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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, October 09, 1902, Image 1

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THE PEOPLE'S .JOURNAL
VOL 12.-NO. 34, PICKENS, S. C., TH URSDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1902.
FARMERS COME
SOUTH WARD.
AN a Rest1lt of the Work Being
Done by the Southern Rail
roaN(' Industrial Agents.
An important influence in determnin
ing the trend of immigration in this
country, especially since thousands of
:oreigners have flocked annually to the
United States, has boon the activity of
railroad linos running East and West.
Following the pioneer and established
lines of trade between the coast and the
backwoods, such roads were the earliest
to be completed, and the general rule of
immigration that parallels of latitude
are followed, was reinforced thereby.
During the past ten or fifteen years a
number of independent lines, somne of
them quite weak, have been united
into strong systems, giving prompt and
comfortable means of travel between
the North and the South.
The first effects, the diversion of
outward-bound trade from the middle
West and Northwest to South Atlantic
and Gulf ports, have been followed by
an increasing tendency of farmers to
move toward the South, with its virgin
opportunities and its promise of large
profits on comparatively small invest
ments. '1'his movement has been ac
celerated by persistont and intelligent
work by several of the leading railroad
systems of the South, and the results
are becoming strikingly inanifes,.
Since the days sixty and seventy years
ago, when the new lands of Alabama,
Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas in
vited settlers, there has been no
stronger interest in Southern lands
than there is today. The movement is
so important that the Southern l!arm
Magazme, in its October issue, pub
olihes several special articles from rep
resentatives of railroads who have b'en
active in immigration work for the
South. Their statements are not only
valuable as records of what has been
accomplished, but they are full of sug
gesuon about the future.
Mr. l. V. Rlichards, of Washington,
D, C., land and industrial agent of the
Southern railway, writes :
" To the general public the best
proof of the growing influx of settlers
into the territory tributary to the South
ern railway lines is found in the grad
ual advance of real estate values, the
opening up of the wild lande to the ex
tent of millions of acres and the en
ormous increase of Southern travel
locally. Prosperous colonies have been
established, while grain, fruit and stock
areas have been created and improved,
and extended in numberless directions
along our lines. Within the past year
035 new industries have boon located
along the Southern railway system, 215
industries have been enlarged and 155
industrial enterprises are now under
construction, which, with other impor
tant developments, aggregate a total
disbursement of $117,000,000, all this
adjacent to and upon the Southern
Railway lines only. The effect upon
immigration has been marked. Thou
sands have come Southward in conse
quence of this industrial actiN ity, as
sured of employment, and as we are in
close touch with every portion of our
territory we are constantly in a posi
tion to know whether these people are
content and prosperous. We have no
information to the contrary and be
lieve that as they become accustomed
to the new conditions and familiar
with climatic and soil requirements
andi effect, their own domestic life and
welfare are bett,ered and their pros
pects brighter than ever before. The
present outlook is emphatically en
couraging anti the present decade will,
we feel assured, round up with a
totality surpassing that of the palm
icst year of immigration Westward."
CJol. J. B. Killebrew, of Nashville,
Teun., industrial and immigration
agent of the Nashville, Chattanooga
andl St. Louis Railway, writes :
"Thme immigrants now settling on
the line of the Nashville, Chattanooga
* and St. Louis Railway are of high
character,,industrial habits anti great
intelligence. During the past eighi
teen months not less than seven hun
dred and fifty families anti single men
have bought farms in the territory
tributary to the road and settled on
them. There are many that have not
been reported to my othice. Many of
t,hese have paid from $5,000 to $12,000
in cash for farms andI nearly all of
* ~ them are not only pleasedi with the
soils, markets and climate, but they
are making efforts t,o have former
neighbors anti kinspeoplo to join them.
I estimate that during the past ten
years something over three thousand
heads of families and single men have
purchasedi farms in the region travers
edi by the road which I repiesent.
They have bought on an average
something like one hundred acres
each, making about 300,000 acres that
are now occupied by Northern farmers.
"The tendency of thought throughout
the Northwest is leading to a better
understanding and a higher apprecia
tion of the agricultural capabilities and
advantages of the South. The thou
sands of new immigrants now buying
lands at high prices in the Northwest
are causing the earlier settlers to seek
new fields, and these are provided
with ample funds and are acquiring
better information of the South
through the distribution of literature
by the Southern railroadd.. The pros
pects, therefore, for an increase in
immigration aire very good."
Mr. W. L. Glessner, of Macon, da.,
commissioner of immigration of the
Georgia Southern and Florida Railway,
-after alluding to the pine forests
yielding to fertile farms, orchards And
vineyards, and to saw mll replaced
* by cotton mills, cotton oil mills, knit.
ting factories, etc., writes :
" It would be unfair to allo
infer that this increase of populatic
and prosperity has been brought abot
entirely by the immigration of NorW
ern farmers, for they do not represe
even a majority of it, although thc
represent a large proportion, most <
them coming from the Northwestor
States. We have had comparativel
no dissatisfaction and few removal
for as a rule they are prosperous an
contented, and where one Northor
farmer settles others from his ol
neighborhood follow him. For thi
reason the prospects for additional in
migration fromi the North and Wes
are very favorable, as every satisil(
Northern farmer in the South is al
active and iniluential immigratio1
agent. In south Georgia, and Floridi
we are expecting a new class of im
migrants from the Northwest--stocl
farmers-for we have demonstrate(
that cattle, sheep and hogs can b
raised, fattened and narkoted cheape
in this section than in the Northwest
and already several large tracts o
land have been taken up by North
western farmers for the purposo o
graz'ing cattle.
" it has been anything but an easy
task to attempt to divert the tide o:
immigration from. lines of latitude t<
those of longitude, but the stream hati
beeni started and will continue to in
ci ease II its flow.''
Capt. J. F. Merry, of )ubuque
Iowa, assistant general passengem
agent of the Illinois Central Railway
writes
"If we may judge from preseni
valuations the South during the next
twelve mouths will witness an immi
gration from the North akin to that
which for the past two years has found
its way in the direction of the Cana
dian lit,e.
" Within the past sixty days an un.
usual interest has sprung up among
bankers, lawyers, doctors, merchants,
real estate agents and railroad men
throughout the Northwest in the
matter of Southern land investments,
especially in the cotton districts, and
already a number of cotton plantations
have been nurchased by Northern
men and wil. be leased to colored
tenants. The writer is confident such
investments will be far more remuner
ative than oven double the amounts
invested in Northern forms.
" The undeveloped cotton and corn
lands of the South are also now in de
mand at advanced prices. Contracts
are being made for the clearing of
these lands and the placing of those
farms in such condition as will make
them attractive as well as profitable.
" Indeed, there is a general feeling
everywhere that Southern farm lands,
in sympathy with the present indus
trial and commercial activities of the
South and the general prosperity of
the country, must necessarily advance.
What we want in the South is more
farms and better farming, more atten
tion paid to farm attractiveness, more
white houses and more rod barns.
All these things are steadily increasing
and in time Mississippi will compare
favorably with Illinois, Tennesseo
with Ohio, and Louisiana wit,h lowsi
in the amount of their products and
value of lands."
T1IIEY ROBBEID TI[E ORAVES
Negroes Supplied Iianliainapoli
Colleges With )eaad Bodies
Fromn Ccrueteries.
Wholesale robbery of graves in t,h<
cemeteries about Indianapolis, whia'
has been going oii for some time, waf
brought to a close Monday morning by
the arrest of a gang of seven negroes,
Warrants were also issued for &
p)rominent physician, the deimonstrato)
of anatomy mi the Central College 01
Physicians and Surgeons, in which tw<
stolen bodies were found about 10 daym
ago; for an intorne in the college am
for the janitor of the college. Th&
negroes under arrest are: Walte:
Daniels, Sol Grady, Sam Martin, Gar
field Bucker, Wm. Jones, IRufus Can
troll arnd Isham Donnol. All live ir
Indhianapolle.
Rlufust Cantrell made a comp1cti
confession andl implicated the others
He said the demonstrator accomapaniet
the negroes on several of the gravy
robbing expeditions.
Nearly one hundred graves, it i.
said, have been robbed by ghouls dur
lug the last three months. The detec
tives say the negroes were armed wit!
shotguns and . equippedl with horse
and wagons. The bodies were sold t<
different colleges which opened thei
winter terms last week. The detec
tlv3s say that a complete investigatio
will probably show that evin th,
graves in Crown Hill were deosecrate,
l)y the ghouls. Cantrell said that hi
andI the other negroes visited Moun
Jackson cemetery almost every tim
any one was buried inl the place. "W
pretty near cleaned that place out," hi
saidl. " I doin't believe that we hay
missed anybody that has been burie
there since July."
When the negroes were brought iri
to court all weakened and confesse
they wore members of an organize
gang of ghouls.
Mount Jackson, a cemetery jum
across the river, west of the city, hm
been left practically empty by tile gray
robbers.
"Rufus," was the p)assword at t:
medical colleges and when It was u
tered by the returning ghouls, U:
doors of the colleges would always I
opened without questioning. Th
statement that Crown 111ll, one of ti
best guarded cemeteries in the Unit<
States,' has probably been invadled 1
the grave robbers, has caused indign
tion. One of the ghouls said it usual
took about 25 minutes to rob a gray
The law in Indiana is very stri
and provides for effective puinishme
n f goulst by long i.pIonet
n 1)ATIl OF EMILI 'OLA.
' Tie Note(t Fichtelt NoveliHt nt
it
itnunch F"ricnd of )reyftuN.
Emilo Zola, the novelist, who gainc<
additional prominence in recent yeari
y because of is defonse of ihe Jews an(
of former Capt. Dreyfus, was fount
dead in his Paris home Monday morn
ing. Asphyziation resulting from th(
fumes from a stove in his bedroom i<
given as the cause of death.
t M. Zola and his wife retired at l(
1 o'clock. Madame Zola was seriously
ill when the room was broken into,
At about noon she was removed to ia
private hospital, whore she recovered
consciousness for a short time and was
able briefly to explain to a muagistratc
whiat had happened. M. and1u Mine.
Zola had returned to Paris from thoii
country house at Medan. Owing to a
suddon spell of cold weather the heat
ing stove in their bed-room was order.
ed lighted. The stove burned badly
and the pipes of the stove are said to
have been out of order.
To the magistrate Mme. Zola ox
plained that she woke early in the
morning with a splitting headache.
She wakened her husband and asked
him to open a window. She saw lin
rise and attempt to move toward a
window but he staggered and fell to
the floor unconscious. Mme. Zola
fainted at the same moment and was,
therefore, unable to give the alarm.
Mine. Zola does not yet know of her
husband's death, and it is feared she
may suffer a relapse when informed of
it. It is thought, however, that she
will recover.
h'le death of M. Zola, which only
became generally known late in the
afternoon, has caused a great sensation
in Paris, and there was a constant
stream of callers at the Zola residence.
The servants of the Zola household,
not hearing any movement in their
master's apartment, entered the bed
room at half-past 9 o'clock and found
M. Zola lying with his head and
shoulders on the floor and his logs on
the bed. Doctors were sunmlone(l but
they failed to resuscitate him.
Mne. Zola was unconscious, but
after prolonged efforts on the part, of
the physicians she showed signs of life,
but it was some time before she he
came conscious.
A slight odor of carbonic gas was
noticed when the servants broke into
the bedroom. From the position of
M. Zola's body it was evident that he
had tried to rise, but had been over
come by the fumes from the detective
stove. The servants immediately
opened the bedroom windows and sent
for physicians. A commissary of police
was also summoned. It was decided
that theze were evidences of suicide in
the death of M. Zola. Nothing has so
far developed to substantiate this
theory. The statement made by Mme.
Zola to the magistrate seems to dis
prove it. M. Zola dined with a good
appotite yesterday evening, and the
servants of the household ate of the
same dishes. No unuaual sound was
heard from the bedroom during the
night. Two httle (logs belonging to
the Zoas passed the night in their
master's bedroom. They were alive.
it is believed they owe their lives to
the fact that one slept on the bed and
the other on a chair thus escaping the
heavy carbonic gas, which settled niear
the floor.
A druggist, who was the first to ar
rive at the house to attend M. Zola
and his wife, said: " When I entered
the bedroom, M. Zola was lying partly3
on tihe floor. M. andl Mmne Zola did
not present exclusive symptoms of as
phlyxiation. Their faces were contort
od andl their lips5 were bloodless bu1t
Inot violet colored. I think the acci.
I dent was probably caused by the Zols
inhaling heavy carbonic gas, which
lay mainly below the level of the higi:
-bed. This would account for Mine,
- ola's escape. They were not suf
focated on the bed. M. Zola wam
awakened by the effects of thle gas and
tried to rise, but he was seized witli
vomiting, faInted, fell to the floor,
I where he was suffocated. Mmne. Zolt
also was overcome by the gas but to s
less (degree than her husband."
The commissary of police who wai
summoned to the Zola residence sah
in hIs report to the prefect of P.aris
"The heating stove was not lightet
I and there was no odor of gas. It il
believed that M. Zola's death was duil
to accidental pisoning by drugs. Tw<
- little dog8 found in the bedroom ar<
Salive."
In the second report the commissar'
of police endorsed thle medical opmnloz
Sthat M. Zola's death was accidental an<
L due to asphyxiation.
3 Dr. Leyrmand, who attended M
3 and Mmne. Zoia is quoted as saying ir
3 an interview that the heating stovi
3 was still warm when he entered th4
room.
The prefect of Paris ordleredl thi
- city architect to examine the bedroon
I in which M. lola died and( has issuo<
d instructions that an analysis be mad'
of his blood andl of the atmosphere ii
t his room.
8 M. lola had been resting from liter
o) ary work since lie finished his bool
called " T1he T1ruth," which is bein;
e published serially in The Aurore.
L- M. lola was born in Paris April 2ind
e 1840.
SCASTOR IA
S For Inf'ants aind Children.
the KInd You Have Always Bougi
cit Bears the
TOM DI XON'S ROM E.
I Tice Aitt 11or of' *41T11e Leopar(i't
Spotti'' DescrlieN Elting.
tot.
In the World's Work for October,
the Rev. Thomas Dixon, .Jr., gives a
deecription of his homa1n in which he
says :
The present house at Elmington was
built by Dr. .lohn Prosser Tahb, flifty
seven years ago, at that time the rich
est and most influential mani in this
county. Its walls contain the brick
from the old house built im the earliest
Colonial days.
These walls are three feet thick.
The house is three and a half stories
high and contains thirty-two rooms.
The hall is twenty feet wide, thirty
Ilve feet deep, and from its rear circu
lar wall the winding mahogany stair
sweeps gracefully up three stories into
the gallery of the observatory. There
is not i shoddy piece of work in it
from collar .to attic. The malogany
rails and spindles are the llinsct finish
(d handwork, the win(oi% and door
sills are massive Italian marble, and
the hard pine floors so evenly and
smoothly laid they will hold water.
'Tie floors are laid on oak sleepers set
only tell inches apart, and are back
plastered and sand-ballasted.
More than a hundred slaves aided
the skilled workmen in its erection.
Its straight, massive, square lines gave
ie the opportunity to carry out my
dream of the Colonial home. It only
required the addition on both sides of
the Greek facades and great pillars
and it was done.
I had men at work on the construc
tion of these columns who never saw
a locomotive--men of family who own
their homes. And I hope they never
will see one down here.
I put ini a system of waterworke,
with windmill for power, four bath
rooms, and a coimjieto system of sower
age into tidewater. An acetylene gas
plant gave us finer lights than cloctri
vity and for less c(uoit than city gas.
\Vu rummaged through the junk shops
of New York and dragged out a com
plete set of uassive old brass chande
liers, all over tinfy years old ini pattern,
hadl them cleatedI at the factory, and
thcy looked as if they were built into
the house originally.
Twelve rooms have open grate fires,
and we secured sufficient heat for ill
the space by placing two tubular 1.
air furnances in the basement. Our
winters are usually,so mild that roses
blossom in the llower-garden in I)e
comber.
1 had dreamed all this complete
from the moment I saw the house.
The actual doing of the things was a
revelation and a liberal education. I
figured on $3,000 for the job of paint
ing, decorating, water, heat, and
modern conveniences. The plumbing
cost $2,350 and I got good value for
the money. The bill aggregated $7,
600. But when it was (lone it was a
joy to look at it. The effect was mas
sive and dignified, and1 yet homelike
and inviting. We had something to
show for our money, and, what was a
great deal better, we had something
that would stand the test of tinie. Its
great hall and grand old rooms with
their lofty ceiling give meaning and
dignity to daily life, and their meno
ries link us in followship and synpat;
to a mighty past.
And we got all this for the price of
nineteen feet of scorched mud in New
York.
FLOODS IN TFXAS.
Cotton D)antagecd By The Tre
iinend ous~ Ra ins.
A JLouston, Texas, dispatch of
Saturday says that dutriug the past 12
hours there has been a terrib)le rain
fall over the whole of south andl a per
ion of east Texas, which has (10n1
great dlamahge to the open cotton,
washed away in numzerable small and
many big bridges, (drowned cattle and
caused other destruction.
The small streams are reported out
of their banks in every dlireCtioni and
the railroads have suffered heavy dlam
age to their tracks and bridges.
At Kennedy it is estimatedl that 15
inches of water tell. Many people
were comp)elledl to remove from their
Ihomes.
At Ranchio, a (i2 foot steel bridge
was wrecked by the flood and carried
half a mile down the stream. Several
houses were washed away but their in
habitants got out in safety.
A great niumubor of horses were
caught in,the bottoms at various poinits
Iand were drowned.I
Gonzales county, esp)ecial ly, su ffered
heavily in this respect. The loss tc
cotton cannot even be estimated, be
cause of the large area affected. I'ick
ing had been in progress for somt
days, butt all that had not been remnov.
ed from the bolle is a total loss and~
bigabeatenI into the ground. Thu
ranhsthoroughly relieved the long
existing dIroughit in the cattle countr
along the lower coast.
t Lieutenant Governor-elect Sloan haa
received a great many applications foi
the few appointments that come uindle
his control. iIe has already dIecided
upon all of his appointments and it ii
useles to write to him further uipoi:
the matter. The two most important
ap)pointmenlts are: Journal clerk
TI'imhan Bunch, and bill clerk, A. IL
ihitler. Mr. Bunch, who has be001
selected for the p)ositionl of Jouirna
itclerk, is a girandson of the late Gieorg4
D. Tillmnan, and is from Spartanbur1
County. Mr. liutler is the efilcien
bill clerk who has occupied that plac
for some time.
FLIECTHICI'I'Y IN
RICEl: (ULT'UI
One of tire Many Chanaa
Wrouiglt by the Disacovery
Fuel Oil in Texas.
Fuel oil has worked many stram
imaprovemnents ini tihe mothod of (101
things in ''exats and Louisiana ail)
the Lucas gusher " came in '' near
two years ago, and it is destiuecd
accomplish many more wonder
changes, the latest and most striki
of which has just been announced.
It sounds like a fairy tale, but it b
the erious approval and financial bac
ing of conservative business men, il
the approval and support of the Sout
ern I'acilie Itailroad, and the furthc
fact that $250,000 in cash is to be i
vested in carying out this plan placc
it on the same plano as any other gret
coinnercial undertaking.
The plan has as it8 object nothin
more nor less than the turning of a con
paratively (agriculturally) unimportai
section of a Texas county into a thri
ing centre of life al.d activity throug
the agency of olectri,ity.
Harris County is thit selected, an
the industry to be dveloped is ti
raising of rice on an iinat.rnso scale, al
the powet to be supplied by electricity
even to the flooing of the field, har
vesting th. crop, milling lire rougl
rice, lighting and heatimg the nuomues o
farmers, supplying heat for their cook
ing stoves, and supplying the power fo
the transportation of the product ove
a riot-work of trolley car lhnes. 1a
other words alost every necussity i(an
comfort of the peop!e who will b
brought in to settle this country wil
come to them through the agency of
electricity.
Fuel oil will produce steatm, whicl
will operate the big central powel
plant, and through its use the cost o
operation will ho just about on-hal
of what it would be were coal or othe
fuel used, the oil liolds heing only ;
sho1 t distance away and also locata
on the main line of the Southern I';t
cilie. .
The company which will carry ou
this plan is practically ready to begit
work. 1-'ini,, it will equip a 10,00
acre rice plantation, which cannot b
irrigated under the system of surfac
canals now used, and at an expens
much less thainu that at which water cal
be supplied through such canals evel
in the more favored sections.
Wells are to be bored, til alinildanc
of water being obtainable at a depth o
fifty feet or less in any portion of thi
rice belt, and the wator drawn and dia
tributed by electrically operated pumpa
Each farmer will have his own wel
and will be independent. of his neiglh
bors and of drought, thus insuring a
uninterrupted cultivation and a coi
staint.ly increasing crop of rice.
A central power plant will suppl:
power for the wells, rico mill, harvest
ing machinery, trolley lines, warehous
trucks and equipment, lights for th
plantation roadways, stores and dwel
ing houses, aind, possibly, heat in wil
ter time, as well as the means for cool
ing all the year around.
Thus will be solved practically ai
the problems of domestic economy i
the rural districts of Ilarris Count3
and if the big project proves a finar
cial success tire plan will be 'rxt,cudec
to all p)arts of tire rice h,eit, for it
claimred that not onl1il li it lessenr tih
coat of operating irice planitationsr to
very app)r-eciab)le degree, but wvill br-in
int,o tire rice zoine of these two Stat,<
aany throusandl of arcr-es of high]
prodluctivo land(s not niow arvaiable f<
cultivat,ion.
It is proposedl to lease tire lanads
tire Hiarris Cournty plhantartioars to sma
farmers, all wvoi-king indepenrdenrti
wvhile yet, amainrtaininrg a comunaity <
interest betweeni them.
Prof. Kanpp, p)residenmt of thre N
ional ILice G rowea-a' Association, wik
has just closed an rampor-taant session i
New Orleanrs, has lonrg held that a soll
tronr of the costly system of canrai irr-ig
ion-receiving wvater supprly fro
rivers and bayous-will be follow<
b)y an inicrearse of 100 per cenit. in ti
rice output withini five years.
Thue meni whio air-e behiand the pri)4
revolurtion in the plaan of i-ice cult,iv
tiou assert that the cloctricali maet,h<
of p)umpinig from wells compilete
solves tire econromic questioar amnd in
decade ill eniable .Louisian)a andi( TexI
to surpply a lar-ge p)ortionI of tire ri4
produact of tire world.
CourNTnYur S~CHiO(aL loma..;M%. -
Thalit our rurali schrools are failures '
a certain extenrt is self-evident,. 01
far-mers are abandoninrg their count
ironies, goimg to towvn iln ordIer to edl
cat.e there cildrenr. Is their anrythrn
in nrature or counatry enrvironment L,h
hlind(ers tire caruso of edlucation anrd pr
vents the intellectual developmenrt
youth? If so, tire wvorld las been sl<
in making this discovery. In~ fact, t
haistory of tire ages refutes t,his theor
Our Creator p)lacedi maun inr a garde
in close r-elat,ionr with anture and t,
soil. Here he hras ever founid t
most favorarble conditions for iap
niess and symmetrical dlevelopment.
our schrools are failures the fault is c
own. Natrure and environment ha
ever favoredl tire rural school. C
himitartions are advantages. Suaper
dents of city schools admit tis facet,
JCfliza4beth 1). Abernaathy! in Srv
F iarm-Mayujzine.
I Columbia has a rich nad arcy- a
satlon over tihe rep)ort.ed arriage
e x-Alderman Schmidt, who sanys lae
t nhot married while tire girl's famaly r
that he 18. it, seems that hre claims
have bean u,idoped."
E.
A. State Jicealu of t titjji an.
es Inf'orma1tioll 1Bad1y WN"1terl.
ot A. Kohn In Nowe anmt Court or.
South Carolina seems to be absolute
ly 11(1 lhopolossly without aiiy orgnutiz~
go Lion that will work to securo a <esir
ng able class of farmers. There is n,
co literature available that will givo th,
ly legitimate Information that is beinl
to asked for almost every (lay, and thi
ul General Assembly years ago killed the
ig (opartment of agilculturo that gav
such information and attended to suci
as matters, without making any provisior
k- that the work should be attended to h3
id any one elseo.
I. At the recent meeting of the Statc
1r board of (iuai'.ition lemilbers of tht
bonid from various counties stated that
a farm lands wore getting to be lesH
valuable, becauso tho farm labor was
Ieavig and was going into the cotton
mills. That, it would seom1, would all
g the more emphasize the necessity for
i a proper effol t to secure desirable im
migrants. The following is a type of
the letters that are received here upon
the subject:
New York, September 22, 1902.
His s Excellency, the Governor of
South Carolina--Dlear Sir: Referring
to our letter we some time ago took
the liberty of writing to you about
lands in your State, and as we have
since tried to interest some of our
fcountrymein to settle there and con
Ience farming on a high scale, and
we have really succeeded so far that
two very prominent and highly educat.
ed fariers from Finland came over
here in ,July last to personally investi
'ate the prospects and conditions in
South Carolina. They then took
simples of soils and plants with them,
aint they now seem to be very well
satistied with their investigations so
r far. We, a coulde of (days ago, had a
f letter from one of them, in which ho
I says that it, is his intention after a
r couple of m11ontlhs to return here again,
1 and that liu most probably will bring a
I couple of higlh-tan(Ilig faiiers with
him to comliplete the iivestigation. But
>efore he goes any further he asked us
t to infornl-,hii iaIbout several matters
1 that he duinks aire iocesslry to know
before they cnclude ; am111ong other
thimgs they have asked about is if
foreigners are allowed to buy 1111(1 own
111nd in South Carolina?
1 We surely thiuik it is their intention
to become citizens, but your Excel
lency knitows that it takes some time,
and they wish to start their farning
t at o((ce, they still being foroigneis.
'They woil Id also like to know if there
. is any literature to he had about eulti
vation, etc., the nlature of you crops
l and the different products of your
- State, such as cotton, sugar cane, to
bacheco, sweet andl([ 1 rish potatoels, wheat,
b<irley, oats, the different kinds of
grasses ani clover, andl also reliable
statistlic about the telperature, the
.-rmns auid if you have droughts, etc.
L) As we found that you showed in
e terest in the 1m ter whe'.n" we lai:t virotc
. to you, aniid as We surely think it is of
interest to your Stito, we agaill dare to
in rtt(l u1 ,n1 y"tu t.ln e, lultd We :shall
be very thankftul for all the informna -
I tion you caln possilhe give. Mtst re
ni sp+etfully your huiblu servants,
llo111I ( 11(1 & (o.
-About thie only informlationl that the
d a1pphlCanmts will ho able to get will he
a froim those who1. reaudinug the le(tter (~will
(e he( in13terestedl ini5(3 seuing the' partieli
a anid sell them lands.
El). McIKISSICK( DEAJ).
iIe wasI one of theit Mlot l)ce
f servedly P'opular oumig Meni
I in ihe' Soitih.
G eiiial Ed McKissic's 0-2 It seems
hard for those who knew huim to realhize
~.thaut he is noe more , that lie hils pallssed
1h from the worl's stage. hit it is true.
n The (3nd( came1W suddenlly and1( uneixpect..
cde(ly, t.he( young man being (:ut, down m
the flo,wer of his~ mailino. A talent.ed
fellow, with winning manniers, he0 when
dbarely of age determined to (do what
,few men have ever donew becomie ai
piromiiienit man1 ini the couniitry through
the miumlii of the hotel1 busimess. That
h le suiceded is shown by3 t,he tact that
(he was known theO country over andl
ythat ho niumiibored amonig his personal
a friends hundioredls of the m10ostdis..
timg.uished men in America. 11 e was
Sa past master in the art of ent1ertaiin
mnt, and1 many a person will h eau of
his death with sincere :egret
In seemis that Mr. McKlissick had1(
recenitly beeni at Tiate Springs, TPenn.,
,o and went with a party of friends to
ir Norfolk, Va., where he was comininuig
ybusiness with pleasure, beinig a moem
u- ber of a bunting party. lIe died suj.
gdenly Suinday miorinmg of apoplexy
at about 11 o'clock, shortly after ho had
e. breakfasted.
of Mr. Mcissick was a son of the late
iW Col- 1. 0. McK isem:k, of Union, one of
30 th10 typIcal South Carolina gentlemen
y. of the( old school. Hlis mother sur
n,vives himn, being at present oii a visit
so to relatives at JIonesvillo. iIe loaves
he. also two brothers, Mr. A. Foster Mc.
)i. Kissiek, puresident of the Grendel Cot.
jj ton nills at Greeniv'ood, whbo went to
ur Norfolk Sunday morning i and Mr.
ye ,J. I. Mcl(issick, at present a stuodent
ur at the South Carolina college in Co.
n. hunmbia. IIe leaves also a sister, Mrs
E. Enest IIarry, of Elberton, Ga..
rn, Ed I'- MeK ssick wais about 85 year
of age. iIe was a page in $he Genera
A.ssembihly when his father was a mem
hor of that body, and as a boy mad
n- maniy friends in all part.s of the State
of Hoe entered the South Carolina colleg
is ab)out 1884 and remained for- a coupl
ay of years, when he left and becam
to trav(eling agent for the Charlostot
News and Courier. In this capacit
lr. lMcIRCsik travelc(i over the entire
buatue wrti, as well as attending to
butiueis for hia piaper, and making
tru,ns y thi e Score wherever ie went.
lie was thrown in contact with many
'rolinl t lneu, and some of them
ioally iuduced l to resign his posi.
tiomi an( go to Aslhevill. 1Io did so, be
-c:olil g clerk at the Battery Park hotel
which huu just hea built. This was
) abIot 18(). lie sooll becalue asist.ant
imanager under the Coca regisn and
then n ,nager of the hotel and, finally,
solne years ago, leased the big hotel
himself and has since run it With ark
ed success. rom tho first his Capacity
as a hotel manager vas manifetel and
it was not long before ld MeKissicks
name was known all over the country
as that of an ideal host. lie knew
Overybody of prominence, and they
knew him and liked him. Few uol. of
his age over become as widely kiown
and as popular as Ed McKissick. Big
hearted, generous, courteous and brighit
lie was charming company at all times.
He was always a picture of health.
Mr. McKissick never married Illi
death will be a distinct 'oss to the city
of Asheville.
TILE STATE'S COI4LEG14
FOR TliI, NEGRO1 4.
Annual Report of The lBoarl of
TruMtecm of The Orailgebu)1rg
School.
lelow is given the annual report of
the Board of Trustees of the State Col
ored college at Orangoburg, which has
been sent to the State superintendent
of education for incorporation in his
annual report to the general assembly:
To the Ion. J. J. McMahan, State
Superintendent of Education of South
Carolina
The Board of Trustees of the Co:or
ed Normal, Iudustrial, Agricultural
and Mechanical College of South
Carolina respectfully submit the fol
lowing report through you to the Gen
eral Assembly of South Carolina:
We herewith submit the report of
the jresident of the college, embody
ing the acadomic, normal and indus
trial departments, showing that good,
solid work is being done, harmonious
efforts being expended by all con
cerned.
''he industrial department is scoring
a signal success, the line exhibit of the
tilustries securing a gold medal at the
South *Carol inn Inter-State and West
ludiani Exposition. No 'otter work
of its kind is being done anywhere.
Thore wore 30. industrial studies pur
sued last year out of an enrollment of
d2-1 studenlts, thus showing that each
student has at least one or more trades
o: lidustries. The students that
leave this school will be self-sustaining
and not parasites on the body politic.
Tiho farm continues to make a good
showing. Farmer's institutes were
held in lC counties this year to the
edification of white and black. Ex
perinits still continue on the farm
with various kinds of cotton and corn
- -and especial attention was given
this year to prolific green stock foed
ing plaiits with success,
The health of the student body con
tinuts to comparo most favorably with
mo10st any similar institution. $5,940.
-17 have beon expended on the now
brick ndustrial building-it will re
aiuire about $5i,000 additional to finish
and place the miachinory in the build
img.
A steamt heating plant has been in
stalled ini Merrill hail at a cost of
s:,J00, wvhich adds much to the
safety of then building and the health~
anid comfort of the students.
T1hie p)residlent's report ehows the re
ceipts and disbursemotnts for the year,
ain itomizedl account of which has been
fliled with the State Superintendent of
le.ducaitioni, and is always subject, to in
spection.
Th e presidet's ropjort likewise
shows the itemized needs of t,he masti
tuitioni necessary to continue the con..
struction in hand and to run the insti
tution, viz .
A n15o1, 1iTI. N IEDs.
Current expenses (approxi
mated--last year's figures) $4,468.34
Incidental expenses (last
year's figures) - - - - 1,254.31
I.urnishings im(iustries (last
year's figures) - - - - 1,997.62
Insurance------ ---1,00.00
I.'hysician andl clerical service 800.00
Fire-proof vault - - - - 800.00
$10,820.2?
Salaries t.eaching force - - 19,500.00.
$23,320.27
Iteduced by income, etc - - 18,315,15
Absolute needs - - - - 5,00542
To complete and equip new
industrial building - - 6 ,000.00
State appropriation needed $10,005.12
Thus it. will be setin, as has been
claimed, that the institution can be
run on a State appropriation of $5,000
annually when .the buildings in pro
cess of construction are complete, but
we need $5,000 to complete the build
ings in process of erection, and we can
earnestly request your honorable
bodies to appropriate $10,000 this
year in order that this work can be
completed and .the institution be
,placed on the basis the trustees and
president have been striving for since
its establishment.
A storm t,his summer damaged the
roof of ihe, new industrial building
i several hundred dlollars on account of
its unfinishedl state.
3 Mine. Pat tie and Mmne. Nordica met
a by chance the other (lay at St. Marltz,
i Switzerland, andl renewed acquaintanoq
i of bygone days.

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