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VOL io.---NO. 7. PICKENS. S. C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 20,IOLL
CoRo thoedrs of
We invite you t
and boys w(
Our line of M
Our Boys' Knc
Men's Pants fi
A complete lin
felt and at
The best $3.50
Every taiing in
line of unhi
known to I
We will take
SMITH & :
G. W. SIRRINE, Supt. -
IT I0 MARVIELOUS HISTORY.
GREAT RECO)RD 0141 TH1 PART.
The Leading One Hundred Events
or tho Nineteenth Century.
An eventful century truly has been
this nineteenth centu-y of the Chris
tian era now within a month of its close.
F om whatsoever standpoint it is re
garded, Its history is marvelous. la
the knowledge we have gained during
its progress, of our own globo, it stands
unparalleled. There has been wonder
ful progress also in science, in educa
tion, and in the adaptation of natural
forces to human purposes. Political
and territorial changes, too, have made
this a very different world from that
of 1800. It was not possible In small
space to even mention theevents which
make the century memorable, but it
may be interesting to recall a hundred,
which, if not the most important, are
those that have had the greatest inlu
ence in shaping and developing the
condition of the nations.
WARS AND REIVOL4UTIONS.
Battle of Austerltz, Napoleon de
feats Austrians and Rassiains, 1805.
Battle of Trafalgar, Nelson sinks
Freneh fleet, 1805.
Moscow burned by the Russians to
entrap Napoleon, 1812.
Battle of Waterloo, Napoleon van
Battle of Navarino, securing Greek
* independence, 1827.
Crimean war, Great Britain France
and Sard inia against Russia, 1853-55.
India mutiny, in which native sol
diers massa< ro English men women and
France-Austrian war, 1859, fol'owed
byvGaribaldi's campa.gn unifying Itaty,
The great clvil war in America,
1861-65. Surrender of Le'e to Grant at
Appomattox, April 9, 1865.
Austro--Prussian watr. Dac~sive bat
tle, Sadowa, July 3, 1860.
France Prussian war. D 'cisive bat
tIe, Sed an, Sdeptember 1, 1870 ; follo wed
by federation of German States in Ger
* man empire.
Russo Turkish war. Battle of Plevna,
December 10, 1877.
Bombardment of Alexandria by the
British, 1882, followed by the occupa
tion of Egy pt.
War between Chinese and Japanese,
Americo-Spanish war, Manila, May
1, 1898 ; Santiago, July 3, 1898.
War by Great B1ita.'n a'gainst South
African republics, 1899) 19)00.
France becomes an empiire, 1804 ; a
republic, 1848 ; an empire again, 1852 ;
third republic, 1870.
General outbreak of revolutis
throughout Europe, 184i8.
Rome, seized from the pone, becomes
capital of United Italy, 1870.
In the Arctic . Expediition of Sir
-John Franklin, 1845; DeLong, 1879;
Greely, 1881; Peary, 1892; Nansen,
1894; Duke of the Abruzzi (farthest
north ), 1900.
In the A nactic : Blpcoe. 1831 ; B'l
lony, 1838; D U eville, 1810 ; R ,-s, 1841
WIlkes, 1842; Blorchgrevink, 1898.
In Africa ;[Livingetono, 1840-7?3;
Stanley, 1875 87; Spe and Grant,
In America :John C. Fremont's j-ur
ney westward to the Pacfico, 1842 46.
First steamboat, the Clement, made
a voyage from New York to Albany,
1807; theO frst steamboat to cress the
Atlantic, the Savannah, 1819
First railroad, Stnokton and Darling
ton, England, 1825; Baltimore and
Ohio, fourteen miles long, 1830.
LIghting the streets by gas, first ex
periment in London, 1807.
o come to soc us for any thing that'ien
on's Suits run from $4.00 to $25.00,
o Pant Suits $1.50 to $0.00.
om1 $1.00 to $7.50.
0 of Men's and Boys' Hats in both
Shoo inade for men.
Underwear, among Which is the best
undered white shirts and colored shirts
he trade for 50 cents.
ileasure in showing you through the
rf goods in our line in the Piedmont
the prices are all right.
~:NVIL.LE, S. C.
- - H. C. MARKLEY, Prol.
ainlication of Auh-diviainn. 197.
The McCormick reaper ir vented,
Howe's sewing machine, 1846.
The electric telegraph, Bamuel F.
B Mors- 1837. First line in the Uniteu
The tel Whone first, r x hIbitod, 1876.
Tne phonograph, 1877 88.
Cable laid across the Atlantic. 1857;
ElectrIc railroad at Edison's home
at Monlo Park, 1830.
Pnotograph : F rst experiment by
DAguerre, 1829; first successful por
trait by Morse, 1939.
The speet-roscope, first used, 1802;
Roeutwun rays found to penetrate
SOCIAL AND HUMANITARIAN.
Slavury aholishect in the British do
Alexandria II, emperor of Russia,
em'ancipates twenty-three mlilion serfs,
Lincoln's emancipation proclama
Fi rst international exposition in
Hvde Park, London, 1851.
First settlement of an international
quarrel by arbitration Instead of war
(Alabama claims of the United States
against England) 1871.
International Peace Congress sumi
moned by Russia meets at The Hague,
Organization of the Red Cr015
Society at Geneva, 1864.
Organization of the Wnman's Chris
tian Temperance Union, 1873.
First college settlement established,
'rho Christian Herald adopts 5,000
ehi d ren orphaned by the India famine,
Organization of the American board
of commissioners for foreign mfisions,
1810. First mhbsionaries sent Out, 1811
Oeganization of the first Sunday
school union in London, 1803. Ameri
British and Foreign Bible society
A merican Bible society organlzed,
First Young Men's Christian associa
tion established by George Williams
in London, 1844.
The inquisition abolished by the
Spanish cortes, 1820.
B3eginning of the Salvation Army,
Doctrine of Papal infallibility form
ally endorsed by the Ecumenical coun
Bi ble rev ision . New Testament
issued, 1881 ; Old Testament, 1885.
Organization or the first Young Peo
nln's Society of Christian Endeavor,
Organization of the Order of IKing's
Daug hter s, 1880.
Earthquakes: Caracaq. 1812; India
(2,000 persons killed) 1819 ; Canton,
ChIna. (0.000 perisued) 1830 ; (Jalabria
(1 000 persons buried) 1835: San D~om
into (5,000 killed) 1842; Southern Italy
(14 000 lI ves lost ) 18">2; Calabria (10 000
killed), 1857 ; Quito (5 000 deaths), 1859;
Mondoza, Soutn Ame rica (7 000 deathu.),
1800 ; M anila (1,000 dleaths), 18613; M ity -
lens (1,000 deatne.), 1867 ;~ A(.lui pa anti
distrIct (25.000 deathe), 1868 ; 8.'n Jose,
Colombia (14,000 deaths), 1875 ; Sclo
(4,000 deatne ), 1883; Charleston, S. C
(oroperty worth $5,000,000 destroyed
and 41 lives lost), 1886; in the R vera
(2,000 deaths), 1887; Japan (4,000 dead.
5,000 woundeu) 1891.
Famines :I -eiand, 1840 ; Russia
(America contributed through The
Christian Herald 6 cargo or corn, sent
on the hoard the Lii) 1891; in I 'oia
1837, 1860, 1865, 1868 1876, 1897, 1899.
In the last two named years, there
were large American cone~tuns- In
morcv and grain through The Chris
tian Herald. in 1897 thbese contribu
tions amounted to $409,000. includiug
corn on board the City of Everett; in
1899 and 1900 $600.000, Including corn
on board tti Q I L to.
The great fire in Chicago, 1871.
The Conemaugh flood, destroying
Johnstown. Pa., 1889.
Tidal wave at Galveston, Tex., 1900.
Tidal wave in Japan sweeps away
50 000 houses and kille 2,419 persons,
Goethe publishes Faust, 1898.
Victor Hugo writes Lea Misorables,
Thomas Carlylh's History of the
French Ievoaution published, 1837.
rolph Waldo Emerson's Essays,
Jotin RIuzkin's Modern Painters
published, 1843 60.
Whitter's Poems, 1830-75.
Harrist. Beecher Stowe'* Uncle Tc m's
Cahin, 1851 52
Darwin'a U -in of Species, 1859.
President, Monroe propounds the doc
trine that -ears his name, 1823.
Sir I -hurt Peel Premier of Great
John buerm'an, U. S. secretary of
t"easury, resumes specie payinonts,
Abraharu Linemin elected president
UoIt'ed States, 1860.
W. E. Gladston becomes proeier of
Great Britain, 1868.
Bismark mad president of the cabi
net, Prussia, 1862.
Count Cavour, liherator of Italy, ap
pointed premier, 1852
Louis Kossutn dictator of Hungary,
Gold discoverml to Catifornia, 1848;
in Australia, 1851 ; in the Transvaal,
1887 : in the Klondiike, 1897.
Dianond mines worked in the Trans
Opening of the Mont Cenis tunnel,
Last spike of the Union Pacitic rail
road driven, 1869.
Trans-Siberian railroad operated,
Opening of the Suez canal, 1869.
Alaska ceded by Russia to the United
First session of the parliament of
United Canada, 1867.
The Australiae under one govern
Maximillian executed in Mexico,
Exiulsion of the emperor from Bra
Aosassinations : Lincoln, 1865 : Osr
Sold. 1881 ; Emperor Alexander 11..
1881 ; Carnot, preaident of Prance, 1894;
Snah of Persia, 1896; King Huninert
of Italy, 1900.
Expulsion of Jews from Rusasia, 1882.
Massacre of missionaries ard con
verts In China, 1900.
Army draft riots In N- w York, 1863.
Chloroform firat used, 1847.
Vaccination legalized, 1803.
P;steur discovers remney for hydro
phobia by inoculation, 1881.
The Rosetta Stone furnishes key to
-The late Senator Cushman K.
Davis was not only a fine lawyer, but
a deep student of literature as well.
He spoke, read and wrote French and
Italian flaently, and nothing delighted
him more than the Greek and Latin
poets In their originals. He was
known as one of the foremost students
of Snakespeare of the present day, and
in his home he had a magnificent
library. A rmiarkable thing about
this library was that there was not a
single law book in the collection, for
during the last twenty years of his life
he made it a r u 1 never to bring his
business cares to his fireside.
-Ex-Senator James W. Bradbury,
of Main~e, w ho at 96 is the olderet former
United States Senator, has never
tasted l'quor or tobacco, and is today
able to attend to his considerable cor
ree-pondence without the aid of an
-The late Senator Davis, of Min
nosota, died from blood poisoning
caused by the dye from his hose getting
into a bruise on his foot.
A New Book For Men
Special A rrangemnentsl W hereby a t re
Copy Can Be (Obtained bay Every
IReader oif Thlis Pap~er.
F~or weeks t hi presseis
% on of lIr. .9. Newton
4 liathiaway's new book
".\ lnilines s, V I gor,'
j l althi - fnv's's:ary to
A ~~ mand. 1)r. 1 lattuitway
has iesersid a limtitedl
nnnamber of these books,
andthsehle ha~sspeial, ly
arranged to siendc free~ by
inai to alt readlers of thu.s
anid full address to him.
Fo 20 yeas Dr. 1 tat haway hais coin ed his
ndurnthatl tiine h a etrdmr
tohat.vigo, usefulness ad hajppiiness ta
aytnothier dcetors ini the ctinti~ry cihin~ ied.
Dr lthaway t realts andc cures by a methlid
entirely his 4)n' i, dilscovered andi ierfecitedi bs
hi isetlf isedl (ehisielyhv him, I A'ss of
\'I talit y. \'arileoeli, Sti ture, Iflood P'oioning
in Its dlili'renlt .stages, Ilhiimait lim, Weakl Baick,
all inann,,er of urinary' compl~iaints, Lcters, Sores
andl Skhin I ise'ases. iB'righits Disease anid all formns
of i(idneyO Traoubleis. Is tr-eat ment for undler.
tined tmen restores lost vitality and makes the0
pati b-nt a si ronig, will, vigorouis manl.
Dar. iiathawayV's siucicss in t iihI tretmenit oif
'a:rieoinlt anil St rieture w.l iot the alid of knlfe
oir eantery is iheinomienai~l. Thle hatienit is treat
i1d1 b tis iinoth oid at his own, hiome without pain
or liss of timue from tmisitness. Thlis is nusitively
lthe only 1 realitet which cnuros wsithout an oper
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tin of suiuforers f rim V'artieoenhi awli St urletur(e to
pages '., 25, 29. 30 an~d 3i of his new boo k.
ls.vry ia se hake~n hv' I r. flat haway is spireila ly
treated aicordinag ho Its nature. all unduie, hiis~i gn
iral peirsonhaisiipervisioni,aund all r',mediesusedi biy
imi are i repiared fromu theopurestandl host d rugs in
his owvn lac boratorlies under lisa pirsontai oversight.
D r. II athaway inakes no ch~aige for conisuiit.
1tion or adivie, either at his oflile or by mali, anud
when~t a cas~e is takeni the oneii low fiui covers ail
cost of miediclies and professional servle...
D r. ilathiaway always prefers. when it is piossI
li,' to have his patients cail on hitta for at least
onei initerview, buit this Is not esseniilal. as, he luas
eurod( scuoros of thousainds of pationts in aill hfee
Lions of the worldl whom ho has never seen, is
System of flomo Treatmenit is so paerfected that
he~ can bring about a cntro as surely andi speedily
mie though the patient cailed daily ati his ofie,.
J. NBWTON HATHIAW AV, M. D. *'
lDr. lH athaiway & Co.,
RHM South Biroad Street, A isata, Obn,
uMETON TnlM PAPER WH EN WiRITINQ,
AN INCRUASE OF SUICIDRS.
A RMlAE EVENT AMONG NEGItOES.
Bill Arp Says They Have no Ileuorse
lell-Destruo iuun Was On1e an1 Evi
denco of Insanity.
The rapid increase of suicides in the I
South is altr-ming and provokes the a
serious study of our thinking people. t
Fifty years ago a suicide was a rare i
event among the white race, and never I
heard of among the negroes. When it (
did occur, it was considered an evi- t
dunce of insanity. I do not reca'l but 1
one instance in my youth and that was I
a woman who jumped into a deep well i
when no help was within reach. But I
nowadays almost every daily paper I
contains an aceount of one or more self- I
murders, aind even negroes have taken t
the infeotion, for they will imitate every
vice and frailty of the whites. Old
Lew.is, who is my wood chopper, ask, d I
me the other day how it war that the I
white folks kill " derselves so much, I
and the niggers dideut."
" Because," said I, " white folks are t
more easily over como with grief or, i
remorso, or distress, than negroos. I
Yvu t-egroes don't borrow trouble, nor a
take it hard when it (lois come. You I
don't give yourselves much anxtuty
about tomorrow, or next week, or next I
year. You don't grieve long over a t
death in the family ; your emotional i
natut e Is of a low grad. ; your marr Iage (
relation is loose ; in fact, it is on the i
declinesince freedom came. Tne mar- a
riage records show that your legal I
marriages are 00 per cent. less, accord- i
ing to population, than in the white i
race, and the deer, ase gets less and I
less every year. Your young men and %
women don't marry ; they just take up i
and quit when they please, and so the 1
men don't care very much about the I
welfare of their children, if they have I
any. Besides all this, Uncle Luwis, i
your race has a trait of stealing little I
things, and this accounts in a great i
measure for their indilference to the
laying up of something for the future ;
tomething for the winter or the rainy i
days, or for old age. If the worst comes a
to the worst, they know they can steal I
or beg. If your young folks, men and
womea, haven't, got but a dollar in the
world, they will spend it for a water
melon, or an excursion, and tike the
chances. Now, Uncle Lewis, you ro
member when there wasn't a chain
gang in the South, nor a heinous crime
nor a brutal outrage, committed by
your people, from the Potomac river to
the Rio Grande. Now there are in
Georgia alone over 4,000 of your people
in the chaingangs, and there would be
4,00U more if ail the little stealings
Uncle Lewis had stopped cutting and
was leaning on his ax helve. " DaLt'
all so," said he, " and boss I knows It,
and boss what I wants to know is Ois
What must we poor niggers do about
it ?" There is the rub. I couldn't t I
bln, but I did eay, " Uncle Lewis, your
race has got some mighty good traits,
and I like to have you about us : you
are kind-hearted, good-natured, easy
to please, and don't carry malice or
revenge in your hearts ; you steal, but
you don't cheat anybody. The white
race won't steal, but they will cheat or
take advantage in a trade, and that is
worse. If you trust a negro with any
thing he will notabuse your confidenco,
but a white man will enbLAzie and de
fraud and even the cashiers of banks
will appropriate the bank's money, anu
falsify the books for months and years.
Every race has its race traits, both bad
and good. Some of your had ones were
almost run out by slavery, but they
have come back again, and all your
college education does not stop it. It
makes it worse. There is nothing will
stop it but work, constant work, every
cay, under some good employer. Work
on the farm is your best safeguard, or
work as mechanics under good contrac.
tors. Your people make good mech
anics, and the white pecople employ
them and patronize them just as will
ingly as they do white mechanici.
Tno negro blacksmiths and masons get a
good employ ment bore and every where, I
and as for cooking and washing ana I
nursing your women have it, all. The
two races would lit together nicely if a
it wasn't, for polit~Ics and idleness.'' An
idle negro is a dangerous creature and I
should be taukin up and put to work. t
He is much more dangerous than an C
Idle white man, for lie has no shame, I
and fears not God nor regards mian.
If I were a law-maker, I would make I
continued idleness a crime, for, as Bin I
Franklin says, " It is the parent, of I
i started to write about suicides, bet C
got to preaching Uncle Lewis a sermon C
and got ti the track. Nineteen hun- C
dred years ago Plutarch, th'e Greek I
historian said that self-murder was t
coward Ice for a brave man would suffer
rather than take the life that God gave t
him. Self-murder was a heinous crime t
under the old English law. The estate I
of the felo do so was confiscated, and
taken away from his family. His body I
was buried on the highway withbout a e
coflini and a sharp stake thrust through y
it to mark the accursud spot,. Suicide r
was under the ban of the church, and t
no prayers were said for his soul. In a
no civilized country has suicide been
justified, except in such cases as that,
of Saul, who fell on his sword because, e
as be said, " Lust these uncircumolsod
Philistines thrust me through and .y
abuse me." Or perhaps that other C
notable case the Scriptures record, y
that of Judas, whose remorse was soa
dreadful he preferred hell or anything' ,
that would be a change. But generally
It is "better to endure the ills we have, r
than fly to those we know not of."
Almost every day we read of young I
men and young women killing them- C
solves because of disappointment or
dissipation, or about, love or money.
They must believe there is no hereaf
ter, or all punishment ends with this C
life. Surely no Christian man or wo- e
man would think ofiself-murder. Wait, -f
wait, young man, young woman ;wait, '
I say-~suffer and be strong ; only cow- I
ards k ill themsel ves. The soul is look1 i
ed1 up in this casket and God oniy has
the key. Wait and trust, Him. Re. '
morse for a great crime may atone I
somewhat for self-murder. Miss Mor
risen might have killed herself after
she killed her rival, and it would hav6
see-med neroic. Wnen Othello disot
ered his great mistake in killing Dee.
aemona, his peroration was grand asi
he said. " I took the circumcised dog
by the throat and smote him tbu'
and then stabbed himself and died, fr
is Shakespeare says, "lie, W4p reat
>f heart. In ancient Greece and Iors1e
heir notable warriors sometimes killed
,hemeelves, rather than suffer the
tings of defeat in battle. In Japan
nilltary officers commit what is called
iarakari (ripping open the abdomen)
, avoid personal disgrace. But in our
and the pistol or poison has superceded
61 other means of suicide. It would
ave thousands of lives If the pistol
vas abolished by law. Not one should
ie allowed in any household ; they are
,ntirely too convenient for murder or
uloido or robbery or revenge. And
ho sale of poison should be so regu
ated that no one could buy It except
'pon the most careful inquiry as to its
ntended use. Human life is too sacred
o be endanvered by pIstole and poison,
or, as St. Ptul says, " We are made in
he image of God."
Well, we see that Mr. Crumpicker,
ir Stumpsucker, or some such nime,
rom Indiana, has opened the ball at
Vashlngton with his usual ncreech owl
towl againist the South. Ho was it
uch a malignant hurry that ho got in
he first bill, and It is to red 'ce the
epresentation of tt e South In Congre-.
Io reminds me of lilamnan, whoso st~om
oh would not digest his food as long as
io saw Mordecai sitting at the king'.
,ate. H. has bigun to build a gaillwr
or us. L et him be-ware, for it was 11 -
nan who was hanged. Some of theme
%bid RIpublicans remlinid me of olo
'ato, the RItman cuinsor, who hat d
he Carthegenians so bad that he never
,oted on any question Io tbe Ro man
ionate without, adding, " And I also
,oto that Carthage be destroyed " But
iobody caret; we will yet have a school
>ook commission in every Souther
;tate. The South is moving right
long in spite of Northern insults an
4orthern literature. I so that " B hr
)ara ['riotchie " is to be Played iII At
anta. I wonder if that dramatic lie
vill be patronizd by any self-restet
ng Southern man or woman ? Many
,ears ago a Yankeo troupo ete tt
Z 1me with 'U aclo Ton's Gabin,'" and1
vo egged them out of town. Thtat',
vhat we done. They may abuse us from
Jfar off, but tiey shan't "''me down
kere and rub it in. HirnrA ..
'SICNAI'OR JOHN L. M. 1ItitY.
k Rniarkablo Career EIctie~l in tie
V oy V-riani of, MaxilsotI-lio W as
the O)rgaeoxtr Who tiavi. liraii
alid intpma1i uts to tio UClbrirt MuVo
Col. John L. M. Irby, former United
3tatus Senator, it prominent lawyer
mid distinguished citiz.-n of tils State,
lied at his honao in iaurens on the
'4i iunt., in the -17th year of his ago.
John !aurens Manning Irhy was but
61 years old, havin-r been born In Lau
'ens, Sept. 10, 1851. LLis father wa
301. James H. Iroy, a distinguishco
jouth CarolinIan, who for yuars repre
ented Laurens County in the S.at
ienate and was later lieutenant gover
ior, at the time John L. Manning wiat
,overnor. Oa account of the friend
hip of these two, the ileutouiant gov
irnor named his son for Gov. Mannint!
['h 'younger Irby's mother was Miss
lenrietta Earle, a daughter of another
listinguished South Carolina family.
lonator Irby was thus a near relative
if his successor in the United States
lenate, the late Judge Joeuph It
Barle. Both of thebe wno immediatuely
ucceeded Wade Hampton have passea
way, while the grand old Conlederatt
hieftain survivee them.
Senator Irby sp. nt his boyhood at
he old Irby homestead in Laurens
"his is a pictureeque spot-a grove of
en acres surroundtng a mansion of col
inial design, built in the early part, of
he century. The dimensions of the
rb 'home are identical whh those ol
iolomon1's temple. irby Hlli overlooks
be-city of La~urens. and the t ospitalita
>i its board has buen enjoyed by many.
ienator Irby and his lather before hiin
vere lavish entortainers.
The deceased was a man of superior
oducation as well as of keen jsidgmnent
(dc strong intellect. He was preparea
or college ati the local schools and
dtorwards attndeod the Univernit~y or
(1,rginia and 'lrrnceton. In 1876, a
nemnorable .*ear in bState history, h
ras admitted to the liar after reading
swruhder Henry-Mclver, of Cheraw,
he present'chief .juntioe of the su prom,
ourt of Seuth- Carolina, and Joanua H.
His firsit venturO in the practice of
sw was in the Oity of Lauren: with W
.Gray, .Frq , as his~ partner. bL er
.e was asnociated with J~,oet, T. Jinn
nn, Congressman elect,. Young Irhy
ntered with enthusiasm 1n to the gr e
ampaign which brokd down the ruke
ithe robber barons of the radtual
arty and placed Wade Hampton at
be head of the State government. He
ras a lieutenant colonel on Gov. Ham;,
nn's staff. In 1878 he praotically gave
p the law to looi after hIs extensive
Irby took no active psrt in State pol
ties until 1880 when he was electo d to
he House. This was at a seaoson of
olitical disquietude. Capt. 13. R. Til1
san having the surmmer before sowed
be seeds of discordi in his memorable
peech at Bennettsvlille. In 1888 i rby
'as returned to the House, anu agaIn
ii 1890. IHis political career may be
aid to date from that latter year. For
I. was then that the R~eform mo)vement
ras inaugurated and without Irby it
ould not have bijen as successful as It
ras. He was the .motive piower in the
laroh convenition of 1890, which niotI
ated T1'ilman for governor.
A biographer- in writing of this pe
lod of his life says : " All the forced4
rhich contributed to this political up.
aival were concentrated at the March
onvention. This coznvention was a
*raotie'ai declaration of war upon ex
iting political instittio1ns."
"Eyeorythiug that could secure sue
esa wat pitesent and allthat was nou
d was'tiaillf the elements should be
us~d Oi' lr'ystlthIed. It was at the
rmot oritical moment in the proceed
De~ of dhie 14o'dh. 'COnvention that
rD~ Arstapgi#ared ags a master of
ol at'tso an 'ganizcr of victory.
IO tsh idi That revolution was
mit i4d a'ti convention, it nar
o~w1 .~pd pa-sing fito history as
l 6t!t~ and -impotent, body.
~'O~eI~ads wsere about, equally
asi whether the r'evoaution
h V4gdr9eeds by thbe 'suggestion' of a
~iI~ e for glvnrnor or whether the
i~hage shoald content itselft-with
~'sing-as had been done before
10 Volf the people in resolutions.
It was into this broach that leby throw
himself with~ ardor and enthdalasm,
and his activity on the floor and the
energy and force of his personal ap
peals changed an imminent flasco into
a POtential success. The conversion by
him of a few votes in favor of the su g
gestion' secured the nomination of Till
man for governor, thus furnishing the
hitherto disorganized forces with a
leader and giving t'ie movement a
name, a battle cry and solidity. The
broken ranks which were practically
closed and reorganizd by him moved
on from that day to the overwhelming
victory in November. Had there been
no movement, there might have been
no Irby, but had there been no Irby it,
Is ( q'ially true that there would have
been no organization."
His ablaity to organize the forces in
the "March convention" placed him in
charge of thbe campaign, and he was
the fieId marsrhal who carried Tillman
to success. As chairman of the execu
live committee of the reform move
muent in 18O, he wits "Tillman's ileu
L, nant," and hib knowledge of Stato af
fairs and of peopio, his political acumnen
and eugacity and his acknowledged
fidelity to the It forU party maLio hun
flext in lronminenco to Tillman.
tit- wwas re-t leeted to the Legislature
in 1iV9, and became Speaker of the
tioue. A man of ability, of fine ap
i)earance anl of good voice he was
cau'tble to 11il the position.
W hat has by some boon regarded as
n grtl, poli ical crimo on tht, partof
OiW R forn Itovemiett was the defeat
' W ade II aitny ton lor c-roi lot oil o the
Un ted States Senate. Wiwn Gen.
iHaII pton's t( rit3 xpi)ired in 1800, Irby
was elected to succeed him. Irby's
careCer in the United States Senate
cannot he sald to have been as brilliant
as wvas ox) 'ctOd after thu cain
1a1 gI of the l form tmoveme'nt.
I - maitde hii1s maiden o)0litical speech
in the United States Senato (uring the
diebate on the repeal of the purchasing
clause of the Sherman law. He op
posd L u positlon taken by President,
Cieveland and his cabinot on the silver
issue. In tie tariff light he twico hold
the balance of power, and though dis
approving of some features of the
measure, he voted with the Democrats
to save them from ignominious defeat.
When Congres.tmen Latimer and
Strait were blacklisted and classed as
Populist, by tho iostoico departmeont,
Senator Irby iiade a spirited defence
ti them before Wilson S. Bissell, post.
anster general, and had then restored
1-o their rights as i)mocrats. Irby was
but 36 ye ars old when he took his seat
in tife United S ates Senato on the
same day i~hat W. J. 3ryan was sworn
into the louse of 1I presentativOb, and
like Bryan, he was an advocate of tie
free coinage of silver. In 1892 lie was
a delegate at large to tW national
D) bmocratic convention at Chicago,
which o nominated Grover Cloveland for
Senator Irby was a member of tb'
conistitutionial convention in 11,15
Th0e, as in the State L 'gislatu"', i
declined to take part in partisan and
foolhardy legislation, and was engaged
at timus in spirited debates with other
leaders in that body. It was his fate
o causo tho disiulasure of Senator
Tillinan, and in 1896 he (lid not stand
In the summer of that year, there
was a heated campaign betwon Gov
John Gary Evans, Judge Joseph 11.
E rie and Mr. John T. Duncau. Judge
E trio won the nomination In the pri
naary, but had hardly taken his seat
when he was cut down by death, and a
career of usefulness ended and a life of
Promise fell short of its possibilitios.
John L. McLaurin Congressman from
the Sixth district, was appointed by
Governor E lerbe to temporarily supply
the vacancy caused by Senator E trio's
death. An election was held. Evans
was again a candidate, as was Mo
Laurin, irby this time became a can
dilate, b~ut he lost and McLaurin was
This was Irby's first acknowledged
polilcal, defeat, and he then retired to
tho practice of law at Laurens. Hie has
"'epeatedly .relused to be sent to the
Legislature or to become a candidate
for- governoir, as he was urged to du
la.st spring. He has been unusually
->uccessful in his law practice lately,
and has been retained in several net
able cases. Ho has had asso~niated
with hIm in his practice since 1896 t~wo
voune lawyers, R A. Cooper, E:q.,
and 1H. E. H ibb, E q.
1-1 was the Iast of the Laurens
c buirs of the R form movement. G.
W. Stelil, who issued thbe manifest~o
'vhichi brought about, the March con
vention of 1890, served two terms In
Congress and died last year. Hugh 8.
F'arley wits ai jutant general four years
and aspired to succee.1, Shell in Con
g ress. Gen. Farley died In 189*7. Sen
attor Irby is the last of the three.
A bout, four years ago he-became in.
terested in the ancient order of ma
sonry and at th" time of his death was
hig h priest of Rising Sun chapter, No,
6, R~yal Arch Masons, of Laurene. It
was his purpose to go highter in ma
H~e was interested in a number of
enterprises ,in Laturens and was a
whole souled, publi spirited man. In
that communityr he was personally
very popiular, having a magnetic charm
wh ich brought frienidi to him and his
tidlelity toward others kept his friends
true to himself. A friend in writing
of hiim several years utgo said: "The
salient characteristics of Irby are a
keen and clear Insight Into men and
measures, and the ab'iity to take a comn
prehensive view of a situation or anI
'emergency. Although of an impetuous
nature, he Is cool and deliberate in the
facte of danger. Hi5s agacity and pru
donrce In political emergenoles, his un
swerving devotion tO Tilliman andc the
cause, and his ability as a speaker
have qualitled him both as a cabinet
: ficer and field marshal, His advice
arounrd the council board is always
heeded, and his victories in the fild
speak tsheir own prais, S."
Senator Irby married Miss Ntnnin
Macfarland, of Uherew, .a woman of
much grace and lovelinodg of character
and of rare phyalcallbe'@t'y. To them
seven children werq boyei, fi~e sons and
two daughters. Th0 01dest son, Me,
W. C. Irby, is priki0 ai of the Laurene
graded schools. hMis a the eldes6
daughteir, tten444 (0l9Oiat thbe U-au
line Convent .in Irhti9iy ant.after
wards became atrined'nte. ie s
now devoting hei' )fe niinisieiig t
'the sick and enufteiing and i leloved
by many friends Over the State4
To produce the best results
in fruit, vegetable or grain, the'
fertilizer used must contain
enough Potash. For partic
ulars see our pamphlets. We
send them free.
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