Newspaper Page Text
THE BORDER LINE
BY MORTIE1ThR 0. WILCOX.
Oopyright, 1901, by Mortimer 0. Wilcox.
-. URING the South Africai
crisis of 1898 an Amerl
can named Phillips tool
the night train fo
Klerksburg, near thi
A week before Phil
Hibm had seen the "Goh
Reef City" shivering In the panie of t
expected war. Is thoughts as h
stared out of the car window may havo
gone back bitterly to Johannesburg. t(
the ridge which has made so many sor
rows, and his own failure there. Clutch
ed in the hand, however, he held a tele
gran froin his partner, Burton, anii
this he read: "Come up to Klerksbur;
next train. Big thing possible her.'
Around him men Nwere arguing heated
ly in various dialects asI to where .iou
bert would strike first, what wolul(
happen to the uitlanders and when I
would begin to happen. The train ri
on hour after hour. It came to a stol
at last and discharged its passenger:
Into the excited, questioning crowdh
which filled the streets of Klerktiburg
It was almost midnight, but there wna:
no (uiet in the townils of the border.
A latage young EIglishmat steppe"
out of the shadows and touched l'hi
lips on the (lbow. "Ilere you are," h
drawled. "It's late, but you muustti'l
sleep yet, Jaick. You're expected."
"What is it anyway't" asked Phillips
"I don't knowl," replled the otier
"and I know at the saImne time that it I:
something worth our while." lie w-a:
slower in his mental processes thaIn tie
Armerican, and he now fell into deel) re
1iection. "It was Atherton who toll
111 to get you here. Appears that ther
is something heing platnned. Com1
They turned into (luil('tei streets,
walked for soime (listialce an( enme
a house. The front of' this vas dark
en1e(, hut there we'e lights at the rea
altd as they approiacelled iore than oii
man came out anId hurried a way. Iur
ton held a low conversation With SoII
one at the (1001 and then returnae(d t(
find bis friend.
"They want to soc you alone i
there," he explanined, "and I'm to wait.'
Phillips went forward. A servani
ushered him through the house a!(
bowed him into a lighted rooml. Thre
meat were seated arouand a table thern
upoin whilh lay spread a man of Soutl
Africi. lit a snaller room belin(i Phil
lips could hear telegraph just'umtientu
clieckkng feverishly, and now and the,
a message woul1d be brought out anm
placed uPonl the table.
"London seems to be getting excited.'
one of the three remarked.
They did not embarrass Phillips b
too close a scrutiny, but they were tak
ing note of hin. "Sit down, won'
you?" said one of them, a big an
The speaker leaned back almost shyl;
in his chair and turned his drowsy grit;
eyes up011 another who looked like at
ex-army officer. "You stato the case
Atherton," he said.
"Hem!" observed the latter. "WVeli
Mr. Phillips, I suppose you would no
be unwilling to accept of a good oppor
Phillips smiled grimly. "I rather neet
to," he replied.
"Ah, yes. Well, no offense, yot
know, but we have been led to believa
that you are a-hemi--rathier a wil(
The American's square jaw tightened
and he arose, "You might have tele
graphed that information," ho observ
"No. Sit down, please," said the hi
man, "and hear us through." Ther
was a kind of fascination in his man
ner dificult to exliahn.
"You know," coantinued Ather'ton, bhi
eyes upon the table and speaking as V
by rote, "whether this countr'y is In a
healthy condition nowy. You are froni
Johannesburg and also know how th<
nitlander's are being treated. Here ih
Kierksburg we believe that war is in,
evitable and that the sooner it comnea
the better for us all. There are, how.
ever, people0 who cannot unaderstand~
this situation, and they advise delay.'
He nodded, perhlaps nnelonsciously, to
ward the room wvhere the telegraph in.
struments were clicking.
"Not so very many miles from here,
at a point which your friend Burton
knows, there is a camn[ of the border
police, It lies about two miles from
the frontier line of the Transvaal, and
ten miles on the other side the Boors
have also a camp. Very good. Now I
need not point out to you that Africa
is like a binl of gunpowder and that it
needs only a spark to set it afire. Here
is where that spark can be struck."
Hie put his finger upon the map. "Just
as this point, over the line, is the farm
of a Boor named Zwager. Lie is an old
Dutch rhinoceros, ready enough for
trouble, It would be very easy for any
one who went there--any one who was
rather wild and irresponsible--to pre
cipitate a quarrel. It would not need
extreme measures - a mere quarrel,
with perhaps a little misusage, and the
Boors there in camp would do the rest,
for they would attack the border police
as certainly as we si~here. After thtat
some history would probably be0 made."
Young Phillips whistled thoughtfully,
"It's rather too rich for us," lie said,
"and not the nicest job, especially see
ing that I'm an American. No; I guess
The big man raised himself up from
his chair, The lamplight fell upon him
redly as hie stood, tall as a giant, above
the table where lay the map of South
Africa. "An American," he said. "That
is all the better. Americans are men
of our own blood, and1 this movement
is for every man who knows what
progress means, It is war which must
come, and is this world we must lool
ugly facts in the face. People who ard!
afraid to do tis say to mu: 'But It wit
be too dantgrous,' the~y say to md3s 'It ii
* wrong.' Ihet I say to them: 'We must
* look facts in the race. '1'he l$0ers aLn
now arming with Mauser rifles.' I sans
to them: 'My dear good people, I adl
mdme your scruples, but remember th
tugly, fact of those Mauser rifles. Re'
Mabnat and3 than .itlonn ngre
that war must come at 'last tell tl
whether delay will not inean 10 timer
as many lives and 1011 'Ines the treas
ure.' A united Afriea;.at is ily idea
an Africa free for the Anglo-Saxoi
fromu Cape Town to the ZnIinbez."
The dreniny gray eyes Lai lightec
up; the words cane faster ani fastei
iI the glow of the great idea, an(I Ilk
he spoke there breathed out of this
nian something niysterlous i 1 won.
derful, as out of unfathoied ( pths, a
spirit which could stiffen the hearts of
other men and drive then forward.
reckless of barriers. Young Phillip,
gazed it blin, and the cold suspiclon)
tuelted out of his face.
"I guess, iaybe," Said Ih(le slowly
"that, after all, I alm a wild young
The leader siolled. "I thought so,"
sald he, "and a tiq'n we art, glad te
know, a inan with n m!"n ;if his own.
Well, it ia good to mueet them once in
awhile 111an to know that, after all, they
do gelner:ill1 get the daniger oe 4" -
glory uiand the proflt." lie droppe1 oil
the heights to sober natter of fact.
"Such inen,'' lie remarked, "don't (10
things for nothilng. What shall we
Iiuake the figure?"
"Oh, I guess," replied Phillips, "thit
if flirton aId I (nII put this througlI
we ncan trust yolu for tihe rest of it."
'I'lie big nian glanced at the other
imne, aii a little Ilaugh all alollnd
showed their appreciationi of how I'hil.
tl1ps had risen to his chance. "AlwIIy.
(t(d like the way yoti Ainerleans could
grasp a point," tle leader said an l
shook hands. A inoient iater Ather
ton brought iI Inotler telegraii and
reinarkeld. "l'eople up1) tiamue dispIly in.
Creasing agi ti on."
"alla!" said the big rlian, with an
other laugh and rililipled up the tele
Thle daiy after l11urtonl and l'hillip-i
rode out of Klerksbu rg I 1( tiI rned
their horses east ward. h1'ley left tit;
railroad line IponI tiheir left, a"ld '.4
they struck lito the open veldt andl
saw around t tei" tle wile circle o
earth and sky their sirits gayly row
to thiis ad venture. I harkniess tol14
them st Ill six ilies fron tin clt) o'
the border Ililet. hut lurton kew ti
griound. aid t lwy pushed forward. Pi
nally, wI(el it waS glow iso (akI (h:a
they hardl'y coli see tle eaI's 01' thirt
horses, both1 IlleLil it) suhnliy, for
froiii the veldt upo1n their right titey
heard i voice :Is of, one iI flistress.
"Who are you '?" l'hillips called.
There was n0 reply, btut a lignre arose
frloinl the thir1kenedi plainl and stoowd
tottorin hg iefore thein. They swung
tiliiselves out of the SmInhile, .am] a
inlatch lareil !In B11ntonl's bat1al. " A p
pe.:rs to he t kM111 of :1 tanori," Ile dravl
ed, af'ter cyiic:l inispect lon.
"Gerni'n.," ('111e fr'l'olt the flgure,
"scllgo inn' if I :1ii not quite 1n'self."
IIis words, like his high silk luot, ap
earet to lave beiei erni iiipled up bi h.
the etastrophie. "Aletehills all smiiasli
(1. horse Zonli' off; 'hanidonied, youI See,
O01 tlit lonely plailn." lie lurchedl upoln
flurton's neck. "St'uge rile." hto wailed
ci'eltiily, "Iit I aini so (11111k!"
"You are, Iinlet,' " assented the oti
er', "Ia li tli:t'is your horse aihut 20 I'fet
froli here." It was so, indeetl. .\l
though lithe Ilatelit illdicinles hadm all
beenl sinlashied, the( fanithfu'tl st4eed'
11,i:ilt't. lie seeneil to glance' 1t1t1
0ith1 :1 look of resigni:itioii :1uti sub
,mnitte'l without colrmieni't whi I th' y
lioistedc thet rider utp aig~a.
"'\lighit als well take hirn alloni: "' sai
Bur Itoll in disgulst. "'Al P1 I'ars to Ibet
1pleklil well, but ought rnot, yvou kno1w,
to rtlini out heire."'1 lhe r'esed inanm
Itibldv (off now~ 1n11 thien like t he
Whlit(e Knlight ini "Al\ice,"' but by rhIi
lng (lti- (iii each sideo of hiin tihey gen.
orally caugh.Zit iii ill llidmil. l'rocee'd
Iig thus,15 thely rea'chetd thte carn ofi)0 tihe
tbordetr poll(ee antd wereo grteetedl with
ironlent Iap ~pla use. I lurtoni knmew rnost
of' t hit riien: letter w hiIchi h' brouigh t
mite:11 an lterwartl ilunlig thier hlosts
tivisile horstes chaniiipecl arid sitilhed
er's s'iiokei andt looked li up t the
Ava:itclug stars, anld prlesenltly for' hick
0 o riinetinrg better t hey began I to
huavte fun withtl the plmttent Iiiteinle
Ile stood up In the (I rel igh t. whiichi
flickwee1 '111(on hIs siliy lfnee, we(li pleas
ed1 to han ve' such an anudlen'rce. ''"t'erl'ni,"'
said(1 he, "d(oni't niioek am fellow rnan.|
These f'rlends of' tuinri, who1 br'ough i
ine out of' daniger, wiho lnows wherie
thley thinlih'lvcs iayi~ be1 toirnorrnow
Whoit kiiowAS w hatI periI Iies beftnore
thi? Tln. I shiay, don't ru11(k
vilethm of' ircnis't:ln'-es iil 'ron
that th itin ' i had h-ft us soiw 1' h4 i:
line, 50onred( to sIlli loft ieri heightls ni
touched affairis ofi state. "hish var,'
F"or aigaini 1 shmy It's wrong, g-im'n." <
"'Wi'ong, Is it?"i sa illd ii' thecap t orI
the polici'. Ire thoughtli fully blew Soiml
tohagilt'l SiL' at thei star1s, mimi thn li
!'WN'j d(lilheraitely, as one0 whol (Ioes mi ii
ofteni nr Is views. Ti'ee u-is a lt Ii
unteasy' stir iraiog thie mier armoundl hin ii
for It wIas Illo the~te he sp oki'. 'l .- I
get' who hias hli ai lIo tover h1li' nrii I i
salt int he'll, heimIlt he sn't in2101 i nm
En~tglishinen'i tr\'ated li d1(gs am11 o r
lill whichl ''ught to b' Einglaiii'.j
M rongi, Is it? I hive the ltoc'is kept
their wtirdu wIthi us? Wroneig! W\e i
0out to, you that a warim whieh wm'ouii
ehanllge thamt gov''ermnt, 51uchi a wm'ii
w~olubl give' lberty aind secu'ity to er
f'ry inianm, whlite' amh laci', hI 51outhI A j'
rn;woulll givet anrotin sollid counitr i
to thei race' thait ('n 1poin1 to its r'e(-ordl
amd 5fay., 'I leaItve thin;.s lbet ter thanti i
(out tl3oi yo those ir i lg fmmet 11s amlask I
You. 'Wihy Is a war like thatil wr'ong?' ''
appalled, w'4it h hIs mioulth w~'ide opem,
during this speech'I. 110 staiggeed bac(k.
wnr'd now, tr'ieih over a saidldle a lult
wenit downm wIth alii onl haard I. U lmiln
hel1 s liponi thie pia in, lhe biu upb 1 ait
Ie sky, like1 the prmoud mcthe lion iitill?
"Because If Is. So there."
In thme iiuo'nlig the two adventurers
hiad a last word with thme capitain andi y
then mountd thi oss ie1111
Cne nman. who wns now sober If no T
sensible, wvihIed to go with them, but
this offer wts. rejected .I'hi'ey rode to a
little einluellece Itild tto (. They were T
Oil the borider line, dlanger li1.0
which neeiled only to >C crossed by
ilglitiog pa)trties to Iieni a war. A sol
Itary falcon hovered hIgh iI the untar
nish8led blue, and before, them stretched
the ''ransvaal, its veltit as yellow as a la
sea of gold. Old Zwager's farm lay
Ilko a (lot in this, and over everything a to
Sabbath quiet brooded, but here the 8
spitrk could be strulc which should set
South Africa afIre. They felt the d'. ki
light of power, a sense of danger ani
daring leaped in their blood, and thety 8
rode straight forward resolutely. W
Zwager's place was built up it a way a
usuni to that region. A stone wallll p'n. 8t
circled the squatty Duteh builditing t,1
and served to keep the calves in the M
front dooryard. A fentee nuigit have te
been easier, but Zwnger's gret-grainil. co
fathers hd mnatuged It this way, an. tI
wv'htt hil b)ee good 0 enough for thet;1 CO
was goodi enough for fvnger. ' h it
were adnitted through the gate by :i Su
lazy Kaillr boy an11d. riding up to the tc
house, hellld tile owner. iil
itefore the (oor. in the sulisline snt
tin old andn grizzled lloer-a Hoer of the a
great trek. IIe starie at tiei for a O
iomient silently and then agnin turnetI ra
his dull blue eyes upon the lLdistalnt
view. Hut a'fter sonie reflection lie Li
r'einioved his VIpe anid asked then brief. lp
ly, "What (10 yotl walt?" ill
"We wInt sorne forage for our horses ti
first thing," hiurton replied, and tihe ei
two distotinted. Zw'ager ieilected it
sonie tiore ati then announced, "You al
Can't have it." t
"Oh, we eii't, e ?" retarked 'ill- al
lips, "Mayl' that isn't for you to
say." 'The co'Trelon appeared to be c:
lost tuipo old Zw:ager. I Ie sat still and ii
gazed nterIos the :iin towai the bitle I)
noithwar( as thouglh lie expecteol (
-oinething favorable to conlie i'ronI that w
direction. For yeNars ald years tit' e
older Boers had beeni wont to think of )
that free up count ry, the tCracke Cl
wilderness which Could always ht their
re'uge whlen tle ann11iioyn1g u prorIL' oi a ft
rapitd civilization enline too nearll. liut
nothing could coille out of it 11oW -'X
'eeIt dahnger, iil they were cut oil'
fron it forever as surely as frotnt tlt C
blue sen eross which their forefathers o
haid wandere(i two centuries before for i
R pice in wllel to stagunate coinforta- o
lbly. Old Zwager iny have known ol
this inuch of history froin tle lione
spun11 traditions pissed down froin1 sire
to soni-stories of o1l treks and battles
foi ote's owi Idt'i of things, dahred by
liteni' It stulihori, fanatic breed, like
tle IoithIliends of old ingla1n( or the 0
'uritans of the new. Bit England and s
A iericn halil gotie forw:ai Somnewhat,
lnd two of, their reprevsen1tatives, wvell
up to date, stood now1 bWlefore this old
111.111 of thle people who had stopped
for I wo centuries, and they haidiy
knew how%% totawhm
"Wev want solue ore" M.uti
roneI, iWWith fercious eiliphasis.
OhlZwd considuered tis deliand
Olice lone s litho h it hali been a new
onie. " nni't haiv'e it," lie t n r ie.
plied. vith ituliplooinni centess, " ie
cuilise YOU llre l:tnodishi seli'liits" (Uns
l'luilliPs ' i t'il his list and walked
up to hii. "IYes: n low's peily chane, " C
wit ness, and lie, be'ing onl a3 n iigger' a
(11f11 t i zse . i ' r s 'I. TbiI I H riti I hut
l ig. l'hiilliis r .ut his Ist c'lise upI to -
[lthe stolid lac'. I own tooik it away aigatin.
"'Always i hi lidterstii iluhaIt von
Atill'it'i'i s wire :ii n ''io~ in set.
L-oll iilleii th lit' lillish~niii. }lt sti'wle
utp to the itoer hiiinself' anid delivered
ly, uuncivii intile,'' lie thunider'ed, ''tell
thie boy thier'e to get thtat forage! D)'you t
Th'e nit diint inan nieveir10 note thletin.
iThey hothI perceived with ease thit lit
thoutghit t hey wer'e afr'aid of' hiin. "O(h, n
before I'd stanid thlit !" l 'Ihill ips tnt ueil
his (corniution~ lresenit 1'y1 Zwager iro'
tti his it'et. '' s laitst iW go' a v :
t(tles.'' Ii'' w"2i :eti liuikeLt[~ ';;
lien~'vy sti .' a uii stiillyir a n ':leo t' c
the ituao s.ilping 8a xp', :ii to
Lhvie "'naii ' lii;011 ', :ile ad iir h it
lo 'i!' 11 i Ie niitt 'ldiitiI wk il i''it I
woruiiji. \Vihoit. a wiilade lef bhi ne
11eniuivithi tim''i ve it tix rolde a wl'.
Way~ gyat n'l woal' no! 'look ilit' lin o
ti-gi ich saie th~ d ising lihie'I
lie lit'pii.,h :;'ena k l
"'. ithso,'tse do it," t h theAOrIitn r
ii'I'd i(atie jite steleer. "Myle lb
lii: collieaoi ' nital i'ie alon tis eyes
:mnsweiing horror;h I uitwa the awfuv'viI
terr'orlv uidiaro the jrahlil) ''rpei's 3ii l
e 'g od gy in o "---"br-e'nus, Enli
-ri' trUi ar tey, heI theh ('her,
ilidhtoo h t le it or e t(1v'ii' s h lcjt'ksl i'g
".ust thog," as se the sultn in re~ o
her ie.' alttenner M w
Tisl~tit' d tje ii' g', "liinntor habo L
beinstle ts t han wris ithe thn'
ciedt' to be, Iuess, o (10ntltin
tl as teyt hippro'ehe agte nitng itVt
nleilly ('theyii't bo',the lauecdsfuoo. i~at
"(odewhi' idne. ltcsiutton plin tio
EEC OUNTY I
Ley Rave Organized for the Pur
pose of Being Instructed in Su
At the sigestioni of Alr. E. j. Wal- I
30, superintenidiit of eduintioi for I
ichand County, the eounty superin. t
u(lits attending the State sulumer I
hool forteacbers, hld a meeting and I
gainized themiiselveS ii.o a body to be I
kowii as Tihe County Superiitendents' k
upartinent of the State suininer
hool. Subsequently another mceting
tIs held, a coifittitiona was adilopted,
id olliceria electe(l. On Alonday, the
Ih inst. a third meeting was held. On i
is occasion Supt. McAlihaii, Prof. It.
cans Davis, Air. Iland atid i'rol. Pat
rson Wairdlaw delivere(d adlresses,
iinendatory of the purpose of the I
partmoit, and laudatory of those
uinty superintendents who had made
their husiness to attend the State
mmer school, and exert themselves
become fit supervisors. The met,
g was a great success, and all parties
It that the preseice of so progressive
spirit among the county supel intend(I
its foretells better thimgs for outr riu
The m(dresses, however, wiere niot
e feature of this meeting. The real
Ilrpos of the or1gafization is to obtaini
Or expett, supervision in the couna
us by having the present superinteml
ts to liertect, their work of supervis
I). To this end, regular atten(ance
the suiimmer school mn(ler instrictor.
aching supervision is deemuiied atvis
Welen tle other supeinitendcnts
teh step with the on ward i sride of
(.se, here att ing, there w,,ill stiurely
Ietter times in the schools of S uth
ai'olinla, aniid theni there may be founiad
ithin the limits of the respective
munties, supervisors expert enough to
come the etiucitional leadleis o' their
The fll owmifg resol utions, the plat
>rm of the m11o1e1 progreesive couniit|
wiIelnte-ldenlts, will show clearly this i
Whereas, we, the muembers of the
ounty Suiperintendents' dlepartment,
Ite tiState smme h'elool (lesire to
ibmiiit our iewws to a canli(id public inl
'der to crietP a setitiment stistaining
ir l.;ical p( siton, bhlevin ig,tis wt.
>, tat. tle solutiioni of the I'rral school
oblem is oir peculiar prerfgative,
i( desiring to measure up to the de
alds of' the crisis
.A 111, Whereas, though not (letiact in,
ie whit from the able leadership of'
adtc Superintenident McIl ahiani , in tile
atter of his bn oad an 1 maisteily or
liizationls, we believe that our11 spherfe
ust be occupied and accentuated to
'cure results in haI moniy with ih
miius of our peculiar form of State
lucationa, which is but a reflex of ouir
liqIe I'frm of goverilmeit
Awd, wleicas, the county being the
it pf goveritmnt , anli( the essewiie of .
presentiatioin, governiment beingelo
ss of touch between rulers an( rulel,
follows as a lo.;ical (ed(uctioi that.
e couilty silpe 1.1iteldent is a vital
dol(f cf Couity sclool, le being i
ie closest touch with tle eulucati'nal
mditiolls of his own county ;
An(I, Iwihereas, therle is a constanit iv
alena~tal wih calls f'or pr'ofessioni
Lleini ite en ('fts, wholi, plai(cd by thir~i
liee above~ every teacheir in thieiir scv.
'sal counties, shall be ini reality what
ey ate in posit ion, meni caipable of
4)uld1ing a good~ school systema and
1(d sustains good schools;1
Ai, whereas, we helieve that , as is
e3 supeC init'edent so arie theC schiools
at separ'ateces of v fort is ai cabaun
: hat. schools cani get infspirfationa1
ad that. only3 by blecominig edictina i a
:pei'.s, and by exer'cisin~g the fune
m11 ofi thle experi superv'isioni cani the
ilmtv' steiwntendencat ,olv'e the 2re'ati
oblemn o f the rural schools. Therc.
re, be it resolved,
First. That, we urge every counity I
peri'itendenit of ((ducaltion , aind e verly
her mem11ber' of' the counaity boarids of i
uicatieon to exert haimself to present fi
thle publ)1ic the character of work
at should b~e demianded fr'oim the
un lty superinltcndenct of' edlucationi .
Secondl. T1hat, we reCcommeiindl that
force a set of rules ailong the lines
>rked( (mat by thle followiaig, which
in oper a1(1tiofn ini h-ichlanid County:
I st. A recoial book ind(1icatinfg thle aid
nleemen'ut of each puipil, to be kept by
2l. I 'avate ownerishiip by3 each ecach
of te3n b~oks uised ini has school.
end summlfer schools an~d teatcers'
Ithi. Counity supe~rinltcedets shall
yp a prfi~ite r'ecord( of thle eflicienicy
each school in their several counities.
ith. Requiremencit, that eacti school
ill have up-) to-dhate equJiipfmi'nts.
ii iidaptI1 uifiormf text-books aind a
e to lltiOi in~ c01ilses of astudy. (g)
at thuey shl si ecur'e an pr1Ifc~fiesen
a1. to imes (of 4 peingi! iand closingr
e at least on41m:. iionni papi~er.
O(soit\''I, lioili a, '. hitt we repc
co-(ola role wnh11 iis by 1re'gn~iinfg tI
(mniatii on 0vs a permnanentii fea.- hi
Sf e i'iale -iflilce' school and4 at
v'idhi! uts with axpei t professors "
o shall hio a l in. eis, routinl tables,
esol1ved(, It iheri. That1 the news- thi
ers he supiledlk( with collies or these
>1.tio it as 114 1ked( tao uuhlish thlem. 16
'he monumen111ts of Ithe fam nous lia- s1
and(1 )ixei 1n h btween l'ei.ayvl--~
ly falom I he altachiks of vamnila, aiid
y will soon he replaced with e'ast
markers, Rapidl pr'ogi'ess ii'nw 0n
ig madle on the relocat ion oif the i
.'ihe 4iMEatern pia i oft the .in' was wec
- - - ni
ilhilen aidl MeI aurini ill be in. Ei
dl to spen,? t . "Salda ontiy aI'2thh
hie uf ift anniver'sary ofI th hia 'yinig of'4
carnne stnne or' tin ..o.. n, I..150
A~egetable P1ceparationflor AS
L simila ing the Footd and RLeg ta --
ting (lie toumachs and 3owels or
Promotes Digesioi.CIeerM- I
efless and SIes.Conlains neilher I
-4 (pu1iNlior'llle lIol'MNilleil. ,
NoT NALco rc. [1C
MA. & -
1111 -1.- Caia +
A perfoel Ilemly for (onslipa
li, Soa ",ticnh
0 Wor0lu 1sCo m on11 isFeverish" 1
iless and Los,.; OF SiLEP
Far blitlie Sit''llure or
EXA~c r copy or~ wHA ppL
RE ~ u SW1 )4r 1414)lZInl ts'
.L) x/.1.41CC 1r COPY 4.1) WRAPPER.44'f
4ort, andtsen ay aiisw
auppear-ance is -,4 tin thehn-ru
that it is impossieIt to t(ill ton i
race they belong. It i a n-1011" S .
Vpeoplo that the tas of census t onnw)II
111ation is very lleu . t'4h-w . ..mc -:i
merator, fromt his nwgiml~
<)u11ain 'tance'.-kiow.- a :;I I-i 1Y -14 it- hi,
tly :al recordsk Llihem in:n s
y with that kn~i.a.h i mcfh . I
ask th4e. question I* I mid it !(I
is ebanc1 4 hie put t i 1 a wbi1- ha .'i
ha(ty r.re4'at romi the romo n . b
C1'.0 0 1 .1 . It II1h. ' .- ht 1z ' i in I
.teri ps i f r ith Ot- , !! .
count, tenl e tsag , wen ai; :h! , ,it
14w41 ' lIY e1141 i ' 44 4. 441 w , 4 , -, 4.i
easier . for allnvil1 e ntn ratr. Il , u'4t I
enter1, "while, v, hich 444i4 ,i t
Sualifiation, t111a to en I , w :
all ' O w neil h il<'2ill' - , i- Il' ' 'ill
dei e s, 4' 4ha) 1 the1I4 benefi 44 5 , ni.-.'
Ina% have b I Ii IImre 1.
than was deservul.
lnego ist I a i n ig o pt 'e ans-, 1444 ! ( 14
alway ativi:-ul him t')( -141 ' lnt lt
. Af 1 a4 i tte f44 fact. fr 4 11 44 4
Ius, IL -ppit ar that the I r:1,Li4
to the citis jui as :ast a, hn u 1it
rae.C~ 1'1i44eVas lar.: a prt' I t4:
a'of the wie 4 , foud m'I 14 own.14 14: n14
ClCic 4Jarlyg of ift-nine yers ta
nlO)t elitettitslin 1111cturer444~s tin 4 bail
. , e .. ) tItll piL ier,'' 1144 '' -4 4 ean4:'4
man.1! ~ of I nazing ertI1 r ion, , an a 14h'
00)r~t of commo, for144. F~Ir I 'w:
aI a fr1(1( 11 te tnbn. fta
sp hytII14.' I is as 'a i44 t :ia bn4 h4 4U. V.
beI) bes knovn.~ 14i4 S '~41 $h--4innin 444 4U
Uit'W .'I'tIdaghild, d44 \444 ' L'44:41 ni11t 4 I:(4
The ar no me ly aI'e in t he14(
Locry uiyof good4 Wa. tyh-. :41 ~44
Althnh n th imhl bis:r4. the4a er.
re~~in c iii h II.i. erl44'!4 t i rk.e t i dI
for a hirg 4yimige < l .s il rch - :he
monJtli1e of( 41)41 l di ng 41 I:. .'il4 (1h4
lI rs Cl1 t l inli 4141impo I.:ird, .41,54 ,
'1004( w ort o ilv r nrea I rly all4 i I 11;m
P OSITIO NS: jr P(Hi.~1.) :: Nhr (:itrv 1 ,(4 Ile
More44 N'~. Ica ll t ynn we 01 osibl 1) 1 1. Gry
a;'LCI n i lo gto inon back( (10 I byI5n C rs e..f 411
unForld rooner an4py to 1neI CItl 1 ue iire
Pdresbyter~.'iAnH C'oNll8etg cG
I"ii t~4I4 14'iC-1 tin wr.~. No'l death sinc4114141
'HU NEGRO NOT DYING OUT
he Facts Shown by the Census
Statistics About to be Made
'I he New York Elveiiing Post say
hie tailatoll of poptioattli l y Sex,
uttivily and color, u11ador the CnSUS 01
900, has n:w proceeded ftr uiougli
o show that the iegro it tiuinericali)
kolding hi8 own. Those who predklictec
hant I ause of 13eitial iiferiority thi
iegro would di out as a race In(d 1K
tupport in the returris of 1100. T<li
legro is runiig along .O closely viti
he White, wVheiever' the fivures lav
munl tabulated, as to indicate that foi
)etter o for worse, he his gailled
irin foothold on tlis C,)1IIln Lt
lie froi wihili lie is not likly to 1
From the fligtres at aird it sjoln
)rolbblte that the negro POlpulatioi4 o
he United States ill 1900 W1s )etwV0e
,)000,000 anld 9,0-50,1000. Thec n1t i,
at thle niegrO b~ears to thle total inl Lth
tates lready cotilted, if r.pplied( L,
Ie wlolu Coulitry, would give 9,025
)00, excludhng u1111 dian 'erriaory wlier
11irhaps here are 15,000 1ore. I
Lhliat, stiniate be admuitted as Vali(l
will nmake tle 1negro Constitute ii
per cent. #f the total poptilationi of til
aoun s , igainist, 11.4) adecade a g<
the los., being dulIe to) the greate mf.ow
it the INorthernI States adliotto an
luil, proportionl of negroe' inl thle Soti
The onl1 wake1 of* tuh, n
litte ConIes from tile factt hat
wholly typical border State has yp
been ai zed, and it 14 inl the bor
tattes that epeculi developinei
of colored popuilatin Iare 1 ruosit inl ev
dence. Ten years ago the negro al
peared to be leaviig the bord:r Slat(
to go il 1)oth directiolns.-towards t i
thttol fie)lds of tie f ar South an1d I
the large cities of' the North. Kei
tucky, lor example, acttially lost ill I<
Spopulatioln between 1860 an1d 1901
'here were on1ly four other States <
ich j this Wis true --laine, Ne
1111 npshire, Vermonti and Wisconlsin
aM i ill each1 of these the colored 0pp
lilol l WaS vvt ) -,o all to nake any di
ulti111s fin(l the igulres coInCCrllr
of littleuaning. Iut In1 all the l
der State region the nlegro seenied 1
)e l'>silng hiis 1)0141 the l Chlila d14
not sutit thu itlorue- i oinlg Afrie iI
wsell as that 1f1t11hei1 Solit. Tihen llt:
mieenn ostraciSIn whieb e!xists NW; V I[:
dhe po~phtIalonl, as8 Ill the border .State
iS rather-1 MnOre 1ga1liln thanl 1'Cwere thL
exist in such overwhelminig niIIii)un
aS to ho sIliint 11111ut IIChiseli
The aitagonisin f labor uiions
nMOre fet n heboder States, ;tam
tradies 1uinisin ha,is, as yet, 110 1e
f4hol ill the fmt Solthi. A a
eve., lel the fii al coIcsions IS
to th exact liieri il0caIl status of tIe Ill
gno 1i; 11 ve to awau the 111113 Sis
b.id ' etInls, it iS sae to 113' that I
the ilaill he is fully hohllling his owil.
Il Iv coil)plelely tle lelgro is counl1
ed is alwlys all interetstin, ,tatt!stic:
11'lti-In. T.enl yea".. a.1o Conlgress o
LIie .1 Ilon 111211u1 of tle degree k
ni e bhl) o)d, whetlier itulatto, (ua<
['Mm mr (octoroont1, buIII- thu info-rmatio
ilriished oil tlis poillt, or rltler ilh
L-Iullineral'its' &tiesses, were essential
w orl I ess. Ilere IS a collstailt sltf
ing1L. off" froitn t1h black race goIing )
.111on11 its5 ig 1tesi colored nietuber1 1
Llstud~Iy aceIIIinlihed by means11 ot
hange. of1 ridienlce. A colored ma11
tI ti s city, of 114 tC uqetlined vera ci ty
loubI.;Iess ty plcal (A iuch that is gin~)I1
)inl ove1 th.0 1le coilnItry. TIhis lsaan i
401 nerywhite hlimself' that unlhes
sen ith cohn ud people h~e wol,
1.1rdly! be taIkenl for a1 netgro. Ile h1:
I c41u511 severail tintl l ighiteri, who , i e
yin 1I,'oin that! faic, decided to branel11
suit for1 hiInself and14 beIcoine a whit
11a11. 1i Ia;ccordinly~ went to C~aah[
narr1ied an unsusp-5 ~ et ingi Aniglo-SamX
111nihved unichl!lenged*( tluog hi
icighbhors as8 a4 whlie mian. At lh
111e of thle World's Fair11 the Washingll1
ton inau,1 11novett b)y etlriosity, 11111410
etur tri' p thlrotugh the parnt of. Canahd;
e'e Ilis eouin l11ived ,and, not to eat
arria'.l-s hi in, wen 4 th o hiis house( St
un11 by n ighit. Ile did4. not know ni hethi
i he wotuld be rceivedl or ruthlessia
gnored . Ihlt the (aonad ian thlrewi hil
rmls aroPuld i ls couinl. niek and14 we I
Omled hlim. ie reported that not1 thi
lighltest in1con1venience had1( ever ait
eiidtd (his1 transllion to the wh i
One need( n~ot tra11vel long ill t
outh without lea'aning 0f 0cases of ti
trase, "thle atlt of se-tfensek114.,n shows
e op)imon1 that thle c'hieft eninies1 a 11nan
is to defend hiinsel f from aire vliible
[4d e'xternall. Ihut tile rel danger~ei of
ery man11 is frotn mlinutte and1( oftenl in.
sible foes. Ill thle air we brealthe and4
0 waiter we dIrink aire countless n1inu2te
ganlismis leagued algainist theo healthi of
to keep the blood pure. Dr. P'lire's
>Ile Me[dical D iscovery thlorougliy
likes the b.lood, reml~oving xuson01ouill
bstanuces anld a1ccretions1. \When thea
od is pulre thlere 1s 110 harborage' for
i: gernia of disease which fin~d a lodg.
4 only3 whenhe blood is((111 imlpture and14
I consider y'our ' ooldeni Medica lDiscotvr
(of Ithet hest 2114di:'i11e on the fnhee of tim
st, t hre, year, ag. I got po)lioned( withi p t
Ii vy. rhe c ihisonl (ettled in siay blood andi
orots I su4ffered* '12 () can o beoldl in word.
hIoug~iht I would go craiv. 1 tried dlifferet
utds o. ledicine. 1ried dierenti doctors, bit
(lie relieft (hev coil give 1me4 wasfl to iiunket my
'ket-hook lightet. I the~n begian itaking nI).
irCC's( Goieni iledienlIt DIscovery. Tiook four1
ti es wvithout relief. Kept tak ing it. I to Ik
'ail ten b~ottle andi got eni rely' cured."
Dri. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets cure con
For Infants and Chiidren.
The Kind You Have,
1CC- ; -%r '1 M v. Nw von1 Cry.
ti\\ l' b!.Clll~
A 'VJ.~ U .C~
x' ft (" I t
K, d A, 5.
LUM v"LR~ COMPANY
T ''E'. GA.
n S - n 'n ider
FC ;, ,I NU N
hci ( )9 s TUAT10NS S.rCURED.
A i a) he'. . i-.rest 7 per
P.' L - I ()N,
.Il, S. C.
ic I. Unsu-rp iy ii ls lie t rhfu ln~s Ivoon.
0o. JAunn , i Pun.re lsint.
nn rae9 ormi o ry miiiIiI Im tre lComs
c!on ll it crem . I: usi. .tr i . bi ton
(Igy Stengray Gaperolin 'iary
r twhi- sll mora l ' woiimrth,I rhr tian
iedi .\erc d Germ'.an N.
E, . EcRCitn,~