Newspaper Page Text
1THE PEOPLE'S JOURNAL
VOL 1i.-NO. 12. PICKENS. S. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 1gor- ONE DOLLAR A YEAR
BILL ARP TALKS OF APRIL
The Grandchildren Had Lots o
Fun Out of the Old Man.
This month did not begin right
April means. to open, but it did no
open. It was an April fool. Nothnj
shows in my garden but the pens an(
onions. The flowera make no progress
There is no sweet south wind t<
breathe upon them-no sunshine. O
Monday the grandchildren impose
upon me with their Ilindoo pranks,
They gaVe me a cup of chocolate witl
whipped cream on top, and it waE
nothing but soapsuds. I pretended tc
be fooled, but I wasent; I paid then
back in various ways. The lindoo
started this childieh custom away back
in the ages, and it still pleases the
children. And now Easter day is at
hand that is another name that came
down from the Pagans. Ostera was
their goddess of' eprinig and it was cor
rupted into E stera. How these old
heathen names do stick to us. The
names of the days of the week and of
the months came from them. So (lid
the planets and the constellations.
Even the prophets and Job had to take
them from the Egyptians. But the
Scotch people don't call it Easter.
They say Pascha day, or passover day.
They won't pattern after anybody,
but John Knox, and lie said Pascha.
But there is a reason for .calling it
Easter, for the coi-.ing of spring-the
opening of the earth and the flowers is
emblematical of the resurrec'ioi-tlie
opening of the Savior's tomb and His
return to bless and comfort His peo
ple. This day corresponds closely with
the Jewish passover, and so they ob
Now I want the you1g people to
know that Lent is another word that
means spring. It is preceded by that
foolish festival called mardi gras-or
fat beef-and continues forty days in
remembrance of the Savior's long fast,
an it ends with Easter, and the com
m u jon and other rejoicings. As the
old-time almanacs would say, " about
this time look for Easter hats and
flowers and filnery." Christmas is an
other festival day that is common to
all Christian nations. There are many
other days dedicated to the saints, but
in course of time it was found that
there were not enough days in the
year to go round, and so the pope
stopped the sainting of so many and
had one day set apart as All Saitits
(lay. The next (lay after that is All
Souls day, on which mass is said by
the Roman Catholics for the souls if
the dead who are in purgatory. It
seems that about 900 years age a pil
grim from the holy la 'd found a her
mit in Sicily who told him of an open
ing between the cliffs of the moun
taIns near by that communicated with
hades where Pluto lived and that lie
could see the sulphurous smoke rising
and hear the groans of the lost souls
who were being tormented in hell and
he had known some of them to escape
through the prayers of the priests and
this made the devils very mad and lie
could hear them cursing the priests
with awful imprecations. The pilgrimn
told all this to the abbots and monks,
and they had a day act apart to pray
these lost souls out of hell or hades or
purgatory or % hatever it is.
Besides these international days
there are national days in every coun
try. Here we have the Fourth of July
and Washhigton's birthday andr Deco
ration Day and some others. Germany
celebrates the birth of Calvin and
L~uther and the kaiser. Scotland that
of Sir William Wallace and Bruce and
John Knox. hI old England they cele
brate the queen's birthday, Magna
Charter day and Waterloo (lay amnd
May day. May day is the happiest of
all and has been long remembored in
verse and song and In dancing aroundl
the May pole. Tennyson wrote a sad,
sweet poem called the " May Queen."
Mexico celebrates all the Romnan
Oatholic days and has one other that,
the rabble call Judas Iscariot's day. It
is the next day af ter Easter. On the
beautiful trees in the plazza or park
they suspend pasteboard images of
Judas Iscariot.-mmages as large as life,
with little holes bored in them from
head to foot and in every hole is
fastened a cannon cracker. At a given
signal the fuse in every cracker is
lighted and all of them explode nearly
at the same time and such a terrific
popping was never heard ouitsidle of a
battlefield, and poor 01(1 Judas is torn
and rent into a thousand pieces. This
is just a sign of what they would do
to him if they had him there alive, but
1 reckon it is more for frolic than anmy
thing, for they shout andl laugh andi~
dance the hornpipe and make all the
racket they can.
lBen Franklin saisi that, man was a
bundle of habits, ie might have
added " and supersitions," for most
all people have some belief in super
natural things. Two hundred years
ego almost everybody helieved in
witches. Shakespeare wrote about
them in " Macbeth" and Burns ini
" Tam O'Shanter." The Puritan.
drowned many innocenit women from
mere suspicion of being witches. The
conceited, self-righteous rascals never
accused a man of being a wizard. It
is the women who have suffered in all
agee. When I was a boy the young
people were more afraid of ghosts than
they are now.
Ghosts are vpry scarce in these days.
I havent seen one in a long time. Iu
my early youth I was the mill boy and
I remember that one evening in th(
early twilight as I was astride my horse
and grist and going slowly home I
neared the country graveyard of Fair.
view ehureb and saw, or thought I
saw, a getahead of me in the big
se4d. It ad armts and legs, but bad
so heed. It was white end ionj
slewly fro~m me. I cheked... or....
and wondered. I started on again an,
got a little closer. Still tie form wa
f headless. Broad shoulders aid arm
akimbo. Nearer and nearer I drew to
it, but it made no sign. My hors,
pricked u) his ears as if alarmed. Th
t road forked not far ahead, and I ha(
resolved that if the ghost took on
road I would take the other, whel
.uddenly an Old man stopped to cough
and took the sack from his shoulder
i(and laid it upon the ground. I knem
him imstanitly-old Uncle omN Wileon
the hunchback--going home from th<
mill with his grist across his shoulderi
and hi head bent forward so that I
could not see it in the dusky twilight,
Now, if both of us had reached th(
forks of the road and had separated I
should always have believed I saw t
That old mill oad and chuich and
grave yard made lasting inpressioni
upon me1, and so did the mill and the
pond and the spring-board and big
whcel and the soothing sounds of the
water falling over the daiim. We had
various adventures with the country
schoolboys on the way, for they (ident
like the town boys-and they don't
yet. I remember that it was on April
fool day that I saw in thi rurad just
beyond the schoolhouse a package
done up in brown paper, and as I had
met a man in a buiggy a little while be
fore, I suilpposed lie had droppeld it. I
stoppjedl my horse and got (own. Pick
iDg up the package I untied the string
anid took off the wrapper and found
anothei wrapper and another string
aid then another and another and at
last two big [)lack bugs, whose olor
was familar. That kind of bugs that
advance backward, and you can't tell
whether you meet 'ei or overtake 'ei.
Just then a score of boys jumped froi
the bushes and yelled and sereamed
4' April Fool !" I was so niad I could
hardly mount my horse again, but I
never spoke a word. I took it out in
thinking andI hating. West Point
hazing wasent any worse than that
April fool was to me. But boys will
MIS CONvERSATIoN A LoS'T Ai-.i'
Conversation calls for training of two
kinds; a talker preslpposes a listener.
Now, listening is a platonic occupation
out of fashion oi this side of the At
lantic. Watch carefully a group of
our compiat riots chattering together anid
you will notice that the speake#r is
rarely allowed to finish a sentence.
His companions will snap the thread of
talk away from hin, unconscious of
any incivility-just from sheer nervous
inability to hsten to the end; having
" caught on'' to the drift of an idea,
they can no more listen placidly to its
development than they can wait until
a play is over, or a cable-car stopped,
to make their exit,
Have ycu ever been in a barn-yard
when a hien more fortunate than the
others unearthed a nice fat worm?
Long experience having taught the
fowl that she will not be allowed to
enjoy her prize, she starts to run wiih
it, pursued b tie other chickens, who
snatch the tidbit from each other until
the mangled dainty disap)pears. When
our impatient' coil)atriots discuss a
topic of interest it gets iucli the same
tientment as the worm. Interrupting
is a national peculiarity; we are so
quick-witted and seize a train of
thought with such farcility' that any at..
templt at its elaboration gets oii our
nerves.-Har-per's Buxuri. .
Tiir: LoNo DisTrANcE TIuoLLEv.
A. L. Johnson tells the Philadelphia
Record that he now. has all the neces
sary rights far the constrruction of his
propIosed electric line between Phila
delphiia and New York, amnd that it will
be built ini the most substantial and1(
miodern manner-, conforming ini every
respect to the finest steam railway
roiad-bed. The track will be laid with
95-pounrd rails aind the camrs will b)e of
the latest a111nd ost impriovedl patte-n,
seating sixty people, and will rrun at a
speed of at least fifty miles an hour.
Tihere will he no grade crossings so
that the car-s will go with uninterrupted
speed. The fare from the hieamrt of
Philadelphia to the heart of New York
will be fifty cents, brrt, for dlistances of
twenty riles the fare will be only flye
cents. There is talk of a trolley line
between Washington and( Baultimor-e.
Thle trolley is growing more popular'
Kansas ('ity, Mo., is claiming to be
a great fruit dlistribrutinug point ,and in
piroof of the same "' points with pridle
to these two consignments: in oue
(lay 1,000,000 bananaris were rec'eived1
from the tr'opics, andl on Mafrch 4thi ' ,
000,000) oranges came in, tire shripmenrt
being made from Los Angeles, C al.
This orange trasin was comprosedl of
thirty-eight cars arid a caboose. Threre
were 30-4 boxes of oranges to the ear,
making 10,10-2 boxes in all.
A mammoth black walniurt ti-ee or
the farm of E. P. Gaurs in Will[; me
County, Ohio, baa just been sold1 for
84,000. Several lumber dlealeis hravt
examifld-chips -from this tree, and all
have declared it to be the finest speci
men of that kind of wood they evei
saw. Tihe tree was eight feet mi dliia me
ter, forty feet above the stump an<
extended seventy-three feet fromi the
burtt to the first limb.
The women of a Long 1Island villagt
improvement association have given
up their ofmees to the men, as the,
feel the latter are better quahlied ti
diseharg, the dutie ~. The idea o
giving up a public Ofce because thi
holder thinks anoth' bettor fitted t<
do the work is an edlusively feminini
idea, which woutl iwork havoc I
diverted into m-naeal politics.
I THE TEXAS 01L DEPOSITS.
How the First Discovery Was
Made-May Give Cheaper Fuel.
The excitement over the discovery
of secmingly imexhaustible oil deposits
in Texas appears to be growing. The
government experts, geologists and
conservative busIness men consider the
location of oil in Texas and California
of far more importanco than the ths
covery of gold in California. In fact,
it is looked upon as a development that
will have a tremendous economic in
1iLuence on all the in(lustrics of the
southwest. George F. Adams, an ex.
pcrt of the geological survey, has been
sent to Texas to make an investigation
ani report upon the extent of the oil
deposits an(l the manner in which they
are being worked. An official of the
geological survey in speakiirw of this
matter to the Brooklyn Eagle's Wash
imgton corres)ondent said
The oil is ,ot the illuminatlmg va
riety, but is used for fuel. It will
supply the one thing that was before
lacking to enable the tremuen-lous re
sources of that country to be )roperly
(leveloped. Texas is nearly the rich
est State in the Union in natural re.
sources, but fhere are no coal deposits
there. She has gotten her fuel in the
past from Indian Territory, and after it
had beeirTie(d "aind flpl)ed to 'I exas
it cost between $frani QU a ton. The
excessive cost of fuel has (lone imuch
to retard the operation of tile dLeposits
of cement, iron and other ores with
which Texas abounds. The (iscovery
of a cheap fuel withim her borders
will work wonders with Texas mier
The utmost excitement prevails all
through Texas, anid excursions are run
f-ron (alveston to Beaumont to see tIhe
big geyser. Four thiousaild persons
recently visited Beaumont ii a single
(lay. As may be sul)posed the town
has experienceed a tremendous boom.
People are flocking in and sCouring
the country prospecting for oil and
hIIyiig up lNdI leases. It is ahuliost
imnpossible to secure accomnodations
in either hote's or boarding houses,
and living rates have gone way ui.
New wells are being sunk every week,
but precautions are always takcn to
prevent a waste of oil. Imnproved ma
chinery has been introduced, and as
soon as oil is struck the flow is checked
until tank cars arc secured. Pipes are
being laid to Port Arthur. the nearest
port, wheire it will be pmlpc(l on
board oil ships. Lucas securel leases
on 5,000 acres of land before lie began
o)erations, and he pays a royalty tu
the owners on each barrel that is sol(.
As before state(l, the various railioads
of that section are preparing to change
from coal to oil fuel. The main thing
that the operators are waiting for now
mire tank cars to take their product to
market. Following the dliscovery the
price of oil in Pittsburg tumbled dan
gerously, but it has since been stea(lie(l.
Among those who have since learned
that oil existed un(ler their farmnis is
ex Senator Roger Q. Mills, who is
s:i(l to have been imlade in(lependently
rich by the protlucts of a well sunk on
11 One of the great a(lvailtages of the
oil deposits is that they are right on
tide water, thus making is )ossible to
ship it by water at little cost. 'Iie
government olicials are very enthus
iastic over the (iscoveries a(d ( declare
that the oil will furnish a cheap fuel
not only for- tihe local industries of
Texas andl New Mexico, but for tranis
continental transportation and for
shipping interests in the gulf and West
The story of how thme first oil strike
was stumbled on and the opening up
of tihe unlookedi for riches r-eads like a
tale from "' Arabian Nights.'' A. F. I
Lucas, a Walhington mining engineer, I
was enigagedJ as5 supjer'int~edet of the
Avery Rock -Salt mines, ini Louisiana,
but having a disagreemenit with the
management, he left and dIriftedl over i
to Texas. Reaching Beaumont, which I
N about thiiee hours' ridte from Galves -t
ton, he went out prosp)ectimg for suil
phur-. ic struck some suilphiur springs
andl obser-ved that a small quantity of
natural gas was coming from them.
Inl putting dlown a well lie ran across1
a slight dleposit of oil, and this fact,
together withl tile presence of nattural
gas, ledl him to believe that oil was to
b~e founmd there, ic accordingly sank
a well for oil. About 1,000 feet wer-e
p~enetratedl and a six-inch pipe inser-tedl.
Inside of this a section of four--inch
pipe 720 feet in length, was dhroppjedl.
Tme oil stratum had not actually becen
eachedl by the drilling machine, hut it
seems that it was almost touched~ at,
the time lie four-in ch pipe was Put
iniidie the laurger- piipe. Sud~denliy t hose
whlo were working the derr-ick that was
lowering the smaller- tuibe noticed that
it was acting queer-ly. Something was
lil ting it fr-om the hot tom. Mr. Lucas
und~erstood the signs and called to his
men to run for their lives. T1hme oil
had burst through tile crust of earth
that separatedh it from the dIrill and~
camo spouting up with terr-ific force.
It tuushed the pipe thirough the dherrick,
canrriedl away all the miachiner-y and
finally threw the 720 feet of pipe high
into the air. Fortunately, the pipe
came (down end first and hurt no one,
but it buried itself dleep~ into the earth.
It has not since been (lug out. Turn
ing about Mir. Lucas sawv a streamn of
oil shooting out of his six-inch pipe to
a (distance of 200 feet in the air and
Rowing off over- the plain at a terrile
rate. There was no way to chleck thle
flow of the valuable fluid, andl as it
sp~readl over the prairie aid was sent for
> to build dams. Soon all the male
f population of Beaumout was out on the
plains throwing up a wall of earth to
> hold the oil. A monster lake soon
3 formed and breaking through tbe dam
f ran off to a railroad track.
A anlvert was built une bum trak
and aniother (am coistructel. The ut
most caution hiad to be observed t<
prevent a spark from dropping into tih
oil, for a fire meant complete disastei
for everything within reach. 1had t
coniflaigration occurred it would lav
extelided to tle spouting geyser an
would have been burning to this day
An armed patrol of Inen, itoulted oil
borees, kept guard of the lake iight
and day, and special care was takeii tc
gee that. io sparks were dropped by
The great problem then before the
minig engineer was how to control the
flow aud thus save tho precious fluid.
Finally he hit upon a scheme. A loiw
section of eight'inch pipe was secured
atud imioiited on a movable Carriage.
One end of it was litted with a Valve.
I1Ia1f way up this pipe a T-joint was
made and a branch of a six-inch pipe
was run out, also fitted with a valve.
L'his structure was then moved up to
the side of the geyser, -nd the eight
inch pipe slipped into position over the
old six-inch tube. The olpemnm ugs of
the smaller pipe were filled up with
oakum ani other material, so that the
oil was escaping only through (lie top
of the main pipe and out of the side
sectioni. The valve at the top of the
main pipe was then closed, thu5 divert
ig the eiitir', stream off to one side
througl the branch section. This
male it possible for men to work
tbout the base of the well. A (lep
Lrench was dug all around the base of
tie geyser and then filIed iii with a
jed of' concrete. Fromt this concrete
icavy supporting lines were run to the
.01) of the pipe, so that the whole ap.
maratus was securely anichore(I to the
oncieCte foundation. When it wais
!ertain that eveiythiig was ready, (lie
valve on the branch pipe was closed
md the stream was cut off. This
peratio consumed nine days, and in
lie meantime ti' oil was plouring out
it the rate of any where between 75.000
md .100,000 airrels a day. The esti
nated value of the erude product is
)etween +10 and 50 cents a barrel, so it
will be seen tlht each day's product
was worth inl the ie ighborhood of,
F>0,000. After the flow had been
Ieckedh a fire occurred in one of the
>il lakes and 750,000 bariels were ie
atroyel, representin. r lOSS of about
POINTS OF HUMAN ANATOMY
L'he Differences Between Men
and Women -1yca, Iars, Ton
The two sides of a person's face are
lever- alike. The eyes a'o out of line
n two vases out of five, and one eye
s stronger than Ile other in seven
er'sons out of ten. The riglht ear is
Ilso, as a ru-ile, higher than the left.
Oily one person in fifteeii ha.s per
ect. eyes, the largest percentage of d
ects prevalinig among fair-haired peo
)le. Short sight is more C0111111011 inl
Owln than aong country folk, ail of
11 people the Gerimais have tilie lag
st proportiil of' shi ort-s ig lited per
Otis. 'The crystallie lens of tilie eye
s the oie poltioin of the human body
lich coitin uies to in crease inl size
broughout life aid does not cease with
lie attaiimeut of maturity.
The smtiallest interval of, soun11d can
le better distimguislied with one eari
hant with both. The nails of two
ingers never' grow withI the same ra
>idity, that of the middle liger' grow
ng the fastest, while t hat of the thumb
~ro ws Ilie Blowest. In f ilfty-I our cases
unt of a hundred thme left leg is stroniger'
han the right. Th'le bones of an aver'
go human male skeleton weigh twenhy
cun tds ; those of a wolmau are six
?.l'ha4. uinruly member, the tongue of
woman, is also smnalletr thani that. of
mtan , given a man and woman of
riual size and weight. It may be api
alling to rleet . but ift is nevertheless
rue, thatt the miuscles of' the human
aw excii ia f oree of oveir '>00 Pounds.
T1he symmietry which is the sole ini
ell igil e grond for our I ideal of beauty,
he proploitioni bet weenI the' uipperI an
ower' half of' (lie hiumiani body, exists
n nieairly all males, but is niever' founld
n thle femtale. Amnerican ihmbm s ale
note sytmmetirical thiani thosie of aniy
>therci people. The rockinhg chir, ac
:orinihg to ian Engliish scienitist , is re
tjponsible for' the exer'cise which in
!rcases the beauty (If the loweir limbs.
L'hie push which the toes give to keep
he chair' ina moti o, repeatdcc aind ire
>iated , makes the imitep) h-ghi, (lie calf
'oun d and f'ullI, and it mnakes thle anikI e
heliciate and sleiider'.
Brnitishi woumen auto siaid to averaige
wo inchtes mioire in hight thian Aumet i
~ans. .Aveirages lot' the heighlt of wo
'uon showv that those botrn ini summer1)0
mud autumn aire taller' thtan those born
ni sprolg andc wmitelr. TIhe tallest girls
wre born in August. As fari ats boys
nre coniceirned, those who fir'st see the
light durlinig aun t andt ttc witer ar'e
riot so tall ais those b~orn in spr'ing and1(
summer. TIhose born in November
the shoi test; in July the tallest.
An average heaid of fair' hair' conisists
of 143,040 hairs, dark hair of 105,000,
while a r'ed head has only 29,200. Fair
hiaitrd 1people ar'e b~eomiing less numer
outs than fdrmer'ly.
A personi who fias lived seventy year'
has had pass th rohugh his heart aboui
675 ,920 tons (If blooda, the w hole of thu
blood ini the body pasm through thu
heart ill abouht t hirity-two beats. TPhi
heart, beats on ain average of sevent,
times a minute, or 31,792,000 timles
in the course cf a year, so that thi
heart of an ordinary man 80 years o
age has beatan .3,00)0,000,000 times
Trhe heart beats te'n strokes a minuti
less when one is lying dhown) than when
one Is in an up)righit position-Nei
'FIGHTING PARSON DUNLOP.
A Desperate Charge Under a Stdrn
of Shot and Shell.
Tlie Charleston Sunday News con.
tains a most graphic descri)tioln of t
thrilling inicident at Alurfreesboro
Tm., which is from the pen of Itev.
H1en1ry F. Hoyt, I).l., of Iitriony
Grove, Ga. The hero of (lie occasion
was 11ev. .1. E. Dunlop, now a zealous
and honored 'resbyterian mnister
living at (ieorgetown, S. C. Dr. IIOyt's
account, is ats follows:
Ii tlie suimmer of 182it a Confeder
ate cavalry force, consisting of four or
live regiment-;, w'as eicamIped at Mc
Mlinnville, Tenn. Forrest, afterwards
geieral, but at that time ranking oily
as colonel, was inl command of tle
brigade. The 3d (ieorgia cavalry regi
melit, coilImtauded by Col. W. J. Law
toll, waI part of tle force. In it was
a coilmly coimanlded by tihe Iev. J.
E. Dunlop, at l'resbyterian minister,
who had rcsignlCd the clarzge of his
church in ainbridge, Ga., to buckle
on the sword, and1I lad been elec.ed
captailn of at cavalry coipanmy, which
lie had bn-een ilistrumenta l in raising
and to whoi his mni were pei fectly
At iMurfreosboro was a force of
Yankees, consisting of cavalry, artillery
and infaitry, and consideral out
numinbering the Confederates. Col. For
rest decided to surnise and (Icaptiie
tle Federals, aid thus get. supphie s
aiiil arims for his men, many of Vhiom
at that time had nothig more effec
yive than double-harrel shotguns. Ac
cAdingly we broke camp one battirday
an1, after marching all night, reached
AIltfreesboro Stinday 1110 ilning just at
tle dawi of day. The Federal pick
ets were captured without giving ai
alarm and our foe, all unconscious of
(linger, was quietly sleepilng. They
were ill two camps, one, on the ollpo
site side of the town from our ip
)roaci and the other to the right as
we entered. The gallant Wharton, of
the Texas ltangers, with part of ihe
coiiniiand, was or(lere(l to attack the
camp to our right, while Foirest, with
the other part, was to attack the oiie
oI the opposite sideC of the town.
W\'harton's attack was a completo sur
prise to the enemy. ith1out warn ing'
lie and his Htangers burst into the
aleeping camp, yelling all( shioutiniz,
(rove out the terrified Fc(lerals, anid
for a while held possessiol of tie
camp. Aftewards, seeing the small
force of their assailanits, the Yatnkees,
rallied, anid1, af ter a stubborn fight, in
which Wharton was wounlded. they
relgaiied lssessionl of the camp. The
part uider Forrest, in which was the
2d Georgia, were not so successful.
'Thie no of tle horses' hoofs striking
tiuon tilie stOly groniid as we charged
through the towi awoke the sleeping
in haibi tan )ts, who ru.',hed out to greet
us, wildly shouting and checering, an
inl their enithumsiasmii raising such a din
as to reach the ears of the sleeping
ca im p, a short distance out of town.
Then, too, another uiexp)ected dif.
liculty arose. In the centre of tle
town , directly flroiitiig tle street ip
which we wero charging, stood the
brick Court House. In this was a
Federal guard, keeping wtatchi over
somei prisonlers. As soon its (lie head
of our column iicaine ini sight this guiard
oplenedc fire tuponi tus otit of (lie wmi.
dows of thie Court IHounce. This unex
pled~t attack delayed Forrest and frtis
trated his plan of' surprisinlg (lie campI
beyond. Whlen we got there, inistead
of taking them by suirprise, we found
them (Iraw lviup in linie of battle on (lie
crest of a slope ini ani old fiel, h aving
a splenidid battery of six guns andio a
long line of infantry supporting it.
We ws cre (lie piarty sturprisedl. Under
this unlooked for condition of thin~gs
Forrest orderedl Col. Lawton to diraw
upi his regiment in front of (lie Federal
lines, ini a picce of woods which shiel
tered us to some etnt, saying thamt
lie, with thie rest of his troop, would
ride around t hem and attack them in
thie rear, and ordering Lawton as soon
as lie beard his guns ini the rear to
charge themi in front. Thus we stood1
for about two hours, I suppose15, wait.
ing to heatr Forrest's gunas ini (lie rear.
lIn the meanat ime (lie Fedlerals, know
ing that wo were in the woods, kept
til an incessaint fire with their am til
Iery', seniidinig a conit inua stre 5 am of
shot and11 shell screeching over our
heads, cuitting dlown thme limbs of trees,
bturstinug over us, (doinig no particuilar
<famiage it, is trtie, but terrifying amid
dhemioralizing (lie mien, most of whom
had niever been undi~er five before,
Thus matters stood :We, with ouri
shotguns, listening to (lie music, of (lhe
shells, and (lie Yiinkees having a per.
feet picmnic mn the way of target prac.
lice; we being the target.
Finially, becoming embiloened by
otir cotnued silene, (lie sharpshoot,
ers from (lie infantry crept (down tO
(ho edlge of the woods amnd, concealiunt
themselves in (lie underbaish, begamn t~
pick at us with their rifles, and t~h
whizz of their bullets was gettimig to b<
uincomfomrtably close to otir heads. Col
Lmawton, noticing this, dlirected his ad
jutamnt to carry a verbal ordemr to (114
maijor to sendo a squaidronl--t wo Corn
panies-t(o charge those sharpshooters
dlrive them back and return to (lie corn
imando. The ad~juitaiit, ini hiis excite
menit, mnistunderstoodl tho order and
riohng up to thle major,hle said: 'Th<
Colonel orde a thant you sendo a squiad
ron of men to charge (lint line of battle
reform the men and charge back. The
order was delivered to Capt. Dunlop
to execute. I saw bim straighter
r himself to his full heIght in the saddle.
I saw (ho fire of battle kindle in hii
eye. I saw him dIraw his sabre ane
turning to his Ien he said: ''Forward
"Theirs not to reason why,
Theirs not to make reply,
Theirs but to do or (lie.
Riding down the shairpshooters, i
clearing the woods, out in the open V
field they were met by a tempest of
grape and canister from the artillery
and of minie bulls from the infantry.
Many a gallant rider and his horse -
went down under the storm of shot
and shell, But nothing could stay the g
headlong course of the fearless leader. :
Passing between the battery and the i
infantry, he sabred one gunner, drove
them all from their guns and caused V,
the whole line of infantry next the I
artillery to waver.
Ilad this gallant charge been follow
ed imine(liately by that of our whole
command we undoubtedly would have
won the day at that moment. liut it
was not done. Calpt. Dun lop dashed
on after cutting through the line of
battle to the rear, and when ont of
range of their shot, halted to see who
were left of his coninand. Seven men
had followed hii through, and were
all that were left. Turning to them,
le said, with grni humor : "' Boys,
the command was to reform and charge
back.'' One of the mnon replied :
" Well, Captain, we have followed you of
this far, but if you are going back
through that line of battle you will
have to go by yourself. We have hadl th
enough of it." Of course lie had no
thought of (oing so. Ile was only bei
putting his mien to the test. Riding i
arondil their line and out of range ofr
their-*hot, the heroic iittle band re- k
joined their command. wil
It is not ily intention to Contintue is.
the history of the battle. My only pur- 1
pose was to recount the most desperate is Il
charge 1: ever witnesse(I during lmy
four years'experience in the war. Suf- it
licent to say that by sunildovn we had
captured the whole force of the enemy.
The boys threw away their shotguns, mat
replacing thein with improved arms.
The battery we kept till the iwar closed th1
anti good siervicet i, did against its for
mer owners. That niihit we started C
back for MMiinnville, halting only y.
long eiiougih to parole our prisoners, 11
with whoi Forrest, did not wish to be
burdened. We reached our camp at,
AcMinnville about 110011 on %tlonday, yet
having been iii the saddle about forty- ho:
eight hours. That hattle secured For
rest's promiotion to the rank of' gen. 'J
eral, and our gallbot Capt. )unlop d1au
afterwards became colonel of his regi- fasi
mei.,(1 and was loved an1d 11c1hiired by 3o
every man in Iis conimand. Long '1
may lie live to do valiant service to the fast
army of the Lord of Hosts tinder the -1
leadership of the great Captain of our
Salvation. 1T.T. Hor'r.
H Tarmony Grove, Ga. "' i
The Unl ited States Navy Depart- pu
ment will exhibit at Bliuffalo an S by 20
foot map of the world, oii which will
be placed :107 miniature lead models, V
representing the wat fleets of all na
tions and their location from day to tea(
Judge John J. Jackson, of Parkers- "
burg, W. Va., in point of ecryvice, is Ph
the ol.lest judge on the United States 6
bench, having received his commission to
from Lincoln in 1861.
You know all -
about it. The wa
. rush, the
worry, t he goi,
You go about phi.
with a groat
you Yu can't throw br
off th is feeling. Y oui r
Sare a slave to your work.pr
Sleep fails, and you are re
on the verge of ncrvous Lyea
What is to be done? in
For fifty years It has
been lifting up the dis- ca
couraged, giving rest to.
the over workedl, a nd '"
bringing refreshing sleep
to the depressed.
No other Sarsaparilla
approaches it. In age * y
Land in cures, "Ayer's" is th(
''the leader of themn all." .im
It was old before other (
'sarsaparillas were born.
$1.00 a bottle. All dragglais.
Ayer's Pills aid the atc- adh
tion of A yer's Sarsapa- Jthe
rilla. They cure bilious
ness. 25 cIa. a box.
,- I have usefd Ayer's med(~iines for fro
more' than 40) yeatrs ami have said
fromu theo very 3'tadrt that you made
the1 best med' ~iines In the world. I
am su ,ro y'or S raa rlla saved my g
I amn now past 70) and am niefer
withoui your med'( iines."' <<
I IA'(K TuIoiAs,P.W.,
Jan. 21i 1800. _ Enon, Kansa. A
jy WrIte tShoosep p0
If you have, any camnp t wh~ateveri ..
and desiro thes best med aI~fidtte on .-.
n! osil receive, w riethise d t
. i ply, *lthot coa . d s'.prmt a.e 1
Dn.j J.EC.wE~ell, Sa
Two hiindred bushels of po
tc nvwe eighty pounds
So ' Potash from the
soil. t n ..this quantity
s returne(d to the soil,
the following crop will
N%'- have 1ooks teling about
Congton, use and value o(
. Iertbi ~ for various crops.
They are sent free.
GLRMAN KALI WORKS,
93 Nassau St.,
IN A HUMOROUS VIXIN.
)oacon Jones--what do you think
our latest new convert? Do you
Ak it a genuine case of conveision ?
)eacon Brown-'aum afraid not. In
remarks le has made in prayer
eting thus far he has not boasted of
tig the vilest of sinners.-Boston
be-1 want you to promise to do
it I ask before I tell you what it
a)a--BIut why not tell me what It
he---Oh, if I did you wouldn't do
iliffers -luncom is a self-made
, isn't h0?
Viffers--Yes. What made you
litfrs-lie seems to be so well sat
d with (lie job.-New York Week
'he J1ustice- I don't remember ever
ng you before.
Vl'e Accused-No, Your Honor;
see, you don't belong to our set.
'ho Old Man---Your love for my
ghter seeni to have grown very
since youi found out I was worth
'he Young Man (admiringly)-No
or, sir, tian the subject warranted.
letroit Free Press.
The hoy," concluded the oculist,
Then, what do you think we should
Well, what's the matter with mak
an inpressionist painter of him ?"
STriaun means across," said the
Iher, , can any boy give me an
itration of its use ?"
Yes, ma'amn," spoke up little Willie;
rans-parent,' a cross parent."
I thil Cducutiou might put an end
Well, if the weaker parties were
cated to see that it is better to give
thant to get whipped.'"-larper's
I must confess I'm rather super
Well, I'm niot. I wouIln't be that
Xou womldn 't, ohi ?
No. It's a sure signi that you're
ig to have hand luck when you be
to get superstitious."'---Philadel
I tell you, hank clerks are not suft
miiily remunerated," exclaimed the
ker quite forcibly.
Oh, I don't know," said the bank
sidlent, with a sad smile; " our last
aiving teller got about *20,000 a
*r for six years."--Brooklynx Life.
Cerrigan--We're thinking av nam
huimu Garge Washington.
Casey-Ilave yes got Kelly's per
ision ? TIhat's th' name av his goat!
4 medical sensation makes a sensa
n of a man " who lives without
uns.'" lrethreni, what we want is
I could die for you,'' he cried.
Buti the girl gave no sign of recipro
A nd mmy life,'" he continued, "'is
uried for iP20,000."
I amn you rs,"' she sighed, ''till
AMistress 1 hope) I didn't disturb
and your lover when I Went into
kitchien last night.
~ook-Not at all, mum. 01 told
that you was my chappyrone..
lHe would never have become so
icted to drink if it hadn't been for
trouble lhe had."
Why, what trouble did he have ?"
IHe had trouble in keeping away
un it."--PLhiladelphia Press.
'You are awfully, foolishly extrava
it," saidl the matronly friend.
I know I am," replied the girl,
%apa never will let me have money
long as I have C cent.".-IndianC
Msl'!SNU I FMBITTTONS it w NOD85gY.
Move ecas n we een pessiby Aill Geav
antee of poetieos baeked by eursesube
exeelled. Umnter say *inte. !lge free.
dress. COLUMBIA 3151IN (mg,
LVnUUL, 5, 0.