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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, May 01, 1902, Image 1

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THE PEoPLES JOUR
VOL 12.-NO. 14. PICKENS. S. C., THURSDAY, MAY 1, 2 ONE DOLLAR A YEAR
NUENATOR TILL4MAN'S
His Defence Agains
Canditlates Should be Pledged
The political meeting at Manning
was not characterized by any sensa
tional event, and Senator Tillman's'
speech was not extreme or denuncia
tory as many had expected. The rev
elations al-out whiskey rebates on the
part of Appelt did not amount to any
thing, and Senator Tillman's failure to
bring any proof of McLaurin's party
treachery was equally disappointing to
the audience and the public.
Mr. Appelt announced that he was
satisfied with the explanation he had
received from Tillman as to the re
bates, but insisted that he was in the
Democratic party and would always re
main a Democrat, and that his whole
fight was to keep the party as it now
stands. There were about twelve or
fifteen hundred people present, and as
might have been expected, Tillman
had a hand primary and the result was
almost unanimous in his favor.
At the opening of the meeting Son
ator Appelt presented the following
questions, which he stated contained
everything that he wished information
upon:
1. Was not the primary sy stem in
augurated to givo every white mon a
voice in the selection of candidates for
ollice?
2. Does not our par.ly I.ledge allow
every white man to be a catndidat who
pledges himself that he ii a Democrat.
and will abide the result and support
the nominees of the primary, then why
change it now?
3. Was not one of the main tenets
of the Reform movement to bring the
candidates face to face with the people
and that there should be free thought,
free speech and free action?
4. Are you and some of your pre
tended friends not in favor of fixing
the party pledge so that a man who
does not agree with you on certain
questions, -notwithstanding he claims
to be a Democrat, shall not be allowed
to give the people an opportunity to
decide whether or not, he is a Demo
crat?
5. When the dispensary system was
inaugurated, did you not make large
purchases of the stock?
6. Did there not exist at that time
a whiskey trust, aid did you not make
large purchases from a imem ber of that I
trust ?
7. Did not the trust have an agree
ment to pay its purchasers a certain
rebate ?
8. During several months of your
administration large quantities of liquor I
were purchased, were there any re
bates recorded on the books of the in
stitution ?
9. Why do not the rebates appear
on the books ?
10. Did you ever get cotton seed
meal and have it charged to the peniten- I
tiary and insist upon that institution
paying for it, and onll) paid for it aft er
two years and then by compromise-?
11. What authority did you have
to buy for your private use and have it
charged to the State?
12. Did you riot, get brick for your
private use that belonged to the people
of the State? Would you have offered
to pay for those brick had it not been
exphosed t~hrough the Neal investiga
tion ?.
1:3. How many bushels of oats did
you get from the State farm andl have
shipped to )ou at your home in Tren
ton?
14. Did you have the right to run a
private farm at tire expense of the
State ?
15. By what right in law or morals
(did you get the authority at the State's
expense to get wood, coat and( vegeta
bles?
16. Did you not, continue to receive
products,from the penitentiary at your
home at Trenton as late as 1897, not
even paying the express chargesi?
17. D)1( you not, dhenounce your
p~redlecessors in of lice and charge rotten
ness, because of alleged pilfering from
the penitenftlary ?
18. Was not a committee sent to in
vestIgate the dIispensary transactions
refused the right to examine the books,
and did not the members of the trust
refuse to be subjected to an examina
tion on oath ?
19. Were not your dloilinigs with the
trust questioned, and dlid you ever (1e
mand of the trust that they permit an
investigation of your transaction ?
20. Did you not on the hustings
create the impression upon the minds
of the people t.hat the cause of their
opplressedl condition was largely due to
corporate greed and thmat the State of
New .Jersey was an Incubator for frau
dulent corporations ?
21. Are you not a member and a
diroctor in a New Jersey chartered
corporation?
22. Did you not dlenounlce t~he in
t.erference of a Un.ted States Senator
with our campaigns ?
23. Is it not aginst the law for
you to use a free pass, express er-tuele-|
graph frank, and do you tire them ?
24. Did you not as a Governor of
the State, and as chairman of the b~oardl
o' directors of the State penitentiary,
Instruct t~he book-keeper of that in
sttut'en not to chiarge anythuing on the
books to you or to 01pen ant ace eunt,
against you ?
As to the dilspenarary mat ter Senator
Tillman saidl that t~he State got, no re
bates. Neither (lid he as Governor.
That the dispensary started with $50,
000 capital; that, $25,000 of that,
, Judge I1iskell to the general principles
of Democracy in the nation. Follow
ing the independent acto i of the
Ilaskellites came the rebellion of those
who voted against Cleveland for Vea
ver in '92 amounting to some two
thousand or more white votes, mainly
in Pickens and Oconee counties. Then
in "M there was another rebellion on
u account of the adoption of the" Col
3 letou plan." Dr. Pope ran as an in
d dopendent candidate for Governor
and received beveral thousand white
votes.
So there have been three attempts
to resist the will of the organized De
mocracy speaking through regular
channels. In each of these instances,
those who had brokein fealty with their
fellows, and who failed to support the
nomiee of the party as they had
pledged, at the primaries to (1o, were
forgiven and admitted back to fellow.
ship without any question. III each
case those who resisted the will of the
party of course felt justified in acting
independently, but they were private
soldiers, so to speak, and the desire of
our people for continued felloiwship
and good will among the whites has
prevented their expulsion from the
party.
Now we are confronted with a difler.
(nt condition of affairs. The new con
stitution adopted in 195 haB eliminatedI
for the present the negro majority.
The number of negroes eligible to vote
does not exceed 15,000, but it is conl
staitly increasing and there may be a
good many thousand who are not reg
istered who would be eligible to regis
tration. There have been in the recent
pasit evidences of Republicanism crop
ping out in South Carolina in various
directions. There is no doubt we shall
soon have a white Republican party
appealing to these negro voters.
The action of one of our Inited
States Senators in advocating Itepubli
cani doctrines and voting with that
party on all essential measures, con
tending all the while that he is a ])Cm
ocrat and that lie has the right to
define w hat Democracy means, has
brought things to a focus. The )em.
ocratic party in South Carolina, and it is
well understood that the State is over
whelmingly Democratic, has a right to 1
be honestly represented in the Senate
and in the I louse, and in fact, I do not,
believe the Democrats of the State
would intentionally and willingly elect
any man to any ollice whose Deiocracy
was unsound if they knew it.
Our present danger is Republican
ism in the guise of Democracy. There
fore the question has been raised and
it is now an issue, anid it must be set,- t
tied as to what constitutes Democracy I
and who shall define it. It is coin
tended that we should leave the pri- I
mary juet as it is and wake no new <
rules and regulations to prevent a re. I
currenec of the election of a man or I
men whose Democracy does not tally I
witlh that, of the national party. We
are urged to pernit every man to vote <
who will take the pledge, and not to i
require of the candidate any other v
pledge than the once now in force. To
the first proposition there can he no I
serious objection. We need not be
solicitous about the rank and file; at
least I do not think the time has yet 1
come when we miust drive out of thee
party individuals who will pledge then
selves to support the nominees, State i
and na ti mal, though they may be dis
loyal. It would le manifestly unfair to
permit lepublicans to vote in a D~emo
cratic prinary, thereby endaingering,(
if they were in sullicieiit numbers, the<
election of a genuine D~eiiocrat as
against, some mulgwumpij or tiaitor. I
(do not think, however there are<
eniouighi avowedh ltepuiblcanis who will
take the oath to make it, necessary to I
trace their records back to the preced..
ing November election andl see whieth- I
er t~hey voted as they pledged them
selves.
It may in time become necessary to
use the registration lists at the legal
electioni to purify the club lists, but, we I
cannot, well make t~he rules so Lxacting I
that, we will bar out men who want to1
act, independently ini merely local mat- I
ters. The fact, that our fight is mn the I
primary and not in the legal election,
anid hardly half of the D emocratic
voteos are ever polled at the legal elec
tion , woul make it, dillicult to devise a I
scheme to prove who or who hiad niot,
suplportedl the "' nomiinces of the
party."' I will inot, therefore, discuss
that phlase of the subjet, but it is a
matter of vital neccessity that we shou hI
make candidatecs (dfine their attitude
andl give explicit pledIges as to their ac..
tions while in ollice.
Senator McIaurin was charged with
Rtepublicanismn in his race lin the
pirimnary of 'W7, but, lie denied it, hitter.
ly, aiid I thought lie was hionest. Hie
denies it still, but his utterances inow
are all in endorsement of the ltcpubli
can policy, andh his votes I ally with his
speeches. We must have a revision
of the pledge giveni by candidates
which will make it impossible for any
hionoralhe man not, a Democrat, to se
cure the nominatione, if we are to keep
the paurty from bemig stab~bed in thle
back anid iiot hiavo ia rep~etition of the
presemit disgraeeiul state oif affairs.
At, this time South Carolina i eally
has no voice in shaping public mat.
ters in t~he Senate, and if she has a
voice the votes of the two Senators are
nearly always oin opplosite sides of any
gven proposition. TIhis is something
that dloes not obtain in any oilher Iem.
ocratic State, andt I know of no way by
which we can guand against a recur
-iriice of thus condition, except, to ic.
<luinire all candidates for the Senate,
State ohlers, Congressmen and other
positions of honor and trust to pledge
faith and loyalty to the (doetrmnes and
3 principles of the party as announced in
3 State aiid naitioinil conventions. This
.1 will leas e t.heir statuns na far 58.i an
BPE1CH AT MANNING
t Appelt's Charges.
to Abide by Party I'lutforims
amount was used in the equipmont
that it was out of the question to get i
stock of goods for les; that lie had Wh
opposition newspapers and whiskel
dealers to fight, who said that the die
pensary would be a failure, and througl
the kindness of George Hubbell, of ti
Mill Creek Company, who had faith ir
him, lie got the supplies and he waived
the right of rebates so as to get the
necessary credit. The State did not
pay for its liquor for a year or two
after it got it, and by mixing cologne
spirits with two-stamp liquor tle
amount of t1he rebates was absorbed
and this cost the State $1 35 per gallon.
This, Tillman said, was the purest,
cheapest whiskey that the State ever
got. He emphatically denied any re.
bates. le said there was no proof,
and that time and again efforts had
been made to get proof against him
which did not exist.
As to Vie penitentiary charges, he
showed that lie had paid for every
thing, or it was given to him by Col.
onerl Neal personally, who had a per
fect right to give him whatever he
pleased, an1d that the report showed
that the State had never lost anything
by him. And that he himself called
the attention to the oats purchased by
him and' to his failure to pay for some
im account of not being able to get the
bill. He state(d that if lie went to
Itealinig, it certainly wouild be for more
la at- e )twlattIi, tomatoes, etc.
elative to his connection with the
4abi e ( )l andii Marketing company, lie
itated that, lie was simply gambling;
'hat Locik wood, the president of the
'omipany, was a friend of his who had
,one to Texas, anl that lie had always
'ought the Standard Oil Company.
When Lockwoodl went to Texas he
>ffered to take him (Tillman) in as a
itockholder and Tinman invested
P1,200, all of which lie now believes
10 has lost, and that it was after he
lad gone in the company that his
amiie was used as a director. The
iompany was organized in New Jersey.
L'his company, lie said, was amenable
,o tie laws of Texas and that he, as
senator, had nothmig to do with it.
As Senator, lie of all men, would not
dvise the people an to a choice of can.
lidates ; this was his chief objection to
lain pton in 1890. lie said that the use
>f the frank was not prohibited in
Vahington, and it was not a violation
o send a message from Washington to
danning, S. C., and that he did not
leserve any blame. Ile did have a
rank, but was not to be bought by $5
ir $10 work of telegrams a year, and
ko vote of his would ever show that lie
ad been bought by his telegraph frank
nid lie did not use the frank in the
tate. le presented a letter from
3urriss that lie did not instruct him
iot to charge articles to him bought
roin the penitentiary.
Uipon State and national politics and
he duty of the D)emocratic party in the
4iay con vention, Senator Tillman spoke
is follows :
There is a matter of deep interest
vhich will come up for discussion and
lettlemeniit in the coming May conven.
ion, 0an( as I aum the replosentative of
he Democracy ot this State upon the
aLional coimmittee, it may not be iim.
roper for me to express my views on
t, anmd to inform you as to the seniti
nent and( feeliing of the D~emocrats in
WVashinugton on the subject. The Demi
>eratic party in South Carolina has oc
mp11ied a peculiar position for twenty
lve years. The whites are ini the
ninority in this State, 0and und~er the
'econstruction d1ispensation there were
bome thirty-live thlousand more negro
,han white voters. The consequence
was t~hat after t~he overthrow of the
3alrpet, bag government ini 187d we
idoptred a system of party government,
mad t~he white people of the State were
ldulcated1 in the emplloymient, of politi.
3aI maithods thlat obtained hiardlly any
where else. We have had( an " im
perium in implerio,'' or a government,
within a govenmment. Decmocracy has
meant, white suprenmacy, anid itepubli
~isama meant, negro equality. 'rhe ne
Bessity for white unity overshadowed
thie other considerationis, and the Dem
mcrata of the State were taught, that
submissionl to the will of the majority
and( loyal support, of the nominlees of
the party were paramiount to all other
consid~erationis. II am ptoni taught, us
that aii independent was worse than a
radical. Like all of his actions and
uiteranlces ini those trying (lays, that
adlvice was the very essence of wisdhom
and( patiriotism. Ihis clear judhgmnt,
which was his most dlistiniguisinig
characteoristic, saw the danger to t.he
State of a D~emocracy split, into factious
and( appjealing t~o the colored vot,.
And I take this occasionl to say that no
oithier living South Carolinian more
willingly or gladly pays tribute to his
leadership or has a better reahz'ation
of the invalmuable ser'vices to his people
and( the State renudered by this great,
man in '7(;.
It was only after thue revoluitioni of
1890. that, there was any thing like free
dtom of political utterance and( actioni.
'rhe convuilsioin which brought, tlhi
about also brought, with it, an attempt
on the part of those who were in the
minority to withstand the p)opulhar will
and some of those who had been most5
clamorous for piarty reg.larity aind suh.
missioni to trho dictates of a conventiol
in selecting~ candlidates boltedl and( rai
Jludge Hiaskell for Governor. 'Th<u
Hlaskell movement was based largels
onl personal opposition to me, and ther
was ne0ver any question In regard t<
the loalntyu o ths h lilot
be devisetd in, words as absolutely T
koown.
Senator AfeLaurin is no longer a
factor in dealing with this quebtion.
lie is simply an illustration of what
inight happen again under the present
loose regulations. While his actions tl
have shown the neceseity for a revi-ion at
of the pledge to be given by catndi- tv
(ates, the par-y can act without (on- T
sidering his case at ll. It is even de- I
sirable that he be given an opportu
ity to go before the people aind let c
them show him how they feel about ti
his treachery. The revised pledge can
be required of all other Democrats is
without charge of porsecutition or per- W
sonal application. This is important i
for the future welfare of the party. gi
Let him run if lie :lesires to face the ti
people and e elected if he can get, the
votes. If lie cani win in ,the primary to
after his record is set before the peo- ill
ple lie can wim much easier as an inde. 1p
pendent if lie is denied admiission. I
We do not want to be unjust to him h1
or to his followers. oI
If the Democracy of St uth ('aro w
hina wants to put none but Democrats in
oIn guard it must decide the DeImioc t
racy of each candidate by reoiiring a bi
pledge in writing that will deline clear- inl
ly what the candidate's opinions are,
ind a solein pledge to stand by those shi
>pimiionls. Wf course men may sign p
mch a pledge and then deceive the de
)eople afterwards, but we owe it to of
ur fellow Democrats of the onmitry li
.o at least safeguard ou- Democratic th
rinticlis as far as possible , si
There is one other subject coniect. th
--d with party policy that demanmds so
-ious consideration. The large number WI
)f candidates who seek the various aI
itate oflees and (on gressionial and 91
ieitorial honors render it impossible d0
i one1 (lay for those candidates to have
ven a respectfil liearing. Any 1ant re
Viho is fit to ho0 (overnor or Senator th
:annot, discuss public questions in any 110
itelligent way if his time is limited. cd
ionie plan must be devised by which m
hose candidates who fill tle really ii- Vi
01 tant oflices, and who will shape and ar
-ontrol alfairs, must be given suflicient oh
)pportunity to make the people under- se
itand whether or not, they are compe
ent. Many of the positions which are nl
jouglt are laroely ministerial and the wI
luties are Well delined, and these olli
-ers cannot chan ge or shape public I
>olicy in any material degree. There rn
i no good excuse or r. ason why seven
>r eight candidiates for railroad comn- 80
nissioner and fifteen or twenty of the of
>ther State oflices shall be givei time ta
it a Stiate campaign meeting, or so lit- I "
Ie time as to merely get up and make
heir bow. L
Ii the last State canvass it requirel Ia
bhout five hours for the respective can- Lt
lidates, allowing only thirty minutes IM
or the candidates for 4 ioverior and ten
iiinutes for the others, not counting da
lie candidate for Uniited States Senate, fh
vic( usually came lasi,. The limitation an
m the time of the camnidtates for the fin
mportant ollices, if it be conti ined, lai
vill absolutely destroy all interest inl Pa
he State caipaign mileetinigs, anid final
y destroy the primary system itself,
d I am strongly of the opinion that
would be well, indeed iecessiary, to It
lave two campaign days in each county, wl
ay six weeks or two m11onitls apart, at ab
vhich certain specilled caididates shall ,
hiress the people.
Tlhe suggestion has been mide that de
her-e ought to be0 a Ilimitaition on t~he lie
mumber- of miectings to one in each co
ontgressiontal disti-ict. Tlhis will never ye
lo, because the people are entitled to 'fn
cc and hear the men01 who seek their wi
'otes, antd if such a system were adopt,- cr
d there would 1)0 fewv, if any, citizenis thi
t, such meeting other than those who th
ivo in the county where the meeting 1 e
s held. TIhe newspaper reports wvouh( thi
tave to be dlependled on entiirely in o-i
her to get, any sort, of information as en
o what the candlidates were saying anid
what impression they made ; and this peO
vould mean the use oh the presVs by atn
hose who were aile to obtain its sup. fut
>ort to control eletions5; amid this does I,
iot imiply that the press is venial. Few e>
10eople take daily palpers, ando nearly all th
lie weeklies have patentf OuttsidesH. h<
omehiow all of Senator MicLauin's (J
p~eches were puiblished~ in these out- vo
ideOS or sent as5 suppllemenits. It was
egitimaiite adlvertising, but, we do not
vant i-icii men who ar-e able to pay foir I
iuch adlvert inmg to have ad~vaitnge of ra
lie poor inen1 who caiinot. The otily ti
mafe way is to have the canidiat(.8 face OJ
he voter-s and letL each mian decide for thm
iimnself. I war-n the people1 againat of
mrirendermiig the right, to judge for fo
G overnment, by newspap~ers muay lbe li
r very goodl thing, but, the ple0l~~ of Tj'
-Csouth Carolina repudiated it, in I1890, mi
md I have no0 idlea they arec going to is
-eturni to it, and I am therciefore ri,
)reparedl to urlge the scheme I have ol
mntlitied, as the best which suggests it,
telf to mie. Thie t~wo sets of caniidioates at
3iuld begin oni opposite sides of the I'
Mtate andl thuis not, interfere with each ra
>t-. Th'ie people) ought to devote at, te
east two (lays to the selectioni of the Tp
!)est men, and( this cannot, lhe hi-ought, g
lbout, without, hearing thems fully. If 1,1
uhie peopjle lose interest in their gov
arntment that government, mtil be
somel bad. "' E~ti-nal v'igihmeite is the
rice of ihberty," is as true no w asi
when it was uttered.
A movement is ont foot, in Spar-tan
b~urg with some1 of the leading citizeiis
of the town behind it to have a big
Fourth of .July barbecue, picnlic, speech
mnakiig, military drill, etc. Correspon
dence is already under way with a
view to securing attractions amnd an
orator of niationial reputatism. Among
thiose talkedl of are Senator liailey, of
TIexas, Senator Carmack, of Tennessee,
and IEx-Senxatr IDavtid I. lull1 o[ r w
11, I4ANi) O F 'OItTO RICO.
ie Fertility of' its Soil a.111d tie
VaU riety o' its Itesotrices.
The 1P ,l o itico Traid a A qricul
ro our41nail is publisled inl inglishi
IdI Spanish, and is devoted to tine Jin
rests of commerce and agriculture.
he ollowing extracts from its columns
0 Vi1ble anad interesting :
The0 Ilsiand of Porto ltiCO has been
rrectly termed tihe richest island of
c Vest Indies.
To tlnt marvelots fertility ofi its soil
added untold riches in miinealIS,
hich, if scientilically milned and
mndleld with impioved processes will
ently add to its most enviable reputa
mit as a wealth producer.
Amoing tihe many kinds of minerals
be funId ill Porto Itico, the .st.
kportanilt, both ats to quality and
antity, are gobd, copper, iron and
ver. The existence of these minerals
LB heen establi beyond doblt by
licial (1111a, anid tie vestiges of .hie
rk idone centuries ago by tihe Span
r Is. IWal, iOidX 0t' ofmangiinese,
in itv, <uiicksilvII, sulphiric t ot lead,
mnti, jet and sulphur are als5o found
ltuant ities oil tine island.
'T'ln(h first Spaniards to arrive on the
ores of Boriniquen, alipreciating tihe
opelt.ces of the Kng ofr Metals, un
itook the task of ridding the island
its gold and, with this end inl view,
Py seIt about, washing tine sands of
L rivers and streans and sinking'
afts in the hills. Notwithstanding''
cir prinitive aInld imiost. imperfect
.tlods of mining, the results were
ite satisfactory and, according to
thentic docunents the production of
li froimi 15011 to 1I:1 wam :1,-19.',800
lie rs.
It 11nst he bOrne' iln milid thit t1hese
nits were attained by the first set- I
:rs of tine island Wi() kMew almost
thing of tihe land and were hamper
in their labors by ignorance of
ining and deficient metihods. In
w of t.hese facts flhe questioni
iSes--what are. tine results to be
ailned by modern machinery and 4
LOntilic mining'?
The island is traversed by ia range of I
amntains running from east to west. I
iich exteinds throughn tine Windward I
lainds oin tihe east anl to tie I )iesecheo
et oil tine west. Tine most noted (
Ige of this rainge is Called 1(1 .uquillo, I
out 3,500 feet above the level of tine
i and dowi whose sides flow ia series I
rivers and creeks, tine most imnpor- I
At of which are Maieycs, Uio I
'eto, Saha111, Fajardo, u I raibo) I
piriti Santo, [iio (irainde, 1"ilipiina,
M1lu4liina, Tabonulico, CaSjoines, ( mua
.ua niid Anon. In tine buds of all
foregoin rivers goil is found, as
tchn ats two pouiilds of this IMtal hay
; been washed from the Anion in one
y. The most abmindant stones inl
Sameniyes river bed are ifeld-spari
d porphiry, striped with veiins of'
Itrtz and iroln pyrit.es, tine liiummviin
l(1 occu pyin g the low an4d midway
rt. of these river-beds.
t'he < ulstiolI "1 when to phirli. " is a
zzlr to the l'orto Iico agriculturist.
4eems to make no great ciference
Lein I (-101) is )111iited, the result is
ays tine same--a good harvest.
mlle years Igo, one of the island's
,st, enthiastll-ic agriculturiits, inl enI- t
Avoring to force nature to divulei.
i seasoi secret., pilaintedl a patein of
mn eachn mnointh coinsecuitively for a
Lr withi thne result, that si xteeinmointhns
mni the time of the first plantinig ihe
5s re(wardei w1,1 ithn his twelfth good
>pI. Th'ienr was ai slight (hlfierelnce ini
3 height of tile I )eceimber crop fromn
3 otiner eleven aund it was an few udays
iger ini ipenmgIll' htil, aiefrom
5se twoV' dlill 'eencei , there wa~s noth11
to show thnat, Nature f avored one4
>p mnoro than anothber.
Anmothber prommnleint, groweir, ini ex..
riimnenting withl pineappnles, producic d
abundnce of thnis fruit, in Ntarcih,
l ly three miointi hlbefoi e its u'season."''
1e80 two citations of tine niany like
perimnicnts final haye been0 made4 l oni
e island mlake it easy t.o understand,
iw it is possib)e4 for tine people ini thei
niteed States to have fresh frmit and1 f
get-ables 305J daiys ini tuhe yeari.
I )uriing the Ci vii WVar and1( as5 lat1(a 11
09i, (ot110n of a very fine qpul ity waIs
ised oin the( Ilaand of P orto itico. A t
is tie, whein line plannters of tine
nited0( State ( ad 11( oce 1Lore givenil
eir und(1ivided alttention to1 tine raisinhgi
lottonl, Potrtlo lf co cottlon-mienl trains..
rmned their cott101n 11ield inito canie
h(5is and cot-tomn raisinig iin Por)lto I 1co(
'4 5miee been11 woefulfly ineglected.
iat, thnis mduiIstry colld be made44 aL
lmley mal~ker cain be0 seeln froii m lofw.
urlnes obltinedC fromn sitattistics of vam-'
m11 kimnd aild fromn tine blooks of an
'1-timne co1ton raiser.
''lhere arei 1111O apoimaitely 300,000
rei (of ile l and oin tine islalnd (of
>rto) Iico upon01 wihichn (0110n could be0
ised . Thinis land will pnodunce 750
I ,000l piounds of lotton per acre.
'14 land( (~l can 1 bel purchased for $15t to
I) per1 acre0. It will cost no more
an 85 tO plant an acre and1' 11 the best
The.Wo1' s Greatest
'sure for Malaria X
lFor all forom of Malarial poison-I
'ont. ,. Lt tait of M adarial poisfon
' -; inly( ar bi)lod rlansiner144 Iy and~
0dlure. Blo00110m11d1144nescani't cunrd
Miala~ria~ l isning. The anltite
for iL in .JOHNSON'S TONIC.I
'et a botle to-dlay.
eastase etsfit ur.
The World's Grea1
For all forms of fever take JOHNS
It is 100 times bettor than quinine at
nine cannot do in 10 days. It's spli
feeble cures made by quinine.
COSTS 50 CEP
labor is procurable at 40 cents a day.
Cotton machinery is comparatively
InIexpiensive and silk cotton, the kind
which 01sms to do best in Porto Rico,
(in quality about the same as upland)
is worth 8 cents f. o. b. San Juan.
From tle above it should not be dif
lictilt to see at good thing in cotton rais
lmg in 'orto Rico.
CAT'lEI' AND> 11o010l.
Thier is no spot oil the globe where
thiey raise bttir milk cowst and heef
iattle tIumn in 'orto IRico.
It may not be generally known that
I ord DIurliam took with him to 'tiurope
in the I8t.h century a number of Porto
Iico cows atl bred them to IolosteinI
itock, thus produeingm the fiamuois 8hort
liorn iihim, iut such is, nevertlhe
le4s, the case3.
Feed and wiater are most plentiful.
Ahe cittle need 'to ioising nior cittl6
wIllatmoever ad1111 there is plenty of shade
For tlieni ili most, parts of the islanid
I coibiliatioln of coniditiois that fore
4hadows it bright lit.ure lor tle cat.le
aIitilg indiltry inl Porto R~ico.
The 'Orto Hico h10orse,strictly spea .
ng, is tie restilt of ill-breedinlg of ilp
vIrd8 of, two hiundlreuds yealrs atl the
esilt obtained has beeni an a limal of
;rent endurance ami hardmNess. It 1111
weln tCred1 t1hat, he I 'orto Iico h1orse
an claim origin froi Arabian stock ;
,is might haIve been the (came had the
lilestlion of size aollone beeln takeni into
:onsideration, but with very few ex
septiois the lualit-y of the Arabian is
neking inl tle pr-e4en1t liorse of the 14
1111an. 'I1dulianilice certainly is shown inl
ma1iiirkedl degree, ats well 1s well delin
d conformation. A crossing of the
4organ witlh the native horse of 'orto
ICeo 11011l protuIice v'ery .atisfactory
esuIlts. The two iar-ked chaiiraicteris
,ics of tihe Alorga blood quality itnid
-idui ranuce -u-adde d to tihe wondler-fii ul n
lurance of the I sladil horse, s1ouhl0I
ake a peICfect, iimed iui sized c an im1al
mdI one admliirably suited for park and
iglitweiglit iarness work. 'Iliere is no
'eason1 wihy the native lorse coubc4 not
>e m1ost siccessilly bred 8also for pur1'
lostS of p)olo. The essenitial fe'atules
ilVays souighit for in the makinig of
>Olo pom1es are agility, eulnluriaice andcl
ize ; the formier two qu lities tle
'orto Iic 1o4lrse lNireachy 4tionIgy p4o -
esses, thie liesion of size Is one to be
iasily overcome.
There are some sheep Oil thet I slaind,
nit, these nueed consilerable care1 and
lo not, thrive mIll th warmill- cliil 14'e of
'r-t~o ltiien onl accounlt of their heavy
Vool. (Goa)ts, how1ever, .114- fouim11i to
ie excillint siibstitutes. Their inent
s of i dheliliousx flavol, they 41V43 ial
huiiiosl. inlcredible am1onlit of rich, s4weet.
mi1k anl it. does not 4o11t. mich to raise
A yoilg -oat, lopiely roasteI, is
uilly 1a n1ic4e a4 th1e fattest lamb n1111141
niany Atimericans iin 'oro Riico prefer
hie goat mnent. A "11 ainn " is wori
nto 1 1111l it is 111t tlatI they thrive
nl the pro~veria21 "' tin can11."
A reecent. t rip LIhruough tile sugar11 he4'l11
,f the islam141~l h d a1 very pro)1i img
.tale of afflairc. in LIhe gather.iing inI a111.
r1inin cg of thlecaniue. P articlarl y was
hilnti c 1) eae11 at, Maai 11, I b rio~c,
tega lia, Areciboand1114 (CamuI iy. i1.'rlil
ndlicat1ions, the facilities fcoi ernc'linlg
it ti.ose poims( were in141hgn411111 to,
nect, the presen~lt, larigc cropJ s of cane.
\s these crops will increase84 ill v4 hune14
m the Islandc, it, cutst,, of nlecessity re
ulit, Ill tile eatrly eretionl ot large)r C en
ralles, anid tlhe conseq l~unt incttrodcti LonI
If illiproved mainuiiery for grininig.
init3ed Sttes to P orto I t.i43( 18 111 enor01
nous1 item, 1and4 it, ha1s 1been1 estLimated
hatI upwardsici of 27,00) Locus are0 con4
anned43( annuall111y on1 the islandc Fric
)4eing ile stilaple food of tile naItiveh.
une Lt) exempuon~)I ttroml duty, 11he.Juapani
K mlhu riiice, growin ini Southern I ~OUis
ana12 and1 Southleasternl Texas, and1(
traicies of ani m iferior qulity, nowv coin
.i0 ol.he l'orito itico~ malrket, and con
ccc uenltly conunand11c hlighl prices 01n the
All indulistry well worth the coil
coderation of ca~pitLoIists i8 the erectionl
If an1 uip to-dat~e planit ini P orto Itico30
orci clean11in1g rice. Th'ie I'ast Iniai rice
i tile hus1k, 0on which tiere is an un-1
port duty of 75 cenlts per I0 pJOundsl~(
inl IPorto itico, couldo be0 shipped( to thec
island, andI allowinug for all charges,
rice of a veury superior quality could14
he 80o(d at a lgure far bl~cow that niow.
ru'iling for thle Amnerican product. The1
revenue to the islandc would amount t0
more Lhauns :35,000 anniiually fronm
duities, with a further' clirect, benclit, toc
the natives of' $1.5(0,000( per annum1 lii t
wages and the dlifforence inl retail pricei
of the two articles.
V A LtjI 1' O 1 CUIIV ATIO0N.
While it is true that tile rich Boil o
IPorto Rtico yields wonderfully larg
cr'ops, it is alsco true that much bcette
results canl be attained and thle Iam
made to produce fifty 1per cent. mor
than it, does if tile agr'iculturalist5s cal
he Induced to alter' their time wor
customs of cultivation.
Old fashioned imp1lemeCnts are use
almost exclusively ini Porto lico; th:
ci ops8 are planted In such a mann<
that c:ulltivation by modern methods
Impossible; tihe cost is double)1 i
amfounit it should be, the work is iti
perfect and the result Is consequent
one half of a crop. Nature has dlou
much for the Isaland u t se cn.o
;est Fever Medicine.
ON'S UHILL andl FEVIR IONIC,
id does in a sIngle day what slow qpf
idid cures are in striking contrast to te
TS IF IT CURES.
it all and for the best results she must
have assistance.
CLIMATIC AND 11EALTIH CONDITIONS.
The climate of Porto Rico can well
be said to be remarkably equable. As
the mean temperature on the Island
does not vary more than 6 degrees
Fahrenheit throughout the year, with
a range of the thermometer of only 40
degrees Fahrenheit, Porto Rico enjoys
the distinction of having continual
summer. At midday, the temperature
rises to about 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
The coolest months of the year are
December, January and February,
whilst the hottest months are .Tune,
,July, August and September. Brac
ing, cool weather predominates in the
mountains. Snow and hail are quite
unknown in Porto Rico. The Island
is also blessed with plentiful rainfalls,
which greatly assist vegetation, and
add to the large water supply of the
rivers.
For a tropical country, Porto Rico
is remarkably healthful, and compares
most favorably with the health resorts
of E'urope and the United States. Due,
parti cularly, to the very eflicient and
thorough sanitary measures which have
been adopted by the United StatuJ au
thorities, yellow fever and smallpox
have been completely stamped out of
the Island; an observance of the usual
dietary precautions generally taken in
all tropicn countries by intending set
tilers, will ensure perfect and lasting
health.
D r. It. M. Iernandez, the president
of the smaporior board of health of Porto
Itico, in his annual report of last year,
to the Commissioner of the Interior,
staled thatt as a result of correspon
dence with the Secretary of the New
York Life insurance company the ex
tra premiunm formerly charged by that
compI1any on persons living in Porto
lhco, was abolished in September,
1900, ancl the remission was granted
solely on the favorable statistics sub
mitted as to sickness and mortality on
Ihe Islald.
'IM A ItACHE4OR'S VIEW.
(Couirtship is a trial court that often
gets its verdict wrong.
When the moth at the flame is a
widow, it is not the moth that is in
danger.
Iove triuml)hs when mosquito bites
are ignorel by the girl in the lace
waist.
Civilizaticun would have been perfect
long ago if shaped by women, and men
weim not historians.
'.'the girl who has broilod lobster with
chainipigin sauce rarely marries the
miian who pays the bill.
''he woman with three divorces needs
ito wediniig rehoarsals.
'hose ivirls who love flowers with
savage intensity have a lot to learn.
Ifuiamaiis for convenience would be
perfect if thero were no other women
to, tell.
It always seems more vulgar to get
caught doing what you ought, not to (do
thanii it is coarse to do it.
Clear skies brimgs soft smiles, sprmng
brec/zis wart tender fancies and mol,
low aishiine warms pretty lips for
swet kisses.
Th'le poor1 man saves what the rich
What, goes up rmust come down,
a"pecially swelled heads.
In mod~erni hiouseholds doctors are
Inuxuiries, dIressmakers necessities.
The man who always seems to be
mioie hlardl up than the one who is try
ing to borrow money is the one he tries
to borrow it, from.
A fter a woman has beein m love ten
or lifteen times she wants to knock off
Tlb'loni')g the way aL workman does work
wheit. tie whistle blows.
& woman who hasn't got, a family
doctor never feels her social position is
hecure.
T1he man whlo saves money hogan
yesterday; the maii who doesn't is
going to begmn tomorrow.
Speculating in Wall Street is easier
than gaihnig with matrimony, but it
iai't, any more prolltable.
You can get int erested in some peo
pyle without caring for them the way
you can get, imterested in a mustard
plaster without liking it.
TJhie last, argument, of a woman is
suddenly to veer aro'ind and take your
side of it, declaring you have come
arouiid to her side.
In society life has its silver lining on
the outside.
Love unadorned by wealth seldom
cheats a widow.
In th 3 mildew that forms on the
Icrust of love there is the germ of a
lawyer's fee.
IIomeop~athic doses of affection
make some women wish one husband
f couhld be three.
RyEe never had a debating society in
r which there was another woman to call
I her to order.
e, TLhe reason a woman tells such
a, whoppers about the rent she pays and
a how much it costs her to live is to
make other women think how smart
(I her husband is to make so much money.
mm Dr. Henry Gt. Moore, of Wabash,
LB nd., has au old battle flag in hisp
ec session said to haebn carre by
ythony" (lrn his campain throdg
10 -the close of the eighteenth centurd

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