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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, August 21, 1902, Image 1

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THE EOPLE JOURNAL
VOL 12.-NO. 29. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1902
(nNl' niT~r Al) A VUADr
THE STATE
FARMERS' INSTITUTE
ANN UAl4 SESSION AT CI4,M
SON COLI,ECC. *
AddreH by Prof. W. J. Spill
1n1t, Agroatologist of t114
Unuited StateN.
Clemson College is the Mecca of thi
South Carolina farmers, and during thi
month of August in each year the;
make a pilgrimage to the old home
stead of John C. Calhoun am for one
week are inspired by the great worl
now being done by this institution in
the interest of agriculture.
The State farmers' institute of South
Carolina, held under the faculty of thq
college, met in the college chapel lasi
night, Professor J. S. Newman presid
ing. The exercises wore opened with
prayer by Dr. J. B. Ilunnicutt, editor
of The Southern Cultivator.
P'rofessor Newman gladly welcomed
the farmers and pointed out the iany
benefits to be derived from such a
gathering of the tillers of the soil.
Here farmers can both teach and learn,
and such interchange of ideas is edu
cating and.very profitable.
During the past decade there has
been an advance in agriculture in the
South and this section should become
the greatest agricultural region on the
globe. Here is found an unexcelled
climate, and here can be grown not
only the crops common at the North,
but also those that belong peculiarly to
this section. Here the wheat overlaps
the cane, and during most months of
the year the farmer can furnish his
table with fresh vegetables aud truits
grown in his own garden and fields.
Let the farmers improve their methods
and thus aid in the development of our
common country. The purpose of the
experimental work at Clemson College
is simply to ask questions of nature
and then by bulletins give her answers
and report results.
T. U. Hamer responded in behalf of
the farmers and voiced their apprecia
tion of benefits derived from these in
stitutes. Prosperity will come to the
farmer when he avails himself of scien
title investigations and adopts approv
ed, up-to-date agricultural methods.
The first regular lecture of the in
stitute was delivered by Professor W.
J. Spillman, agrostologist (or grass
man) of the United States department
of agriculture. Professor Spillman is a
native of Missouri, where he was edu
cated and where he taught for four
years. He then taught two years in
Indiana, three years in Oregon, seven
and one-half years in the State of
Washington, and since January 1, last,
has been with the department of agri
culture.
Professor Spillman's subject was
" Improvement in Southern Agricul
ture." He sai.d that there was really
but one industry in America, and that
was agriculture. In comparison all
other enterprises were more side shows.
The invoice of agriculture footed up
4wcity billion dollars. .oultry raising,
t mere feature of farming, was conm
pared with railroads. In 1897 poultry
and its products aggregated in value
$th7,000,000 ; in the same year rail
roads were valued at $273,000,000
showing an advantage of $24,000,000
in favor of tire lhen.
In tire South farmers endeavor to
produce an exclusive crop, and hence
fail of attaining pernmanent success and
profit. Here cotton is an almost uni
versal crop and has proven to a large
extent a curse. No country can prosper
on a one-crop system. This was illus
trated by exclusive wheat growing ini
Oregon in the past and at present by
cotton growing in a portion of Texas.
Thre results were the same in each State
-ruination to tire farmer.
To improve conditions in tire South
we mrust encourage inmigration to this
section. Tire nog~ wave shopid argd
pijp coque to tire Soa$h and not go to
WQrds thue Papiilc, as that section offers
up longer such inducements as this
Southland. In South Carolina the far
mers must feed the operatives in the
mrills, and to do this must engage in
trucking and gordening.
Tire Southern farmer must diversify
is crops and engage in feeding live
stock. Other than live stock farming
no system of agriculture is possible foi
apy great length of time. i@veryt.hing
gr0vyn should be fed back to the land1
either~ dlrp3ctly or indlireetly, through:
live stock, and thereby land can b<
permanently Improved. Qn every farn
one acre In ten should be0 planted in
Bermuda grass. This is tihe best grasi
known iend is better in tis section o1
thne South than bl4e grass is in Ken
taclcy. qne acre in lierimuda grass it
Worth rpore thran three acres in cotton
'The Sou;thrern farmer has $he ires
live stock country in the world, an<
principally because the stock can b)1
fed on cheap feeds. It is not profitabli
to gasa feed costing more than $20 pe
- ton, as does potton seed meal.
4 r et, the fai'mer grow grass on i
sgwp fargm at a cost of $ to $1 pe
ton feed tis sqa hay ant sefl cattle
- Beef cettle today is higher than eve
known ibefore, and there Is no reaso
, ever again to expect cheap beef. Y'eax
ago tihe lNorthwest was stocked u
with cattle, but not so today. Capita
,is.te.begarp to grage cattle on the plain
gud bpef was produceed cheap, becaus
*of unlimitetd range. Thle live st.ool r
setions of thre N~orthrwest have eon
sequently been reduce I 50 per con
The. Western range on the plains
ndw' being exhausted, and it takes tt
dlay 50O acres, where a few years ago
tooli but 10 acres, to graze a cow for
year. The Southern farmor can evi
-find sale for his beef cattle and
.profQtable- prices. To grow beef su
cessfully, two ting a.eseni
first, never let the steer get hungry,
and, second, the steer must be f(ul
cheap feed.
Dairying is most certain to bring
profit, but requires constant work and
" study. Dairying around the cotton
mills, which are springing up all over
the South, should become very profit
. able. For dairying in the South the
breeds should be the Jersey, crosses
between Jerseys and native scrubs
(Which latter are really akin to the
3 Jerseys,) the Ilostens and the Guern
) aoys (which are equally good with Jer
seys, but not so popular.) For beef
purposes the breeds recommended are:
Shorthorn or Durham, Iieresford and
Poll Angus. The dairy animal is not
a beef animal, and vice versa. Fat on
the beef animal, when the animal is
dlaughterod, can be aold as beef, whilo
on the dairy animal it must be cut off
as tallQw. In starting in the live stock
business the farmer should buy the
breed most plentiful in his section,
thereby getting his stock cheap. lie
should not buy rare breeds. In live
stock farming one should buy as little
machinery as possible. As a feed there
is nothing better than pe.a vine hay.
To succeed in the live stock industry
one must familarize himself with its
details and requirements i dairying
especially requires much woik, much
study, great care, good local market.
For pastures in spring and summer
Bermuda supplies the demand, im win
ter grain, rescue grass, hairy vetch and
burr clover.
As a rotation of crops on a stock
farm Professor Spillman recommended
the following : (1.) Corn and peas
sown at laying-by. (2.) Winter grain,
followed by peas. (3.) Cotton, and
(4) sorghum and peas. One-fourth of
farm each year sown in each of these
crops.
CLEMSON AOIICULTUIRAL COLLEIiF.
The Clemson Agricultural college of ]
South Carolina is located on the divid
ing line between Oconee and Pickens i
counties and within one mile of Cal
houn, a station on the main line of the
Southern railway. The college build
ings have been erected on the old Fort
Hill homestead of John C. Calhoun.
rhis is an ideal site, on a high ridge in
a grove of magnificent native oaks,
having an elevation of 900 feet above
sea level, and commanding on all sides
inspiring views of nearby plantation
scenery and to the North and the West
the picturesque Blue Ridge mountains.
here and amid such surroundings a 1
half century ago lived the great ex
pounder of the constitution. [lore today
are gathered more than 500 young men
from all parts of South Carolina, who
are taking courses in scientific agricul. 1
ture, in the mechanic arts, and in theo
retical and practical textile processes.
Year after year much valuable in
formation of a practical character is
furnished to the farmers of the State.
The State experiment station, which is
maintained and operated un,der the pro
visions of the act of Congress known as
the Hatch act, occupies a portion of the
college farm, and the ofillcers in charge
gladly furnish free of all cost advice
and iformation on any topic pertain
ing to general agriculture, horticulture,
botany, entomology, veterinary science,
dairying, stock breeding, feeding, etc.;
also, analyses of fertilizere, mails, wat
ers and other substances, assays of ores,
determination of rocks and minerals,
tests of bricks, cements, building
stones, illuminating oils, calibration
of electrical instruments, etc.
Further, the oflcers of the experi
ment station have already prepared
and published seventy-two bulletins,
andl these are sent free to all citizens
of the State reqjuestin)g them. Many
of these bulletins are very valuable and
should be in the hands of every farmer
in South Carolina.
The duties of the professors of Clem
son College do not enid with the cor
loge term, but for the past two or three
years, during the suipmer months, far
mers' institutes, embragmng usually ta
two-days' course of lectures, lhave been
hpld by membiers of the facult,y in those.
counties of the State desiring same.
The purpose of those count,y institutes
is to bring practical information to the
farmers and to give them the results of
scientific investigation In the int,erest,
of agriculture.
Further, a special State farmers' in
stitute of one week's duration is held
in the college chapel dluring the month
of August, in each year, and, beside
the faculty of the collegg, many promi
nynt speakors and agriculturists from
other States participate in the pro
gra'm.
BILL ARP ROASTS MR. SLEDD).
IIIC MUST IJAVE 4 l)I81%.810)
iMAGINATIOIN.
Thec Crentor Mnde the Neg~ro In
ferior and1( So lie Wihll Remnin.
A tlanta Constitut,Ion.
Little things fret us more than big
ones. If I writ,e that Nept,une is six~
m tflen hundred millions of miles from
r the sun and l$ comes out, In print six
teen millions it worries mo. If I write
r that the dloctor sewed up hare lips
i andl it comes out hair lips, I don't
s like it. The typo didn't know that
p the rabbit had a slt under its nose.
- It I writ,e that I, walked out into the
s garden to let my choler down, meang
p my anger, the typio thinks 4 meant my
a shirt collar, and so changes th6 spell
l-uig to sui his own idea. But since 1
b. readan editor's defense in a New York
.5 paper I feel heLter1 for lie says It is
>- amasilng how few of these nstakes
It are mad4e in the groat (ladies that
a have to be rushed through with light
ir ning spee.. The constant pressure oni
it type setterg anE proof readers Is tre
a- mendous, but they rarely make any
L, serious hines. -ad th Intelien
reader can generally correct them i
his mind. And so I will not worr
any more about it.
There are seine other little thing
that are of more consequence jue
now. Our cook has quit, and so ha
the house iaid---gone oil to Iltockmar
for a week or two-gone to a house
party, I think. That is all right, fo
the cook has been faithful a long timi
and needed rest. She is i good ser
vant and keeps a clean kitchen, an
we have had a house party ourselvei
for several months. I have been sick
but now we are reduced to the regulh1
family of livo and have but little to
cook and can get along on two meals 1
day. My wife arranged it for me to
lire up the stove and fill up the kettlea
and grind the coffee and put on the
hoininy, and then ring the bell foi
the girls to got up and finish up the
breakfast. She said that if I felt like
it I might sweep out the hall and the
front veranda and settle up the front
room.
Well, of course, I had to split up
some kindling and bring ini the stove
wood, but I am getting along fairly
well and my wife thinks the exercise
is doing mne good. Last night she hint
ed that the veranda was badly tracked
up since the rain and needed ta good
washing. So this morning I turned
loose the hose pipe on it and she prais
3d me right smart, and I brought her
some roses from my garden. We let her
sleep until breakfast, is roady, for she
3leans up her room and makes up two
beds and then sews all day for the
randclildren. But I want that col
)red house party to break up as soon
is possible, for I don't hanker after
his morning busness as a regular job.
SIrs. Mimms says she likes it, and I
hink she does. She has a good room
n the back yard and good furniture
md a good lamp to read by, and her
ittle grandson lives with her, and I
lon't know of any colored woman
,hat has a better time. in fact, I
now of lots of good negroes in town
vhio are contented with their situation
Lnd will continue so if they are let
dione by the Northern fanatics and
southern cranks.
What craze has coic over that man
ledd to cause him to write such a fool
)iece for the Boston magazine? What
ood can it possibly do, even if it was
rue? But it is not true and only the
roduct of a diseased imagination. I
would write hard things about him,
ut for his family connections. For
heir sake ho had better have smothered
is feelings and his pen. The Atlan
ic Monthly has never shown any love
or the South, and why lie should se
act that as liia organ passeth compre
iension. Professor Sledd says the ne
;ro is an inferior race. Then why dos
to insist that we give him a space in
ur own churches and hotels and rail
oad cars?
It was the work of the Creator that
nade him inferior, and lie will remain
o-and neither education nor mis.
egenation will ever change it so fai
is social equality is concerned. Mosef
riolated the law of God when he mar.
'ied that Ethiopian woman, and ht
lad to discard her, and Aaron and
Iiriam chided him for it long after
vards. Numbers, xii. The story goes;
iccording to Josephus, that the Egyp
ians were at war with the Ethiopiai.f
nd had suffered defeat in every bat.
Ie until Pharaoh was advised that inc
ne could command his army success
ull1y but Moses. So Moses was giver
ommand aiid he marched with t.he
~rmy to the borders of Ethiopia and
net the enemy and defeated them and
narched on to Saba, the royal city, and
ittacked the walls, and Tharbis, the
laughter of the king, saw Moses fron
he windlow of her tower, and lhe was
mo handaome she fell desperately in
ove with him andl sent I' messengei
,o him to saiy that, if he woulid marry
ier she wolid surrender the city an(:
mrmy to him. Moses agreed to this
md their marriage was at once consuim
nated. Then Moses rel,urned with
lus victorious army to Egypt. He did
uot take with him his Ethiopian wife,
but not long after lie married Zipporah,
the dlaughter of Jethro, the Midianite.
So we must suppose that Moses mar
ried the Ethiopian princess as a wal
measure and with no idea of keoping
his promise. At any rate it causet
trouble and shartpe itn the family, ani
so it has (lone ever since whenever
white person mates with a negro.
What a monstrous falsehood to sa'
that the Southern negro is dehumnan
ized. Right here in our town evers
negro mechanic is employed at goo
wages. Blacksmiths, carpenters, ma
sons, painters, draymeni are alt busy
Cooks, nurses and wsasherwomen flnu
constant employment-and they ar
not contented, but sometimes dar
to be merry .and laugh. Where di<
Sledd get all that rot about kickin,
and cursing and beating the negroes
We never hear of such treatment i
this region. Mr. Milam, a truthful ger
tleman, whose business keeps him o
the street, told me the other day the
he had heaird but one oath uttere
by anybody within a year, and thu
was by a Northern man towards a n<
gro who asked him a civil questior
Dehumanized, indeed! Ask T1ribb]
and Brown who give their shops thi
most patronage. What ri'hculou
folly to dematnd seats in our churcht
for the negroes, They have churches <
their own that were built mainly by i1)
charity of the white fotJs. They (don
want seats In our churches. They hai
schools of their own that we suppor
and-they have excursions and basebr
andI watermelons and funerals ar
Daughters of Zion.
Oh, for shame on Sledd I I pity h~
family and his kindred, lie thinks I
has found a mare's nest, and for la<
of something fresh has raked up Sa
Hose ngain, lHe laments the hync
n ings, but not the outrages, and he pro
y poaes a remedy. Mr. Sledd can set this
down that the lyuchings will not stop
s until the outrages do. When a negro
t dehumanizs himself and becomes a
s beast he ought to be lynched, whether
t it is Sunday or Monday. Let the lynch
3 ing go on. This is the sentiment of
r our people, and let Boston and The
3 Atlantic Monthly and Sledd howl. We
are used to that. Not long ago we
I had a lynching in Rome that was to
my notion. The beast was strung up
in Broad street in the daytime and shot
to pieces and nobody was disguised.
The judge lived there and the sheriff
and the town marshal and policemen
and a military company, and the Gov
ernor wasn't far away, but not a soul
said nay. That suits me exactly.
BILL Anp.
TIHE CULTIVATION OF RICE.
Census Report I)escrlben Irriga
tion Methold' in South Car
olinna.
The census bulletin on agriculture
in South Carolina has the following
on rice culture:
The beginning of irrigation in South
Carolina was contemporaneous with
the introduction of rice growing, the
irrigation systems being similar to
those now in use. Rice was first
planted in 1700, and from that time
until 1861 South Carolina ranked first
among the States in its production.
Changed labor conditions since the
war, and the great expense of main
tenance, due to the deR!ructive dikes,
and the total loss of crops by floods,
which are frequent since the defores
tation of the mountain slopes, which
operated against the growth of this in
dustry and rice culture has not made
the progress here that it has in a few
other States.
Rice is irrigated in South Carolina
by manipulating rivor waters through
trunks built in the dikes which protect
the low marsh lands from the rivers
The delta lands are selected with ref
erence to the possibility of flooding
from the rivers with fresh water at
high tide, and of draining them at low
tide. The reclamation of these lands
necessitates the building, parallel with
the river, of costly dikes, capable of
resisting the force of the flood tide, and
also that of the river in time of fresh
ets. After the dikes are built, the
field is divided into sections and
squares by similar banks, called
"check" banks. These squares con
tain from 5 to 30 acres each, and in
turn are subdivided by ditches into
bed, usually about thirty-five feet
wide and extending the length of the
square. Each of these squares%as a
wooden trunk with a door at each end,
through which the water is admitted
to the field. The trunks are from :0
to 40 feet long, from 3 to 12 feet wide,
and about sixteen inches deep and are
built under the dikes on a level with
the beds of the ditches. In flooding
the field the outer door is raised and
the inner closed. As the tide rises
the water comes in through the
trunk, pushes the field door open, and
passes through the ditches to the field.
When the tide falls in the river, the
pressure of the water in the field closes
the inner swinging door against the
muzzle of the trunk, thus holding the
wat,er. In draining the field this
method is reversed, the field door be
ing raised at low tide and the outer
door dropped. The unlimited supply
of fresh water and its perfect control by
this system of flooding and draining,
account for the superior quality of rice
for which South Carolina is famous.
The practice of dumping the harbor
dredgings into the river above Savan
nah has injured the system of drain
age, causing the abandonment of a
number of rice plantations along the
Savannah River. On man.y planta
tions, which formerly were readily
drained at low tide, pumping is now
resorted to when the rivers are high, as
the fields can not properly be drained.
The pumps, which are mounted on
flats or lighters, are operated by steam
and shifted on the river from field to
fiehl. The suction pipo is dropped
over the dike into any desired field and
the water pumped into the river.
Rice is grown inland on low,
Iswampy lands, which are flooded from
reservoirs or small streams. Thec cul
tivation of upland or "Providence"
irice is attempted in many of the in
-terior counties, but owing to the low
r yield and an occasional total failure
I the results are not satisfactory.
- Orangeburg County has the harges.
.crop of upland rice, and in 1899 pro
I duced 2,266,102 pounds, an average
s yield of 309 pounds per acre. The
o irrigated crop is sure as compared with
:1 that of the uplands, the average yield
2; per acre being much higher, and the
? qjuality of rice far superior.
a Tide water irrigation is generally
-practiced in Beaufort, Berkeley, Colle
ii ton, Charleston, Georgetown, and
t Ilampton counties. In 1899 the rice
d acreage of these counties, irrigated
.t and upland, was 70.0 p)er cent, of the
itotal, while the production, 40,651,004
l. pounds, was 80.0 per cent, of the total
e rice crop of the State. The average
e yield per acre was 748 pounds. The
s total product of all other counties was
'5 0,708,464 pounds, an average of 288
f pounds per acre.
e It Is impossible to ascertain the.ex.
'1 act cost of reclaiming these delta lands
~e Rice irrigation was reported on 646
1, plantations; the average was 29,690
11 and the yield, 8,407,191 pounds
Ld The average first cost per acre foi
preparing rice lands for Irrigation, in
is elusive of cost of construction of dikes
e trunks, cheek banks and ditches, Is es
3k timated1 to be $28.68, and the system
mn in use represent a total Investment o
hi- nefr 851,59.'
FACTS AS TO C1111411 LARO1t.
How the Conditionw in ThiH
State 'Have Heen Exnggernted
by Northern Writers.
'T'he Columbia l)ily Jecord has re
ceived an advance sheet from The
'radesuatn, Chattanooga, on the sub
ject of child labor im the cotton mills
of the South, in which this journal un
dertakes to tell the truth about exist
ing conditions in a specific and not a
general way.
In so far as South Carolina is con.
corned it will be no doubt a great sur
prise to people to learn how few child
ren under twelve years of age are em
ployed in the mills. The Tradesman's
facts were obtained this summer, When
none of the children of mill operatives
are at school, hence their number in
the mills is greater at this season than
at any other.
The following are some of the facts:
Lewis W. Parker, president of the
Victor Manufacturing company, says
that there are 380 operatives in the
mill, of whom there are twenty-seven
children under twelve years of age.
Mr. Parker regrets that the number is
unusually large at this time, which
is due to the fact that the school
closed July 1. This mill operates a
school nine months in the year, paying
three teachers and the expenses of the
school generally out of its own funds.
John A. Law, president of the
Saxon mills, Spartanburg, says lie has
275 people on his pay roll. Of these,
nine are children under twelve years
old, and they will be put out as soon
as school begins, he says. There is a
free school in the village running eight
months in the year.
Arthur T. Smith, of the Langley
Manufacturing company, says that
mill has 900 employees at work, of
whom fourteen are under twelve years
old. This corporation runs a free
school four months of the year and the
county live months, making nine in
all. Mr. Smith states that every one
of these children will go to school on
the reopening.
James L. Orr, president of the
Piedmont Manufacturing company,
says that there are 1,423 names on his
pay roll, of which lifty-six are between
the ages of ten and twelve years. All
of these are sweepers and jackers and
are children of small families who are
dependent upon them for a living.
There is not one under 10 and only
thirteen under eleven. There is a
regular graded school, with a principal
and seven teachers, and running ton
months in the year, and all of it is paid
for by the company.
Ellison A. Smyth, of the l'elzer an(d
Belton mills, says in the Pelzur mill
there are 2,541 operatives, of whom
twenty-six are under twelve years old,
annd in the Belton mill there are 5.11
operatives, of whom thirteen are less
than twelve years Old. le says:
" At both Pelzer and lielton we
have a contract book, which id signed
by the head of every family we employ,
and in which it is agreed that all
children under twelve years of age
are to go to schools provided by the
mills every day the schools are open
and children over twelve are to be em
ployed in the mill. Our school rutis
for nine or ten months and will re
open on the 1st of September. 1 find
that during this holiday time some of
the children under twelve years of age
do get into the mill to work, through
they are not wanted and their employ
ment, forbidden, but often the children
want to work and make t,heir wages.
Of course, there are special exceptions
made to our twelve year rule ini in
dividual cases, owing to the p)overty
and needs of the widowed mother or
inivaIlid father, or, in the case of
orphans, to the con dition of want in
which the grandparents are found to
be."
J. I. Westervelt, of the Brandon
mills, Greenville, says there are 207
employees in the mill. Nine are maleb
under twelve and three are females
uder twelve, although they are just
a few months removed from that age.
These are more than usual on account
of the school being closed, which is
run ten months.
Thomas F. Parker, president of the
Monaghan mills, Greenville, says
there are 388 operatives ill the mill,
of whom twenty-three are under twelve
years. There is a school open for
nine months.
P. C. Poag, superintendlent of the
GoIlville Manufacturing company,
Lost Hair
" My hair came out by the hand
ful, and the gray hairs began to
creep in. I tried Ayer's HairVigor,
and it stopped the hair from com
ing out and restored the color."
Mrs. M. D.Gray, N o. Salem, Mass.
There's a pleasure in
offering such a prep ara
tion as Ayer's H air Vigor.
It gives to all who use it
such satisfaction. The
hair becomes thicker,
longer, softer, and more
glossy. And you feel so
secure in using such an
old and reliable prepara
-tion. *l... l. Al.. n..w..ls
- Iiou druggist cannot su,pply you,
send is one donar andwwneprs
you a bottle. Be sure andg ly the name
f of you, nearoeftr.5SOU, ddes
IThe World's GreateQ
For all forms of fever take ,JOINwON'
It is 100 times better than <ntunine an<t
mine cannot (1o inl 1(1 days. I t's spleidid
feeble cures made by uinio.
COSTS 50 CENTS
1AVl YOU A 1 Al.II'EIl TO SEN
Chicora
GREENVILI
A Presbyterian School, whose pattern is t
Music, Art, and E.locution Schools us:
State.
Degree Courses tauiglt by Speirinlijst
Boaitiful Auditorium -large Pi p ( ''a
etc. I'ure Water-line sw
SEVICNTY-sIN lOAjmllNG; il'llI,s
NOUIt I'IICES A lit' V l ty 1A iV 'or h i
For luitifully illust.rated Catalogue
S. R.P
LoNVERSE.
A High-Grade Col<
Conservatory of Mu
Schools of Art and
For catalogue addresi
ROB'T. P. PELL, Presi(
Greenville Fen
lays there are sixty-nine operatives ill
Lhis mill, of whom eight are utinder
twelve years.
It. T1. l"ewell, president of the Ar
cade mills, IRock lill , reports that 1
there are one hundred aml eighty-nine
operatives, of whom twenty are uiner
twelve years. lie declares that there
is not a mill manl ill the State who
wants to employ children under
twelvo, but it is sometimes done from
kindness of heart and sympatly.
This is the record for South Caro.
lina so far as it goes, as it shows a
surprising state of alfairs when one
considers the nany "investigat.ions"
made of conditions by Northern
writers. They have greatly exagger
at,ed the situation, with an object inl
view, and sucse e led in arousing the
indigniation oif many of our' own peo
pIe who have acceplted their statOeents
as truthi. Accor'ding to the shlOWing'
made1, says t,hen Columbiiia )la med there'
is 110 needc for any legislation on theo
subjct inl this State, for tihe ill owni
era themselves do4 not wanlt to cmpldoy
chijldren under01 twolve year's of age,
and they (do not (10 50 except when they
believe they are dinrg good to the
children themiselves and( thecir famihles.
The nutmecg tree and1( the miann ter
of preparing t,he famous nut for miar
ket, are little und(erstood, says ihe1
Grocer, but, we give a few int:rostinlg
fact.s on the suibject from remiarks
made by a grocer who( hals lately visi
it.ed tihe ECast, Ind(ies and( witneOssed the
handling of the nut: " The nultmieg
tree,'' said the grocer, "is found inl t.he
East andl West Ind(ies; also ini tihe
P1 hilippines, Singapore and( MauWritius
Islands. It, b)ears all tihe year round,
but most pleintifullly in May anId J)e
cemnber. When ripe thle outer shiell
splits open on one sideC ; tile podi is
removedl,after which tile mace is care
fully strlppeti from tile inner shell.
The nutmnegs are then drlied Cor about
t,wo months withl artificial hleat. They
are turned every (lay iuntif driied,
when the kernels will rattle in tile
shell. The shells are t henl cracked
with wooden mallets. Thie impljerfect
or Worm-eaten ones are casIt away,
and the good onesM rubbhed ill slackedl
lime, to give them a helter appIlearanice.
They are ready now for saile. Theiie
best nutmegs average 70 to 8() to tile
pound(.
Only one characteristic dlistinguishes
the little village of Strong, Me,. from
the thousands (of othlers that, are
scattered all over New iEngland. That
is tile pleculiar industry which serves
to supplort tbe entire community.
St,rong is famous for nlothling but
toothpjicks, bult it is known iln tihe trade
as the pla1ce from which come tile
majority of the toothpicks that are
used in the United States.
Th'ie Hygela hotel at Old Pomnt Com
fort is onI tile government reservation.
The owners of t,he hotel have been
notified that the b)uildlng must be0 re
moved within a specifled time. It is
nuot regarded as any thing out of theC
ordinary to move a big building several
squares, but in this ease the hotel will
be transported eight miles across tile
water.
t Fever Medicine.
44 OIIIId and I]VER TONIC.
oea in a ei.glo day what slow qul
cures are in striking contrast to the -
IF IT CUR ES.
D'D) SCHOOL ? WIHY NOT TRY
Colnege,
-..E7 S. 0.?
'le ('blriytian Ilome.
L surpaimed by any collego in the
I "aK, Stia llHeat, Bath Iooms,
nrolledI from Six States.
wlupefrior advaltages offered.
Sepl1etubfer ^43rd .
, aflresR
RESTON, President.
..Afor GL LEGE,
e for Women.
sic.
Elocution.
lent, Spartanburg, S. 0
iale College.
Iligh Grado.
Thorough Courses.
Execient Equipmentt.
Rest( Climato.
W rile for catalog;io and terms.
E. C. J A M ES, l.itt.I)., Pree.,
Greenville, 8. 0.
CASTORIA
For Inf inta and Children.
he Kind You Have Always Bought
3oars the
CAESA1R'S
I A 1) 1IOTEL.
Open Iron(f Ji une ist. to Oct. 1st
'l,(0 feet abn'ye sea levol. Popular re
ort. Room for 20o guests . 30 mids from
Ireenville, 16 from lirevard, N. l. Desira
,ie cottagesn for families. Rtesident. phyi
:ian. TeClpone andi daily mails. Hot
Lid cco111 bathis. En~,chantinjg scenery, llowv
9I; sprinlgs. Temperature from 60t to 75
leGr"ces. lRcason,able rates. All ministers
@ ioer week. Write .I. I. iHramiett, Atarl
uiformation add(ress.
J. IC (1 WINN, MANAoll:R.
. (hsar's H ead.8t. U
Pianos & Organs.
We are solling lots of them and say
ng every purchaser much money.
The Kindergart,en Organ is the prot
lost and best organ made for the price,
nd no other organ has the new seven
~olor keys--which make It possible to
earn in a few minutes. Leot no one
provent your buying this organ.
The Mcl'hail l'iano is unsurpassed
ror tone andi bea&uty. Terms right.
Send for prIcbs, l)on t delay.
L. A. McCord, Mf'g.,
Oillco, Laurens, S. C
WIL LIAMSTON,..
....FEMALE COLLEGE,
Williamston, S. C.
The Fall Session of this well known
[nstitution will open on Thursday, Sep
Lomber 11, 19)02. As we have room for
>nly about fifty boarding pupils, those
]esiring to enter then will do well to
!ivo timely notice of their purpose.
I"or full information, address
REV. S. L.ANDER, President.
[Medical College
of Virginia.
....Estab1a1aea .1888....
Departments of Medicine, Dentists,
and Pharmacy. For part,iculars and
catalogue address, Christopher Tomp
kins, M. D., Dean, Richmond, Va.
DR. J. P. CARLIsLE
D1ENTIST,
Greenville, S. 0.
Office over Addisons Drug Store.
ap12-19tf.
respectfully announce myself as a '
canididate for re-election as Railroad
Commissioner. Conscious of duty
well performed, I request support.
J. O. ILBo4N

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