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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, October 30, 1902, Image 1

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THE PEOPLE'S JOURNA
VOL 12.-NO. 37. PICKENS, S. C., THIURSDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1902.
Au Ex-Confe(leratc Teilsr Abou
the Chunges and InuttdulgeM 11
Reminiseences of the 01
City.
Anderson Daily Mail.
Richmond on the James! What t
world of memories come crowding t<
the front at the mention of that his
toric name so indissolubly interwoven
with the , most momentous events ir
the history of the country. How it re
calls to the memories of the men and
women of the '(hos, who are yet living,
the story of the battle, the;,siege, the
bivouac, the long and tiresome march
the hospital and sickness, wounds and
death. What tears and heartaches arc
wrapped up in the very name of lHich
mond. One can stand on the top of
the capitol and take a bird's-eye view
of the scene before him, and look in
the direction of the battlefields, and it
does not take a great effort to imagine
the phantom hosts marshalling for the
confliet, to hear the boom of cannon,
the rattle of musketry, the rebel yell,
and the shouts of victory, and to see
the knightly ligure of the great captain
on his famous " Traveler " directing
the movements of his victorious le
ons.
Standing there one can but recall
those brave old lays whei that mighty
invading host was thrown back when
it was in sight of the spires and mina
rets of the city, and thought it had its
prey w; iin its grasp.
3ut " grim visaged war has smooth
cd its wrinkled front" long since, and
the scene is now a peaceful one in
great contrast to what it was when we
last saw the famous city forty years
ago. Though called there on a sad
mission, the serious iliness of a son
wit.h appondicitis, his rapid iniprove
ment within a few days after the
operation by Dr. Stuart Mc(uire, a
son of the famous old war surgeon of
Stonewall Jackson, Dr. Hunter Mc
Guire, and the more than peor of his
father in surgery, gave us an oppor
tunity to revisit some of the historic
scenes and points around the city.
And the first spot of all that attracts
and interests an old veteransis Capitol
Hill and the capitol building, where
for four eventful years the Conft der
ate Congress met and gave form and
fashion to the new born nation that
"rose so lair and fell so pure" that its
brilliancy dazzled the nations of the
earth, like a meteor mn the heavens.
There is not the slightest change visi
ble here.
The grounds with the walks and
laws are the same and the building
stands as it has stood for 114 years,
the prido of all Virginians for its his
toric associations. There is the same
desk where Vice President Stephens
presided over the Senate, and the same
Speaker's chair where the Speaker
dictated the deliberations of the House
of Representatives. Within these
walla have been heard some of the
most magnificent forensic efforts that
are known to American history, and
within these walls were drafted the
famous Virginia and Kentucky resolu
tions of 1798-9, the emanations of
the brains of Mr. Madison and Mr.
Jefferson and other great Virginians,
and containing the truest and most
statesman-like embodiments of the
principles of constitutional government
upon which tIle theory of p)opular gov
ernment was built, and to which if
there had b)een a rigid and faithful ad
herence there would p)erhaps never
have been any civil war.
The calpitol building is characteristic
of the solid character of the men of
that time. The timbers usedl in con
structing tihe roof are solid and massive
andl show todlay the marks of the broad
axe usedl in hewing t,hem in the forest,
and are as sound( as when first putt in
place. Out on the groundls there
stands5 the Washingt,on monument just
as it has stood for quite a cent,ury, sur
rounided by six of t,he greatest, figures
in 'NVirginia history, Mason, Henry
Lewis, Marshall, Nelson and Jefferson.
There they st,and as silent sentries
overlooking the James, as though keep
ing ward and watch over their loved
Virginia, though the principles for
which they lived and contended have
long since been trampled ini the dust.
We said there had been no change on
the grounds but t,here has been one, the
statue of the immortal Stonewall Jack
son, the gift of some Englishmen,
which standls near the north entrance,
and an old soldier standing near it,
feels an impulse to give the military
salut,e.
Just a few blocks away stands the
White House of the Confederacy,
where President Davis lived for four
years, crushed by the weight of the
cares of.State that it has fallen to the
lot of but few mon to bear. It Is now
the Confederate museum and each
State in the Confederacy has a room
of its own, which it Is expected to fill
with relics and souvenirs of the war,
The Mississippi room, among a greal
many other things, shows the coat anm
pants worn by Mr. Davis when he wa
capt,ured, made of Confederate gray
cloth and showing somewhat the off ects
of being worn. We regret to say tha
the room assigned to South Carolini
has but a meagre display of relics, ii
fact the most meager of any that wi
saw, and yet there are quantities o
thafl thlat ought to be there. In thi
bui\d'eg we saw a number of 0. A. R
men31 who hadl come dlown from Wash
Imgton and were viewing everythin,
wl,h the greatest Interest, and one e
Ihemi was exhibiting his p)roverbi
Yankee trait by dickering With th
m natronl to let him have two little souv<
nirs for 10 cents, the price of whic
was 15 cents..
Just. across from the capit.ol oquam
ands the old St. Paul's E~piscop
church, just as it stood on that fatef
Sunday morning in April, 1865, wit
a messenger brought Mr. Davis tl
news as he sat in his pow that Gra
had broken through Lee's lines
Petersburg and that Richmond won
have to be evacuated. The seat
which he sat, No. 63, is pointed out
visitors, while on the opposite side
the aisle is shown the seat occupit
by Gen. Lee, No. 111, whenever I
- was in the city, and close by is ti
house in which he lived after the su
render and a tablet in the wall tel
that fact to the passing throng. W1
sat down in those seats and tried I
imagine how each of them felt wit
the great responsibilities resting upo
them, and wondered if their gre
spirits were hovering near. Tw
memorial windows have been put i
this church, one each to Presidei
Davis and Go. L.ec, and also thre
memorial tablets to Mr. Davis' chi
dren who died during the war. Mi
.Davis' window is a representation c
Christ bound before Pilate. a fit cm
blem of his own condition at Fortres
Monroe.
One of the most attractive spots ii
Richmond, especially to the old so]
(diers, is the equestrian statute of (en
Lee, the unveiling of which took plac
at the last Confederate reunion heb
there some six years ago. It is a lini
reproduction of his features and of hit
noted horse, and one rlcvr tireR of ll.
ing at it. Everything about it is .nas
sive, and this is fitting, for he wa:
cast in a massive mould. Those wh<
were at that reunion from around hcrc
will remember that the monumen
stood out in an open il1d. It is al
built up now with elegant homes oui
to and for some distance beyond th
monumont, and real estate sells ther<
all the way from $50 to $300 a froni
foot, showing how wonderfully ltich
mond has grown, now numbering ovci
100,000 people.
Another most famous historic poin
is the old St. John Episcopal church
where the old Colonial House of Bur
gesses of Virginia was wont to nice
in the colonial days. We saw ali
stood by the pew where Patrick Ilenrq
delivered his famous speech that
brought forth the cry of " treason,'
" treason," and that electrified Ameri.
ca. This old pew is just as it wa,
when Henry stood in it proclaiuing
" Give me liberty or give me death,"
except that it faces in a differenl
direction. This old church was buill
in 1741 and the timbers of which it
was built are as sound as ever, and th
old church is just as it was except thai
a few years later it was enlarged, tlhc
pulpit moved and the pews made tc
face it. The old colonial soundmng
board that was su.4pended above th<
preacher's head is still there, and thc
same marble baptismal font is used].
This font was brought from England
241 years ago.
There is no more beautiful and at.
tractive " silent city of the (lead " any.
where than Hollywood cemetery. Il
is lovely and picturesque in the ox.
treme and seems to have been design"
ecl by nature for the purpose, and thc
hand of man has greatly beautilied
and adorned it with beautifully graded
serpentine walks and drives and flow
ers and shrubbery everywhere. Thorc
are between 3,000 atd 4,000 bodie
buried in this .cemetery, and some of
Virginia's illust,rious sons lie here. In
the same los lie tile bod(ies of P'resi
dlents Monro and Tyler, while not
far away lie the remains of the eccen
tric John Randolph, of Ronoke. But
the spot to which the most of the pil.
grimnagos are made, as to a holy shirimc
filled with t,he buried hopes of a pee
plc, is the spot where lies the first and
only president of the Confederacy.
Jefferson Davis, with the (daught,er ol
the Confederacy, Miss Winnmic D)avms,
IIere on a grassy knoll, kissed by th<
sun and the dew, they sleep their lasi
sleep overlooking the .Jamnes and t,ht
blue Virginia hulls beyond. Likt
silent sentries they st,and while the
waters rush and foam over the rocki
below and the tumultuous waters sug
gest the tumultuous life he lived.
Not far away standls the shaft erect
ed to the memory of Gen. J. E. B
Stuart, who lost, his life at Yellov
Travorn in May, 1864, a few milel
away in beatmig back the invader froni
the capit,al city of his native Stat,e
On the nort,h side standls the menu
meat, of rough hewn Virginia granit
to the dead Confederate soldiers, huni
dieds of whom sleop beneath it
shadow. This pile is 90 feet high an.
46 feet at the base, and t,he ivy ha
climbed all over it, fit, emb)lenm c
mournimg.
We visited no spot in Richimon
with more genuine pleasure and intel
est than the Confederate soldieri
home, out on the western outskirtsc
the city, where 175 01(d veterans of th
" Lost Cause " are passing their lat
days in peace and comntort in a homn
provided for t,hem by the bounty
their mother State, for whom the
sacrificed all but life and honor. It
an idieal spot which nature has creatc
with a lavish hand. IIere in a beaut
ful grove of oaks and hickories, wit
the earth carpeted with velvet,y gras
the cottages have been erected, son
ten in number, the most of them ti
gifts of privat,e individuals andl mar
ed over the doors wit,h their namn
and the yards and walks bbrder<
with flowers anid evergreens. The
is a large mesas hall where all of the
take their meals andh near by st,an
( the hospital for any who are sick, ai
f In the center standls the headquarte
1 building,
a In this building we saw the fame
- horse, " Old Sorrel," ridden by St,or
li wall Jackson on every field of batt
Heo huv'd to be0 34 years eid, and at, I
e (leath his skin was stuffed a:nd moi
ii ed in t.his buildingr anelhn ienloks
ul like he did when "old Stonewall" 1o
Al himl), except that his head is too hi.
Ic There are a great many old vetera
it here who have seen the famous chi(
at Lain on "Old Sorrel " and they will i
1l member that he did not carry his he
tu high. But all the same it is " 0
Lo Sorrel," and it starts a torrent of met
)f Inories and conflicting emotions in ti
d heart of an old soldier to stand by tl
o figure and realize that there is the at
0 mal on which Jackson achieved 1
r- many of his famous victories.
Is There are 30 acres in these groun<
e and a great many hogs and vegetabli
o are raised for the supply of the hom
h1 Some of the hogs would weigh 400 an
n1 500 pounds. We talked with a gret
it many of the veterans, and they a
o there from colonels to privates, au
n without exception all expressed then
L selves as comfortable and well prl
e vided for and as well sa.isfie( as it wit
- possible for them to be outside the
own homes. But having no homes
f their own in many cases they iav
- found a peaceful refuge. One ma
s told us that he had voluntarily trani
ferred to his only (laughter the littl
1 farm he owned because he had becomn
- too o1(1 to attend to it, and had coie t
the home to live the balance of hi
(days. Ile had been in nearly all th
1 battles in Virginia and had been s1ht
several times. Ile has the privileg
of going to see his friends whenevc
.ie wishos to and they can visit him.
GRiEAT COAL STRIKiE
HAS BE1EN ENI)RI1
Minerta' Reprclentativet, Votci
Unaiininoiisly to Accept 'Trii
of Arbitration.
\t, Wilkesharre, Pa., On the 21st, o
Oth-(ber, with : a shout, that, f:irl
shlo Ithe conVenut ion bIuilling, tI
reIpresentatits of the 117,000 min
wur"ke1rs vho 1 hu1aVe bWeei n il it tt n "itik
xin("e lasl May, ollit"iall' declare(I ol
the greatesctct on e'C crr wagert be
tw(,("1 ('ap1ital and< lbor', anid p laces
aII the lul''stion1s involved in tl
struggle inho th(: hands of the arbi
Irati on14)11 (nlniSSionIl appouilie(I b)y th
I'reSidentl of the United Stales. \\'he.
I he news 'ah tilshed to I he t.owi
ainid villages down in the VIalleys anl
onl the mlountains of the (Oal regions
the s. rike-all'eeed( .illaibitants ieavel
a sigh of relief. Many (ays5 hav",
gole by .i14' more welcomn e new
was reeiv'I. Everywhere t.here w
rcj eingh, aut iii milanly plaees the en
of t.hec strike was the signal fIor' il
pr"ompl)u to wn celebrations.
The vote to resi.ml ca):1 ninim
Was a 11n11 n iI lus Ol4n 11111 .I :
reaed(1 only after a1 w\"ainm <Ilbat1
'l'he principal objection 14) areepl linll
i.hc a rli trati pu i)rooI)silt.iont was tha
n14) )ropo ( sition a.IS col',ainled ill 1lu
(schelnle to take care of 115e 114')
who would fail tO get back their 01(
ps-it4n11s or woulI e unblh)e to ge
any work at all. '1he ungineers an(
pu1m)len get bet,ter pay (n11111 ot.hel
isses of numie workers, aml they di(
not, care to run the risk of losint
alto (gether their old places and bt
comellIled1 to dig ('coa11 for a living
This (Iesli(n 1ame ui) iand wa:
:trgued1 right. up to the t-imne the vot(
was taken. No one had a) de(finit(
plan to offer ) o overcome the ohjec
SiO11, a1d the report. of .he conlnii te(
()n resolultions, reecommnlendling Ihal
Ilte sIrike 1e eclea.1re(1 ofl, andt that al
is'ues he placed in the halnds Of th(
:trbilra1in11 C0111isision1 for (ecision
was a<l)pted Wit.holt the (111"st"io
be(inig set Iled'4. A\ few. m1omentil.s befort1'
lution) wa''ls reched w.~hen al dle4gati
in the farthe(st cornerC1 of thec hal
moveI44( t,hat thle p)robile.m he placedC( ir
the4 hands o115 f thle t.hre e'C xcutive
1board I s for solut11ion141 anid his sugges
t-in was adopteCd.
'lThe. I <(ustion)1 of 1:akinig care orf alI
uanen who'l( will fail to get wor'k im
med' iatel t.','will be2' a4S serious 011e foi
irth uioni. Therei Cis1 n1o d10nh)t thle ex
4'eutI ive boards t45will take care' olf 1.11
there ar )e hliouIsan d.s of ot1heri clnsse:
of. mine1 work)'Iers who 0will Iim:.ve to i
lolokehd a fter1. In1 50ome' placesM hiuni
drd I(1$will not, he ohble to get wor'k fo
weekh(s, andm in ot,her locali t;ies w..her'
thle muineos are in) very'3 0nd conIdit.jori
I here w.'ill b)e 110 emp1)1),lenut, fo
miany w.orkmen14') for some( f1 31 m lnts.
TIllE COA L SUl'TLY.-The Sprint
fld Republican says that not all C
the anthracite coal mines can b
startedl up at Once, and many of ther
wilt require months of repairing labc
to put them inlto shape for working
-They are, in many eases, full of watce
Sgases andl broken timbers. The hois1
Sing engines and tackle have becom
Srusty, the wooden railways into ti1
fmines have rotted or b)ecome brFOoe
and, besides, the meon and mules, afti
a long summer's rest, will begin woi
in no condition at first to produce
maximum output. -But other cc
l leries are all ready for an imumedia
o resumption of mining, and every we(
t thereafter will add to the number
e operation clear into the winter.
,the 1st of January tile anthracite r
gion should reach a maximum p)rodul
Stion, and long before that time ia1
d1 coal should be coming on to all'eastei
. markets in quantity to force a mater]
hi redluction in price andl to supp)ly
hand4to-mouth demand.,
e -- - - .-- -
e Rev. J1. U. H[awl,borne, of Richimor
- w.hio has practlically been'h th leader'
do with pub1) li support~ of PlleemCI)an
re II. WVyatt in his crulsadhe 4)1 gamble:1(
m char4iged( ini a1 $0ermon1 the poli1ce w.i
mesIiompeS'tec1y 0or01 clusioni and(<
cia red that five mecmbers of t
(1colnnell ran the low.est dives In t
rs cit.y.
5 Tn signing his name to the pla
and sp;lecifleations for thle Worh
e*aiArPaaeinSt. Louis, wI]
lis w.'ill cost. $9415,000, the contractor Ih
it-i to.4 sIgn hIs nlame 2,400 tImes., 1t '.
met a hard (day's work.
II.
n The a1tn Who'ito 1uilt the Cardi
f- Giant llecd Only a Few Day
e- A;o.
(h 1'he Orconvillo Mountaineer, Oct. 2,.
Li- Newspaper red1r1s o%-i( ctn roca
t6 the ceit.; that start.led the coun ,il
Ic tioo1 afte.r the citil wat w ill not, fa.
1o ren1tnIberII, the nuot:t stupendIuou
h(tInltg of thie nlinIeteleltl.h' cent.tII
: It>n 1a1ar a(1 wide as the "Gaidi
Giant," i sttucttre htilt of p)ceculia
s tone, whiuth caused mi;& ch spec tpiletlatio:
38 even among tie scienttists it, th
3. time a n1 415 wi<lely dlisi;csse1 il
d newspaetr, and rumtga:zintes . '1'hIe inl
d, Neior of this allgtl (iscovery die<
.a 1ewv (a), tince at, litigliamton, N
d i Y. lLi name was (;eorge 11ull, an(
lie was credited wiLth being Lite origi
nato: of the greit.est deception eve
practicJed on aniy people. Air. 11u1
I was not it. geniuts, aIlthough knowI
ri tlnontg Iis acqtlua.intiatnces as an itiVen
f t or, yet, lie had sulitcient, insight, t
c hIntant nature t.hat, it, was ea,sy foi
nhim t Co prAt.ico decept,ion un hun
t..lreds and Lt,ouiiandt(, keeping htimtsel
in Lt backgroun<i for a long wltile
and (aI-kilg mtoney out1 of it, by thI(
thou;anIs. Le.arned mient were 1)uz
0 zled, alii the mtasses with rare excelp
S4ious 1 be.::au h.is hone.s,t (upea u
C t'au.y prey.
t lin the October ninn her of The Cen
c try \lagalzine is i mtosl. inter4.ejtin
r Iii ticle o11m t,he pen (o 11<4. AndlreV
1). While, in whicht lie gives the trilu
.li'Py of 1.ho Cardiff (;iait., as lie wit
cugnizanlt, ILL t,he time (of 1.ho fICt,
aud cicutnllanes touchiig this re
muarkabhle decept"ion, andI it, will b(
*ir leindeavor t,o give the benefit. ,j
his natrrati(on iu a condensed lorn
to ourII readiers.
s In the autUnnlt of 1869 .he pi'eefn
valy of Ohona(laga, ink Cent.ral New
York, wa iIn "olnilunot ion from omtt
t etid to the other, a11,1 strange repot
y echoed fromt fa rm to f." arm. I t, wa>
34 isedl abroat that t. great ttum
3 StIat.n or liverilied gialint had beet
(lug u) mnetr the village of Calrd1i11
t and It.oug th he crops were not, galth.
e'e( an t41(he celtiolt was not, over
1 the mten, wImln andl childlrentt wet(
3 h1rr1ying to the scene of the greal
- (i>.wovery. Church ol licials regar(Id(
C li." mat Ier %4ry serioulsly, and till
1ht Ii ("olnu Ilniy w\as a.stir over Liln
4 tent. lI)r. While had( beenl absent
I h ttt Ihe cvi(dences of eortl ouct pop u
,:ir interesl e:aUsedl him Io go at. oe(
1 to) the piac"e where t.hte giant, wmt
3 cing exhibitedi. 'The roadls tert
(cro wdled witJii vehicles fromn the e113
I and( f'armns, andI the gat.hering looke(I
like a county fair. In t,e mii<lst, was
-a In, and tihe peole were p ressinlg
for. admission. Inside Was, iL Jargc
1 il or grave, a1 live iet, belowy t.he
s 1face t.here was an. eno(ro0us1
. gur;IIIe, i i'eemtitgly of gray limtestone
\% hi ie.h abount(lded in that rergiot. '1Tiy
was the Cardtili G;iant.
It was a stout figure, with n1issive
he altules, the whiole bo(y nu<e, the
I hmbu{ s Cuntraleted( as if in aIgony. The
color in(licate(l a, long burial in the
l carthl, a1n(1 on the surface were lune
I lres like pores. Great age was in
(ientel by deep grooves and chtanntels
und1erneal,h, a1pparent.ly worn by
t water, which was ilowiig atlong the
rock on which the giant rested. The
sight. prodlced a most, weird effect,
1 an(1 1a air of great solemnity per
vaded the p111ace. D)r. White was told
thmt, the farmer who lived there had
discovered the figure when digging a
well, but he responded that the
Iwhole mllat.ter was undoubt.ldly at
hoax; there was no reason for dig
ging-L" the well, as it w"as no colnvveli
l et oI th1 h s orn c I ar t here.. 1,1.,i". wasu
- water414 nea by. The1) f'igurecoulno
4 gIar)ly4 work,1 (and14 i betrayed the quali-.
- coub41 it h aIIl fossoiized human' b11eing44
1' 4I)op inion 1334 sp4)444 111 )11ite.falsin ii reatI
Dr. Wh~4ite was144'L4 i puzzeb the14311 fact
41i'3 favor 4of it.1 ant i ity, that4' tit*.t sur
1441 L ac rwte loi ng beneath11( 11 .heI 41 14 '.X
('4in4 it.; grai was41) y 1331i apparen i) d er.
t' is' lur and414 4 substant ial, 1 t.14(1 wouh
uineness of4( 01.he tiur )4.were that,1 th
far V140er had441 not the)I abi)lity toe devisu
nte111 V i the family141 ta Iived 111 ter%V1
f. for many3 ears, and43 none of gi1n
1411had evrIi sen the ligureI un4i. it, wmt
(aI aciden (Iy dicex red; ih(it wrs pren
rd poterousI) 114 suppose that so ch (at1C
heenI brought1i,l and4 buirid w ahr wi,
14(4.4 some of111) W1he neihhors fnding l
I0 chann)e. worn(31 byi the surf0ae wat.e
ie prove it.sI h 1)1144 antii ty.r h is) la
d las ge pos4)e14rS to111. Wte, and4lil 1h
rV )4 hle ountry'1 was) soon Cin thei t evl
k1io fof myze t an legend. Aninal
a squaw' de.13re giiitha W.he s1tatuelC wa
. he- ptiflied body413 of 111 giganti
haropheofhe racelll wh'or hadc foeli
k J"' 4)"'" "he (4'be paleA faeanidh
an's woulIld see h41111imt again. Other pe1(1
e l foundIL'( n11) it anI edfyn conf irmn
14- u4Ion of, 1,h)e Iexflt,, "Thered wergint
C1d'(4t41was1 not4' long4110 unti ome, ente(1
, f skept.ics grew more num111eo'uls am tile
facts dev"ellped.
It. was ascertained t.ha Farmier
1' Newell, who w.as in charge of the ex
Hiibit.ion, 'had remitted several thou
sani dollars to i mian named Hull,
at some place in the Ivest., the result,
of admission fees to the boott con
l iniig the figure, and it, was rCa
Y soned tit. as Newell had never been
inl Conditiou to owe anty 011 1UC11 all
s am unt of money, and had received
Y not ig in return for it, his corres
l pIondent, niost likely had someth.ing j
r' to do with the giant, and these sum
I 1i ciiolns were soon confirmed. The
1) neighboring farmers noted a tall,
t I tuk person who frequently visited
- the place of exhibition, and who
I .eeine.d to exe4.rcise a compijlete coi.u
- rol of Farmer Newell, and soon it C
1i was learned that tuis stranger was 8
- George lull, a brotdier-in-law of c
C Newell, to whom the latter had made a
I the Large rem.ittaiee of money. One 6
I day two or tihree farmers from a dis- i
li lice, visit.ing tihe place for the first
a
> ttue, and seeing Blull, said: "Why, .
that, is tlhe uLan who brought, the big
- Iox down the valley." On being usked
what they meaut, they replied that, n
ol eveniig while they were i.n a a
Iavern on1 the valley turnpike, several b
-miies above Cardiff, they had noticed tl
under the tavern-sthed i wagon bear- (I
I ing al enormtouts box, and whICen they C
met. hull in the bar- roont aid asked
- but it, he siid it was S0111 tobacco
eltng anichnery ie was taking to
Syracse. ;inilar istateinent.s were
aiale by other farmers, who had seen fl
the box aid ti lk'd wit,h ii ili at, di- '
s 1'erent. places on the road between it
- Iinghantiton aii Cardillf. It was Lien it
ascertained t.h:t, no sttclt box had n
passed the toll-gates bet.ween Cardiff "1
and Syracuse, aid proofs of the
h\windle began to ma 1ture. el
Th'llis %kept.ieism wan, not well ro
erieiie. Vestst int.erests had accred;It
LI
n. rt,nsiderablIe n11inber of p eole had
takent stork ink the ent.erprise, and
Lili hing whlieb discredited the giant Ce
n a:s tuinw\elenlie t.o tbem. I t was not b
at all Lhat,11 hy wished to conilte- ll
Ittnce an imploalture, butl, it had be- w
eonit so ent.wilet witi Uieir belief,
ainI inlerest that, at last the y C 1onye
toi abhorii anyi dtoubts r'egarinig t.he
sttie. tefore long the maLt ter as- i )
runLed ai icoui:i! Ihaise, iid t.he greaLt
1-11r11um att-emptled t-o pulrchatse L,he
tanlt, butt wvhen t,his was refused he t1
lhul i copy m:tde reselltbling the ri
c,riniLal very closely, and exhibited g
it. as the Cardiff iiait., which did ai
ntuch to discredit, t.he great discovery e
nd eaese public initerest t o declin. cl
llhe eala:,t"ophe wvas approaching
rapidly, atnd fact's ename inl qutick tue
cs.sinIl t.hat staggered the faith of
lhe p eople a1 round Ca rdii II. i
Atlidavits fruom nmen of high clair- t
acier in lo a Lil I Illinoib established i
the f'aet that O.h ligurte was made att
Vt' rt, fodie, lowa, from I great, block f
of gJpsit found t,here; tha., ibis di
b,lock wa-.s transported to t.he nearest, at
railroad st.aLtio , itboulit, forly-Iive "j'
mile's distant ; that ont ,he way I.he
wvag~n broke down, an<d as in> ot.her
-,,muld hi' foiud at ron,r eunm'h in bear
the w.hte weight, a pmirtion of ti, 14
b lockt wa's cut, oilf, lind t.hus dimnin
ished it was t.alke t.o Chicago, where t
La (ie'rliai t$toie-ear'v1e gave it hfaml 111
sm iu. As it had been sit ort.elitAl, he
was obliged to draw up1) the lower W
limbs, giving it a conl,ract.td and ft
agonized a1ppearanco; tle underside gt
of t.he figuire wa":s groovedi and chan11- ti
ueled, t.h1at it shouhd appear. t.o be,c
wvasted by agle; it was4 t,ben doLted or
p,it ted to er with mtinlute pores by ,
inleans of a leaden mIa llet, faceed withI 1
steel needles, and it, was stainet wit Ii
solue ptreplaration which gave it an L
Lippearai~u nce of gret,~ Ligi.
'The figurie wa,s'- t hen shitied to a a
IbiLried. It wasLI5 Lf.rtiher' d iIel... .
elI as his conilfeder .a e .-. ..';i
il ordel sa t .a' -a 'A t- I r''
fully t e tf 1. : ' . .
..it. wLas
-vonid <puestionl bly
.neniIIi'' L'll h i li rt eriij
tilLlty Jcl i i noI' is, tn byi Ii .he tes-'
Li'IiOiIsi'int viinhiLyof u'ardiff t The('OlI
hinlly b( i ad it.e the tAru(ft.hi ofi ,heir
-i LcivemenO'I 'it i i prciing te decep-it
- i'iiull tf bneny biofgii the fraugd,
S)1(i'5 having reliedmoe money frol(1tm it. '
1-t tin whie had iexpgcted, aniSWItd Inga
I' sharp ienogt. ose ht its day11 VIVii hc w
I i'oeto, IILi' hadac i it.o ar a sc- I
('iissiion wit.h a revivalist in Iowa, aindi
- bin zg L skeptji.ie ini reiligiouis maiLt,cAi',
ihe hadio made l ight o,(f "'ti)O remark- (
I; Lble st.or'ies in t,hie llible( aboult
e3 gian tsm," for' wVihih the reCvivalisIt
I reai'ly3 14)ok up the endogel1s. It thuen
-occ'urr'ied to IIlull that, sincie so ninny
- people found1( pIleasure in belti'c ng
suceh thlin gs, he (1wouihl( hav a~L siatnii'
iL tarvedi ouit, of t~one( anid pass~ it, ofT 41
S ws a p)etifled gian lt. Thew stonei had
ini it, dar ik-coloredi) bluish Streaiks re
-semling the veins of t,he lhi umn
I- bodi(y, and t.his dtecided honm to makile
t lihe offor'-t. Thle evolution of file wihole
.t swiinle I. t 4h became clearii, simpihle aindt
-iln clhosing hiis annals of this ex
I- traiorldinarl ly fra,iud, Dri. Whtite says': "1
e maiLy adid tiat recentlly the intvent or
)- of thle Cardi ff gint, Ii tll, lIeing, ait,
~, the age oif seventy-six years, apa
1.5 renitly in his last illnemsss, andii aniouslli
ai for t,he famiue whijeh co~ime from1 SteO
r- ic'ssful aichievement, lias againi giveni
U, to the pressH a full aOcounlt of his
it pari t In thie oiriginail frauid, confirml
ni- ing what lie had previously stat ed,
rlf showing how he planisu1 and exe
st euted it and realiz.ed ai goodly sum for
er it; how ltarnum wishedlO to piurchanse
nt it from him; arid how, above all, he
e- 1had his joke at flue expenseC of those '
nt, w-ho, t,hough t.hey 'had ma.naged to I
." overcoome him in nargument, had finally
is been rendered ridIculous in the sight
bie of thle whole count.ry."
TWENTY-INCH1 TIIAIIAN.
An Invention to Promote Peace
Among Cuididates for IIIgir
Office.
The Savannah News says that IHod
nan, Gating, Maxim, temington and
ieveral other men became famous
argely because their names was borne
y more or 10es great guns. It ap
ears that another man's name is to
)o added to the gun Iist-Tillman's.
L'he Twenty-Inch Tillman has made
ts appearance in South Carolina, to
neot the conditions of the new pistol
aw of that State. It is the invention
f a Charleston gunsmith. In this in
Lance the inventor waives the honor
f having the nrw arm bear his name
id is willing that it shall go to the
enior Son-tor of the State, who has
mde a reputation as a fighting man
nd the originator and defender of
reak laws.
The Twenty-Inch Tillman, as its
ame implies, is 20 inches in length
id weighs 3 pounds. It has rifled
! rrel and can be set with hair trigger,
rough at present the regulation
)uhle-action trigger is used. The
libor is 44. Th'je model weapon is (
)mething of an impromptu affair, if r
io tei I may be used, but if the do
and should warrant the regular manu- b
eture of the piece may be taken up.
he model, indeed, was made by saw- f,
ig (Il a rifle of 4-caliber and fitting n
with pistol grip and lock. It must
At bo inferred, however, that the first
wenty-Inch Tillman is a rough cart- b
iture. Far from it. It is a neatly 0
uished weapon an)d guaranted to do bi
s work well. It is a credit to both "
to inventor and the honorable gentle- ri
an upon whose name it sews destin- di
I to shed luster. The pattern shoul( 4(
-come the favorite dueling piece st
nong those South Carolina candidates
ho tlii st for each other's gore.
The Twenty-Inc 'Tillman is to be a
orni i a leather helt, outside i ihe coat, P
it, nm:y be car: ied on the shoulder or
:ross the al n. In action it shoul i
laid across the left forearm while
1C trigger is maiipulated with the
ght forelitiger. Naturally Ihere is a
tod deal of ''kick " about the piece "
nee it carries a slug designed for an t
ght.-punid gun, but that is on e of the
lief Tillmanesque features of the n
cce. It is likely to hurt the main be
ld it is as well as the tian in f onf..
owever, by a (left ma)nipulation the
arksman may be able to save hiimself lai
omin utch of the iecoil; meanwhilo if nr
e shot hid been well u111. the mnu1 im tit
ont. is di5lpctod of with ieatness and m
-patch. No iingering illness lull~ws
we11n( :iade by the Two ty-linch
illhian. It is imilt. for ln iiie s. ia
80
(I<)h'P i r Til i (it il..' i ' l;t I -- I
tn 1t o t ( E rede<l Ihi thne h iC(e! Ce
ik is practically over an l thit, thec
Imes, at whicli for liv(, montls' work l
is been almost entirely suspended, ki
ill within the next few days be in cu
11 operation again. There is very
mneral rejoicing over this result; but
e loss which has been caused by the bn
ike is sinI e-l. Its. ii
Soie ititelligent, observers who have tl
umlied every ph1(ase -/ the situation
u1in the b -;. 1" e strike to in
e pr : i following to
't:in,a s appiro)xi- t,c
: C < - . . I 83,t500
U'' ' . Weme af
.miher of chiildren a fect,
(l..... . .. .....185,000
anpilal invested in coal L
mnos..... ......511 ,500,000
plerantors' daiily loss in i
price of coal. . . . 443,560O
otail loss caused b)y st,t ike I107,3110,000 l
Th'le details of the cost, of tire st,rike f
re thus given:
oss in mriiners' wages. $21,350,000g
oss of operat,ors. . .08 ,800t),000
,055 of mierchants in
omminig towns. . . '22,750,00() 0
,188 of ilIs aind face
t,ories closed. . . . 7,320,000 y
('1s of merchants ouit- 0
side distric~t.......1,00,000
,oas of tail ways. . .:. 4,000,000 ;
osof brustiness permra
nontly.... .. ....8,000,000 ei
oimt (of troopsa in fiel. . I ,85i0,000J
ost, of coal andl iron
pmolice... .. .....:,500,000
Ass t,o railway meni ini
wages.... .. .....275,000 e
oss of maint,ain ing mnoun
gUunioun men. . . . 545,000
)amange to m)ineS arid
machinery. . . . 5,000,000 g
We have here a total loss of nearly
wo hundred mnilliorn dollars. It will
'equtire a longi time for tire st,rikers,
he coal comipaniles and the general
niblic to make upj tIre losses they have
hius sustained.
It. is samidl thaI.tibe Soutthern text.iIe
sills empnlIoy 50,000 children under 16
easo age.
D)r. Yunng Wing, whoe was instru
in-ntiaI in seninrg thre newv Ohine.ge
nin,ister to this corunttry for his edu
ai.ionf, was one of the three Chinese
Aids brouight to tis country in 1848
>y ltev. Sa muel Rollins Brown, who
'stabliishied thle fiat Protestannt
3hiristiua n sochooil in China.
ThIe Augusta Chronicle says that
iris is thre last year that the large
aircumses wviil come South, Year after
year tihe cities along the Southiern
A tla.ntic c*oaist are passing ordinances
recjniritng tine payment of licenses
raniging fromn $500 to $1,500 and while
tire circus people nro not object to a
rea.sontblle a'mount they think that a
li1t.1e ton hany.
* J",IAK H, YIAK
IN A HUMOROUS VEIN.
SPeake quite a star as an after-dinner
Sr? lie?"
becoueabi II a regular moon. He
rigter the fuller lie gets."
Farmer: Yo c ' always judge
by appearances very awa judge
half-starved isn't a trymanthtlok
City Alan: I should o ok
of them are suluner boarder.
Civil Service 1: aniaer (Very
ly, to Erastus Smith core o stern
aMpiros to the ollice of mail carrler
flow far is it from the earth to r-.
moon?
Erastus (in terror)--Golly, boss, et
yo', gwine to put me on dat route 1
don't want de job.
Willie-Pa, what dooa "good as
wheat' " mean?
Pa--Don't bother me.
Willie-Pa, would you say I was as
good as wheat?"
Pa-I might after you were prop
irly thrc bed, and that's what will
iappen to you if you don't stop asking
uostions.
" Poor woman I After her hard
fay's work she has to stay up half the
ight with her babies."
" What's the matter with her hus
and? Why doesn't be help hel?"
"Oh, he puts in all his time agitating
r an eight-hour day for the working
ian."
A school teacher visiting in a near
y city was a guest at a party the
,her day, and a lady to whom she had
oen just introduced did not catch the
Miss " and, supposing she was mar
ed, asked: " flow many children
d you say you have ?" "Well, only
now," was the reply that no:irl
aggered the questioner.
" Would you like to be President?"
ked the good old gentleman. In the
irk.
" Naw," responded the youngster in
o golf cap. "I'd rather be the
-eaident's little boy."
"' And why?" -
" Because then .. could get my
ml1 in the papers if I'd only scratch
my nose or had my picture taken."
Stern h'ather-So you want to marry
y daughter, eh?
Young man--You have said it.
Stern Father-What's your salary?
Young man-Oh, I'm not particu
.Just give me a trial for three
mths, and if I fail to give satisfac
n as a son-in-law you needn't pay
l any salmy.
Mrs. hoax-My new servant girPs
rood one, but she makes my husband
mnad. lIe's a crank about his coffee,
u know.
M re. Joax-And she can't make
fee, eh?
M rs. hoax -She makes it just right,
[t that's the one thing he likes to
k about, and now he hasn't any ex
se, don't you see?
"My dear," said the young hue
,nd, "did you ever speak to the milk
[m about there being no cream on
e milk?"
Yes, I told him about it this morn
g and ho has explained it satisfac
rily, and I think it is a quite a credit
himit, too."'
" WVhat did( he say?"
" lie said that lie always tills the
>ttles so full that there is no room on
ec top for the cream."~
Mr. Bositock is not only a good deal
a shiownmn, but something of a
Lamlorist as well. They have now
ile.d him up) before the courts of New
ork for giving an exhibition of his
ained animals on Sunday, and he
cada that lie has simply used his ant
ails to illustrate the plight of IManiet
the lion's den and other Biblical at.
gories. if lie isn't let off without a
ne it will not be for any lack of in
Lnuity. ___
" andhlady: " I hope you slept
elI, sir?" New Boarder: " No, I
idn't, I've been troubled with in
ymnia." Landlady: " Look here,
oung man, PIl give you a dollar for
very onie you find in that bed!"
She: " You say the chicken soup
l't good ? Why, I told the cook
ow to make it. Perhaps she didn't
tchi the idea."
Hie: "No, I think it was the chick
n she didni't catch."
" Say, I've got one of the best medi
ine: in the world, and it ought to sell
i immense quantities."
" The worth of your medicine cuts
o figure. The question is, Have you
ot money enough to advertise it?"
" Doce" Brown, of Morgansfleid,
Cy., who represents his district in the
tate Legislature, is one of Kentucky's
mntque characters. To illustrate a
oint in a recent speech he gave the
ollowing account of his courtship:
' Take my -advice and never give a
wuoman advice and never give a womian
mnything she can't eat and never make
love to her out of an ink bottle. Why
when I courted my wife I just grabbed
hold of her 'and said: 'Sallie, you are
the sweetest thing on earth and your
beauty baffles the skill of man and
subdues his ferocious nature,' and I
got her."
CASTORlA
Por Infants and Children.'
The Kind You Have Atway ~ ht
SBears the ,"'/M ms m
Sistnature i -34

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