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VOL. I. ABBEVILLE, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 1. 1885. NO. 40.
Richmond and danvillk
Patttngtr Dtparimtnt.?|On and after Maj
10th, 1885, passonger train servico on the A.
and C. Division will be as follows:
Xorlhtoard. No. 51* No. 581
Leave Atlanta SOOpm S 10 a in
arrive Gainesville 8 03 p m 10 32 a m
I.ill* a. 8 33 p ?i 10 55 a m
Rabun Gap junc h. 9 18 p in 11 25 n in
Toccoa c 0 53 p ni 11 66 u m
Sencca City d.... 10 50 pm 12 51pm
Greenville ? 12 27 a m 2 23 p m
Spartanburg,/*.... 1 42 a m 3 34 pm
Gawtonia g 3 50 a m 5 20 p m
charlotte A 4 40 a ni 6 10 p ni
Southward. No. 50* No. 52t
Leave charlotte 3 00 a m 1 00 p m
arriveOastonia 3 50am 141pm
Spartanburg 5 57 a m S 34 p ni
Greenville 7 13 a in 4 56 p m
Sencca city 8 54 a m 6 27 p iu
Toccoa 9 55 a ni T 29 p ni
Rabun Gap junc.. .10 37 a m 8 22 pm
I.ula 11 07 a ni 8 49 p in
Gainesville 11 *3 a m 9 20 p m
Atlanta I 40 p m 11 30 p m
Freight trains en this road all carry passeugcrs;
passenger trains run through to Danville
and conncct with Virginia Midland railway
to all eastern cities, and at Atlanta with
all lines diverging. No. 50 leaves Richmond
3 25 p ra and No. 51 arrives there 4 10 p in; 52
leaveA Richmond at 2 00 a ni, 53 arrives there
at 7 00 a. m. Tho local freights atop at above
stations from 20 to 30 minutes.
Buffet Sleeping Cars without
-i? v-?a rj) ??,i r?1 \'nir
*/CICHt/0. V/ II Urtllio w wi??? w*, v ..
York and Atlanta, via Waslm.gtoti and
Danvillo, Greensboro and Ashoville; on
trains Nor. 52 and 53, Richmond and
Danville, Washington, Augusta and New
Orleans. Through, tickets en sale at
Charlotte, Greenville, Seneca, Spartanburg
and Gainesville to all points south,
southwest, north and cast. A connects
with N. K. railroad to and from Athens;
b with N. E. to and from Tallulah Falls; I
e with El. Air Line to and fiom Elherton ;
and Bowersvillc; d with Blue Ridge to j
and froin Walhaila; e with C. and G. to ]
and from Ureenwooo, iNewoerry, Alston 1
and Columbia; f with A. & S. nnd S.. j
U. & C. to and from Hcndcrsonville, ,
Alston, &c.; g with Chester and Lenoir (
to find from Chester, Yorkville and Dallas;
h with X. C. division and C., C. &
A. to and from Greensboro, llaleigh, &c .
Edmund Bbiiki.ky, Supt.
M. Slaughter, Gen. Pass. Agt.
A. Ii. Hires. 2d V. P. and ties. Man.
RAILWAY COMPANY. ?
Commencing Sunday, May 24th, 1885, at i
8 05 a m, Passenger Traius will t un as fotlotvs
?ntil further notice, "Eastern time:"
Leave Columbia C 30 a ni 6 27 p m I
Due at Charleston 11 05 am 0 16 p ra
9 Al 1-.A ?r 4A - C OA _ ?
iiHTe V/Dinesion i xu a. iu v p m
Duo at Columbia 10 45 a m 10 00 p m
CatnJtn Divirion?Daily exccpt Sundays.
i Leave Colombia 9 30 a in 5 27 p m
Due Camden 12 14 p in 7 42 p m
St* WKflT DAILT, EXCEPT 81'NDAT.
Leave Camden 7 00 a m S 55 p m
Dae Columbia V 25 a in 10 00 p m
Avyunta Dicirian?East Daily.
Leave Columbia 6 30 am 5 27 p ra
Due Augusta. 1140 a in 10 IS p m
WEST DAILY. j
Leave Augusta 0 65 a m 4 45 pm 1
Due Columbia 10 45 am 10 00 pm ?
Made at Columbia with Columbia and Green
vine rauroau dt train nrnviuc ? i? w a. di.
I and departing at 5 27 p. m.; at Columbia
Junction with Charlotte, Columbia and Aufaatt
railroad by same train to and from all
points on both roads.
At Charleston with steamers for New York
on Saturday; and on Tuesday and Saturday
with steamer for Jacksonville and point* on
8t. John's river. Daily with Charleston and
Ravannali Railroad to and from Savannah
and all points in Florida.
At Augusta with Gcorgia.nnd Central rail
roads to and from all points West and South:
at Blackville to and from all jtointson Rarn-^wall
railroad. Through tickets call be purAbased
to all points South and West by applyV",.
? fng to
D. McQueen. Agent, Columbia, S. C.
John B, Peck, General Manager.
D. C. Allen. Gen. Pass, and Tickot Ag't
i COLUMBIA AND ,
X Kj GREENVILLE RAILROAD, i
n and after October 5, 1884, Pabbknuer
Trains will run as herewith indicated upou
this road and its branches.
Daily, except Sunday*.
W,\ No. 53. UP PASSENGER .
Leave Columbia 8. C. Junc'n 10 45 p m
" Columbia C. St G. I) 11 10 p m
_ Arrive Alston lz 10 p m
" Newberry 1 13 p m
Ninety-Six 2 47 p m
Greenwood 3 09 p id
Hodges 3 33 p ni
Belt on 4 40 p m
at Greenville 6 05 p m
No. 52. DOWN PASSENGER.
Leave Greenville at 0 50 am
Arrive Beltou 11 13 am
ITodgeu 12 23 p m
Greenwood 12 48 p m
Ninety-Six 1 32 pm
Newberry 3 02 p m
*? Alston ?? 4 10pm
" Columbia C. A G. P 5 15 pm'
Arrive Colnmbia S C. Junc'n 5 30 p m
PABTANBURO,UNION * COLUMBIA RAILROAD.
NO. 53. UP FASrtENGEIC.
Leava Alston 12 52 p m
" Union... 3 55 pm
44 Spartanburg, S.U.&C.depot .5 50 p in
vV * NO. 52. DOWN PAHBBNGEK.
L?. Lt ve Spart'g R. A P. Bcpot .... 10 35 a m
Hff*. " Spnrt'g 8. U. A C. Depot ..10 50 a m
" Union 12 50 pm
' Arrive it Alston 3 40 pm
rC'.-'f " ' i??w Newber-y - 3 30 pm
Arrive at Laurens C. H 6 50pm
Leave Laurens C. H 7 40 am
Arrive at Newberry 11 10 p m
tC\ " Leave Hodges 8 45 p m
Arrive at Abbeville 4 45 n ro
Leave Abbeville. 1100am
Arrive at Hodges 12 00 p m
BLUE BIDOE BAILBO AD AND AN PERSON BRANCH.
Leave Belton 4 45 p m
Arrive Anderson 6 18pm
" Pendleton 5 56 p m
" Seneca e 6 40 p m
Arrive at Walhalla 7 03pm
Leave Walhalla 8 50 a m
-s Arrive Soneca 0 15am
. ... " Pendleton 9i2im
" Anderson 10 33 am
Arrive at Belton 11 08 a m
m. nrui. a?..<k i j t
niviikiuuvu vaiwiiuai?>utmu VU HUUirnni
Oiurleston; with Wilmington, Columbia and
Augusta railroad from Wilmington and all
paints north tharcof: with Charlotte, ColumV.
* bia and Auguata railroad from Charlotte and
fit? ' all points north thereof. B. With Aibtrille
and Spartaabunt railroad from and for pointa
Ek:-; .' ? in Weatern N. Carolina. C. With Atlanta and
K?''' Charlotte dlv Bichmond and Danville railway
for Atlanta and all pointa south and west.
BeSto Standard EatUm Tim4.
oTh. TALCOTT. Superintendent.
SlS&j ? M. 8l Apoim, Oen'l Passenger Act.
P. Oamwku, Aia't Oen'l Pais. Aft.
0ONDKNSKD TIME CARD
Magnolia Passenger Route.
In effect March 15,1885.
Leave Laurens *5 20 a m fB 50 a m
" Waterloo (06am 9 55 am
" Greenwood 7 00 a m 2 15 p m
Arrive Augusta 10 45 am 7 45 p m
Leav* " 10 50 am 10 00 pm
Arrive Atlanta 5 40 pm 6 40 am
Leave Augusta 1130 am
Arrive Dcaufort 6 20 p m
Arrive l'ort Rojnal 6 35 pm
" Chaleston 5 50 pm
" Savannah 7 00 pm
" Jacksonville 7 00 am
Leave Jacksonville *8 50 pm
" Savannah 6 55 am
Leave Port Koyal 7 35 am
" Beaufort 7 47 am
" Charleston 7 50 am
Arrive Augusta 150 pm
Leave Atlanta f8 20 pm
Arrive Augusta 6 10 am
Leave Augusta *2 80 pm 6 15 nm
Arrive Greenwood <5 10 pm 11 40 am
" Waterloo 7 04 pm 3 30 pm
" Laurens 7 50 pm 4 40 pm
Daily tDaily except Snnday.
Ticketson sale at Greenwood to all points
at tluough rates?baggage checked to destination.
Connections made at Greenwood
n-ith C. & G. 11. It. E. T. Cuarltoh, G. P. A.
WILMINGTON, COLUMBIA AND AUGUSTA
Going Sou h no 48 No 40
Leave Wilmington 9 30 p m 11 10 p m
Arrive at Florence 1 50 a in 2 20 am
Arrive at Columbia 6 40 a m
Going Nortti No 43 no 47
Leave Columbia 10 00 p m
Leave Florence 4 50 p m 1 52 a in
Arrive at Wilmington... .7 40 p m 610am
Train no. 43 stops at all stations, nos. 48
and 47 stop onlr at Brinkley's, Wliitcvillc,
Remington, Fair Bluff, Marion, Florence,
Tiininonsvillc, Sumter, cnmden Junction ard
Eastover. Passengers for Columbia and all
points on 0 U R R, c, c a a r k, Aiken Junction
and all poiuts beyond, should tako no. 48,
night express. Separate Pullman sleepers
[or Charleston and Augusta on trains 48 and
17. All trains run solid between Charleston
^TLANTIC COAST LINE,
Wilmington, 2f. C'., May 17th, ISS^.
FAST LINE between Charleston and
Columbia and Upper South Carolina.
7 25 am I.v Charleston Ar. 0 30 pm
8 46 " " ....Lanes " 8 00 "
9 47 " ' ....Sumter " C 46 "
10 55 pm Ar....Columbia Lv. 5 27 "
3 02" 44 ....Winnsboro... " 3 48 "
4 17 44 " ... Chester " 2 44 "
5 33 44 44 Yorkville " 100 44
6 25 44 " ... . Lancaster 44 9 00 "
6 01 " 44 Hock Hill " 2 02 ?
6 10 44 44 .... Charlotte 44 1 00 "
1 OG pm Ar Newberrv Lv 2 59 pm
*03 44 44 ....Greenwood 44 1 08 44
5 45 44 44 Laurent! 44 9 30 am
5 10 " 44 Andernon 44 10 48 14
4 00 44 44 .... Greenville " 1010 44
? 50 " 44 WUIIihUA 44 9 05 ??
4 3 0 4 4 44 ....Abbeville 44 11 10 44
3 30 44 44 ... Spartanburg.... 44 1215 44
7 15 44 44 Hendersonville.. 44 7 00 44
Solid Trains between Charleston and Columbia,
r. P. DIVINE, T. M. EMERSON,
Gen'l Sup't. Gen'l Pas.. Agent.
3 AHIIKVILLE RAILROAD
On and after Apr. 6th, 1885, passenger
:rains will bo run daily, except Sunday, bc:wecn
Spartanburp and llcndersonvilla as
Leave R. h !> Depot at Spartanburg 4 00 p at
Leave Spartanburg, A. L. depot (10 pm
Leave Saluda 0 20 p m
Leave Flat Rock 7 00 p m
.-irrive Hendersonvilie 7 15 i ai
Leave Hcndersonville 7 00 am
Leave Flat Rock 7 15 am
Leave Saluda 7 50 a m
Leave .-iir Line Junction 10 15 a m
\rrive R. & D Depot Spartanburg .10 20 a m
Trains on this road run bv Air-Line time.
Both trains make connections for Columbia
ind Charleston via Spartanburg. Union and
Columbia; Atlanta and Charlotte by Air Line.
JAMES ANDERSON. Superintendent.
r. r. thomson. J. W. thomson
IJIHOMSON & THOMSON,
Attorneys at Law,
Abbeville, S. C.
figfOffico in roar Mr. Lce'e.
June 8th, 1885-tf. 100
** t \f \ ih)v
U. " "
Atornoy and Counsellor at Law.
AnEVII.LE C. II., 8. C.
Office formerly occupied by Judgi
L. W. PERRIN. T. P. COTIIRAN. I
pERRIN A COTIIRAN,
Attorneys at Law,
51 Abbcvillo 8. C
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
- 52 Abbeville, S. C.
fAMES S. PERRIN,
Attorney and Counsellor at Lair,
Abbeville, C. II., 8. C.
t6?~No. 1 O'Neill's Kange.
Jan. 28, 1885-tf 63
robt. r. iibmphilij. wm. p. galloun.
JJEMPillLL & CALHOUN,
Attorneys at Law,
Abbevim.e, S. C.
Will practice in all the Courts of the
? . i
Mas. If. W. Thomas, Proprietress.
Broad a tract, Aujpiata, 6a. 49
yr.V .. ... . v.*.>**.. ' ;
His Fruitless Lore for Theodosia Barr.
When the American Historical Novel
comes into fashion I know of an unmarked
gravo up the Hudson which will
tempt pilgrimages from the novelist. It
is the grave of one of the most unique
figures in the history of this Nation's
first hundred years. John Vanderlyn,
a country lad born in 1776, who rose to
honors, knew many of the joys of the
world, was the friend of rulers on two
continents, and finally dying the victim
of a broken heart at the age of seventysix.
lioa buried thuro.
It is a strange story that of John Vandcrlyn's
career. A boy in the street,
with a bit of charcoal and something
akin to impudence, ho sketches on a
blacksmith's door a caricature of a. visitor
to the little village of Kingston.
That visitor was Aaron Burr, and he
saw the picture?saw it, smiled, and
asked questions about its perpetrator.
When Aaron Burr went back to his law office
in New York he took the lad with
him. lie bought him books, directed
his studies, and finally placed him as a
pupil under Gilbert Stuart, who, in
Philadelphia was finishing his famous
portrait of Washington. Studies in
Paris and Rome followed. The charcoal
sketchor of a country town was
developing into a wonderful painter.
In a competition at Paris, where all
the aiists of Europe were striving for
honors, he places a cold, rough, harsh
picture?cold, rough, and harsh at least
in contrast?with tl.e gaudy colorings
which all the rest of the world hangs
up. "Marius on the Ruins of Carthago,"
he called it. The old Roman hero represented
sitting alono, sorrowful yet defiant,
amid the wreck of former glory.
Xapelcon walked through the art gallery.
When he faced the picture he halted,
came to % dead standstill, and in admiration
was mute for minutes. 4,Give the
medal to that," he commanded. John
Vandorlyn was famous. And all the
Fates rushed forward to make him
Aaron Burr was proud. JHe was
grateful, too, for fortune had dealt unkindly
with him meantime. He had
striven for the Presidency of his country
and had lost. The killing of Hamilton
made him an exile. Generous interest
it was that ho received upon the money
ho had given Vanderlyn, who was now
a hero in Europe's aristocratic circles.
The artist shared all his honors and all
his gold with his old-timo benefactor,
the man who had become to one hemisphere
the very * personification of evil,
and yet wh? in oarlier days, with no
selfish aim or hope, had taken from an
humble place a strange lad to spend
money and affection upon.
Biographical dictionaries and art histories
o l enough about Vandcrlyn's profc-ssonal
achievement?. His "Ariadne"
is famous the world over. His panel in
the National Capitol of "Tho Landing
of Columbus'' was done in answer 10
his country's urgent request. All this
everybody knows. I have learned
something widely different, something ,
far more interesting, for as the world
?ocs lovo far outstrips professional
tchevements. John Vanderlyn never
married. Why, has newjr been told in
print. The few residents who survive
?descendants of a brother?talk sometimes
of a romance in his strange
carccr. One of them has talked to me,
and I havo listened with deep interest.
John Vanderlyn loved Theodosia
Burr?Aaron Burr's only child?and
1'hcodosia Burr loved John Vanderlyn.
Reared at susceptible ages in the same
house, love was not unnatural in a '
brotherly ar.d sisterly fashion.; so far
the great politician was pleased. A let'
ter from Paris that fell into his hands,
through the confidence of his daughter,
<howed him that the young artist was
dividing his time between sights in the
Louvre and thoughts in New York. In
this letter John Vanderlyn poured out
'he strong affection and asked the girl
to promise that somo day when place
ind fortune should be won; she would
be his wife.
Aaron Burr first smiled, then scoffed,
ind finally, in anger issued orders.
Theodosia obeyed. A dutiful girl she
was; for jn doing her father s will she
lid it knowing that there was more than
a light reason in his direction. He told
her plainly of other plans arranged for
her; plans which sacrificed all of her
own future to that of the parent whom
she worshipped. Politics was at the
bottom. This was before the historic
contest in Congress between Jefforson
anrl Tlnrr fAl? ProairlnnA ?*nn
UKV4 A/Ul ?UW M * VP1UVIIVJ I 4IHIUIJ
Burr needed friends, close and influential.
Through the gift of a daughter's
hand ho would win what strategy might
otherwise take from him. He would
marry her to a connection of a powerful
political family of the State ; ai\d
influences at Albany hitherto lacking
might be depended upon. There was
willingness with the lover?more willingness
than perception. A slighting
word} was spoken of John Vanderlyn
?"A 'pauper" was the phrase the courting
lov<tjp used. He used it but once.
Tho blood of Aaron Burr mounted to
the chocks of tho daughter and with an
air that was hitter as bitter might be
the dismissed him. A scene between
father and daughter, a storm with all
the flaming pyrotocnics that the Burr
spirit could muster, came quickly. A
Leiiitenantof the discarded lover's family
showed speedily resentment of tho
slight. Even had tho spirited girl relented,
it would have been too late.
Love had given away to warfare,
Aaron Burr smiled another of his biting
smiles and from upbraiding came to
flattery for the honest part which fhe
had played. But not ono word would
he hear of Vamlerlyn as a suitor. The
painter, still working hard, not yet recognized,
had heard from his sweetheart's
pon the story of a father's interference,
and tho motive for it; and he
heard, too, that above all things on
earth she treasured tho penniless painter,s
A sharp letter came from Paris to
Burr; but the cool headed politician essayed
no answer. The next letter that
John Vanderlyn had from tho Burr
household was brief and free from any
ardor; it was but a formal announco
mcnt of the betroihal of Theodosia
Burr to tho brilliant young South Carolinian,
Joseph Allston. She weddid in
order to secure Southern influence for
her father. Allston was an honorable
man ; and perhaps before tho sea had
swallowed them up in 1816, she had
learn to love him. He was worthy of
her affection; to him there was no
knowledge that a wife came in by barter
and by sale. He never suspected that
it was for votes to aggrandize Aaron
Burr that Aaron Burr's daughter said
to him Yea when he asked her to big
home. And there was no further
knowledge given to Vanderlyn either.
Theodosia Burr was too loyal to herself
to declare a lovo that was wrong in the
So came it that John Vanderlyn fell
into cynicism. So it was that he chose
to believe ere long that the hand had
gone where tho heart had led ; and he
exonerated Aaron Barr of all part in his
fate. When Burr, accessed of high
treason, needed a friend and protector,
Vandoirlyn. stretched out his whole fortune
as a free-will offering. He won
fame and livod in all the glory of it for
years, trying to forget what richer thing
he had hoped for and lost. Giving no
thought for to-morrow, he drifted on
painting now and then, as the whim dictated
or as his nurse demanded. And
when the end came it found him penniless,
friendles, forlorn. When in the
mem room of a hotel in his native town,
they found him one morning in 1852,
clutched by death, there were whispers
that by his own will had a period been
put to his career.
And now out in the bleak cemetery
on Wiltwyck Heights a little mound^
unmarked and overgrown with briers,
faces us as the world's tribute to a map
whose genius would have dazzled mankind
had not the shadow of a hopeless
love fell upon it. - When the story of
John Vanderlyn's life is fully told,
American history will have been
strengthened. Had he never loved
Theodosia Burr, Aaron Burr might have
been President of the United Slates.
THE PHELLER-MAXWKLL CASE.
An Insurance Company Demanding
Proofc of Death.
St. Louih, June 21.?Another startling
development in the Maxwell-Preller
case was made public to-day. James
F. Dradyj a representative of Cook's
Tourist Agency of London, England, in
this city, received a long letter from the
agency instructing him to use every effort
to learn whether it was a truth and
a fact that C. Arthur Preller had been
murdered, as reported, and his body
placed in a trunk. The document went
on to say that Mr. Preller, before leaving
England, had insured his life in
Cook's Agency for a heavy sum, approximating
$20,000. The company had
Arui alionrtjarl fltn in/liffnri>nnn aT liia
ill ov uuavi ?v/u biiu iiiuiiivi viivu v/i ilia
relatives regarding tho disposition of
the remains, and this caused suspicions.
Since the first announcement of Proller'B
death, the letter stated, his relatives
had beon bringing everything to
bear on the company to pay tho insurance
money. The manager of the agency
beleived that it was best to wail
awhil?, especially after having read the
accounts published in tho London papers
concerning tho attempt of Maxwell
t.r> lmv a bodv in Roston. Mr. Cook in.
structed Mr. Brady to write him full
particulars of tho ease, and forward
what legal evidenco there was regarding
the man's death. The agency insured
Mr. Preller on his former trip, and alsc
insured him onco when he went on the
continent. They have refused to paj
over the insyi^nco money until overj
douht regarding Preller's death is re
moved. Tho smile of Maxwell , whei
arrested, and his . state:nont that al
would bo explained at tho light time are
treasured by the insurance companies m
strengthening the theory that the bodj
in the trunk was not Preller's.
i MINISTER LOWELL'S RETURN.
The Ex-Minister's Impressions of English
Boston, Juno 20.?James Russell
Lowell arrived to-day on the Scythia.
Mr. Lowell said that his voyage had
been a delightful one, but ho was very
glad to get at home again. Almost his
first inquiry was regarding the present
state of affairs in the English politics.
"When I left" said he, "things were in
a very unsettled condition. I suppose
Lord Salisbury is forming a new Cnbi
net. Has it been completed yet ? lie
is a very able leader, and will undoubtedly
make a successful ministry. But
tliero is yet much trouble ahead of him.
The Redistribution bill is to be passed,
aud then there will be a new election.
It will bo a critical period for him, and
U 1U nncoiKlt) fliof Oin T .iKnrolc n tr vnf
sccurc control of the Government.
"I foresaw the defeat of the Gladstone
ministry some time ago, but the Conservatives
will find that they must largely
pattern after his policy concerning the
Government of Ireland. Ilis policy was
to give the Irish more than justice demanded.
He conceded all that was
possible. Why, Irish fanners have vastly
inore advantages than Scottish or Eng*
lis farmers. They are beginning to see
this. This Irish question will be settled
peaceably. They are human as well
as tho English; about one-fourth of them
are throughly loyal to the Government,
and a much larger propotion would
like to be, but they arc overawed by
some of their leaders.
WHY IKBIjAND CANNOT DK BEPAItATE.
' These Irish leaders are a peculiar
people. They talk for tho sake of talking
and do not pay tnuch attention to
what they arc saying, nor do they stop
to consider the effect of their language.
I believe Mr. Parnell >s throughly in
earnest and sincere in his effort in behalf
of his countrymen. But many of
them are not so earn9st. Wealthy Irish
men do not seem to have a very warm
attachment for their country. They
seem to prefer living in Londoiror Paris.
I do not sco how by any other policy
Ireland can be separated from England.
The natural location of the two countrioH
forbids it. The country that frees
Ireland must first conquer England, and
then Ireland would bo just as poorly off
as hor people say she now is. The
countries aro too close to admit of two
"There was much talk about nnnoxing
Ireland to the United States, but the absurdity
of that idea is plain on its face.
Why, all the socalled navy of the
United Stntes could not protect her
property. I say so-called, for in reality
our country has no navy, but I don't
know but that we are just as well off as
though we had an extensive fleet of gunboats.
An English naval officer told mo
only a short timo ago that our policy
with regard to a navy was. on tho whole
the best. 'Do not create a navy,' said
he, until you need it, and thon build
your vessels with all tho latest modern
improvements.' I doubt not but that he
is right. Of course, it would take a
little time, and would causo an enormous
outlay of money.
AMKRICA AND ENGLAND.
"I don't think, however, that we will
bo called upon to uso a navy against
England right away. Tho relations between
tho two countries could not bo
more pleasant or friendly. Yet, war is
not an impossibility. We have English
blood in our veins, and wo have
just as much English pride as those
across the water. . Neither country
would consent to be bulldozed, but that
is not likely to occur. The policy that
has been maintained between the two
countries is, I think, the wisest that
could be pursued, and I am confident
that my successor will do just right.
Mr. Phelps is a man of great ability;
personally he is one of the plcasantust
gentlemen I ever met. I am sore that
the interests of our country will not
suffer in his hands."
I THE AlfOI.O-RUSSIAN DISPUTE.
Mr. Lowell thought that Lord Salis
, bury world also carry out Mr. Gladstone's
policy concerning the ^.ngloRussian
dispute, "lie is of the war
> party, but now that the responsibility
rests upon his shoulders ho will bo very
careful how he involves the wholo cont
tinent of Europe in a war, for that is
s what a declaration of war between England
and Russia would mean. I have
I never thought from tho first that there
- would be war. I see that much was
I said about its probable effect upon trade
I in our country, but it would not have
\ been so advatagcous as has been supI
> Tho change in the ministry would
5 havo wrought a change in the relations
r of Mr. Lowell to tho English Govern*
r mont. "I could not have boon more
- pleasantly situated," said he. "Had it
i not been for the change ftp my family
1 relations I should probably have stayed
V in England. There is nothing but Engs
liah blood in toy Veins, and I have often
f remarked" that I was just as much an
Englishman as they were.'*
Cleveland's Cabinet Retrenches and Reforms.
Washington, Juno 23.?It is learned
to-day that the dismissals made in the 1
department of justice yesterday will
take effect on the first of July, when n
new disbursing clerk and six new assisj
taut attorneys or law clerks will be
appointed to take the places of the pre- :
sent occupants of these positions. The
entire force of special examiners, numbering
five and including the general
agent, has been dismissed, and it is understood
that these officers will be abolished.
Secretary Manning made a number
of dismissals in the treasury department
today, including sixteen clerks in
the auditor's office and eighteen me."-Singers,
most of whom were employed in
the internal revenue bureau. It is that
more removals will be made between
now and the 1st proximo. Mr. Graves,
chief of the bureau of engraving and
printing, had an interview with Secretary
Manning this afternoon in regard to
the proposed re-organization of that bureau.
The policy to bo pursued is not
quite settled, but it annears to bo <rnnr?v- I
* ? I
ally understood that the force will
be reduced and the expenses otherwise
The President made the following appointments
to-day : Edward II. Strobel, '
of New York, to bo secretary of legation
to Spain : Wtn. W. Allen, of Alabama,
to be United States marshal for the
Middle and Southern districts of Ala- '
V?.M. . nr? T T T~V -
uuiiui , ?* 111. ii. i'cuKon, ot Alabama, to *
be United States attorney for the Northern
and Middle districts of Alubama ;
Gen. II. Ileth, of Warrenton, Va., 1
special Indian agent, and A. Gaboosku, '
of Georgia, superintendent of the '
Haskell Institute of Kansas, and the 111- !
dian school. 1
Wui. W. Allen, who has been ap- 1
pointed marshal for the Middle and '
Southern district of Alabama, is a gradu- '
ate of Princeton College and served dur- '
ing the war as major-general in the 1
uonredorntctc arm}', sinco which time
he has acted as recorder of the city of
Montgomery, and lias heen engaged ;n
the practice of law.
Wm. II. Denson, who succeeds
George II. Craig as United States attorney
for tho Northern and Middle district
of Alabama, resides at Gadsden,
Ala., and is a lawyer in good practice,
lie was a Democratic elector at the last
WHY NOT HAVE DOSK IT BEXOIIE ?
Col. McLean, who is acting commissioner
of pensions in Gen. Black's absence,
yesterday had his attention called
to a paragraph in a Philadelphia paper
regarding a woman nome.i Margaret
A. Cox, living in Pennsylvania, who
was terriblj- burned tho day previous by
her dress catching fire from, a stove, j
mu - *
hid paragrapu stated (hat she was ,
the widow of n Union soldier and the ?
mother of a large family of children, ^
and that she had an application on file t
for several 3'ears for a widow's pension, j
Col. McLean immediately ordered the ,
claim made special, had the record ex- (
amined and in less that one hour from (
the time the matter was called to his at- t
tention the claim had been apporved
and received the signature of the secretary
of the interior and a certificate of
over $1,500 buck pay was on its way lo '
the woman's home.
AMERICAN HI I.K CUr.TUnE. *
A handsome specimen of American ,
silk culture was received by Major (
Jonas, of the interior department, from
Cornith Miss., intended fr?r tU ?ii?
cultural department. The specimen is j
quite heavy and is the product of co- j
coons raised in Mississippi and comes j
From one of largest plantations in the ,
country. " ,
MINISTER KEII.Y'8 CASE. 1
The Cabinet meeting to-day was at- (
tended by all the members except Sec- '
retaries Endicott and Whitney. The 1
case of Minister Keiley was considered, 1
but no decided action was taken. It 1
was understood, however, that tho sentiment
of tho Cabinet w in favor of
Abbeville's Sheriff and Coroner.
Tho Northern philanthropist who recently
traveled through the South in
specting thy penal and charitable institutions
of this section, and who so far
condesccndcd as to say that soroo of
those ho examined were as good as
similar institutions in the North, missed
the opportunity of his life when he
failed to visit Abbeville* county, in thi*
State. The grand jury of that county
in its formal presentment to the court, at
the last term, complained that the prisoners
in the county jail "fared too sumptuously,"
and recommended that the
fare provided by tho sheriff should be
reduced. I think it would bo safe to say
that no such charge has ever been made
against any jailer in any county in any
Northern State, and when it is remem
bered th*t the sheriff receive* a certain
amount for diet of prisoneia, whether he
gives them bread and water or plum
pudding, the case becomes a most extraordinary
one. That the sheriff at a loes
to himself, should provide such costly
food for his prisoners, as to call for a
reprimand from the grand jury, is something
remarkable and should bo held up
us shining example of Southern civilization,
to be imitated, if it can, by the
This grand jury was evidently composed
of citizens determined to investigate
fully *11 county affairs, and when
they discovered abuses they did not hesitate
to expose them. Further on in
their presentments they say "the coroner
is over-zoalons in
- ?MW ui ma
duties." This officer *?ust bo an importnlion
from Charleston, for Judge Reed
used to say that there was only one individual
in the world who could make
larger bills against the county than trial
justices, and that was tho coronor of
Charleston. The Judge said that a man
might die in Charleston after years of
lingering illness, surrounded by his family
and friends aud physicians, and it
was then necessary to post a guard at
the dour of the house to keep out the
coroner. But think of a county whero
the prisoners arefed, and the coroner is
too zealous in the discharge of his duties.
It would seem that the benevolence
of the sheriff and the official in
tegrity of the coroner wore virtues to
be commended rather than vices to bo
condemned.?A uyusta Chronicle.
Ex-Judge T. J. Mackey is preparing*
A special dispatch from Washington
0 the Now Orleans Time-Democrat of
Tune, 20 says; "Judge T. J. Macney
svho was counsel both for Swain and
llazen before tho Court-martial which
recently tried those officers, is preparing
1 very important work. In a conversation
with a correspondent to-day he
itatod that the United States Government
has no code for the use of Courtunrtial,
but depends entirely upon the
customs in vogue with the Enzlish
[Iorsc Guards. Not only this, but, we
ijeing ignorant of the changes and mod(icalions
constantly made by Parliment,
ire proceeding upon rules and usagos
nany of which are now obsolete. For
example, in the Swain caso the first
Hiuling did not suit tho President and
was returned for correction. The secjnd
or revised fifuling shared the 6atna
fate, until finally when the third sentence
came the defendant had been punshed
far more severely than the Court,
n the first instance, had thought necestary.
Judge Mackej says this power
n the Executive has long ago been
tbolished by Parliament. It was found
ncoinpatible with English idea* of
lUSticn nn<] fnrKiilHon 'PKn. D -- ?
J UV A 1 COIUt'114
>f this llepublic, thorefore, exercises a
lower which was thought too largo for
he sovereigns of the British Empire.
\part from all this, however, it seems *
;trange that the United States car.oot
lave a code of its own, instead of borrowing
the cast-off customs of England,
knd Judge Mackey, at the instance of
>romincnt military men, is preparing a
reatisc on the subject, and also incorjorating
a coile for tho use of Courtnartials,
which shall be adopted by
jongrcss. Tho topic is full of interest
o armjr and navy people as well as to
Mi'R. Dudley Appeals fbr Justice*.
Mrs. Lucille Y sou It Dudley, the Engish
woman who shot O'Donnovan-Rosia,
makes tho following appeal to tho
tublic in the New York Times :
i|n ? - -e s. <
jai inc nuiiiu 01 viuu, lniorm me
whether there is any means under hear;n
whereby justice can bo obtained in
America, with the exception of the
thoroughly national method of buying
it, which is not in my power ? If the
Irish influence in New York and especially
in the District Attorney's office is
so powerful that 1 cannot hope for common
justice, then for God's sake let me
be sent to another country. In England
foreigners are entitled to equal, if, indeed,
not to more consideration than our
own countrymen, but here it appear*
that English women are condemned to
an unlimited sentence without even the
bare formula of a trial. I was arrested
on the 2d of February, and although my
case has been set down three times for
a definite trial, I am to-day, the 22d of
June, to all appearanco as far from it as
I was in the commencement. I now ap
peal through the press to the publio for
common justice." ^
How Cleveland Solved the Ponle.
Trenton, June 21.?The appointment
by President Cleveland of County Clork
Vandervcr, of Somerset, m collector of
internal revenue for the Third district
of this State, marks the close of a bitter
local Democratio fight for the place.
The fight has been pending for nearly
four months, and the curious feature is
that Yanderver was not a contestant at
all. Senator Mcfherson wanted J5. A.'
Ballantino appointed, and'Miles Ross
and Congressman Green advocated tie
choice of Editor Gordoi, of Noir
Brunswick. There wer* other lesser
candidates, and each had a train of
champions. The Preeidwt w?s so am.
!y afisxlqd between ?f ths
nvsl Tactions that h?^MMS Vandenrsr,
who had not preritatfy been to;t|w
field. Vsnderter 1b popnlar whh lMl?
in* Democrats. He sdoosciU MltMd
Lobbyist Barcalow, also of &>* ** t.