Newspaper Page Text
VOL. I. ABBEVILLE, S. C., WEDNESDAfT"TANUAliY 21, 1885. NO. 17.
WILMINGTON. COLUMBIA AND AU- <
OUST A UAILKOAI). >>
Going Sou h no 48 No 40
Leave Wilmington U .10 p in II III |> m 2
Arrive ut Florence. I 50 a ni 2 20 it m "
Arrive nt Columbia 6 40 a in
Going North No 41 no 47 j
Leave Columbia 10 00 p m j
Leave Florence 4 50 p in 1 52 a in j
Arrive at Wilmington ..7 40 |> ni 0 10 a in |
Train No. 4:1 slops nt all stations, nos. 48 I
mid 47 stop only at llrinklcy's. Whitcville,
Flemitigton, Fair Klufl', Marion, Florence, I
Titnmor.sville, Sumter, caindeit Junction ai d I
Ea.stover. Passengers for Columbia and all I
points on c * u r it, c, c & a it k, Aiken June- I
lion and all points beyond, should take No 48.
night express. Separate Pullman sleepers I
for Charleston and Augusta on trains 48 and I
47. All trains run solid between Charleston I
und Wilmington. 1
SPAUTANBUKG AND v
ASIIliVILLE UAILKOAI) .i
On nnil after May 12, 1884, passenger '
trains will be run <litilv, except Sundav, be- W
tween Spartanburg and Hendersonvillc as I1
Ul? TRAIN. "
Leave U. A D* Depot at Spartanburg: 6 00 p in "
Leave Spartanburg, A. L. depot.... 0 10 p m ^
Leave Saluda 8 ?>0 n in
Leave Flat Rock V 15 p ni n
A rrivc Hendersonvilie U 30 z. ,n
DOWN' .Mlt.lIX. r
Leave Hendorsonville. 8 00 am a
Leave Flat Rock 8 15 am "
Leave Saluda 0 00 am F
Leavr .Vir Line Junction 11 25 a in 11
Arrive It. A 1) Depot Spartanburg 11 30 a to
Trains on this road run by Air-Line time.
both trains nuike connections for Columbia
nnd Charleston via Spartanburg", Union and ?
Columbia; Atlanta and Charlotte by Air Lino. -i
JAMKS ANDKKSON, Superintendent. J
rjOXDKXRKI) TIME CARD J
Magnolia Passenger Route, j
>11 eucui nvpiuiiiunr 11, iooi>
Leave Greenwood *5 SO am t4 00 pm
Arrive Augusta 11 SO am 8 30 pin
Leave An trust a 10 HO am 9 00 pni
Arrive Atlanta 6 15 jiui 6 40 am
Leave Augusta 11 40 am
Arrive Heaufort 5 30 pm
' I'urt Kovnl 0 05 pni
" Chaleston 6 50 pm
" Savannah C -12 pm
" Jacksonville 9 00 am J,
fiOINU KOKTH. a
Leave Jacksonville 5 30 pin
*' Suvauuah 6 55 am
" Charleston C10 am
Leave I'orl Knyal 7 25 am
" Heaufort 7 .17 am
" Augusta. 1 40 pm
Leave Atlanta fS 50 pm
Arrive Augusta (5 10 am
Leave Augusta .... 4 00 pin b 40 am
Arrive (ircviiwiiod 9 00 pm 11 .10 am
Tickets on sale at (Jreenwood to nil points
at thiougli rutes?baggage cheeked to destination.
*L)nilv. J Daily. oxccnl Sundav. v
W F. S11K1.1.M a.x, Trallic M11 nil per.
J. liitis, KuiH'riuteMiiiMit. c
^TLAXTIC COAST LINE, 8
passexoku depakmmkxt, < :
Wilmington, y. CJuly lOffi, I&Sj. ^
XKW LINK between Charleston and ti
Columbia and Uppur South Carolina. ]]
CONIIEXSKO Sl'lIlilillMC. fl
noixti <;oisti C
WHST. KAHT. Jj
TOO Km Lv Charleston.... Ar. 9 45 pro s<
8 40 " " . ...Iianen " S x)j " n
fl 4S " Sumter " G 55 "
11 00 pin Ar Columbia Lr. 0 HO "
251 " " ... .Winnsboro ' 3? 48 " c
8 45 " " Chester " 3 44 *' .ai
5 3i " " Yorkville " 100 ' ai
8 25 " " .... Lancaster " U 00 " ...
5 00 " " Hock Hill " 2 00 '
0 15 " " Chariotta " 1 00 " ''J
f 12 mn a r. > T. ...I ^
8 O'J 44 " ... .Greenwood " 12 48 "
0 60 " " ....Laurens " 7 40 am D
5 18 " " ....Anderson " 10 X.I 44 |;<
fi OS " " .... Greenville " 9 50 " A
T 0:i " " Wulliallj " 8 50 44 *
4 45 " 44 ... .Abbeville " 11 00 "
6 60 " " ....Spartanburg.... " 1050 "
0 30 44 .... Henderson rillc. 14 80S "
ffolid T rains between Charleston and C'olum- ?
bin, S. C.
J*F. ]>!V1NTE, T. M. KMEIISOX. J
Gen'l Sup't. Gun'l Pas. Agent.
On nnd after October 5, 18S4, Passknokk
Trains will run as herewith indicated upon
this road and its branches.
So. 5:t. UP PASSENGER
Leave Columbia S. C. Junc'n 10 45 p ni
" Columbia C. Si O. 1) 111 10 p ui ii
Arrive Alston 12 10 p in s't
" Xewlierrr 1 13 p in ir
Ninetv-^ix 2 47 p in nj
Greenwood 2 00 p tn N
Hotter* X 33 p in
Del tun 4 40 p in ti
at Greenville tf 05 p in
No. 52. DOWN l'ASSKXGEK.
I.eave Greenville at 1> 50 a in f
Arrive Helton 11 13 a m I
JlodgcH 12 23 p in
Greenwood 12 48 pin
Ninetv-Six 1 32 pm
Newberry 3 02 p in
Alston 4 10 p in ?
' ColMinhin C. Si G. 1> 5 15 pm T
Arrive Columbia SC. .luno'n. 5 30 p in J,
BKAKTASlU'Kd, I'S'ION & CUl.t'MUIA HAIL KOAI).
NO. 511. UP PArtrfKXOKIt.
Leave Alston 12 52 p m
" Union 3 55 pin
" ftpnrt unburn, S.C.AC.depot .5 50 n in
NO. f>2. DOWN l'AS.SKNIiKU.
Li-vu Spart'R U. A I). Bepot .... 10 35 n m
" Spart'jr S. L*. A V. Depot .10 30 am *
" Union 12 50 pin ?
Arrivo ?t Alston It 10 \> in
Leave Newber* r 3 30 p ni T
Arrive at Laurens (',11 G 50 p in 1
Leave Laurens C. 11 7 40 am
Arrive at Now berry 11 10 p m
Learo Motives 3 45 p in
Arrivcat Abbeville 4 45pm ?
Leavu Abbeville 11 00 a in
Arrive at Hodges. 12 00 p iu
KI.UK lUIKiU ItAILKO X!> AND ASIIKISSON HHAM'll.
Leave Helton 4 45 pin
Arrive Anderson It 18 p in 1
' Pendleton 6 56 pm *
nonccu e C 10 p m
Arrive at Walhalla 7 03 |> in
Loave Walhalla 8 50 a in
Arrive Seneca It 15 a m
" 1'endleton 9 52 a in S
" Anderson 10 3:1am It
Arrivw at Helton 11 08 a in CO
XX EOT/OA'S. .
A. Willi South Carolina railroad to and from J
Charleston; with Wilminurtou, Columbia and
, 'Augusta failroad from Wilmington and all
(mints north thvrenf] with Charlotte, Coluin>ia
and Augusta railroad from Chariott? and j
all points north thereof. II. With Ashuville
and Spartonburp: railroad from and for points
in Western N. Carolina. C. With Atlanta and
Charlotta dir Richmond and Danville railway for
Atlanta and all points south and west. "1
Standard Eastern Time. J
(J. R. TAJ<COTTf Superintendent.
M. Si.AiroHTKK,OcnTPasHenKer Apt.
D. Cahdwici.i., Ass't Gen'l Pass. Atft.
E* . <
^ K AI L\V A V CO MI'A X V.
Comincnciiifr Sunday, Sept. 7th, 1884, at
35 a in, I'a&senjrer Trains will run as follows
mtil further notice, "Eastern time:"
Col it m hia Division?Daily.
icave Columbia 7 48 a in 5 27 j? in
>ue at Charleston 12 20 p m V 38 p ni
leave Charleston 7 00 a m 4 30 p m
)ue al Columbia 11 00 p m U 22 n in
CuuitffK f)iri?ion?Daily except Sundays.
leave Columbia 7 48 a in 5 27 p ni
)uc Camden 12 55 p m 8 25 p m
cave C?m?len 7 15 a in 4 III) p ni
)ue Columbia 11 00 p in 1) 22 p m
.1 u>/tufa itivirion?Daily.
icave Columbia 5 27 p m
ue An frusta 7 41 am
leave Augusta 3 50 p in
>ue Columbia 9 22 p in
1 H<le at Columbia with Columbia and Greenille
railroad by train arrivine at 11 00 a. in.
ml departing at 5 '27 ]>. in.; at Columbia
miction with Charlotte, Columbia ami Au;usta
railroad bv aantc train to ami from all
loinls on both roads.
At Charleston with steamers for New York
n Saturday; and on Tuesday and Saturday
rith steamer for Jacksonville and points on
it. John's river; also, with Charleston and
Savannah Railroad to and from Savannah
nd all points in Florida.
At Augusta with Georgia and Central rail
nana to and from all points West and South:
t Itlackville to and from all points on Darnell
railroad. Through tickets can be purliased
to all points South and West by applyig
I.). McQi'kkx, Agent, Columbia, S. C.
John 11. 1'kck, General Manager.
1). C. Allen, tSen. Pass, and Ticket Ag't
Richmond am) danvii.le
nt.?On and after Aug.
il, 1HS4, passenge i> service on the A.
nd C. Division will lu as folio?vs:
jXortJi Irani. No. 51* No. 5:jfpsive
Atlanta 4 40 p in 8 40 a in
rrive Gainesville C 57 p m 10 35 a ni
Lulu a . 7 25 n in II 01 n m
Kubttn Gapjnuc b. 8 12 p in 11 30 a in
Toccoa c 8 51 p m 12 04 j) in
Seneca City <1 9 59 p in 1 00 p ni
Central 10 32 p m I 52 p m
Liberty 10 53 p m 2 13 p m
Kasley 11 10 p in 2 27 p iu
Greenville r 11 42 p in 2 47 p m
Spartanburg/ 1 01 a in 3 56 p m
Gastonia ;/ 3 20 a in 5 54 p in
charlotte h 4 10 a in 6 40 p in
SouthNo. 50* No. 52f
cava charlotte 1 45 a in 1 00 p in
rrireGastonia 2 30 >i ru 1 45 p in
Spartanburg 4 28 a in 3 45 p m
Greenville 5 43 a in 4 55 p in
Kasley 6 17 a in 6 2G p in
Liberty 0 34 a m 5 ?2 p m
central 6 55 a in 0 00 p m
Seneca city 7 33 a in 7 30 p in
Toee.ta 8 40 a in 7 35 p in
Rabun Gap junc... 51 34 a nt 8 30 p in
Lnla 10 00 n in 8 59 p in
Gainesville 10 3fi a m 9 25 p m
Aiiaiii u l uu |) m II 30 u ni
Freight trains ?u litis road ull carry |)hksciilms;
pasp.onjrcr (rains run through to ])anilie
and connect with Virginia Midland railay
!n nil eastern cities, and nt .lilanta with
II lines diverging. No. 50 leaves lijchniond
t 1 ]? in snd No. 51 arrives tlu>I'D nt 4 p m; 52
aves Richmond at 2 2S a in, 5:J arrives there
L 7 -i 1 ? in
Jin fiat Xtcvp/'i/ff Car# without
fmiir/c: On trains Xos. 50 ami 51, New
ork and Atlanta, via \V?sliii.^ton an?l
a?vill<>, GrcrnsJi.iro nnd Asltevillo; on
aiiis Nos. 52 and 58, Richmond and
>anvillc, Washington, Augusta and New
rleans. Through tickets on salt; at
harlottc, f?ri!t?nviUe, Seneca, Spartan
urg and Gainesville to all points south,
milt wrest, north and cast. A connects
ith X. K. railroad to and from Athens;
with X. K. to and from Tallulah Falls;
with Kl. Air Line to and fiom Klberion
nd Iiowevsville; d with lil no Hidj?e to
nd from Walhalla; e, with C. and G. to
ml from Givenwood, Xowherry, Alston
ml Columbia;./* with A. & S. and S..
?te C. to and from Hetidcrsonville,
Iston, iVe.; <7 with Chester and Lenoir
> i<:id from (!liiV.ii-L-vllt.. MM.l I>?1
is; h with X. 0. division and (J.. 13. iV
.. to and from Gro-nsboro. K:ih'i:rh. \*c
Kii?t;ni> Hkiiki.ky, Supt.
JV. Slautjhter. G?*n. Pass. A'?t.
A. Ij ItivCH, 2rl V. 1'. and (Sen. Mim.
^ M. A IK KX,
Cohcsburu J'. ()., S.
; duly authorized Hint licensed for Abbeville
>11111 v to write risks on
lu'dliicsnRd Furniture, Hums, Sttil)l?'s
?ik1 Contents, (including live
stock) Stores, WarrlioiitieN anil
Stocks Therein, Cluir<-lies,
Mills and Cotton (baled,)
i the 1.1 vtrpool <ind I.omlon and Glnhf Jn,trance
Co., against loss or damage by F1UK ;
i the A'of/itntfr (Jcrinaii Insurance Co.,
gainst loss or damage by Flitli or LIGHTING.
Hates low ; companies solvent; no litipaon.
For particulars, address as above,
IK XT HAL HOTKL,
Mkk. M. W. Thomas, Proprietress.
Ilroad street, Augusta, On.
) L. MABUY,
Atornoy and Counsellor at Law.
allevii.t.k c. i!., h. (j.
Office formerly occupied by Judge
I,. W. 1'KKltlN. T. V. COTHItAN.
)KRRIX k COTHUAN,
Attorneys at I.nw,
C. BKNKT, JAR. II. ItlCK. L. W. mmitu,
Abbeville. Ninety-Six, Abbeville,
JENET, HICE & SMITH,
Attorneys at I/aw.
Will practice in nil thu Courts of tho
tnt<\ nn?l give prompt attention to all
?gal business entrusted to them.
(illltKNVIM.B, S. C.
HE ONLY TWO-CLASH HOTEL IN
W. H. WllITK. PllOHItlKTOIt.
Greenwood, S. C.,
" Millions Lovo Him Still."
I)KFISM>IN? Mil. 1>/\VIS IN Tills
UNITI01) STATICS SKNATK.
The Debate on the IteHnlution to i'rint
(Jen. Sherman's " Historical" Documents?Spirited,
hut Courteous, lietorts
ol'Southern Senators to the
Coarse Abuse of Sherman, In^alls
and Other Kxasjierated Republienns.
Washington, January 12.?The Chair
laid before the Senate the resolution
heretoheforc offered by Senator Ilawlcy,
culling 011 the President, if not incompi lible
with the public interests, for a copy of
the historical statement concerning the
public policy of the executive dennrt
uicnt of the Confederate States, tiled by
Senator Harris said, that if Senator
Hawleythought any action of the Senate
was proper, with regard to the paper or
papers referred to, he would not object
to tlie call, hnt if no such action was to
be taken he could see no object in the
call for the papers. They were in the
posssession of the war department and
would appear in the u Rebellion Record."
He had examined the papers at the war
department. They consisted of a somewhat
voluminous argument by (Jen.
Sherman of his side of a personal issr
made through the newspapers between
himself and .Jefferson Davis.
Senator Hawley said he had presumed
that the papers would find tlieir way
into publicity, and he had desired a
complete and not a partial edition of
Senator Harris had not the slightes
objection to the publication of the
papers, but he saw no reason whyy the
should be sent to the Senate lo be
merely printed as an ex-Senatorial document
and then slumber there.
SciUvtOr IlrtWlt'V SJlitl flint flio
related to the last year of the war, and
would not probably be published in the
" Rebellion Record " for a couple of years
Senator Harris doubted the propriety
of calling for the papers.
Senator Vest regretted the introduction
of the resolution, not that he would
oppose the largest publication of the
History of the Confederate Stales, but
because the Senate would be making
itself, indirectly at least, a party to the
controversy that had been going on in
the public press. His feelings toward
Gen. Sherman were of the kindest character,
and he believed he was his personal
friend. There might be a great
diversity of opinion about Jefferson
Davis, but still he was entitled to a fair
hearing, ami it was but justicc to
him to say th.nt the adoption of the resolution
would indirectly commit the
Senate to the other side of the controversy,
maintained hi' Gen. Sherman and
his friends. It was said that Gen. Sherman
had stated that the late war had
originated in secession and that he had
seen a letter from a gentleman once Governor
of one of the Confederate States
and now a member of this Senate, whicli
stated that Jefferson Davis had threatened
to coerce any of the Southern
States that might attempt to socede from
the Confederacy. Mr. Davis is theroby
given his expression of disbelief in
Slates Rights, and falsifying tho very
issue upon which the Southern States
had gone into tho war. When Mr.
Davis heard of this statement he said
that no such letter existed aud pronounced
the statement a slander. Gen.
Sherman said he would answer through
the war department. The papers, Senator
Vest said, had been published by the
press. Was it fair, he asked, was it
manly, when Mr. Davis could not be
heard on the floor of the Senate unless
through the mouth of some one who
might choose to espouse and advocate
his side of ihe controversy, to use the
Government of the United States and
its instrumentalities in a personal controversy
? No matter what its merits no
good could come of the resolution. It
would arouse bitter memories. Jefler
son Davis was to-day an old man, broken
in fortune and health, hut living among
a people who honored him. If the resolution
were passed it would necessitate
011 Senator Vest's part a public avowal,
for ho was a member of the Confederate
Senate, that he opposed such of Mr.
Davis' measures as he thought were not
for the welfare of the people of the
South, but it would also necessitate the
avowal that he believed an overwhelming
majority of the Southern people believed,
and will continue to believe, that Jefferson
Davis whs as true and loyal to the
cuusi: ho espoused as ever was wife to
husband, as over was religious devotee
to the god he worshipped. Mr. Davis may
have made mistakes, as who had not?
Who would not have made mistakes in
the terrible ordeal through which he
pnssed ? But Senator Vest would hold
himself recreant to all his past, as well
as to his hopes of the future, as an honorable
man, if ho did not state here and
now that Gen. Sherman was mistaken
in the observation that the people of the
Confederate States did not sympathize
with their leader in that terrible struggle.
Senator George regarded the controversy
in question as purely a personal
one between two private citizens, ami
could see no propriety in tho intervention
of the Senate. He did not think il
should throw the weight of its iniluencc
on one side or the other.
Senator Conger did not quite understand
that it was a contest between two
private citizens, llo did not see on
what authority .Tclforson Davis was
called a citizen of the United Statos,
and thought there wits something foi
Mr. Davis to do ami for Congres to do
before Mr. Davis could be brought into
an equality of citizenship with Gen
Senator George maintained that, although
laboring under political disabilities,
Jefferson Davis was still a citizen
of the United States. Senator George
had his opinion, and a very decided one,
with regard to the controversy under
discussion, but the passage of the resolution
would not help it. He was perfectly
satisfied to have that controversy
fyr* !???*/>- ? .1 1? --1*1 1
bw .. iu uisuM y iuiu uu neiueu according
to the judgment of history. He had
no fear that anything in that judgment
would be adverse to the honor or patriotism
of Mr. Davis.
Senator llawley did not coincide with
the view that, by passing his resolution,
the Senate would be taking aides in
a private quarrel. Personally, however,
he did not hesitate to 8ay that, in the
controversy between Jefferson Davis and
Clou. Sherman, he was on Gen. Sherman's
side ail the time. He believed that Gen.
Sherman was on the right side, personal,
political and militarv. in the war for th<?
Senator Harris inquired what good
would be accomplished by printing the
paper referred to in the resolution.
Senator llawley said in reply that
there was matter in it that to his mind
established, bej'ond controversy, tho
fact that before the war there had been a
conspirary in Washington, by which certain
Senators had decided upon a Confederate
Government, had appointed a
committee of Senators to go South to
attend to the preliminaries for its formation,
and agreed that others should remain
here to prevent such legislation as
?:.u - - - - -
migiii. iulci iun: wuti me success oi tne
conspiracy. The matter under consideration
was no more a personal quarrel
than the four year's war for the Union
had been a personal quarrel.
Senator Vest then said that Gen. Sherman
had stated that he would make his
reply to Mr. Davis through the war department.
Of course, therefore, the
paper was part of the personal controversy.
Senator Morgan inquired whether
in me name ot common humanity we
should dony to Jefferson Davis the right
to send his rej.ly to tho war department.
While it may true that Mr. Davis was
laboring under political disabilities, it
vru3 not less true that he was any less a
man than den. Sherman. Because of
that it was not less true that ho was yet
beloved by millions in tlia United States.
While it may be true that Mr. Davis
acted in open warfare against the United
Slates as President of the Confederacy,
it was not true that he was any more
distinctly an enemy of the United States
than Morgan or other Senators now on
this floor had-been. Senators were here
representing other States, and were here
under the Constitution of the United
States. There seemed to be a disposition
to make the question before the
Senate a party question. The Democratic
party could not bo involved in it,
but if they were compelled to take
ground they would take the ground that
all men should be treated alike, and
when the Senate called for papers that
would have the effect of wounding the
reputation of any man in the United
States should have the right to reply.
Senator Ingalls said that whenever any
question arose in which Jefferson n.ivi?
was involved the Democratic party
would he found on the side of Jefferson
Davis. lie had heard the Senator from
Alabama (Morgan) repeatedly air the
same sentiments that he had expressed
Senator Morgan challenged Senator
Ingalls to specify one such occasion.
Senator Ingalls replied that the occasions
had boon frequent when the Senator
from Alabama (Morgan) and his associates
of the Democratic party had in
debate in the Senate taken sides with
Jefferson Davis. They had always en
dors I'd him, ahvays approved bis course
and had declared that there was nothing
wrong in his record that would convince
posterity that ho was not a man of honor
and a patriot, and the Senator from Alabama
(Morgan) and the Senator from
Missouri (Vest) ha*d now taken occasion
to inform tho Senate that there were
millions of people in the United States
to-day who lovod Jefferson Davis and t?i
whom .Jefferson Davis was endeared by
the memory of common hardships, common
privations and common calamities,
We had just witnessed tho spectaclv ol
an election of a President of the U. S,
by tho votes of men who declared to-day
that Jefferson Davis was & man ol honoi
ami a patriot, by the votes of those who
loved Jefferson Davis. Ho long as men
were found to stand on the floor of the
Senate and declare that Jefferson Davis
was a man of honor and a patriot and
. that there were milliona of men in this
country who loved hiin to-day, it would
be in vain to stand upon the rostrum in
the political forum and declare to the
> people of the United States that the anii
mosities engendered by the war had been
; buried forever. It did not sound pleas,
antly to loyal cars. It was not agree
*ble statement to men who had been on
> the other side of the great controversy
> to say that JefTorson Davis was an honorable
man and a patriot. It did not
sound well to be told that, among the
people whom we were called on to
recognize as brothers united by the
i bonds of cemented union, thero were
millions of people to-day that loved
Jefferson Dav's. It was not pleasant to
have that statement continually flaunted
in our faces, paraded on the floor of the
Senate, announced to the neonle bv Scn-v
tors who had taken the oath of allegiance
and had been relieved of their political
I disabilities. Ho (Ingalls) had heard the
; Senator from Missouri (Vest) frequently
allude with something of apparent pride
and satisfaction to the part he played in
the politics of the Southern Confederacj'.
There was no occasion for such allusions.
It did not concern the argument of
questions before the Senate, when no
appeal was made to the partisan feeling,
for Senators to rise, one after another,
, and dwell upon the fact that they had
boon members of the Confederate Senate,
and that Jefferson Davis was beloved by
the Southern people, and that he had
been actuated by the sentiments of a
man of honor and a patriot. Keferring
to Senator Vest's allusion to his membership
of the Confederate Senate, Senator
Ingalls remarked that so far as the
State of Missouri was concerned, Senator
Vest had not been accredited to that
Senate, as the State of Missouri was not
out of the Union. In the name of the
loyal people of Missouri Senator Ingalls
protested against the sentiments which
he had heard so often expressed by
Senator Vest. As to the intermediate
controversy under discussion, Mr. Davis
had called Gen. Sherman a li/?r. That
was the plain Knglish of it. In anv controversy
between Mr. Davig and Gen.
Sherman, Senator Ingalls was for Gen.
Sherman, and so, he said, would all the
loyal people of the couu'.ry be.
Senator Sherman said that from a fecl;
ing of personal delicacy growing out of
his relations to one of the parties to the
controversy, he would have preferred
not speaking on it, but some Senators
seemed to treat it as controversy between
two citizens. It would be a matter of
surprise to Gen. Sherman that it was of
that character. Gen. Sherman had stated
that he did not know Mr. Davis personally.
Gen. Sherman had by invitation
attended the reunion of an army post
and in the coursc of some impromptu
remarks, an renortod bv th? nr>wumn,.f^
perhaps correctly enough, said ho regarded
Mr. Davis as not only a rebel but
a conspirator, and that he had seen certain
letters and papers while on his
inarch through Georgia, tending to show
that Davis while the war was progressing
had abandoned his State's Rights
convictions, and had become practically
a dictator in the South. Hut there was
no personal controversy between Mr.
Davis and Gen. Sherman. Gen. Sherman
simply insisted on his right to class
Mr. Davis as a conspirator and a traitor.
Did that make a porsonal quarrel be"
tween tho two men ? Far from it. He
(the speaker) might as well bo said, in
the same way, to make a personal quarrel
with the descendants of Benedict
Arnold by repeating an historical fact.
Mr. Davis had written a bitter article,
not addressed to Gen. Sherman, but
substantially giving him the lie. Gen
eral Sherman did not respond to that
article by any letter to Davis or to any
newspapaper. lie did the very opposite.
He was still in overy sense an
officer of the army, even though on the
retired list. He was subject to the
President's orders. As an army officer,
therefore, he properly gave to his military
superior the reasons for every assertion
ho had made. This he was
bound to do. When an officer of the
army, whether retired or not, had any
insult put upon him or any thing which
among gentlemen would reflect upon
his chnracter, his honor or integrity, he
was bound by his calling to make
an explanation to tho proper authority
to show that the imputation upon his
honor was not just. There was, therefore
no personal controversy between
Jefferson Davis and Gen. Shorn.an, but
there were some statements of a very
striking character involved, which
ought to be put on the official records
i of the Government. Gen. Sherman
i had produced resolutions passed by
Democratic Senators from Southern
States which were about to participate
, in rebellion, in which they resolved
r that they would organize a government
, called a Confederate Uovernmont and
' fixing the date; that a committee
nhould be appointod, composed of
Messrs. Davis. SI idol 1 and Mallory, to '
carry into execution in the South the *
plan adopted, and that other Senators 1
should remain in Congress so as to pre- ?
vent any legislation that might hinder s
or delay the proposed measures. If ?
that was not conspiracy what in the i
name of God was it? (Jen. Sherman
had also produced a letter from Aleck '
Stephens, the associate of Mr. Davis in i
which Mr. Stephens says that Mr. Davis >
had abandoned his States Rights doe- '
trines, and that he was seeking to subvert *
thevery Government established by the ?
Confederate States. The letter was cap- 1
tured in the hands ofllerschel V. John- '
son, of Georgia, to whom it was ad- t
dressed. Senator Sherman had seen the '
original and knew it to be Stephens' c
handwriting. Again, Gen. Sherman had ^
produced a letter from Mr. Davis to the c
Confederate Congress marked "secret," >i
kept, in the Rebel archives and found by t
an officer of the United States army t
when Richmond was captured. In this t
Mr. Davis had demanded the suspen- '
sion of the writ of habeas corpus.
Senator Sherman asked should not these 1
papers be printed ? Did they not show
the motives that led to the groat civil
war? Did they not tend to show that
the probable termination of the rebellion,
even if tho United States arms had
not suppressed it, would have been the
eventful establishment of despotism in
the Southern States.
Mr. Davis was now an old man. Senator
Sherman did not desire to say anything
unkind of him, did not desire to
wound his feelings, but. Great God,
said tho Senator, will it over bo disputed
in this country of ours at any time within
a thousand years that in the war and
before the war Jefferson Davis was a
conspirator and a traitor to his country ?
Never, I trust.
Later. Senator Sliprmnn i
"Whenever, in my presence, Jefferson 1
Davis is treated as a patriot I must enter
my solemn protest. Whenever the nio- (
tives and causes of (lie war are called in 1
question I must assert that it was a 1
causeless rebellion, entered upon with }
bad motives, and that all the men who *
led in that movement were traitors to
this country of ours." k
Senator Lamar said ho had but just '
stepped into the chamber and had not
heard the resolution read, lie presum- '
cd it referred t<> the publication of some '
papers relating to the war now on file '
in the war department. *
Without knowing, ho said, the posi- (
tion occupied by his friends, he would 1
say that he had no objection to any publication
that would throw light upon the '
true character of the movement for the 1
owpuiuiiuii UI IIIU ollllt'N UI cue DOUU)
from those of Uie North. lie would 8
have.given his vote silently on (he reso- ^
lution had it not been for the remarks of *
the Senator from Ohio (Sherman ) I
That speech was marked b}' flagrant in- ^
accuracy in the statement of the issue 8
between General Sherman and Mr. Da- s
vis. The issue between (hose two distinguished
men was not that which the 1
Senator from Ohio had represented, uud c
the issue between them had not by that 'e
Senator been brought to the attention of y
the people of the North. According to 1
the publication in the press, and which '
went not only to the extremities of civilization,
the quostion was not merely
that the secession of the Southern
States was the result of a conspiracy. ?
That question, as the Senator front Ohio '
/Ct x t 1 ' * '
^oituriiiunj iiuu property remarKcil, was
a question of historical truth, and was 1
to be ascertained and decided hy the '
facts of history as read by future goner- 1
ations. Whether it was Mte conspiracy '
of a few ainhitiouu individuals or the ?
uprising of a whole people to preserve,
as they thought, their autonomy and 1
their institutions, was a question which 1
Mr. Lamar was willing should be remit- '
ted to the verdict of posterity. No Sen- '
ator had kinder feelings for Gen. Sher- (
man or more respect for his military sa- |
gacity or genius than had Mr. Lamar, 1
but General Sherman had been betrayed (
by his feelings and by misinformation '
into an allegation and charge against Jef- 4
ferson Davis which he could not sns- 1
tain, which no man could ever sustain 1
and which was not tho truth. That al- 1
legation was that he saw a letter from 1
Jefferson Davis asserting that if a *
Southern State should seced<? from the ?
Confederacy he would put it down by "
military coercion of the Confederate *
Government. There was no question of l
historical fact in relation to the charac- r
tor of that movement as between Mr. '
David nnil flrtn. Sliormnn ft ?? " ??- '
aide tho. record, and when the Senator 1
from Ohio said thcro was no personal
controversy between these t\ro distin- 1
guished gentlemen his statement came 1
in direct conflict with the assertions of ''
Gen. Sherman himself, who, when in- ]
terviewed by a representative of the '
press in St. Louis with regard to Mr. 5
Davis' denial, refused to make a statement,
saying it was a matter between
himself and Mr. Davis, not a matter for
the press. Its personality was established
by General Shorinan himself,
and the discussion that had been I
brought up in the Senate could throw
io light whatever on the linked, bald isiuo
of fact whether (Jen. Sherman saw a
etler written by Jefferson Davis to a
senator now in the United States Senate,
saying that he would coerc ? a Southern
Hate if it should attempt to secede from
"I assert, sir," said Senator Lamar,
'that no such letter is in existence, and
n my opinion no such letter was ever
vritten. In saying that," he continued,
'I wish to disclaim here any reflection
vhatsoever upon the veracity of Gen.
Sherman. That is not my purpose*
A'hat I do mean to say is that he has
hmmi misled and misinformed, and when
lie truth comes before hiin that he has
uade an assertion even against a political
enemy which he cannot sustain, it
vould comport better with his high
sharacter and position to acknowledge
m inadvertent and unintentional injustice
than to change the issue before
he American people and raise a ques,ion
as to the charactcr of the Secession
As a reason for his belief, Senator Lanar
naid that Jie had been throughout a
riend of Mr. Davis, and had been often
n consultation with him, and if Mr.
)avis varied his opinion from the
>eginning of the Secession controversy
o the end, and to their importance of
naintaining the movement upon tho
:onscnt of the people engaged in it, and
lot upon any force, his most intimato
Viends were ignorant of any such resoution
of opinion. No man had stood
norc tiruily than Mr. Davis by the docrine
that it should be a government
>ased upon consent, not force, through
ill tho eventful scenes of the struggle
Hen. Sherman then was simply misinormed.
No leltpr of the character reerred
to was ever written by Mr. Da;is,
for no such letter could hare been
written by entertaining the views ho
vme omcr uuug, sir," said Lamar, in
inclusion, "we, of the South, have sur ondered
upou all the questions which
livided the two sections in that controversy.
We have given up the right of
;he people to secede from this Union.
Wo have given up the right of each
5tate to judge for itself of infractions of
,he Constitution and mode of redress#
We have given up, sir, the right to conrol
our own domestic institutions. We
'ought for them and we lost in that conroversy,
hut no man shall in my prcsjnce
call Jefferson Davis a traitor withjut
my responding with a stern and emphatic
Senator Vest said that the Senator
ro.n Kansas (Ingalls) could indulge in
10 debate without becoming personal.
I'Knl ? \--l ? ?
lu<? uuiiutui na.l u VCI UUI llurrOT HDCl
in oral terror. One of the offences
mown to th<j ohl common law waa
hat of being a common scold tho
mnishment for which was a ducking,
:Io would not, however, prescribe such
i punishment for the Senator from Kan*
las. The Confederate Status, Senator
irest continued, were dead. The solliers
who fought for the Confederacy
tnd those who fought for the Union
ilept side by side, having illustrated
vith matchless deeds the valor and he*
oism of both sections. Above them
night be put the ancient epitaph :
"The kuij;hts nrc iluHt,
Their swords sire rusr,
Their bouIs with God, we trust,"
md with that there should be an end of
ii.iiiiiuiiiuus uuscussuin 01 me issues involved
in that terrible conflict, but the
Senator from Kansas sought to impute
.0 Senators disloyalty to the oath tliat
vas taken to^ the Constitution of tho
United Slates. The Senator had said
hat he (Vest) had been in the habit of
illuding in u spirit of bonstfulnc6S to
;he fact that he had been a member of
he Confederate Senato. It was not
,rue. The records would show that he
lad made such allusions upon only two
>ccasions. Once in his eulogy upon
Senator Hill, with whom he had served
n the Confederate Senate, and again tola
V in order to assume a full share of
.he responsibility which was sought in
;crtnin quarters to be put upon Mr. Darin.
The Senator from Kansas had said
hat he (Vest) had received his credenials
from tho Governor of tho State of
Missouri, elected by a majority of 35,XX)
in a time of profound peace, and his
fleet'on was by a I.egislaturo electcd in
i time of peace. Ho would say now to
l,r> Q?rnln<-U<n It'WS.. /IT 1. .
mv pjvnuvvi lavm X\. nuono blliU 1119 ^ T I'Bl'S
:redontials to the Confederate Senate, as
il??o those of the United Statos Senate, *
lftd never been disputed by his own conitituents,
and the Senator from Kansas
vould know what ho meant.
The hour of 2 o'clock arriving the
natter went over till to-moirow, and
,hn Chair laid formally before the Sen?te
the unfinished legislative business,
being the inter-State Commerce bill, but
t was displaced by a motion for tho con.
lideration of executive business.
Lawyers go to tho Mf.s6EHOXB ofdca
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