Newspaper Page Text
TUESDAY AND FRIDAY
NEW SERIES VOL. 1. NO. ll.lYetkly, EsUbllHhe? IS??; Dally, Jaii.13, 1911. ANDERSON, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 5, 1914.
GERMANS ARE NOW IN
POSSESSION OF ANTWERP;
BELGIAN ARMY ESCAPES
TAKES JUST ELEVEN DAYS TO CAPTURE THE STRONGEST]
FORTRESS IN THE WORLD.
WAR BANNER ON CATHEDRAL
REPLACED BY WHITE FLAG
Death Roll Resulting from Attack Has No t Been Compiled; But Ac
counts Describe It as Being Ter
/ (By Associated Press.) mans propose, according to the Beriin
London, Oct. 10.-Autwerp and the reports, to uso tho city as -x base for
forts surrounding the city are in com. opcration-i against England,
pletc possession of the Germans; but So long as Great Britain commands
the greater part of tho Belgian army tho sea no great part of the German
has escaped. navy could us? thc ports, oven should
lt took thc Gormans just cloven days Germany overrule Holland's objection
to capture the strongest fortress in to the use of tho ^Scheldt by belliger
the world- .<. /. ont ships- Germany, it is thought, moy
Tho fall ot Antwerp i J.evidence that claim that, being in possession of the
even the most powerful forts arc no city, she acquires Belgium's right to
match for the colossal howitzers which uso tho river on equal terms with tho
tho invaders huvo successfully em- Dutch and will proceed to build de
ployed against every fortified placo stroyers and submarines there to men
that stood In their wav- These huge ace thc British fleet,
guns open gaps through wich the bc- If Holland should allow thees ves
iiicgors find ! an ontranco fop their sols to pass through the Scheldt, Eng
field artillery and infantry. land, it is declared, would certainly
Tho Gormans, after Bhelling the city proclaim it a breach of neutrality. In
itself for many hours, making it un- any case. Holland's position becomes
tenable, entered the town through tho moro and nioro uncomfortable,
suburb of Berellem, to the east. They Have Maintained Position.
had made n breach in tho outer line of T" _" , " ..
forts, sorao of which were destroyed " SlS!StVS^fti^Sw:^9
by their big guns and others blown up EHfWgg0* h.e a\lle8 ht}ve ma n"
by the defenders. The Germans fol- g^JS?* T ?D ^ ^ ?f T"
lowed similar plans In dealing with gJb^SSi af BCVner 1 ,t8' T,h?
tb- inner bolt of fres and at the same f""1* engaged along tbs
tin., threw sheila into tnt city, which "Sf f^?l Tr!inrv ' Tl
set afl-e1 m?nv nlnres flde try,nS to work around tho other
%l^^.fn^1,thPrtr?1 w,nB- Thls movement has compelled
mite Plag on Cathedral. the Germans to withdraw some troops
Tho innor forts, like fhoao further from otl,er polntB of tbe 1Ine and tn0
out, soon sucej?mbed to the enormous au.tes aro poizing the opportunity to
shells apd on,;FHdpy morning several make headway- '
of theso forts bad fallon, opening the Tho communication reports that to 1
~WBJr f?I tlie GeiraoJis into the.?tty. tbe--n6rth\of Oise :the French, tresna, i
tho town arid at 2:30 p- ?n. the war erai'p?rf?'bf their ?ono of action, while
banner on th?^cathedral was replaced tho St Mlhiel region, where they are
by a whitb fl?tf. trylng to drlye tho Germana back
Belgian Army Escapes. across the Meuse, appreciable progress
A few, forts continued to hold out has been made,
ami it was pot until ll o'clock* this Russians Making Progr?s*. 1
morning that the Germans, according .
to their own official report, wero in ' Tho German and Russian forces on i
. complete* possession of the city and tne East Prussian frontier are fight
fortress. When they arrived yestor- in* stubbornly. The Russians appar
day, they found that the Belgian field ently continue to make progress slow,
army and at least oart of the garrison ly and the Germans, evidently, fear
had anticipated them and, like the lng another invasion of East Prussia, i
king and royal family, had escaped. according to news from Berlin receiv
B en tb Holl Not Known- through Pome, aro sending rein- '
The death rbll, resulting from Gio forcements to their army both by rail
attack on and defense ot Antwerp, way and through the Baltic ports
has not bo?n compiled and probably A" unofficial dispatch from Petro- 1
the full details never will be known, Rrad s**'5 the Russians have occupied
but all accounts describe it as being Marggrabowa, which is --ight miles
terribly heavy. The Germans, al- over the frontier in East. P-ussia, al
though their big guns cleared a path moat due west of . Suwalkl. This would !
for them, had to'sacrifice many lives indicate that the RuBslanE have over- '
in erasing, tho rivers and canals andv come in tholr region the German re- ;
in driving ont 'tho defenders who hold etetance, which has been of longer du
tha entrenchments until the last- ration than at any other section after '
Htahho*Wa??n rvts* poa ri?-. tho Germans were driven b* *:k from
The^Bt?bborh?baa Belgians fThf'l ?a*5e.m1Pt ,t0 ?ross the Niemen
; and of those >ho went to their as- whlch, al8? ha| boen occupied
BlBtance. Cost them dearly, also,, sb tho ?u88ian? ls T miles south of
that bolh sldea wilbnave long casual- Marggrabowa
ty lists. There Is no reliable informa- ?Upf/ograd, haB drawn tho veil for
tion as to tho loss of life in the city tho :t,me **}nBAoye? the operations In
and tho damage there, western Poland, where a great battle
Belgians Blow Up Steanes. 18 ex?ecte?U?i- ^?4t-??.
/ Crowd? of refugees arrived toalght righting continues,
In London- Most of them left Ant- The fortrose of Przemysl, in Gcllcia.
werp 1 hu rs day night and their ac- ?tili holds out, but it is reported ?ddL
counts of the attacks aro confused. Gonai forts have fallen and that the
The .:Belgians themselves, besides de- town is being bombarded. A powdv
straying forts, blew up steamers at factory is said to have been blown up-,
tho docks. and set - fire to the petrol Fighting also continues In Hungary,
stores' and everything useful to the where another Russian force is said to
Invaders- They also took away what have arrived south . ot Maramaros
Borchem, whore tho military and other Sj!-*et
hospitals, the - orphanage' and some Rumania May Engage
public buildings aro Bltuatod., la rn- Tho death of King Charles, ot P?i
rorted to Nbe destroyed. Even if this mania, ls likely to have markfd effect
Is an exaggeration lt must be badly Gn that country's action Wit-i regard
damaged, as lt was burning at least to the wa?. The late kine, who be
two?ft&. . te?? .? * longed to Hohenzollern family.
Cathedral ??t Badly Damaged- waa opposed to Rugida Joining with
Tho Antwerp raliway station also the allies, although ? majo?ty bf the
made marks for. tb? ehells from tho people favored tho government's tak
Wg guns but/, according to some o- lng advantage of the opportunity, to
those who have reached here, tho ca- annex Traneylvanfa, which ia popu
thedral, which Ja. On- tho other aide ot |ated largely by Rumanians. It ls
tho city, nearer the Scholdt, while doubted whether the now king v" .
Ptr?ck, wes cot b!td\y damaged- Tho have sutficient/lnnuenco to keep the
Inmates of tho hospitals and Other in- country out of the .war even should he
stitutions, weer removed Thursday, or desire to do so
carllor, so that toity were well out p0r??gs? may Declare for Alllen. t
of > tho way before tho Gormans ar- Germany, seems to think Portugal
rived- is about to declare for the allies This
A question now arcing is as to th? boiief probably lu K*s?d ?non thc fact
effect "pootha gsnsrii c^iupaign or that the French and British warsMns
tho Gorra ari occupation of Antwerp: have been visiting that conntrv lp
The Belgian garriapn, or the greater connection with the celebraton of the
part of It, escaped, and ls reported to establishment of tho republic.
bo engaged with.the Germans. .-:._
?. . M?fi^TS Reverted* One Hundred Klfled.
The strategic importance. of Ant- -,-,
werp consisted in its menace to tho London, Oct. ll-2:14 a- m.-A hnn
. German.line running through Belgium, dred persons Were killed or injured
No* matters have been r<?v?rsed arid at Lisbon. Portugal, Saturday night,
tho allies will have to take their turn by an explosion at the Uabba gas
ir? keeping forces before tho city to works; according to a Reuter dispatch
prevept the Germans frnm Antwerp from Lisbon. Tbe explosion caused
attacking their Tank or .'ear, should a fire in which the staff ot the gas
', . Uiey be ablo to advance- Tho Ger- works waa trapped
TUESDAY AND FRIDAY
NEW SERIES VOL. 1. NO. ll.lYetkly, EsUbllHhe? IS??; Dally, Jaii.13, 1911. ANDERSON, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 5, 1914.
FOR LOAN FUND
Goyemor Hamti-t Expresses
;* t y '?? .. :l*"r
(By Associated Press)
WaBhingtoQ, Oct, 10.-The Federal
reserve board tonight announced its
approval In principal ol the plan for a
$150,000,000 loan fund to take care of
Ihe surplus? cotton crop.
Governor Hamlin, of the board in a
letter to Fes tus J. Wade, bf St. Louts, |
one of the backers of the plan, said I
while the board Could not express lt- 1
self upon, details, it was of the opin- I
lon that the Just administration of j
auch a fund would benefit those inter
ested and the rest of the nation a>|
well. He expressed the hope that banks
and merchants would .subscribe. Hie
"The Federal reserve board has giv- j
en careful consideration to your sug
gestion that a fund of one hundred
and fifty million dollars be raised by
subscription. from banks, trust com
panies,, bankers and merchants for the!
purpose of rendering assistance to the
cotton growers and merchants of the j
United States, until the pr?ac?i. ?buor
mal conditions caused by the iiuro-1
pean war have been terminated and |
normal conditions restored.
"I am directed by the board to state!
to you that while it cannot, very ne
ural, express itself Upon the Retails of J
the plan as to personnel of the man-]
agement, commissions, Interest rates,
etc, lt ls of the opinion that the rais
ing of such a fund of-the amount in
dicated and it administration Justly j
sud fairly, upon reasonable terms and
conditions, would go far towards tbe
restoration off normal conditions, and
would red und to the benefit not only
of thoso interested in the production,
movement and manufacturing of cot
ton, but aa wirti to 'the entire people j
of the concti-y.
"We rote with gratification your atu>|
surunc-- that a large.number of South
ern banka and commercial firms al
ready have signified their willingness !
to contribute'to.such ? fund, and your,
expression of confidence that the entire
amount will be subscribed. !
"The problem involved la not local
?r-hV.is national, and aa well, interna
tional in Its scope and Importance and
We venture to express the nope that
subscriptions to such fund will be
made by banks, trust companies, and
merchants ' throughout*fho country."
Villa REVIEWS (Ililli VAN CE S
. mrn OE* . CA KR?NZ A !
And Reiterates Demands for Establish,
s ment- of Government Io Mexico.
(By Associated Press.) 1
: El Paso, texas, Oct lO.-Generat
Villa tn a long manifesto, copies, cf
which reached tho. border today, re
views his grievanceswith / g?n?ral,
Carrana? and' reiterates his demands'
tor the establishment of a govern,
mont In Mexico. The document whlci
te dated merely October, ts considered
to have some bearing on the confer
ences between the delegate; of ' the
northern divisi?n and tho central gov.
ernment at Aguas Callentes- , lt men,
tiona,: however, no demands- which
Villa already bas not made, .> : ..
DEPARTMENT ANNOUNCES DECISION
LATING TO COTTON EXPORTS
MARKS A DISTINCT ADVANCE IN EXEMPTION OF SEMI
CONTRABAND GOODS FROM SEIZURE WHEN
CARRIED IN AMERICAN BOTTOMS.
(By Associated Press.) J tral bottoms; and as for that matter, j
Washington,Oct. IQ.-Continuing its Shipments of cotton oil to German
policy of forging out a complete code . territory, if not having a neutral and
for regulation of shipments of Amer- a belligerent destination, as destln
ican products, not only to neutral but at on is defined in international law,
to beligerent countries, the State de- as foy instance In thc London conven
partment announced a decision relat- tion, are permissible under interna
ing to exports of cotton seed bil. The tional law and Bhculd be free from
decision marks a "distinct advance In. ae2uro'
t. " ,._ . _, The troubld with tho cotton oil slt
the exemption of semi-contraband ua??fl appoa,8 to mo to bo one oI
goods from seizure when carried in transportation, growing out of the re
American bottoms. ported action of the Holl ind-American
This declaration, In effect, 1B that line in deering to accept shipments.
American trade In cotton seed oil in The Netherlands government disclaims
neutral bottoms is not subject to seis- ^SS^^^SLt^u^^^
. . ? _ steamship company, whlsh ls a private
ure or detention not only when des
tined for neutral counties, but when -The denartment uaB inquired of ex
Bhipped to ^Germany, not intended for porters of cotton oil if thoy know of
military uses. The British government any shipment of cotton oil, which has
has assented to so much of the propo- i been seized or detained hy the British
sltion as relates to shipments to Hoi- 1 government and If so to furnish the
land of neutral goods, such as food- ' department with the circumstances,
stuffs which Thc Nehtherlands govern- ,YTne Brltl8U ambassador has notl
ment haB embargoed for exportation ( flcd tbtJ department that his govern
. The department's opinion goes be- ment intends to revise their proclatna
yond the mere matter of cotton seed tion respecting contraband and that
oil and lays down tho principle that meanwhile shipments to Holland In
cotton is non-contraband and is not neutral vessels, of goods, such as food
subject to seizure even when shipped etuff8t respecting which the Nether
to a belligerent country, provided it is ,and government have placed an em
on Aemericon or other neutral ships. I b agntn8t ro-export?ion would
Therefore there ts no ^pediment to t be rr"jzered contraband or war
&?^&lWf?!^^^??^ interfered with on that account
Hamburg consigned- to German spin- | "The- department kecnly appreciates
" " the cotton seed porducts situation and
vThe statement of the department is- haa !t extonded consideration,
sued by Solicitor Johnson rolntlng to ?aH well M tno general subject of trade
the cotton situation is as follows: j with the Holland. ports. That ques
"Tho department has. received a?tibn, as may be easily s?en, involves
number of complaints from parties in- consideration other than tho moro
terested in the exporattlon of cotton . riRht of neutrals to deal with neutral
seed products-cotton oil, cotton Becd[port8. While on the subject of cot
meal, and cotton seed cake, which ap-. toil( there l8 no impediment to tho
pear ^ result from the reported ac- "bipment of coUon to any country, not
tion o^f the Holland-American Steam- eX(^ptlnK ttJ0 bellig?rants. Cotton ls
Bhlp Lino, wldch, it ls said, declines non-contraband, for tho manifest rea.
eo? tbat ?'118 raw 8tat0 H cannot be
^m^^i^m^m^^S^' used for purposes of war. In order to
ton oil from the United State? to pur^ " *?? ?wt to. undergo a long process
chasers;in neutral countries. A ship? of man"fBStVPC;l " is.ranked a? a non
ment of cotton seed cake was detainotl .contraband In tho London convention,
by tho.British goveTament nt uu Eng- ?} course, shipmen.* o. colton to^or
llBh port, but tho depafment is advised e'?n countries, if they aro to escape
by the consul general at London that detention/ must bo shipped In Amerl
tho shipment will bo released and per- can OP other vessels flylug neutral
initted'to. go forward, and that the! ?a?1*. There Is ho legal impediment
board ct trade has ruled officially that ito a ship load of cotton going direct
jar> ?tres woiild bo taken tn nrevant to HambuTgM|?copB?gried to German
this cake froui reacnlng its Dutch des- 6plnners...an5pp?rspn?lly. I hope to
ttnatlon. see the exportation of cotton to tho
? ?I am of the opinion that cotton oilfcountries?.?tr.war increase- The 'EnR
isi at most, to be ranked as condition- Hah give preference, I understand, to'
al contraband-being of ?>e nature of Egyptian cotjon.'but the other coun
a foodstuff, and* that our trade in cot-J tries at war, : no; doubt, are lu need of
ton oil with neutral countries Is en, ww cotton. Apparently the American
fcirely legitimate and is not rightfully cotton interests should, if they have
subject to seisvrc or detention by any ! not already done so, seek out these
belligerent power when carried in neu- markets. i t \?tr
Champ Clark Praises Wilson in
^4lkBv Ertt. .Speedtx M? ? the
(By Associated Press.)
Atiantic City, N. J., Oct. 10.-A trib
uto to President Wilson as a peace
maker and an expression of a fervent
hopo that war in Eoropo might soon
end, marked the .first speech of Speak
er Champ Clark in tho fall campaign,
delivered here tonight in advocacy, ot
the renomination of Representative J.
"Perhaps-who knows,' said the
speaker, "when President Wilson lias
finished this course as chief magis
trate of this mighty republic and when
Historian;; conic to assign him lila
place in history, they will pass over
the great domestic measures of his ad
ministration, sucli as tariff revision,
currency legislation, etc, and declare
that lils efforts to. keep the United
States out of war constitue his clean
est title to the gratitude of his coun
' Mr. Clark said Americans had both
a national and self reason for want
"President WJl?on." the speaker de
clared, "expressed with great felicity
the sentiments ot all true Americana
when ho tendered his' kindly offices
to the belligerent powers In order to
stop the titanic struggle across tho
seas. Fortunate in his coign of van.
tago, hdppy iii the confidence of a pow
erful people, let us iiope that he will
succeed in his philanthropic endeavor,
and that upon him wil! rest tho bles
sing vouchsafed to tho peacemakers
in tho sermon on, the mount."
Inviting Bankers, Business Men
and Manufacturers in State to
(By Associated Press.)
Wilmlnpton, N- C., Oct. 10.-Presi
dent Thomas N. Cooper, of Hie North
Carolina Bankers' Association, today
sent telegrams to all officers and
members of tho executive committee of
that organization, to members ot tho
North Carolina Federal Currency As
sociation - and Other representativo
bankers, business men and manufac
turers of tho two Carolinas inviting
them to attend a conference to be held
hero monday morning for thc purpose
of consid aring the $150,000,000 cotton
pool plan launched in. St- Louis.
"j Baggage lins Arrived.
:. .' ' ? J ?
"New. York,.Oct. 10-THO final con
signment of baggage - abandoned by
thousands of 'Americans in their haste
to Icavo Germany on the outbreak of
war has arrived and is being, held
here ' awaiting ..identification by the
Five carloads comprising 1,500
pieces of baggage which wer o for
warded, from Rotterdam are now tn
the hands-bf its owners. .
IS MADE KNOWN THROUGH
300 REPORTED LOST
Death of King Charles Brings to
Front the Attitude Which Bou
mana Will Assume.
(By Associated PresB.)
With thc fali of Antwerp, it has be
rum o known through official an
nouncement of the British admiralty
that a British force consisting ofthreo
naval brigadOB of about K.O' o men with
heavy guns, fought beside the Bel
gians in defense of tke.,.r-i 3roat fort
With the Belgian army when it
marched out ->f Antwerp went, tho
British, but during tile retreat' ono ot
of the British brigades was forced to
find refuge in Holland, where it is in
terned. Tbi' other two brigados reach
ed O.deitd. Tito British losses in Ant
werp aro reported to bo three hundred.
The British admiralty statement
adds thct the retreat of the Belglau
winy wo s tU,compliiihod successfully
Tlie progross of tho battle along
tho linc from tho Belghvi frontier to
Lorraino la problematical, the official
coinmunicatonB issued by the French
war office giving meagre'-.details cf
tho sito^tion- v,y $y
Tho inteat ntfcififa?fwf?n that gen
oral hcadouurterfi ??^.'tuvitien? ?-n-"
counters between cavalry forceir in
the noigboorhood ofyLl?M; a violoi.t
action to tho south. coat, i>ad l ;?rth of
Arras and vigorcas'-Viftensivb movo-:
monta by tho German* bb tho heights
of tho Mouso/ '
An earlier statement reported prog
resa by tho allies lo tho, north of the .
Oise apd in the region ot St. Mlh'.i)! .
Tho death of King- Churlos, of Hou
manla, brlngo^onUii^Uy fo tho front
tho question of f$
mania now. ii
i?> jp??e*??Ca J
King Charlea favored;^e> ?.?arm?q?:
and Austrians, but hw ministers sad
tho Roumanian people .novo inclined ;
toward the aillos Meanwhile, Roum?-'
nia has remained neutral. v
On the East Prussian frontier, the
battle between the German and Rus
sian forces continues with unabated
obstinacy.' According to Russian of
ficial reports tho Gorman troops are,
retiring fron) the. region bf Ly ck and
aro blowing Up the bridges- . .
Tho Russian troops1 are undertaking'
strong offensive movements in Poland
and aro mussing along? tho lino from(
Lu bl in to Warsaw and also fronrLub-l
Un to Lemberg
Vienne, reports of an official char
acter say that the >advance of tho
Austrians has forced Gie RuBslana to
slacken their efforts'Against przamyst
and that the Russians have commonc
to withdraw their forces. - - '
It is added that tho Piusa ia ns aro .
retreating from Marmaros-Ezlget.
IN FOOTBALL TEAM
Other Event* of Interest from
"The West Point of
The Citadel. Charleston, s. Cv'C?t. ".
-Special : The football team return
ed from Athens last Sunday night and
wore givca a hearty welcome when
they reached barracks. Tho game with
tho University of Georgia last Satur
day resulted in a score of 13-0 ip favor;
of Georgia. The Citadel eleven waa
highly praised by Georgia papers and
we are' not at ali disheartened in tho ,
result; In fact, the good pane put up
by our-men loaves the general im
pression that we are ?bldg to make an
enviable record during . the .-.* season
The game was played, in a drizzling
rain. This caused the . lime, used in'
markng the lines to become heated and
ns a result several members of tho
team are suffering from painful burns,,
which they rocelved upon touching tho
hot substahoo.. The game next Satur"
day ii? with Porter Military Academv.
In tho endet Y- M. C. A. last Sun
day ovenibg Mr- I. "W/.. Herbert, ,pl
Spartnnburg, addressed a targe and ?t=
tontivo audience. Illa subject waa
"Confession and Repentance/* and was
quite interesting. .
The Citadel tnwu is progressing
nicely under tho instructions of ihe
efficient director. Mn,Carl H. Meta A
large number of recruits are being
tried out-and In a Bhbrt whllo muslo
wit! be furnished for inspectlona,
dress parados, otc.
Tho Polytechnic and CalUsplan Lit
era ry societies held their regular meet
lags last saturday niguL interesting
programs were carried ddt by bbja?
The debators 'for the 0?st Inter-s*
cle*y debate havo been? elected a?d
both sides are working unusually hard
to carry off the'honors, La? year
tte Polytechnic was. declared, wuuMfr^
in two out of three events, v.