Newspaper Page Text
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VOL. I. ABBEVILLE, S. C, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1885. NO. 21.
WII.M1XOTON, COLUMBIA ANI) AUOirSTA
'. Going Sou h No 48 so 40
I.^ave Wilmington 0 .10 |? m 11 10 p ni
Arnir# at Florence.. I W?m 2 20 * hi
AeiVit* at Columbia ft 40 a ia
/ Going North so 4J No 47
l.rare Columbia 10 00 p m j
Leave Florence 4 50 p in 1 52 a m
Arrito at Wilmington .... 7 40 p m 0 10 a in
Train No. 43 Mop* at all atatinnn. No*. 4H
nail 47 ntn> onlr at DritikUr's, Whiteville,
Flcmiugton, Fair ItlufT, Marion, Florence,
Timinornvillc, Sumter, camdrn Junction ard
EaMover. Passengers for Columbia and all .
point* on c * tl it R, c, c a a k r, Aiken Junction
aad all points beyond, stioulil take No. 48,
night express. Separate Pullman alcepcr*
for Charleston ami Augusta on trains 48 and
47. All traiux run solid between Charleston j
OPART ASM; RU AND
O ASliK VI l.I.Ii RAILROAD
On and after Mar 12, 1884, passenger
train* will be run dailv, except Sunday, between
Spartnnbnrg and llenderaonvillc as
Leave K. & D- Depot at Spartanburg 6 00 p n?
Leave 5partanburg, A. L. depot ft 10 p in
I,oiive aniuna o .m i> in i
Leave Flat Rock 'J 15 p ni I
-frrivc Hendorsonvilie 0*0 i ,-n
Leave He nderaonville 8 00 am
Learo Flat Ruck 8 15 a in
l<eav? Saluda 9 00 a in
Leavr A ir Line Junction 11 25 am
Arrive U. A I) Depot Spartanburg 11 30 a *i
Traina on this road run lit Air-Line lime.
Both train* make connection; for Columbia
and CharUatnii ria Spartanburg, Union and
Columbia: Atlantn and Charlotte hr Air I.inc.
JAMKS ANDERSON, .Suimriiitendmt.
^JONDKXSKI) TIMK CARD
Magnolia Passenger Ronte.
In effect September 14, 1SH4.
Arrive Port Roth! ft 05 pni
" Chaleston 6 40 pm
" Savannah 6 43 pm
" J?ek sonville 9 00 am
Leave .1 ackaonTillc 6 30 pm
" Savannah 6 Itb am
" Charleston 610 am
Leave l'or? Rovnl T 35 am
" Hoaufort. T *T am
" Augusta 1 40 pin
Lmtc Atlanta +8 50 pm
Arrive Augusta (5 10 am
Leave Augusta 4 00 pm ft 40 ain
Arrive (irwnwwid V oo pm 11 .10 am
Ticket*on nale nt Greenwood to nil point*
at thinugh rates?baggage cherked to destination.
W. F. Sueli.mak, Traffic Manager.
J. X. )!ihi, Superintendent.
Commencing Sunday, Sept. 7tli, 1884, at
3 36 a in, Pataenjror Trains will rnn an follow*
until further notice, "Kaatern time:*'
Culvtnhia J fin'* i<in ? Daily.
Leave Columbia 7 48 a in 5 27 p in
Dne at Chariest on 12 20 p m HWp ni
Leave Charleston 7 00 a in 4 30 p in
Due at Columbia 11 00 p in 9 22 a in
('amtfrn Pirint/m?Daily except Sunday*.
Leave Columbia 7 48 a ni 5 27 p in
Due Camden 12 55 p in 8 25 pro
Leave Carudon 7 15 a in 4 00 p m
Due Columbia 11 00 p in tt 22 p in
.4 vyutla Jti-cirion-?Daily.
I/eare Columbia ?> 27 p in
l)u? Augusta 7 41 a iu
Leave Augunta S 50 p m
Due Columbia 9 22 p in
Made at Columbia with Columbia and Oreenville
railroad by train arrirmc at 11 00 a. m.
tnd deoartiiKr at 5 27 it 111 at I 'ulnmkii
Junction with Charlotte, Columbia mid Align*!*
railroad by name train to and from all
pointa on both mad*.
At Charleston with atmniera for New York
?n Saturday; and on Tuesday and Saturday
with steamer for Jacksonville and point* on
Ht. John'a rirer: also, with Charleston and
Pavannali Itailroad to and from Savannah
and all points in Florida.
At Augusta with (iror<ria and Central railroans
to and from all point* West and South;
at Illarkvill? to and from all points on Hamwell
railroad. Through tickets ean bo purchased
to all pointa South and West by applyiag
1>. MrQt'KBS. A;*ont, C.olumbin, ft. 0.
JonK It. Pkck, (ienoral Manager.
1>. C. Ai.i.ek, (Jen. Pasc. and Ticket Ag't
COLUMBIA A Nl>
On and after October 5, 1884, Pabhknoicr
Ta* ms will run as hcroirith indicated upou
Uiia r*ad and ita branelie*.
Daily, txctpl Snudnv*.
Ko. 43. UP PASFKNOKK*
Lmto Columbia S. C. Junc'n 10 45 pm
" Columbia C. A (J. I) "1110pm
Arrire Alston 12 10 j> in
" Senberrv 1 IS p m
Ninctr-Kix J 47 p m
( rtenwood 3 00 p in
Undoes I S3 p m
Briton 4 40 p m
st Oreeiiville: d 0J p m
No. 62. DOWN PARSKNOKIt.
iMri Greenville at 0 50 a ni
Arrive Briton 11 IS a in
Hodges 12 2:1 p m
Greenwood 12 48 poi
Xi?otr-Six , 112pm
Newberrjr J 02 p m
Alston 4 10pm
fc Columbia C. A O. D 5 16 pm
Arrira Columbia S C. Junc'n 5 30pm
PABTANBCBfl,UNION * COT.miJfA K AM. HO AD.
XO. 53. IIJ* I'ASRF.XOKR.
Lear* Alston 12 S3 p m
" Union 8 55 pm
" Spartanburg, K.U.AG.depot.& 50 p m
KO. 62. DOWN PABHENUKIt.
I?>T( Spart'g R. A D. Repot .... It 35 a m
M Spart'tf S. U. A 6'. D?pot ..10 50 am
o a* */v p in
Arrive at Alston 2 40 p m
L?|t? Kenber'jr 2 SO p m
Arrive at Laurens C. H 8 50 p m
Leave Lanrens C. II T 40 am
Arrive a I Newberry II 10 pm
Leave Hodges I 45 p in
Arrive at Abbeville 4 45 p in
Letve Abbeville II 00 a m
Arrive at Hodges 13 09 p m
ILVt II DOB RAILROAD AND ANDERSON BRANCH.
Leave Relton 4 45 p in
Arrive Anderson 5 18pm
" Pendleton 5 58pm
" Seneca ? 140pm
Arrive at Walhalla T 05 p m
Leave Walhalla 8 50 a m
Arrive fieaeea is *>
" Fendlaton t 62 i m
" Anderaon 1ft S3 am
Arrivt at Relton 1) (Sam
A. With Bauth Carolina railroad t* and from
Ckarlestoa; with Wilmington, Columbia and
Augusta railroad from Wilmington and all
aaiata north thereof: with Charlotte, Colum<
in Md Augusta railroad from Charlotte and
all j?iata north thereof. B. With Aahevills
ana Kpartanbarc railread from and for points
ia Wen tern N. Carolina. C. With Atlanta and
Ckarlotta di? Riohmand and Danville railway
far Atlanta.and alt point! south and west.
M+nd+rd EatUrn. Tim4.
G. R. TALCOTT, Superintendent.
H. Blacmts*, Gep'l Passenger Agt.
D. ln?mL, Ass't Oenl Pass. Agt.
Richmond am> danville
I'<in<vyrr !>*}>?rim*nt.?On and after Aug.
3>i, 1884. pawcnirfr train norvicc on the A.
and C. Division will bean follows:
XortKurnrd. Xo. 51* No. 53t
Leave Atlanta 4 40 j> ni 8 40 a in
arrive (Jaiiirsville A 57 p in 10 35 a m
I.nla <i 7 25 p ni 11 01 a m
Rabun (Jap june h. K 12 p in II 30 a m
Toccoa t 8 54 p ni 12 04 p m
Seneca City <1 0 5V p m 1 00 p di
Central .. .*. 10 32 p ni 1 52 p m
Liberty 10 53 p in 2 13 p in
Kaslev 11 10 p in 2 27 p ni
Ureenvillc < 11 42 p in 2 47 p n?
Spartanburg/- 1 01 a ni .t 50 i> m
Gastouia <j 3 20 in 5 54 p in
charlotte A 4 10 a in A 40 p in
Southward. No. 50* No. 52t
Lrav? charlotte 1 45 a in I 00 p m
arriveOastonia 2 30 a m 1 45 p iu
Spartanburg 4 28 a in 3 45 p in
Greenville* 5 43 a in 4 55 p m
Kaslcy 8 17 a in ft 20 p in
Liberty 6 34 a in 5 12 p m
C^ntrn'l 6 55 a in C lift p in
Seneca city 7 33 a ni 7 36 p in
Toccoa R 40 a ni 7 35 p ni
Kabnu (?ap jnnc ... 9 34 a rn K 30 p in
I.uta 10 09 a m 8 5'J p in
Gainesville 10 36 a in 9 25 p m
Atlanta I 80 p iu 11 30 a in
Freight trains ?n this road all carry passeneers;
passenger trains run through to Danville
and connect with Virginia Midland railway
to all pattern cities, and at A tlanta with
all linos dir?rjring. No. 50 Icarcs Richmond
at 1 p in ami .Nil. A1 nrnvfH ther* at 4 j> ni; 52
Iohvch Richmond *1 2 28 a in, .VJ art-iron there
nt 7 41 am
liuff'et Sfec/HiHj Cars without
chnityc: On trains Xos. ">() and r?l, Xew
York unci Atlanta, via "Washii.gton and
Danville, Greetishoro and Ashc-viMe; on
trains Xos. 52 and 5.'l, Richmond and
Danville, "Washington, Augusta and New
Orleans. Through tickets en sale at
Charlotte, Greenville, Seneca, Spartan- J
bnrg and Gainesville to all points south. ]
southwest, north and east. A connects
with X. K. railroad to and from Athens;]
h with X. K. to and from Tallulah Falls;
r with F,l. Air Line to and fiom Klherton
and Bowersville; (/with Hluo Ridge to;
ami from Walhalla; e with <!. and G. to
Utlll frnill r< PiiAlt U'AAll V <>U*Knr?*?> A lut/vn
and Columbia; f with A. S. and S..
I*. iV ('. to and from Henderson ville,
Alston, tVc.; p with Chi'Ster and Lenoir
to and from Chester, Yorkrillc and Dallas;
h with N. 0. division and C., C. it
A. to and from (Jn'onshuro, Kalcigh, ?Vc
Kitiii'xii Beuki.kv, Supt.
M. Slaughter. (ion. Pass. Apt.
A. Ij. Riven. 2d V. I*. anil t?rn. Man.
^TLAXTIC COAST LINK,
Wilmington, JV\ <* '., ?/?/// 10th, ISSj.
NEW LINK between Charleston and
Coluiuhia and Pppor South Carolina.
uoivo tioisa |
} 00 nin l.r . ... (/UnrluStciB .... Ar. tTTs~pin
8 40 " " ../.Lane* 41 R #i "
9 48 " " . ...Sumter " 6 5# "
11 08 pin Ar... .Columbia I.r. 5 30 "
J .11 " " Wiimsbnro ... " 3 48 "
A 44 " " (/lientrr " t 41 "
5 35 " " .... Yorkvillr ' I 00 "
C'2b " ' .... I.nncArttor ' " 9 00 "
a 00 ? " .... Hock Hill " 2 00 ?
C 15 " CliarlotU " 1 00 "
1 12 pin Ar.... Newberry I.t X 02 pin
5 09 " " ... .(ircrnmiod " 12 4K '
6 50 " " Ihiiikm ^.. " 1 40 am
5 18 " " ... . Anderson " 10 31 "
05 " " .<ir?enrill* " tt 50 "
T 0.1 " ? ... . WallialU " 3 50 "
4 45 " " ...Abbeville " 11 00 <
5 50 " " .... Spurt anburpr ... '* 1050 "
'J SO J'* " ... Ilendrr*<?nrill*.. " K 00 "
SoTiT Train* bctvreeu Charli-slnn and Columbia,
J "IT. IHVIN'K, T. M. KMKRSON.
fien'l Sup't. flon'l 1'an. Apent.
Miss. M. W. Thomas, Proprietress.
Itroad atrect, AugM-Md, (in.
U L. MAUHV,
Atorney and Counsellor at Law.
A UK VII.I.K V. 11., K. T.
/ \fu e? -l- !. ? ? ? ?
??un..: luriiivny uuitu jiu:u uy Jimsjo
I.. W. PKIUtlV. T. V. t'OTMUAN.
pERRIN & ( OTIIR.W,
Attorneys at Law,
Abbeville S. C.
w. r. bF.nkt, jas. h. rice. r. w. kmitu,
Abbeville. Xinet3'-Six, Abbeville,
JJENET, RICE k SMITH,
Attorneys at Uw.
Will practice in all tho Courts of the
State, and give prompt Attention to all
legal buxineH.s entrusted to them.
Grrenviu.k. R. C.
THE ONLY TWO-CLASS HOTEL IN
W. H. White, Proprietor.
Greenwood, S. f!.,
Attorney Mid Counsellor *t Lkw.
Abbeville, S. C,
Subscribe for the Mk*hkn?kb.
yAMER 3. 1'ERRIX,
Attorney and Counitcllor at Law,
Annr.viLi.it, C. II., S. C.
Jan. 38, 1885-tf
, HODT. R. HEMPHILL. WM. P. CAI.LOTJN
' JJKMPIIILL & CALHOUN,
Attornejg at Law,
Abbeville, S. C.
Will practice in all the Court* of thi
LIBELLING THE DEAD.
GENERAL DUFF GREEN'S GHANDSON
SPEAKS IN HIS DEFENSE.
Pat Calhoun Drnlrs a Slanderous
Ktorjr Toltl by Admiral l?orter Cimcerninjc
His G rand father. General
DafT Green?Vindicat ing Him of the
Hlanderuuw ('harden, Kto.
The following article, from the pen of
Admiral l'orter, appeared recently in the
New York Tribune and the Philadelphia
Press, and is now given a placc in our
columns. It describes a meeting between
President Lincoln and General Duff
Green when I incoln was at Richmond,
just after the fall of the confederacy.
A man appeared at the landing dresavd
in gray homespun with a somewhat decayed
appearance and with a staff
about six feet long in his hands. It was,
in fact, nothing more than a stick taken
from a woodpile. It was two and a
half inches in diameter, and was not even
smoothed at the knots. It was just such
a weapon as a man would pick tip to kill
a mad dog with.
"Who are you and what do you want?1'
asked the officer of the deck. "You cannot
come 011 board unless you have important
"I am l)ufl* Green," said the man. "I
want to see Abraham Lincoln, and my
businessjeoncerns myself alone. You tell
Abraham Lincoln Duff Green wants to
The officer came down into the cabin
and delivered the message. I arose and
said : "I will go up and send him away,"
but the President said : "Let him coinc
on uoani. i/un is an oiu irienu 01 mine,
anil I would like to talk with him." '
1 then went on dock to have a boat
sent for him, and to see what kind of a
man this was who vent ofF bucJi arrogant
messages to the Pn'aident of the I'nitt'd
States. He steppwd into tin* bout as if
it belonged to him ; instead of Kitting
down, he stood up. leaning on his long
staflf. When ho came over the side, ho
stood oil the deck defiantly, looked up
at the Hag and scowled, and then, taming
to me, (whom he knew very well).
; he said : "I want to .sec Abraham Lin!
coin." He paid no courtesy to me or to
] the quarter-deck.
It had been a very long time sinre he
| had shaved or cut his hair, and he might
I have roine under tho head of '"unkempt
I and not canny."
'When you come," I said, "in a respectful
manner, the President will see |
yon, but throw away that cord of wood
you have in your hand before entering
the President's presence."
"How long is it," said lie, "since Abraham
Lincoln took to aping royalty ?
Man, dressed in brief authority, cuts
fantastic capers before high heaven that
it makes the angels weep. I etn expect
airs from a naval officer, but f don't exp?et
to find t'lem in a man with Abraham
Lincoln's horse Konse."
I thought the man crazy, and think so
still. "I can't permit you to see the
President," 1 said, "until 1 receive further
instructions; but you can't see him
at all until you throw that wood pile
He turned on his heel and tried to
throw th*s stick on shore, but it fell short
and went floating down the current.
"Ah !" he said, "ha* it come to that?
la he afraid of assanaination ? Tyrants
generall get ;nto that condition."
I went down and reported this queer
customer to the President, and told him
I thought the man crazy, but he said :
"Let him coinc down ; lie always was a
little queer. I shan't mind him." Mr.
Duff Green was shown into the cabin.
Tliu Vrf*ciilnn( nn ??? *?
receivehim, and approaching hiin, ofTVred
him his hand. "No," said Green, with a
tragic air, "it is red with blood; I can't
touch it. When I knew it, it was an
honest hand. It has cut the throats of
thousands of my people, and their blood
which now lies soaking in the ground
crieb aloud to heaven for vengeance. 1
ante to see you, not for old remembrance's
sake, but to give you & piece of
my opinion. You won't like it, but I don't
care, for people don't generally liko to
have the truth told them. You nre a
sccond Xero. and had you lived in his
day you would have fiddled while Ilomc
When ihe fanatic commenced this
tirade of abuse, Mr. Lincoln was standing
with his hand outstrctchod, hi*
mouth wreathed with the pleasant smile
ho almost always wore, and hifl eyea
lighted up as when anything pleased
him. lie was pleased because he was
about to meet an old friend, and better
pleased to *?c him of his own accortl.
Mr. Lincoln gradually withdrew his
outstretched hand ax Duff Green started
on his talk, tin smile left his lips as the
talker got to the roidle of his harangue,
and the softness of his eyos faded out.
. He was another man altogether.
Had any one shut his eyas after I)ufl
Green commenced speaking and opened
thein when he stopped, he would, have
g?en a perfect transformation. His
slouchy pottitioB had' disappeared, his
WfcWiWM! fcompreaaed, hih eye$i wore
i ftjuu), and he looked four inches taller
Duff Green went on without noticing
the change in the President's mKftncr
and appearance. '"You (fimc here," he
I continued "to triumph ovkr poor conquered
town, with only women and
children in it; whose soWiers have left
it, and would rather starve than see your
hateful presence here. These soldiers
?and only a hfendful, at that?who have
for four years defied your paid mercenaries
on these glorious hills, and have
taught you to respect the rights of the
South. You have given your best blood
to conquer them., and bow you will
march back to your dcmovalixed capital
and lay out your wits to win them over
so that you can hold this government in
perpetuity. Shame on ?"
Mr. Lincoln could stand it no longer,
his nostrils dilated like those of an excited
race horse. He stratcbed out his
long right arm and extended his lean
forefinger until it almost touched I)nft,
Green's face. He made one step forward,
to place himself as ne*r as possi
blc lo this Tituperntor, nod in a clear
cutting voice addressed him. He wan
really graceful while he was apeaking?
the grace of one who ia oxpreasing his
honest convictions. "Stop you political
tramp," he exclaimed; "you, the aider
and abettor of those who have brought
all this ruin on your country, without the
courage to risk to your person in defense
of the principles you profess to espouseA
fellow who stood by to gather up the
loaves and tislies, if any should fall to you.
A man who had no principles in the
North, and who took none Houth with
him. A nolitical liven*. wl?? m>,hrwl
graves of the dead, and adopted their
language as his own ! You talk of the
North cutting the throats of the Southern
people. You hare all cut your
own throat?, anil, "unfortunately, have
cut many of those of the North. Miserable
impostor, vile intruder, jfo before I
forget myself, and the high position 1
hold, (to, I tell you, and don't desecrate
this national vessel another minute!"
And he made a step toward him.
This was something which Duff Green
had not calculated upon ; he liad never
seen Abraham Lincoln in anger. Ilia
courage failed him and ho turned and
fb'd out of the cabin, ami up to the cabin
stairs as if the avenging angel waa after
him. lie never stopped untitle rcarhed
the gangway, and there he stood looking
at the shore, seemingly measuring the
distance, to see it ho con Ml swim to the
I was close behind him, and when 1
got on deck I said to the officer in charge :
"Put that man on shor??, and if he appears
in sight of this vessel while we arc her?
hare him sent away with scant ceremony."
Ill- was as humble at that moment as
a whipped dog, and hurried, into the
boat. The last I saw of him he was
striding rapidly over the elds, as if to
! reach the shelter of the woods. The
man must have been deranged. When I
returned to the cabin, about fifteen minutes
later, the Presidont was perfectly
calm?as if nothing had happened?and
lid not return to the subject for some
When the foregoing article came tc
the attention of Mr. Pat Calhoun, of thin
city, who is a giandson of General Pufl
Gre*n, he wrote the following letter,
which throws an entirely different lighl
upon the matter:
Editor* Constitution?Admiral Porter
is a libeller of the dead. His accounl
of Mi. Duff Green's visit to Mr. Lincoln
is full of false statements for which there
can uc no excuse, as he protesses to havt
been an eye-witness of what ho relates
Both of these principals to the interview
having died years ago, he may have fell
no fear of detection and, therefore, a
liberty to give loose reins to his imagi
nation, but respect for his own distin*
guished position, even if ho were dene
to the higher dictates of truth and honor
should have prevented him from pub
lishing such falsehood*.
Fortunately he has confined liiinrc- 1
to the narration of a conversation o
which he might claim to he the onli
living witness, but as a brckground t<
his little picture ho has with no inartisti<
hand thrown in details, the untruth o
which are easily established. To illns
trate, he says : "A man appeared at th<
landing dressed in gray homespun witl
a somewhat decayed appearance, ant
with a staff about six feet long in his hand
it was, in fact, nothing more than a sticl
taken from a wood-pile. It was two an<
a half inches in diameter, and was no
even smoothed at the knot?. It wa
lust such a weapon as a tnan would picl
.... L:II . :>l >t
u|i \\w i% i?i ? iiiou uug v> ivii.
;U it matter of fact General Green wa
dressed in a suit of confederate gra;
cloth, of the finest quality, and carried
white pine staff, smoothly polished am
erjr light. I have now in my pes
Bossion a large photograph of him takci
in the identical with the smooth staff ii
his hand. JFolaus in uno fohtis ii
ovinibu*, is a well known legal maxiir
applicable to those who would bear fata
witncHrf. What shall wo raj of thy nc
curacy and the imagination of him wh
' (tees knots on a smoothly polished ligh
pin? staff, and in it a weapon just sue
as n wad ''would pick up to kill a mad
dog with." When the war closed General
Green wan Tory old, and he never
walked without the ?id of a light, long
Not eten Admiral Porter's high position
could gain for his sensational story
one moment's rr?denw*nionp those who
knew General Grt?en. The entire tenor
of his life stamps it m untrue. Hut
more than this, there are many living
who have heard him speak in the pleasantest
terms of his visit to Mr. Lincoln,
and who will never forget the high opinI
ion often expressed of his character, his
ability, and his patriotism, and the proi
found regret he felt at his death. He
viewed hi* assassination as a groat national
calamity, the effect of which fell
heaviest on the South. 1 have myself
i often heard him speak of his last interview
with Mr. Lincoln, of his cordial
reception, of Mr. Lincoln's patriotic expressions
and his desire to see the
country restored to perfect peace, and
then add his expressions o( regret that
the country had lost so high and
so patriotic a leader just at the moment
he could and would have rrndeied
such greot service. He used to
say that Mr. Lincoln was the .only man
in the whole country who possessed
both the power and the inclination to
control the evil sentiments engendered
hy the war, and that in his opinion if he
hud lived, the South would have been
restored to the Union without (he
wrongs of reconstruction ; that the South
herself could have asked no more than
Mr. Lincoln in his interview with
I him hud expressed a willingness to
Hut I cannot conclude without the
expression of the hope that so prominent
officer of the Government in his
future literary etforts will, when professing
to write history, confine himself
to facta instead of indulging in fiction.
Turn The Rascals Out.
SOME STRONG TATK FKOM SENATOR
Mood Men can be Fonnd to fill the Place*
of all the AdveutirerK and ImbecileK
notr In Office in Sonth Carolina
?ruitcd Action by the Delegation
in Congress the best tvuy to Secure
the best Men.
[News mid Courier Rcnident Correspondent.]
Wahuixotos, February 9.?The
question of liow shall the Federal patronage
in South Carolina be distributed
in still a live topic of diacussion among
the members of the delegation. Thcro
appears to be a division of opinion on
the .subject, which may lead to an
abandonment of the ''caucus plan.''
, During the past week 1 have heard it
, said that tome of the delegation have
cnangeu ineir minus on tins subject
. since their individual views were spread
before the readers of the ATeio* and
I Courier in this correspondense.
, Senator Butler claims to hare been
the originator of the caucus plan, and
, for that reason his views on the subject
k may prove interesting. I met the Senar
tor at the capitol to day and asked him
if there were an}' now developments in
[ this connection, lie replied that he had
very decided views on the subject, and
. had no objection to expressing them.
I "Have you changed your mind as to
i the plnn of filling the Federal appoint,
nients in South Carolina?" asked your
"Not in the slightest," replied the
r Senator. "When 1 came to Washington at
t the beginning of this session, 1 found
t what might have been reasonably antici.
pated, that we should be beset by appli
cations for offices. I suggested to my
( colleagues, in the Senate and House,
, that we act jointly on the applications
for the different offices, adopting any
plan of suggestion thought most advisf
able, and be prepared to present to the
f Executive a suitable name for each, pro
; viuuu, ui tuuinr, inu AjA?xuuu; ?|IUUIU
j ask any suggestions from us. It occurc
red to mc, this would he fair to the State,
f to the public service, to tho applicants,
. to the Executive, and to tho delegation."
e "Was this caucus plan acquiesced in?"
) 4,I certainly so understood it. No plan
I had been formulated, or time appointed
I. for a meeting, but in the informal talks I
< had with my colleagues, I understood
i them to acquiosce in a general way."
t "Have you any objections to giving
s your reasons for making the propok
"I hare given you my reasons. Bes
cause i thought it fair all around. I
y felt sum that if wo would act together,
a we would have more weight and secure
il a better class of officials. It would give
our colleagues in the HouAe a voico in
it the selection of these offices, a reoogni
n tion which thoir positions entitle them to.
ii They are as much intermitted in an effli,
cent, public service as the Senators, and
e equally capable of forming a correct
o "Hut docs not the responsibility rest
it upon the Senators of advising and conh
scnting to executive nominations ?"
"Yen, but that is a negative power after
the nominations have been inade.
I do not abnegate my Constitutional
power by acting, affirmatively with my
colleagues, by practically advising and
consenting in advance. I think I
can shoulder responsibility as calmly
as most inen, and when I have discharged
it according to my sense of duty,
submit to criticism as indifferently."
"It has been hinted that the members
of the House, being in a majority, might
log-roll with each other and select men
objectionable to tho Senators, and thus
defeat their veto power in the Senate ?"
I certainly do not know where such a
hint could come from. It is certainly
very dishonoring to the members of the
House?one that I shall not sanction
and which I believe to bo grously unjust.
It is a presumption so violent
that I shall not allow it to influence my
action. I do not believe that such a
suggestion ever crossed the mind of
any of tho gentlemen. At least I am
willing to trust them. I have observed
since my service here that when the
Senators act in concert with their col
leagues in the House they exorcise *
grenter influence and accomplish better
results for their constituents. My proposition
was made in the intereet of harmonious
and united action. I have no
special axe to grind. I have many personal
friends whom I would be glad lo
see in honorable official positions and
shall urge their claims fairly and frankly,
and if the delegation should not
agree with me I shall advocate the
choice of the delegation. There is no
danger of 1113- colleagues presenting an
improper person, so 1 havo no fears on
that score. If, on the other hand, it
should be thought best, after consultation,
to enter the race, each man for
mmscii, wun me uovji tor the hindmost, *
I shall acquicsce. A scramble would be f
a very unseemly performance, and it i
was that i wanted to avoid. I desired a 1
selection of good men, distributed as c
nearly as it was practicablo in different
parts of the State, so that the public
service would be administcrod by competent,
upright men. Beyond that I
have no special wish, and it so happens
that all the applicants of whom 1 have ^
knowledge are first-rate men, and one ^
could not go much amiss in selecting (
any of them."
"What do you think Mr. Cleveland's |
policy will be in regard to the public ,
service in the South ? I see you were (
among tho callers in New York last |
"I have no knowledge of what his (
policy will be. I know what I think it ,
ought to be, and if he asks me I shal
tell him. I went to New York to pre- (
sent the name of Representative Aiken
for commissioner of agriculture." ,
"Have you any objections to telling ,
mc what you think Mr. Cleveland'* noli
cj ought to b? ?" ]
"None whatever. I assuni*, of course, i
that Mr. Clevoland wishes to place the ,
public service all over the country in the ,
handaof the most efficient ami trustworthy
agents, for be can n??ver have the ,
public business properly performed and
administered by incompetent or corrupt
servants, and therefore be ought to turn
eut every rascal and put honest men in
"l'he fact is," said he, "in th?' South he
has a great advantage over bis Republican
predece.suor.H, who within th'.-ir p*rty
linen, were very much circumscribed in
their Held for competent men. Mr.
Cleveland has tho b?\st material from
which to choose his subordinates, and
can place the Federal service in the
?outh on tho highest plane of efficiency
and raise it where the Kcpublicsns left
it on the lowest. This is one of the
most important oi public duties, and J
hopo he will discharge it fcarlonsly.
Whatever aid I can give him, I shall
render most cheorfully."
"Aro the applications for office Tory
"Oh, yes ; but not more than might be
reasonably expected. Our people within
the State have a right to expect these
offices, and as far as I have influcncc
they shsll have them. Hitherto they
have been, for the moat part, filled by
carpet-baggers and adventurers, who
have had no sympathy with the 3tnto or
with the Federal Government, except so
far as it gave them a living. I am glad,
therefore that our best men are aspiring
to the offices."
Continuing, tbo Senator said: "Reform
in the civil service in all its depart*
ments, military as well aa civil, will be
one of the paramount duties of the incoming
administration. From what 1
hear of Mr. Cleveland, I think ho has
the capacity and courage to do it effectually.
Not in any partisan sense, but
with the purposo of placing the public
administration in the hands of compe
tent and faithful servants. Knormous
buses hare crept into the serrioe, and
they can only be corrected by * thoroug
overhauling by fearless intelligent
and honest men. I think we bare some
of that in South Carolina, and I want; to
; see them take a hand in the business.
I would not be understood as holding
that removals and appointments to office
iro tho chief duties of an Kxecutive,
but thoy are vastly important. If tho
Democratic party expects to rcuaain in
power it must act affirmatively upon the
jreat public question;) confronting u?.
ft cannot tcmporiz* and drift. It inuat
leal with the tariff and our prostrato
"oreign commerce; with the reiiurrccion
and rebuilding of the navy
n a business, statesmanlike inanicr,
nud restore them to a healthful *igjrons
growth. There are the silver and
:urronc3* questions in a very unsatisfacory
condition. The iKthmcan problem
md our entire consular and diplomatio
olatjons with foreign powers, and many
>thors, tho Democratic party will be expected
to settlo advantageously and
lonorablj' to the country."
Senator Butler was the only member
>f the South Caroliua delegation who
railed u^on I'resident-elect Cleveland
luring tho latter's brief sojourn in New
k'ork City. B. M. L.
But Irr^H Opinion of Cleveland.
If>iLtlltr to y*w Tork World.]
Senator M. C. Butler said : ? "I hare
10 hesitation in saving to you that I
laid to Mr. Cleveland that I did not want
iO have him recognize the South as tho
Jouth, but rather as Democrats. In
>tber words there should bo no quoaion
of section. All that I wanted was
limply fair treatment, and no discrlmilation
against an important part of tho
!)c*mor.rat party." Senator Butltnr said
hat Mr. Cleveland's pictures gave an insorrect
an unjust idea of him. The pic'ures
appear heavy. Ho found hiui. on
he contrary, very alert, cool and with a
>erfect maatery of himself. He liked his
liinplr, business-like manners and tho
lentnoMH and simnlicitv of his irenernJ
ippcarance. Ho believes that he will be
l President who will bo a credit to hit*
mrty and country. He declined to
itate whether he had a personal profcrnce
in the make-up of the Cabiae^but
t is well understood ajbout the ftenate,
bat during hig visit to Mr. CteVelailti ha
varmly eulogised the character <vf'hia
riend, Senator Pendleton., This gentle*
nan is now considered off* from all cabilot
slates, but he id certain to have one
>f the first-class missions.
A REMARKABLE NKGHO.
[>c?th of Major Martin R. Delanej, n
Celebrated Scholar and Traveler.
Charleston. S. 0., February 3.?Maor
Martin R. Delaney, whose death oc:urred
a few days since at Wilbe^Tofre*.
Dhio, was certainly one of the most dis inguished
negroes of the age. His life
was a long and eventful ono. He was
born in this c'.ty in May, 1812, and was
!he Bon of Samuel and Patty Delariey,
free blacks. Tho father of Delaney,s
fathor was a renowned African chieftain,
who was capturcd and brought to
this country more than one hundredand
fifty years ago. Tho father of Patty,
Dalanv's mother, was the onlv daughter
of an African princc from tho Niger
Valley region of Central Africa. The
major himself was a typical negro and
was always proud of his pure African
blood. Tho major acquired a remarkably
liberal education by dint of bard
study and constant work. Be waa a
most voracious reader, and was ospeeinlly
fond of books of adventure and
travel. He posesscd a penchant Cor lb t
science of geography, and acquired Vast
knowledge in this department of learning.
When a young man he removod
from this city to Pittsburg, Pa. He pursued
a course of medicine, but' was
nover graduated, lie became a writer
for several perioticals in the north and
was a very zealous anti-slavery inan.
Finally he becaino a full-fledged doctor
and went to Canada to ply his profession.
Here ho met with wonderful success,
and, on account of his shining talents
and comprehensive learning, was
received into the beat Canadian society.,.
Ho was elected honorary member of
several literary and scientific associations.
In 1859 he went with an exploring
expedition into tl^e hitherto un
known region# of contral Africa. He
spent more than a year on the dark continent.
Major Ik'laney bwfore retiming
to America spent some years in England.
He delivered a tu'riet of lectures touching
his travels and discoveries, which
attracted marked attention, and made
him a conspicuous figure in London society.
He wan given a Beat in the international
statistical congresa, which was
held in London, and over which the late
Prince Albert presided. About this
time Delaney was chosen an honorary
member of tho royal socity. Ho had
the honor of dining with the queen, and
was an intimato friend of Lord Brought
ham, who pronounced hitn the ableat
living representative of his raco. In
1862 Delaney came back to the United
States and roado an effort to organize
a "corps d'Afriqtie." but was not successful
. He entered the union array as an
anni.tiiiiJi i-ur fyuiui lumv*
Hachusetts regiment. Subsequently hn
was appointed major* in the aVmy, and in
that capacity made bin anpearence again
in South Carolina near, the .dose ot tho
war. lie wan connected with-the, freed,
man's bnrea until it failed; then he sett,
led down in CharleHtfcn. in 1874 he was
nominated flnr lieutenant-goremor by
the independent republicans* and waa
supported by tho white voters of the
State,, but suffc^d an overwhelming
defeat by the Ch'tmberUin ticket. He
was for nitre years 'a trial-justice In thi*
city- subsequently^ and performed his
duties wel). A few jears ago he re.
moved from Charleston to WiTlberfnrc?\
Ohio, where he recently died.