Newspaper Page Text
TUESDAY AND FRIDAY
Weekly, Kpfalilfolied I860; Dally, Jan. 18,1014.
ANDERSON, S. FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 8, 1915.
PRICE $1.50 THE YBAR
LE L BLEAK VOLUNTMUL
GOVERNORSHIP OF SOI
RESIGNATION WRITTEN IN RED INK BY
OWN HAND CAME AS SHOCK TO THE
PEOPLE OF ENTIRE STATE
DRAMATIC FINALE OF CAREER
IS WITHOUT AN EXPLANATION
Lieutenant Governor Charles . A. Smith Steps
Promptly to the Helm and Good Old
Ship of State Sails Serenly on?Has
Five Days in Office.
(By Asfloclated Press.)
COLUMBIA, S. C, Jan. 14.?Cole L.- Blease today retired as South Caro
lina's governor, five days before his second term of 'two years would have
ended. His resignation, sent to Secretary of State McCown, was suppl
uientcd by a brief message to the general assembly informing the members
that it also was tendered to them.
Some members of the house-of representatives and senate cheered the
announcement of the governor's resignation. No formal action waa nec
essary and by direction of the presiding officers in the two houses the mes
page was received only as Information.
Lieutenant Governor Charles A. Smith was Immediately sworn In as the
State's chief executive to serve out the unexplred term. Chief Justice Gary,
of the State supreme court, administering the oath of office. Mr. Blease and
several State officials then accompanied Mr. Smith to the governor's office.
I.eGrand O. Walker, president of the senate, automatically succeeded to the
No previous intimation of the governor's action had been given and no
reason for it was assigned. The present leg^'ature is chiefly composed of
inen who are his political opponents and it wus-'sald that proposals to in
stitute, impeachment proceedings againBt him ware made at a meeting of
legislators Tuesday night, but that no action war. taken.
Written by V.an? and In Rr d Ink.
"I hereby resign my office as governor of South Carolina/' wrb the full
communication of Qovernor Blease to the secretary of state. It was writ
ten by hand and In red ink. Both the governor and his friends Tefused to
add anything to the brief statement. The message to the general assembly
was equally terse.
Governor-elect Bichard I. Manning will be Inaugurated next Tuesday.
He has been a political opponent* of Mr. Bleaso and defeated Lieutenant
Governor Smith, endorsed by Governor Blease, for the Democratic nomina
tion for'United States senator by Ellison D. Smith, the incumbent.
He Hah Had a Bemarkable Career. ....
Governor Blease, some times called "the 'Stormy Petrel of South Caro
lina," was accounted one of the most picturesque figures in American pnb
11c life. Original In conception and daring In execution, hin administration
has been marked by many unusual' actions. Numerous grants of clemency
to State prisoners, public statements which were construed to mean that he
was opposed'to using State troops to prevent the lynching of negroes when
they attacked- white women, and the recent disbanding of the South Caro
lina national guard helped make hl i official career notable.
nig waba?! * l Pardon Record.
"'"I love the pardoning power," once said. "I want to give the poor
devila anothor chance.. I hope to make the number an even thousand before
I go out of onlce."
Records show that the governor surpassed even his own expectations.
Just.before retiring today he Issued 27 clemency grants. Four men sentenced
to life imprisonment for murder were paroled and four others received com
mutations.. ' Most of the remaining number were given commutations. To
day's action made a total of 1,708' prisoners granted clemency during the
governor's four years administration.
FuR pardons recently were granted approximately 1,000 prisoners who,
Previously had been paroled, this action restoring their citizenship. Super
intendent D. J. Griffith, of the State penitentiary, said tonight that less than
one hundred prisoners ate now held here.
. Governor Blease is the first South Carolina chief executive who has re
signed to enter,.private life. Other, governors have resigned, bnt only forJ
,t.h? purpose of accepting some other office. Mr. Blease has made no an-']
n oun renient as to h la future plans.
' .'' Kfc Speetacwlar Political Career. _
Governor BI?aae'n oolitl?al career has been* marked by'numerous specta
- cular Incidents and controversies.. While practicing law in Newberry, S.
ci., ho became active In politics and in 1890 was elected to the'State house of j
representatives. He also served in "the State senate and was president pro
tem of that body In 4907-'08.
Afterva heated campaign lu 191?, In which defeated the prohibition of!
element's .candidate in. the . Democratic, primaries, he waa inaugurated 'as
governor in January, ion. His inaugural address was considered a unique
State, document in that It contained scathing denunciation: of .some of tho
nelfr-govern or't,enemies:!. Shortly after he\ assumed office he .began ex-,
tending clemency to convicta in the State penitentiary, declaring that- a
prlately^ntfootod. Institution at the prison wus a "tuberculosis breeder.**
One statement attributed to he governor at that "he would free at least
one prisoner, for each, day he's'^e^ as goveraor/^ .
,'_.* '' J'-'-''' ' .CtovArrisy^ Term. X
\ Blease was rehomtnated in 1913 in the Democratic, primaries, defeating
Irn B. Jones, who resigned aa chief justice of the State supreme court, to
oppose him. ' His second-term wa?. Marked by his dismissal of virtually all
the notaries public from office;"his dismissal of a number of magistrates who j
had incurred his disfavor, and his participation lu a number of public con
troversies with members of tho State supremo court nnd' other Stato offi
cials. He also became involved in a dispute with the federal war. depart- J
m?ht over State mUH'a affaira and. several days ago he Issued an order dis
banding, the entire militia. /
: During ills administration Governor Blesse and tho State legislature j
(Continued on page eight) . A
SMITH'S SEAT TO
WILL REMAIN OPEN UN
TIL BETHEA TAKES HOLD
Felicitated by Friends in All Parts
of the State=-No Spectacu
Special to Tlio tnlclligcncer.
COLUMBIA. Jan. 14.?The position
of lieutenant governor of South Car
olina will remain vacant until An
drew J. Betheu is inaugurated on next
Tuesday at noon.
Senator Legrand Walker Is the
president pro tern of the senate and as
such will wield the gaMel In the upper
body until Mr. Bethea is inducted into
office. Senator Walker will remain as
senator from Georgetown County and
hold the position of president pro
tern and will not qualify as lieutenant
governor. He stated this tonight after
adjournment or the senate. ir he
were to qualify as lieutenant governor
it would vacate his seat in the Ben
ate'. No one can make htm qualify
and no one wants to see him lose nlB
seat. He In too valuable a member
and every one realizes that he would
adorn the office of lieutenant gover
Governor Smith was in his . office
this afternoon. Telegrams or con
gratulations reached him from several
parts of the State. Editor Hooker of
the Spartanburg Journal wired con
gratulations and many others came to
him. His office was thronged with
people coming in to congratulate hint,
and the State.
The house thought there ought to
be' some more formal inaugural ex
ercises for the new governor and ac
cordingly adopted a concurrent reso
lution for the two houses to meet in
Joint assembly at noon tomorrow for
more formal Inaugural exercises for
Governor Smith. The resolution
came ofler on the senate side tonight
but on objection from Senator Slak
ier went over for consideration to
The rapidity with which.changes in
the governors took place today was
still the t?lk of Columbia late'tonight.
The nu tter was the general topic of
conversation in the capitol, in hotel
lobbies and on the streets and every
one had his reason for the occurrence.
Governor Smith late this afternoon
indicated that his five days in office
would not see any spectacular moves.
There Is general satisfaction that he
Is goWrnor and It is the general con
census of opinion that he will fill the
office with credit to himself and honor
to his State. He sent a message to
the scnato tonight notifying them
that he had taken the oath of- office as
South Carolina: Pair Friday and
WILL STAY AWAY
Governor Hooper of Tennesst
Will Decline to See Success**
(By Aanoci&tal PrcwO
NASHVILLE, TENN.. ' Jan. 14.?
Thomas C'Rye, of Paris, TennJ, will
be inaugurated go^er?or of Tennetsee
tombrvttw at noon. The ceremony will
take pkee In the Ryman. auditorium
and a'large crowd is expected, to wit
ness the return of a Democrat to
1 In a statement issued today Gover
nor Hooper announced that h? would
not ratend his successor's inaugura
"Only tho most cogent reasons in
volving important'considerations of .a
public character : could constrain ?ne
t? d?clin?." he aayo. .*
Governor Hooper charges the leg
3nature of 1911 with delaying his in
uguration and the present Demo
cratic legislature with netting th? seal
Of its approval upon that action by
fixing the inauguration 10 days be
fore the expiration of his constitu
tional term of oftlce. '^s^^^i
FRENCH FORCED TO YIELD
IN FRONT OF UREGUY
AFTER 2 DAYS FIGHT
Petrogtad Claims Progress on
Right Bank of the Lower
(Dy Ataociftted Prag.)
A reverse of the AUien along the
AlBnc in the neighborhood of Sols
song is admitted in the latest French
ofTicial statement.' although the possi
ble effect of the German advance is
After continuous engagements!
which igRi.od nearly two days, ihe
Germans rorced the French to yield
in front or Vregny. east pf Crouy. The
French war office explains that the
flooding of thc River Aisne destroyed
several of the bridges and thuB ren
dered precarious the communications
0 fthe troops operating on the right
bank. These troops were withdrawn,
as it was> thought impossible to send
reinforcements to their support.
"The success 1b a partial one for
our adversaries," says the French
statement, "but will have no influ
ence on the operations as a whole."
Emperor Willlajm himself was
present at these operations which re
sulted in capture of several thousand
French prisoners ajnd were continued
throughout January 12 and 13.
Petrograd claims progress on the
right bank of the lower Vistula, where
the Germnn cavalry was, repulsed. On
the other front the fighting Is made
up largely of skirmishes and artillery
duels. - ^
The general otaf?-of the Russian
Caucasus army devotes a statement
to operations in Azerbaijan, where it
is explained, it became expedient to
regroup the Russian forces, nccessi
1 tating evacuation of certain places
previously occcupied. No important
action took place.
British aviators early in the week
dropped bombs on the German posi
tion In Antwerp, according to a Neth
erlands newspaper dispatch. Tho
damage has not been ascertained.
Eighteen Russian generals have
been discharged from important posi
tions, according to the Hamburg
Geneva reports that members of
the Austrian nobility and aristocracy
and Viennese financiers arc deposit
ing large sums of money -in Switzer
land and also giving orders for pur
chase of quantities of ammunition
Secretary Bryan has acknowledged
in a friendly spirit receipt of the pre
liminary British reply to the Ameri
can protest against treatment accord
ed neutral commerce by British war
ships. No comment Is made by tho
secretary In view of the fact that It is
Great Britain's intention to reply lat
er iu detail. /
FELT IN AMERICA
Swarthmore College Seismograph
at Philadelphia Recorded,
(By Associated Press.)
PHILADELPHIA. Jan. I4.r-Vibrn
tlons from the earthquake in Italy
wore recorded by the Swarthmore
College seismograph. Dri 'J. A., Mil
ler, professor of astronomy, who de
I voloped the film of the Instrument to
day, said there was a series'of shocks,
! the Orst recorded at 8:44. Tuesday
['night, or 2:35 a. m. Wednesday, Rome
I time. The most severe f "lock occur
red at 11:21 o'clock Tuesday night, or
ht 5:12 o'clock Wednesday morning in
o ooooo oo ooooooo o o o o
o ALABAMA MAV o
o 'JOIN "DRi*" COLUMN* o
a -* ?
o (By Associated Press ). o
o MONTGOMERY, AJs., Jan. 14. p
o ?i-A bin to make .Alabama a pro- o
o hlbltlon State after Jon e30, 1915, o
b was passed today by both houses o
o of thc legislature and, atter final o
o ratification by both houses tomor- o
o row, will go to Governor O'Neal o
o for his consideration. Should tfe o
6 take adverse action on the. mess- o
o tire, it was asserted, an attempt o
o will be made to pass it over bis o
b Veto. Prohibition leaders claim- o
o'od that the voto today?74 to 27 o
? in the honso and 26 to 9 in the o
o senator-Indicated that this could o
o be accomplished. o
ESTIMATED DEAL FROM
25,000 TO 50,000
WORK OF RESCUE
Dozens of Towns Have Been
Literally Levelled to the
(By Associated Pre?.)
ROME, Jan. 14.?The toll of tlencl
and injured In the great earthquake
that sweot over c<?ntrul and southern
Italy has not been made up, but ad
vices reaching Rome indicate the
ever-growing extent of the uloutjier.
Towns with thousands of inhabi
tants have been overthrown and from
sonic- of these come details which
show an immense loss of life. Esti
mates ran tonight from 25,00(1 to 50,
000 dead and injured, and yet there
.are several sections which undoubt
edly felt the.-earthquake in full mea
sure, from which no estimates can be
In the ancient territory of MarBl,
which includes Avezzauo, the victims,
are placed at 25,00. Only a small min
ority Is left of the inhabitants of
Avezzauo. who numbered approxi
Fifteen other towns and villages in
that section have been laid waste.
King Victor Emmanuel is at Avezza
no and 30,000 soldiers have been des
patched to various centers where the
force of the disturbance waB greatest.
Italy as a nation has arisen to give
succor, as she did at the ttme of the
Messina earthquake six years ago, to j
those who have fallen is this latest
catastrophe from which the country
has suffered. '?$?ffd
While the greater part of the dam
age was done by the first earthquake
which occurred Wednesday morning
at 7:55 there has been at least one se
vere shock since then which resulted
in the collapse of many structures
which escaped the first and it Is esti
mated that more than one hundred
shocks, for the most part of a minor
nature, occurred during the 24 hours
after the disaster.
ROME, Jan. 14.?Demolished or
partly demolished towns dot Italy
from Naples northward to Ferrara
and crosswise the peninsula from
the Tyrrhenian to the Adriatic Seas,
over which Wednesday's earthquako
Thousands of dead lie beneath the
debris or dwellings, churches and pub
lic institutions which crumbled un
der the earth's vibrations.
Not even an estimate of the aggre
gate fatalities 1b obtainable as num
erous plac?e are still isolated owing
to the severance of telegraphic, tele?
phonic and railroad communication.
It is known, however, that Avezzano
is a necropolis and that also in Sora,
some 25 miles to the southeast, a
large number of lives were lost.
In Avezzano and vicinity it is esti
mated that 15,000 perished and that
the dead in Sora will total 1,000.
So far as known about 20 towns
have, been completely levelled while
an almost equal number suffered ser
ions damage. In all these places per?
sons were killed or Injured.
. Volunteers worked heroclally night
and day endeavoring to extricate
wounded or rescue the bodies of the
dead from the ruins. King Victor
Emanucl himself directed tho work at
Avezzano, where th? nl*ecus appeal*!
of pe??oss cf usht beneath wreckage '
could be plainly heard.
It is estimated that in Avezzano 4,
000 persons are. burled alive, some of
them school children In an institution
Only four soldiers of the garrison
of 400 In Avezzano escaped when the
Sora with Its population of 20,000
was almost entirely destroyed. All
municipal government authorities
perished. Four hundred and fifty bod
ies already have been taken from the
ruins there and a large number are
Tra?na; from the east aro bringing
hundreds of Injured into Rome, where
they are being taken to hospitals aud
private houses for treatment. Sur
geons and nurses are being dispatched
from all. directions into the stricken
districts to minister to the needs of
the injured, while troops are being
sent to the ruined or damaged towns
to guard against vandals.
Among the towns which are said
to have been virtually destroyed are
Avezzano, Sora, Capelle. Magila no,
Marse, Massadalbe, Collarmele, Oer
chlro, Lei II, Paterno, Sah Fellno, OiO*
samarsl,, Scurcola, Caplstrello, Antro
aano and Castronovme, while Pesciua,
Orthonnmarl, Sanitelimo, Sah Bene
detto, Ortucchlo, Cocullo, Bioegnn,
Balsorano, Canlstro, Clvitelladantlno,
Castellafluml, Pagllotra and Sorbo
are badly damaged.
From many other'places com6 re
ports of slighter damage and minor
MANY MATTERS OF INTER
EST BEFORE THE STATES
JUDGE M. L. SMITH
Former Speaker of House and
Candidate for Governor Elect
ed Judge of Fifth Circuit.
Special to The Intelligencer.
COLUMBIA; Jan. 14.?In a half hour
sesion tonight several important new
bills were introduced in the Senate.
One by Senator sink 1er provides for
the ubc of thc Australian lmilot in all
primary elections in the city of Char
The Charleston senator also put In
the Swearingcn bill providing for lo
cal option compulsory education. Sen
ator Carlisle introduced the Evans
bill providing for straight state-wide
compulsory education and Senator
Lee introduced a bill providing for
compulsory attendance on the public
schools of all children between the
ages of six and thirteen years. This
trio of educational bills went to the
committee on education.
Prohibition Bill Introduced.
Tho bill for a referendum on State
wide prohibition September 14th was
introduced by Senator Carlisle and
Representative Alan Johnstono, Jr.,'
and referred to the committee pn po
lice regulations. Sepator Hughes.in
troduced a bill providing' for a flat
two cent passenger rate on all rail
roads with short lines exempted. ?l?
also put in a bill to separate races in
textile manufacturing plants.
A Joint resolution to extend the time
for the payment of the State and
county taxes to March l?th without
penalty wbb introduced by Senator
Senator Verner introduced a bill to
repeal the cotton acreage reduction
act aid also one "rovidic fsr mov
ing pictures in public schools.
The senate tonight reversed its
former action and decided to accept
the Invitation to visit Winthrop Col
lege on January 20. -
' Tho house yesterday voted to go to
On nomination of Senator Carlisle,
Senator Sherard of Anderson was ad
ded to the committee on commerce
Senate Names Committee.
A concurrent resolution introduced
by Senator Laney, providing for the
appointment of a committee of tbveo
members from each' HouSe .to wait on
Governor-elect Manning and Lieuten
ant Governor-elect Bethea and ar
range for their Inauguration on Tues
day, was unanimously adopted. Presi
dent pro tern. Walker named Senators
Laney of Chesterfield, R. D. Epps of
Sumter and Slnkler of Charleston as
the committee; on the .part of the Sen
'.Mendel Smith Elected Judge. .
Mendel L. Smith of Camden was
unanimously elected Judge of the fifth
Judicial circuit here this afternoon by
the Senate and House In Joint assem
bly. Mr. Smith was placed ta a nomin
ation by Representative Mills, of Ker
shaw county and seconds came from
all parts of the hall. Judge Smith was
formerly speaker of t ie House and
made the race for governor last surr?
Election Next Thursday.
The House set Thursday of nest
week for the Joint assembly to elect
penttebttnry directors, code' commis
sioner, and college trustees.
The Joint assembly canvassed the
returns for* governor and lieutenant
governor at 1 o'clock. Hon. Richard I.
Manning was declared the nominee
for governor and Hon. A. J. Bethea
for lieutenant governor.
They will be inaugurated on Tues
day at noon In the presence of the two
houses in joint session.
OFF FOR GERMANY
Clyde Freighter Navahoe Sails
From Norfolk with 4,000
(By Axsodat^d. Pre**.) -
NORFOLK, Va.. Jon. 14.?Tho Clyde
line steamer Navahoe sailed.today for
Bremen, Germany, wiih a cargo of cot
ton. She has 4,000 bales on board and
was loaded under the supervision of
inspectors from the British consul's
office here. , Her fetches were bat
tened and stamped with tho British
government ?etil. . ^ . _
>N PLAN OF
SHOULD BONDS BE VOTED
FOR STREET PAVING A
COMMISSION IS TO
SPECIAL BODY TO
HAVE 7 MEMBERS
i Consisting of E. R. Horton, Dr.
B. A. Henry, B. O. Evans,
Paul E. Stevens, J. H. God*
frey, Walter Dobbins and
Charles Spearman. ..^
o PAVING COMMISSION.
?: & Godfrey, -^sirsss; S. 5.?
o Horton, Dr. B. A. ficftry, B* O* a
o Evans, Pan! E. Merits, Walter o
o Bobbin?? Charier Sncanasa. a
Should the citizens of Anderson
vote a bond issue for ' street paying,
the funds will be handled, by a special
1 commission of four freeholders 'at
large, two aldermen and' the mayo?.
the personnel of which will,consist of
j Mayor J. H. Godfrey, who will bo
chairman; E. B. Horton, B. A. Henry,
I M. D., b. O. Evans, Paul B. 8te*?ps,
Walter Dobbins and Charles Spear*
man. " ' :
The Oalj Way.
The decision to appoint a paving
commission to h?ve charge of ! i5e'
handling of the proposed bond issue
was made at a epeclal meeting of city
counclj held last night in the mayor**
I office The election of members of the
commission waa earrlcwt ? tbi
same time. In addition, the city at
torney waB instructed"to fsrtfard to
the Anderson County dolegatloa In itip
general atsembly the proposed bill
providing for the calling of an elec
tion in Anderson on tho question of
Issuing bonda tor street pavemsnt
Commission to Organise*
Within the neat few days the pay*
Ing commission will meet for the par*,
pose of organizing and mapping bat
plans for circulating petitions calling
upon city council to order tho bond
[election. Members of council yester
day consulted several prcm!neu t bus
iness men of the city with reference
to their willingness to servo on tho
paving commission, and ! from the
I large number who stated they would
serve council last- night chose tue
four whoso names have been mention
The Special Meetfeg.
Upon the convening of the special
session of council last night It Was
explained that the object of the mov
ing was to determine how' council
should handle the matter of disburs
ing the paving funds, by having coun
cil take charge of the matter or by
appointing a special commission of
citizens ot large to cooperate with a
smaller committee from city council
to handle the matter.
Alderman Barton came forward
with a suggestion that council appoint
six citizens of the city, one from each
ward, who would cooperate with
council In handling the paving mat
ter. Objection was raised to Alder
man Barton's suggestion on the
grounds that the commission would
be so large that it would prove un
Alderman Dobbins' !?<kjo?L
Alderman Waiter Dobbins oame
forward vriin a resolution providing
fos i?ie appointment of a paving com
mission c-t five persons, three t~ bo
elected by city council at largo .ad
the other two to be ah alderman and
Objection, wan raised to the division
or the commission, Alderman Sp*ar
man proposing three members of
council and three ci'utens at large.
In the discussion of thia proposed:
amendment members ex" council otat
ed that unless council Uok the paving
matter out of their bj&V;rav3igcaa
it in the hands of a cotu^aloa a
bond issue, for paving would ' neve*
carry. They sUted;tbat>.t;ws? ne*
that the citizens of Anderson did not
have the confidence in the integrity of
members of council, but they desired
to see the matter taken out' of poli
For the next a?rera* ?listsa there
... free-f( discussion Of
proposed amendment and.for a
It seemed members of council were
hopelessly divided on the point. Fi
nally, It was suggested that the repre
sentation of citizens at large bo in
creased from three to four and thst
the representation In council bo :1a
cveased from two toOjrttvHaahlng a
commission of seven menders instead
of five. The suggestion served as a
compromise, and Alderman Speannah
offered the suggestion as op nmrad
ment to the resolution proposed by
Alderman Dobbins. The/amendm^nt
*^<c?immrED os :P4pSyf^vTW,).'.