Newspaper Page Text
THIS AMOUNT REPORTED !
RAISED BY LOCAL COM- )
THOSE GIVIN Gr
L?t of Contributors to the Fund
and Amounts Given by
Slightly less than $260.00, or-, to be'
exact $269.94, was raised locally for
the Bilgian Christmas Fund, and last .
night the Rev. J. H. Ibbonry, who
served as chairman of e committee '
In charge vjf the canvas, telegraphed '
the amont of the contributions to 1
Henry Clews, of Now York, who is the 1
treasurer of the national committee
having charge of this worthy move- ;
The final meeting of the local com- i
mittee was held yesterday afternoon I
at the chamber of commerce and con
tributions reported as follows:
Paramount Theatre....$51.00 :
First Baptist church .h. 24.10 |
First Presbyterian church _ 27.00
Grace Episcopal . 27.75
St. John's Methodist .$40.00
Central Presbyterian. 9.86
St. Joseph's Catholic.$29.00
West Market Street school. 1.83 ,
Miss Estes' school. 1.90 -
First Baptist, Williamston _ 33.00
First Methodist, Williamston .. 14.00
The movement to raise among the
people of Anderson a contribution to
the Belgian Christmas fund was be
gun several weeks ago. After sever
al meetings at ttoQ chamber of com
merce for the purpose of deciding
u pon ways and means of raising the i
funds it was agreed to have printed a
number of contribution envelopes for
distribution among tbe congregations
of the city and county churches. At
the first meeting, for this purpose the
mangemont of the new Paramount
motion picture theatre agreed to glvo
a portion of its receipts on tbe open
When arrangements had been com
pleted for carrying on the canvass the
pastors of all churches and superin
tendents of all Sunday schools In tb.4
city and county were invited to a
meeting. Arrangements wero made for
distrubuting the envelopes and col
lecting them and turning them Into
the committee, at a meeting which
was to have been held at tbe chamber
of commerce last Friday night For
some reasons several members of the
committee did not report at the meet
ing set for Friday night, and it was
decided to postpone the matter until
Monday afternoon at 3 o'clock.
At this hour yesterday afternoon
practically,the entire committee gath
ered at the chamber of commerce and
canvassed the results of the campaign.
In addition to members of the com
mittee there wero others present at
the meeting who were of the opinion |
that at this meeting the matter of pro
viding some means of relieving local
conditions would be brought up. How
ever, na the mayor had been called
upon to take this matter in charge,
Id Dogaos Window
At 5 p. m. Thursday we will
give every child under twelve
a Xmas present, that' gives us a
correct solution'of the jumble.
j*?o . -
Ask Dugan Why?
, Watson Yandiv?r Bldg.
?pdbvrvr jl O
ind had already called upon the pas
tors.of the church?B to appoint mem
bers for a general committee, the Del*
?ian Relief committe decided to ao
nothing that would conflict with the
work of the larger committee. Before I <
idjourning, however, they adopted ,
resolutions endrsolng tho work which
[he larger committee had undertaken.
ATLANTA, Ga., Dec. 21.?A banner
crop of whiskers is predicted for
Georgia next year by R E. Limbaugb,
chairman of the State board of bar
ber examiners. Mr. Limbaugh is ex-'
seedingly worried over the failure of 1
thousands of barbers to take the State |
c anil nation demanded by the last leg
Is. aturo, pay their fees, and prove!
the.nselves sanitary, harmless and not |
too .""M of conversation.
"Geor^te citizens will have an un-1
usually large crop of whiskers," said
Mr. Limbaugh. "Because she will bo |
s barberless race. Out of 4,500 bar
bers only 300 have applied for li
censes, and no business can be done
without a license except In jails,
State prisons and towns of less ihan
r>,000 population, where whiskers run
Tho barber who gets in before tho
first of the year can cop cut a license
for two dollars, but after that the
bargain sale is off and five hucks is
The Cotillion Club of Atlanta, the
ultra swell dancing set, has chosen
Raymon Hitchcock In "Tho Beauty
Doctor," for its annual theatre party
Ihis year. Every season the Cotillion
Club has one big theatre night, when
it takes half the first floor at the At
lanta theatre and goes in a body to ]
enjoy it, leaving after the curtain falls j
for a dance at one t J the hotels.
The Atlanta has an unusually good |
booking for just after the holidays.
"Potash and Perlmutter" is coming I
next week, with Billle Burke and
George Arllss and "The Little Cafe" |
In the near future.
Georgia Sbriners, and members . of I
the order throughout the country are
greatly pleased at the ruling handed
down by Judge H. L. Patterson of the
Blue Ridgo circuit restraing a negro |
organization from using the name. In;
Blgnia, emblems and other belongings I
of the Ancient Arabic Order of the |
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine.
"The negro organization calls itself |
Babban Temple, Ancient Egyptian -Ar
abic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic I
Shrine of North and South America
and their jurisdiction, thereby giving |
a few oxtra words for good measure
and pleasing the African taste forj
Judge Patterson" acted because all
the Atlanta judges are members of
the order, or have relatives' In Yaarao
The negro shrine was organized in |
Washington in 1902. The local tem
ple was chartered in l?08 but local
Sbriners heard little of it until after
the recent national Shrine convenMcn
here, when the negroes became -offen
sively conspicuous. Thu petition is
based on the fact that the negro or
der uses an exact imitation of tho
Shrine badge, ubcb the same names
for officers of the temple, the same fez
and the same emblems used by the
Chief Beaver of the. Atlanta police
department does not believe all the
stories of hold-ups and burglaries (hat
are reported to him. He doeB not
think the* "wave of.crime Is so bad as
it Is painted by the sensational press.
The chief quotes two Instances
where reported hold-ups were investi
gated and* it. was found. that 'the "vic
tims" were financially ' short and had
framed lip stories to account for the
money being missing. It lu also a
common belief that at least' two re
ported.' crimes recently laid to "bur
glars" were npt .really, burglaries, but
one clearly the sulgide of ? man deep
ly involved financially and i!he other
tho visit of a'young society man to a
home whero he had ' no business,
which resulted.in hls/shpoiing by .the
head of the family.
"The worst of tho pvesent depres
sion has passed," says Robert F. Mad
dux; chairman of tho Georgia commit
tee which will have charge of the
State's share of the Wade cotton pool
01 *185,000.000. Mr. T?addok,: wb??
vl?o pros?d??l o? th?i Atr.^r!c?n Na
tional bank, has just returned from a
trop to Washington,'where he Joined a
conference on details of. the , loan
Mr. Maddox said $69,000,000 of. the
fuhd had been received but It would
be the latter part of next week be
fore the full amount wouid be ready
"We were disappointed to learn that
tho committee would lend only five
sents on cotton instead of six cents,
the original idea," said Mr. Maddox.
'Neither did we understand that the
borrower would be expected to put up
ihrce per cent, of the loan as a guar
antee fund and to cover expenses.
However, it must be remembered that
[his one million dollars which 1b sub
scribed through the north and west is
to be loaned in the South and if cot
tou should decline below six cents per
pound the lending banks would have
no authority to cal for additional mar
gin; and in banking circles twenty per
sent, markin is not considered unrea
Mr. Maddux sold the worst feeling
In New Y?Vk wns over and financiers
Baw Indications that things would be
much better soon.
Through the persistent offorts of
Governor Slaton it has been definitely
determined that the bonds of State
and county officers in Georgia do not
require government war tax stamps,
despite the ruling of Collector Blalock
of Atlanta otherwise. The governor,
who is a Arm believer in State's
rights, doubted the authority of tho
collector to impose the tax and by go
ing straight to headquarters secured
a ruling In favor of the State as offi
The following letter to the governot
from W. H. Osborn, commissioner ot
internal revenuo at Washington, ex
"His Excellency Governor John M.
Slaton, Atlanta, Ga.
"I have the honor of acknowledging
the receipt of your letter of the 10th
instant la which you Inquire whether
bonds given by State and county offi
cials guaranteeing tho faithful per
formance of their duties are subject
to the stamp tax under the act of Oc
tober 23, 1914.
"In reply you are informed that the
bonds given to tt State ot county by
officers thereof, guaranteeing the
faithful performance c f their duties,
arc not subject to tax.
"W. H. Osborne,
The controversy started in Georgia
when a clerk in the executive depart
ment cajled up the office of the inter
nal revenue collector in Atlanta and
inquired whether official bonds were
liable to the tax. He was informed
that they were. The governor felt
that tho tax waa an .unnecessary bur
den upon county officers, and wrote a
letter to Washington to gain an offi
cial ruling. Meanwhile the governor's
ofiice was flooded wltb inquiries from
anxious county officials. They have
been saved a total of about one thous
and dollars by the ruling obtained by
Tbe dum-dum bullet, which has
caused so much talk in the European
war, has made its appearance In At
lanta. Jasper Dcvore of Geneva,' N. T.
was picked up in tho night by a lo
cal detective and accused of being a
traveiiug blind ?gfer. When he was
searched a gun was found, loaded
with' cartridges which closely resem
ble the notorious "dum-dums" which
the English are accused of using In
tho war. Devore says he bought the
gun in a pawnshop, already loaded, so
it will be hard to trace the origin of
the objectionable bullets. The matter
will hardly reach The Hague tribunal.
HEATH OF MBS. LI DDEIX.
LOWNDESVILLE, Dec. 21.?Mrs.
Allie May Liddell, one ot Lowndcs
vine's beloved matrons,, died at her
home here Thursday morning after an
illness ot about threo weeks.
Mrs. Liddell was the eldest' daugh
ter of Revt and Mrs. H. C. Fennel. She
was born at Cross Hill, S. C, 34 years
ago, a portion of her childhood being
spent at Due Wiest, S. C, but the
greater part of her life lived among
the people, of Lowndesvlllo. She was
married to Mr. Thomas C. Liddell in
March, 1906, an infant son was born
to this union, which is still . living.
After, the .birth of her child she grew
gradually stronger but a. few days
past she developed pneumonia, which
ended her suffering early Thursday
morning. The funeral aarylces were
conducted In the Presbyterian church
by the Rev. Mr. ClOtfelter. the inter
ment being in the Presbyterian ceme
tery Friday morning.
Beside her husband and little ?m,
she in survived by her parents, Rev.
and Mrs. H. C. Fennel, three tlsterh,
MIbs Lila and Minnie Fennell
LowhdesviUe; Mrs. S. M. McAdams,
Iva,. 8..C; tliroe brothers, llr. J, I*
*??ai??L Waterloo, S. C; Dr." H. C,
Pcrmoll, Jr., Savannah, Ga., aid JL ?,
Fennb??. Columbia, 8. C.
The. harder it is to grin, th?. leas
time you l'ove to think about your
troubles while. you're makirg the
smile stick. - .
Every nook and corner of tble store reflects the spirit of Christmas. Gift things of
the most dependable and desirable nature are attractively displayed on every side?arrang
We have planned, as never before, to make our slock as complete and diversified aep?**
eibic, so thai those who usually find it herd to decidewhat to give may find suggestions that
will make d?cWons ^sy? :
The same regardi for quaHty which has always cliaractcrkcd our stock, has been the up
permost thought-^ience a gift bought here carries a guarantee of worth and excellence.
We call pars?ct??wr attention to the/low prices on goods of tone and' morii, especially m
Watches Ring? Necklaces Diamonds
C?Mum ' _. Scarf Pin* Earrings Brooches .
\ rCEa?aV ' ;j , ^f^Un*?.: Ftmtsin F?? Hau- Omajmmts, e?c
"VVV Hi' ?ti?JfeS??" St CSl
NEW YORK. Dec. 21.?Such hope as va
the financial district may have drawn m<
from lust week's decision granting toi
eastern railroads a general freight D'
rate advance, was largely dissipated , be
today when it became known that the ;
'ennsylvania Public Servico Commis-1
slon had ordered a drastic reduction I
in coal freight rates. While officials I
of the roads professed to regard t'.e ]
decision as entirely local, speculat'.vc :g"
Wall street evidently received it fa a . ^e
less favorable spirit. Reading and ce
Lehigh Valley shares fell to new 13w
prices for the present movemeur. 0u
In the final hour the list showed !
further unsettleinent and lower prices. ; Jj?
The decline was led Uy United States . f7
Steel, which finaily fell to 49 1-8 or ,to
1-8 above its minimum figure. i0.11
It was regarded as significant that i1 1
the committee which controls prices
on the exchange deemed it expedient "
to establish new low minimum quota- ; *b
lions for the southdj n group of rc/Js, j 00
Including Atlantic Coast Line, Louts- m'
ville& Nashville, Seaboard preferred, ?e
and Southern Raiway common and nV
preferred. As a matter of fact there gl
has been no recent trading in these i-ve
stocks, most ot which have undergone!
dividend revisions during the closures
of the exchange and since its reopen- j f,
During tho day's business, which ~?
was far below normal, some of the ?l
equipment shares and Bethlehem ?*
steel preferred showed signs of de- j19
mand at higher prices, but this group |
fell back with the entire list at the
close, which was weak. |St
Much of the day's news was of a
hopeful tenor. Money rates were eas
ier, some special 30-day loans made
at 3 1-2 per cent. Exchange on Lon
don fell to its lowest quotation since ,
last February on an over-abundance ,
of offerings. j m
Bonds developed a declining ten- rc
dency on exceedingly light offerings.
Total sales, par value, were $1,258,000. 10
United States coupon 4s advanced ,H
1-8 per cent on call. .8.1
New York Cotton
NEW YORK, Dec. 21.?After a some
what irregular morning, the cotton
market became more active and clos- ,
ed firm at a net advance of 2 to 8 f.
The opening was steady at a de
M. UV Vl/eu?*?^ VT <*U UIVUUJ t* L, ? VIV-? . -
cllne of 6 points to an advance of one
point and active months held about ?'
3 to 6 points net low? during the
early trading under local pressure.
The talk around the ring suggest- J"
ed a general feeling that pre-noliday w
realizing was likely to cause some re- Vf
action after the advance . ot . last
week. Offerings were, readily absorb
ed by houses with' European and
turned firmer, during the afternoon,
owing to the continued absence of P
hedge Belling.' M
Some of the e?rly sellers covered
on the advance which carried the act- P,
ive months eome 6 to 9 points higher. M
The census report showing 13,997,
189 bales ginned to December 13,
against 12,927,428 last year and 13,- n
770,727 In the big crop year of 1911, u
appeared to create no fresh sentiment It
Spot cotton quiet; middling uplands ?
7.60; sales 1.400 bales. [ F
Cotton futures closed Arm. _ .;
open high low el?so t
January ' . . 7.28 7.28 7.28 7.38 h
March .... 7.49 7.57 7.48 7.57 t]
May ; . . . . 7.68 7.75 7.66 7.74 r
July .... 7.85 7.94 783 7.93
October ... 8,14 8.29 8.08 S.19
New Orleans Cotton
NEW ORLEANS, Dec. 21.?After a1
decline of 4 to 5 points at the opening,
cotton recovered today, worked to a
net advance of 1 to 2 points and clos
ed net unchanged to 3 points up. It
was reported ' that Germany was a
buyer in the early part of the day.
The census report on ginning, while
called, bearish, had no Influence of Im
portance on the market Bears said
that it confirmed record crop Ideas
but the bulls, while they acknowledg
ed thi"... stated that prevaTTTng price
love!j discounted even the largest
crop ideas entertained.
The export movement was of fair
proportions and the heavy receipts
at Important shipping pointe in the
belt pointed to an increase in the near
future. Several spot points quoted
higher prices and private reports told
of an' increased demand at tho ports
becauso ot difficulty in quick handl
ing of cotton in tho interior on ac
count of unfavorable weather.
Spot cotton firm. Sales on the spot
1870 bales; to arrive 1,710.
Cotton futures closing:
January 7.15; March 7.33; May,
17.52; July 7.72; October, 8.01.
LIVERPOOL, Oec. 21.?Cotton, spot,
in fair Inquiry.' Prices [fair. American
middling fair. 5.28; good*middling 4.'o;
middling 4.42; lew middling 3.95;
good ordinary 3.83; ordinary 2.88.
Bales 8,000 baicB, Including 6,700
American and 1,000 for speculation,
Receipts 9,000 bales,' including 4,
Futures closed steady.
May-Juno 4.20 1-2; July-August,
4.28; Octo^r-Novcmbor 4.39 1-2:
Ja?Uary-F< . tary, 4.45. ?
Carton Seed Oil
. NEW YORK. De \ 21 ."-Cottonseed
Oil advanced. 11- to io p tinta early to
?ay on buying tor western account In
need by the strength in lard and
light crude t.'.erInge, but near tho
dose there was a partial setback un-1
der refusing and lack of demand for
bctual oil. Final prices were 7 to 11
taint* n*t hl*h*?- H?tn? IC.AAA
* fTh? market closed steady. Spot
$5.650)5.65; December. $email@example.com&;
January |M$?6.86r Tiehruaxy ?*6O0
8.98; March $6.0606.10; April $8,20?
6.21; May $6.35 0 6.36; June 66.41?
C,48; July $6^4?6466.
MEW YORK, Dec. 2i.?Raw sink ad
need sharply today. Jobbers bought |
iderato quantities of domestic cot
i goods. Print cloths were firmer,
ess goods re-ordero for spring were
ginning to come Id.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 21.?Cotton
mirig up to the period ending De- 1
mber 12, made a new record ex
erting that established in 1911. the
ar of previous record cotton pro- |
ction, by more than 206,000 bales.
This was indicated today in tho
nsus bureau's report showing 13,
7,189 bales had' been ginned prior j
December 13. In the last two years :
proxlmately 92 per cent of the en- :
>e crop had been ginned prior to?
:cernher 13. Calculating this year's
op on that Iv^is, it would exceed
,270,000 bales. Oklahoma,- to Deccm
r 13, had ginned 1,068,398 bales, or j
arc than produced there in any year
retofore. Ginning during the period
aounted to 900,982 bales more than
oncd in the same period in uny other j
ar except 1911.
Ginnings by States:
Alabama 1.673,183; Arkansas 894.- I
7; Georgia 2,462,790; Louisiana
5,533; Mississippi 1,085,002; North 1
trolina 766,673; Oklahoma 1.068,898;
luth Carolina 1,328,395; ^?nnessec
9,848; Texas 3,876,144; all others
Sea Island ginnings by states:
Florida 30; 586; Georgia 37,385;
> ut Ii Carolina 3,617.
CHICAGO, Doc. 21.?HogB strong,
ilk $7.00<g>7.15 ; light $6.7G?7.20;
ixed S6.85<5>7.20; heavy S6.80@725;
lugh 5680? 6.95; pigs S5.firstname.lastname@example.org;
Cattle firm. Native streets 85.30(0)
i.OO; western $6.OO0>7.9O; cows and
dfers S3.email@example.com; calves 56.50?
Sheep slow. Sheep $5.1006.10; year
ngB $firstname.lastname@example.org; lambs S6.email@example.com.
CHICAGO. Dec. 21.? Swift dlmin
hing of stocks of wheat both in tbo
slble supply and in first bonds
'ought prices up today with a whirl,
eavy profit taking followed and the
ose was unsettled but 5-8@3-4 to 1
8 above Saturday night. Corn rose
8@l-4 to 3-8@l-2 net; oats finished
8 off to 1-8 advance, and provisions
1th gains of 15?17 1-2 to 27 1-2 ad
Grain and provision closed.
ecember . $1.24 1-2
air. 127 1-8
ecember . 64 5-8
ay . 70 3-4
ecember . 48 3-8
ay . 52 5nS
Over In New Jersey they jailed a
tan who was carrying a cornet be
ause he couldn't play it. What pun
ibment do they reserve *for those
rho think they can play a cornet??
Complaints that Lord Kitchener Is
oldlng back news may we based on
le suspicion that he's keeping It for
rwin Cobb.?Washington PobU
I FENDLETON NEWS c
? O O O j it O 0 O O 0 O O 0 O O O 0 I > It
Mr. i.nd Mrs. Joe sit ton have re
turned from Mount Vale where they
nave been spending some tune.
Miss Elsio Sloan of Clemson was
visiting in town this week.
Mrs. n. H. Saddler, who has been
on the sick list for some time, has j (
almost recovered. 1
Rev. W> M. Owens, the pastor of j <
(ho Methodist church of this place, i I
has just moved into the parsonage. <
We feel that all Pendleton will bo
mighty pleased with Mr. Owens as i
ho comes highly recommended as a !
pastor and citizen. i i
The Ladies Aid Society of the |
Presbyterian church held a called i
meeting at the home of Mrs. M. M.
Hunter Monday afternoon. ,
Mr. B. Cooper, a substitute mall ;
carrier, is filling Mr. Graham's place
tor a while.
School closes today for Christmas |
holidays. All teachers leave this af
ternoon for thplr respective homes.
Mr. T. L. Hanna, principal, goes to I
Hendersonvillc, N C. Miss Hcnnant j
to Ridgeway, MIsb Gertrude MaHaf- !
fey to Townvllle, MIbb Dollo Mc
Cutchen to Rcmbcrts and MIbb Cole
to Lynchburg, S. C.
MIbb Alico Belle ICewton, who Is at
tending Lander College, camo home
this week to spend Christmas with
MIbb Nettle Terrell of Chicora Col
lege comes home today, to spend
Christmas holidays with relatives and ,
Mrs. Julius Aull is on tho sick lint
at this writing.
Mr. John Ellis Evans, who la at
tending medical college at Charleston,
is spending tho holidays with his par
I Mrs. Banks of Augusta, who has
been boarding at Harris House for
, Borne time for benefit of her health,
Is improving slowly and thinks* of
going to Ashevllle soon.
Rev. H. B. Fant conducted prayer
! meeting at the BaptiBt church Thurs
All teachers of our school attend
ed teachers meeting at Anderson last
Saturday and report a very Interest- (
Ing and profitable meeting.
MIbb Maggie Garllngton visited rel
atives and friends in our town last
Only one more week until Christ
mas day. We trust that all may have
a plean?nt time during tho holidays.
o CHEDDAR NEWS o
We are in the midst of preparation
tor Christmas. Everyone is making
plans for the holidays, the happiest
time of the year. We are hoping that
Tuesday night will be "fair and fine"
so that our box party will bo a suc
cess: Seven o'clock has been the hour
appointed for the beginning.
Miss Maggie Garllngton was an un
expected, though very welcome, visi
tor to our school last Thursday.
retrograd cfSciclly stated it was
"Inconvenient" to hold Lodz. We
gathered as much from the dispatch
es.?St, Louis Post-Dispatch.
Turkey might -save time hy provid
ing itself with a series of form letters
to be used whenever'apologies are de
Every day now we are expecting
Liberia to issue a black paper.?New
i TOWNVILLE NEWS. o
Tho ChriBtmas hollodys uro about
1?re and tho young people are antlct
mtlng a good time.
The friends of Julius Marlett of
**atr Pia: will be sorry to learn that
10 is st .11 In a most critical condl
lon. It will be remembered that Mr.
Marriott was stabbed last week by a
Georgia negro whom ho was attempt
ng to arrest for crime committed in
Mr. Lawrence Martin of near Far
mer's Store has purchased the farm
known as the Coats place, and will
move to It soon.
Adam Brewer, a negro in Fair Play,
Bhot and killed himself instantly last
Saturday. It is said' that debt wbb
the cause of this rash act.
Hance Gaines, a negro, was recent
ly arrested and lodged in Jail for
shooting Mr. J. B. Shirley's mail box.
L. N. Compton and family of Green
ville have moved to the old Compton
place near Townville.
Rev. W( B. Hawkins and family
will move to Starr soon.
Or. W. F. Hunt, who has been ill
for some time, is still confined to An
Notwithstanding the very low price
a right good deal of cotton Is being
sold in this community.
A good many of the farmers are
taking advantage of the extremely
cold weather killing their future pork
We Cat Raise
Your Salary !
That it-?by making your
money go farther in the pur
chase of good meals. We cut
meat and we aie also cutting
the prices; read these prices.
Loin Steak, per pound *0c
Best Roast, per pound 15c.
Pork, per pound 15c and 20c
Al| others Sn pi^periisSj, sei
16 ounces to the pound.
Look here friends, the weather has been bad and you have
hesitated whether to come or not; and now time is growing
scarce. ... ;-,r
You must make your selections now. No matter what the
weather c onditions arc you are not going to disappoint your
rriendf? nor is Santa Claus going to stay away. Come quickly
while our stock is complete. Plenty of sales people to serve you
promptly. I have holiday merchandise for all, thousands of
dollars worth that has not been touched- Don't fail to come
and you w?l not be disappointed.
I hope to have fifty extra clerks for these last three days, so
you will not have to wait. I have taken care of all comers to
their satisfaction? and I am going, to do it even to the last day,
so come on and see our pretty new store and this wonderful se
lection of merchandise*
5^10 aM ZSc Stwe I
(Will be closed Christmas Day.) 220 So?m Mam St. 1