Newspaper Page Text
The People's Journ
pICKENS S. C.
BRYAN SCORUS THE TRUSTS.
A PoWERFUL ARRAY OF FACTS.
Suggested Remedies for the Giant
Evil-The Trusts Can be Killed if
the People Are In Earnest,
The conference on the uses and
abuses of trusts closed its session
in Chicago in a blaze of oratory. Wm.
J. Bryan and Bourke Cochran were
the central figures and Mr. Bryan
made a great speech, and received an
ovation equal to his reception In 1890
when he won the nomination for Presi
dent at Chicago.
Mr. Bryan was introduced by Gov
ernor Stanley, of Kanst, who aoted-.as
cha~ir ehgi-iienlig session. Wild
plause greeted the Nebraskan. W.
Bourke Cochran listened intently and
joined frequently in the applause. Mr.
Bryan spoke, in part, as follows :
" Within two years, more trudts
have been organized than in the pre
vious history of the country and tho
people now como face to face with this
"'Is the trust a blessing or a curso.
If a cure, what remedy can be applied
to the curso ?'
" Monopoly in private hands Is inde
fensible from any standpoint and in
tolerable. I do not divide monopolios.
There can be no good monopoly in pri
vato hands until the Almighty sends
us angels to preside over us.
" There may be a despot who is bet
ter than another despot, but thoro is
no good despotism. The defense of the
monopoly Is always placed on the
ground that if you will allow peopl to
control the markets and fix the prico
they will be good to the people who
purchase of them. The entire defense
of the trusts rests upon a money argu
ment. If the trusts will sell an article
for a dollar loss than the article will
cost under other conditions, then In
the opinion of some, that proves a
trust to be a good thing. In the iiri
placo I deny that under a monopoly
the prico will be reducoi. In the
second place, If under a m11onopoly th
price is reduced, the objectiO!ns to a
monopoly from other staldinta1fltn far
outweigh the financlal advantage that
the trust would bring. But I protest
against settling every question upoi
the dolla- argument.
" In the early years of LfcincolnY Ud
ministration lie soAt a mnessaco to Con
gross, warning his countrynien agjainb
the approach of monarchy. Lie said
he saw in the atteipt tU put capittl
even upon an equal footing with 'L.hor
in the str ucture of governament, tihe
approach of monarchy. Lincoln -.
right. Whenever yoi put opi
upon an equal footing w .th ibr, or
above labor in the structure of 'veru
ment, you aro on the road to aid a ov -
ernment that restw not on reason, t
" Nothing is more imiportant than
that we shall, in th beginning, rbhtly
understand the relation netween i monoY
Mai le the creatuee of God ad
money is the servant of man, and I pro
test against all theories that enh ron.
money and debase mankind.
"If you will go about over the cona
try, you will see wvhero people' have
subscribed money to est.blish enter
prises, and where these enterprises9
having come under the control of thio
trusts hkave been closed up and !:t
now as silent monumente to the Sodec.:
of the trust system.
"In any ease of local strikes and
fires, the work goes on elsewhere. thur
preventing serious loss.
" When a branch of industry is found
in the hands of one of the great muo
nopolies so that every skilled man,
must go to one man for employment,
heone man fixes the wages as ho
pleases and the laboring men will then
-hare the suffering of the man who
sells tho~ raw material.
" I want to warn you that when the
monopoly has absolute control, brains
will be at a discount. We have not
yet had a taste of a compilete trust.
But when the'trust has rid itself of all
competitors what is going to be the re
sult, by which, my friends, all you have
to know is human nature. God madte
" On the farm we used to protect
property from the hogs by putting
ring in their noses. Why ? So that
while they wore getting fat, they would
not destroy more than they were worth.
One of the great purposes of govern
ment is to put rings in the noses of
hogs. If I were going to try to find
the root of the monopoly evil, I would
go back to~the Bible for an explana
tion, and I would find it in the declara
tion that the love of money is the root
of all evil.
"Falling prices, caused by a rising
dollar, and the high tariff, have con
tributed the desire to secure the fruits
of the monopoly.
"Some have suggested that to put
everything on the free list that trusts
make, would destroy the trust. But I
do not believe that you could destroy
all trusts by putting all trust-made
articles on the free list, because If an
article can be produced in this country
as cheaply as it can be piroduced
abroad, then the trust could exist
without the benefit of any tariff at all,
though it. could not extort so much.
We cannot destroy monopoly until we
lay the axe at the root of thbe tree, and
make monopoly impossible by law.
"IDiscrimination by railroads has
aided trusts. That can ho reinedied
by laws which will place pr'oducers on
equal footing. But thu remedy must
be complete right to provent the o
ganization of a monopoly. We dhiLer
more in remedy than we do in our
opinion of the trust. Veow 1)e01)1 will
defend the trust as a princi ple. As to
the remedy both State and nation
should have concurrent remiuc. In
the first place every State has, or<
should have, the right to create any
private corporation which is conduciv'e
to the welfare of the p~eople of that State.1
I believe that we can rafoly entrust to
the people of a State the settlement of
a question which concerns thoem. If
they create a corporation and it be
comes destructive of their best in
terests they can destroy that cor pora
tion and we can safely trust them both
to create and to annihilate if condi-J
tions make annihilation necessary.
"LIn the second place, the State has I
or should have the right to prohibit
any foreign corporation from doing
business in the State, and it ought to
have or has the right to impose such
restrictions and limitations as the pee
pie of the State raay think necessary
. pnany foreign corporation doingc
buiesin the State. I believe in an
addition of State remedy, but there
mu~st be a Federal remedy.
"Congress has, or shoul:1 have, the
power to place such restrictions and t
limitations, even to the point of prohi- a
ition, upn y opijporation organized 5
outside of the State contrary to public
" I believe that those concurrent
remedies will reach the difiloulty, that
the people of every State shall first
decido whether they want to create a
corporation ; that they shall, secondly,
decide whether they want any outside
corporation to do business in the State
and if so, upon what condition and,
thirdly, that Congress shall exercise
the right to place upon every corpora
tion doing business outside of the Stato
in which it is organized, such limita
tions and restrictions as way be neces
sary for the protection of the public
"I am ready to adopt any method for
the annihilation of trusts. One that I
suggest is this;
" That Congress should pass a law
providing that no corporation organiz
ed in any State should do business out
side of the State in which it Is organiz
ed until it receives from some power,
created by Congrose, a license autho
rizing it to do businees outside of its
own State. Now if the corporation
must come to this body created by
Congress to secure permission to do
business outsido the State, then that
liconso can be granted upon conditions
which will, in the first place, prevent
the watoring of stocks; in the second
plaoo, prevent monopoly in any branch
of business ; and, third, provide for
publicity as to all of the transations
and business of the corporat~.n.
" If this is unconstitutional, and so
declared by the supreme court, I am in
favor of an amendment to the consti
tntian that will give to Congress
power to destroy overy truts in the
country. In my judgment, when you
take from monopoly th > powor to
issuo watered stock you will go more
than half the way toward destroying
monopoly in the United States.
" You can provide for publicity, and
that annually or at such other times
the corporations 6hali mako roturns of
its business or its earnings, which will
go another long stp toward the do.
structiun of the principle of monopoly.
" But I am not willing to tstop tnero,
and, tlarofore, as a third condition, I
tuggest, that no license shall bo grant
Ud 1uti1 LihO .Jorpora~ion sli9ws that it
has n1j" havd i Uonopioly and is nLot a
lowilig a moioplt)iy of any branch of
indus:'try or ay) at-Lielo of iltiekhand iL,
anou (n.lal provid' ttift if Ohe law is
vibul!-A. t t cm, bo r--vokud
I do 110, bo i 1 U... th L !-' ri: int
givii.' prjivi ge t. be ex(;ra.: o( by a
corportationa v9,.!'th I it~tt r ervit pt:h
L0w3it. raw t V. nt: 111. 0
that I 'mv in
iec.es a n '''ry "uvai-ta. ' 1 hav, -
.tve t.:mm n)ta.; b) ea9t 'ivn h ii
the r e i m n 'o er p p y
,em of are a 0tn ' aak,. . : . -.
Anba ieh rwod
r'~evdy at h:tj'.i' iw'a, c';. a.
I ihave' no kc. 'W'I L ma -no,1tn. b
hea alei to sedcr atO t forur o' 9 9 Oat as,
to~ heL a9 mIena)ic' to. do . ikate of gnis
..".hejod mlade' .iorl bet p11a9:d a
lit to his L.exiece, :-O that. if he
was ai bad man he' can not, do ham
lontr, but when we mado outr mas
made man), ('.to corpioration) we rasecd
the limit of his age.
" I want to) priotest against I his doc
trine that the trust is a natural out
strombh of natural lawe. It, is nlot true.
The trust is ti'o natur'al outgrowth of
unnatur-al cend~itions ecated by wan
"Government under the foui- great
principles of the declaration of inde
pendence is imnpossible under an in
" Some people oavo tried to separate
the laboring man who works in the
factory from the laboring man who
works en the farm. I want to warn
the laboring men in the factories that
they cannot separate themselves from
those who toil on the fairm without in
viting their own destruction. I warn
the laboring men In the factoriec that
when they join with the monopolies to
crush the farmer, as soon as thae farm
er is crushed, the laboring man will
be crushed, and ' Is ally will be de
stroyed and in a test of endurance, the
farmer will stand it longer than the
laboring man. The farmer was the
first man on the scene when civiliza
tion began, and he will be the last one
to disappear. You may dIrive) the
farmer down, so he cannot buy coal,
but he can burn corn. But you div-le
the coal miner down so he can not buy
corn and lie cannot eat coal.
But, mny friends, why should we try
to see who could hold out tho longest
in suffering ? Why try to see who can
endure the most har-dships and yet
live ? Why not try to sce who can con
tribute most to the greatness and to
the glory and to the prosperity of this
nation ? Why, those who can contri
bute most would make this govern
ment what the fathers intended it foi-.
F'or 100 years this nation has been the
light of the world. F~or 100 year-s the
best of all nasions have looked to thIs
nation for hope andI instr'uction. Let
us~ settle thoso great (questions that, we
i),Ohav ' bfor': us, let, uis tceh the( worlid
the blessing of a - governmient thiat.
omos from the peop e fad l10l us show
bhemn how happiy andt lhow' pr'oiiperous
op'.o can be,. I beli eve fu the3 de
,r c th 9at God m9udoj ail i''m of the.
uiu 93ulst and1 9 did not, make 00m ti, o
arawl on hands an1d knees.C' andau others"i
o0 ide( uipon the.ir' backs. Let us s3how
v'hat can he done19 wh en we plutI ino
wtuai pr'actlco those ;grerat d ca~tin
>f bumwan eq(ua99lity and0 of equ raighitjOts
nui mdake this gOoin-mont, w hat the
athers in tendedl, so that we shall1 lead
he world stop~ b~y 8i'ip on to higher
Iainig a sea of wildly wvaving armis
indl a storm of cheo'rs the orator- re
mimed his seat.
At the aafternaoon 'xession, whent ae
eria~l (di9~issioni wat in priogress, 1
r-i' V.. 1). F,,ulke, of Indliaml09 moach E
hort speech, in which ho dole9.re9'd I
hat hao fatileud to 50o that the r'eme'discn
iropoedt by Colonel JBryani in the
atteor speec~h du ring thme mfornio
.osion could cesult in the attniamnon', I
i the object sought. for. Mr'. lBryan, c
vas sitting in the hack part, of the hall, a
nid when he arose to reply the audi
noco insistcd upon his goin to the
latform, when ho spoke as folow ;,V
"I would not, occupy the time again,
ut for' the. fact that the gentleman t
roam .Indiana (Mr. F"Oulik) has referred I
o a plan which 1 suggetesi and I am I
fraid that he does not fully under- c
tand. My plan was this:
"First, that the State should h oe t
the right to creato whatever private
corporations the people of the Stata
"Second, that the State. has, or
should have, the right to impose such
limitations upon an outside corpora.
tion as the people of the State may
think necessary for their own protec
tion. That protects the rights o( the
people of the State to say first, what
they shall organize in their State. as a
corporation, and, second, what they
shall permit as a corporation to come
from other States who do business in
" Third, that the Federal govern
ment has or should have the right to
impose such restrictions as Congress
may think necessary upon any corpora
thin which does business outside of the
State- in which it is organized. In
other words, I would preserve to the
people of the State all the rights they
now have, and at the same time have
Congress exercise a concurrent remedy
to supplement the State remedy. I
would not take away from the people
of the State any right now existing,
but I would have the Federal govern
ment and the State government exer
cise the powers that may be necessary
to annihilate the monopoly. I do not
agree with the gentleman that you
cannot annihilate a monopoly. (Ap
plause.) I believe it is possible to do
"I havo no doubt that any remedy
that is proposed will be assaulted. If
those who believe that the trust must
remain, and thosr who believe that the
trust means good, will accept the best
remedy they can find, try it and then
accept a better one if a better one is
proposod and keep on trying until the
people aro protected. (Applause.)
"Now, I am not sure the remedy I
proposo is unconstitutional. L am not
sure that the constitution would pro
hi'bit such an act of Congress as I sug
gest. Suppose Congross should say
that whenover a corporaton wanted to
do business outsido of the State, it
must apply to and receive from some
body created by Congress for the purt
pose of a licenso to do business. Sup
posa the law should provide three con
ditions upon which the licenso should
" First, that the evidence shall alow
that there is no wator in the stock.
" Socond, that the evidenco should
show that this corporation has'not in
the pain, and is not attempting now to
monopolizo any branch of industry or
a branch of any article of inorchan
iise ; and,
" Third, providing for that publicity
w hich ev(ry body has spokon of, and
Li bolt whicheb everybody agrees. Sup
Io; 1hat i- done. Who is hero to say
tht, such a law would be uncoustitu
lMtw L Hi uOl;t.-. t~ho lawQ is passcd
.>rI 1- 111:nc11i-u o a then WA
en amerli the cur -titution. Thc gezl
th mnrn 'u te iI2.h t it is a Li llbitult
1. to 0 t 1.10.4 thirdS of botih beoVu a
to f!av, amot m nt aml i ' t-Iurh
0fue ata. 'That is ta u,. , P. ih a Lif.
b -0 .0 1,. nu ii Whn On0010 vant, to
' r ' ti o .ru t,, you caull get two
of both houses and thrce-lourths
>h .t ~- . 1343 what'is the alter
bnative ': t down and do ioth ilag ?
S' t.. h-; LO trmnple upon you, and
...ou-h 0hod over you, and then
Lha)k G.d that YOU still have some
i ? I< tbat the only remedy ?
"'The Ausrican l)eople are entitled
the bh t hat th..ru is ? (Applause.)
I'r*y arofn, led to the best system on
'vtry subyc .. I belie- when these
qjuwttons are presented to the Amc-i
enn pb ople thbey will select and secure
.1 bet, bystem.l I don't believe it
ne~cessary for uts to sit down quietly
and luermit a great aggregation of
wealth to strangle every competitor.
I dlon t believe that, it is in aocordance
witu outr dignity as a peCople, or in ac
cordance with the rights of the people,
to say, because a great corporation is
otrganlized, that therefore it should be
permittea to go into the field of a new
corporation, undersell it mntil it bank
rupts it, r. ising the mon sy by higher
prices somewhere clse. I don't think
it is necessary for us to do that. I
have only suggested a plan. It may not
be the best plan. If you have any thing
better, propose it. If thoere is any
amnendment that, you can think of that
will improve it, suggest it. I am anx
bots to accept anything.
"Lot me suggest one other thing
that I believe will be a stop) in the
right direction. The great trouble
has been that while outr platforms de
nounce corporations, corporatione con-4
trol the elections and pliacc under oh
ligation to them the mon who arc.
elected to enforce the law. (Applause.)
Let me propose a remedy-not a rem
edy, hut a stop), I think, in the right
diroction. Let the laws, State and na
tional, imako it a penai offense for- any I
corporation to contributes to tile cam- t
paign fund of any political party.
(Continued cheers and applaumso.) Ne- c
braiska has such a law, p~assed two a
ye-ars ago. Tennessee has such a law, a
p~assed two years since. Sutch a lal v
was pas9sed, or was introduced in the
State of Now York, but so far it has
not reache-d the stage of actual law in
the State of New York. (Liughter-.)
New 1 believe it is a stop) in the right
direction. You remember the testi.
mony taken before a Senate committoeo
a few year-s ago, when the head of a
sugar trust testified that the sugar
trust made It its business to contribute
to campaign funds ; and when asked to o
which oneO it contributed replied that il
it depended upon circumstancos. "'To lb
wvhich fund do contribute in Massa- I
chusetts, ' was asked. "rTo the Repub
lcan fuand." "b To which fund in New I
York." " To the D amocratic fund '' o
To which fund in New Jersey," and F'
the man sayr, "' Well, I will h'ave to '1
rook t,< the books, that is a doubtful tl
Mtate-, (Continued laughter and ap- p
lausec Now, that is almost a literal
croduction of the testimony of one
rea:Lt corpoeration on the subject of a
~a'paign contributIons. i don't mean n
.0 say thmat the remtediy will be a comu- e
)late one, buLt I believe that when you d
ntg to campaign) funds theat you take ar
tp in the right dire~cction toward bot
,ar legislation, because some corpor'a
,ions are compelled to contribute; they
ire liackmalled into contribultions and
ochi a law would protect a corpora-.
,lon that, did not want to contribute
mnd also prevent, a corp~oratlion fromh
:ontributing that did want to contri-a
"If the peop1)1 airo in earnest they
an do it, and you never could do any
lung in thio countr-y until the people y
.2nC in earn~est. WVhen the AnmrIcan tA
scoplio understand what, t-hc mnuopoly 0o
tuestions mtoans I beliovo that thore aj
vill beO no po.wor, po0litieal, financial ti
le other w ieo. to prevent the people be
rom~ taking posseselon of ovetry branch ci
>f governument, from Presient to the i
oupcomm Court, and making. a govern- a
ment restponsible to thc peolie's will ''
--Sir- Moses Ezekial, of Rome, Italy, D]
he well known soutllptor-, who is visiting ti
n Cincinnati, was dutring tile clvil war d<
n this country, a .member of the cadet cc
or pa of 7irginia Military Instituto, es
nd took part with the corps in the bat- em
Le of Newmarket- fr
AN OLD 601HEMEB UEVLVE)
Sub-Treasury Ware Houses for As
cultural Products Impracticabi
Private Individeaals May Use P]
With Good Chance of Success.
The old sub-treasury scheme of w,
houses for agricultural products wh
fallacies were so completely dem
strated by Mr. Carlisle, then a Senat
In a famous letter to oilloials of 1
Farmers' Alliance, has been revi1
in a new and probably a practi
form. The plan now is to make I
private enterprise and manage it,
other ware houses are managed, o
on an extensive scale. Fireproof w
houses are to be built, in which fa
products are to be stored and on wh
receipts are to be given which will
endorsed by a burety company, i
w ill then be available as collateral a
The benefit to farmers will be ti
on such. collateral they will be abit
get loans at much lower rates ti
they can obtain advances upon tu
crops, and in this way they can h1
for better prices if they desire. 'J
movement was made considerable p
gress in Georgia, whoru it has recoi%
the ondorsement of the bankers and
the State Agricultural Soolety. Ai
is designed first to look out for the
turusts of tht, cutton planters, andi
they have received the proposition w
entnusiasm, the mattur has already
tracLed a great dual of attention in I
It is a littie curious that the schei
Which Mr. Carlisle's incisive logic
mercliessly demolished should re,
pear at this juncture with a gc
chance of succoss, but the plan I
been shorn not only of the propol
Government, support,, but of it0 ottt
oxtravagiaut foatures. As the Farme
Allianuu urged it, the Government, N
to provide the waro houses and f urni
tlu money aL 2 per cent per annum
80 per cent of the mua.*ket value of t
products stored. The plan of thu N
Yol k capitalists who are behind t
present movemont, whilo it will sup,
the planter with the advances ho 1
quires on his crops, and take care
uem as the Government was to t,
provides that a fair rate of Inter
bhall be charged as agreed upon by t
ware housing company and the cc
The agent of the ware housing coc
plfny, fOr Instance, can go to a cott
miil and taku a leasu on its ware nout
thereby securing a lien upon tihe sto,
of cotton goods upon which tnui m
desires to secure a loan. Viue wa
house compaUy'd agentts will issuo r
ceipts for tibe articles contalned a[
will occupy the legal and real Stat
of an ordinary ware house compan
Then a surety company will undertal
to duarane th.e delivery. q 'tant
aI grad of the gooud. storou in L,
The cotton Will can tUake the wa
housU receipt with the surety co
paay's guaranteo and ten maku
loan at 80 per cent, of the value of it
goods at very low rates. Tho san
Mode of procedure could be applit
to CatLon otorou ia the ware house,
uther agricultural pruuuctts. TL
double guarantce of the ware houw
and the surety company would gij
the receipts a very high charactor i
collateral. In short, they would I
very nearly the same as the whiske
receipts which the Kentucky Disti
lery and Ware flouse Company 1pu
poses to issue. Whiskey receip
issued by ware houses are of ti
b ighest character, though the "prival
ware house " receipt nas ca.t con:
:liseredit upon them.
The schleme will require a great de,
f monev to carry it out on a larI
scale, but the Bstart may be made in
trmall way, and there la much Idl
money In the United States nowy thn
3ouid be profitably employed In th
manner. Moreover, by placing It I
~he power of the farmer and planter t
2orrow upon easier' terms, It woul
end to do away with the geteoral cui
ency discontent,. Batznks cannot len
ipon agricultural products, but the
3an lend upon such ware house ri
:eipts as proposed, and a New Yor
mank couIld thus lend upon cotto
tored in Georgia or Louisiana.
TEMS 01F GENEiCAL INTUEltE's1
2nalnt and (Jurious Paragraph,
GatheredI fromi Various 8oures.
-R .,ar A dmiral So bley h as acce pte
,n invitation to v.sitJiAtlanta during th
--Mrs. Richard P. Bland is collect
ng material for a life of her late hius
'and, the famous Congressman.
-Martin L. Sweet, former mayo
iGrand RapIds, Mich., and for year
ccounted the richest man in th
itate, is now earning a living by tend
ng the city garbage crematory.
- James Oliver, of South fBend, Ind.
as just, celebrated his seventy-sixtl
irtuday. When a young man b
rork'3d in a Mishawaka foundry for 5i
ents a day. Now he owns the larges
lough factory In the world.
-Miss Biraddon, the famous novel
int, who has just, puolished. her six
loth book, rejoices in the fatct, that th
nly picturc of her ever printed wa
om a photograph made so long agt
hat no one can now recogniz ) the orig
-There are nearly $13,000,000 In th<
[nited States treaisury, the proceedi
sales of cotton which fell into th<
'ederal hands during the civil war
'he money belongs to the owners o:
'io cotton or their heirs, if they cai
rove their claims.
-An officoial of the treasury Is qjuote(
i saying that owing to the g reat, bust
ess act~Ivity the demand for fractional
arroncy is unprecedented, and that
lines, quarters and half dollars are
cing turnedl out at all the mints as
tpidly as possible.
--A woman of perfect li.gure should
clgh 138 pounds and be 5 feet 5 inchm
1,ll. She should measure 5 feet
iches from the tip of one middle fin.
sr to the till of the other when the
e~ms are extended. Th e length of the
and ought to be just on c-tenth of this
id one-sevent~h should be the length~
-The average man, living for 50
lars, consumes between 14 and 15
ns of bread in a lifetime. The weight
solid food of all kinds he consumes
igregatos the startling total of a f rae
con less thani 55 tons, while on the
tsl of three pints per day he
msumes 42M tons of liquid. Think of
me woman's toll in preparing this
imount of food and drink
-William Kissamn Vanderbilt, who
as now become the head of the Van
arbilt family, will be 50 years old In
ecember. He is essentially a man of
me world ; has owned a racing stable,
ufended the America's cup driven a
ach-and-four and cruised in almost
rery sea in his own steam yacht. The
timate of his present fortune varies
om $75.000.000 to $9nnO0nna nna
WEEKLY OVROp BULLETIE.
COLUMBIA, S. O.,'Sept. 19, 1899.
The week ending Monday, Septem
an ber 18, 1899, averaged slifhtly cooler
than usual, although the emperature
departures were small. A maximum
ire temperature of 92 degrees occurred at
re St. Matthews and Yemassee, and a
Dn minimum of 52 at Greenville and Spen
'r There were light to heavy showers
e on the 10th and 11th over the western
ca, and northern portions of the State
after which the week was dry anJ
cool, affording ideal weather for gath
Ra ering crops, and for preparing lands
lre and sowing rye, oats and wheat. The
4rm indications are that a larger acreage
rm than usual of wheat will be planted
toll this fall.
d The heavy rains were of great bene
ind fit to growing crops, and only slightly
2Y damaging to open cotton and to bot
ton land corn.
Cotton coratinues to open rapidly,
a and faster than it can be picked, al
An though the weather was extremely fa
uii vorable. Fully half of the crop has
'I boen picked, and in many jlaces un
ro- opened boils are scarce. 'The yields
rod are light except in sections, notably
og Hampton County, where there is the
o largest yield in years. Late cotton
continues to grow, bloom and fruit ;
neveri,heless there will bs a top crop
5n spots only. A slight improvement
is reported in sea island cotton, which
t is opening rather slowly.
ho Late corn continues to grow nicely,
and unless there comes an early frost,
will be a fairly good crop. Foddor
1 pulling is about finished over the wcst
'rn counties, and it has been saved in
Ud excellent condition.
a4 Early rice harvest is about finished,
0( with a good yield of fine quality. Late
r, rice is ripening and being cut and
stacked. There is some improvement
a to ba noted in upland rice.
h Peas, turnips, sugar cane and sweet
on )otatoes have made great improve
hO ment, and with few exceptions are now
*W very promising.
he Fall truck is about all planted, but
lY there is need of rain to germinate the
e- seeds and to support the young plants.
of Haying is under way, with generally
0. good yields of both grass and pea
-For the first time since the launch
ing of the Great Easterr, more than
forty years ago, a vessel of approxi
mately the same great size is making
a trial trip across the Atlantic. The
dimensions of the new liner, the Ocea
e nic, which sailed from England last
e we.ak, surpass those of the Great Eas
tern. In length it is 704 feet over all,
id It is sixty-eight feet of beam, and its
" d - pth is forty-nine feet six inches.
Y, When loaded to its full capacity it will
draw thirty-two feet six inches and
L disulae3 28,500 tons. It is thus decid
X edly largor than the Kaiser Wihelm
der Grosse, both In length and dia
placement, and larger even than the
Doutchland, now building, which is to
a have a displacement of 23,000 tons.
d -A year ago Prof. L. T. Weeks, of
r Winfleld, Kan., in climbing a mountain
e in Switzerland lost a pocketbook con
e taining $125 in gold. He notified the
o authorities of his loss, but had no hope
a whatever of recovering the money.
e Recently he re-ceived a letter from the
y olicials in Switzerland informing him
i- that his pocketbook had been found
r-- and tha~t its contents would be for
a wvarded to him at once.
e -The Paolzer steam laundry, with a
o capital stock of $2,500, was chartered
e last week by the Secretary of State. I.
J. Philips is president and J1. E. Carter
i business manager, secretary and treas
a -Mrs. William R. Day, wife of the
e former Secretary of State, is an ex
it collent musician, a'nd has composed -
a some music of a high order,
n -Not a man at Altoona, Pa., enlisted
0 fur the Phnilippine war, although it is a
1great industrial centro and rushed tof
d tao liberation of Cuba.
A THIN DISGUISE.
The cuittle6'I fishihs a tricky habit of
coveCring his tr acks by3 exudinRg anI inky
.fluid which discolors the water and keeps
him out of view. There's a good deal of
a the ct'ttle fish ab~out some! advertice
menCIts, notably those puriiporting to offer
fniical adlvice by a woman to women.
An examnination of the advertisement
a will show that no offer of a docdor's ad
vice is really mlade. And all the clamor
-about "writing to a womanIR "' Is merely
- raisedi to divert attention from the fact L
that a dloctor's advice is not really offered E
r and~ coimot be given. The real question A
is Rnot of writing to a wmnan or a man
but of writing to a d/odor,
For the advice of an unqualified ,
woman is just as dangerous as the
advice of an unqualified man.
Every day add(s to the numuber of wom- *
en wvho take advantage of Dr. Pierce's
geinuine offer of a consultation by letter
free of cost. As chief consulting physi- 1
cman of the Invalids' Hotel and Surgical -
Institute, of Buffalo, N. Y., Dr. R. V.
Pierce has, in a practice of over thirty
years, treated more than hialf-a-nmillon
women for female troubles with the re
imark able record of ninety - eight per
cent, of cures. Sick wvomen are invited
Ito consult Dr. Pierce by letter, without J
fear and without fee. Every letter is
held as strictly private aind sacredly con
fidential, and all answers are mailed
sealed ini plain enivelop~es without print
ing of any kiind upon them.
Dr. Pierce's Favor
makes Weak Women
Strong and Siok
Women Well. v
The Stomach, Th'e Liver-,
The Bowels, The Kidneys,
The Blood, The Nervos,
Antisoptic Invigorator me a germ-k 111cr
a diuretie, ai bloot(1purit'.er, a stomach and Sc
nerve tonic, a stimulant for the liver and
bowels. Manufacturcd by
Pitts' Antiseptic Invigorator Co.
W For sale by druggists everywhere. A
Sold by UARPENTER~ BROS.8
Greenvlfo, 8. 0.
The Xund You nave Always .Bouglht, and whichl has been
11 use for over 30 years, has borne the signature of
. and has been Made tnder his per,
sould supervision since its infancy.
* Allow no one to deceive you iII this.
All Courterfelts, linitationus and Substitutes are but Ex.
periments tilat trifle with aind endanger the health of
Infants aid Childre u-Experience against Ext4rlint,
What is CASTORIA
tO r a is a substitiito for Castor Oil, Paregoric, Drops
ad Sootlhing Syrups. It is Harmless and Pleasant. It
Contains ieitlier Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its ago is its guarantee. It destroys Worns
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhmoa and Wind
Cole. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assinillates the Food , regulates the
Stonach atiol Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
Tho Children's Panacea-The Mother's Friend.
ORNUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of
The Kilid You Hve AlwayS Bought
in Use For Over 30 Years.
et cNTAun compANY. v" munna aTnheE. New YonK CITy.
MADE AT THE
ZREENVILLE COACH FACTOR
Are the Cheapest and Poest
Special Prices for "5c. Cotton."
Call and see us
G. W. SIRRINE, Supt.- - - H. C. MARK I.EY, Prop.
SOUTHERN RAILWAY. SOTRNAIWY
Condensedl socule In Efleet
S ~ Jun 11th, 1' )t. , Oondense Rohoalulo of Passenger Trains.
8TATIONS. 1L.8n- al In Eff et Juno 11th_, 1899.
. harleston ......*...... 0 n" ' No.1 IHFut.M1
Bummiiiervillo........ ..........7 41 a m Northibound. No.1iJNd. 381 Ex. No. 80
B Iranichvillo-........ ...........8 65 a in D~aIly Dlaily.- Suna. Daily.
" Orangoburg ........ ...........o 28 a m ......... _--..
Kingvillo................10 15 a m Isv. Atlanta, 0.?T. 7 -0a1 0m4 i 15
v. Columbia.................... 11065 a in A tlanta, la. T. 850 a 1 00 p 5 5 p12 60 a
Prostity i...................12 10 n'na Nororoas.19 0 a....0 281 1 80 a
Newbe~rry....... ....... 12 25p * Bluford..1005 a . ... 7 osp. ..
Ninety-Six ......... ...........1 20 p n " Gainoaville... l085 a 2 b5 743pa2
Gree.nwood......... 740 ani 1 55 pm "Lula....... 0 8a 2 42 p 8 10i p 5
r. Hodges..........8 00 am 2 156pm * Crella..11 26 a 8 00 p 85 p ...
r.Abevll........ A 4 a mn 4 m . T Airy ..18a.... 8 40 p.6.....
r. o ton............... 8 65 a mn 8 10 pm Wesctmnster 1281m ........4 20 a
.r. Anderson ...,... 80 a n 8 p " enoca..12521 p415''i.,'' p.487 a
.r.Greenville..........0 TO16anin41 p m " GrenilYe.,.' 28p ~22 p.65. a
.r. Atlanta............_U55pnmO b0 p : ,"partanburg. 887-p 13 p'.'...0 46 a
BTATION8 E>c oun. Ml Gaffneys..420 P 8 40 p ... 725a
'lfIN No. 18. No. 12. Blacksburg .. 408 p 7 02 p ... 742 a
v. reenvilo......... 5 6 p m1 16 a " a sMt.... 0p ........ ....86 a
il$ai1sto0......02 2 21581 rensbr 0po7p. 120 0p
V. Anderson .......4 45 pin 10 46 am .
elton .................. 45 p i m 1116a v. Greensboro...11 46 p .............
r. Donuald............ 715~ p 11 40 a ii ?r.Nor folk...... ....... 8 20 a...... .....,..
v.Abovill.......-......_ u10pm 11 2 a ii Ar. Dahnvule ... 000 2a p 11r,6 .... 122 p
r. Greeoo ''......80 p i.R~ioe . 0 102a Tiind~ a-... - 5
Nio ysix-......... ........12 55 i m Ar. Washington.. ....... 6 42 a ... 9 05 p
Posborrty-.----.--...........2 00 p mn " Balt m-oPR R. ...8 00 a . ...1 26 p
Croitiy--...... ............ 2 14 p in" Philadoelhia. ..10 15 a... 2 60 a
--lrni .g..1. 'r. . 8 80 p~r " New York .....12 48i m....6 2 a
. Kingvill........ ............ 4 55 p) 1 Fat Vonic. No.11
*Oranolnge-------............5 89 m i Southbound. No. Si o . 87 Daily
'Brummerille...........'..'..1 in m laaliy. D~atly.
r. Charleston -1 I .......817 p 6 - .N.Y. P. R R 12 1flFT 4 80p
all bally "TTOS a Philnadlphia. 8 50 a 8 6 5P....... .....
o. I No.l TTON. N No "ltimore.... 0 22 a 9020 p ....... .....
lOp 1a".$ Bumner yule... . Rpi ______ n _.. __p_.._....
'S n .6a'.'"OBranehvl'... UL8p88a[. Danville... 0 02j p6560 a 0 10 a ..,
2u 1015~a"..Kingvila..... " 488p 70aUrok__..__s ...
IBa11 40a " .... Cohixmbia... " 8 980p Ar. Greensboro........ 16 a ...........
07a'122 "..Alston..Lv lO8 850a- -
0da 128p " ....nntuo.." l11 7401) Lv. Gree.nsboro. 7 24 p 7 05 a 7117 a ...
20a 2~2 " .....Unio....."105p 780p Ar. Chlariot to .... 10 00o p 9 25 a 1205m ...
80a22 "....fnevile.. "12 25p0 53p l . Gastonia.10 49) 1110 07 a112 p ...
54a 27 " .. .Pacolot. ..12 1 p 84. " isM... ............ 18 p .......LO
25a 810 Ar.. partanburg...L, 11 46a1p-Baksug. 18 p 10 5a6 0p....
40a 84i~ Lr.. Spartanburg.. .Ar 11 28a I0p"GthCnys.11 4 05 a 224 p ...
40p Ar...sheill....LY820 80p *Spatanurg122 all 34 a 815 p
"P,"p. m "A, a. n- "C ern1i1l .... 1 26 a 12 00 400
Pullman alace sleoping ears on Trains 85 and " Seneca .8.. a p$ 0 p 5$
1,87 and 8, on A. andO. division. Dining card Wst minter. C00p Sn
i those trainis aervo all meals enroute. * Toccoan... aj b ib 00 p06
Trains leavo Spartanburg, A. & 0. division, " Mtf . A iry ........... .... ... 7 12 p680 S
16 p. mn. 11:84 a. mn., (Vestibule ~imnited.) (4Gainesville... 4 80 a 8 817 p 8 28 p72siuoLuieI;sutmon11:0a n.*Ll.....20 a81a 8pO0~tbun l4 .a. :8 .t. :8p n,*Crola.....8 0 IpQS
arthbolud,5:50 a. mn., 2:84 p m.and 5:2~2p. mn., * Noroross ...5 26 0915 p8 91 a
testibuied Limitod). southbound 1:26 a. mn.. Ar. Atlanta,1Il.'i'. 0 10 alt 4 'sp 10 00 p 980 a
80 p. in., 12:80 >. m. (V'estibuled Lmited). Ar. Atlanta, o.'T. 5 10 a 8665 p DO00p 880 a
TrpInEs 0a 10 oncarrumblegant Pella "A" a.m."P" p. in. "M" nooWn. Migh.
aepute early boiwoon Jobacndhvilleini Clhoaa Lie .Stemnoirs in daily sorvios
1rou. dal ewe akomil n on betweon Norfolk and Blafttore.
Trains 18 and 14 carry superb Pullman parlor Nos. 1ri and 88-D)aily. Wasington and South
bre betweon Oharloston and Asheville western Vestibulei Limitod. Through Pullmnan
RANK . GANNON J. Md. OTmL oeping ears betweon Now York and New Or
Th.irdV-P.&G. M't rfl' - s, via Washington, Atlanta and Montgoum
aigton . SiWashinron 94 ery, and also botweeni New York and Memnhii
!Asl nT R K 1L.'0' W a h-t n v.0 ya' ashi tonala ta a d B rm i
A TTIK IHA lo anOK P1LMAN LItARY 011 VA
..ss gt 'tGen. aT. ION CAllS botweoen Atlanta rand ew York.
aghnge 0 414 4 l' retelass thorourghfare coaches het ween Wash
ng ton and Atflania. Dining cars serve all meal9
e'~ A5 's ~ n route. Pullmrndrawin g-roomx sit1 >ng oars
2 .....-?~ ' b\etween Groenaboro and Norfolk. loon
g J %neotion at Norfolkt for OLD POINT RT~v.n.i
amE Nos. 185 and li--United states Vast Mail
--- E N ruins solid betweeyn Waab'ington and N OQr
leans, via Southern Rtailw..,y, A. & WV. P.iI.
andl L. & N. R. R. beinig comnposed of baggage
oar and coaohes, t'hrough without change for
- g sen ge of alle cassoa. Pullman drawing
- ~im sleeping oars bet ween New York and
R A ..L_..PA INS JI Orleans, via Atlanta and Montgomery and
f.a' lunan Drawing Roeom Buffet 8leping Oars
tweon Atlanta and Asheville, N.0. Leaving
--anhington eohe Tuesday and y, a
iet sleigcar will run through tween
nt by propaid ox pross on receipt of 85e yahington and Ban Flrnoiseo without1 xange.
A[, IG A TOiR L i N I M iINT CO. c)~n ars serve all nmeais enroute.
Charlesteon, i. C. Zs.11 88 84 anad 12--Pullman sleeping earl
betweon Aeiolimond and Charlotte. via Danville,
8outhbound Nos. 1 and 83, nerflhbound Nei.
OSB R N ES Heand 18
,Ag', 4 en P-ss