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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, May 23, 1901, Image 1

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EPEOPLE'S JO
VOL ti-NO. 17. PICKENS. S. 6., THURSDAY, MAY 2, 19. ONE DOLLAR A YEA
POIITICS IN THIS STATIv.
McYaurin's Position as it Appears
to an Outsider.
Mr. W. E. Curtis, corresponient of
the Chicago Record-Herald, who wajs
recently in Charleston and othr parts
of South Carolina studying the politi
cal situation developed by Senator Mc
Laurin, writes to his paper from Co
lubniia his impressions of the case.
le says:
" The politics of South Carohina are
in what may be called an interesting
situation, but to appreciate the signi
ficance one must take into considera
tion a few events in history. Before
the war South Carolina was ruled by
what is familiarly known as the "plan
tation aristocracy," a close and exclu
sive clan which was aulocratic and in
dependent. After the war came what
is known as tile "carpet-bag'l period,
when former soldiers and camp fol
lowerp of the Union army organized
the newly enfranchisedi negroes into a
Republican party and controlled the
oiles and the finances of the Stae.
These were overthrown by force-a
political revolution. Senator Tillman
says, " We bhot 'Um, we scared 'ei,
we cheated 'ei, and we drove 'eiii
away from the polls." Then the ex
soldier came into power, the "Confed
crate brigadier." Nobody could get
an oice or exercise any influence un
less lie had served in the Southern
army, and if lie had left a leg or an
arm upon the battlefield or carlried the
marks of the conflict on his person his
influence and position was advanced.
During the rule of the "Confederate
brigadier'' the Farmers' Alliance was
-organized and Senator Tillman emerg
ed from obscurity to become the politi
cal dictator of the State. lie has been
an absolute monarch. His will has
been law, and the great voung mass
of the Democrats have stood by him
and obeyed his orders in a most re
iatkable manner. Neither Bryan in
Nebraska, nor Croker in New York,
) t
nor Gorman in Maryland, nor Ilanna
in Ohio has ever had so complete and
unquestioned authority as Tillman.
The old aristocracy, the commercial
clement, tile manufacturers and other
people of means have been opposed to
Tillman and his Populistic ;o'ey, but
he has preferred their opposition to
their support because it has strenigth
aned him with the "woolly hat" ele
ment in the country, as lie rural vo
ters are termed. But this opposition 1
has never organized. It has realired t
that it was in a hopelass minority and i
that resistaIc3 to Tillman was useless.
The Republican party is practically t
extinct. The negroes no longer vote i
and the whute Republicans. are so few I
in numbers that they are only able to C
fill the Federal oflices. They have V
maintained a nominal organization for I'
the sake of sectiing recognition at 8
Presidential conventions and in the dis- a
tribution of patronage, and have not 1
encouraged anyone to join their party
because of fear the new comers mght r
seek oflice. I
This was the situation in South Car- I
olina last winter when Senator Mc. 8
Laurin, a young nan of good family,
excellent character, unq lestioned in
tegrity, but limited ability, took an
independent stand in national legisla- C
tion and gave his hearty support to the I
policy of the Republican administra- 1
tion. It was not a new thing for Mc- r
Laurin. EHe was in the habit of voting ~
with the Republicans now and then c
and against his own party on the tariff ~
and~ currency qjuestions, bo0th ini the 11
house of Represeiitatives and ini the (
Senate, but had never gone so far be- t
fore, and had sup~ported1 Bryani both in
1896 and 1900. McLaurin comes from I
the southeastern part, of the Slate,
where his family are planters, well-to- 1
do people of Scotch-Irish ancestry. It,
is saidt that he was originally intended
-for the ministry, but dIriftedi into the a
law, was electedi to the L:egislattiure, apl- I
pointedl Attornecy General of the State, I
was sent to Congrsss to fill an tin
exp~ired ternm and formally elected at<
the next campjaignl. lie pleasedl the
people and gainedl Tillman's confidlence<
so that when -there was a vacancy mn
the United States Senate McLaurin
was appointed to fill it and b~ecame a: i
candidate when the election occurred.
Tillman prieferred ,Johin Gary Evans
for his colleague in the Senate, but as
the fight was between two of 'his fol
lowers lhe kept his hands off. The more
respectable element of the State, the
business community, the professional
men and oti'ers who were interested
in the result supplortedi Mchaurin be
cause they conisidlered him the better
man of the two, in character, ability
and in all other respects. McLaurin
- had been on both sid1es, however, more
or less. H~e had failed to sustain Till
man several times, and although no
pledges were exactedl from or offered
him dutring the campulaigln of 1897 lhe
knew, and T'iliman knew, and the anti
Tiliman element in the State kniew,
that lie desired or exp~ected to lead or
at least to become a figurehead for the
latter faction. In other words, he was
taken up by the anti-Tillmani clement
to break Tillman, and Tillmnan's sup-)
porters called im i contecmptuously,
" Curly..Headed Johnny."
.When Mcbauirin got iinto the Seiiate
lie and Tillman had very little to (10
with each other. They were merely
friendly, and each watched the other
with suispicion. McLaurin was in fre
qiuent consul tation with representatives
of the Manufacturers' Association and1(
other organizations that ignored Till
mani, and was looked uipon as their
representative. Whenever legislation
vital to the Republican Intecrests or
strongly desired by the administration
was punidinig McLaurini habitually votedl
with the President's party, which catis
ed some comment. It was understood
by the Republican leaders that his
vote could be deponded upon when
ever it was needed, and as a matter
of reciprocity the President and the
members of the Cabinet accepted his
recommendations in appointments to
oflice and other olicial matters in South
Carolina.
Last spring Mr. McLaurin notified
Senator Jones, of Arkansas, that he
should not attend the Denocratic can
cus any longer, because he was not in
sympathy with his party upon soliC of
the primcipal issues pending, and to
avoid embarrassment to himself as
well as them preferred to remain away.
When the commotion occasioned by
this announcement was at its height he
made a speech at Charlotte, N. C., be
fore the Manufacturers' Association,
in which lie defined his position.
Mr. McLaurin's announcements and
the circumstances attending them cre
ited a great sensation in South Caro
lina, although they were not unex
pected. Taken with the fact that sev
-ral young and active men who had
fornierly been Diemocrats were ap
?ointed to Federal olices upon his re
.omiiendation, it was properly assumi
3d that lie intended to revive or at
east re-establish the Republican party
ii the State. This lie denies, although
nany of his lieutenants have ineau
iously admitted it. It would be in
ossible, h)wevcr, for Mr. McLaurin
ust now to burn his bridges behind
im an(id declare himself a Republican,
>ccause he could not then be a candi
late for re-election to the United States
5enatc.
It is the custom here, where there is
mnly one party, to hold Dcmocratic
oriniaries and vote for all the candi
lates to ollice. This is a sort of pre
iminary election. Any man w%'huo
vants to be Governor or Senator or
,onvressmian or hold any other gift of
lie Democratic party has his name
laced upon the ticket, and in August
It Democrats are allowed to vote f-jr
heir choice. The Diemocratic ticket
t the ensuing election is made up of
lie candidates receiving tihe highest,
umber of votes at the primaries, and
lie State Legislature unaniinously
atifics the choice of the party for a
Jnited States Senator so expressed.
L'herefore, if Mr. McLaurin should
ormnally withdraw from the Demo
ratio party he could, not be a candi
ate for re-election to the United
tates Senate at the primaries, and no
no would vote for him in the Legis
iture. Hence lie will be compelled
L remain nominally a member of that
arty until the election is over.
The Tillmanites or regulars propose
o read him out, of the party andi make
impossible for hini to be a candidate
y adopting a resolution at the State
onventioi providing that every man
rho goes before the people at the pri
aries shall pledge his faith to the
upport of the platform, and then make
platform denouncing expansion aud
dvocating free trade, free coinage at
ixteen to one and other Populistic
rinciples, which it is notorious that
[cLaurn does not believe ini. This
iould be a good thing for several ra
ons, although it imuight be rather pain
ul for McLaurin. It would bring the
3sue squarely before the people and
make a light on the principles and not
ni the main. It is believed, too, that
[cLaurin would be much stronger if
e forces this issue than if lie tries to
eturn to the Senate by the back door.
Ic admits that lie favors p)rotectioni,
xpansion, a single gold standard, subt
idies and other Republican dloctrinies,
nd, if lie asks all the p~eople of South
~arolina who agree with him to cast
heir votes for the candlidates for the
acgislature who arc pledged to support
Limf for the United States benate, the
cal sentiment of South Carolina will
Tbch other candidates .for the Senate
rill be Representative Latimer of the
icventh district, who is supphosedl to
ave TIillmaii's supplort, and D~aniel S.
Iend~erson, a lawyer of Aiken, who is
Iso friendly with Tillman. it is uin
lerstood that Ihenderson and Latimier.
re working together with some kind
f an agreement as to the results.
iatimer has taken charge of the tide
vater counties and~ the lower part of
lie State, wvhiile Ileniderson is working
a the Piedlmont region among the
nanufactuming districts, whore Mc
[aurin is stronigest. A third candidate
s Wylie .Jones, cashier of the Caro
iia National Bank at Columibia. Iec
vas a colonel ini the Second Carolina
iolunteers durmng the Spanish war and
s chairman of the D)emocratie Stac
3xccutive committee.
McLaurin has already begun his
3amp)aign, although the election (does
[lot take place until August, 1902. Ihis
~ecent specechi at Chiarlotte may be call
3(1 the keynote, but on May 22nd( lie
ippears againi at Greenville, when it is
3xpected that lie will defIne his atti
Lude and creed more in (detail. lIe in
tends to make "a campaign of edulca
Lion,'' sp~eaking in every county in
South Carolina oni the gospel of pr-og
ress, expansion, protection, sound(
money, subsidies, liberal appropria
tions for pubilic improvements and1(
other R{epublican (doctrinies, but I un
derstand that lie dhoes not intend to go
into State issues at all. Unfortunately
his health is poor, and it is dloubtful
if lie can endure the labor that is re
quired to carry out his plans11. ie has
never been able to stand excitement.
lie hias a nervous temperament, is dis
1posed to insomnia and~ has broken
(downi in every sevei e camp~aign lie has
ever undlertakeni.
The Tillman plel are planniing toa
dIrive Mr. Mckaurin Irom the canvass.
Tlhey know his weakness and will
worry him until lie (gmts. They arc
aware how sensitive lie is to criticism
and have already attacked himn in the
rear, as it were, b~y accusing him of
plagiarism in ne of ii recent. spnech
Im buyiug fertilizing materials adapted
to his soil aid crops, lie mtist recollect
that all crops are not alike, and that it
is necessary for diflerent nid proper
combinations of fertilizing materials to
produce great results. EIlaborate re
ports of the operations of the farm are
sent out, annually an(d builletiis quar
terly, aid are free to all who may apply
for them.
I found the farm well laid off with
driveways aud avenies, anld a house
in the centre of the farm answered for
a committee room for the reception of 3
visitors to the farm and is a residence I
for the superiitendent. I had the %
pleasure of meeting some members of <
the supervising committee of the Ex- a
perilleltal Farm, Col. .1. Van Lind
ley, president of the State Hlorticul- v
tural society, and Mayor Beck, of I
Southern Mies, also Captaii A. 1).
McNair, the geiieral suipermteideit of b
the Experiimietal Farm, amid his esti- r
iable wife. t
While traveling from Atlanta to e
North Carolina over the Seaboard Air
Mine, I was slirprised to see iearly at
lozeni new cotton iiills un(ler construe- t
.o. Some inl Georgia, and111 all atlig t(
he line, through South Carolina and l
qorth Carolina. Not only are cotton a
nills being constructed, but every sta- \1
ion along the Hie is building l') otlier t
mmiiufacturing iuldlstries. The inidus- a
rial revolution that is sweeping over s
Ie South will make these States the C
hree great manufacturing States of t<
lie South. Alabama will iurnish the tl
oal and iroi. I wish to imake this 1H
irediction: that in less thani twenty- n
ve years the bulk of the cotton crop o
:rowl inl the South will be grown west W
if Alabama, aid tihnt the three South
tlantic States caul aiid will become w
Ie cotton manifacturiig centre of the y
vorld. What cotton is growi inl the o
outli Atlatitic States will be grown as q
Siriplus crop and ani inteisive sy.s- fti
em will be followed, such aIs will pro- P
uce in ordiiary seasomis from one to of
liree bales per acre. Lanids that are L
ow devoted to cottoni culture will be t(
evoted to growing of home supplies S
lid to feed tile great armly of indts- n
rial workers.
Before closing this article, I wish to i
ay a few words about Southern Piies id
ud(1 Piiiehurst, two typical Yanukee fi
owiis, that have been built by North- i
ri meii ats winter resorts. I found the
otels were qmte crowded with North- g
ni visitors who have come dowin from ci
lie cold region of the North to enjoy I
lie 1balm1y climate of this region. Some
f them have become perimeniii res- of
lents and are highly satislied with gi
beir iew home. 8(
I was surprised at the suall number ti
f negroes there anl was informed w
hat they had all they waiited. Thus ai
,y contact with a few may bring ablout b(
better understaiding of the disposi- 8
ion ai(! claracter ot tie negro race,
it a way that finally the North will a
lid out that the Southern people aire C(
lIe oiy ones who kinow how aid ei
ble to settle the iegro problem. a
C. W. ANiam L.I,, p
.Awu, (Ga.
WORTHIERN PACIFIC STOCK. f
li
)Istinguished Men Who Were
Caught in the Recent Crash. t(
The Waslihington correspolideit of 11
heo Iliclmond Times gives ai interest- L
1g story about the losses caused by y
heulationi ini the stock of the N'orth- et
rn Pacific railroad~l, whiuch swepti away
aillins of nmoiiey ini a few hours, ie b
v'rites ais follows:
Wall Street "' caught "' a few dis- x
inguishied gentlemien last week. Ac
outhwesteni Senator, it is stated, lost
L75,000 ini a day. If his natme was
incntionled it woul create a goodl deal
if gossip mi the Southwest. ie is iiot
main able to specullate, but hats beenl
iven certain ''tills'" by his friends in
lie Senatc, and~ an unlexpectedl dro pin 3
Rorthiei n Pacilic stock left him wtIth
mit a (cnt. The fever of speCculaition ~
ittacked all classes, from United States
Senaators to mnessenge r boys. There
vas ia good dleal (doing inl theC bucket
shop1) inl Washingtoii, ats well ats ini
Watll Street, last week.
The WVestern Seinator mentioned is
iot, considered a speculator by any
imeanls. IIe is regarded ii the United
States Senate as a "Ilohman"' of that
body. It will be recalled that lRe
plresentative Ilcolmani, of liudiana, wats
locked upon as the watch-dog of the
Treasury. This Western Senator is a
mnemiber of the approprlutions comi
imittecc of the upper Ilouise. ie never
loses sight of irbc fact that the country
andh the treasury should be prIotected
eithler inl committee cr ini debate.
It, seems, therefore, rathier 0(dd that,
this Senator, who is so anxious to keep
dlowni governmentl applroplriations, lost,
$75,000 Oin 0one deal ini a Washington
btucket,-shop. 1i, is said thait, attracted
by the spectacle of lapidly increasing
prices, lie had goiie into the umarket,,
dlealing on margins in the ollice of a
Washlington bucket-shop, anid luad
made(1 an exellent dleal, as he coni
8idleredl it, of *100,000O. Th'lis Senator
was unwise cinough to put all his profits
up), prinicipally on Westernu railroad
stocks (Nortlhernt Pacifie).'
Wheni the crash cameui, ani 1-'astern
Senuator end~eavoredl to "' miargiin" the
Southwestern Seniator's deall, but as
the amount was so great he wats uni
able to do so. There was something
like $200,000 involved. Thei~ per'sonail
loss to the Senator froni the South west,
who, as is well known, onmly draws
$5,000 a year, madhe for him at one
time the most extratvagant, deal ini his
life. To-day lie is sorry; so is the
Eastecrn Senator, who c Iedevored to
carry his bucket-shiop transaction. It
is st~ated in Washington, it, might 1)e
addedl, that in governmnt depairtmients
imainy pools had formed, inito which
each member ,mut. from $25 to $100 for
es. Senator Tillman makes the charge
hiimself.
Mr. Curtis, after quoting from the
attack made by Tillman, and McLau
rin's reply thereto, concludes:
It will thus be seen that the two
8enators from South Carolina are still
oil speaking tornis, and if the cam
paign begins by an exchange of this
sort of compliments, how will it end ?
OF INTE-REST TO FARMERS.
Methods Used at the Experimen
tal Farm at Southern Pines,
N. C.
Having had an .occasion to make a
business trip to North Carolina, I em
braced the opportunity to visit South
ern Pines an d mado a thorough exam
ination of the work being done at the
Experimental Fa-m of the North Caro.
lina State Ilorticultural Society. The
farm is situatel iear the city of South
ern Pimes, in Moore county, North
Carolina, sonC sixty-six miles south
west from ialeighi, on the Seaboard
Air Line. This location was selected
principally on account of the line 1
Climate and soil, both most favorable A
for experiments. The soil has proved I
to be well adapted to the growth of t
graIpes, peacles and other fruits, and I
within a few years the region around I
Southern Pites has become quite an t
important fruit growing district. The I
land is level and uniform, and tius t
well suited for the cxtensive scheme of (
lield experiments conducted by the I
society. The area of -the farm is sixty- I
live acres, with the addition of the V
vegetable department, consisting of
lifteen acres. All the work from the 1
tlearing of the lantl, down to the pre- t
sent time, has been very exact and
-1horough. The principal object is to
letermine by series of actual expelri
nents on the farm, the best quantities I
id relative proportions for using tihe
arious fertilizing substances in o1der t
A) produce the largest crops at the least u
.xpense.
No commercial brand of fertilizer is a
ised, but fertilizing ingredients are t
mniployed i various combinations.
l'he work that has been done and s
.ider contemlplation is so vast, th at it
:an be well said, and is said, to be the I
nost extensive and scientific experi- c
nental farin i the world. Two series i
)f investigations arc iov being con- e
lucted, one devoted to vegetables and I
leld crops, and the other to fruits. t
l'he series devote(l to pears (Keifer) o
vere set out in 1896, eighteen trees to 1
he plot of one-tenth acre. As an t
lust ration to show the vigorous growth
A the different plots, as the results of o
he different combinations of fertilizer t
I.,
n'"rcolient, ,.iagi yc u art- in I)....
it the top of a flight of stairs, looking a
lown it the bottom step, the top step
epresculs the plot fertilized with a
-omplete fertilizer, nitrogen, 1)110- I
horie acid and potash, with a liberal t
juantity, the bottom step denotes the i1
ilat unfertihized, nothing but the natu
.al ft rtility of the soil, the intervening
iteps, those plots that havc rcccived
ertilizers of various comnbinitions and y
inoun' s. This illustration well an
swers for the appearance of the series 3
vithl peaclies, apples and plums. Thie
series of plots devoted to grapes were
let out inl 1895, one-twentieth of an
tcte to each plot. HIIere some extra t
inc work has been (lone, not only
uhowmig the effect of dliferett for ms of ~
ilant food andl in ifferet-nt quatitmtties, ~
ut the different, ways of pruning and I
'ormu of ti aining the vine.
The vines arc hiow cut back to the
groundl in order to try a new method
>f tr-aining. One featur-e of the work
lotne at, the fairm is that clippings of
oneos and other wood growth of trees
with specimens of fruit, andt vegetables
n-c sent, to the laboratory for analysis.
Ser-ies of experimlents have been made
with strawberrties and redl raspberr-ies,
but the soil (10es not, seem to be well
idapted to these fruits, there-foi-e, they
have b)ecu abandoned, but will be re
iumedl again with irrignation. Ser-ies
of experiments are being made with
Austin's Impr-oved and Lucretia dlew
bcrr-ics andl futll ser-ics of blackberr-ics.
iiE v IOFETAnHLE- DEPARiENT1.
in this dlepartiment, exper-imnents
wecre not fully under wvay att the time
of my visit,. Series of experiments
will 1)e made this season with aspai-a
gus, corn, Spanish peaniuts, artichokes
and sweet potatoes. Of sweet p)otatoes
therec was gi-ownl on one measured acre
(;30 bushels of matrketable potatoes at,
the fiarm last season. i'The society is
now contemplating puttting in ani irri
gatioti planit andl bring the water in
iron pipes from a distance of over a
mtile, storimg it, in a reservoir, holding
over one hiudred thiousandl gallons;
when the plant is finished they will
experiment with dliferent ways of
irrigation. Thie object, of these exp~eri
ment that have been made and those
that, are being made, is to show the
comparative fertilizing p~ower of dlif
ferenit forms of plant food, also the
comparative effect, of lime and green
mantiring, or in other words, the plow
inig undler of leguminous crops t~o
fuirnish nitrogen and humus to the
soil.
Special attecntion is being~ paid to the
studly of different, methods of resisting
and treiating the attacks of ftungtis dis
eases andl of insect pests. All the
frunit trees on the farm hiive been
treated with hydrocyanic acid gas for
scale insects, which method has prov
ed effective, but exp~ensive. The fruit
andl vegetable growers thi-oughout, the
United States ought to profit largely
froni the resultsa of these experiments
and work at the Experimental Farm.
The results of these scientific ext
periments should show to the farmer
the most proper and economical way
for chemical inrtilizar-a to be nan.Lnand
All BILL ARP'S IDEA OF ROASI
Pitt.
(10- The Ignoratice of the Northe
te People About the Negroes.
cr RoastsI 'lhat is a iiewspalpr w(
up for large headilines. It attracts aLt
i tion like fire. Criticise wouldent
lay The reporter must liave a word til
he buris or scorches. Thcre is a gc
icrdeal of this roasting going on. 1
wn Governor roasts the Yankees w
aist, comne pryiiig around, ])I-. JParkhut
as n rougliton roast thu (overn
p., and tie negro preacher, Lamupkii
3 a roasts Parkhurst. It looks like eve
118 body and everythitng has to prey
soicthinug. Thie eag-le calefes t
is lawk; the hawk iIatclies the chick
and the chicken gobbles up the wor
ie and the bugs. Everybody atid eve
thing is in constant peril and it is w
we don't know it, for it would iv
)i us very iniserablo. The people
h- Galveston and Jacksonville escap
or the worst ailictioris-the dread sto1
and firc--the agony of fear and appi
liension. What a noble and genero
deed it was for Galveston to lo
? give $1,,500 to .Jacksonville. Whal
redeeming trait in our Northern citi
to give ielp to the Soutiheriu suffermi
I think I think more of them thanl
is tlink I do. ''hiere is still a power
,( good in hu man nature everywlicre al
I reckon that Oh-den & Co. had got
intentions wien they cane down to ii
s pect us. The trouble with t hose pei
pie is that they think tile)' know m1oi
about us t0haii we know oursel vesI anll
are surprised wile tley find us
Civilized anld respectable peop.e. Di
l'arkiu rst ailnitted that lie had neve
been South before. They know les
a about, us than 11hey dot aIotI th
Frencli or tie (termins or tlie Chinest
and they know inotliig abi 'out ti
negro. One of tleiui reiariked: "Thes
e negros eeml to be qiehpy
Shear t hem laugh ing quite merrily v
the <lapo. I had supposed tied. the
were very mi1sorable, inIeed."
tL Now, )r. 'arkliuirst, says that iv
e hate tihie iegro and say So, but ti
N or hern I mIan pret eis to Iovv lici
and lies about, it. The )r. is m1iistikein
We do not hate the Iegro. We hat
.le meana ones, wiom tlie Nortli la
k colntallillated, but there are lots o
theIa in every community whioiim w
- have iespect for and4 wiho are good
usefuil, h4w-ahiing citi zens. We I
pick out scores inl Our* LoWn Who .111 a
utseful and industiriois anl pay respeI
to tie respwetable white pI oile. l-o
mally fI theue we haIve more
. than for lI 'at a iiks ani1d all his sort
i. 'at, breaks into jail andi breaks out
<I 'It broke into the cbain ang onl
iwent down to see thi )rison 00mi'1S
.e sion, andcl beggeil hiim oit, fll)r Il.s ife'
Ilsake and paid his way liome, and il
has been in jail or the calthose or thi
i. chaingng ever Siice, an4d14 yet Ii. p 1o
a wife sticks to him and follows him witi
- ler little ('11ibiren wcII Ikhen lhe runs a wa)
SThicy are Iid out. soiewhicre iow li
,f nobody cares for them. Oh1, the bond
o -the chIains of iat r- imn lily that, tie
a poor, pitiful, pleading wonnu to sue
.- at "ian a tha't,
i Yes, there ar- many better negrov
11 inl this communl tllity thianl some of thl
liwhiite folks. I 11 rath ier deplend up1)o
. them inl tiine of toulIe. A lyIgi
ter wouid trust lier two little ihlire
a with her servant, Clrissy, as w illini'
n
Ever have them?
Then we can't
tell you any
at thing about
ity them. Y ou
ve ' know how dark
ist every thing 100 k s
kand how you are about
m'ready to give up. Some
for howv, you can 't throw off'
ers thc terrible depression.
"11( Are things really so
blue? Isn't it your nerves,
ilt *after all? That's where
ek [4the trotuble is. Your
to nerves arebeing poisoned
[ek from the impurities in
e. your blood.
?~Sarna arlu
edI purifies the blood and
veO gives power and stablity
Sto the nerves. It makes
1d(+ health and strength, activ
i 4ity and cheerfulness.
a i This Is what "Ayer's "
A vlwll do for you. It's the
no oldest Sarsaparilla in the
en ,land, the kind that was
or old beuore other Sarsa
v- 4paritias were known.
re- This also accou ts for
the~ saying, "One bottle
ny of Ayer's is wvorth three
ig. bottles of the ordinary
kind."
the $1.00 a botle. All druggtsto.
md( WrIte the Door.
nr d oilr i 4 n i t siio'i il aivc ~ o4
ai can1 possibly receivo, writO the doctor
tc freely. You will retnlio a prornpt re
pl. t'o" E|ios 'e,as
ep- .A~A ~ . ~ -
rn -4E p
rd '
II- -~~
od
Is,
he
ell (t 1 [ i ut<- .br1 i1d
.PA.
to - -
W ' r - u-l d i u t 11
ed Al i(hh-, h 1ItI It
Us
to-.
ly as4 with 1)n().4 any) whitt. WWa.l"l
Could h ire. Chiri-ssy is khlld wm(-h1ini
and alilctionate atiid the chilIdn hive
fler. ,Site is a good serv-tiii, -id v- -n
will fund stue in abnlost every famiily
that is able to lire 4)1one. All' IEch ui.
groes are contented :i have tilie CEol
forts of life ili their homies. A .ooIt
( negro will give the sidewalk to a lum
wiom lie respects and will tip his hal
to hita. Social eqiality is 110 wanited
nor ex)ectc(l.
Social equality is n1ot it fixed, iiver
sal privilege in amy race or people. I
would 1)stp 111( and give the si(ewalk
to a king or a president or any great
imai. I am not en1vious hecause a rich
mit can travel in his private car. I
recogniize the fact that I am in an hum
hier wvalk of lifeo. and mu141st not intrude.
And so I aml1 one of the old-timle1
ntiasters who niiire the same respect
to In siiosv to 1e Iby the negroes noW
that they exhibited inl the olden time.
No morte, Io less. Those who (i) it
do it 're ilie llegroes liyh01 we h.1e.
lor those hIio 4o, we have a regard
that is akin to affectioI, aniid we would
dlerettl a1ld protect them. I lere i..
Sait lh11lersot who garilens aini
hops woEd for hall a dozen families,
-:a11 they ir a1ll his friends an1l woult
lielpl him inl time 4 ieed.
What a coll4ge education is doinl"
fn' (li.- ,Ieration of legroes I aIll at
a1 loss I k1low. It' I hlave over s8en
41ne' of th1tem411 lie vas not At work. This
Illilli of elcatioi is Siiogitg 8o rIlpil..
ly that we old-titIers eati't keep up
withi it. The most, important, feature
of it now seems to he kickintg or bathtting
a hall, :111[ some1 of tlie colleges send
(11h ) b 500 ui1ins IWIy to play it
gane. Hiacd hoped that the Tech boys
would come out o id mItcialics, bit,
they d4 Se1 tb) have tiie to d4
anlything hit play hall. The develop
ilent of lie mul Iscles of the arns it Itl
the legs is ve.ry i4portait. Such boys
ar needed itn every town and cmty for
1reml1en 1an4d to It u with the ho3e reel
and climlb the lhlers, so I reckon it is
e all ri t- 1 o 1 .
Biut we .r all eI tting alonig fairly
welt niow 1tt11 ill i te enjoyment of m1ore14
blessingt u"s thanl curses. The weather is
delightful, the flowers are in bloom,.
thlie gid prosperinhg an, we l re
Iltxuiating on1 green It eUS, stra1wberIes211
Iaitil atsparagtus every dlay. lThe ch1rys
wile wanti s 1114 14) sepaatthem a1int11114
trantSplnt, but, 1 don41t feel4 like it.
p1lucked tihe Ii rsi. MAlarechal N 1-1 rose
this miorinig ni114 stuck it in her Poca
h ionltas htair at thte 1brea1k fast Itbl On ii
4 the 1st of' next tiuoth shte wiill he born
againi-tat is111 to say, sh1e wYill ha v'
anot1)1her b)irtiiy.and1 it Itilrunlnat
4inig whlat. little token~t of devoti-,n Eto(
vehe. 'Two weceks later' will bet muy
tme. All's wvell that endsk well. No
mte4 it. be. 8i 1. A 11.
4 It. is biell tht "'no4 farmlter is pr
pared2( to ra15 ise hors ill anly co4i"IlmE1I
blIe numbIiol s unless pro4vialed4 iih pa-~
title grass inn1141 ill wich abundan411t
waiter and1( 8111441 ar . n1ece''ssiblde ill all
4 times. W~iIi ith hese pr'ovidedf hogs ill
grJJowV and( thive re '12 uirin11 g litl or~ noP i
'grin 11 roum 41 arly spiring untlil the neiw
jro of'4J ) 10 cor it 1for111 11s1e arlie worik
of' Inttening hais been21 entered. tuponl. '
I ing at tblespoonfutl ofl bistulphiide of
carbon4)h inito it smat~ll hole opened124 in the
ceniter' of the anlt-hlill and1( thien Ei(icky
and1( tightly c1losinig 1a1 llenlings into
thie 11es8. The dleadly valpor' ofl this
jv4 lal ii 1id w(I vill spre'1ad1i tough ~ll41
~te gllerie's and1( tun1nels am114 kill the
antts by the wholesale.
~CASTOR IA
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
5I uturo o
SKILLS
* . :. . PIDER4 fLltC, VLEA4?,
AND ALL INSECT LIFE.
<E T?HTO tNSE~cT.
10 A ND 5 CE NT .
4 TItCA,.///O1 i T ON L MI/CM, C
**DALT/MO,~ MD,# '
If Decath DusIEt i not fo al yu
de(aler, weO will tupon receipt of.cnt
se youi th ag pcaob mail post1
investment through local brokers.
of theso pools have beon wipe(d
A young woman in the treasury
partment, who recently inheri
5,000 through a life insurance pol
mt it all into tle stock market. 1
rolits amounted to about $14,000
o Tuesday evening. The drop
;tocks on Wednesday and Thursi
,lened out all her profits and
>riginal $5,000.
James G. Blaino is a well-kio
pecii'ator inl stocks. Within the p
'ear, it is believed, Mr. Blaine I
,eaten the market for something i
vards of $350,000. Mr. Blaine i
onspicious figure during market hoi
t a well-known stock-jobbing hot
ii F Street in this city. When hc
ot playing the stock market busimi
e is usually found in an automob
vith Miss llitchborna, to whom he I
e miarried. June 12th1. Mr. Blaine
eferred to incidentitaly for the reas,
hat he was "caught short " on Nort
rni l'acifle stock on Wedncsdaiiy I
125,000.
There were others who figture(d
[ie Northern iacific deal ill Wixashin
ni. One of the ImienI said to ha,
een) speculitintg on Northern Pacil
.oek was I no less a person tu
v' illhm AlKinley, Presidelit
IC U nited States. H1is agent
Iso i distingmtiislet politiciai ti
atosiman. NI lIns A. I lannia,
leveland, Ohio, Ultitel States Sell
>r, iaid tile miker of I'iesidents, wI
le lmau who latidled l'residelit M
:iley's Ilolney ini this stock ieall, ar
OI, only lost it, but, it is lb lieved, S
- three hundred thousmluul (olla
hie h le personally invested.
Tliere are others. Somue peop
ho seen to kllow albout tile crash i
/all Street think that Secretary (higi
' the Treisury Departnient, investe
.ite a bit of money al lost. It
irther stated that thie tip" iriven ti:
resident, and others unuer him i
licial life, was furnishetd by )aniil
amnt, at one timie I vate secret ai
> Grover (lveli nd, and after tin
eretary of War, and at present 1l.
an ini charge of the Northern PaeI
ailroad. These matters are merel
entionied to show that of times l're
ents, Cabinet, members and othei
il to get the right till oil the stoc
ark et.
Not long iigo forner Senator Pett
'ew, of Souith Dakota, who is no
nyliloyed as, ani attorney by Ja1me's I
ill, the railroad magnate, made i
'all Street, so it is believed, upwan
$200,000 it two days. AI r. Pett
ew, it will be recalled, pi ides hill
lf upon the fact that lie is an ant
ust mani, ai aln ti-lnillopolist; anll
hile ill the Selate frequeiily decl ar
at the people of the coni1ry weI
ing robbed continuously by Wa
.reet brokers.
In view of the fact that. Ir. Ill't
'ew left the Senate without his onv
misCit, lie (aibbled inl stocks, SuggC
I by Air. Hill, and miadc a1 quarLer <
million dollars within a very bri
'riod. AIr. Mll, the man wvl
tipped "1 Mr. 'ettigrew, dabbled
ttle bit himixelf just, previous to 11
>rling Air. Pettigrew that there wI
oney inl investing in the Northel
alcific Itailroad. Now, as to Mr. 1i
iday, with the exception of J. Pie
)>it lorgani, lie lias made iore iont
I speenlatioln thandl llny other ina i
e world. It is well known ill ti
Test, if not in the East, that lie cleai
I upI lfour mIilhions of dlollars withiin
cek in Wanll Stret. T1he Vanide
Its, the Goulds and D r. D)epew Ic
lis amonLit This is hIstory in Ne
ork anid is wvell kniown among ii na
ens all over the U~nited States.
AN iLD) CJ~l-:CK Rl.;COVII.,
eniator Cockrell of Missouri hias pi
antled to the Treasuiry D~epartmeiit
Vashinlglonl a check giveni twvei
ears ago to the late Repiresentati
Hland, of Missouiri, and which has j
onme to light. Although the clh<
vas given as a government, payme
t was dlrawn upon01 a personial accol
n a Philadelphia bank, and Sonn
.ockrell was referred1 to the b~ankl
or redemphtion. Ini 1881 Mr. bh
wats a muemlber of~ a Con gressiona il c<
mittee that inispctedl thle Ph iladelp
mint. Th'Ie superfitendoent of the n
gave cach of the coniiduittee a chi
foir his expense aiccount, amliounim
924 ai hiead. Mr Bland( put, hix el
iln 11is pocketbmook, but, 011 his way
town waLs robibedl by3 ai pickp)oc
A fraid of beinhg rid icuiled for be
robbedf, lie said niothiing of the loss a
Irew for eniough money to get, back
Washington.
Not hang ago a contractor, ini teari
lowni an1 old building ini Phiiladell:
'ound( tile check, where prcobaly
11ind bee secreted by the lhiief.
ient it to Mrs. IBlanid, who recal
he story of the loss,' and forwar<
lie check to Senator Cockrell t~o hI1
t, cashed.
At. the last election in Cumberhi
olout y, Main1e, the Iliiulor menC~ 1no
wied a preaceher for sh~eri ff, more a
ike than anyth ing~else. lHe accept<
inadoe the race awl( waIs elected . Sir1
hant, time the l iqulor mlenl hiave seenI
)eacc. The pir~eher-shcriitT hats be4
inforcing the law. lHe sid a dlay
wo) ago that lie had indirectly rece
ad an oifer of $40,000 If lie wouldl
sign, or take a vacation to Europe
hie remainder of his termi. It i:
wise joker who knows that his fur
iusiness will not prove a boomerai
-. Savaninah News.
To'4 prevenit theC decay of plosts,
IndI of the post to be put in the grot
ihiould be charred oii a fire. A e
r~f tar is then applied with a bria
The tar soaks inito the pores of
woodl andl after being in the gro1
awhv~ile turns into a kind of resin, k<
ing out the water.

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