Newspaper Page Text
Por "Sweet Girl" Graduates.
omto of you leave to-day the fairy land
Of girlhood, to return no more, save
Fond memory thither, with her magic
Shall waft you back, re-summoning to
Young jo:-s and hopes that blest your
And though in thought, lived o'er and
'TIhey are gone for aye I Aurora's rosy
When next she comes, womanly cares
Go to your homes and from your imoth
How to be wulmen. There are carth's
And p1r:st atltars. Thero forever burn
Dear virtue's hallowed ilame, there
love still rules.
Leave you to man the rostrum and the
Do not overstep the limits of your
Even the faint echo of that step shall
Your hatlf-angelic beauty to its bier.
The home is womnatn's throne, her scel)
11er crowning glory is a halo spread
From the soft glory round her Saviour's
Queen-like she reigia , and like a queen
doth move all things.
-U. W. i reher, H. 1)., in sorih ('ro
1 1 1
1 il 1 l
.Jim B3ourn and I were boyj together
at \Vestmainister; we went to Oxford
together-we took our degrees togeth
er" in the Classical -chool, and weI'.
ordained tog'nthier' by the lBishop of
L as curats for iis iiocese. l1ere
our paths separated for soein years,
and when next we renewed our old
friendship I was t,he vicar of the ivwn,
still single at thirty- four, and .Jin was
the Chaplain of tire famuous jail in the
sam111e toWn, and Imrarried.
We were talking in rmy study, as in
oldcn timines. Stimehuw t,he Conl v ersa
tion drifted t > thel su11bj'ct of It rect'nt
new.lpier article : ") ught MAarried
1'eipie to IIave Any Secre is from1 Le
Other ?" I said, " No,'' and .1 i i said
Ye.'' We both siiliugly stuck to
ou1r text. It was not o|tt'n taut wo dif
fered in opinlion, hut thiwat one csc,
" \Wiy, lim," said I, "you would
have beenl the hitst p1)rson I shou d
have expreetet to take that line, for I
aml sure, from what I have seen, that
if ever tsvu folks were happy and lov
ing, they are i Itta and oiiself. I
call't co Oeive of yout- tainhlg any
secret which you would not wihi hlla
" Ah," retotrtt d he, with a peculiat
smile, " Ltnat'- just, it. Weli, 11low,on,
I'il tell you one, if ou like, thouh,'
he added, " it must, renaii a secr'ot
between us two. I havt' rwv+'r sui'ok,c
of it to an1y onc in thife worid, anid .nev
shall, exctplt to yourseII."
" J'ancs, J in ; you need not, fear
me, its you know. I am only curious
t,o k'now tire ease."' And I assimr di an
at,ditulte or eager at,t,ention to) J im1'..
I Its tI .e chainplain at Lowmauirk et,
ats you are wevll aware, be'fore I camne
hr.It. iN n 1'retty plazce,, iandc one
Windri's whIiateve Vi,l 'ad c ,be govern
rment builId at jaiI them-'. I towever',
therle it Is, anrd th er'e w as I . 'The
amolunltof soecty that one got in Lo i -
mrtket wats per'fecthy aston istiiinrg.
Haid I the tim trantid i nclinattion' for it,
I imighlt haive turn'ed:t out ia reguhar
'society' elei gynnan. As it was, I had
at full amtouti ofIj1) lectures, soirees05
parties anrd eniteitaliiunents. Amon1fli
t,he peiopile I got, in iyit.h nono1) wer
nieer tharn thle Yoriks. liss Yor'k,
maiden lady oIf lift,y, lived in it largi
'Te (Cedaitrs, ' inr tIhe b est, part'. cof I,b,
tojwn. She ta. uk~ ~rivw altl Ioer th<r
heat ndic piurIe life. Verybhodly hatu
a good worid fori herci. Nr wa'vis hier
ie 1ce, M iss \'or'k. any less popu liar
Pe'ople in L owmrrai'ke t f airr'y wor'sh ipec
both j f t.he im.
"I was twenrty-eig.;ht. whlen I first siaw
Ella Y'or'k, anrid at cee suec'crumbeJ lu
her ebarmitis. I'or' we eks le paIlab,eS
-ihtd been in my eatrs, acnd unow, on iae
(quinIta nce, I foundo henr beautIy, lier
mannlle rs, lieri k inidness of hiear't, not
One whIiit less than r'epor't stat.ed.
led her. O)f couirse, I coulid not, say
so at,once: arid whiethier, aifter two) ir
thriee nieetings in tire courise of imy
wvork-for' X ins Yorik tire e'Ilerl tioo)
greait. inter'cst in ourii sphre of labor1)1
she giuessed miy love, an nd ir'ci pr'oented
It, I could not, then say3. I foundit, iuoe)n
Judious015 inquliies, thait Miss York -
Elat- had Ii ved w ithr her aunt fr'omn
chilId hood : that she was no1w t,wenity
four; thiat leer mother wits dead, and
her bathlen' lived on thie Conti innt for
his healh ;i alk'o t hat shre was her auont's
sole hiriess. Th'lese facts were of
courise only hear'ned bly degrees, ats 0on
cannot go to the fountain head for such
"Afterli much heart-scarchinug and
debatting with in mnysel f I thought I
saw that Ilhai York was not wh oily in
dilTerent to me, and I resolved to ask
her to be mys wife. I need not go Into
dletail Ias to how~ 1 (did it, heycond sayIng
that, it, was one Summiiie'i mioirning rath
cmr mor'e t,hian live yeatrs augo, when,
having gone to see hei' aunt, who wats
out, I met l' ita in the grounds ; anld
after talking ans we walked along on
various soubjets, soimehow it eamioi t,
uneCxIectedly13, andi~ alm ost befoi'o [
oud compriehiend w halt it allI mneanit
a~ i York had p)'rmisedl to be my wife,
subjet to her atunt's consent.
ceivt (her ulnt didn't consenit. I red
tenderly 1 reg it,rdn W n ,--hrowi
Eisit toving'that she hadowshokn o-f rm
visi toheraunt, and had nto 1n1
wits conmIng to-morrow for' herip
~royal; Miss York ha. bee rei'
Incd, but acted r'ather sIr ngenyvery
said she would see me, but e, anud
not consent., as she did not w. to old
Ea Mydear gir lwentot a h
any more than tils. r
I was in a curIous frame of mind as
I went ncxt morning to see Miss York.
What could her objection roally be?
Surely not to me ! My position, a
family, my lifo hero wor'c, I hoped,
beyond reproach. Even if It wore a
question of money, I 1had( enocugh pr'i
vate moans, as you know. As for MIss
York, well, of course It would be lonehy
without Ella at first, after so many
eaurs' companionship, but surely she
Sidn't expect her never to got married!
It was preposterous.
SAs I approached the lodge the
pQrteress met me,
'~Oh Mr. Bourn, this Is shoking I'
wa ore puzzled than ever I
Why my engagement to Ella should
be 'shocking I couldn't see ; and I no
doubt expressed it in my looks.
"'So sudden, too, sir!' said the wo
man. 'Nobody expected it!'
'What's the matter ?' said I.
"'Why haven't you board that Miss
York is dead ? No ! Oh, dear ! Poor
thing; had a fit in the night, doctor
says1; was quite unconscious when Miss
Ella got there, and died at J o'clock
" My heart sank ; I felt faint and
giddy. It was some minutee befolu I
could move. You will never know how
it feels, Howson, unless you should
have such a blow, which ,, hope you
never will. But I am bound to say
that my one thought was 'My poor,
lonely darling, Ella !'
"''here were no more details to be
learned about Miss York's death. She
was buried in Iowmarket churchyard.
1K!la was ill for weeks, and could not
see even me. When she was well
enough to attend to business it was
found that she had inherited all her
aunt's money ; and as she had already
aecepted me, we were married a
twelvemonth afterward. She had been
awfully lonely, she said, since Miss
York's death, but no couple had ever
lived happier and been nearer and
dearer to each other than Ella and I.
lay God bless her !"
" Amen !" said I solemnly and re
" Ella and I," pursued Jim, "could
never give the remotest guess as to
her aunt's objection to our engageraent,
and it wouid probably have remained
a inystery to me, as it has to EI la even
now, had it not been for the following
cirenstatnces. Sine time ago I was
se1t for at the prison to see a rather
despertate eharaeter, whose end was
very near, lie au been sent to seven
ycar' penaI servitude sum i three
y ars before for forgery, and after
servinig two years at P'ortland had boon
transferred to Low market. II is ap
p!arance was superior to that of the
orlinatry convict, even when a forger.
Althougii I had seen hin several
timrer, an d certainly been struck with
his faece and appearaneo. we could not
he sitid to ho friendly, 1is he Iad been
indifferent to all my advances.
I found him lying in the hospital,
an1)d I soon saw that he would not live
" 'You scemn pleased to so me ?' I
'Yes, sir,' replied No. 152. 'I am
glad you've coic ; I hardly expected
you would, considering how standollish
I've been. But I wanted to see you,
as the doctor says I'm not likely to
lat-t lnuch lon"er--lperhaps not till to
''1'here, well, never mind K.'ep
your coi rage tip, and you'll probably
deceive thC doctor.'
" I talked to him, about his soul and
-piritual things. ''hat we may pass
by, Ilowson; I believe he was thorou;gh
1y penitent. I asked hini if there was
anything I coull do for him.
"'Ye,, sir, there is one thing, if you
will. It's such a curious one I h .rdl1
like to ask yout.' ills eyes lookot
eagerly at me.
'Go on,' said 1, 'il do it if no.
"'l've had a gu1er life, sir,' said th
convict.. '1 nght have been sumt
hody and done som)1e good ; but I gc
led ast.ray after marrialge, and brok
the lit-art of 1113 Wile, who die'd Soo
afterwtatrd. Yes, I've led at had lift
and)11 it's lire:ius few friernds I've ha
lately, anyhow. IBut I hope I may b
furgi en. its you say God will pardo
even the worst, of us. And if you'l
pi'rmise me1( tC) (do one1 thing whlen l'i
deadt, I shalil di e lthapp ."'
"'I'll promise as far as I can,' safi
"'It's to take care of your wife
atnswereud No. lid. * Ah, ' caid he
siliing, 'I thought that would ast,oni'i
"''''ake care of my wife l' I gaze
it. him in iamilazemtenit. 'Why, of cours
I shlt! Hut, what is that to you ?'
"'A gootd deal,' said hie.
- "'Ilbeauso sh''--my daughter P'
I looked at himi in torror an
atontishm ieit,, and was about to seti
for tihe nurse and for the doctor, fuea
inrg sure that he was rambling, whi
|ho said, slow ly:
"'Sit down, siri, pleaseo; I can't ta
imue iICi loger. You needl not send f
Dr)i. Dar1't-onI, I 'mi all irighlt. I feared
wotuld give you1 at shock, sir, as it gal
mei oneC tile 11i'st timoti I saw her nel
I ich you. ilCia York---youi see I know
her naniio al righit-was taken whc
gitC it child by3 her autnt, who di
Civ'ned ineC, and never toldi the cIhii
what her fiathier was. In that she te'
qui1te ruhiit.. She changed her namn
from WVi L.on toi heir mother's name
York, andi('ii competd the disgu ist
Whleniever' I desired-and ohi, sir, I dli
(iftenl desire-to see 10lla, my darlin1
Mliss \ ork has al ways threatened m
wit,h the poClice, and I knew botte
thain to have t,hemli oii my track, If
coulid heili it. Yes, sir, I see you can
ireitlize it, yet, hut, yo)u'll find Iilia Wi
so,n's hi rth and bapt,ism In thr* register
of Northflid, and I give you iuy wor
"I sat In duimb siloucoe. What couli
I say ? Elba, my 1Ella, a convict
"'l'lease, cir., don't tell her,' sali
he. *'She has never known ; don't le
her knew. Hut 1 felt I must toll yeu
sir, end you'll not think any worse
her?' and his eyes looked leadingl
and( wilstfulIly at me.
" bsenses had somewhat returned
"'No,' said I 'of course not, I am hal
dazzed, but I feel what you say Is true
hAut 1da, is my own now, and alwayi
shiall be while Ii liv. I wish I had no
heurd this, but it cannot alter my loyv
"'Thiank God !' lhe said, 'And, sir
thore's one thing more. 'rho doctoi
siays I shall sleep myself away. Dt
you think it could be managed for im
darling to give me one kiss ore I die
juist (inc ?'
" 'I'll try. Yes,' said I, 'she shall
if you'll leave It to me.'
"'1 will! God bless you, Mr. Bourn.
" I left him. When I got home Ella
thought I was Ill, and indeed I was,
D)vorwork, I pleaded. In another hour
i.hey came to tell me he was asleep,
aind would not wake in this world.
"''. took 10lla with me to the hospi
ta:ti 'E4la,' said I, 'a prisoner who is
dIying. and who has no-few- friends,
toldl me to-day how he had seen you
and would like yeou to kiss him oe lhe
died, as his own daughter would have
d one, W ill you ?'
e~rtainly, my darling.'
"K 'ith eyes full of tears she did.
'ieunconscIous formi arose, the eye
lids half opened, the face smiled. She
dint know, (lid he?
be led her away,' weeping, my own
shory. full I afterward verifid his
smory. Ilowso Ela s never knowra any
ms oe Ilwo, and never will. There
n oetisare secret which should
wIfe, Howson, Isn't there 'ubad" n
" You're right, dear oldl Jim" "i
I, as he grasped my hand in aie
but with tear-dimmed-. es lence,
right. old fellow, and od bles y u
STATE BANKS OF ISSUE A REMEDY,
IEPEAL THE TEN PER CENT. TAX.
The Free Coinage of Silver W,uld
Follow and inancial Itollef Would
The fto iowing letter from Gen. M.
C. Dth"' - given t.o the public:
W L'amuoN, b. 3, May 27, 1897.
Mr. D. liutchinson, itock Hill, S. C.
My Dear Sir-Replying to yours of
the 20th instant, I beg to say there
does not appear to be any present pros
pect of financial reform from Congress.
The McKinley administration is con
contrating its energies on a change in
our tariff laws, and seem to think
higher taxation will be the panacea
for our financial and business troubles.
While I do not concur in this view, it
is but fair to allow it reasonable time
to demonstrate the soundness of the
I am more than ever convinced that
the best and surest solution of our
financial problem would be the repeal
of the 10 per cent. tax on State bank
circulation, followed, as it would inevi
tably be followed, by the ;ro and un
limited coinaage of both silver and
gold at the present ratio. For this
consummation I struggled for years
while I was In public life, and thought
we had reached the goal when a plank
was put in the Democratic platform in
1892 providing for the repeal of the
10 per cent. tax.
This plank was accepted and ap
proved by the President, Mr. Ci:ve
land, and Mr. Carlisle, his secretary of
the treasury, and some of us urged
these gentlemen to use their powet
and influence in C.ngress in aid of the
passage of a bill introduced to carry
out that pledge of the Democratic
party. From soine cause, which I will
not venturc to explain, their support
was not vouchsafed, certainly not in
any public manner.
My opinion is the gold standard men
defeated the bill because they feared
it would decentralize the overshadow
ing, almost omnipotent power they
exercised over the general government,
as it would have done.
I regard the repeal of the 10 per
cent. tax of far more value to the wel
fare of the great masses of the people
than the free coinage of silver. The
present evil in our monetary syst_m
is the inadequacy in the volume of
currency and the inequality of its dis
tribution - the latter the greater of
the two evils. This inequality of dis
tribution would be corrected if we
could have local State banks of issue,
under proper safeguards, and just so
much currency would be put out by
them as the local demands required.
it has always struck me as very absurd
to suppose that any State would, or
could,permit "wild cat banking," w h ich
is about the only argument over urged
against State banks of issue. No State
under our modern methods of transact
ing business, through quick corres
pondence by mail and wire, and the
vigilance of the commercial and busi
ness agencies, could tolerate loose or
wild eat banking " for I8 hours, and
there is no valid reason why State
hank currency could not be imade a:
sound and safe as the present Nationa
e The act of Congress imposing ia ta:
n on State bank circulation was intsndet
to destroy, and did destroy, dtatc
d banks, and thus gave to National bank
e the right of way, and the suprom
ri control in the fiscal uitl'is of the coun
I try. No revenue is derived from it
a It is of very d1oub~tful constitutionality
and ought to be r'epealed whethe
1 the States grant bankIng charters o
I have never boeen enamouro(d of th,
national banking system, but if it is t,
1 be retainedl, it ought to b)e enlarged
and the banks empoweredl to do wha
1every other national banking system aI
e the world Is empowered to (10, vIz
issue what is called an " emorge
currency;" that Is to say, Increase thel
volume of currency by a cortain an
well regulated percentage, to mfo(
d just such conditions as now and fc
al somel time past, have environed th
I- business Interests of the country. li
n stead of increasing the volume of tt
currency under existing condition
ik the tendency is to contract, and thor
:)r b)y Increase financial distress. In
It growing, developing country like ou1
to thore is a constant demand fori~
ro augmentation of the volume of mono
w to muoot the requirements of the legit
mn mate business op)erations. There is
s- need for undue inflation or the rec!
d less issue of fiat, Irredeemable currei
is cy, but a steady, safe, prludent enlarg
e mont Is admitted by men of all classo
>f aud with widely divergent financii
d I have said the tree coinage of silvt
r, would inevitably follow the reopenin
e of State banks, and for this reason
r These banks would absorb every (do
I lar of coin, both gold and silver, e
I, security for thoir circulation andt
I- maintain whatever reserve the Ia'
a might require. For domestic purpose:
ml as a domestic curancy, silver is toda
as good as gold. Silver only becomc
d1 emnbarrassing when transactions ar
s had with foreign countries. Like gol
it passes only for its bullion value 1
I foreign countries, but at home it I
t taken at par of its present weight an
,fineness. I say, therefore, for all dc
f mestIc purposes, silver is as good a
yr gold, and there is no reason why I
should not be admitted to free coinage
.and used by local banks as a redemp
f tion and reserve fur.d.
.With local State banks of issue
a their currency would remalo, in a iarg.
t measure, in the communities wher<
> issued, available, and In reach of ever:
man engaged in business, obtainabi
on such terms as each muan's credi
wo.jld entitle him to. There woul<
be not the slightest dillculty in usinj
the State bank currency in interstatt
transactions and exchanges. Statn
bank clearing houses could and woul<
be established through, and by which
the standing and credit of every bania
could, and would, be ascertained In am
hour's time by telegraph, telephone em
other medium of quick communication.
so that the holder of the bIlls of an~
bank could be advIsed of their sound
W hen it comes to the matter of for
cign exchanges, they could be regulat
edl and settled as they now are. Nc
advocate of the State bank system pro
poses, so far as I am advised, to inter
fere with the p)resent national bank
currency. It might be affected by
competition with State bank currency,
but in that cornpetItion, it ought to be
willing to take i tsochances.
I am one of those who believe the
States are as capaible and well qualified
to manage their own currency as is the
national government, I believe that
Mr. Justice David DavIs in the Fenno
ease that the right to charter a bank
is as much an attrIbute of sovereignty
as the right to oharter a railroad or
any other corporate power, and that
when Congress, passed the act during
war, imposing a tax of 10 per cent, on
State bankc circulation,thereby destroy
ing then, it was the Aeverest blow ever
aimed a the sovereignty and self-sus
taining power of the State. Consequent
ly I have never been able to understand
how anybody calling himself a Demo
crat, could hesitate Id urging the re
pea, of the Federal law. This, of
course, is only the political aspect of
the question, but it has merit enough
on economic grounds to j ustify its re
The party that will press this repeal
to a successful issue will receive, as it
will deserve, the approval of the
Aen.-V people, and do more for their
happiness and prosperity than by any
While a member of the Sonato I
made two speeches in advocacy of the
rt.peal. and if you care to examine the
subject further, would refer you to
In one of these speeches I elaborated
at somo length the influence of the
Scotch system of local banks of issue,
and showed,. as I think beyond per
adventure or doubt the value of such
banks to the Scoteh people under and
by virtue of which they were enabled
to embark successfully into business
enterprises wholly impossible without.
We would realize similar advantages
in the State under the operation of a
conservative State banking law.
Very truly yours,
M. C. BUTLER.
JUDOId SIMONrON'S DECISION.
The Dispensary Law is a Violat ion of
Inter-State Commeree-Tlme State
Cannot Forbid the Sale of Liquor
in Original Packages.
Judge Simonton, in filing his decis
ion in the Vandercock case at Charles
ton, declares that the prohibition of im
port and sale of liquor into the State
is in violation of tue inter-Statte com
merco law. He has issued an injunction
reutraining the State of South Carolina
from seizing liquor imported and offor
ed for sale. Tao State may sell liquor,
but it must do so in competition with
other parties, It can no longer hold
for itself a monopoly of the business.
The syllabus of the decision is as fol
The United States of America, District
of South Carolina, in the Circuit
Court. in Equity.
The W. A. Vandercock Co. vs. S. W.
Vance, W. N. Bahr, J. M. Scott, W.
Livingston, C. S. Moseley, D. W. Pe
Any State may in the exercise of the
police power declare that the manufac
ture, sale, barter and exchange, or the
use as a beverage of alcoholic liquors
are public evils, and having thus de
clared can forbid such manufacture,
sale, barter and exchange or use within
But, when a state recognizes and ap
proves the manufacture, sale, barter
and exchange and the use as a bover
age of alcoholic liquors, and the State
itself encourages toe manufacture, en
gages in the sile of anu provides for
the consumption of alcoholic liquors as
a beverage, and soiprcludes the idea
that such manufacture, sale, barter.
exchange or use are injurious to the
public welfare, It is not within the po
lice power to forbid the importation of
such liquors or their sale in original
packages for personal use and con
sumption. Such prohibition under
such circumstances is in conllict with
the luws of inter-State and foreign
The dispensary act of 189(i, is amend
ed by act of 189L inasmuch as they api
pr)tove the purchase and manufacture
of alcoholic liquors for the State arnd
provide for the sale of such alcoholic
r liquors as a beverage in aid of the
finances of the Stato. in so far as they
forbid the inmportatlon of alcohol ic
SliquorS in original packages for such
use in this State, are in conulict with
the laws of interstate and forehen comn
merce, and ate, therefore, to that cx
:We add the concluding words oi
,/ Judge Simuonton, that cur readers n'ay
r' see the effetof tihe decision:
I it will be noted that the use of alco
t| hellc liuairs as a beverage is .not pro
r hibited nor is their imp)ortion for per
o nonal u-so forbiddon, p)rovidesd auch
m- beverages are free from "ploisonous,
c hurtfulland deleterious matter," otbet
s, than the alcohol In them.
- Th act provides the essential and
a conclusive test on this point, the certi
s ficate of the chemiist of the South Caro
n .lina College. The act also declares al
7t, alcoholic liquors, not tested by the
i- chemist of the Sout,h Carolina CollegE
o andl so found to he free " from poison
c- ous, hu"tful and deleterious matters,'
1- accoesarily matters other than alco.
>- holle ingredients, to be of a detrimenn.
*, tal character and their use and con
ii sumption to be against the morals
good health andl safety of the State,
r Thlat is to say, without regard what
g ever to their real character, the pros.
:once or absence of the certificate is the
I- sole test. This can be sust,ained only
,s on the fact that it is a valid inspection
v There can be no doubt that a State
m, can enact iaws protect,ing its citiz ne
y lan the p)urchase of articles, imported
a or domestic, froem purchasing seome
mi thing they did not intend to buy, or
1l adulterated so as to threaten disease
n or death. ([Plumley vs. Massachusetts,
s 155 U. 5. -16W.) BIut it must be a law
I which p)rotects or at least tends te
-protect the citizen. It must give him
s securIty, if it does not do so absolute.
t ly, still it must contribute to secure
-The mode of inspection in this act
is by samples. Let it be sup)posed that
,the sample has been furnished, has
3 been insp)ected, has been applroved and
3 that the certificate has been sor.t to
Sthe consignor. What sort of assurance
does it give the citizen that this liquor
I he thereupon receives, accords with,
comes up to or in any wise resembles
the sample. What protectIon does it
give the citIzon from fraumo, from a
failure to send liquor accor ling to
I amnple. None whatever. It, only sub.
Ijects him to the seizure and forfeiture
of his goods, if perchance they should
be inspected. 'Ihe fraudulent seller is
out of reach. Upion what then must
the citizen rely? He can only rely
upon the business character, standing
and integrity of tbe person from whom
he buys, without any regard whatever
to the ins pection.
This so-caled inspection, furnish.
lng no security to the citizeD, cannot
thereby be justified. It can Operate
only as a restriction upon, hindrance
and burden to his acknowledged right
to import, for his personal use. It is
thus an interference with inter-State
commerce and ini itself void.
The language in Mugler vs. Kansas,
123 U. S3. 623, has some application
hero. "If a statute purporting to have
been enacted to protect the public
health, the public morals or the public
safety, has nou real or substantial reo
lation to these objecte, or is a palpable
invasion of rights secured by the fun
damental law, it is the duty of the
court to abridge them and thereby
give effect to the constitution."
The .satne mode of inspection by sam
ple would scoona to .be used in atl the
iiq,uors issued by the State commis
sioner, (22 Statutes 541.)
In Scott vs. Donald, the Supreme
Court, discussing a similar feature in
the sot of 1895, says : " To empower a
state chenist to pass upon what the
law calls 'the alcoholio.purity' of such
inportations by chemical analyses,
can carcely come within any defini
tion of a reasonable inspection law."
If then this mode of inspection be not
reasonable and be futile, It is a burden
on inter State commerce and in itself
makes the provision void. Railroad
Co. vs. Husen. 95 U. S., 465; Walling
vs. Michigan, 116 U. S., 440; Minnesota
vs. Barber. 135, U S.. 131. Brimmer vs.
Robman, 138 U. S. 78.
It is manifest, therefore, that the
same conclusion must be reached with
regard to the dispensary act of 1897
which was reached by the supreme
court of the United States as to the act
of 1895, that it is not within the scope
and operation of the Wilson act. This
being the case the law laid down in
Leisy vs. Hardin controls this case,
and the attempt to forbid the impor
tation and sale of spirituous liquors in
original packages must fail.
The decision of .the supreme court of
the United States must control all cir
cuit courts. By this decision it is
clear that so long at, the State herself
engages in the business of importing
and selling alcoholic liquors for the pur
pose of profits; so long as she recognizes
that the use of alcoholic liquors
as a beverage is lawful and can be en
couraged ; so long as she seeks a mono
poly in supplying these liquors for that
use, and in this way looks to an in
crease of her revenue, she cannot
under her constitutional obligations to
the other States of this Union, forbid,
control, hinder and burden commerce
in such articles between their citizens
and her own.
Let a temporary injunction issue as
prayed for in the bill.
CHARLisS H. SIMONTON,
THE WEATHEl AND CROPS.
Valuable Informat ion,to Those Inter
eBted in 'armiing Operations.
The following is the weekly bulletin
issued by the weather bureau in Col
umbia as to the condition of the crops
in this State :
COLUMIA, S. C., June 1, 1897.
There was a wide temperature range
during the week, from minimums of 40
degrees on the 26-27 at Loopers, 45 at
Ctemson College and Spartanburg
on the 26th, and on th 27th at
Liberty, to a maximum of 97 on the
29Dh at Bamberg and Gillisonville.
The week as a whole averaged three
degrees per day coo:er than usual, with
a mean temperature of 71, while the
normal is approximately 74.
In places in the " up country " heavy
rain fell on the 23d, washing lands in
Greenville, Spartanburg, Clarendon,
Kershaw and Union Counties, but the
area of beneficial rainfall was very
limited. Light and insullicient rain
fell on the 29th over the upper por
tions of the State. Twenty-seven places
reported measurements, of which 24
were less than 0.50, and three of over
1.00. Oakland reported 252. The de
li;iency for the week is 0.65 inch, and
the delicien.y for the month ranges
from 1.50 to :t.00 inches.
There was a severe hall storm on the
23d in Greenville,in the vicinity of Jick
ville, that, over a path 5 to 6 miles
wide and about 15 miles long, destroy
ed muuh corn, cotton, fruit, gardens,
etc. .ttwas abcomp)anied by high winds
tiat blew down many fruit trees. The
hail-storm extended into Union and
Spartanburg. Hlail fell in Clarendon,
Fairfield, Kershaw and Chester on the
T1here was much more than the aver
age sunshine during the week, the
mecan of sixty estimates being 84 pe
cent. of the possible, while th~ normal
is about 67.
Trho windls were variable--carly in
the week they were co'd northerly and
d nr-ing t.he latter polrt.ibn warm westcr
ly to southerly. Trhey werec for- the
most p)art light in force.
About one third of this week's r
orts, and embracing sections of near'
that crops, especialiy corn and cotton,
are below their usual or average, fo -
this season of the year, in size, stand,
and general condition. A few r'eports
Indicate conditions above the uesnal
average, while the majority indienLte
ave rage cond itions, cert,ainly not above.
Crops are nearly at a standstill for
want of rain. A few cool nights (lur
ing the middle of t to week also im
peded the growtn of cultivated vegeta
tion. Insects of various kind, are do
ing material injury over p)ortior s of
thu State. Farm work made favormable~
progress, and fields are generally well
tilled, and clean.
Corn did not make much if any im
provement during the week. Cut
worms and heart worms continue
their depredations; chinch bogs have
attacked it ; consequently the reports
of bad stands outnum ber those of good
stands. The continued absence of rain is
alfacting corn seriously in the lower
counties where it wilts badly durin~g the
day and has " fired' "In a few places.
In Laurens and surrounding counties
corn is sickly and yellowish, it la
small for the season everywhere.
Fields are generally free from weeds
and grass. Is being " !aid by"4 in
Cotton Is sickly In places (111 to the
cool nights, but generally it, made sat
isfactory growth during the week.
T'he plant has not attainedi an average
growth for June 1st. Adltioaal r
ports of stands dyinir out, wer-e this
week received from Spart,an burg,
Georget,own, Clarendon, Newbherry'
Sumter, and Lexington. Bad stands
in Waliiamsburg. Lice infest cott,on
over portions of B3arn well, Abbeviille
Hampton, Kershaw, and Orangeburg.
Fields are generally free from grass
and weeds and chopping to stands is
nearing completion except over the
extreme north western counties. Forms
havo been seen on cot,ton in Richlandi
In the Congarce valley.
Wheat is rlipening andl its condition
is somewhat, less promising oiwing to
rust and damage by insects. O,tts
being harvested and generally a very
faIr crop. Spring oats a failurec exce pt,
In Pickens, where, If needed rain
comes soon, a faIr yild will be ha
Irish potatoes doing poorly and in a
numnber of places the vines are being
lIhterally destoyed by Colorado beetles.
The weather has been generally too dry
to set out sweet potato draws. Draws
Tobacco has all been planted and as
a ,rule grew well, but now stands in
urgent need of raiu. Trho elf, ct of
absence of rain for any considerable
peOriod from this time wouldl result in
serious injury to the crop.
Rico is growing well, but birds are
reported to have destroyed much late
Lam'ge shipments of vegetables conl
tinue from the truek districts, but rain
Is badly needed for late varieties.
Peaches very promising -in portions
of Edgetlold, and fair In other sections
for late varieties. Grapes rotting in
Darlington. Berries gneallynplimt.
ful. Melons not doing well generally.
Sugar cano and sorghum started to
grow nicely and up to average con
ition. Grass both for pasture and hay
growing slowly. Hay crop promises
to be light. Some peas were son n dur
lug the week but rain is needed before
this work will be pushed. Gardens
are failing very fast owing to want of
From the national bulletin of May
24th:-" Cotton has experienced gen
eral improvement in Texas and has
made rapid advancement in the south
ern part of the State, where squares
and bolls are forming. Decided im
provoment is also reported from Ala
bama, with favorable reports from
Georgia and Arkansas. Cool nights
have proved injurious in Tennessee,
and but slight improvenent is report
ed from Louisiana, where the plant is
sickly and is being injured by lice.
While cool nights have unfavorably af
fected the plant in Mississippi, it shows
J. W. BAUI, Director.
In need of a remedy to relieve pain you
want the surest, quickest and best.
Such an one is Rice'a Goose Grease
Liniment. It relieves all pain at once.
It cures Group, Coughs and Colds as
soon as used. For sale and guaranteed
by all druggists and general stores.
It also relieves whooping cough.
Se*den.ed .Soh.dule Io Eftbs
NOV. 15, 1500.
rU, haeson....... ...... W6 10a
. wuba .............. . 160A
" o p rty..... ......... 11 p m
. w err -........... 2 p
. ney- 2 ..................... 1 2a p. o . ..... . 14a ......... .: 5b"i
rn ......................148 pmn
STATION. No 12
Sgreeu . ........... m
Piedmont. ....... . . ..... a m
Williamston... .............. 1 18 a m
v. Anderson .-~~~ m
AV. Gelton..l ............... ..11 8 a -n
.A. l................... . 2 p~i i
___b........Tf~ 4a ti
v. iod............y- 12 2U
" Greonwo1~..................... 100 p m
Nnety ....................... 1 2 p m
Lv. Newberry..................... 2 5 p
Prosperity .................... 2 82 p m
4r. Clubia II i4an~
i. Chadrleston.................... 0~0 p i
Nn.i INal STATIONS. al i
" p r Ow v.... .ale .on... .. 1 O 0 p t
T 9u -64 1v~ rT T c,i,T,Tr .. a apitl
" Ne 126p- 8.......Asto........ .2 45p S434
020a 202e .......Union....... 1 ip 720p
"S8a 2p Joiny.vi.le. 8 p
I6ar_Columb a . o... .....p.. I 503 m
0a8 T12a 0pAr Spnranhnrg. Lv 11 4yi 0
p 1a 8p Lv Spartonburg. Ar8 0 1123 6
top 70pi,Ar Asovile. Lv 8 20 t
,.P np.in. A,am.
Trains 9 and 10 carr elegant Pulnas
sleeping ears between Cn.i,nbia and AHhe+viIt,
eroute daily betwee Jcksonvie and 2iut6in
Train* leave Spartanburg. A. & C. diston,
prthbound 42 a. in., A:47 p... 6:18 p in.
t in 9u a 1c rr ( eileb n Piit en
Trains leave* Qprtnbor,e A. &n C. division,
~rthbound. 6:42a. mn.. 28:4 p. m. 6nd18 p. m.
iestibuled Limitied);* .amt hound1 122 a.m.
4t9op. n. 11:28 a. mn., (VJetibuled Limited)~
PullmBaiaeae .sIeeling (ears onl Traius s6 anr
IS, S7 and . . on A and U. udivision.
W. H GR EEiN, J. MA. CLTP
Gen. Supint. metent.. Tradlfe M'gr
Washbu~'Onn. LiC 0 asinom d
UA. TUlRK. 15. H. IiAlt1)wVVa
"a. '' do.. .. r " Al Nota.
* DOUL E DAILY
Tro Atlanta, Charlotte, Augusta, Ath..I
ens, Wilmington, New Orleans and
INew Y ork, Boston. Richmond, Wash
ingtoti, Norfolk, Portimouith.--Sched
ule in effect Fob. 7, 1897.
I itsOUTHl BOUN p.
No. 4n3. No..i1,
Lv New York.----.....*1l 0am 9 00am
i'Ihiladelphia-..-----. .--.. 12pm 12 05am
lhitin.ore ....-----.....3 15pm 2 50am
W ashington ...........i 4 -1pm 4 .OmM
_Richmond--.-----...... 5p 0a
Norfolk via S. A. L.*8 30pm*9 05am
I ortsmouthi . . . . 8 4i5pmz 9 20a
Hendl(erson.-----........12 54am * I 30pmn
Ar Durham via S A L..t7 32a~m t1 09pm
Lv urham .------... f52pmt1i100am
Raleigh via S A L-..* 2 1am*3 3~ r
Sanford.-----........... 3 3am 5 03pm
So P ines.--.---....... 4 22am 55p
H1am let ................. 5 10am 6 53pm
wadssre..........551am 8 11pm
WE WANT TC
Monroe . 0 43am 9 12pm
Shrlotte V11% 1. A. L.* 8 308m*10 25)ln
hesr va A L... 8 10an 10 47.pm
columb ia, p 1 & L It iR 4 311pmt 7 45pm
tr inlo .........UOw 21p
Greenwo'"'''''-'''-' . 45am 12 10pm
Abbeville ............. 13am 1 4Oam
ilbertoli '''-'''-..11 03an 1 40am
Lr Athens .............1.2 07pm 2 41am
Av-Winder.........-..... 115Jpm 4384an
Ar Atlanta 8'' '''''' 150 4 30ami
-...... -... .......... 2 60pm 5 2U0rm
Lv Atla,ita ..*.38-. N. 40:e
Lv Athens.........'''' -....*7 60pm*12 00nn
Elberton....'''' ...10 42pn 3 1lpm
Abbeville . - -...-....12 33an 4 lbpm
Grevlen ............... 140ar 55 6pm
reenwood ........ ..... 2 00am 541pm
Clinton ........... 3 i3m U 4)
Ar Colu.nbia.... t7 N&LRi
Chester----..**-----.4 43am 3 1p
Ar Charlotte via A 1..... *8"3-30 *Hi spm
Monroe S A L.......... ( 0Sam 9~1
Hamlet ---------....... 35am 11 23p
Ar WVilminlgton ......*1230pm . 30ai
So V'ines..- ........ 0 20am 0 't
Raleigh.... ........*11 35ain*1135an
Ar Durham via S A L .t. 4 OUpmt7 823
l,vD_urlanrt............... tIl 10am +5 20nm
Weldon 1 A L - . . ... ...*3 00pi ~5~am
Richmond .............. 6 50pm 8 15ams
Washington viaPeinRRll 10pm 12 31pnl
Baltimore...............12 48arn 1 43pmv
Philadelp)hia........... 3 45ain 3 50pm
New York--------......*6 53am *6 23pm
Ar Portsmouth.... .. .... 650p 7 30am
Norfolk -.. 6 05pm *7 50am
?1)ally. t)aily Ex. Sunday. $iDaily Ex.
Non. 403 and 402 "Th Atlanta 8 oal''
Bolid Vestibule Train, with lulrott SIeepers
and Day Coaches betwveon Washington and
Atlanta. Also Pullman Sleepers between
Portsmouth and Chester.
Nos. 41 andl 88, "The S. A. L. Ix p ross." Solt,
Traif, of Pull man. Sleeporsa and Say Coaches
betwen Portsmouth and Atlan t.
For Tickets, Sleooert and inforia
tion apply to ticket agents, or to
B. A. NEWLAND, Gonoral Agent,
Pass. Dept., 6 Kimball House, Atlaita,
GEO. MCP. BATTE, Trav Pass. A gt.
Oharlotte, N. C.
i: -0 .t 1 t :1.
Couda n.e4 Rehuihi, .; 1r....tr t'ralna.
In E&Qeot .1 r 't .-. ..
Vo'. V. Is t"qt. i1i
Northbound. N".1 f.. 3 r .. No. 36
!a, sI 1iliy. snl. 1141ly.
7. Atlanta, O. r. 7 5) ,.2 t0)0 ti 4 P 11 60 }
Atl.uta, t. T. 8 5' .t 1103p 5 p 12,0 a
* eNrer:>a... . 11:51 al . . 8 p 1 94 a
" Bord..... 100. :l 7 08 p .
0 Galnesville... 10:-6 al 20 p 7 483u = 15 i
" La...... .. 110:il -4 p 8U 8p a47 "
" Cornelia...... 11 !22 a .. . 8 ;,p ......
Ar. Mt. Airy..... 11 ,t . 8 40p ....
f. Toouca....... 11 64 t 3 83 u . . 8 43 a
Westminstor, 12bvi .. 4 1 a
" Central 1I . . 4 55 a
" Gr,onville . 2.'. 2: ) 3 8 i ...... 5 -15 a
" 1; artauhurg. 8 47 p' 0 is ... 371
" Gan'noys... 4:2 p.. .. ... 7 15 a
M Blaksb rg .. 447p 7 03 ... .. 7 3.15 a
" Ring's it. . 513 pl. ... .... 7 bu a
(.lastonla..... 68) Ip .. ...8 21 a
Lr. Charlotte ... 6 411 p. 8 130 p ... 9 30 a
Ar Danville .. . I1 2 p 112 00 n . ... 1 80 p
Ar. Richmond . . 0 6 0a. 1 40 p
Ar.Waslinglon.. 6 42 a ... . 9 40 w
" laltmr'i.P1i. ,. .... S eI a. .....1 J 5
" Philadelphiia.. .. . a ... 2 a
Uouthbond. |N 31s No. 37
IDaIly. l)at iv. 1)aily
"altimore. .. 6 22 a' 9 20 p.I
" a singto..11 15 ai 1j p
Ln'. Richamond ... 12155 p 2 00 a 200 a.
Lv. D'nylle -- . 8 5 50 a 6 05a.
Ar. Charlotte .. 10 p9 25 aI 11 a a
Xv.Giastona.1050 p ........1, p .
m 8p'artan3burg . 12 2:1 a~ 1 7 a 3 15 p~
" reenvlle.... 20 a 12 28 p 4 (J p
en~stral..... . 05 a 1 15 p 5 15p p7
onecat...... 241 a I 05 P 65400 p
" ,.occoa .... 8 i5 a 2 18 p 0 381 j>""
" M t..Ar .. .... ... ... 7 1 p """
Corl.--.... ............ 35 p 653
Lula., . .. 4 9 a13 p 808 p 657.a
:: ,"ua- 486 a 331l p 835 p 7 20 a
" N-r-ros...... ...........07 p 7 48 _
Norron -9 ~)8 27 a
Ar. Atlanta, id, . '#'56 p 10 (9080 a
Atlnta0. . 51 a8 55 p) 980 p 813D0
A" a. ma. "P p. mi. "M" non. "N"' night.
NTos. 371nd38-Daily. Washington and South.
Weatorn veastibule Lhnited. Th'lroug.h Pulhuan
Blaspinoar betwa,en NOw York nud New Or
len.va Washington, At manta and Mont gam-.
ery, and also bmet ween New York and Mem h1
viaashngon,tlataand Birmn,gh i. r
ton and Atlana Dining carea erva all mnea?$
o#-$5.andSS-UutedStated M~ al
aean viao thorn Ra ay, A . '. R1. R.,
and L. & N. . R.. hbig cemoqaod of baggage
ear and coaches, t'hroa$a iit hunat change for
~assn gers of all *laa%es. Pu.ijnaan drtawine
Oem pleping oara between New York a il
e!w Orogna, via Attenta and Montg) erf,
Javtg Washhtgtoa Eae.h Saturday, a tq~ia
~laig oar wIll run through bqtween Wash
Iatnand 8 au Frialsoa wi t . eha e
No.. 11, 87 and lU-v,liaw sleeping ear. >.
Sween Rc,hm,ond and -.rl1, to vIm 6scwll
soutlhoundj No.. II and 87. 4rbeabound4 W.t
Tho Air lkir.e Belle' Womu, os. 17 and d. be
tw,.en Altlan t.a and Mount, Airyp. Ga., daily e.
W. . b1 .N J. M. Op ~
Gnn'j 8upt., ,raT t Mg
Washington, D. 0. aislagt 6. a
W A. TUR1K, 8. fl. UAIIDW10
Ga.', Pasat. Ag't . A.4dt (4,.,,' Pn ig'
Bros. & o.