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ON RAISING CALTES,
Mrv EDITOR: I have been mak
ing some rough estimates. on the
exp'nse of raising calves,- and
would like to have some help ft om
some of the farmers on it.- I think
we should look into a great many
questions (if the same sort that ap
pertain to the Agricultural inter
est. Ther is nothing not even
the blue sky above more plain to
me, than that the farmer is driv
ing a tremendously slow coach,
and is getting aiong most wretch
edly in the-race of life. We ought
to take enough interest in the
faimily to aid and inform each oth
er better as to the true inwardness
of things, and show where and
why we progress no better. I
First, what does milk cost, or
what is it worth? It sells in the
Cities from thirty-two to forty
cents per gallon, so I am informed.
But we, who have been raised to
follow Agronomy are acecistom -
ed to sell cheap; it is constitution
al, hereditary among u1s, so I count
milk worth 10 cents per gallon.
The authorities tell us that a calf
requires from 2 to 3 quarts for the
first few months, and from 6 to '
at 5 and 6 months old. But to
Iret back to our little and cheap
ways, I count it h:lt a. gallon iper
dlay for six months: at this count
5 cents per day giv'es $9; throw in
I bushels of ieal, 1.50 bundles of1
fod(der, at $3, making $12. The
Calf theni is worth :0bou1t $3; I
have bought themim at $2.50; iavei
somie now on hlindI, home-bred,
that I think are worth from seven
ty-five cents to one dollar, if tiies I
were thush and money ple)nty, i. e.,
that is all they would bring9 in
From ify experience in calf
raising at least one-sixth die be
fore they are 3 years ol(, which
a(lds al item to the cost. If my
cal(culationl is correct, does it noit
seem that the man who lives on
h~eef, b)ought at the above rate,
must feel that times are easv. But
what about the man who sells it?
Hiow are the times at his house?
lie is on a boomn if lhe can affrd
I am of tile Opinlion that we do
au great deal of business that pays
us no better than calf feeding;
that is the trouble. At the abov'e
rate the agronomist (to coipu a
word) gets 25 cents, or less for his
article, and in many instances he
pays to some other man, for his1
articles, from 100 to 500 per cent.
Ihive paid 37} cents for half-pint
of' spirits turpentine. I see it is
qJuoted at from 32 to 39 cent.. per
gallon now. Some men pay $12
a barrel for flour that cost $5, and
sold for cash at $6. On twelve
months time, this amounts to 100
per cent: if the time is four months
300 per cent; If' one month, 1200
per cent. If' we will stick closely
to this sy-stemn we will build up
somebody, but will not build up
our own folks much.
I have no idea we can possibly
legs than $12, afid they win nt
bring more than fouo or five dol
lars at thiee years did; at it cost of
some $23, they bl'ing abid En or
tWelve dollars. Ought we. not
raise'bottei stock, else khock themn
in the head young. or eat them
ourselves? We surely. had better
eat them than sell them for one
fourth of cost, without we cal
culate that we have lost .too
much on them already and try to
cover the loss by starvation. It
too often lappnas that the farnier
has to deny hi, family of all such
luxuries, as he has to sell them for
I notice that the nunbcr of cat
tie reported is small-from 500 to
900 to the Township-,Easley re
ports 1500 hogs for her 3,030 peo
ple. But if my calculation is right
on calf raising, and considering
the price the ' sell at, it is fortu
nate they are so scarce. It is a
pity though, that there is about
twice as mnyuU dogs as cattle, Since
it cost iearly as much to rn'aise
I think any of you would be sur
prised to know how few horses and
mules in the County, that are un
der ten years old; thlse and the
wagols too, are to Soon be replel
Fellow-farmters. w'e are false to
ourselves and families, if we (o
not profit by Census reports; it.
gives is ouir poverty officially. The
State ('ensis will cost. nearily $75,
000, we mu111st make this back b
seeing tha.1t. the official hand is
lightndv use more econ'>mvfy and
industry. Let 1s see that there is
lots of' these three things (lone, and
that SoonI. We must( do more
things c(.orreetly ; (1o more thinking
so as to better know what is what
an(i why it's so. Sensexiu.
- A n ohl seer predicted thatu a w
fill laIlity w abuf)lt to oiver'take an
Indiana town.and the next day a itan
witb a faitily of thirteen boys and four'
dogs moved in amiong them.
For School Commissioner.
g$g'The many friends of Rev.
G. WV. Singleton re(spectflly pre'(sent
his name toj th-i voters of Piekens Cu'm
ty asa can~diIhtte for rh' office of School
Cqmisione40tr. 5tubjfet Uo the aiction of
the I )emocraitic part inih ~etP
mary eletion. ma 23 td
%. The friends of Capt. R. L.
LeiMVs respectfull~y announnee him as a
candidalte for' t he office of School Comn
mission er of Picketns(Ol couty' at th -
inext electioni. subjlect to the action of
thme I )emocratic party in the primary
. TIihe miany friends of L~ABAN
WA OlDIN think himt t.he mian fotr the(
ofmee, and1( annhounice his$ name ats a
c'alidate for School Comisnlsionjer of
Pickens counlty, subIjet to the Prh'1nary
leectioni. FROM EASAEY.
1im.Tlhe mantlerouts friendsl of 0. L.
D)URIA NT r'espeet fully ann1)oce his
nmem as a1 candlidate for re-electilon to
the offiee of School Commnissionier of
Pickens couty, subject, to Prinary
election.- feb 8-44d
For Probate Jusdge,
am, TIhe miany friendsh of 5. H.
NEI ION0 resapectfulhly briung hhnt for
ward as a caniudte~ for re-election) to
the otffee of Probatte .hidge for Piek
ens county, *nhject to the~ action~of the
D~emocratle nrhuns imrye lect inun apz'td
For Colity Conimissioner.
*At the solicitation of my friends,
I resbeetfully- ahnnounee .myself as a
candidrate f or CoPnty, Ciommissioner of
Veigeps Coutnyisub!ect to he action
of the nex't'idemocratic primary elec
tion.-may 16 WARREN BOyD.
11. TIlie, many friends of Mr. J. J.
HERD respectfully announce his name
as a candidate for County Commission
er of Pickens Coity, subject to' the
next democratic primary election.
maj 16 td !.
I. The.many friends of .John M.
BarT respectfully annouince his rname
as a candidate for Comnty Coninission
er fortPickens County, subject to the
notion of the democratie primary elec
tion.--miy 9 td EAf$iEY,
w- The ma n y friends of Elia Day
respectfully ainotniie his nmem as a
candidate for County Commissioner
for Pickens County, subject to the ac
tion of the next democratic primary
election. may 9 td*
Af-y- The many friends of A. B.
Talley res4pectftlly announce 1m aits a
candidate for the ofice of Count v Com
missioner for Piekens county, -mhject
to the action of the next primary elec
tiona. apr 11 t'l*
For County Treasurer.
r&- The many friends of W. B.
Allgood respectfully announce him as
a (canIdidate for the office of County
Trea.mrer of Picklens county, subject
to recommendation by the Democratic
party in the next primary election.
apr' II td*
IXI!% The many friends of P. 1).
CURE l'ON Iexpeet fully ann1iolimee his
ue aos i caididite for Treasurer of
Pickens eomity, at the enstifng elec
tion. suibject to the action of the Dem
ocratic party. apr 4 t (
trg,. The miany friends of J. WIL.
LIAM MAJOR respectfiuliv bring for
ward his naime as a candiite for re
comrmendation to the office (if Conmity
Treasirer of Pickens county. sbtiject
to the deiocratic 'primary election.
!,%.The friends of . TYLER U LL
respectifully itmilloumnIce h1m11 as a canmdi
date. for recommendation h the Den
ocratic party at the next primiary elec
tion. for the appointment as Treasirer
of Pickens Coumity. feb 22-td*
jl'.The friends of JAS K. KIRK
SEY respectfully annouctee him as a
cindidate for recoImIttendation. by ie
Democratic party at the ixt primary
election, for appoint merit as Treasu , rer
of Pickenis countmy. feb 22-td*
For County Auditor,
&- Trhe many friends of Major
D. GRIICE respectfally i~anounce him
as ai cand(iidate for recommnen dation by
thme democratic party at the ensuing
primary election to) the appointnmnt of
Auditor. Maji. Grice h us ever been a
working Democrat; always to t he front
hii time of need; is in every way comnpe
tent; andI hams never asked an effice of
his people. ap~r. ii td.
n., TIhe many friends of J. B.
00V *E respectfully present his name
to the voters of Pickens coumty at Pr'i
mary election, for' the. re-appointment
of County Audit or. feb 8- td
Th''le manay friends of I . J.
LEn a ~ resp~ectfull~y ainnmounce hin as
a candidate for re-e'lection to the offee
of' Clerk of Court for Pickens county,
at thme next election, subject tio a nom
inat ion by the Democratic party.
apr 4 td*~
.. Th many friends of Nai. .1. N.
STE WART, feeling that he will be the
right mana ha the right place, respect
fu lly prsenat his name t~o the voters of
Pickens county as ai candidate for the
office of Clerk of Court, subject to the
action of the Demnocratic primary elec
tion. mar )4tdl*
For Ihoae Representatires.
am We, the many friends of . C.
Alexander, take pleasure in presenting
his lnane to .the voters of Pickens
County as a candirlate for Rpresenta
[ve In the State Legislatti, subject to
the action of1 the primaryreleeti, .
The nqme of Mr. Alexander Is too
well kso Wn to the people of. our coun
ty to need cominteut,! baving on'e 9*erv
ed Us il the State Legislature *1th
honor to hiuself and constituency.
may 9 Ld P'RIENOS.
W-' J. E. Boggs is respectf illy an
nomneed as a eandidate for re-election
to the House of Representatives, sub
ject to the rules of the democratic
party. may 2 td
1. or Coroner.
iS-r.The many friends of ANDRIEW
It. Hamilton respectfully bring for
ward his name as i candidate for the
office of Coroner of Pickens County,
subject to a nomiunationi by th le Demo
cratic party inl tle Iext primary elect
on. apr 4 td
ihe many friemds of. Joab
Maulidin respectffully .announce him a
a Candidate for re-election to the oflice
of SherifY of Pickens County, at the
n1ext electiol. subject to lomikilAtioni by
the lemnocratic party. may 2 td
&- The many fri(endsof Hi1enry J.
Lewis respectfully alUMmoutnCe his name
as 11a c.mIlidate for the ofliCe of Sheriff
of Pieken. County, subject to the next
pr)iImry (lection fof the Democr'atic
party- apr 2 td*
i' The many friends of W. N.
PAYNE respet filly aionliee him as
a (atulidate for t he offlice of SleritY of
PlekeIscoIty, at th- next, election.,
silbject to a nolillationi by the Denu'
Craic p:arty- apr 4 td*
ir,. 'The miany friends of JAMES
L. AMBLER respectfully present hik
mune to the voters of Pickens cotiy
as a camlidate for the oflee of Sheriff,
subljet to the action of the Democra ti
party inl th next, primary election.
apr 4 td*
XAm. 'I'he many friends of EARLE
P. T 'A iLIAIU respect fully bring forwa rd
his nuaMne :as a :ndidate for the otlee
of Sheritf for Pickeiis county. subject
to the act ion of t he Denocratic parl
in the next primnary election. apr 4 td
0%. The 1many friemlis of It. A.
RICiHEY f'eelinug that he would fill the
offlee satisfactorily. annlIIouncmee him as a
Camlidate for SherifY of pickenis CounII
ty, subject t the primary election*
M. T1he many fr-eIas of ELIAS E.
M A Un41DIN respectfulliy annIounc)(e his
naiLime as a canididate for Sherlfr of
I ickenis county, at the en~suhig eee.
tion, sublject to action of the Demo
erat ic Convention. feb 1 -tdl
FOR THlE NEXT FORTY DAYS
ROBINSON & WYAT T
EASLEY, S. 0.,
Will sell at the LOWEST fignres,
the remainder of their Sall
and Winter stock of goods,
IIard ware, Grocerles,
'md1( Grocers Drugs, in ord(er to make
r'ooml for their
We keep constantly on hland a full
line of choice Groceries. Tfobacco, &c.
Give us a call and we will be stme
to sell to you if low p~rices are dlesired.
In all its branches, done by
Easley, S, C.
Give him a call and satisfaiction wil.
be given, both .!.s'to wor'k and charg.