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The Anderson intelligencer. (Anderson, S.C.) 1914-1917, December 04, 1914, Image 7

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Dr. David Starr Jordan of Inland
Stanford University is a friend of all
nations'. He ? knows them. ' Ho is a
friend of humanity, .for .he knows It.
As a student of history ?lad an advo
cate of, peace he la held in. honor* the
world; oyer. In presenting Doctor.
Jordan's masterful analysis outbreak',
of the present war, which was that v/o
should '"guard the farmer's interests
and spell out the meaning of 1 this
chaos;" '
And; Indeed, at a time like this all of
Ub heSd the guidance auch minds asj
Doctor Jordan's can give.
Yod Will also b*. Interested In Doc
tor Jordan's' latest book, "War's Af
termath," published by llougbtoa
Mlffin Company, Boston. In this work
Docttor Jordan shows the effect of our
own Civil War oh the manhood of the
country. The results of the present'
conflict will stand'as the fulfillment,
of the prophecy which this book has
now become.; . |
The' two demands of the farmer. on i
his government are security and Jus
tice. - In war bom are taken from |
him .: * !
If one will'start'out on the road in
any direction from anywhere in the
United States, let us say, for example,
from Springfield, Ohio, ho will find
ample ?vidence that the ' farmer has
security. He will find handsome, well
shaded tov/nn, good roads, neat farm
houses scattered along the road, one
for each farm'with Its barns and
other belongiugs without- th? slightest
attempt' at defense from any outside
foe and with no fear that danger
lurks la isolation. This represents ohb
extreme of the world. The center of
_ the population of the great republic
iB also'the center of peace.
Under the flag-where hatred dies
away" the farmer feels absolutely cer
tain tof care for his crops in security
and id the evening of the day or the
life time to be able to toast his toe*
by the firesld? in perfect serenity.
For'tho other-extreme we may go
to another land, as richly endowed by
nature':aa southern Ohio, and not un
' like it 'in physical aspects except for
its nearness -to the sea; '
This,' Macedonia. I
It has been civilized -for more than
two thousand years, nearly ten times
as long as Ohio./ It has been a Chris
tian 'land since the days of Saint Paul,
who wrote an epistle tc ihcvChurch of
Its capita! city, ;'lr.E Thcs?C'.onians o?
bis day, now i?? yuup?o of ??essaiou
' Ike fSalonica:):".'' ''."'"
Aristotle was 'born In"'Macedonia,
nnd bo; alas, yraa Alexander the
. Great On Its field of Phllltppl Roman
freedom went down, with Brutus and
caBsius, before .: tho imperialism of
Caesar, and' Antony. And since the
days of. Alexander- and|Caesar, Mace?
doula l)tw not known security or jus
tice. It has known th? march and tho
countermarch of * \war. :' Romans,
Gr?eka, Turks;' Turks, Greeks,
Romans, . Bulgarians, Servians,
Italians; \ and now, ! at least the
like ll^I a farm
of \z%0 f??$0j$t? \2iti ; run
dofrri sli|;nttyf : hut a GOOD
cafiy-i build it^iip; < ijtTi?? ktuat
ediijtfe.rriiics triis s?d? of Sandy
Springs -'"?'niJ;?c)fehl'\mii?s* from
l?'r^ijfso?^'S^ j
%$ifo ^/J?ti;-'- and the
The cold 1er end tho farmer,, th?
two cannot occupy the same lands.
The soldier stands for might'and Vio
vTb? farmer reeds Jub?co and securi
ty/ v ; * : ' . '
In tho last month of May.-X took a
long tHp through Macedonia. I found
good, honest farmers herb and there.:
but not many. Their Iii? was very dif
ferent from farm life in Ohio. .
There wero no homes standing
along the road. Everybody lived in'
the ' villages, even though the lands
wore ten miles away. And the villages
were crowded Just as closely aB
bouses could stand.
Think of FftTj'i.isr at Sight!
The streets paved with ro-igh stone,
edges upward, were Just wide enough
to let a camel or a cart drawn by a
buffalo pass.'. A Greek army had pass
ed by a few tiohths before, and half
the houses, sometimes all of them, in
every town had beou bur-DPC An.1 the
helpless farmers crouched where they
could, and did their farming furtive
ly, in th? night sometimes, hecitune.
nights-may be safer than the day. And
there were moro women than men on
farms.-'''-'The men wers dead^ on .the
bartleflelOfc They were drafted off
to make .-new armies, or they had fled,
across Che border for safety in Bul
garia. In one small town, Singelovo.l
not a maniwaa left With the womenj
all bread winning rested. .
And the farming was not very good.
The ground was barely scratohed by
the plow. The Heids of wheat und rye
and Indian corn would look stunted and
shabby in Ohio, j Often in god? land
oh?'would see1'strips cov?r?d with
blackberries and wild flowers,
b)ts 4V of ' virgin noli never yet
touched with ' the plow, though
tho forcsta had been cleared
away : before the days of Saint
Paul. Other tracts are overgrown
with scrubby oaks and sometimes with
W?O lilacs, although not a big tree
waa loft standing to make a forest.
The Turks once held Macedonia, and
it would seem that they-hated > trees.
The-Chinese have a proverb that
"where armlen quarter thorns and
thistles grow," and armies have y bar
tered in Macedonia for twenty cou
turier. And for this reason there can
be no good farms. The' cattle are
dwarllBk and give hut little milk. They
I onfo, used, with, the priihitlve Europeai
. buffalo, "dp beatta 'of burden. ' 'Horses
fe?e few ???, s^s?S! and j?sst?y vielpus.
Tho sheep, the same breed they had
in Judea in Bible times, are handsome
and active, but carrying very little
\rool; a-couple? Of pounds ? year would
|>0 ? big average.
V'Therg^ wouldbe no use in Improving
tho stock when the soldltrB may come
any minute And. between, hands of
soldiers come th? bands of brigands.
A brlgan dtn Macedonia, as lh Mexi
co, Korea, and China, is a farmer who
has quit - If ho can't make ? living
oh the fnrm; or If someone has seiz
ed his farm he becomes op armed
tramp. And a. mill Ion of people, S\il
?arlans,' Turko, and Greeks ara ro
fygeea in and out of Macedonia. Arm
ed or, unarmed, mostly hBinioflS; they
nnvo* taken to the road. For all the
people of one race or on?. church In
these war-wasted lands drive out 'all
the others and divide their property.
^Th? ! farmev who is rich uUd pros
perous today may have to leave the
i^Ou?t*/'! tomorrow ??* tws> cours* net
ice, by tho light of his biasing house,
with whatever ho can carry on\ h l?
back.. .
Bnrdesg Too Ornat th Bear.
> . Europe la today Buffering from the
conditions of Macedonia, on the big
gest -possiblescale. ' Everywhere the
horror^ of war, elaueht^r by niachin
e'ry. si?g? guns, Zeppelin bombs, blood
drunk and wine-drank soldiery,, and ]
July the farmers' of Belgium
felt na secure as tho rarm?ra of Ohio.
Belgium wan the most industrious, the
mo et prosperous, i the most peace-lov
ing part of Europe. Now its farms and
vllages are *. blackened desolation.
The farmers* are crowding by the hun
dred thousand, penniless, hopeless,}
th?.havens of ttollanflrand fiaS-i
' I do their f
r&RM B?G?NS 3ANty%
weefc. Mai? arruEgefcwrts ncwr
On tho top of all this conies the
burden of the costliest and most'hor
rible war that was ever ?o?gbr. Ey,en
to the farmer who, lives away, from the
i bauio lino tbo burden Is crushing, i?a
sods are called to the slaughter on
thjsj pay.;'of;:"a'.cepjt pr two, a; day. 2fr
; cents a month in the French a nay, 20
[cents n month lit the Greek, the oth
; em la' proportion. And If he Is near
-the' firing lino everything else goes.
He may he thankful to he even a refn,
Only two years ago the Bulgarians,
,with the Servians and the Greeks,
rushed to th? lib?ration of Macedonia.
And when the war was over the Mace-;
donlan farmers swarmed up In Bul
The Bulgarian'farmer said to him:'j
"Why don't yah slay' ln,Td?c?aonia?
We went there 'to.set you free. Itfow]
you corn? hero to crov/d oar houses,
to take our jobs, to die in our beds.
My brother died in Macedonia. We
can not support you. : Oh, go back.''
; And the Macedonian, answers; "Who
told you to come down, 'to trample our
vine, to destroy our .fields, to kill our
cattle and sheep, fc& leave our houses
for the Greeks to burn? I don't' Care
if your brother is* 4^}iO Mine .!? dead
too, and we are alj fij^'g.". .
Why Food Is Cheap'ta England.
' The farmer of Afner.cn gains, noth
ing'through the losses of the farmers I
of Europe. We. are all in the seme]
boat,'and whatever harmiV tho pros
perity of ono pert of the World in
jures us all. I For some Of his products
the American farmer may got a, little
more.: For other articles is cotton,
in wartime, he may have rc market at
all. Whoever buvi of him oust have
money to buy with, it odd is,t)hs*n
day m England because so many go
without their' usual fojd, buying only
the cheapest articles. In London ' a
month ago the finest fruit'- Was 'sold
for next to nothing. No one. would
eat Sussex peaches or novon grapes
while the continent, was burning.. So
It is everywhere. '-. - ,
k In war there Is no demand for lux
uries, no care ' for comfort, no con
tinuity of industry, no demand to buy,
and among millions of people nothing
to buy 'with. The Interest of ono na
tion ia the Interest of all bo far as
farmers and ' workmen are concerned.
.The fanner bas no greater enemy
than war. -He has no greater peed
than peace'; - Afctf/peace is: the' mUslon
sad' : the duty Xil s, , iepuhUc. A >epu b
Uc isi aifojrm of 'government fitted .for
minding its own business. Its bus!
hess is mainly justice, sanitation; ed
ucation and peace. With fair play,
good Gchoois and .security, .the farm
er can do all the rest for. himself.
The war of today has its primal
motive to keep th? farmer down, It|
is, at bottom, the fight or pride and
privilege against the common roan. If
is the last stand : : of i imperialism
againBt democracy. H is the last su
preme effort of those who believe that
some, men and some nations are good
enough .to rtile other men and nations
agai??i their witU :*nia is not the
whole story, of the war, but it is. what
810 war has come to mean. All wars
avo their origin In wicked passions
Of j men,' mostly In' these . two Arrdg
huco and greed. No nation can make
money out of any wax, and no nation
Unit begins a war can toll how it, v/i'H
end. But in every war there : are some
few men. contractors, mmmakcro.
?*ray^re ' wlll sp
''-for: It TTho' farmer
_? of prosperity, and it
?> whole world;^when; .it
farmer. '
Is thevfor
te had *
goes Ml>
k - f:r-': -v ,V ,--:.':,^ :,.M?
?'Fall to. each wliato cr befall,
Th? farmer ho must .?*j> If or" all."
X And tho farmer must help us look1
after th? politics of th? world as well j
as.'.that of his county. State, or nation:
ile world our. ri?ijjrhftaira
,-_r!*;governmeni concerna ; ha
?tos^y.T we ; must ; learn- to . watch
k-*.etTar we do n^v1teen\ watch
lis into bad hands. '
L-\ vigilance Is, ;tye-.price ot
pnhilciiy is.'the only;
", Because world!
secrecy and pays
o local polttlea. It;
Ion than-any oth
?f-4 7
three yesip had JUj source in the reck
lessness of Europe. Our congress and
our \>reasont had no. part whatsoever
in creating it. It Is part of the un
certainty ut all business, in tho face
of th? entries' and the horrors' which
have actually come.
Security In Enxcntlul to Prosperity.
What .the furnier wantb, what every:
good citizen .most wants, la nccurjty.
The. "armed peace." the truce among
half-bankrupt nations armed to the
teeth, la.hot peace, it Is not security.
Ai, security, armies and navies have
proved the ghastliest ..and costliest
failures 'in history.
' The. Balance of Power, another
form of the Bamo Great Illusion, now
breaking, up In measureless disaster,
has, failed over and over before Each
trial and each failure is more terribly
The war By stem, the system of sab
er rattlers, war traders, war scares,
war robberies, and vrai* corruption,
has- risen through our neglect. The
people .who pay for U must learn to
put It aside, and they will.
The war system must go. No re
form is secure while this system lasts.
We. must find'seine system of national
defense leas hideously . dangerous to
$he interest |t ^pretends to protect," .
1. "Law' Is for Ui? weak; force Is for
the strong: law 1$ a-'makeshift; war
Is a reality." This dictum of the
group of men called Pan-Germaniste
la tho doctrine of all war, The inci
dent of Zatiern, the military murders
of men who dare to speak, the seiz
ure of 'Belgium, -olap 'our law In the
All Europe Is today under martial
Jaw. Martial law Is the law of war.
'It ja the paralysie of all civil law. In
war al iaws are silent Thus barbar
ism takes its revenge. It will take
it over and over again so long as civ
ilization rests its defense on barbar
isms . Ehren a "holy war," if such an
anomaly ever exl?t-3tl, could. be car
ried 'on only by methods most unholy.
. Those who rule by force and* fear
have their fits of madness when their
power begins to wane. Dread of the
losa of power is tho mainspring of thc
blood test,.follies in history. This war
is the more wicked because it' is un
fair. Our cannon are as fatal to our
Calends as to our enemies. For our
friends, are not all in ,one camp, nor
our enemies in another. Courage,
Virtue, and patriotism are not the giftrf
of any one.race. Ail the people of Eu
Jppe and American really belong to;
ne race?the race of men.
3 There can bo no abiding civilisation
without security'of property sind'life.
There can he ho abiding peace, save In
democracy. There can be"no security
in ' democracy ..while absolutism is its
neighbor. Absolutism!* find s ,its main
l? tereat In \ some ' form\ of robbery of
< hp people it holds in its chains. Jihi
?O^r.?U : ?a ; wit!' ?^lRtli:: This, ab
solutism well knows, .This,democra
cy must realize. .*""'"' ,
, ;;If the peace which shall. ROtq? time
follow leaves, any of the people of Eu
rope helpless In'their-own affaire. It
wll| bo enly a temporary truce. The
same abuses will bring the same mur
derous and undiscrimlhatlng remedy.
Thus it." is that"history repeats it
self." for in this unremcmberlng world
"history Is made only to he immed
iately forgotten."
Here Is the work for the statesman.'
It Is his Part to see that history does
not repeat itself, that the old blund
ers' and crimes snail not blast tho fu
ture. And never hail Europe moro
heed of a statesman th a v. today.
War l? a mere wreckage,, with no
power for good in itself. It destroys
far more of good than evil. "War .'crer
atea' more 'scoundrels Uan it kills."
Mill tar Ism is again irt the saddle,
lite' blood of the nations ia ebbing.
Defeat means tho evil ferment of ran
zoTi the skions-spirit of revenge.- Vic
tory, ffl?au?'vainglory, th? growth of
0 uncanny, bubble of national ogpt
10 rule or the war system or todu
gh? r.'ulghtmare of Europe" that rose
irohi Gravelotte and Sedan overspread
all the' nations. Whichever side may
wLu in the flaming. Ardennes will find
yvtthin H?elf a foe more wily and more
longerous than any encountered on
th? battlefield. If Germany is to be
redeemed ?he must save herself. Not
tho. baUtUlons o? Europe can' cure
e vr'ar poison. .The other in
aationa, Great Brltita?n, ' ice,
tM,t)!e ,pt must
out their own salvation.
If- decisive action. Ours is the
jnly great notion not sinking in the
lulcksands. America alone can roach
\e'l^d ?t eXtricaUon. "The fmal
^Jttiy? ?;L0hdan publicist, **Ib
ig xal;;hty duty of Arne. ica. It is the
xteat opportunity to bo bad In his
whatover form the efforts of
cht -"Wilson may ta&e, the deme
nt Surope will mdmltse. behind
.??t irtre bl? e* *-ry support. ,
?i>ime ultimate- hope f*: that-in
vJ?tthe Concert of - Powers, ottir
?^^to'e.aijid.tnne, we may . have a.
ButtrCwPeoples, a gathering" hot
j*?afildteris, war .Agents, and df?tu
nats, but, ah assembly ?f good men
lovbt.cd-to.thp common welfare of-?ai
':.\i?ke#tiie. Sec? "h/ the Harvest.
Whpthrr tho mit trink ha dark Ci
irlgh^ Ute dutrot all me^-i?
h? same..'.' God tosses back our rat.
ires that wo may begin again." So
may begin here and now; We fljay
d up 'wounds. We may strike off
' We may comfort the widow
?a&: The peoples Will
r, exhausted in money, in
* * ^intelligence, Itr hope. Tho
VW* MW all be ??Wer.
\than .thlftl tvar .retsies -tae
^S?8 ?lft8'
_ erm'nwj ifmt the
shall bp.; fJke the seed, ts tho
. The hursan harvest that war
eld IsftfeoL of lessened human
me of peaco as In timo of war
v* ttrtv?Wtho more"abundant
ir Weekly- Feature
r Counties. ?ontribi
Commen?ai g
. NEW YOjtK, Dec. 3.?Numerous
favorable developments Imparted
greater cheerfulness to the general,
financial situation today. Trading In
bonds was broader and larger in the
aggregate than since the recen t re
sumption and greater firmness . was
shown by seasoned issues/
Decline in some obscure bonds were
agajn severe, ranging from 2 1-2 to
almoBt 6 points. The more substan
tial; advances Included Chicago. -Rock
Island lb Pacific Hallway 4s and 6s,
New Haven 67 New York Hallway ad
justments 6s and New York, West
ehester lb Boston 4 T-2s, the latter
recovering 9 1-2 points of their spec
tacular dec'/ie of the mid-year.
The decision to issue daily what,
In effect, amounts to an official list of
transactions in stocks, also served to
Stimulate confidence. >
. There was an increased inquiry for
almost, all classes of short term notes.
Thq (6,000,00. Swedish government
loan taken by a. financial syndicate
promised succors. There were rum
ors, of further loans to foreign gov
errjjnents but these lacked confirma
Money for tho short dates was ob
tainable at lower rates and call loans
went down to 3 1-2 per cent The
local flow of money indicated that
clearing- houso institutions* have lost
a considerable sum to the sub-treas
ury, largely owing to the heavy pay
ments of special revenue taxes and
further .retirement of emergency cur
rency. Exchange on London was dull
and' slightly easier, but Retchraarks
continued strong. The Dank of Eng
land made an indifferent weekly ex
hibit, showlngfl a loss of %\,000,000
Additional railway returns for Octo
ber showed further heavy losses in
net learnings.
New York Cotton
NEW YORK, Dec. 3.?Reports of an
easier , turn in Southern spot markets
were accompanied by some Southern
selling in.the cotton market here to
day; and prices broke rather sharply.
Th? close-was steady at a net loss of
9 to 16 points.
After opening steady at a decline or
1 to 3 points in response to lower
cables .then due, the market began to
cag' off under scattering liquidation
and.Southern and Liverpool selling.
There was enough investment buy
ing to help the undertone, but It was
in evidence only on a scale down,
while Southern 'offerings became rath
er'more liberal 'during the aftomodn
w?th May and later deliveries selling
down to the lowest prices reached
B?iqe"the reopening of the exchange.
Trading In December and January
was) relatively quiet but those months
fully shared the decline with Decem
ber, selling nt 7 cents or within 16
points' of the ; recent tow. level while
January and March broke to the low
point of November, 18. Closing prices
were steadied by covering but at prac
tically-th? low point of the day.
Somo of the southern spot markets
Bhowed Blight declines, and there were
rumors of lower offerings from the in
terior, while some attributed: the
southern selling to. hedging against
supplies, held in the south.
Spot cotton quiet. Middling uplands
7.50; Gulf 7.75. No sales.
Coton futures, closed steady.
Open b'#;h. low. close.
March.. ....
luly.. ....
October ..
' '). . .' - . ' '
Cotton Seed Oil
NEW/ YORK. Dec. 3.?Cotton seed
ill advanced 9 to '14 points early on
lighter offerings of crude, scattered
local buying on the firmness In lard
uid; supporting orders from the BOttUtL
Later there was a slight setback, but
ho close was 6* to 10 point? net high
er. Sales 16,800 barrais. .V ;
The markets closed steady. Spot
5.f)G?G.80; 'December 5.6 8 @ 5.70; Jan
iary5.87@65.89; February 6,9806.04 ;
March Vmm?; April 0.16?6.<>0;
#uy 628@ft.29;. Jnly;f.4?.?W.' ,
ife, for a saher. Wiser, add more pat-f
rldtlc public Opinion, and for a' pub
ic; conscience which will make an
other great war impossible. If Eu
rope shall havo better days' sh? mast
leservo them. In this her brothers
n America must help. Kin folk to all
he nations, We have a great pr?vl
ego and ? great duty.
No finer word has been spoken to
lay than this v>f Professor Lowes
Dickinson of the University of Cam
?rtdkel : '
. war he declared rind ' every
ndlvldunl in a nation Is ready to lay
lown hie goods and his life. This is
vhy; to some noble men, war appears
is a noble thing.. Dut What: makes It
ippear so Is the passion, misled la to
ts service. That passion la deeded, fur
h? good things of life: for good ln
tead of evil, fpr truth instead of lie's,
or I ovo instead of hate. To turn it
oio. these channels the friends . or
Late. To turn it into these channelsj
pr friends Of Jre??on are always Work- I
ag. Wri the moment tholr voi?>r.W)ftl'
iot be heard. But as the war pursues
ta dreadful course, he its fatal and
uforse?n ' cons?qu'anc?s unroll, the
act >t ' what we1 are doing- begins to
lenotfate from our aensen^ToaT im
gh\Rtion as tho dreadful awakentb?
ucceedo to the stunning shock; It
rtit ; be for th?^ ?le^da- pf reason^ to
at into their own hn?w and train,
hen, if tho streV?^'W.glv'?a'them.
tito tho conscience'of *nauk*lhd. That
? par,wav. the eternal and holy war
" irk hour, of pur, defe*t>t
for the Farmers <
itions for this page
ihd Financial
Stocks and Bonds.
NEW YORK. Dec. 3.?In response to
a general demand by members and
their clients, the stock oxchange au
thorities today published two lists of
Btock prices, the first as of one
o'clock and the other after the ckft>.
Both contained minimum and bid and
asked quotations, and the later list
Included final prices.
Beginning tomorrow the . ex manse
will publish one.list embodying those
various quotations after tho' close of
business. This list wll| to carried on[
all tho stock tickers controlled by tho
exchange. ;
New Orleans Cotton
NEW ORLEANS, Dec. 3.?The price I
of cotton fell off today under selling 1
pressuo that appeared to originate in
the Interior of the belt. The- close was [
at the lowert of the day, a Iosb of |
11 to 15 polo s on the trading months.
It was the most actlye day and fiuctu-1
atlons were' the widest since the re
sumption v>f fut!.re trading. '
Spots showed a downward tendency, j
local prices losing three sixteenths of
a cent while spot markets generally
marked quotations down one-sixt'eentb
to one-eighth. Dallas tost one-elgth
and quoted middling at G 7-8c, the low
est In weeks. T ' .
Tue statistics of the day were en
couraging but had no influence on
fluctuations. Total part receipts for
the day were 49,001 bales which total
ed shipments, including coastwise
clearances, were 65,798" hales, causing 1
a decrease in port stocks. Receipts
thus far this week were 289,854 hales
against 802,319 bales up to the same
time last week which was taken' to
mean that the holding movement, was j
growing among farmers.
Spot cotton easy. Sales on tho spot
325 bales; to arrive 1,035.
Cotton futures closing:
January 7.10; March 7.21; May 7.40;
July 7.58; Oqtobe. 7.79.
Liverpool Cotton
LIVERPOOL, Dec. 3.?Cotton, Rpot
moderate business; prices steady:
American middling fair C.37; good
middling 4.69; middling 4.40,; low
middling 8.94; good ordinary 3.24:
ordinary 2.79. Sales 6,000 bales, in
cluding 5,500 American and 500 for
speculation and export. Receipt?
il, C34 bales, including 13,355 Ameri
can, r.
Futures closed quiet May and June
L12 i-2; July and August 4.17' 1-2;
[^dober-Noyomber 4.27; January-Feb
ruary ?32; /FebYhary and inarch -
Dry Goods
NEW YORK. Doc. 3.-^-Dry fcoodp
lobbars were buying steadily today
Denims were reduced to a basis of
12 l-2c for 9 ounce goods. It was an
nounced, however, that orders could,
?ot be accepted beyond February be
;auso of tho dyeatuff s shortage. Yarns
#ere^ quiet Men's, we^r w'ftp inactive
Bxcept for. foreign business in army
". . -o
CHICAGO, Dec/ ?; ?Hogs steady.
3ulk 6.666)6.85; light 071000.85; mix
id 6.40?7,00;' heavyWt.ftl.00; rough
1.4006.65; pigs 3.6006.50*, ' '.
Cattle strong. Native steers 5.70?,
L0X)0; western 6.2508.50; cows and
l?Uers 3.2508.60; calves .7.00? 10.00.
Sheep unsettled. Sheap 6.20 06.25;
roarllng'a 6.300.7.501" I lambs G.C0?
Chicago Grain
CHICAGO. Dec. 3.?Profit taking by
ongs In wheat today moro than wlp
id out an early., advance duo to ' high
ir.cables. Closing prices were heavy
i-8 to 3-4 under last night CorjL
luffereda net loss of 3-801-2 to U2C?>'
^8 aid oats of 3-8 to 5-8. Provision*
advanced 2 1-2 <&10~.
jardin and prqyi*U*ns. closing;
December... . ... ,;. ., ...144 1-2
day... ... ... ... ... .....1.20 s-8
?brui,... . ,,..
December... ....61 1-8
.. j^sy. ? ? ? ? ? * ? ? i ?68 1-9,
)ats. . .
ember.. $C?...'.-. .. .47,
iy... . . ...._. ..... ..61 3-4
Cash grain: Wheat No. 2 red,
.14'3-401.16;No. 2 hard, 1.15 ~
America does not need more b?tH
Enough of both to do ordinary police d
tary studies and practiceciltivatesma
anhy of the National guarl Is comme
who..work at their, trades rmd proft
And take a lay-off for'p. week sleeplr
do not live off the people; they are
'trained in obedience, soldierly benrii
they are:* first to scspond to tho call
.v'liWe haTC in this O?Uii?ry unotner i
tho hug?si tettleships and vastly s ti
tho worht It IB pr?r waving fieldb of
corn. America is iheonly country\wh
make her own people comfortable
A great general Bald: "An army tra;
our farms, not our fortresses.- Tha
cated at Urbana and Arm? and M m
napoils. What tho American people
not more military and naval epprop:
upon American <orma u permanent
insuro increasing fertility of soil Inst
ing shiftless methods and ' tbeoreitct
enough to keep a soil fertii?." A soil
wlttOnt deposits mean bankruptcy. I
smoVteh<ss powder will keep the poaco
of Anderson and
gladly received.
Corn, fNo. 2 yellow, new C3 3-4?
54 v 4. I
Cut.--, standsrd, 4S \-'l\U -U>.
Koot-nnd-Mouth. Dixesso Ih Very Un?
likely to Keach State, Says
There is very little danger that foot
and-mouth disease will oxtend to South
Carolina, during the present outbreak.
This statement Is made by Dr. H. O.
Feeley, state veterinarian and head of
the veterinary division of Clem s on
College, In order to relievo the appro- .
bensiona of many who have boon writ
ing to Clem son College for informa
tion about the. disease and the prob
abilities of ItB effects, if any, on the
live stock industry In South Carolina.
Dr. Freeley is of the opinion that
It is safo to say now that there is a
minimum of likelihood of the dis
ease reaching South Carolina during
the present epidemic. He states
that, owing to the excellent work
of the federal bureau of animal In
dustry, the quarantine linos have
been, rightly drawn, old shipments of
stock have been traced and pre eau
Mnriary measures tp^oh to the point
where the-men of-the department of
^grl?uh"re Bf?m to ?>ave the situa
tion well In hand. _ Owners of stock
in South Carolina may thcreforo be
reasonably sure that .they will have
no trouble with the dread disease.
From an almost diagonally oppo
?ite ' angle, however," tho 1 fo'ot-and
mouth disease should have an effect
! upon the live stock Industry in South
Carolina, say tho live stock demon
stration agents of ClemBon's S exten
sion division. The disease and tliu
accompanying losses of .stock and
general uneasiness that is likely to
prevail In middle western live stoqk
circles for a tlr?? will be one of the
causes that will contribute to a
ihortago of meat products noxt year.
Tho demand for meat will bo cor
eapondtrif iy heavy. The time is
herefore, ideal for tho South Caro
'loa farmer to engage more than
iver(before in breeding ' cattle and
Clemson's advice to cotton farm
's Is to "grow" into live Btock,
-ather than "go" Into it It is rocog
llzed that the process cannot bo a
iudden one. At the same time, no
armer will make a mistake this
winter by raising more hogs than
in any other year.of'his history.
In cooperation with the federal de
partment of agriculture. Clem son
Jollege* is now organizing county
'ivo stock associationn in tho tick-,
'reo counties of the State, and ox
oerta of Ihe, college Witt aid -.the
uembers of these association^ with
.heir live stock problems.
...The people of Belgium are often said
iot to be Be'f-supportlng, since they
do not produce from their, own acres
more t^?n a traction of the food they
?phsumCj Yet up to' the'time when
tho Germans Invaded the kingdom they
m .
Uyed 'In much comfort, consuming as
much, food,' as most people. '
" As a matter oJ! fact, they -wenrjost
jiklI^M? w the
tannera of America. They woro en
gaged, iu taking coa\ on,d iron and oth
or; minerals .frpm thq \ earth, and
producing, fr?fn tr?opi and from tho
products, of; the.(arms and forbsts ar
ticles ]USt as essential to. bo civilized
life ha food: :
They are now reduced to poverty
merely because they are not allowed to
work and dispose of tho fruits of thef'c
jWe aro sanding . them food in the
name of charity Instead of in' th? way.
of trade, because th? Belgians, instead
of being productively employed making,
things we need, are under the blight
prophesied against another people by
Isaiah when ho said, "For It s?ait be
that as wandering/birds,-, as a scat
tered nest, so shali tho daughters of
Moah bo at the fords of Ar non."
In this scattered neBt, before tho
German tempest struck it, work wont
on ih which we as Americans woro be
ing serwd in a thousand, productive
whys. The tempest struck, and tho
Belgians ceased to worX for us and
with us.
ThlB ahowa. the intimate way in
which all of us uro Interested in tho
prosperity of each of. us. ..This : Is a'
var, p^t of tho nations actually yen
gaged In it, but against every produc
er in the world.?Farm and Fireside.
foBhips and. a largo standing army,
utyis needfut and proper. As mill
nly qualifies, ? large "Standing"
ndnble. These are trained soldiers
priions for fifty-one weeks in a year
?g undor canvas as ^. vacation. They
not leeches and consumers; they aro
ig an duties, and in i\n emergency
for recruits;
force immeasurably greater than
ongcr than4th? greatest army In
golden grain and tossing tassels of
ich produces enough food Stuff to
and still have some left to export,
rols on its fally." Our defense is In
'protectors of our nation aro edn
Slson, not at West Point and An
want So'turn their attention to fa
rlatlons, bat to le?rr. 'to estahjluh
of agriculture i/hich w:a
of Impoverishment by follow
l, visionaries wh?r?ay .^'Rotation ta
is iiko a bank; constant drafts
it?re knowledge of soils and less
of tho wor^d;^Eb{eha^igo.^
; ' !>' "<~?-:?-?,?-?

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