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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, July 31, 1902, Image 1

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THE PEOPLES JOURNA
VOL 12.-NO. 27, PICKENS, S. C, THURSDAY- ULY -
BRYAN'S SPEECH AT BOSTON.
AN A1'1IEAL FOR GENUlNI
1 1ItAi%ONY AMONG
1l,iMOCItATS.
11i6 Speeci Crentedl Great 14u
thiuNinsi Among the New
Einglnndery.
Four thousand Democrats asseimbled
at Nantaak(4, Mass, not far from Bos
t .i,) and participated in a distinctively
4 harmony " meeting, which had been
arranged by the New England Demo
cratic League, a new political organza
tion that is expected to show its
strength in thu fall cam lpaig n. The
principal speakers were 1dWIVa l .
Shepard, of New York, Edward W.
Carmack, of 'Tennessee, and William
J. Bryan, of Nebraska. A reception
was given to hecse gentleion at the
Rockland house, md( three hundred
iebniers of the Leagte sat down to a
ban(luet in the great dining room of
the hotel. Among those at the dinnr
was Miss tuth liryan, who is accon>
panying her father on this trip.
At the conclusion of the dinner tie
';rowd repaired to the mammoth tent
on the lawn in front of the hotel. In
at few minutes every seat was taken
and the canvas at the sides was re
moved in order that hundreds who
were unable to get in might see and
hear.
Mayor P. A. Collins, of Boston,
acted as " moderator," as he expressed
it, and presented the speakers in the
order named. Mr. Bryan delined har
iiny in a political party, as he under
stood it, and then spoke as follows
The great founder of the Democratic
party, Thomas Jefferson, whose pro
found philosophy sounded all the lepths
of human nature and measured the
hoighth and breadth of human govern
ment, not long before the end of his
eventful life, said in a letter. to Mr.
Lee, that there were but two perma
nent parties, the aristocratic and the
democratic ; that these two parties ex
isted in every country, and that where
there was freedom to think, speak and
write, these patties would become ap.
parent. With the aristocratic party
he classed " those who fear and dis
trust the people and wish to draw all
p3wer from then into the hands of the
higher classes." With the Democratic
party he classed "those who ideatify
themselves with the people, have con
fidence in them, cherish and consider
them as the most honest and safe,
though not the most wise, depository
of the public interests." ECvery well
informed student of history will recog
nize this distinction. In every com
munity you can draw a line separating
the aristocrat from the democrat. It
will not be a perpendicular line, nor
will it be a horizontal one ; it will not
separate tliote of illustrious lineage
from those of humble birth; it will not
separate the rich from the poor; it will
not separate the educated front the un
educated; it,will not be along lines of
vocation or occupation ; but it will sep
arate those " with the tastes, spirit,
assumption and traditions of the aris
tocracy " from those who " believe in
a government controlled by the people
and favor political and legal equality."
Jefferson was born of refined and
well-to-do parents ; he was even rich
for one of that p)ariodl, and he was
educated far above the most of his as
sociates ; he was a lawyer and his
social connections were favorablo to
aristocratic ideas, but, he was a D)emo
crat. Hie believed in the brotherhood
of man ; he asked for no privileges
thp.t could not be grant,ed to all ; he
claimed no rights that all did not en
joy, and he sought for himself no gov
ern mental care that he did not demand
for others. lHe believed in the rule of
the people, in their capacity for self
government and in their right to the
control of their own affairs. Hie did
not doubt that they would make mis
takes, but lie knew that they would
bear punishment for thLeir own mistakes
with more complacency than they would
endure p)unishmenit for the mistakes of
others, and he was certain that their
errr would be unintentional ones.
He~ knew that, as they found no p)rofit
in und laws, they would st,rive to cor
rect them and would profit by experi
ence. HIe was a friend of everything
that helped the peop)le, and the unre
lenting foe of everything that injured
them, lie was Identified with the
masses, and considered that insofar as
by inheritance or by his own efforts he
possessed any advantage over others lie
held that advantage as a trustee for
those less fortunate. The people loved
him because he first, loved them. He
organized a p)arty that has lived for
more than a century, and he so im
pressed his ideas upon the party that
no defeat, however overwhelming, has
been able to crush its spirit or dis
integrate it.
There can always be harmony among
Democrats who have the purpose that
Jefferson had and are willing to ein
ploy the, methods that Jefferson em
ployed. There can always be harmony
among Democrats who believe in a
government of the people and are wi
ing that all departments of the govern
mnent shall be operated by the people
and for the benefit of the people. Dif
ferences of the mind can be reconciled;
differences of purpose cannot. Be
tween one who is at heart an aristo
crat and one who is in reality a Deomo
crat there Is a great gulf flxed. And,
it may be added, among the aristo
crate there will be0 found the same dl
vlslde that exisi,s among the beasts of
prey-/-some have the courage of the
lion, and others the cunning and
treachery of the fox, but they can hunt
together if their object Is spoil1
whether it be avowed or concealed,
Between those really Democratic in
purpose there can be no personal or
permanent laonation, because having
no ulterior motives they are open to
arguments and amenable to reason;
being honest in purpose, they have
confidence in the triumph of their
cause, and are content to employ hon
est methods. They will neither con
spire against others nir against each
other. If they make mistakes iijudg
ment, as all are liable to do, they are
not only willing, but anxious to Corrcct
their mistakes. In politics, as in re
ligion, there is an essential difference
between a doubt of the head and a
doubt of the heart.
It is impossible to securo liarniony
between people of Opposite sy mupathies
and it is a difficult thing to change a
uan's sympathies. It requires a polit.
ical regouoration to make a D)emocrat
out of an aristocrat. It is a maich I
easier task to show a man that the
principles he has )een advocating and t
the policies which he has been 81p- <
porting are aristocratic in their pres. E
ent effect or in their tendencios. The i
Republican party of today is aristo- 4
3ratic im its poli(ics and tendencies for
t is controlled by a few in the intorest t
>f a few, but there are many tLepubli
ins who remain with their party only t
'cause they do not understand the [:
c'nge which has taken place in that I
Pa',y within the last few years. When t
the,olicy of a party is controlled by a
its t,ers, then the party stands for t
the \l of the majority, but when the ii
party i dominated by a small minority n
then e organization stands not for h
the wi\\nf the majority, but for the ri
will of kase who dominate it. There ri
can be ndoubt of the Democratic in- d
stinets ci large majority of the tl
members (the tepublican party, but h
that party t'.y is so controlled by or
ganized weath that the rank and file w
of the party a'e not consulted about Cl
the policies no; are the interests of the ir
rank and file couidered by the leaders. 11
With the exCgtA)n of the tariff ques. to
tion the Itepublitau party has not in t:
recent years honutly submitted a a
single important iane to the arbitra- 8t
ment of the ballot, or even to the el
judgment of the mechm.s of its own m
PParty. It has written ambiguous ni
platforms and fore its policies ti
through Congress after e1ctions. In v<
1896 it used a promise of lternational p<
bianetallism to conceal tr reid purpose (1
to fasten the gold strndari, on the be
country. In 1900 it practicr,t sam th
ieception on imperialism and on the to
trust question. Even withlln a month of
it has refused to announce ih purpose w
in regard to the Philippies, anl has ag
put off until after November the ps. m
sage of the subsidy bill and the c T
sideration of the trust question. Th1e tr,
leaders of the party show their laek of pc
vital faith in the doctrine of seli-gen fai
ernment by their unwillingness to take th
the people of the country, or even the i
voters of their own party, into their to
conhidonce. The hope of the Deo- u
cratic party lies in bringing this fact to I
the knowledge of those who have been
in the habit of voting the Republican
ticket. One aristocratic party in the
country is enougii. IDemitocratic suc
cess must he won, not by imitating
the Republican party, but by exposing
it-not by making the Democratic
party aristocratic, but by convincing
the people that it is really Democratic
and can be trusted to lefend Demo
oratic ideas andi to cultivate D)emo
eratic ideals. As there are rr.any in
the Republican p)arty who have ad
hered to the part,y niotwithstant(iIng
the change that the organization has
tndcrgone, so there are some who
call themselves D)emocrats who have
themselves undergone a change which
has alienat,ed them from the D)emo
cratic p)arty, or from any party worthy
of the name.
To attempt to patch up an app)arent
harmony between those who are not in
sympathy with Democratic purposes is
not only a waste of time, but would
prove disastrous. The men who de
sort,ed the party in 1896 may be divided
into two classes. Those who left be
cause they underst.ood the issue pro
sent,ed and those who left because they
did not understand the real nature of
the contest. Unt,il the former are
completely changed in their sympathies
they cannot return to the party with
out injuring it. The latter will be re
conciled to the part,y when they them
selves become aware of the real charac
ter of the life and death struggle now
being waged between plutocracy and
democracy. I say plutocracy, because
the aristocracy of today is one of
wealth rather than of birth, and it in
cludes not only those who have been
alienated from the common people by
the possession of great wealth, but
those who, although without wealth,
pander to it and measure all things by
a money standard. Organized wealth
has become so potent in governmental
affairs that some even now despair of
applying any effective remedy. But
such undlerestimate the patriotism of
the people and the strength of the
p)ublic conscience. The peop)le have a
remnedy within their power, namely the
ballot, and wit,h it they can and will
right every wrong and remedy every
grievance.
The Democratic party must have ai
controlling purpose, unchanged by vic.
tory or (defeat; it must stand for that
purpose, at all times and everywhere.
unmoved by threats. of disaster and
uninfluenced by promise~ of temporary
gaiu. It must have a charactgr, foi
character is as essent,ial in a party a
it is in an individual. Nogmne wil
trust an unstable man or one so with
out principle that his position upot
any moral question cannot be guessel
in advance. Neither will the peopl
trust a party that is willing to writ<
into its platform to-day anything tha
promises to catch a few votes or strik<
out of its platform tomorrow anythi
that will alienate a few votes. Ev
if it desired to do so our party cor
not compete with the Republican par
in the use of money in campaigns
in the deception or coercion of voter
because large campaign funds can on
be secured in return for the promi
of favoritisin, and our people are n
in a position to coerce. Our par
miust have principles and p)roclai
them; it. must stand by them and d
fend them, relying upon its faith :
the righteousness of those principlc
and upon its faith in the intelligen<
and patriotism of the people.
The struggle between human righ
the on one side and greed on the oth<
is an unending one. Our party mue
take p)art in the struggle, but tin
struggle cannot be permanently sel
Lied by this generation or by any ft
ture one. As the children of Israel
vandering in the wilderness, could no
itore broad for the morrow but wor
onipelled to gather manna each day
io the citizen finds it impossible t(
'est upon the achievements of yoster
lay, or to frame a government tha
vill run itsolf. le must labor today
omuOrrow and while life lasts if h<
vould be secure. le must meet eact
ew problem and examine each new
roposition that is submitted to the
cople, but in doing so he will employ
lie same purposes and apply the samn<
eneral rules. le cannot tell whal
?iiptations he may have or of whal
iiinediate gain he may have the pro
uise if he will but surrender his man
ood, but he knows, if he is an up
ght man, that lie will endeavor to
esist every temptation, and lie will
etermine to forego every advantage
iat, requires a surrender of his man
00d.
So with our party. We cannot tell
hat issues we may have to meet; we
in only determine to meet them
a Democratic spirit, to apply to
em Democratic principles and to
ke the people's side always. In 1892
te paramount issue was tariff reform
id the Democratic party boldly as
vted its demand for a tariff for rev
lue only. It fought the campaign
id it won, but its majority was so
irrow that a few Senators, disloyal to
e party on this subject, defeated the
,rdict of the people rendered at the
)lls. But the failure of the party to
al that it promised would not have
.en so disastrous but for the fact that
o Wilson bill, unsatisfactory as it was
tariff reformers, had to bear the sins
a Republican financial system which
,s supported by our administration
;ainst the protest of an overwhelming
ajority of the voters of the party.
lie defeat of 1894 was more disas
Dus than any that the party has ex
rienced since, and it was due' to the
et that the administration deserted
e people on the money question.
1890 thu money question had
rted to the front, made paramount
ot by the action of the majority of
1h( Democratic party, but by the at
etet of a minority of the party to aid
he liepublican party to chain the
couutry to an appreciating dollar.
Ytli(hhut abandonimng its position on
ie. e taitl question the party met this
su Md took the side of the people.
Ii rl'te of the desertion of many
forcrly conspicuous m its councils
the I?emoeratic party polled a million
moreA than it had ever pod be
foe II ould have had won but for
th w u,1ible methods of the Re
pbnl Y, wvhose leaders held all
theargth tilt Republicans by die
mouingt mtijtt issue to be piara
mount mfreesi 1the wrath of most of
tng finternav tiopublicans by promis
ing teradvocas himetallism, and won
all the valigto iof the gold standard
pose of the partyio the secret pur-oa
financial system. adot eve Euroen
would have won hutu eve then teha
borrowers were coerceorn te factotha
were intimidat,ed. dadepod
In 1900 the action of the RLepubl ican
party in turning a War Commenced for
humanity into a war of conquest, com
pelledi the consideration of another
question-a question so far--reahin i
its consequences that our -at rgt
fully declared it, to he the para rigt
issue. Without, abandoning aramoun.
tion on tihe tariff question or os
money question it again sphiOed the
people's side of a great issu5. .ht
did not win that year was due to a Con
junction of causes, any one of whiCh
would have been Insuflci ni to hay
accomplished defeat. The admiiat1
tion having carried on a brief and am,
cessful war fell heir to the enthusiaui
which usually attends a victorious Co,
fict; an unexp)ected1 increase in ti
supply of new gold and an unexpect
influx of European gold, cdue to lar
crops5 here and a famine abroad,
creased prices, relieved the stress
hard times and gave to the people I
benefits that always ,flow from a grc
lug volume of money. While the
vantages which followed a larger i
uime of money vindlicated the princi
contended for by bimetallists they w
appropriated by the party in pow
and those who were influenced by ci
dlitions, without attempting to real
the conditions, gave the. Republi4
party credit for an increasing pros2
ity.
The protected manufacturers,
course, stood by the administrat
which had given them a Dingley 1I
Trust promoters and trust magnai
recognizing in the Democratic p
an inveterate foe, and number
among their stockholders many of
moet, i. fuential Republicans, threij
their strength to the Republican pa
and by their support purchased
imunity from punishment. The
publicans- were greatly aided by
t other Influence, namely, the itluc
i of the financiers who not yet 11
ng completed their schemes were willing t
?n to risk trusts, imperialism or anything (
(d else rather than forego the advantage I
ty which they expected from a gold stand- v
or ard and a bank currency. In spite of C
a, all these obstacles the campaign of 1900 1
ly only showed a net change of 150,000 a
se votes in favor of the Republicans out a
At of a total vote of over thirteen millions. o
y
" ANOTHER SENSATION *
ti
AT GAFFNEY. T
s -a
e I)ITOR )LCAMP AND w
IE1UT. GOV. TILLMAN. W
a
r A Storiy Scene In Which I)e- 1i
t Cantp I'assKet the Lie Over to yc
t Tillman. m;
The State campaign meeting at Gaff. M
ney was one of the most exciting of
the series. It was an orderly gather
t ing, of about 500 voters with a number
a of ladies, which enided in great disorder, i
involving the most sensational inci
dent of the campaign. Col. Tillman 8
as details further on will show, was
reading an editorial from the Gaffney
Ledger charging him with " being a be
gambler, a liar and a drunkard." He he
was sarcastic in his comments and was ter
interrupted bylEditor DeCamp, of the te
Ledger, who assumed entire responsi- s
bility and defended with determina. .
tion his charges. In the ensuing dis- sai
cussion Mr. DeCamp offered " to
prove Col. Tillman a liar over his own wl
signature." When asked to furnish w
this proof Mr. DeCamp retired to his pr
tur
ofilce, submitting upon his return the do
evictence below. The scene was most do
sensational. Mr. DeCamp, with no Mr
excitement, resolutely pressed his ac- M
cusation amid noise and confusion tric
many cheers for Tillman, no small
amount for DeCamp and numerous re- hrs
marks addressed to either and both pro
and sometimes neither. All the gu- Ta
bernatori:al candidates were well re
i
ceived, Tillman, Heyward and Talbert t
leading. Mr. Gary received much
cheering and applause, as did Messrs. coil
Sharpe, Martin and Frost. The after- col
noon session had a full house, and this
was true when the gubernatorial candi.
dates were announced at 3 o'clock. Mr
Congressman Talbert was the first
speaker, and after tribute to ladies, he o
addressed the voters on responsibilities you
of the otfice sought. Has had some of
the necessary experience and has the th
manhooa for requirements. Trusts you
and monopolies, labor and capital dis- wi
cussed, and Commercial Democracy paic
vigorously assaulted. Wants wood
feeling with all classes. Educational
interest favored. Reiterated white I
and colored tax scheme. (Cheers.) De(
Issues forcibly diacusaed. Col. Tal
bert was heard most attentively. Inter- Mr.
rupted with cheers, especially on tax
scheme; closedwith applause.
The next speaker was Captain Hey- Mr
ward who was warmly received. e Mr.
came here as a stranger, knowing but CO
very few of these South Carolinians sa
and was most grateful for such greet
ing. This county destined to be one
of the greatest counties of South Car
olina. Paid a tribute to South Caro
lina womanhood. Then passed on to wht
his candidacy. All love feast issues veal
discussed, blend and centre in up- veal
building of our State. These issues the
discuesed in their exact meaning. Dis- the
pensUry, education, good roads, pen- paid
sions discussed. 'Tribute to Confeter- mgl
ate soldier. Heard with closest int,er-.
cat, and applause; 0108sed with~ ap- toim
plause,.o
Mr. Ansel came next with applause Doe
and, unfortunately, with a sore throat.we
He regretted this, but, muda i s...... DeC
Coming from *hm reari 6f t'he Pied
mont, port,ion of the State to which ing
Cherokee belonged; paidl his tribute toLAor
woman and her uplifting influences,.n
Comes with endorsement of Green-on
.yvile County; six years in Legislature; errc
comes with endorsement of five upperer
Sout,h Carolina counties as solicitor for if it
12 years; official record satisfactory,mi
always, to his constit,uents. Issues m
dliscussed and Mr. Ansel's voice inter
fered not with tihe interest of his hiear- and
ers. He was heard throughout with Noi
close attention, introduced Bro. Craf- me
ford to the Cherokee audience; closed iO
with applause. bu
Dr. Timmerman was the next speak- gre
er, claiming that he and Mr. Ansel, m
twice married, were the only true tha
frient'.s of the ladies. Has never had r
to medicate his private or official char-. pir
acter. Col. Talbert refers to " thim
ble rigging " in South Carolina poll. NA
-tics. This is something unknown to
-the speaker. hias what no competitor B
a can say, the endorsement of the p)eople
1of South Carolina. At home elected
'a to the Legislat,ure when lie was not a
Al candidate and under his protest, an
1e honor not bestowed on any other so
n- far ae ho knew. lie is standing in his At
of own shoes; running on his own name.
he Object of government is protection of co
w- aoCIety and issues so discussed. As of
te1 OWhen lie was treasurer, lie (lid not ge
ave to1 borrow money. Assailed Col. tr
pre Tsibert's white tax scheme; this is tu
edangerous. Closed with applause. it
or, Lient. Gov. Tillman was the next p
mn- and last speaker who came forward ai
ize with cheers and applause and hurrahs cc
an for Tilhan. Returned thanks for hi
or- this andl for past support. Glad to si
see these People face to race to let e
of them see it he Is the main painted. E
ion Appeals to his country, and by this to al
w ejudged; standing on his record. E3
es Referred aain to the ruling mneldpnt 'y
rin tffhe Fent n on to the swordg
ngaai.IlIiTg ese in detail, he
the found it necessary tenot,ice aneio ]
all rial in the G1affney L'6dger, published I
rty, some weeks ago,
im.. This editorial charged Col. Tillman
Re- with " being a gambler, a liar and a
an- drunkard." Col. Tillman was reading
ace the article, stopping for vigorous and
ave sarcastic characiztio on it co- ,
outs. The article stated that Coui
,hairman T. B. Butler and Mos
feCraw and Sarratt could substant
rhat was said. Turning to Mr. Bu
ol. Tillman asked to hoar from h
,oplying, Col. Butler said: " 1 ku
bsolutoly nothing about the statemc
ad the man who wrote it (lid so wi
at my authority.
Col. Tillman was proceeding in vig
is and sarcastic characterization
ie article when Editor DeCamp
he Ledger stepped upon the stage a
Ivancing directly to Col. Tillai
hom he faced, said: " I am the n
ho wrote the editorial and am
onsible for it." Turning to C
ler, Mr. DoCamp said: " Ha
u not been drinking with Col. Ti
in in Columbia?''
" Not more than with you," repli
r. Butler. (Cheers.)
The crowd was very noisy and vel
mnt now and the ladies left precil
ely, the scene being stormy at
roatening. Cheers for Tillman at
no for DcCamp;- various cries an
gestions to both and general mov
nt among the audience. The chai
n's gavel and other noises wei
trd. Mr. DeCamp stood his grour
olutely and again expressed with d,
mination his authorship and respoi
ility.
' Then you are the author of som4
ug of which you should be ashamed.
1 Col. Tillman. Mr. DeCamp
,l reply made a terrific comnmotio
on he said: " Col. Tillman I ca
ye you a liar over your own signi
e." Col. Tillman requested him t
so and Mr. DeCamp went to hi
3e for the proof. In the meantim
Caughinan who had been absenl
d to speak but no one heard.
ol. Tillman was proceeding wit
speech when Mr. DeCamp returned
ducing the two letters below, h
ed again that he could prove Co]
man a falsifier and read the letter
ch were in reply to bills sent fror
a to time regarding an advertisin
unt which he had not been able t
oct. Following is a verbatim cop
be letters:
Edgelleld, Jan. 3, 1902.
E. H. DeCamp, Editor Grit an
Leel, Gaffney, S. C.
have received several letters fron
enclosing bill for advertising ii
and Steel. I beg to say that
k if you will refer to your booki
will find that all these bills I madi
Grit and Steel were promptll
and in advance.
Y'jurs truly,
igned) Jas. I. Tillman.
eplying to another bill from Mr
amp, came the following letter:
Columbia, S. C., Feb. 12, 1902.
E. I1. DeCamp, Business Managei
rit and Steel, Gaffuey, S. C.:
rhile I am satisfied that I have al.
y paid the bill which you sent U
Sherard, I hand you under thu
ir my check for $4 in payment o1
e. Kindly acknowledge receipt.
Yours truly,
Jas. H. Tillman.
r. DeCamp - maintained that Col,
nan knew he owed the accounl
n he denied it and he also insistec
the contents of the two letters re
ed this fact. Mr. DeCamp fur.
remarked as he finished readint
letters that Col. Tillman had nevei
the bill and knew that he was ly,
when lie wrote the letter. Col
nan asked Mr. DeCamp to hani
the letters. Mr. DeCamp ref used
o so. Col. Tillman insisted. Mr
amp) again refusin,g. gg 'a
3 read them, and Mr.
amp handed them to him, stand.
by Col. Tuliman while lhe read,
sr reading Col. Tillman said: "11
ly had one matter on my mind al
I would have known, but afte1
muting my books and finding the
*r, I sent him the money due him.'
[r. DeCamp then wanted to knov
took six letters to find out one
take in a set of books. There wal
h noise and excitement in thi
lence, much cheering, some hissing
a majority of the audience by an;
ans were cheering. Most of thu
se seemed to be in favor of Tillmarl
Mr. DeCamp, who firmly and ai
eslvely stOd his ground, was by n
mns without friends and supporter'
ualiy Chairman Butler regardin
t Col. Tillman's time limit had e>
id, adjourned the meeting.
MNCY HART KILLED TORIE!
L4L ARP' TELL4S ABOUT I'
SKnows Somec of 11cr li
Ives Who Have the Tr':
3rit.
lanta Constitution.
A. few months ago seine dloubti:
rrespondents hinted that the stc
Nancy Hart was probably an ext
rated romance or a handed (10'
idition or maybe a myth. It is I'
nate that the doubt was published,
awakened and aroused the good<
ople of Elbert and Hart count
ud brought to light facts and reco:
>ncerning the old ladiy that mi1
wve passed into oblivion. That
ory of her heroism is true is u
itablished as clearly as it was wi
art County was cut off from Elt
ad named for her, the only count3
reorgia that was named for a worn
While this newspaper controversy
oing on down In Georgia there wi
'real. strapping Virginian named 1
ee,~ 6 1-2 feset high and large in
ortion, operating the passenger
artment of the Lackawanna rair<
ie is the greategrand-.son of Nu
lart, descended from her in a bee
ins through honorable Virginia an
eors. He knew nothing of this
trovey concording his maternal
oty costor, and said recently when speak
srs. iug of her that it was the sorrow of hit
iate life that he was not personally ac
tier quainted with her.
m. Ton Lee is a great favorite amon,
ow the railroad ollicials. Very. recently
nt, he wished to try the work and speed
th- of a new monster locomotive and in
vited the presidents and superintoi.
or- dents of several railroads and forty
of three editors and newspaper men to
of go with him on a special to Pocona
nd mountains and back again. On the
in, northern roads the superintendents noy
an have an indicator or Dutch clock in
re- their private car that registers the
Dl. speed. " What (1o you want?" said
ye Ton Lee. " Well, about 70 miles,"
11- said the editor. The speed was then
55 miles an hour, but quickly the clock
Qd registered 56, 57, ,8, 00, 65, 70, where
it remained for several minutes while
e- the engimeer was holding her down to
i- an even, steady pace. A glassful of
id water on the floor would not have
id slilled a drop. Toni Lee said.( " I
d would have given you 80 if you had
E - asked for it." After a while they stop
r- ped at the Swiftwater house, where
"e Washington and Lafayette played cro
d quot after the war was over and where
3- Joe Jefferson spends his summers.
i- Tomi Lee knows his lineage and that
his parents were Virginians and nearly
i- related to the Harts, for whom Thomas
" Hart Benton was named.
For the sake of many children who
have never heard the story, I will
briefly relate that (uring the dark days
' of the Revolution live tories came to
D her cabin and ordered her to get (lin
nor for them. She did so and while
they were eating and drinking and
' their guns were set up in the corner of
the room she quietly took them out
i side, and standing at the door with one
in her hand she drew aim on the leader
a and ordered them to surrender or lie.
. One man staited toward her and she
a shot him dead and seized another gun
i and shot another who had risen from
the table. With another gun she kept
the others quiet until some neighbors
cameland they were taken prisoners.
No doubt this is a true story and a man
had better not move to E0lbort or IIart
county and express any doubts about
it. I have been there and know. Some
years ago I lectured in Hartwell and
from there jouneyed to .Elberton in a
buggy with a preacher. We got a late
start and the preacher's horse wanted
to slow up at every house where there
was a woman in sight, and when we a
got to the river the ferryman was away
and we had to wait an hour for him to
come back.' So it was dark when we
reached Elberton. The court house
was lighted up and Seemed full of peo.
p)1,. and thte boys were rapping and
calling for "Arp," "Bill Arp." The i
preacher unloaded me near by and told
me to go up stairs and open the ball
while he went home to put up his
horse. As I hurried in the door the
doorkeeper stopped me and said:
Hold on, my friend, you haven't
paid." I modestly told him that I was
the speaker. " Oh, yes," said he.
" Ma3 be you are and maybe you ain't.
Several other men have tried to pass a
on that schedule. I reckon you had C
better pay." So I paid a half dollar 1
to go in and hear myself talk, but I 1
got half of it back when we divided
proceeds.
Now, I don't know that Nancy
could read or write, but she cound
shoot and in war ti,u" "h,t I jtr.
a.d.*fjralisoslr, Tom Lee, has
never tarnished the name or fame of
the family. When John Randolph
boasted of his ancestral blood, Tristam
Burgess, of Rhode Island, his bitter
enemy, rose up to say that good con
duct in posterity was of motre conse
quence thtan good blood in ancestors. t
"I have great reslpect," saidl he, " for (
the gentleman's English blood and(l
his Indian blood, but, he should remem
ber that lhe is removed from them by
several generat,ions and that only one
Ssixty-fourth part of Lord Rolle or Poca
homntas blood flows in his veins. That
is not much to boast of. The rest is
Swidely scattered, dilut.ed and dlegene
rated." Burgess and Randolph had
many sp)aVs like that, but they never
came to blows.
T1here ttever was a time in the South
landl when so much eager iterest was
manifested in tracing up ancestry
lineage. I receive letters almost daily
from good people, from Carolina to
Texas, asking for help to trace up and
,prove their claim to joini the Sons or
Daughters of the R.evolution or to
service of their father or grandfather
in the civil war of forty years ago.
The genealogical dlepartment of The
Constit,ution and George Smitht's week
cly contributions to The Jlournal are
doing valuable and interesting work on,
these lines.
og TPhere is one o,ther line that has been
ry shamefully neglect.ed. From lirst to
ig- last there were near 90,000 Georgia
vn soldiers in the Confederat,e army, and
ar- yet there is no record of them-neitth
ror or in the counties nor te State nor at
>1d Washington. I do not suppose there
les are ten -in a htund red of these soldiers
eds whose children or grand-children or
ght near relatives can prove themselves.
he Colonel Avery (11( t,he best lie could to
ow make up a roll of each regiment and
ien name the officers and the captains of
ort the companies, but there is no roll of
in the men nor a record of who was
an. kied. Some companies chauged theol
was captains from three to eight times, bu
as a what became,Of those who dropped out'
'om Colonel Avery says: " The following
>ro- list is painfully . imperfect. It wa
do- taken. from the Confederate war re
>ad. cords at Washington, D. C., and fros
ncy the meager documents in the Georgi
line archives and such personal Informe
cs- tion as could be had. The war dolpar
con- mont of the Confederacy was moi
an- loosely run. Regimental muster rolE
UNE DOLLAR A YEAR
Wre mingled and confused; the con.
Sstantly occurring changes were not
noted.",
Now, ask any old soldier. Can you
eirove your service by any undoubted
evionce? i there any record that
you c n go tot Two years pgo Gover
nor Candler alluded to this shameful
neglect in his nessage and urged the
anpoidmen or n 0110 to gather up
andi make record of these Georgia
soldiers before the Witnesses were all
dead, but nothing was (one. Why 410
not the veterans dcnlandt it? It would
cost but littleperlaps the salary of a
good gran for a year. 'The children
ant grante-iidren of th('sc soldiers are
interested and have a right to demand
the ireservation and record of their
fatier's or grandfather's honorable
service. Why not? Will there be
enougi veterans or patriotis in the
nexst LAegisl to see to tllle and have
establishled a mnusteir :o11-somne kind
of a roll that the h utublest citizen can
point to as his hall of fame?
Bii.i. AI'.
Mother----I suppose your father
doesni't mean to do it, but he tries my
patience very hard at times.
I)aughtel-O, I think papa is a
pret-ty good man.
Mother-Ile is, my dear; but it is
hard to think that after wt, have been
married twenty years he still oc
casionally talks back.
I respectfully announce myself as a
-andlidate for re-election as Railroad
Uommissioner. Conscious of duty
well performed, I request support.
J. C. WILOR1101N.
CASTOR IA
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
Dears the
CJASA R'S
I-HAI) HOTEL.
Open front J atne 1st to Oct. 1st
4000K feet above sea level. Popular re
or!. Room for 200 guests. :i0 miles from
reenvile, 1i from lirevard, N. 0. Desira
le cottages for families. Resident plh ysi
ian. ' e)lone and daily malls. Hot
nid cold baths. Encianthing scenery, flow
ug springs. Te'Imporature from 5 to 75
legrees. heasonable rates. All ministers
5 per week. Write J. B. Bramlett, Mari
tta, S. ., about hack transportation. For
nformatiorn address,
J. K 01VINN, MANAURR.
Ctesar's Head, S. 0
Pianos & Organs.
We are selling lots of them and sav
ng every purchaser much money.
The Kindergarten Organ is the pret
lest and best organ made for the price,
bnd no other organ has the new seven
:oior lreys--which make it nossible to
earn in a few minutes. Let no one
)revent your buying this organ.
The McPhail Piano is unsurpassed
or tone and beauty. Terms riaht
3end for prlc-3. Don't d l.
L A.. .ncaord, Mrr'g.,
Oflice, Laurens, S. C.
Why Not Save The
VIiddle-Man's Profit?
The McP'hall Piano or Kindergarten
)rgan direct to the buyer from faa
ory. WrIto me if you wish to buy an
)rgan or Piano, for I can save you
noney. T travel South Carolina, and
rould be pleased to call ar.d show you
ny Pianos and Organs. A postal card
viii bring me to you.
L. A. McCORD,
Laurens, - South Carolina.
lI .1. INI uxwoItrr, C. [M. ltiBNHoN
b. WV. PA un scn, Pkens, 8. C
(Ireenville, S. (I.
II ayne SWOr tl, Iarker' & RI.iin ,
A i IorhneyN-a-Law,
Pickens C. if., - - South Carolina
P'racticoa In all Courts. Attend to a
gg-Monio,v to loan..
IVY M. MAULDIN,
A ttorney at Law.
Pickens.S. 0,
Prauctico ini all theiCourt.
Oflco over Earlo's DrugStore
Medical College
of Virginia.
....IKatabHIshedL 1838....
Departments of Medicine Dentistry
and Pharmacy. For particulars and
catalogue address, Christopher Tomp
kins, M. D., Dean, ichmond, Va.
ANDERSON BABB,
Contractor and Builder
Plekensi, 8. (1.
WM. P'. CAI4IIOUN.
Attorney at Law,
113 WVest Court S9t. GREE~NVLLEn, ~. U
t Practice in all the. courts, 3ta ~nd.
5 federal,

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