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VOL 12.-NO. 9. PICKENS. S. C., THURJ DAY, MARCl1 27, 02.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _O N E D O LLA R A Y E A R
HOW THEY DIG PHOSPHATE.
NIGi(tO LABOURIERS IN '1iII
ROCK F 11lt 4 DS.
A Winter's Day ait aln Old )eert..
edl Il'aintatiota llome a nll a
Visit to the Ph1ostplate Rock
Arthur James in Charleston Sunday
The sunlight falls on a low cottage,
whose ' tall white chimneys and
ovemhanging red roof bring to mind a
Dutch picture. The view from its
vine-clad porch opens on one of the
loveliest landscapes of the bSoutlland.
There are no mountains, nor is there
anly seal, only a fine sloping lawn sur
rounded by avenuca of live oaks,
which have numbered their centuries,
and from whose widespread aris
hang streaming pendants of grey moss.
These trees, like sentinel , seem gulard
ing the approach to a coloial mansion
now ill rulis.
In sunshinie and Shadow, in rain, in
storm, or fair moonlight, these oaks
are ever grand and beaul.iful. In the
stillness of daVn they stand motiont
less, but for the quivering of their bil
lion leaves, which seem to nod and
shako and say: " We are alive, and
have been here for ages; we know sa
much, oh, so very muchI We know
the joys and scrrows of the mny gen
orations who have passed under our
arms; we know r ature's secrets that
you poor morlals are yet groping blind
ly to find out."
" We are as God made us, while
you, who are made in Iis iniage, are
cer deracing His handiwork in your
natures as well as your deeds. You
are ever :naking crosses and burdens
for your own aching backs, by striving
against your Creator, oh, ye puny
men, of so small wisdom.''
Beneath these oaks spreads a
smooth, wide lawn, with shaggy sheep
browsing on dry tufts of gass. It
was here our ancesters mounted their 1
horses for the chase, here the children
gambolled, welcomes extended and
farewells said. Here the slaves were
gathered to receive largess in the
Christmas season, here burned the
bon fires which celebrated the births
and marriages of the chilIren of the
house, and hence wended the shadowy
processions when the dead were taken
to their last resting place in the family
vault, which stood amid the flowering
shrubs otn the bank of the windin.g
Entering a small gate one sees a
garden covering acres of ground,
which might aptly be termed an carth
ly paradise, so bewildering is the con
fusion of flowers that bloom in tho
springtime beneath the oaks.
They border the shadowed lakes and
seem to follow the shining river be
yond, they ft inge the broad paths and
color every vista vilth their brillance,
in each opening between the tree topI
is seen the turquoise blue of a South
All sounds are distant and mellov,
the rumbling of a cart, the blows of the
busy hammer, the far-away whistle of
a locomotive, the dull throbbing of a
phosphate-washer, a sharp call of one
laborer to another, tihe occasional low
ing of a calfless cow, the rooster's
shrill crow and tihe -ceaseless chirping
of the birds while busy about their
One is loath to leave the languorous
quiet of such a spot, bitt the tiune ap
p)ointed1 for a visit to the phosphate
fiehds had arrivedl, so we stepp)edi
across the intecrveniing~ corn beds to the
narrow track, where a small locomo
tive and~ emp)ty trucks were ready for
their outward trip to the rock ficlds.1
Cotmfortably seatcd in the front, part
of' the engine, a shIrill whistle an
nounlced tihe departure atid we rush
noisily past, the quiet, forest t~rees, low
batiks of greeni moss anld ferns, neoar a
bubblitng sprinig wyhere the work horses
are slaking their thirst; past hbare rock
fields, whose yield had been exhausted,
or lies too deep for profitable (digginig,
thtus they aire abandon ~d, with uip
hieavedh suit face, and strewn with up
rootedi trees lying prone and~ (eadl.
N ear the track arec numbiiers of negro
cabins, the diwelbnlgs of the phlosphlate
laborers. These houses have 1no claim
to the rustic attractiveness of' the daiys
- ~ of slavery. There is inow nto generous
wood pile nior grunting sow, with
squealin~g lhtter', no scratch ing, fussy
lben, with broodi of chicks, nior the
numb~ers of fat, greasy, happy little
picaninnlies baiskinig in the sun. Thex e
we see only the bare, dingy looking
house, a clothes line across thte yaird,
filled with ragged garments fitappinig in
the windl, a few thin, half-clothed chil
dbrent, whose miothters arte iiot tile erst
while htealthiy, well-clothed speciments,
adlorned by pleausatt mantiers; inisteadc
of these, are bedraggled wotment,
deckedl withI remnitanlts of tawdry
finery, cunintg aind surliy in their
looks anid ways. Their occuplationi is
that of cooks and washlers for the rock
diggers, chtargitig them exoi bitantly,
you may be surie. TIhiese women at
noon stanid near the t~rack to sling
their b)uckets (If f(ood 011 thle traini asa
it, rushes b~y to the rock licidbs, thus the
tnegrocs in thte pits get their dhinner'.
Futrthter in the woods, may be seen
the cabins ofi the I talitan laborers,
who al e broughtt fromt the iNorth everly
winter to supplj~emett the uncertamn
work of the ntegrtoes durlin g the busy
season. These ltailians are au II 'ee,
wicked lookingv set ofI men ; they hlerd
together like ratls, atid live not, mutch
better thanut the r'odentis thtat they)
eat ; these, with snakes, buizzairds and
macaroni, form the staple of their
The train runs down to a field of
busy diggers, whlere the empty cats
are left to be tilled with rock; thetn
with change of switch the little I ngine
puffs off alonc to another field where
fifteen loaded cars are awaiting trans
portation to the " washers."
A short delay here, while hitching
oil the cars, gives us a view of the
workers in the rock field; these are
negro boys and men of all ages, rag
ged, insulliciently clothed and surly inl
manner. They dig in pits whose di
moensions are usually from six by six
teen to eighteen feet, with a deplth
of from four to ten feet, according to
the depth the strata of rock lies. The
mud and rock are dug out togrether
and hard work it is, desperately so, in
cold and rainy weather. The men
stand in the boggy pits, often with a
foot of water in the bottom. Two of
them usually work a pit together with
pick and shovel. This muddy rock is
thrown in heaps near the mouth of the
pit, afterwards it is placed in whee.
barrows, rolled oni planks to the rail
road track, where it is dumpel ready
to be pitched into the empty cars.
The negroes work only when they
please, and that is not often, unless
drivon to it by hunger or debt. In
very cold weather they make small
fires near the pits, as their scant cloth
ing does not protect them from the
wintry blasts. Many of these poople
are coatless, hatless and shocless, but
even presenuts of these articles have
rioved of n1o avail to help them, as
Lhey are gambled away before the next
iun rises. A white man is foreman for
Lnch field and "1 takes the time '' for
,ach nogro's work. These rock dig
crs are even lower in the scale of liu
nanity than the worst of the ex-sla-ves;
Iey are nearer akin to the brutes in
iabits and morals; all their idle time is
ipent in gambling and thieving from
ach other, ho it their fowls or their f
vives. Among themselves they are F
awless to a degree, not stopping short
f murder, perhaps, for the possession -
>A a few cents. They neglect their
tick, who have neither medical atten- r<
lance nor medicine, unless furnished 1
)y the whites, so they often die alone
ike the animals. Their kind hearts
iecn to have disappeared with savery
Wd only the instincts of the savage
Tile exeeptions to the above condi- tj
ions are the older people, former e
ilaves, who are rather held in con- n
empt by the present generation for a
eiing favorable to the white race. A
orry picture of things existent, but u
rue nevertleless, as all know who
lave any <lealings with this particular s
:lass of negroes. of
A certain rich Northerner, a 9( phos
ihate man," thought the Southerners ai
oo inert and did not make sullicient m
lforts to lelp these poor, thriftless el
>eople. So he showed the sincerity of it
fis convictions by building comfort
Lblo cottages, with glass window t
ashes, besides the shutters, neat al
trong doors and steps. In cach cot- tii
ag. he had beds or bunks made, and '
i them lie placed good mattresses, lb
>ecides other little conveniences; he 5r
hen gave them permission to use as a
nuch dead-wood as they pleased to v
;ather in his forests for their fuel alid Of
uis only proviso was that they should (1h
lot touclh the game ill hi preserves, si
mid to try and keep all neat an( ill Ib
rood condii on against his return from m
he North in the fall. lle then left, s:
ecling colitent that lie had left these fu
down-trodden" people so muchi more ti
Ini November lie returned from hliS 11
histant Northern home, anlticipatolg c
lreat, satisfaction in beholding the im- i
)roved condiltion of his lab~orers. So h
11s amazement, knew 110 hounds whenl
ie founti they hlad shot, his game free- ~
yor at least wheni they got, the op n
.ortunity, andl rather than go after the t
lead wood and tote it, hlome they h111ad'
shoppied (1oors, steps, shuttei s, and "
wvin the bumiks to feed their tires, had g
born up) or carriedl off' the tiukmg tI
3overs of the mattresses, and other.. b~
wivie ignloredl his genlerosity. 1 b)e
tieve the philanithro~pic viewvs were
shianged, at, leastfln, further efforts in
Iheir behalf were manh~ifest.
Query: Which is tile better amid Y
ba~pp~ir for this race, the hirel ing o1 ~
Ihle slave'? Are they the pleople whlo t'
enn ever stanld entirely alone? What p'
Luln be (done for suchl ani imoral andl e
irresponlsible people, wvho will not, help s
themselves? The colored echicators
rlaim they are hlelping themselves amid 0
are taking step~s to prove it right here
ill South (Carohina. Bult, what ar h
efforts of a fewv hundreds against the
retrogressioni of the mllionms? WVmi
time little leaven leaveni the wvhloe?
The shiowmanl bings his trained anm
I ils s 5OVidences(0 of their eucla tionl
b~ut, because of those ill the whole anm
imal kingdom become revoilutioniz~'ed?
Exception may be takeni at t his com-1
partisoni, but 1none is intendedl; we ~
kriow the negro hats a SOal and1( the ani1-r
nial has1 none; at tile same11 timei alhl 1hu- 1
man11 life 1possess5eiicaracteiistics per
tilninlg to their order and unchanilIilge
able as the creationi. Th~e An1glo
S Ixon1 standls alonme, rely mg onlly onl I
imsel50f. WVillI the Afro-AmericanJ
ever he able to (do the same? PastI
i story says' 110--tile future 1al0nc can
Inuidly siimmoned10 by (hle sc'ramiing
wi histle of t he locomlotive, we take our
sats and the hleavy trainl of li fteen
loaded ears, with m1nany jerks and vio
hent pufing fromu tile eng~ine, starts onl
it oeardl jouirney. T1hie strain is
itnmenac at, Iirst and we hardly crawl
along,. then tile speed quicenis andi :
without stolppages the train arrives at
the great phlosphiate washers on1 the
banks of the river. Ihere the ciginle
is dlispensed with ando tile negro
"' hands '' from the washier roll tile
cars, one by one0, up a stecep imlehle
and1( at, the to1) their contecnts aire'
dlumpedl into the great wire cylinlders,
w hose rapid revoinonn, unilm, strea-,
"I did not sleep a
night for seven long
That prolonged period of sleepless.
liess is muost expressive of tle pain aid
suffering Cauised by womtaily diseases.
It is pleasant to Col
trast the medical in
efliciency wvlich said
"I Could not be
cured" wvith the
prompt andt perttanl- I
nit cure effected by
the use of Doctor
Prescription. 'Ii s
Ireat medicine for
-egtlarity, dries en
eeblilng drains, heals
niflalitnation and ul
-eration and eures
I trke great pleasure
n rco IetItIterI iltg DIr.
iIce's iticdicities tl)
otlier stuitTering w4olien,"
et ites ars. Mtarv Adlios,
f Gnissyc:cel. A s h ej /
4.. N. C. "I hall Itl
titat t (roble vel va hndly
i It il t t ill n talcer'
>f t t it u Its. I was
ro:>lel wit h It .o t hiat
(11l1 il t sleet) it light
or eveII 0on g weeks.
'lIe doetors sair I c oulild
lot lie cured. but I cott
I Ittie tiking Dr. Pirce's 1-vo ite PIIreset-iptI I o
11< ' I'letsuit Pellets.' Alter takitg (w h,) tes
00141< sleep all night, 11n)i aflr t-kin1 ,ix
ottles of 'Favorite Prescripltiol' ,alo two of
Goilet Alclical fDiscovery 'm4id th ee vials (of
I'len-aIint l'ietits' my eCase wa s cutel. I hi 1
A iV litisd istr thait I woit4e1 have to Iit. nts it
L temed I cot1ld o1) live. Ie (4(11 mle to pu4t f'aith
a Dr. 'ierce's ane tlicijnes, for It hall cri-cl 4>t hcrs
lilt woudl citre me. So It dtil. antd I thak (1Io<
lid< your mtiedicitne for saving niy life."
> Dr. Pierce's Comnon Sense Medic2
Adviser, ioo1 large pages, is sent fm-e onl
erteijpt of stamps to pay expense of
In.lmg only. Send .11 onle-cenlt stonlps
,)r the book ill cloth ilhlding, or only 21
l:mps for the pape covered volimte.
aIress Dr. R. V. Pierce, BuiTlo, N. Y.
;wat-er, cleanuses the m(ud from tile
ck before th owing it down in Lreat
les tpon the wharf. Afterwards it
placed under tile drying sleds and i
milergoes a sort of baking pr-oec8s by !
I fires built beneath-thus is the I
dlry rock "1 produced. Later, Is is i
Lled, it is conveyed by lighters to
ic phosphate mills, where it is crush
I and1 otherwi.Ce manipulated, thus
makinv the fertilizer which is shipped
> a:I points of the worbd.
This is only a4 superlicial view for the
!iinitiated of the workings of tihe
'cat phospiate industry, Which saved
)ti1h Carolina from ruin at the close
the war for Soithlerll independence, I
The hours have waxed and waled,
ill we leave the secies of work and I
>ise to enter onec more the vinle
ad porch and watch the twilight as :|
Far overhead a long black line ex
lids, for I mile or more, it moVes O il
4( ever onwards, arrow-shaped at I
-les, tIlell thilining to i mere thiradil
ekein agaitil to tile size of a lare
mting clold, which Streams out ill
uall black llasses, and filially ends in t
few black (lots. This is the liole
ardl flight of hundred, nay thousands, 1
crows, who ia.ve been feeding all e
ty m1i distant fields, and as the still
nlks bulow the horisol'O they risc il (
icks andl SOart across the river to the 1
arshes, where they spend the Iligilt,
eltered amid the reeds from the I
rce of the wintry winds. At last u
ey alie settled, tieir hoarse awing I
ases and allid is st~ill agin save,- peCr
ps) a belated bIrd, withlI12( fihtened
y, dtst palst andI~ the chlorus of1 the
ogs mn at distanlt pond1 is faintly I
Thle thudl( of thle axe in the distance
atekely dtistutrbs thle Wvondelrful still-e
tas, while throtugh thme trtees gleam
rlights from1 tile caint dloors. O n
I unlscenl road a paissin~g lab1orer' sinlgs t
Icek of Ages," while fiar away
'oups (of nlegroes shouit thleir wld~( re
amls, keeping time with the rythiil
atling of the sticks.
As the paitienlt kine paicC slowly to
c le nlking their bells tinkle inI sweet 3
ikaseem.11o dreatll o 1L~f mylsterieCS heC
mdi ouri iken. Ci ispi yet hlm~~y is the I
rs5 inl the dark Ilute of the sky andi~
V1Ice unu1tteralble pre.vadest the little
>rner1 of thle great worbil~ thalt semC~l
Atu 111Ihis is tile mornmgt 11 and111( evenig
If onle winter C's daiy,
acts11 Abloult thle lh'insit iiu llomiit
Thell report,.of tile VirgLimaI~ lIoard of
isitors to Mountt VernI'Ion foir 1101, as8
OmledC by3 Juditge Jame tlI.I ~Seer, at
141lICe of thle boatrd, preCsents iln com
"eIll tile entire hiistory of the
,eauttifu to I N..te (4n tile l'otomailc whichI
amle inlt~o .(as ru WaIshlinlgtonl's pos.
tint 10:2 years at > onlI1t lieember 14,f
101. Thei~ ebinil I title 144 the. estalt
ts pasin~g into thie possession of tihe
Indies' Moutt VeCrnlon A seiation1, is
)Iresented in' dnI e xtreect fl om t he wr'it
tnis (If t.hl0. late Dr. J1. .M. Tonerl0 'f
Washington, whlo at the tim e (If his
teath Iwas5 onie of thle associallOll'S ad4 vIi
Tbcil cfitate, un11ti takenI over biy the1
alssocia(ion, waIs alwjtys inl thld handsli o[
thie Watsinlgtonl falt'iily fli'o thle date4.
oIf th 11iranlt (of Lordt Cullpeper in 1(70)
1.o ,Ilhn \ Walinigtonl, thle great-prand.
fathier of Priesident, Washiington. T'he
o:iginail Lrant wats of 5,000 acres to
Soon1 after thereC was a dlifiisoji (of
the ouui ntoit 11. two narcels of 2,400
iinS eae, ithe pail. bet weeni i)ogt
IRBun anlI lAittle IIttiting Creek faltl
t > Johni WIas'iinton,. 1 inluded tI
site of the preent. AMounit \'ernon mat
Sion aind was known a3 thei Ilutiil
Upon ith (le1eath of dolii \Vashiinl'to
(ie estate passed by deviso to John'
$01, Lawrenet. This- was iII January
1(G77. n the . death of Lawrence th
estate issell to Iawl rice's son Auge
tine, tile faulitr of he great (Ieorgc
Aug u)stin lft ti hei e't by will to hi,
Oldest, ,441n, Major idwrence.) Wash
ington, who wals hll brot l4 her to Georg
atid louilteen 1ears Is se I I or.
Not withstand ing the fact that the3
Were only h11lf1 IIIrothels and notwith
blainding tle, (iqparity In thei age
there wai betweeni I :mwrence and
(ecorge tle wartnest iOtIlCy alfection
Lawreice was a progreisive, far-scein,
ma, acxive. inl blusis s an inl pulili
life. lie was interested in the manu
facture of iron, both Inl Virginial ami1
Maryladi, ani ti t li limtle of Ihis deatl
was preiidieite of tie Oh io conY, I
which lie was ole of the originitors
lie sevrved Several t I ims in the Iitu114s
if l;Iflre.ses and was Ad jutant,-G1'vi
ial, with the rank of major, of thil
Northern I)istrict of Virginia. It wa:
e who name il the vstate Mount Ver
Ion inl honlor of, ithe I411ngish admiral,
I'dward Vernlion, unider whom Ie had
<I'erve inl th1elwar ag'ainst Spamn.
ILawrence lied inl 17512 and his re
nonlls rest ill the0 Alount \'ernion vaulh
war those of G4eorge Wastin:gton. lii:
.vi! provided tiait inl the eveit of tie
0eat of lls chili Sa rahliIl without1 issue1
) whoi the estate was bequested, il
vas to gI his Iheil4oved brother Gcorve,
'.1rah died soon after hieri father anilt
lit,, it was that Alount Veinon becam<
reTr ae' Ssociated with the illus 1itriou:
inel of George Washingt tonl.
George WiAisligton beg 4athed ihe
'stt - to his nepiew, .Judge iusliro
Sashingt1,on, totake eflect on the <ieat
>f lartha, Geor4ge Washintg-ton's wife,
Vhio died Nhay 2 1, 1 Sf2, iii the rooi
i1 d11.1i i eit'1V Ihe onU OM n in c'hell he
ilushatld had lassed away less than
iree yeari bfore. l iishrod Wash.
ngLoti in turn h'ueathled th e estate i4
iS 11Ipihw, .JlM A. Wash migoiI, whI<
lied Iin 18:',2, leaving4 Mlount \'ernonl t<
is I hird child, .J1:411m1 A. Washing-ton,
vho 1eenme ol age in 18:11 anil livei
it Mlit. Vernon until April G, 1858
,hien 2(Ho acres of the estme, inc-lu:dini
he mansion, the tom1b ai thec wharl
actssed it) tho ILdies' A - oeiation of,
inyment of 8200,(0. Sdeculators had
Ce atdly tr ied to get hold of' tlie
stat8 prior to that, offeri ng Imuch
iger suis for it.
I i 1887 (lhe late .J ay ( 'ould bourh tL
3 1-2 acres that hail belonged to the
ri!f inal Mount Vertion state . aying
2,51I, for ii. iiil tiaisferr-ing it fo
lie sum11 of l thiat day to tile Mount
JtIud:ge Sener's exhamli v I e repoi-t
vlielh is h igh ly c; 11111em-dc4 by (Gover
or T l3r, of Virgmiai l in is lat an
al iessage, gives, inl addition to the
liitte history )f thle cstatec, the entire
gislative history of the Iadies -Asso.
iation, its constittution and by-laws
lie opinion -concurred ill by Attorie)
ieneral Mloniague-of .J. Randolph:
'ucker i to the iegal status of tile
ssociatioll ; a skAech of the life of' the
ist regent, Ann Paimela Gutniningham
ld the interesti1g incidents Coil necter
elitll the formation of the associatio:
iid Al iss Cuniniighiam's lonely resi
lence of many year~s ait Moiiot Veriioi
--ini a wvord about11 everything that11 la
orious reseatrch could. get togethei
onlccrning the WVashington fatunily
I ount Vernon'and14 the putl riotic asso
int1ion that has Alount111 Vernon ii
blarge, the4 whle be ing illulstrat1e(
vitlh portraits and14 maps1) of' muchl is
|h?.'1 A hLt\CI!l0 00I1'8 .V I l'?W
Solnotn's wives we're! contL3ete be.
auslie they~3 dlidi not1 Ihave' to go ou1t ii
4md4 weath~er to gossip.
Somec women4'I are'. s? ulutky a11bou1
-aisinig chiiilren that if they kept41 111en4
orked44 in a safe they wouhi he the lirs
m11es in thle Ibloc4k to caltchi Ilie measles,14'.
llieraulse at womani 11sile l weetl'41
when4i the4 d11iner guiest, says' lie wil
herec isni't anyl~ more15, 1s no0 sign .thl
wiheni site ge!5 ti m'o anoithier room1l sh1
doiesni't kick the door' in a rage.
Th'e man1 i who c(mnum111!Ils the large
respl4I fromi his ifle is 1th e. one4 whi
enni iimake her bliev e th e ireason ii
doesn1't ma~ke inure monetiy i $ becauihS
at is so4 eaisy lot' hhnU it isn't wor1th hi
wileI to give mneh(:1 at1telltion to it.
TPalk1 is cheaip, bu it xih :neeC is a belte
Ud'ssessIion of your house 4181 is nin1
p)oits oif 11 th moth-in-law.4V
whtal, log carIa ar4e ini (1uadrupedsc4
Jh lmeo wals gla~ito 14) limbl up( .1 uliet
balconly to see hier, but a ter thie hiote
The 'Wok: i sGreatest
Cure for Miaaria X
,r all forms~ of MalarIal 90I 0021.
-)w. tak(o Johuison' .ct nd F ve
fenite. A 4)41int ~ o ii M lariat poi'lO -
'1 li a iii une.4j 11 rhetli anticloto
4r )t'is Jo HNSOf4B TONIC.
osa50 Icents ~fIt Cte~e.
Ic 1110011 he would have made a run
g because there was no elevator.
c Men imay pretend that, they lik,
I- have their wives dress for scinse
g comfort, but the times when thy;
them an extra allowance are w
ii they come hoie and Bee them inl so
8 thing, migh-ty foolish, bult, Iliihy pre
There 1 no past1 perfect lenst
3 achievement for the im who lia
- imike promuses.
A man's thouights run furthest h
I to his mother anid fuir ther forwan
3 The girl who iever hia1s beeni kis
iin thle (da k is never been inl tle d
Very inuich with aian
There wis alwiii'ays ia time wheil
gills hatir Wa1 so long tlit, she c(e
sit on it, ild wheni at main's wais tlaii
down to noting but, har11-d liluscle.
There is a timie Im every gil's
.when she lesitltes to talke aln,y m11111
.Olhe World, and there Is at time, if
1 1111s pased tle otler tim1e wit hout lie
malilrriedI, whenl she wouIdi ke anlly 11
wlto asked her.
The womei who denounce the I
ture of hill(illg the feet. of 'hill
girls halveu't a wordi to ayN abhout, ti
In iany well regiiulal t'd houiselmil
chiLf persolige inl their 'otler of
portallice 1re th(- c(ok, tle biahy
the blaby's puppy o(14g.
A girl who likes to walk live mili
(lly 11y not be 1dmired for the hei
of her instep, but she is likely to b
straipping tiine Children.
Arrange to have I womn111 catch
lirillinlig her photograph 1 if You
not know she wias liaroun1d and
have rramged to catch her admii
The real(valu of a family phyit
is that, when a womian thinks noth
is the nmitter with one of tle child
he can imake her believc what,
If at 1111111 is determnined to get i1
troib!e it is not ibsoluitely necess
for hilm (o get mar.11ried.
I'ra-tctlcinI g wlat iYou preach ho
your I I icinds ahoutli 11111ch as prea
ing what you don't practice.
Som p eolie3's hioieis aret( so a1,1
tive that (11y) joy the as a1111 c.
fort ()f sitll inl a detist's chair.
The averaI e nt1limin who contei s t
p. !ing" inlsuranceM pretniums is ankl
1 '1101111C investilcn(It speids 1then1
a mariw)m to piove it.
When thle aiverage younglj Wo1
e( niders er Illissioni il fife she lm.;
by windering how mn11y servantIls
will ha.ve, atid w IIether she will c lj'I
victoria or- at brougham1111 most.
Wh sn all men are w111t they y
lend to be the(3 millelitum prohlem I
hidiculhe n(1 111111 for his miib no
you cam .I never tell whAt ma1y turn 1l
A Prelch suirgeoii has collected
list ic rolaitive to deafinVIesS. 11,1111 p
that mn ales are mor1e subjiiAet to ai
di iseaes 1han fenmales, andil that ou1
every seveli IIdle-aiged pesoIls (h
are two) Who () not here (o welI NN
one car ats with the other. Ila -.v
0husn chiiren 111der 17 year-S
age four show syllptolls of Some
isease, 1111( six : llmarke de'tiIC
ill hearing power. The hability to
ca1se increases from hir-th to the u''
40, aind thei) begins gradually Lo~
creaic is old age a1vaices. On
(lie total1 11 naber oF ICaS Olubject~e
suirgicail treatment it, is est imlatedl
abiout, 50i per enut, are curedI and1
I losto has11) a highly iit erestinhg
St itui n caezlled thie lFive C en1ts Sauvi
I ank1, withi over $%5,000t,( 00t in
pit and1. 111 a1 sulrplus of ne iarly 82 ,2
000,. Most, of its savinifgs baniks
fi ve -centsi in1 1stitut1.ions, and iI. ha1
penny-ban011k with deposi)bts of 82,!
"had a most stubborn coug)
for many years. It deprived mfi
of sleep and I grew very thlin.
then tried Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
and was quickly cured."
R. N. Mann, Fall Mills, Tenn
Sixty years of cure~
Sand such testimony as th
above have tatugh t us wha
SAycr's Cherry Pectora
We know it's the great
est cough remedy eve:
made. And you will sa)
so, too, after you try it
There's cure in every drop~
Three sizes : 25c., 50c., Si. All druggists.
Co~sulat your doctor. If hao s3a 1tak0 I
th-on dlo as heo 1ay)5. If hoe ti-ls you in
to take' 1t, theni dona't take(~ it. Rio know
Leavo it wtith hin. wnt ar' 1. willin.
Why Not Save The
ITrio Me'haull lhasno or Kinderg
Organ dilrect to the huycr fron
iory. Write me if you wIsh to b
dOrk'an or llno, for I can say'
I oney. I trav.el' Sdut~h Ca3soli: a
- Mould be pleased to cil and shol,
'y Pianos and Organa. A postalI
will hrling m111 to you.
J L. A. McCORD,
The World's Grea1
For all forms of fever take JO1IN!
I Is Il) times belter than u nii iiic t
Lel lifne cantilot ( in 1(0 davs. It's ap c
lie- feeldle cures made IZy qguininle.
Ity. csr ~ ~
ill COSTS 50 CE
Ito Church Directory.
pi4s4l s, atlit tlt- Suillad tinl whitl 1.i
w% rsil i t'A fai r %%t- l' ave infot ation. I
i yiur <-hrc111h is nt il4 t e I i s t .s nilt the nde
- Siekns liev. A. ,1. 8 Tiniiitias :,)1il .
tit ay%, i t . Ill. .11'4 N 1). Ill.; pr%1avITe 1-r 4-t inlo
led( vli i S 1). Ill.
\Ve l i s ii v p. . i
Sc4~ NI ii-tn -1 . , . :. H'l i Situitn y hS
i te fore 1h1- first. 8 til l Sit it t. ; lt Soil .
a. I1. I..
11 Pete-r's 0-r.-hk HDv ,.K.Pester-. '.d Sait
hlit Il 3 p to; Si u1 lay411% afrli sveoltd Sittilt
da I i it a ii
:1 it i i - n - k R %-. ,J i.g l, 4it itht t
IlayI : 1) i ; S itli y afl4- foi urth ..at ll i;
I1i :1 .
oil- Six MIilv lN'. \V. C. igaixlx Silt uirtla
11141wf -re tilt- -44.-411141 81uinh~y '.3 p Il; seeon;
S't t r' r-t 1, li-%. \V . C. 84-atliern1
S4atlnIldy hi1-fore the Iblirl suilaiy '2 ps lin
th : iii i SitNlay a it).
Si. -.rnW .iC. \V. l. St-aborti M:tt1nrhi
Il re the foritrth S11111. -2 is ltu; -11h Sill
4 i. . yl-rt.v. lv. H1. C. 1i1iihbwk lt. an
- 4 ablbat hts:. 11in rninlg, 11 41'clock ; night ,
s. s. S ive-r Si ihy t I p in . , ray-r iee
itg, W eli.lhys .8 p. lit.
ae .\ int Tabor- ev. I Pi. Rlin- -St
tird-ty iefore fotirh Su iday a '2 o'h v
d i i 1Iev. . I. Ilag nal IsI Sill
Vot l ay 11 Ill ; '!Il StillI I 1 a1 m ; .1Ilh 811n141.
ill yt prYv- iuei-viing iV dtlesday S y It
I I ',le tk. M ihll - . ik. 1agniall - 1.,
.)1 Silay 11 a i : . :;I t 811tnilav :;::;( t I Im.
Latl ihth etn cttie fr. lt.iimct i it Hin
blor d y :,:::;0 1 Ill.
'a litOr Nev. it. . trag all -lith A r14 1ai
aI illtn: Acih r lo v A 1 :. I to.
i o Ia h- Now. \\ '. . liggin I8 , Slti. 1nch.
8 11 ill: :.dl SuIl ayL v I1 :1 lit.
11) su. PI':t l ler. \\'. I". WjigginsA 18t Sunl
I y .1 pi) l.
Zion li ev. W . le. \ iggi.s -! Mo !.\
t m n:.-,ith S11141bly 1 p 111.
Doors l-sib Mb-v lg1ins tist, iuiny lI
-h-- '" ;It s "' l" l I ".
lit tl-- Y
An 1~i~OOh NOlI 1-v. O \\'ggn I StNhC A
. ay N I It lit : II h lIN1 :1 lit.
itI t I i l' - C( l A liNev. (. I NI
It First S1 10oi.\ .'ridet IoSi ioi ir 11 :1 ;1
t1- te-r's ': p I .
i S1.4-1t1N S1li41 vy NI Ih- B il 11 a mi i; N.t
Third Suii hiy l'lrter's Chi--t, 11 : m11
tI I I lbt 111 it l 1 14 illi i l-y's ( 49I
h e I "': ' .1 :: .( I ll"
u a it ('uv t It Iil v. . 1. 1'. Atia
*V Y M, M A I. ( .
Vi I s ieA t I ' ial \i-y :it I. ; ('
VP--ck, I p. l.
T Ho r (i. f it p Hn ill, 1 1 1. ill.
't11rt smi. ula inhi anliah1,:1 I ai:. Ifl I J b0
r y . I t. f i I I I.' I I u.
IIlI ' lays r elii.11I "i
C n/tn lii: from 1 1t , 5tt%1'
ite pheitin (laily for bikkeeper anti Mit(
Ih nograpihersi. liuokkeepliing hhorthamil
Trv inegraphy taugh i f hen to Atlanllta
-.rhuiness len and bankers. Write for en1
jk loguie. Address A. C. Bild6CXlK, Pro
a or L. W. A IRNOLD, Viic-'r2., Atilnta,
.'OtFtU fAm Wlans, Nowry AmoiTA N.
Doossabins andro. oroe puylder
8 FLOOR N B.NG C4I L&N AON
INSDEnIIS UoG UMb. BE1.
Lest Fever Medicine'.
1ON'S Clilil and FIVE 'TONIC.
11tI dToC im' a single (lay what slow qui
irdd rinresi are in striking contrast to the
NTS lF r CURES.
How the Farmiers Can Save Money
3' To the Iditor of The Peou 'q Journal.
- The following commuinication issued
by the Assistant Agriculturist of Ulem
son Agricultural college is of so much
value to the farmers of this State on ao
count of the present high price of all
feed products for farm animals and
stock, that I have determined to get you
to publish this as an advertisement for
which ouir coipany will boar the ox
As some of the products nado& up in
the ration as made by Mr. Connor may
not lie available to various planters, I
suggest that any planter write to Mr.
1oninor and state what food products
are available to him, both rough forage
and concenttrated food, and Mr. Connor
will take pleasuic In nakin , up a ration
to suit his n1eeds as lie has Tone in this
0. F IT'SImMON s,
General Manager The Southern Cotton
1 i- Company
i Chealp Rations for Horses and
i- To . I Edifor of Tihe People's Journal:
Y Farmers from various aections of the
State have been writing asking about
the advisability of feeding horses and
mules oil cotton sCed meal and hulls and
also asking for a cheaper ration tha"
The following prices are given In a
letter from Scranton, S. U. : Corn, $40
per thn; oats, $45 per ton: wheat branI
$25 per ton; cotton seed meal, $25 per
toni: rice meal, *2 per ton. Of course
CoI llind oats are outi of the question as
i a food for hot(rses anl mules at the above
pricesi Ho soietlihing cheaper must be
The analysis shows that rice meal has
about the sameo coinposition as corn meal
and we have found that it is just ae good
for feeding pigs. We have fed it to
IrsIs with good results. I think we
are safe inl sa) ing that it may lie us:d in
place if corn poundI for 1.ound.
If no hay or fodder is used In the
ratioi anl hulls are resorted to as rough
ness some nitrogenous food sutch as bran
or cotLon teed meal must be used to
supply prottin. IItills in.my be fed with
oiut any fur ther fear of inj ury to the ani
mia Should they refuse to eat the hulls
a little corn imeal or bran sprinkled over
he iri face will telipt thei.
A ;- , i chic.p ration may be made up
Six ponids of rico costing G.0 cents;
folr' pounds of wheat bran costing 5.0
cents; two pounds of cotton seed meal,
coMting 25 cents ; ten pounds of cotton
Reed hulls, coRsing 3.0 cents ; total cost
of ration per day 17.1.
The above is fo': a horse or niule of
1,000 pounds in live weight.
It is evident that a ration made up of
corn and fodder and containiug the same
amounit of digestible matter as the above
. rat'oo would cost much more than the
T he North Carolina ex perimient station
has fed cotton seed meal and hulls to
) horses with good results, but the experi
- mnits along this line have not been ex
tensive eoiugh to say that cotton seed
meal can be fed inl unlimited <luantitics
for any length of Lime without inijury to)
S Numbnlers of farmers, however, have
repoirtedl that they have fed cotton seed
',meal to mules and horses with goodl
C. M. CoNNERa,
) Asst. Agrist. S. C. Experimental-Sta
H- K ENS RAILROAD
.. 1. U Ibll s, l'reIsidenti.
T'Ill T~ ~'A fItl'ly No. 2.
29frlYSuplersedeIIs Time Tlal No. 1.1f
felivey 12:01l A. NI., I<'eb. Ish, 101.
10:Ii it im. . . .. Iv. iickenrs A r..2:55 p rm
11:45 a mi....*l''erison'......2:.15 y m
y 1(0:5. a mi.........*irsori's.....2:0i p) mi
- : .l. a mi...... r sse IAv....2:15 p in
NTA NI)N .I.
:'On p mi i...,v. Pilckens Art..54
bI ii mpii....... *ir.nso's......:30 iim
15 yI m......'Parsoni...... fi:5 p m)li
E 10I y ro...r Eeoley lav...:0) p mI
No. 1h Conels with Southern Itailway
N. I ('onect wvithI Southern Itailway
No. 1( Connec:(ts withi Southern Itailwvay
r. -*" - II.
N . I I ( nonnets with Southuenrn Itailway
Se-Fol"r any iniformation~ apply to)
aontacto andt Builer
- Offer s hi!s siervies.. to I hei gern ~i pubii
esR e- - All wvorik guar-antee'd2. 11i5 refer~
worIIk and~ the1 worlk itself, whomIir andl
t- which enan be SCeen in the towns11 of lck-.
ig, ('ns, E~asle~y, undii all or r Ple'kens co~unity
Pris wI'S~ll Ido well tI o see himri before
)Sinig a trade' else'where1. octi
.DR. J. P. CARLisLE
nami Groenvillo, S. C.
Oflco over AMd isons Druig Store.