Newspaper Page Text
? u ?? : -.:-? ?-ij. .jjjj
vol. i. Abbeville" & c., Wednesday, august 26. iss5 no. 48 ^
RienMOND AfiD DANVILLE-.
Patttnger Dtpartmtnt.?lOn nndaftcr Ma>
10th, 1885, j??H.senp?r train service on the A
and C. Division will be ah follows:
iiortkicard. No. 51* No. 331
Leave Atlanta 6 (10 p m 8 40 a n:
arrive Gainesville 8 08 p m 10 32 a ni
Lnln a 8 33 p m 10 55 a m
Rabun Gapjunc b. 9 18 pm II 25 a m
Toccoa c 9 53 p m 11 5G a m
Seneca City <1.... 10 56 p m 12 51pm
Greenville ? 12 27 a m 2 23 p rr
Spartanburg/" 142am 3 34 |? ni
Gastonia <j 3 50 a in 5 20 p in
charlotte h 4 40 a in 6 10 p ni
Southtpard. No. 50* No. 521
Leave charlotte 3 (10 a m I 00 p in
arrivetiastotiia 3 50 a m 141pm
Spartanburg 6 57-a in 3 34 p m
'Jreenville 7 13 a ui 4 5G p in
Seneca city 8 54 a m 6 27 p ui
Toccoa 9 55 a in 7 29 p in
Rabun tiap jnnc... 10 37 a m 8 22 pm
Lula 11 07 a in H 49 p ni
Gainesville 11 33 a m 9 20 p m
Atlanta 1 40 p in 11 30 p m
Freight trains on this road all carry passengers;
passenger trains run through to Danville
and connect with Virginia Midland railway
to all eastern cities, and at Atlanta with
all lines diverging. No. 50 leaves Richmond
3 25 pm and No. 51 arrives thera 4 10 p m; 52
leaves Richmond at 2 00 a m, 53 arrives there
?t 7 00 a. m. The local freights ?top at above
BiBuonB irom *v 10 .tu niinmca.
Buffet Sleeping Cars without
ehanyc: On trains Xos. 50 and 51, Now
York and Atlanta, via Washit.gton and
Danville, Greensboro and Asheville; on
trains Nos. 52 and 53, Richmond and
Danville, Washington, Augusta and New
Orleans. Through tickets on sale at
Charlotte, Greenville, Seneca, Spartanburg
and Gainesville to all points south,
southwest, north and east. A connects
with N. K. railroad to and from Athens;
b with X. K. to and from Tallulah Falls;
c with El. Air Line to and fiom Elberion
and Bowersville; d with Blue Ridge to
c /I __ J n -
auu IIVI1I H aiiinim, C Willi V/. ami U. to
and from Greenwood, Newberry, Alston
and Columbia; f with A. & S. and S.,
U. & C. to and from Hendersonville,
Alston, &c.; g with Chester and Lenoir
to and froiu Chester, Yorkville and Dallas;
h with N. C. division and C., C. &
A. to and from Greensboro, Raleigh, &c
Kdmdnd Dkrki.kv, Supt.
Jf. Slaughter'. Gen. Pass. Agt.
A. Ki. Itivew, 2d V. I', and Gen. Man.
Commencing Sunday, May 24th, 1R85, at
C 06 a in, I'asaenper Trains will ran art t'olloun
until further notice, ''Eastern time:"
Leart Columbia 6 30 a m S 27 p m
Due at Charleston 11 05 a m 9 16 p in
Lea re Charleston . 7 20 a in 5.20 p tn
Dae at Columbia 10 45 a m 10 00 p m
Gaunfrn Plcition?Daily except Sundays.
Leave Columbia 9 30 a m 5 27 p m
Dae Camden .12 14 p m 7 42 p ni
WK8T DA1LT, KXCEFT 8CSDXY.
Leave Camden 7 00 a in 3 5S |t m
Due Columbia 9 25 a tn 10 00 p m
A tiyu*la DtcUiatt ?East Daily.
Leave Columbia 6 HO a in 9 27 p m
Thie Augusta 11 40 am 10 3S p ni
Leave Augusta 6 05 a in 4 45 pm
Due Columbia 10 45 a m 10 00 p m
Made at Columbia with Columbia and Greenville
railroad by train arrivine nt 10 45 a. m.
and departing at & 27 p. m.; at Columbia
Junction with Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta
railroad by sunie train to end from all
points on Bom roans.
At Charleston with steamers for New York
on Saturday; and on Tuesday and Saturday
with steamer for Jacksonville and points on
Kt. John's river. Daily w'ttb Charleston and
Savannah Railroad to and from Savannah
and all points in Florida.
At Augusta with Georgia and Central rail,
roads to and from all pniuts West and South;
at Rlackville to and from all points on Barnwell
railroad. Through tickets can be purchased
to all points South and West br applying
D. McQukbs. Agent, Columbia, S. C.
John B. Peck, General Manager.
I). C. Allen. Gen. Pass. and Ticket Ac't
On and after October 5, 1884, Pasrenoer
Trains will run as herewith indicated upon
this road and its branches
Daily, except Sunday*.
No. 53. UP PASSENGER
Leave Columbia S. C. Junc'n 1045 pm
" Columbia C. A G. I) 11 10 p m
Arrive Alston 12 10 p m
'' Newberry 1 13 p in
Ninety-Kix 2 47 p m
Greenwood 3 Ott p ni
?- ' > >
UVUf^CO O "??> p fll
Bel ton 4 <0 p ni
at Greenville. 6 05 p m
. No. 52. DOWN PASSENGER.
Leave Oreenville at# 9 50 a rn
Arrive Reltoo 11 13 a in
Hodges 12 23 p m
Greenwood 12 48 pm
Ninctv-Six UJ pm
Newberry 3 02 p m
Alston. .* 4 10pm
' Columbia C; k G. D 5 15 pm
Arrive Columbia S C. .Junc'n 5 30 p ni
IfiHTAKBUKU, CNION * COLI'MBIA K All. ROAD.
NO. 53. Ul' PA8RKNOKK.
Leave Alston 12 52 p m
" Uoion 3 55 pm
" Spartanburg, S.U.AC.depot .5 50 p m
NO. 52. DOWN PAH8KNOKB.
Li ve Spart'g R. A I). Repot .... 10 35 a m
" Spart'g S. U. A C. Dapot ..10 50 am
" Union 12 50 pm
Arrive at Alston 3 40 p m
Leave Newberry 3 30 p in
Arrive at Laurens C. H C 50 p m
Leave Laurens C. H 7 40 a in
Arrive at Newberry 11 10 pm
ABBBV1 LI.K BRANCH.
Leave Hodges 3 45 p in
Arrive at Abbeville 4 45pm
Leave Abbeville 11 00 a m
Arrive at Hodges i'i 00 pm
BL.UK RIDOK IIAlUOiP AND ANDERSON BRANCH.
* I> -?1 * ' -
jinv* nciiun 4 45 p m
Arrive Anderson 5 18pm
" Pendleton 5 60 p m
" Seneca e ' 40 p m
Arrive at Walhalla 7 <M p m
Leave Walhalla 8 SO a in
Arrive Suncca V 15 a in
" Pendleton V 52 a ni
" Anderson 1ft 38 a ni
Arrive at Bolton II 08 a m
A. With South Carolina railroad to and from
Charleston; with Wilmington, Columbia and
Augusta railroad from Wilmington and all
Saints north thereof: with Charlotte, Columia
and Augusta railroad from Charlotte and
all points-north thereof. B. With AshevllU
ana Spartanburg railroad from sod for pointi
Si In We tarn N. Carolina. O. With Atlanta and
t Charlotte dlr Richmond and Danville railway
:. for Atlanta and all points south and west.
Standard EatUrn Tim*.
. G. R. TALCOTT, Superintendent.
\t -. k. S4.a?warni,G?a'IPas*enger Art.
p D. A??w?Lt, ass't (wl Pasa.'Agt.
^ 0ONDENSEI) TIME CARD
Magnolia Passenger Ronte.
In effect March 15, 1885.
Leave Laurens #5 20 a in f8 ?0 a m
" Waterloo C 0G a m V 55 a m
" Greenwood 7 00am 2 15 pm
Arrive Augusta 10 45 a m 7 45 pm
Leaye " 10 50 a ni 10 00 p m
Arrive Atlanta 5 40 pm C 40 a in
Leave Augusta 11 30 a m
Arrive Beaufort 6 20 pm
Arrive I'ort Royal 6 35 pm
" Chaleston 5 50 pm
" Savannah 7 00 pm
" Jacksonville 7 00 am
Leave Jacksonville *8 50 pm
" Savannah....' 6 55 am
Leave Port Royal 7 35 am
Hcaufnrt 7 47 am
" Charleston 7 50 am
Arrive Augusta 1 50 pin
Leave Atlanta +8 20 pm
Arrive Augusta 6 10 am
Leave Augusta *2 30 pm C 15 am
Arrive Greenwood 0 10 pm 11 40 am
Waterloo 7 04 pm 3 30 pm
" Laurens 7 50 pin 4 40 pm
Daily fDaily except Snndor.
Tickets on sale at Greenwood to all points
at throucli rates?hairfracc checked to desti
nation. Connections made at Greenwood
with C. & G. K. R. E. T. Cit aklton, O. I'. A.
WILMINGTON, COLUMBIA AND AUGUSTA
Going Soil b no 43 No 40
Leave Wilmington #J0pm 1110pm
Arrive at Florence 150am 2 20 am
Arrive at Columbia . .0 40 a m
Going North no 43 no 47
Leave Columbia 10 00 p in
Leave Florence 4 50 p m 1 52 a m
Arrive at Wilmington 7 40 p m 6 1(1 a m
Train no. 43 stops at all stations; No9. 43
and 47 stop only at Hrinkley'ft, Whiteville,
Flemtngtou, Fair Bluff, Marion, Florence,
Timtnonsville, Sumter, enmden junction ard
KftatAVHI* Po OflflnflflPfl #Vt*? nnliimttid bm'1
points on C * U S H, c, CtiHX, Aikcu Junction
and all poiuts beyond, should take No. 48,
night express. Separate Pullman sleepers
f?r Charleston and Augusta on trains 48 and
47. All trains run solid between Charleston
^TLAXTIC COAST LINE,
Wilmington* iNr. C'M Aug. 2d, 1885.
FAST LINE between Charleston and
Columbia ami Upper South Carolina.
7 20 am I?v Charleston Ar. 9 05 pm
8 34 " 44 Lanes 44 7 38 44
9 33 44 44 ....Sumter " 6 37 44
ltt 40 pm Ar... .Columbia Lv. 5 27 "
3 02 " 44 ... Wlnnsboro 44 3 48 44
i 15 44 " ....Chester 41 2 44 44
C 05 44 44 Yorkviile 44 11 45 am
7 0 1 44 44 ....Lancaster 44 7 00 44
4 56 44 " ... Rock Hill 44 2 02 pin
6 00 44 44 ... .Chnrlotte 44 1 00 44
14 ? -? 4- V V- T _ 1 1A
i* Ul' |"? Ar....i'cwutrr) iit O IU LJIII
2 52 " " ....Greenwood " 12 59 "
6 00 " " ....Laurens " 9 10 am
5 01" " Andcrnon " 10 27 "
5 45 " " flreenvillo " 10 00 "
0 45 ? .... Wnlhnlln " 8 30 ?
4 20 " " Abbeville " 1125 "
3 27 " " Spnrtnnbnrp.... " 12 25 pm
7 15 " " ... Henderttoii villo.. " 7 00 "
Solid Truinvbetween Charleston nnd Cohimbin.
J. F. I)IVIN* K. T. M. KM KRSON.
ucn i f>up't. uoii'l J'as. ARont.
On and after Apr. Cth, 1885, passenger
trains will be run dailv. except Sundav, between
Spurtanburp and Hendersonville as
Leave R. & !> Dopot at Spartanburp 4 00 p m
(.care Spnrtanburjr, A. I>. depot fi 10 p m
Leave Saluda.! fi 20 p m
Leave Flat Rnrk 7 00 p m
.-Jrrive Henderaonvilie 7 15 r, ,n
Leave Hendersonville 7 00 am
Leave Flat Rock 7 15 am
Leave Saluda 7 50 am
Leave .-tir Line Junction ..10 15 a m
Arrive R. 4 I) Depot Spartanburp 10 20 a m
Trains on this road run bv Air-Line time.
nom i rains niavc connect tons u>r i;niumbia
and Charleston via Spartanburp. Union and
Columbia: Atlanta nnd Charlotte by Air Line.
JAMES ANDERSON. Superintendent.
T. T. THOMSON. J. W. THOMSON
ipHOMSON & THOMSON,
Attorneys nt Law,
Abbbville, S, C.
?Qp"Office in rear Mr. Lee's.
June 8th, 1885-tf. - 100
QALHOUN & MABRY,
Atorneysand Counsellors at Law.
ABRKVIM.B C. II., S. C.
Office formerly occupied by Judge
Thomson. '. tf-50
L. W, PRRRIK. T. P. COTHRAK.
pERRIS A t'OTHRAN,
Attorneys at Law,
51 Abbeville 8. C
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
52 Abbeville, 8. C.
JAMES 8. PERR1N, .
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
Abbkvii.i.k, C. n., 8. C.
t^*No. 1 O'Neill's Range.
Jan. 28, 1885-tf 1 53
ROUT. R. HEMPHILL*' WM. P. CXf.LOim.
JJKMPHILL & CALHOUN,
Attorneys at Law,
I Abbeville, S. C.
J Will pmctice in all the Court* of the
I State. 54
Km. M. W. Thomas, Proprietor*.
Bread atre?t,Aof( aata, Qa. 14
.' . ' *
OUR SOUTH AMERICAN CORRESPONDENCE.
MafuJioa, Pernambuco, Bailia, Rio
Steamship Apvanck, in Front
of Rio Janikro, July 17, 1885.
Dear A dvertixcr : A week ngo I bade
you an unceritnonious adieu at Para,
on thn Amazon, as the Consul, returning
to the United States, was waiting to
take charge of my letter. From Para
we steamed down the river, and wore
.soon once more upon the bosom of the
broad Atlantic, where we took an eastly
course for several days, apparently
sterile coast. Our nights were illumined
by the bright Southern Cross to our
right, now rising high in the heavens
under the beautiful constellation of Sagitarius?the
great Dipper balancing On
the left?and the North Star fast sinking
beneath the horizon. The equatorial
atmosphere was tempered bj' balmy
breeze, and at all times a light woolen
dress was comfortable, often a shawl
necessary, as the swift trade winds
swept over the vessel. The great waters
are wonderfully beautiful here, varying
vividly from every shade of blue to every
shade of preen?and elivened often
by high leaping porpoises and curious
round jelly fish. But I jrrew weary of
it, and though not seasick, I was sick of
the sea. So much so that I joined the
party going ashore at Maranhoa. Thp
city stands on an eminence 400 feet
above the sea, and had once 3G,000 people
and an important commerce. The
ravages of yellow fever and smill pox,
however, havo materially reduced both
population and trade. At Maranhoa
again wc found the accommodating
street cars, drawn by stunted mules.
The better class of people here seemed
to bea?rf*t improvement upon those of
1'nr*. As we traversod tho ?tr. o*s o"
Maranhoa, it was Sunday, but I noticed
the stores, well stocked with varieties,
were open, while most of the many
churches were closod.
Proceeding through the town far into
the suburbs, we found some very handsome
residences?of glazed, variegated
tiles. While peeping over the front of
one of the finest, a pretty and graceful
Renora appeared on a balcony and invitus
to enter. After welcoming uh with
hospitable gestures, she disappeared,
but returning quickly bringing her hus
band, ivtrho apoko both English and
French?a very handsome and wealthy
young.man, educated in New York and
Paris. On this occasion he wore a yellow
blouse, like a fisherman in an opera
scene. They conducted us through
parterres of tropical plants, up through
a broad balcony, into a large saloon,
with brightly painted walls, tiled floors,
and many fine engravings. Here wine
and water were handed, in every qaaint
earthern goblets, by a fantastic young
negrcss in a decollete pink cottton gown,
short waisted a la Josephine, and many
heads and earrings. The host then conducted
us through his fruitery and back
yard?a wilderness of cocoas, btfnanas,
sapodillas, figs, grapes, pineapples,
bread-fruit and India rubber trees. The
hostess loaded us with fruit and rare
flowers, and bade us a graceful adieu
with a magnificient parrot perched on
her shoulder. Those are people of the
very highest class; indeed the gentleman
is a nobleman?a viscount. This
1- -? - 1 " *
iiiuu cpisoue nsa mc cnarms 01 decided
novelty, and rested us, as it were,
fcom the monotony of the sea.
We ftnd real equatorial fruits insipid,
lacking in flavor. The want of well
marked seasons, I imagine, is the cause.
Vegetation here never dies, and frost are
unknown. The two seasons are wet and
dry. It is dry now; but still, even in
the country, with paling fcnces and
many negroes, reminded rae of our Carolina
But again we "go down to the sea in
ships," and again steer out eastwardly.
The ne7t salient event in our voyage is
the rounding of Cape St. Roque, from
which point the South American Atlantic
coast slants rapidly in to the South
West. In a few hours after rounding
T>~ a?i 1 * -
VIIj/o tj(? ivvi|UQ| ww IIIIU uurseivcs DB?
fore Pernambuco, filled by the natives,
St. Yosef. On account of dangermiu
corals reefs in the bay, the Captain
awaited a pilot A remarkable coral
reef, like a solid wall of masonry, rises
abovo the surface of the, waters, and extends
a half mile out to soa. At the extremity
there is a lighthouse and a fort.
The harbor was full of ships from all
parts of th? world, indicating a large
foreign trado. The city is one of the
largest and most important on this
coast, with a population of 125,000. Its
si to, however, is low and unhealthy. In
Tact yellow fever prevails all the time.
But nevertheless we went ashore, and
mw Pematnbuco in most of its prominent
aspects. One of its principal
churches?Magnifies to All the Saints"
?I found very interesting. It is rich is
baa reliefs of saints and ^historic
events of the Roman Catholic Church.
Ik is almost too gaudy, however, with
highlg colored pictures and ifhages of
; the Virgin?-and the greatest profusion
pf artificial flowers. 'A life-like image
of the crucified Christ in the tieput
' ' ' ;/" ( ,
' **A M L-:'; '"? 'v ,j '
chre, watched by Mary, was bo realisti<
as to be absolutely appalling. I ob
served several negro men in priestly
robes. Wo ' conversed with one e
thoso in a sort of mixed Portuguese
Spanish and French, and found him
quite intelligent. The private house?
here are handsomer than in any city wc
have yet seen ; and the gardens ol
bright Brazilian flowers are supremely
charming. Imagine gigantic cacti IOC
feet high ! The beast of burden arc
fine fat oxen and very small mules and
horses. The oxen draw carts heavily
laden, while the mules and horses bear
their burdens saddle bag fashion?from
huge baskets of fruits and vegetables to
two bales of cotton, one on either Bide.
The inhabitants evidently improvo in
?Ki?wuiuiivc uuu uiiciii^eiivuas wo iravcj
further South. At Pcrnaiubuco we are
joined by a pleasant gentleman, who is a
deputy of the National Assembly now
in session at Rio.
Adieu to Pcrnambuco! And again oh
the bosom of the deep sea. This time
we steer out into waters of tho darkest
blue, indicative of great depth, and
quite out of sight of land. A merciful
Providcneo has brought us safely
through thus far, and realizing God's
nana?great ana gooa?more than at
any period of my life, 1 lay me down in
my narrow berth in peactf and trust.
On the 4th of July, our national holiday,
at 6 o'clock in the morning, while
hundreds of church bells were chiming
musicaly for early mass, Ilahia, the bccond
city of the great Brazilian empire,
shone before our wave weary eyeB iu all
it* superb beauty. The lovely bay of
All Saints, like a rippling lake, lay before
us, thickly .jotted with shipping of
every clime. The greater part of this
bay's semicircle is occunied bv the ol<l
Portuguese city of fan Salvador, called,
in these present times, Bahin, which
moans bay. Viewed from the water, it
is of magnificent proportions, and picturesque
indeed. It is divided into two
distinct parts. The upper part stands
upon a well-marked elovation, reached
from the lower half by steep crooked
streets, and also by means of a gigantic
modern elevator. Upon this elevator
you pay four cents a lift. Here was another
novel and pleasant episode. Going
up from a dirty businoss city below,
to an elegant and airy city above, in an
elevator ! The lower city is devoted to
business and the lower classcs. Its
kimiBuivriviics, are stores, wnarves, lmmense
warehouses, and a badly paved,
dirty street, four miles long, extending
the whole length. In the , upper city
are hundreds of olegant residences, government
buildings, colleges, convents,
churches and promenades, Bahia contains
220,000 inhabitants. Among other
public works, we looked at a monument
to Sohn VI, first royal governor
of Brazil. The churches and convc-ntx
arc enormously costly. Here we got
dclicious seedless oranges?a specialty
of the place. Another specialty is the
use of the old-fashioned sedan chnir?in
lieu of the carriages, many of the
streets being steep, crooked and .almost
;mn.uD.ku f .?1? - * *? - - '
>> |>i>r?o ?i/iui i iuu? h iuiii 411 a nuiian
chair, and tried to imagine myself a
belle of the time of Queene Anne and
George Int. The Bahian nogress is alao
picturesqo. She woars a costume like
a senator of ancivnt Hom<>?a toga.
At Bahir, the fear of yellow fevei
again hurried our movements ; and
again, as at Paru, I looked with lon^inp
eyes nt the great and handsome opi-r*
house, brilliantly illuminated on account
of Home extra performance. Not only
French, but often first-class Italian
troupes coiue here. But we must nol
spend a night in the midst of yellow fever.
Consequently we again tread that
monotonous gang plank, and are soon
"rocked in the cradle of the de?p."
Between Bahia and Bio we draw i
veil?bccause the monotony of tiea life
is uninteresting aliko to narrator and
On the 14th July we descry banks ol
beautiful blue and green mountains
which denote an early arrival at a haver
of rest?Rio Janerio, the capital of th?
great western empire whero wo neec
have no serious fear of yullow fc?rr
and where, after a month on the ocean
we may sleep on a hud?and drink fresh
milk, even though it he at 25 rent* i
pint. But we feel sincere regret at having
to separate so soon from the pleas
ant passengers of various nationalities
with whom we have been brought inU
such close fellowship of late. Oui
ship's commander, Captain Beers, hii
daughter, and her accomplished frient
from Brooklyn, Miss Risk, have contrib
uted vastly to the pleasure of a voyagi
which has secrrud more liko a pleasuri
trip than a journey of 0,000 miles. Om
life on the Advance has been one ol
luxury and happiness
But now we round the rockpy prom
ontory of Cape Frio, and will toon entei
the Bar of Bio of Rio Janeiro. Hen
we reat aoveral days before aailipj
southward to Montevideo. And do yot
not think that thi* magnificent imperii
city deserve* a separate and distinct let
ve? in the Advtrtiitr V?[R. C, B,, ii
Kdgejitld Adverfitcr. ,
i. V.* ' -a'1 .
: Merging the Military Academy Into
r The opinion of our respected contemf
porary, the Newberry Observer, that it
, would bo wise and proper to merge the
i Military Academy into the University,
" does not strike us with the same forco
i which it seems to do the Observer.
T It is true we want n great University
' in the Sti te, beyond which it will not be
necessary to go to complete -any educat
tion needed. As we understand, those
I entrusted with this matter are steadily
pursuing that end. Notwithstanding all
the talk about the low standard of qualification
on which students arc admitted
i to tho college, we take it, upon the best
of authority, that all that was practicable
has been done in this direction.
When the college was first opened, manyyouths
applied for admission, who owing-.
. to the hard surroundings of our people,
had not enjoyed such scholastic opportunities
as could have been wished.
IT I - ? *1-- -i '
\juuvr iihj circumsiaces, to have sent
these youths.away, would have been to
, discourage them and to defeat tho very
object of reopening the State College.
This was to put the opprtunities of
higher education alongside of every
youth in the State who wanted it. To
make requirements of these boys beyond
their opportunities, and turn them away,
was to forego the very purpose of the
institution. To admit them where it was
possible, and help them up the rugged
path with tho loving hand of a tender,
watchful mother, we humbly submit,
was the better and wiser course.
Nor did this policy in the bezinnine
' at all militate against building up a
groat institution, which would grow in
' usefulness and stretch out its educational
rounds up to the highest standards. It
was a beginning. The holy Scriptures
itself tells us: "Despise not the day of
small things." The child must creep
before it can walk; and the University
unless we have been willfully deceived
has been steadilj growing in usefulness,
whilst it has steadily lifted its standards
of scholarship from time to time as the
opportunity presented itself.
This much for the University so far as
its scholastic course is concerned. But
the institution has attached to it the
school of agriculture, where tho opportunity
should be afforded of educating
our. youths in the practice and science
of agriculture. This is one of the fundamental
propositions of the establishment,
and it is ono which will be looked
after sharply by the great agricultural
class of the State. We have heard it I
claimed that only three young men have j
been graduated in this course. If so, I
?l r...n : ') 'hu- ? *-?
nuvou inuib in lb ; 1 IIU grailURUUIl Ol'
these three mean's the opportunity for'
all who should havo sought the same
course of instruction. If fanners and
> planters sending their sons here preferrt
ed that they should take a scholastic
course, to the exclusion of the agricul
tural, what^was to bo .done about it?
, If the young men themselves, with the
, permission of their parents, preferred
, the scholastic course, how could the
t Professors control it ? You mav lead a
, horse to water but you cannot make him
L drink. Technological education is a new
i *w:? i? ' ?--!* ? ?
i tiling ntiii u?, xi in a u;jsi uusiruuie
, thing to establish such schools iq coni
nection with our University. We must
bend overy effort to bring the public
mind up to a realization of this educa|
tional departure. Here we will find
; ample room for all the best efforts of
L our State University.
t The Stato Military School, on the oth
er hand, is a very different thing. If it
wore only its object to teach boys to be
t soldiers, it would be something, in a
. country relying on its citizen soldiery
fnr Hafnnco* Km#- ao ?va Itmaw
L .va ?*V?VUHV| HO TV \J nil nuvil) VIllO (?
i by no means the true object sought in
this school. It is the decipline enforced
i in these schools and the practical course
i of instruction pursued which are chiefly
I sought. This school was originally intended
to put that sort of education as
p largely alongside of young men without
the means of obtaining a liberal educo,
tion as possible, whilst it opened the full
, opportunity of such a course of instructI
tion of young men of better means who
needed or preferred it.
The institution was rery properly
L located in Charleston, where, from the
i presence of a large city population, it
. would be put "alongside of more poor
, youths needing such an education than
> anywhere else in the State. This is
? none the less the case to-day.
r Not only this; it was best for the
s State not to put all its eggs in one basket.
I It was best, all things considered, not to
. have only one educational centre, where
! might grow up an illiberal ring senti9
ment that would discriminate against
r worthy men who had been educated
[ elsewhere, or who had struggled up to
the top by their own unassisted efforts.
The presence of two sets* of citizens,
r educated under distinct influences,
? would hare* tendency to break up this
I sort of illiberality, which had manifested
i itself to no, alight degree in the State
I Tk* denominational colleges Also pre
sented a solid front to this sort of feeU
i ing. It oannotjbe doubted by men of
liberal sentiments that this is a whoU>
some chock on what might otherwise degenerate
into the erection of a class in
the bosom of the State to whom would
be confii.ed the honors and emoluments
of office. We have had enough of this
sort of thing in South Carolina any way;
and it has had a steady tendency to
Looking at things from this standpoint,
we would not touch a hair of the Military
Academy's head. If it has fallen
into some confusion, let us not make a
howl over the matter nor turn half the
State loose for the vacated office of
Superintendent. Let us go to work as
grown *"en in our own best interests
to .store order in tbo institution
and to selcct* Superintendent upon a
calm and deliberate view of tho situation,
of the best interests of the institution
and of society, and with no sort of reference
to anv mnn'H nsnimlinna ?? omV.;
tions. Full time should be taken to
rnnke a wise and proper selectiou of a
Superintendent, not cor.fiuing the choice
to any locality or to any given group of
men in sijht.?Columbia Register.
Crime North and South.
We pick up a New York newspaper
at random?the first one that presents
itself?and we look over its columns to
sec if any good3*-goody land human passion
has sway ; if crime is committed;
if the law is violated.
And what do wo find in this single
paper picked up at random, and bearing
date August 13th ? It is a daily paper,
and thefore gives only one day's record.
1. A young tnan named Armstrong.
20 years old, whose mother is away, secretes
himself in his stop-father's house,
and when the step-father comes home
at night shoots him with a pistol and
lrlls him because he does not furnish the
! young man with as much money as ho
wants. The detectives trace the crime
to him, and he confesses. And this
does not occur in the slums, but a three
story brown-stone house in a fashionable
part of tho city of New York.
2. Burton T. Ikash, a Now York lawyer,
swindles a friend out of $150. and
his aunt out of #49. and skips. Burton
belonged to the creme de la crevie.
3. Kx-City Librarian Barclay and a
man named Lacky fight on the street
with fists and sticks. Whjn the fight
begins flacky has a lady on his arm.
d. We quote in fall:
Two ^irls named Cora Guild and
Flora Shaid, aged respectively 11 and
12 years were playing und??r a shade
tree at Bedford Park, in the Twentyfourth
ward, yesterday, when a tramp
came along and sat down beside them,
tin a few minutes the girls ran home
screaming, and tho tramp walked down
the road. When the children told their
mothers about (he conduct of the tramp
an excited crowd of women was gathered.
they started after the tramp. They
chased him at the top of his speed
across the fields to a wood lot. and there
he eluded them. The police were afterward
notified, but the tramp was not
5. We quote ngnin :
A policeman found an unconscious
man on, last Monday evening on the
pavement in Sullivan street, near Canal.
He was bleeding from a contusion on tho
forehead. He was taken to BttUevue
Hospital, wher he died on Tuesday
C. We quote again :
Screams were heard early yesterday
morning from tlife first floor of the rear
tenement, 520 West Thirtieth street.
A scuffling was heard, and then a pistol
shot. A woman rushed from tho room
into the courtyard and across it into a,
narrow alley loading to the street. After
the woman a man ran with a smoking
pistol in hi < hand. The woman ran to tho
Thirty-seventh street police station and
said she was Pauline Vanderbilt, and
that her husband, Frederick Vanderbilt,
had shot her. He was jealous without
cause, she said. Mrs, Vanderbilt was
taken in an ambulance to the Roosevolt
7. We quote again iu full:
Mrs. E. Delnamhtrove. residinsr on
Tenth avenue. College Point, was awakened
at 2 o'clock yesterday morning by
a burglar near her bod. She caught
him by the hair and screamed to her
husband for help. Her husband fired a
revolver at him, but the fellow released
himself and ran out of the house.
Blood spotit wore afterward found on
the sloop. A few small artioles. were
R. We quote tgain in full:
Irma Balars, a sixteen-year old Hungariau
girl, tfcrew her baby into a vault
at her home si 60 Clinton street vester
day. The child was found dead. The
mother wag put under arrest, and removed
to Bellerue Hospital as a prisoner.
This is one day's record in the city of
New Yprk, as reported 07 one newspsymper.
The whole record oocapies less
spsce thsn the -ATstos and Courier gave
to the ]rby row, and scarcely one-fifth
the space occupied by the little fisxeo
with the emigrant agent st Waterloo.
There is material enough in thu alw>ve
record to'furnish our esteemed contemporary
with "lawlessneW article* for
*' v. ? ; .. . ;..f ;>V:
six months. With such a record in V
South Carolina it could just literally
rercl in a "campaign of civilization."
But the point wo wish to tnake^ is,
that the newspapers of the North, where
crime is many times more common and
more revolting nnd more varied than at
the South, assume the missionary work
of exposing and chocking crime at tho
South, nnd represent the Southern peo- **
pie as barbarians and out-laws. This is
not surprising when the leading paper of
the State seizes with avidity upon every
offence happening in the State, magnifies
it into something awful, and represents
whole communities and counties
in a state of lawlessness bordering on
barbarism ; while the jVeww and Conr- Eg;
icr itself and one and another of the rural
newspapers are engaged in waging a
"campaign of civilization." .
And our esteemed eintempo'gry ha ;s
itself with delight when a Northern
journal pats it encouragingly ?n tho
back, and poses before the Country in i
the guise of little Jack Horner, who
14 sat in a corner.
Rating his Chiislinas pie; S#r
He. put in his thumb and pulled oul a
And said, 'What a good boy am I.'"
But perhaps it is all right. Maybe it
is the proper thing in the "New South."
We had been under the impression that
courts?judges and juries?-were the
proper parties to punish crime; but
may be not?this may be the business of
newspapers. Or it may be that South
Carolina judges and juries will not do
their duty unless whipped into it by
newspapers?perhaps they are in league
nun me i;ruijijiut uiussuH'?one rurmi
newspaper says they are "exceedingly w.
kind" to theiu. Ahyway.we belive the ^
criminal record of South Carolina will
compare favorably with that of any
State in the Union, and we believe that
South Carolina judges and juries do
their duty as strictly and impartially as
any in the Union : and wo further believe
that the slanders put upon the poo- / "*
pie and the courts of the State by cer- '
tain newspapers aro an Unmitigated
wrong and outrngo.?Newberry Observer,
TIio Revival of tho Whipping; Post.
An in inexpensive mode of punishment
for grand larceny, has been found
Anf nf iKn wA?ba fl,???
vrv?w uv mv I<111f yuu nvmo uunii uu > ^gr.r. ;
Last week about $26.00 in money was
stolen, and about the same time one of
the hands, whom we will call Tom,
went off. A comrade,- whom wo will B
call John, said that he bad seen Tom
with $25 just before his departure, and
it was accepted that Tom was the thief.
When pay day came, however, Tom returned
for his pay, all unsuspcious of 8
the plot that had been hatched against
him. The first intimation that Tom H
had of his own guilt was when paymas- \1
ter Hagood proposed to make restitution /
to the mnn who had been robbed by /i
turning over to him Tom's wagds'. 'Then
it all came out. The cyclone broke'loose,
and John cowered before it, and guilt m
was stamped on every lineament of his I
duskv visaze. Tom's righteous Indiana- I
tion was shared by his comrade, and
when Hagood told Tom he had to give
John a flogging Tom was io for
it. For a few moments it seemed that
the -would be a hendly combat. But
John's arm was weakened by a bad
cause. . His-courage deserted him on the
very brink of the battle and ignominious!y
he turned and fled. "At him, boys!"
cried Hagood, and the Tom O'Shanter
1 chase began, over hill and dale and
fluid and fence he fled. Fear lent
wings to his feet; he was distancing his
| fiery pursuers when dispair seized him.
The house of Mr. Allen Weir was close
at hand. He rushed into it calling upon
Mrs. Weir to shield him frou? his ioes.
Without waiting for a promise, he bid^"*
under the bed. His pursuers "tracked
him to his lair," and Mr. Weir eagerly
surrended him to his fate. He was
taken back and given the choice of a
fair and open combat with the ireful \
Tom?the anciont "gauge of battle4'?
or 01 ceing wnippea witn & switch, lie
chose the latter. Tom mad? him kneel
down; ho made him stoop forward; ho ,
mado him bond orer, and John
won't steal any more monej in that
camp, and he's never again going to pat
up anothor job on Tom.?Spartanburg
Gush, like flatter/, may become ao '
fulsome as to be disgusting, - Tho tone
of most of the Southern paper* in reference
to Gen. Grant haaboen kind,
>Qnd magnanimous, bat manly anf) naif
respecting. The Atlanta ConttitHtion
cannot be be placed in. thia category
n recently interne wen uen. Robert
Toombs and pnbliahea the roandUn uttorancea
of an old man whoae past great*
neat give them at) importance which hia
proaeni imbecility does not entitle them
to. He ia published aa a peaking dtaparagingly
of Lee end con tarn ptnonaly of .y|
Davis, in order to glorify Grant,'and the
Co**h'tutipn pnbliahea a *?irw?t I
monwl. Fo^r oldfootubafI
ntitutinn deacrVea I
for oxpnatng the the ol?l g
mM.?Spartnitbvrj MtralU. :g