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The Easley Messenger,
gfrnifi, like a torrh, the more it's shooh, iI shines.
VOL. 1.] EASLEY, SOUTH CAROLINA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1883. (NO.2.
ghe $nsleg Messenger.
H UDGENS, H AGOOD& CO., Prop'rs.
A. W. H UDGETNS, Editors.
J. R. _IAGOOD, Eios
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MESSENG4En, Easley, S. C.
Delivered To The Patrons and Pnpils
of The Easley High School, August
24, 1883, by Prof. C. W. Moore.
In Grecian mythology we are tohl of
a hero who slew a dra.gon, the eustodi
an of a certain fountain inl Bootin.
We are t old also that. he sowe t he teeth
of that draigoi, and from t Ilem there
sprutng up a band of (ri'eciant sO(hlieIrs
clad in full armour. Thiis looks like
sOme )(mmaniniig Story, bit in ancient
times it was tle Custom of eastern na
tions to illustrate important lessons by
beaut ifuil an d impressive pict ure's ca lle'l
aIlegorv. Thotuh.1 these fables, at- first
Sight. appear so MU1reaoab1e, when
properly imitderstood, thley often Con
tain rich t reasures of t ruth and knowl
edge. Cadmus, who is represented as
being the slayer of this frightful miloin
ster; is the same name -I. that of tlIhe
persol who tilst. int roduct' letters into
Greece. and they, don'htles, are ow'
onl( tl(: saelit la. 'le dragon rep
resents the ignorance., crutielty, ald
brttality of the first inhabitants of that
country; the aimled Sohliersi o dete t he
de-sCcendlalts of the same p.)eople, inl
tiheit strength and glory, after thbey had
been elevated throogh the belnigin in
finnice of learing, to a higher plain
of muoral and social staidino.
Our' own native hul1 all'ords uis a stri.
king example of the reumarkable Clan.
ges that may be wrt'outglt upomn a coltn
( r-y through the ageney of letters. A
little Iiore th!nt a eeituI.r1y ago the hlmd
with~l tribe~s of be(in~gs seaCt t eredl here
and1( ther'e who weret but lit tle mor'e re
fluted and intelligent thant the wild
beasts wvhih they hunted. But now,
wher'e degira(Iatlon 0once r'eignted, we
see fruit ful fle' ! of wa vinig grain.
comuifortable( d., .g, splendid towns
and1( cities, railroadis with their trains
11 ving fronm eity to eity, over' plains,
atcros5 riverls and)( through mnotuntaiis;
and1( the te'legraphI wires that enlale Its
to talk, as if face to face with the na
tiois that (1 well beyond tihe might y wa
t'rs ; suchl blessing's are th e frits of
('dutcated inids ; to enulinerate themtf
all would be to counit thet stars in the
h1': eaves anth le le vs upon01 the trees.
You, seliolar's, are h er'e t o re(ceive the
b)lessingos of edtent ion, which you1 mayt
mi turn tranusitnit to muanukindo. 'Yotu ar'e
pr('par'ing fotr ie ard'tent tiis of mn
hood( amtl womantihood. By mankinig the
pr'operm use of youri t imte you wvill be
come)L thle stonm ~litof, both Chu...h
and State, the ornaments of your
homes, the delight of your friends.
The knowledge to be gained at school
i4 more precious to yout than gold and
silver. If your parents were to send
you here to gather gold and yon could
find little nuggets of it all over the
ground; you would not, be idle ; you
would come early and work late, in or
der to see how much of the precious
metal you could carry home. Bolt If
you conld get gold in that way you do
not know how long you could keep it.
What you would buy with it might be
drowned by floods, swept away by
storms, or burned up by tire, but the
learning that you get caninot be taken
away. It Is said that gold will etlier
aiy gate but heaven's-knowledge will
eliter eveni there. You hear tell of
your soul that mu uist Jive forever; this
soul that you ilhear of is nothing but
your minld. Education then isithe im
proveni(it of the mind or soul, and
God who gave you yotwl mnind will cer
tainly iot destroy any woik that you
may do for its improvement. What
may be the scope and power of the
miid in the next existence we know
iot, but many of its achievements in
this life we do1 know, and of these nn1i
der the proper fnfluence of education,
and ouilr1 duties iii regIrd to Le same we
propose to t:eat.
In this progressive age you see on all
sids signils of improv)Vement. Inl the
work-shops, on the firms, and in your
hollses, may he foulnd laboring imle..
ments aln( machinerv. ''loiughollt
all parts of tile land inlay be seen pow
erfiul engiles exhibiting pheomena of
streilgt h and velocity ; mighty s'eam
ers Plowing the oceains and the rivers,
bringilg the fruits of the soil and the
prIodlnets of idliustry from every cline
bieath the sun ; and the liglitning of
heaven flying across Conitinenrt's and
oceans, bearing mel(5sAges fromti oie tol
anot her, all for the comfort and happi
ness of inakindi. All of these inven
ti(onS an1d discove4ries conliriblutilg so
11mh1111 to oir' conveliiece 111d happi -
niess a re cit her directly or indirectly the
resiilt s of edulcat ion.
Firtherimore, by the aid of letters.
you n111uy sit at your own tireside and
beconle acqluainted with the variou s
(ounLitrieS of the earth ; learn of the ill
(lustries, productions, mnneri's, cuts
toms and peculiarities of their inhabi
tants ; nor is the mind coniined to this
terrestrial globe; it travels ofi' into re
gion1s hbeyond the( clouds, whlere othier
worlds circle inl more spacious orbs;
tlere it learis of those (list allt. spheres.
their w-ighlts, Im iagnituides, chianiges of
seasis, and I periods of revolutiol.
If you are. not a friend of learning
you may try to console yourself with
the reflection that you do not intend to
inmmortalize your name by (developing
some hnpilortant truthl for the aidl of
science ; as did Galileo, Newton.
Franklin 01' .Morse ;. but you will not
be qualified to fully comprehend and
en1joy the blessings an11( beauties of na
ture withlout sonme de'gree of learningr.
Young personis often think that the
only noble aim of life is to gain riches.
This is very w ell, but wealth is not
the 0only source of hlappiness. When
one lis gained eniough to en1joy3 ease
and1( !omifor't, lhe naturally anticipates
some1T social pleasures, but how sad will
be his dlisappoitmlent when lie findls
that his wvant of learning unlita him for
the comupany he (desires to keep.
While knowledge is nio hindrance in
the way of nmaking' money, it may add
ten'l-fold to the pleasurI' of its enujo
mienlt when onice acquliredl. Per'sonis
are too apt to believe that schoolin"'
particularly a high grade of it-is nec
essary for none bitt professional men ;
that the farmer, mechanic and commnon
laborer Can sueedeel just as well with a
very limited knowledge of letters;
such delusions are seriously damaging
to the interests of the people.
Some person once dretw a picture
representing the indtistries of the
world ; in one place Could be seen the
merchant viewing his vessels. coming
and going, beari'ng their precious bir
dens of commerce. and below was wri
ten his motto : I conduct the Com
merce of the World. Ii another part
was the lawyer. sitting inl his easy
chair in his ofile with his books
and papers aboutt hm1 ; and his
Iot-to Was: I make and interpret
laws for the people ; further oil was
the preacher, clad in spotless gar
ments, and snugly housed in his con
fortable parsonage. and his motto was :
I pieach the gospel to the world ; and
0 011, all the learned professions were
pictured, and some appropriate motto
assigined to each. Bit soine one Com
pleted the picture by drawinga$ beleathi
the farier, with his stuin-browined face,
his sleeves rolled up, 1a11l the perspira
tion stlreamiiing down his cheeks, while
lie leaied pol his spahe gailg at the
digitaries above himit. Ili motto was:
IPayfo?' it all.
For this suibordination of the blibor
ing classes parents are in a great meais
lire responisible. If a boy chooses what
is Called a learneul profession, every
possible sacritiee is umd&e to prepare
him for his so styled honorable calling.
If lie is to beeomiie a physiciani, lawyer,
or liniister, he mut be sent to school,
and graduated at college ; but the most
industrious, and often thie brightest boy
inl the family, who chooses to live by the
sweat of his brow, i's seilt t) the corn
tie(i or workshop without any pre
paration Whatever. Is it an1y wonder
I hel if the laboring classes are subser
vient to professional men ?
Again, some parents thi.nik that their
datughiters ieed hit little Schoolingo, be
C:mllse in ordinary life they do not till
responsible public positions. If noth
ing more, they are to becoine the wives,
nothe.rs, or inl some way, the ompnLl
ions of edlcated men. Women exert
upon the world a potent infliec Ce ;
they are the power behind the thirone,
and how importalnt that that power
should be restrained and (directed by
intellig(ence. They have legitimuate
claimlis to social pleasures and advanta
ges ; to deiny them the privilege of so
cial and intellectual di6tinet ion is char
aicterist ic of barbarim. Your d agh
ters are one day t ) become the con
pan ions, the solace, the joy of menx of
learning ; are they to be imquialiiied
t(or this imflportan it posit ion ?
1 on1ce knew a man of some distinct
ion wvho mlarriedi a lady dlestit ute of
education ; and every time the wife
opened hier mouth ini compan:liy it was
the signal for her hiusbaind t~o blush,
and why~ ? Blecnuse lie continually ex
lpeetedl her to betray her Wigorace.
T'here cani be nto 'ontgenialit y or hap.
piness ini such a union. Ilow sad that
woman shouSld~i be conignediC~ to a fate
so htiniliating andl dhespicab1le ! T1hie
miodlesty andl tend~er'ness of her nature
(demanid that sihe shouild have every ad
van tage of social qualificti otn. D~o
you love that in nocett kind anid all'ee
tionlate daxug~hter whomi you pre~ss to
your bosom ?If so, atre you willing to
send her out into a coldl and~ heairtless
world dlestitute of tihe meaiis of self
adlvancemtenit ? D)o you not, wvishi her
to reign queent in that little home whuich
will be to hter a kingdom, a wori:
where she shall be the areolt arond
which the afleetions of friends anid
family may cluster? 'Ihenendow your
child with the priceless boon of e(hlca
ion, and its genial intluence will be
seen in the flash of intelligence that
beams li her eye, and the flush of mod
esty that Iantles her cheek ; its soft
music will be heard in the sweet souitu
of her voice, nty, in the very nestling
of 1her robes.
You who are scholars have youi dI
ties to perform in acquiring an edtuca
tion. without indutstrty there is no ex
cellence in learning. Earnest, cont ill
ned applicatioiIs the pre-requI1isite to
scholarship. It is said that Alexan
der the Great, when a youth, asked
his teacher if he could not complete
his course of stuvdy without so much la
bor. The philosopher replied, "tlhere
is no royal road to learning. By 11he
rich and the pool, the ol and thte
young, it (aIi be attained only through
the all-elicient Imeanis, work. Idleness
inl this, as in all other fields, means de
feat; nowhere in nature do you 1ind
inactivity the means of accomplishing
noble ends-everywhere stagnation
means decay and ruin. Water too
long stagnant exhales stench and Mi
asiata; air that does not, circulate be
Conmes pregilailt with poliolls gasses;
so the minnd that is ever jlimetive Soon
becomes more or les A sordid ald cor
ript. The development of Imind is nlotp
the work of a day or a ye it', but it, is
the result of lotng-t rie'd and uifail ing
indlistiy. The stulrdy oak that
springs from a little acorn, grows
through years and years until it as
suies gigantic proportions. For a
hundred seasons it sheds its green
robes to battle with winters storms,
while the cold blast of the North whils
tLie through its mprotheted boughs, ill
til finally it towers above its neighbors
the prince of trees aid the pride of the
Do you have to coniteind with pover
ty and obstacles thrown inl your way
by your fellow 11a11? Stich has been
the experience of the m)ost useful menl
that ever lived. These difficulties that
you have to surmno1unt only give you
oppor'tluiities for showihg your man
hood. Show inc the youth who has
but ordiiary capacity with extraorldi
niary (iligence and a good purpose in
view, aid I will show you a man whose
fortune is madie. The mlind that is
prolne to greatness, like tihe vaters
that flow from the great central plain
of North America toward the oceans
that wash our shores, is bound to rIeach
its destination. Geologist tell us that
in ages long si ince pa-ssed, vole, s
heavedC~ munu~tai n masses in the pathi
ways of those waters, but gradually
and steadily they rose, spreadinug out,
into beautiful lakes, shedding their mit
igating influence on the sur'romulding
country, and( inivitinig upon0 thjeir placid
b)osoms the ships of commer'ce for comi
ing ages, until it nally they scaled the
eyelopean walls, anid, in their seawardl
course, wenut bounding downi the op
posite declivit ies ini beauitifl falls amd
ctrcs, laughing at the thundler and~
smoke of the fiery elementi1 that dared
(dispute their passage. Sauli coldC per*
sue D~avid t~o thie mountain fastuiesses
ar'oundI Jeruisalemi, biut this persecution
only gave the youngt herio opportunui
ties for exhibit ing those feats of valor
and1( einduriaince which provedl himii to be
a king' aml( soldier', andi which won for
him a place in the hieairts of his couni
trymeni and 0o) the throne of Jude~la.
T1hie prison walls of England couhll
conifine the bodyV of Bunyvan, but the('
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