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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, May 22, 1902, Image 1

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THE PEOPLE'S JOURNAL
VOL 12.-NO. 17. PICKENS. S. C., THURSDAY, MAY 20
, URS AY, AY ~ 100 . nu nnifTA A a v ~A D
VOLCANORnS OF
THEt WEST INDIES
An Ertiption oil the Islti(I of
St. Vinceent-Detnlils of tile
Calaimity.
The fearful disaster at St. Pierre,
in the island of Martinique, where
40,000 lives were lost by a volcanic
eruption, was quickly followed by a
similar disaster on the island of St.
Vincent, one of the British West In
(lis, which was threatenied even be
fore the St. Pierre calamity. The cor
respondent of the New York Herald,
writing from the island of St. Vincent,
gives a graphic description of the situ
ation as follows:
Adm2onitory rumblings and earth
quakes in the vicinity of Soufriere
came two weeks ago. On Monday,
May 5, the lake in the old crater be
came greatly disturbed. On Tuesday
at 2 o'clock in the afternoon Lhe moun
tain began a series of volcanic efforts.
Severe earthquakes accompanied these
terrible noises and detonations suc
ceeded quickly. At 7 o'clock in the
evening an immense column of steam
issued from the crater and lasted un.
til midnight.
Terrible explosions followed on
Wednesday morning, andi at 7 o'clock
there was another sudden, violent es
cape of steam. This ascended for
three hours, when other material was I
ejectel. At noon three craters ap
peared to open and began to vomit
lava. Six streams at once ran down
the sides of the mountain, making an I
awful scene. The mountain labored t
heavily for half an hour after the ap- I
pearance of lava. Fire flashed around f
the edges of the crater, an-l thLre I
were tremcendous defonitiotns in suc
cession, rapidly mergig inuti a coat in- e
uous roar. This lasteil through Ved
nesday night and until Friday morn
ing. The thunderings of tihe volcano I
were heard throughout the Caribbeanr
sea.
The eruption hegan Wednesday. A t
huap cloud in a (lark and dense col
umn, charged with volcanic matter, t
rose to a height of 8 miles from the c
mountain top. Darkness like mid
night 'lescended and the sulphurous f
air was laden with line (lust. A black I
rni'i tollowed, a raiii of favilla scoriac,
rocks and stone. There were bright t
flashes, numerous and marvellously a
rapid. Thele with thundering, the c
mounLain shocks, the cartbquake roar,
the lava and falling stones created a e
scene of horror. Large areas of culti- E
vation have been buried beneath the a
volcanic matter. c
On the Windward coast seven planta. t
tions are totally destroye(. Sixteen I,
hundred and twenty deaths are already c
reported. There are 167 cases in the (I
hospital at Georgetown under treat- c
ment . The dcaths have been caused r
chiefly by suffocation by the sulphu
rous gas, and burning lava masses.
A few of the cases in the hospital s
are likely to recover. A new crater is i
reporte(1 formed on the Richmond os. e
tate near the seashore. The country
districts on the Windward coast are lit- c
tered with dead bodies. t
Kingston, tihe capital, and the whole I
population are safe. There have been
no accidents or deaths. Clouds of c
(lust are blowing over the city, how- e
ever. The roy".na'i mai tTm,.a.
is transporting food and water to the<
Leeward coast, sailing vessels proceed
to the Windward coast on the same cr-'c
rand. D.octors and nurses have gone
to the scenes of distress. h e major- I
ity of the corpses beCing found are coy-t
ced~ with ashes, (decomuposedl and hard
ly approachable. TIhe (eadl are being I
buried in trenches, thirty in each.
A (dispatech from the island of St,.
Lucia, dlatcd 13th inst., says: " The
Souf riere volcano on the island of St.
Vincent is st~ill in destructive erup
ti'on. The terr'ific cannonad~e can be
beard a hvndred miles away. T1hie re..
ports are followed by coluimns of
smoke, rising miles in the air. Im
miense balls of coloi'ed fire also issuei
fronm the crater. JLightning is laymng
fiercely in the uipper sky andh the
whole northern pairt. of the island is
one mass of travelling flame, It is
imipossible to reach the disti'ict by land
or sea, and there is no means of esti
mating the deCstrulctioli wrought, to life
andl pr'oper'ty. Kingston, the capital
of St. Vincent, is still saf'e, though
showei's of ashes andl pchbles are con
tinually falling. Th'le volcano itself is
invisible.''
T1hue governor of the Windward Is..
lands, Siir lobert b lewellyn, telegraphs
to the colonial ollice in ILondon from
the island of St. Vincent, uinder~ datec
of May 13, as follows:
" I arrived here yesterday and found
the st~ate of' affairs much wors5e than
had been stated. The adlmin istrator's
reports show that the country on the
easi, coast, between Itohin H~ock and
Georgetown, was apparentfly si'ruck
and (devastatedl in a manner similar t~o
that, which destroyed St,. Pioi'ie, and I
feai' that, practically all living thmuigs in
that raditus were killed. P'robably
I ,(00 persons lost their lives. TIhue
exact numb~er will nover' be known.
Managers and owiiers of estates with
their families, andl several of the bet
ter class of people, have been killed.
A thousand bodies have been found
anid burled. One hundred and sixt~y
pers5ons ai'e in the hospital at George
town. Pm'obably only six of thio nunm
ber will r'ecover'. The details of the
disaster arc too harrowing for dlescrip
tion.
SI got,, at St,. Lucia, a coasting
stoeamer, which is irunning up and~
(downi the leewar'd coast with watei' andi
provisions. Twcmty-two hundred per
sons have receivedl relief'. I have
asked for medical aid from Trmnidad
and Gretnada. All the neighboring
British colonies are assisting goner.
ously. Eveory effort, is b~eing made te
giapple with the awful calamity. All
the best sugar estates in the Carrib
boan country are dcvasted and the cat- y
tle are dead. The eruption continues,
but is apparently moderating. Anx
iety is still felt. All the oflicers and
residents arc co-operating with me.
The ladies are making clothing." f]
Sir Alfred M. Ilodgson, the govern- p
or for Harbadocs, has forwarded the iE
colonial oflice the report of the colon- n
ial secretary, who has just returned ci
from a visit to St. Pierre, Martinique, s(
which confirms the worst accounts of T
the disaster. The secretary compares a
the ignited matter, which destroyed e(
everything within an area of teni miles
long by six wide, to burning scaling T
wax, Ile adds significantly, that w,
the services of doctors are not re- "]
quired as there are no wounded per- cr
sonls. 11
Governor Ilodgson estimates that of
two million tons of volcanic dust fell 1)
on the Island of Barbadoes. ni
In the destroyed city of St. Pierre, tv
the work among the ruiis is being con- cx
tinued in an unsatisfactory manner, fal
says a Fort de France dispatch to the s1
Now York Herald.
The (lead are hcing burned, the py- sI
res being fed with petroleuim and tar. in<
Lreat flroi are kept going, which at i
light light uip the entire island, and as
hich, being seen at St. Lucia, led to str
,he belief that lFort do France hadl
mrned. mt
Although thousands have been burn- rai
,d, many still remain to be cremated. an
iearchers, while walking through the noi
ishes, often step upon what appears of
o be charred a pillar of stone, only to of
earn as it yields gruesomely under
oot, that it is the trunk of another un- lie
ortun11at. ti1
Some o 1 te Wal's of tile houses that of
mi staid, ermnble 1 and fall at touch. ill
lole iIea of the terrible heat that prC
ioured dlown from Mont l'elec may be fail
ad when it is kinown that the iron sill
ollers of the I rinolle sugar mills were nitg
Jolted Its though they had been put i
brough i f urnaice. rev
Thie island of Si. Vincent is one of bei
lie British \Vest Indian group, lying Sill
ne' hundred miles west of thlin Iha- hat
oes, and between St. iucia aid the su
relladin~es. It, is sevenien ils if
mw, by about tell miles in width, and tiol
Ls 'ea is 132 square miles. Through abl
bit island, fron0 north to south, trou
Lt. tchei a ridge of llh, wooded, vol- am
an c hills of subordinate, irregular arn
lasses, which extend to the sea on 'J
ither side. The volcano called the ran
oufriere is in the northwestern part her
nd tremlendlous erul)tions have ,c.. d re
urred in it. I. rises to a height of for
brec thousand feet, above the sea am
mv(I. Its crater is three miles m cir- cro
umference amid live ltndred feet miu
ee). While the climate of St. Via- low
ent is exceedingly humid, the average heq
amfall being nearly seven feet, it is Loi
ot unhealthy. The soil of the valleys ing
i a rich loam, and sugar, rum, m1olas- rigl
es, arrowroot and cotton are produced I.01
i abundance. St Vincent, has a local ill i
overmlient subject to that of tile for
Vindward Islands. Kingston, tile foil
apital, is near the soutliwestern ex- tell
remity of the island. It had a pop- 1an
%tion of 41 ,000 ten years ago. the
Prof. Henry S. Williams, professor cot
'f geology at Yale University, in dis- am
tissing the Martinique horror, said: tha
ia The tl roublie at M"art-in-iu au- mi 12
A. II L UI I 0 lL 1111(11I lj110 IYUM~1Ii A -t
loubtedly of voicanic origin. It ver
nlighlt hiave been associated with earth- 5011
tuake energy, ats the two sometimets shic
occur together. ['le thlunder and hat
ightuning which accompanied the erulp. mil
ionl are niot, unlom~tmon iat siicht timies. phi
l'hey were piroducedl by tite tensionl in a
lhe aitmostphlere. tio1
" Tile volcanlic explosionls were due1 a
.0 water getting into tihe cavities ill grai
lie ersrthl and coming ill conitact with ma
he heated rocks. Thlese explosions we
ire frequent in tihe vicinity of the sea Ito
>r r~ivers. The ashes spoken of were ]
really not, ashes, but fragments of rock sim
bhrowl out.'' ea
"' Iow far dowr. inl tile carth are m11
hlese dlisturbanlces?"' thbe profe.ssor was
asked. 8o1
" At various depths. Usually they cyv
ire pretty dfeelp ill the earth andil mtay m11
be several miles down. Tbcli matter an
thlat flows out after anl explosiois not,10 foi
real fire, but moltecn matter. It, is red ch
hot, aind flows downl thd moun~tainl like TI
watecr an~d gives thie imprl~essioni of fire. an
Gases are emtitted, andc takinig lire pro0- im
dluice the flame wichl is often soon. of
Tihe molteni matter sets line to alny
thling in its coturse. Th'Ie theory is that, pr
t~le miatter ill the interior of tile earth Ic
is underlo very great, pressure, whlich li
keeps it, front becoming mlolten. But bt
as5 soon1 as it, is thrnown upl, thenl it, be- lhi
comeIs molten miatter.
" 1arthquakes are plroduced by a al
sliding away of ma1sses of rock amnd hi
thenu thlere is a settling of the earth. lh
At, the Chiarliestonl earithquatike [lie al
ciatck ini thle earithWt wassverl~ Imiiles hil
long.~ TIhecath settledl onlly a few fil
inchies."
TIhe late Senatufom Iohni Shiermanil's
grave. (on the Sherman lot iln thle
Manlflld, (( ). ) cemietery, will bie miark- 01
ced by a matissive sarcophmagus. It will
lie of Ii hode Island granite, 1 b iyh tI
feet att the base, atndc wili weighl thirty tI
toils.
A couple)mariedl~ recetl Iy in I )ani- p~
ville, Kentucky became acuiamlt edl
[through [lie spilling of a bottle of inik '
by [lie man on thle girl's gloves.
CASTORIA
For infants and Chlidren.
The Kind You Have Always Bought ~
Bears the ---
tii Inteestisig Sublject for thei
ScielitisMt4 nnl L overs of Cn
rios it ies.
Saluda County has an extraordinary
eak in tle person of a negpro who
reaches admirable sermionis while he
asleep, and last week a test was
ade by leading citizens with a physi
an and stenographer at hand, which
cis conclusive that lie is not a fake.
lie Saluda correspondent of tle News
id Courier gives tle following ac
lunt:
Tho " Sleeping i'teacher "1 was here 8
iursday night and a large crowdl i
-it out to hear this strange man.
dajor Perry," for that is the preach- g
8 name, was in the charge of Messrs.
P. Bouknight. and J. P'. Bodie, two
this county's most reliable citizels. a
rry has been living with Mr. Bouk
;ht, a few miles below this place, for
elve or fou teen years and, witlh the il
ception of a few nights, Ie has never d
led to preach iL sermoii on going to a
ep during this long period.
'erry is 54 years of aige, of medium ti
e, copper colored aind( wears i flow- II
beard. lie was raised in Fairlield n
unty, but not by a Baptisti preacher, N
has been said in explanation of this "
ange phenoielon.
tr. Bouknigt has l Ien in the com
nity where Perry was born and
sed and lived until 1. years ago,
I emphatically states that Perry did
belong to a preachor. The placeo
his birth was near the present town
Ridgeway.
hic of the peculiar things about
-ry's sermionizling lies inl tle fact
t his plreaching dates from the time
uis being paralyzed on (he left side fr
1888. lIe was never known to ki
ach before then and lie has never
ed to preach a sermon every night W
-e then save occasionally oi Friday n(
lit. at
L test made by your correspondent w
ealed that 'erry is very illiterate, I
tig scarcely able to spell out the It"
plest words, even with book ini a
id. Ile is extremely reticent on the oF
ject of his iightly preaching, and Pt
resseLd will resent too close ques- ii
ling. Another pecularity notice- tr
e is that Perry can go to sleep aur- fo
ided by a curious crowd as readily h
l as quickly as ia babe in its mother's wi
1s. y
'hursday evening l'erry's wife ar- (
ged a bed in tle school buildling w
e and at 9.40 tle strange man nil- CU
sed andl "1 turnled in,' apparently, I
the night. In lifteen minutes, ce
dbit the gaze and hubhub of the da
w'd, lie was sound asleep. Four U,
mtes later lie commenced to sing in t
and measured tones an old hymih
inning " Come, ye that love tle 8
d." After 0liiing ou" " and sing- all
two verses lie slowly turned on his N
it side anld reverently Iepeatedl tle es
-d's Prayer, making but one change It(
t, viz, inserting the word " all '' be- II
the words " our trespasses." ie is
owed the Lord's Prayer with an ex- all
iporaneous petition, tle logic and il
ruage of it being as good as that of NV
average white preacher. At tie E
clusion Perry turned on his back ar
after a moment's pause, sitated b
t the text would be found in tle hI
b' chapte~r ruf Matthe'iw land :20,Wh,
se. Th.'is lie (uoted( and1 aL c~ompuart. all
of thie quotation with (lie original liz
ws that lie rep~eated thie words ver-tr
im. Ihis dliscourse hasted forty-live
intes and (lie reading of a steinogra- b2
e report mladle by Mr. TPadlock shows 1)
losely reasoiied (with some excep- s
is) G >spel sermoii, instead of beuig s
censeless negro harangue. Fow 01
mnmatical errors were made and m
ny of his citations fromi (lie Bible si
r~c Substantil.'y carrect. At times aL
was r'eally eloquent. LI
'or the most p)art lie spoke in a w~
oothi, conycersautional ,oiie but oc- b)
ionially lie became impassioned and tI
(10 (lie welkiin ring. Il
1'vice dlurinig (ihe sermnon lie had d
nething like convuilsioiis, and when- h
ir seized by 01nc of these lie im- a1
diately left olf speaking, his heart hi
I pus ceased to beat and1(, except
'(lhe straiige movenment (If his inns
5, one wouldI suppilose life ext(inict.
ese conivul sioins lasted but a miniute
dI as5 soon as oiver lie would coim
and his sermioni jI st wherme lie left
'adin (lie saime (one.
An examiniationi of the e'yes while 4J
eaching showed (lie pupils motion '
1s and a bright, light laIced close to 5
s face while the lids5 were putshed
.ek did not cause5( himn toI move or
nchl. -
D uring his preaching pe(riodl it has
ways been found impjossible t.o wake I
mn. Pins have been stuiik in to his<
sh, burning acids have been put
out, his (ey es, but, all to no eIffect ,save I
at, lie sulfered from these (~expei
eints on awaking.
Perry is par'tacuhtLrly severe in his
iticisms of the present,-(lay preachers.
e stateCd that "' wo are told there
ere twelve disciples or teachers, and
iw of these was a devil. lBut to-day
think about eleven and1( a half out, of
velve are dlevilIs.'" in (.labhoration of
mis statement lie ieferred to (lie "mnnan
mi, prea(lcr " anld " (lie self-sent
reacher "' and ' (lie money-making
reacher.''
IPerry made iio gestures at all, but,
heni undIer the impression t.hat, lie
as readhing from scmne book in (lie
ib~le would run the lingers oIf hiis right
and1( across (ie bed covering as5 if fol
>wiing the hines.
lie closed his sermon with an earniest
shtortat ion and~ whieii the end was
t~leach lay perfectly still andl slept
mietly until awakened biy a physician,
ho closely watched ~him throughout.
an beiing awa~ikened he appleared
rightened for (lie moment. Although'
me had greatly exerted himself several
St. Peter replied, 'That old man, sir
is Noah and hie hd a loo( of ii8 owr
to think about.."
And now we read that, all the hor.
rors of our civil war are being repeated
in the 'hilippinies. In our war it wau
the white Yankees who iade war hell
for us, but now they are making it hell
for the negroes in the Philippines.
We were trying to smiother what out
people stiffered, but they won't let us
and now boast that (eneral Sherman
found it the bet wiy to shorteti the
war. No, we Old11 mn and wolen
cu'1t forget, and I hope that our chil
(ren1 ald grandchildren will learn it all
mi some Sotthern history. The civil
ized world halts not forgotten Hlerod
nor Nero nor the 1)uke of Alva nor
the massacre of 8t. Bartholomew
where 30,000 Protestants were butch
Ored Iu a m1ght. But when wi I
Teddy repent, retract, and apologiz e
lie has got it to do s0oner o1 later or
go (lown i n history asm i 11111 licious de
famer ol 0o whose slot H he wats not
worthy to un1loose. lIe 11and Miles will
get togetlher some time and111 some where.
Now, why does not Teddy consider the
fee Iilngs of ortit people il his ippoinlt
Imionts to Soithern ollices? Why did
11e not give Savannab a white man for
I collector ? Appointments ol negroes
Lo be )ostlllast(ers and reveniue collec
Lor1s are nl ilisilt to us, and he knows
it. If lie 11a stich affectionate regard
For those negroes why not give thbem
t place lit Washington or Albany or
Bloston or i consulslhip at llt ayti 01 Sanl
Domingo?
These olices are the licarest of ill to
ur people. The postoflice is our
rysting place, a kind of Mecca. and
.he post11111ter 0111 Confidait. '1'ltt
)llicer' should above all othurs be ic
-eptable to the majority of the people.
het1 collector Ias the commerce
)f it city in his hands 11a(nd under
is control, and that. coliierce is ill
viite -none of it, comes from the ne
ro race. What excuse can he give
or0 such appomntments? None, anld
vlen is lie going to retract and apolo
/ize for that slander of Mr. I)avis?
1 i i.i. A it'.
6HACHINE ICCOTTON l'ICK ING.
SN ew \\ Iivention Thuat Gives
I'romnise o' Suocclessfi \\'ork
inl the l;ield.
i ufacturers' lIecor(, N ay 16, . .r!
Fo'r several years inl inventor of it
:0tton-picking machine has been try
ng developintenlt8 of his iiveItiol in
lie Mississippi I)elta. Two years ago
he iventor, Air. Anguis Campbell,
lAd his backer, Mr. F'. It. Morris, used
lie mnchine to pick cotton inl such a
ay as9 to im1press the spectaltors with
ls success. The two getitlemenl, how
vei, were not satimlied with the mla
hiline inl every respect, anild since then
hey have been remedying what1 they
ionglt to be its weak points. llav
ng perfected the mlachine, they sigiled
list 110111 contracts for live imlachlin1os
o pick 2,000 acres of cottonI in dLhe
)elta next fall. In a letter to tile
dianufactiurers' Rlecord Mr. .. S. Weiss
If Greenville, Miss., writes
I have watched very closely for' the
at, live years the cotton-pick ing ma11
:hine patenited by Mr. Anigus Camp
:1e11, which i5 ownled and1( opeorated by
Llhe Amnericani ( otton Pickimg Co. of
IPditsbiurg, Pa.
1 am11 perfectly satisfied, beyondl any
qulestionl of a doub~lt, that M r. CampbIel
lhas solved thle qu1estion of picking cot
tonl with his ma~chiine, and it, does eve!
bcttcir wor'k t~han is claimedl for it.
On the 153.h~ day of last October
saw the miaehine in opeorationi at CJol
onel Morga n's place at Sheppards town
Letlore County, Mississippi, and1( aa
the macheline pick W3.7 per cenit. of cot.
toin tlhat was open on the row, without
destroying the leaves, bolls5 or stalks in
any shape 0or mianner. I have also seen
the malichine ait wor'k before fr'ost,1
never a greotn leaf, boll, bloonm or
sqjuar'e being hurt.
One could not tell that the macline
h~ad been1 ill the fIeld, excepiting that
the lint was missing. Strange ats it
may seemII, the machine onily takes the
inmt, but,1 (of course if there happlens to
be0 a piece (of a dead1( leaf on an open
b)oll it Lakes it, along just, as5 one( does
plickinlg it biy haund, which, of course, n
cleanieut before the cotton01 is ginnIedl.
I think I am safe mi saymg1L that. the
farmnere of this great I )elta only lhar
vestedl about 75 per cent,. (of t.heir e1of
this season1, and I think it, is a qjuestiol
of at veiry shiort, timie whien Mr. Camp
bell will have hlis mahineiii at a poini
where he will get, 100I per cent.
As I before stated that thle machiml
Oicked1 03.7 per cent., however, th
othier i.: per' cenit, does not go t
waste', as the planter' cani gather iti
lhe so chooses50.
I dlon't thmiik the miachinie will wor!
in very hil ly hanrd, hmut it, does0 the wor
to perfectioni mI thut andI low lands.
Th'le machline will plick at least thre
bales per (lay, and1( hasi already pieke
as high its five. l~very plater wit
whiomu I have talked and who has see
thle miachinie work is more t~hani please
with it.
Iin)y estimaition 1.110 cotton farml
oIf tile South arie abou~t to receive the
greatest, boon. It. goes wvithiout sayin
atS, 1.4 my mind, the~ questioni has heo
solved regatrdmlg thle harvesting
cottonl.
Tlhie signing of the conltract ind(icat
a faithI ill the eillciency of the machmi
which, if realized, means abniost,
revolution ini agricullture' and( indulist
ml the Sout1.h within t~he ne'xt, few year
The suhsitutnion of machinnry for' mi
The World's Greate
For all forms of fever take JOHNSol
It le 100 times better than quinine and
nine cannot do in 10 days. It's eplendi
feeble cure. made by quinino.
COSTS 50 CENT
in gathering the cotton crop has long
been a dream, with most substantial
reasons why it Should become a fact.
Again and again an invention to that
end has been announced, only to bring
isappointment without destroying the
hope. The success of the Campbell
c
picker must resiiult in an enormous
economy in briiiging the cotton to the
gill, one estimlate being that it will
nearly halve the expense, in the encour
agement of more scientilie methods in
cultivating cotton, thereby permitting
a greater area of land and gienter hu
n'an energy to be empl-yed in the
raising of other crops. Of special im- ul
portance, though, is the promise in tihe re
invention of the release froil the cot- Cl
ton fiell of a great muasi of labor into tii
othier lines of imdustry requiedl( for St
th
(he full developmielit of Solitherl re- tr
sources, ald i wonderfi change for ki
the better from present. conditions, il
which the opening up1) of a I tiiber t ract, er
the extension of a railroad, the startin' at
of a cotton mill or the development, of S
a coal or iron mine draws often at the b)
moot inopportune moment, needed help c
from i the fields, or i Sliddell rise in] the
price of cotton tends to at.tract nleeded fr
help from maniifacturin u1ndortak
iligs. (rC
n&
This blancing of labor conitioniS. is
likely to be accolipallied by ia alaliling
of agricultural (ies. The use of cuttoi
picking machines imust, tend to limit
cotton-growiig to sectiois where great
are.as of lan(n, devoted principally to
cotton, may be under one managemnent , r
as the use of such a maclhine b y the
cultivator of one acre or ten acres
would hardly he ecolloillical, if possi.
ble. lience might he expectel ill rot
toll-growilg a radical cbalinge sim1ilar to 1
that induced by tle adoption of ima
clinery inl the wide stretchinhg wheat,
fiels of the West. This cmnge,
though, wohl injture no sinall culi Lva- 71
tr ready to adapt, hiimself to it. He
-I
inighit lose if he slhouid attempt to .1
colipet' with hand against. tho 1a
chiie. [Jult if he shnoub( recoglize aino
take adlvantage of the wider market
for foodtiffs aind other produict
created by the conlversion of cotton- N
pickers into iniiers, lumibermaein, oper
atives and l mechanimcs, ie woull hetter N
himself conisiderably. N
The saw gill created a d eimaid for
an extensive clltivatioi of cotton and
ani exlimui~son oI slaLve-hiiinlg. i, wias
posille unoer the ld system, for the
large cottn.grower to iiae eiogi
from cotton alone to justify dhepen
denflce upon1 ouitside sources for the
bulk of his supplies, though mniy a
well -imaniagedl plan taution was sel f-coni
tined. Th'le dhestructioii of the slave
-labor systemi brought about, ani acces
sion of whites to the body of indlividli
cotton-growers, forced, however, for
the while to dlepart, fromi (lie habilit of
living at honme, and often unable to
apply most app~lrovedl methods to their
cotton cuilture. Th'e labor dilliculties -
led thiem to the mtvention of dlevices
for (lie impllroveuimnt of mechanical
handcling of (lie crop) after it, reached
the gin, clIminlati ng in (lihmeroulndl
baling pr ocess. Necessitiles, too ,gave
an imupetuis to t~he mtovemnent for in
creasing theQ amifoun t of cotton raised (
pecr acre, amid for a return to the rais- r
ing of home food crops. Thie invyen
tion oIf a suiccesafuli cotLtimn-picker will
compllete t.he chain of miachinery, gliv
ing to the Amnericani cotton-grower ani
adlvantage which may iiever lie eqtualled,
permitting him to enjoy all the best.
results of long experience wtIh the
stplIe, a.. d yet swell. hg the rn ik' of
American productive labor. It is hoped
this machiine may be a suiccess.
The pearl industry of A rkanisas has
reached a po it of piromtiinence~ i
now among (lie eliterp'lrises of thie Of
k State. Not, only arc thie pelS val I- -
able, but, the mussel shiel Is arce binhg
Sutihze. I in newly istabb shied Ibut ton
il factor icc. Tlhie V/alley bu11tonl factory
hi of Newplort, At k. , has beenI clhartered ,
nandi will soon1 stall. a factory of' 100.
saw capacity, emIipliyinug abiouit thiirly
meni, fourteeni of whom have already
b een contlrlcted fill ill Iown and lilII.
nois. Tlhe c ap talI stock of t.he com-*
r iis lil,00 i In it is backed ex
closively by homefli men0.
A ccordhing to statistics (he climax in
th rush 1151Of immigr'ation was reached
Ihle week endling May 4. Ia seveni
daliys 2.x210 immigrantse came mnto
New York. This record exceeds by
Y far thlat, of aiiy previous similar peOriod
5-. and is not, nearly equialledl in the total
mI of somae months.
times during his sermon, he stated that
he did not feel tired or at ill exhaiust
i; yet Ils pulse beat rapidly and his
breath came quickly.
Whatever else may be said of the
Itrange "c sleeping preacher," the per
ormance is no fake. Time after time
ariiis citizels ill tins coility have
tone to Perry's hom after night and
cercted themselves to detect the fake,
1s they supposed, but Invariably after
vatching him through the cracks in his
ouse go to bed, and giving him tiic.
o go to 1l1), he would sing a hymn,
ffer a prayer, announce ),s text and
reach a sermon. Ile nevt uses the
ine text and the body of his discourso
always different.
lie rarely ever fails, however, to
ive the preachers "I lail Columbia."
The effect of this strange pheno
101non oil a spectator cannot be im
4ined.
I'erry's father is said to be a white
an and ie 11a 1ndiani blood in him
so. This he shows unmistakably, as
a)s his wife, who of late years al11ayh
wcompanies him to prevent the cruel
<perinents which were at first piac
ced by some in trying to awaken her
isband while in the midst of a ser
onl. Men of ascientihic turn of mind
tve ati interesting subject in the
dleeping preacher," and Saluda ( ont
in his person possesses on1e of the
ysteries of the new century.
IL 1 ARIP WANTS APO0OGY.
OOsevelt'sl4 Remiilks A bo tit
Jefferson Diavis Were W rong.
lanta Constintlon.
" Once more unto the breach, good
iends-onco more.'" I would like to
low about what time I 'resident
:)osevelt is going to retract what ho
rote about President I)avis. It 1111
ow been proven by the oflicial records
.Iack'ion, Miss., that MAr. )avis never
is Governor, nor was le ever a mem
r of the Legislature of that State,
d in a public address male after the
t of repudiation, ie declatred he was
)osed to it and the debt ought to be
id, andl([ this aiateu r historian de
Ilnces him ill his book as an arch
Aitor and repudiator. Mr. Davis
tight, ill Mexico for the honor of the
.g; Won tihe victory at lhiena Vista;
x4 desperately wounded and for live
ars walked with citutches; married
meral Taylor's daughter for his first
fe and (Ididn't run away with her,
.her; was secretary of war under
anklin Pierce, remodeled the curri
lumiii at West Pointt and it stalids to.
y as he framed it; was i member of I
a United States Senate when his t
ate seceded and, like General ILee ,
went with his people. fie did l o
Lek the presidoney of the Confederacy
d insisted that another be chosen.
aw all this has long since been
tablished, tild if Mr. ljoosevelt (idl
it. know it he could have knowin it.
L certainly knows it now, and if i
a gentleman he will retract it and t
ologize to Mrs. Davis anid the faimily t
(I to the sainted shade of Miss i
inniC and ti the people of the South.
3 called him an arch traitor and
:Ah repudiator, and compared him ,o t
medict Arnold, and that slanderous I
el is im) print inl at book of so-called
the . fools, fanatics and idits who
ye readl it. WVhen is he going to re.
The international Cyclopedia, edited
r(distmiguished professors of Column
a Uiniversity and ] artmouth CJolleg~e,
*ys of Mr. Davis: ''lie was a ripe
holar, a vigorous writer, a splendid
ator, a brave soldher, a trute genitle
an, an accomtplished statesman, a
uirdy champion, a proudi, true patriot,,
lover of hb1erfty, a Christian hero
is is the .Jefferson D~avis that history
ill chicrish." General Lee was htis
>sOm friend and confidant and yet,
his so-called historian, this rough rider
1(1 bear hunter, praises Lee while he
3famles his friend, a mani infInitely
is superior in every mtoral attribute
id1 every ntoble emlotion. Hut maybe
will retract and~ apologize, though
0om Moore, says:
But faith, fanatic faithi, once wedded
fast
0 somei de~ar fat1lchod hu igs it, to the
last.."
le had better retract,, for some) of our
id soldiers are very madl about it.
'hey are tilking about suin~g himt for
lander andl garnishecin g the govern-.
tentt for his salary. K<illun g hears in
he wiIderntess won' I.save Iin nor will
htat little brush weha m14 inCubia. I'That.
s perha'ps tihe biggest, little war we
iave aver had, antd every small ploliti
:mn and stump Orator who wantls an
5I1lce jumptls upl andl says we are0 iall
)rethrein now. Weo fit, and font and
>led together att Sant .1 uan aitd Sa0 ngo,
md14 thten we c:rossedl thte wide oceant tot
vhip out somel nliggers anid we wil
10oon all be oin the penlsionu roll. Ant
>ldl veteran satid to mte, "' Thalt little
spanish war remtind~s mel of the fellow
who( was dIrownled at ,iohnsown, andt~
whnlt he knocked at, the gaite St.. I'ete,
lidni't recognize hinm and( refused to let
'tim in. 'Whty, my (lear sir,' said lhe,
I am one0 of the ,lohnstownt sufferers.
[ was dIrownted iln thtat flood.' So t~he
.Oood saint relented and1( let him mn. IIe
wandelred1 about heaven, looking at the
b~eautiiful thintgs and aifter a while came
tecross an old mant antd saiid, 'Good
mornmng, 01(1 gentleman ; glad to se1
you. Been here a lontg time, I reckon?'
Thte old1 mant said nothing. 'I am one
of the .Johnstownt sufferers. Iwa
d rowned( in that great Ilood.' riTe 0ob1
man did ntot reply, but turned andl
walked slowly away. So the fellow
went, to St. P'eter and asked whto tha
old man11 was. 'ie would not$ speak te
me,' saidl he, 'though I told him I wa.,
in the grreat Ilood at, Johnstonn' Amn
st Fever Medicine.
I'S UHIl.11 and PEVER TONfO.
does in a single day what slow qui
d cures are in striking contrast to the
S IF IT CURES.
1
Women as Well as Men
Are Made Miserable by
Kidney Trouble.
Kidney trouble preys upon the mind, dis
ourages and lessens ambition; beauty, vigor
and cheerfulness soon
disappear when the kid
neys are out of order
' or diseased.
Kidney trouble has
become so prevalent
r that It is not uncommon
- for a child to be born
' afflicted with weak kid
neys. If the child urin
----- atestoo often, 1f the
'Ine scalds the' flesh or if, when the child
aches an age when it should be able to
mntrol the passage, it is yet afflicted with
d-wetting. depend upon it. the cause of
t difficulty is kidney trouble, and the first
!p ::hould be towards the treatment of
ese important organs. This unpleasant
>uble is due to a diseased condition of the
dincys and bladder and not to a habit as
ost people suppose.
Women as well as men are made mis
able with kidney and bladder trouble.
id both need the same great remedy.
ie mild and the immediate effect of
vamp-Root is soon realized. It is sold
druggists, in fifty
nt and one dollar of
Cs. You may have a
mple bottle by mail
C, also pamphlet tell- Vome of swaozp-oo.
all about it. Including many of the
>isands of testimonial letters received
In sufferers cured. In writing Dr. Kilmer
Co.. Binghamton, N. - Y., be sure and
,ntion this paper.
I 'K ENS RAILROAD
.1 '. IC~ ii. I ,l'residenIt.
'TI I ' EC TA I IL1 No. 2.
n'urs, I, -s'liedes Time Table No. 1. Ef
'live 1'.':01 A. AM., F'eb. 18t., 19101.
-ail - ead Up.
No. it). 8T ATIONS. No. 9.
Mixed. Mixed.
.it In m... . I 'ickensI At....... 2:5 ) )In
.. a in...... I.Ig so '.........2:45 p i
i ............ * ' '..........2:3 0 p m
Al In ...... ....Ariali's............2:5 P m
:.', a II ..........' ati l iln's ......... 2:20 p m1
I: it Ik........ Ar EIa ey JV.......2:15 ) m
Ni. P2. STATIO 0NS No. 11.
Alvxed. - Mixed.
:00 p Il ...... I 'iken Ar. :40 )
:05 p ........ rglee uo 's........ :3
:. .......... p 'aron'. ... :15
: p ...........'A riail's.......... : () 1)
:''l p ..........A lub L'........ 6 0 1)I
:A5 iii Nlalelj,'q 6:05 p mu
:-lu i'lm...A r' Liasley 1,v... :00 p mu
' l ag Stations.
All Itrains daily excetll Sunday.
No I0 Coinneels willh Sou1thernl Itatilway
No. ! ( 'onnects wilt Soutbern aiilway
I.N'
No. P !lie neeltwith Smithern Itailway
11. It.
No). I I Ciiects with i'Montil.hern Hlailway
o. 31.
fy''" 1r any inuIoriitjtuiol avply to
(Generai Maniager.
L'HE YOUNGBLOOD
.GUMBER COMPANY
AUGUSTA. GA.
)FvleE ANt) Wonxas, Non-ru AUOUrrTA, 83. U.
floors, Sash, Blinds and Builder's
H ardware.
[LOuiniNG, SiDiNG, U~1LI1NG AND
INSIDEJ F'INISHIING LUMBER
IN GEORGIA PINE.
AlIl correspondeonce given prompt at
ontion.
Why Not Save The
4iddle-Man's Profit?
Thu MJl'hall l'iano or Kindergarten
'rgan dlirect to the buyer from fac
>ry. Write mue if you wish to buy an
Irgan or l 'lano, for I canl save you
loney. I travel South Carolina, and
rould he pleaseod toi calil ar~d show you
y Pianos and Organs. A postal card
will bring me to you.
L. A. McCORD,
2aurensH, - South Carolina
Agents Wanted.
,ife of T. DeWitt Talmnage, by his
on, itev. lfrank D)owitt Talmage, and
tisoclate editors of Christian Herald.
>nly hook endorsed by Talmage family.
|normous profit for agents who act
uickly. Outfit ton cents. Write in
iedliately CL~AR.K & C0., 222 S. 4th
t., Philadelphia, Pa.
Mention this paper.
I. .1. IIAVNKi4woRTH, C. E. RonINSON
.. W. l'AaKKRL, Pickens, g, U
Iroegnvillo, S. (.
Saty uesworthIi,Parker &RbinSON,
Ast oseneys-.atLaw,
Pickenaii 0. H., - - South Canrolin~a
Practica ini all Courts. Attend to a
IjW'*Mo~nov to loan.
flj., u (ired in) thirty tosixy day's
*IIILUTen da - reia~lment FREEk.
IIIIliail',ou ldto glad to hutve names
of all suffering with Dropsy
O. 10. COLL4UM DROPSY MEDI
Cil NtCO., 3112-il3 Lowndee Building,
Arilanta Ga.

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