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HE PEOLSJ RN
VOL 9N0 20. PICKENS S. C., THURSDAY JUNE 8, 899 ONED A
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_______ D L A A.F i v.9Y E A R
GAPHIIC STORY OF '11 H N' FIGIT.
The Victory Won by Our Anicestors
How the Ulattle Wis Fought-His.
lorIc Places in the Neighboring
The News and Courier gives the fol
lowing report, of the historical address
by lIsv. J. D. Bailey'at the Cowpens
R1Lv. J. D. Balloy, of Cowpens, was
the !ast spacik r. in beautiful and im
pressivo language he gracefully
opened the way for his historicii
sketch of the bauttle of Cowpens. Oa
1.s face iL shows careful prcparLtio.
In its presetit shape it is a valuabie ad
dition to the Ihterature that bears on
this section of tho SLate, and is here
given as ircpared.
'Tis trLue that there iIy have been
in soiUC'I Lspe2cts greater battles, but
all things considered none played a
imore il)orItant, part In to gre',
draima o. the R .volution than that en
ected on the glorious lield of the Cow
)su. [orl a time proVI3Us to this ac
ioa the causo of liburty in thu Car.
linas seemed almo6t hopeless. Gtten,
had been d'sasroasly dieated at CAM
den and Cut to pieces on 1ah ing
Creek. This forced the littli bat(
of patriots to flee to the Imlouitams of
North Carolina, Tenne:eeo and Vir
ginia for saf.ty, thcreby leavin, the
country to the mercy of tc Britis,
and Tories. But the spirit of these.
fugitive heroes was by no means crush
They determined to unite their
forces anld destroy the proud and du
liant Vergus0on, who was at that time
master of the up-courity. A plan wuas
agreed upon, and the final junction of
these intrepid devotees of ii berty was
formed at the Cowp.2n!s-the very same
licld on wivhich we are asseCIbed to
day. The next day, OWtobe- 7, 1780,
they overtook Ferguson at Ktig's
Mountain, where he was killed and hi.
army totally destroyed. A littlu more,
than three months latter- caie the bril
liantaction at tLe Cowpcns in which tLe
irrepressible and heretofore ev..I
victorious Tarleton was put to ii:git
and his army cut to pieces. The vie
tory at King'o Mountain opened up the
way for that at Cqwpans ; hence on
that mountain and on this plain are
the pivots on which the tide in favor
of American liberty completely turned.
Yea, t a-ese two mighty and successfni
blows virtually broke the backbone (A
British supremacy in the South. Then
is it saying too much when we declare
that if there had been no King's Mou
tain and if there had bein no Cow pen
there would have never been any Yor-k
Fellow cit'zns, troad softly, fur yo"
sttad 'on sacred graond. Tie boil be
neath your feet udrank blood which w". -
poured out as thbe prie of liberi v.
Only a few rZods away lie the remi
of twwelve martyr-0Lers, who not Otil
polred Out their bluod, but, gave ii.
their lints as wei!
Soon after Ge. Gr'ee&: nni te a::i mllco
comim lid of t1,: Siuthirn arIy a 1,m-t
cf it wias ordere.d to 1uareh1 into Soui6
Carol na unui-r Majir Geo. D)ic I
Mrgan. This dL tactniet't csui-tId
of 820 Mahders, unde r Liu. Co!.
Howard, 200 V ii. ll mlit.u, Und.Ir
Major.1'ri pletA, und S0 caval-y, led by
Lieunt. Col. \Vm. \Vu;:ington. On L)
cember 1G, 1' SO, the o-der caern' 1or
Morgan to nmarch. L0ouvinigi Chrli- tt
he crossed the Catawba IrIi r-d
rivers a d pite-hd hisi camp at :
Grindal Shloai, On.tthc east bank of ttut
Pa'1eolet, on Cii-illma, lAy. SooLn af tr'
his arrival at tile Griedat Sho:.h Mur- j
gan was joined by 'a b.dy of Not-hi
Capoli na nifitia under i the coinmnani L
of Major Joseph Mcl)owell. Tihe re'I
ments of Cuis Tnomas IbamIdoRI and C
John Thomas took part in c:ose p:oxi- J
mity to Mui-gan. AL, the same timie
MceCali's r mgimuent, which wvasi a part t
of Pickcns's brigade, joined .is; stanl
dard. A party of GJeor-gians undit er th -
com0 tinand of Majors Jackson and Cun-l
ninghami arlo came up. t
JHeing in a sectLion that had iong ~
been overrun by lHeitish andl Torijes
priovisions were ver-y scarce. Henco it
was necessary for Morgan to send out
for'aging detachiment~s at sonmc dis
Vance. A b3ody of somne two hundred
Tories, .whose headquarters were t,
Hammoude's sitor-e on L.ttle River, ad
vance d as "far as t'air iuest Creek to .
embarilrass these operations. Morgan
bimed iately detiached :200 moi(untedl
m iltia and 75 craval ry men, under- Cols.
Warshing. toun and~ McCall, to drive these
Loyalists fr(mn the country. Ilear r: g
of Wvashing to s approach the T1ories
fell bacek Vo H.athmenu's stiore.
A fle cr cing u s.m ic erty mi'ues Wash. ai
ingtom ii tilled at tamt poinmt aind im.
mediately or-dered ai charg-ie. it waIs a
ti gh t inuste ad of a conl II!', andi one
hiundried amd fifty L 'ynhI us- were E"
ki Iied and forty pi-ison- ri taken. Cu ..
Washington noaw ..eerined to tal
vane 'still furtor ,intoiLi thme ienmy's
country'and attack a boly of Tor'ies on d
Mad liek Creek, um.ar W lii amn'a Ptanta
tion commanded by3 Col. Cunnuigham, I.
bum. the Toriesima de theitr esenc to t,
Ninety-Six, which was~ near by. -c
T1hoso hold muovenmen ts on the pe t e
of the A mericanas iniiae Co-n wail is
fear for the 3afuty of the garrmbon at
Ninety-3i4... So on the l..t of 'January, (
1781 , Cornwhll i or-dered Tar]leton,
whlio h'ail. already ad vatnced as) far a: n
Beler~-'sm. .ikr:-y, on Broad litiver-, to ~
movo toward-s Ninety-Six, wI- h special
I nstr-uctfons thamt ho push Morgan t)
the utmos4.". .T;rletoni's cmrps co~n.
sistedI of abou',. 1,1i0 enen, 500) tof whmom fi
belonged to hiis ? readed leglont, wichul. p:
had carried desolution ilnboeVery part V
o.f .the State. In accordance withn his V
orders Tiarle tonifomVed':1.0 wards the c,
West, but ibfber probeinding 20 miles g
he found Liib-t 'the ordeur for t'heol litg
tropps to mrove v was im orroir, so he h
hal ted lin oo tto make miot- complJleto r,
ar-rangemen . tie- hie fomndl t!at ai
Miorgani Was pmnito ad .diaanee from a
N ihety-Silx, ar dm timaL that post wai
coih parati vejy depr'e, .0 sot -prop~osed e
to Cornwall is ,tliat they make a jointa
imovement' against, Mlmrgan. Time plan
was for korn..walls to) march uip on the
east ride..f. Broad li'veir, in the vicin
ity- of King's. Mountain, wvhilo Ta.ric
ton wvas to move'up~ to the iystwardl iand
- ad Miorgan' olf. said - 'm
"When -J advanlec '.Td.arleton i
his mue-saige to (.lorniwall's, " I iumt 'j
ei thert des troy M organ's corps, or push
i:t,. bieform inn over Broad I tiver, to. C
wards King's- Mountain" To this a
E&IO Ri.utuy vunlusuu. inofnce
on Juno 12, Tarleton resumed hi,
march, moving in a westerly directioi
in order that he might find the most
practicable fords for the passage o
the Mnorco and Tygdr rivers. Thesc
streams were passed on the 11th, abovi
the Chorokoo roau, and on the oven.
lug of the 15th he reached the valiey
of the PacClet.
When Col. Washington was return.
In,0 from Hammond's store to Grindal
Sh'als bo passed near where Gen.
Pickens was encamped in the Plumber
settloment, between F'air Forcst and
Tyger RivQr. Major Joseph MeJunkin
obtained leave to stop at this camp for
a while. Just at this time Gen.
Pickens heard of Tarleton's advance
upin Morgan. No time was to be lost.
Leling that It iw.s unsafe to send i
written message Gen. Pickens chose
Major Joseph MeJunkin to bear the
in formation verbally. In company
with James Park, Major McJunkin se
out about dusk for Gon. Morgan's
Ci1mp. It was a perilous journey ; the
night was intensely dark and the
streams very high, because of excessivu
rainfiall. After swimming l.air Forest,
Mlli Greek aud Paeolet, lie reachoe
the northern bank of that stream,
where ej. was hailed by the sentinel
and kept In the edge of the river until
the corporal of the guard could come,
when he was conducted to G.,n. Mor
gan's tent. Her' Major MeJunkin in
formed him that Benny Taricton was
coming to give him a blast; that he
r:Id promised Lords Rawdon and
Uurnwallis, on leaving Winnsboro,
hat he would have the old Wagoner,
. o., MNicgan to dine with him in a few
.a1Us. At this time Col. Washington
wvats at Wolford's Iron Workson [Lw
!ou's Leork, now Glendale, having hI
Upon receipt of the message do
vered by Major McJunkin. Gen. Mor
,an called Out to a little Flrenchman,
vho had just came in from the iroll
vorks, but was then asleep: "Barron,
,et up and go back to the iron works
md tell 3illy that Benny is approach.
ng, and tell him to meet me to-mnor
'ow evening at Gentleman Thompson's,
:I the east side of Thickety Creck."
Xccordingly on the next morning which
vas the 15'h, Gen. Morgan broke up
:amp at Grindal Shoals and marched
n the direction of his former encamp
nent, at Burr's Mill, on Thicaety
Jreek, and halted for the night, just
welve miles from this point. The site
if this encampment is, in all probabil
ty, not far from the confluence Gf Big
nd Little Thickety.
Being joined by Col. Washington
mnd Gen. Pickens, the march was re
umned early on the morning of the
61th, arid the little army reached the
owlpens about sundown on the same
ay, and - halt was again called. Gen.
lorgan's route from Grindal Shoals to
owpens was by the way of Hancock
i'le, now Mr. DArbin Littlejohn's;
'"'n in the direction of Gonch e,
.;reek, where he struck the Cowpen,
idge, which he followed by way o;
'hiuket-y sta'.ion and Macedonii
'ihurhIb) to I is point. Oa their arrival
the Cowpens the patriot bind wat
nfor'med that it was there where they
hIould meet the enemy. This was re
ived with great joy. for they were
nXiols to light, ama mn-may curus werae
Cap)d upoa Gen. Morgan during the
a'cIh from Grindal Shoals, for th..y
iiuaght that he was retreating in
rdL.r to avoid an action.
Though night, was soon upon them
iuch remai:ed to be (Jine. Gen. MIor
an well knew the power of Tarleton's
aio. and det nied it all im nortant to
irengthen his cavalry. Volunteers
-ore called for, and they were ordereu
rs any hor:tes into service not be
magin i to an oliear or dragoon. Two
omlianiles were formed by Majors
ully and McCall, consisting of aoout
)rty-five mnen. T'his madie Wvashin..
un a force about i:7 strong. Morga~n
rent about among the volunteers,
elped them to lix their swords, joked
hami about their sweethearts and told
hem to be of good cheer, and the day
rould be theirs. lProm point to point
e went amo~ng tIeo men encouraging
hem anid telling them that the " id
Vargoner " would crack his wip over
kmn Tarleton in the morning ars sue
s they lived. "' Just hold up your
cads, hoys," he would say, "' tnrce
re and you arc free. And when you
uturn to0 your homes, how the old
> ks will bless y'ou andl the girl will
iss you for your gallant conduct."
Iljor Thomas Young said: "I don't
oh ive that ho slept a wink that
Now, while these brave troopers
cha few hours sleep, let us return
ad wiatch the inovements of the
nmemy. We left, Tarloton in the valley
fthe Paeole;,. H-Jo intended at one
mne to cross t-hat stream at the Iron
ourks, now Cl ifton,, but changed his
:arae and crossed at, F0sterlinug Shoals,
go of the Pa'.coet took place about,
aylighl, on lihe morning of the 16th.
(Cois. Thomas llrandon andi Benjtamin
hoebuck, with some others, sat on
irm horses rand watched Tarleton
oss, counted his man, and sent their
port to headquar'ters.
'JTareton proceeded until ha camne to
in eamnp that Morgan had deserted
omoing before. Still watched by
01s. IHrandon and Ib~ebuck, he re
tmed ther uc ntil 3 o'clock on the
mrrning of the ll7th, when he renewed
is line of nmrch towar'ds the Cow1,ens.
Somne timDe biefore dlay MEorg'an'
mith ful scouts came runnIng in arnd in
)rmner him i thart Tarlctron was ap-)
roaching, a'nd was not more than,
arco miles away. Upon recellpt (of
,als IntellIigonce Gen. Morgan, ac
:>mpaniedl hy'Gen. P'ickens, hogan tu
o from mess to me:ss, saying : " Boys,
et up), Benny is coming, and you that
ave sweeth aarts, or wives, or chi ld
3n, or par'ent-s. must light for them
nd( above all you must ight for lIberty
nd your country."
I'h Is appearedi to nervo the arm of
very truri friend of liberty. After
aus speaking to both the ii tia and
io regulars, tho tattoo was sounded
nd the Ilinesa of battlo wore formned,
he first line w/as formed on the crost
ithe eminence just, a little to the
iutheaist of the montument. ThIs lIne
)nelted1 of 3190. Maryland regulara and
0 \ Irgina ni ilitia, undlerM'r
riht ThIs line, consisting of 3
uins, was under the command of Lieut.
ol. Ihoward. This line composedl the
ower of Morgn'arm..y. ..nd upo it
no (epended largely for success. Or
hundred and fifty yards in front ,
Howard's line a second line was formei
consisting of about 350 volunte
militia, commanded by Gen. Andre
Pskens. Ono hundred and liity yart
in front of Picken's line a third lit
was formed, consisting of 619 or I
picked r flemen, commandct'. by C.
Cunningham and Major Mol)owel
The let and 21 Spartan regiment,
under Cols. Brandon and Thomai
were in the front line. Some thre
hundred yards in roar of the main link
under Howard, behind an eminenc<
near Mr. J. 1-. Ezoll's, was posted Co
Washington, w.tb his cavalry as a r<
serve. Order where then given tha
the third line shou d~open tire and the
faill back to the second line unde
Pickeno, when this line should mair
tun its ground as long as possible an
then fall back to the first and miaL
line, under Howard, where the lina
assault was to be made. Admirable ar
leverything being thus in readints
G-n. Morgan addressed his soldiers a
follows : " My friends in arms; in
dear boys: I requestyou to remembe
Saratoga, Monmout), Peola an
Braady wine, and this day you must pla
your parts for your honor and liberty'
cause." Thon, turning to the great
sovereign of the universe, he thus ad
dressed Him: 0 O, thou, great dis
joser of all events, the battle is not ti
the strong, nor the race to the 6 -v if I
Our domineering, enemy now bng ii
sight, On ! leave us not, nor forsatck
us !" This never-to-be-forgotten mnr
of January 14, 1781, was clear and ex
trernely cold, so much so that the iur:
could only keo their hands warm bl
slapping them together, wbile thej
awaited the apl)ioach of the enemy.
So we readily see that when Tarle.
ton reached the Cowpene, shortly aftei
sunrise, he found Morgan in perfeci
readiness to receive him. Findin
Morgan drawn up in battie array, Tar
loton ordered his infantry to divest
themselves of everything except theii
arms and ammunition, and when with
in four hundred yards of the enemy h(
proceeded to form his lines of battle,
All things being in readinces, th(
British advance(1 in a sort of trot, ut,
tering a loud halloo. Major Thomaz
Young declares that it was the most
beautiful line he ever saw. A:
thu British hallooed, Morgan wa:
heard to say : " Boys, they gave u
the British halloo ; boys, give then:
tio Indian halloo," and galloping
along the lines he cheered the my
and told them not to lire until thel
could see the whites of their eyes,
lAvery (llicer was crying, " Don't tire :'
for, says Major Young, " it was a hard
matter for us to keel) from it." As thc
redcoats streamed along,- a column
marched up before the front line op
posite COl. Brandon's men, led by a
gailly-dressed olicei- on horseback.
rhis fellow seemed to be iather busy,
and made himfelf obnoxiously Con
splCuous in the eyes of the patriotic
Americans. Word passed aLon the
line, " Who can bring him down'.
John Savage looked Coi.- Parr full in
the face, and read "yes " in hiL; eyes.
So Savage darted a few paces in front,
laid his rifle against sapling, a I lue
gas streamed above hs head, a sh'.trp
crack of a r.113 broke the solemn subsi
ness of the moment, and the resuit
was that a horse without, a rider
wheeled from the front of the advane
'.o you see that John Savage, of
Union District, fired the first gun in
the battle of (owpens, and that that
shot brought down a British licer.
The next momeont it was ''pop," "opO,'
'pop," and then a whole volley from
the front line of picked rilleme'.
Their fire was unerring, and a num
ber of saddles were emptied, as they
had been ordered to mark the "epau
1lette men.' TIhe British continued to
steadily advance, and the front line
fell back to the second line undler
Pickens. After delivering some mur'
derous lires this line was forced back
and retreated towards [Howard's flank,
ais they had been ordered to do. Bit
before they could gain the cover of
this line the Biritish cavalry on the
right charged and drove them back
towards the position held by Washing
That brave ofiler immeniateiy met
this bold dash by a counter-chmarge',
whIch scattered thbe British hmorse in
the wildest confusion. Gen. P'iekens
now promptly rallied andl reforined his
men and passing around the ridge be
hind which Washington had been
posted he r'eachcd the right flank of
Howard's line just us the enemy
were about to turn it. While these
things were transpiring other grave
and important ones wcere taking place
on other parts of the field. When the
militia by their retreat uncover'ed
Howard's line ho p)oured a terrific lire
into the columns of the advancing
enemy. This was vigorously returnedi
and for fifteen or itwenty minutes the
ground was bitterly contested, Seeing
that his advance was checked, Tarle
ton ordered his reserves into action ;.
the infantry to taike a position on his
left while the cavalry was to charge
the American right. llis obj.et, was
to 'turn Howard's llank withb the re
serves, while those already engaged
should entertain the main line. This
was quIte a strategic move and was
very dangerous for the Amcricmsns.
llut. Morgan was equal to the occasion.
Lie ordered Pickens to a',ack the en
smy's left, flatnk, and Washington to
charge thbeir right. IBoth orders were
Pickens struck the left, flank of th-e
reserves and( WashIngton chargedl
mna broko through theit' cavalry, just
as they were about to sweep diown on
floward's right. Before these nmovc
ments were understood by Hlowardl,
seeing the danger to which his right
was exposed, he ordered t'he fihuik comn
piany to change their front. here a
hingu lar' thing happened. Howard's
order to change front was understood
that they should retirse to the eminence
some i staince. in the rear'. Hloward
seeing thIs supposed that Morgan had
givyen the ord'er', aind Mlorgan suppos . (
that IIlowaird hadtu given ,he or'der'. The
cnemy seeing th is mnovenment, miist)olk
it for a r'etsreat and somew hat cor;
fused ly datssed forward't, yelling at the
tops8 of their voiece, until they werec
w i thin tlh ir'ty y a r ds of llow a'd's Iten.
Seeing the' confusion, espeeially of
the enemny, Washington sont, Morgan
wordl " That they were comning on like
a mob, and If he wulm ivc th.eom on
A3 fire the cavalry would chargo them."
)f Morgan Instantly ordered th men to
I, face about and fire, which was doC
r with such deadly (ifect that the ci'env
W gave way. lloward then ordereid a
Is bayonct charge, and Washlnigton
M wheeled into the icar and was about
0 to charge when they laid down tiei r
I. arms. The victors now coneentrated
I- their (Iforts narainst the forces of tIl
enemy who w. re still trying to main
6 tain their ground, and they, too, were
o soon put to light. At this late hour
Tarleton vainly hoped to rvetse tlni
, fortunes of the day. 11 ordered Ii.
flying cavalry to halt and reform, and
an eil'ort was made to collect h1 is strag
t gling infantry, but all to uo aviil. ,1',
use Torleton's own words, Neithe
r promises nor thr-eats could g ain Lhir
attention ; thoy surrendered or d i,.
The couilict was now ovor, :nd one
of the most glot-lous aid nolnuatoi.,
victories that was over achi 'ved e
any people perched on the Amie a
banners. On that January morn, IIs
years ago, from i this epot r*ose a bl
ing star of hope, and in t:( gre
galaxy of itvoluoitionakry battik ti bl
none shines with greate b'r1iin1
than that of Cowpens.
Tho number of Mrgan'S fortCs a
the Cowpens was about 850. "hil ar I'm
leto's amounted to 1, 150. The A mit ri
can loss wav 12 kilild and 62 wound:(.
The British loss was 80 killed, 1:,(
wounded and 600 prisoners. T w )
Iieces of artillery, two s'.ands of Color
800 muskets,, 100 horses, 3- wa)ois,
vith all tho enemy's Ilusic, felu into,
the hands of the victors. ien Tar
leton was forced to see that all n .
lUst, in colipaniy with somne of h
horsemen he IL-d from the fIld inu Lhi
direction of Ilamiilton's Lord. on Bi ro;
River, and nCver' Stoppled un1iti 1 l b
reached Cornwallis's camp on Turk' y
Creek, in York District. Aor omlll
unknown reason Cornwa'ili had nit
co-operated in the ioveit lt agalii n
Morgan as previously arranged.
Though colopicteIy victorious Mor
gan was fully conseiojs of his danger,
and doomed it expedient to miovo at,
once. Placing the dead and wounded
under a flag of truce, and leaving them Ii
to bu cared for by the people of tih
neighborhood, he set out in the diree
tion of the Lbland Pord, on Broad li ver.
to which place lie nad imv(Id hi. hap -
gage early inl the mortiog. I'assing i
that streai at, that, place he cnea-1ped I
on its north bank tue first night after
the action. N..-xt day he resumed hi:
iarch towarId t11at'vs 'I.Vrd, on tli.
Catawl. elure colliencCd his fumou
race with CarIiwalli,, but all tilO wori t
knows that Cornwallis ni: r caught
ORIGIN OF FILIPINO WAR.
AGUIN A D0 AIWA VS I SoiA .N 1'.
Ge nerial oim UCxplan t(he Suittatilo
ill ille l'iilippinlen--t h A ie it d
Colutnatler (I U1. WaUs Gne(l liairy.
' ..' L-Il C tary of 'V. r i t.;
lubliC Lh lepot of G ner-2 0
to VhW pr~o- irud.lnl
Gen'. Ofti- b %n: ith Lhis :1t. w :
"V i ilhl se m lt y O wa os ae ;.r
have htfle t' a,! I 1;,rM.,,.
particub~rriy to eahi attem'icI to th l is
and dleve opmlent, vfemi~n.ca'e.
cumtnzamo_S Qe el. iavi
war. This !' d!Co l .-m- '
order t,. corret lte S m )!k v p -r v :. I
ing iplloression that Li': 1-_ e. a i' I'
th Unitkai S",..trs I r.- f4 .
throughi de~coit or, wro gil. ;-:1.1.
the re nt existing' ho.-tlith t
To thitl lie gives a 10nort suoiu-1AI'y
of the l'tiilippinu insuirretion againd
Spainl, liayi ng s -ess oil th fit, th11a' a p
simaill band of the nat.iv.s of i.i
leaders of thle rebeillion oh ~1n ::I-ign .
Spain, were induced for ai mone~~try :
eonsideiration to leave the is- 1n1 1. The-~
men returined~ to the vicinity ofN sbnii:
aifteri the diestruiction of On a S3panish
ileet, they beinir, as Gen. O!.is says,
"'ufencouraged without, auithor'ity Lto a.
temp lt the organiitIon of an a'd e J.: n.
dent, government, for the IPhlili pine
I ndepend once, (G2n. Otis t-ays', wvas
pr'ocfannmd b~y Aguin1ahto ini Auiigust
and1( an, early as July he hadi~ warnedi Lib
Un1 itiu.1 St~atos authorities agLinlst, the
laning l Of it- imil itary for'ecx o-a l 'hi:
ilpinle Holl witlbot first obtainin h4l~
conlien1tI. h'rimmei, as lhe ex:<pread itL
'"the l Milipieano Pt (ople miKh', conu ,ide
tihe odeupayitol iof i'iIlippm Ie .-citor
by North A m..:ricani troupi.s a' i yh htiC.
States for~es, were lanided fru 1a thi r
tr'anspor'ts nearil and1 to) thle <ith of
M anilIa for' the purps i'oS2f altt i ,e
city the fiction thet they n eri'e-n
as allies of the insm-'I: ntA al l
furthierane of I .fi~ppin ii in He.
don0 aippear11s to hav II 412enil) covey5 4 .
by in~urgent leatder's."
Glen. OYis dlescrmbes Aguilnabsl lf.
forts to .tr'engthen his lin. s in npl pr |
atWon 1or hostilities witul th,' *nte u.
States duriiing tLhis time and expi..lin
the gr'owth o1 i-he in ur 5al mdltepen-'
Describing hi> l y Lhe ''i L wli
LIhait, ex i.ted ait toe tim1 . G ;, <>i.I
irncludeo in explanaltli if bi i'h,,..e
sotiio highly ihipoirtant emIH 'relndne
.. arly In atmwuary Gen.( Oi- ia. ald I
by consesatiivo leilipino., to api in i'ib
commiit~toc of' arm'y (Illur to'' 44 'I-t n
insurgent (commtfitteoc by wbLIib pm - "
might be'lmaintaj red.( G:n <.. r.
fused to rOcogjni z2 &itny in--ne1 e' (2 -v- m
ernmenl~lt, but wai wiling' I ieOilo t .
with Aguinaldo or a coinnai I'n nt'- ta
p)ointed by hhn.'
The report, sets ou t ill (il te 1or- u
respondemco on this subiij et whib 41*I
aildo. Tlho laltter' nam,~ d an me -,ioni
conisistin oi14(f thre'ie of hi . , hia re to l
confer' with G u. (0i. wV a view~ to wi
an amicable und, tIin h'' ii x- N I'
pre'sed surprise I hati I) '4 , v i a
receive the d elnlhn rs :- i - .1 h
reprlesentabtive4 o)he in orIg,'I agv
urn ment. .1
In his replly G.an ( ),s ex phdli.:1 tha t fa
the Un ited Stau-i'. U' v -ei.mII't. A,
such he had no au'ho Ly t. e'F- e >gnz.:i
thbo Filipino gev-rni In'en cond~ nt ,
rc1(ive, olliclaily, rI pr*-, 2,u :s of b
that' gov - menL l. I li ixprs'l w
earnest, hope thait itel iiinm litnlrs t,
named by him and141 A' ui naili wali d1) I
able thriough. oe)ifroliCo to dispel ti
In isi 13istinding whiuh e'xisted.I
w~ i mder tstrict orders f rom the- I-I e.
doll!., Ilk! ' sid, to a~void vi coolicit if pw
-H Ilo, but ho ais~oniilied A., iik~
~t. tho Ame1ricanl ti'opps were awil
Of LIII. PLlIiii 110 C tilrts to jiivoi pitl
1(0.A1 lij H1.le point2,d out Lhat at duv
n1ite violley %' ii i'oft'Cce. to t ho I 'In
P1)1 il' wou iii halve til hi' declared I
U llr- atid for Liio uction of Cong rci
1w' hop, d Agu irundo Would liait.
(;I OLi:; 11' lithe 1 Iu~gotiIt~IOnS Wet
t''lat fiicuiilj l's .h~u'(! absoluto IlidI
il LViiji?, ht VICre Itia thjoi; t~
PVIk (it 'my ALa tomnQ L they eoli
iiiii~i;, i. I thetatLe.r partit of .1abltu
Rir.' UIi i.' Ili r ill-ll(tS heuu11111 4t a!gr'TU3lss
iiil(2 I fU~I9 o v ii~ tii A mor' enti Lioi p!
mid ii j huh I ,t~jji (ifisL,)hi jl Ihifthe
!IAt .r to A-1- d .(ill oo013)1
L01% A lllo iil ii o I 1hl. tl
Iii I !:w : (L. . twit uvi 1 (011 1 triwjim
l iip ile ) 3 m 1C :lI 'I)-I n
whlt' 1'l IC oll coli L IiA that Lhvi11
M S M " all I. vjil a.1(3 oi oki I LII , v
f.ti(tii i"tim.:,I! Li i i d P)l.;
104' i V!it':fl.ii c1''i" (Vo t a''
11 t Ill-,'i I 01jO i 0l. . y ui
oi 6iil 1' I-ii' (' 1v t1 I li td -I-: - itl I), )1
F, 1; Li.' 1
fif !l", I
'i'..' ., iiI !fl 11,11 I c
Lit( Iiv Il :-1 ;0
11'"! v i ) -' 1 111-- (i 'L iUP A ' h
lid tin:! n1L , i ''0. 1) u i 1)! (ifii
' I 'I' l ;I; ..d ' k 'l'~''- i ll Si J llr
V;-Y. il~ I ) 3.3- -, ii' t1k Ii L11) i:)
1(16' 1''' **'' iA i f, 1.* t
caid I , 's il I
VC i i'l r '(- . . i i ' i I t I l i
41 pori m, it) c ti. i i I , iI i ',til
Y 'iu '' ;IN 'Vii I lii i" hm
i-V (I.' coo ' 'lii' d( I Iw ;. hoI (1(31
Orit, 1 >ii LAW. uhie.ut U) foc an Out
'ou it at, i'
''i 'l. 11,I ''i 1 ' .1'.Io 1 11-lq1Of
Ci)] li l ii i' i tii
Ci bo i t) l t h't :t '' u p: y .i 1:g
il- i inaiL.' 12%. i (
'hid 11) i.iela d t 0Ini "' ')~llj~
i6 free hr lcrchaitl c'rriod on t11
[, sLivo trade. Jost pi Story, thi gro
,I jdrit0, ciarged the grant jury in lio
6- ton and sah0 : " TiOo i.vo trado
ih z30ll carried on amovg usi with inl
.t placablo ferocitty. Avrlco has grow
,e more subtlo inl its evisiots of tbu lav
i- Its appetito is quicitkened ratler tia
Il ;spcnded. Our cil . .!ns aro tetepe!
y up to their vetry mouthb ini this i
W. W. Story, his gifted son, says
0 " Tho i3s'on newp).pers dent.unce
-my fater, and said that a judge wh1
would deliver such a charge ought t
o be hurled from the bench,"iand he say
LI further, that " the fQLtqDLL of man
- niv of prominenlco wliere inivested I
lthi 1ifam4y011 busInCss. When slaveor
, diitppealred in New ltngland the Afrl
canU slave trado took on now lift, anm
was winLod aIr. A man nilghL bai'
f p- itioni in ociety and bo. considere<
-. tentlh man aitid a Christian, while bhi
1 sh1)- wIe freighted with -A Humar
I c:iro aetd hIs commilero -was In tlht
-1iod ntid pIn Of lIS follow creatures
I ily. of the liargest fortunes in Bostor
'ttro the bioodI imonioy of 01ho slave
traid aInd caile froi tihe sale of tlkv
v. re0tche 12goe of negroes that sur
vi ve'd 1.t-h horrors of thelr transporti
til on T~i acokhOdC1eas."
Ys, we are bhind that sort of busi
- *.n ; ev cal genurations.
But I'vo Sworn < I. Tie history of
Maessafh usets ftiLgl ues my Ildignation.
Uti rc aire our negrous who would bo
haIppy and ConteIttd if the Northern
prSi wotltl guit stirring up discontent
And tu'lig the1 iles. If old Mother
.hu ia Ward liowe, wYho is now in her
ei hit, -Ilrt ye rand oig ht toli hvo au old
wiVullt'is st.iso was Lo) drop dowu horo Izi
CtrI.r.vihe, she would s0o somo young
bucks wrestling im the depot, platform
whilo waiting for freight, andA sie
would hear the merry laugh of a score
of negro drityint who stood around.
Sihe iould heitar thei sound of the col
ored school he]l. s3io woulbl pass aud
r1pa1 negr . >mu1 wi thi a baskt, oI
cloit.hs (In ticir 'teads anid a smile
on their faces. She would see -
rl girls, ' Ce! il' 'leap. garmuent,
na rI'. wh.e childrC a unil watehir4f
MIi.n wit i t'i.ditir ca're. If there wau
ii, rl tjm hand sho would so a
4 -P, ;tin- Of w.otnen, and girls,
siaid t~e e-o'Z Ili (.diclwing tilo healrse,
I'M i !f O.h lr. was at railroadm ( xCursionl
(Il l the it -1 .1,p %. would hu CrowdIL.!
wita . h I x i ::nd all !iltts :111d s"Z..
T in wt ,.e:bll c-c t . r ,ni r fuilly t
lik- e :I roui i ;ni lit.her ,ov thtL
unoilg h."- W4a'i l thlm In hout.
lye.v L. % tI i.',"1 0 . for victory.
Oiuf Iin' 4 il Iit 0 Iu' d.lt I -
tIon i . r iS i II. . , -.\. I r i t ,I, i,
' I f n *nm n wi s
Vi . I
'io.t I m
n 1i , f i ii ('0
it) : hL I ll
1) 1 1t 1t x/ tc
JV 1, 14 1 y - hono o 'IIf e I
I i h if (I- I.,... .
* .:: I1 -.
. -v iI. fLat, Iu living: 3i . ti
'. rw -
h r .d v h id l O tku' l tm.tiit e., L 1'.
'i iat I've ..4 oro el na l yn
T1 ,I p 1 1,i i lie Al) w~t ii -rSniT t
MI ilt tilt l'i thet i1etui (Coni-re.
V(eaIy in is iten,41 niiagiti .
Dr. i l . A- i ..n i T aldr has-*i Cl c ir tbuted
th e ..ilh Is iig to- in- i~lt biroS itn) (1
ten i als )1) a p.41 1 f .TI e PII' w Y ork I n
Itd' zii ted , b.M l id lt conlfi:sely froni ai
pe *--I bLIst, hit, Ip.i:. wich uni.a d
v~,tion unal n . 1 013 uri jj. .
tti' itn c i n d-i t e e e io i '
u o . thl y. arIll .Eag'.tAiitsh,~ iptas
v 'I t( n ii~le at 1g,m e 9e
-.r-id''' .1 A .i thii ' thh ij, it ' wa r
d t - L p Ilo i up i n, u 't dj og
- upo the a n al cas4 ee~e~d(.ltui
It t 4 i.I LA 1 Il~fiO'Clai5 d,ia
nit t Li h IIe . r :u.- rtn ifa~r l a
'iby ins rilr'ion '. m
nI I on II uromil t i u')tt, ia -ant'd
no al~ T)kha'. Dr Ani.
W~tL it l~ei IIHt o h e it-r o atn Iea td
Li Ls I i, itiDu h 10u a' ti b Li tis s o f -t
flouce o tu Wrldthd .vluie on te
1 not In favor of Investigation and free
t bpeech, they argued that the trustees,
- Iuuring tliso sstion of the ponventi4p,
|uust refuso-to partf with the presidpat
- of trae bminary, and thereby encourage -
n purzult, of knowledge whatever it
.. miglit lead to. On the other hand, a
n large constituency throughout the
Duuthi Cee:ared' that Dr. Wnitsitt, al
I- though lie had aunetittud his mittake
II anlnoutC~ig his. QwiClusions as he
:ad in Teo . Indupenduut, was unlit for
tii hs( xalted plaue in thu Baptist ranks,
o and ul gcu immeu ditatu actwon.
o At thiu (on lug of tLh convention in
Loui-vihju, whtun it was known thait, the
y Ur u 'r in seision in the chapel
I. of Norton Hail, near by, there was
U niuun fu~prosed exeitemiient. I append
- hurowit tit formal report of thu his
I Itoic ineuting ;
3 Tau discussions lastbd from 3 30 to
6 6 o'ulock p. in., arid from 8 until after
I I1n th evening. According to one
i member of th board of ti ustees, the
t,ruslees were all convinced before the
sp.eaking ougan, and remained un
uiangod in their opinio'lii. There
were % number of truswos, however,
who had nevur voicot their opinions.
IiL the uma tter, and it wss for these
i'nat tho tpeakers 00 bot-h sides were
" The vote on, the question was
Iinally reached 'at 11-15 in t'b even
inlj+ By that tino.thi friends of Dr.
Wiitsitt reUlized that the tide was
against them an.4 whh tho'vote came
Ltuv. Dr. C. 1. Taylor, of North Caro
tRnLa, ono o! tho \Vhlteittites, asked
that th voto be tauken' separat'oly on
the luj-tion of accp.,ing L)r. Whit
sitto IesigajItLiUI az prusoent, and ac
ek pting his resigna0un' as professor.
Uil lWea, evLuntly, was that Dr.
Whitsib's friends might possibly be
ablc Lo win on one votw ana have him
retained in thu Profossrahip ab least.
.ou volu on accepting the resig
unationl from t0bu presidency was givon
viva Voce, and the ayes wqru decideuly
In Whu iwjljrity. Oa the prof.essor
oLily milaLLr thu contest WIS rather
close, - Wie votu starding 22 to 20 for
1,14O .aeitalce of tWh resignatlion.
Sresident., Ii.voring was not in the
nail at, th M u tirme, his p l.ace beting tilled
WcIpourarily by Vice I'resideut, T. S.
Wau. the trustoos of the Theologi
Cat SmOi3inary woOt intosession for Le
i.c;,ion of a successor for Dr. Whits itt,
only two natinne were prominently then
ictneId, lr F. 11. Ku.rfoot, profeslor.of
e.iiimtie Lbeoiogy In tho setninar.,
Auiit A IM-. .1 oul'. GJroono, presidunt
Of Williaan JU'wVl College, MIssouri.
-A ine and gracefat jit~tur fron Dr.
Kt rl..)t retii ng LQ allow h'is.natne
i) Du pUL lrwardIi, siIi)iItedJ the mat
Lrid Dr. Grut 110 was unanimo'usly
1" . -hh J l ' riest Greene, D.D.,
1A e p-i D.t- L!oUele0t l&rg
Li oo ical stininary in thu world,
1a in S.otliand County, Mis
u r 16 W. Aftr graduating at
-ango Uumtege, Mlsourl, he took
u i piomnI at Wi. Suutliern Uap
a l inari/ at Louis
VI] i - a i.uen -)ent wo y'Oars study.
it 1, pI l e, U.:rmalny. Dr. Greone
SAL liie. pays :lut', a Well-traLin d
',';I tjJ gue, a zJpiendid'ly'
9 P Umr saan CuIarNSt01, ind by.
and grait:L' !io is eminently
; it I for the re-poniblo Ijsi-t.Lon to
n he h It I heeni Ciaed.
its oil ii Kimwiog How.
A tv o hras .uomethiin *inew for its cis
. oe for our custotrnors an'di 13 'oii'o
r rsul ve-, we are not slIfish,. the -r'-~'
in':l a~ hjeen madie that one qpan's
douh- i i as good as -another's tiiati de.
puirids upon the man's abilityrto use
that dolla adi toEu.wheth~er It'is as valua
bl1e 'as som11. ,ithpr. m'an1's, Its all in
khuiag how. Onoecarplenter' catt jog'
:ahmigpatch for.eos, b'ui lo chIcken coop~s
.*4-, and il. t.t's .jhu iexltent of his re
l0l I :,-, wVhfil the same 1ools .in, the -
MIt ds ii' an'o4hhe' can how -formthe
enu~g hes't, woodt the ms oxtf' ~
-iraq.- A.1 men were not born me'
(:han'f.s to, mfore than.- all w ere born.
ear j eni ter - -'
'100 -4 WhIM~ Bacd Spread dhI -y-5 c. .f
A notiher lot.10 4 SheetNg this wedlt -
1.0 a 'a'y.tar'd. E: . - - 4
- 'New t.dditionlsto) our1 5 cet c(nt'
.fhlht'om'y remeaI'-r wIthi plega- *
'oe' a.nd prir1lt, ithle countet' consalstsf *..'['**
Organ d les La w ns, Iamninos, oter.
-l.p icial, lot of Trodels in li no -Homt- - -
et1hched goods only 25e.-. -)
. On11 lot nlice 31iza puro [Uuck Linen
-An nil Linen two yairl wide~ D.)mask
Sgmecial values in Nipk in. andi Doy
New W'iimIowv Drapery.
50 p:a'rs dIi'ttUed, ii :rI 'd and rutl id
~S Cataln, iv $1.25 a pair.
N~sw N.ott:u3. La.~ sld .insertion
gW- Itemembecr wo are agents 'for the
releiraitret i .Mc.iall laizar Patterns, p~rice
10) iad l enits.
MAHON & -ARNOLD,
211 Upper Mvain St rm3rmmrrrLrLE