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title: 'The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson, S.C.) 1914-1917, August 14, 1914, Image 1',
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NEW SERIES, VOL. 1, NO. 29.Weekly, tistablisae? iseoj Dally, Jas, IS, 1914.
ANDERSON, S. CMFR!DAY MORNING, AUGUST 14, 1914.
GERMAN'S SHE?l TOWN OF PONM-MOUi
Activities are Renewed
at all Points* German's
Bombard French City
Renewing the Fight
That no important engagement has occured between the
French and Germans is indicated by an official announcement issued
by the French war department that up to Wednesday afternoon
there had been no encounters between the respective forces except
those of outposts
Later, howeveiv Paris reported that the bombardment by .the
Germans of the important town of Pont-A-Mousson, in the depart
ment of Meurthe Et Moselle, had commenced This town is 20 miles
from Nancy and sixteen miles southwest of Metz. It was the birth
place of Marguerite of Anjou, wife of Henry VI of England.
An important development in the situation is the preparations
the Austrian ambassador is making for his imm?diate departure from
London. London despatch says that war between Great Britain and
Austria will be declared.
The; German army is advancing into the heart of Belgium.
The foic?s which have been investing Liege have moved to the
north and a new army corps has taken their place. Brussels reports
that the French and British forces are concentrated at various impor
tant points in Belgium and are now prepared to check the German
advance. " . -
From Berlin, German successes are announced al Muelhausen
and Lagarde with the taking of many French prisoners and the
clearing of German territory of the French.
.Th? British war "office information bureau says most of the 26
Germ?n'arrhy corps have been located and.Jhat a,numberof the Getr
man troops are concentrated between Liage and Luxemburg.
In^ their en^ea^r toji^^^^i^h^^^^a^^icle^^^^y^^^jr^i^
Russians are mining Vladivpstock fi?rbor.. !
*fhe combined Montenegrin and Servian invasion of Bosnia has
begun under'the Servian general Jankovitch, commander of the Ser
vian army corps at Prisrend in the Balkan war.
Prince George of Servia, is reported to have been ^wounded
while watching the Austrian bombardment at Belgrade. (
HOKE SMITH AND A. F. LEV
ER TO HELP
RELIEF MEASURES <
Embassies in Europe Authorized
To Charter Neutral Vessels
With Everything; in Readiness for
Opening of Cotton Congress
Plana ate Discussed
(By Associated Pre?s.)
Washington, August 12.?Pinna for
relief of th? south from embarrass
ment growing out of the closing of
European markets during tbo war are
expected to assume definite shape
The VSouthorn Cotton Congress,
composed of cotton men from 'every
southern stabs, will open a special
.session called to .deal with. ihe war
situation and ' southern senators .and
representatives will'co-operate with
them in perfecting financial legisla
tion to enable growers to hold a part
of the big crop over until market con
ditions become .mere nearly normal.
One plan for providing this relief,
details of which have been worked out
by southern congressmen in consulta
tion with experts of Urn department of
agriculture, will bo embodied, in a
measure' introduced tomorrow in the
senate by Senator Hoko,Smith and in
the house of representative by "Lever.
Tbe measure will propose estabiu?*.
ment of si chain of licensed and*, bond
ed warehouses/ where cotton may be
stored until conditions become normal
and be made the collateral for tesu
nnco of emergency'currency. . ;.
. The advisability of some such action
was urged beforo tho house agricul
tural committee todny by commission
ers of agriculture pf the cotton states.
E. J. Wasoh, commissioner of agricul
ture of South Carolina, and president
of the cototn congress, outlined his
, view, that cotton should be made a
stable basis of credit and that federal
reserve board should be given powar
to make warehouse : receipts. a basis
for currency issued under the federal
reserve act. His suggestions were sec
onded by E, R. Kone, commissioner of
, (By Associated Presa.)
Wlashington, Aug. 12.?The Wash
ington government's relief measures
for Americans In Europe und pi an h 01
tbs Red Cress to send. an expedition
to the war zone developed rapidly to
day. American embassies and lega
tions throughout Europe were au
thorized to charter ships In which to
bring home American citizens. Plans
to send steamers from the United
States were abandoned because It was
believed It wonld bo better to ' char
ter ' neutral vessels at European]
Information received at the Statu
department gave assurances that the
British order against the \ntry of
aliens Into England was net meant
to apply to Americans on the conti,
nent, wbo are trying to return to the)
United States by way of English!
Difficulties over the transmission
of code messages, bet ween Berlin and
Washington were removed when an
undemtnnriirijr waa reached with the
British foreign office that the censor
should not Impede^ messages between
the American State department and
the Berlin foreign office, or Ambassa
dor. Gerard, relating to the Interests |
of Germans in France ' or ugland.
However, it was said such messages
were being blocked at Copennager,
making it -necessary to route them by
way of ome. ' tfc*
Secretary Bryan tonight cabled
Ambassador Page at ondon to ask the
British foreign office to arrange for
the release of Harry Aaron Menthes,
of St LouVs, reported to have been
held as a German spy at Sanderland,
Bed Cross officials announced there]
had. been a countrywide response, to
the appeal for funds to financ? the)
agriculture of Texas: W. A. Graham,
commfsisoner of agriculture of North
Carolina and V./ B-. Hollings worth 0/
"We do not want a system of valor
isation," Mr.ewauon told th? commit
toc, "Wo do not wont the government
t? advance money to the holders ti
cotton. We want you to let us have
the money to finance this crisis, on
proper security, and we want the
money withdrawn Just as soon as the
need tot. It has";passed."
SAS*? MAYOR JEWMNGS AT
The Crowd Wu Orderly But All
s Speaker? Laid Aside Gloves
Special to The Intelligencer. -
Dillon, Aug. 13.?Approximately
1,090 : persona heard the quartet to or
senatorial aspirants here today. The
'meeting ' wan held in the School Audi
torium. .f i
Possibly at no other pince have the
SAjadldStes re?oive! no thoughtful . *
hearing. Through the three .hours o:
speech-making tho beBt of ord?r- was
maintained. Only once or -twi?o was
there tho slightest semblance, of dis
The meeting todnv Was one hrlm
i full of; f oat uro remarks. Go vor nor
BleaBe* was the first speaker and be
gan with his u?ual harangue - about
newspaper liars. In this connection
he read a .letter, purporting to be
from the circulation department of
The- State, in which it was said this
paper would be sent on one month's
trial gratis, please said < oompuoa*
wp^'iiji'y^?g'?of this, and th^g^dv?yn-'
was. -Belag.rfoni.S&? - * f
I' Another, striking departure In the
chief executive's speech Was Iiis de
nunciation of Die two banking and
currency. laws, passed under the di
rect Insistence of Wqodrow Wilson.
The governor prophesied that there
would be no difference when thlr- law
was put in - operation, unless'It would
,be a higher rate of Interest and the
I practice of favoritism might also be
expected, the governor added.
When L. D. Jennings spoke, he
warned-the people that it was time
for them to sit up and take notice. He
had never yet heard of a democrat de
nouncing tho new currency law. The
people had confidence enough in the
statesmanship of Wnmimw Wilson,
the mSyor went on, to know that the
president would have never-signed a
I bill that would not rebound to the dl
I rect benefit of the masses of tho peo
ple. It was a sign of republican In
clinations in the chief executive, Mr.;
! /W. P." Pollock aald that he didn't
believe that Senator Smith had raiseu
the price of cotton. He was equally
skeptical about the governors being
responsible for the increase of taxar
ble .property of Sooth Carolina within
the last three and one-half years, be
explained. Mr. Pollock characterized
the governor's platform today as a
trap to batch f)les, fly paper veneered
with "tanglefoot" to catch the un
suspecting voter. The Cheraw candi
date said that he didn't bellev? that
the governor had tbe vote of the. mil'
operatives, and that of organized
labor1 in hie. vest pocket as he' had
boasted. Human beings were the
every where, he added, and It was his
opinion that these men wouldn't be
led about with rings in their noses
any sooner than otaer,'men. .
Senator Smith today' answered the
governor as to appointments. The
senator explained that In reality he
had ' made but one appointment,
James L.' Sims, as United States mar.
shall; was tho appointment of B. R
TtUman, Senator Smith .explained
that ho had created the.office of in
ternal revenue collector, but waked
up to find a man already slated for
the job, ! In the appointment of
Prances Weston. Senator Smith said
ho had only, stood by his friend, and
in Weston th? farmers too [ had a
friend. Uv was on the basts of the
work . dope back In 1904, when Westen
went over the country with Senator
Smith helping to organize the farm'
era, that UtiB appointment was made
The senator said he would go to
Washington within the ." next few
day?,. i?. ssseas?ry, letting ( the re?
mnlrtder of tho campaign go hang If
there should be any danger of the
plan to secure federal relief for th?
farmers failing; All tho Breakers got
an unusual - respertto! hearing, but
Senator Smith was: undoubtedly the
Note? Sitger D!e*.
U (By. .Associated Press.)
. Parte,- August Xfc.?Pol Plancon,
lhe-opor?: elngtr, died today, 'lie had
been ill ein ce June.
. ' . ;\ .
Detachments of European
Soldiers Who Will Clash
PbuLUk u) A...criCiU?f I'OaS AJoUi'iiuii. II.
TUB Geraum and.Russian soldiers are. billed for sanguinary conflict*
nnd both armies nro equipped with the- latest implements for use li
killing human beings. The brunt of the land lighting trill fall 01
iths infantry, of course, and the illustration hIiowh detachments fror
each side. At the top are German Infantry. Tbose In tbe lower photo ar
ViHa And Ci
FROM THE WAR
(By Associated Press.)
I AT HEAD O FRED CROSS.
London,. Augmtt \tr~k dispatch to
ayrt the Duchess of Sutherland hu.s
teen pla? d in charge of -Red Cros <
Tork in Brussels. . *"
London, August 13^?Tht Kerning j
'osPs Amsterdam correspondent says
fames IV. Gerard American ambassu
lor to Germany, has left Berlin for |
FOR THE WOUNDED.
London, August 13.?King George
ujis offered Ralmoral castle as a ho?
iltal for wounded soldiers.
WAR LORD TO THE FROST.
London. I August 13.?A Br?ssel? I
tatch to the Dally ( hronlclt says the
term an emperor Is reported on his '
ray to take -personal command of the
lerrann army In Belgium. A similar
?port was enrrent Sunday but has
tot been confirmed.
! SHOWING NO QUARTER; j
Paris, August 12.?The followlug of- '
lelal statement was lsgatd tonights
**A wounded French fayalrymnn at
festeres \ declares he saw a German j
at airy man shoot a wounded French- \
nan. He says he heard Are or six
4hor shots and saved him s II f by;
etgalag death. < ,
?The Germans-are wearing unM
orms taken from Belgians killed In
Loadc-a. Aagast laV-Tae Exchange j
(By Associated Press.)
Washington, August 12.?General
Carranza bas ordered held at Tampico
a large shipment of ammunition con
signed to General Villa, according to
official advices today to the Wasbln
ton government. '
For many weeks Villa has been re
cruiting and buying ammunition, and
Carranza has not objected to ship
ments of munitions via Tampico. To
day, however, he called a halt.
Reports of .increasing friction be
tween the two constitutionalist lead
ers reached there today from varions
sources. General Villa sent, to per
sons here a synopsis of the reasons
why he is displeased with Carransa's
attitude. He sets forth that he will
insist on carrying out the agreement
recently reached at Torreon when the
breach tentatively was adjusted. Vil
la's demand?, in brief, are:
.First. That a civil instead of a mili
tary government be established
throughout Mexico' and a general
election be conducted by It; that no
military chief be provisional governor
of any state. >'i
Villa himself Ib military goverflor ot
Chihuahua from which post he is Will
ing to retire and ,he Wants Carranza
to retire as first chief. . ,
Second. Land reforms - should be
pat Into effect In accordance with the
Mexican constitution and hi a lawful
and orderly way. %
Third. The present federal army
should be dissolved, but Its meritor
ious officers and men be taken over
into the new army of the republic,
composed of the' constitutionalist
forcer. 4 1
Fourth/ Amnesty should be / given
all political offenders except those di
rectly responsible .for the overthrow
of Madero and Saute*.
The llrs?'of Villa's-demands is ex
actly opposite from Cqrransa's prs
( Continued on Page Two.) , ;v\
European War Bulletins;
Latest News of All The
Admit Heavy Losses
London, Aug. 13?A Berlin despatch to the Daily Telegraph
says the German stall admits heavy losses on the Russian frontier.
A German Victory
Berlin, Aug. 13 ?via London?German troops near Mu??hous
en have captured ten French officers and 500 men and four guns;
ten wagons and many rifles.
According to the report, Germany has been cleared of . the
French it is said also that of Legarde. German troops took more
than 1,000 prisoners about one sixth of different regiments.
From Another Angle
v Brussels,8August 12?via London?The Germans appear.to be
crsjnmencing fresh phases of the yar. Their attack through Cen
tral Belgium having failed, they are entrenching along their Maas
trhich-Liege front and are employing a number of peasants'cm the
road sooth through the provinces of Liege and Luxoniburg,.' fore
shadowing an attempt to force their way to the south of the River
Ourthe and on towards the upper Meuse in France
- s H
Russians Mining Harbor
Zul, Korea, August 12.?Germans arriving here from VladJ
vostock report that several . Russian cruisers, ten torpedo, boats .and ,
eight submarines are engaged in mining the haVbor QjfVl??lv?s|?ck.
They, say also that l5o German reservists aid orie .huiidred^ ri?n-'
Athens, via Paris, August 12?The Gerniatt ; crrJlser^ Gebert
and Breslau have entered the Dardanelles. ;>-? "v>V r
Another Declaration. '
London, Aug. 12?War between Great Britain '''aitfll 'Austria
Hungary it is expected in London, will be declared tonight. ' .'
(Continued on Pago 2.)
BAD STATS OF
^TESTIMONY GIVEN BEFORE
' COMMISSION INVESTIGA
According to Evidence Suffer
From Worse Conditions than
Any Other Claas
(By Associated Press.)
Seattle, Wash., August 12.?Lumber
workers suffer from worse conditions
than any other class of laborers in
America, J. O. Brown, president of
the International Union of Timber
Workers, testified today before the
federal Industrial relations commis
"Wages are low, hours are long and
the work bard," he said. "The men
agencies to the last degree. One mill
near Cray's harbor has a standing
Drder with employment agencies in
>6T?raI cities for iabor. Men constant
ly are going to the camp and ns fast
is they arrive other men are discharg
ed and the new ones put to work.
"Ordinary laborers are paid about
126 per month and board, if they
ire married and board themselves
they are allowed $10 'a month for
board. But,-when a sing1' man is 111
>r otherwise Incapacitate', for work,
iiO is charged $20 a mouth for board.
' "When penniless men are sent out
m Jobs their baggage Is held for their
transportation and fee. When they
innlly earn enough to recover their
baggage they can change their cloth
The high class labor employed to
he shingle ?nd lumber mills Is treat
Mi bv'.ter, Mr. Brown said. There 13.60
s paid for ten hours work.
Scores of Industrial Workers of the
World crowded the hearing room. A.
r. Blethen publisher of the Seattle
.lines, and James P. Thompson, who
>rganuced the Industrial Workers of
he .World for the Lawrence, Mass.,
Blethen,'who has fought the.Indus
rial Workers of the ? World moT?
Second Secretnry A?'r!g^a
Embassy at London Say All 1
Americans Can Land.
(By A?o???Hie? Press.)
London, August 12.?Edward Boll,
socond secretary of tno American em
bassy here, In charge of the. working
of the alien act so far as* it affects
Americans, said today: ';, ' , ' .
"So far as we know not a. single
American has been prevented from
landing in Great Britain.;'
Secretary Bryan's cablegram to the
ambassador here was/Sent !qtt receipt
by Mr. Bryan of delayed protests from
Christiana and Havre, front ' which
ports steamers sailed to cloned ports.
But Mr. Bell already had . arranged
with the authorities to admit Ameri
cans to such ports on their announc
|-_ ,1 nl_ A_? I-.lil.^.k?^
ISg tbC.r ?uii;.n,.ii vmmu.iinr. ...
United States Minister Van'Dyke at
The Hague has Informod the Amerl
:an relief committee hers he'Will send
small parties of Americans by boat
from the Nethetlauds to England ov
ary five days. V
' il,. ; i't.;.j>V I ?'...;
y. :< ? . .
lient, told the commission the way to
cure social unrest is to give men Jobs.
Men who are employed are nappy
ind those who are Idle are unhappy,"
it said. "Out of idleness grows street
ipeecbes, or, as W? call It; the talk of
the Industrial Workers of the World.
[ do not think agitators should be por
nltted to speak on public utrodt*.
"The strike, the lockout and the
mycott ought to be. wetten the
srlmlnal law. The day has arrived
vhen employers v and employ?es
ihould arbitrate and conciliated - ,
Thompson told the commissioners
hey bad been ' interrogating Va bunch
>t hypocrites" and bernons who art
if raid of losing their: Jobs If they told
he truth. ,
"Until the wngo system Is cboltshf
5d the world will not be at rest," h?
laid. The Working oUss should or
mnise a* ? class and enforeo lu de
nands. Thv way to, do aW ,.?lth
:hlld labor Is .to refus* towprfc with
thUdretti The w >rkmg do? should be
ihortened and tin worlc /ulvldW."?