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The people's journal. (Pickens, S.C.) 1891-1903, November 13, 1902, Image 1

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"THE PEOPLE'S JOURNAL"
VOL 12.-NO. 39. IICKINS, S. C., THURSDAY, NOVIMBIR 13, 102
9 -mm nri T A T meA nv
SEA ISLANDS IN OLD TIMES
T1 1R'V ALT11 AN) L.UXIl
OF FORMIEI )AYS.
The Story 'l'ol<l 1By a Strvivo
of the Wreckage CaItSsIl b y
Devastatinug War.
Col. Miiddleton St uart, of Texas, at
old-tine Southern gentleman, wa
born suventy-two years ago in the towi
of Beaufort, S. U., the social center fo
years of the wealthy Sea Island cotton
growers. As this once famous suctioi
of the Soutlern cottion belt 11115 beer
generally ovcriookel by agricultuia,
writers of today, a (ialveston News
correspondent, re(luestod (Jol. Stuart to
give him a brief account of the Sea
Islands of South Uniolina, where the
best and happiest years of his life were
spent,. Cof. Stuart said:
'1 lived on llilton IIcad, one of the
best of those islands. It is soic
seventy-ive miles seutiiwest from11
Charleston. Ol hor adjacent, islands
are James, I;uist), F'enwick, St.
lelena, Coosaw, Lady's, Port Royal,
Paris, Barnwell, Pinckney, and others
that 1 (10 not 19W recall. 11ilton llead,
one of the largest of the group, is eight
miles wide by thirteen long. Port,
Royal Island is l0xI:5 miles in eicunt.
The town of eautfort is on Port Royal
Island. It is a beautiful little city of
4i,000 or 5,000 inhabitants, and prior
to the civil war muost of the Sea Island
cottol-)lantors 1.h ereahout had their
summer residences in Bleaufort. It
was indeod a very fashionablo town,
being inhabited n(,stly by people of
weath, education and rfiniemnent.
" North of the Coosaw river is a
small group known as tli IIuntang
islands. In ante-belluan days the
Hllutmng islands formed 1uite a resort
for those plantors who were fond of
the chase. Every fall these islands
were visited by hunting parties of from
ten to fifteen planters, thoroughly
equipped with guns, dogs and provi
sios for a week's sport. They also
carried a good many negro servants
along. It was not unusual for a pat ty
of hunters to kill eight to ten deer in a
day. They had the best-trained(1 dor
hounds that money could procure. I
4 re:nember two brothers. Abram and
Julius Il,ugueniin who kept a kennel of
sixty deerhounds. They took a hunt
every year, each one carrying allong it
gcod retinue of (tegro slaves. The
negroes of one brother wore ed shirts,
while those of the other had blue
shirts.
" Fishing was also a highly popular
sport with the ohd Sea Islanders.
Catching dovillish was a very popular
anluselent on I'aris I 'land and Iiiltan
1(ead. An e1101lnmou dkvilislh, the
largest I ever saw, was once caught
which mneasured tweity-two feet from
point to point, and was four or live
feet thick. It was caught by lion.
William E.lliott. Sheepheal, bass and
drum were abuncdant, too, and fut nish
0(1 great sport, for us. After crops were
laid by many plantors flocked to flay
Point with their families for a live or
six weeks' vacation and frolic. They
hived in tents and temporary sheds
while there
'" Oh! I tell ytii, thn ,e were great.
times. Eve(ryholy liait 10i;my of
money, and all were happy, the negroes
as well as their masters.
" Prior to the civil war these islands
were ill a very high state of enliva
tioni, Sea Island cotton being the~ prinl
cip)al crop raised. A gv(ood deal of it,
was also raisedl on the mainlanid along
the CJoosaw river andlc Broad river, andl
while tho quiWIS was exellent, it, was
far belo0w the pr1oducIt or t,be isIlnds.
This mjainlai Sea Island cotton used
to sell for twenty-dive cents a pound
when thlat grown uiponl the islands prop
per b)rought from lifty to sevenly-fivo
cents. TIhe linlest quality of all wvas
riaisedl 01n I'istt) Islandl(. This was
the 75-cent gradeC, thle very perfc(tion1
of long staple cotton, the finost, inl
fact,Iproduced in the world. Th'le same
< uality of cot,ton cannot he reproduced
" Sea Island cotton is not, nearly so
prolific as the short, staple cottons.
About 100 pounds of lint cotton per
acre was the average yield when I
lived on Ililton Heaid. It waIs put up
inl 300-poundia bale c mtead of 450 or
500 p)ounds1, as5 the1 short staple planters
use. France was the latgest buyer of
our long stap)tc Sea Island cotton. The
groat bulk of the erop was used in the
manufacture of line Fi-ench laces. Our
lands wecre enriched by heavy aplplica
tions of muc11k from t,he adljacenlt
marshes. This muck, consistmng
mainly of dlecomnposedl vegetable mat
ter, is exceedingly rich in plant food,
We used to app)ly fort,y wagonloads tc
the acre.
" No one who never lived ini 01
never visited the Sea Islands of Souti
Carolina in the glorious old (lays o1
fifty years ago can form a proper coni
ception of the luxury of their owners
A number of large planters ownedl at
entire Island each. Coosaw island
for example, formerly belonged to ai
uncle of mine, Maj. John G. B3arnwvell
Robert, (hishiolm owned an entirl
islandl of 2,000 acres extent. ,Jehossil
Island belonged to a former governo
of the State, William Aiken, who wa
a man of great wealth. Hion. Willjiat
HLenry Troscot, who was sent as comn
missioner to China and also to Chill
b)ehalf of the United States under Mu
Blaine, once owvned .Bat nwell lslan<)
Te111 most impijortant island of the era
t,ire group is P'inckney Island, jmt
west or Hilton IIcad. Tils large an
valuable property was owned( by Ger
CJhailes (otesworth Pmckntey, of i
volutionary fame. He0 lived on thi
island in elegance and comufort, dii
peinsing there a princely h1ospiltalItj
Mr. Henlry Mungini had, perhaps, til
most beautiful oramental grounds (1
the coast. lIe owned i)aufuske3
Island, and had an expert Euglisli
Idln(IsCapo gardener employed t<
beautify his estate. This island ii
situated at the mouth of the Savannali
river and looks directly out upon the
r Atlantic ocean.
'( I recall a number of large hen
Island plantations of from 900 to I ,000
acres in extent. )r. (leorge Stoney
t had 5,000 acres in one body on II ilton
IIead. 1)r. Thomas Fuller had 2,000
acres on 'aris 1slatnd. (,en. Stephen
Elliott, who Commanded the Coifed
crate forces at Fort Sumter during the
latter part of the war, had 1,200 acres
on Paris Island. Rtobert V. Barn.
well was a large plantor on Port lloyal
1ian(d, and also on the mainland.
Each planter owned from 100 to .0)
:legro siaves.
" As I have before stated, most of
the Sea Island cotton-plan tere lived in
Beaufort, during the summor. They
also hlad palatial winter residences on
their island plantations. They often
went Ncrth to spend the Sunlmer
months. In addition to elegant ear
riages, almost o'ery planter owned a
large boat for purposes of business and
pleasure. These boats were made of
hewn cypress slabs, fifty feet long and
eight, feet bean, and wero propelled
by I doz.en stalwart young negro oars
111e11. They were kept well painted
and were of larco carrying capacity.
A canopy was spread over a portion of
the stern for the fatnily and their
friends to sit under. 'I'hey were used
nos'ly for pleasure, but also ofteu for
transporting cotton and Supplies to and
from Beaufort. 'lhley all had names,
and were fruluently named in honor of
some female inenber of the owner's
family, usually his wife or daughter.
Those family boats cost from 81,000
to 1,200. They made frequent trips
to the various coast towns between
Charleston and Savannah.
" In addition to these large 50-foot
family bots, latny planters also owned
handsome little two-sail launches, used
exclusiv ly for pleasure. These, too,
were constructed of cypress, an( cost
about S1,000 each. They were the
boats used for lishing excursions. I
have seen from 150 to 200 of them at
ono view during the spring wlen 1i.Th
ing for d rtun was at i:s height.
" The glory of the eIi I limIdR h1a1s
long sinCe deimrted. They were laid
waste by the ruthless hand of war. At
the battle of Port Royal in 1801, all
the wht.e population left, leaving their
well-furnished, palatial houses to their
former slaves. A(lmirlal I)upont, in
(ommiand of the l'edleral forces at port
Royal, sont detachments of soldiers to
several poits in a vii ii attempt to stay
the devastation of the splendid estates,
11t!0>1 which \,'ars of labor and tens of
thousands of dollars had been expend
ed, but to 110 purpose. The planters
knew that under the surrounding con
ditions of active warfare they could
110 longer carry on their old busintess
of raising fine cotten for foreign
markets, shut out by blockade, and
they made no attempt to (o 9o. Their
hue old country homes woro left to the
Lender mercies of the negroes who
soon wasted an1d destroyed everything.
When the long, bloody siege ende(d we
wert: all too imipoverished and too dis
he: tWimol to attenllpt to rehabilitate
our phm onctadtiono. With a few rare ex
eCpItionIs, non1e could( afford to even pay
taxes oni thoir land, and most, of it
thus passedl out of thirb hands(1 and1( was,
to alil)practical Ipurposes, conflscatedl.
Only thie islands of Edisto, James,
F?enwick and JIohnis are no0w cultivate<l
by their formcr- oners or their descen
dants [. T1he Seabrooks, Townisends
and Popes were great cotton1-planter-s
years ago, and their children and
grandclhildr-en are still growing thie
same11 liucelong staple that gave [lhe Sea
Islands their reputation, but they (10
niot get as goodl pr1ices as [heir fathers
got. Inferioi cottons have. to a great
extent,, supplanited [lie true Sea Island.
Improvedl methods of cultivation have
been1 adloptedl unce [lhe wvar, however,
and( [lhe yioldl per acre has1 been mia
t,erially i ncreasedI. Th'e d iscover-y of
the great phosphate beds in South
Carolina and1( other States has proved a
wonder-ful blessing, and the few Sea
Island planters of [lie 01(1 school wvho
are left are making good use of it.
"CoosaIw 181land, 011ce ownedO by
Majo- BIarnwell, is now owned wholly
by negroes. IndIeedl, negroes now own
much of [the land on the other islands.
They seem) to be doing fairly well, but
of courise [,hey do not raise near [lie
quantities on the 01(1 plantat ions that
[,heir former masters did. Much of
[lie land, bothi on the island(s and [ho
ad jacent mintiland, is now uncultivateod
and abaridoned."
A CUnjius PnaexDEN.The No.
braska State Jour-nal says: " The
judIgmIent of Mi-. Buchanan, of Texas,
dhisplayed mn waiving his thirty dlays of
preparation and having his hanging on
lec spot was peOrhaps good. There
were so many people0 around who were
bent on executing that coloi edl brother
inl an informal anld im.prop)er mlanlner
[hat lie didn't care t,o t,ake the chances.
So, at his request, [ho sheriff marched
him from [lie court room straight to
th[le gallows and susp)endhed him as t,he
lawyers say hunc pro tunc. it might
Shave been a little irregular to accept, a
waiver of thie sort, but it was so un
Sdeniably convenient, for all concerned
that probably tho shor-iff will be sus
tained by the courts as well as by [lie
p Ieople. But [.e inicidhent will go (downi
in hist,ory as one of thie curiosities of
Soutbern jurisprudi(ence."
B Thle Jews of Palestmne r-c en[.irel3
de(lscenIded from .Jews who r-etiuned t(
'. [liat land from lMurope. Most of their
0 speak a corrupt,.form) of the Germar
n) language;
BILL ARP ON RAISING BOYS.
"S'A It,'IE I (O1I)ANl) SI'OI1,
TI'lIl CH1)1.''
Solnoniioi Wn..s 'l'oo lBig n Fiol
Ab)oirt Wouiecn to Dlirect F''mily
Afairs.
In a recent letter I took the part of
the bad boys and said they must not, be
given up. That, letter has provoked
a niost intelligent, comn:unt, from a
Western school teacher, who has been
teaching boys for twenty years. lie
says that, his so-called bad boys almosL
invariably turned out to be his best
boys, best scholars, and best men, and
he ncvr punished one with the rod.
Ii s it dastrations are very apt, enter
taining and instructive, for lie is no
ordinary teacher, but is a highly cul
tured gentleman, and writes a beauti
ful letter. His letter contained eeveral
pages and was eagerly perused. I[e
says I am a.believer in the rod, but it
has been my lot to have to use it most
ly, but lightly, on mamnia's pets-the
good boys who never did anything
wrong. lie does not believe in moral
turpitude or total depravity, but that
all natural instincts are good, and that
evil is only an abuse or misuse of the
good, and lie has never seen a human
being who would not at times perform
some kind ollico for another, never ex
pecting a reward. Once upon a tine,
the story goes, a fittle girl was watch
ing a sculptor as lhe put the finishing
touches upon an angel that he had
chiseled from a block of marble, and
she exclaimed: '' Oh, what, a beauti
ful angel you have iade !" " No," I
said the sculptor, " the angel was al
ready in the marble. I have only tt
elhipped away the rough stone that hid
it." So it is with every man-there is
an angel there, though too often hidden
by the stony covering. The skillful c
iculptor could find it. 1
This reminds mne of an incident that p
happened many years ago in tome t
while I lived there. It was on Sunday f
while a great freshet was iniiindatmg a ,,
portion of the town' A poor boy, the
son of a widow, had rowed his little c
boat out. in an eddy to catch some wood t
that was floating down. By somei mis- (
Mhiance his boat was caught, by the cur
rent, and he was carried rapidly down
the stream. 1iis mother ha, iccu it
all and ran down the bank sereaming
for help. Many people ran along with g
her, but could do nothing. It was .
near a quarter of a mile to the junction b
where scores of men and b)Jys were ,j
watching the surging waters. As the y
little boat neared the bridge pillar it 1
capsized and the boy disappeared with t
Lhe boat. In an instant it came to the e
marface again and the boy was seen ,
clinging to the chain at its end. "Save c
Lhat boy, somebody." Said one, " I'll 2
give $5 to save that boy." Said anoth- i
er. '' I'll give $10.'' ' I'll give '.,''
said another, but. nobody dared to ven
Lure. The mother cried in agony.
" Won't somebody save my boy." .I
Just then a young man was seen rush
ing wildly down, throwing off his coat
rnd shoes as he came and passing the
crowd, he ran down into the water and
struck out boldly for the boy. He got 1)
him, and clasp Rig one arm around his
waist swam with the other and laid
him at his mother's feet. le was P
hlp and1( speechless, but, alive. ]'ut,ting
in his slioes and coat, t,he young manc
walked qmickly away. But lie was
knowni to most of t,hose p)resent. iIe C
was a barkeeper and his mioral stand- 0
ing was niot, goodl, for lie was profane ,)
in speech aind his assoiciates were the
sport,s and1( drinking men of t,he town.?
liec was under the bain, but, there wvas
an angel in him somewhere. iIe knew
the poor widow andl he kiiew the boy-- I
and lie scorned to accept, ainy reward. "
I have ofteni ruminiated over thiit heroic i'
dheed andl wondered.C
My school teacher friend says that r
the dilference between a bad boy andl 8
a good one is that the stone is harder
t.o chip from the former, but gives a
finer and more durable polish when
the rough outsidle:is chiseled away, but
t.he good boy's aiigei is found in chalk,
andl soon crumbles or decays. IIe tells .
of Bob, the worst boy ever taiught. It
was far out in Western Texas, and a
when the school was made up) it was
predicted that Bob~ and the teacher
wvould have a light in less than a week.
iIe was fully apprised that 110b was
wicked and cursed like a sailor and
wouldl light at the drop of a hat and
dIrop it himself. Bob's father was
diead aind his mother an invalid andl
very poor, but Bob loved her and was
kind and good to her and cooked the
breakfast before ho went to school,
which was 2i miles away. iIe always
hurried home after school to chop the
wood and bring water and help her
with the supper.
The teacher's punishment of his
pupils, when it had to be given, was
keeping them after school and requir
ing t,hem to get their lessons. Bob
very respectfully asked to be allowed
to go home to wait upon his motber.
iIe behaved very well for a week, but
his bad day came and lie did not st,udy
at all. HIe seemed to be ready for a
row. The teacher told him mildly but
fIrmly, that lie uist st,ay in until he
got his lesson. HIe gave a look of de
flance and shut up his book. My
friend says: " It was one of the trials
of my life. I pret,ended to be reading
a book, but, I was only thinking. In
nialf an hour Bob opened his book, but,
I- saw t,ears in his eyes. After a while
lie said, 'I can't, study now. P'lease,
sir, let me go home. It's gett,ing dlark*
and mother will be scared. She's all
alone andl sick. I'lease, I will get this
lesson tomorrow, and I won't be0 bad
any more.' Well, I was just, over
come, and I took him in my arms and
we wepit together. Never did Bob
zive mle ay maore trouble a al thu
neighbors wondered. I verily" beli ve
that if' I had i'hipied hanl he wout1
hve. been ruined by it. A flet his
lmother's dent,h lic iiisted ill the ariny
nd Won Iis straps, ald be writes me
occasionally, and always thanks mne
for the kindnes i I showod himt at
school.''
I believe that the use of the rod in
our public sco11016 has been generally
abandoned. The Pulnisliinut of re
fractory pup)ils is now jut what it is
ml 0our col leges. E:x pu I.ion, suspen1.
sion, mnliiithly rcports a f" celuct aid
I ogress. I'aitrlons sei i-" lied with
this and Ithe .11--pal .i-d . is that
Soloiloni was joking. My f1ienld Port
Was atw hostile to Wlipiug Children as
is I)r. 1olblerby, of A lnta, aun when
I quoted Solomon, vh; said, '' lie
that spareth the roil hai-t.iii bis son,
ho said, W'ell, Sololni was madi(
when lie wrote that. Vitli all of those
wives lhe miust have had1( three or 10111
findred Chiliren, aind the littlc rascals t
were always tagiig aftei liml mnd
lcgging for candy, or a knife or a doll, t
Jr sonething, and they elinbd up his t
egs and felt in his pockets and pu'.led sy
n15 ha~ir, anid it wvas plappy~ this aittiI
laddy that, until be got le--ieratc and bI
vrote that verse. 1 doni't take every
hing for gratted that Solomon says, p)
1olow. A man who was as big a fiol
iout womuenl as lie was, needn't tell w
ni about whipping c'ilbiren. Hie a
lidi't know how to raise I;bobo uain, i
vito succeededl him, for lei said to the y
hildrent of Israel, it Aly Father chastis
d you with whips, but I will iastise of
out with scorpions.' TIiat's the ki nd I
f a boy he raised with is rod.
But after all and before all it is the w
011e influence that mouils the child, do
ar that is cois(titt and enduring'..he di
ngel that was withiii I ob wits un
overed by h is mo her's love. Some SI
lothers send their little chiiren to '
uhool as to a nursery to get thcul out
f the way, or Ibecause they Canttnot fi
tnnage themt at homle. \Vlute others I.
ut up for them a nice hinch ani kiss w
be ita sweet g)olhy atnd l'ondlly watch a
)r their return. )tiir chiiren had to
Smoi i!tn a mile to schiocal whlien
e lived on the fiariil. 'l'hey had to
ross Ilie creck oil a fc ut I0g ai thn i
Itrougli a lield ip a I,nn.g lull and theii tn
own the lill until otit of sight. It m
vas my daily pleasue to watch them it
o and come, and feel that they were
And now our eldest diughter is uN
oing to leave ts--going to W nsboio,
outh Carolina, to live, where her lus-v
and has found plrofita!bc eilplovment..
'hey have live children, somc of whom th
rere our daily visitios ai mlade us
aplpy when they caatia. What Iiall a
de do now? We thaou!ht. that this
xodus of our" cliiuulrn was uver. Rly
rife uand I are growiig old and it ua
rieves us to lose our cliren and
randchildren. Itt this is the con- Li
on lot. There is nothing true but 1l
L"aven.ti liiti.s A1:' t.
Titu-: i 1.:i'li;r W A S . rn :n :, - li
'he valic of the I'ililll ine silver dol
tr is now about -10 cents in gold,
'hicl means that a miierilit doing a
usiness in hula iia, if he wishes to in- o
ort breadstuff', nieat, lent lie'.' goods,
imber, liardware or heer fr i the
tted States, puts up ;':2.51) in I Philip
inc silver for every dollar rlepreseltcd R1
ihis invoice. Tlhis, as a mlatter' of hl
>urse, dliscouragecs Ltrade with the a
rinitedi Sta.e,s, and has cut the est imat- S
Il receipts from11 dulties for the year ai
nding D)ecemiber 31I over $1 I,(Jti),001) ai
elow t,he figutre atgreed uplont by the vi
'aft. commission. School :11n4 oth.r
xpou)tdituires for the b)entllit of t,he rl
dlandls will be cut, accordinigly.
Two years ago~ a spieiail atgenit of the
Jnited States treasury departmient wats LI
cnt, to t,be Philipp)ine islands to in
ostigate the finanicial situation. A fter
onsult,ing the businiess intorests lhe "'
eporte m( i favor of tihe coinaige of a
p)ecial Philippine silver dollar, to take W
lie place of the Mexicano (coin now in d1
enoral uso. Th'le P'iiippino silvor.
ollar wouldl be a full legal teiider for ni
cal taxation alnd debhts, andl wouild
erve the people of the islands in ti0 th
er cent, of tijcir business tratnsactionis, P'
0 that the dilferenlce betweein silver P
,nd gold in the L ondon maretiit wouild
e lightly felt, if felt at iall, in the orii
aary channels of t.rade.
The iIouise conmmittee Oin co1iae, lb
veights and1( meauesc, andl the Se3nate LI
~ommittee on Iitnance, each tunder' t.he
ntiuence of the London-New Yorku
~old clique, smiotlheieid the report, of
~he speciatl agent, because the grant- i
ug of silver coinaig would bC it coni
eessiont to the silver nuiies of' the West
11md to the (desires and cuistoms of the
peopIle of the l 'hilipplihes, who, like
tho 1)e0p)1 of India, must be dli iven at,
all haziards to the sin1gle gold standard.
(IrIJrrNay SA tuca.-Iicere is at tested1 s
English recipe for chuitiiy sau1ce, us1.ed t
as a substitute for the nigo chuttney\
of the tropics, satys ltural Newv Yorker. I
It is ver'y atppetiziing, and1 ploplar with
those who like a hot cattsupi. Mat erial!s
required: Eight, ouinces of tart aies,iC I
pooled and cored, eight ouinces of<
peeOled tomatoes, (iht ounces b)rown 1
sugar, eight ounces satlt, fouir ounces1
powdered ginger', four ounces red 1)ep- 1
per, two ounces shallot,s (or Onlionl), I
two ounces gatrlic. Pound atll together<
in a mortar (or pass throuighi at chlopper4
set to cut fIne) and thien putt atlI the
materials together in a jar with t,wo
andl one-half pint,s good vinegar. Plaec
the jar ini a warm plahce, cover f or one
month, st,iring with a wooden spooni
twice every day. At, the end of t,be
tIime pass the chutney through a sieve,
and bottle, when it is ready for uise.
The intense heat of the pepper grows
milder with keeping, and the chutney
imnproves and1 becomes richer in flavor
the longer it is kept..
CAltitH' NATION
IN CIlAI,l;ti'I'ON.
The llsas C ebIrit y Vi'i1s 1lhe
Blind 'I'igter --''he Saie All
t Wi" 'iorld Over.
'harlestot 1-:veing Post.
Airs. Carrie Nation, the KIanlsas tia-1
0011 snahler, arrived inl Charlest i at
11 1 io-dsy from ( olumbiaut, wlhere sl
mwi beetn bor everal ays m miiiitkiig a
tudy oe io p iration of the dispelt
sary law of the State. Ste had not
wien in the city mou'e tiant lifteen mini
tes before she was inside of ait al
ugel blindl tiger, ,ut she did not re
urt to any WYestorn mtethocds. She
rierely took 21 peep at the surrouindinga,
tilfed arouind like a1 pointer dog ty
ig to wilt at covey of hirds and called
lt beer and whiskey, which were re
ied her, the proprietor telling ier
lat he did not sell the stuff.
"( )h, yes, You dlo,' said Al rs. Na i
on, "for this is a1 blind tiger. I have
een in them before and know one
hen I see it. If ti is not a blind1
ger why doni't you tkl down that
er sign then?"
1'That is just a1n old sign,'' sald the
rolrietor, "aud hts no mealning.''
Ali. Nation turnied on her heels and
alkedout out of the establishment. As
plartiig shot she said to tle lrolrie
, "You conduct a hind tiger and s
m know it; if you don't, I do.'' c
Ars. Nation was met, at the South
n depo. by an :Evening Post reporter,
ho accompanied her to the St. .1ohn J
otel, where ihe is stopping. There
1s no one except the reporter at the
pot to meet her. Mrs. Nation was
essed im black and her head was par
illy covered with at little poke bounet.
chad on her eyeglasses and lokei
er th aeii n1id s wiled lien the lcws- ((
ler man itroduced himself. lcr
oulders were covered with i cape, 1
iieh was pinned about her throalti
it breast pin made in the slope of
latclln L. 1
Esn re'e to the hoteI from the depot
r.. Nation said she wanted to visit
'.he historical places of lnterest, in
e city and also wanted to visit as i
any blini ligers ats she conld before
ivin', for New York. While ii Co
mhia, she said, she called at, a mllul
r of blind tig;crs, and that they were 3
aetly like Ithe himd! I igers in KIans;is.
ilInd tigers, she said, are theIsame the
I Id over.
I)id you br-iig youlr t 1cliewl" asked
c reoteIcr.
"Oh, yes, I have my Bihle; that is a
y hatchet now and " inv(r fail to nse
was the reply.
She said "the mioold not do:lany tna:h. 1
g in (harlesto+l.
"You know 1 had eight hatchets
ken from nie inl Kansas last, year by
c iuthorities and I never got one of t
em back. ],last year I paid out over V
,500 ill litsvs, and this year I've pill '
it about))1 $5,00, but I am still carryt
m.y war against the liquor trilie. a
Mrs. Nation, while talking awaiy at
ra111(1 rtate about blind tirers and h1ar
OINI, sulddelily spied it whiskey ald Y
itiseinent on a hill hoard on Meeting t
.vet. y
'1ook t. tlhal,'' said the saloon .
mliher; "the whiskey men seem to
ris of attractive aidv~ertiong mat.t or
me whtiskey mcin ad(vert.ixe win'skey
'(Owl' whiskey., )hm'r you kno1w
owl W(4t11d not,1 tOteh ai dr1op It' the
A1.. the St,. ,1(11hn 114)1.11 At ri. Nation)1
giitcd as (~ " Ci Na21tion 0i114me1
"Whelire i.. your hioni ?"' iing mre j.
"1 ha2ve 1o hiomei anid htravel atone
cll. Al y husbam)114 is somIew here ini
hiio. Jus onxe 0 ylear ago to..day hie
as dhivorcedt 11rom me1 and4 I am1 no0w
Alt,er giving some1 dlirect.ions to the
>tAd clerk abhout her blaggage, idle left
o hotel, suayinig she wanted to visit,
e hI,ndo tigers, catll on the cie(f of
>I ico and1 see St. Myiichioel'u and1( other
aces of intcrest.
A WVo[m 'ro( I1oiisy. ieriPi;is. .
lhile iit is nattural for 1an amitiou
:ms.ewife t.o wish to be en rolledl amBiong
Ie good mlanaigers andl I.0 he crchted1
itlh exectutive abtility -to he looked
p to and1( lonllted a5 aulthiority uiponl
LI hioulseholdI matttcrs; y..t, iiy dIear
str tiotsekeeycrs, you1 are0 1101 wise
you dto not coniside(r yourself tirst
our health shioldl comelO first. There
re limes in everybody's life wvhien
tiere is so much t.o do tha2t t,he only'
liay to (10 is to sit, downi and dto nioth
rig. I would feel as if I were doing
0111 godi the world if I could only
ay' a1 word inow and thon that, would
Ike root and1( live. I sec 50 many1i ner
-ous wrecks'-miuthiers and1( WIVeS who
iave sacerificed t hiemselves. The wvo
1111 who is Oil tier feet, from morning
Lntil night, without alny rest is a1 very
ooor manager. There would be fewer
clicate wives if the kitchen ini every
10mc1 (little or hdi) Woro kept perfectly
vhiolesome~ ando pure. The kitchen
ink hecomes a1 hiot-bedl of (128eas8 if
eft cloggedl and not, ltusthed ouit, and
lisinlfected1 every few days. The dishi
:toths aind ton4owels should receive
:spcilI care, and1( need( to be0 washdio
tit (laity in a strong thot sudsE of rain
vaher and10 hung ot,t in the open air to
Iry'. 'iThe garbalge pail shioult always
>4e left, outside tihe d:>lor. A friend
>ho4wed me1 through hier kitchen rei
-,iitly. It, had( a1 restful look, green
~rowing plan1ts. ini the1 widows, one or
,wo easy chalir.( with cushions, 0110 a
rocker. It was healthy [and( hygienme,
1d0 hiad (evOry convniVciice' needed
ini It
IN A Il U1OIZOUS VEIN.
In a hall in Glasgow a few wee
ago Ihe)e was It led tre on '' Marrinl
an(after." The lecturer said th
men should kiss thcir wives as th<
did w hen they were a year or t
muarriod.
When the lecture was over an of
11an w ent home, put his arm aroun
his' wife's nleclk and kissed her. Meel
ing the lecturer noxt (lay, ho said:
"i's 1)o go."
"' tat isnl't ?" said the lecturer.
" \ 'el," said tho m1au, ' when
kissed ily wife, she said, 'What's gon,
vrmog vi'ye, yo aid fool ye ?"
"I 'al, may I ask you a (luestion?'
"ies, my son. I'm always glad t(
Iliiart information."1
" Well, papa, when a snako wrig.
les its tail where does the wigglc
" Well--um ---er. Look hore, yound
tan, don'(t ol let. ime hear atnothel
vord out. of yol t.ill hed time.''
" There, thank the stars, that's thc
ast. loadI Iy ' j, ve, I hope we don't
ive to move agaiI for twenty yearsI"
,L^o>k, Geo)rge, ther:1e'4 at mant1 with a1
amea! See, te Is getting it up.
Ylhat do you s5p1 'ose" ho Wants ?
' Guess he's after a moving picture,
Ily dear.
" I ran ito town today to do 011
hoppin1'g, dear,'" said Mrs. Subhuhs
untering iher h ushantd's ofiec, " and
'' I see,'' he interrupted, " and you
ulst ran ini helt because you ran out."
" Itani o,'t?"
" Yes, of mtoney.",
' I shall never larry," said liss
Tn Teek, with an air of dotermina
11.
" ''erhaps not,'' replied Mis P'ert
but everybody will admit you have
lade a brave light agalnist t'hilt inevit
ble."
"llow about that, new cook of yours.
3 she good ?'
'' I hope o.''
" Don't you know ?'
" I ean oIlly trust so. She tried to
ght the lire wit.hi benzine yesterday."
Teachor- 11-And the twenty-irst of
)ecenher is the siortos, day of the
oar, is it not ?
'Tommu)y - Stonet.iles.
'l'Tachler---- ily s metnc:-?
TIommIly-V1es'm. When It's a1 holi
ay.
lloI little We really know about
ur nei'llhols, after all," saidl the
minig w'i1e lusingly.
"W V ,"i rIplied1 the husband, aland
Mw nluch 1Iney scm t( know about
School Itelicer, exailinil, t.he class,
ghts on the youngest, and is so struck
nItL) his in1telligeniI aspect that lie
uest.iins hilis forthwith'
" Ntw, my little mani, what do live
11d t wo mnale ?"'
Tie little one rmIlaiued silent.
"1 WV:lI, 41(ppo)8 n10W 1 Were to give
(Ill live Ilait,ts t.-day aiid two llore
-i ,)rroW, how iimany rabbits would
tlu have Lhthen?"
ih" 'rm111tly answered .he
lave i1e.
"_
ha 'h Wby, how d..1 you make
" .ise~t I 'vte got, one4 to hiome i
t'ady."
Sunita Qiu~ay wenit to the Adiron
lacks a few weeks ago to priepare fo
lie rtin ii hlome of hIiS famiiy. Il
mdel up the miounltin ini a coinehi tha
was dhisl.ressintgl y tardly andl( which wa
14low 1g iti aother fliat, if piossi ble
was e.venu sl.>wtr. lEc chafed for
Aie ait the pace(3, and then lilt upon0 1
dian lhe Itoughit wouldt serve to spect
>Othl teiiuns. lie leaned over to th<
I rivter andf tiffered at dollar if the lattel
voubtl gel. aheadl of t,he team in front
I'he driver smilinigly agreed, and14 ther'
-IUsed! his voice t,o say: " IIey I I say.
hIll Bill, turni yer rig t.o the side ol
hoe road-. -will yoi? TIhiere's a guy
icro says he'll give me a dollar if
mISh ye; andt l'Il divide if you makt
'0om)!"
While the( recenltly organized choi,
f the Sunday school of the Central
'resbyteriani church of Brooklyn were
'ehearatin.ig last, Sunday nlightL '. CJar,
on1 asketl them if they could suggest r
tood hymn which they cou1ld sing
oir a fewv minutes the singers lookem
br'ough tbeii books in search of an ap
)ropriatte one,3 bult were unlsuccesBsful
Linially the silence was broken by soimi
wag satymlg:
"For goodness' sake, Doctor, don'1
ing ' From Greenland's Icy Moun
Lains,' with conti at $20 at toni."
A Missouri farmer has made a feri
Dtus mistake in exposinig hiimiself to thu
gibes of a heartless worhl. Hie say
an atdvertisement of a " two-dollar firn
cacape," and1( the more he lookedt a
tho advertisement the morchle wante<
the lire escape.
"I can't let a b)a,gain like that a-on<
glt away," lie murmured through hi
ttagly whiskers. And then he sa
down and1 miailed the two-dollar bill.
In dlue time t,he tire cecape arrived
It wias all ineCxpensive copy of th
Bible.
TIom Ochilt,ree relates that while hi
Was at Representative from Texas aln
returning to his~ home from Wasuin1
ton, he observed a large crowd at LI
station. WVhen the train stopped I
stepped(M upon0 the platform and start(
to adtdress the crowd. HIe began:
"Gent,lemen, I thank you for th
welcome home."
" Welcom( I Thlunder!" interruptt
a constituent. " Henry Bacon h
just committ.ed suicide in the station
c INIUSTRIAL
EAND GENERAL
it
y A substantial business firm in Bos
ton is considering a proposition to take
up the work of paper hats. They re
fuse, however, to give out details of
the process which they use in prepar
ing the raw material for their pur
poses.
George M. Yankovsky, a young Si
berian of wealthy parents, is touring
this country, working as a farm hand
and general utility man in stables,
stockyards, ranches and other places,
where he may gain a knowledge of
stock raising and agriculture.
Both the Czar and Sultan possess
jeweled swords and sabers of groat
price. But the most precious sword
in existence is that of the (aekwar of
Baroda. Its hilt and belt are inerusted
with diamnonds, rubies, and emeraldls
and it is valued at the fabulous sum of
$1,l10,000.
A Jewish rabbi recently explained
to a number of his follow countrymen,
who had just landed at Castle Garden,
that the American flag contained stars
and stripes to remind the people that
the government had stars for those
who behaved themselves and stripes
for those who did not.
Senator Cockrell, of Missouri, never
drinks water when speaking in public.
Blefore lie begins his address he puts a
specially pt epared pellet of potash un
der his tongue and this keeps him
from becoming hoarse. The Senator
declares that for fifteen years he has
never touched water when speaking.
James (ilaisher, the meteorologist,
is 0: years of age. Forty years ago
he made one of the most remarkable
baloon ascensions on record. le was
able to record a height of 28,000 feet,
hofor he became unconscious, and the
balloon probably reached 35,000 feet
before his companion, Mr. Coxwell,
managed to pull open the valve.
-J. t. Ilutchings, who discovered
the Yosemite Valley, and opened it
for tourists, was killed last week by
his team going over the grade on his
way into the famous valley. Mr.
Ilulchtings was nearly ninety year old,
and until recently spent every winter
ill the Yosemite. lIe had kept this
Season the Calaveras Big Trees Hotel.
The lacon e'oleg)ranh says : "Ma
con has forty manufacturing plants,
the products of which amount to $25,
000,000 a year. 'T'hese plants pay out
annually to their employees $1,500,
000. A1acon's prosperity is largely
due to her manufacturin industries,
and she is to be congratulated upon
the splendid progress she is making
along this line."
The supreme court of Iowa has ren
dered a decision which prevents ex
prseu companies from handling liquor
(14. 0. )., and makes such goods contra
band and liable to seizure if found in
the possession of the conmpanies. The
court holds that the privileges of ori
ginal packages or of the freedom of
Inter-State commerce does not apply
to a business of this character.
It is regarded as a curious coinci
dence that Alexander 11. Stephens and
D)r. Crawford WV. Young, whose statues
are to be placed by Georgia in St,atuary
ilall at the nat,ional cap)ital, were stu
dlents together at, the University of
Georgia, and occupiied the same room
-as b,edfello,ws while pursuing their stu..
r dies. One became a great statesman
3 and the other a surgeon of world-wide
t ren)own.
'A recent, invention in railway travel
uses magnets, arrangedl to slide along
undler surfaces of the rails, lifting
themel)Bive andl the cars to which they
are attached, so that the wheels just
clear the upper surfaces of the rails.
Thle engineer can adljuist the power so
that the uplwardl pull of the magnets
will exactly b)alance t,he dlownward pull
of gravi.tation. Th'le object of the in
vention is to adjust, t,he weight of the
train b)y magnetism andI reduce friction
to a minimum.
The Pennsy$lvania railroad has finally
complletedl its terms with New York
city, and( the north and east branches
of the Hudson River are to both be
t.unnelled between the cit,ies of New
York and Brooklyn, a dist,ance in all
of nine miles. A depot Is to be built
uinder-groundl in New York the size of
two entire blocks, and passengers are
t,o be taken dlirect to and from foreign
steamers. This is the biggest under
takmng of any heretofore, and is to
cost $200,000,000. It will give em
p)loyment t,o about 8,000 hands and re
,l qmre nine years.
The Agricultural D)epartment has
b)egun a series of investigations into
the matter of cold storage. There are
several mysterious phenomena which
lake place in cold storage warehouses.
For instance, It, has been noted that
one lot of fruit will keep in flne con
dition for many months, while another
nearby will decay in a few dlays. This
3 is particularly true of peaches. It has
t. also been noticed that some peaches
lose their delicate flavor very quickly
,in cold storage, while others are not
a, affected in that way in the least.
Governmnent agents are trying to dis
cover the causes of these contrary ef
0 fects,
jCASTORIA
For Infants and Children.
is The Kind You Have Always Bought
d1 Bears tho
a~ Signaturo of

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