F. V.'; jm i v
' | About Fences.
< smaller a field tho more mafor
fencing will be required, and
^Wearer the square form the cheaper
Joat of Inclosing th<- field. Fences
/ heavv taxen on flip fnrmnp mill
/ild by avoided if possible, but if
Jeer. are made it will be cheaper to
/o tho.ii >f che bcs>t material.
/ For Grass Seed.
rl'ho boat condition for the growth of
ra.s.s is a aoll Arm. well-disintegrated
fi n whole, but with a smooth and line
/nilace tilth. This condition also anIwcrs
for t.h'i cereal grains, with which
Ruch krass is usually sown. Winter
Avlu at is the best crop with which to
Ibow gnu.; siv- !. sprinj? wheat next and
/oats the in-> r unsatisfactory.
/V )''armcrn arc frequently offered diiv
aase-proof plants and trees, so-called,
but i'. may bo safely claimed that no
variety of ;? n\ grape, cherry, apple,
peach, g'jiinoM'MTy or other fruit is
uxempt from ii'soases peculiar to its
species. Sons"' varieties may not be
no susceptible o disease- as others, but
If within rauae of disease they will
purt-ly bo iMacked.
To Preserve the Currants.
September i.s the best month in the
year to renew the currant plantation
from cutting . nr from division of new
Ml' .? ...I.. - I." P..11..
-W/WI.I. -'14 -? \nrt Ilia* uc uai AJLUI1J
removed 'ir.il livlded, so as to retain
vigorous, li.-Hi'.liy wood and roots.
These sh.inid be cut back somewhat,
and planted once in freshly prepare.'.
iiard Hi .oil. where they can be
hilled up liv'ivily for winter.
Specimen* of f.crman lor Dwarf Rsfiex?
rape Town s-how the power of
the p'.unt for s^-nrinp feed and moistur.
Plan' >nly one foot, liiEh were
tint? i:p havia^ large nets extending
four loot, while Uie feeding roots near
ihe surface were not only injurious.
Tint extended over ;i large area. In
time of drought the plant can get
moisture in plenty. ;is it reachcs l'ar
into the ;ii <yl.
Cottonseed i.i' al contains ahout 7
1 < er.t '>t .tltroK^n, and the farmers
buy it sof;;.'<ir.i -s in tlieir fertilizers
If they wiii ; > -uore cottonseed and
r..< il is t'ooii. for stock thov
"will dertv i prollt therefrom and
liuvo ft lame p r-'ion '( !'*. in tho man,-Airo.
Tho "h'wp-j-t way to u:io cither
. coiyyiaeo ! liust'.iii mats is to mak?
meet; 'milk, ! t r, < y.s and jjrain
fro^lr.f'i'u *"X ma ' rials.
(ii o *' ' \f -orn th :m nro about '
It". ! muds oi i: ;< ?. 15 pounds phosphoric
:k <<i u: 1 >. po ;nds po\a ;h. in
a t - i of ln i:. :!i"re are pounds n 1tro,: ):.
pi)(,.'?>!<ori<: acid aril '
'12 f'ou'v.is !> . i. The bran i:> ccn- I
eeipiontly mu It richer than corn in !
1li<?c rk 'ui .it,-,. '.ml it will pay to J"!!
cor;. .i! 1 l)ii/ r s.i To save nil plant
fou.i; thero -.'.ioiiM In* attention givi'ii
1 i;; i v ?. < ' iLian of the liquid 1'erti- I
Rc.i2'A .icj tl'.c Orchard,
i ft)iI < the time to renew tli'1 i
or ?!. i mov > ,lie dead wood and |
then ; : >?\ !i;ai:d. ?:ppl.vin?; bone nioal '
and ' i.sinvs. .\!;inure may also bo ,
ap, it; i . .. th<* v, round bo
iur< v. ! : !! i| ni'ter the fertilizer '
ar. nrjiaiir" have b; en broadcasted j
In spring tin? ground may b<> used i
for potatoes >arly cabbage. carrots, j
Ik (I or in,: ..ni which will permit
of? "owin^' i rop while: cultivating the
T) Keop Onions.
. !<? c]) <?:. ?.!.? ?> \. irn r put <h'iin t
ill a tlry ! ; ?n. 'ieh as n barn loll, j
am) .;j;res m:> '>ti a llf.or or on i
she! '> in ?*. r?. II Ihoy shoal:!
i. .0 In;.'..' it will not duinago
tliMn. i "o ! '!'.< > arc in i disturbed
w) t'roz :i Ti v .should bo covered
jwill. : u t;ly. if ;i:i, "r in order u> jiss t
in j. Ihm, "ici-!< n thawing, but u.v ,
uali.. if i-.iio of onions are not
trio tli!( \ it/.i '. location Is dry they
\vi!l i<e ii vi?1 i i i difficulty.
A 0<1. dsn Hint.
If is f'ir. ? ;ni . laime.l that a Rar- ,
<1< si ! i mo rich, 'ind that it proiJiK1*"'
an Ti'f, .-ii i .vi?i of vino,
will; tail lii'l'' -?i.,*,i!' it fruit. Tin?
?Iinitvi v lin ill" 'jffirdi'U contains
an .-XO' SR >! I :i?l ol plant foods.
Kotatn i cpm cr make the pardon
in a im'w i'H t )ii .rowing corn, potatoes
a:;d > ucccHsively on the
old f 'l ?ii vh??u may he used as a
garden ' n uri . Ii is dotthMlil. however
if } ^ ii"! ' '?( too rie;i.
Toronto v inn arc .0011
with num 'i'omh wo. 11 white < l?jf!cts
iullii rli'.K to 'hem, Ahi. li are tin* eg?.';;
of p> ;>ae or which prey upo 1
the woi'rii.*. "<>niati> wonns thus attacked
rthuiilH not l>e (lost roye?l. if
fara . will ii: pain?-- to thus make
the L.eMon h< / will propnj,ato the
frlf ii'lly p'lt isi'm 10 (h the work of
(Icrtru t!m irr.intf insects more cf
fOPtMnllv Hi.hi in any other manner
\Vo ') >.iid ' arn to know the insect
frJei'i] from .'o^s aM'l protect them.
!3i it.o/ing Hardhack.
Not lo-.iK aK> I had occasion to ctoks
the adjoining pas lures of two larp;o
dairy farm" wi'li natural conditions*
about aliko On one there was a
large amount of hardback, whilo on tho
Other tliero was only an occanionally
Hinail Hhrub to be soon.
On tho (11.-it ih ro bad been no attempt
niado ?>> chock or destroy tho
growth, but I found on enquiry that
on the o'her thorough work had been
mad;! in iiullinc nn Mm Imulmo <?
tall a few years slnco. It must havo
been pretty thorough, too, and effectual
to harctty leavo a traco behind.
( Porhapa tho fall pulling was what did
tho business, rtlmilar to that of cutting.
It Is well worth trying again.- K. R.
* ' V v"? ' " , * . / ,' v '
When the laud liaa been plowed in
tho fall the farmer sometimes objects
to cross-plowing tho Held early in
the season because the hardy woods
put in an appearance almost before
frost leaves tho ground. This Is in
favor of the farmer, if he will give
the subject the proper view, as he can
destroy the weeds by loosening in the
soil, allowing warmth to enter, thus
forcing the weeds to germinato, so as
to destroy them before the s :eding of
grain Is done. The earlier the weeds
can be started the fewer there will bo
later on if the cultivator is used frequently
after the weeds begin to appear.
A New Way of Cutting Buckwheat.
A new way of cutting buckwheat.,
which came under my observation last
year, seems worthy the consideration
if buckwheat raisers as a time and
labor saver as well as an improvement
oh the quantity of the grain. In
ui vuiiuik u wiin a crauie unci
letting It lio beforo raking and gathering
up, tliB buckwheat was cut with
a binder and the sheaves ware gathered
iij) and placed standing in one
? orner of the Held, so that the sheaves
did not touch each other. The bands
were then cut with a knife and the
grain was allowed to stand until it was
thoroughly dry, when it was hauled
into tlu> barn.?Thomas W. Llcyd, in
the Tribune Fanner.
Try Hairy Vetcl
Those who are not familiar with
wand or hairy vetch sh< ul?i .'.row it and
ascertain for themselves how valuable
it is. A good way to test it is to ta o
a single acre of land and prepare
for wheat, being careful to get as nice
a seed bed as possible, then at wheat
oK/.vin.^ uim.', sow mis land wnn a
mixture of one bushel of wheat and
one bushel of hairy votch. The result
will be surprising for the crcp in the
. pring will be excellent for hay or for
soiling. The hairy vetch may be
grown alone or it may be used as a
cover for young orchards. It does
especially well under the shade of
trees, hence could be used to advantage
in orchards of considerable size
MAKING MILK PALATABLE.
! Some Valuable and Practical Suaaea
tions to Amateur Nurces.
Many patients when oivlered a milk
diet positively state that they eannot
endure the taste of milk, that it always
nauseatej them, or I hat it tuakes
them billions anil produ ;; headache.
The objection to tin; taste <111 always j
he overcome, and by a little tact and
persev? ranee Du re are few persons
who cannot digest a more or less ox
luslve milk diet for a few days or
wcK'ks if the milk is properly given.
Their previous unfavorable experience
Is probably die* to having a large dose
or undiluted in'Ik which soured coagur:;led
and wax rejocteii, existing all
the (ii. taste which they h.ivi treasured
W'.en the milk <1 lot is necessary,
such patients should commence with
a teaspoonful or two at a time, repeating
it once in ten or fifteen minutes.
Ii (he milk taken very slowly into
the stomach anil mingled on the way
widi saliva, like other food, oat.cn
rntlior than drunk, it is impossible
to .form tlic* largo tough curds that it
d;i< whoa poured down by the turnIderftil.
like a dose of dl.:.igreoablo
ialia. In this manner by degrees the
patient, will be convinced of his ability
to retain it and then the quantity
may he increase 1.
:'.o:;n'lirnoK patients dislike the taste
of raw milk or tiro of it. This may he
easily overcome by flavoring it in a
variety of ways. A few tea.poontuls
<,r ni-wif ,.r .. .
! .!< .ins ai hiuul. Very we .'v lea iu;-.y
be preforml. ('arnnvl or Kinder is
mother ? xc 'lont flavoring .vubstanee
wire!) may be liberally u vd. Some
patients m?y take a little chocolate
or cocoa nibs infusion with their glass
(it milk. Others prefer tin* addition
of common Hit 11 or a little black pepper.
of tins additions materially at'r.
ec :b" nutritive value of milk and
tiio variety of taste which may be secured
with these different flavoring
substances will invariably overcome
all prejudice.1 . Housekeeper.
Where Soap Grows Wild.
I a mountain near Elko, Nov..
t.herc is an inexhaustible supply of
pup' soap. One may enter the mine
with a butcher's knife and cut as lar^e
a pi fee as ho wants. It is beautifully
tuoifled and on Immur exposed to the
air hardens somewhat. The mountain
of eiay is of fine texture and it contains
borncie acid, si .da and borate of
1 ( ((dor i< };iven it by the iron and
ot.h"i minerals. In its natural state it
!.- r.'lher strong in alkali and re:-.loves
ink irui other stains readily. At one
tijtiCi ii was lined in all of tho lavatot
rioH r>n the Pullman cars, hut as soon
as hi fact became generally known
i the c.iiis were carried away hy trav,
e!ei as souvenirs. The railroad compan
voitld nri supply the demand, so
it ;is forced to dlKcontinue its use.
Telephones Help to Catch Horse
"' eicphonos ar- coming in handy to
i .it ' i horse 11?'? \f- ? " said George <!.
Fr< :b "The have not been used sso
i u , ie Milwaukee a in th? smaller
c iti< i f this and other states. There,
wh ii the rohhery of a horse is reported,
the sheriff telephones to the
farmers on o\ery road, and so many
farmer:! have 'phones now that this i:practicable.
After every farmer hftf
UAAI, M>t .AM ? .** ~ ? * * - *
iitt*;11 f;m ii u urai i mmi'1'! <>l I IIO HlOIPn
horse, it Is pretty difficult for the thief
to escape, for he must pans out of t)?o
city over some country road, .Tin! many
captures have been made in this way."
Monona Tde&Hone Line for Farmers.
Ol' the farmers' telephone line in
Flathead county, Mon.. 160 miles of
wire are now lip. and tho company e:
iA/.f i < < tin* ???v ?? -? ? ? * 1
JIWJH IU |l II t ll|? low 111 HUB IIlliTV, niHKing
a total of 309 miloa of wire, which
will bo uHfld in ronnoflinR 200 formorn
with Kaliflpell and the teiophono
exchange when it is fully completed
About 600 telephone arc in uae and
the line in beiatf hurried to completion.?Klqrtrtcltv.
y- Mir j.: . ,t
STATURE OF JAPANESE,
THEY HAVE ALWAYS BEEN A LITTLE
Their Size and Soldiership Historically
Considered?A Question of Diet?An
Increase in Quality of tho Food of
the Nation Suggested.
The statement of Maasamoto Isoda,
assistant commissioner of Japan to
Hxi 1 T. 1
I v.v, ..wuisiaua rliicnasc t'xposmon, was
I that the small stature of his people
Is uscrihablo to their neglect of phyj
sical culture sirn-.i their revolution ol
j lStJ8; neglect brought about by the in
| tensity of their application to the
study oi western civilization, in order
I that tiiey might appropriate its best
| fruits in the interest cf their own
progress. This idea is extraordinary,
as coming from one of a people whoso
: citizens are generally of proved carefulness
of statement even under war'a
i temptation to exaggerate.
The year J8?;s is assignee* by Massa!
moto I sod a as the time of Japan's dej
parture from her form or isolation
| among nations, but 18j3, when ComI
ntodoro I'erry bvought nbiut a treaty
j with that country, is really the period
; when western civilization d.nvned upon
the Japanese, and they bc&:an to benj
efit by iLrf illumination, l-.nt. even if
| we grant the additional term of 15
i years, between 1853 and IS-5S, to Japi
anese intensity of study, the whclc
j term of 50 yo?.rs tlion conec ned would
not account for the smallest degree
of diminution in their physique.
Always a Little People.
In 1853 and ISfiS, and from that time
immemorial, probably tlho Japanese
were of the same size as they are
now. We have, with reference to the
period of 1853, the testimony of our
naval ofllccrs who wero with Perry.
We have the long antecedent testi1
mony of the (Chinese, who were fond
of en Hi ih<?m flu-orfo
time v lien thny had a taste of their
; mettle, and camp to recognize thorn
as the champions against western aggression.
The huge athletes of their
country, relatively few individuals,
represent the only class of hig men
among them, and they have reached
j their physical condition through a
long course of artificial selection, pursued
generation after generation. Excepting
these, a large Japanese man is
s: rarity. When the Americans, the
Rev. Dr. Phillips TIrooks and his intimate
friend, the Rev. Dr. William
McVickar. visited Japan, thej were
regarded there as the giants hi 1S7I
happened to have the pleasure to bo
one of a reception commit! *e to welcome
some Japanese, grown men, to
this country. They were a party cf 11
in number, consisting of a gentleman
who had been a ilaimio, of an interpreter
and of nine other persons. They
were all of the size which it; still
recognized by foreigners as the Japanese
standard of physical develop
A cir-umstaneo connected with this
group of Japanese warrants a hriet
digress'.m. Th??ir exquisite courtesy
manifested itself not only in tho gentleness
of their manners, hut in delicate
consideration unexampled in any
other countrw With their revolution
of 18i,'8 the rank of dai:nio had vanished.
Nevertheless, the gentleman
to whom 1 have alluded as having held
it was treated hy his companions of
originally Ir.wer status with all the
deference appropriatn to his former
standing. Msit? ring the dining room
of tiie hot- 1 where the reception took
place, his companions always ranged
t!rems"!\? ? ooreniontcusly along tho
corridor and permitted him to pass,
whereupon they lilt <1 into the room as
if ilr v had lim 11 iiis oilhial suite.
One <i!" tho surprises of tho day has
hcen that men so diminutive as arc
iIi<" faptitu c should mak<> such ablo
soluii'is as they have proVod themsolvito
l>" in war with the Chinese
and tIf-* i'.js ians. Hut, all experience
in the f 'id j;oes U; show that, other
things Im<!hk equal. men of moderate
slxo i;/')--t nmUe i ho most effective soldiery
The are tho men host able to
Ktantl Mie v/rar and tear of campaigning.
This has been proved from tho
earliest historical times. I.ivy says:
"It alians, eorporo hnudrpiaquam satis
YHIMHIH; (IMI'llllll SlIKIIllIl.S Nil jllTII usque
militia'': l.atiniM, virihus indent
bellator it;e primus." The Roman,
not t) an moans endowed with
hodily Kfrength. i?. otherwise. a strenuous
man. and skilled in military service;
tin' Latin, of immense strength,
and a lirst rate warrior. Caesar's
troops were onc>? so appalled at the
idea of meeting a for e of Germans,
redoubtable for their size, strength
and feroeitv. that he was compelled to
delay pit (bed battle with them until
his army bad recovered its wonted
Vol, despite th<? <Ufforonoe in size
between the Romans and the fJerwans,
as v. * 11 as other nations, the
Romans continued in their career of
conquest until enervated by luxury
i iii' vice, sapped in their moral being,
they could no linger even hold their
c wn against hordes of barbarians,
w hen' the French overran Europe with
, Annies that none could withstand, it
was with soldiers of a people whfi
wftrf, as they still are, small la comparison
with English, German, Rusian
and American standard* of size
What, the Japanese have to look to
for the improvement in si/e of theii
; people is no? abatement of study ot
I more addiction to physical culture
but to increase in the quality of the
j food of the nation. It is only a few
years since the excessive use of ric
1 in iheir navy I d to an ir. . anion o!
herilMM'i an o.tK their sailer.?. This if
a dii'caso of the Hast Indies. especial
1v nrcvalent in .fauan an acute anae
I mie dropsy. amounting in (lability ti
' complete nervous prostration. In ron
i sequence of this occurrence, the Jap
! iineso wfp obliged to institute a die
J tetic reform in their navy, by chang*
in the character of its ration; sincr
when we have hoard nothing fnrthei
of tho prevalence of beriberi there
; Hut, dietetic military measures si'
1 not rcetify this evil in tho interest o
I the. Japanese as a people.
If any one will acquaint, himsel
j with Vhe quality of the Japanese arm;
j ration of the present time, he will !<<
! astonished to And that men can sub
slat on it under the conditions of men
* tal and physical stress under whlcl
the Japanese are now laboring. If \v<
Americans are, amon? many cI^hsch
;. v. ' - '
i ' i . A
an overfed people, as there seem*
very little reaHon to doubt, tho Japanose
are certainly an underfed ono
In military, naval and civil life, and
ought to follow dietetic western methods
besides those which they have so
successfully adopted. They seem, for
i ono thing, according to the universal
' testimony of foreigners, to bo Inordinately
fond of sweet confections and
] kickshaws of all sorts, which depart
| as far as possible from (ho kind of
1 ' nourishment which western people
> genorally consider hearty food.
! Variety, besides abundance of food,
is essential to health and growth. The
more nearly man is omnivorous, the
more nearly does he reach the best
' ! adjustment of life. Abundance may
' | be abused, but variety can never bo.
| The Japanese lack variety in their
j food, and it is to bo suspected the
ability for indulgence in abundance.
. Things may be different, however,
i with them in these respects when continental
expansion loads to the acquirement
of now tastes in food and
ability to gratify them. The Japanese
have had much to do in achieving
in r?o years what it lms taken other
peoples hundreds to accomplish.
However relatively small in person
the Japanese people may he, they are
evidently endowed with an intelligence
and character worthy of their
great traditions. The world has rarely
before seen these two element:,
combined actuating masses so great
as theirs, never before, save under the
spur, like theirs, of an all pervading
and propulsive national idea. The
spectacle of the Roman standing on
a spear, amidst doubtful battle, whilst
his priest announced his life's sacrifice
by plunging atone into the ene|
my'a ranks, to appease gods adverse
| to victory for his side, appealed to tho
i Roman mind, as it appeals to onrs, as
an exhibition of bravo devotion, oven
if too theatrical; but it is not intrinsically
equaled by that, of the men, in
their coolness of resolve, uninspired
by the heat of conflict, to whom the
Japanese Admiral, Kamimura, confidently
said, when they were departing:
with fires hips to block the channel
! to Fori Arthur, that they must die to
a num. |>ut not before they had fulfilled
WAR WITH BAD NAMES.
j Experience Appears to Indicate That
They Will Have Bad Luck.
If one should ho so hold us to characterize
the superstitious sailor as
siliv lie would at once declare that
there is suiheient reason lor his belief
and would proceed to pi*ove that
! war vessels named after stinging and
j venomous things have been unlucky
and that the country should not be so
indifferent to the men who follow "a
life on ihe ocean wave" as to organize
a mosquito fleet.
That .Snake is regarded as an unfortunate
name for a vessel is shown
by the fact that two of that name have
been lost, one in 17S1 and tlx* other in
1817; but no vessel heaving that name
i-? QAim, JM ih ,
w It it li is only a substitute name for
Snake, is an unlucky one also, for the
one wrecked in 1802 was tho fourth
British war vessel of that name to
meet, tho same fate. Viper has been
an unlucky name in the Ilritish navy.
The first one was wrecked in 17S0. but
the admiralty would not swerve, and
I so kept the name on the list, each ves!
sel meeting its doom, and the fourth
j was lost only recently. The French
| navy lias alio been unlucky with vesI
wis so named. The Viper, used in the
; .. .. . !? - r. i
wi vm- iiin'i ?m? noriime a
prliic* from the French was lost in
17!?:<. Tlir second was lost h year 1 j'.tt*r
th" third in 1707. and the fourth wa-s
r*if?-litly lost in a collision off Guernsey.
The Cobra, another Mritish war vessel,
wa:t lost recently at the same time
i :is the Yiper. Among other vessels
j similarly named and which met fates
\ other than in battle arc the Rattlesnake,
in !7S1; the Alligator, in ITS'J;
the Crocodile, in 1784; he Adder, in
1SM5; three Lizards, two Dragons and
one Ihisilisl,. All of theso were of (iio
British mt\y. The list could be made
!i.ii ! } riling Hie riH-dras or other
Tin* Xnr. (Mm a, w ho wore so fond of
miming tlndr v? ssi-is avninst the laws
i of supers! it ion, and usint; hideous
heads of dragons and reptiles on their
' high prows, wete Una unfortunate,
j and tnese did no! mwi with frequent
j disasters. They did have a belief,
nowcvrr, thai it \\?s unlueky and a
I tuiprili'i'o i<> ?.i. 1?.?-1 . iw.ii ? . ..... ? >
r, . nil II II llitllll' <11(1
Lord I)uiiia\<mi ii?r his first yacht to
challenge for lie' America's cup, the
Valkyrb*. Ami this belief was
strengthened whi'ii she was sunk by
the Satanila. The second challenger
with the same name (jave trouble, ami
sh*' was broken up after only a short
existence. ? Navy League Journal.
Man in the Iron Mask.
All th<* best informed persons of
my time have always thought that
this famous history was founded upon
the capture and captivity of Matlioll,
a I'iedmontese political prisoner, who
died in the Bfistile in 1793. In those
, days prisoners were made to wear
mask's while traveling, but it would
be more exact to say a mask the color
of iron. All the details which Voltaire
, added were simply fabulous and
laughable, ami I think you will find
that my theory of the iron mask is
the right one. -French Noblesse.
, Cutting a Woman in Two.
. Swedish restaurant keepers of the
r old fashioned .ort > harge less for a
wimiiuii ? im-iii iikiii tor <i man s, 011
the doubtful theory that she is physically
unable lo eat so much.
A husband and wife traveling to
gether only i>ay at many hotela
s\4 one person and a half; and in like
manner a wife in her husband's com*
pany may travel with a half ticket by
> train.?London Chronicle.
That Stretchy Kind.
> Hjonos- Strange affliction of Morris1'
..o?-o lut.'l It 9
I .->*%/ cr, ? .v .
Bjims Hadn't hoard; what is It?
i BJont-h?Why, ho has become ho nc/
customed to eating his wife's Welsh
5 rabbit that he lias developed a mania
for chewing rubber bands.- What to
1 i .... i'?.?.? ,
? E^ypt imports annually about Wf50,
. i 000 worth of "cigarette paper*"
. ; t
HOW KINQ EDWARD DINE3. |
Perfect Discipline of the Palace Corps
Tho moment that their British Majesties
take their Heats at tho table
all activity in tho kitchen ceases.
Quiet reigns. The dishes are all In
their assignod places, the courses prepared
In tho forenoon arc on special
tables, in summer between blocks of
ice. The meats, fowl and delicacies
that are to be served hot need only be
put on the stovo for a moment to be
served when needed.
The soup which Is cooked an hour
before the beginning of tho dinner,
boil* and bubbles, while tho "hors
d'oeuvro" (the delicacy taken between
courses) is neatly arranged on small
silver platters within easy reach (
either in the kitchen itself or else, as
is the case in Buckingham Palace,
brought to an ante-chamber?which
in this palace is a generous fraction
of a mile from the kitchen.
The time for the serving of the difj
ferent courses is fixed permanently,
| and tlio arrangement works like a
clock. Every kitchen servant must
appear clad in snowy linen and must
j have his own wash basin and towel
close at hand. :
No sound is heard save the occasional
orders of the head cook. But
I even these are rarely necessary, as
the servants are well drilled. In spite
of this the head cook, conscious of the
responsibility resting on him, is ever
watchful. Not the slightest thing can
escape his notice.
Close to the dining room is a large
chamber into which all the dishes are
brought to receive the last touch be
I . ... -
I iore being carried to the board. The
I silver-plate, the dishes and glasses rej
moved from the table between the dif|
ferent courses are also taken to this
| room and are left here until after the
i repast. The man In charge here is
J attired in a faultless dress suit and
I gives his orders in low whispers.
J King Edward and Queen Alexandra.
! with the other members of the royal
family, and on special occasions distinguished
guests also, have their own
special serving men, while all the others
present at the board arc served
by a waiter.
i The entire staff of servants serving
at the table are dressed in black.
: 1 I > " -
! * ? aiif/rai ill ivlll't? Ul'l'UniUS, MWUI*
i low-tail" coats, high stockings and
| buckled shoes. The table service of
the royal household is of immense
; value, and consists as occasion requires
of dishes made of silver, of gold
or of the finest Chinese porcelain.
The King is fond of good eating, but.
; prefers plain, nourishing and substan|
tial foods. lie is a lover 01 the oyster
and likes vegetable soups, but cares
neither for mock turtle nor for ox
i tail soup, lie oats game, fowl prepared
with toasted bread and aspara
i mis nuaus, preserved irons and loasi,
but (nils no pastries. Tin; Queen, on
the other hand, is foml oi pastries and
sweets. She onci; said to an Austrian
diplomat: "I have I lie appetite of a
dairymaid." The Qnce usually submits
her wishes in regard to the menu
to her lady-in-waiting, the Hon. Miss
Knollys, who in turn aequaints the
head cook with them.
Both the King and Queen are fond
of wooing the board decorated with
flowers, b;;t. Kins ICdward has an aversion
to certain strong-smelling exotics,
and orchids are consequent ly banished
from the royal dining-room.
"The I'nitod States is Ihe hens land
unoer inc sun as a steady thins, but
for a month's diversion it's .Mexico
for nv? every time,"' said Mr. Parker
15. Smith of !l(iiston. Tex., at 11i?*
Now Willard. "I have been tfoinK
down there for ; months stay every
year for a lonj? tinio, and the more
f j?o the better I like the country.
"For one thins, the people extend
a hospitality tl.at Is (harming, and
they make yon feel as If yen owned
the entire republic. .My wife, who a<
companies me often, would rather in
to Mexico than Knrope. She is a lov
er of flowers, and il is in Mexico t.'?;
passion for them is satisfied. for
wherever we stop, whether in tbrcapital
or in some little village. How
ers in profusion pour in upon her,
with tho compliments of some newly
formed acquaintance. These floral ?/fferingB
are never omitted down there,
and it is one of the customs of the
country that is very greatly appreciated
hy tourists, especially women. To
rise In the morning and lind voursoir
the recipient of halt a dozen <>uperh
bouquets is not only agreeable. hut
gives one a profound stn.se ot the refinement
and court' sy of the pet.-*
The Day's Work.
Much of the success of life depi-n6a
jn proper preparations for the <f:iv'n
work. Most people work. elthf-r to
got the most out of themselves. To
rise lato, rush through the toilet and
gulp down a hasty breakfast is no
preparation for a good day's work, yet
, it Is safe to say that tho majority of
women begin the day in this way. It ;
is just as easy to rise In plenty of time. ;
if one will only do it. T|ie tendency
on waking Is to stretch and yawn. A
few minutes spent In this deep breathing
Is always restful, says the House- \
keeper. This should be followed by a
few breaths of fresh air, drinking a
couple of glasses of water, exercises
1 that suit the ease, tho bath and toilet.
This forms a mental attltudo consistent
with a good day's work. A slmI
pie breakfast?some take none?
should follow before an unhurried
journey either to office or the routine
1 of housework. Stand erect, breathe
er?'t, think erect, and half the hatllo
Will Battle for Rights.
On the occasion of the twentieth
i anniversary of the Finnish Women's
Union, at Ilelsingfors this year, tho
1 prosidont, A. O. Cirlpenberg, who delivered
addresses in both Swedish and
Finnish, recommended the union to
work for the following objects: The
right of married women to eome of
age at 21; to dispose of their own
I property, and to nave the same rights
I with respect to their children as men;
; the promotion of morality In aceordr
ance with the Christian Ideal, and
equality for women with mon In tho
choice of a profession. The union,
which has now been In existence for
IB years, nuijnbcrs 1075 members.
\ * v., . .
1- 11.1. LI. .1 M J.I L "IN
PEARLS OF THOUQHT.
"Mtfn'8 first victory Is over self; bis
Rulers always buto and suspect
the next in succession.?Tacitus.
The wonderful thing about a man Is
his power to bccome.?E. I. Bosworth.
Jtiivii never tempted a man whom It
found judiciously employed.?Spurgoon.
A man who does not know how to
learn from his mistakes, turns the
best schoolmaster out of I1I3 life.?
Religion unfeignedly loved perfecteth
man's abilities uuto all kinds of
virtuous services in tlie commonweal
t ii .?II i c b a rd 11 oo k\' r.
When one is s:id or out cf sorts for
any cause whatever, there is 110 remedy
so infallible as trying to malco
somebody else happy.?J. W. Carney.
Where there is no mother there can
be 110 child. Their duties are reciprocal;
and if they are badly fulfilled
on one side, they will bo neglected on
They who are not prepared for tills
ordiuanco cannot be lit for death or
ncavcn; nay, acceptable prayer cannot
lie offered without something c.f a similar
preparation . ol hearj.?Tbomau
A ROMAN "MANAGER'S" WOES.
Spent $-400,000 on a Gladiatorial "Production"'
and All Went Wrong.
SymmachiiH, last of the groat
nobles of Home, who, blinded by tradition
tllfMIO-lil ......I..~ ?1 * - ''
iu ivvivi: i in! Kiunt'K OI
his beloved city by reviving its shame,
graphically describes the anxieties of
the preparations for one of these colossal
shows on which he is said to
have spent what would be about SO,000
pounds sterling of our money.
He began a year in advance. Horses,
bears, lions, Scotch dogs, crocodiles,
chariotdrivers, hunters, actors
and the best gladiators were recruited
from all parts. But when the time
drew near nothing was ready. Only a
Tew of the animals had come, and
these were half dead of hunger and
fatigue. The bears had not arrived
Jltlll 1 nino ~ 11
? - - ..?*>? nuo il\r u V? a IJ1 IIIC lltIIl?V
At the eleventh hour the crocodiles
reached Homo, hut. refused to eat and
had to he killed all at once in order
that they mit;ht not die of hunger.
It was even worse with the gladla- I
tors who were intended to provide, as |
in all those beast shows, the crown- j
ing entertainment. Twenty-nine of <
the Saxon cantlves, whom Synwnach- '
ns had chosen cm account of the wellknown
valor of their race, strangled j
one another in prison rather than >
fKlit to tlie death for the amusement '
of their conquerors.
Anil Svmri'i/MMiy ??! *%*
-V lit un mo li:ui
i 1 oval ion of mind. was moved to nothing
but disgust by their sublime
choice! Home in her greatest days j
gloried in these shows. Hew could
a man be ;i patriot who s<?t his face
again::! customs which followed the
Roman ennips round the world?? ,
t'ounlcss .Martinengo in Oontem* I
Bos'n Must Go.
Among the changes now on the carpet
is the abolition of (bo boatswains. 1
So far as one can gather lite Idea is
to make all boatswains of less than !
fifteen years seniority qualify as gunuors,
and l<-t. this rank gradually die
out, as that of the old navigating offieers
lias done. These alterations will
remove one of the oldest warrant
ranks in the navy.
The "llatsuen," as the boatswain
was originally ealled, was in the earlier
days a mu? h more important individual
than lie is today?in l'aet he
sfoenis to have ranked almost m high
as the sailing master of thy ship.
Hopes and sails and masts and yards
were always his spec ' illy, an i I he disappearance
of these from tin licit
sci ids likely to be followed l>y his
own. Not that there is any ) <;? !; o?
work for him to do. i-'ven in the modern
ironclad the boatswain *j;?s important
duties to perform, hut the authorities
seem to think that, the duties
may just as well he discharged by the
gunners, who are now on I lie top line
in everything, so much importance is
there attached to the branch for
which they specially quality.- Tail
Not a Tactful Hostess.
As might I??> expected, the junk shop
,?uost chamber is sure to prove ?i pit l'all
to thf unwary. Having not long
ago to put tho finishing touches to a
portrait. I wont into t.h? country to
|)iiss a couple of days with my sitter, a
mere acquaintance. At dinner the first
evening, wishing to start the conversation
pleasantly, I acsked:
"Whose portrait is that in my room?
u (I fro I ?? <r
After a < hilly silonre my hostess answer
"That is my husband's first wife."
The conversation rather languished
luring the rost <:f our meal, hut I
made no efforts to revive it.?The Ccntury.
The Climate of Manchuria.
The St. James's fjazetto says: "The
rainy season in southern Manchuria is
../V# ft.n/l .w. it !?<?? ??#./...
to !)? . Resident* of long experience '
Hfnlo thut while there are days in
which heavy fall?, of rain take place,
there are not many consocntlve days
in which torrential rains are experienced.
When a really heavy downpour j
of rain of some hours' duration oc
curB it is iilmost invariably followed
by threo or four weeks of splendid, I
1 dry, bracing weather. There 1h no
finer summer climate in the world j
that that of southern Manchuria. The
temperature In tho shade Ih seldom
above 88 degrees."
Burdened With Big Names.
Pity the babies of a presidential
year. Thropgh life they will havo to
stagger under the burden of names
other men have made famous, and
lliAir A<tn i\ II Vn nn I r? 1 Iw.m nnw
live them down. It Is like a brand
of nonentity stamped upon those who
otherwise might havo lived peaceful !
ly, In respectable mediocrity among
thousands of their unmarked fellows.
I ' - ' , M |
}! '* l>! . ' ' ' i , ' ' jjj ;
' WSSKKBSIW-':-''''' ^
Pretty Oirl (ktftred From JVenout****
and JtoMo Catarrh?Found Quick
?&(?/ (n a Few Dayt.
Miss. Sadie Robinson, 4 Rand street. Maiden,
"Peruna was recommended to jne about
a year ago as an excollent remedy for th?
troubles peculiar to our sex, and as L found
that all that was said of this medicine wm
true, I am pleased to endorse it.
"J beuan to una it about nevttn
,i/t uivrv "C?0 ItTIH llt!rUoumiess,
caused from overwork and
sleeplessness, and found that in a
few days I began to prou st roup, tnp
appetite increased and I licpan to
Bleep belter, consequently my nerwou-^neas
passed away and the weakness
in the pelvic organs ?oott> disappeared
and I have been well and
strong ever *ii\ce."
Address Dr. S. B. Ilartman, President ot
The Hurtman Sanitarium, Columbus, O.,
for free medical advice. All correnpoud*euca
woaiiirs FAIR ST. I.OTTIS.
IjouIrtIUo and NiMhrllle Il?IIroadt
If you aro golnu to*tb? World'i Fair yon.
tvaht tha liMt mnka Th* T. /* V u ?Vi?
shortest, qulokost And best line. Threa
trains dully. Through Pullman Sleeping
Cars and Dining Oats. Low Rate Ttokot*
old dally. Get rates from your looal agent
and ask for tlokets via L. & N. 8to*ov*?Allowid
at MAMMOTH CAVB.
All kinds of Information furnished on application
to J. Q. HOLLENBEOK,
I) 1st. Po/ja. Agmit, Atlanta, Ga.
A CAT'S WALKING FEAT.
ft Trampod Eighty-five Milea to R?
gain Its Home.^r
What Is probably another rocord
has been created, thin time by a cat,
which had walked fiom Ixmdon to
vjveraiaae, near. KUgDy, a dmtance of
".lummy," as tho
belongs to Mrs. M','7i#nd.(/aon of 9 *'>
nelsizegrove, la jiat
an ordinary % black cat.
Although seven years old, "Jumrny"
had never beflore displayed any
marked noinandio tendency, its previous
rambllngs having alwr.yB been
confined to the neighborhood of Its
About the beginning of June, Mr.
llobinson brought the cat to Hampstead
from Ovorslade. and it was at
cnee apparent that "Jumray," liko tho
Itcv. Mr. Spalding, didn't like London.
The climax came when som? furniture
was inovml Into the houne. Thia
wag too much, and "Jummy" took his
Nothing more was heard of It until
about a fortnight ago, when newi
eamo from Overslade that "Jummy'*
had returned its ooat a triflo rough*
its limbs a trifle thinner, but "Jummy"
As tho cat wag bnouprht to Lou
don in a closed basket, its achievement
in walking back is really remarkable.
"Jumniy" h?a r rival In tho walking
craze, for a cat belonging to a
friend of Mr. Robinson walked from
Rugby to Leamington, and was Boen
wandering about the empty house
thero, which i/ts owner had loft. It
has since returned to Rugby, having
takon three months for the doublejou
la Auy Tim* of Tronblo U &r?p?-Kate>
Food to rebuild the strength and th&t
is pre digested must be selected when
ono is convalescent. At this time there
is nothing so valuable as Urape-Nuta
(or the reason that tbls food is all
nourishment and is also alt digestltHn
nourishment. A woman who used It
"Some time ago I was very ill with
typhoid fever, so ill everyone thought
I TTAIll.l ,11^ ?~ - 1' ?-?*
MVUIU UIV, QTSI1 IUJOt'11. 11 leil 1110
no \v?ak I could sot properly digest
food of any kind and I nlio had much
bowel trouble which left mo a weak,
"I needed nourishment as badly as
anyonu could, but none of the tonics
helped mo until I finally tried GrapeNuts
food morning and evening. This
not only supplied food that I thought
dcllclous as could be but it also mnde
mo perfectly well aiuHiUjanfc again U
I can do all my housework, sleepaA g
can cat anything without any tr?<
howel trouble and for that reason aloni?
Grape-Nuts food la worth Its weight Iri
gold." Name given by Tostuni Co.,I
liattlo Croek, Mich. |
Typhoid fever like some other die-]
oaaoa attacks the bowelaand frequently i
sots up bleeding nnd makes them for
months incapable of digesting the
fitnrdlOB and th?rflfnr? nrn.
Grape-Nuta Is invaluable for the noli
1 known rooson that Ju Grape-Nate all
the atarchea havo boen transformed
| into grapo sugar. This m?ana that the
l ilrtit stage of digestion hua been mecbunlcally
accomplished In Grape-Nate
i food at the factories and therefore anyj
?ne, 110 matter bpw weak tho stomach,
'' can htliwlln II: Ami ?i.-.wr ut-rnntT tr\* nil
I the nourishment 1b atll) there.
| Tho.ro'* a sound reason and 10 days J
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