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THE INHABITANTS OF YAP
t-K ' i
A. Place where the Money Is
Six Feet in Diameter.
ilie Paomc Islanders who Have Come
Into Eeoent Prominenoa.
The London Times gives the subjoined
account of Yap, the island
group in the Pacific over which Germany
and Spain have been quarreling:
What our sailors call Yap is not a
single island* but a group of islands
lying closely together, fringed with
coral reefs, and rising occasionally to
k height of several hundred feet above
the sea. Unlike moat of the islands
In the western Pacific, it is well populated,
the members of several tribes
that inhabit it amounting to between
B?000 and 10.000. The people are of a
comparatively light complexion. The
men are tall and often handsome.
Thflff tin Hiair lrtnrr hlanlf Hair infn a
knot, and frequently let it down, to
amuse themselves with combing it
with a long wooden comb. Their
bodies are elaborately tattooed. Their
legs look as if they were encased in
Ught trousers, and they seem to have
^ on woven vests of a deep blue tint.
The women are lighter in hue than
the men and wear their long black
hair in bands, exactly resembling
those worn by English ladies from
V nrk/k A _ 1 rtKA ma < 1
ioov 10 ioou. mey oover tne oacKs
of their hands and forearms with tattoo
marks, so that they appear to have
on long woven milts. Their dress is a
ihort petticoat of shreds of bark reaching
below the knee, and their principal
decoration white flowers, thrust
Into the bands of hair that hang in
front of their ears. As a rule, both
sexes go bareheaded; but the men
Qflp.Rfdonallv wnnr a sh srn.rrnwnpd
' hat of Chinese fashion.
As is usual in the Pacific islands,
adjacent tribes are at constant feud
with each other, and wage war almost
continuously with one another in the
Approved Pacific fashion of murdering
itragglers of the opposite party. The.
Yap canoes are of -very graceful design,
and have curved ornaments at
head and stern, which remind the visitor
of Venetian gondolas.
The natives build enormous houses,
roofed in and walled at the sides with
mats, and construct stone piers or;
jetties of great length. Some of the
villages are remarkably picturesque.
The dwellings stand on mounds of
earth, often jnearly 100 feet square,
the sides of which are cased in with
stones. Against these the rich place
the extraordinary money, which is
found, perhaps, only in their islands.
It is composed of large discs of arraganite,
often of great size. Six feet in
iiameter, 12 inches in thickness, and
an estimated weight of 3 tons are not
ancommon dimensions. The largest
ft stare on the mainland, at the village
- This was the situation of the places
f business the year before last. At
Khat time the total Export of copra
was 550 tons. Copra or cobra is mere
ly dried cocoanut? from jphich in
Europe oil is extracted and .cake for
. eattle feed manufactured; ^ At one
time there was a b^cfie-de-m&r fishery
at Yap, but it has been "fished out"
Borne tortoise shell is collected, but
the quantity is not-jhirge. The Pelew
Islands probably furnish a much larger
amount of this article, as the natives
of them use spoons and trays made -of
tortoise she!),'and bundles of it are
generally offered for sale to strangers
Known piece is said to be 9 feet 4
Inches in diameter, 15 inches thick at
the hole in the centre, and 7 at the
dge. The weight of this was estimated
by an American trader who
helped to move it at four tons and a
half. This money is not used as a
medium of exchange, but for purposes
of ostentation, the richest men being
Ihose who can pile most of it against
the earthen platforms on which their
houses stand, and as a ceremonial
present on solemn occasions, like the
bits of seventeenth century European
glass called money in the Pelew Islands,
and the tamboa or whale's teeth
of Fiji. The arragonite quarry is in
the harbor of Malakat, at Korror Island,
in the Pelews. At. that place
about a hundred Yap men are allowed
by King Abba Thoul to reside for the
purpose of quarrying the stone.
The few white men who live on
Yap are at Tomil Bay, a good and
fairly spacious reef harbor. In 1883
the number of foreigners was seven,
urfinm ?afo T7ni?tUl?
PJL ?l UVUt *-VT U L TTUlO JUU^ilOU, UUU W UB
American, one German, and one
Dutch. The trading stations are on
small islands in the bay. O'Keefe &
Co., tlie British firm under the management
of Mr. O'Keefe in person,
has an extensive establishment on the
Island of Tarang. Capt. Hoi combe,
an American, who does business usually
but not exclusively with Germans,
had settled on Tapelan. Cap el la &
Co., or rather the Sndsee Handels and
Plantagens Gesellschaft, is established
on Engnotsch. The newer and enterprising
firm of Hernshelm A Co. had
" The world la full of people who lack
this valuable essential to their ireohan*
ism. A watch may be full-jeweled,
made of the best material, by the most
skillful workman, and placed in the
costlieat case; but if the balance wheel
be left out, its usefulness becomes as
nothing. With individuals the same
condition apply, and we see it in every
day. A young, man strong of intellect,
handsome of face and figure, and endowed
liberally with all of the essential
elements, lacks a balance wheel,
and he becomes a machine, useful only
when under a cruidinor hand. He
I O o
must be regulated and set constantly
to make him keep any kind of time,
and just as soon as his adopted balance
wheel leaves him, or neglects
him, he becomes a mere ornament,
subject to rust and quick decay. A
good wife often proves a perfect balance
wheel to a husband, and I know
men whose sphere of uselessness was
constantly widening until they married
Women are pretty much the
same way, but not quite so much.
Women are less lacking as a usual
thincr in this uarticular than men. but
I have observed that when the lack
does exist, it seldom is perfectly supplied
this side of the grave. What
happens afterward I am not able to
say but 1 imagine the mechanism of
all of them is not completed, for we
are taught that hades is an unhappy
What Constitutes Good Bread.
Dr. Coan says in Harper's Weekly:
Graham bread is fit only for the stomachs
of herbivorous animals. A good
flour must contain all the nutriment
and none of the inert silicous covering
of the grain. The best flour, then, is
made from a peeled wheat, wheat from
which the outer bran coats have been
removed before pulverizing it. But
such flour will not be white. And
why? Because it contains the gluten
and the phosphates which form the
exterior shell of the grain. The gluten
and phosphates are essentials of the
most nutritious bread. Now what do
we get in the fine white flour which is
the popular thing with most consumers?
We get a good food, but one
which has been plundered of a part of
the phosphates and the gluten, and one
which is therefore less nutritious and
less strengthening than that made of
the whole grain, less the silex coating,
the neeled wheat flour. Th#? whitAst-.
bread is mainly composed of starch,
and starch, while a valuable food, is
not one Which is sufficient in itself to
furnish the ideal bread. Magendle
proved, once for all, that bread made
from the entire wheat was more nutritious
than that made from refined
flour. He fed dogs upon white bread,
and they died; he fed other dogs upon
bread made from the whole grain, and
they lived in health.
Pldiu Clocks Again the Rage.
An evidence ttiat people, even the
ultra-fashionable, are coming back to
the style and patterns of Ion? aaro is
to be found in the fact that American
factories are now busy turning out
clocks of patterns that were in vogue
early in the century. The clock that
used to be known by our fathers as
the Ogee has for its chief characteristics
the startling plainness. It is two
feet high aad has no ornamentation
whatever on its veaeered front. I
was astonished to discover one of these
Quaker timepieces on the mantle of a
rich New Yorker's library the other
day. It bad displaced a unique bit of
French mechanism, all built of gilt
and porcelain in gaudiest combination.
A ftlnnlc mftniifaptnrflf faTta ma
that the rage for these plain clocks
has come suddenly?dictated, so he insisted,
strange as it may seem?by
Western taste. Chicago quitting the
paths of gorgeousness is a delectable
spectacle.?New YorJt Times.
A "Crooked" Noise.
Lou is a wee lassie of four summers,
with a quaint use of English. The
intermittent tooting of a locomotive
caused her to clap her chubby hands to
her ears, with a funny little frown expressive
\ "What's the matter, Lou?" her
"Oh, I'm fastening out that crooked
The other day she was asked whether
she would rather go boat riding to the
island or spend the afternoon with
"I want to go both wheres," was the
prompt reply.?Harper*n Bazar.
Yen Little In It.
The superstition about thirteen
; table or in company has very little in'
it when scientifically investigated. The
average death rate is about onei in1
forty-one, so that forty-one should be1
the unlucky number. To make it'
mathematically certain that one per-!
ion in a company of thirteen will die!
within the twelve-month the average!
age of the gueste should be eighty-six.
years. ' I
of the largest SALOON in tho up-country, d<
advertisements. The half is not mentioned
prepared for fall trade. Tho Palmetto House
Foreign and Domestic
the beet the market affords. He has g
Rye and Corn, Irish a
A nnlo Poaoh P.alifnmio onrl Pron
He call cheerfully recommend bin goodi
mixed drinkH with all the DELICIOUS BEVI
PERATE DRINKS. His specialty is a large
and you will not forget again.
A Good Line of Tobacco
Beer a S
Their Larp anil We
FALL AND Wl
Foreign and Dom
t?r A A mo -1?r a
JlX_c\. _L GS JtlA- lO, Jtli
At Lower Prices than they were Ever 0:
CIIRLESTON, S. C.
hirst uiass in an its Appointments.
RATES, S2.0O, 82.50.
Excellent Caiaene, large airy rooms, Otis
Passenger Elevator. Electric bell and lights.
Hoated rotnnda centrally located.
Oct. I, 'c4-tf 21
Mrs. M.W. THOMAS, Proprietress,
Broad Street, Augusta, Ga. 49
GREENVrLLE, S. C.
i ne uniy iwo^iass nowi
in the World.
W. R. WHITE, Proprietor. . 4.
J^EW DINNER HOUSE,
Greenwood, S. C.
Kept by Mrs. F. 6h PARKS. Cheap rates
June 15th, 1882-tf. Ill
t. p. tiiomson. j. w. thomson.
r?1H0M80N & THOMSON,
Abbeville, 8. C.
?^~Ofllce *n rear Mr. Lee's.
June 8th, >?85-tf. 100
QALHOUN & MABRY,
Attorneys and Counsellors at law,
Abbeville C. H., 8. C.
flice formerly occupied by Judge Thomson.
rout. r, iiempuill. wm. p. calhoun.
JJEMPHILL & CALHOUN,
Abbeville, 8. C.
Will practice in the Courts of the State.
i>. W. pebmh. t. p. corns an.
pERRIN & COTHRAN,
^ Jil Abbeville, 8. O.
' .V < ; ' j
on't intend to dupe his customers by false
I in the three Abbeville papers. Heis well
is well stocked with everything in the lina of
c Wines and Liq uors,
ot Liquors nine years old. Good old
__ J _1_L UIL!
inn acoicn wnisiues,
'orter, Ale and Fresh Lager Beer.
* to the pnblic for MEDICINAL USE, and
IRAGESof the sohsou. Also COOL, 1EMstock
of PURE GOODS, Call at the
N0.4 WASHINGTON ST.,
and Cigars. Budweiser
ill Selected Stoct of
in Part of
estic Dry Goods,
>TB AND SHOES
ffercd Before. l-tf-22
endorsed dt better i!3
scientists as c5bapeq tha
pbacticallyImBI jjfe] m
Over 500 1 SsiAaa Rft Send foi
Beautiful Price List
MANUF^ jrURFO BY
MONUMENTAL BRONZE COMPANY
BBUX3EPCXT. COM 2T.
For this year will be fonnd
I Absolutely Pure Spirits '
North Carolina copper distilled Corn, Fines
brands of Keutnoky Rye, from
$2 to 86 Per Gallon.
Imported Cognac Brandy a Specialty
Ales, Porter, Champagnes, &c
In fact all the popular and standard good
that can be obtained. Together with
an assortment of >
xooaccos ana fine uigars
that can not be excelled in quality.
Persons needing such goods would not b
humbugged by baying from them.
The place is second door from Com
ODOHMELL & CUNNINGHAM,
ABBEVILLE, 8. C.
jan 14-tf 2 t
A ."ill tllA nAV ahArlna in Hati onrt Prvnnnl
A with Ribbons, Birds, Flowers, Satin
and Velvets to mAtoh.
?2 R. M. HA.DDON ?fc CO.
J?UGENE B. GARY,
Attorney and Counsellor-aMaw
52 Abbeville, s. g.
- /(A.>->>. ??!' i4''5.v:.:' .r.! v ' .<i -A.) '
/^1A\r TIT? Vl~kT'Xm TITT^ T * -|>/-1 f.-'om ot</
x v iy x AlJJ 1 OIV.
Phretona, Road Carta, Plantation Wagons (al
Harness Saddles, Belting, leather of all kind*, V
thirty days I will OFFER SPECIAL BARGAINS
GIES at less than Manufacturers' Prices. Those
em makes: which 1 will guarantee equal to the b
vince yourselves that they ure absolute bargains,
^V. R. GOOl
(Successor to R. II. May Co.,) OP
I A06DSTA, t
DAY * TAI
Are Now Receiving a F
FOR THE SPRI
AT PRICES TO SUI
And Never Before Attained in tl
Wo arc enabled to give our customers even
at the closest possible cash prices. Call and
The finest assortment of HANDBAGS and
TRUNKS. WHIPS and UMBRELLAS.
THE WILSON, CHILD'S & CO.'S PIIILA
TENNESSEE WAGONS, 1, 2, and 4 Horn
DAY & TANNAIIILL'S ONE AND T\V(
EXPRESS AND DELIVERY WAGONS.
Axles, Springs, Hubs, Spokes, &c. Rubbc
? HOYT'S LEATHER BELTING. The bes
LACING, RIVETS, Etc. OAK AND HEI
CALF AND LINING SKINS, LASTS, Til
HARNESS ANI) SADDLES. WE CAL
OUR HARNESS DEPARTMENT, IN Will
DAY & '
Would call the attetion of buyers to a E
' la unusually large and attractive. They have th<
have ever offered. They have also some handso
sortment of Black and Colored VELVETEENS 1
a nice line of Wool Laces in all colors, the latest
Their stock of BLACK CASHMERE cannot hi
care in the selection of these goods, and are assn
quality and price. A good line of JERSEY J AC
1 It would astonish any one to see how very chea|
l season. Buyers in this line would do well to exai
, WHITE IB IB
CARPETS are so very cheap as to be in the re
PETS and RUGS can bo found at the store of
The above are only a fen lines in whic Special
The General Stock of Fall and Winter G;>ods u
WHITE B R
' is the largest, best assorted, and more attractive
i plete in all departments.
THE HUMAN EYE A
Superior to any other in use, constructed in accc
I of nature in the peculiar form of a CONCA.VJC-1
to the organs of sight, and perfectly natnral to
to tbe human visiion ever invented,.
J. SILVER spEcTAeM
And is traveling at this time throughout the Sta
known his Theory and Practice, and at the same
his spectacles have been tried they are spoken o
testimonials will certify; the original and man
rooms. He at the same time wishes to be under
quacks who merely s lis yon a pair of glasses
it never see again. He has established in Augusta
case you should happen to lose ?-r break your gla
a small nominal snm, as it is his enstom to keep
him to know just the glass yon have purchased I
such men as Judge Pottle, Govern Colquit, Gen.
;>;?*)'$?' ' a& ' ??
&&tiMw &A V '**
/v. v./r lAiuUAlilifi, UUliGlES,
11 sizes, 1 to ?> hose,) Single und Double
V'agon Material, Ac., Ac. For the next
IN A LOT OF Of EN AND TOP BUGBuggios
are all Fiue Northern and Fastest.
Call and examino them and con3YJEAR,
r. GEORGIA RAILROAD BANK.
me Assortment of 1
JL' JL JtdLii; XIJYIJUS I
le History of the Business
advandtage by purchasing our goods
in Great Variety.
SATCHELS ever brought to the city
. WAGONS, all sizes.
J HORSE WAGONS.
:r Belting and Packing.
it in the World.
HLOCK SOLE LEATHER. .
dt? a n nrirpvm ? 1
ivijn.1/, vrjiuciii 1, JCi'i'C. '
L PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO
CH WE EXCEL IN QUALITY AND
'ew Specialties: Their stock of
b cheapest lino of BLACK SILKS they
me Coiered Sillis. They have a good aHfor
Dresses and Trimmings. They hare
thing for fine Dress Trimmings.
Tl 1 I A. 1 1
jouijiimcu. xiioj nova uoavowiju unasna*
red they aro nil right in regard to color,
KETS, cheaper than over before.
[> FLANNELS and BLANKETS are this
mine the stock of
ach of all. A good assortment of CAR'H1TE
can be had.
tow offered to the public by
than they have ever carried. It is com">
rdance with the science and philosophy
CONVEX ELIPSES, admirably adapted
the eye, affording the best artificial help
> EYE GLASS EMPORIUM
: CITY OF AGUSTA.
te of Georgia for the purpose of making
time introducing these Lenses. Wherever
f in the highest terms, ns the following
y others can he seen and examined at his
stood ihat he is not one of the traveling
i at exorbitant prices and whom you may
i, at present, 548 Broad Street, where in
tsses, he will replace the snme for you at
a register of all he sellj, thereby enables
from him. These testimonials are from
uoraan ana a liost of others, aep.3 >,188
1>QK at the old gent above in a
badfix isn't he with his pants all
oaggy and no fit? My friends do
you wish to avoid getting into just
such a scrape? Then when you
make up your mind to buy a suit of
clothes come right along to our
store and have your measure, taken
and have your clothes made to order
by the very best
TAILORS IN TKt COUNTRY.
and then if tncy are baggy and
^ don't tit, just say to us "send these
^clothes right back, I don't want
them and wont have them." Morels
over, we would not let you keep
^ them ourselves if they did not fit
you. We are not working for a fall
trade, but a trade we can by giving
entire satisfaction hold in the future.
Remember our motto is <4no
fit no pay. 4
"We are your3 truly,