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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, August 07, 1902, Image 1

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PEOPLE'S JOURNAL.
VOL 12.-NO. 27. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 7, 1902
IAST.WOI)l)S OF (t IAT ME N
HIll1 Arp Ta'ikeH Conssolation
F rou )ying Vords of I)anicl
Webster.
Atl'anta Constitution.
" i. still live." I was ruminating
about the last words of grea'. men, and
those of Daniel Webster always im
press me with peculiar force. On the
very confines of eternity, on the brink
of the everlasting change that he knew
was at hand, his great mind seemed to
he studying and waiting for the mo,
ment of his departure---waiting and
watching for the separation of the soul
from the body, and wondering how he
would pass the crisis. There was no
fear, no dread, as he calmly whisper
ed, " l still live," and immediately
died. His body died, and what was
the next vision of his great soul the
world would like to know, but it is for
bidden. I thought of all this not long
ago as I seemed to be drawing near the
end and approached the confines of
that undiscovered country from whose
bourne no traveler returns. I was
Serions and solemn with expectation,
but was not alarmed, for my faith is
that my Maker will take care of inc
and of all others who love Him and try
to do right. All that troubled ile was
the separation from those I love and
their grief at my departure. Two
months is a long time to be a child
again without vital force enough to
walk alone. But I have passed the
crisis, and though weak and nervous
am on the up-grade, and can walk
ab-mt the garden and carry the little
grandchild in imy arms and give him
flowers and feast on his smiles and
care;SC.
Well, that is enough on that line.
You readers can find sermons and
prosy commentarios on sickness and
death on another page. "Carpe diei."
Let us enjoy the day and be tbankful
that we still live. But to drop rever
ently from the sublime to the ridicu
lous. I recall that when I was young
a number of us were quoting the last
words of great men such as Seneca and
P1lato and Calvin and Luther and one
said: " Well, you know what Daniel
.Webster said'?" No, we did not re
member and he replied: " Why he
opened his great big eyes and looked
at his friends who were weeping around
him and whispered, ' Boys, don't cry;
I am not deai yet.'
Forty-one years ago last Sunday the
battle of Manassas was fought. It
was the fIrst hattle of the civil war and
made a deeper impression upon those
engaged in it than any other. Comu
pared with the great battles that came
after it, it was almost insignificant, for
theic was only four hundred and
seventy Federal killed and three hun
dred and seventeen Confederates. The
Federal account gives sixteen hundred
of their army as missing. That is a
mistake, for by four o'clock they were
all missing. Our cavalry couldn't find
them, though they followed their trail
of discar,ed guns and haversacks for
miles and miles. There never was
such a rout and such a panic during
the war. We didn't have enough wa
gons next (lay to gather up the scat
terel munitions of war, and it took
McDowell a month to call in his army
of twenty-seven thousand men and re
organize. But in the long run they
got even with us and a little ahead, and
the Grand Army is still bragging how
four of them whipped one of us in four
years. That's all right. We are
satialled with our record and it, grows
brighter as t,he years roil on. Anno
Dlomini will tell.
The other day my doctor said I must
take some exercise and lie took his
mother and me up the river road for a
few miles to the ruins of the Cooper
ironi works. 1I, was awild, weird, ghostly
lace on the banks of the Etowah,
where once were rolling milla and
foundry and furnaces and flour mills
andl tan yards and hundreds of cottages,
where happy laborers and mechanics
lived. But Sherman's army burned
and dlestroyed -everything, and since
thein most of the crumbling walls have
fhalleL and1 the trees have grown up in
their midst, and wild vines have climb
ed the trees and nothing is visible but
ruins and the sad spectacle of a cruel
amti brut,al war. But this is one burn
ing that, according to the rules and
usages of war, was justified, for these
iron works wore making cannon for
the Confederacy. 'It, was the lone
-sonme chimneys of the poor all along
his line of march that marked his bru
tality and proved his assertion that
"war Is hell."
But no more of this. While view
ing these ruins my memory went back
to the time when Joe Brown was
Governor and ordered that 5,000 pikes
he made with a spear point and a side
blade curved downward like a reap
hook and a long handle in a socket, so
that, our boys might take 'em coming
and going. If they didn't run we were
to spear 'em, and if they did run we
were t,o overtake 'em and hook 'em
back. -That's what old, man Lewis
told me, and he was the master mechanic
who miade themi, and he still lives near
here and is in his 88th year. I saw
him today and he steps light and
springy, ie is an Englishman. "Mr.
Lewis," said I, " why didn't the Geor
gia boys use these pikes ?" " Well,
you see," said he, " the old army of
Ilecers who were drilling our boys at
ig Shanty looked at these pikes and
saidl to the Governor; * What will the
enemy be doing with their guns whle~
our boys are rushing on t,hem with
these pIkes? They will shoot our boym
down before they can,.get to them,' and
-they made so much fun over the pikem
that,. they were refused. West, Poli
wouldn't have anything that was noi
bused at, West Point."
And so the ft.rther manufacture o
pikes was stopped and those that were
made are now scattered all over the
country as curios for museums. A
sister of mine says she saw one of them
not long ago in a museum in Boston.
But still 1 don't see why spears are
any more out of order than bayonets
when a desperate charge is to be made.
" Charge bayonets!1" is in the West
Point tactics, and why not " Charge
pikes?" They are an awful looking
weapon, and if they were coming at
me and my gun was to miss fire I
should drop it and run like a turkey.
I had rather be bored with a bullet
than stuck like a hog. But it is all
over now, and we have beaten our
spears into pruning hooks according to
Scripture and will not learn war any
more, except when the mulattos and
niggers refuse to give up their lands to
us. We want more land for teiritory
and more niggers for subjects.
But I hear the dinner bell and must
go-not to partake of the feast, but to
say grace and pieside and inhale the
savory odor of roast lamb and green
corn pudding and look at the peaches
and cream for dessert. They let me do
that and give mo nothing but soup and
rice for my share. My tomatoes are
now in their prime and it pleases me
to gather them in the early morn. My
largest weighed two pounds, lacking
two ounces, and was a beauty. It was
working them in the hot sun and then
filling up with ice water that laid me
up. trLL ARP.
TilI TEXTII;E INDUSTRIIS.
South Carolina 11ns the First
Place inl the South as to the
Cotton Mills.
The United Slates census report on
cotton manufactures, gives South Car- I
>lina the first place in .he South among 4
the cotton mills. It gives the compara. I
Live strength of the leading States to
be in 1900
Spindles. Looms.
South Carolina.... 1,431,3119 42,663
North Carolina. .. .1,133,432 25,469
Eleorgia ............. 817,345 1u,398 t
Alabama ......... 411,328 8,549
rexas........... . 48,756 1,018
The report shows that the product I
n South Carolina is second only to
.hiat of Massachusetts in value in cloths,
theetings and twills, and that the value
if the product in South Carolina of
aoths, theetings and twills is $29,..
r23,919. The census bulletin has this
'emarkable and certainly mobt inter
%sting statement :
" It was not possible, of course, to
iccount for all the exports declared I
ipon the clearing of vessels for foreign
?orts, since a considerable part of the
lomestics sold abroad are made for the f
meo market and are purchased for l
tale in other countries after they have
)assed wholly out of the control and f
he knowledge of umnufaturers ; but,
o far as the managers of mills are able
,o trace their products, they furnished c
goods for export during the year 1899
1900 to the value of $15,357,502, or c
ibout live-eighths of the value of cloth t
;xported during the fiscal year. Almost c
;0 per cent. of the total value repre.
onts the product of Southern mills t
md nearly 37 per cent. the goods of
New England. It is an interesting
fact that South Carolina, which was 1
istorically and politically during the
years precedling the civil war the most,
conspicuouis champion of a policy fa- i
vorable to the exportation of raw cot
ton, upon which the planters most re
lied, andl opposed1 to the fostering of
manufactures of cotton, spunl in its I
own mills in 1900 a quantity of cottoni
exceedimg the half of its own cropm andi
export,ed close upon one-half of all the I
cotton~ cloth reported to the census as
having been dispatched to foreign<
countries. The exact percent,age of
South Carolina of the total export re
p)orted was4..
The Atlanta Journal , in commenting
upon the census report concerning cot
ten statistics, has the following p)erti
nent comparisons:
If anybody had predlictedl twenty
years ago that b)y this time the Sout,h
would have attained her present im
port.anc.e in the iextile indust,ry lie
would have been lau'ghea~ at. There
has been nothing in the same line any..
where comparable to this adIvanlce in
the part of the count,ry that has b)een
called slow by those who either know
little about, it or intentionally 'misrep
resent it. The actual facts and figures
tell a story of the South's progress in
textile mnanufactures (luring the last
two decades that is more eloquent than
any words that could be used on the
subject.
The official figures of the last census
show that the capital invested In the
South in the textdle industry was but
$25,379,140 in 1880 and by 1900 had
grown to $146,840,155. The capital
in the same indlustry in New England1
in 1880 was $201,61,147. In 1900 it
was $524,899,302. Thus while t,he
capital in the textile industry of the
South had increased 478 per cent, in
tweny years that, of New FCngland h ad
increased only 100 per3 cent.
The actual and relative increase in
the value of thme textile product,s of the
South was quite as remarkable. 1t
grew from $25,6318,246; in 1880 to
$114,887,668 In 1900. The figures for
he Neew England mills were $310,542,
352 in 1880 and $412,876,976 in 1900.1
Tlhe value of the textile product of tIhe
South inereased in twenty years 348
per cent. and that of New England
only 32 per cent. The Increase of t,he
whole counit'y In these two items of
cap)ital Invested In the textile industry
and the value of it,s product for the
,period mentioned was 142 per cent, for
,te former and 6$5 per cent. for the
lat,ter..
I n 1880 t.he invatmanten the& .
dustry in the Sorith represented 0 per
cent. of all in the country, and in 1900
14 per cent. In the same period the
proportion of the value of the products
in the South advanced from 4 to 1:1
per cent. of the total for the country.
The South has gone much further
forward in the textile industry than
she was in June, 1900, when these
figures were taken. The next census
will have a report to make o: Southern
industrial progress that will be even
more marvelous than that at which the
world is now wondering.
A VICT( xfY FORt ICI414INGIC.
The F;tit AgainMt Alleged TrusMt
Rtemun<le to1 State CoulrtH.
Charleston Evening Post.
In the United States Circuit Court
today judge Simonton handed down
his decision in the case of the State of
South Carolina against the Virginia.
Carolina Chemical company, granting
the motion of the plaintiff for the re-'
mand of the case to the State court.
The decision is a victory for Attor
ney (eneral Bellinger. It will be re- t
called that several months ago Attor
ney General Bellinger brought action
against the Virginia-Carolina Chemi- e
cal company, in the Richland County
court, under the anti-trust act, alleging t
that the company was purchasing and e
acquirimg a mionop)oly of the fertihzter ,
industry, contrary to law.
The attorneys for the company e
inoved before Judge Buchanan for a
transfcr of thle suit, to tho Federal ~
ourt. alleging the act to be in deroga- a
Aion of the constitution of the United
Slates. The judge refused the motion, V
)ut the attorneys secured copies of
,he proceedings and filed them in the
tircuit court and later Judge Simonton t
teard the arguments on the motion
>f Attorney General Bellinger for the c
emand.
Judge Simonton's decision is lengthy, r
.otaining many law citations. The (
ourt notes that, accompanying the r
ecords, there is no order of the State r
ourt removing the suit. " But from e
idmissions," continues the court, e
nnde at the bar and from the t
rhole tenor of the arguments, it ap- t
ears that the absence of the order, 1
emoving the cause, was not based 4
ipon the insufliciency of tie bond, but n
ipon the legal ground that the case
nde by the plaintiff, (lees not raise u
lie Federai question on which alone e
his court can take jurisdiction. The
uestion involved in this discussion is r
;rave and beset with difliculty. The e
tato has the right to have the case
rought by her, tried in her own
ourts, unless the constitution of the
Jutted States has secured to the do
endant the right of protection in the
Oederal court."
Judge Simonton ruled that the Fed
ral question did not appear on the V
ace of the record, and lie was bound c
o go by the record and remand the e
ase to the State courts. The decision
hows that the act of the Legislature t
ontained no mention of the constitu- t
ion of the United States, and no rights, e
laims, privileges and .immunity of r
ederal statutes which would bring t
lie act into any relation or conflict
'ith the Federal law. The court etates,
towever, that a Federal question might a
e raised hereafter in the State courts, t
nd in such an event a direct appeal t
an be taken to the Uniited States Su' s
rome Court from the State Supreme ~
~ourt,.
WVA'rER F-Of SH!EEP.-An important
point, ini successful sheep) manlagemnent E
s the water supply. While good water 6
s a great thing in growing all kinds of 1
ive stock, it is especially so with the I
heeop, which is not only a dainity feed- I
~r but a dainty drinker, and will only
ake bad, st,agnlant water into its(
itomach when dlriven to it by thirst.
N{ot only wvill it suffer for the want oft
Irink when the supply is had, b)ut it ist
mubject, to more dliseases, usually para
sitic, that have thelir origin in p)olluted
water, than any other of the domest,ic
mnmmals. Whlere the flocks get, their I
mupply from surface water courses
Liable to pollut,ioni of all kinds, sick
sheep may be exp)ected with the ag
gravat,ion that, it is oft.en impossible to
tietermiuo whlat is the matte: with the
animals or what t.o (10 for them. With
such a source of supply, also, a rainy
season, wvhich washes the soil from
long dist,ances and( brings dlown ac
cumulations of filth, is likely to increase
the amount of obscure disease lin the
flock, it is also no unusual cause of
scours in lambs. We generally look
for the cause of scours in t,he feed, but,
quite as often it is due to impure
water. Everybody is familiar with
the disturbance in the human family,
particularly in hlot weather, which fol
lows the use of bad water. The
stomach of the !ao' , and even the
sheep, is quite as seeptible to dan
gers from thlis source as is that of the
shepherd. We oft,en see flocks on
fairly goodI pastures, that ought to do
well so far as' feed is concerned, show
ing a lack of thrift and a general dull
ness for which there seenms to he at
first blush no apparent reason. Very
of ton an examinat,ion of the water
supply will reveal the cause.
Governor Cummins, of Iowa, is one
of the bes8t authorities in that State
upon forestry. .He has mastered the
subject thoroughly, having originally
taken it up somo years ago as an
amulseent and liaving stuck to it, ever
since.
I respect,fully announce myself as a.
candidate for re-elect,ion as Railroadi
Commissioner. Conscious of duty
well p)er fornmed, 1 request support.
J. C. WILIIORN.
BRYAN IS NOT A CANI)I)ATE
-ie Tilinks a Private Citizen
IIN Greater Jiotir Than i
King1..
On Saturday afternoon, in the pre
senCe of an audience of 4,000 persons
assembled in the amphitheatre of tho
Mountain Lake Park Chautauquan As
:ociatioi, Md., Win. Jennings Bryan
liscussed the problems of government.
Mr. Bryan prefaced his address, which
was of two hours' durati-n, with a
lenial that he will again seek to be
eomc the national stannard bearer of
ie Democratic party, his denial being
,ontained in the following phrases:
"I hope you will give me credit for
he possession of a higher ambition
han to be satisfied with the oilce of
L'resident of the United States. I am
;oo democratic to covet an ambition
hat only a few in one generation can
hare. I prefer the honor of being a
rivate citizen, an honor greater than
hat of a King."
Throughout his discussion of the
nomentous problems now engaging
ho attention of the two great polilical
arties Mr. Bryan occasionally tapped
vein of quiet humor that generated
miles on many countenances.
" You will recall," he said, " that
lie Republicans have had two telling
hances at me, and on this occasion I1
tould seek one at them. In dealing
nth the theme of 'Problems of Gov- 1
rnuent' 1 shall endeavor to inject
nough religion to suit a Republican
lid onough politics to carry favor with
Democrat."
Mr. Bryan stated that primarily it
ras his purpose to deal with the moral
hiase of the subject. I[e declared ti
at the partiuan discussion of the
riff, free silver, the trusts and im
crialism had been dragged down by
impaign orators into the mire of dol
trs and cents. In civilization, which t
ir. Bryan delined as the harmonious
evelopment of the human race, e
iorally, mentally and physically, he
egar(led the cultivation of the moral t
lenient as a paramount issue and do- j
lured that history supported his con- i
.ntion that moral decay had preceded
lie ruin of every nation that had fal
n. " A nation," said Mr. Bryan, I
is strong only in proportion to its
ioral excellence."
-Ie declared that the present Ad
iinistration had developed a tendoncy i
amend God's holy ordinances,
Thou shalt not steal," "Thou shalt (
ot kill," " Thou shalt not covet," i
tc., by adding an apologetic clause,
save when done on a very large t
cale."
Reference was made to the Philip
ine question and the conduct of the
merican soldiery in suppressing the
isurrection. lie denounced "imi
erialism " at great length, then re
erted to the currency question, pro
aiming himself as devobt an apostle
f free silver as ever.
He further denounced what he
rined the plutocracy of wealth, the
riff and injunctions, and said that the a
ily possibility of suppressing anarchy
ested in the education of the people
o love their government. t
Mr. Bryan stated, with marked em
hasis, that if he had the power every
rticle manufactured by trusts would
c placed upon " the free list," al
bough he sincerely doubt.ed if this
tren uous and radical measure would
iholly frustrat,e the trusts.
A NE~W RAI LROAD) DEiA [.--It is an
2nouncedl from Baltinore that the
eaboard Air Line Railroad Company
as b)oughit the South and Western
lailway. The latter is a new comn
any, under which two or more roads
nill be consolidlatedl. It owns the
)hio River and Charleston Railroad,
vhichi it is proposed to extend from
he coal fields of Southwest Virginia
> Limcolnton, N. C., where, accordmng
> the plans, connection is t,o be0 made
*ith the Seaboard Air Line. The
clieme for this dlevelopment was
nanced by the Union Trust Company
if Baltimore. TIhe promoters of the
chneie announce that the route plan
)ed will be the shortest line from the
rirgimia coal fields to the Atlantic
~oast and the South.
The proposed roadl will be about, 275
niles in length, but it is thought thatj
~he mileage will be increased by it,s ex-|
ension in a northerly (direction. Con
section may 1)e madle wit,h the D)etroit
outhiern at Iront.on, Ohio. TIhe De
troit Southern operat,es from Detroit to
Nellston, Ohio, via Lima, :343 miles,
with branches 80 miles, a total of 408
miies.
The Ohio River and Charleston Road
extends from ,Joh nston City, Tenni.,
to Huntdale, N. C., a distance of 34
miles. It was originally th,e Tennes
se section of the Charleston, Cincin
inti and Chicago project. The Caro
lina portion of this road was built from
Camden, S. C., to Marion, N. C., 171
miles, and Is now known as the South
Carolina and Georgia Ext,ension, and
is controlled by the Southern Railway.
The Ohio River andl Charleston was
recently sold1 by Samuel Hunt, & Co. to
the Shouth and Western, of which
(3eorge L. Carter, of Bristol, Tenn.,
who organized the Virginia Iron, Coal
and Coke Company and the Virginia
and Southwestern Railway Company,
Is preuldent,.
CASTOR IA
Por infants and Children.
The KInd You Bays Always Bough:
Bears the
IANI) OF TI1R CI.,4H'I IAI,
A.nericau CapiintlistM Will Ilii
Gran1d Tr-nk I,ine in Cliinn.
It is learned from an authoritato
source, says the New York Journ
of Con,curee, that tentative arrang
nents have been made for placing tI
8-10,000,000 in bonds which the Amt
ican China Development Compat
has been authori.ed to issue by imip
rial decree of the Chinese gover
ment.
These bonds are for the purpose
completing the tailroad letween lIla
kow and Canton. It will be a nmatt
of several months before the boun
can be engraved and ready for deli
ery, and it is hardly considered prol
ble that the transaction involving tih
sale will be completed within a yet
There is, therefore, little indication
my very active physical work in t
completion of the new, road under t
lirect stimulus of the hond issue.
It cannot be learned whether the e
ire issue of bonds will be taken
,his country or whether Europei
mtbscriptions will bo invited. It
,onsidered probable, however, that tl
asue will have an international chara
or, as the board of directors of tl
ime1 ican Clina Developmen t Con
any has foreign members. The ne
ssary futids wit,h which to begin t
aractical work of building the first se0
ion of road were subscribed by th
tockholders some months ago an
yore deposited with J. P. Morgan <
Jo.
The now bonds are a gold issue beni
rig interest at the rate of 5 per cen
ad running for fifty years. A highl
muportant feature of the enterprise i
lie large amount of supplies whic
rill be required. It has been authoi
Latively stated that the bulk of corc
ract.s for Buch suppilies will be0 place
it this country, this being the cheap
at market.
The railroad is to be virtually a con
inuation of the iu lan hue, the oi
eetive point of which is Ilankow
vhicl has been aptly described at
I the Chicago of China." Althoug
ivided from the adjoining town o
lanyang by the ian river and frou
Vu Clang, which is the capital of tl
rovince, by the waters of the Yan
'se, Ilatnkow constitutes, with it
ioighboring cities, one great center c
opulattion, numbering considerabl
ver 2,000,000 souls. But when a rai
oad has reach. d Ilankow at a distanc
if 650 miles from Pekin, it has barel
raversed half the breadth of Chi
rom north to south.
It is at this point that the America
Jhina Dlevelopment Coupany wi
ake up the work of construction, con
Inning the road from Iankow, o1
>roperly speaking, from Wu Chan,i
>n the southern bank of the Yang Ts
onthward to Canton. Coinectin
vith the Lu Ilan line, under construc
ion by a Belgian syndicate and, ap
arently, having a friendly under
tanding with the projectors of tha
nterprise, the American line will fmr
uish the southern section with a grer
runk road extending from the capitu
o Canton, the great port on the Chin
en.
At Pekin connection will be mad
vith the Chinese imperial railway, thi
10rthern arm of which joins with t,h
dIanchurian branch of the trans-Sib<
-ian roadl from the noighiborhood <
g4ew Chiwang. D)irect rail communi
intion will t,hus be provided betwee
janton and1 the great cap)itals of Ei
ope. Tihe provmices to be traverst
>y the Americani line have a populi
ion twice as groat, as that of 'tI:
[Jnited States andl are as rich, bothi
igricultural and in mineral wealt,I
L'he produnct,s of an imp)ortant ccl
niniing region in the province of .11
~an and otber demands of local traIl
ill reqmnre the construction of branel
as which will bring the total length<
ine between llankow and( Cant.on r
o about 000 miles.
From Canton it, is intendhed to C:
~end the line t,o a point on t,he mali
andl opplosite hlong K(ong, a p)icei
3onstruction ext,ending over t3) mile
which an Englhsh syndicat,e is undel
si,oodl to 1)0 readly to undertake.
Fmwrti As A MEiCiNIC.--If 1)0011
ide more fruit they wouhll take le
miedlicine and have better hoalt,
There is an old saying that fruit,
gold in the morning and lead at migh
As a matt,er of fact, It may be gold
both times, but it should be eaten on;
empty stomach and not as a desso
when t,he appletite is satisfied and
gestion i8 already suillelently tax<
F?ruit, t,aken in the morninir before t
fast, of the night, has beein broken
very ref reshing, and it serves at
stimulus to the dilgestive organs.
ripe apple or an orange may be tak
at this time with good effect. Frr
t,o be ieally valuable as an art,icle
diet, should be ripe, sound, and(
every way good of quality, and, if pl
sible, 1t should be eaten raw. Insti
of eating a plate of ham or eggs 11
bacon for breakfast, most peop)le wo
do far better if they took some graji
pears or apples--fresh fruit, as 1
as it is to be had, andl after that tI
can fall back on stewedI prunes, Il
et.c. If only fruit of some sort forni
an important item in their break fa
women would generally feel brigli
and stronger, and would have far 1
ter complexions than is the at ile
present.
.A wealthy Warsaw landowner she
each night In a room (draped a
black, decor,t id with skeletons a
having in the middle of the hlot
catafalque, on which is a metal col
' Noirru AND SUT'tl IN S.Avliity
1)Avs.-Edward E'verett halo in his
( " Memories of a Ifundred Years "
(now being llblishod serially in The
Outlook, and soon to appear as a
,e book), tells the following anecdote
( which illustrates very neatly the dif.
- ferent ways of looking at the political
e and commercial aspeets of slavery in
r- the fiftieas:
ly Mr. IIenshaw was secretary of the
e.. Navy in one of the Southern (,abitnets.
11- II was one of the leaders of the I >emo
cratic party in AiasHaclluset\ ; one of
the men '' who kept that party con
veIiently small," so that all its lead
c. era had lederal ofliees. Mr. IlIenshaw
aswas one of the early railway men, a
..s nan of foresight enough and courage
enough to know what tmodurn civilzra
Ir tion would (lemland. It was long be
., fore the war that he was in Nortolk,
'f Virginia, consulting with some of the
01 leaders there as to the opening of con
mutnication westward from their mag
10 niflcent harbor. As he rode with one
of his Virginian friends one day, the
- Southerner said, "( You abolitionists
n say " this or that. IIenshaw dis
Il claimed the word. The I )emocrats of
is that (lay kept their garments very
lo clear from such stains. .he Virginian
c- laughed. "1 know you make your
Ce distinctions. But we call you all
I' abolitionists.'' Ilenshaw would not
laugh, " You are quite wrong," he
e said. " We are a, fond of our ways
as you are of yours. We manufacture
e cotton and wool and shoes and iron.
(I We send( our ships into every ocean.
And if, to maintain slave labor, you
choose to let your magnificent cataracts
go to waste, to let your coal lie tin
burned and your iron unsmelted, to
Y scud your timber to us for our pur
a poses, and never to build a ship in
these wators, some of us, I assure you,
- are very much obliged to you." This
1 was enough, and the Virginian said in
reply, "( Well I Mr. Ilenshaw, pray do
not think that we are all damned
fools."
Newport News and its magnificent
ship-building make the comitment to.
, day on that anecdote.
According to 1)r. York, olfspring al
ways takes the comlplexion from the
a father; hence, if the father of a negro
baby has any white blood in his venl(s
the child at birth will he nearly as
white as a (:aucasian. ()n the other
hand, the child of a white mother aund
a black falher will after a month's
time be nearly as black as the full
blooded negro.
y
Estimlaio the yard of gold at $10,
l 000,0(0 (which is in round numbers),
f and all the gold in the world might, if
melt.ed into ilgots, be contained in a
cellar 24 feet square anld 16 feet high.
' All tho boasted wealth already oh
tained from Unllifornia and Australiaa
wouhl go into a safe !9 feet s(Iuare and
t1 feet high.
Presbyterian Goll
SQOOLUM
a Thorough Training in all Iepartme
Student. Address,
NEWBERRY COLL
" Chart,ered l1856 Courses for degre
1- Stands for thorough College work unfl
d moderate cost. Next sessIon begIns Set
GEORGE E
Pianos & Organs.
i. We are sellIng lots of them and sav
)l lig every purchaser much money.
,'The KIndergarten Organ ii the p)ret.
I' Llest ano best organ made for the price,
and no other organ has the now seven
' color keys-whIch make It possIble to
1 learn In a few mInutes. Let no one
4f prevent your buyIng thIs organ.
s, The McPhail PIano Is unsurpassed
r. for tono and beauty,. Terms rIght.
sen )fr ric. Dajn t, delay.
L. A McCord, Mf'g.,
as Ollce, Laurons, S. C
SCiESA R'S
li- O)pen fromn Jtune 1t to Oct. 1tt
dl.
he 4,000 feet, aboye sea level. l'opular re
.sort. Rloom for 200 guests. 30) nules from
1s Greeniville, 16 from lirevard, N. C. J)eslra*
a blo cottages for families. lIesident physi
A clIan. Tfelep hone antd dauily mails. Hol
and (c0ol athis. Knchanutinig cetnery, flow
en Ing springs Tfemuperatuire from . .to) 7
lit, degrees. Iceoniable rates. AlIl mit isters
of $5 per week. Write .1. It. liramlett, Marl
in ta, S~.. U., about bac~k Iransportationi. For
ninformation addcress,
05- J. j4 (IWINN, MaAAOP.
ad ('wasar's Hlead. 8. O
11( DR. J. P. CARLIsLE
ng - ENTIST',
me'
gs, G roeniville, 8. C.
edu Omeec ovor Addisons D)rug Store
st, ap,12-19t.f.
Ltr
et
aIVY M. MAULJDIN,
A ttorney at Law.
Pickens. S. C,
md
r a Practico in all theGCourts.
han. Oflm ovmmr E a,,.' n-..-t-r
''ii i":U RA i. Sciioor.-Mr. Bran.
Soi, of (eorgia, has recently told in
the World's Work the story of the
model rural schools which the Fedora
tion of Wonon's Clubs is helping to
establish in that State. In speakiug
of one, he said, '' The common school
siubjects will be taught, of course.
But cooking, the cultivation of school
gardons, a hif-dozen forms of remun
erative handicrafts, a school library, a
mother's club, and a fortnightly insti
tite for the teachers of the county will
be somuo of the features of this school."
Yea, verily; why not,? Why not include
in the work of the school so much of
the work of the community as the chil
dreu can appreciate and employ in
their own education ? A school is a
place in which children should live
atd move and have their being. It
should reflect the larger life without
aid prepare its pupils for a better life
mo the future by helping them to live a
truer, more normal life in the present.
That which is treated with respect in
school, whether it he arithmetic or
gramnmar, cotton picking or hog rais
ing, religion or poities, will rarely be
an object of contempt after school.
Time and experience will eliminate
what is useless or harinful in the cur
riculum and methods of such experi
mental schools.-'e WVorlI's Iork.
Added now to the joys of smoking is
the knowledge that smoking may pre
vent some diseases. Dr. l)umon has
st.udied the action of tobacco smoke
upon the various organisms found in
the cavity of the mouth and has found
that, while it has no effect upon ty
phoid fever germs or tetanus (lock
jaw), it greatly retards the growth of
the bacilli of influenza, of diphtheria
and of consumption.
A bottle, containing a letter asking
the finder to state where he found it
was cast into the Mackinaw river, Cen
tral Illinois, by Mr. Roeder of Bloom
ington in January, 1900, and was re
cently picked up in the Paciflc ocean.
'The bottle must have floated into the
Illinois river, the Mississippi, the gulf
of Mexico, the Atlantic ocean and by
way of Cape Horn into the Pacific, a
voyage of 10,000 miles.
The atmospheric pressure on the
body of the average man is 32,400
pounds. The ordinary rise and fall of
the barometer increases or decreases
this pressuro 2,500 pounds.
.John B. Milholland is trying to get
the Federal government to purchase
for .930,ooo the ruins of old Fort Ticon
deroga and restore it to the exact
status it bore when Etlian Allen do
nianded its surrender.
James Meadows, the last survivor of
the lifty Californians deported to Mex
ico and there kept in piison for
(igliteen months in 18410-41, has just
died in San Francisco.
tge For Women,
31A, S. C.
its. Careful Attention to Individual
:CI intock, President.
EGE NEWBERRY,
L *JL1 SOUTH CAROLINA.
es. Strong faculty ; good equipment.
her ipositive ChristIan Iiflenees, and at
>t. 24, 19)02. For catalogue address
~. CROMER, President.
The Eminent Kidney
and Bladder Specialist.
The blscoverer of Swamp-Root at Work Ia
Ris Laboratory. -.
There is a disease prevailing in this
country most dangerous because so decep
tive. Many sudden deaths are caused by
it-heart disease, pneumonia, heart failure
or apoplexy are often .the result of kidney
disease, If kidney trouble is allowed to ad
vance the kidney-poisoned blood will attack
the vital organs, or the kidneys themselves
break down and waste away cell by cell.
Then the richness of the blood-the albumen
-leaks out and the sufferer has Bright's
Disease, the worst form of kidney trouble.
Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root the new dis
covery is the true specific for kidney, bladder
and urinary troubles, It has cured thousands
of apparently hopeless cases, after all. other
efforts have failed, At druggists in fifty-cent
and dollar sizes. A suriple bottle sent free
by mail, also a book telling about Swamp-.
Root and its wonderful cures. Address
Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton, N. Y. and
n.entiona this paper.
WM. P. CA LIIOUN.
Attornoy at L,aw,
113 West Court St. GJIRNVJLLU, 8. (1
Praictce in all the courts, State and
ANDERSON BABB,
Contractor and Builder
Pleken*, S. qg.

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