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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, February 06, 1902, Image 1

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-- - --_- --_-- - - - - --...... ...ONE DOLLAR A TRAR.
Arguments Before the Colmittec
on Commerce and Manufacture.
in the House.
The committee on commerce and
manufactures in the Iouse of Itepre.
sentatives held a special iecting to
hear discussion of the child labor ques.
tion. The bill before the committee
provides that within one year after its
passage children under ten years of
age are prohibited from working in a
cotton mill; after one year the age
limit shall be eleven years, and after
the second year the ago limit shall be
twelve years.
The first speaker was (has. II. Ger
man, of Aiken County, a cotton mill
operative, who declared that this is a
humane and just measure and no just
reason against it has lever been urged.
He stated that the opposition <teclares
that the bill will drive labor away from
the mills. He diffeied with them. It
is customary to employ children as
spinners and spoolers. lie said that
children of a very tender age are being
employed in the mills. Members of
this committee had seen children un
der 10 years of age at work in the
Granby mill in this city. IHe conceded
that the mill authorities are doing a
great deal to provide schools for the
Mill children, but it is like putting food
in front of a hungry man and then not
allowig him to eat. It is untrue that
the population coming in brings ilht
eracy, for many children raised in cot.
ton mill towns in this btate cannot
read their names.
Re had been told by some mill ofil
cials that they would accept the child
labor law if it becomes a general law
and is made to apply to every mill in
the State. There have been some
manufacturers who have not taken
much interest in this bill. Ile had
been told that the manufacturers in
Georgia had agreed on a law in that
State. It is deterimental to the health
as well as the education of the children
to keep them at work in the mills at
untimely hours.
E. #k.Smyth, president of the Pelzer
mills, followed. Ile stated that there
is no law in Georgia, North Carolina
or Alabama on this subject. In the
Piedmont section the authorities had
for 18 years been trying to statmip
out f ld labor in mills while the
King's Daughters and other huimani
tarians had but lately taken up the
matter. He showed how the older mills
are trying to piovide schools. Ile
styled the bill as " class legislation."
It brands the cotton mill employes as
inhuman and protects the child fron
its parents when they move to town,
but lets them do whatever they please
if they stay on the far-ns.
Mr Smyth continued that there is
no way to prove a child's age. If the
law should put on age limit it would be
hard to prove that children below that
age were working in the mills. le has
a similar rule at the Pelzer mill, and lie
feels sure that it is violated, yet he
cannot prove that the children at
work come below the age limit.
He read a letter from a distinguish
ed Northern physician in which it was
declared that the children are better
off in the mills than idle. This article
declared that the Southern cotton mill
superintendents do not want their chil
dren, and that but a lhmited number
are employed, and that those sweepers
really are not overtaxed by their work.
The article urged an extension of the
public school system, andl ulti'nately,
compulsory education. These chil
dren, idle, without parental restraint,,
would be worse off than at work in the
The speaker continluedi that the memu
bers of the committee are from a sec
tion of the State where there are no
mills; the Governor of the State, the
Speaker of the House, the newspaper
articles urging this bill arc written by
people inspired by a sentiment which
is overdrawn andi not from knowledge
J of conditions. Then there arc labor
agitators who are working for the bill.
Mr. Henry B3. Richardson asked if' it
hurts a child's health to work in a mill.
Mr. Smyth replied !hat it might hurt
them under 10 years of age, but it
would not hurt a child of 12 years.
But better for them to be at work( thani
to be running around growing up) to be
vagrants and forming vicious haibits.
Mr. Webb asked if this bill would
affect Pelser. Mr. Smyth repliedl that
it would not, yet he would regret to see
it passed, it is vicious legislation.
Mr. Webb asked further if Mr.
Smyth has not a regulation on this
very subject. Mr. Smyth answeredl
that be has, but he is powerless to en
fore It. There are 300 children on
the streete of P'elzer now, lie can dis
miss families from his service for not
comnp lying with his rule to require
children to go to schoel, but lie caninot
force them to comply anid to go to
The speaker then discussed the sub
ject of compulsory education, and
uzged that, if this bill be passed, thec
comnpulsoiy e.ducaitioni bill beC p~assed
with it. He gave a history of legi-la
tion in Mfassachusetts against the labo:
of children. The lhmit there is ten1
years. Why should the age in thu
Saebe 12 years, for the children ir
the Mouth are really miore precocious
The cotton mill industry is young it
this State, yet the bill proposes to pu
this State on a basis with Northern
8t' "a where the industry is a hundrc<
years old.
This bill Is too drastic. Yet if thbert
must be enaction then pass a law ti
license marriages, to record births an<
in this way to keep up with the ages o
children, and then pass a compuilsor;
education law. Don't be afraid of edu
eating the negro, for he will get edu
cated anyway. Mr. Smyth thougl
the advice of the cotton mill authori
ties ought to lie listened to in the ad
judication of questions of this kin
because they have been more deepl
interested in this matter than otho
At the suggestion of Capt. Montgom
ery, Mr. Smyth explaimed that whili
there are tLrec hundretd children oi
the streets of Pelzer, he did not mei
to convey the impression that th
schools there are not patronizedl. Ili
produced statistics showing that thi
schools there are well patronized.
Mr. Stackhouse, at the conclusion 01
Capt. Smyth's remarks, asked if th<
friends of the bill desired to be hearti
further. There was no response.
Then at the request of Col. Orr, 1yev,
Vernon i'Anson, who is a missionary
working among the cotton mill opera.
tives in Columbia, addressed the com
mittee. Ile favored a compulsory cdu.
cation law. It would meet all of tie
requirements for the present. The mill
companies are trying to settle these
questions for themselves. lie cited acts
of benevolence on the part of soine
mills taking care of families who could
not have existed without such support.
The lichland cotton mill had taken
care of one or imoresuch families. IHe
sees crowds of negro children going to
school while the white children are not
attending so regularly. The compul.
sory elucation bill would remedy this.
ie avowed his friendship and loyalty
to the interests of the mill operatives.
There may be cases of captious mis
management, but as a friend of the
poor people he declared that the mill
authorities have been doing a groat
deal to supply the operatives with bet
ter social, educational and moral influ
ences. Ile suggested the advisability
of appointing a commission to visit
every mill in the State.
Ile had referred in his remarks to
having stood between the operatives
and the management. Mr. Vebb aski-d
him what of that trouble. Mr. I'An
son replied that trouble is all over.
(hiistmas eve the mill management
had given to each operative a turkey,
while the humble employes had given
to Mr. Whaley a gold watch and chain.
Ire had never gone to the general man
ager of that mill for material matters
to relieve the sick or suffering but what
his request had been quickly and cheer
fully granted.
Mr. Webb asked if Mr. I'Anson be
lieved that working in the mills is
healthy for children.
Mr. 1'Anson replied that no indoor
work, in the mill, in the store or else
where, is as healthy as working oil the
From his pulpit Mr. I'Anson had an
nounced that, the Legislature would
soon be in session and lie wanted the
views of the operatives on compulsory
education. Ile declared that many
had stated to him voluntarily that they
favor compulsory education, but none
spoke of the bill now under discussion.
Mr. I'Anson paid his respects to the
" collector " who hangs around the
corner grocery and collects his chil
dren's wages and spends the money at
the blind tigers. I1e is an evil whom
no legislation can reach.
Mr. L'Anson told of a very touching
ease. A mai prostrated with Bright's
disease had been taken to the alms
house. Iis wife, a proud woman, tried
to work, but two of her three childron
were taken (dowa with plneumonima, andi
tile headi of the family became a!Lycar
old child, ie declared with feeling
that the mill had not left this family to
suffer, although the labor of that little
child was all, nominally, upon which
these peopjle couldl dlepend.
The attention of the committee was
then attractedl to the reimarks of Capt.
W. A. Courtenay, of the Newry mnill,
who was inltrodluced by Col. Orr. lIe
charged that undlernecath this question
is the subtle charge of sordidness on
the plart of the mill owners, an appeal
to tile emotional nature of the pleople,
lie declared that this was similiar tc
the publication of Uncle T1omn's Cabin
-a boo0k which had later beenl deplor
ed by its own author.
I~e then acidressed himself to thc
plractical side of the case. ie doe
not allow little children to work in thco
mill. Sonme days ago lhe hadl found
three little girls around his mill. Onc
was but 10 years old, ie told then
to have their mother to come to see him
The next (lay their mother appearedl al
his ofmie. ie asked her if her youngest
child were not too younig to work ir
the mill. The poor woman (declarct
her husband was (lying of cancer anc
the labor of these little children is al
upon which they could depend for
living. " What was I to tell her,'
asked Capt. Courtenay feechngly.
There arc today emissaries of Nev
England in thi, State, he declared, am
they are trying to sow discordl in thi
State. The operatives il Southerr
towns have vastly better homes, etc.
and are better in every way than thi
operatives of thecasterni mlills.
Mir. G~erman, the co)ttoni miill opera
tive who had Iirist spo1(keni declaredl tia
lhe had beeni thmrouh the cotton mill
in iFall ltiver, anid the operautivyes tiher
are better otf thaii t hey are herc
Col. Orru asked Mr. Gerumani whn
proportioni 'if the cotton il~l operativej
im Massachusetta are inative Amer
cansa? Mr. G ermian could not tel!, br
lie was sure t hat there were no chi
dren und~er twelve years of age worn
L ing there.
" M'Ir. Chairman , I deiny that stati
i monit most emphatically,'' sid Calp
Courtenay, and tuhtu dlenial was siu
3 tained by other mill presidents.
I Mr. German relied that lie 1had bet
'I there and had been all through ti
i mills anid he knew of what lie was L'al
V lng. There are no cotton factory o
eratives here working against this bill.
- The opponents are mill owners. Why
t do these oflicials say that they doni't
- want children working in their mills
- and yet turn around and tight the bill.
In reply to questions from Mr. Webb,
Mr. Gorman declared that in Massa
r chusetts there is a law against this
kind of labor. There are factory in
- spectors to keep out the childrein of
immature age.
In answer to questions from mill
presidents, lie declared that lie did not
know that the New England mills al
low children of indigent parents to
work in the mills anyway, but this bitl
provides the same thing for the South
Carolina mills.
Mr. Jno. C. Carey. president of
the Lockhart, mills was then presented
by Col. Orr. Ile began by saying tlhat
the operativcs, owners of mills and
legislators are of the same klit.h and
kin. Tile mill owners have at heart
the interests of not only their opera
tives, but of the entire State. The
operatives work in the prospect of cer
tain reward. If the mill operatives are
so much in favor of this bill, why are
they not here to appeal for it? Where
are the gray headed fathers, the Weep
ing mothers to declare the cruelty of
the cotton mill owners?
Ile was askcaI if the mills pay oper
atives who are learning, the bit iines.
Ile replied that they do. i'e gav ye 011P
instance not to show the inhumanity
of parents to children driven from
home, but to " instanco the genmerositv
of mill presi(len:8." In regard to Mr.
German's visit to New England mills,
Mr. Carey charged pointedly that it is
a diflicult matter for a Southern mill
president to visit a president of an
Eastern mill, or to visit the mill itself.
Ile intimated that it is wellnigh im
possible for an operative to visit those
Mr. Carey was asked if the wages
are as high in the South as in New
England. 1le replied that this is not
a question at iseuc, but if wages are
not as high it is because the cost of
living is much lower in the South.
IIis own salary would hardly pay the
rent of thu house of a New England
mill president.
lie continued that every cotton mill
resident in the South tries to outdo
his neighbor i showing what can be
done to benefit his help. School houses
and churches are built. The mill pres
idents are teaching the operatives to
say ' our mills," etc., to feel a propri
etary interest in the millis in which they
work. In New England the help is of
foreign birth, and they care nothing
for th property or of the persons of
the mills. We want that, infection
kept out of here.
Ile invited the Kings Daughters to
viat his mill, to come in disguise and
work there if they want to and then if
there be found anything wrong let
them make it known, Ile takes a cen
sus every three months and lie finds
morelignoramuses among the grown
people than among the children. Ile
roasted the articles of a woman corre
spondent, who described conditions in
a mill in Alabama. Ile declared state
ments therein as utterly preposterous
and untrue. There is no cruelty such
as slapping children's faces.
Mr. Ellis G. Graydon, of Greenwood,
by invitation, addressed tihe committee.
lie stated that lie is here representing
nobody, having in the question only
such mterest as every citien shiouk
have. Very little has been said upon
the real issuc--is this measure advis
able? The question be fore this com
mittee Is, '"Is it a good thing to n ake
a child work in a cotton mill or any
where else where it requires him to
delve 00 hours a wveek?" which is equi
valent, to 1'2 hours a (lay by Mr Gray
don's calculation, for the custom is to
make up through the week for the
half-holiday oni Saturday, so that the
time actually spent at work is 13 hours
a (lay for five days in the week.
A farmer would not plow a colt for
13 hours a day for the beast, is physi
cally unmable to standl it. Then why
not apply this rule to children in cotton
mills, It makes them premnaturely old1
and (decrepit, flat chested, narrow
shouldered, wan andI weak. In Green
woodl the opleratives are as good as
can b~e found in any other mill. Trhey
(10 not complain of ill treatment. That
is Dot the question. The question is:
"Is it good for the children?" This
question is not to be settled upon sen
timent, but, upon facts. .lo get proof
that this is a good bill, it is necessary
to go iio further than to the testimony
of Mr. Smyth andl the others. They
say that they (10 not want the children
Ito work in theIr mills. If it is not
goodl for them why not paMs a law pro
hibiting ii?
There may be cases of ind(ividulal
hardships caused by thiis bill, althbough.
rthere arc provisions seeking to exempt
I such cases. Suppose it does press
I dlown hardly upon some people, the
qluestion is, "'What is the greatest good
,for the greatecst number of peoleI?'
5 What is giod for these mills is good for
the milla of the entire State. The au
- thorities of the mills have been putting
t the thinig off from year to year, anid
a why delay this legislation? lHe had
e talked with many operatives, honest,
,law abiding peaceable people, ie had
t yet to fiid one man of them who op
5 Poses thus bill. The Textile Workers'
union, which has the interest, of the
t operatives at heart, is in favor of this
l- bill.
a- Mr. GIraydon conclude~d eamnestly hy
dechiring that he represents no peopl
Sor set of people, but merely begs to,
t. tell of the conviction't which had come
111)upon hiini through close observation.
Col. O)rr concluded the deb'ate. Hie
n could uinderstandl( why Mr. Webb andl
ie Mr. (German are here; they represent
k- the labor unions; lie could understand
p- why the Ring's D~aughters are here;
butl he could not understand why A
Garydon is here. He declared tl
Mr. Graycion had bel misinform
"and had used an improper illustrati
In Comparing the children in t
nullIa8 to the overworked mules. I
also desired to correct Mr. Graydoi
fihures as to the number of hours
These )eoplo have asked for leg
lattioi which Eingland had not adopt
until ifter 100years of experience wi
mauufactures. What is England
condition today? She is on her kne
to American industries. Why shou
South Caroina be handicapped? Wl
should this State be picked out for o
perimental legislation, when neighbr
ing States have repudipted it? Why )
South Carolina in the devolorpit
1t-ite with Now England in a fully (1
vel oped social condition?
le coneluded by paying his rlpeu
to the ", walking delegates," anlul
spirited colloquy ensued.
Mr. Germanl denied represent ing (I
labor unions. " Well, I supposed Yo
ifid for you were here in that capacit
last year," replied Col. Orr.
"And I want to say that I am a rel
resentative of the State of South Car
lina and not rnpreptnting labor i
ions," said Mr. Webb.
('ol. Orr ch'-(d that that had hee
NI - WOWr-s attitude last session.
Mfr. Webb-l refute that as an uba
ute falsehood.
Col. Orr- Are you a member of
abor organization?
Mr. Webb-I am not a walkingdel
C(. Orr-Answer my quest.11on.
.ir. Webb-I am nota walking del
After Col. Orr had repeated hI
lucation several times, Mr. Webb, wil
iad arisel 'excitetoly, stated th:at lie
i leTber of at union1; and took i
ietnt, and(] the incident closed.
Mr. German in tur ideclared that I
s not a member of a labor organiz;
ion, but is hearim hiq own expelsa
umd is interested solely in behalf <
he4. cotton mill opera ives' best inte
" She has found her life work
" What is it?"
"t Mairried a man to reform him."
Philadelphia Bulletin.
It is Mlr. )uoley's Opinion th
Vice is a creature of such hidjeo
nien that, as Hog0an says, th' more ;
ice it, th' better ye like it."
Nobb: " And I got into a bumbl
>ce's nest, while I was on my vac
Nebb: "1 Say, you must have had
lreadful timie."
Nobb: " Oh, it was a swell time
First Citizen: " Talkaway is a bo
Seconad Citizen: " Yes, indeed.
a only when you see his speeches :
0141 ty pc that you realize that lie has
mythiog to say."
" How about that cheap watch (
,ours you were bragging nbcut, f
" It's still the most reliable til
0iccc I ever carried. It's never fia
>r slow."
"Ys tdoesn't. go at, all now.''
"Yes, it's a very valuable propei
now, but a few years ago I could ha
had it. for a mere aong."
"' And you1 couldn't. sing, elh?"'
"' Oh ! I could sing, but I couldi
g.et the right. notes."'-Philadelpl
'rho Widow-i hope) you will li
them, rny (lear Dr. IBlessemi. I pi
serve them with miy own hands.
D)r. Blessem-My (dear lady, yo
kindness quite unimans nme-cr-al
can say 5-er-may the Lord preser
An unslophsticiated old womn
asked a druggist, the other day if
had anly soap, " Yes, ma'am,"' h i
plied, "' Do you1 wanit it, scented
unslcontedi ?"' " Well,'' she replie
"bein' it'a so small , I guess Il take
along with me.''
Hie: " You aee, I have a sort
power of clairvoyance, so to spe
That is, I can always tecll nhat pocol
are thinking of me.''
She (in great confusion: " Oh!I
--indcod!l But. I -I-don 't alwr
aei iously mieani what I happen
Jones (who had coine with his w
to call on the new neighbors) --W<
der if they've been marriedl long, fly
Mrs. .Jones--Oh, no. Evidlen
newl y niari ie:1.
,Jonies-HI ow canl you teli?
Mrs1. .Jonies-Drawinig-room aimelle
-...- .
* The Wo1 . Greatest
*Cure for Iial'arla A
?r all forma%f Malarial oison
ny. take .Johnsun'A c.hill anidFPever
'Ionic. A tLaS nt of Maliarld po~son
'i: in year blood~ rneiana rn.Irery ana
Atalarial polsnnti. T he antidout&
Oot a bo.tI I to-day.
ICosts 50oftents If it lCores
it0 tote acre at less cost, means
mor01 money.
More Potash
in thM Coto fetlizer i t
suil ; ireases y-iei-laty11-er profits.
em fo ou ei-wl ok (frev) explaiing houw to
Y ~ 93 Naian St., Now York,
tobacco smoke.
Alaulde: What (10 you think?
SI larry asked me to kiss him last oven
Bertha: " Myl And what did you
11 Maude: " I was so shocked that I
couidn't say at word."1
Bertha: " Amt what did liarry
Alaude: 14 Oh, 11e1 was8 in n1o position
to say anything."
is A lady, recently roturned from
o 1'urope, while onteitaining a party of
i friends with descriptioniis of the won
i t derful thingn she had seen abroad,
mentioned the clock at Strasburg. One
0 young lady thereupon remarked:
" Oh! yes, I havo heard all about
,s that: and did you see the watch on the
)f Ithine, too?"
Mr. 1itt-T he other dity it was an
nouncod by a Constantinople corres
pondent, that the releavse of Miss Stone
was only a question of a few hour,
but she 1. still ill captivity.
at. Air. Penn-It seems to mne that her
release isi i quies'ion of money rather
than tilm.
--MAr. P'itt -WIell, Cime isi mloney, you
at A knot of nien 1were gathered tmi the
s 8mok ing-room at, the club the l her
ee Ovoiling. They ina110ly entered upon1 a
content to see who could tell the most
remazikablo story about the fat men or
(3- the loan men they had seen. The man
a- awarded first, prize said that he had
met in his travels a man so thbin that.
11 he could "1 go through a dnte WitLhoti.
striking a note."
" There was it strong objecti-m to
1- taking that big doilation that the mnii
who iiakes poker chips offered t us, but
It we finally accepted it."
n " What petlrsuaded you to drol your11
t high resolves ?"'
" We heard that. the chi u reh aroind
the corner was ready to take vVery
Af cent he'd offer, and no <questionis
1( asked."--Cleveland Plain )ealer.
e- tt What is the reason," asked a
pt ml'rosp.ect avenue woman, a that you
never see a woman's head on a plostage
stamp or a manm's headl on a dollar?''
(jGive it upj,"' saidl her husband.
t" Well, it's true just the same and I
ty can't see why we can't, have our heads
ye on the stamps as well as the Coins."
"Never thought. of that before,''
said1 tile husband, " blut that i9, no0
't doubt, the reaso~n why we lick the
in stamps and sqjueeo the coin11.''"-M il
waukee Sentinol,
ke "t I wonder why it is,'' said the man
e- who is always annoyed, "' that chibdiren
andi parrots pic~k up~ slrang 81) much
ur more readlily thanu the~y do good Eng
'e' And I have wondered,'' saidi the
mild gentleman with spectacles, "t why
it is that grown1 pe~ople fin'! it, so easy
tn to remember the refrain of a silly sonig
1c anid so difllcult to recall tiho text, of a
e- sermon. "--Washington Star.
or ....
d, l'rospective Editor---I1 am goIng to
it call my new paper " The Blood.''
Other Fellow-Why?
P'rosp~ective Edlitor-do it will start
of right off with a good circulation.
*k. Baltimore AmeriCan.
"t Corrupt bargains between governi
er mnt, and capital have been made and~
Yn unfair union of trado interests per
to mitted ini this country until almost the
only uniadulterated honesty that re
mains is representedl by the farmer
ife and the product of his farm. Every
ton of produce that is shipped to the
m- seaboard to swell the great, volume of
'Iinternational trado now settinrg so
Sstronrgly inl our1 favor pays a mill a
mile, or more, to the protirm "f a rail
ofroad pool or the di videndls on a wa. "red
"Ishare of stock. The farmer miay so -
"" and reapi seasoui after season, the 51un
land tile rin s may favor him with abnl ii
danit crops, but hiis profDts are steaidily
diminished wh il ' he contributes to the
supplol t of those governmeln t created
or favored mlonopol ics that sow pol it ical
pu'ls andl garner a harvest of gold.'"
Ana attempt is being madle in Erng
hand to secnure enough money for the
srectioni of a almitable monumernt in
Edward Ed wardsa, the original pr. muo
ter of the modern system of free publ
,lic libraries. Edwardls, who was born
ini 1812, died in 186,if;n extreme
poverty, adhsbeamotforgot
teythe generation upon01 which his
arsconferred so grca4 t h e nefit
The World's Greatest
For all forms of fever take JOlNSON's
It Is 100 times better than (iiniie andot dIoe
nine cannot do In 10 days. It's sp!orittd cu
feeble curcs made by quinino.
It i8 a vise woinan that lits her sor- put
vante have their own why. wr
Being a crank deponds a good deal you
on who titrus tile laiidle.
Tho kind Lliat ought, to drink them- Pi
ielves to (1111 I lovor (4; tloy jist d ty,
keep getting a biggor thirst. Well
A vock-olh Nvw Year'i resolution fora
ceases to be nil aiment tiit will vuro 11 n
itself; it is a (hsolso that must1 he gilt e
rid of. d1
A wolail will get tiall at yoit if youI
don't try to haftve th fast word, )ecaulso 1a I
you have to do that to give her anloth- Six
or ha.nilce to havo it. iefort
Littlie vices koop company with proat. Prs
A lazy woman is in (an1ger of Bin :'iol
because it is too much trouble to escapo I , 11
it. day I
A voinfi's logic IlloveS backward -1 m
jlt. like a crawtlhhi, but it doesn't. go A. A.
o traight. Ig
(Give at woman your love and sii will urda
overlook m01110 mighty tserious mioral P. In
delle ioncioA.
No woman will ever admit that she Iny
got beaten at a bargain except Wlheii -4 O
sho got her husband. T
To him who hath iniSfortil(;8 hii'l IM
be given moro. dal
Deluisions discovercel are roiances 11 A
linder a a archlight'. ICA
A w imi judgea im an a she jidges
i bargain-by hia price. lay 4
A man can lide dowi forever with
)ut, getting to the utnmlt, hottom of ile,
loe pair. i III
When we try to colvert thr1 wleI Il
tre conv incing them; when others try P if
Lo coivert us they are biulyinig us. ,iY
Politiciansl have Imlore tact, than Iigh- (I
wayrien; highwiaymeiin have more Ain- 1ii
cor*i ty. t er's
The tim11e that a IIan is most I love H1111
with a womila; in all their lives is five 'h
mm11uti4 before lie proposescn to her. 1a
'I'le first thin Ig the womai whi 1a il n;
meansi1 ti) get iinto society loes is to (all wr.
one corner of the iitchen the butllor's "
panltry. (.4
A ivoin'sil baby (anil fall doi mad Fl
bimip itself hard without its being a
cilamity, but if Alic hears anoIthIr wo
nmn has cablled I hut ha 1- ugly, th's a
national diatiter.
The way for a girl to c(ath 111a I a
to run11 awaly from flon. se
Nobody is everi senisible eiougih0 lo As
kniow thit aboit somlie thiig"s we are Mm140
till foolish. Ali
There hardly e-ver.t wai at girl h~ornl hrol
who could not 4-! a ic (f Imiistl ile a
without getting rht. und1er it. I ti A
When you lave it ils. piosperity; 4a.Y
when tile otlier fellow his it. it's lck. i'
Some women never can conivince meltio
themselves that ever man who is pohe te
to them in nolt trying to marry thei.
The womain whob knIows how to) broIl
a steaik doesini't uiedi to4 read4 magziLne
atrticios on ho0w to make1( ai happjy hlomle.
--Neow York P'reas.
"' A spi rit1 of graaspinRg commiiinereial ism
hiaa invaded the coun11try a111l by steal ro
thy steps hias mnade its way to almtost ia
every aeat, of governmeint. 1. has inl- Cat
vadeod 1)01i tiesan pub 111)1ic life and1 for
shiarced profits with t he servantsa of the "
1peopl1 uintilI they, inI the pridle and( C ar
poWer of their un Iearneds wealtLih, Woul 11 ru
become th10 mtatera of thiose tihey~ were -
elected to scrve. It is no0W demandllued -
of the fainmer that lie shallI do mot re
111han feed thleml all. Hoc is askifed to pay'
from the substaonce of his patilonlI toil
dlividends onl inlflated stockb, to pay theO i
profita of the groat combinatij a of
cap) ial aind, wheni he has paid the a1s11
albl, tihe cry of tile trusats is for umore I Ci
More I - o
-.- -~ . -.. - - -
Th'iere isa ui b11 eforo the courtas of w
Virginia wichi wvas begun as long ago~
n 1797, bu t the lichmonid. 'Times says~
there is no0w proapect of it, speedy aet, -.
tIllmen. It ja the caae of the1 1 himal -
Swamp La-d Comnpany va. And1(erason A
and ot~hers, and( tho aium originally iln
volved was about ?!,,0. m
Orrreu An) 'Wontn, Non-nt A cor. . I)D
Drh((r, Saah, n71i,,oti and Un'~Ii..r'.
F1,00(JIlNG, SI D)ING, (cIi,IN(; A N;)
IN Gico)ltGIA bl'N.
All Correspondecleo givden prompt at
V%) (lradu'ates. ieceeives fromy 1 to 5 ap.
phea(rtions1 daily for bookkeepers and ste. On
no'graph1ers. Btookkeepming. tihorthandl, ml
raI eeraphiy taught. Rtefers to Al lanta's coi
biness 10 men andl bankera. Write for cat- wr
alo gne. A ddress A. C. BI1800 CE, Pres.
or I,. W,. A I(NOLD. Vien-P'rna.. A tlantaO n
Fever Medicine.
re in a ingle day what slow qui.
res arc in striking contrast to ie
Church Bireotory.
11" WO RIve the names of charebes
rA, and the Sundays on which th
hip, as far we have inforination.
chureb is 1nt on the list send the no
y iniformat ion:
n- ter. A. J. S. Thomas--8 Bas
II a. mn. and 8 p. In.; prayer =eWag
ne.sdny 8 p. om.
ona -Itav I. J. oster- Saturday be..
ho firsittiday at 8 p. tu.; lot Sunday
or's Crnok-- Tier, J. A. Foster--4 Sat
:t i in; Sunday after second Satu.
i t ill.
n Creek- Rev. J. N. Foster--4th Sa4
- p o; Sutrliay after fourth Saturday
Mitle e. W. . Seaborn-Saturd1
m the aeonid Sunday 2 p ma; sceN
my II a i.
lter's Creek. -Rev. W. C. Seabov.
dty before the third Sunday 2 V n -
ktiday 11 a Im.
neord - R1ev. W. C. Seaborn-Bataty
n the fourth Sunday 2 p m; 4tb Smit
1 a n.
)erty- Rtev. 77. 0. faddoek- lot and
hhatha ; mnrning, 11 o'clock; might, 8;
syery snnday at 4 p m.; prayer nsoW
Wed neAdays R p. in.
o in tTabor-iev. 0. Fr. Ruslen---kit
y before fourth Bunday at I o'eloek
'konn ReY I. R. Dagall---1t Ike
p It; 211 uiiday 11 a re; 4th Onday
Ji; preyer meeting Wednesdays S p m.
'clve file Rev. R. R. DagNali---st
ay 11 I la ; d Suinday B.30 p .1 .
IleheIn- -ev. it. R.Dagna 4O
1:30 p m.
'or -Rev. 1. ft. Dagnall--4th Sanday
ui; Mh Rumlnday 11 a m.
ley, fit. WV. E. Wiggino ---leti bunday
;3d iuniy 11 a mo.
iP liev. W. E. Wiggics--Iat Bun
p mi.
it liev. W. B. Wiggins.-2(d Sunday
i; At ht Roniday 4 p1 ml.
le-tla H1er Wiggins--lst Sunday 11
'tit Stiti ay 4 p ii.
kowlb - R(ov. Wiggins- Ath Sunday 11
teiis (huiirc-h Rtev. V iggins-'Ad Bun
p mn- Mh. Ruinlay 11 a in.
i" 1'14nir.NM ('11u: T- -Ie . U. 11 . Mo
,i1t Strnrlsy -Friendsl.ip, 11 a it; Por
-hapel, .3:30 11 ill.
-)rni SiiuInay Mt. itUthel, 11 a i6; ow
-, . ::10 Il.
ird :tiurnay Ptorter's Chapel, 11 a m -
1 . 3:30U p1 rn.
airth Sorniay Meliny's Ubapel, 11
-fwLorname, 3:Al 11 mi.
r Pi. -ans g i v-tev. J. F it&
, 4t n n ,s. C.
* hy airvew If A. I ; 04
id 01A a lfill, 11 U. IL.
11rt h sisiy - U1inh 1ala , 11 1&. ru; Lily
merr.i.Iruliirth Moniday in Jamu
"" .i. in May and tie ceoond
ny in Seltiiniber.
Ir.ntsN soviind Monday in Felruay,
I N day.iiii IN. in Ju11ne and th, forh
ny in repleriber.
- Third Monday in 3'ehuary,
Moinly in .diune, and first Monday
the fmurth Monday in Septeimubee.
itALLA- Sr.coindl Monday in March,
inal l Monday after the fourth Mo.
11 .111 1n4, and the sixth Monday Safte
urth Mrnlay in septomuler.
'Ka.Nf Third mnday in mareh, W9,4
ay after fotrt. utmnday In June, and
''nri thoday in setemb~iner.
Ei-M Medicated Cigars
?E-M Smoking Tobacco
uiser of Tobau-co that suffer wieb Oa
h,, Asthmaa, oir Bron)Ichitig. We guama
ani absolute anid permanenut cure of
trrh. anid it is the ohnly known, remedy
Flay fever. If your druggist or grocer
t not keep It, writ. Es-M t O., Atlanta,
for Frree Hamnple Trade supplied by
'enter Bros'., Iro-.nville, U. O., e
tchnold & Tiollquon, Spartaniburgi. S
OTECT[ION. Sen d isedel, tsh espa
Ire. raiuadee and advies.
ttat Wyrs. WAUHIN*T@oN, P.O.
f. the Largent. Best UgniP Ped and
at Influential Business Col lge I in me
roli, as. ifoard., Hooks and Tuition
y be earned by any energetle yong
n or lady in a abort time. by work a
rne. For particulars, A idress,
W. (WL'VSiNoR , Manager,
Mpartan burg, 5. 0,
G1reenvyillo, 8. 0.
0tic ver Addistons D~rug Stor.
Attornoy at Law.
Pickenss 8a 0,
tetico, in all the Courta.
()1ice, over Earle's Drug Stote.
JN'O, ii. PAILM ERi & 80N,
Oolumia. 5t n1

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