Newspaper Page Text
THE IEOPLES R
VOL i.-NO. 2. PICKENS. S. C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1Qo'- ONE DOLLAR AtYEAR
THU GENERAL. ASSIEDMBL.Y.
Winthrop's Board of Trustees Gets
The following summary of legisla
tive proceedings during the past week
gives some of the most important dis
ctissions upon pending measures:
After preliminary matters had been
disposed of, Mr. Moses calletl tip the
special order for the day-Mr. Elder's
bill to provide for the completion of
Winthrop's now dormitory and to ap
propriato $20,940 for that purpose.
Mr. Weston said that, at the last
session, the house was asked for $30,
000 for the completion of the building.
The house gave $35,000. le wanted
information why this additional ail
propriation is now asked for.
Mr. Moses said that the author of
the bill is sick but does not care to
have the bill jeopardized by his ab
sence. Last year Winthrop asked for
this $30,000 and the use of a hundred
convicts. The honse would not give
them the use of the convicts and the
hired labor had cost a great deal more
than CXpected, as the price of labor
had advanced. Ife read a statLement
showilng the estimates for completion
as furnished by the president of the
college. There had been no motion
before the house up to this time, but
Mr. Dorroh here moved to strike out
the enacting words.
Mr. Blease wanted to know how
much time President Johnson had
spent in Columbia lately.
M'. Moses and Mr. Wilson replied
that President. Johnson 1111( appeared
before the ways and means committee
Mr. Blease replied that lie just ask
ed for information, as lie understood
that, President Johnson was bore at
great deal when lie had duties at the
Col. It. B. A. Robinson, of Aider
son, who his never failed to stand by
wcman, came to lier aid in thia mat
ter. Millions of dollars had been
spent on higher education of young
men before one dollar had been spent
for young women. In the state col
- leges there is dormitory room for 800
boys and but 260 girls. Is that fair or
- 'Brass buttons cut a mighty shi:ne,
but you just ought to see those pret ty
girls at Winthrop and you woul(t vote
for the hill."
Mr. Wilson, chairman of the ways
and means committee, said that i[ the
convict labor had been given last year
the building would be completed by
this time. le warmly defended Presi.
dent Johnson against the imputation
of lobbying and spending too much
time in Columbia.
AIAIGNs TE nOARD.
Mr. Weston then gave his reasons
for opposing the bill. Ile said: "My
recoid swice I have been a member of
this house is consistent in voting liberal
appropriations to every worthy insti
tution that has come before this 0(body.
I deny, sir, that this is a question of
helping the women of South Carolina.
1 heartily favored the establishment of
Winthiro: college for women, and I
think it was a tardy recognition of
.their claiti on the State. 131ut, sir, I
was a member of the ways and means
committee of the last house and that
committee was assured by the author
ities of Winthrop that $35,000 was sut
lcient to comnplete this dormitory. One
.did not know their business last year,
or they misnianaged the appropriation.
I am informed that 1no advertisemenit
foir bidders was asked for; this was a
violation of business p~rinciplhes. While
I shall vote for the approp~riaitioni, the
authorities wh~o are responsible for this
blunder (deserve the censure of this
THEI CONvICT ISSUE.
Mr. deLoach of York favored the
bill, lie showed the necessity for t his
expenditure, as the building is not
comipleted. T1he refusal of thre legis
* lature to give the board convicts last
year caused the necessity for more
Mr. Coggeshall of Darlington
D~idn't, the board of trustees know be
fore it started wvork on the building
that it would not get, the use of the con
Mr. H~ardhin of Chester asked-Did
the board of trustees ever advertise for
Mr. deJoach was not informed as
to this. The building should be coin
pleted, he said, beeause it, belongs to
the pecople of South Carolina, and niot
to the president and~ trusteces of the
Mr. Lever wanted to know why the
convicts were not given last year.
Mr. Wilson replied that, the Senate
had killed the bill.
Mir. Prince saidl tihe question before
the house is--" The (dormitory ia in an
incomplete condritioni, andl what, must
we do?" .lle dleclared that the board
deserved censure. lie denied that the
board had asked for the 100 conivicts
in addition to the .$35,000. The ire
quest for convict labor liad conie later.
He (disliked to appr~iopriate the addi
tional $20,000. But, we are in the prie
(dicament where we must go forward.
The Incomplete building cannot 1)0 al
hewed to standl.
Mr. Hiardhin wanted to know what;
guarantee is there that, there will not
be0 a icquest next, year for still further
applropriations for thiis niattr.
Mr. R~obertsoni wantecd the boar'd to
request bIds for thle completion of the
work, lie offered an amenoidmienit to
Mr. Dorroh satid that the very word
ing of the bill was apologetic, " to ac
commodate the overilow,"' etc., "thle
only institutoinimaintaiinedl by the
Stiate for the highie education of gir'ls."
etc. Such phriases were apologetic.
Mr. Dorroh said that lie knew hiE
motion was useless. Ile representd2
the minority on the floor who felt that
this expenditure wouhl not be justified.
lie knw that lie would be (lei ided for
his opposition, but lie wanited to ex
press lis disapprobatjion of the work
of the presieut and the trustees.
Air. Blease offered an imjendiiment
to insert $5,000 for $12,000 in the
amount specified for the Completion of
'Tlie amendmlliient was tabled )v a
vote ( f 91 to 15 oi imlotioni of a r.
Air. Blease wanted t) amend further
to reduce the requisition for furnishiing
from S8,000 to )$2,000.
Ar. Kiiard, of Greenwood, said that
his record here had shown him to be
on the side of economy. Yet it would
be false economy to let this building
go to ruin. Ile knew that the board.
deserved censure if it had not called
for bids, but, that was no reason why
property should be allowed to go to
The Robertson amendment was I lien
adopted. It adds a proviso at the end
of seCtioln 1.
Air. AMcGowan offered ani amndcil
ment inserting the words "6 if so much
be necessary."' This too was adopted.
The bill then passe second readinig
amt the clincher was put on by Mr.
Mo ies. This prevents any more amend
mients in the IIouse. The bill as amend
ed reads :
Section 1. That, to complete the new
building now bemng erected to accom
modate the overflow of students l)
plyin; annually for admission to Win
throp College, the only institution
mair-Aaiinel by the State tor the higher
3ducauton and training cf her girls,
Lhie sum of 612,940 be, and the same
is hereby, appropriated, if so much be
iioeesiary; lrovidcd that. the trustees
shall first adverlise for bids and secure
'responll.ible parties who will do such
work at a sum not exeeding tho
imount herein appropriated for the
:omuipletion of the building and furnish
ng the same.
Section 2. That to furnish the new
muilding and to enlarge and further
(quip the different depariments of the
:ollege, and to care for the increase of
students provided for in tie new build
ng the sum of $8,0O he, and the same
s hereby appropriated.
Section 3. That this act take (ffect
md - in full force from and af' er its
)ssage, and all acts and parts of acts
liconsistent with this act are hereby
NO .MIAiulIAWl' iCEN'al.
Alr. Dean's bill to provide for issu.
.ng marriage licenses was killed.
Al'. Deanl, whose appeaiaMnce would
suggest that iarriage is a happy state
A' exisiec, imau im appeal to throw
tronud the home the potection of hav
ng marriages recorded.
Mi. I. B. A. llobinson opposed the
iilh. There is nothing in holy writ to
Ihmiv the necessity' of a marriage fee.
AIr. C. P.-Sanders said this wmas a
erious mat ter. i1e had seen tle evil
4feels of this loose way of gettimg
narried. Ile cited ilistanllces of chlihf
narriages by a notary public in a cot
on mill commnumity. 'hie oung pwo
>IC would soon tire of each other and
his was sometimes the first slep to
ngamny. This is the only State w ..1cl
ias no divorce law, anid a marriage
lere is a nimrriage foi'ever,auid for that
-eaor. should lhe more binding. JBy a
'ote oif 5:8 to 37 the bill was killed.
No) MA~liulIA (l LICIENSEC.
Alr. Beamg uard's bill to provide f r'
nuarriaige license was next taikeni up.
AMr. Beamag:iard explained that lie
liad initrodulcedl thle mea~surie at the reC
auest of numbers of pe'ople ini York
County. There ar'e anniully hunedre'ds
of people comling downl into this State
from Noi'th Carolina to get' married.
lie was iiot wedd(ed1 to the provision of
the bill charging a license fee of 91I.
lie would accept an amiendmient i'educ
ing the fee. Mlarriages should lbe rc
cordedc(. There was no reason to 811s
pet that this bill would lead up to a
Mlr. R. B. A. Robinson ohposed the
b~ill ini his characteristic way, adinig
a little spice and humor to comnmon
Mir. lIarin(iu, of Chester, as an uiimar
ried man wanted no obstacles il the
wvay of matrimony and opp~osed the
Mir. Wingo feared that the enact ment
of this bill would lend up to a priop)osi
tion in the fut~ure to amend the conisti
tuition so as to grant divcreces.
Ml'. C. E. Robinson "on behalf of'
the widlowers and~ ulinimrried member ios
of the Ihouse" moved to indefinitely
piostpone the bill. This was (done by
an overwLhe~lm ing vote.
SA IAIIY INCIllaASIC D)WICATi'D.
Th'le next bill dJis9cussed was that of
Mi'. Sinkler to incicase the salary of'
the cler'k to the superintendent of' ecd
ucation from .9900 to $1 ,500, and to
give the clerk thle rank of assistant
State suiperiintendent of education.
The committee offered an amndci~
ment to make1( thle salary $j ,200.
Air. Sinkler, who is chairmani of the
committee on edhucationi, stated that
the bill seeks to change the ofhiec of
cler'k to that of "assistant .superin-,
tenideiit, of' education,' and to give him
a i'ank and salai'y comiimstirate withI
that oif otheri dbepariment, oflicials in
the State House. Th'le State supcrin
ont had stated that, the work of the
ollice is increasing and t hat lie wanted
the oflice of assistant to lbe ciented in
order that, wheni the' superinitendegl,. is
out of the city his dluties iiiay pr'oper'ly
deovolve upon01 the aiisistant.
Mir. Ashley wanted to kiiow if the
cler'k is not teaching foi' pay in the
night schools in Columbia.
Air. Sinkler said that hid nothinig te
do with thn merits of the cnasc
muich li more crledit to ile ymotung mat1
who is now assisting the State super
intenident of education.
Air. Jiardin wats willing to let th(
l.erk he called "assistant sutperintteni
dent," bil, utIt he vanted the salary to re
main att t00.
Mir. Winigo opposLied the lill onl tihe
ground of piling up utmitecessary ex
Ar. Moses, of the ways aid meam
caninittee, favored the bill. Just lat
year the Legislature promoted the clerl
of the adjutant general .1o the rank of
colonel and assistant adjutant general
with an increase from 900 to 1,200,
rl'e clerk of the State super indent of
educationt gets less than any other de
paritient olicial an I has exacting
work which lie dispatches with credit.
Air. Kinard said that he would offe
anl amencidmlent to provide that the
State superindent, employed no othei
cle ical foroc than the assistant whose
salary should be $1,200. Mr. Kinard
stated that, the oflice now eniploys a
stenographer at a salary of $4G0. Ile
wanted to (10 away with this positiont it
the clerk's salary be raised. Ile con
tinned that tle oflice of State Auperin'
tendent of education has indeed done
a lot of work since Mr. McMahan had
been there, but. it had to a great extent
been unnecessary work. lie then
went, on to say that the ollLe had
exceeded its appropriation in having a
great amount of special and unnicc'es
sary pi inting done. No otlicnd in
South Caroiina has a right to exceed
its appropriation. This olice has gone
from $1,000 to 61,200.
Mr. lucker was opposed to the bill
and also to Mr. IIardin's amendment.
For if the ollice of assistant superin
tendoit be created, even with a salary
of $900, it will not be a year before
another increase is asked for.
Mr. Lide, of Orangeburg, opposed
the hill. It had not been shown tl ,t
tle clerk was unable to to the work for
the salary. i.t had not been shown
that an increase inl sahtaty would secure
more and better work.
On motion of Alr. C. E-l. lolhinsoi
the bill was in.lclinitely postponied or
killed by a large majority.
There was a shoi t btit interesting
debate over a biul intro(hiced by Mr.
Bacot, by request, relating to the char
ter of feiries. The hil proposed to
amiien(d the law now in force by de
ularing that each alnlt every public,
ferty inl this State shall operate daily
continuously from (; a. im. and ending
not later than ) p. m.
Mr. 0 )Irrohi of Greenville, represent
ing a minority of the incorporations
connitittee, submritted a substitute bill.
The majority of the connittee have
reported untavorably uponi the ori-i
The original bill applied o all kinds
of ferries-the substitute to "steamit
ferries" alone. The substitute o('no
tained the provision of the original bill
that the ferry should be operated until
i o'clock at night., and, it any peson
neet with an unnecessary delay at the
hands of the lerry, the sum of -10 for
every hour of such delay coulu be col
teted bj the parties kept vaitinig.
The imaxiimii rate of' toll was i xed at
10 Cents for a single passenger for a
Mr. Crosgrove movcl to table tihe
Mr . MceLeod, of Santer, also a met n
her of the comm ittee on ineorporationis,
cxpliained Ithe issune at stke. 1., had
been represented tto the commnittee that
the busiiness initerest~s of the town of
Mlt. Pleasantf were involved in the
bill. A few years ago a hine of ferry
boals f oam Charlestoni was z it to
Mount l'leasant to connect with the
street car line from the latter la~ce to
Sullivani's Island. The constructoi of
that st reet car' line had been of uint old
beehit to loun lt P'leasanit or'110 peol
fronm Charleston begana to move thiere
its they could fot' 5 cents go to the city
andit could retmii oit the It o'clock even
tag boat. Sinc itt h t itimte, hiowever',
the Charleston Conisol idat ed compqan y
hadt raised the larie to 10) cents antI had
taketn off' the ii o'clock boat. 'The da.
age to the townt of AMt. leasant is
estimated at 4t per' cenit. Tiis bilf
allows the ferry conipany what it hadl
asked for, to plaice the maximulm fare.
at 10 cents, anid on the other handiu it
had given the peop)1le of Mt. P leasanth
what, they desire-a boat at I) p. mi.
By tmakinig off' this boat, the company
had hurt Al t. Pleasatnt , because thet'
residenits who worked in Charleston
were forcedl to move to the city, not
being able to catch a uiightt boat.
Mir. Cosgrove opp)osed the bill. I Ie
hars a resnlencee on Sullivati's island
which is seven inilCs fr'om Chtarlestona
antd four miles fro~m Mt. Pleasanit,
being reached from Charleston bly thue
lorry to Mlt. Pleasanit,. U p to three.
years atgo there had beent but thiret
boats it day to Mt. Pleasatt, now thiere.
are seven. This bill is wvronig biecause
it fixes an arbitrary late of 10 cets a
ti'ip). T1his wotuld prevenit a rival cor
par'atioin fromr coiming into the field,
for Sullivan's island is sevein mniles
from. Char'leston amid a bo)At coultd inot
operate betweent those localit ics for
tein cent fare.
-Th'le -'J o'clock boat, to Alt. Pleasant is
olidra td throtugh some seasons 01
thre year. If it, were to be0 runt at other
seasonis it, woituld be at a loss of .i0 a
mionth. 1'Te ferry company would
operate sutch at night boitt throughiout
the yecar if it. would 1pay3.
By a vote of 7 1. to :4 the substitut<
bill was adopted aitt passetd secont
retading. 'The Charleston <telegation
excepit Messrs. W haley ant'h Logan
voted ag~uinst the bill.
Alt'. 1)orrioh, Mr'. Williams and Mr
McLeod wer'e conigiatulated utpont thiei
victory by Char'leston geuttlement pres~
eitt who were iiteteslmd in the bifi
QUEMIN WAS GEMAN BLOO:
Bill Arp Goes Into the History <
Evngllsh Rulers Who Came fro:
It was a ]l!g jumlp-3.l Years fI'0
tle death of Kinig Ei'dward Vi to I
accession of Albert, now Edward VI
The good Queen Victoria dident Ia
ilucl En':gii li blood in her veins. TIl
Georges were Gertnais by birth<
adoption. Three of tietu lived ian
died in IHanover and the house of lar
over ruled Eiigland for 200 year
Victoria's father and iotlier live
there. She got her husband there ain
her son, the prillc of Wales, got h1
wife tlere. If it hnd not been for 1i1
Salic law wilicl forblid it woallin roi
reigning over- Hanover, Rihe woiiild pr<
bably have lived and died tiere. B4
sides lhis preponderance of Geria
blood, she had a stain of Italian bloc
ill her veilis and was pleaIsed to ell
herself a (ielpli. Ii0r Elnglish mi
cestors were a hard lot. Indeed, LI
kings of Etngland, especially the 1let
rys, tho Edwards and Geor'ges, were
disgrace to royalty. Tlhcy were crue
heartless, sellishli and depraved. The
were worse than our kidiapers or Li
hazing cadets of West Point, for the
put, to death tieir brothers and moll
e's to got them llout of their way. O:11
two or three kings have behaved wit
credit to the crowi. But the queci
have illustrated womanl's superior vii
tue and kindliness of heart.
Queen Victoria is lionored tliroigl
out the world-not for her force
rutling power or political sa:gacity c
superior widom, ebut for her voniaiil
vir-tue, her teleiness, her gentle e:
ample, her Clirisiianity. E ven (G1a
stone conisuilted her and if shic had ha
her way there iwuld hiave been no Iwa
o) the Boers. Neither would our gim
ernmiiieit be trymg to subjugate th
Pliippines if a ,ood woman had bee:
president. It is the milel who get u
iearly alil the devihlnelit ill this world
I would rather risk ouri own Mrs. ILw
as.,; a president 111an McKiicy. Lm)
whit teIclers they nmke. Tiiie wa
vhe n we claimed that a woiliom coult
nt) head an ins titution of learn ini
but t here never wer e better president
of, femiale colleges Ulam Mrs. Wilhin
M\iss Baldwin and Miss Ruilerlor!.
I ailmst in despir' about th
caplacity ( toen togovern uinr'uly ioy,
We have but one college in Ihe Stat
wheric tiis tomfoolecry called athl tic
is under tlie han. In fact, base-ha
ind football and golf and rowing c
boats is (ie I ggest part (f' flit eurict
In in nii i early all tlu mlale callueiges
tl union. We fathIiers (on' t care
bauible wletihel (IIr boya canl kick
ball or not, and iobody else cares.
I 11o education. Some (lerokee in
dians came here f'rom North Caroliin
a few yer ao and pflayed ball an,
cIbl ieat, tese collee imys out.
tleir btoots and thwy dalent go otT ai
get (11unk a so as tll. ,'.iie wa
0ove (! r. Tlbh orvs in our day
ball, but ilihy playcd it inl Ile campiu
groundt ad phlyed it d!04 I'll aiid Il
body was ever killed or hurt. Nflwa
day's the coIlege bo~ s baterci the hioy
Atlanta a l l tIh 11lie :inwll' :1 hiri 1ii
SOmic professional ai4 lave a big tii
:11d then wind up wili a iruikel
roItIi and 11un over tle piolie and breal
tie glass ont of lie Kimball hois<
door01s and)1 go back tr'ituniphlanit am
(lon't studyI~ any morei lotr a1 week an
the faculty inkl at it andt calf it miodlei
Ouri oldl-fashionlt towii ball was
saferi anti bet ter' game thai baseba]
and1( our' shlintny was bet ter' than golfI
We calledl it toiwn ball because we 1ha<
boys who could knock the ball out 4)
town, an id ne Cal11led lt shinniy because
I le thIiins were' in dan1ger wvhen yo,
crossedl the ime, aind that iswihier'e Lli
sayling "'shin iny oin your own side
caime from. We had enough exercisi
at play time wvithiout luninlg off' t<
A thainta andh wastinig teln oi' fifteen dl
lar1s of thie (old mani's moiiey and leav
inig someW boy dead or tb'iadly wVoundied1
Why, they hiavett got enioughi police
tutu mi Newi Yo'k eity to ieguilate o
~intiitett the boys of Yale and liar
-var whIivlen tey ineel thei'e to play
gamie. An 14 the only t'ecue eve
given by li the faculty is:'' Oh, boy
wvill be boys.'' Now, it. seitm that LII
hitzers hiave apologizted andt prom11ise<
to g1ut. That is well enioughll, but
dIaesenlt r'elieve thiem fromi tlihe pubi
1hindinatioti. A reflormt t hat ciomen
fro fearii d ii'eserives no cr'ed it. Th'los
boys are the samel briuites9 they were ht
f'or a, and( shioul d no't be r'ecogize i ai
gend4I~een aniywhier'e oultsidle of' ai bu
fight in Mexico.
I was r'iluitinlg aboliut those til
kings (f tiuglatid andl howv two' of tht
pinices weeit 1(1 smotered illnh th towe
tandt Ed wardt V I had threie stepmo'thlen
who tretateid himii like at dog, andh hm(
subdtued lie was all of his brief' life, ft
hie dlied when 'i sixtLeeni yeats obI afi er
boy ishi reign of sev'ein yearis. A 't thos
Ge or'ges were' ill at ('tilmuiious stcandatl
for' histoi'y says that George I, wh
f'ounded the I housc of IIlaniotvet', wn
fond of' nlothmlg sav'e punch ati
fat wvomuen, atnd Welhnigtotn say
of Geoi'ge I V that lie was
cui'ous compihoundc of inlconsistienie
Th'le othler' two wver'e no0 bet ter, ait
there were' thet Ihenrys, sotne o)f whiot
wiere wor' se Lhain murder'erci'ms. Siince th
had nto qjueens such a1s illiziabIth ant
iln ev'ery vocal tion.
Thbis r'emti nds mle that I have I
I cieied a let te 4.fmmi n aiin Ohio man11 wl
wvants a w'ift'. Mlaybie soiie Idiotic i
as flllows verbil~a iti et, literatim:
I '' P'ahtiyia, (Ohlio.---Mi'. Bil Ar
r Goi'gy: l'I tas wr'it e iln your' pap~ler
- Ithe Best f yiour' kuolage the hystry
the moon01 fr'orni a lihnil SIamIlanil
D [las it got at lite of its own and(I if lot
whar do it ge. its lite? Does this eaLth
yf revolv tord the sun or 101? Vi the suln
a stashenery or not? What efekt do the
1110oo have iol aniamuels? What efekt
on hogs at lButcherini time about. fryin
lnmeat and Imakin gravy? Does the
Ileat inkr-ease in tihe fryin pal if
butche1ed at full m1oon ?
" 1 Ir. Arp, 'm a Widower and wIant
you to filid ie a good woman for a
mail. o)o th in 3oon efekit potatos and
i makinl lie sopap, and when forlks git
I- a ried should they marry in I hie newe
3- m1oo or the old mo0on to live happy?
Don't tih liibul ";ay the m1oon is to be
I SaIgn to God anIt aini, and if yolu
I know of a good woman down in ( or.y
V Who bankers after at northern man tell
n her to write to ine. 1)o thet moon
Chaige front newe to old onst a m1onth,
or is it thle soinoe m0oon Shadld by a
p plalate? I would like Ia woiall who
Shas' Some h.okod land and is not over. 4.7
I yearl4 old. 1 that a 1shore v'1nuf1 111111
ill the 111(o1? Ihve got sin n1oney
e ald want a good-he-ated, kind wonmni
-(t) love mie, but I don't wvant a1 fraud,
IL Youlr frend and amir1er.
1 " '1 1). S.---I will. I ood land for boo1
Y to eveni ll with Imly ioney."
V Now, I will sell this 1i1an1's 1name11
3' for aL dollar to ally bankerin wollmanl
Sandl 'll giv the dolhar it) Mr. Hemp
Y hill for the orphanlage,
h -I .,A .
FIXING A RESPONSIBILITY.
Our Government Actially Foster
ing Immorality in the Philip
. While tile SenIIIe 111s agree to the
: Ilouse provision( o w he army hill, ahol
r ishilg the sfale of liqu1orm. in tile. po-i ex
- chages om canteens - therle reunt liin to
1) b( dealt With at alina whit NA1r.
Lodge well des:cribed us a1 far worst,
, evil. Tiis is the Amevricail salomi es
tablishel! by the hindireds since the
e American ote -ation -in(l duly licensed
k by th iny 3' ut1hiles at 11binila. The
m drunkenness mnd devimrabzithi awli
I ieaego ig o% or the location ()f
this A lnerican illsiti1u1t4 ill a1 tropical
s clinnit torned the subject A som dis
elIssioll d11 -Z th1e 'iIvulte (14tm'i ()InI
the, armlly 1, last week, a111l bo'01'44a.
e out Mnuch evidence il lihe way of* let
. tIMS, newspaptr correSpInlenVICo( :and
e statements of almly olliert , repcting
s the Ilature' of the " Civilization " we
1 lhave been introducing to the' l'hilip..
f pme inhinds.
- Many senmtors.! inchiding" adiinlis
f t rl i4n iingeriaiist , strongly denoine..
a el this feature of our rul0 in Ille is
1 ,1111- aiI declared theinilves to be
t in, far of prohibiting th Aiciican
- s:11oo there. Some ameundments Io
a Ohe army bill wNere iintnrI'14el having
.I 'ffect of revoking all hpinor hcenses a.
f aiila and prohlibiting the graw ig (it'
I any lore, .1nd these ainnei1niments are
S yvet. to he ac(d o. Tins 1u01ter is Inow
I fully innliler lhel( presidelit's control as
1o1nninler-inl-hi~jef of the arIly.
- tiong:-48s is not inning the I'iliip
pine venl n il0. It is tie president s af
s fair, and is kept soh-ly ill his ban1i by
h1i17 o1wn (l desirc. .\S Seimtllor' Telk, r
A waid, in rejily to Mir. I lg'denia..
(ion of ithe AlercallI :'aloon evid at
MaIhi., "1 it is inl the( powt r of the(.
preidllf to Close every. on1e1 (?f thern
(the salo >is) as <quick us a teleg!raph
I canl rea1ch M lan1ihi."' 'Ilhe jpesident,4 is
I ~i)l5 lepnible for the situaition)4, Ii need1101
i not wa it for (Congrs to8 4 force froml
him11 aln a~c f proitoli on44141 the4 gayV
OPi ering 31u111oriities iII at1Manila.
I I uit furthe ev11 0'il or' 141Icanda l attached1
to the0 American11 cuaton11141 of the
I f'hiilippinies was br'ouight upf Inl the1
1 course0 of the Senat~c debailte. It is not),
111n agreeable)1 subj ect to brinI g Ibefore1
I lhe gene 0ral 1readeru, hut th people10)1
haveo a righlt to kno14w, ai114 they ought
'to know, winlt isL bein0 g done11 under0
Ste auth iority of (lieir1 goverIo nent ini
- lng of thlL l'ilipp)Iines. We) clled at.
- tenltioni toths4)e din 1111 ig th11le pres1
.idential camlpaign, 4o1 the stren1g4h of01
- statlemen~lts madecl by the4 lih~li cor 043
r' respondentlf of thle NOw Voice ; but it
.. all app~jeared~ so incoredible to atf least,
1 01ne gool, innocen011t soul helreabouts
t tionl to) that sourcePO of all truth13 during1
>1a priden~(L)tia llavass--th 11naItionlli
I con1nnittee ('o(f hi s parIty. Theli aniswer
I was,4 mI 0eff4e4t, that,1 the st atemient s
(1 were' a tiumped..up131 (11l campign1 lie1.
s M r. Tlell1er3, of' Colorad4 o, hm Iye(ver,
0 produced044 further01 test Inuony in the4 Suni
liate deba31te, whose$ trulthl was iluestion1
8 141 by 1no 4one. Thus1. ~ li.s .\fice ft.
Il Cowlhiet, a' py51iian and1( Isionary1I' of
the4 M4lethdist church 111 MlilaI, ha1s
I wr'itte the 11 following :
e "' Se~4vera'l missionlaries here'c halve re
r'01 cetly rece1 ~ ie letter f(1'rom theo home11
I, hun4( iin11ui11ing as to the truLth1 of a1(
v counlIts litshed( inI the0 United1 Slates
r oif the1 ilsin o14~ f houses41 oif pro4stitu13
0 "ttes sobber(Is. I have'~ accor0din~gly
, been 11naking1 imies'I1 1414 1nt ( lil y
0 (chagrin11 tha lt these'1 shloekinug reot)s
1' are( on1ly too trueI(. I am14 forcoed to wite 11
[I it. O~ur'II Iited ~1 Sttesgovermne 11 .
s oflicers have establ)1ishe he4(1Iore re'glar11
aL houses841 for' prlostite 1 women,4i (I1 (exain
u. ing them V~' erywee:k , a1nd( givinig 4111'ch
ni 4)n it, 14) secueily identi1fy' thei irlf whom(
is election 1$ over'I m 114he linited States8
dl the militar'y auth~orities thlink of' hav.
case I11100 sy53sten1iicallyV11 carried 4)fut S
) 1 lrtty muiich ever b(3 odly wVhil know)Is
)- anything at, all knows that drunken&1I
of every5 vl <3l sir and propnsit y are4il 4
4)1th ntural and1441I ineitably atte41)inla1414
to) of armliy >perations44. "' W\ar is hllf;"
of .v w r ill its m:.a1' hie Insh rarmi 8 14) be4
aggreio n111)011 pople of another
color for wNhom anl for win)o rights
thle colinuc'rorenetan a pr-ofoumi
There 11Lways follow ill tile wake of
such ani arI ll4 the roving ploititutes
of (h ristelinlom , au I it h)a4 been so in
this case ; aid delabicery and sh1ami1e
less orgy inevitalle enlsute ill colllec
tionl with thel armIly. ]'utl thle point
here is tlat the U'nited S;tates aluthor
ities at Mlani'a mait amin ml orarllize
Sybttem of panidering to %ice, uider a1
supervision and recoglnition wich, 8o
far as we know, no() Ci oP ColliillIity
inl the United States 114s everi been di4
posed to gr3lal t ; and anl estpecially (amin l
able fe.altiure of thle business is that the("
institultion 1h11 ollicially e1Stablislied is
4anI( to be as 81rango to the natives a8
ithe A iericanl saloon, and possessed of
vpital lpover to corrupt a A dueioralize
! 1 le hit( l hetlo unl1touched by these
b 1 l inprovillg featirLIs of westurtIl
Ir. I'ele fur'(I therP brought forward2I'4
the testilmny, it) thu smiml offect, or
lIer . '. II. tlorg n, a A elliodist Illis
Io r n O who goes oI
inl ls 2tatment to dle'lare that 11t
llimtss of disri(epltie I tsit hlishui by
tile Allieie:it 2 grrnis.oml ill SoIll are
filled with WiienCII, Inlostly ,lpallse,
Sbrought there with thie knowledge
lid e tis t11 , it i141 the 1114oval, 41
the at11 horitis,' ,andi they are "a reco
inzed illstilitin )oI mll. lu' 1itlitatV Iy 4cciI
pat lo 1l.,,
And tihe (I2t flatives look oil with dis
gust amod aversionl we are told. BIut,
as Senlatol TeLer sI S, we have taken1
from theimi 111 power to act. They are
impotelt to (,-lose tI.se places if' they
would ; and if Ile pr:sidevat of thle
Un 11it ed Shites, declared Mr. Telleri,
haviig full powler to ac, fais to do ";o,
a114 to " mallintai ite 111pern1ce(' o114 (I(!
ee ' inder (lhe A meriealm ILkig inl the
sigit ( h1 sc34u. p4oplc, Ohwn Congress
iloul act, - and it' we d.14) no() do it we,
M1ught1 tO receiVe theil dincotep
Af the Amelricanl peOle."
Ih rie'l--ident co1t1111 abolislh 111 oP
Ally oIsiderabhle 1part of tile evil a1141
ig ()t 4f this w%.Ir (' coIIque'st , wilholit
h1lilil tlh war itslf. Talhey are a
ineCvital4 4'4n11'nl4.ee of renI~i4ving'
inen 1n4tn the re4'st1llnts Ill imIiie Socie.
'11)41 sltti t her al. Work bir aw;ty
ill dte . .a . ai ic n et. Ihit
it woubl seem that he ca, v al 1- 4.. .
flnth t! . enhI1 it4, prolIhit tthee acts of
his silbrdiales inl tle lilippinies hv
which tIle AmliIcaif Ivernmen14'ilt j'
nidi21Ie II w t a 1ea b)re at 1411prime1e203
bine.luvi 21111 sSc itive 11ivv IIIo)
111 ion tlliilly sanelinil :111d
su1ppring thee ag cies of initem 3
j)er~lice :n114 iindet(I'ncy.
TIlE SITUATION IN CHINA.
The Chiinese Problem Fromn the
Staidpoint of a Missionary.
liev. .1. W. Dlavis, 1). D).. :1 Pro
S'-sOlr ill (1te 1'resbytevian'i Tl4hlogical
wierilaly it ('O lil11a11 , haS deliVe4 1
if) il terstinig |e Illnre (.11 '' The t Inter
)lvis .4pen1t twenty-tive, year)is 21 a inis
iow12ry ill China, m,1fill his experience
i ves weigit I') Ils opin1ion1s ()In llt
'iituation w-t . The State t2ll the
,ollowingrpr f l.lai.lcue
flis Inutil ppIo11( was to shoitLv why
11ii2.oliry wor.0k in hJiiia (shoud he4
lire. 1143 deicj4(ted ini stron)g. color1s
stunig to deepef)4st grief andi( 1'age wihen
heI seesC is rulersi' dril from1 thejir
lthrone 4 t Cleing to d1isitanti inliin 14 cit ies,
andt 11 buria1l pic of(3 ancien11 eml1.Vlperor41s
turnedV~ into a1 Lpast1i-ing gr'ound for1 the4
Pavlr horses' 10'.43 of 111( hlated foe;' tile
hw34C41 cutr'y desp4lised as w..ell113 as defeat -
nd41; outrai'2ges comi 1 tted1 uIpoln defense10
(3ess peasants b18 y thei Russ8in sOlier s,
111nd Cina 1bound111( to servo tile wor1ldi f'or
143(cad1(s 1to COmeC inl pa1ying her warl1 iln
In this2 gief atl~l rage therie canI he
bu11t on1e Way' to soften1 hiis heart, and
that1 is by Iss28ionary~ e3ffor't, bly hoi-~l'
tal workJ wh1iichi commends..'211 ChIristiai2ty
Lo the1m( e i n11115Il2 a11moet.effec(t2ive waly,
b~y 8(chools1 whic(h will give needed(3( in.
LelhIgen(Ce to) the( p)eoi14, and1( by3 the
1oe and8 2111comforts' of tihe gosp~ei.
Ini lead4ing IIp to) this conclCusionl the(
he1( ni 212v( Chr Iistians1, exibiited1 by
heir21 her3oic faith and1( cour age dliin'Ig
he re43cent hhlod ~))I'jl3persecutioni s in) whiich
non31, women13i o1114 ch1thhen31 me4t, dea32th
I )r. I )alvis, while14. fully priesenit ing
1the. sa loss 14 of) 1501 de(3voted4 4. i sevats of
God1, done14 1to death1 withl indescibabhle
outr ages, (emphaillsi zed 1the factI2 ta
2,700 (Ithr I8were' preser31ved 1t) carr'Iy
('I11n 1f the appoted4 work of (.h 1)4. Ano)th -
(3'1r)1 poin emii zed2'.44 was th1e4 fact thaft
h owedI to. ari24 Ino4w, liv year'.'11s after3
lIe said 11( th Chine11(3ar full( o111(f prlide4
a111( of1 intensel3y an1ti-for3igni spirit.
They' lonig 14) ann1iilate14 all Iorignersi4f'
ill China2; t(oe4xpel3 them11 uitterlyV. .12apan1
did4 this ill i'1(1, aiint she3 was'2 81hu1 lny
8(4 far' a1 fore3igne(rs were2i concernedIil4 for1
2001 y(ears. CThina~ woubtlt do the4 82mne4
If 81h4 had1( the power.4'i. If allowed to)
fully arm11 bll4:4l this antL.i-forignl
m~ovement(3I1, wh'lich has recentlily been(1
crulshed by t he 1)14 lie1s4, waiit illlt've a1s
81umed3( greaCt propor44tions1), and( tile lega
Th'lis I ionhl4 com4ing1 notw will lead(
to iilllunIg moreli wit2isfnetory internla.
VCitnal( hiws, 'lioi that foeignH 11( cpl in
will he 3'afer than11 it couhl1( he under(3
Th'le warls for tum 1b131 50 y(313 i)(
098 ,t , (1
\ 7 without
-41Y enough Pot
-0 ash and your
P\ rofits will be
\ otas11 your
crop will 'be
W111l~iiil of) t. wr
, Our booksl,, t-l in'''' 'ee '..m t- e o lo iertie,'.rs
d .taLpted foIe' n .e - e'. i' raeers.
U -~I.A I N F.A Wi e)11}
iN- .New \%v rk.
tween h(lin and western powers have
ill every caise resulte( in opening up
Chinia more fully to foreign commerce
ll( missionary effort.
After (lie first war in 1842 there
were live treaty ports. After the war
with .lapan in 1895 there were 30.
History will repeat itself after the new
treaties resulting from the present war
aI inaditle. The opportunities offered
ter IIi sioniar1 work will be greatly
I n (lie course of the lecture this ques
tien N was iaised " W hat vill bc 'loue in
the niatter of tle partition of China?"
Hussia will hold Manchuria, but China
proper will probably not be divided at
Rusiaji has team Counitnication to
the I'acifie oceani. Only 1,500 mhiles
ire :it present traversed by ateam
boats. The Trans-Siberian railway is
iot). complete'd. Vladi-Vostock is not
sat isalctory as atin occai port because
of a fiinge of ice that girts the borders
onl (e coast during the winter. The
Ermack, a steel clad steamer that cuts
its way through ice 14 feet thick, is
lint able Io retrieve the situation.
Ilence li'usia will never let go her
hold iupo Ieiot Arthur, which she ro
cetiyiv seized. ltiussia is now allowed
a rsiec~e at Monkden, practically
controlling the Mlanetu rulers. This
I" a m1141st significant move. Russia
will do as England did i India--irst
rle bcy 1native princes, then directly;
irst i t the power beh ind til e tlrone,
iien he Ihe power on the throne. The
Manchus will lose utterly the power
which they have maiiitinied for two
The Valziszi valley with its 150,
o(o,mi0 people is such nlii important
14rkel Ihiat England and thie United
Stteis, altioiglh leaving the lRussians
list I rbed in Manchuria, will fight
rather than allow ItiSsia or any other
power to obtaini exclusive control of it.
In Dr. D avis' opinlion, this broad re
gion \ wll be opened to the great, con
Mercial world. Its vast, deposits of
iro ii -.ii1 coal will be developed. Rail
ways will be built hinding together its
great cventires of Chinese life anld in
<h uist ry. New ships larger mid better
thani any now oin the Pacific will be
built . Th'le Nicaragua caiinal will be
eemnpllet ed. Th'le Iranis-Pailjle cale4
from11 Caif niaIIi to the Ph ilippine isl
ands, which we have "' benevolently
apprioprpiat ed " will he laid. All this
nnlely means greater and fuller moans
timt thle iionar4)i~ly can use in the pro
(ecuitloln of1 his work.
THl'Ei Sexmtowli PIAN'r.-In re
sponse to a large and growing popular
mtterest in regardl to (lie growth of suni
iilowers for econiomiical purposes and
thle manuflac tre oft (i1 from their seed,
uni( fotr the purpoI~se of' giving to those
mte' rest ed mn the miatter all the informna
(ion available, (lie U. S. D~epartrment of
Agricultutre has made some investiga
I ions as to thle composition of the sun
flower, the mnethids of culture, and the
manlufacture of oil from (lie seed. The
results of' these investigations aire cion
taiiinedl in lulletin No. 610, Division of
Chemistry, enii tled "'The Sun ilower
Plant: Its Cultivation, Compjosition,
andio Uses," 1now in press and soon) to
be issuled by (lie Department. Th'le
bulletin shows that (lie sunilower cant
be grown sucessfully over large arcas
in the Umlted States; that it is a crop
which makes a conisidlerable dlrain on
the elemnits of soil fertilizers; that
olice of (lie most valuable constituents
4)1 te planit is (lie oil which exists in
large (luanltitles in thie seed ; that the
econlomic prFoductionI of (lie sunliowers
is now coniinied almiost exclusively to
Ihussia, where it is ani agricutural In
elustry of C.l~e~mierale importance;
that in th liited States it is grown
as an orn'Iamient and for the Production
ot' seeds, winch ale used chiefly for
I' ultrIy and~ beird feeding and for con..
limen'lt al 1414 Idimedicin~al p)roperties with
fatrmc ainimls; (hatL the oil of the
suniilowier' seed is not prcduced coin
imeriemilly n (lie IUied States; and
thait in the cultivation of tho sunfloweor
lie methods puirsued for growing
I midian corn are to be followed, and the
lantlt is capable of cuiltivaition over al
umost as wide an area as Indian corn.
TIhe bulletin will be illustrated wvith -
one( pilate and1( two text figures, and a
hinute'd mtuiber of copies will be for
sale by thle Superinitendene of pocu
mnente, Union liuilding, WVashington,
I). C., at 5 cents.
M~ONE~Y TO LOAN
(in farmir g lanids. Easy payments. No
Comn lil8Rion8B charged. Borrower pay. as
tual coest of perfecting loan. Interest 7 per
centi. up,~ accordting to seourity,
aNO. B. P'ALMEAR & SON,