Newspaper Page Text
I " * ' ' "
VOL. I. ABBEVILLE, S. G, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY II, 1885.' NO.'20.
WILMINGTON. COLUMBIA ANI> AUGUSTA
Going Sou h No 48 no 40
Leave Wilmington y :t0 p m 11 10 |i m
Arrive at Florence I SO a in 2 20 a 11
Arrive at Columbia A 10 it in
Going North no 43 no 47
Leave Columbia 10 00 p 11
Leave Florence 4 50 p in 1 42 a 11
Arrive at Wilmington .... 7 40 p m 0 10 a 11
Train no. 4:1 stops at all stations. Xos. 4.1
and 47 stop onlv at llrinklev's, Wliiteville
Flemingtou, Fair lit 11 il\ Marion, Florence
Tiimnor.svillr, Sumter, camden junction aril
Eastnrer. Passengers for Columbia and ul
points on c ? u r k, c, c a auk, Aiken Junction
anil all points beyond, should take No. 48
night express Separate Pullman sleeper.for
Charleston and Augusta on trains 48 am
47. All trains run solid between chailestoi
On and after May 12, 1884, pnsscntrei
trains will bo run daily, except Sunday, between
Spartanburg and lleudcr.sonvillc as>
Leave R. A D- Depnl nt Spartanburg 0 00 p ni
Lea vo Spartanburg:, A. I.. depot CIO pm
I.cava Saluda 8 50 |i m
I.tave Flat Rock 9 15 ]> in
A rrivc Hemi-.'rsonvUie 'J .'10 p. .ti
Leave Henderson villi; 8 00 a ni
I.cave Flat Ruck 8 15 a ni
IieuvK Saluda 9 00 a m
Leavr Air Line Junction 11 25 a ni
Arrive K. <V I) Depot Spartanburg II JO a m
Trains on this road run by Air-Line time.
Uoth trains makr eonnecliois for Columbia
kuU Charleston via Spurl anburjr, I'nion and
Columbia: Atlanta aud Charlotte by Air I,inc.
JAMES ANDERSON*, Superintendent.
^JOXDKXSKD TIME CARD
Magnolia Passenger Route.
In effect September 14, 1SS-1.
Arrive Port llnynl. fi Hi put
" Chaleston 6 il) pm
" Savannah G 42 inn
" Jacksonville. 0 0U am
T.envc JnckHOuville 6 30 pm
" Savannah C 55 am
" Charleston C 1(1 am
Leavu Fori Roral T 25 am
I " Heaufort T 37 a in
" Autrustti 1 40 jim
Leave Atlanta |S 50 pin
Arrivo Augusta fi 10 am
Luave Augusta 4 00 pni b 10 am
Arriro tireenwobd 9 1)0 pin II HO am
Tickets on snlo at Creeiiwood to all points
at through rates?baggage chccked to destination.
\V. F. Shki.I.Mav, TralTie Manager.
J. X. lUiis, Superintendent.
Commencing Sunday. Sept. 7th, 1SSI, at
2 35 a in, Passenger Trains will run as follows
until further notice, "Kastern lime:"
ColHl/lfiiu Jlicixioi) ? Daily.
Leare Columbia 7 48 a in .r> 27 p ih
Due at Charleston 12 20 p m ii :5S p hi
Leave Charleston 7 110 a in 4 HO p m
Due at Columbia 11 00 p m 22 a in
Cui/u/m ]>icittion?Daily exccpt Sundays.
Leave Columbia 7 48 a tn 5 27 p in
Due Camden 12 55 n in 8 25 n in
Leave Camden 7 15 a in 4 nil p in
Due Columbia 11 00 n in *. 22 p m
A1ii/unta It!vifitut ? Daily.
Leave Columbia ft 27 p in
Due August!) 7 41 r? m
Leave Augusta It 50 o in
Due Columbia 9 2'.' m
Made at Columbia with Columbia and Greenville
railroad by train arriving ut II 00 n. in.
and departing at b 27 p. in.: at Columbia
Junction with Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta
railroad by same train to and from all
points on both roads.
At Charleston with steamers for Xew York
on Saturday: and on Tuesday and Saturday
with steamer for Jacksonville ami points on
St. John's river; also, with Charleston and
Savaunah Railroad to and from Savannah
and all points in Florida.
At Angusta with Georgia and Central railroads
to and from all points West and South;
at lilackville to and from all points on Harn,??ii
?n;i. 1 Tl 1. *:_l_.*_ ? .
ncu miiKinu. A III uu^ll IIUMMS CU11 UC |)lircharted
to all points South and West by applying
1>. McQitekx, Agent, Columbia, S. C.
John 11. Pkck, General Manager.
1). C. Ai.i.ek, Gen. Pass. and Ticket Ajr't
C10LUMHIA A Nl>
j GREENVILLE RAILROAD.
On and after October it, 1881, Paasknoek
Tkaixh will run as herewith indicated upon
this road and its branche*.
I>aily, t rctpl Sunday*.
No. S3. UP PASSENGER*
Leave Columbia S. C. Jmic'n 10-15 jt m
" Columbia C. k G. I> 11 10 p in
Arrive Alston 12 10 p in
" Newberrv I 1.1 p in
Ninety-Six 2 47 it m
( ruenwood 3 09 p in
Iloiljies 3 33 |? in
lWlton 4 40 |> in
at Greenville ft 05 t> m
No. 52. DOWN PASSENGER.
Leave Greenville at .". II 50 a in
Arrive Bel ton II 13 u in
Hodges 12 23 p in
Greenwood 12 48 piu
Ninelv-Six 1 82 p in
Newberry 3 02 p m
Alaton 4 10 p in
* Columbia C. &. G. I) 5 15 pin
Arrive Columbia SC. Junc'ti 5 30 p ni
rARTANBI BO, I'NION* * COLUMBIA RAIL ROAI).
XO. 63. Dl' I'ASSKNUKIt.
Leave Ala ton 12 52 p in
" U nlon S 55 p in
" Spartanburg, S.U.&C.depot,5 50 p ni
NO. 52. DOWN rAH8KNUK.lt.
Li ve Spart'fc H. k 1). Bepot .... 10 35 a m
" Snart'p S. U. & 6'. Depot ..10 50 a in
" Lnion 12 50 p in
Arrive at Alaton i 4d p ni
I. At'KENS KAII.BOAD.
Leave Newber**y 3 30 pin
Arrive at Laurena C. II C 50 p ni
T,?nv?? F.unr?t?? f' II ' -,A - ?
v.... -aw n ill
Arrive at Newberry ..11 10 p m
ABBKVI I.I.K IIKANCH.
1/oave Hodges ' 3 45 p in
Arrireat Abbeville 4 45 p in
I.on vo Abbeville 11 Oft a in
Arrire at Hodges 12 00 p ni
BLUE HI DO K R AII.KO A I? AND AKDKK80N BRANCH.
Leave Bolton * 4 45 p in
Arrive Anderson 4 18 p in
" Pondleton 5 56 p id
" Seneca e...^ C 40 p in
Arrire at Walballd 7 04 p in
Leave Walhnlla 8 50 a in
Arrivo Schccu 9 15 a in
" Pendleton 9*52 a m
" Anderson 10 .13 a m
Arrive at Helton II 08 a m
A. With South Carolina railroad to mid from
Charleston; with Wilmington, Columbia and
Augusta railroad from Wilmington and all
B?int? north thereof; with Charlotte, Coluinia
and Augusta railroad from Charlotte and
all iKiints north thereof. B. With Aahsville
ana Spartanburg railroad from ar.c 'or points
in Western N. Carolina. C. With Atlanta and
, Charlotte div Richmond and Danville railway
for Atlaotaand all points south and weat.
Standard Eatttrn Time.
O. R. TALCOTT, Superintendent.
M. Sj,atfOHTKB,Oen'l Passenger Agt.
1>. CAabWKLL, Asa't Gen'l Pass. Agt.
Richmond ami danville
/'iiAKr?</. ! Pf'ntr/nit nt.?On and after Aug.
3H. 1884, passenger train service on the A.
and C. Division will be as follows:
Xnrt/i irarJ. No. 51* No. 531
Leave Atlanta 4 411 p in 8 40 a m
arrive Gainesville B 57 p in 10 35 a in
I.nix a 7 25 ]> m 11 01 a in
Kahiin Gapjuuc A. 8 12 p in 11 .'10 a ni
Toecoa r ........ 8 54 p in 12 04 p m
Seneca City </ 0 59 p m 1 00 p in
Central .. 10 32 p n? 1 52 p m
Liberty 10 53 p in 2 13 p in
Easier 1110pm 2 27 p ni
Greenville e 11 42 p in 2 47 p in
Spartanburg f .... 1 01 a ni 3 5C p m
Gastonia </ 3 20 a in 5 54 p m
charlotte h 4 10 a in 6 40 p in
<Sout hint nl. No. 50* No. 52f
Leave charlotle 1 45 a in I 00 p m
arri veGtistmiia 2 30 a ni I 45 p ui
Spartanburg 4 28 a in 3 45 p in
Greenville 5 43 a m 4 55 p in
Kaslcy 6 17 a in 6 2G p in
Liberty . A 34 a in 5 42 p ni
Central 0 55am 600pm
Seneca city 7 33 a in 7 30 p in
Toccoa 8 40 a in 7 35 p in
Kabul) Cap juuc... 'J 34 a m 8 30 p in
Liila 10 0'J a ni 8 511 p m
Gainesville .... *..10 36 a in 0 25 p m
Atlanta 1 00 p m 11 30 a in
Freight trains on this road all carry passencors;
passenger trains run through to Danville
and connect with Virginia Midland railway
to all eastern cities, and at Atlanta with
all lines divergiii}*. No. 50 leaves Richmond
at 1 p in and No. 51 arrives there at 4 p in: 52
leaves Richmond at 2 2H a in, 53 arrives there
at 7 41 a til
linjrel Sleeping Cars irif/iovt
rfmnt/e: <">n trains Xos. 50 anil 51, New
York and Atlanta, via Wa.shii.jrton and
Danville, (in-ensburo and Ashcvillo; on
trains Xos. and 5i?, Richmond and
Danville, Washington, Augusta anil Now
i\..l fl'l t- i! -1. - - - i
I iiruil^ll 11 CM'IS 011 SillO HI
Charlotte, (Jreenville, Seneca, Spartnnhnrjr
and (Jainesville to nil points south,
southwest, north and cast. A connects
with N". K. railroad to and from Athens;
t> with N'. K. to and from Tallulah Falls;
r with MI. Air l?inu to and fioin Klberton
and Iiowersville; il with Hlno Uidjje to
and from Walhalla; ? with and (J. to
and from (Jroenwood, Xewhorry, Alston
and (/'(dumhin;with A. & S. and S..
I*. ?Xr C. to ami from llendersonville,
Alston, iVc.; <j with Chester and Lenoir
to ami from Chester, Vorkrille and Dal- j
las; h with N. (J. division and 0., C. tV
A. to and from (ireenshoro, llnlcigh, i\:c
Ki>Mrxi> Hkkki.ky, Supt.
M. SUmi/hfrr. (Jen. Pass. Agt.
A. Ij. ItiveH, 2d V. P. ami (Scu. Man.
I^TLAXTIC COAST LINK,
| I'ASSKXUI2U DKl'AIIMMKXT,
j H'ifluitiy/oii. A". .lull/ 10/h, IS.V;.
KK.W 1.1 VIC h.u? <"M t..-? i
- W..... |
Columbia Jiiitl 11 jijior South Carolina. J
i <2aimi> go i no i
! wkst. k.vst. j
[ T 00 am Ijv .... ('Iiarle.ston.... Ar. 0 45 |>tti I
I 8 40 . ...l.ancs , " R 05 " I
I 0 -IS " " ,...Siimli>r " 0 55 "
II 00 pin Ar ... Columbia Iiv. 6 30 "
231 " 44 Winnsboro 44 3 -IS 41
3 45 44 44 Chester 44 '1 4 J 44
j 5 35 44 44 ....Yorkville *' 1 00 44
: 6 25 " " Lancaster " 0 00 44
I 5 06 " " Hock Hill 14 2 00 44
j (i 15 " " ....ChmbitU.. " 1 00 44
1 13 pm Ar Newberry I.v 3 02 pm
5 0 9 44 44 Crcftiwood 44 12 43 44
6 50 " " ....Laurens 44 7 4 0 am
b 18 44 " ....Anderson 44 1 0 3 3 44
6 0? " " (ircetiville 44 0 50 "
T 03 " ' .... WaHiaMit 44 8 50 "
4 45 44 4> ... Abbeville 44 1 1 00 44
6 50 44 "4 .... Spartanburg.... 44 1C50 44
! 9 30 i"' 41 ... Iloiiilersiinvillv . '* 8 00 44
; Selid Trains between Charleston mid Colmnj
bin. S. C.
J "P. niVlXK, T. M. KMKKSOX.
Gon'l Sup't. Gon'l Pas. Agent.
Mus. M. \V. Thomas, Proprietress.
11 road street, Augusta, (in.
JJ L. MA nilY,
Atornoy and Counsellor at Law.
aiikyii.i.k c. a., k. v.
Office formerly occupied by Judi?e
Ij. W. 1'KltltIN". T. V. COTIIHAN.
pEHlllN- k COTHRAX,
Attorneys at Law,
Abbeville S. C.
w. c. beset, jas. ii. lllfe. i.. w. smitu,
Abbeville. Ninety-Six, Abbeville,
jgENET, IUCE k SMITH,
Attorneys at Law.
Will practice in nil the Courts of the
Stnte, and give prompt attention to all
legal business entrusted to them.
CiltHKN VH.IjIl, S. C.
THE ONLY TWO-CLASS HOTEL IN
W. It. White. Pkoimurtoh.
Greenwood, S. C.,
UHJUENK 11.0 A RY,
Attorney and Counsellor at Ln\v, '
Abbeville, S. C.i
Subscribe for the Mkrhknqkb.
JAMES S. 1'ERRIX,
Attorney nml Counsellor nt Law,
Aiibeviu.k, C. II., S. C.
Jan. 28, 1885-tf
itonT. n. HEMrim.l. wsi. p. cai.loun.
jjEMPHILL & CALHOUN,
Attorneys at Law,
adbkvim.k, s. c.
Will practice in all the Courts of the
Whnt nn Al?lr? Norlhi-rn Citizen
thinkn f?r the Southern Kduoatioil
Wo promised our readers to introduce
to their attention certain portions of the
address of the Rev. A. I>. Mayo delivered
from Unity pulpit, Boston, Inst December.
The Doctor first tells his Boston audience
how ho came to undertake thn
great work to which he lias devoted the
remaining years of his highly useful
life. He says:
Karly in the year 1803 I went as a
minister to the city of Cincinnati!, Ohio,
then the border land of our great civil
war. For ten years f remained there,
occasionally journeying through the
Southwest and observing carefully the
Statu of affairs in the adjacent portion of
the former slave States. Unable to go
to the field, I was all the time asking
myself what was to be my work in the
upbuilding that I was sure must follow
the complete wreck of the old Southern
order of snrietv mwl lin?- ! cmilil
meet the call of God to every patriot
It was not lon^ before I came to a
v>ry d slii.ct opinion that, after the i oliticians,
the ecclesiastics, and, possibly,
some other sorts of people, had reached
the end of their favorite plans of national
reconciliation, the real work must
begin, by establishing among the children
of the South, of both races and all
classes, a system of universal education,
| which in turn would lift up the very
ground lloor ol society * * *
This slowly consolidated to a resolve
that, when the call should come, I
would go over and try to help those people
in the beginnings of this mighty
work. I could see it was to be a work
difficult beyond expression. * * *
So, for fifteen years, till 1880, in the
Xoathwcstern, Middle ami Xew England
States, 1 prepared myself in.lustriously
for a ministry of education bv
services and studies in educational affairs,
trqeing^the relations of universal
education to American history, and
forming a large acquaintance with educational
and public men.
I?cfore 1 was half through with this
preparation 1 heard the big horn blowing
for me down in Dixie and made haste
to answer the call. I went forth, and with
such support as a few benevolent people
of the North and the hospitalit v of the
South gave mc, respecting no party in
politics or sect in religion, have traversed
this Southland now for more than
four years in this ministry of education.
* * * My talk will he in
answer to these three questions: First.
What is the actual state of a flairs
through this vast region as 1 have seen
it ? Second. What opportunities have
been afforded mc for such work as mine,
and just what 1 have been able to accomplish
? Third. What can wo all
do in behalf of the present movement
by the Southern people jor universal education
And first, a word upon the situation.
V - * ~
j ou can reau lor yoi rseives tne ligures
of Southern illiteracy that appear in the
national census of 1880. * * *
You can also look upon the shrinkage in
the valuation of these great Slates and
cities in the years that followed tho war.
* * * * All this I confirmed
in the fourteen States, visited in
my journeyings through more than four
But, friends, it is one thing to sit in
your parlor at home and read these
columns of dead figures, ami quite another
thing to look through and through
tho state of society represented thereby,
as I have seen it in the shape of living
men, women and children.
Imagine, if you can, an old Slate,
more than half her people emancipated
slaves, and their children, .another'great
mnltWiiflA <-1 ? ->111-.? J ?
V KIIU JICUJMf, CUHlg HI
such ignorance and aloofness from the
higher influences of our time as no native
horn class can possibly experience
here. Now, fancy what we. who regard
ourselves as an intelligent Christian
people, should do in such case, if. after
a twenty years'struggle, wo found ourselves
where the superior class of white
people in one of those States?South
Carolina, for example, is found to-day.
I have come to understand how, in
1805, the whole upper story of Southern
society was overturned as completely a*
the ruof of a house was ever blown
away in A cyclone ; arid how the foundations
of society here, represented by
11 ...!! ! -- * 1 *
iivc miiin) 11 lrceuincn, largely without
knowledge, without property, the prey
to ovcry sort of vice, their religon a half
l'agiiu superstition, suddenly shot up
into full citizenship, to do the work of
legislation, to hold ovcry office of honor
and trust thoughout sixteen States.
And opposed to them the other part of
tho foundations, another multitude of
white people, in every grade of ignorance,
full of race projudico, accustomed
to tho violent lifo of a border civilization,
ready to break out at any emergency
into something worse than ordinary
civil war. All that can happen in
Buch a state of things I now understand
from what 1 have seen. ?
> If any body lias really looked upon
the .sort of crowd that seventy-live per
cent, of the colored people of the South
is to-day, as these people toil in the
fields of its vast, lonesome country, or
swarm the streets of every village oil a
holiday, ho will understand whnt it
means to have a State government by
such a majority, and how probable it is
that any large body of Anglo-Saxon people
in any part of America will consent
to be so. governed. I have seen how
multitudes of these poor people must
live; how loose must bo the whole
morale of their social life ; how they
behave under religious excitment; how
helpless many of them are to meet poverty,
pestilence, evsn a change in the
weather; and I marvel not at the social
chasm that yawns between them and
. the white race, ond am not surprised
at any thing that happens.
I have seen how improbable it is tftat
these awful rivalries and repulsions
should be kept out of the dif.V^ --rooms
and the churches; how imposs^jj
there should be just now any widespread.
practical manifestations of democratic
society and faithful co-oneration
between clascs and largo and beneficent
public spirit in some of these States.
Of course, I have seen the best side of
Southern society; for my ministry lit s
carried me through all regions of its
higher as well as lower life. IJutthe
more I see of the superior people of the
South (and a more attractive people
does not exist on earth) the more I feel
its utter helplessness to deal with the
tremendous difficulties that involve the
whole lower region of society. Its families,
with growing exceptions, arc still
struggling with poverty, just getting on
their feet from under a wholesale wreck I
oi twenty-live years ago. * * *
Ami how all this Jells on every form of
industry and enterprise; making the laborers
on the land the dullest peasantry
in Christendom; making progress in the
development of that vast region slow
and unstable (?), keeping down manufacturers
(?) and skilled mechanics;
throwing all classes of people into the ;
hands of sharpers, wicked money-lenders
and plunderers, who hover over the
country like buzzards over the bat'.lelieldjaud
how all this must unsettle the
very foundation of private, State and 1
municipal credit, you can easily comprehend.
This much portrays most graphically j
the diffirult path the South has trodden j
for (he past four years. Dr. Mayo then
deals with "the bright side" he has seen.
We tind we can not go further in reviewing
this strikingly thoughtful address
to-day but we will take up this
"bright side'" of things as seen by the
largeniinded Northern looker-on tomorrow.
Our readers must not tire of
our extended review of this most remarkable
address, for it is the bell-note
of true, enlightened progress, which
any man at the South who has ears to
hear should gladly hear.
"Tlio Side" of iho Kducneiona!
Question at. (lie South.
We give our readers this morning another
extract from the address of the
llev. A. 1). Mayo, delivered from Unity
n~-.? rv 1
iiu.ivuii, j'vuunnmr, 1BM4,
showing uthe bright side of things," as
the earnest worker in the great field of
educational progress in the South saw it
for himself. Before doing this, however,
we would remark here that it is not
a little singular that so sagacious an observer
as Dr. Mayo should have esteemed
the progress in the material development
at the South "slow and unstable,"
and also that he should have dwelt on
the intellectual condition of this section
;is tending ,-to keep down manufactures."
when the whole South has
siiruii" fiirwnr.l nt llm mAct ..... .?1......
- i O - *? mtiiiviuun
pace i? material development sincc it
shook off the carpet-bagger; and in the
past four years, besides the great cotton
product "in the vast lo:.osomo country,"
the South litis stepped forward in manufactures
at such a ?poed as to astonish
even her own people. It will bo remembered,
however, that Dr. Mayo was
speaking rather of the tendency of
wide-spread ignorance to restrain and
discourage that, material development
which otherwise would feel the quickening
instincts of an educated and informed
neoule. Airnin. the Xortliorn
observer of our progress may sagaciously
see in it a tributo to our immense
natural resources, crowding on the eye
of the visiting stranger on every hnnd,
no less to the social uplift of our society
at the South. There is a great deal
of truth in such a view of tho tnntter.
Put this South-land to-morrow in the
hands of a people educated to ''the bottom
r:til." so ns to tnlc?> nr.il linM flwi
solid facts of our unequalled resources
before it, ami along with this match an
intelligent, vivified, industrial elJWt nil
along the line ; and can any man who
knows the Sonth at nil fail to see what
would he the splendid outcome of each
a state of society ? If, with all the
dense, stolid ignorance prevalent at the
South in so many directions?if thirt uninspired,
dumb, bruto forco could
aehieve, under our tremendouR difficulties
aud social throes, what wo hare
done, what might not he dona if tin
electric lijrht of education?useful education?could
ho shot thlough these
dumh masses, giving them light and
hope and strength, instead of the darkDoss,
the doltish indiHeroncc and weakness.
which besot us on every hand '
Just here, then, we may, with eager in
quiry, look to that bright side of eduucational
progress which is to re-illumine
our Souther picture, so long shadowed
by revolutionary confusion and
distempered discord. We again, then,
call Dr. Mayo to the platform in this behalf,
as follows :
Hut I have seen a bright side?sc
bright, indeed, that it has always kepi
me abovc|discourngcmcnt, and broughl
me out, at the end of four years' observation,
full of hope and conlidence foi
the future South of our beloved land
beginning at the foundation, I have
seen how wonderfully God has wroughi
in tho history of the freednien. Twc
hundred and fifty years ago the firsl
slave ship landed the first cargo of African
on the beach of old Virginia,
in plain siy-..- x.' . '??? snot where now
rise tho towers of General 'Armstrong's
Normal and Industrial Hampton school,
Only seventy-live years ago slave
ships from New Kngland and Old England
wore landing thousands of the same
people in all tho seaports of the South.
These people were often slaves at home,
degraded beyond the degradation of every
race we have known. Hut they
were scattered among tho families of n
Christian country that became a repub
lie nearly one hundred years ago.
They learned in their state of slavery
the three fundamental lessons in the
I nrocross of nnv rner? : First
steady, profitable work : second, the
language of n civilized country; third,
the religion of .Jesus Christ, which is
destined to break every yoke on body
or soul, and redeem every son and
daughter of (iod. In this school of
bondage they multiplied like the leaved
of the trees, till now they number
more than six millions, and last year every
soul of them was represented by a
bale of cotton in the bounteous harvest
fields of the Sunny South.
Never was such a spectacle before as
this development, so rapid from savage
life to citizenship in the world's chicf
republic. Spite of all that is discouraging
in the life of the freedman to-day,
no such great work was ever before
wrought on so vast a scale in the annals
of civilized man. The colored people
of Georgia last year represented at least
$8,000,000 of property earned and saved
in fifteen years, and owned one-twelfth
of the live stock of that enterprising
State; and those people own $100,000,000
in the whole South. I have spoken
to several thousand of these young people
within four years, gathered ii) the
great schools, supported hy the Northern
Christian peoplo, with occasional
aid from their State governments (?) ;
and when 1 see how easily they take to
good schooling in letters and manners,
and mark their slow hut sure growth in
morals, I have no fear of the future of
tho colored man, if he can he kept out
of the hands of his foolish, wicked
iriends, and guided by the best wisdom
of the whole American people years to
1 have marked this, that the various
classes of the poor white people of the
South (and there are many grades of in
iiriiigcnri;, ciiiiraciur imu ministry comprised
in the several millions of this
class) still hold fust the bottom quality
of the old British stock, and arc developing
every year, in productive work, in
morale, in the desire for education, in
thoughtful attention to public offairs.
We shall do well to put in all possible
good work amour/ the children of the
poor while man of South Carolina
for the next Jiffy years; for he is
bound to bccomc a prodigious power
in those States, and can be educated
up to a mighty powerJ'orgood. Every
little white girl in the beautiful school
of Amy Bradley, at Wilmington, N. 0.,
would have grown upas wild, as unkept,
as helpless as that group 1 saw in Alabama,
had not the Lord come by in the
form of a good school-mistress, and
made of them all such a kind of children
un no iingiiL ma uc amiiiiuvu lu Cilll our
Atul I have seen as fast as education
lays its forming hand on these poor
children, colored or white, they begin to
draw near each other in jnptice, peace
and harmony. 1 have no anticipations
of a Southern millenium ; but I can believe
that a generation of good schooling,
better churching, intelligent industry
and improved homes will, at least, enable
these classes to dwell together in
the unity of a common citizenship in the
land wb love. The war was also a revoolution
of emancipation to the poor
white men of the South ; and therefore,
lite u*n \r Je Alton tn tlin uitinmSl n f .A mnw
ican life, ami already ho is beginning to
walk vigorously therein.
I have seen, with nn interest I cannot
express, the present attitude of the
higher classes of the southern people.
Of course, we are not to look at people
past middle life, the survivors and sufferers
from the awful wreck of war, foi
the most hopeful view. Yet even they
are often hearing themselves with a patience,
dignity and spirit of returning
friendliness, to which some of us, I feai
have not yet attained. Hut my ministry
has been chiefly among the children, the
youth, their teachers# and friends?the
j/nun(f South; and there 1 have found
little to doplore and almost everything
to hope. 1 have spoken to thousands ol
the daughters ?ml sons we were fighting
' less than twenty years ago, many of them
. children of the leaders in that conflict;
and never have 1 spoken of the grandeur
' and hope of our common country, and
' the opportunity of our new American
life, without a response as ready as I
. would expect here in Massaohusetts.
) The young men of the old upper class
of the South are doing just what our
young men diil in my boyhood?getting
such schooling as they can, and going
. forth to seek their fortune to the new
cities and towns of their own State, to
the great Northwest, and everywhere
showing themselves ns men. The class
of stay-at-home, do-nothing, vicious,
lazy boys, is not half as great as we have
been told. The young *woinen of the
best families are teaching the new pub
' lie schools, pushing out in every direct
lion toward new einployinenl?so like
t our own girls, as I remember then in the
. past years, that I cannot see any real
diUerance between them and our
"sisters, cousins and aunts.''
1 have seen how earnestly a large
s band of Southern clergy are toiling at
t their sacred work ; how faithfully the
majority of these teachers are caring for
the children in these schools ; how the
L Christian people of both races are pon
dering the awful social problem that
. beset them ; how the public men of their
. State and municipal governments are
generally working on lines of progress ;
' how cverv man that is nnvlmitv ??< ?>
be moved with a desire to be at harmony
, with us at the North. And 1 am
astonished at the amount of building up
in education that lias been done by
1 these people themselves wihtin the past
fifteen years?more than was overdone
)?v any people in so short a time before.
This year the South will pay $15.000,(XX)
for education. And now I note everywhere
among these people the waking
up of this mighty desire for educational
and industrial uplilting of the young.
It is the most powerful and profound inspiration
of the new Southern life. If
i we meet it as we ought it will bear the
1 j Southern people out into calm water
over all breakers and rapids in the life,
time of many who hear me to-day. * *
There is nothing inconsistent in the
1 two pictures 1 have drawn. The dark1
[ ness is of the night that is far spent.
I and the radiance is of the gloroua dawn
j which already kindles the sky with
omens of peace and good will. * * *
1 A New Rule.
Perhaps, hoys, you would like to
know the day of the week on which you
were horn. If thfre are a dozen or so
of you in the family, your mother can't
remember the day, your father don't
care, your older sister is sorry you were
. horn at all and don't want to know, your
aunt never knew and your grandmother
is dead, and so you must rely on some
rule as follows : Set down the year of
j'our birlh less 1, divide by 4, throwing
away the remainder, if any, and add to
in? auic ; also adit the number of days
from January 1st to the date* of birth,
divide by 7, and if 0 remains, Sunday is
your birthday ; if 1, Monday; 2, Tuesday
and so on. Example?Suppose you
were born March 9, 1875, then 1 less
would be :
Divide by 4 - - 408
Add January - 31
" February - - 28
" March, 9 9
This makes Tuesday the day on which
you were born.
In computing don't forgot to give February
29 days, if your birthday was in
leap year, and if the above rule don't
work we will forfeit a last year's almanac.
The Knights of Honor.
In the United States court at Cincinnati
on Tuesday of last week, J udge Baxter
deciuuti a case of much interest to members
of tnc Knights of Honor. Henrv
Tover, of Missouri, made an application
for the appointment of receiver to take
charge of the money belonging to the
Knights of Honor held by 11. J. Breckenridge,
ex-supreme treasurer, of the
organization, and claimed by Breckenridge
to be now on deposit at the people's
ot tho People's bank in Louisville.
The evidence showed tho Tover was
entitled under the death benefit rule of
the Knights of Honor to $2,000, and
Judge Baxter ordered the bank and
Breckenridge to pay that amount into
court. Ho decided that it wafe not in
bis jurisdiction to appoint a receiver for
all the funds. The trouble dates from
the election of officers 'at Chicago last
May, and Breckenridge has refused to
nffipor in lilu nlonn
A proposal to remove the funds of the
organization, consisting of $25,000,00 to
St. Louis is opposed by the People's
bank, and counsel wore present to represent
Breckenridge and the bank in
addition to Tover. Similar cases are
said to be pcuding at other points.
Brcckenridge's defection has not in the
least crippled I he operations of the ori
der, all assessments having been regularty
paid with-promptness and regula'
The Swaiin trial has at last conio to
an end?that is to say the peers and
judges of the illustrious scamp have
sealed a verdict and sent it to tlio President,
who will refer it to the -fcttorney1
general. What the outcome will be
> though, is doubtful even among those
' best informed. It is surmised among
| tho journalists of Washington that it
, will be more favorable to General
\ Swaim than could have been ezpectod
; in November, whon the trial began.
A Midnight Dnel.
' There is no doubt," said an old soldier
yesterday, "that many singular
things occur as we journey through life,"
ami lie looked as though memory was
struggling with some sad feature of his
existence. He sighed as he continued:
4*I remember as though it were yesterday,
the march of Hill's corps along
the winding Shenandoah up to the famous
Luray "gap. Who could ever forget
that march ? The road winding with
the beautiful river, and overhung witha
majc.itic chain of lUue Kidge mountains,
while across the crystal water the magnificent
valley, with its charming cottages
dotted the bounteous land with
white-like balls of snow robed in flowers.
liut the most engaging and lovely
objects paled into insignificance beside
the peerless women of this blessed
country, and you may well believe that
when the camp was struck that the soldiers
lost 110 time in making their way
to the surrounding cottages. Soon the
music of the violin was heard, and the
shuffling feet kept time to the music^
while r>r a time, the soldier's face was
lit up with old time joy. At one of these
cottages the belle of the valley reigned
supremo, while several ?oldiers vied
with each other in paying homage to the
queen. Among others were two young
soldiers?one from Georgia and the
other from Mississippi?who were specially
energetic in their attentions, and
so marked had this becomc that those
present watched the play with increasing
interest, fully believing that both exhibited
a CRse uf love at first sight,
j This surmise on the part of those present
i was only too true, as the tragic event
wnicn louowea tully proved. The Georgian
seemed to linvc the lead on the Mississippian,
and when the dancers were
called to take their places, he led the
; hello of the valley to a place in the set.
At this point the Mississippian was seen
to approach the couple and heard to
claim the lady's hand for the danco. An
altercation eusucd but both were cool,,-;,
bravo soldiers'?two of the host shnt? ?n
1 . .
the army?who did* not believe in a war
of words. So it was ended by the (Jeorgian
dancing with the lady, and the significant
remark of the Mississippian that
"I will soo you after this act"
When the dance was over the Georgian
was seen to seek the Mississippian, and
together they called each a friend from
the crowd and departed. When outside
both claimed that an insult had been
passed, which could only bo wiped out
in the blood of thu other, nnu that a duel
to the death should be arranged at once.
A full nioon was just appearing above
the tops of the surrounding forest, and
I tell you this talk of blood in the silence
of the night was anything but
pleasant. No argument, however, would
avail with these men, so it was arranged
that the duel should take place on top
of the Blue Ridge, near the conter of
the road that passes through tho gap ;
that the weapons should be pistols at
fifteen paces, and the fi^e at or befcsrpfin
the words 'one, two, three,' firing to continue
until one or both were dead. i
'The point was reached, the ground
measured off, and, the men took their
positions without a tremor. TJie moon
shed its pule light down on a scene never
to be forgotten. A moment or two and
the silence was broken by the signal:
.'One, two, three." At the word "one"
the report of two pistols rang out on the
midnight air, but the principals maintained
their respective positions. Tho
Georgian's left arm was seen to drop
closer to the si lo, but the Mississippian
was immovable, and still hcld'his pistol
to tho front. A*ain, a pistol shot was
heard, coming from the Georgian, and
thi! Mississippian still held his position,
but did not fire. TIim Georgian protested
that he had not come there to murder
him, but no answer was returned.
Tho Mississippiau's second approached
his principal and found him dead.shot
through the eye on the ftrat charge of ^ '
tho weapons. Death it seems-had beon
instantaneous, sumach so as noleren to
disturb bit* Equilibrium. I may forget
some things, hut the uiidnight duel on
the top of a spur of the Blue Ridge, with
the attendant circumstrnces, is not one
of them.?A t/iQHs, Ga., Banner.
Having been notified that quinine was
largely adulterated, Dr. Cyrus Edson of
the Health Department has been spending
his pock it money lately buying
samples from different druggists for
Prof. Waller to analyze. Nearly all
his purchases were found on analysis to
he adulterated, some to the amount of
fifty "per ccnt. Dr. Kdson intends to
procedc criminally against the whole*
salo dealers who supplied the retail
* * 4- /*- 1 *- ? -
uru^gisis tioui wnoiu ne ooiaineu tIio
l)r. Kdson declined yostcrday to givo
Iho nnmo of that doalcr, but it will l>o
nindo public uh soon aa ho has been put
Dr. tidson says he wishes to in6iot
upon hitn tho sovcrest penalty of tho
law, as the harm done in cases of ma*
laria by the quinine prescribed being
only half its supposed strength is considerablc.