cowardly. Mr. Waggle had never
"He won't care if we go up and sit
by his door, Lucy. I'm sure I wouldn't
caro,'if I could mako such music as
that, who heard it.''
Lucy blinked anxiously, but did as
Mariotta did. They felt the ridges of
walnut bark with tho delighted awo of
explorers, windiug around the ascent.
Flower breaths came from Mr. Wag
gle's garden, and the whole visible
earth was stooped above its rim of
woods in shimmering heat. The sun
glared back from white houses. Leaves
overywhoro held a ripe depth of groon,
and Mr. Wagglo's houso seomed thio
harmonious center of all these good
things. Marietta wished it could be al
ways summer, for in the winter you
notice so much more how hungry you
ire, ant your hands acho so at initting,
and thoro is a dulness in sunsot which
makes you feel heavy hearted going
home from school, knowing that the
dinner is eaten aid that you will have
to take somo scraps in the pantry.
They were just sitting down on Mr.
Waggle's top step when the door flow
open, a loud whistle like a call was
blown, and thero stood the angry in.
mate, while musie played on behind
Marietta was aware that the brown
man answered and ran from the garden.
She stood and shook with Lucy, but
tried to be dignified.
"We didn't want to disturb you, Mr.
Waggle. Wo were only listening to your
music. You play it so nicely."
"Yes,'' responded Mr. Wagglo, put
ting his knuckles in his side anid lifting
the corners of his nose. ''Only 25 of
you have been up this stairway today.
Any boys down there, Aloha?"
"No boym, master," answered tho
"Then go hik to your plants, '' said
Mr. Waggle, and lie reache(I down from
his doorstep with unexpected dexterity,
pulled Marietta and Lucy into his
house, and locked tle door.
Lucy cried ini a high, tiny squeal
like a guinea pig, but Marietta told her
Mr. Wagglo would not hurt t hem.
He stood and looked at them with the
fez pushed back from his forehead. lie
always wore it jacket and fez. llis fac
was seaIed with many wrinkles, yet it
had no look of age.
"There are ten music boxes here,"
said he, "and I inteml to keep them
r playing until 10 O''click tonight. You
will get eniougli (if t niice i1."
r Though Marietta was appalled at thc
thought of sayirig there 1urtil 10o'cleli
at night, an1d LIe miivaled inl a highei
-key, they saw the sumptIuous room Mr.
Waggle inihabhited, its floor li ke pllished
glass, spread w ithI tufted rumgs andtc its
spatceu dIi vided by3 ichl screenis inlto imany
little aparltments. Squatro windolws an'i(
squareti ruirrors alernated unitil thec
hOUSe sOieme many~i tirneis expanded.
Light han1)1lbe) 5 ofaS' furish .'ed the spaco1e4
niot shut in by screenis, and1( Mariettai
thought nothing was lacking to this pal
alco hut paIper.
The music boxes played like enchant-.
meint, amid Mr. WVaggle spoke as5 If they
were workiing a1 spell.
"'Now, wL~ h A <. *y C. ', "' said lie,
''to break t I. .. :. i out before
The14 girls wore silent. This was their
nearest approaoh to theo queer citizen of
the triee, and lie was quite dIifferent
from ether folks.
"Ca you dane1i a iCchl~u?'' demand
odl Atr. Waggle.
Mariett a had1( road of the eaichiuca, but
her famniIly lad never lot her dane any.
"iUn you wvhist Ie anm entIiri opera?''
''If I did, my mother woulId whip
me', " sobbed Lucy.
"There is but one chance left," 'sa51id
Mr. WVaggle. 'Can either of you make
'"Yes, sir; I can,'' responided theI
"She ran, " testified Lucy, showing
red eyets aibove a moist apr~on.
"'I nitani," ''addedl Mr. Waggleosevere
13', ''a long rhyme out .if your own
hiead. It. must be (It least three stanzas
long, with six or eight linies in ai stan
"'I can do it," said Marietta. At last
"The Knight and thme Lady'' would
come to paper! .He1r eyes shone, and she
stooed like an athlete ready for action as
Mr. Wagglo nmoved a'screen and showed
her a (deskc furnished with every blessing
a hungry author could desire.
There were even) paperwoights of
curious design and1( painited quills and
Ivory and silver knives to distract the
eye. But w~hat were these compared to
the piles and piles of creamy paper, thme
other stacks of thin, firm leaves and
beautiful tinted sheets visible in that
Marietta made three copies of "Thle
Knight and the Lady'' before she got
one free of blots. It was wicked to spoil
paper, but we are tall prone to wallow
recklessly when we find ourselves in
She was at last ready- to tap on a
screen behind which Mr. Waggle had
retired. The munsie boxes played on In a
tangle of tunes, lie put on his eye
glasses. Lucy waIted on a sofa, and
Marietta waited before hini. She could
see thme summer land far outof the wvin
dews, and her own eager, pinkc, hair
touzled face repeated- and repeated in
the mirrors around.
WVheni Mr. Waggle had read "The
Knight and the Lady," he looked
searchingly at the author and demanded :
''What mado you write this?"
"Beeause it.'s the first chance I've
had to wvrite it," she -answered truly.
"Do you oftenm make rhynies?"
"Yes, sir," confessed the little girl,
hanging her head. But she hastened to
add, "I would rather write things dowii
in stories without any rhyme, only it
takes so much paper."
"And you write stories o?, And-they
don't try 4 whI*1 it ronttf YOUuat
Maietta 'Wga used to-ihidiference and
ridicule, but hardly to condennatlo:
and Mr. Waggle really scened fierc
She plaited tho bottom of her apron anl
Muttered that the girls liked to hav
her hielp) then with their compositioim
"Don't you see what this will brin;
you to?" demanded Mr. Waggle
"You'll be everybody's drudge. Th
trouble of the whole world will rui
through you, and if any proflt come0s 4
it in the courso of timo your gloriou
tiar spangled banner country will ris
to the ocasion and rob you by its laws.'
Marietta flung the bottoi of lie
apron against her faco and burst int
sobs. She had lived a pinched life, imi
the prospect which Mr. Waggle set bc
fore her must be terriblo indeed. Bui
she jerked the truth out of hor laborin
"I on-ca-can't help it. I g-g-got
write--whnt comes in ily head-if
havo to write it on the barn!"
"That alters the question, " said he
tormentor, his voice taking a tonde
tone. "Now, I'll give you a dollar fo
this rhyme I hold in, my hand. I knov
a glee club that would like to havei
for a song. "
The sympathetic squeal of Lucy am
the convulsive sobbing of Marietta wer<
silenced as if by magio greater tha
the magic of the music boxes. The mu
sic boxes played oin with chimes of lit
Only a n1ature iistinlctively self sus
taining can bear well beiig lifted fron
despair to istolish ing prosperity. Mr
Waggle himself smliled at the tears an
laughter in the face before him. But a
he felt in his pocket for the dollar sh,
interceptel the notion.
"Oh, Mr. Wagglo, won't you giv,
me a dolhar's worth of paper instead o
With her sincere credulity she uneve
doubted that Mr. Waggle was reall:
buying her "Kn ight. and Lady" for
"1 A101youwrlic stories too?"
gle-1 club. It seemeid at proper thing fo
ai gleo club. H-1 Was4 always kind to hie
from that daiy, yet yeairs had to brini,
ier insight beforo ht shaw through Il
glen club story.
liv now hesitated with the dollar i
his hand until Marietta mado her caE
"You know, Mr. Waggle, if I have
dollar's worth of paper, I have it. Bt
i dollar in money mIight go to piy f<
shoes or hats or somiet hin g you (lonl
nleedl as you nmeed writin pa~ I:per."
"That's truth itself,"' said Mr. Waj
gle. "W~1o will guard against aniy suc
Veal t h, wvhito 111UluIcnrumpilled, ii
armla o '11(f wealth, burdlenedl Mariet i
as she' flew downI the spiral staircase
"'I believe there's enough to last n:
till .I'mi growni up" I''hIo 1pan1ted in hi
excitemeni('lt to L~ucy, but Lucy wr
scarcely3 over t ho fright, and really dIi
not 5lee anlythling to rejoice Over.
"I bioughlt Iive butter seat(1hes for
Celnt s last week,"' she observed. "'Ani
you mllight ha~ve got ai chunik (of roc.
Canldy as big as your fist for a cent."'
"O h, Lucy,"' pleadled the genius
"how could I waste a copper oni canldy
But I tell you what I'll (10, Lucy
ain't stinigy. I'll give you all for your
self live great, big, white shoets of mn,
TilE E RND.
--Since 180i Kalamazoo celery ha
had first pla1ce in the market, and th
small Michigan town has built up
naltionlal reputation for itself on th
strength of its celery-growIng. Th
excellence of Kalamazoo celery Is sal
to be due to a small area of meadows o
bottom lands, wbcroe the soil consist
of a peculiar form of black muck, th
result of vegetahle decomposition, ei
peclally favorable to the celery's needi
These meadows are largely covere
by glass hotbeds, by means of whic
four crops a year are raised. The wor
is principally monopolized by Hlorlar
ders, occupyIng frame dwellings o
their small holdings. It Is estimate
that the Kalamazoo celery beds pr<
duco 3i,o00,000 to 4,000,000 dozen bunci
es per annum, netting the town at leat
$900,000. The carpenters of the tow
supply the wooden boxes in which thi
celery is packed. The largest celor
farm under one management In th~
counltry, is said to be that at Greei
townI, Ohio, where 150 acres are covel
ed with celt y, beds.
-A farn: r in Iowa has invented
method wh~ereby hie keeps his neigl
bor's cows from stealing his hay. fl
described It thus : " A certain quai
rup~ed had a sweet tooth for our ha:
stack and did miuch more damiage
throwing down a seven rail fence ani
roosting In our hay. We bought
box of eiayene pepperCI, took a nice loc
of hey, piaced it outside, "' bap' ized"
with peIpper and watched. The an
mnal caime along and pitched Into th
hay, when suddenly she took the hin
and, with nose at 45 degrees an
tail at 90 degrees, her soul wer
' marebing on,' at the rate of 2.4F
Th'at cow has not come back."
-Some Idea of the magnitude of th
great Siberian railway, new in cours
of construction by the Russian govorr
ment, may b.a gathered from the fat
that by changIng the route a thousa,.
miles were saved. It 18 expecte3d tha
through trin'e will be run11 -over' Lb
r'oad w ith in t LVu pta.rd.
-A German naturalist hag curIous!
drveloped the "scarecrow " idea. Th
dragon Ily Is a deadly enemy of th
mosquito, and the naturalist has foun
hy many experIments that the drie
bodies of a few dragon flies suspende
by threads around the bed koop' tb
mosquitoes at a dIstance.
--A mining prospector, whose es
perience Is said to cover almost ever
mining region of the Northwest, ha
been lately waxing enthusiastic ove
the future of the Cascade range Ia
Orngnn a a gold-producing sneton
The Magic Keyg.
In a rude voice screamed little Toni:
"Open the door for me I"
"Yes," was the answer from within,
"If you'll bring the proper key.")
"If you please, manna," said little Ton,
Putting down his pride.
At mention of the gentle words
The door flew open wide.
H Iearts, like doors, are often locked.
I'hank you" and "if you please,"
Spoken with a pleasantsmile ,
r Are the magic keys.
I --Mary 17. Butts, in Chr8istian Ob8rver.
ABOUT A COW'S TAIL.
Scientifile Investigation Knocks Out
a Familiar Belief,
Dr. Galen Wilson in Practical Farmer.
Those of us who have been -blessed
r with opportunities to learn better, are
r inclined to deride those who still be
r lteve that there are such diseases of eat
r tle as "hollow horn" and "hollow tail "
t and of horses as " hooks," yet we must
not Ignoro the fact that millions of the
I intelligent people of the United States
are firm in the faith of the existence
of such diseases. The following letter,
addressed to me, from a gentleman of
Hanover County, Va., in both ehiro
graphy and 'legance of expression,
would be creditable to the brightest.
and most painstaking college graduate.
You have, on several occasions, in the
1). P'., denied the existence of two cattle
ailments, viz.: "hollow horn" and "1 hollow
tail." I send a portion of a cow's tail So
alfect d. You will note that nothing has
been done to it except to sever it from the
parent stem, wiich I consider more hu
f imanie thant splitting it open,scraping cleaui,
iilliig with pepper an salt and hinding
ui p-thel"ii mt)( of treat men t pursued here.
r You will further note that it is the first
r live inchies of the siall 1end of the tail that
is alfetcte(, though I have cut up into the
non-afected p rtion that Yoiu may observe
tile process of decay in it- bone ii tile five
inches meln ioned. You will find the bone
entirely rotted away and the cavity filled
with a brown, watery substance, identical
wth tha t found in the cavity ol a" hollow
horn." Its effect ("- hollow tail " in a cow)
is to make the animal b" 'oomie poor and
very fractiois toward her kind. Finally
site gets (own and refuses to eat. Then
the cow doctor is called, the " seasoning '
aftrementioied is introduced, when the
aiiimal resumes the even tenor of her
wav. Thisisthe second case of the ki d
I have known The other tfection was in
tih middle of the tail, was treated as de
scribed, and recovered. Personally I
know little of such things; but what am I
to oclieve---tle evidences of my own
senses, or the teachings of science ?
Not to be accused of "airinv m-,y
prejudices" through a reply, I sub
'nitted the piece of tail and accom
oanying letter to one of the best vete
-inarians in the State of Now York.
vithout exanining the tail at. all, and
' quested an examination by him and
-ucli rel)ly as the case warranted.
Below is his report in full :
Your letter from Ii. NI., 'lso a portion of
2 t cow's tail dulv received, and, in relky,
would say t ha tle tall was not hollow in
any sense, nor was it softened several
mitces froi the cnd. There was ii de
a 'ayed bone, no pus or iluid or cheesy mat
e ter. Tle writer promised that we -hotild
find tle bone entirely rotted aiwav,
a its cavity in its place tiled wiuh'
nIrown, watery, fetid mass None of these
it conditions were fultilled or disco ered.
ir lie states 1hit its elfect 'In the cow is to
't make her p -or. -r xperience as been
ra th all such cases, thait the t roublle origi
nat ed ini thew cow and ex tended to Iter tail,
& 11nd that coiws thuis affectedl, piroplerly fed,
h toined up a~nd raed icatedi f..rt such ails
men ts as~i hey' arc souffering from that giv~e
rise to this condition, usuall recover-. As
Syour corresponldentt duly says, a coiw with
a i ail in t hiis conid ition will linially get so she
o c-ann ot rise whiei down, theii a cow '" doc
(or is enliled. The writer Itin ks thiat thle
dayt~ is about past whlen our stockowners
C will allow cattle to reach this poinit. it is
r 00oo expensh ye to wait unt il such lenigthls
l'Uhousands who have hand anyv oxperienice
with this troule, andt whose hieads are nt
Slike the tails---to o soft-- wvill beyin before
thnis stage is arrived at In years foregone
5i in this count ry it was commnon practice to
Slet cattle stantd ou t cold win ter- days ini
sitac-k yards, (anid many were very lucky if
there wvas a stack ini said yard') and the
animinals were fed on poor hay, st raw, or
,torn fodder only. Exposed to iinclement
9 ,veathecr tintil when sprintg wais about to
al-ive, those that had lived through the
witter weor.- many of theim suifet-ing from
- this so-called hollow tail, dlue simply to
the fact that the poor creatures had not
had stutlicient nourishment. IThey' were
weak fi-oni exposure aniti privationl and
starvation, and their tails being far from
the centre of ctrrtulation were pronie to
soften, and ini many cases, rot off. Where
onie case of this sort is ow obser-ved, hun
d ireds could tie noted forty or hift~y years
ago. It is not necessary to point the moral.
Some of the older citizens of the
3 ountry call to mind the "'swill-milk
r vat-" Li New York City, many years
a igo, origirated by Frank Leslie and
e monduicted vigorously in one of his pub
. ications as prhncip~al, and aided more
iw less by nearly all the local pr1ess.
Distillers therd kept cows to consume
rieftse, in slops mostly, and sold the
'nIlk. Cows were conhined to low,
tihthy stables continuously. The dis
t illery feed did not furnish the nutri
mjuent the animals required, and much
aWE WANT T(
Or gan; 0
of that was ruined by acidity. As
conseq uence, s0 called 61hollowbo"
and "ollow tail seP,10 horn
and ~oiow tll"sot In. Leslie sent
an artist to the distilleries to make
sketches of the exact condition of tho
animals and then printed them. Cows
were shown in ail conditions, those
with five inches rotted off the end of
tail, those rotted off in the middle, and
others had no tail at all, while many
appeared ready to " et down" never
to ride. "Hollow tii" is not a dis
ease, but a rotten tail is indicative of
starvation or poisoning by insufficient
food, or that which has become stale,
rotten and consequently poisonous.
The moral is to feed and care for cat
tle properly, and these evidences of
neglect will not make an appearance.
Believe the teachings of science.
One's own senses are apt to be decep
tive. Salt and pepper applied to the
tail of a sick cow will not cure her.
She recovers because she gets better
feed and care when sick than when
.-The horses which have been turn
ed loose to forage for themselvea in the
eastern part of Washington have mul
tiplied very rapidly, and there are
said to be as many as 100,000 now
roaming about. The farmers look u on
them as pests, and are hoping t at
the cold weather will kill them olf.
-In Minnesota there is a girl's
school for agriculture, which is, as far
as known, the only one In the country.
It is quite old now, and the results are
quite satisfactory. The students re
ceive instructions in cooking, canning,
household chemistry, entomology and
-A Texas farmer, while plowing in
his fi. Id, unearthed a number of Con
federate army buttons, a bayonet and
a broken and defaced daguerotype,
but no bones were found, whiclf is con
Sidered the strangest part of the story,
as it is evident some soldier has been
-An attempt to acclimatize ostriches
in southern Russia has proved sue
cessful. The ostriches born in Russia
are much less sensitive to cold than
the imported ones, and their plume,
are equally good.
-In the house of Mrs. Pauline Sharp,
who died tie other day in Colunmbi'
City, Ind.. has been found over $5.000
;ecroted in various places. Mr-:. 8hari,
for a long time lived in squalid pov
SCH EDU LES
~~~~ UD (j~.LE~
To Atlanta, Charlotte, Augusta, Ath
ens, Wilmington, New Orleans and
New York, Boston, Rich mond, Wash.
ington, Norfolk, Portsmouth.-Seod
ule in effect Feb. 7. 1897.
SOUT HBo U Ni).
N o. 103. N o. -1.
Lv New York-...........* O*ain)am 9f0at,
Philadelphia.......... 1 12pm 12 05am
Baltimore ............... 3 15pm 2 50a.
Washinigton.-.--..... 4 4pir. 4 30a
Rtichtmond--............ 8 ;fpm 905O~am
Norfolk via S. A. L... *30pm*9 ntam
P'ortsmnouth .. 8 45pim 9 20amn
W~eldon,.- .--........*Ii 28pmi*ii 35an,
llenderson .............1250tam *1 39lpn
Ar Dutrham via S A L.... f7 32am t I 091)m)
liv I)urhamn. .... 520pmti 00amsn
Italeigh, via SA L..*2 1l0am *3346
San ford...............~ -1ia 5 03pn
So Pines---............i 22am 55p
.11am let................ 5 10am (3 5i3pn
u 'adesb~oro---...........~ 55ham 8 tipnx
\Monroe ..:---........... G43amn 1) 2pn
_Ch~ariotte via . A. L...* 8 3am*1025pn
_Chester via_8 A . ... 8 10am 10 47pn
Columnbia. C N & L R Rt 4 3.pmnt 7 45pmn
Clint on ................ 1 4am 12 l0pi
Greenwood-.-----------,) 35am 10O8an
Abbeville ..............110am 1 40aun
E-lberton ...............12 07pm 2 4lan
Lr A thens ............... 1 1pmn 3 4 ani
Av Windler............. 150pmn 4 30an
Ar Atlanta S A L......... 250pm 5 20an,
NORTH BouN D.
No. 38. N o. 41)
Lv Atlanta..............7 50pm1)*1200nn1
Lv A thens................0 42pm 3 1eipn'
J.l berton.... ..........1 33am 4 I p
A bbeville .............. 40am 5 15pm
Clinton ..................3 13am U 34pur
Ar Columnbia C & L It~. I.. . .'....7 "(pm)
Chester...........,.... 4 43am 8 l3pmn
Ar Charlot te viaS A L.. .. *8 0ml:p
Mlonroe S A L.... ...... Ioa 05 'fiJ4pm
h amlet.............. l 1am 11 23p'm
Ar ~ilmington.. *1..230pmm Wdn :un
So l'ines..............,... 0 - lna m ii
Rialeigh........ .....*11 35aml13a
..,vilurham....... .......I l 1am Gi 211
Weldont S A L.. . . ... .4lim * I *.;arr
Richm~fond(.--........... 65pm 8 l15am
M~n as lon v'ia Peznn1)111l 10pmn 12 31 pn
ltim iore-.-.--.........2-18amn 1-*3pmi
Bros. & o.'
-LE S C
Phladelphia............ 3 45am 3 60pm
New Yor ...............*0 53am *0 23pm
Xr Portsnoith....... .5 50pm 7 30am
Norfolk . 6 05pm *7 50am
*Dail(- taily Ex. Sunday. 4Laily Box.
N03- 403 and 4(2 "Tho Atlianta Spouloi,"
olid DVestbulo Train with Bufrott looperS
and Day. Coacheos boiwoon vashilgton and
Atlanta. Also PUllMan1 Bleopors botwoOD)
Portsmouth and Chorser o
No. 41 an( 88, ''Tho 8. A. L. Express," Boli
T rain of IuMznan 8leopors lid i-ay Coaches.
botwooiaortsinouth and Atlaa.y s
For Tickots, Sleepers and informa
ton apply to ticket agents, or to
Pas A. NEWLAND General Agent,
Pass. Dept., 6 Kimball House, Atlanta,
GEO. MCP. BATTE, Trav Pass. Agt.,
G0 ST. JOHN, Vice-President and
V. .E'. MCBEE- General Superinten
H. W. B. GLOVER, Tramtle Manager.
A. J. ANDERSON, Gen'1 Passenger
General Offices: Portsmouth~. Va.
Condensed Schodule in EseeS
NOV. 15, 1890.
STATIONS. . [ a.
.W yar ........................ 5 a
inety-81...................1 25 p m
Greenwood..................... 1 , m
a mom -e..m.,m... 2 25 _pin
Ar. Notion.------,---................. a 10 P m
ir. Anderson ........................ 885 P m
Ar Green vil .in
r. ren al ..........-............ 10 8 a i
P..dmont -........................ 10 5 a i
N__ l i o.- ........,.... .11 18 n m
Lv. Andorson .. . ......... 1105 a7b
tv.......on..... ......................1175 pan
Ar. Donnalids''' -----.... 11 05 a 11
e N '..........1p in
-vi-I:AT1 I'NS ! -ally a ni1
EUB. 7;f .........lu rlo to .... 800 jT -in
0 N lty i ry .... '''''''''' 25 p m
Ar. Columb. ....... '.... 2 5 P n
A. Crpesit..................... 2 -p ip
Bt 7 10lY..Ik~Iet...Ar 00 pa y108
80a 'Ta ' .. . oininA.a. . 89
907ain215)an......Aron.... elan pu8ll:a
00epin ca25 " .....Snto -....b" a p 780plo
0no9ta daily "etw. JasION.. "ai0p i58
p15 7 10m A8.patnbr..L 1110
Traina l8eLv SpartanbrgA A. 25 . 28p
940p7a Ar16 ..... Asevil.....Lv 820a 805pm
"Ptibui 4 ,"p m. 8:47 p. m.,68 .n,
Tresa 1inse i.itd)a eoulego a 12:. P uln
31 20 20211 ..7.a. nion (Ve.tib.l 1051it7u20p
0lepin car betee 12hbi an ashe8P
nrut da4 l b2t7w1) acsonvll and.. Cin4oin47
rains feav Spartanburig A. & C. divisiona0
uorthboundc, 5:42 a. mn., 2:47 . ., 6:10 p. mi.
(Vestibulod Lnied); southbound 12:20 a. mii.
:15'f p. m.i13 . ., . (V a.b l Lm te.
Trains leave Gprenill A. a n. division
orthbound. 0:45 a. m. 2:4 L p. m., n:10 p. m.
estibuled Limited)- flouthbound 12:20 a. m.,
4:10 1. m.. 2: p.9 n., oslibuled Limited)
,7an on D. ad. div is1i .
VA- TUR AG, 8.H. HIARDWICK,
tn. Pass. A g'.t. A't Gen. Pass. A..
ash.inon. . D. . Alanta, Ga.
PIEDMON r AIIL LiNE.
Pundened Schodule of i'asonger Trains,
In8 Elreet Jan,. 18, 1Ai7o.
wev. a Itnt n, J T.lU
" Atlanta, . . Ii .0.
W" or ross...... ... HARDI
" nine.svill. . .
"Luln..........1 27"h s8ih
Ar. Com-lIa.......... .l 5~t~
Lv. Mt. Allry'.............I2ss
*83Sen a ...l....
" Central .... 4 5aj1o i::
" Greenvllle ... sw~ 5a21j
"Spartanbiurg. 01 2a81 ,.'
"-GatTnoy.s.........7 2 '
" lacksbmrg ..70 s74
" King4's ML........8 (5a61
" Gasi ounia..... 5 s
Lv. Charlote.... 81 13 4)p1(~
Ar. D~anvillo ....120i18)p12) 1e
Ar.WasiintN. o. 6 42 o. 9 40 N.ie Ex.
" 1altn'eP1-R. 00all 5 pal.11il 0un.
Pllldepha10 1p a- :08 a.a l,8p
.y.. .. .'. 2 01 62
4 110.3n 7 O<
" Psllujoe.. 2 4. y 22 47 n 1 ii .in 0 8 3)
~ Wsliatgon. 1 43lijl...i.. I 8 Sp
....chsn.. s i'25 20 a ...
V. it, o I.8..8....p 8 48 a11t.1 a...
" Jiaesurg4 14 p 4 527a1 p 2...
" H arsnbr 1154 a p2 265 a 135 p . ..
" Cntal1 5 p 25 45 26P ..
" tSiC~t. 8 p 2 a6614 p g-'
" es iinte..............22114 pNY.
" Tca.287 0815 4 a 4 47 p U.
" Crnohi..............8..71 13 p in
" Lula............ 8 407 a 585 1157 .
(i'lnavile.. Dl0 p 911 a0 n 04p 1209p
" No1200 n 180. . 132: p 827 0a
Ar.AtRihmond'j ... 0 00 10 400 p (80 a...
Air.Washinto .. U 2a 9 410 p Olj 5180
"" Ba.ltn.'P pR. 8n "0 a1" noon p" 11 nit
"Noiadpi. 10iDiy 15 a 3 00at 1)11 18t i
"r~ n ls we Now York .. i_4im d 2 .. .l t,5
louthbound N. icy7( ' 35sdy an.1 8au,
rourii~'aoaoily.w r caly Wobeda ,j
ervoallimor... on 20opute.
Nov. R1chmand ...Unit00 aStat55 p200 ai
r.n soal oten 0 25 ai0 00 i an0 No 5 05
0 i, va soia.... ........ , A. 50 y V P. R. p
"dL &N Bla.-sur. ~bi'6' Ci'of 'p 200~
"li an nlPilO 5,s..... ,' -.... it .ror a o lo
"o Sprt ainbu. ia At7 a and 20na om15yp
Greevng vsio.. 12a8p h2 Satud 4 to0rip
ilopngear .......1 85n ipr 2 2bea 55n pV *
Wes t mhll5insto -an..... .......o1 p 'u-a
Noccoia .......Ne Y1rpk 1 a 70oi0 p E.
te. ATiry~le ....a..... .....,.. New por .n.
Lula---......., il 1a3 ip to4 09 a rlott p o.7
tuninsvilla--. an Jackponville 885 s 720na
nA.oi A lat.id.'e. cars,' 'I 'ti i y.l va io
$t.:.uuine (ter.inal> point1) diy bzg0g 800
lnosa. TindI rai lso Washingutwnlnd aoth.
esten V-ehuoe sleping arug PuLun
sloouing ard hetwe Yor Yrk.d w r
eNos, v1and Washinlmon Atleeana ars Monto.
ieynd nd betweNwYr. adMn h
eo WAhng.Atlant a and ei, r.milam nioe.
3!ed Grin, fo)Hn rn .soUei-eel
reunngp, v NwOren Tednesdays'and
Watwoongtnhngo and Wtat.ining cars
'nn1 vi ,ouhr Railam.' .P.
Ln .&N .Rbin o oe fbgn