OCR Interpretation

The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, September 11, 1902, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067634/1902-09-11/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

/ Il
A Secret Service Agent Kille
nnd )river Serinusly Injured
The Presidentt Slightly Hurl
The carriage in which Prosidon
Rtocsovelt and his party were bein
driven from Pittsflield to Lenox, Mass,
was struck by an electric car and al
most completely demolished. Th
President was slightly cut and bruised
Secretary Cortelyou also injured, Wn
Craig, of the secret service, was killed
at d the driver of the coach seriousel
hurt. The following account was
given by the Associated Press the
morning after the occurrence :
The President of the United Statei
escapud a tragic death by only a fo
feet in a collision between his carriag<
and an electric car in this city, whi<
one of his most trusted guards, Secrol
Service Agent Wm. Craig, was in,
stantly killed, and David J. Pratt, of
Dalton, who was guiding the horses
attached to the vehicle, was seriously
injured. President Roosevelt himself
was badly shaken up, but received
only a slight facial bruise.
Secretary Cortelyou, who occupied a
seat opposite the chief executive in the
landau, sustained a minor wound in
the back of the head and Gov. Crane,
who -sat beside the President, extri
cato' himself from the wreck practi
cally without a scratch. The carriage
was demolished by the impact of the
rapidly moving car and the wheel
horse on the side nearest the car was
killed outright, the crew and passen
gers of the car escaping injury.
The President and party were driv
ing from this city to Lenox through
one of the principal thoroughfares of
Pittsfield, which was lined with cheer
ing people and the catastrophe oc
curred in plain view of hundreds,
whose happiness at the advent of the
nation's chief was suddenly turned to
Thousands had poured into the city
in the early morning from the nearby
country to see and hear the President,
and his address at the city park had
been loudly cheered. At the conclu'
sion of the exercises he wished to make
a brief call on Henry L. Dawes, for
merly United States Senator, whose
house is but a short distance from the
park. The President's carriage, in
which he had ridden from Gov.
Crane's home at Dalton, was accord
ingly driven to the Dawes residence
and carriages containing a number of
other gentlemen in the party followed.
President Roosevelt's call was a short
one and then the carriages returned to
the city square.
After a few moments delay the jour
ney toward Lenox was begun. Mean
while the mounted escort of police ofi
cers and the carriages containing the
newspaper correspondents who have
accompanied the President on his tour
had started off ahead 'on the road to
Lenox and were some distance in ad
vance of the President's equipage.
Three or four othel open carriages
fell in line immediately behind the
landau in which the President rode
with Secretary Cortelyou and Gov.
Crane. Secret Service Agent Craig,
who throughout the Now E.ngland tour
has been almost constantly at the
President's elbow, was on the driver's
box beside Coachman Pratt.
Out through South street is a broad,
smooth highway. The tracks of the
Pittsfield .electric street railway are
laid in tho centre of the road with am.
pie room for teams on each side, and
scores of vehicles of every descriptiori
followed along this road behind th<
President's party.
Shortly after he left the park at
electric car which had been tilled witi
passengers at; that point, started to,
ward Lenox well behind the proces
sion. It passed all of the teams and
was about a mile and a half out fron
t.he city at the begining of Hlowar<
hill and was nearly up to the Presi
dent's carriage, which was traveling er
the west side of the highway.
Just at the foot of Howard hill th
roadl bends a little and teams are comn
pelled to cross the street railwa:
tracks to the east side. The railroat
then continues at one side of the stree
instead of in the centre. Just at thi
point the up-grade of the hill begine
and but a short dlistance beyond th
crossing there is a narrow bridge spati
nmng a small brook.
The trolley car approached t,he road
crossing under a good head of spec
with gong clanging just as the driver C
President's carriage turned his leader
to cross the tracks. On each side <
the chief executive's carriage rode tw
mounted troopers, of the local cavalr
company, and the horsemen on the lol
of the landau had turned on the trae
with the trolley car immediately b4
hind thtm, though some yards distan
Alarmed by the clanging gong, the
-both turned in their saddles and wave
rigorously .to the. m6torman to st(
his car. Almosat at the same instai
Gov. Crane, who.quickly perceived at
danger, rose to his foet and likewli
motioned to the motormnan. The la
ter in great excitement desperate
tried-to stop his car, but it was t4
late. 1t crashed into the carriage jum
aAka loud moan went up from the fre
.igd onlookers who thi-onged the i'oa
slda, and who but a moment bofo
wer chei'ing the President.
bh lorsemnen- managed to get t
fi tend Mimals out of the way ji
ins mtel0d the -car struck the re
wheel qt the carrlage on the loft si
and ploughed through to the front
wheel of the vehicle, which received
the full force of tho blow. The car
riage was upset in the twinkling of an
eye and one horse fell doad on the
tracks. The other three powerful
grays attached to the vehicle started to
run and, dragged by them and pushed
1 by the force of the car, the wrecked
carriage was nved 30 or 40 foot.
Mr. Craig fell from his seat imedi
ately in front of the car and it passed
t completely over his body. Driver
Pratt in falling struck the dead horse
immediately in fiont of him and rolled
off clear of the car, thus escaping a
-imilar fate. President Roosevelt,
3 Gov. Crane and Secretary Cortelyou
were thrown together in the bottom of
the carriage.
Almost immediately a score of men
jumped to the heads of the frightened
horses and stopped their further pro.
gross. Gov. Crane was the first to get
to his feet, escaping ontirely unhurt.
le turned immediately to the Presi
dent, helped the latter to arise and to
gether they assisted Secretary Cor
The President's lip was cut and
blood was flowing from the wound.
His clothing was disarranged and lie
was much shaken up. Secretary Cor
telyou had a severe wound in the back
of his head, from which blood waa
flowing freely.
The Prosident quickly regained his
composure and the three soon after re
paired to the residence of Charles I.
Stevens, near the scene of the accident.
Mr. Craig's body was found just behind
the car. His shoulders and chest were
crushed and the body frightfully mian
gled. Driver Pratt, was found uncon
scious in the road, his shoulder was
dislocated, his ankle sprained and his
face badly cut and bruised. Ie was
immediately placed in a carriage and
taken to the House of Mercy, where lie
was attended by 1)rs. Flynn and Pad
Agent Craig's body was taken to the
residence of Mrs. A. B. Stevens, ad
joining the house to which the Presi
dent had repaired with Gov. Crane and
Secretary Cortelyou, and later re.
moved to undertaking rooms. But a
few moments after the collision Drs.
Colt, Thomas and Woodxufl arrived
and attended the President and his
secretary. Half an hour later the party
appeared and resumed the journey to
Lenox. An anxious crowd surrounded
the house and the President stopped
long enough to assure the people that
he was not injured in the least, and to
express his groat grief at the de ath of
Agent Craig.
Chief Nicholson,.of the Pittsfield po.
lice, and Daniel Ryan, an oflicer of the
New York city department, who is on
his vacation in this city, were driving
about .00 yards ahead of the Presi
(Lent's carriage and were among the
first to reach his side after the col
lision. They immediate ly placed under
arrest the motorman of the car, Eucli d
Madden, and Conductor James Kelly.
Gov. Crane in relating his experience,
said that he heard the gong of the ap
proaching car in ample time and he
rose and warned the motormnan to stop.
He says that the man apparently paid
no attention to his signal or those of
the troopers alongside, and the car
continued until it struck the carriage
with great force.
No one on the car seems able to ex
plain how the accident happened.
Even the motorman and persons on
the front seat are ap)parently unable to
tell why it was niot avoidled. It is
claimed that Driver Pratt turned to
cress the track sooner than teams
ordinarily make the turn, but lie was
forced to (10 so because of the fact that
his team of four horses requiredl more
room, and the two troopers on the right
of the carriage also needled space to get
Motorman Madden and Con
ductor Kelly remained in the
station house from 10 o'clock ini the
morning, when they were taken under
arrest, until 0.20 in the evening, when
bail was furnished. The charges
against them are manslaughter. Bail
for the motorman of $5,000 was fur
nished by his brother, Maurice J.
I Madden, and Patrick H. Dolan, man
- ager of the Pittsfield Street Railway
company. Kelly was bailed in the sum
of $2,500 by Mr. Dolan. Kelly is 25
3 years of age, single, and has been em
ployed on the railroad for three years.
, Motorman Madden is 32 years 01(d and
has a wife and five children.
t George and Hugh Craig, of Holyoke,
3 Mass., brothers of Win. Craig, the vic
tim of the accident, arrived to-night
S and are in consultation with the
-authorities. It has been decided to
take the body to Chicago for interment,
,that city being Craig's home.
Euclid Madden, the motorman, in
t telling his story says that the car was
5 No. 29, which had motors of 00 horse
I power. The car is not fitted with air
0 brakes. On account of the Presidential
y exercises he says that the running
t-. schedule on all lines of the company's
k streets were disturbed.
- As Ihe passed over the railroad bridge
5. about 350 or 400 feet from the scene of
'Y the accident he says lie shut off the
d power and put on brakes, the car then
P being on down grade. Hesays there
it were teams on both sidles of the track
to and he was exercising every care to
JO. avoid an accident. In bis opinion the
t-car was not running over eight milos
17 an hour; he received no warning it
10 stop and did not see the mounted meti
St 0r Gov. Crane waving their hands, tc
a- come to a standstill. According tc
d- Madden's story, there was plenty o:
re room for the P'resident's carriage t<
have passed on the west side of th4
Lie trolley track, and he would have har
Lst plenty-of time to have passed the Pres
ar ident's ca'rriage beforo the torn wal
rdn mad1n to the ast side ofth rod. U
said that the loading horses wore turn.
ed short across the track. lie could I
not toll just how the car struck the I
carriage, but he says he reversed the I
power and went for the brake just as I
quickly as possible when he saw the i
horses turn on the track. lie said it 1
was dusty and with dilliculty he saw t
what was going on. t
Eye witnesses say the President was I
calm and collected, and deplored the
death of Craig. " He was the most i
faithful man I ever knew," said he, i
my children fairly worshipped him." 1
When Craig saw the impending dan- i
ger and that a collision could not be s
averted lie was hoard to say: " Oh, I
my God," and then he was hurled :
through the air and fell under the car. r
wheels. When the Prosidlent got out
of the wreck he asked the motorman, 1
" Why were you running your car like f
that?" which brought only the re- f
sponse, " Because I had the right of a
way." a
The President said that when he V
saw the car coming at such terrific i
speed he felt that all in the carriage p
would surely be killed. n
According to another story the d
.'resident was stunned for only a
second, and springing to his feet "
walked back about fifteen yards to 1
where the trolley had stopped and told '
the motorman that unless the car had k
gotten beyond his control, which did s
not seem possible, in view of the way n
it had stopped, lie had committ,ed an g
act of criminal recklessness which had I
resulted in the death of at least one h
man. Officials of the road deny that the s
motorman was instructed to run 3
through without stopping, and say the
car was not running at a high rate of v
speed. ii
In All the South There WaM o
Not a Negro Prisotn Nor n Con- a
viet or a Chain Gaig. it
Atlanta Constitution.
Of course I was very much interest
ed in the great negro convention. So c
was every thoughtful man North and
South, but there were some features
about it that did not harmoize with
the views and memories of the old 9
masters. The oft-repeated assertion
that forty years ago the negro emerged
from bordage and barbarism is a mis- g
take. 1. is worse, for it is slander.
One orator said that they had been in
a savago state one hundred years- t
another said two hundred and fifty v
years-and their progress since free
dom came was wonderful. Some of f
our young people of this age and gen
oration may carelessly believe that, for a
they have been taught it from the
North where it ib universally believed.
Booker Washington may believe it, u
for he is in his middle age. But Evan t
Howell and I and all other veterans,
whether white or black, know that it t
is not so. I don't want the old-time 7
negroes slandered.
The orator might as well have said 1
250 years ago, for their ancestors
were all in Africa then- -none of the t
grown up negroes who were set free
had been in bondage more than flifty
or sixty years and none were savages ~
or barbarians. They comp)ared well ~
with the illiterate white people, and in ~
fact feh above them and spoke of them ~
as p)oor white trash. The close asso
ciation for two or three generations of I
these slaves with their white masters
and their families educated most of
them im good morals and manhmers and
industry, which is a better educaticna
than books, andl the truth is they were
when freedom camne infinitely superior
to the race as it now is. The progress
that Booker Washington and his as- I
sociates boast of is an alarming retro
grade and degenieracy. When free
(dem came there was not an outrage in
all the Southern land nor was there a
conv'ict or a chiaingang nor a negro
prison, but now there are 4,400 con
victs and the number increases faster
than the population.
No-there is no upward gradation
in their morals. The higher ediucation
that these na gro colleges are giving to
the few have no good effect upon the
many, and, according to Mr. Wash
ington's own statement, he is alarmed
because most of his graduates aspire to
be loaders and teachers and preachers
and bosses. They are a pampered
negro aristocracy and widely scattered
as they are, they have not reformed
the race in morals or in honesty or an
observance of the marriage relations.
I-can assert with truth that at least
one-third of the negro children in and
around Cartersville are bastards.
There are nine within a stone's throw
of our house-and yet their mothers
are very good servants and make good
cooks, chambermaids and washer
women. Thley lose no caste or social
position or church membership by
reason of their unchae and unlawful
cohabitation, and the children of those
women are growing up without moral
training and are as notorious young
thieves as the Arabs of the desert.
The white people have got so accus
tomed to their petty th.ieving that they
do not prosecute them.
Mr. Washington made another mis
take when he said that the number of
convicts increased because they were
too poor to employ counsel. It is well
known to the bar and.to those who at
tendl the courts that the judge always
appoints competent counsel, and he
leans to the negro and protects him as
far as he can consistently with his
(duty. I know that our judge does.
About a year ago he tried three ne
groes for a crime in a neighboring
county. They were easily convicted
forn they were uilty. Ile fned each
>f them $25 and the cost and sot
,once(1 them to one year's service in
,he claingang, but told them ho would
told up the sentence for a year, an! if
hey could got any responsible white
nan to take them in chargo and let
hem work out their lines and bring
hen back to the court at the next
crm and give a good account of them,
ic would not sond them to the chain
;ang at all. The negroes found good
non without leaving the court house
tid they did work out their flines and
lehaved well, and their employers
undo a good report of them and they
vore honorably discharged. Iiow
iuch better that was than the chain
ang with all of its bad associations
,nd brutality.
'1'he Southern peolSle are uniformly
ind to good negroes. Last year my
aithful servant, Tip, came to see me,
or he was in trouble. le had laid up
few hundred dollars and had bought
snug little farm near Rome for 800,
rhinl took all his money. The man
e bought from then suddenly disap
cared and Tip found out there was a
iortgage on the farm of "500. " Where
id the man come fromt?" I asked.
le came from Ohio," said Tip.
And you did not ask any lawyer to
)ok into the title ?" " No, sir," said
'ip. " le talked so fair :d I had
nowed him some time that I thought
tiorely lie wouldn't cheat me." And
ow Tip is still working out that mort
age and the man cannot be found.
eckon lie is drawing a pension and
olding an office in Ohio. What we
iish to see is some good j...%ctical ro
alts of those negro colleges.
Before the war every man of wealth
'lie owned slaves had among them
asons, carpenters, blacksmiths, wa
onmakers, shoemakers, etc.; iny
tan Tip was a paperhanger and a good
no, for my wife taught him, and he
as made good money by it since the
'ar. The negroes are naturally me
lianics and improve rapidly in their
-ades, out I ha%ve not seen or heard of
no from Tuskegee yet. Washington
iys lie is trying to teach them that it
honorable to walk between the plow
andles. Why, we can't get a white
ollege boy to do thot, much less a col
ige negro whose education has all
onw from charity, and thse colleges
eel) begging for more and get it.
BuL what frets us old masters is all
is tommyrot about the negroes hav
ig just emerged from slavery and
arbarisn. I wish to declare to this
eneration that our old slaves had
iore common sense and far better
iorals than those we have now, and
bey had wives and children and they
rere not ashamed of them. It sweetens
y memory to go back to the good old
tithful stock like Tip and Sinda and
Lunt I'eggy and Virgil and big Jack
ud little Jack and Uncle Sam and
Lunt Ann and hundreds of othcrs who
reie happy and contentedi, and whose
hildren have got into the chaingangs
lrough the malignant legislation of
i enemies. Harper's Weekly seems
o have repented of late, but the cruel
rork is clone an] cannot be undone.
.he most hopeful sign I saw in the
roccedings and reports of that con
ention was that given by a mulatto
,r copper-colored negro from a negro
own near the Mississippi, ,botween
ficksburg and Memphis, where they
wned a good 'body of farming land
nd worked it and made good crops
nid had a good town of 2,000 peop)le
,nd sixteen stores and1 good common
chools and several churches and
lenty of good mechanics and a mayor
nd council, and1 there were no idlers,
nid if a tramp came there they waited
n him and shipped him ofY on the first,
rain-and there wasn't a white muan
n the town nor dlid one live in .5 miles
f it. I am going to watch that t,own.
vfaybe that will help to solve the race
robhcm. BILL Ani.
%Iot a Newv Developimnt ini thme
Commmercin1 WVorld-The 1)1111.
culty of Control.
At the convention of the Americaii
[Ban Association, which was recently
n sessioni at Saratoga, i'resident, U.
NI. Rose, of Lit,tle Itock, Ark., in his
innual address, discussed the problem
of controlling the trusts by legislation.
lie said:
We are by this time familiar with
what are called " trusts ;" so called,
perhaps, because they contain in their
composition not a smngle fiduciary cle.
men t.
South Carolina has p)assedI two acts
en this subject,. The first act forbids
all persons to form pools, trusts or
combinations for the purpose of regu
lating or fixing the price of any article
of trade or merchandise or to limit t,he
quantity of any article of manufacture
or commodity, or of any repair, or the
premium of any insurance. Heavy
fines are 'prescribed for any violatiori
of the act and in adldit,ion any domestic
corporation infringing its provisione
shall forfeit Its charter, and any foreign
corporation so offending shall forfeit it,s
right to do business within the State.
There has beenlogislationi along thc
the same lines in other States, dlevelop.
ing, however, no new features.
A German writer, who has latel3
wriiten a book about American trusts
counts the American bar among thes4
parasitic mnstitutionis, saying that we
hold meetings for the purpose of rogu
lating fees, a very surprising statemen
that could hardly have been made bj
anyone save a foreigner unacquainte(
with professional life in this count,ry
It, is dlue to the truth of history to sa:
that no such meetings are held an
that wa can look upon the pendin1
contest for supremacy between th
United States and the beef trust, if no
with indiforenco, at least without
Our country during the last IbM:
ycarP. has witnessed a change of sucl
magnitude ts to be without a singl
parallel in history. By means of vas
aggregations of money, corporate nio
inopolies have boen established in al
most every branch of industry. What
effect these tremendous creations wil
havo on our future destiny, morally
socially, financially, legally, no omi
ventures to predict with any dogree of
confidence. If it is true, as said b3
Oliver Cromwell, that no -'nc goes sc
far as the man that (toes not knot
where lie is going, we are apparently
entering upon a long journey.
Monopolies are as old as human his.
tory, and we cannot doubt that by theii
gritiding oppression they kept men
and women lying awake of nights long
before the first page of history wats
written. They were forbidden by the
laws of ancient Greece and Rome; they
were forbidden by the common law of
Englahd, and the common law was re.
inforced from time to time by statutes.
For awhile during the reign of E-liza
both they flourished. At on time she
had licensed more than fifty ionopo
lies to prey on the community. 11 ume,
the historian, was amazed at their itum
ber and rapacity.
In order to build up an empiro in
the E,ast, Parliament granted a iom,
poly to the last India Company, which
became so oppressive that its over
throw wasi a matter of necessity. I
soon learned to charge 100 per cent
profit on every article that it csold, and
the tea that it sold became so inferior
in quality that it had hardly a trace of
the plant of that name.
Of course these results were not
reached at once; prices were raised
gradually and stealthily under pretense
of decreased production.
Instead of fifty monopolies, we have
at present more than 4,000, to say
nothing of price and rate-fixing and
profit-sharing pools, with buying and
selling agencies, exercising functions
similar to those of the trusts, all or
ganized for the purposo of fixing prices
arbitrarily. Each day brings its report
of same new and gigantic alliance, the
future of which can not be predicted,
since most of these corporations are
authorized to buy up the stc: k of any
other corporation, so that they may at
any time acquire supreme control over
industries extremoly remote from those
ostensibly in view when they were first
The first success of one of these
combinations, if successful at all, is
alluring in a high degree. If the pro
porty is capitalized at twice its value,
the lowest capitalization known, and
the securities are lloated at par, the re
suit is that the former owners find
themselves twice as rich as they were
before, and at a very trilling outlay of
time, money or energy, to say nothii
of a future of immense possibilities,
We shall not be surprised, therefore,
when told that many similar organiza
tions are started with the deliberat,
intention of swindling unsuspectint
The Supreme Court of the Unite(
States and several of our Presidenti
have more than once called attentiot
to the gravity of the situation, and wa
can not suppose that men occupyin,
such high positions of responsibilit,
would wantonly excit,c public applre
Trhiere is one form of tyranny tha
governments, however instituted, cai
not--at least directly-exercise. El
forts have oft,en been made to contro
prices by law, but never successfully
The nat,ural laws of tradoe always
triumphed over the art,ifical lawi o:
men. But whoever can control th<
Bsupply can fix his own prices, as wi
see in t,he case of Pharaoh in Egypt
1I, was not ats King that lie assertec
that, power, for the commanid of tI
supply would have given it to him if h<
had been a p)rivate indlividuial.
P'residlent floosevelt, has said muore
than once that the power of corpoira
tions over prices should be subjecteo
t,o public control. The p)rincipail dilli
cult,y pertains to the remedy. If ox
isting laws could be0 enforcedl perhaptl
no new one would be needled.
A remne(dy somet,imes proposed witl
seeming confidence is that of publicity
[Pubhlcit,y is a good thing. Monopolie
delight in secrecy. 1t is said that th
absent always suifor, and the publi
are not invit,cd to part,icipate in coi
porate meetiogs. Very lately corporr
tions are organizing und(er condlitioni
t,hat (to not permit ovein all of th
stockholders to examane t,he booki
that privilege being reservedl for hiold
era of preferredl stock alone. It mat
be that persons who rely oii thi
remedy are misled by the laws relatini
to the examination of the books<
banks, which are very casily examninct
Banks have only to (10 with a sin)g
commodlity, one that has lixedl andl ur
varying values. The dilculty
enormously mncreasedl when it com<
to like examinations of the books<
ot,her corporate bodies (doing an e:
tensive and variedl business. In sue
cases it is not, infrequently found thi
the mysteries of modern bookkeepira
exceedl those of alchemy, remindir
one of the response of a railway pres
dent to his legal adviser to a quest,i
as to what the books of the comparm
would show regarding a controvert
then under consideration. " Well,
said1 the presidlent, " as I foresaw lon
ago that this dispute would some tini
probably arise, and, not knowing e
actly what form It would assume,
I kept the books in a flexible corn
Flexible bookkeeping may just
I claim a respectable antiquity.
formedI one of the minor charges
Cicero against Verres; and a contei
L noarnyt poet nurmnises that it wma n
,lize( by the contractors that built th1
pyrialuids. The remedy of publicit
would only servo to prolong the prs;t
1 out situation.
3 Another proposed remedy is th
t modification of the tariff laws as far a
- they alfiet prices of commodities sob
- by the trusts. This would open th,
Srusts to the competition of the foreigi
I markets; and to that extent it woulc
place i limit on the powor to raisw
I prices. It would not, of course, affect
I all the trusts, and hence it woul b(
inadequate, though it might prov(
s very useful.
Another remedy suggeuted is an
amendment to the Peleral constitution
giving power to Congress to control all
corporations; a very drastic remedy,
indeed, one that would greatly strength
en the lobby, one. that, might intro
duce an era of LolitIcal corruption
hitherto unknown.
I,astly, It 1S suggeit.td that the
Federal constitution 8110111(1 be so
amlended as to enablo Congress to
prevent by appropriate penalties the
slugging of rivals by local undersellng,
by " f'actor's agreeineits," and by
similar (levices. This would not pre
vont the investmlent of large sums in
corporate hands; and corporations with
large capital would still have an ad
vantage; but laws of that kind woul
no (oubt be rigidly enforced by the
juries of (lie coun try; anld forced symti
pathy in favor of new and stiugxglingt
(+nterprises would probably go a Iong
way to redress the balance.
NI;W VI ICWO 01 CII11,) L,A I tlt
''hc Mill I'resi<letit- Ought to
Secre Uniforn 141l%s on l'a
IrIotle (Ironlti.
Charleuton News and courier.
ir. Edwin I,ehtlan Johnson, of
Memphis, Teni., at widoly known con
sulting specialist in cotton geed, its
products, muanufacttire aind uses, is
spending i few days In the city, regis
tered at the Charleston Hlotel. Ar.
Jolnn11 has devoted the besl. years of
his life to the study and plrsuit of this
calling and by closc attention to busi
ness, coupled with ia great (1al of iat.
uiral ability, he has eatablished a na
tional ieputationl in his particular line
of work. Mr. .1ohtsoni haiis many
friends in South Carolina, having re
sided at on time in this State. AL
present lie is it mlemlber of the Alem
phlis Cotton Exchange and promninent
ly identified with the financial, con
mercial and industrial circles of Ite
Tennesseo metropolis.
\Vhen seen at the Charleston Ilotel
by it reporter for The News andi Cou
rier, Mr. .1ohnsont was asked for an ex
pressiuln of his views on the :hiid Ia
bor question, it matter which has for
some time 1 beet one of the paramount
issues of the day both North and Soutl,
but particularly inl the Southern
it I cannot clait any special knowl
edge of child or other labor in the
mills, tmy experience having been ex
clusively with the labor in the allied
industry of cotton seed niulufacturc,"
Ssa.(i the 'itnnesseat. ' The require
ments in this latter calling are so se
I vore that none but able-bodied men
can mueet themIl, and I have never sect
children Imt cottoln sed mliils any.
Y where."
"' T1he chtild1 lor' q1uestOn, htow
OVer,'' te (Ot,ttnued , '' is an econlOmUt
t Otno of groat. concernt to the South antl
about,11 whtich every Southerner ouigh
- t,o have fixedl op)inionsR based otn pai,ri
Iotic grouitds. We will do well t,o for.
-get, all Northernt cr'iticisml otn this tmate
Ictr. Such criticism unhlappily tendls t<
force us iln self-defenice t.o dlepreclia t
the real evil and( it.s nmagntitude. Thec
rightt point of view is that, we ought, in
the South to b)ond( cyery energy to
walrd cultivating force, stamninta ai(
character mt our white p laUitioni, foi
we are till advocates of whtit,c supre1m
acy ; and( at, t,he rate the ntegroes art
9.advantcing and1( shtould ad(vanIce, wvi
-must raise upl and rouse 1up our wea1kel
I white brnethren m1 order to keep ull
- with the paice, 'Te (day of thte '1p001
- whiite trash' has1 passed. WVe do 1no
5 wat,t and( must not, haive any siuci
class int thte future.
There is absiolut.cly nothing ill c01
. t mill work that weakens or abuse:
a hiealthty mIiinds and( 80ound( bodies. 1
B is as5 digified ats anly ot,her. labor. bThe
e chibdren can be emlohyed at it, at a]
is proof t,hat it is tnot a tax upont cit,he
-fmind( or body. lBut mt this very fac
a lurks thle dlanger. lGxcept in rarn
e cases a child ought, neithter t,o be comI
i, pelled tnor allowed to earn its ow
livelihood, st,ill less be requiredl to supJ
y' port its eldlers. Tile years of chil
5 1h00( ought to be devot,cd to the dl(
g velopnment of both body and1( mindl
>f It, requires no argument to show t,hat
I. race of menOf and womn iwhioseo ntir
e childhood has beetn spenlt in workin
i- in cotton mills or any other mills wi
is be an itnferior race, bo0th physicall
xs andl mnentally. Wec cannot afford I
>f have anyl such race in the Sout,h. Tb'l
c- pub)lic interest reqiuiires that our whii
it chillretn should1( ob)tin. oycn a bott,
t eidcationl thant te children of t11
g North. They must quit the cotte
ig mills and( go to school.
i- ((j'Te negro child in Gecorgia, Soul
nI Carolina andl other Southern Statos
ty making far more of school privilog
y3 thtan tihe white child. No cotton mn
" employs ntegro children or tom[
tg thlem away from the institutions
te leartnmg. Our cotton mills are .
x- servedily the most popular of all C
I imnufactures. They have boon
li- vored above all othors in public con
d1once and publhc support. Sout,he
ly mill owners should show somo app
It elation of this and carefully gut
of against the very just reproach Li
ni- will bo cast upon them If their inS
I,i- no unon Southen life altah1 bn
D lower in mind or body the standard of
y the white man, woman-or child.
" It is a groat surprise to me that
public spirited men like Orr, of South
s Carolina, and Jordan, of Georgia,
a have not taken timo by the forelock
I and asked the Legislatures of every
3 Southern State to enact a uniform law
1 in all of these States upon the ques
tion of child labor. I believe that
chivalry, patriotism, common sense
and business prudence, all dictate such
a course. It needs only a few of our
largest and best mills to set their faces
sternly against the abuses of child la
bor to arouse public sentiment so that
proper and just laws will be passed.
The exceedingly small additional profit
in child labor 'will deter no just man
from such a course.
" We want more and better cotton
mills in the South; we want them in
Tennessee and Mississippi, as well as
in the Carolina@ and Georgia. We
want more Northern capital invested
in such mills. If it is generally be
lieved that our mills make money only
because they employ child labor, and
that when child labor is done away
with such investments will' not be
profltable, capital, knowing that such
laws will inevitably be passed, will be
slow to invest in Southern cotton
mills. Bt. on the other hand, if it
can be proved, as I am confident it
can, that these Southern mills can pay
botter dividends than English or New
England mills without child labor at
all, then capital, with absolute confl
dence, will invest largely in them.
" Every man in the South, there
fore, who desires to see cotton mills
multiply and extend wherever cotton
is growhn, should demand that abuses
of chilt labor in Southern factories
cease and ceaso immediately.,,
II. B. Carpenter, a civil engineer,
who has just completed the survey of
the southern line of Utah, says the
boundary betwcon that State and Ari
zona does not cross a foot of cultivated
landl. It traverses a desert which is
cut up by great canyons that are al
most impassablo. The length of the
lne is 277 miles. Landmarks along
the line will make it possible for the
boundary to be located without any
diticulty I the future. Just east of
the Colorado river a sand-stone butte
rises 1,000 feet above the plain, and
the very Peak of this butte is exactly
on the boundary.
Gen. (reely, chief of the United
States signal service, has sailed for
Alaska, where he will superintend the
building of the government telegraph
systemn from Valder to Eagle City. Is
this the beginning of the government
control of the telegraph ? It is an
nounced that, owing to the difficulty of
maintaining land imes from Dawson
to Ashcroft, the government may lay
a land cable over the most difficult
mountains. At present during severe
storms the lines are interrupted by the
falling of trees, etc.
The victims of Mont Pelee's latest
eruption only returned to their homes
last week, tho French government
thinking that danger was over.
For Infa~nts and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
-Special Prico
one month only, $5.00, $610.00, and $'70.
00. Delivered at your depot. $5.00 to
accompany order. This is ahead of
any otfer over made for spot cash.
Write for terms.
L. A. McCord, M'gr.
rens, S. C.
Charies G. Leslie,
--Fish and Ovsters~
ai 18 & 20 MA RK ET ST., CH ARLESTON, S. C.
Consignments of Country Produce are
reaecf ulyso'icited, P'oui try, Eggs &o.
aeh aked in biarrels and boxes for
.country trade a speialty.
a -.. ..
* Order Your Fresh
LFish and Oysters
e from The Terry Fish Co., Charleston,
,e 8. C., or The Columbia Fish and Ice
r Co., Columbia, S. C., and write to
e thorn for price list.
n F. S. TERRY, Manager.
j5 Medical College
ell of Virginia.
ta ....Esta.lfashed .1888....
of Departments of Medicine, Dentists,
.-and Pharmacy. For particulars and
ur catalogue address, Christopher Temp.
a- kins, M. D., Dean, Richmond, Va.
Contractor and Builder
to Pieckens, S. e

xml | txt