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TCE P.PLSAY MALL
VOL~~~~~~2| 1900.NO 1NE DOLLAR A. YEARIRDANJA 21
HAItMONIOUS WITH ON IC EXCEP1(
ieio Platform intlorses Bryan :and
the Chicago Platformr-Condiemis
McKinley's Imperialistic Policy
and ICxpIressCs synmatialy Ifor the
The Democratic State convention
met in the hall of the House of ltpre
sentatives at 12 in. Wednesday, May
16th, and with a single exception there
waS naught to disturb party unity and
good feeling between lately opposing
factions. The resolution offered by
Mr. Gentry, of Spartanburg, which on
dorsed the course of Hon. 13. It. Till
man in the United States Senate was
vigorously opposed by ]ron. laaurens
W. Youmans, of Larnwell, who made
an attack upon the record of Mr. Till
nian in and out of the united States
Senate. Mr. Youmans' speech was
carefully prepared and cited numier
ous utterances of Senator Tillman to
show that lie was Inconsistent as a
Daemocrat and hence unworthy of the
proposed endorsement. M r. Youmans
had very little following among the
delegates, and only three or four voted
with him to strike out a portion of the
'The platform is on the line of the
IJemocratic sentimen't of this contty,
and vigorously sustains the position oe
cupied heretofore by South Carolina
Diemocrats, outlining the new issues
which have arisen since ISM, and de
nouncing the Mc Inly ad mIn istrattion
in unmueasured terms.
The business of the convention was
expedited in an orderly manner, and
there was not much time lost in use
less debate. The convention held two
sessions, and adjourned finally at 10.30
Col. Wilie 'Jones, chairman of the
State executive committee, called tle
convention to order at 12 o'clock. The
otening prayer was made by Dr. W. 1N.
1vans, rector of Trinity church, Co
lumbia, and the delegates stood during
Mr. Lewis K. Campbell, of Anderson.
presented the. name of ion. John 1-.
BreszA3ale for the posltkIQn of tempo
rary chairman, in a brief 'and appro
priate speech, referring to the past
history of the State, apd expressing
his pleasure that the liemocrats of
South Carolina were once again united.
The nomination was seconded from va
rious counties, and M r. Breazeale was
Chairman Jolies appointed Messrs. L.
1t. Campbell, M. B. McSweeney, A. 1.
Patterson, I. B. Gary and .1. A. Hoyt as
the committee to escort Mr. Brenzeale
to the stand, which created much laug h
ter and applause, as the supposed gu
bernatorial candidates were named on
Mr. Breazeale was then introduced
and he thanked the convention for the
honor. He explained why the conven
tion had assembled. Since the last con
vention in this State new issues and
problems had arisen and many events
had transpired in the political world.
Almost throughout the world there
had been uprisings of the people in be
half of liberty. -The United States had
played an important part In this work.
Cuba had been freed from Spain's
yoke and now had a republican form of
government. * But now the United
* States was subduing another people In
the Philippines. This was againat the
principles for which our forefathers~
had fought. The Republican party
seemed to have forgonten what our
forefathers endured at Valley Forge.
The Democratic party stood against
this and for the principles for which
she had ever stood-for a government
for the people, of the people and by the
people. And under the leadership of
that great commoner, Wmn. J. Bryan,
the party hoped in November to Lake
charge of all these things. Mr. Brea
zeale puaid his respects to trusts. It
would be a light this year largely be
tween the American pole and the
trusts. Jiryan's name was a platforan
in Itself. (Cheers.)
Mr. W. D). Evans nominated Mr. T.
C. [lamer, clerk of the Hlouse, for tem
porary secretary, and Mr. Hlamer was
unanimously elected. Mr. ,John W.
Dunn was made assistant secretary.
Mr. Stansell was nominated for- ser
geant-at-armns and was unanimously
On motion of Mr. Prince, the chair
man of each delegation was asked to
hand in the revised lists of delegates.
When the roil of the delegates was
completed, the chair announcedl that
the next business in order was the
election of a permarient chairm a..
Mr. T. I"'. McIow nominated M r. W.
F. 8tevenson, referring to him in mnost
complimemitar-y terms, for puermnit t
chairman, and he was elected by accla
mnation; there were three or four "noce'
In the voting prelimiary to this resul t,.
A committee consisting of Messrs.
McDow and Blellinger was appointed to
escort Mr. Stevenson to the chair. M r.
Stevenson on taking the chair thanked
the convention for the honor conferred
--doubly an honor coming from a 2ch a
State as South Carolina. The conven
tion was- meeting on the transition
from one century to another, to elect
delegates to name a standard hearer
to usher in the new century, a leader
standing in the shoes of TIhomas. Jef
ferson. He looked back and' referred
to South Carolina's great growth ini
taxable property, In cotton manu
facturing second now only to Massa
*chusette; and i.n tobacco growing. Wc
now have a united front and have rol
led' back 'the dark cloud of negro domi
. nation. Railroads were being .built
here faster than in any other State.
It'was a phenomenal recordl for a de
cadb. It'behooved 'them;- then, to gc
shoulder to shoulder, w ithout par tlsan
ehip,-and make the first decade of the
* eiw century the grandest in the his
tegof this grand-State. (Applause.)
-'he temporary secretaries were
made permanent secretaries.
ing vice prosidents were elected:
lirbt District,-Josiah Doar, George
Second Distrlct-W. I. Mauldin,
Third District-J. C. Alexander,
Fourth Istrict-J. T. Austin,
.liftli Ditrict-J. T. Elay, Kershaw.
Sixth District-R. 1. Scarborough,
Seventh District-J. 10theridge,
The temporary sergeant-at-arms was
made the permanent srgeant-at arms.
Ex-Gov. Sheppard offered the follow
R1solved, That' a committee on
platform and resolutions be appointed,
to consist of ove from each county. to
be elected by the respective county
delegations, to which all resolutions
shall be referred before action on them
by the convention.
Mr.. Austin, of Greenville, moved
that the rules of the house of repres
entatives he adopted for the conven
tion. Nr. ilease wished to except that J
which required the roll call on all
Dr. Wood, of Clarendon, Nanted to
limit all speeches to 10 minutes.
Mr. Blackwell was opposed to any I
change in the rules of the house.
Dr. Wood then began a vigorous
speech against, the )roposition of M r.
Bliackwell to have roll calls. He
warmed up to the subject, and talked
against no end of laughter and in
terruptiois from all over the house.
lx-Gov. Sheiard closed the incident
1)y a point of order that no resolution
could be acted on by the convention t
without being referred to the commit- s
too on resolutions provided for by the I
resolution already adopted. Tho point a
was susitained and Dr. Wood subsided. 0
The convention had its own fun out V
of Dr Wood's effort to be heard at v
length on the llackwell suggestion,
Senator I). S. liienderson offered a r
resolution, which was a0opted, that t
the convention have a committee on
constituti-n and by-laws of the party, C
to consist, of one man from each co'lity, 1
to he named by cach delegation.
When the committees had been
nameud by the respective delegations, e
it was anrounced that the convention
was 'ready to receive resolutions for
reference to the committuu on plat. a
fprm and resolutions and to 'he com- a
mittee .on constitution and by-laws, V
and the fol)lowing were offered :
Mr. .ioin i'. Thom as, .jr., of Iich- t
land, submnitted anl amendment to the c
constitution, viz: 1
That Article II of the constitution of t,
the Dlemocratic, party of South Caro- I1
lina be so amaended Us to change the it
time of the nec ings of clubs for or- v
ganization from the fourth Saturday in o
April of each election year to the Wed- (I
nesday preceding the first Monday in t
May of each'diatiEon year,
Mr. 1. H. McCalla, of Abbeville. of- t
feret] the following :
liesolved, That the delegation from ia
this State to the iemuocratic national 1)
convention be and are hereby insti uct
ed to vote as a unit on all matters per
taining to the-interests iof the Dam6no- u
cratic party; All questions shall first, I"
be voted upon and decided by a ma- a
jority of the delegates, the chairman 11
of the delegation casting the vote of
the entire delegation.
Iesolved furtlher, That the delega- .
tion from this State is hereby instruct
ed to vote for William Jennings Bryan c
as nominee of the Democratic party
for president. U
Under instructions from theu Green
Ville county convention, Col. .1 A.
ioyt subuitiud an amendment to the
rules of the party, viz :
Resolved, That the second clause of
rule 1, respecting the qualifications of
voters in the pirimaI-y shall be so
amended as to read as follows:
" The managers at each box at the
primuary election. shall require every
voter In the Dma~craetic primary elec
tion to p edge himself to abide the no
sult of the primary and to support the
nominees of the party, and to take the
following oath and pledge, vizt: '1(d0
solemnly swear that, I am duly qualifi
ed to vote at this election accoruing to
th6 r-ules of the Democratic par-ty, and
that I have not voted before at this
election, and pledlge myself to su ppot
the nominees of the Democr-atic party
for all lFederal, State and count~y
Ujnder- similar instr-uctions Coi. hloyt t
olfered the following amendmv nt, to
'liesolvedl, T1'at, article i; of the con
stitution of the Deimocratic partLy of
South Carolina be abmnded in its last
clause so as to r-eadl as follows : "' lro
vided that the pledge of such candi
dates shall be flled at least 10 days be
fore the llrst primary election in Au
gust for inederal, State and county t
oflices respectIvely." Tbhis clause now
reads as follows :" P'rovided that the
pledge of such candidate shall be Ii led
on Or before tht day of the first cam
paign meeting of the county or- State
Col. lhsytalso presented the draft of
a latf orma which contained twelv~e
sections, and w hichi was bseqt1uenitly
r-epor-ted by the committee onI platfoirm
and resolutions substani~ially as it was
olferedl, and wtas utnanimou)s~ly adopted.
A number- of other- resolutLIons and
constitutiontal amendmuents were pre-I
setd and re fetrrod ton the comm1 ittt .
DL),.4A'T'lS TO N AIONA L t'O)NVIMNT'IuN
'rhe convention elected the following
delegates ft-om the State-at-large to I
the national convention, which meets I
on the -4th of July at, li ansas City, Mo., t
namely :13. 11. Tillman. of l'dgeild, t
Wilie .Jones, of, Rtichland, M. 13. NAu-- I
Sweeney, of llarnptLon, andl A. C. I a:ti
mer, of Anodetrson. T1he election was
unanimous and by acelatuation.
The conventIon took a r-ecess until 8 It
p. mn., and when reassembled the chait-t
man ca; led for the notminatlon of dole- I
gates freom the Congr-essional districts, I
.and .the electlon of. these dologates
Fosulted as follows : -t
Fi1"rat Di~strict--W. 13. WIlson, Cha-- 1
(eaton ; Thea. Talbird, lleaufor-t, Al-.
ternates, L. Arthur O'Neill, Charles- a
Wn ; Ws 11. Kennedy,' Williamsburg.
; Second -Dietrlct---James II. Tillman I
of lidgefi eld and C. W. Garris. of 13am-|
berg.De~legates to select alternatea.
-.Trhil Jus)ltricL---. U. McCalla, Abbe- I
vIlle, 'and W.- J. Stribling; Oconed, I
Alternates, 13. II. Mc~hee, Greenwoode
and Geo. 10. Pr'ince, Anderson.
Foi'rth District -J. A. Mooney,<
Grannvila Jon ary...... ., Sp- .
1anburg. Alternate, '. 11. We4
Plfth I)istrict-T. Y. Williams, Li
aster : J. C. Wilhorn, i..ock 11111.
;ernates, J. 11. Marion, Chester, a
r'. 1. Butler, Cherokee.
Sixth i)istrict-i). 11. Traxler
'imtuonsville, and T. W. Bouchier
Bennottsville. Alto nattes, iR. 11. Ti
norman and I o)uis Apuolt.
Seventh District-,J. Wim. Stok,
):angeburg : W. . Uruber, Collett
1ltornates. V. 1). Scarborough, Su
,or: J. M. Whetsell, Orangeburg.
ar. Bilease then nominated Sunal
l'illman for member of the natlot
3emocratic exceutive committee.
vas unanimously elected.
'1i P PL'AT'R'.M AND) REimOM1I'ION.
Senator Tillman then presented t
eport of the committee on platfo
The rp)ort was favorable on the I
lause of Mr. M eCalla's resol ution, w 1
substitute lor the first resolution.
Senator Tillman said that there w
Lu ite at division of opinion on tihe sk
ect, the report being adop;Led by t
ote. .1 no. Gary i'.vans opposeid the 1
>ort of the comiiittee, ufpoln willh
rgued at some Lcngth. ile said i
he delegation should be proteett
'our years ago two of the Imlelibers
he delegation had broken oil from t
est and, not beine! bound, had voted
hey saw lit.
Mr. Prince said he had Voted I
lie substitute a-s a peace offering to I
riend from Aiken-Spartanburg,
lcant. lie believed that the Den(
acy of South Carolina was a unit
i1 slbje!cts. Ills friend had said Son:
hings about ui bbling, and he wished
ay that tinere were men in South Caa
ina who spoke their honest con victio
id did not hesitate to bow to the r
f the majority. On matters abo
rhicb nothing is known he did i
isfb to tie uip the delegation.
Mr. Mcalla argued in favor of I
esoi, u Lion and tihe necessity for haavi
be (delegation act as a unit.
Nir. W. 1). -van1 thought the M
al lIa resolution sounid and good: I
refer-ed always to trust the mnajori
Ather than the individuals.
''Le motion to table6 the report. of t1
)mmin ittee prevailed by a vote of I
Mr. John Gary Evans offered i
mIteniment, to tle original resolutit
(lniir " ll questions." Tle re olutii
a then adopted as follow':
I(esolved, That the delegation fr.
is State to the D em;ratic nation
mnvention be. and are herelby,
,ructed to vote as a unit on all nn:m
-rs pertaining to the interests of t
lemocratic )arty. All questions col
ig before the convention r hall first
ated upon and decided by a nujori
the delegates, the chairman of t
Lcgation) casting the vote of tibe e
1 t-solved, further. That the deleg
ol from this Stan is bereby i nstrut
Ld to vote f'or Willi anm .Jeninlgs Bryl
s nomlince of the Deiocratic i)arty I
The dispensary resolution was i
tvorably reported. Mi r. Bowiim
ioved the adoption of the unfavorah
3port. Tns prevaiied, Nir. Ashi
nd a few others voting against t
'1 '-: 111.AT10101 A DOI) 'Tr:..1)
Senator Tillman then presented ti
latform as follows, saying. they hi
ol. Hoyt's platform presented to t
mlittee as a basis :
lesolved, by the Democracy of Sou
arolina in convention atssembleIl :
itrst-Tnat we reallirn our alles
nece to the )emocratic party of t!
nited Stateb and declare again oi
L.ief In the principles ipon whit
Le party was founded by Thoais Je
Second-Thaimt we endorse in full ai
*a particular the pl)atformi adopted1
im Demaocratic convention at, Unie
o in loutii and that we adhere to t
rinceiples therein enunciated witho
ualihication or' amendment and
land their rcallirmation oy the et
ention which will meet in IKane
ity on Ju ly the 4th next.
Third--That, we condemn asi
.irlous to the best Interests of tI
ountry the financial ltegIslation of t
tepublican miajority in Congress.
olicy proves tune subserviency of th
arty to the trusts and national bal
l''ourth-That we view with atlar
LUo power which the trusts, throui
rae ltieublican party, are exercisli
ver legislationa and nationi:if01oIc
nid thiair abliit-y to coniiiitr o i ia'i ari
it~hae niecessitten of life without a
ard to the law of suppjly and a
ianid. We condemn lta ibe hyp foc ratit
ttutde of thie le~atauhIlican I ade
rho abuse trusts and comb ines, wh I
hey use thbe money obtai ned fri
hunm aiid stolen from tihe people1 toe
auch the ignorant, voters of the cot
it'ifth-Thiaat we denounce thei
>eilal istic pol icy- iof the prese nt t
ministiration uinder I''esidenat WNill ii
4cK1 iniley, as countrary to thbe Letl
,nd spirit, of the Deelcaration of Inc
eondonce and Lthe. c!onstittion of t
Jnlted States, and as dangerous Li) t
atherty aind f roedom not, onl y iof I
>eopio0 of tube Spanishi islands bait
he citizens of this count!'y as we
The benevolenit assimiilation "' of I,
'illipinos hats proven to be the benei
ence of mnurder atnd the assiamillati
1 robbery. We dlenoune it, as an o1
age Lt) the coniscienices of libet
oving Americans. Our free instil
hons' cannot, long survive tueo destri
ion oif those plrinciples upfoni wh I
hey rest,, and the s pectacle of suibjm
ieopiles held down by tihe bayonet, a
obbied by carp. thaggors bt, foi
hadows tube fate for our couentryi
ess time peoile ar'e aroused ta) t
iagea. TheIi tunjust war of subijuif
,10n not binrg carried ot' in the IUil
>iaes lay P'resident, McK'inley shot
>e enaded at onceo with deflitt a
yaci lie dec~tlaratlions Lto the native as
,be intentions iof this country to
,hema in the establ ishment. of a ir
foverniamenit of thei r own1 choice, tund
I protectorate by Lihe United States.
Sixth-That we demlandl a strict
1erenee on the part, of the Unit
attates governent to the solca
leilges by whicha Congress p)romIS
ndepcndence to thae Ouban patrio
bfnd for which this countr'y wmewed
uccossfuli and glorious~ war with Spa
Seven th-That we denounce a
ondemn the unfjuist and unfcons8tl
.lnnal tratment, .)a 'iscrto mm nao he
>n, Rtepublican party, whose policy in
that island is not only illegal but un
in- worthy of a republic, and we demand
X1- a recognition of Puerto Itico under
nd the constitution of the United States
and on the same basis with the other
of Iighth-That we endorse the course
m- of those Democratic senators and rep
resentatives who opposed the imperial
3s, istic legislation onacted by the Rlimub
mn. lican Congress for the government of
m- P'umrto Rtico.
Ninth-That we heartily commend
or and approve the wise and conserva
ial tivo party leadership of William Jen
Le nings Bryan,- the ablest statesman o
the day and promise him our ungva'&illiti
el support for the presidency of the
lie United States, believing that he will I
restoro the lost prestige of that high
ollice and execute its duties with a
view to the good of the people and not
in the interest of plutocracy or acctord- I
ing to the dictates ot any foreign
Tenth-That we express our hearty
I sympathy with the two South African
republics now lighting so valiantly for I
liberty against the immense armitis of i
lie G reat IIritain. 11r u nighteous Cour C
at deserves the condemnation of alI c
lovers of self-government, and we de- s
lie notnce the cowardico of the present,
' administration for not extending an
a olfer of its good offices to terminate i
Or tibe unholy war of subjugation. I
r i The platform as reported was then
e adopted, only Mr. AnbIley voting i
IENtiOllSLNG; A 5I.N.\'t, 01.I
eC. Mr. (Gentry then ollered the follow
to ing: "l(olved, That we eidorse t.he -
0. course of l1on. 1-. IR. Tilbinan in the
11 (Inited States Senate, and especially
Iv the able manner in which heli has ex
ut posed and condemned the hypocriti- v
ot cal imperialistic policy of the IepublI
can ad ministration.
li That his tforts to inculcate hoiest
mniethod s ill )ublie expenditures, and
hiis ex pose of frauds and steals in armnor
W. ate contracts entitle h0u1n to tih l
e tbaink s of his State and of therep uIIblc. t
Ty hIe resolution was about to be
ado.p)te'd to all appearances without a I
e dissenting vote, when Col. Ib. W. You- t
to mat,s, of Barnwell County, took the t
lour and moved that so much of the c
1resolution as endorsed tihe course of U
, the senior S-naitor be stricken out. L
% Nlj r Woodward seconded the resolu
tion. There was a buzz and a number
M of motions to lay tile motion ol the I
al table. c
1. Senator Tillman wias sitting near- the
t- head of tihe main aisle. Col. Youmans
IC stood only a few feet away in the aisle. c
n- When order was restored he pulled out I
be ,)1ime maneeript and began to speak I
ty in supoort of his tIotiont inl a s1118t ar- r
Ile nest maninier, walking lp and down the SI
B- abkle iear the press -taid. All listen
ed closely to hear what he was going t
1, lie stated at the onutset that lie could
l not approve of some fof tLe Senator's
or action . iHe did not tiink such en- t
dorsement shotid be desired unless it I
was fii and freely given. When a
A voice against it was raised the reasons d
le mu11st of Iecessity be stated. Some- c
ey times a Senator's views were not so 1
o much in accord with those of his con
stituents as to make it wise to ask on- I
dor'seleit. Again there was tile ques- t
tion of conduct. The Senator was in a
C aecord with the policy of free siilver. I
Id lie was not in accord oit other ilmipor
10 tant, issues.
Continuing lie said that while Sena- v
b3 tor Tillman imiay have ldeporteld Mll- t
self with becoming integrity and dig- z
t- nity, still his views and sentiments q
e preciuted the propriety of an endorse- v
ir fment by thbe people. lie is on record
b as being opposed to free trade and free t
f- banking, two of the three cardinal v
principles of Democracy. He is on t
di recotrd as favorintg 01nly a niationial cur- I
JY rency, a cutrrey having a tendency t
a- to conigest at trade cenltres andl leave
*L irural districts subject, to most usutriousr
ut rates (If Interest,
C- This was showni in Senatot Tillman's(
n- e lorts to incorporate in the Chicago I
as platfoim ai prohibitor'y elauee against
n- On~ the cardinal pri nciple of "tariff
ia for revenue only" where (does Seniator]
tie Tilitian stand Y Comnparing Senator i
ts Tillmantit's record with thbat of Wmn.
at, McKinley. whom Tillmattn calls "a lov
ik able man," the two stand together, on
protection, the class legislation of the I
mi favotred few. He q1uoted froml a letter t
lih to TIhos. lI'. Byron fr-oml'n Tilan In i
ig I1895, tand frotm 'The CongressIonal I00 ti
Cr or-d, in whIiichl he haid favor-ed protec
Cs tionl, ntr McK inley's doctrine. -Strange s
L- that Scenatotr''iI Ttila, prtofessintg to be a
c- a farmecr, sho ul d Iboldily decliatr his is
aii w iilingness to close the foreign marut- e
*rs kuets to our c- onlumttiers tilld to opent y
Ie them' to outr illanui f actourers.
mn Scenator- .I'illht'ani is incilutded by Gros0- '
le- venotr, oif I hio, aimonig those whIo
m0- have IceftI) Dtmocrney oni thIiese cardinal I
prinIciles oif friec ttrade anid p rotec
ti- (On thele in ies tionl we t-e' him i sid.
smi in~g with the Noth rthler thitan thet
cerMi Sotlh. At, Topek a, l'atisas, ini I18%
le- Scnator- TIllmaitn saitd that lie contcurired
he~ iithP Abrathiaml lnol 0 itt hiIs "'dcclara
he tion (If Intle pend ec"it makintg tlhe ntte
hle gro thbe inatl of the while man. lie
of citlogi i.d I Aincoln0 int the I;:nit ed States
lie A\s to Tillmtan's loyaulty to patty, CAol.
'O- Yottmatns charged that. ini I89 h~l)e was
on ai sI imon putre ld ge lielId Dem iocrat :in
it- 1892 it hatll l'olhutlst: in l'1'.l1 a Grecen
y- baceker; in 18A15 Ill a lettet T lhos. ..
u- Byronal see nlo hope (If irelief un tless
t- the S~uthern fiarmers qutilt, votintg the
(dl D~emocratic ticket and1 the Westornt
tt farimer-s th e I U pui bl icani tie ke t.."
ndl Itn his eulogy ott Sentator litarle, lie
'e- said that, the aristratcy befor-e the war
itt- gave this cunitry as puore a govern
tir menttt (is had ever- beeni giveni. lie
a- btatctd at anthti~er timtel thiat Sthl CaXr
tp- diia's credit priotr to Istis was tin imi
dd peachable. T1he conitetitioni by the
nid Sentator- now is that, If thleret is to be antyi
tI) stealing done l-t, SothI Carohnaii geL 4
id her shaure. 'The speaker' then disclaimi-i
ce ed the deeire (If the people of South
er Carolina to put money conside rations<
above tirutth and honor0). Thl'is tunifot- -
*d- (nate tutterance oIf Ti Ilhtnan's (e1las,Iin t
ed South Carolina w ith trogties ollendledt
nn the sensibiil ities oif mtoroU thanil one i
ed Southern Senato-.f
Ls, .lHe accused Tillma oittif pol ititialipe)-- t
a julry--not personal bitt political pert- t
n- ary TLillman In thcecoinsti titdonatl e
ucon ventioni had quoted J. J. I lI'atter- t
it- son as saying thlaw taicre was "lhive
he years of gnnel stal np.' i.. Sttn Caro-.
ina." le later: said several time
,hat there was good stealing going o
n1 Washington, and he wanted soto of
t himself : he had earned it and wae
iot ashamed of it.
lie arraigned Senator Tillman for
Ais colnnction With the 1)pnitOntiary
candal. Ho then compared the free
"arroomaa in the Stato capital during
[ipublicati times with tho free sampl
'Ons at the Stato dispensary during
1'11lman's administration as Governor.
Ills arraignment of Tillman inl con
icetion with th dispensary and the
eilitentiary scandals was hero inter
b1r. Stevensoni, th presiding officer,
'ruted that the record of Tilnman in thu
ionate, not prior to that time, Was now
ander discussion. There was mild
:heering from Tillman's friends.
Senator Tillman asked that "this
nan" he n1ot distoUrbed in the enjoy
nent of tills luxury, it ik not often ho
ouuld get people to listen to him.
I'hlre was more che rig und criUs for
I'illman" and for "'Youians."
Senitor Tillman had duariing the lil't
>arl of the excoriution sat perfectly
in anove- , on the seat directly in front
f the chair which Col. Voniumrans had
cuied, hut his "lighting face"
howeI the retulrni of the fii'r of former
Mr. Youmans acquiesued inl the rul
ng of tihe c hair and did Irot conclude
Air. A. 11. 1'atterson, of larnwell,
s'.Ar'ed the convention that Mr. You
tans did not represent the peopil of
tarnwell Conty in 'is remarks.
Mr. \'oumnais---There is the record.
L speaks for itself.
The Vote on the Motion to tahblo Mr.
oumans' motion to amend the resolu
ion wa-, carried, only three or four
()tes biinag cast in tihe negative, which
uflufdeus Mr. \'ouians, Maj. Wood
,arld ad Mr. A. C. Welborn. The res
Lutions wure adopted by a rising voto,
laeni there was more dem raonbtrationas
f applaiui, and tie ret-port of tie coi
ittee (n vonstitition and by-laws was
lin taken rup. It reuad a follow:,:
io conniitte*J on contritution and
y-laws Ieg ieave reopctful II' report
hat they have cairfully cons iiered all
he resolutiolns rcferred to Llbem by the
onvention, and rort ui favolrably
pon each of them and r ecommend
hat sald resolutions he not adoptud.
'ho resolutions are hereto attached.
'ho committee further reports tie fol
Mwing arimendmeit to article VI of the
onstitution: "After the word 'ncces
ury' in lile i of said article insor
'rovided that the county executive
onimittee of any county shall be at
beritv to ordcer a prituary election for
iagistrates, maaasArs or sir uervisor's of
ugistration' and recomra mend that the
Liao lie adopted.''
The commitee further recommend
hait article X\'I of the contitution
e stricken out.
A rd that the consti tiutioi as armienraded
i ihese two particulars he adopLted as
he constitution of the Democratlc
ar'ty of Soutlh Carolina.
Co!. Hoyt and Sunator Appelt on
cavored to have oroughlt before the
vnveition the resolutions which had
ecn repor'ted unfavorably. This wasz
oted down, and tihe committee's re
orn, as lb whole was bef-)r the con vera
ion. The report of the committee was
dopted and the constitrution and by
bWs were adopted.
A S 'EFI'll I 'NOM 'Tlil.,\ N.
This concluded the work oi the con
enLion, and before the resolrtions of
uaanks to presidilng ollicers, clerks, etc ,
)[m10 delegate sent ulp a r'esoluitioni re
uesting a speech from Tillman. This
as adopted by the convention.
Senator Tillimian accepted the invita
on anird made a short addross, which
as confined almost exclusively to na
(anal affairs. lIe said that le di ' t
ke to talk as he once ctid, heeau~ise lie
ad heard so rmuchi tailk in thu senate.
iPour' years ago ther'e wars feveirish
ess, rand unacer'tainaty as to the policy
f the nationir D~remocatic panrt~y. Mr.
3ieveland and his party had scuttled
lhe shi p. T1he national conivenition abt
3hicago was irspiiring in the up~rising
if the people. it was the first, genuine
)eamocr'atic conav..ntion since the war.
ts actilon repr'esents the revival of the
iiarty of Jie lersorn on the only li nesl of
lurarbi lity. We now face anothber cam
>argn. It has been stiated that a
rnillIion D)emnocr'ats loft, the paarty in
8196. Wo went, Into that camrpalgn die'
rganlzed with the P'almer and Buick
or party syllL olf, and~ scared the op
OeitLion neairly to deat.hi. If a hiard
ght,. was necessairy then, It, Is dIoublly
I now. Thliepublja 11ican mnajorilty is
rrogant in tie exti'rme arid is rusingt
ito lb pluntocraicy which willI wreck the
overnmirenit, ilanna had $la6,000,000u
'ith w hich LIo bray votes in 1 26i.
We nieed mioney to car'ry speakers
rid literatu re into the m iddleD West.
We ar'e still lace to faice with the
'hilippine wair, whi ah has cost us $120
'00,000)1 (inciol inrg the navy ) and r'e
uirecs Lii ser vice of I.~>,00 m)1 ien . MIc
K inlecy had brouight on that, war ex.
ieetinrg Liie l'ii ipinos(1 to a disbiad at thie
irit rish. fli hrad saL ira the senratec
iadi hea'rdL temr tal kinrg of using Liie
'hiiippinaes abs ai st.ppning stonr Lto
ahiina. lIe crlariedl that the I tupuabl i
anir partyL3 hias g.eabt, schiemas if ar'
Siranidizemiicnt . lIe decfendeda his posi-.
,ioni on the (Chinia opern udoor qurestlin
n China. hic would ,,taund 1)y it, bo,~ he
I ld noL favcr uisinrg Liibe I 'Ii illiies ias
lie was apph iii ue in h'is re ply Lto the
t~aeenrt that ho wab, in favor (if
~othi Carolinaru getting her sliir'e of thbe
teialinig in Wash~lingtoni. t, diad not, im
>i y lba ir'rnder of anry prinuci ple. Th le
out~h pays onre-th irda of the taxes and
et~s hut ab tent Lini retun i, and lie con
enaded it, was bait, r ig h t, for south Car
diinib to gut her' shiare of the appropri
b tion I.
Th'iis country is In danger. if Mr.
de'vin rley I-u ulected It manrs an alil
inec w ith lngland, Inordlinate greedl
s hohai nid l~nglanrd's unholy war in
n(fnrca. TIhe carpIet-bagger' will get the
crnelit,, arnd we anuist keep a atandinrg
rrmy of 200,0001 amen, rand if the trend
aalairs keeops up that army will he
roughat hack to this country to shoot
nc peCople oIf this country into sail)
Lction Lto the wIll of the trusts. lie
adl denounced the Republicans to thiolir
ices as hyp)ocrites, and the peopile oif
his State hard never heard (If it. " if
hao consapiracy oif shlene 3 amronig some
fthe newspaiper's to keep my consti
uients froma knowing what, I do keep2
p), I can't help it,"' lie said witha
onaidorahie show of femumg
'ILLMAN ON WIlITICSV'PItM&AC
Hw Teiis ilow Soutl( Carolina Thre
oil* the Negro aimti lie ap
Senator Benjamin It. Tillman,
South Carolina, writes as follows i
Leslio's Weekly : Tho overwhelhin
majority of the whito people in Sout
Carolina, grown desperate at the mie
rule and robbery to which they ha
buen subjected, and with their angr
passions aroused by the throatoned d<
stru'tion of our civilization, set C
work in January, 187d6, to redeom th
Stato at any and all hazards. Thi
Democratic party was roorganived, an
its one battlo cry was "1 white suprc
macy." Tho work of reorganizatloi
was soon rapidly undor way in all the
upper portion of the State. In man
of the lower cOUnlties thu whites worI
So down boarted and dej)rcssed at tlhi
hopelessness of the struggle that they
made little or no movemont; but in the
P'iedmont, where the ll1mptoln caivasi
hadttl its heg inning, thore was iina)ugur
ated one of tho most remarkable cam.
paliign inl history.
The whites wore organ ized rapidly
into mi ktary companies and armiied,
for the negro imilitiamone, arimed and
well (quipped, numbered upward of
,i,000 and wero frequ nently on thU muove
to and from the places of regimental
rendezvous. There wore not lacking
threats and actions by them to terror
izo the white women and children and
enrage the whiten men. The whitet
were in a minority of .30,000 voters it
the State, but this had no olfect on the
leadors. The Democrats adopted tile
red shirt as a uniform and followed
1amp1j)ton as lie wIeIt from county to
county, imarching in procession . Is
(scort. As manly a :I 000 Irod slirtd
1or1oMn wore soon) in diffreen t couni
ties riding across country from couri
house to court houis'. When Cliaiber
Sai n began his canvass Ih is first meet.
ing at I-dgetild, where the negroei
vere two to 0110, wias captured by 1.5t)(1
)eliocrats in red Shirts Lndeor Mart
Gary. a ('onfederate brigadier, and thU
holdest leader of the whites in the
State. A division of LiOmo was donmaid
ed and the negroes were aiiressed by
the Democratic speakers, who to his
teeth told Chamberiai, who wias run.
ning for reelection, of the villiain ies
which he and aind his assoc iates had
This was the iirist fruits of the new
policy, an11d the ellect over the State
was elect'rical. Cowetd and e'estfal len
at. 1)11V t118 randed in tb presenlCe
of his black dopes, tho Governor left
lIXIgelield hver to return. -An. aifter at
similiar experieICo at Mi lay, in irn
well County, a week .ater lie I ii, the
canvass anl began tto lay plans fo' the
use of tho United Stites troops as the
on1ly ho)t3 left. The iilmbuii rg riot
which occurred the Lih o1 July gaye
the excuse, and a regimwent of troopr
was sent into the State under- 'J .k itu.
ger. 'Tle K ilenton rlot foilowet'd in
Secptember, and moro troops were sent.
iwas i In hoi riots, IbuL spa11Ce forbih,
any details. Iampton in his ctanvasi
irged persuasion and peaceful method .
Cary ant Butiler, on tile contrary, od.
vocated the " slotgui' policy,'" and fa
vorito IIIaxIIims of the former wer 0:
l"ight the devil with fire." " ,\n
ouineo of foar' is ,vorthi a Lon of perl51,s'
ion." Thu rus pect of the State consti.
tutioln and t.he laws whieb had bo
thrust upon the people at tho point of
thu bayonet by the carpet-bag govern
ment wias overtirown at olicO. (JaLt,
becameu idle words, without force or
meaning. Th rpe lIlIOAO WaS IM) carry
the election at any and ill hiazaris,
and in any and all ways necessary. As
the election approached thu sky at
night was lit up by the light of blazing
gin houses, the work of i neendlaries.
IIlaving such a large majorIit,y jt
overcome and knowing that ini only
about two) thirds of the State the su
pies on election day as LI) how t~ht
whites were enthusod, there were n<
votes got into the boxes and how manl
timos a mian voted, or w hether the lne
groes wore allowed to voto-as~ then
were not In many instanices. Thei lpeu
p)i0 were wrmought, up to such a p1itel
of desperationu that Ilif was not woi'ti
havinig u pon thu conditions whiebIc ex
isted. It, wals openily declared Lto bi
the puirpose to haive a whl1it mani's gov
ernmient, or a military govern mtt, ain
in thboso countios where the troops were
atationed the Democeratic mnajorl tles
were gr'oateost,. At tho eloction llamp
ton had most, votes and was declared
Sloeted, hut Grant suistal ed Chamber
Slin's cl aim, and tuhe troops helId Lihe
State houso5 f rom thbe first, weeok in IDe
comber uIntil Iafter LIayes waj i naugiu
rated~ in Miarcb following.
There was a idual golvernmn t aind a1
duhal I ng ilatur e, buit, 1HamWpton ' golv
ernment alone recuiveid any mlonecy
from the tax payers, andil the settlumenit
of 1Haye&.'tile Lto the I 'residency by tile
electoral commii ii on~l carr ied wIth It
thei agr'eeiment LI) withdlraw the tr'oops.
T1hen the carpeIlt-bag govern ment col.
I ap edi in a niighlt, and oeh Lif wyho
couhl get, lawny hurriedly left, the
State. '[le work of rehiabilIitathon and
restoration was slow. Thei State'I
'redlit, was for theu timon ruined, but
w iih labor and11 patier.ce (lrder' soor
came out oif cbaos, time deLbt was refund
ed, a1.11 iI legal oblIgations mot ;hon.
est Judges took t~he plaee of bribe tak
era~ who had- disgra,o.d the baneli
There were so many indictmnents it.
the State courts against tile counit3
ollicors, legislators and ome liepubi
cans that by arrest and resignationi?
nearly all the ohlices were soon in the
hands of diecent white mn. There
were hundreids of indictmnents in thu
United States Courts~ for riot, mnurde1Lr,
and intimidation, .\ 3., and1( finally an
understandinrg was reached that, the
whites wouid makekm ani excJhidmgo of
priso~ners, s) Lto spleak , andl all prosecu
tions oni buothi si J os were dropped01.
In thu camipalgn of I 78 there was a
more or less de temined (lfort, oni the
part of the negroes Lto retain thieirv lost
power, hut, the wIhites swe pt every
th ing by tihe same1( methodls -uued in
1876 in a modi1f ied degroe. It didl not
reqiuire as d1rastic meiasur es to hol Ithe
State a It 1did to capture it. In i %0
the ier roes made a feeble, spasan dIe
atLtemepL, andi then, with the enactienit
of a e gistration law and t~he "' 'sit
box law," which was a mod ilica form
of eduihcational (Iuuulfilation, all organ
1/zed c ffort to overth.r'ow tile white or'
D~emocratic party ceased ;and from
that timo until 1895, whenl the niew
Constitution erCn n trini an ma icaton..l
V qualification for suifrage was adopted,
the negro vote ceased to ho a faotor in
South Carolina politice. Very many of
thorn never took the trouble to go to
the polls at, all. and when they did go it
mado no difference. In 1870 the whites
if had voted along with the negroes, for
I a constitutional two-mIA school tax.
g In 1'iP5 the convention, composed of
Ib 1.~>4 whites and six negroes, increased
. this to three mills. South Carolina
d now leads the South in education and
y manufactures. Its credit is such that
i its 5 por cent. bonds are at 120. Its
o negro population is as happy and con
e tented and as prosperous as that of any
L3 other Stato in the Union.
I The suppression of the colored vote,
- flst by force and fraud and later by
i constitutional methods, has been the
subject of much adverse criticism by
those who know nothing about the
horrors of carpet-bag rule ; but those
who participated in the struggle to
wrest the State from the band of rob
bers who had used the ignorant and
debased negro vote to waste our sub
staneo and destroy our- civilization
have no0 apologIes to mako, and will
leave to the impartial historlan of the
fut iu ro the i uestion as to w hother the
end justilies the m11eans. The people of
Soiuth Ca'rolinta do not doubt what the
verdiet will be, neither do they care.
Is 'Worth a Barrel of
''11 call Iftepend14 Ihl l they lire later!.
-1-i IWhal Youl h i e beein lokthmi. for,
New I sertions,
New Val. races.
\e h:-\e re nl : Ii v l iti l i e pant
wek by e\ v lres '11he pretl iest andti e11
we 1:ie !illI ia tiis 1 meatiloll. I' me ill atil
1e Ihemi U t-11 it y di d' liit cnre to) buv.
Nwevess depenlds entfirely upon)I ablility 14)
serve - ymir iistomners necelptably. W i otl
deav r. irst til treat every o e ialike ; sell
aM CioUII!ptp H Jspo ii c(, anM i to) ;eii ats goid
ualia ai e n a bt me mlin toed. The wa our
nsifoitrnt have miiti by uis. antd the way
oir trade ham growi, ik the heit evidence
that itu eiftor aLre , i lal ieciated.
Specials this Week.
\\'ill arrive fi Wthie lay aid be placed
fi Ile a ltw hl of b Pi1lue ti be Rol
at It .
NOW ON SALE.
A lot of Plain Talea l Rtiiblns at 5', 1It1,
ie anid 1!e a yard, re;gtlar price 1il, Milt,
CAll, Zj', ani Iir.
We' will put.i maniy spucijal, ont stale thait
arri ved thle past week, whii ch we are untal e
to muent it i separiately. asi my abeet fromi
the ity duigteek veetdm
getting moy advteteent reath.
1'l aini 111eMe us, we will nthe it pirolila
R. L R. Bentz,
Manager Easley Hranch.
G reeni e m ( ore, . -. .-. . .'r.
..Corner ent rantce, 201 Main St.
E?A gent for liutteri ck ."allternsa.
A Point in Our Favor.
T he tiimbet iof plel who linud our$.' 50O
sih.,e'4 criudal ' ri iyle, lit and1( tiurabhiilt to
iii $'>nni shoes sokdi elsewhere is raiddly
IIwreaing.ii ;\t er onet sle e 0ownl you r
fet.Ili h u yttt lindi no( shoesC si (comfor
i, t *tab le and lur:tiht' Cas hurs.
<I stoc ltk oif shos~ ior the farmers are
bouatgh . fromit Ii rs aihnd andt tat loweteashi
pirilis. iir inhe if Ihay States at. $1 60a4,
$2. I0 andJ Ct2 !>i ate hiam'l made, best white
oitk Pt bol ltmI. andi everi- pair guarani
teed. It wil lpay yitu 1' look over our
sto(ik biefore hiuviuw.
Oe price to, aLl.
Pw~i &~ PA' TON,
106 S. Main Street,
I lpscombi & Russeli'a